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Module03.

ElectricalFundamentals

01.ElectronTheory.

QuestionNumber.
1.
Aneutronhas.

OptionA.
theoppositechargetoanElectronbuthalftheweightofaproton.
OptionB.
thesamechargeasanElectronbuthalfthemass.
OptionC.
noelectricalchargebutwilladdweighttothenucleus.

CorrectAnsweris. noelectricalchargebutwilladdweighttothenucleus.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
2.
Theunitwhichconsistsoftwoormoredifferenttypesofatomsisknownasa.
OptionA.
particleofanelement.
OptionB.
moleculeofacompound.

OptionC.
moleculeofanelement.

CorrectAnsweris. moleculeofacompound.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
3.
Inwhatequipmentisaphotonradiatedwhenanelectronleavesahole?.
OptionA.
Photocell.

OptionB.
LED.
OptionC.
Photodiode.
CorrectAnsweris. LED.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
4.
Agoodelectricalinsulatingmaterialwillcontain.

OptionA.
Onlyasmallnumberofelectronsintheoutershellofeachatomofthematerial.

OptionB.
stronglyboundelectronsintheatomsofthematerial.

OptionC.
Weaklybound'free'electronsintheatomsofthematerial.
CorrectAnsweris. stronglyboundelectronsintheatomsofthematerial.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
5.
Thesmallestparticlethatasubstancecanbesplitandshowthesamepropertiesasthewholeisknown
as.

OptionA.
anElement.
OptionB.
aMolecule.
OptionC.
anAtom.

CorrectAnsweris. anAtom.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
6.
Whatchargedoesthenucleusofanatompossess?.

OptionA.
Positive.

OptionB.
Neutral.

OptionC.
Negative.

CorrectAnsweris. Positive.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
7.
WhatisthemaximumnumberofelectronsinshellNofanatom?.

OptionA.
18.

OptionB.
32.

OptionC.
16.

CorrectAnsweris. 32.

Explanation. Shellk=2electrons,shellL=8electrons,shellM=18electronsandshellN=32electrons(orusethe2n2exclusion
rule).

QuestionNumber.
8.
Anoxygenmoleculeismadeupof.

OptionA.
twooxygenatomssharingneutrons.
OptionB.
twooxygenatomssharingprotons.
OptionC.
twooxygenatomssharingelectrons.
CorrectAnsweris. twooxygenatomssharingelectrons.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
9.
Ifelectronsareaddedtoanatomitbecomes.

OptionA.
aneutralion.
OptionB.
apositiveion.
OptionC.
anegativeion.
CorrectAnsweris. anegativeion.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
10.
Anelementwhoseatomshavefewerthan4electronsintheirvalencyshellare.
OptionA.
semiconductors.

OptionB.
goodinsulators.

OptionC.
goodconductors.

CorrectAnsweris. goodconductors.

Explanation. Thefurtherawayfroma'complete'shellthebetteraconductoritis.

QuestionNumber.
11.
Thechargeonaprotonis.

OptionA.
positive.

OptionB.
negative.

OptionC.
neutral.

CorrectAnsweris. positive.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
12.
Whateffectdotheelectronsofoneatomhaveupontheelectronsofanotheratom?.
OptionA.
Theyhavenoeffectoneachother.
OptionB.
Theyrepeleachother.
OptionC.
Theyattracteachother.

CorrectAnsweris. Theyrepeleachother.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
13.
Whatisamolecule?.

OptionA.
Thesmallestpartofanatom.
OptionB.
Thesmallestpartofacompound.

OptionC.
Thesmallestpartofanelectron.

CorrectAnsweris. Thesmallestpartofacompound.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
14.
Anatomis.

OptionA.
thesmallestpartofanelementthatretainsitscharacteristics.

OptionB.
thesmallestpartofacompoundthatcanexistindependently.

OptionC.
thesmallestparticleofmatter.

CorrectAnsweris. thesmallestpartofanelementthatretainsitscharacteristics
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
15.
Aneutronisaparticlewhichis.

OptionA.
iscontainedinthenucleusofallatoms.

OptionB.
orbitsthenucleusoftheatom.

OptionC.
iscontainedwithinthenucleusofmostatoms.

CorrectAnsweris. iscontainedwithinthenucleusofmostatoms.

Explanation. Mostatoms'becausehydrogenhasnoneutron.

QuestionNumber.
16.
Themassofanatomiscontainedmainlyinthe.

OptionA.
proton.
OptionB.
nucleus.

OptionC.
electron.

CorrectAnsweris. nucleus.

Explanation. Theprotonandtheneutronareapproximatelythesamemass(neutronveryslightlyheavier).Theelectronisjustunder
1/2000thofaprotonorneutron.

QuestionNumber.
17.
Whenanatomlosesorgainsanelectronitiscalled.

OptionA.
amolecule.
OptionB.
acurrent.

OptionC.
anion.
CorrectAnsweris. anion.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
18.
Agoodelectricalinsulatorisamaterialwhich.

OptionA.
containsalargenumberofpositiveions.

OptionB.
hasitselectronstightlyboundtotheirparentatoms.
OptionC.
hasmoreprotonsthanelectrons.

CorrectAnsweris. hasitselectronstightlyboundtotheirparentatoms.
Explanation. NIL.


QuestionNumber.
19.
Anelectriccurrentis.

OptionA.
anorderedflowofelectrons.
OptionB.
asurplusoffreeelectron.

OptionC.
anexcitementofelectronsinametal.
CorrectAnsweris. anorderedflowofelectrons.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
20.
Anatomcontains.

OptionA.
hydrogen.

OptionB.
molecules.

OptionC.
electrons.

CorrectAnsweris. electrons.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
21.
Germaniumandsiliconhavehowmanyelectronsintheiroutershell?.
OptionA.
6.

OptionB.
4.

OptionC.
2.

CorrectAnsweris. 4.

Explanation. Allsemiconductors(includingcarbon)has4electronsintheiroutershell.

QuestionNumber.
22.
Ifafreeelectronisgiventoanotheratom,thatatomisa.

OptionA.
valencyatom.
OptionB.
negativeion.
OptionC.
positiveion.
CorrectAnsweris. negativeion.

Explanation. Thatatomwillbenegativelychargedduetotheadditionalelectron.

QuestionNumber.
23.
Theatomicnumberofanatomisdeterminedbythenumberof.

OptionA.
protons.

OptionB.
electrons.

OptionC.
neutrons.

CorrectAnsweris. protons.

Explanation. Atomicnumber=numberofprotons.Massnumber=numberofprotons+neutrons.

QuestionNumber.
24.
Thevalenceelectronis.

OptionA.
theelectroninoutershellofatom.
OptionB.
theelectronininnershellofatom.
OptionC.
apositiveelectron.
CorrectAnsweris. theelectroninoutershellofatom.
Explanation. Thevalenceelectronsis/areintheoutershell.

QuestionNumber.
25.
Anatomwithadeficiencyinelectronshas.

OptionA.
lowresistance.
OptionB.
highresistance.

OptionC.
highimpedance.

