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Power Factor Correction

Product Profile 2001


Catalog

http://www.epcos.com

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Preview
General
Awareness of the necessity of
power quality is increasing, and
power factor correction (PFC) will
be implemented on a growing
scale in future. Enhancing power
quality improvement of power
factor saves costs and is a fast
return on investment.
In power distribution, in low- and
medium-voltage networks, PFC
focuses on the power flow (cos )
and the optimization of voltage
stability by generating reactive
power to improve voltage
quality and reliability at distribution level.

Power factor
Low power factor (cos )
Low cos results in
a higher energy consumption
and costs,
a less power distributed via the
network,
a power loss in the network,
a higher transformer losses,
a increased voltage drop in
power distribution networks.

EPCOS AG

How reactive power is


generated
Every electric load that works with
magnetic fields (motors, chokes,
transformers, inductive heating,
arc-welding generators) produces
a varying degree of electrical lag,
what is called inductance. This lag
of inductive loads maintains the
current sense (eg positive) for a
time even though the negativegoing voltage tries to reverse it.
This phase shift between current
and voltage is maintained, current
and voltage having opposite signs.
During this time, negative power
or energy is produced and fed
back into the network. When current and voltage have the same
sign again, the same amount of
energy is again needed to build
up the magnetic fields in inductive

Power factor improvement


Power factor improvement can be
achieved by
a compensation of reactive power
with capacitors,
a active compensation using
semiconductors,
a overexcited synchronous
machine (motor/generator).

loads. This magnetic reversal


energy is called reactive power.
In alternating voltage networks
(50/60 Hz) such a process repeats
50 or 60 times a second. So an
obvious solution is to briefly store
the magnetic reversal energy in
capacitors and relieve the network
(supply line) of this reactive
energy.
For this reason, automatic reactive
power compensation systems
(detuned/conventional) are installed
for larger loads like factory plants.
Such systems consist of a group of
capacitor units that can be cut in
and cut out and which are driven
and switched by a power factor
controller as determined by a
current transformer.

Types of PFC
(detuned or conventional)
a individual or fixed compensation (each reactive power
producer is individually compensated),
a group compensation (reactive
power producers connected as
a group and compensated as a
whole),
a central or automatic compensation (by a PFC system at a
central point),
a mixed compensation.

Contents
Fundamentals of power factor correction

What is power factor correction?


Benefits of power factor correction
Applications
Information about power capacitors

8
12

Design of capacitors
MKK/MKP technology
Self-healing
Vacuum impregnation
Overpressure disconnector
Definitions
Temperature class of capacitors to standard IEC 831-1
Enclosure of capacitors (IPxx)
Maximum admissible overcurrent
Maximum admissible overvoltage
Useful life
Application notes
Fuse protection
Switching
Discharging
Use in networks with harmonics
Installation
AC capacitors overview

16

Four AC capacitor series cover all requirements


for power factor correction and harmonics filtering
Overview PFC key components

18

EPCOS AG

PFC controller

20

PFC controller SIMEAS C


PFC controller PROPHI

22
25

Fuse

28

Fuse elements
3

Contactor

32

Capacitor contactors
4

Reactor

42

Antiresonance three-phase filter reactor


5

PFC capacitor
PhaseCap AC capacitors
PhaseCap HD AC capacitors
WindCap AC capacitors
PhiCap AC capacitors
SquareCap AC capacitors
MKV Cap AC capacitors

48
(525 kvar / premium)
(2.5 60 kvar / heavy duty)
(690, 800 V series)
(125 kvar / regular)
(high mechanical protection)
(70C ambient temperature)

Discharge reactor

88

Tables and formulas for PFC calculation

92

Installation and maintenance

97

Components selection table for detuned systems

EPCOS AG

50
60
65
70
80
86

101

Fundamentals of
Power Factor Correction
Capacitor bank with pre-loading capacitor contactors

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PEN

UN

Grid

Load

2
2
2
FB2 FB3 FB1

L1 L2 L3

R2
K2

L1 L2 L3

R3

Rn

K3

Kn

T1 T2 T3

T1 T2 T3

T1 T2 T3

T1 T2 T3

L2

L2

L2

L2

C1
3

5
Fn

L1 L2 L3

R1
K1

F3
2

L1 L2 L3

F2

F1

C2

C3

1
L1

L3

Cn

2
L1

L3

L1
L2
L3
PEN

3
L1

L3

L1

L3

Steuerung / Control
Messung / Measurement

Blindleistungsregler / Power Factor Controller

(Capacitor Banks)
KLK1686-N

What is power factor


correction?
The rational use of electrical
energy calls for economical generation, transmission and distribution with little loss. That means
restricting all factors in electrical
networks that cause losses. One of
these factors is lagging reactive
power. Consumers in industrial
and public electrical networks are
primarily of an ohmic-inductive
nature.
The purpose of systems for power
factor correction in networks is to
compensate the generated lagging reactive power by leading
reactive power at defined nodes.
In this way impermissibly high
voltage drops and additional
ohmic losses are also avoided.
The necessary leading power is
produced by capacitors parallel to

the supply network, as close as


possible to the inductive consumer. Static capacitive compensation devices reduce the lagging
reactive power component transmitted over the network. If network conditions alter, the required
leading reactive power can be
matched in steps by adding and
taking out single power capacitors
(regulated PFC) to compensate the
lagging reactive power.
Key components
PFC controller
Modern PFC controllers are microprocessorized. The microprocessor
analyzes the signal from a current
transformer and produces switching commands to control the contactors that add or remove capacitor stages. Intelligent control by
microprocessorized PFC controllers
ensures an even utilization of
capacitor steps, minimized number
of switching operations and optimized life cycle.

Fuse
An HRC fuse or MCCB acts as a
safety device for shortcircuit
protection.
Capacitor contactor
Contactors are electromechanical
switching elements used to switch
capacitors or reactors and capacitors in standard or detuned PFC
systems. The switching operation
can be performed by mechanical
contacts or an electronic switch
(semiconductor). The latter solution is preferable if fast switching
is required for a sensitive load for
example.

EPCOS AG

Detuned capacitor bank with filter circuit reactors

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PEN

UN

Grid

Load

2
2
2
FB2 FB3 FB1

L1 L2 L3

L1 L2 L3

Fn F

K3

T1 T2 T3 1

T1 T2 T3 2

T1 T2 T3 3

L1 L2 L3

L1 L2 L3

L1 L2 L3

L2

Ln

T1 T2 T3

T1 T2 T3

L2

L2

L2

C2

C3

1
L3

L3

T1 T2 T3

C1

L1

L1 L2 L3

K2

L1

5
F3

K1

F2

F1

Cn

2
L1

L1
L2
L3
PEN

L3

3
L1

V
M
3~

PE

L3

Steuerung / Control
Messung / Measurement

Blindleistungsregler / Power Factor Controller

Reactor
(compensation and filtering)
Power distribution networks are
increasingly subjected to harmonic
pollution from modern power
electronic devices, socalled nonlinear loads, eg drives, uninterruptible power supplies, electronic
ballasts. Harmonics are dangerous
for capacitors connected in the
PFC circuit, especially if the capacitors operate at resonant frequency.
The series connection of reactor
and capacitor to detune the series
resonant frequency (the capacitor's resonant frequency) helps
to prevent capacitor damage.
Critical frequencies are the 5th and
7th harmonics (250 and 350 Hz).
Detuned capacitor banks also
decrease the harmonic distortion
level and clean the network.

EPCOS AG

KLK1687-W

Capacitor
Power factor correction capacitors
produce the necessary leading
reactive power to compensate
the lagging reactive power. PFC
capacitors should be capable of
withstanding high inrush currents
caused by switching operations
(> 100 * IN). If capacitors are
connected in parallel, ie as banks,
the inrush current will increase
( 150 * IN) because the charging
current comes from the grid as
well as from capacitors parallel to
the switched one.
Benefits of power factor
correction
a Amortization in eight to
24 months through lower
power costs
Power factor correction reduces
the reactive power in a system.
Power consumption and thus
power costs drop in proportion.

a Effective installation use


An improved power factor means
that an electrical installation works
more economically (higher effective power for the same apparent
power).
a Improved voltage quality
a Fewer voltage drops
a Optimum cable dimensioning
Cable cross-section can be
reduced with improvement of
power factor (less current). In
existing installations for instance,
extra or higher power can be
transmitted.
a Smaller transmission losses
The transmission and switching
devices carry less current, ie only
the effective power, meaning that
the ohmic losses in the leads are
reduced.

Applications
Power quality typical cases of line voltage disturbance

Phase Shift
[V]

Shortterm
interruption

Slow voltage
change

Flicker Voltage sags

Harmonics

High power quality

Temporary
overvoltage

+ 10 %
100 %
- 10 %

Lines (network)

L1 L2 L3

Load
Load

VN

IN

Load
Compensation
UPS & PFC
Line control
monitoring

EPCOS
PhaseCap

Possibilities of power quality change and terms used

Transient overvoltage

Temporary drop

Harmonic distortion

Temporary rise

Interruption

Commutation notch

Voltage fluctuation

EPCOS AG

Transformation
Arc furnace
~

SVC

Semiconductor,
fiber fabrication,
etc
DVR

Transformation
Hospital, computer
center, etc
SVC : static var compensator
DVR : dynamic var compensator
DUPS : dynamic UPS compensator

Voltage fluctuations (transient


overvoltage, up/down voltage
fluctuation, flicker)
These are mostly caused by the
power consumption of large loads
like welding machines and arc
furnaces, or by heavy power fluctuations. These random voltage
fluctuations are often also referred
to as flicker, because they are
noticeable as visible alterations in
lighting installations. They are not

EPCOS AG

only disturbing to the human eye,


they can also disrupt sensitive
production processes. On weak
networks, flicker can affect large
geographic areas. Dynamic voltage compensation is a possible
remedy.
Harmonic distortion is the result of
nonlinear loads and can also lead
to malfunction of the equipment
connected. Apparatus can be
damaged by resonant effects in
a network. Active and passive
filters offer protection against this
phenomenon.

DUPS

Commutation notches are usually


produced by power electronic
devices and can be reduced by
circuitry measures.

50 %
kWh meter
Apparent
power

Grid

Q
PFC
CNTRL.

X
50%

kvarh meter

Capacitors for
compensation

Conventional power factor correction

Harmonics
compensation
100 %

Active harmonics filter

PFC controller

Fuses

Capacitor
contactors

M
3

M
3

M
3

Reactors

Power factor correction system


with filter circuit reactors for reduction
of harmonics

10

PFC
capacitors

EPCOS AG

690 V

=
DC

690 V

Control board
with switch

690 Vac~20 kV

690Vac~20 kV
Step-up
transformer

WindCap

1...n steps

Converter controlled wind turbine

Capacitor bank
WindCap

Conventional controlled wind turbine

Reactor
Generator

WindCap
to damp
harmonic
distortion

Grid

Frequency converter
+Vdc/2

EMC
filter

Idc
Idc

Vdc

EMC
filter

Vdc/2

M
3~

Aluminum electrolytic capacitor


or MKK DC for DC link circuit
Harmonics filter
e.g. for 250 Hz,
350 Hz, 550 Hz

Filter ciruit reactor

WindCap

PhaseCap compensates
reactive current of motor
and reduces current
through converter and
cable

Harmonics filter in modern power electronics

EPCOS AG

11

Information about Power Capacitors


Section A

Section A
Metalization
Heavy edge

Capacitor
Windings
Without
EPCOS
wavy cut
Metal spraying
layer (Zn)

Metalization
Film and film-free
margin

Heavy
edge
Metalization

Cracks
possible

Metalization
Film and
film-free
margin
Metalization

EPCOS
wavy cut

Design of capacitors
a MKK/MKP technology
The broad field of application for
capacitors combined with physical
and economic considerations
creates the need for different
dielectric technologies.
When it comes to low-voltage
power factor correction, MKK/MKP
(metalized plastic film/polypropylene) has demonstrated that it is
currently the most suitable and
most economic technology. The
thickness of the dielectric differs as
a function of voltage rating. The
metalization (with zinc and aluminum as its major constituents)
and edge enhancement with
extra junctions or cross-profile
metalization play a significant role
in achieving high current handling
and stable capacitance at high
operating temperatures. Heavy
edged and special film cutting

12

Solid
contact
zone

Flame sprayed
contact area (Zn)
Large effective
contact area

technique (optimized combination


of wavy and smooth cuts) produces a maximum effective surface
for the metal spraying or contacting process (winding design). This
results in exceptional surge current
capability. The pinching effect on
the film edge of the winding the
cause of contact edge problems
is demonstrably eliminated in this
way.
a Self-healing
An electric breakdown is possible
as the result of thermal or electric
overload or at the end of service
life. This results in a small arc that
evaporates the metalization in the
region of the breakdown in a
matter of microseconds. The gas
pressure caused at this spot by the
high temperature blows the in the
meantime vaporous metalization
out of the breakdown region.
Which means that a non-conducting isolation region free of metalization is formed here.

Flame
spray
area

During and after the breakdown


the capacitor is fully functional. The
reduction in capacitance caused by
self-healing is less than 100 pF, ie of
an order that can only be verified
by a precision measuring instrument.
a Vacuum impregnation
The active winding elements are
heated and then dried for a
defined period. Impregnation (eg
by gas) is performed in a high
vacuum. In this way air and moisture are extracted from the inner
capacitor, and oxidation of the electrodes as well as partial discharges
are avoided. Afterwards capacitors
are hermetically sealed in cases (eg
aluminum). The elaborate process
ensures excellent capacitance
stability and long service life.

EPCOS AG

x
1
4

6
10

1
2

97

8
6
9 3

4
7
10

30 m

10 m

a Overpressure disconnector
Electrical components do not have
unlimited service life, that applies
to self-healing capacitors too. As
polypropylene type capacitors
seldom produce a pronounced
shortcircuit, fuses do not offer
reliable protection.
All capacitors featured in this catalog are consequently fitted with a
disconnector that responds to
overpressure. If numerous electric
breakdowns occur at the end of

2 4

10

93

5 4 2
10
1 Dielectric
2 Metalized electrodes
3 Material displacing shock wave
4 Air gap with metal vapor
5, 6 Plasma zone
7 Boundary layer between gas
phase dielectric and plasma
8 Breakdown channel
9 Gas phase dielectric
10 Zone of displaced metalization
and dielectric (isolating region)

service life or as the result of thermal or electric overload, the formation of gas produces a fast rise
in pressure inside the capacitor
case. With cylindrical cases this
causes a change in length
because of curvature of the lid or
stretching of the expansion bead.
Expansion beyond a certain
degree will separate the internal
wires and disconnect from the
line. Then the capacitor receives
no more energy and the development of gas stops.

To ensure full functionality of an


overpressure disconnector, its
elastic elements must not be
hindered, ie
connecting lines must be flexible
leads (cables),
there must be sufficient space
for expansion above the connections (stated for the different
models),
folding beads must not be
retained by clamps

Expansion top

Expansion
bead

Pressure

Solid
connected
EPCOS AG

Overpressure
disconnector activated

13

Definitions
Temperature classes
Temperature class
to IEC 831-1

Maximum

Temperature of surrounding air


max. mean for 24 h

max. mean for 1 year


25C

45C

35C

50C

40C

30C

55C

45C

35C

Type of capacitor enclosure


Enclosure

First digit

Second digit

IP00

No protection against finger touch and ingress


of solid foreign bodies

No protection against
ingress of water

IP20

Protection against finger touch and solid foreign bodies


12.5 mm diameter

No protection against
ingress of water

IP41

Protection against tool touch and solid foreign bodies


1 mm diameter

Drip-water protection

IP54

Protection against tool touch and solid foreign bodies


1 mm diameter, protection against dust deposit

Splash water protection

Maximum admissible overvoltage


Frequency
50/60 Hz

Max. voltage
(Vrms)

Max. duration

Remarks

Line frequency

1.00*UN

Continuous duty

Highest mean during entire


operating time of capacitor;
exceptions (see below) are
admissible for times of < 24 h

Line frequency

1.10*UN

8 h daily

Line voltage fluctuations

Line frequency

1.15*UN

30 min daily

Line voltage fluctuations

Line frequency

1.20*UN

5 min daily

Line voltage fluctuations

Line frequency

1.30*UN

1 min daily

Line voltage fluctuations

Line frequency
with harmonics

Such that current does not exceed maximum admissible figure (Imax. = 1.5 * IN)

Definitions
a Temperature class of capacitors
to standard IEC 831-1
Capacitors are divided into temperature classes. Each class is
represented by a number followed
by a letter, eg 40/D. The number
is the lowest ambient temperature
at which a capacitor may operate.
The upper limit temperature is
indicated by the letter (see table
above).
One should always remember that
the useful life of a capacitor
depends very much on temperature. Proper cooling of a capacitor
must ensure that the maximum
case temperature is not exceeded,
otherwise service life is degraded.
When configuring a circuit, one
should make sure that capacitors
are not subjected to heat from
adjacent components (reactors,
bus bars, etc). Forced cooling is
preferable for compact designs.
And it is highly inadvisable to
arrange capacitors directly above
reactors.
14

a Enclosure of capacitors (IPxx)


For different models there are
different types of enclosure. The
type of enclosure is indicated by a
designation consisting of the two
letters IP followed by two digits.
a Maximum admissible
overcurrent
The nominal current (IN) is the
current resulting for nominal
voltage (UN) and frequency (Hz),
excluding transients. The maximum admissible overcurrent (Imax)
of 1.5 * IN to IEC standard 831 is
maintained by all capacitors in
this catalog. The figures for overcurrent allow for the combined
effects of harmonics, overvoltage
and capacitance tolerance.
a Maximum admissible
overvoltage
Capacitors from EPCOS are suitable for operation on overvoltages
quoted by IEC 831 (see table).

a Useful life
The statistical useful life of power
capacitors is governed by the
following factors:
duration of overload,
ambient temperature and the
resulting case temperature,
maximum rms current and the
resulting case temperature,
maximum voltage.
The calculated service life of the
various series is stated for nominal
operating conditions. If components are stressed less than the
above IEC 831 factors, longer
useful life can be expected, and a
correspondingly shorter one if
nominal parameters are exceeded.

EPCOS AG

Application notes
a Fuse protection
Power capacitors can be protected
against shortcircuits by fuses or
magnetic shortcircuit releases.
Preferable are slow-blow, lowvoltage high-breaking-capacity
fuses. The fuse rating should be
1.6 to 1.8 times the nominal
current of the capacitor. Magnetic
shortcircuit releases should be
set to between 9 and 12 times
nominal current to prevent them
responding to high inrush
currents.

a Switching
When a capacitance is switched to
an AC system, the result is a resonant circuit damped to a greater
or lesser degree. In addition to the
nominal current, the capacitor
accepts a transient current that is
a multiple of (as many as 200
times) its nominal current. Fast
switching, low-bounce contactors
should be used, observing the
switching capacity for capacitive
currents stated by the producer.
Recommended are special capacitor contactors with leading contacts that feature precharging
resistors to damp inrush currents
(see chapter 3).

a Discharging
Capacitors must be discharged to
maximally 10% of nominal voltage
before cutting them in again.
This prevents an electric impulse
discharge in the application, influences the capacitor's useful life in
PFC systems, and protects against
electric shock. The capacitor must
be discharged to 75 V or less
within 3 min. There must not be
any switch, fuse or any other
disconnecting device in the circuit
between the power capacitor and
the discharging device. EPCOS
supplies capacitor discharge
resistors to all series, or alternatively discharge reactors (chapter 6)
be supplied.

a Use in networks with


harmonics
Harmonics are produced in the
operation of electric loads with a
nonlinear voltage/current characteristic (eg rectifiers and inverters
for drives, welding apparatus and
uninterruptible power supplies).
Harmonics are sinusoidal voltages
and currents with higher frequencies of a multiple of the 50 or
60 Hz line frequency. In lowvoltage three-phase systems the
5th and 7th harmonics are especially troublesome. Detuned capacitors should be used for power

factor correction in systems subject to harmonics. These represent


a series resonant circuit of power
capacitor and reactor. The circuit is
tuned so that the series resonant
frequency is below the harmonics
appearing in the system. This produces an inductive response to all
frequencies above the series resonant frequency, avoiding resonances with system inductances.
Depending on the selected series
resonant frequency, part of the
harmonic current is taken up by
the detuned power capacitors.
The remainder of the harmonic
current flows into the superordinate system. The use of detuned
power capacitors thus contributes
to reducing voltage distortion
through harmonics and lessens
the disturbing effect on proper
operation of other electric loads.

a Installation
Specifications like VDE 0100, VDE
0101, VDE 0560 part 4 and 46,
EN 60831 and IEC 831 apply to
the installation and operation of
power capacitors. They should be
sited in cool and well ventilated
locations away from other heatradiating elements. Natural heat
dissipation is generally sufficient
for cooling purposes if enough air
is able to flow to and away from
them and the capacitors are
spaced at least 50 mm apart.
Otherwise, in a less well ventilated
environment, forced cooling (fans)
will be necessary, scaled so that
the maximum admissible ambient
temperature is not exceeded.

