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Everyday

V O C A B U L A RY



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FOR INTERMEDIATE STUDENTS

+ Grammar

WITH A SEPARATE KEY VOLUME

81.2
75

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Everyday Vocabulary + Grammar : For Intermediate Students : . . :
, 2010. 320 .
ISBN 978-5-94962-187-5
Everyday VOCABULARY + Grammar
10 ( intermediate).

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ISBN 978-5-94962-187-5

81.2

. ., . ., 2011
, 2011

Everyday VOCABULARY + Grammar


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10 : Family and Relations, People, A Place to
Live, Daily Routine, The World of Work, Food and Meals, Shopping, Health and Illness, On the Move,
On Holiday.

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Everyday VOCABULARY + Grammar

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user-friendly.

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Contents

Unit 1. FAMILY and RELATIONS ............................................................................................8


1.1 Types of Families ....................................................................................................9
1.2 Family Relationships ............................................................................................15
Grammar: The verb TO BE in the Present Simple Tense (p. 10). Possessive (s) (p. 11). Possessive and
Absolute Pronouns (p. 11). The Present Simple Tense (p. 15). The verb TO BE in the Past Simple Tense (p. 21).
The Past Simple Tense (p. 21). Asking Questions in the Past Simple Tense (p. 26). The Verb TO HAVE
in the Present Simple Tense (p. 27)

Unit 2. PEOPLE
..............................................................................................................32
2.1 Appearance ........................................................................................................32
2.2 Character ............................................................................................................49

Grammar: HAVE SOMETHING DONE Construction (p. 39). The Comparison of Adjectives (pp. 40, 46).
The Modal Verb SHOULD (pp. 54, 61)

Unit 3. A PLACE TO LIVE ......................................................................................................64


3.1 Types of Dwellings and Premises ............................................................................65
3.2 Looking for a Place to Live ....................................................................................75
3.3 Rooms and Interiors ..............................................................................................80
3.4 Interior Design and Redecoration ..........................................................................87
3.5 The Housewarming Party ......................................................................................93
Grammar: Prepositions and Adverbs of Place (pp. 65, 81). THERE + BE construction (p. 67).
IT or THERE? (p. 74). Prepositions of Place and Direction (p. 84). The Word Order Adjective+ Noun (p. 86).
The Passive Voice (p. 90). Talking about Distance (p. 94)

Unit 4. DAILY ROUTINE ........................................................................................................95


4.1 Getting Ready for Work/School ..............................................................................95
4.2 The Working Day Starts ........................................................................................99
4.3 After School/Work ..............................................................................................101
4.4 On the Go ..........................................................................................................103
4.5 A Working Life Ends ............................................................................................109
4.6 At the Weekend ..................................................................................................111
Grammar: Expressing Obligation and Necessity (p. 97). The Past Continuous and the Past Simple Tense (p. 100).
The Present Continuous Tense (p. 105). The Present Simple and the Present Continuous Tense (p.106).
The Past Continuous Tense (p. 108). USED TO (p. 110). Fixed Phrases with the Verbs DO and MAKE (p. 113)

Unit 5. THE WORLD OF WORK ..........................................................................................114


5.1 What Is Your Job? What Do You Do? What Do You Do for a Living? ..........................114
5.2 Where Do They Work? ........................................................................................116
5.3 What Do You Do at Work? What Does Your Work Involve?
What are Your Main Duties and Responsibilities? ..................................................119
5.4 A Light Purse is a Heavy Curse ..............................................................................122
5.5 Looking for a Job ................................................................................................124
5.6 Job Opportunities ..............................................................................................135
5.7 Leaving the Service ............................................................................................137
Grammar: Use of Articles with the Nouns: SCHOOL/COLLEGE, HOSPITAL, WORK (p. 118).
Use of the Gerund (p. 125) . The Modal Verb CAN: Forms and Meanings (p. 133).
Conditional Sentences (Type I and II) (p. 136)

Unit 6. FOOD and MEALS ..................................................................................................140


6.1 Food ..................................................................................................................140
6.2 Ways of Cooking ................................................................................................152
6.3 Meals ................................................................................................................157
6.4 Going out for a Meal ............................................................................................163
Grammar: Countable and Uncountable Nouns (p. 143). Basic Uses of SOME and ANY (p. 144).
Use of Articles with Nouns of Material (p. 145). Quantifiers: MUCH /MANY, LITTLE /FEW, A LOT OF,
PLENTY OF (p. 149). Use of Articles with the Names of Meals: LUNCH, DINNER, TEA (p. 158).
Some Uses of SHALL and WILL (p. 170)