CorrectAnsweris. lowresistance.
Explanation. Anatomwithadeficiencyofelectronswillbepositivelychargedandabletoacceptelectronsfreely.Module4theory
ofholesasmajoritycarriers.

QuestionNumber.
26.
Anatomwithlessthan4electronsinitsoutershellhas.

OptionA.
lowelectricalresistance.

OptionB.
noelectricalresistance.

OptionC.
highelectricalresistance.

CorrectAnsweris. lowelectricalresistance.

Explanation. Lowelectricalresistance,i.e.agoodconductor.

QuestionNumber.
27.
Elementssuchasphosphoruswith5electronsintheiroutershell,whencombinedwithpuresilicon,isa.

OptionA.
isotopic.

OptionB.
acceptor.

OptionC.
donor.
CorrectAnsweris. donor.
Explanation. Phosphorus'donates'anelectrontothesiliconcrystalstructure.

QuestionNumber.
28.
Anhydrogenatomconsistofa.

OptionA.
Proton,NeutronandanElectron.

OptionB.
ProtonandanElectrononly.
OptionC.
Neutronandaprotononly.
CorrectAnsweris. ProtonandanElectrononly.
Explanation. HydrogenhasnoNeutron.

QuestionNumber.
29.
Foranatomtobecomeanegativeionitmust.

OptionA.
gainatleastoneelectron.

OptionB.
haveundergoneionisationbythesun.

OptionC.
loseatleastoneelectron.

CorrectAnsweris. gainatleastoneelectron.

Explanation. Gainingatleastoneelectronproducesanegativeion.


QuestionNumber.
30.
WhatisthemaximumnumberofelectronsinshellMofanatom?.
OptionA.
18.

OptionB.
6.

OptionC.
16.

CorrectAnsweris. 18.

Explanation. UsePauli'sexclusionformula.Misthe3rdshell(n=3).2*3*3=18.

QuestionNumber.
31.
Aneutralatomwithanatomicno.of3hashowmanyelectrons?.
OptionA.
1.

OptionB.
3.

OptionC.
Dependantontypeofatom.
CorrectAnsweris. 3.

Explanation. Atomicnumber=numberofprotons=numberofelectrons.

QuestionNumber.
32.
Thenucleusofanatomis.

OptionA.
neutral.

OptionB.
positivecharged.

OptionC.
negativecharged.

CorrectAnsweris. positivecharged.

Explanation. Nucleusispositivelycharged.

QuestionNumber.
33.
Electronorbitsarecalled.

OptionA.
waves.
OptionB.
shells.
OptionC.
valences.

CorrectAnsweris. shells.

Explanation. shells,orenergylevels.

QuestionNumber.
34.
Aneutralatomgainselectrons.

OptionA.
Itgainsapositivecharge.

OptionB.
Itgainsanegativecharge.

OptionC.
Itremainsneutral.

CorrectAnsweris. Itgainsanegativecharge.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
35.
Anoxygenatomhas.

OptionA.
protonsandelectrons.
OptionB.
neutronsandprotons.
OptionC.
protons,neutronsandelectrons.

CorrectAnsweris. protons,neutronsandelectrons.

Explanation. Jepperson,A+PTechnicianGeneralHandbook,Chapter2MatterandEnergy.

02.StaticElectricityandConduction.

QuestionNumber.
1.
Asemiconductorwillhave.

OptionA.
twoelectronsintheoutershell.

OptionB.
fourelectronsintheoutershell.

OptionC.
eightelectronsintheoutershell.

CorrectAnsweris. fourelectronsintheoutershell.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
2.
Ioncurrentisfoundin.

OptionA.
conductorsandsemiconductors.

OptionB.
liquidsandgasses.

OptionC.
semiconductors.

CorrectAnsweris. liquidsandgasses.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
3.
Electricityconductsthrough.

OptionA.
vacuum.

OptionB.
solidsandliquidsonly.

OptionC.
solidsonly.
CorrectAnsweris. solidsandliquidsonly.

Explanation. Electricitycanconductthroughavacuumbythermionicemmission.

QuestionNumber.
4.
Anexampleofagoodelectricalinsulatoris.

OptionA.
aluminium.
OptionB.
glass.
OptionC.
mercury.

CorrectAnsweris. glass.
Explanation. YouMUSTknowthatsurely!.

QuestionNumber.
5.
Staticchargesremaininginanaircraftaredissipatedby.

OptionA.
earthingtheaircraftassoonaspossible.

OptionB.
theuseofaconductingtypenosewheel.

OptionC.
bondingtheaircrafttoarefueltanker.

CorrectAnsweris. theuseofaconductingtypenosewheel.

Explanation. Usually,thenosewheeltyrecontainsgraphite,todissipatethestaticelectricityonlanding.


QuestionNumber.
6.
Anelementcouldbeconsideredtobeaconductorifithas.

OptionA.
asmallnumberofelectronsinitsouterorbit.

OptionB.
alargenumberofelectronsinitsouterorbit.
OptionC.
alargenumberofelectrons.
CorrectAnsweris. asmallnumberofelectronsinitsouterorbit.

Explanation. Thelowerthenumberofelectronsintheoutershell,themorereadilyitwillgivethemup.

QuestionNumber.
7.
Achargedbodyissaidtohave.

OptionA.
asurplusordeficiencyofelectrons.
OptionB.
adeficiencyofneutrons.

OptionC.
asurplusofprotons.
CorrectAnsweris. asurplusordeficiencyofelectrons.
Explanation. Ifithasasurplusofelectronsitisnegativelycharged.Adeficiencyofelectronsmakesitpositivelycharged.

QuestionNumber.
8.
Theriskofafireduetostaticelectricityisovercome.

OptionA.
byconnectingallmetalcomponentsbybonding.

OptionB.
byfittingstaticwicksandisolatingthebatteryfrominflammablegassources.

OptionC.
byfittingstaticwicksandinsulatingallmetalcomponents.
CorrectAnsweris. byconnectingallmetalcomponentsbybonding.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
9.
Thepurposeofbondingisto.

OptionA.
ensureallcomponentshavebeensecurelyfitted.

OptionB.
stopdifferentpotentialsdevelopingwithsubsequentfirerisks.

OptionC.
givegeneratedstaticaneasyreturnpathtothegenerator.
CorrectAnsweris. stopdifferentpotentialsdevelopingwithsubsequentfirerisks.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
10.
Thevariouspartsofanaircraftairframearemaintainedatthesamepotentialby.

OptionA.
thesupplybusbars.
OptionB.
bonding.

OptionC.
staticdischargewicks.

CorrectAnsweris. bonding.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
11.
Theresistanceofthecurrentreturnpaththroughtheaircraftisalwaysconsiderednegligible,provided
the.

OptionA.
structureisadequatelybonded.

OptionB.
voltagedropacrossthecircuitischecked.
OptionC.
generatorisproperlygrounded.

CorrectAnsweris. structureisadequatelybonded.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
12.
Ifaninsulatedconductorisplacedneartoanegativelychargedrod,thenearestendoftheconductor
becomes.