EPCOS AG

15

AC Capacitors Overview
Four AC capacitor series cover all requirements
for power factor correction and harmonics filtering
Parameter

Power

PhaseCap,
PhaseCap HD
WindCap1)

QN

[kvar]

0.5...25

2.5...60

Nominal voltage

UN

[VAC]

220...535

230...800

Inrush current

IS

[A]

100 * IN

200 * IN
300 * IN (WindCap)

LCT/UCT [%]

25/D
(25...+55C)

25/D
(25...+55C)

Losses

QL

[W/kvar]

< 0.5

< 0.25

Relative humidity

Hrel

[%]

95 %

95 %

Protection

dual (SH, overpressure disc.)

triple (SH, overpressure disc., dry technology)

Impregnation

soft resin

inert gas

Useful life

DB(co)

100,000 h

115,000 h, 130,000h WindCap/PhaseCap HD

Connection

fast-on connector,
screw terminal

SIGUT,
safety terminal

Cooling

natural

natural

Case/shape

aluminum/cylindrical

aluminum/cylindrical

Enclosure

IPxx

Temperature class

16

PhiCap

[h]

IP00

IP20, optionally IP54

Standard

IEC 831-1+2

IEC 831-1+2/96, cUL file # E96954

Application

PFC

PFC, detuned system,


filter capacitor for power electronics

EPCOS AG

SquareCap

MKV Cap

1.0...61.2

15 kvar

250...440

230690

200 * IN

300 * IN

25/C
(25...50C)

25...70C

< 0.5

< 0.5

95 %

95 %

dual (SH = self-healing, overpressure disc.)

dual (SH, overpressure disc.)

soft resin

oil

100,000 h

150,000 h

threaded bolt

screw terminal

natural

natural

steel/rectangular

aluminum/cylindrical

IP41

IP00

IEC 831-1+2

IEC 831-1+2

PFC, fixed PFC for transformer, pole mounting


(outdoor-optional), high mechanical protection

PFC, harmonic filtering, sinus filter

EPCOS AG

17

18

EPCOS AG

Overview
Grid high voltage

Transformer
Network
condition
analyzer
and PFC (kvar)
on/off switch

Low voltage

Manual
PFC controller

General
PFC key
components

Automatic
PFC controller
Sr 20%

Load structure

Power factor improvement

PFC controller

Fuse

Contactor

Reactor

PFC capacitor

Discharge reactor

Protection

L&C bank
switch

M
3~

M
3~

Harmonics
suppression
Bypass
reactor

Phase shift

Discharge
reactor

EPCOS AG

19

20

EPCOS AG

Grid high voltage

Transformer
Network
condition
analyzer
and PFC (kvar)
on/off switch

Low voltage

Manual
PFC controller

General
PFC key
components

Automatic
PFC controller
Sr 20%

Load structure

Power factor improvement

PFC controller

Fuse

Contactor

Reactor

PFC capacitor

Discharge reactor

Protection

L&C bank
switch

M
3~

M
3~

Harmonics
suppression
Bypass
reactor

Phase shift

Discharge
reactor

EPCOS AG

21

PFC Controller SIMEAS C


a Principle
SIMEAS C is an automatic PFC
controller. The momentary power
factor of the system is compared
to the target power factor of the
controller. If the latter is not
achieved, capacitors are cut into
circuit.
The new SIMEAS C is used for
intelligent power factor correction
in the low-voltage sector. Its
innovative multifunction display
monitors all readings of the
controller besides producing
important information about the
condition of the network.
An integrated harmonics indication is a significant feature in
checking network pollution.

Ordering code
Controller

B 4406 6 - R 4 08 4- S 2 20
Optical Interface

B 4406 6 - R 9 00 1
3 in 1:
PFC controller
+ Multimeter
+ Harmonics analyzer

9.1.1. PFC controller SIMEAS C (6 outputs)


Features:
a Harmonics analyzer
a Intelligent control and multifunction display
for all major data at a glance
a Information on network condition
a Automatic C/k setting
a Four-quadrant operation
a Manual and automatic
a Ergonomic plus communication with PC on
optical RS-232-C interface

22

EPCOS AG

Technical Data
SIMEAS C
Standards

EN 50081-1; EN 50082-2; EN 61000-4-7; EN 61010-1;


DIN-VDE 0160

Measuring voltage

UN

[V]

230...690 V 15% 50/60 Hz

Supply (operating) voltage

UN

[U]

230 V 15 % 50/60 Hz

Power consumption

[VA]

2.6 VA

CT - current transformer

[A]

.../1 A or .../5 A max. 6 A (10.5 A)

Relay contact rating

UN

[V]

250 VAC / 30 V DC

(6-steps + alarm)

[A]

5A

Inrush current of relays

Imax.

[A]

max. 8 A

Useful life of relays

tDB(CO)

[h]

108 for I 0.6 A

Shortcircuit protection

ISC

[A]

6 A, quick-blow fuse

Opening response
(parameter setting)1)

[s]

3...99 s, standard = 3 s

Closing response
(parameter setting)1)

[s]

5...99 s, standard = 30 s

Fast load variation

[s]

delay 4 times set value for fast variation

Discharge time
(parameter setting)1)

Mounting position

upright (front)

Ambient temperature

UCT/LCT [C]

25C to +55C

Storage temperature

TST

[C]

25C to +75C

Barometric pressure

[kPQ]

75 to 106 kPa

Relative humidity

Hrel

[%]

Enclosure

Terminals

[mm2]

max. 1.5 mm2 without / 2.5 mm2 with shrink-on tube

Tightening torque

[Nm]

0.6 Nm

Dimensions H x W x D

[mm]

144 x 144 x 70 mm

Weight

[g]

 setting
cos 1
cos 2
cos

5...99 s, standard = 30 s

785 g

0.8 ind to 0.98 cap, terminals 16/17

open = cos

closed = cos

(eg for nighttime operation)

No-volt release

40 to 95%
IP 54, terminals IP20/II (fully insulated)

[s]

1
2

approx. 20 ms
(protection against phase opposition)

C/k setting

Error signaling1)

automatic setting

Display accuracy
(Display)

V < 1.5% / P, Q, I < 3% / I, cos < 0.01


harmonics < 10%

Data storage

readings are backed up

[V]

NC, 250 Vac/50 Hz, 5 A, 30 Vdc

1) Parameters can be set by PC

EPCOS AG

23

PFC Controller SIMEAS

1 2

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Supply
Import
Indication U, I, P, Q
Harmonics
C.T. ratios
Dimensions
Harmonics
Capacitive
Inductive
Capacitors in
circuit
11 Operating/
indication mode

11

10

98

B4406 - R4084 -S220


Power factor
controller

Alarm
7 1 2 3 4 5 6

Relays
max. 250 V, 5 A

8 9
6A

6A

Optical interface RS232


Measurement
200 700 V
50/60 Hz

Supply voltage
220 V 15%,
50/60 Hz

L1
l

6A

L2
L3

(Transformer)

N
6A
10

..../1 or 5A

6A
11

12

13
L1

24

14 15 16 17 open = cos1
closed = cos2

EPCOS AG

PFC Controller PROPHI


a Principle
The new, microprocessorized (fast
16 Bit processor) PROPHI is used
for power factor correction in the
low-voltage sector. It features intelligent control and an LCD display
with indication of harmonics and
numerous other parameters.

The single-phase, electronic


measuring system detects the
reactive and active component of
the network through the current
and voltage path. From this it
calculates the phase shift between
the fundamentals of current and
voltage and compares this to the
set target power factor.

If there are deviations, capacitor


stages are cut in and out by the
outputs. This contactor control is
optimized so that the desired cos
is achieved with minimum switching operations.

9.1.2. PFC controller PROPHI (3, 6, 12 outputs)


Features
a Automatic programming
a Display of V, I, f, Q, P, S, cos
a Display of all odd harmonics of 1 to 19 current and
voltage values
a Display of capacitor currents
a Display of switching operations per capacitor stage
a Display of total on time of each capacitor stage
a No-volt release within 20 ms
a Degree of detuning programmable for each stage
from 0 to 20%
a Setting of discharge time for all capacitor stages
a Individual programming of capacitor power
a Current transformer input for ../1 A and ../5 A
a Password protection
a Externally switched target cos
a Alarm output programmable for
undervoltage detection
overvoltage detection
low measurement current
exceeded measurement current
insufficient capacitor output
harmonics limits
over temperature

EPCOS AG

25

Technical data: PROPHI


Measuring circuit and
operating voltage

Uh

400 V standard, other voltages upon request

Relay outputs

3, 6, 12 outputs

Switching outputs

relay standard, transistor optional

Frequency of fundamental

45 Hz...65 Hz

Current measurement

up to 5 A (1 A) (x/1 A and x/5 A - CT)

Switching voltage

Umax.

max. 250 Vac

Switching capacity

Pmax.

max. 1000 W

Power consumption

Pmax.

max. 7 VA

Response current

10 mA

Overvoltage category

III

Soiling severity

Operating temperature

TOP

10C...+ 50C

Storage

TST

20C...+ 60C

Mounting position

random

Connection diagram/rear of controller

Prophi 3

26

Prophi 6

Prophi 12

EPCOS AG

0,01... 5 A

400 Vac standard

144
4

136

(other voltages
optional)

49
13 14

15 16
L2 L3

PE
6.3 A

k
... 5 A

L1
L2
L3
PE

Verbraucher/
Consumer
Load
KLK1688-5

Versions / Ordering codes


Function / Ordering code:
B44066-

-RO301-J400

-R0602-J400

-R1203-J400

-R1203-J401
12

Relay outputs

12

Alarm output

Switchover target cos 1/2

RS-485 interface

Profibus DP

Modbus RTM

q included / not possible


Optional voltages: 110 V, 230 V, 440 V (+10/15%)

EPCOS AG

27

28

EPCOS AG

Grid high voltage

Transformer
Network
condition
analyzer
and PFC (kvar)
on/off switch

Low voltage

Manual
PFC controller

General
PFC key
components

Automatic
PFC controller
Sr 20%

Load structure

Power factor improvement

PFC controller

Fuse

Contactor

Reactor

PFC capacitor

Discharge reactor

Protection

L&C bank
switch

M
3~

M
3~

Harmonics
suppression
Bypass
reactor

Phase shift

Discharge
reactor

EPCOS AG

29

Fuse Elements
Equipment and systems need to
be safeguarded so that they present no danger to persons or the
environment in the event of a
defect or failure. This protection is
also important so that all the
functions of equipment or systems become available again as
fast as possible after a defect or
failure. Possible solutions are
fusible cutouts (exchangeable) or
automatic circuit-breakers.

Types of protection
Fuse elements must meet the
requirements of the major international standards and recommendations, eg IEC 947-1, 947-2, 947-3
and 947-4, EN 60947-1 and
60947-2, VDE 0660T107,
CSA C22.2, UL 1077 and JIS.
Equally important are those
standards concerning climatic
requirements.

HRC-Fuses
a HRC-fuses do not protect a capacitor against overload - they
are for short-circuit protection
only
a The HRC fuse rating should be
1.6 to 1.8 times nominal capacitor current
a Do not use HRC-fuses for
switching (risk of arcing!)

Personal protection
Integrated personal protection (eg
IP54) is defined by EN 60529 and
DIN 40050 and also applies to
fuse elements.
This also covers protection against
foreign bodies (graded by the first
digit) and the ingress of water and
moisture (second digit).

Application
Short circuit protection
Advantage:
a Easy replacement

30

EPCOS AG

HRC Fuse (Slow-blow-type)


Recommended fuse selection (cross-reference)
Fuse

Rated Power [kvar]

[A]

10
16

2.5

7.5

10

12.5

15

16.7

20

25

30

35

40

50

60

70

80

90

100 125

Cucable
mm2

h h h h

1.5

h h

2.5

20

2.5

25

35

h h h

50

10

63

16

80

25

h h

100

35

125

50

h h

160

70

200

95

h h

250

120

315

2 x 95

Circuit-breakers for equipment and system protection (overview)


Tripping systems

Electronic systems
a Controlled cutout
a Multiple trips
a Also with short to
ground protection

Thermomagnetic
systems
a Overload protection
(therm.)
a Adjustable cutout delay
on overload
a Long-delay release
a Multiple trips

Fusible cutout
a Interruption on
shortcircuit
a Single trip
(replacement of fuse
element is required)

Shortcircuit protection
Cutout delay on
shortcircuit
a long/short
a undelayed
a Multiple trips

EPCOS AG

31

32

EPCOS AG

Grid high voltage

Transformer
Network
condition
analyzer
and PFC (kvar)
on/off switch

Low voltage

Manual
PFC controller

General
PFC key
components

Automatic
PFC controller
Sr 20%

Load structure

Power factor improvement

PFC controller

Fuse

Contactor

Reactor

PFC capacitor

Discharge reactor

Protection

L&C bank
switch

M
3~

M
3~

Harmonics
suppression
Bypass
reactor

Phase shift

Discharge
reactor

EPCOS AG

33

Capacitor Contactors
Heavy Duty Series
a Principle
Only devices specially designed
for the purpose should be used to
switch PFC capacitors. Capacitor
contactors should be designed to
avoid contact bounce and the
resulting high transients. The
inrush currents must be limited to
less than the nominal current of
the contactor and the capacitor.

In modern PFC capacitors, high


power density and reduction of
losses have led to low inductance
and small series resistances.
Circuits of capacitors, especially
the parallel connection of capacitors that are already activated,
lead to extremely high inrush
currents (> 200 x IN). This has a
negative effect on the useful life
of both contactors and capacitors,
besides degrading the power
quality in a network.

In capacitor contactors with


precharging resistors, these
resistors are switched by leading
auxiliary contacts. The auxiliary
contacts close before the main
contacts and precharge the capacitor. This significantly reduces high
inrush currents on the capacitor.

Capacitor contactors
Features
a Excellent damping of inrush current
a Improved power quality (eg avoidance
of voltage sags)
a Longer useful life of main contacts of
capacitor contactor
a Soft switching of capacitor and thus
better useful life
a Enhanced mean lifetime of PFC system
a Reduced ohmic losses
a Rugged terminals
a High temperature stability

34

EPCOS AG

Technical Data
AC-operation

Auxiliary switch

Control voltage

Ordering code

For usage in three-phase capacitor


equipments at temperature of 55C,
at 50/60 Hz voltage
230 V
kvar

400 V
kvar

525 V
kvar

690 V
kvar

normally open
(NO)

With screw terminal; for screw and snap


mounting on 35 mm rail
max. kvar output
8.5

15

20

25

230 V, 50/60 Hz

B44066-S1626-S001

32

32

230 V, 50/60 Hz

B44066-S1636-S001

65

65

230 V, 50/60 Hz

B44066-S1646-S001

max. kvar output


14

25

max. kvar output


29

50

a Description
AC operation to IEC 947, EN 60947 (VDE 0660).
The contactors are all-climate-proof and shockproof to DIN VDE 0106 part 100.
The auxiliary switch block snapped onto the capacitor contactor contains the three
leading normally open contacts with pre-charging resistors and a normal NO contact
for use in control circuit.

B44066-S1626-S001
L1 L2 L3
67

A1

43

A2

44

72

60

80

48

115

18

44

45

130
C1
KLK1689-D

B44066-S1646-S001

B44066-S1636-S001
170

145

116
91
17,5 17,5

42

18
38
64
100

160
130

51

123
73

22,5

18
38
104
124
150

22,5

94
68

7
8

60
70

EPCOS AG

45
55

183
KLK1690-G

8
159
KLK1698-C

35

Capacitor Contactors
Regular Series
Ordering code
Capacitor contactor for switching detuned and conventional
three-phase capacitors
a Principle
When a capacitance is switched
to an AC system, the result is a
resonant circuit damped to a
greater or lesser degree. In addition to the nominal current, the
capacitor accepts a transient current that is a multiple of (as many
as 200 times) its nominal current.
Fast switching, low-bounce contactors should be used.
Because of the leading contacts,
the inrush current spikes (reverse
charging operations) are limited or
damped by resistance wires. These
current spikes would lead to welding of the contactor's main contacts and they are also harmful for
the capacitors. Reduction of the
inrush currents also avoids transients and voltage sags.

B 4406 6 - S . . 1 0 - J 2 30
PFC Accessories

Contactor type

Leading contacts with a wiper


function are used in these capacitor contactors, ie each leading
contact is linked to the contactor
yoke by a permanent magnet. The
leading contacts close before the
main contacts and open when the
main contacts are with certainty
closed. This feature of the capacitor contactors guarantees effective, stable operation throughout
useful life. The single controlled
leading contacts also enhance
resistance to soiling during operation.

Aux. N/0

Coil voltage

The capacitor contactors are


suitable for direct switching of
low-inductance and low-loss capacitor banks (IEC 831, VDE 0560)
with or without detuning reactors.
They feature leading auxiliary
switches and damping resistors to
reduce peak inrush to < 70 * Iin
(inrush current).
The capacitor contactors are weld
resistant up to a possible peak
inrush current of 200 x Iin. The
backup fuses gL (gG) should be
scaled for 1.6 to 1.8 * Iin.
All capacitor contactors come with
an auxiliary contact (normally open).

Capacitor contactors
Features
a Excellent damping of inrush current
a Improved power quality (eg avoidance
of voltage sags)
a Longer useful life of main contacts of
capacitor contactor
a Soft switching of capacitor and thus
better useful life
a Enhanced mean lifetime of PFC system
a Reduced ohmic losses
a Leading contacts with wiper function

36

EPCOS AG

Technical Data
New contactor types available middle of year 2001
Type
Main contacts
UIS
Rated insulation voltage UI
Admissible frequency of operation
Contact life

[VAC]
1/h
million
operations

B44066--J230
S3210
S5010

S1810

S2410

6902)
240
0,2

6902)
240
0,1

6902)
240
0,1

S6210

S7410

6902)
240
0,1

6902)
120
0,1

6902)
80
0,08

Cable cross section


solid or standard

[mm2]

1.56

2.525

2.525

650

650

650

flexible

[mm2]

1.54

2.516

2.516

435

435

435

flexible with mulicore cable end

[mm2]

1.54

2.516

2.516

435

435

435

0.851.1

0.851.1

0.851.1

0.851.1

0.851.1

0.851.1

6902)

6902)

6902)

6902)

6902)

6902)

Icoth [A]

16

10

10

10

10

10

Icoth [A]

12

Icoth [A]

12

Icoth [A]

Icoth [A]

25

20

20

20

20

20

NO/NC

1/0

1/0

1/0

1/0

1/0

1/0

Cables per clamp


Operating range of magnet coils
in multiples of control voltage
US
Auxiliary contacts1)
Rated insulation voltage UI

UIS

Rated current Ith


at ambient temperature
max. 40 C
max. 60 C
Utilization category AC15
220 to 240 V
380 to 440 V
Shortcircuit protection
Highest fuse rating
slow, gL (gG)
Auxiliary contacts1)

[VAC]

IEC 947-4-1, IEC 947-5-1, EN 60947-4-1, EN 60947-5-1, VDE 0660

Ordering codes
Type (new)

Capacitor power at ambient temperature, voltage, 50/60 Hz


380400 V
415440 V
660690 V
50 C
60 C
50 C
60 C
50 C
60 C
kvar
kvar
kvar
kvar
kvar
kvar

Current
50 C
A

60 C
A

Weight
kg

B44066-S1810-J230

12.5

12.5

13

13

20

20

18

18

0.34

B44066-S2410-J230

20

20

22

22

33

33

28

28

0.6

B44066-S3210-J230

25

25

27

27

41

41

35

35

0.6

B44066-S5010-J230

33.3

33.3

36

36

55

55

48

48

1.1

B44066-S6210-J230

50

50

53

53

82

82

72

72

1.1

B44066-S7410-J230

75

60

76

64

120

100

105

87

1.1

Type (current)

40 C
kvar

60 C
kvar

40 C
kvar

60 C
kvar

40 C
kvar

60 C
kvar

40 C
A

60 C
A

kg

B44066-S1610-J123

12.5

13

11

20

15

18

14

0.34

B44066-S2310-J123

20

16

22

17

33

28

28

24

0.62

B44066-S3010-J123

25

20

27

21

41

33

35

28

0.62

B44066-S4510-J1233)

33.3

30

36

31

55

50

48

45

1.0

B44066-S6010-J1233)

50

40

53

42

82

68

72

58

1.0

9.5

1) Aux contacts: NO = 1; NC = 0; for all contactor types


2) Applies to networks with grounded star point, overvoltage category I to IV, pollution severity 3 (industrial standard),
Vimp = 6 kv. Values for other conditions on request.