Unit 7. SHOPPING ............................................................................................................173


7.1 Shopping for Food ..............................................................................................174
7.2 Quantities and Package ......................................................................................187
7.3 Shopping Goes Green ......................................................................................189
7.4 Shopping for Goods ............................................................................................193
7.5 Dress Your Best ..................................................................................................199
7.6 The Changing Face of Shopping ..........................................................................211
Grammar: The Complex Subject Infinitive Construction (p. 180). The Present Perfect Tense (p. 183).
The Category of Number. Special Cases (p. 201). The Present Perfect Continuous Tense (p. 204)

Unit 8. HEALTH and ILLNESS ............................................................................................213


8.1 The Resource for Everyday Life ............................................................................213
8.2 Human Body ......................................................................................................214
8.3 How Are You Today? ............................................................................................215
8.4 Health Problems ................................................................................................218
8.5 Diagnosing and Treatment ..................................................................................224
8.6 At the Dentists ..................................................................................................238

Grammar: Use of the Gerund (p. 216). A/AN or ZERO Article with Reference to Illness (p. 219).
Expressing Certainty and Possibility (p. 223). Indirect Command and Request (p. 227). Indirect Speech.
Reported Statement (p. 231). Indirect Questions (p. 234). Reporting a Dialogue or a Conversation (p. 236)

Unit 9. ON THE MOVE ........................................................................................................241


9.1 Why Do People Travel? ........................................................................................241
9.2 Travelling by Train ................................................................................................251
9.3 Travelling by Air ..................................................................................................257
9.4 Travelling by Sea ................................................................................................265
9.5 Travelling by Bus ................................................................................................270
9.6 Travelling by Car ................................................................................................272
Grammar: Use of Article with Geographical Names (p. 245). Prepositions with Forms of Transport (p. 247).
Talking about the Future (p. 255). HAD BETTER (NOT) DO SOMETHING, HAVE TO, SHOULD (p. 259)

Unit 10. ON HOLIDAY ........................................................................................................275


10.1 Holiday Accommodation ......................................................................................276
10.2 Different Things at Different Time ........................................................................285
Grammar: The Present Continuous and the Present Perfect Continuous Tense (p. 284). The Use of the Gerund
after the Verbs COME and GO (p. 288). The Use of S and S with Non-Living Things (p. 288). Non-Defining Relative
Clauses (p. 296). Adverb or Adjective? (p. 296). Questions Tags (p. 298)

APPENDICES ....................................................................................................................299
Appendix 1
English-Russian Dictionary ....................................................................299
Appendix 2
British/American English ........................................................................302
Appendix 3
Spelling Differences Between British English and American English ..........304
Appendix 4
Some Useful Verbs ................................................................................306
Appendix 5
Expressions with the Verb TO BE ............................................................308
Appendix 6
Connectives and Transitional Phrases for Sentence Openings ..................309
Appendix 7
The Numeral ........................................................................................310
Appendix 8
The Old Units of Measurement ..............................................................312
Appendix 9
Dates ..................................................................................................314
Appendix 10 List of Irregular Verbs ............................................................................315

LITERATURE ......................................................................................................................319

FAMILY and RELATIONS

Alex and Fiona Smith are grandparents now. They have two children: Linda and Bob. Alex is their
father and Fiona is their mother. Linda is Bobs sister and Bob is Lindas brother. Linda and Bob
are deeply attached to their parents.

Linda is married to Ben Jones. He is her husband. Ben Jones is Alex and Fionas son-in-law.
Bob is also married. His wifes name is Daisy. Her maiden name is Daisy Robertson. Now she is
Daisy Smith. Daisy is Alex and Fionas daughter-in-law.
Ben is Bobs brother-in-law and Daisy is Lindas
sister-in-law.
Ben and Linda Jones have two children: a
son Clif and a daughter Carol. They are
twins.

Bob and Daisy Smith have only one child


Colin. Clif, Carol and Colin are Alex and
Fionas grandchildren. So, the Smiths
have two grandsons and one
granddaughter.

Linda is Colins aunt and Ben is his


uncle. Daisy and Bob are Clif and
Carols aunt and uncle. Clif is their
nephew and Carol is their niece. Clif,
Carol and Colin are cousins.

1.1 Types of Families

A nuclear family

An extended family

A childless family

A single-parent family

Ex 1. Complete these sentences with an appropriate word from A, B or C.