OptionA.
Nochangewilloccur.
OptionB.
negativelycharged.
OptionC.
positivelycharged.
CorrectAnsweris. positivelycharged.
Explanation. Thefreeelectronsintheconductorwillberepelledawayfromtherod,leavingthatendpositivelycharged.

QuestionNumber.
13.
Theelectromagneticforcebetweentwochargedbodiesis.

OptionA.
inverselyproportionaltothedistancebetweenthem.
OptionB.
inverselyproportionaltothesquareofthedistancebetweenthem.
OptionC.
proportionaltothedistancebetweenthem.
CorrectAnsweris. inverselyproportionaltothesquareofthedistancebetweenthem.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
14.
Ifanegativelychargedconductorisplacednexttoaninsulatedrod.

OptionA.
therodbecomesnegativelycharged.
OptionB.
therodhasnocharge.
OptionC.
therodbecomespositivelycharged.
CorrectAnsweris. therodbecomespositivelycharged.
Explanation. Thenegativechargesontherodarerepelledbythechargedconductor(regardlessofitsinsulation).

03.ElectricalTerminology.

QuestionNumber.
1.
Ifaphotonradiatingintoanelectronicdevicecausestheproductionofanelectron/holepair,thedevice
isknownasa.

OptionA.
lightemittingdiode.
OptionB.
laserdiode.
OptionC.
photodiode.
CorrectAnsweris. photodiode.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
2.
Faraday'sLawStatesthat.

OptionA.
themagnitudeoftheEMFisindirectlyproportionaltotherateofchangeofflux.
OptionB.
themagnitudeoftheEMFisdirectlyproportionaltothemagneticflux.

OptionC.
themagnitudeoftheEMFisdirectlyproportionaltotherateofchangeofflux.

CorrectAnsweris. themagnitudeoftheEMFisdirectlyproportionaltotherateofchangeofflux.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
3.
Whichofthefollowingis1Amp?.

OptionA.
1000mA.

OptionB.
1000kA.

OptionC.
1000A.

CorrectAnsweris. 1000mA.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
4.
ThetermthatdescribesthecombinedresistiveforcesinanACcircuitis.
OptionA.
resistance.

OptionB.
totalresistance.

OptionC.
impedance.
CorrectAnsweris. impedance.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
5.
Ohm'slawstatesthat:.

OptionA.
e.m.f.=currentdividedbyresistance.

OptionB.
current=e.m.f.dividedbyresistance.

OptionC.
resistance=currentdividedbye.m.f.
CorrectAnsweris. current=e.m.f.dividedbyresistance.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
6.
E.M.F.inanelectriccircuitcorrespondstowhatinamagneticcircuit.
OptionA.
MMF.

OptionB.
reluctance.

OptionC.
flux.
CorrectAnsweris. MMF.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
7.
Inconventionalcurrentflow,whatisFleming'srighthandruleusedfor?.

OptionA.
Generators.
OptionB.
Motors.

OptionC.
Inductors.

CorrectAnsweris. Generators.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
8.
TheSIunitofworkis.

OptionA.
Kilogrammetresforce.

OptionB.
Joulespermetre.

OptionC.
Joulespersecond(Watts).
CorrectAnsweris. Kilogrammetresforce.

Explanation. Workismeasuredinjoules,whichisNewton.metresorkilogram.metresforce(sinceNewtonsarekilogramsforce).

QuestionNumber.
9.
Acoulombis.

OptionA.
oneampere*second.
OptionB.
onesecondperampere.

OptionC.
oneamperepersecond.

CorrectAnsweris. oneampere*second.
Explanation. Current(amps)=charge(coulombs)persecond.Youdothetransposition.


QuestionNumber.
10.
Anelectriccurrentisaflowof.

OptionA.
electronsfromapositivelychargedareatoanegativelychargedarea.

OptionB.
electronsfromanegativelychargedareatoapositivelychargedarea.

OptionC.
protonsfromapositivelychargedareatoanegativelychargedarea.

CorrectAnsweris. protonsfromapositivelychargedareatoanegativelychargedarea.ORelectronsfromanegativelycharged
areatoapositivelychargedarea.

Explanation. Electronsflowfromnegativetopositive.

QuestionNumber.
11.
Avoltcanbeconsideredtobea.

OptionA.
unitofelectricalpower.

OptionB.
quantityofelectricalenergy.
OptionC.
unitofelectricalpressure.

CorrectAnsweris. unitofelectricalpressure.

Explanation. Electricalpressure'issometimesusedinsteadofvoltage,duetoitsanalogytoaheadofpressureinfluids.

QuestionNumber.
12.
Whatis3.25voltsinmillivolts?.

OptionA.
3,250millivolts.

OptionB.
325,000millivolts.
OptionC.
3.25millivolts.

CorrectAnsweris. 3,250millivolts.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
13.
Electromotiveforceismeasuredin.

OptionA.
Watts.
OptionB.
Ohms.
OptionC.
Volts.

CorrectAnsweris. Volts.
Explanation. EMFisanothertermforvoltage,orpotentialdifference(PD)orelectricalpressure,allmeasuredinVolts.

QuestionNumber.
14.
Kirchhoff'slawstates.

OptionA.
thealgebraicsumofallthevoltagesenteringorleavingaseriesofcomponentswillbeequaltozero.

OptionB.
theinversesumofallthevoltagesenteringorleavingaseriesofcomponentswillbeequaltoone.

OptionC.
thealgebraicsumofallthecurrentsenteringorleavingaseriesofcomponentswillbeequaltoone.

CorrectAnsweris. thealgebraicsumofallthecurrentsenteringorleavingaseriesofcomponentswillbeequaltoone.ORthe
algebraicsumofallthevoltagesenteringoreavingaseriesofcomponentswillbeequaltozero.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
15.
Thebasisfortransformeroperationintheuseofalternatingcurrentismutual.

OptionA.
inductance.
OptionB.
capacitance.
OptionC.
reactance.

CorrectAnsweris. inductance.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
16.
Whentwocoilsarelinkedbyacommonflux,avoltagecanbeinducedinonebyachangingcurrentin
theother.Thisprocessisknownas.

OptionA.
selfinduction.
OptionB.
themagneticeffect.
OptionC.
mutualinduction.

CorrectAnsweris. mutualinduction.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
17.
Whenanelectricalsupplybecomes'opencircuit'.

OptionA.
thefuseorcircuitbreakershouldisolatethecircuitduetotheincreasedcurrentdrawn.
OptionB.
thelossofcontinuitywillpreventitscomponentfromfunctioning.
OptionC.
thecomponentwilloperatenormallybutwillnotswitchoff.

CorrectAnsweris. thelossofcontinuitywillpreventitscomponentfromfunctioning.
Explanation. Opencircuitmeans'nocontinuity'.Functionstops.

QuestionNumber.
18.
TheS.I.unitofmagneticfluxdensityisthe.

OptionA.
Henry.
OptionB.
Weber.
OptionC.
Tesla.
CorrectAnsweris. Tesla.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
19.
A1Fcapacitorisequivalentto.

OptionA.
1,000,000Farads.

OptionB.
0.000,001Farads.