EPCOS AG

37

B44066-S1810-J230

98
35-36

94

~80

M3,5

59

49-50

6,5
45

40

KLK1700-S

B44066-S2410-J230, B44066-S3210-J230

117,5
113,5

35

~100

M3,5

74

65
60

4,5

M5

45

38

65

KLK1701-1

EPCOS AG

B44066-S5010-J230, B44066-S6210-J230, B44066-S7410-J230

50

128,5

5,5

~130

110

100
95

M3,5

M6

7,5
60

68

KLK1702-9

Connection Diagramm

L1 L2 L3

A1

A2

AUX

KLK1694-E

EPCOS AG

39

B44066-S1610-J123

6,5
1,5

35 - 36

~ 80

59

49 - 50

M3,5

45

40
94
98
KLK1691-P

B44066-S2310-J123, B44066-S3010-J123

~ 100

74

65

60

M4

4,5
45
55

65
113,5
117,5
KLK1692-X

40

EPCOS AG

B44066-S4510-J123, B44066-S6010-J123

5,5

M6

~ 130

110

95

100

M3,5

50
60
75

7,5
66
127,5
KLK1693-6

EPCOS AG

41

42

EPCOS AG

Grid high voltage

Transformer
Network
condition
analyzer
and PFC (kvar)
on/off switch

Low voltage

Manual
PFC controller

General
PFC key
components

Automatic
PFC controller
Sr 20%

Load structure

Power factor improvement

PFC controller

Fuse

Contactor

Reactor

PFC capacitor

Discharge reactor

Protection

L&C bank
switch

M
3~

M
3~

Harmonics
suppression
Bypass
reactor

Phase shift

Discharge
reactor

EPCOS AG

43

Antiresonance Three-Phase Filter Reactor


(Detuned systems)
a Principle
Electrical energy is a significant
production factor for industry,
and its efficient use should be a
primary objective. Reducing the
reactive current component by
PFC correction helps to save
energy.
The increasing use of modern
power electronic apparatus
(drives, uninterruptible power
supplies, etc) that produce nonlinear current influences and
loads the network with harmonics (line pollution).

The power factor correction or


capacitance of the power capacitor forms a resonant circuit in
conjunction with the feeding
transformer. Experience shows
that the self-resonant frequency of
this circuit lies typically between
250 and 500 Hz, ie in the region
of the 5th and 7th harmonics.
Resonance can lead to the following undesirable effects:
overloading of capacitors,
overloading of transformers and
transmission equipment,
interference with metering and
control systems, computers and
electrical gear,
resonance elevation, ie amplification of harmonics,
voltage distortion.

These resonance phenomena can


be avoided by connecting capacitors in series with filter reactors.
Detuned systems are scaled so
that the self-resonant frequency is
below the lowest line harmonic.
The detuned PFC system is purely
inductive seen by harmonics above
this frequency. For the 50 Hz line
frequency, the detuned system
acts purely capacitively, thus
correcting the reactive power.

9.2. Antiresonance three-phase filter reactor


Features
a High resistance to harmonics
a Very low losses
a High linearity to avoid choke tilt
a Low noise
a Simple mounting
a Long useful life
a Temperature protection (NC contact)

44

EPCOS AG

Technical Data
Filter reactors
Fundamental current

I1 = 1.06 * IN (50 Hz current of capacitor)

Harmonics

U3 = 0.5% UN (ED = 100%)


U5 = 5.0% UN (ED = 100%)
U7 = 5.0% UN (ED = 100%)

Thermal stress

Ith = 1.05 * Irms

Linearity

Ilin = 1.2 * (I1+I3+I5+I7); > 0.95 * LN

Temperature protection

microswitch (NC)

Three-phase filter reactors to VDE 0550 / VDE 0532


Frequency

50 Hz

Voltage

400 V (other voltages upon request)

Output

5 to 100 kvar (other voltages upon request)

Detuning

5.67%, 7%, 14%

Cooling

natural

Ambient temperature

40C

Class of protection

Enclosure

IP00

Approval

V = 400 V, f = 50 Hz, p = 5.67% (fr = 210 Hz)


Power

I1

Irms

Ilin

Loss

Weight Drawing
number

Terminal

Product

kvar

mH

kg

94

6.12

7.65

8.77

15.9

53

3.4

1a

4 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D5005-S400

6.2

116

4.94

9.49

10.9

19.8

62

4.6

1b

4 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D5006-S400

7.5

141

4.08

11.5

13.2

23.9

62

5.0

1b

4 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D5007-S400

1c

10

mm2

Kl.

B44066-D5010-S400

10

mm2

Kl.

B44066-D5012-S400

10

mm2

Kl.

B44066-D5015-S400

10

mm2

Kl.

B44066-D5020-S400

10

mm2

10
12.5
15
20

EPCOS AG

Y
Inductance
capacitance

188
235
281
375

3.06
2.45
2.04
1.53

15.3
19.1
23.0
30.6

17.6
21.9
26.3
35.1

31.9
39.8
47.8
63.7

64
89
89
100

6.4
8.4
9.3
13

Type
Ordering code

1d
1d
1e

25

469

1.22

38.3

43.9

79.7

130

17

1f

Kl.

B44066-D5025-S400

30

563

1.02

45.9

52.6

95.6

164

18

3a

M6 Cu-flat

B44066-D5030-S400

40

750

0.765

61.2

70.2

127

220

23

3b

M6 Al-flat

B44066-D5040-S400

50

938

0.612

76.5

87.7

159

290

31

3c

M6 Al-flat

B44066-D5050-S400

60

1126

0.510

91.8

105

191

290

32

3c

M8 Al-flat

B44066-D5060-S400

100

1876

0.306

153

175

319

390

47

3d

M8 Al-flat

B44066-D5100-S400

45

V = 400 V, f = 50 Hz, p = 7% (fr = 189 Hz)


Power

Y
Inductance
capacitance

I1

Irms

Ilin

Loss

Weight Drawing
number

Terminal

Product

kvar

mH

kg

Type
Ordering code

92.5

7.66

7.65

8.03

13.4

52

3.3

1a

4 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D7005-S400

6.2

115

6.18

9.49

9.96

16.6

52

4.0

1a

4 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D7006-S400

7.5

139

5.11

11.5

12.1

20.0

61

4.8

1b

4 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D7007-S400

10

185

3.83

15.3

16.1

26.7

73

5.9

1c

10 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D7010-S400

12.5

231

3.07

19.1

20.1

33.4

87

8.1

1d

10 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D7012-S400

15

277

2.56

23.0

24.1

40.1

87

8.8

1d

10 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D7015-S400

20

370

1.92

30.6

32.1

53.4

100

12

1e

10 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D7020-S400

25

462

1.53

38.3

40.2

66.8

120

16

1f

10 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D7025-S400

30

555

1.28

45.9

48.2

80.1

120

17

1f

10 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D7030-S400

40

740

0.958

61.2

64.3

107

210

23

3b

M6 Al-flat

B44066-D7040-S400

50

925

0.766

76.5

80.3

133

210

24

3b

M6 Al-flat

B44066-D7050-S400

60

1110

0.639

91.8

96.4

160

270

31

3c

M6 Al-flat

B44066-D7060-S400

100

1850

0.383

153

161

267

370

46

3d

M8 Al-flat

B44066-D7100-S400

Terminal

Product

V = 400 V, f = 50 Hz, p = 14% (fr = 135 Hz)


Power

46

Y
Inductance
capacitance

I1

Irms

Ilin

Loss

Weight Drawing
number

kvar

mH

kg

Type
Ordering code

85.5

16.6

7.65

7.69

10.8

61

5.1

1b

4 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D1405-S400

6.2

106

13.4

9.49

9.54

13.4

72

6.1

1c

4 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D1406-S400

7.5

128

11.1

11.5

11.5

16.2

87

8.1

1d

4 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D1407-S400

10

171

8.23

15.3

15.4

21.6

87

9.4

1d

10 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D1410-S400

12.5

214

6.63

19.1

19.2

27.0

100

1e

10 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D1412-S400

15

257

5.53

23.0

23.1

32.4

120

16

1f

10 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D1415-S400

20

342

4.14

30.6

30.8

43.2

120

18

1f

10 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D1420-S400

25

428

3.32

38.3

38.5

54.0

210

25

2a

10 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D1425-S400

30

513

2.76

45.9

46.2

64.8

210

26

2a

10 mm2 Kl.

B44066-D1430-S400

40

684

2.07

61.2

61.6

86.4

220

32

3c

M6 Al-flat

B44066-D1440-S400

50

855

1.66

76.5

76.9

108

340

34

3c

M6 Al-flat

B44066-D1450-S400

60

1026

1.38

91.8

92.3

130

370

46

3d

M6 Al-flat

B44066-D1460-S400

100

1710

0.829

153

154

216

450

62

3e

M8 Cu-flat

B44066-D1499-S400

EPCOS AG

Drawing 1
b1

d1

d2

d3

l1

l2

n1

n2

n3

n4

73

5.8

11

M5

max

max

max

60

159

150

178

49

113

53

166

88

5.8

11

99

13

M5

67

M6

62

159

150

178

64

113

68

166

181

182

219

56

136

69

119

13

M6

201

72

181

182

219

76

136

89

201

107

13

M6

66

221

228

267

70

176

77

249

131

13

M6

79

221

228

267

94

176

101

249

Insulation class B: 130C

Drawing 2
b1

d1

162

d2

10

d3

l1

max

max

max

l2

l4

n1

n2

18

M8

108

291

264

220

270

101

200

d2

d3

l1

l2

l4

n1

n2

max

max

max

Insulation class H: 180C

Drawing 3
b1

d1

131

12

M6

103

210

228

190

94

176

162

10

18

M8

114

248

264

220

270

101

200

167

10

18

M8

136

269

300

250

300

118

224

167

10

18

M8

128

321

360

300

350

138

264

174

12

18

M10

171

385

405

350

410

141

316

Insulation class H: 180C

Drawing 1

Drawing 2
e

d1

d2

d1

d2

n2

n1

n2

n1

n4

n3

b1

b1

KLK1704-Q

KLK1703-H

Drawing 3
e

d1

EPCOS AG

d2
n2

n1

b1

KLK1705-Y

47

48

EPCOS AG

Grid high voltage

Transformer
Network
condition
analyzer
and PFC (kvar)
on/off switch

Low voltage

Manual
PFC controller

General
PFC key
components

Automatic
PFC controller
Sr 20%

Load structure

Power factor improvement

PFC controller

Fuse

Contactor

Reactor

PFC capacitor

Discharge reactor

Protection

L&C bank
switch

M
3~

M
3~

Harmonics
suppression
Bypass
reactor

Phase shift

Discharge
reactor

EPCOS AG

49

PhaseCap AC Capacitors
General
PhaseCap capacitors in cylindrical
aluminum cases were designed
for power factor correction in
low-voltage plant. Loads like
motors and transformers consume
active power as well as reactive
power. Generators, supply cables
and other electrical distribution
equipment, in turn, should be
relieved of reactive power. The
MKK (metalized plastic compact)
AC series (> 2.5 to 30 kvar) is
intended to increase packing density per bank and cut component
costs. Improved thermal response
and simplified installation are
advantages of the cylindrical
aluminum case.

Type Number Decoding System


PhaseCap Capacitor

Type

Revision

Total
Capacitance

Capacitance
Tolerance

SIGUT
Terminal

B 2566 7 - A 4 49 7- A 3 75
107
(49 x 107
= 495 F)

PhaseCap Standard
MKK AC
Standard A
Special S
Rated voltage AC 230 V
400 V
415 V, 440 V, 480 V
525 V
690 V

2
3
4
5
6

Applications
a Automatic PFC equipment,
capacitor banks
a Individual fixed PFC
(eg motors, transformers,
lighting)
a Group fixed PFC
a Tuned and detuned
capacitor banks
a Harmonic trap applications
(eg UPS, frequency drives
and converters)

Capacitance
value
3 x 165 F =
495 F

(16 mm2)
Number,
NA
1 Single-phase
3 Three-phase

A 5% /+10% (standard)
J +/5%

Features
Electrical
a Long useful life
a High pulse current withstand capability (200 * IN)
a Corona-free
Mechanical and
maintenance
a Reduced mounting costs
a Maintenance-free
Safety
a Dry design
a Self-healing
a Overpressure disconnector
a Non-flammable
a Touch-proof terminals
a Longterm approved
Environment
a Easy disposal
a Non-polluting
a PCB-free

50

EPCOS AG

Technical Data
Standards IEC 831-1/96, IEC 831-2/95, EN 60831-1+2/96, VDE 560-46+47 3/95
Overvoltage

Umax

UN + 10% (up to 8 h daily) / UN + 15% (up to 30 min daily) /


UN + 30% (up to 1 min)

Overcurrent

Imax

1.3 * IN; in certain cases higher (see table)

Inrush current

IS

200 * IN

Losses (dielectric)

< 0.25 W/kvar

Capacitance tolerance

5%

Test voltage, terminal/terminal

UTT

2.15 * UN1, AC, 10 s

Test voltage, terminal/case

UTC

up to UN 660 V: 3000 Vac, 10 s; above UN = 660 V: 6000 Vac, 10 s

Useful life

t LD(Co)

115,000 h

Ambient temperature

LCT/
UCT

40%/D, max. 55C, with forced cooling higher ambient


temperature possible; in some cases different temperature category
for 60 Hz (see table)

Hrel

max. 95%

Cooling
Humidity
Altitude

4000 m above sea level

Mounting position

random

Mounting and grounding

threaded M12 stud on bottom of case

Safety

dry technology, overpressure disconnector, self-healing

Discharge resistors

discharge module included

Case

extruded aluminum

Enclosure

IP20, indoor mounting (optionally with lid for IP54)

Dielectric

polypropylene film

Impregnation

non-PCB, inert gas

Terminals

dual, three-way SIGUT terminal strip with electric shock protection


(VDE 0106 part 100), max. 16 mm2 cable cross-section

Certification

cUL file # E96954

The compact PhaseCap capacitor is


a self-healing, metalized polypropylene film capacitor. The currentcarrying metal layer (electrode) is
vapor-deposited onto one side of
the film.
Compact design low height,
weight and volume
Three electrically separated, partial
capacitors are wound concentrically in a single operation onto an
insulated metal core tube, which
guarantees excellent winding precision. The electrodes are connected by metal spraying the face end
of the winding element. The partial
capacitors are star, delta or series
connected.

EPCOS AG

natural or forced

The compact MKK winding elements are housed in a cylindrical


aluminum case and hermetically
sealed by a press-rolled metal lid.
Triple safety system
a Dry technology: instead of a
liquid impregnating agent, the
capacitor is filled with gas. So
there is no risk of fire caused by
spurting or leaking oil. Dry
design is a must for ecologically
sensitive applications and insurance follow-up.
a Self-healing: the capacitor repairs
itself after overload.
a Overpressure disconnector: this
prevents the capacitor from
bursting at the end of its useful
life or through electrical or
thermal overload.

Innovative and reliable SIGUT


connection technology
SIGUT terminals ensure reliable and
straightforward connection, even in
a parallel capacitor circuit, with
benefits like
a simplified parallel connection of
input ends in series,
a protection against electric shock
hazard (IP20/IP54 to VDE 0106
part 100),
a additional connection of
discharge resistors for extra
reliability and safety,
a clamping device to prevent
loosening of screws,
a cable cross-sections up to
16 mm2.

51

Extended useful life of


115,000 operating hours
After a long drying phase in a high
vacuum to eliminate moisture from
the active element, the capacitor is
impregnated. The case is filled with
inert gas and sealed. Then routine
test are performed for gas leakage.
This production process helps to
avoid oxidation and partial discharges (corona effect), promoting
capacitance stability over an
extremely long period, an essential
in filter circuit applications.

High inrush current withstand


capability is crucial
Capacitors used for power factor
correction undergo a lot of switching operations. The high inrush
currents that go along with this
must be handled without degrading useful life. The pulse strength
of this technology comes in particular from the enlarged, sensitive
contact area (improved metal
spraying). The breakthrough came
with a Siemens patent called the
wavy cut, plus heavy edge film
design. PhaseCap capacitors can
easily handle inrush currents of up
to 200 times rated current.

And where it is crucial


a Parallel connection of capacitors
a Non-detuned capacitors
a Capacitor banks using standard
contactors
a Restoration after voltage
interruptions and brownouts

Overpressure disconnector (tear-off fuse)

Terminal block

Compact winding
with C 1,2,3

Connected
Detail A

52

Overpressure tear-off fuse

Disconnected

Detail B

EPCOS AG

Dimensional Drawings
Capacitor

Protective case for capacitor


l3

68.5

50.5

15.5

h +40

Marking

24

16+1

27
Torque
T = 10 Nm

M12

17

Impregnating hole

19.60.5

Torque
T = 1.2 Nm

l2

16.80,5

l1

KLK1393-M

Creepage distance 12.7 mm min.


Clearance

9.6 mm min.
KLK1392-E

Mounting
Toothed washer
J 12.5 DIN 6797

Protective cover for terminal

Hex nut
BM 12 DIN 439
or

d 1

22

18

21

1)

54

Nut C61010-A415-C15

Cable gland

SW17

d 2

KLK1394-V
1)

EPCOS AG

KLK1645

Perforation for second cable gland

53

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 230 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
CN

dxh

Weight

Product / Type

Output
kvar

50 Hz
IN
A

Output
kvar

60 Hz
IN
A

mm
in

kg
lb

Ordering code

2.5

6.3

3.0

7.5

3*50

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.2
2.6

MKK230-D-02.5-01
B25667-A2157-A375

5.0

13.1

6.3

15.7

3*104

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.3
2.8

MKK230-D-05-01
B25667-A2317-A375

7.5

18.8

9.0

22.6

3*150

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.3
2.8

MKK230-D-07.5-01
B25667-A2457-A375

10.4

26.1

12.5

31.4

3*209

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.5
3.3

MKK230-D-10-01
B25667-A2627-A375

12.5

31.4

15.01)

38.21)

3*250

121*200
4.76*7.87

1.7
3.7

MKK230-D-12.5-01
B25667-A2757-A375

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 400 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
5.0

7.2

6.0

8.7

3*33

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.2
2.6

MKK400-D-05-01
B25667-A3996-A375

6.3

9.0

7.5

10.8

3*42

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.2
2.6

MKK400-D-06.3-01
B25667-A3127-A375

7.5

10.8

9.0

13.0

3*50

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.2
2.6

MKK400-D-07.5-01
B25667-A3147-A375

8.3

12.0

10.0

14.5

3*55

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.3
2.8

MKK400-D-08.3-01
B25667-A3167-A375

10.4

15.0

12.5

18.0

3*69

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.3
2.8

MKK400-D-10-01
B25667-A3207-A375

12.5

18.0

15.0

21.7

3*83

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.3
2.8

MKK400-D-12.5-01
B25667-A3247-A375

15.0

21.7

18.0

26.0

3*100

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.5
3.3

MKK400-D-15-01
B25667-A3297-A375

16.7

24.0

20.0

28.9

3*111

121*200
4.76*7.87

1.6
3.5

MKK400-D-16.7-01
B25667-A3337-A375

20.8

30.0

25.0

36.0

3*138

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.0
4.4

MKK400-D-20-01
B25667-A3417-A375

25.0

36.0

30.0

39.41)

3*166

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.2
4.8

MKK400-D-25-01
B25667-A3497-A375

1) Temperature class deviation -40/B max. 45C

54

EPCOS AG

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 415 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
CN

dxh

Weight

Product / Type

Output
kvar

50 Hz
IN
A

Output
kvar

60 Hz
IN
A

mm
in

kg
lb

Ordering code

5.0

7.0

6.0

8.4

3*31

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.2
2.6

MKK415-D-05-01
B25667-A4926-A375

6.3

8.7

7.5

10.4

3*39

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.2
2.6

MKK415-D-06.3-01
B25667-A4117-A375

10.4

14.5

12.5

17.4

3*64

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.2
2.6

MKK415-D-10-01
B25667-A4197-A375

12.5

17.4

15.0

20.9

3*77

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.3
2.8

MKK415-D-12.5-01
B25667-A4237-A375

15.0

20.9

18.0

25.1

3*93

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.4
3.0

MKK415-D-15-01
B25667-A4277-A375

16.7

23.3

20.0

27.9

3*103

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.5
3.3

MKK415-D-16.7-01
B25667-A4307-A375

20.8

29.0

25.01)

34.81)

3*128

121*200
4.76*7.87

1.7
3.7

MKK415-D-20-01
B25667-A4387-A375

25.0

34.8

30.01)

41.81)

3*154

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.1
4.6

MKK415-D-25-01
B25667-A4467-A375

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 440 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
5.0

6.6

6.0

7.9

3*27

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.2
2.6

MKK440-D-05-01
B25667-A4826-A375

7.5

9.9

9.0

11.8

3*41

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.2
2.6

MKK440-D-07.5-01
B25667-A4127-A375

10.4

13.7

12.5

16.4

3*57

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.3
2.9

MKK440-D-10-01
B25667-A4177-A375

11.2

14.7

13.4

17.7

3*61

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.4
3.1

MKK440-D-11.2-01
B25667-A4187-A375

12.5

16.4

15.0

19.7

3*69

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.4
3.0

MKK440-D-12.5-01
B25667-A4207-A375

14.2

18.7

17.0

22.4

3*78

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.5
3.3

MKK440-D-14.2-01
B25667-A4237-A365

15.0

19.7

18.0

23.6

3*82

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.6
3.5

MKK440-D-15-01
B25667-A4247-A375

16.7

21.9

20.0

26.3

3*92

121*200
4.76*7.87

1.7
3.7

MKK440-D-16.7-01
B25667-A4277-A365

18.8

24.7

22.6

29.6

3*103

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.0
4.4

MKK440-D-18.8-01
B25667-A4307-A365

20.8

27.3

25.0

32.8

3*114

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.1
4.6

MKK440-D-20-01
B25667-A4347-A375

25.0

32.8

30.01)