1. In spite of being a ............................... family, the Smiths are very happy and close to each
other. Besides, they are going to adopt several children soon.
A. extended
B. nuclear
C. childless

2. Mr and Mrs Papatatl live in a house with their aged parents, children and grandchildren. They
are a typical example of a traditional ............................... family.
A. nuclear
B. enlarged
C. extended
3. Mrs Jones lives on her own and brings up her son. There are a lot of ...............................
families like hers.
A. single-parent
B. mother-only
C. mono-parent
9

Grammar

husband
.........................
father
.......................
grandson

IMMEDIATE FAMILY

.........................
daughter
.........................
grandmother
.........................

MEMORY BOX

Ex 2. Complete the Memory Box.

parents
.........................

To speak about a family you will


need the verb TO BE (, , ).
POSITIVE FORM

.........................
grandchildren

I
am
he/she/it
is
we/you/they are

RELATIONS/RELATIVES

uncle
.........................
father-in-law
.........................

Im, hes, were

.........................
niece
.........................
daughter-in-law

NEGATIVE FORM
I
am
he/she/it
is
we/you/they are

not
not
not

Im not, he isnt, we arent

Ex 3. Fill in the right words.

QUESTION
Am I?
Is
he/she/it?
Are we/you/they?

TIES OF RELATIONSHIP

To ask a question we put the present (or past)


simple of the verb TO BE at the beginning of the
sentence, before the subject.
Are they a big family?
Is Betty older than Bob?

MEMORY BOX

1. Your relatives on your wifes side are: your wifes


Betty is Bobs sister.
sister is your ............... , and her brother is your
Their parents are both doctors.
Colin isnt at school today, he is
............... . Your parents refer to your wife as their
ill.
............... while your brothers and sisters refer to her
as their ............... . Your wifes parents speak of you
as their ............... .
2. Someones second wife speaks of her husbands children as her ............... , whereas the
latter speak of her as their ............... . Someones second husband also refers to his wifes
children as his ............... while the latter speak of him as their ............... .
3. If your stepfather or stepmother already has children from an earlier marriage, those children
become your ............... and ............... .
4. A brother or sister with whom you share only one parent is your ............... or ............... .

10

SECOND MARRIAGE

stepson
stepfather
stepbrother
half-brother

stepdaughter
stepmother
stepsister
half-sister

Ex 4. Who is who? Look at the picture and ask questions.


Is Bob Sallys husband?

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

MODEL:

Possessive (s) WHOSE?


Nouns denoting living beings

............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
............................................
David

Emily

Albert

Singular noun(s) + s
My fathers car.
Maud and Teds house.

wife?
brother and sister?
son/daughter?
parents?
father/mother?
children?

Pural noun(s) +
Girls school.
My parents house.
Irregular nouns + s
The childrens names.

Jenny
POSSESSIVE AND ABSOLUTE
PRONOUNS

Sally

Timothy

I my mine
he his his
she her hers
it its
you your yours
we our ours
they their theirs

Edward Vanessa Sarah

Bob

NOTE Possessive pronouns (my,


your, his) go in front of nouns,
absolute forms (mine, hers, ours)
stand on their own.

Ex 5. Fill in the gaps with am/is/are/my/his/her/our.

Peter is my brother
Is it your dog? No, its hers.

This is our family, the Millers

Hello, I (1)......... Sally Brown. I (2)......... David Millers


sister. We (3)......... really a large family! This (4).........
(5)......... brother David and (6)......... son Timothy. And this (7)......... Bob, (8)......... husband.
Here (9)......... (10)......... children: (11)......... daughters Vanessa and Sarah, and (12)......... son
Edward. Vanessa (13)......... (14)......... youngest, she (15)......... five, Sarah (16)......... the eldest,
she (17)......... eleven.
And this (18)......... (19)......... father Albert and Jenny, (20)......... second wife. She (21).........
(22)......... step-mother. (23)......... mother died when we were still at school. Oh, at the head of
the table (24)......... (25)......... grandmother Emily.

Ex 6. Choose the correct form of the pronouns in italics.

1. It may be your/yours cat. I am sure it is the cat of your/yours. 2. Ive never seen the aunt of
her/hers. How can I recognise her/hers? 3. My grandfathers family history is more interesting
than my/mine. 4. Im afraid our daughter will take her/hers advice not our/ours. 5. Will you help
me find my/mine things? I cant tell which are my/mine and which are your/yours. 6. She looked
at him and at once understood he was her/hers. It was love at first sight. 7. My/mine sister likes
much sugar in her/hers tea, but I like little in my/mine.
11

Ex 7. Translate the sentences.


,
.
My daughter asked me to give her my mobile phone, she had left hers at school.

MODEL:

1. , .
.............................................................................
2. ,
.
.............................................................................
3. ,
.
.............................................................................
4. . , .
.............................................................................
5. , . ,
.
.............................................................................