OptionC.
0.001Farads.
CorrectAnsweris. 0.000,001Farads.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
20.
Theoppositionofferedbyacoiltotheflowofalternatingcurrentiscalled(disregardingresistance).

OptionA.
inductivereactance.
OptionB.
impedance.
OptionC.
reluctance.

CorrectAnsweris. inductivereactance.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
21.
Ashuntisusedwith.

OptionA.
anammeter.
OptionB.
avoltmeter.
OptionC.
anohmmeter.
CorrectAnsweris. anammeter.
Explanation. Ashuntisusedtochangetheworkingrangeofanammeter,by'shunting'aroundtheammeter,amajorportionofthe
currentbeingmeasured.

QuestionNumber.
22.
Ifaloadinserieshasacurrentpassingthroughit,themagneticfieldcanbeworkedoutbyusing.

OptionA.
thecorkscrewrule.
OptionB.
lefthandrule.
OptionC.
righthandrule.

CorrectAnsweris. thecorkscrewrule.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
23.
Theunitforpoweris.

OptionA.
Joulespersecond.

OptionB.
N/m.
OptionC.
Volts/Amps.
CorrectAnsweris. Joulespersecond.

Explanation. Power=energy(joules)/time(seconds).

QuestionNumber.
24.
Inconventionalflow,thelefthandruleappliesto.

OptionA.
generators.

OptionB.
batteries.

OptionC.
motors.

CorrectAnsweris. motors.

Explanation. RememberMGtheBritishcarmanufacturers(MGlefttoright)orremembergeneRIGHTer.

QuestionNumber.
25.
WhenaconductoriscutbymagneticlinesofforceanEMFisinduced.Thisis.
OptionA.
Lenz'sLaw.
OptionB.
Faraday'sLaw.

OptionC.
Kirchhoff'sLaw.

CorrectAnsweris. Faraday'sLaw.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
26.
TheWattcanbeexpressedas.

OptionA.
SecondsperJoule.

OptionB.
Joules*seconds.

OptionC.
Joulespersecond.

CorrectAnsweris. Joulespersecond.

Explanation. Power=Energy(J)/Time(s).

QuestionNumber.
27.
Thesymbolforfluxdensityis.

OptionA.
B.

OptionB.
H.

OptionC.
MMF.
CorrectAnsweris. B.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
28.
Todeterminethedirectionofthemagneticfieldaroundaconductoryouwoulduse.

OptionA.
Fleming'srighthandrule.

OptionB.
Fleming'slefthandrule.

OptionC.
thecorkscrewrule.
CorrectAnsweris. thecorkscrewrule.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
29.
Switchingonoroffthecurrentinonecoilproducesanemfinanothercoiladjacenttoit.Thetwocoils
aresaidtohave.

OptionA.
selfinductance.

OptionB.
autoinductance.

OptionC.
mutualinductance.
CorrectAnsweris. mutualinductance.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
30.
Selfinducedemfinacoilsuppliedwithacurrentvaryingatauniformratecanbefoundby.

OptionA.
Ld/dt

OptionB.
NdI/dt

OptionC.
LdI/dt

CorrectAnsweris. LdI/dt.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
31.
Thepropertyofamaterialtoacceptlinesoffluxiscalled.

OptionA.
retentivity.

OptionB.
reluctance.

OptionC.
permeability.
CorrectAnsweris. permeability.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
32.
Magnetomotiveforcecanbefoundby.

OptionA.
I*N.
OptionB.
Blv.
OptionC.
N/I.
CorrectAnsweris. I*N.
Explanation. MMF(symbolH)=amps*turns(unitsareampereturns).

QuestionNumber.
33.
WhenaconductoriscutbymagneticlinesofforceanEMFisinduced.Thisis.

OptionA.
Kirkchoff'sLaw.

OptionB.
Faraday'sLaw.

OptionC.
Lenz'sLaw.
CorrectAnsweris. Faraday'sLaw.

Explanation. Faraday'sLawisinducedEMFisdirectlyproportionaltotherateofchangeofflux.

QuestionNumber.
34.
Thedirectionofinducedconventionalcurrentinawirerotatinginamagneticfieldcanbedetermined
by.

OptionA.
corkscrewrule.

OptionB.
Fleming'srighthandrule.

OptionC.
Fleming'slefthandrule.

CorrectAnsweris. Fleming'srighthandrule.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
35.
Howwouldyoufindthedirectionoftheelectronflowinanarmaturelocatedinamagneticfield?.

OptionA.
Flemingslefthandrule.

OptionB.
Flemingsrighthandrule.

OptionC.
Maxwellscorkscrewrule.

CorrectAnsweris. Flemingslefthandrule.

Explanation. Assumingconventionalcurrentflow.

QuestionNumber.
36.
WhatistheSIunitofconductance?.

OptionA.
Ohm.
OptionB.
Siemen.

OptionC.
Ohmmetre.
CorrectAnsweris. Siemen.

Explanation. Conductanceis1/RandismeasuredinSiemens.

QuestionNumber.
37.
WhatistheSIunitofresistivity?.

OptionA.
Ohms.
OptionB.
Ohmmetre.
OptionC.
Ohms/metre.
CorrectAnsweris. Ohmmetre.
Explanation. Resistivityisohmmetre(transposetheresistanceformulaR=L/A,andseewhatunitsitgives).

QuestionNumber.
38.
Whatistheformulaforconductance?(R=Resistance).

OptionA.
R+1.
OptionB.
1/R.
OptionC.
1R.
CorrectAnsweris. 1/R.
Explanation. Conductanceistheinverseofresistance.


QuestionNumber.
39.
Inelectricalcircuit,DirectCurrentpowerisrepresentedbythe.
OptionA.
Ampere.

OptionB.
Watt.
OptionC.
Joule.
CorrectAnsweris. Watt.
Explanation. DCpowerismeasuredinWatts.

QuestionNumber.
40.
InS.I.units,workisdenotedby.

OptionA.
NewtonmeterwhichisJoules.

OptionB.
Joules/secwhichisWatts.

OptionC.
Kilogramforcemeter/secwhichisMetricHorsepower.

CorrectAnsweris. NewtonmeterwhichisJoules.

Explanation. Workhasthesameunitasenergy,i.e.NmorJoule.

QuestionNumber.
41.
Theunitofenergyisthe.

OptionA.
Joule.
OptionB.
Watt.
OptionC.
Coulomb.

CorrectAnsweris. Joule.
Explanation. EnergyismeasuredinJoules.

QuestionNumber.
42.
Potentialdifferenceisanothertermfor.

OptionA.
voltage.

OptionB.
charge.
OptionC.
energy.
CorrectAnsweris. voltage.

Explanation. Potentialdifference,electromotiveforce,electricalpressure,arealltermsforvoltage.

QuestionNumber.
43.
XListhesymbolof.

OptionA.
inductivereactance.
OptionB.
capacitivereactance.
OptionC.
impedance.
CorrectAnsweris. inductivereactance.
Explanation. 'L'isforinductance,'X'isforreactance.

QuestionNumber.
44.
UsingOhm'slaw.