39.41)

3*137

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.3
5.1

MKK440-D-25-01
B25667-A4417-A375

28.15

37.0

33.81)

44.41)

3*154

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.5
5.5

MKK440-D-28-01
B25667-A4467-A365

1) Temperature class deviation -40/B max. 45C

EPCOS AG

55

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 480 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
CN

dxh

Weight

Product / Type

Output
kvar

50 Hz
IN
A

Output
kvar

60 Hz
IN
A

mm
in

kg
lb

Ordering code

5.0

6.0

6.0

7.2

3*23

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.1
2.4

MKK480-D-05-01
B25667-A4696-A375

6.25

7.5

7.5

9.0

3*29

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.2
2.6

MKK480-D-06.3-01
B25667-A4866-A375

7.5

9.0

9.0

10.8

3*35

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.2
2.6

MKK480-D-07.5-01
B25667-A4107-A375

8.33

10.0

10.0

12.0

3*38

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.2
2.6

MKK480-D-08.3-01
B25667-A4117-A365

10.4

12.5

12.5

15.0

3*48

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.3
2.9

MKK480-D-10-01
B25667-A4147-A375

12.5

15.1

15.0

18.1

3*58

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.5
3.3

MKK480-D-12.5-01
B25667-A4177-A365

15

18.1

18.0

21.7

3*69

121*200
4.76*7.87

1.7
3.7

MKK480-D-15-01
B25667-A4207-A365

16.7

20.0

20.1

24.0

3*77

121*200
4.76*7.87

1.8
3.9

MKK480-D-16.7-01
B25667-A4237-A355

20.8

25.0

25.0

30.1

3*96

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.2
4.8

MKK480-D-20-01
B25667-A4287-A375

25.0

30.0

30.01)

36.11)

3*115

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.4
5.3

MKK480-D-25-01
B25667-A4347-A365

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 525 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
6.3

6.9

7.5

8.3

3*24

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.1
2.4

MKK525-D-06.25-01
B25667-A5726-A375

8.3

9.2

10.0

11.0

3*32

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.2
2.6

MKK525-D-08.3-01
B25667-A5966-A375

10.4

11.5

12.5

13.7

3*40

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.4
3.0

MKK525-D-10-01
B25667-A5127-A375

12.5

13.8

15.0

16.5

3*48

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.5
3.3

MKK525-D-12.5-01
B25667-A5147-A375

15.0

16.5

18.0

19.8

3*58

121*200
4.76*7.87

1.7
3.7

MKK525-D-15-01
B25667-A5177-A375

16.7

18.4

20.0

22.1

3*64

121*200
4.76*7.87

1.8
3.9

MKK525-D-16.7-01
B25667-A5197-A375

20.8

22.9

25.0

27.5

3*80

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.2
4.8

MKK525-D-20-01
B25667-A5247-A375

25.0

27.5

30.01)

33.01)

3*96

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.5
5.5

MKK525-D-25-01
B25667-A5287-A375

1) Temperature class deviation -40/B max. 45C

56

EPCOS AG

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 690 Vac, 50/60 Hz, star connection
CN

dxh

Weight

Product / Type

Output
kvar

50 Hz
IN
A

Output
kvar

60 Hz
IN
A

mm
in

kg
lb

Ordering code

5.0

4.2

6.0

3*33

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.2
2.6

MKK690-Y-05-01
B25667-A6996-A375

10.0

8.4

12.5

10.5

3*70

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.3
2.8

MKK690-Y-10-01
B25667-A6207-A375

12.5

10.5

15.0

12.5

3*84

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.4
3.0

MKK690-Y-12.5-01
B25667-A6257-A375

15.0

12.6

18.0

15

3*100

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.5
3.3

MKK690-Y-15-01
B25667-A6307-A375

20.8

17.4

25.0

21

3*139

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.0
4.4

MKK690-Y-20-01
B25667-A6417-A375

25.0

21.0

30.01)

251)

3*167

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.2
4.8

MKK690-Y-25-01
B25667-A6507-A375

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 740 Vac, 50/60 Hz, star connection
14.2

10.9

16.8

13.1

3 * 82.5

121 * 200
4.76 * 7.87

1.8
3.97

MKK740-Y-14-01
B25667-A7247-A375

26.8

20.9

32.2

25.1

3 * 155

142 * 200
5.59 * 7.87

2.5
5.51

MKK740-Y-26.8-01
B25667-A7467-A375

Discharge Resistors

Discharge
Resistor
Set
KLK1685-F

1) Temperature class deviation -40/B max. 45C

EPCOS AG

57

Single-phase capacitors: rated voltage 230 Vac, 50/60 Hz


CN

dxh

Weight

Product / Type

Output
kvar

50 Hz
IN
A

Output
kvar

60 Hz
IN
A

mm
in

kg
lb

Ordering code

2.5

10.9

3.0

13.0

150

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.1
2.4

MKK230-I-02.5-01
B25667-A2157-A175

3.3

14.5

4.0

17.4

200

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.1
2.4

MKK230-I-03.3-01
B25667-A2207-A175

5.2

22.6

6.2

27.0

313

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.1
2.4

MKK230-I-05-01
B25667-A2317-A175

8.33

36.2

10.0

44.0

502

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.3
2.8

MKK230-I-08.3-01
B25667-A2507-A175

Single-phase capacitors: rated voltage 400 Vac, 50/60 Hz


5.0

12.5

6.0

15.0

100

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.1
2.4

MKK400-I-05-01
B25667-A3107-A175

6.3

15.6

7.5

18.8

124

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.1
2.4

MKK400-I-06.25-01
B25667-A3127-A175

7.5

18.8

9.0

22.5

149

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.1
2.4

MKK400-I-07.5-01
B25667-A3147-A175

8.3

20.8

10.0

25.0

166

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.1
2.4

MKK400-I-08.3-01
B25667-A3167-A175

10.4

26.0

12.5

31.2

207

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.2
2.6

MKK400-I-10.4-01
B25667-A3207-A175

12.5

31.2

15.0

37.5

249

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.3
2.8

MKK400-I-12.5-01
B25667-A3247-A175

Single-phase capacitors: rated voltage 525 Vac, 50/60 Hz


6.5

12.4

7.8

14.9

75

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.1
2.4

MKK525-I-06.5-01
B25667-A5756-A175

8.3

15.9

10.0

19.0

96

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.2
2.6

MKK525-I-08.3-01
B25667-A5966-A175

10

19.0

12.0

22.9

116

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.3
2.8

MKK525-I-10-01
B25667-A5117-A175

12.5

23.8

15.0

28.6

144

121*164
4.76*6.46

1.5
3.3

MKK525-I-12.5-01
B25667-A5147-A175

15

28.6

18.0

34.3

173

121*200
4.76*7.87

1.7
3.7

MKK525-I-15-01
B25667-A5177-A175

18.6

36.0

22.3

43.0

215

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.0
4.4

MKK525-I-18.6-01
B25667-A5217-A175

1) Temperature class deviation -40/B max. 45C

58

EPCOS AG

Plastic protective case for capacitor


Capacitor

For cable gland

Cable diameter outside

Dimensions
l1

l2

l3

mm

mm

mm

in

in

inch

Product / Type
h
Ordering code

121*164
4.76*6.46

IP54

9 - 13
0.35 - 0.51

134 110 177 243


5.28 4.33 6.97 9.57

B44066-X9122

121*200 / 142*200
4.76*7.87 / 5.59*7.87

IP54

10 - 18
0.39 - 0.71

154.5 130.5 186 280


6.08 5.14 7.32 11.0

B44066-X9142

PhaseCap capacitors with other rated voltages and capacitances available on request.

Plastic protective cover for terminal


Capacitor

For cable gland

Cable diameter outside

Dimensions

Product / Type

d2

d1
mm

mm

mm

in

in

in

Ordering code

121*164
4.76*6.46

PG 13,5

9 - 13
0.35 - 0.51

116
4.56

125
4.92

B44066-K1211

121*200
4.76*7.87

PG 16

10 - 14
0.39 - 0.55

116
4.56

125
4.92

B44066-K1212

142*200
5.59*7.87

PG 21

14 - 18
0.55 - 0.71

137
5.39

145
5.70

B44066-K1421

a Capacitors with other voltages,


frequencies, output power, not listed
available on request

a Discharge resistors are included in


shipment
a Capacitor packing units (quantities):

Capacitor

Packing unit

mm

pcs per box

in

EPCOS AG

121
4.76

142
5.59

59

PhaseCap HD AC Capacitors
Heavy Duty Type
General
The new PhaseCap HD series is a
follow-on development of the MKK
AC series, covering the power
range above 25 through 60 kvar
with just one capacitor in a
cylindrical aluminum case. The
PhaseCap HD is especially intended for heavy-duty industrial applications with extreme demands for
useful life, constant capacitance
and high inrush current withdstand
capability.
Such applications require typical
power steps of 25 or 50 kvar
switched by a PFC controller via
each capacitor contactor. The former series was limited to 25 kvar.
The new MKK AC series was developed to increase packing density
per bank and cut component
costs.

Type Number Decoding System


PhaseCap HD Capacitor

Type

Revision

Total
Capacitance

Capacitance
Tolerance

SIGUT
Terminal

B 2566 9 - A 5 46 7- J 3 75
PhaseCap HD
MKK AC
Standard A
Special S
Rated voltage AC 400 V 3
440 V 4
525 V 5

107
(46 x 107
= 462 F)
Capacitance
value
3 x 154 F =
462 F

(16 or
25 mm2)
Number,
NA
Three-phase

A 5% /+10%
J +/5%

This is a first-time implementation


of 60 kvar with only one capacitor
in a cylindrical aluminum case,
improving thermal response and
simplifying installation.

Applications
a Power factor correction
a Detuned capacitor banks
a Wind turbine systems
a AC power electronics
a Uninterruptible power
supplies
a Filtering harmonics in
modern power electronic
applications

Features
Electrical
a Up to 60 kvar per case
a Extremely low loss
a High pulse current withstand capability (200 * IN)
a Corona-free
Mechanical and
maintenance
a Reduced mounting costs
a Maintenance-free
Safety
a Dry design
a Self-healing
a Overpressure disconnector
a Non-flammable
a Touch-proof terminals
a Longterm approved
Environment
a Easy disposal
a Non-polluting
a PCB-free

60

EPCOS AG

Technical Data
Standards IEC 831-1/96, IEC 831-2/95, EN 60831-1+2/96, VDE 560-46+47 3/95
Overvoltage

Umax

UN + 10% (up to 8 h daily) / UN + 15% (up to 30 min daily) /


UN + 30% (up to 1 min)

Overcurrent

Imax

1.6 * IN; in certain cases higher (see table)

Inrush current

IS

200 * IN

Losses (dielectric)

< 0.2 W/kvar

Capacitance tolerance

5%

Test voltage, terminal/terminal

UTT

2.15 * UN1, AC, 10 s

Test voltage, terminal/case

UTC

up to UN 660 V: 3000 Vac, 10 s

Useful life

t LD(Co)

130,000 h

Ambient temperature

LCT/
UCT

25%/D, max. 55C, with forced cooling higher ambient


temperature possible; in some cases different temperature category
for 60 Hz (see table)

Hrel

max. 95%

Cooling
Humidity
Altitude

4000 m asl (above sea level)

Mounting position

upright

Mounting and grounding

threaded M12 stud on bottom of case

Safety

dry technology, overpressure disconnector, self-healing

Discharge resistors

discharge module included

Case

extruded aluminum

Enclosure

IP20, indoor mounting (optionally with lid for IP54)

Dielectric

polypropylene film

Impregnation

non-PCB, inert gas

Terminals

dual, three-way SIGUT terminal strip with electric shock protection


(VDE 0106 part 100), max. 35 mm2 cable cross-section

High inrush current withstand


capability is crucial
Capacitors used for power factor
correction undergo a lot of switching operations. The high inrush
currents that go along with this
must be handled without degrading useful life. The pulse strength
of this technology comes in particular from the enlarged, sensitive
contact area (improved metal
spraying). The breakthrough came
with a Siemens patent called the
wavy cut, plus heavy edge film
design. PhaseCap HD capacitors
can easily handle inrush currents of
up to 200 times rated current.

EPCOS AG

natural or forced

And where it is crucial


a Parallel connection of capacitors
a Non-detuned capacitors
a Capacitor banks using standard
contactors
a Restoration after voltage
interruptions and brownouts

Extended useful life of


130,000 operating hours
After a long drying phase in a high
vacuum to eliminate moisture from
the active element, the capacitor is
impregnated. The case is filled with
inert gas and sealed. Then routine
test are performed for gas leakage.
This production process helps to
avoid oxidation and partial discharges (corona effect), promoting
capacitance stability over an
extremely long period, an essential
in filter circuit applications.

61

The compact PhaseCap HD capacitor is a self-healing, metalized


polypropylene film capacitor.
The current-carrying metal layer
(electrode) is vapor-deposited onto
one side of the film.
Compact design low height,
weight and volume
The entire capacitor is composed of
three single-phase element stacks.
The electrodes are connected by
metal spraying the face ends of the
winding elements. The capacitor
elements are delta connected. The
winding elements are housed in a
cylindrical aluminum case and
hermetically sealed by a press-rolled
metal lid.

Triple safety system


a Dry technology: instead of a
liquid impregnating agent, the
capacitor is filled with gas. So
there is no risk of fire caused by
spurting or leaking oil. Dry
design is a must for ecologically
sensitive applications and insurance follow-up.
a Self-healing: the capacitor
repairs itself after overload.
a Overpressure disconnector: this
prevents the capacitor from
bursting at the end of its useful
life or through electrical or
thermal overload

Innovative and reliable SIGUT


connection technology
SIGUT terminals ensure reliable and
straightforward connection, even
in a parallel capacitor circuit, with
benefits like
a simplified parallel connection of
input ends in series,
a protection against electric
shock hazard (IP20 to VDE 0106
part 100),
a additional connection of discharge resistors for extra reliability and safety,
a clamping device to prevent
loosening of screws,
a cable cross-sections up to
35 mm2.

Overpressure disconnector (tear-off fuse)

Terminal block

Compact winding
with C 1,2,3

Connected

Disconnected
tear-off fuse disconnected

Detail A

62

Detail B

EPCOS AG

MKK 400 Series (suitable also for 415 V with 7.6% higher output)
Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 400 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
50 Hz

60 Hz

Ir (40) 2)

CN

dxh

Weight

Product / Type

Output
kvar

IN
A

Output
kvar

IN
A

mm
in

kg
lb

Ordering code

30

43

36

52

100

3*199

142*280
5.59*11

4
8.8

MKK400-D-30-21
B25669-A3596-J375

35

51

42

60

100

3*232

142*280
5.59*11

4
8.8

MKK400-D-35-21
B25669-A3696-J375

37.5

54

45

65

100

3*249

142*317
5.59*12.5

4.4
9.7

MKK400-D-37.5-21
B25669-A3746-J375

40

58

48

69

100

3*265

142*317
5.59*12.5

4,4
9.7

MKK400-D-40-21
B25669-A3796-J375

50

72

60 1)

871)

100

3*332

142*355
5.59*14

4.7
10.3

MKK400-D-50-21
B25669-A3996-J375

MKK 440 Series


Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 440 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
28

37

33.6

44

100

3*154

142*280
5.59*11

4.0
8.8

MKK440-D-28-21
B25669-A4467-J375

30

39

36

47

100

3*164

142*280
5.59*11

4.0
8.8

MKK440-D-30-21
B25669-A4497-J375

35

46

42

55

100

3*192

142*317
5.59*12.5

4.4
9.7

MKK440-D-35-21
B25669-A4577-J375

37.5

49

45

59

100

3*206

142*317
5.59*12.5

4.4
9.7

MKK440-D-37.5-21
B25669-A4617-J375

40

52

48

63

100

3*219

142*317
5.59*12.5

4.4
9.7

MKK440-D-40-21
B25669-A4657-J375

50

66

60 1)

79 1)

100

3*274

142*355
5.59*14

4.7
10.3

MKK440-D-50-21
B25669-A4827-J375

MKK 480 Series


Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 480 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
31

37

37

44

100

3*143

142*317
5.59*12.48

4.4
9.7

MKK480-D-31-21
B25669-A4427-J375

35

42

42

50

100

3*161

142*317
5.59*12.48

4.4
9.7

MKK480-D-35-21
B25669-A4487-J375

42

50

50

60

100

3*193

142*355
5.59*13.98

4.7
10.4

MKK480-D-42-21
B25669-A4577-J365

MKK 525 Series


Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 525 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
30

33

36

40

95

3*116

142*280
5.59*11

4.0
8.8

MKK525-D-30-21
B25669-A5347-J375

35

39

42

46

95

3*135

142*317
5.59*12.5

4.4
9.7

MKK525-D-35-21
B25669-A5407-J375

37.5

41

45

50

95

3*145

142*317
5.59*12.5

4.4
9.7

MKK525-D-37.5-21
B25669-A5437-J375

40

44

48

53

95

3*154

142*355
5.59*14

4.7
10.3

MKK525-D-40-21
B25669-A5467-J375

1) Temperature class deviation 25C/B max. 45C

EPCOS AG

Other voltages, frequencies, outputs upon request.

63

Dimensional Drawings
Plastic protective cover for terminal
For capacitor diameter

For cable diameter outside

Product / Type

mm

For cable gland

mm

Ordering code

inch

inch

142
5.59

PG 21

Capacitor

1418
0.550.71

B44066-K1422

Protective cover for terminal


d 1

Cable gland

50.5

d 2
1)

16+1

h +51

211)

64

Marking

M12

KLK1645

Perforation for second cable gland

Torque
T = 10 Nm

Impregnating hole

32 0.5

d (1421.5)

Torque
T = 2.5 Nm

KLK1393-M

24 0.5

Creepage distance 15 mm min.


Clearance

12 mm min.

Mounting
Toothed washer
J 12.5 DIN 6797
Hex nut
BM 12 DIN 439
or
22

18

Nut C61010-A415-C15

SW17

64

KLK1394-V

EPCOS AG

WindCap AC Capacitors
for Wind Turbine
General
WindCap heavy-duty AC capacitors in cylindrical aluminum cases
were specially designed for power
factor correction and harmonics
filtering in wind turbine and industrial applications with extreme
requirements for reliability and life
cycle.
The new WindCap series demonstrates excellent performance in
tough conditions like fast changing load, brownouts, voltage
interruptions and increasing
harmonic distortion on the grid.
Highest reliability and minimized
life cycle cost achieved by an
extended service life of 130,000
hours.

Type Number Decoding System


WindCap HD Capacitor

Type

Revision

Total
Capacitance

Capacitance
Tolerance

SIGUT
Terminal

B 2566 8 - A 6 10 7- A 3 75
WindCap HD
MKK AC
Standard A
Special S
Rated voltage AC 690 V 6
800 V 7

Wind turbine generators have a


power factor < 1, meaning that
producers have to add power
factor correction to improve performance.

107
(10 x 107
= 102 F)
Capacitance
value
3 x 34 F =
102 F

(16 mm2)
Number,
NA
Three-phase

A 5% /+10% (standard)
J +/5%

WindCap capacitors provide relief


from reactive power and reduce
ohmic losses in transformers,
supply cables and other electrical
distribution equipment.

WindCap heavy-duty capacitors for power factor


correction and filtering harmonic currents
a Wind turbine generator applications
a Industrial applications with heavily distorted electrical networks
a Harmonics filtering in modern power electronics
Features
Electrical
a Extremely low loss
a High pulse current
withstand capability
(up to 300 * IN)
a Corona-free
Mechanical and
maintenance
a Reduced mounting costs
a Any mounting position
a Maintenance-free

EPCOS AG

Safety
a Dry design
a Self-healing
a Overpressure disconnector
a Non-flammable
a Touch-proof terminals (IP 20)
a Long-term approved
MKK AC design & technology
Environment
a Easy disposal
a Non-polluting
(dry technology)
a PCB-free product

65

Technical Data
Standards IEC 831-1+2/88, EN 60831-1+2/93, VDE 560-46+47 3/95
Overvoltage

Umax

UN + 10% (up to 8 h daily) / UN + 15% (up to 30 min daily) /


UN + 20% (up to 1 min) / UN + 30% (up to 1 min)

Overcurrent

Imax

1.5 * IN; in certain cases higher (see table)

Inrush current

IS

300 * IN

Losses (dielectric)

< 0.2 W/kvar

Capacitance tolerance

5%

Test voltage, terminal/terminal

UTT

2.15 * UN1, AC, 10 s

Test voltage, terminal/case

UTC

6000 Vac, 10 s

Useful life

t LD(Co)

130,000 h

Ambient temperature

LCT/
UCT

40%/D, max. 55C, with forced cooling higher ambient


temperature possible

Hrel

max. 95%

Cooling
Humidity

natural or forced

Altitude

4000 m asl (above sea level)

Mounting position

random

Mounting and grounding

threaded M12 stud on bottom of case

Safety

dry technology, overpressure disconnector, self-healing

Discharge resistors

discharge module included

Case

extruded aluminum

Enclosure

IP20, indoor mounting (optionally with lid for IP54)

Dielectric

polypropylene film

Impregnation

non-PCB, inert gas

Terminals

dual, three-way SIGUT terminal strip with electric shock protection


(VDE 0106 part 100)

Detailed data sheets upon request or on Internet: www.epcos.com

The compact WindCap capacitor


is a self-healing, metalized polypropylene film capacitor using
MKK technology with self-healing
properties. The current-carrying
metal layer (electrode) is vapordeposited onto one side of the film
Compact design low height,
weight and volume
Three electrically separated capacitor elements are wound concentrically in a single operation onto an
insulated metal core tube, which
guarantees excellent winding precision. The electrodes are connected by metal spraying the face ends
of the winding elements. The
capacitor elements are delta connected (also at 690 and 800 V) to
minimize losses.