SINGULAR

PLURAL

this

these

that

those

Mother, this is my teacher,


Mrs Jones. And these are my
friends Peter and Mike.
Who is that man over there?
In those days people didnt
have cars.

old is Jenny? ....

She is 48.

2. (a widow or divorced?)
She is divorced.
.............................................................................
3. (British?)
No, she is not.
.............................................................................
4. (where from?)
From Denmark.
.............................................................................
5. (a housewife?)
No, she is a nurse.
.............................................................................

6. (a nice person?)
Yes, she is very nice and kind.
.............................................................................

Questions with who, what, where,


when, why, how, etc.

1. (how old?) .... How

Ex 8. An old aunt who lives in the USA is staying with the Millers. She hasnt met Jenny yet. So
she asks a lot of questions about her. Write down her questions (read the answers to the questions
first).

7. (how old/Jennys daughter?)


She is 12.
.............................................................................
8. (her name?)
She is called Merilyn.
.............................................................................
12

Who is he?
How old is he?
What are you?
Where are the children?

Ex 9.

Match the phrasal verbs below to their meaning and translate the verbs into Russian.

distinguish between grow up mix up bring up


look on smb/smth as act up take for
SOME USEFUL PHRASAL VERBS

Become an adult
Think of smb/smth in a particular way
Act or behave badly
Recognise a difference between
Confuse
Suppose smb to be, especially by mistake
Care for and rear, train and give education

............................
............................
............................
............................
............................
............................
............................

..............................
..............................
..............................
..............................
..............................
..............................
..............................

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Ex 10.

Choose the best alternative from the phrasal verbs given in the box above to fill in the

spaces.

Ex 11.

1. That child always ......................... when his father is away. 2. Im always ......................... the
twins ......................... ! 3. What do you want to be when you ......................... ? 4. Ive got a fouryear-old son to ......................... on my own. 5. Ive lived in London for 7 years, but I .........................
in Newcastle. 6. I cant ......................... the two brothers they both look the same to me. 7. If she
prefers to work rather than stay at home and ......................... her children, she is free to do so.
8. Ive lived with my aunt since I was a baby, and I ......................... her as my mother. 9. They were
twins, as like as two peas, and very often one brother was ......................... the other.

Translate the sentences using the phrasal verbs given above.

1. , , -.
.........................................................................................................................................
2. .
.........................................................................................................................................
3. .
.........................................................................................................................................
4. , ; .
.........................................................................................................................................
5. , .
.........................................................................................................................................
6. , .
.........................................................................................................................................
13

Ex 12. Meet the Maisons. Complete the family tree and

present all the members of the family to the class. When


speaking about the peoples age avoid giving the exact
figures.

Emily (62)

husband
father
grandfather
father-in-law

................
................
................
................

Brain (71)

Clare (31)

Eric (29)

Alice (21)

................ ................ ................


................ ................ ................
................ ................ ................

Sam is eight months.


He is a baby.
Sally is eighteen months.
She is a toddler.
Oliver is six.
He is still a child.
Pamela is sixteen.
She is a teenager.
Robert is nineteen.
He is an adult (old enough
to vote)
Maud is twenty-two.
She is in her early twenties.
How old is Jenny?
I dont know exactly. She is
in her thirties.
Ted is thirty six.
He is in his mid-thirties.
My mother is forty-eight.
She is in her late forties. She
is middle-aged.
My father is sixty-five.
He is retired.
Our grandfather is seventy-five.
He has turned seventy.
be of the same age

They are both 24, they are
of the same age.
(not) look ones age
I cant believe she is 60, she
doesnt look her age.
be five years older/younger than
/
My brother is five years
younger than me.
outlive smb by ten years
- 10
He outlived his wife by ten
years.

Thomas

Mary (4)

Linda (6)

(9 months)

................
................
................

................
................
................

............
............
............

................
................
................

Andrew (38)

THERE ARE SEVERAL WAYS


TO TALK ABOUT ONES AGE

Grandfather Brain is the head of the family. He turned 70 last year. He is 71.
Emily, Brains wife, ......................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................
14

1.2 Family Relationships

There are good and bad things about coming from a large family.
e house

you need

ound th
g out ar

helpin

ha

vin

do

gc

ing

los

thi

ng

st

og

er
ela
tio
n

eth

er

shi

ps

getting all the help

no
having

the generation gap leading to

privacy

onal
nd pers

misunderstanding
fighting with b
rothers

having much love and support

Grammar

space

youn
ger o
nes

baby
-sittin
g the

and sisters

THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE


NEGATIVE FORM
I/we/you/they do
not
he/she/it
does not

work
work

POSITIVE FORM
I/we/you/they work
he/she/it
works

I dont work, he doesnt work

15

QUESTION
Do
I/we/you/they work?
Does he/she/it
work?