OptionA.
currentisdirectlyproportionaltotheresistance.

OptionB.
currentisdirectlyproportionaltotheEMF.
OptionC.
resistanceisdirectlyproportionaltoEMF.
CorrectAnsweris. currentisdirectlyproportionaltotheEMF.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
45.
Onevoltisinducedintoacircuitwithacurrentvaryingat1amppersecond.Thecircuithas.
OptionA.
1ampereturn.
OptionB.
1Tesla.

OptionC.
1Henry.

CorrectAnsweris. 1Henry.

Explanation. 1Henry=1VoltperAmpperSecond.

QuestionNumber.
46.
Thepropertyofaconductorofelectricitythatlimitsorrestrictstheflowofelectriccurrentis.
OptionA.
limiter.
OptionB.
resistance.

OptionC.
fuse.
CorrectAnsweris. resistance.

Explanation. AircraftElectricityandElectronicsbyEismin,Chapter6,pg101.

QuestionNumber.
47.
Kirchhoffslawisapplicableto.

OptionA.
parallelnetworks.

OptionB.
seriesnetworks.

OptionC.
closedloopnetworks.
CorrectAnsweris. closedloopnetworks.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
48.
TheSIunitofworkisthe.

OptionA.
Watt.
OptionB.
NewtonMeter.

OptionC.
Joule.
CorrectAnsweris. Joule.
Explanation.

QuestionNumber.
49.
TheEMFofageneratorcanbecalculatedfromwhichlaw?.
OptionA.
Faraday'slaw.
OptionB.
Kirchhoffslaw.

OptionC.
Lenz'slaw.
CorrectAnsweris. Faraday'slaw.
Explanation.
http://hyperphysics.phyastr.gsu.edu/hbase/electric/farlaw.html

04.GenerationofElectricity.


QuestionNumber.
1.
Thermocoupleharnessesaremadefromthesamematerialsasthethermocouplesothat.
OptionA.
minijunctionsarenotformed.

OptionB.
theresistanceisnotincreasedbeyondlimits.
OptionC.
theywillnotcorrode.
CorrectAnsweris. minijunctionsarenotformed.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
2.
PointAonthearmatureofthegeneratorshownisproducing.

OptionA.
minimumcurrent.

OptionB.
zerocurrent.
OptionC.
maximumcurrent.

CorrectAnsweris. maximumcurrent.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
3.
Apiezoelectricdevicegenerateselectricitythrough.

OptionA.
friction.

OptionB.
light.
OptionC.
pressure.

CorrectAnsweris. pressure.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
4.
Aphotozoidalcellproduceselectricitywhensubjectedto.

OptionA.
light.
OptionB.
pressure.

OptionC.
heat.
CorrectAnsweris. light.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
5.
Athermocoupleindicatorisbasicallyatypeof.

OptionA.
millivoltmeter.
OptionB.
milliammeter.
OptionC.
milliohmeter.
CorrectAnsweris. millivoltmeter.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
6.
Alight/heatsensitivecellisa.

OptionA.
transistor.

OptionB.
diode.
OptionC.
transducer.

CorrectAnsweris. transducer.

Explanation. Anytransducerturnsoneenergytypeintoanotherenergytype.Inthiscaselightorheatintoelectricity.

QuestionNumber.
7.
Thediagramshowsacurrentcarryingconductor(A)inamagneticfield.Theconductorwillmove.

OptionA.
upwards.

OptionB.
sideways.

OptionC.
downwards.
CorrectAnsweris. downwards.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
8.
Acomponentthatproducesanoutputvoltageduetoincidentlightiscalleda.

OptionA.
liquidcrystal.

OptionB.
solarcell.

OptionC.
lightemittingdiode.
CorrectAnsweris. solarcell.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
9.
Thefluxdensityofamagneticfieldis1.5T.Thelengthoftheconductorinthefieldis2mandthespeed
oftheconductoris10m/s.TheEMFinducedis.

OptionA.
0.3V.
OptionB.
7.5V.
OptionC.
30V.
CorrectAnsweris. 30V.
Explanation. EMF=Blv=1.5*2*10=30V.

QuestionNumber.
10.
Aconductorisplacedinamagnetisedcoil.Whatwillhappen?.

OptionA.
Nothingwillhappenunlesstheconductorismoved.
OptionB.
Theconductorwillmove.

OptionC.
Aforcewillbecreated.

CorrectAnsweris. Nothingwillhappenunlesstheconductorismoved.
Explanation. Faraday'sLaw.

QuestionNumber.
11.
Themaximumoutputvoltagefromabasicsingleloopgeneratoriswhentheloopis.

OptionA.
rotatinganticlockwiserelativetothedirectionofthemagneticflux.

OptionB.
cuttingmaximumlinesofmagneticflux.

o
OptionC.
at45
tothemagneticflux.

CorrectAnsweris. cuttingmaximumlinesofmagneticflux.

Explanation. AircraftElectricityandElectronicsEisminPage83.

05.DCSourcesofElectricity.

QuestionNumber.
1.
A20cellbatterywitheachcellhavinganinternalresistanceof0.1ohmsischargedwith2leadshaving
atotalresistanceof0.1ohms.Thebatteryischargedwithacurrentof5amps.Whatisthechargingvoltage?.

OptionA.
0.5volts.

OptionB.
10.5volts.

OptionC.
0.005volts.
CorrectAnsweris. 10.5volts.

Explanation. Totalbatteryinternalresistance=0.1*20=2ohms,Totalcircuitresistance,includingleads=2+0.1=2.1ohms,V=
I*R=5A*2.1ohms=10.5V.

QuestionNumber.
2.
Two10V,20Ahbatteriesareconnectedinparallelandconnectedacrossa10ohmload.Howlong
couldtheysupplynormalcurrentbeforethevoltagebeginstodecay?.

OptionA.
40hours.

OptionB.
20hours.

OptionC.
4hours.

CorrectAnsweris. 40hours.

Explanation. UseOhmslawtoworkoutthecurrent(1A).Twobatteriesinparallelthenratingisdoubled(40Ah).

QuestionNumber.
3.
Abatteryratedat40Ahwillsupply200mAfor.

OptionA.
200hours.

OptionB.
20hours.

OptionC.
5hours.

CorrectAnsweris. 200hours.

Explanation. 200mA=0.2A.40Ah/0.2A=200hours.

QuestionNumber.
4.
Azinccarbonbatterylifedependsupon.

OptionA.
theamountofzinc.
OptionB.
thepurityofthecarbonrod.
OptionC.
theamountoftheelectrolytepaste.
CorrectAnsweris. theamountofzinc.
Explanation. Thezincisslowlyeatenawayinazinccarbonbattery(primarycell).

QuestionNumber.
5.
WhencheckingtheSGoftheelectrolyteinaleadacidbattery,youshould.

OptionA.
checkanycellbecausetheywillallbethesame.

OptionB.
checkonlytheno.1cellbecauseitisthemastercell.

OptionC.
checkallcellsbecausetheymaybedifferent.

CorrectAnsweris. checkallcellsbecausetheymaybedifferent.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
6.
ThePDattheterminalsofanopencircuitbatterywithasmallinternalresistancewillbe.