66

The compact winding elements are


housed in a cylindrical aluminum
case and hermetically sealed by a
press-rolled metal lid.
Triple safety system
a Dry technology: instead of a
liquid impregnating agent like oil
or PCB, the capacitor is filled
with gas. So there is no risk of
fire caused by spurting or leaking oil. Dry design is a must for
ecologically sensitive applications
and insurance follow-up.
a Self-healing: the capacitor repairs
itself after overload.
a Overpressure disconnector: this
prevents the capacitor from
bursting at the end of its useful
life or through electrical or
thermal overload.

Innovative and reliable SIGUT


connection technology
SIGUT terminals ensure reliable and
straightforward connection, even
in a parallel capacitor circuit, with
benefits like
a simplified parallel connection of
capacitors,
a protection against electric shock
hazard (IP20 to VDE 0106 part
100),
a additional connection of discharge resistors for extra reliability and safety,
a clamping device to prevent
loosening of screws,
a cable cross-sections up to
16 mm2.

EPCOS AG

High inrush current withstand


capability is crucial
Capacitors used for power factor
correction undergo a lot of switching operations. The high inrush
currents that go along with this
must be handled without degrading useful life. The pulse strength
of this technology comes in particular from the enlarged, sensitive
contact area (improved metal
spraying). The breakthrough came
with a Siemens patent called the
wavy cut, plus heavy edge film
design. WindCap capacitors can
easily handle inrush currents of
up to 300 times rated current.

And where it is crucial


a Parallel connection of capacitors
a Non-detuned capacitors
a Capacitor banks using standard
contactors
a Restoration after voltage
interruptions and brownouts

Extended useful life of


130,000 operating hours
After a long drying phase in a
high vacuum to eliminate moisture from the active element, the
capacitor is impregnated. The case
is filled with inert gas and sealed.
Then routine test are performed
for gas leakage.
This production process helps to
avoid oxidation and partial discharges (corona effect), promoting
capacitance stability over an
extremely long period, an essential in filter circuit applications.

Overpressure disconnector (tear-off fuse)

Terminal block

Compact winding
with C 1,2,3

Connected
Detail A

EPCOS AG

Overpressure tear-off fuse

Disconnected

Detail B

67

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 690 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
50 Hz

60 Hz

Ir (40) 1)

CN

dxh

Weight

Product / Type

Output
kvar

IN
A

Output
kvar

IN
A

mm
in

kg
lb

Ordering code

4.2

20

3*11

121.6*164
4.79*6.46

1.3
2.9

MKK690-D-05-11
B25668-A6336-A375

7.5

6.3

7.5

20

3*17

121.6*164
4.79*6.46

1.3
2.9

MKK690-D-07.5-11
B25668-A6506-A375

10

8.4

12

10.1

25

3*23

121.6*164
4.79*6.46

1.5
3.3

MKK690-D-10-11
B25668-A6676-A375

12.5

10.5

15

12.6

30

3*28

121.6*164
4.79*6.46

1.4
3.1

MKK690-D-12.5-11
B25668-A6836-A375

15

12.6

18

15.1

30

3*34

121.6*164
4.79*6.46

1.5
3.3

MKK690-D-15-11
B25668-A6107-A375

20.8

17.5

25

21

40

3*47

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.0
4.4

MKK690-D-20-11
B25668-A6137-A375

25

21

30

25.1

40

3*56

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.2
4.9

MKK690-D-25-11
B25668-A6167-A375

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 800 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
5

3.6

4.3

20

3*8

121.6*164
4.79*6.46

1.2
2.6

MKK800-D-5-11
B25668-A7246-A375

7.5

5.4

6.5

20

3*12

121.6*164
4.79*6.46

1.2
2.6

MKK800-D-7.5-11
B25668-A7376-A375

10

7.2

12

8.7

20

3*17

121.6*164
4.79*6.46

1.3
2.9

MKK800-D-10-11
B25668-A7496-A375

12.5

9.0

15

11.0

25

3*21

121.6*164
4.79*6.46

1.4
3.1

MKK800-D-12.5-11
B25668-A7626-A375

15

11.0

18

13.0

30

3*25

121.6*164
4.79*6.46

1.5
3.3

MKK800-D-15-11
B25668-A7746-A375

20

14.5

24

17.3

35

3*33

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.0
4.4

MKK800-D-20-11
B25668-A7996-A375

25

18.0

30

22

35

3*41

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.3
5

MKK800-D-25-11
B25668-A7127-A375

28

20

33

24

40

3*46

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.4
5.3

MKK800-D-28-11
B25668-A7137-A375

Plastic protective case for capacitor


For
Degree
capacitor diameter of protection
mm
in

l1 x h

l3

l2

Weight

Product

mm
in

mm
in

mm
in

kg
lb

Ordering code

121*164
4.76*6.46

IP54

134 x 243
5.3 x 49.6

177
7.0

110
4.33

0.3
0.66

B44066-X9122

121*200
4.76*7.87

IP54

154 x 280
6.1 x 11.0

186
7.3

130.5
5.2

0.6
1.32

B44066-X9142

142*200
5.99*7.87

IP54

154 x 280
6.1 x 11.0

186
7.3

130.5
5.2

0.6
1.32

B44066-X9142

Plastic protective cover for terminal


For
capacitor diameter

For
cable gland

mm
in

1)

68

For cable
diameter outside

d1

d2

Product

mm
in

mm
in

mm
in

Ordering code

121*164
4.76*6.46

PG 13.5

913
0.350.51

116
4.6

125
4.93

B44066-K1211

121*200
4.76*7.87

PG 16

1014
0.390.56

116
4.6

125
4.93

B44066-K1212

142*200
5.59*7.87

PG 21

1418
0.550.71

137
5.4

145
5.7

B44066-K1421

Ir (40) = rms current at TA = 40C, UN , 100% duty cycle

Other voltages, frequencies, outputs upon request.


EPCOS AG

Dimensional Drawings
Capacitor

Protective case for capacitor


l3

15.5

h +40

50.5

68.5

Marking

24

16+1

27
Torque
T = 10 Nm

M12

17

Impregnating hole

19.60.5

Torque
T = 1.2 Nm

l2

l1

KLK1393-M

16.80,5
Creepage distance 12.7 mm min.
Clearance

9.6 mm min.
KLK1392-E

Mounting
Toothed washer
J 12.5 DIN 6797

Protective cover for terminal

Hex nut
BM 12 DIN 439
or

d 1

Cable gland

22

18

21

1)

54

Nut C61010-A415-C15

SW17

d 2

KLK1394-V
1)

KLK1645

Perforation for second cable gland

NEW
Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 575 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
(suitable also for 600 V with 8.8% higher output)
Ir (40) 1)

CN

dxh

Weight

Product / Type

Output
kvar

IN
A

Output
kvar

IN
A

mm
in

kg
lb

Ordering code

10.4

9.2

12.5

10.8

25

3*33.4

121.6*164
4.79*6.46

1.4
3.1

MKK600-D-11.3-11
B25668-A5107-J375

16.7

15.2

20.0

17.5

40

3*53.5

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.0
4.4

MKK600-D-18.2-11
B25668-A5167-J375

20.8

18.9

25.0

21.7

40

3*66.9

142*200
5.59*7.87

2.3
5.1

MKK690-D-22.7-11
B25668-A5207-J375

50 Hz

1)

EPCOS AG

60 Hz

Ir (40) = rms current at TA = 40C, UN , 100% duty cycle

Other voltages, frequencies, outputs upon request.

69

PhiCap AC Capacitors
General
PhiCap is an approved and reliable
MKP (metalized polypropylene)
capacitor series for AC applications. The power range is 0.5 to
25 kvar for three phase or 0.7 to
5 kvar per single capacitor.
The PhiCap capacitor is especially
intended for power factor correction in industrial and semi-industrial applications. These capacitors
are manufactured using metalized
polypropylene film as the dielectric and housed in a cylindrical
aluminum case.

Type Number Decoding System


7.5 kvar Output power
PhiCap Capacitor

Type

Revision

B 3234 4 - B 4 07 1- A 5 40
1/2 =
50/60 Hz

Phase
Three-phase 4
Three-phase 3
Single-phase 0

2
3
4
5

B32344-B4071-A540 (7.5 kvar 5%/+10%


440 Vac three-phase 50/60 Hz)

Applications
a Power factor correction
a Automatic capacitor banks
a Fixed PFC, eg motor
compensation
a AC power electronics
a Uninterruptible power
supplies
a Drive engineering

=
=
=
=

5% /
+10%

Rated voltage AC
200 + 
300 + 
400 + 
500 + 


00
10
20
30
40
80

=
=
=
=
=
=

00
15
20/25
30
40
80

Features
Electrical
a Up to 25 kvar per case for
three-phase applications
a Up to 5 kvar per case for
single-phase applications
a Long useful life 100,000 h
a High pulse current
withstand capability
(up to 100 * IN)
Mechanical and
maintenance
a Reduced mounting costs,
easy installation and connection
a Low weight and compact
a Any mounting position
except upside down
a Maintenance-free
Safety
a Self-healing
a Overpressure disconnector
Environment
a Non-polluting
a PCB-free

70

EPCOS AG

Technical Data
Standards IEC 60831-1 and IEC 60831-2/96
Overvoltage

Umax

UN + 10% (up to 8 h daily) / UN + 15% (up to 30 min daily) /


UN + 20% (up to 5 min) / UN + 30% (up to 1 min 200 times during
useful life)

Overcurrent

Imax

1.3 * IN

Inrush current

IS

100 * IN

Frequency

50/60 Hz

Losses (dielectric)

< 0.5 W/kvar

Capacitance tolerance

5% / +10%

Test voltage, terminal/terminal

UTT

2.15 * UN1, AC, 2 s

Test voltage, terminal/case

UTC

3000 Vac, 10 s

Useful life

t LD(Co)

100,000 h

Ambient temperature

LCT/
UCT

25%/D, max. 55C

Hrel

max. 95%

Cooling
Humidity
Altitude

2000 m asl (above sea level)

Mounting position

random except upside down

Mounting and grounding

threaded M12 stud (10 Nm) for case dia. 53 mm, M8 (4 Nm) for
case dia. 53 mm

Safety

overpressure disconnector, self-healing

Discharge resistors

discharge module included

Case

extruded aluminum

Enclosure

IP20, indoor mounting (optional IP32)

Dielectric

polypropylene film

Impregnation

non-PCB, vegetable oil based resin

Terminals

screw terminals for B32344, fast-on terminals for B32340


and B32343

Certification

UL for B32340 up to 450 Vac, UL pending for other series

High inrush current withstand


capability is crucial
Capacitors used for power factor
correction undergo a lot of switching operations. The high inrush
currents that go along with this
must be handled without degrading useful life. The pulse strength
of this technology comes in particular from the enlarged contact area
(heavy edge metalization) and
metal sprayed contact (face side of
winding element).

EPCOS AG

natural or forced

And where it is crucial


a Parallel connection of capacitors
a Non-detuned capacitors
a Capacitor banks using standard
contactors

Useful life up to
100,000 operating hours
After a long drying phase in a high
vacuum to eliminate moisture from
the active element, the capacitor is
filled with biodegradable soft resin.
This production process helps to
avoid oxidation and partial discharges, promoting capacitance
stability over a long period.

71

PhiCap is a self-healing, metalized


polypropylene film capacitor. The
current carrying AlZn metal layer
(the best alloy for an electrode)
is vapor-deposited onto one side
of the film, the surface of the
dielectric.
Compact design low weight
and volume
The entire three-phase capacitor is
composed of three single-phase
element stacks. The electrodes are
connected by metal spraying the
face ends of the winding elements.
The winding elements are encapsulated in a cylindrical aluminum case
and hermetically sealed by a pressrolled metal lid or plastic disk with
fast-on terminals.

Dual safety system


a Self-healing: the capacitor repairs
itself after overload. Self-healing
capability prevents permanent
dielectric breakdown in the
event of sporadic voltage surges,
overcurrent or overtemperature.
a Overpressure disconnector: this
prevents the capacitor from
bursting at the end of its useful
life or through electrical or thermal overload. In the event of
permanent self-healing attempts
caused by repetitive, very high
peak voltages or other overload,
there can be permanent breakdown. The safety switching
device is then activated and disconnects the capacitor winding
elements from the power source
by an internal pressure increase
(expansion of the capacitor case).

Design tip
Because of the increase in capacitor
height on breakdown, it is necessary to provide enough clearance
above the capacitor terminals.
Connection technology
a Simplified parallel connection of
capacitors (double fast-on terminal or double wire clamping
screw terminals).
a Discharge resistors already
mounted; standard for extra
reliability and safety.
a Cable connection layout (terminals) for secure, safe clamping of
required cable cross-section.

Overpressure disconnector (tear-off fuse)


Disconnected

Double fast-on
terminal
Connected

Winding
C 1, 2, 3

Detail B
Detail A

72

EPCOS AG

PhiCap selection
When specifying and selecting
capacitors for PFC, there are several
factors affecting peformance and
useful life:
a Voltage,
a Harmonics,
a Temperature,
a Load (overcurrent),
a Inrush current.
Permanent overvoltage shortens the
useful life of a capacitor. The capacitor's nominal voltage must be equal
to or greater than the operating
voltage of the circuit the capacitor
will be connected to.
Harmonics produce overvoltage
and overcurrent on capacitors. If the
total harmonic distortion level for
voltage exceeds 5% for example,
serious damage can be caused by

During the switching process, thermal and electrodynamic stress is


produced by transient overcurrents
of high amplitude and frequency
and may damage the system.
Operation of capacitors above the
Capacitor contactors with prechargupper category temperature will
accelerate degradation of the dielec- ing resistors or series inductance
tric and shorten the capacitor's use- (twinned cables between contactor
and capacitor) will avoid excessive
ful life.
transient currents.
Residual voltage should not exceed
10% of rated voltage when
reswitching capacitors. During the
charging period of capacitors the
current is very high in automatic
capacitor banks it is very likely that
discharged capacitors will be connected to charged ones already connected to the grid. In such cases the
maximum admissible transient peak
current is 100 * IN.
circuit resonance. In such cases,
series reactors (detuning) are recommended.

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 220 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
50 Hz

EPCOS AG

Imax, RMS

CN

dxh

Weight

Product / Type

Output
kvar

IN
A

Output
kvar

60 Hz
IN
A

mm
in

kg
lb

Ordering code

0.4

1.1

0.5

1.3

1.7

3*9.0

53*117
2.09*4.61

0.30
0.66

B32343-C2001-A520

0.6

1.6

0.75

2.0

2.6

3*13.5

53*117
2.09*4.61

0.30
0.66

B32343-C2001-A720

0.8

2.2

1.0

2.6

3.4

3*18.5

53*117
2.09*4.61

0.30
0.66

B32343-C2011-A020

1.2

3.3

1.5

4.0

5.2

3*27.5

63.5*132
2.5*5.2

0.40
0.88

B32343-C2011-A520

1.7

4.4

2.0

5.2

6.8

3*36.5

79.5*135
3.13*5.31

0.60
1.32

B32344-B2021-A020

2.1

5.5

2.5

6.6

8.6

3*45.5

79.5*135
3.13*5.31

0.75
1.65

B32344-B2021-A520

4.2

10.9

5.0

13.1

17

3*91.5

89.5*270
3.52*10.63

1.7
3.74

B32344-B2051-A020

6.3

16.4

7.5

19.7

25.6

3*137.0

89.5*270
3.52*10.63

2.1
4.62

B32344-B2071-A520

8.3

21.8

10.0

26.3

34.2

3*182.5

89.5*345
3.52*13.58

2.1
4.62

B32344-B2101-A020

73

Capacitor series B32344


Creepage distance

9.6 mm

Clearance

12.7 mm

Diameter ()

79.5 mm / 89.5 mm

Expansion 

max. 13 mm

Mounting

Torque

M12

M5

T =10 Nm

T = 2.5 Nm

Toothed washer

J12.5 DIN 6797

Hex nut
or

BM12 DIN 439


C61010-A415-C15

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 230 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
50 Hz

74

Imax, RMS

CN

dxh

Weight

Product / Type

Output
kvar

IN
A

Output
kvar

60 Hz
IN
A

mm
in

kg
lb

Ordering code

0.5

1.3

0.6

1.6

1.7

3*10.0

53*117
2.09*4.61

0.30
0.66

B32343-C2002-A530

0.7

1.9

0.9

2.3

2.5

3*15.0

53*117
2.09*4.61

0.30
0.66

B32343-C2002-A730

1.0

2.5

1.2

3.3

3*20.0

63.5*132
2.5*5.20

0.30
0.66

B32343-C2012-A030

1.5

3.8

1.8

4.6

4.9

3*30.0

63.5*132
2.5*5.20

0.40
0.88

B32343-C2012-A530

2.5

6.3

3.0

7.6

8.2

3*50.0

79.5*195
3.13*7.68

0.60
1.32

B32344-B2022-A530

5.0

12.6

6.0

15.1

16.4

3*100

89.5*270
3.52*10.63

1.7
3.74

B32344-B2052-A030

7.5

18.8

9.0

22.6

24.4

3*150

89.5*270
3.52*10.63

2.1
4.62

B32344-B2072-A530

10.0

25.1

12.0

30.2

32.6

3*200

89.5*345
3.52*13.58

2.1
4.62

B32344-B2102-A030

EPCOS AG

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 380 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
50 Hz

60 Hz

Imax, RMS

CN

dxh

Weight

Product / Type
Ordering code

Output
kvar

IN
A

Output
kvar

IN
A

mm
in

kg
lb

0.8

1.3

1.0

1.5

2.0

3*6.0

53*117
2.09*4.61

0.30
0.66

B32343-C3011-A080

1.3

1.9

1.5

2.3

3.0

3*9.0

53*117
2.09*4.61

0.30
0.66

B32343-C3011-A580

1.7

2.5

2.0

3.0

3.9

3*12.5

63.5*132
2.5*5.2

0.40
0.88

B32343-C3021-A080

2.1

3.2

2.5

3.8

4.9

3*15.5

63.5*132
2.5*5.2

0.40
0.88

B32343-C3021-A580

4.2

6.3

5.0

7.6

9.9

3*31.0

63.5*132
2.5*5.2

0.40
0.88

B32343-C3051-A080

6.3

9.5

7.5

11.4

14.8

3*46.0

79.5*195
3.13*7.68

0.60
1.32

B32344-B3071-A580

8.3

12.7

10.0

15.2

19.8

3*61.0

79.2*195
3.11*7.68

0.90
1.98

B32344-B3101-A080

10.4

15.8

12.5

19.0

24.7

3*76.5

89.5*270
3.52*10.63

1.30
2.86

B32344-B3121-A580

12.5

19.0

15.0

22.8

29.6

3*92.0

89.5*270
3.52*10.63

1.7
3.74

B32344-B3151-A080

16.7

25.3

20.0

30.4

39.5

3*122.5

89.5*345
3.52*13.58

2.1
4.62

B32344-B3201-A080

20.8

31.6

25.0

37.9

49.3

3*153.0

89.5*345
3.52*13.58

2.1
4.62

B32344-B3251-A080

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 400 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection

EPCOS AG

1.0

1.4

1.2

1.7

1.8

3*7.0

53*117
2.09*4.61

0.30
0.66

B32343-C4012-A000

1.5

2.2

1.8

2.6

2.9

3*10.0

53*117
2.09*4.61

0.30
0.66

B32343-C4012-A500

2.0

2.9

2.4

3.5

3.8

3*13.5

63.5*132
2.5*5.20

0.40
0.88

B32343-C4022-A000

2.5

3.6

3.0

4.3

4.7

3*17.0

63.5*132
2.5*5.20

0.40
0.88

B32343-C4022-A500

5.0

7.2

6.0

8.6

9.4

3*33.5

63.5*132
2.5*5.20

0.40
0.88

B32343-C4052-A000

6.3

9.1

7.5

10.8

14.0

3*42.0

79.5*195
3.13*7.68

0.60
1.32

B32344-B4071-A500

7.5

10.9

9.0

13.1

14.2

3*50.0

79.2*195
3.11*7.68

0.90
1.98

B32344-B4072-A500

8.3

12.0

10.0

14.4

18.7

3*55.0

79.5*195
3.13*7.68

0.90
1.98

B32344-B4101-A000

10.0

14.4

12.0

17.3

18.7

3*66.5

89.5*195
3.52*7.68

0.90
1.98

B32344-B4102-A000

12.5

18.1

15.0

21.7

23.5

3*83.0

89.5*270
3.52*10.63

1.30
2.86

B32344-B4122-A500

15.0

21.7

18.0

26.0

28.2

3*99.5

89.5*270
3.52*10.63

1.70
2.74

B32344-B4152-A000

20.0

28.9

24.0

34.7

37.6

3*132.5

89.5*345
3.52*13.58

2.10
4.62

B32344-B4202-A000

25.0

36.1

30.0

43.3

46.9

3*166.0

89.5*345
3.52*13.58

2.10
4.62

B32344-B4252-A000

75

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 415 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
50 Hz