Ex 13. Read the statements above and say what in your

The Present Simple Tense denotes a


permanent or repeated, customary
action.

opinion the advantages (A) and disadvantages (D) of


having a large family are. Give your reasons using the
prompts below.

The Present Simple is used with the


following adverbials of time:
usually, always, every day, in the
morning, at night, on Mondays.

PROMPTS

(+)
warm atmosphere
get along well
be ones best friends
share personal problems
have much in common

The children are always polite.


They often/sometimes/usually
help their mother with the
housework.
They live in France.
My mother doesnt go out to
work, she runs the house.

Having a large family is an advantage because


your family are your best friends.

MODEL:

()
want to get more independence
have different views on
argue about/have disputes
compete for parents attention
leave smb alone

If the main verb is in the Present


Simple, we use the auxiliary verb do
or does (see the table above) at the
beginning of a sentence, before the
subject (the main verb is in the base
form).
Does your wife work?
No, she doesnt.
Do you feel close to your
family?
Yes, I do.

NOTEwhen the main verb is do,

you still have to add do/does before


the subject.

COMING FROM A LARGE FAMILY

Do the children do the homework themselves?


Does your husband do the shopping?

share problems
have much in common
have privacy/personal space
baby-sit
generation gap
argue/fight/have disputes //
leave smb alone -
have siblings (formal) /

MEMORY BOX

................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................
................................................................................

ASKING QUESTIONS

16

Ex 14. Complete Rosemarys entry into her diary. Say what she lacks in her family. Make

negative sentences using the prompts below.

Dear diary,
I feel very lo
w tonight. Im
the centre o
f attention. I the only child in the fam
ily, Im
ha
of privacy. A
nd though I d ve my own room and I ha
ve a lot
ont have to f
and sisters f
ight with my
or parents a
brothers
ttention, Im
not happy.
Have

brothers or si
sters (1) ........
....................
Share secrets (2)
....................
....................
....................
....................
Play with (3) ..
....................
....................
....................
....................
Argue with bro
..
....................
thers and sist
..
..
..
(4
..
)
..
..
e
..
rs
..
..
..
..
..
Do things tog
......
....................
ether (5) ........
....................
....................
..
..
..
..
..
Baby-sit the
..
....
....................
younger ones (6)
....................
....................
........
....................
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
........
So, I dont do

and sisters.

things that m
y friends do.
I wish I

had brothers

Ex 15. Form questions using the given words. Try to give true answers to the questions.

1. in your family / you/ get / much love and support ?


.....................................................................................................................................
2. with brothers and sisters / fight / your friend / his ?
.....................................................................................................................................
3. the younger brothers or sisters / you / baby-sit ?
.....................................................................................................................................
4. the father / about the house / help ?
.....................................................................................................................................
5. the members of your family / close relations / have ?
.....................................................................................................................................
6. your sister / with the parents / argue ?
.....................................................................................................................................
7. you / and your brother / get along well?
.....................................................................................................................................

17

Ex 16. Imagine you also share your thoughts with your diary. Write about your family.

Dear diary,
.................................................................................................
.................................................................................................
.................................................................................................
.................................................................................................
.................................................................................................
.................................................................................................
.................................................................................................

Ex 17.

Write the correct phrasal verb from the box below to complete the following definitions.
patch up keep up back up get along

SOME USEFUL PHRASAL VERBS

1. When someone supports or encourages another person, he is said to


....................... him ....................... .
2. When we settle a quarrel, we are said to have ....................... it ....................... .
3. If you are friendly or on good terms with somebody, you ....................... well with
him.
4. Very often people try to continue to live the way they are used to, they
....................... the tradition.

1.
2.
3.
4.

We try to keep up
Her family always
I get along
We often quarrel

a.
b.
c.
d.

Ex 18. Match the sentences and phrases on the left with those on the right.

backs her up when she is in trouble.


very well with my brothers and sisters.
but very soon patch up our disagreement.
our familys reputation for hospitality.

18

1
2
3
4

Ex 19. Translate the sentences using the phrasal verbs given above.

1. , .
.....................................................................................................................................
2. .
.....................................................................................................................................
3. , ,
.
.....................................................................................................................................
4. , , .
.....................................................................................................................................

date smb

court smb

fall in love with smb


meet smb

ESTABLISHING A RELATIONSHIP

propose to smb

be engaged to smb
o

19

marry smb/get married to smb


/