OptionA.
morethantheEMF.
OptionB.
lessthantheEMF.

OptionC.
thesameastheEMF.
CorrectAnsweris. thesameastheEMF.
Explanation. EMFisthebatteryvoltage(i.e.thatwhichiswrittenonthesideofit)andthePDistheactualterminalvoltage.Ifitis
opencircuit,nocurrentflowstodropavoltageacrosstheinternalresistancesotheyarethesame.

QuestionNumber.
7.
Anaccumulationofhydrogenontheplatesofabatteryisknownas.

OptionA.
polarization.
OptionB.
ionization.

OptionC.
hydration.

CorrectAnsweris. polarization.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
8.
Whatpartofabatteryiscoveredinhydrogenduringpolarization?.

OptionA.
Anode.
OptionB.
Boththeanodeandthecathode.

OptionC.
Cathode.

CorrectAnsweris. Anode.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
9.
Whichofthefollowingismostlikelytocausethermalrunawayinanickelcadmiumbattery?.
OptionA.
Ahighinternalresistancecondition.
OptionB.
Highcurrentchargingofthebatterytomorethan100percentofitscapacity.

OptionC.
Excessivecurrentdrawfromthebattery.

CorrectAnsweris. Highcurrentchargingofthebatterytomorethan100percentofitscapacity.

Explanation. Thermalrunawayusuallyoccursoncharging.

QuestionNumber.
10.
Themethodofascertainingthevoltageofastandardaircraftleadacidbatteryisbychecking.
OptionA.
thevoltagewithratedloadswitchedON.

OptionB.
thevoltageonopencircuit.
OptionC.
thevoltageoffload.
CorrectAnsweris. thevoltageoffload.
Explanation. Ifjustcheckingthevoltage(asopposedtoachargetest)thenthebatterymustbeoffloadtopreventtheinternal
resistancedroppingtheterminalvoltage.

QuestionNumber.
11.
Twobatteries12Vand40Aheach,areinseries.Whatisthetotalcapacity?.

OptionA.
12V80Ah.

OptionB.
24V40Ah.
OptionC.
24V80Ah.

CorrectAnsweris. 24V40Ah.
Explanation. Batteriesinseriesvoltageincreasesbutcapacityremainsthesame(viceversaiftheywereinparallel).

QuestionNumber.
12.
Ifabatteryhasgotlowinternalresistance,thenthe.

OptionA.
noloadvoltagewillbethesameasonloadvoltage.
OptionB.
onloadvoltagewillbegreaterthannoloadvoltage.
OptionC.
noloadvoltagewillbegreaterthanonloadvoltage.
CorrectAnsweris. noloadvoltagewillbegreaterthanonloadvoltage.
Explanation. Theinternalresistancewillalwaysdropthevoltageandreducetheterminalvoltage.Itisthesamewhetheritishighor
lowinternalresistancejustamatterof'howmuch'.

QuestionNumber.
13.
Conventionalcurrentflowinsideabatteryisfrom.

OptionA.
eitheranodetocathodeorcathodetoanode,dependingontheactiveelements.

OptionB.
cathodetoanode.

OptionC.
anodetocathode.

CorrectAnsweris. anodetocathode.

Explanation. Thecathodeispositive.Conventionalcurrentflowsfrompositivetonegativeontheexternalcircuit,buttoclosethe
circuitmustflownegativetopositiveINSIDEthebattery.

QuestionNumber.
14.
Inavoltaiccell,whatisthebuilduponthecathodecalled?.

OptionA.
Hydration.

OptionB.
Polarization.
OptionC.
Sulphation.
CorrectAnsweris. Sulphation.
Explanation. PolarizationisbuildupofhydrogenontheANODE.Sulphationhowever,isbuildupofleadsulphateonBOTHanode

andcathode.

QuestionNumber.
15.
Two12V40amphourbatteriesconnectedinparallelwillproduce.

OptionA.
24V80ah.

OptionB.
12V80ah.

OptionC.
24V40ah.

CorrectAnsweris. 12V80ah.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
16.
A24voltsourceisrequiredtofurnish48wattstoaparallelcircuitconsistingoffourresistorsofequal
value.Whatisthevoltagedropacrosseachresistor?.

OptionA.
12volts.

OptionB.
24volts.

OptionC.
3volts.
CorrectAnsweris. 24volts.

Explanation. Resistorsionparallel,voltageacrosseachoneisthesameandequaltothesourcevoltage(ifnothingelseisinseries
withthem).

QuestionNumber.
17.
Themethodofascertainingthevoltageofastandardaircraftleadacidbatteryisbychecking.

OptionA.
thevoltageonopencircuit.
OptionB.
thevoltageoffload.
OptionC.
thevoltagewithratedloadswitchedON.

CorrectAnsweris. thevoltageoffload.
Explanation. Assumingitisjustavoltagecheck(andnotachargetest)thenitmustbeoffloadwhencarryingoutthetest.Otherwise
theinternalresistancewilldropthevoltagebyanamountwhichvariesaccordingtotheexternalload.

QuestionNumber.
18.
Twosimilar12vbatteriesconnectedinparallelwillproduce.

OptionA.
24ve.m.f.withthesamecapacityaseachbattery.
OptionB.
12Ve.m.f.withtwicethecapacityofeachbattery.
OptionC.
24Ve.m.f.withtwicethecapacityofeachbattery
CorrectAnsweris. 12Ve.m.f.withtwicethecapacityofeachbattery.
Explanation. Batteriesinparallelvoltageremainsthesamebutthecurrentratingisincreased.

QuestionNumber.
19.
Thevoltageofasecondarycellis.

OptionA.
determinedbytheactivematerialsontheplates.

OptionB.
determinedbythenumberofplates.
OptionC.
determinedbytheareaoftheplates.
CorrectAnsweris. determinedbytheactivematerialsontheplates.

Explanation. Voltageofabatteryisdeterminedbywhattheplatesaremadefrom,andhowmanyplatesareinseries.However,a
'cell'isnotabatteryandcanonlyeverhavetwoplates.

QuestionNumber.
20.
Whatistheamperehourratingofastoragebatterythatisdesignedtodeliver45amperesfor2.5hours?.

OptionA.
112.5amperehour.
OptionB.
90.0amperehour.

OptionC.
45.0amperehour.

CorrectAnsweris. 112.5amperehour.
Explanation. Ampere.hoursmeansamps*hours.

QuestionNumber.
21.
Ifanicadbatteryisnottobeusedimmediatelyitshouldbestored.

OptionA.
dry.
OptionB.
fullycharged.
OptionC.
fullydissipated.

CorrectAnsweris. fullydissipated.

Explanation. Nicadbatteriesmustbestoredfullydischarged.Oftenwithametalbaracrosstheirterminalstoensuretheyarefully
dissipated.

QuestionNumber.
22.
Inamercurycellthesteelcasingis.

OptionA.
thenegativeterminal.
OptionB.
neither.