60 Hz

Imax, RMS

CN

dxh

Weight

Product / Type
Ordering code

Output
kvar

IN
A

Output
kvar

IN
A

mm
in

kg
lb

1.0

1.4

1.2

1.6

1.8

3*6.0

53*117
2.09*4.61

0.30
0.66

B32343-C4012-A010

1.5

2.1

1.8

2.4

2.7

3*9.0

53*117
2.09*4.61

0.30
0.66

B32343-C4012-A510

2.0

2.8

2.4

3.4

3.6

3*12.5

53*117
2.09*4.61

0.40
0.88

B32343-C4022-A010

2.5

3.5

3.0

4.2

4.5

3*15.5

63.5*132
2.5*5.2

0.40
0.88

B32343-C4022-A510

5.0

7.0

6.0

8.4

9.1

3*31.0

63.5*154
2.5*5.2

0.40
0.88

B32343-C4052-A010

6.3

8.8

7.5

10.6

13.8

3*39.0

79.5*195
3.13*7.68

0.60
1.32

B32344-B4071-A510

7.5

10.4

9.0

12.5

13.5

3*46.0

79.5*195
3.13*7.68

0.60
1.32

B32344-B4072-A510

10.0

13.9

12.0

16.7

18.1

3*61.5

89.5*195
3.52*7.68

0.80
1.76

B32344-B4102-A010

12.5

17.4

15.0

20.9

22.6

3*77.0

89.5*270
3.52*10.63

1.30
2.86

B32344-B4122-A510

15.0

20.9

18.0

25.1

27.2

3*92.5

89.5*270
3.52*10.63

1.30
2.86

B32344-B4152-A010

20.0

27.8

24.0

33.0

36.2

3*123.0

89.5*345
3.52*13.58

2.10
4.62

B32344-B4202-A010

25.0

34.8

30.0

41.7

45.3

3*154.0

89.5*345
3.52*13.58

2.10
4.62

B32344-B4252-A010

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 440 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection

76

0.9

1.2

1.0

1.3

1.7

3*5.0

53*117
2.09*4.61

0.30
0.66

B32343-C4011-A040

1.0

1.3

1.2

1.6

2.0

3*5.5

53*117
2.09*4.61

0.30
0.66

B32343-C4012-A040

1.2

1.6

1.5

2.0

2.6

3*7.0

53*117
2.09*4.61

0.30
0.66

B32343-C4011-A540

1.5

2.0

1.8

2.3

2.9

3*8.0

53*117
2.09*4.61

0.30
0.66

B32343-C4012-A540

2.1

2.7

2.5

3.3

4.3

3*11.5

53*117
2.09*4.61

0.40
0.88

B32343-C4021-A540

2.5

3.3

3.0

3.9

5.0

3*13.5

63.5*132
2.5*5.05

0.30
0.66

B32343-C4022-A540

4.2

5.5

5.0

6.6

8.5

3*23.0

63.5*132
2.5*5.05

0.40
0.88

B32343-C4051-A040

5.0

6.5

6.0

7.8

8.5

3*27.5

63.5*154
2.5*6.06

0.50
1.10

B32343-C4052-A040

6.3

8.2

7.5

9.9

13.0

3*34.0

79.5*195
3.13*7.68

0.70
1.54

B32344-B4071-A540

7.5

9.8

9.0

11.8

12.7

3*41.0

79.5*195
3.13*7.68

0.80
1.76

B32344-B4072-A540

8.3

10.9

10.0

14.4

18.7

3*45.5

79.5*195
3.13*7.68

0.90
1.98

B32344-B4101-A040

10.0

13.1

12.0

15.7

20.4

3*55.0

89.5*195
3.52*7.68

1.10
2.42

B32344-B4102-A040

10.4

13.6

12.5

16.4

21.3

3*57.0

89.5*270
3.52*10.63

1.70
3.74

B32344-B4121-A540

12.5

16.4

15.0

19.7

25.6

3*68.5

89.5*270
3.52*10.63

1.70
3.74

B32344-B4151-A040

15.0

19.7

18.0

23.6

30.6

3*82.0

89.5*270
3.52*10.63

1.70
3.74

B32344-B4152-A040

16.7

21.9

20.0

26.3

34.2

3*91.5

89.5*345
3.52*13.58

2.10
4.62

B32344-B4201-A040

20.8

27.3

25.0

32.8

42.6

3*114.0

89.5*345
3.52*13.58

2.10
4.62

B32344-B4251-A040

25.0

31.9

30.0

38.4

51.2

3*138.0

94.0*345
3.70*13.58

B32344-B4252-A040
EPCOS AG

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 480 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
50 Hz

60 Hz

Imax, RMS

CN

dxh

Weight

Product / Type
Ordering code

Output
kvar

IN
A

Output
kvar

IN
A

mm
in

kg
lb

1.0

1.2

1.2

1.4

1.6

3*4.5

53*117
2.09*4.61

0.30
0.66

B32343-C4012-A080

1.5

1.8

1.8

2.2

2.3

3*7.0

63.5*132
2.5*5.2

0.40
0.88

B32343-C4012-A580

2.0

2.4

2.4

2.9

3.1

3*9.0

63.5*132
2.5*5.2

0.40
0.88

B32343-C4022-A080

2.5

3.0

3.0

3.6

3.9

3*11.5

63.5*132
2.5*5.2

0.40
0.88

B32343-C4022-A580

5.0

6.0

6.0

7.2

7.8

3*23.0

79.5*195
3.13*7.68

0.80
1.76

B32344-B4052-A080

6.3

7.6

7.5

9.1

11.8

3*29.0

89.5*270
3.52*10.63

1.30
2.86

B32344-B4071-A580

7.5

9.1

8.9

10.8

11.8

3*34.5

89.5*270
3.52*10.63

1.30
2.86

B32344-B4072-A580

8.3

10.1

10.0

12.1

15.7

3*34.5

89.5*270
3.52*10.63

1.70
3.74

B32344-B4101-A080

10.4

12.5

12.5

15.0

19.5

3*48.0

89.5*345
3.52*13.58

2.10
4.62

B32344-B4121-A580

12.5

15.0

15.0

18.0

23.4

3*57.5

89.5*345
3.52*13.58

2.10
4.62

B32344-B4151-A080

Capacitor series B32343


Creepage distance

10.5 mm ( 53)

10.0 mm ( 63.5)

Clearance

13.0 mm ( 53)

16.5 mm ( 63.5)

Diameter ()

53 mm

63.5 mm

Expansion 

max. 12 mm

Mounting

Torque

EPCOS AG

M12 ( 63.5 mm)

M8 ( 53 mm)

T =10 Nm

T = 4 Nm

Toothed washer

J12.5 DIN 6797

J8.0 DIN 6797

Hex nut
or

BM12 DIN 439


C61010-A415-C15

BM 8 DIN 439

77

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 525 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
50 Hz

60 Hz

Imax, RMS

CN

dxh

Weight

Product / Type
Ordering code

Output
kvar

IN
A

Output
kvar

IN
A

mm
in

kg
lb

1.0

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

3*4.0

53*117
2.09*4.61

0.30
0.66

B32343-C5012-A020

1.5

1.6

1.8

2.0

2.1

3*5.5

53*117
2.09*4.61

0.30
0.66

B32343-C5012-A520

2.0

2.2

2.4

2.6

2.8

3*7.5

63.5*132
2.5*5.20

0.40
0.88

B32343-C5022-A020

2.5

2.7

2.7

3.0

3.5

3*9.5

63.5*132
2.5*5.20

0.40
0.88

B32343-C5022-A520

6.3

6.9

7.5

8.3

10.8

3*24.0

79.5*195
3.13*7.68

0.80
1.76

B32344-B5071-A520

8.3

9.2

10.0

11.0

14.3

3*32.0

89.5*270
3.52*10.63

1.30
2.86

B32344-B5101-A020

10.4

11.5

12.5

13.7

17.8

3*48.0

89.5*345
3.52*13.58

2.10
4.62

B32344-B5121-A520

12.5

13.7

15.0

16.5

21.5

3*48.0

89.5*345
3.52*13.58

2.10
4.62

B32344-B5151-A020

16.7

18.3

20.0

22.5

28.6

3*64.0

89.5*345
3.52*13.58

2.10
4.62

B32344-B5201-A020

Single-phase capacitors: rated voltage 220 Vac, 50/60 Hz


0.7

3.1

0.8

3.8

4.9

45.5

63.5*109
2.5*4.30

0.30
0.66

B32340-C2001-A820

1.4

6.3

1.7

7.6

9.9

91.5

63.5*145
2.5*5.71

0.40
0.88

B32340-C2011-A720

2.1

9.5

2.5

11.4

14.8

137.0

63.5*145
2.5*5.71

0.50
1.10

B32340-C2021-A520

Single-phase capacitors: rated voltage 230 Vac, 50/60 Hz


0.8

3.6

1.0

4.3

5.5

50.0

63.5*109
2.5*4.30

0.30
0.66

B32340-C2002-A830

1.7

7.2

2.0

8.7

11.3

100.5

63.5*145
2.5*5.71

0.40
0.88

B32340-C2012-A730

2.5

10.9

3.0

13.1

17.0

150.5

63.5*145
2.5*5.71

0.50
1.10

B32340-C2022-A530

Single-phase capacitors: rated voltage 380 Vac, 50/60 Hz


0.7

1.8

0.8

2.2

2.9

15.5

63.5*72
2.5*2.83

0.30
0.66

B32340-C3001-A880

1.4

3.6

1.7

4.4

5.7

31.0

63.5*72
2.5*2.83

0.30
0.66

B32340-C3011-A780

2.1

5.5

2.5

6.6

8.6

46.0

63.5*109
2.5*4.30

0.40
0.88

B32340-C3021-A580

2.8

7.4

3.3

8.9

11.6

62.0

63.5*109
2.5*4.30

0.40
0.88

B32340-C3031-A380

4.2

10.9

5.0

13.1

17.0

91.5

63.5*145
2.5*5.71

0.40
0.88

B32340-C3051-A080

Single-phase capacitors: rated voltage 400 Vac, 50/60 Hz

78

1.7

4.2

2.0

5.0

5.5

33.5

63.5*72
2.5*2.83

0.30
0.66

B32340-C4012-A700

2.5

6.3

3.0

7.5

8.2

50.0

63.5*109
2.5*4.30

0.40
0.88

B32340-C4022-A500

3.3

8.4

4.0

10.0

10.9

66.5

63.5*109
2.5*4.30

0.40
0.88

B32340-C4032-A300

4.2

10.4

5.0

12.5

16.2

83.0

63.5*145
2.5*5.71

0.40
0.88

B32340-C4051-A000

5.0

12.4

6.0

15.0

16.2

99.0

63.5*145
2.5*5.71

0.50
1.10

B32340-C4052-A000

EPCOS AG

Single-phase capacitors: rated voltage 440 Vac, 50/60 Hz


50 Hz

60 Hz

Imax, RMS

CN

dxh

Weight

Product / Type
Ordering code

Output
kvar

IN
A

Output
kvar

IN
A

mm
in

kg
lb

0.7

1.6

0.8

1.9

2.5

11.5

63.5*72
2.5*2.83

0.30
0.66

B32340-C4001-A840

1.4

3.2

1.7

3.8

4.9

23.0

63.5*72
2.5*2.67

0.30
0.66

B32340-C4011-A740

2.1

4.7

2.5

5.7

7.4

34.5

63.5*109
2.5*4.30

0.50
1.10

B32340-C4021-A540

2.8

6.4

3.3

7.6

9.9

46.0

63.5*109
2.5*4.30

0.50
1.10

B32340-C4031-A340

3.3

7.6

4.0

9.1

9.9

55.0

63.5*145
2.5*5.71

0.50
1.10

B32340-C4032-A340

4.2

9.5

5.0

11.4

14.8

68.5

63.5*145
2.5*5.71

0.50
1.10

B32340-C4051-A040

Single-phase capacitors: rated voltage 480 Vac, 50/60 Hz


0.7

1.5

0.8

1.7

2.2

9.6

63.5*109
2.5*4.30

0.30
0.66

B32340-C4001-A880

1.4

2.9

1.7

3.5

4.6

19.25

63.5*109
2.5*4.30

0.30
0.66

B32340-C4011-A780

2.1

4.3

2.5

5.2

6.8

28.8

63.5*109
2.5*4.30

0.50
1.10

B32340-C4021-A580

2.8

5.8

3.3

6.9

9.0

38.5

63.5*145
2.5*5.71

0.50
1.10

B32340-C4031-A380

Single-phase capacitors: rated voltage 535 Vac, 50/60 Hz


1.4

2.6

1.7

3.1

4.0

15.5

63.5*109
2.5*4.13

0.30
0.66

B32340-C5011-A730

2.8

5.2

3.3

6.2

8.1

31.0

63.5*145
2.5*5.67

0.50
1.10

B32340-C5031-A330

Capacitor series B32340


Creepage distance

10.0 mm

Clearance

16.5 mm

Diameter ()

63.5 mm

Expansion 

max. 12 mm

Mounting
M12

EPCOS AG

Torque

T =10 Nm

Toothed washer

J12.5 DIN 6797

Hex nut
or

BM12 DIN 439


C61010-A415-C15

79

SquareCap AC Capacitors
General
The SquareCap (metalized
polypropylene) capacitor series is
designed for power factor correction in low-voltage plants.
The power range is 1 through
60 kvar for a single capacitor
container. PFC capacitor modules
are available for single- or threephase applications in regular or
heavy-duty design. Modules
contain the required number of
single-phase capacitors in delta
connection. The capacitors are
housed in a single rectangular
steel case and are connected to
three offset screw terminals (terminal block). This construction
enables simple and inexpensive
installation on site and saves
inventory costs on spares.

Type Number Decoding System


MKP AC Capacitor

Type

Capacitance
Tolerance

Revision

Modules/
Bank

B 3245 7 - A 5 01 0- T 5 21
SquareCap
Regular Duty Single-phase
Three-phase
Heavy Duty Single-phase
Three-phase

T = 0/+10%
V = 5/+10%

6
7
8
9

Rated voltage AC 250 V


370 V
415 V
440 V

1
3
4
5

Applications
a Power factor correction
a Automatic PFC systems
(capacitor banks)
a Fixed PFC (motors,
transformers, lighting)
a Group fixed PFC
a Outdoor version available
a For highest mechanical
protection requirements

Output Power in
kvar
010 = 10 kvar
total = 10.5 kvar
e.g.
150 = 150.0 kvar

1 = one/
bank
2 = more/
bank
1 = 50 Hz
2 = 60 Hz
5 (= 0.5 kvar)
0 (= 0.0 kvar)

Features
Electrical
a High pulse current
withstand capability
a Long useful life
(80,000/100,000 h)
Mechanical and
maintenance
a Suitable for pole and floor
mounting
a Easy installation and
connection
a Easy maintenance and
replacement
Safety
a Self-healing
a Overpressure disconnector
a Polyurethane resin
impregnation
Environment
a PCB-free
a Non-polluting

80

EPCOS AG

Technical Data

Overvoltage

Umax

UN + 10% (IEC 831-1/2), 1.3 * UN for heavy duty

Overcurrent

Imax

1.3 * IN (IEC 831-1/2), 1.5 * UN for HD

Inrush current

IS

100 * IN, (200 * IN for HD)

Losses (dielectric)

< 0.5 W/kvar (single-phase)

Rated frequency

50 Hz / 60 Hz

Capacitance tolerance

5% / +10%

Test voltage, terminal/terminal

UTT

1.15 * UN1, AC, 10 s

Test voltage, terminal/case

UTC

up to UN 660 V: 3000 Vac, 10 s; above UN = 660 V: 6000 Vac, 10 s

Useful life

t LD(Co)

80,000 h (100,000 h for HD)

Ambient temperature

LCT/
UCT

25%/D
+25C

Hrel

max. 95%

Cooling
Humidity
Altitude

natural or forced
3000 m asl (above sea level)

Mounting position

upright

Mounting and grounding

1 to 5 kvar (dia. 8 mm) / 6 to 15 kvar (dia. 8 * 10 mm) /


16 to 50 kvar (dia. 8 * 15 mm)

Safety

dry technology, overpressure disconnector, self-healing

Discharge resistors

discharge module included

Case

extruded aluminum

Enclosure

IP41

Dielectric

polypropylene film

Impregnation

non-PCB,PU resin

Terminals

stud: 1 to 5 kvar M5; 6 to 15 kvar M6; 16 to 30 kvar M8;


31 to 50 kvar M10

Certification

IEC 831-1 and 2, IS 2834

Example of a module

KMK0482-B

EPCOS AG

81

SquareCap Technology
High-temperature capability
The low dissipation of MPP film
combined with the superior
thermal conducting properties of
polyurethane permits operation
at temperatures up to 80C hot
spot temperature.

Winding
The metalized polypropylene film
(MPP) is manufactured inhouse
on machines of the latest technology. It consists of two sheets of
polypropylene film, each with a
thin layer of silver-zinc-aluminum
alloy on one side. Heavy edge
construction of the films provides
better bonding between the electrode and the metal spray area to
increase current carrying capability. It also ensures better resistance
to the electromechanical stress
that occurs in switching surges.

Inductor coils
For ratings of 6 kvar and higher,
each single-phase capacitor is
provided with an inductor coil
(mounted between the offset
terminal and capacitor terminal)
to control inrush current to the
capacitor, particularly for parallel
switching and automatic control
applications. This feature ensures
longterm stability of the kvar
output and extended life.

The windings themselves are centered inside the can and sealed
with polyurethane resin. In this
way ionization and corona discharge are eliminated, resulting in
capacitors of highly stable characteristics and long useful life.

Simple connection

Discharge resistor
All modules are provided with
resistors to discharge the modules
according to IEC requirements to
voltages below 75 V within 3 min
(IEC 831-1). As a safety precaution, all capacitor terminals must
be shortcircuited before handling
them.
Triple safety system
Self-healing technology, overpressure disconnector and
polyurethane impregnation
technology contribute to reliable
and safe PFC capacitor products.