OptionC.
thepositiveterminal.
CorrectAnsweris. thepositiveterminal.
Explanation. The'outercan'isincontactwiththezincanode,whichispositive.

QuestionNumber.
23.
Toimprovethelifeofadrycellitwouldbemanufacturedwith.

OptionA.
moreelectrolytepaste.

OptionB.
morezinc.

OptionC.
apurecarbonpositiverod.
CorrectAnsweris. morezinc.

Explanation. Thezinc(negativeelectrodeorcathode)getseatenaway.

QuestionNumber.
24.
Inasimplevoltaiccellthecollectionofionsonthecathodecauses.

OptionA.
polarisation.
OptionB.
sulphation.

OptionC.
hydration.

CorrectAnsweris. sulphation.

Explanation. TheformationofleadsulphateonbothplatesofaleadacidbatteryiscalledSULPHATION.

QuestionNumber.
25.
Theelectrolyteinanicadbatterywouldriseifthebatterywas.

OptionA.
remainingatconstantvoltage.

OptionB.
charging.

OptionC.
discharging.
CorrectAnsweris. charging.

Explanation. ThephysicallevelofelectrolytedropsaasNiCadbatterydischarges.

QuestionNumber.
26.
Two2volt10AHcellsareconnectedinseries,theoutputvoltageandthecapacitywouldbe.
OptionA.
4volt10AH.
OptionB.
4volt20AH.
OptionC.
2volt,20AH.
CorrectAnsweris. 4volt10AH.
Explanation. Batteriesinseriesvoltagedoubles,buttheratingstaysthesame.

QuestionNumber.
27.
Theelectrolyteinanicadbatteryis.

OptionA.
potassiumhydroxide.
OptionB.
nickelhydroxide.

OptionC.
cadmiumhydroxide.
CorrectAnsweris. potassiumhydroxide.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
28.
InaLeclanchecelltheplatesaremadeof.

OptionA.
mercuryandlithium.
OptionB.
nickelandcadmium.
OptionC.
zincandcarbon.

CorrectAnsweris. zincandcarbon.

Explanation. NIL.


QuestionNumber.
29.
Inasimplevoltaiccell,polarizationreducesoutputvoltagebecauseofthe.

OptionA.
buildupofhydrogenonthecathode.
OptionB.
transferofmaterialbetweentheanodeandthecathode.

OptionC.
buildupofhydrogenontheanode.
CorrectAnsweris. buildupofhydrogenontheanode.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
30.
Whenthetemperatureoftheelectrolyteinabatteryincreases,theSG.

OptionA.
remainsthesame.

OptionB.
goesup.

OptionC.
goesdown.
CorrectAnsweris. goesdown.
Explanation. Volumeriseswithtemperature,butmassdoesnot.SGisameasureoftheelectrolytedensity(whichismass/volume).

QuestionNumber.
31.
TheDanielCellelectrodesare.

OptionA.
copperandzinc.

OptionB.
carbonandzinc.

OptionC.
zincandmanganesedioxide.
CorrectAnsweris. copperandzinc.

Explanation. TheDanielCellwasanimprovementonthefirstevercellmadebyVoltaire.Bothusedcopperandzincelectrodes.

QuestionNumber.
32.
Inathermocouple,whereisvoltagemeasured?.

OptionA.
Atbothjunctions.

OptionB.
Atthehotjunction.
OptionC.
Atthecoldjunction.
CorrectAnsweris. Atthecoldjunction.

Explanation. Thevoltmetermeasuresthevoltmeteracrossthecoldjunctionofathermocouple.

QuestionNumber.
33.
Mercurycellsarecoveredwithametalcover.

OptionA.
asaprotectivecover.
OptionB.
asanegativeterminal.
OptionC.
asapositiveterminal.
CorrectAnsweris. asapositiveterminal.
Explanation. Theoutercover(orcase)ofamercurycellisthepositiveterminalHavealookatyourwatchorcalculatorbatteryto
verify.

QuestionNumber.
34.
Thecapacityofabatteryismeasuredin.

OptionA.
volts.
OptionB.
amperehours.
OptionC.
cubiccentimetres.

CorrectAnsweris. amperehours.
Explanation. Batterycapacityisinamperehours.

QuestionNumber.
35.
Abattery'sinternalresistanceisdeterminedby(OCV=OpenCircuitVoltage,CCV=ClosedCircuit
Voltage).

OptionA.
IR=(OCVCCV)/i.
OptionB.
IR=(OCV+CCV)/i.

OptionC.
IR=(OCVCCV)/V.

CorrectAnsweris. IR=(OCVCCV)/i.
Explanation. Internalresistance(IR)hasnoeffectonoutputvoltagewhenOpenCircuit.SoOpenCircuitVoltage(ocv)ishigher
thanClosedCircuitVoltage(ccv).Usingohm'slaw(R=V/I),IR=(ocv)ccv)alldividedbycurrent.

QuestionNumber.
36.
Therearemorenegativethanpositiveplatesinaleadacidbatterybecause.

OptionA.
itisnecessaryforchemicalactiontotakeplace.

OptionB.
itreducestheinternalresistanceofthecell.
OptionC.
thepositiveplatesarepronetowarpingifthechemicalactionistakingplaceonlyononeside.
CorrectAnsweris. thepositiveplatesarepronetowarpingifthechemicalactionistakingplaceonlyononeside.
Explanation. Aleadacidbatterynormallyhasonemorenegativeplatethanpositiveplatebecausethepositiveplatesareproneto
warpingifthechemicalactionistakingplaceonlyononeside.

QuestionNumber.
37.
WhatistheapproximateinternalresistanceofaLeclanchecell?.

OptionA.
0.02ohms4ohms.
OptionB.
6ohms10ohms.

OptionC.
20ohms30ohms.
CorrectAnsweris. 0.02ohms4ohms.
Explanation. Aleclanchecellisjustanothernameforthezinccarboncell.ItsIRismorelike0.44ohms.Somegoodinfoonthe
typesofcellsandtheirIRsatExternalwebsite

QuestionNumber.
38.
Anaircraftbatteryonchargefromtheaircraftgeneratorscauses.

OptionA.
batteryvoltagetoincreasestonominalvoltageandthechargecurrentdecreases.
OptionB.
internalresistanceofthebatterytodecreaseinsympathywiththedecreasingchargingcurrent.
OptionC.
batteryvoltagetodecreasetozerountilitisfullycharged.
CorrectAnsweris. batteryvoltagetodecreasetozerountilitisfullycharged.
Explanation. Asthebatteryvoltageincreases,thecurrentchargingitdecreases.

QuestionNumber.
39.
Whateffectdoeshydrogenhaveinabatterycell?.

OptionA.
Sulphation.
OptionB.
Nothing.

OptionC.
Polarization.

CorrectAnsweris. Polarization.
Explanation. Hydrogen,ifallowedtoformontheanode,reducesthebatteryoutput.Thisispolarization.

QuestionNumber.
40.
Togenerateelectricitywithafuelcell,youneedaconstantsupplyof.
OptionA.
Nitrogen&Sunlight.
OptionB.
Oxygen&Hydrogen.
OptionC.
Kerosene&Heat.