Marking
Example for regular-duty capacitor module
2

IS : 2834

POWER CAPACITOR

KMK0487-H

1 Polypropylene film

4 Metal spray area

2 Metallized layer

5 Free margin

CM / L - 1432640

KVAr
SR.NO.
Hz 50 TEMP.CAT 50 C PHASE 3
VOLTS
Wt.
Kg.
INS.LEVEL 2.5 kV/- CONNECTION
DISCHARGE DEVICE
RESISTOR
RATED CURRENT
A
SH
DIELECTRIC MPP
IMPREGNANT NPCB
DISCHARGE CAPACITOR BEFORE HANDLING

3 Heavy edge

82

EPCOS AG

Regular duty
Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 415 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
50 Hz

60 Hz

CN

dxh

Ordering code

Output
kvar

IN
A

Output
kvar

IN
A

mm
in

* 1 = 50 Hz
2 = 60 Hz

1.0

1.39

1.2

1.69

3*6.3

165*145*45
6.5*5.7*1.77

B32457-A4001-T0*1

2.0

2.78

2.4

3.4

3*12.5

165*145*45
6.5*5.7*1.77

B32457-A4002-T0*1

3.0

4.17

3.7

5.1

3*19

240*186*60
9.45*7.32*2.36

B32457-A4003-T0*1

4.0

5.56

4.9

6.8

3*25

240*186*60
9.45*7.32*2.36

B32457-A4004-T0*1

5.0

6.95

6.2

8.5

3*31.5

240*186*60
9.45*7.32*2.36

B32457-A4005-T0*1

7.5

10.43

9.0

12.7

3*47

325*210*70
12.8*8.27*2.76

B32457-A4007-T0*1

10.0

13.9

12.0

16.9

3*62

325*240*80
12.8*8.27*2.76

B32457-A4010-T0*1

12.5

17.4

15.0

21.2

3*77

325*240*80
12.8*8.27*2.76

B32457-A4012-T0*1

15.0

20.9

18.4

25.5

3*93

325*240*80
12.8*8.27*2.76

B32457-A4015-T0*1

20.0

27.8

24.4

33.9

6*62

325*240*160
12.8*8.27*6.3

B32457-A4020-T0*1

25.0

34.8

30.6

42.4

6*77

325*240*160
12.8*8.27*6.3

B32457-A4025-T0*1

50.0

69.5

61.0

84.9

12*77

375*240*320
12.8*8.27*12.6

B32457-A4050-T0*1

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 440 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection

EPCOS AG

1.0

1.3

1.2

1.6

3*6

165*145*45
6.5*5.7*1.77

B32457-A5001-T0*1

2.0

2.6

2.4

3.2

3*11

165*145*45
6.5*5.7*1.77

B32457-A5002-T0*1

3.0

3.9

3.6

4.7

3*17

240*186*60
9.45*7.32*2.36

B32457-A5003-T0*1

4.0

5.3

4.8

6.3

3*22

240*186*60
9.45*7.32*2.36

B32457-A5004-T0*1

5.0

6.6

6.0

7.9

3*28

240*186*60
9.45*7.32*2.36

B32457-A5005-T0*1

7.5

9.9

9.0

11.8

3*41

325*210*70
12.8*8.27*2.76

B32457-A5007-T0*1

10.0

13.1

12.0

15.7

3*55

325*240*80
12.8*8.27*3.15

B32457-A5010-T0*1

12.5

16.4

15.0

19.6

3*69

325*240*80
12.8*8.27*3.15

B32457-A5012-T0*1

15.0

19.7

18.0

23.6

3*83

325*240*80
12.8*8.27*3.15

B32457-A5015-T0*1

20.0

26.2

24.0

31.5

6*55

325*240*160
12.8*8.27*6.3

B32457-A5020-T0*1

25.0

32.8

30.0

39.3

6*69

325*240*160
12.8*8.27*6.3

B32457-A5025-T0*1

50.0

65.5

60.0

78.5

12*69

375*240*320
14.76*9.5*12.6

B32457-A5050-T0*1

83

Dimensional Drawings

3
D

4
5

2
6

10

11

1 CRCA container
2 Terminal cover
3 Capacitor mounting
bracket for 8.5 mm
screws
4 Discharge resistor
5 Terminal stud
6 Ceramic insulator
7 Grounding bolt
8 Marking as per IS: 2834
9 Cable gland
10 Grounding sticker
11 Louvres with wiremesh
from inside

8
1

KMK0480-U

Circuit diagram

Marking
L1

HEAVY DUTY
DOUBLE DIELECTRIC
POWER CAPACITOR

R
L2

C
C

L
R

L
C
L3
L Inductance, R Discharge resistor,
C Capacitor

84

Example for heavy-duty capacitor module


IS : 2834

CM / L - 1432640

KVAr
SR.NO.
Hz 50 TEMP.CAT 50 C PHASE 3
VOLTS
Wt.
Kg.
INS.LEVEL 2.5 kV/- CONNECTION
DISCHARGE DEVICE
RESISTOR
RATED CURRENT
A
SH
DIELECTRIC MPP
IMPREGNANT NPCB
DISCHARGE CAPACITOR BEFORE HANDLING

KMK0481-3

EPCOS AG

Heavy duty
Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 415 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
50 Hz

60 Hz

CN

dxh

Ordering code

Output
kvar

IN
A

Output
kvar

IN
A

mm
in

* 1 = 50 Hz
2 = 60 Hz

1.0

1.4

1.2

1.7

3*6

265*185*55

B32459-A4001-T0*1

2.0

2.8

2.4

3.4

3*13

265*185*55

B32459-A4002-T0*1

3.0

4.2

3.7

5.0

3*19

375*195*65

B32459-A4003-T0*1

4.0

5.6

4.9

6.8

3*25

375*195*65

B32459-A4004-T0*1

5.0

7.0

6.2

8.5

3*32

445*235*80

B32459-A4005-T0*1

7.5

10.4

9.0

12.5

3*47

445*235*80

B32459-A4007-T0*1

10.0

13.9

12.0

16.9

3*62

445*235*80

B32459-A4010-T0*1

12.5

17.4

15.3

21.0

3*77

445*235*80

B32459-A4012-T0*1

15.0

20.9

18.4

25.5

3*93

465*240*165

B32459-A4015-T0*1

20.0

27.9

24.4

33.9

6*62

465*240*165

B32459-A4020-T0*1

25.0

34.8

30.6

42.4

6*77

465*240*165

B32459-A4025-T0*1

50.0

69.6

61.0

85.0

12*77

525*240*315

B32459-A4050-T0*1

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 440 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection

EPCOS AG

1.0

1.3

1.2

1.6

3*6

265*185*55

B32459-A5001-T0*1

2.0

2.6

2.4

3.2

3*11

265*185*55

B32459-A5002-T0*1

3.0

3.9

3.6

4.7

3*17

375*195*65

B32459-A5003-T0*1

4.0

5.3

4.8

6.3

3*22

375*195*65

B32459-A5004-T0*1

5.0

6.6

6.0

7.9

3*28

445*235*80

B32459-A5005-T0*1

7.5

9.9

9.0

11.8

3*41

445*235*80

B32459-A5007-T0*1

10.0

13.1

12.0

15.8

3*55

445*235*80

B32459-A5010-T0*1

12.5

16.4

15.0

19.7

3*69

445*235*80

B32459-A5012-T0*1

15.0

19.7

18.0

23.6

3*83

465*240*165

B32459-A5015-T0*1

20.0

26.3

24.0

31.5

6*55

465*240*165

B32459-A5020-T0*1

25.0

32.8

30.0

39.4

6*69

465*240*165

B32459-A5025-T0*1

50.0

65.7

60.0

78.8

12*69

525*240*315

B32459-A5050-T0*1

85

MKV Cap AC Capacitors


Construction and characteristics of MKV capacitors
The winding element of the MKV
AC capacitor consists of polypropylene film and paper.
The paper layers, carrying metal
layers on each side, are separated
by a polypropylene film, serving
as dielectric.
This winding construction contributes to achieve extremely low
losses and highest pulse current
withstand capability. For impregnation of the capacitor, oil on vegetable base is used. The oil impregnation enables extremely good
heat dissipation from the winding
element to the aluminum cans
surface, thus preventing hot spots
in the winding element.
The capacitor is designed to cover
ambient temperatures of up to
70 C max.

Type Number Decoding System


MKV Cap Capacitor Type

Screw
terminal

Revision

B 2583 6 - A 4 24 7- A 3 72
107
(49 x 107
= 247 F)

Standard A
Special S
Rated voltage AC 230 V
400 V
415 V, 440 V, 480 V
525 V
690 V

2
3
4
5
6

Applications
a Power factor correction to
improve the power quality
Suitable for PFC
applications with high
thermal loads
Suitable for PFC systems
dealing with heavy
harmonic loads
a AC applications in heavyduty industrial electronics

Capacitance
value
3 x 83 F =
247 F

Number,
NA
1 Single-phase
3 Three-phase

A 5% /+10% (standard)
J +/5%

Features
Electrical
a Long useful life 150,000 h
a High pulse current
withstand capability
(up to 300 * IN)
Mechanical and
maintenance
a Reduced mounting costs,
easy installation and
connection
a Maintenance-free
Safety
a Self-healing
a Overpressure disconnector
Environment
a Non-polluting
a PCB-free

86

EPCOS AG

Technical Data
Standards IEC 831-1+2/88, EN 60831-1+2/93, VDE 560-46+47 3/95
Overvoltage

Umax

UN + 10% (up to 8 h daily) / UN + 30% (up to 1 min)

Overcurrent

Imax

Min. 1.8 * IN

Inrush current

IS

300 * IN

Losses (dielectric)

< 0.2 W/kvar

Capacitance tolerance

5+10%

Test voltage, terminal/terminal

UTT

2.15 * UN1, AC, 10 s

Test voltage, terminal/case

UTC

UN 660 V: 3000 Vac, 10 s


UN 660 V: 6000 Vac, 10 s

Useful life

t LD(Co)

150,000 h

Ambient temperature

LCT/
UCT

25C/+70C

Hrel

max. 95%

Cooling

natural or forced

Humidity
Altitude

max. 4000 m asl (above sea level)

Mounting position

upright

Mounting and grounding

threaded M12 stud on bottom of case

Safety

overpressure disconnector, self-healing

Discharge resistors

discharge module included

Case

extruded aluminum can

Enclosure

IP00, indoor mounting

Dielectric

paper and polypropylene film

Impregnation

oil

Terminals

screw terminals

Certification

UL for B25836-A5117-A372, B25836-A5247-A372,


B25836-A6926-A372

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 400 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
Imax, RMS

CN

dxh

Weight

Product / Type

Output
kvar

50 Hz
IN
A

Output
kvar

60 Hz
IN
A

mm
in

kg
lb

Ordering code

10.0

14.0

12.0

17.0

40

3*66.3

121.6*248
4.79*9.76

3.1
6.8

MKV400-D-10-01
B25836-A4197-A372

12.5

18.0

15.0

19.7

40

3*83.0

121.6*248
4.79*9.76

3.1
6.8

MKV400-D-12.5-01
B25836-A4247-A372

15.0

22.0

18.0

26.0

40

3*99.5

121.6*248
4.79*9.76

3.1
6.8

MKV400-D-15-01
B25836-A3297-A372

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 525 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
7.5

8.2

9.0

9.8

40

3*28.9

99.3*248
3.91*9.76

2.1
4.6

MKV525-D-7.5-01
B25836-A5866-A372

10.0

11.0

12.0

13.2

40

3*38.5

99.3*248
3.91*9.76

2.1
4.6

MKV525-D-10-01*
B25836-A5117-A372

12.5

14.0

15.0

17.0

40

3*48.1

121.6*248
4.79*9.76

3.1
6.8

MKV525-D-12.5-01*
B25836-A5147-A372

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 600 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
10.4

10.0

12.5

12

40

3*30.7

121.6*248
4.79*9.76

3.1
6.8

MKV600-D-10.4-01*
B25836-A6926-A372

Three-phase capacitors: rated voltage 690 Vac, 50/60 Hz, delta connection
12.5

11.0

15

13.2

40

3*27.9

121.6*248
4.79*9.76

3.1
6.8

MKV690-D-12.5-01
B25836-A836-A372

* Approval: UL

EPCOS AG

87

88

EPCOS AG

Grid high voltage

Transformer
Network
condition
analyzer
and PFC (kvar)
on/off switch

Low voltage

Manual
PFC controller

General
PFC key
components

Automatic
PFC controller
Sr 20%

Load structure

Power factor improvement

PFC controller

Fuse

Contactor

Reactor

PFC capacitor

Discharge reactor

Protection

L&C bank
switch

M
3~

M
3~

Harmonics
suppression
Bypass
reactor

Phase shift

Discharge
reactor

EPCOS AG

89

Discharge Reactors
a Principle
The losses of discharge reactors
are substantially lower than those
of discharging resistors. This is
very important in modern power
factor correction with high power
density because the useful life of
PFC capacitors depends very
much on ambient temperature.
Discharge reactors satisfy the
requirement for permanently
connected discharging devices
and for a discharge time of a few
seconds.
Because of its high AC resistance,
discharge reactor B44066-E9900S001 only generates extremely
small losses during operation of
the capacitor. When capacitors
are turned off, there is very fast
discharge over the low DC
resistance.

Ordering code

B 4406 6 - E 9 90 0- S 0 01

Fast discharging allows a fast


re-switching in automatic PFC
equipment.

9.3. Discharge Reactor


Features
a Fast discharge for fast reconnection
of capacitors
a Reduced losses
a Shockproof case for rail mounting

90

EPCOS AG

Technical Data
Voltage

UN

[V]

230 to 690 V

Frequency

Hz

50/60Hz

Internal configuration

Resistance

[]

4900 W

Discharge time

[s]

230 V

Inductance

[H]

230
400
525
690

Power loss

PLOSS

[W]

< 1.8 W

Free-wheeling current

[mA]

Accepted discharge
number

Insulation class

RINS

Cable diameter

Installation location

indoor

Ambient temperature

LCT/UCT [C]

25...+ 55C (24 h mean)

Cooling

natural

Dimensions

[mm]

90 x 45 x 59 mm

Weight

[kg]

0.5 kg

2 windings in V arrangement
up to 25 kvar < 10 s / up to 50 kvar < 20 s /
up to 100 kvar < 40 s
400690 V up to 25 kvar < 5 s / up to 50 kvar < 10 s /
up to 100 kvar < 20 s
V
V
V
V

730
710
670
350

H
H
H
H

< 4.5 mA
1 x / (min. and 100 kvar)
T40/B

[mm2]

0,75 2 x 2.5 mm2

34

U V W

72,5

89

45

EPCOS AG

54

91

Phase shift

Reactive Power

Reactive Power

Reactive Power

U
I
0

time

360

90

Grid

S
Reactive Power

supplied to the network,


if uncompensated

compensated by
PFC capacitors and
supplied to the load

= Active Power
= Apparent Power
= Reactive Power
= Reactive Power
Capacitor - compensated

Load

QC

Reactive Power

P
S
Q
QC

92

supplied to the network,


if uncompensated

Phase Cap
compensation

EPCOS AG

Table for definition of capacitor reactive power Qc


TARGET
cos  = 0.96
current
(ACTUAL)
tan 
cos 

achievable
(TARGET)
cos 
0.80
0.82

Q
cos  1

Qc Qc = Pmot * F (0.96) = [kvar]


100 * 1.01 = 101.0 kvar
0.85

0.88

0.90

0.92

0.94

0.96

0.98

1.00

2.82
2.60
2.41
2.23
2.07
1.93
1.80
1.68
1.57
1.47
1.37
1.28
1.20
1.12
1.04
0.97
0.94
0.91
0.87
0.84
0.81
0.78
0.75
0.72
0.69
0.66
0.63
0.60
0.58
0.55
0.52
0.50
0.47
0.44
0.42
0.39
0.36
0.34
0.31
0.29
0.26
0.23
0.21
0.18
0.15
0.12
0.10
0.07
0.04

2.89
2.67
2.48
2.30
2.14
2.00
1.87
1.75
1.64
1.54
1.45
1.35
1.27
1.19
1.11
1.04
1.01
0.99
0.94
0.91
0.88
0.85
0.82
0.79
0.76
0.73
0.70
0.67
0.65
0.62
0.59
0.57
0.54
0.51
0.49
0.46
0.43
0.41
0.38
0.36
0.33
0.30
0.28
0.25
0.22
0.19
0.17
0.14
0.11
0.07

2.98
2.76
2.56
2.39
2.23
2.09
1.96
1.84
1.73
1.62
1.63
1.44
1.36
1.28
1.20
1.13
1.10
1.06
1.03
1.00
0.97
0.94
0.90
0.88
0.85
0.82
0.79
0.76
0.73
0.71
0.68
0.65
0.63
0.60
0.57
0.55
0.52
0.49
0.47
0.44
0.42
0.39
0.36
0.34
0.31
0.28
0.25
0.22
0.19
0.16
0.13

3.18
2.96
2.77
2.59
2.43
2.29
2.16
2.04
1.93
1.83
1.73
1.64
1.56
1.48
1.40
1.33
1.30
1.27
1.23
1.20
1.17
1.14
1.11
1.08
1.05
1.02
0.99
0.96
0.94
0.91
0.88
0.86
0.83
0.80
0.78
0.75
0.72
0.70
0.67
0.65
0.62
0.59
0.57
0.54
0.51
0.48
0.46
0.43
0.40
0.36
0.33

Faktor F
3.18
2.96
2.77
2.59
2.43
2.29
2.16
2.04
1.93
1.83
1.73
1.64
1.56
1.48
1.40
1.33
1.30
1.27
1.23
1.20
1.17
1.14
1.11
1.08
1.05
1.02
0.99
0.96
0.94
0.91
0.88
0.86
0.83
0.80
0.78
0.75
0.72
0.70
0.67
0.65
0.62
0.59
0.57
0.54
0.51
0.48
0.46
0.43
0.40
0.36
0.33

0.30
0.32
0.34
0.36
0.38
0.40
0.42
0.44
0.46
0.48
0.50
0.52
0.54
0.56
0.58
0.60
0.61
0.62
0.63
0.64
0.65
0.66
0.67
0.68
0.69
0.70
0.71
0.72
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.80
0.81
0.82
0.83
0.84
0.85
0.86
0.87
0.88
0.89
0.90
0.91
0.92
0.93
0.94
0.95

2.43
2.21
2.02
1.84
1.68
1.54
1.41
1.29
1.18
1.08
0.98
0.89
0.81
0.73
0.65
0.58
0.55
0.52
0.48
0.45
0.42
0.39
0.36
0.33
0.30
0.27
0.24
0.21
0.19
0.16
0.13
0.11
0.08
0.05
0.03

2.48
2.26
2.07
1.89
1.73
1.59
1.46
1.34
1.23
1.13
1.03
0.94
0.86
0.78
0.70
0.63
0.60
0.57
0.53
0.50
0.47
0.44
0.41
0.38
0.35
0.32
0.29
0.26
0.24
0.21
0.18
0.16
0.13
0.10
0.08
0.05

2.56
2.34
2.15
1.97
1.81
1.67
1.54
1.42
1.31
1.21
1.11
1.02
0.94
0.86
0.78
0.71
0.68
0.65
0.61
0.58
0.55
0.52
0.49
0.46
0.43
0.40
0.37
0.34
0.32
0.29
0.26
0.24
0.21
0.18
0.16
0.13
0.10
0.08
0.05
0.03

2.64
2.42
2.23
2.05
1.89
1.75
1.62
1.50
1.39
1.29
1.19
1.10
1.02
0.94
0.86
0.79
0.76
0.73
0.69
0.66
0.63
0.60
0.57
0.54
0.51
0.48
0.45
0.42
0.40
0.37
0.34
0.32
0.29
0.26
0.24
0.21
0.18
0.16
0.13
0.11
0.08
0.05

Q C = PA * (tan 1 tan 2)


Q C [kvar] = PA * F = active power [kW] * factor F
PA = S * cos  = apparent power * cos 
tan 1 + 2 according to cos  values ref. table

EPCOS AG

2.70
2.48
2.28
2.10
1.95
1.81
1.68
1.56
1.45
1.34
1.25
1.16
1.07
1.00
0.92
0.85
0.81
0.78
0.75
0.72
0.68
0.65
0.63
0.59
0.56
0.54
0.51
0.48
0.45
0.42
0.40
0.37
0.34
0.32
0.29
0.27
0.24
0.21
0.19
0.16
0.14
0.11
0.08
0.06
0.03

2.75
2.53
2.34
2.17
2.01
1.87
1.73
1.61
1.50
1.40
1.31
1.22
1.13
1.05
0.98
0.91
0.87
0.84
0.81
0.77
0.74
0.71
0.68
0.65
0.62
0.59
0.57
0.54
0.51
0.48
0.46
0.43
0.40
0.38
0.35
0.32
0.30
0.27
0.25
0.22
0.19
0.17
0.14
0.11
0.09
0.06
0.03

Example:
Actual motor power
ACTUAL cos 
TARGET cos 
Factor F from table
Capacitor reactive power QC
Q C = 100 * 1.01 = 101.0 kvar

P = 100 kW
0.61
0.96
1.01

93

Tables and Formulas


a Power factor correction

a Reactive power

To achieve optimum power factor


correction, a PFC system has to be
designed according to the required demand on reactive power.
The best method is to perform
active and reactive power measurement prior to the design.
Measurements have to cover all
important time periods during
day- and nighttime to obtain
reliable values for peak reactive
power requirements.

Electrical machines work on the


principle of conversion of electromagnetic energy (eg electric
motors, transformers). Part of the
input energy is consumed to
create and maintain the magnetic
field. Inductive consumers shift the
angle between voltage and current (to a value > 0). Power created by portions of V and I waveforms having opposite directions
(+ and ) is called reactive power.
This part of the energy (magnetic
reversal energy), defined as reactive power Q in volt ampere reactive [var], cannot be converted
into active power and is returned
to the electrical supply network
during changes of the magnetic
field. But the same amount of
energy will be consumed by the
network again and required for
the next change of the magnetic
field.

PFC formulas (active, reactive,


apparent power)
a Active power
The amount of input power
converted into output power is
termed active power and generally indicated by P in watts [W] and
defined by the following formula:
P = 
3 U I cos

[W]

The entire input power, eg apparent power, should be converted


into useful output power stated as
active power, eg the real motor
power output. The quality of such
a power conversion is indicated as
cos, the unity power factor.

Q = 
3 U I sin

a Apparent Power
In principle, applications of electrical equipment are based on conversion of electrical energy into
some other form of energy. The
electrical power drawn by equipment from the source is termed
apparent power, indicated by S in
volt ampere [VA], and consists of
active and reactive power.
S = 
3UI

94

[Var)

[VA)

a Power factor
Electrically, the power factor (indicated by k) of an electrical circuit is
defined as the cosine of the phase
angle between the fundamental
of voltage and current waveforms.
Another definition of power factor
is the ratio between active power
and apparent power.
power factor cos = active
power / apparent power = P / S
a Reactive power compensation
Magnetic reversal energy supplied
to the network (reactive power) in
circuits without compensation can
be stored temporarily in capacitors
and then used for the next
change of magnetism, ie circuits
with reactive power compensation. To calculate the required
capacitor reactive power QC in
volt ampere reactive [var], the
following formula is used:
QC = P (tan1 tan2)

[var]

A capacitor of QC kvar will compensate the inductive Q and compensate to cos = 1. It is not common practice to produce cos =1
by installation of capacitors since it
may result in overcompensation
due to load changes and response
time of the controller. Generally,
public utilities or power companies specify a value (cos2) to
which the existing power factor
(cos1) should be corrected.

EPCOS AG

a Connection and rating


of capacitors
A general expression for the kvar
rating of a capacitor:
QC = UC IC

[Var]

(UC)2
C UC
QC = U

=
XC
XC
1 =
1
XC =

 C 2 f C
QC = (UC)2  C = (UC)2 2 f C
a Capacitor in single-phase PFC
application
The capacitor is connected across
the phase and neutral and is
subjected to the phase neutral
voltage (see above).
a Capacitor in three-phase PFC
application
STAR connection
The capacitor is subject to a
3).
voltage of (UL / 
Thus total kvar compensation is
calculated as:
QTOT

(UL)2  C
= 3
(
3)2

As a conclusion one can say:


CSTAR
CDELTA =
3

STAR connection
UL = 440 = 254 V
UC =


3 
3

So PFC configurations are usually


delta connected because star connection requires three times the
capacitance of a delta connection.

QTOT =
QTOT
CSTAR =

(UL)2  (UL)2 2 f

a Calculation of capacitor rating


for industrial installation

118.8 1000 =
CSTAR =

(440)2 2 50
= 1954 F / Line (phase)

Example 1:

CTOT = 5862 F

Given parameters:
Induction motor 220 kW
Network
440Vac,
(line delta)
3-phase
Frequency
50 Hz
Power factor
Current cos 0.7
Target cos 0.9
Calculation: Capacitor ratings for
STAR connection
DELTA connection

UL
1954 F

Star connection

DELTA connection
UC = UL = 440 V

Target to correct the power factor


to 0.9:
cos1 = 0.7
tan1 = 1.02
cos2 = 0.9
tan2 = 0.48

QTOT =
QTOT
CDELTA =

3 (UL)2  3 (UL)2 2 f

QC = P (tan1 tan2)
= 220 1000 (1.02 0.48)
= 118.8 kvar

118.8 1000 =
CDELTA =

3 (440)2 2 50
= 651 F / Line (phase)

QTOT =
QTOT
CSTAR =

(UL)2  (UL)2 2 f

CTOT = 1954 F

DELTA connection
The capacitor is subjected to line
voltage UL, phase to phase.
Thus total kvar compensation is
calculated as:

440 V / 50 Hz

651 F

UL

M
220 kW
cos  =0.7

118.8 kvar

Delta connection

QTOT = 3 (UL)2  C
QTOT
QTOT
CDELTA =
=
3 (UL)2  3 (UL)2 2 f

EPCOS AG

95

Capacitor type selection


(eg PhaseCap B25667- )
To reach the target cos = 0.9,
118.8 kvar are required.
25 kvar 4 = 100 kvar
= 4 pcs B25667-A4417-A375
(3 137F/440V/50Hz/3 ph)
= 4 3 137 = 1644 F / phase
or

The power losses decrease with


the square of the current.
PU1 PU2 = I12 I22
= approx. S12 S22
The resistive transmission losses
(power loss) PU are reduced by:
(S12 S22) 100% =
S 12
[(314)2 (244)2] 100% = 39.6%
(314)2

18.8 kvar 6 = 112.8 kvar


= 6 pcs B25667-A4307-A365
3 103F/440V/50Hz/3 ph)
= 6 3 103 = 1854 F / phase

a Cable cross section calculation

a Apparent power transmission

I1 uncompensated load (0.7):

Due to the power factor correction, the required apparent power


transmission can be reduced by
the value S1 S2.
S1 uncompensated load:
S1 = P / cos1 = 220 / 0.7 =
= 314 kVA
S2 compensated load:
S2 = P / cos2 = 220 / 0.9 =
= 244 kVA
Reduction of apparent power after
compensation:
S1 S2 = 70 kVA
Thus, additional power of
70 (0.9) = 63 kW
can be supplied and transferred
via the existing network.

Line current drawn by the motor:

220 1000
I1 =
= 412 A

3 440 (0.7)

Example 2:
Given parameters:
Active power
P = 100 kW (peak)
Actual cos
= 0.75 = = 41.5 = tan1 = 0.88
Target cos*
= 0.93 = = 21.5 = tan2 = 0.4
* set by power utility

Calculation of compensation:
QC = P (tan1 tan2)
= 100 (0.88 0.4)
= 48 kvar
to be compensated to meet the
power factor requirement set by
the power utility. Common compensation would recommend a
capacitor of at least 50 kvar.

I2 compensated load (0.9):


220 1000
I2 =
= 320 A

3 440 (0.9)
Thus, the cable can carry an
additional load of 92 A, or the
designer can reduce the cable
cross section.

Calculation using capacitors


reactive power QC table:
cosa (actual) = 0.75*
cost (target) = 0.94*
* the cross point indicates factor
F = 0.52
QC = P F = 100 0.52 =
= 52.0 kvar
The required appropriate compensation to meet cos = 0.93 is
52.0 kvar
a Capacitor output in case of
operating voltage and/or
frequency different to nominal
ratings:
UNew 2 fNew Q
QNew =
C
UR
fR

96

EPCOS AG

Installation and Maintenance


Mounting
Power capacitors should be installed in a cool and well ventilated location, and not
close to objects that give off heat, like filter circuit reactors and furnaces, or in direct
sunlight.
20 mm
20 mm

Leave enough space


on top of the capacitor and do not fix any
mounting components at the crimp or
on top to allow longitudinal expansion of
the can and proper
functioning of the
overpressure disconnector.
The M12 stud also serves for grounding.
Connect to ground or connect the capacitor to other conductive items that are
grounded. Note that suitable connectors
must penetrate existing layers of lacquer
to achieve good and constant conduction
and sufficient current carrying capability.

A minimum spacing
of 20 mm is necessary between capacitors to ensure proper
cooling.

Tighten the threaded M12 stud on


the bottom of the case with 10 Nm
torque.

PhaseCap, WindCap:
any mounting position of the capacitor
is possible, vertical and horizontal.
Remember to ensure sufficient cooling.

Capacitors installed in a cabinet should


be at the bottom to ensure the least
temperature stress.

EPCOS AG

97

Installation and Maintenance


Connection of supply cables for PhaseCap, PhaseCap HD, WindCap
When connecting supply cables,
observe the maximum permissible
torque of 1.2 Nm.

The connecting cable should


be flexible and of copper.

Contact Block
Screw Terminal

Do not use hard core cable!


Maximum cable cross-section
is 16 mm2

Contact
Body Block
Contact Bar
Ohmic
Discharge
Resistor

Feed Through
Ceramic

Connection Cable
Cross Section,
16 mm 2 max.
KLK1683-Y

Discharge resistors
a Discharge resistors are required to discharge capacitors and protect humans
against electric shock hazard as well as to switch capacitors in automatic PFC
equipment (opposed phase).
a EPCOS discharge resistors are designed to discharge capacitors to 75 V or less
within 60 s.
a Before switching again, capacitors must be discharged to 10% or less of nominal
voltage.
a Discharge resistors are included in delivery.

Correct mounted

Wrong mounted

Ohmic Discharge
Resistor Set
Connector
Body Block

Connection Cable

Connection
Cable

Discharge
Resistor

Capacitor Case
KLK1682-Q

Capacitor Case
KLK1684-7

Note
a Discharge resistors must not be configured between a connecting cable and the
top of the capacitor shortcircuit risk.
a Make sure resistors are firmly clamped and that there is enough space between
resistors and between them and metallic parts of the capacitor case.

98

EPCOS AG

Ambient temperature
Capacitors are divided into temperature classes. Each class is
represented by a number followed
by a letter, eg 40/D. The number
is the lowest ambient temperature
at which a capacitor may operate.
The upper limit temperature is
indicated by the letter, D standing
for 55C. Higher ambient temperature is possible by forced cooling.
A maximum case temperature of
60C must not be exceeded. Temperature is one of the main stress
factors for polypropylene capacitors, having a major effect on their
useful life. For higher temperature
requirements up to 70C (with
natural cooling) MKV capacitors
from EPCOS should be selected.

Inrush current
Switching LV PFC capacitors, especially when they are in parallel
with others that are already energized, can cause high inrush currents of up to 200 times nominal
current. This leads to additional
stress on contactors as well as
capacitors and reduces their useful
life. Plus, high inrush currents
have a negative effect on power
quality, producing transients and
voltage drops for example.

Although the MKK AC design with


its wavy cut exhibits excellent
pulse withstand capability, limitation of inrush current is still recommended, eg:

Harmonics
Harmonics are produced in the
operation of electric loads with a
nonlinear voltage/current characteristic (eg rectifiers and inverters
for drives, welding apparatus and
uninterruptible power supplies).
Harmonics are sinusoidal voltages
and currents with higher frequencies of a multiple of the 50 or
60 Hz line frequency.
Note: In applications subject to
harmonics, you should only use
power capacitors with reactors,
socalled detuned capacitor banks.
Depending on the selected series
resonant frequency, part of the
harmonic current is absorbed by
the power capacitor. The remainder of the harmonic current flows
into the superordinate system. The
use of power capacitors with reactors reduces harmonic distortion
and lessens the disturbing effect
on proper operation of other electric loads.

A major reason for installing


detuned capacitor banks is to
avoid resonance. This can multiply
existing harmonics and create
power quality problems, as well as
causing damage to distributor
equipment.

a Do not use HRC fuses to power


a capacitor up and down (risk
of arcing).
a Remember that the terminals of
capacitors, connected bus bars
and cables as well as other
devices may also be energized.

For more information on this


subject, refer to the EPCOS application report "Harmonics and
remedial measures in LV PFC
equipment".

Overcurrent and shortcircuit


protection
a Use HRC fuses or MCCBs for
shortcircuit protection. Shortcircuit protection and connecting
cables should be selected so
that 1.5 times the nominal
capacitor current can be permanently handled.
a HRC fuses do not protect a
capacitor against overload
they are only for shortcircuit
protection.
a The HRC fuse rating should be
1.5 to 1.8 times nominal capacitor current.
a Do not use HRC fuses to switch
capacitors (risk of arcing).

EPCOS AG

Safety
a Ensure good, effective grounding for capacitor enclosures.
a Provide means of disconnecting
and isolating a faulty component/bank.
a Handle capacitors carefully,
because they may still be
charged even after disconnection due to faulty discharging
devices.
a Follow good engineering practice.

a contactors with precharging


resistors,
a serial air coils (approx. eight
turns in the connecting cable
between contactor and capacitor with a diameter of 10 cm).
For more information on this subject, refer to the EPCOS application report "Damping of inrush
currents in LV PFC equipment".

99

Installation and Maintenance


a In the event of a current above
nominal, check your application
for possible modification.
a In the event of a significant
increase in nonlinear loading,
call in a consultant for a harmonics examination.
a If harmonics are present, consider installation of a detuned
capacitor bank (reactors).
a Check discharge resistors/reactors and their functioning:
Power the capacitor up and
down.
The voltage across the terminals must fall to < 75 V within
60 s.

MKK AC capacitors are maintenance-free, but regular servicing will ensure reliable and
safe operation for the full life
cycle:
a Periodically check that connections and terminals are tight.
a Regularly clean terminals/bushings to avoid shortcircuits due
to dust and soiling.
a Check shortcircuit protection
fuses.
a Make a current reading twice
annually to see if application
conditions have altered.
a Consider upgrading or modifying the PFC system if the
application environment has
changed.

Selection of connecting cable


cross-section, HRC fuse rating
The cross-section figures below are
guidelines for operation in normal
conditions at ambient temperatures up to 40C. Upgrade accordingly if conditions, eg temperature
or harmonics, differ.
The internal wiring of a capacitor
bank is normally possible with a
smaller cross-section. Various parameters such as temperature inside
the cabinet, cable quality, maximum cable isolation temperature,
single- or multi-core cable and
cable length have to be considered for proper selection.

kvar rating

Nominal current

HRC fuse rating

Cross-section of cable

at 400 V

mm2

7.2

16

2.5

6.3

20

2.5

7.5

10.8

20

2.5

8.3

12

20

2.5

10.4

15

25

12.5

18

35

15

21.7

50

10

16.7

24

50

10

20.8

30

50

10

25

36

63

16

50

72

125

35

60

86

160

50

100

144

250

70

For other voltage ratings:


230
480
525
690

100

V
V
V
V

table
table
table
table

figure
figure
figure
figure

*
*
*
*

1.74
0.83
0.76
0.58

EPCOS AG

Components Selection Table for


Detuned Capacitor Banks
Grid: V = 400 V**, f = 50 Hz; 440 V Capacitors / 5.67% detuning
Effective
filter
output
%

kvar

Voltage
increase
on
capacitor
V

5.67

5.00

424

440

5.71

31.29

6.126

B25667A5966-A375

B44066D5005-S400

B44066S1610-J123

16

5.67

6.20

424

440

7.08

38.80

4.940

B25667A4117-A365

B44066D5006-S400

B44066S1610-J123

16

5.67

7.50

424

440

8.56

46.94

4.084

B25667A4147-A375

B44066D5007-S400

B44066S1610-J123

20

5.67

10.00

424

440

11.41

62.59

3.063

B25667A4187-A375

B44066D5010-S400

B44066S1610-J123

25

5.67

12.50

424

440

14.27

78.23

2.450

B25667A4237-A365

B44066D5012-S400

B44066S2310-J123

35

5.67

15.00

424

440

17.12

93.88

2.042

B25667A4277-A365

B44066D5015-S400

B44066S2310-J123

35

5.67

20.00

424

440

22.83

125.17

1.531

B25667A4207-A375 +
A4177-A375

B44066D5020-S400

B44066S2310-J123

10

50

5.67

25.00

424

440

28.53

156.47

1.225

B25667A4467-A365

B44066D5025-S400

B44066S3010-J123

16

63

5.67

30.00

424

440

34.24

187.76

1.021

B25667A4577-J375

B44066D5030-S400

B44066S4510-J123

16

80

5.67

40.00

424

440

45.66

250.35

0.766

B25667A4347-A375 +
A4417-A375

B44066D5040-S400

B44066S6010-J123

25

80

5.67

50.00

424

440

57.07

312.93

0.613

2 x B25667A4467-A365

B44066D5050-S400

B44066S6010-J123

35

125

5.67

60.00

424

440

68.48

375.52

0.510

50

160

70

250

5.67

100.00

424

Selected
Capacitor
voltage
(min.)
V

Capacitor
output

Calculated
capacitance

Reactor
inductivity

Capacitor

Reactor

Contactor

Cable*
cross
section

Fuse***
rating

kvar

3*F

mH

ord. code

ord. code

ord. code

mm2

440

114.14

625.86

0.306

2 x B25667B44066A4417-A375 + D5060-S400
1x A4307-A365
4 x B25667A4467-A365

B44066D5100-S400

N/A

N/A

*)

Cable cross section of capacitor bank internal wiring per selected kvar step, e.g. between fuse-contactor-reactor-total capacitor output.
Flexible copper wire to be used.

**)

No or only minor over voltage (max. 10 % up to 8 hours daily)

***) Fuse size of HRC fuses for short circuit protection of each individual step of a capacitor bank.

EPCOS AG

101

Components Selection Table for


Detuned Capacitor Banks
Grid: V = 400 V**, f = 50 Hz; 440 V Capacitors / 7% detuning
Effective
filter
output
%

kvar

Voltage
increase
on
capacitor
V

Selected
Capacitor
voltage
(min.)
V

Capacitor
output

Calculated
capacitance

Reactor
inductivity

Capacitor

Reactor

Contactor

Cable*
cross
section

Fuse***
rating

kvar

3*F

mH

ord. code

ord. code

ord. code

mm2

5.00

430

440

5.63

30.85

7.671

B25667A5966-A375

B44066D7005-S400

B44066S1610-J123

16

6.20

430

440

6.98

38.26

6.186

B25667A4117-A365

B44066D7006-S400

B44066S1610-J123

16

7.50

430

440

8.44

46.28

5.114

B25667A4147-A375

B44066D7007-S400

B44066S1610-J123

20

10.00

430

440

11.25

61.70

3.835

B25667A4187-A375

B44066D7010-S400

B44066S1610-J123

25

12.50

430

440

14.07

77.13

3.068

B25667A4237-A365

B44066D7012-S400

B44066S2310-J123

35

15.00

430

440

16.88

92.56

2.557

B25667A4277-A365

B44066D7015-S400

B44066S2310-J123

35

20.00

430

440

22.51

123.41

1.918

B25667A4207-A375
A4177-A375

B44066D7020-S400

B44066S2310-J123

10

50

25.00

430

440

28.13

154.26

1.534

B25667A4467-A365

B44066D7025-S400

B44066S3010-J123

16

63

30.00

430

440

33.76

185.11

1.278

B25667A4577-J375

B44066D7030-S400

B44066S4510-J123

16

80

40.00

430

440

45.01

246.82

0.959

B25667A4347-A375
A4417-A375

B44066D7040-S400

B44066S6010-J123

25

80

50.00

430

440

56.27

308.52

0.767

2 x B25667A4467-A365

B44066D7050-S400

B44066S6010-J123

35

125

60.00

430

440

67.52

370.22

0.639

2 x B25667A4417-A375 +
1x A4307-A365

B44066D7060-S400

B44066N/A

50

160

100.00

430

440

112.53

617.04

0.384

B25667A4467-A365

B44066D7100-S400

B44066N/A

70

250

*)

Cable cross section of capacitor bank internal wiring per selected kvar step, e.g. between fuse-contactor-reactor-total capacitor output.
Flexible copper wire to be used.

**)

No or only minor over voltage (max. 10 % up to 8 hours daily)

***) Fuse size of HRC fuses for short circuit protection of each individual step of a capacitor bank.

102

EPCOS AG

Grid: V = 400 V**, f = 50 Hz; 480 V Capacitors / 5.67% detuning


Effective
filter
output
%

kvar

Voltage
increase
on
capacitor
V

Selected
Capacitor
voltage
(min.)
V

Capacitor
output

Calculated
capacitance

Reactor
inductivity

Capacitor

Reactor

Contactor

Cable*
cross
section

Fuse***
rating

kvar

3*F

mH

ord. code

ord. code

ord. code

mm2

5.67

5.00

424

480

6.79

31.29

6.126

B25667A5966-A375

B44066D5005-S400

B44066S1610-J123

16

5.67

10.00

424

480

13.58

62.59

3.063

B25667A5197-A375

B44066D5010-S400

B44066S1610-J123

25

5.67

12.50

424

480

16.98

78.23

2.450

B25667A4237-A355

B44066D5012-S400

B44066S1610-J123

10

35

5.67

25.00

424

480

33.96

156.47

1.225

B25667A4287-A375
A4177-A365

B44066D5025-S400

B44066S3010-J123

16

63

5.67

50.00

424

480

67.92

312.93

0.613

2 x B25667A4287-A375 +
A4347-A365

B44066D5050-S400

B44066S6010-J123

35

125

5.67

60.00

424

480

81.50

375.52

0.510

4 x B25667A4287-A375

B44066D5060-S400

B44066N/A

50

160

5.67

100.00

424

480

135.84

625.86

0.306

4 x B25667A4287-A375 +
2 x A4347-A365

B44066D5100-S400

B44066N/A

70

250

Grid: V = 400 V**, f = 50 Hz; 480 V Capacitors / 7% detuning


7

5.00

430

480

6.70

30.85

7.671

B25667A5966-A375

B44066D7005-S400

B44066S1610-J123

16

10.00

430

480

13.39

61.70

3.835

B25667A5197-A375

B44066D7010-S400

B44066S1610-J123

25

12.50

430

480

16.74

77.13

3.068

B25667A4237-A355

B44066D7012-S400

B44066S1610-J123

10

35

25.00

430

480

33.48

154.26

1.534

B25667A4287-A375 +
A4177-A365

B44066D7025-S400

B44066S3010-J123

16

63

50.00

430

480

66.96

308.52

0.767

2 x B25667A4287-A375 +
A4347-A365

B44066D7050-S400

B44066S6010-J123

35

125

60.00

430

480

80.35

370.22

0.639

B25667A4287-A375

B44066D7060-S400

B44066N/A

50

160

100.00

430

480

133.92

617.04

0.384

4 x B25667A4287-A375 +
2 x A4347-A365

B44066D7100-S400

B44066N/A

70

250

*)

Cable cross section of capacitor bank internal wiring per selected kvar step, e.g. between fuse-contactor-reactor-total capacitor output.
Flexible copper wire to be used.

**)

Permanent overvoltage of up to 10 % - therefore selection of 480 V type capacitors.

***) Fuse size of HRC fuses for short circuit protection of each individual step of a capacitor bank.

EPCOS AG

103

Herausgegeben von EPCOS AG, Marketing Kommunikation


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Published by EPCOS AG, Marketing Communications


P.O.B. 801709, 81617 Munich, GERMANY
++49 89 636-09, FAX (089) 636-2 2689
EPCOS AG 2000. All Rights Reserved. Reproduction, publication and dissemination of this brochure and the information
contained therein without EPCOS prior express consent is prohibited.
The information contained in this brochure describes the type of component and shall not be considered as guaranteed
characteristics. Purchase orders are subject to the General Conditions for the Supply of Products and Services of the
Electrical and Electronics Industry recommended by the ZVEI (German Electrical and Electronic Manufacturers
Association), unless otherwise agreed. This brochure replaces the previous edition. For questions on technology, prices and
delivery please contact the Sales Offices of EPCOS AG or the international Representatives. Due to technical requirements
components may contain dangerous substances. For information on the type in question please also contact one of our
Sales Offices.

EPCOS AG