CorrectAnsweris. Oxygen&Hydrogen.
Explanation.
http://www.fuelcells.org/whatis.htm

QuestionNumber.
41.
Anicadbatteryfoundtobebelownormalcapacityshould.

OptionA.
haveitselectrolyteadjusted.
OptionB.
beremovedandusedforgrounduseonly.
OptionC.
berechargedwithafresheningcharge.

CorrectAnsweris. berechargedwithafresheningcharge.

Explanation. SeeJeppesen'sAircraftBatteries.

QuestionNumber.
42.
Incoldweather,topreventtheelectrolytefreezing,abatterymustbekept.
OptionA.
fullycharged.
OptionB.
doesnotmatter.

OptionC.
fullydischarged.

CorrectAnsweris. fullycharged.
Explanation. Checkoutwww.amplepower.com/primer/winter/.

QuestionNumber.
43.
Theinternalresistanceofabatteryoffloadcomparedtoonloadis.

OptionA.
thesame.

OptionB.
increased.

OptionC.
decreased.

CorrectAnsweris. thesame.

Explanation. Internalresistanceisconstant,regardlessofload.

QuestionNumber.
44.
Two12V,40Ahcellsinseriesgives.

OptionA.
24V80Ah.

OptionB.
12V40Ah.

OptionC.
24V40Ah.

CorrectAnsweris. 24V40Ah.

Explanation. Cellsinseries,voltagedoubles,Amphourratingremainsthesame.

QuestionNumber.
45.
A24V40AHbatterydischargesat200mA.Howlongwillitlast?.

OptionA.
400hours.

OptionB.
300hours.

OptionC.
200hours.

CorrectAnsweris. 200hours.

Explanation. 200mAgoesinto1A5times.5*40=200hours.

QuestionNumber.
46.
Theelectrolytelevelofanicadbattery.

OptionA.
fallsduringcharge.
OptionB.
fallsduringdischarge.
OptionC.
risesduringdischarge.

CorrectAnsweris. fallsduringdischarge.
Explanation. Theelectrolytelevelofanicadbatteryfallsduringdischarge(butthes.g.remainsconstant).

QuestionNumber.
47.
Whenlightenergisesacomponent,whatisthecomponent?.

OptionA.
Lightemittingdiode.
OptionB.
Photodiode.
OptionC.
Laserdiode.
CorrectAnsweris. Photodiode.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
48.
FormationofwhitecrystalsofpotassiumcarbonateonaproperlyservicedNicdbatteryindicates.

OptionA.
overcharged.
OptionB.
fullcharged.
OptionC.
undercharged.
CorrectAnsweris. overcharged.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
49.
Thermalrunawaycauses.

OptionA.
violentgassingonly.
OptionB.
violentgassing,boilingofelectrolyteandmeltingofplatesandcasing.

OptionC.
nogassing,butboilingofelectrolyteandmeltingofplatesandcasing.

CorrectAnsweris. violentgassing,boilingofelectrolyteandmeltingofplatesandcasing.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
50.
Aprimarycell.

OptionA.
cannotrecharged.

OptionB.
canberechargedbutonlyafewtimes.

OptionC.
canberecharged.

CorrectAnsweris. cannotrecharged.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
51.
Iftheinsulationresistanceofalead/acidbatteryisdown,itindicates.

OptionA.
caseleakage.
OptionB.
leakagebetweenpositiveandnegativeterminals.
OptionC.
intercellleakage.

CorrectAnsweris. caseleakage.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
52.
Whenthebatteryisconnectedtotheaircraft,whichterminalshouldyouconnectfirst?.
OptionA.
Any.
OptionB.
Positive.

OptionC.
Negative.

CorrectAnsweris. Positive.

Explanation. AircraftElectricityandElectronicsEisminPage43.

QuestionNumber.
53.
Anammeterinabatterychargingsystemisforthepurposeofindicatingthe.
OptionA.
rateofcurrentusedtochargethebattery.

OptionB.
amperageavailableforuse.
OptionC.
totalamperesbeingusedintheaeroplane.
CorrectAnsweris. rateofcurrentusedtochargethebattery.

Explanation. Whilstcharging(asthequestionsays)theammetershowscurrentflowTOthebattery.

QuestionNumber.
54.
Forhowmanyhourswilla140AHbatterydeliver15A?.

OptionA.
9.33hours.

OptionB.
27.25hours.

OptionC.
15.15hours.
CorrectAnsweris. 9.33hours.

Explanation. 15*H=140,H=9.33hrs.

QuestionNumber.
55.
Whatpartofanickelcadmiumcellhelpstopreventthermalrunaway?.

OptionA.
Theseparator.
OptionB.
Thenegativeplate.
OptionC.
Thepositiveplate.

CorrectAnsweris. Theseparator.
Explanation. AircraftElectricityandElectronicsEisminPage472ndpara.

QuestionNumber.
56.
Whenchargingcurrentisappliedtoanickelcadmiumbattery,thecellsemitgasonly.
OptionA.
whentheelectrolytelevelislow.

OptionB.
ifthecellsaredefective.

OptionC.
towardtheendofthechargingcycle.
CorrectAnsweris. towardtheendofthechargingcycle.
Explanation. EEL/134.5.5.

QuestionNumber.
57.
Whatistheinternalresistanceofabattery?.

OptionA.
Theresistancemeasuredacrossthetwoterminals.
OptionB.
Theresistancemeasuredwhenthebatteryishalfcharged.
OptionC.
Theresistancepresentinsidethebatterywhileconnectedtoaload.
CorrectAnsweris. Theresistancepresentinsidethebatterywhileconnectedtoaload.
Explanation. AircraftElectricityandElectronicspage33.

06.DCCircuits.


QuestionNumber.
1.
Apotentialdifferenceof50voltsproducesacurrentof10milliamperesthrougharesistanceof.

OptionA.
500ohms.

OptionB.
5ohms.

OptionC.
5,000ohms.
CorrectAnsweris. 5,000ohms.
Explanation. PD=50V,I=0.01A,R=?,R=PD/I.

QuestionNumber.
2.
AconductorwithapositiveQ(charge)of4Chas12.56x1018electronsaddedtoit.ItwillhaveaQ=.

OptionA.
6.

OptionB.
2.

OptionC.
zero.
CorrectAnsweris. 6.

Explanation. Achargeof1Coulomb(C)is6.28*1018.Hence4+2=6C.

QuestionNumber.
3.
Thepowerdissipatedbyaloadofknownresistanceconnectedacrossaknownpotentialdifferencecan
becalculatedby.

OptionA.
dividingthesquareofthepotentialdifferencebythevalueoftheloadresistance.
OptionB.
multiplyingthesquareofthepotentialdifferencebythevalueoftheloadresistance.

OptionC.
workingoutthecurrentflowinginthecircuitbyusingohmslawandmultiplyingtheresultbytheresistance.
CorrectAnsweris. workingoutthecurrentflowinginthecircuitbyusingohmslawandmultiplyingtheresultbytheresistance.
ORdividingthesquareofthepotentialdifferencebythevalueoftheloadresistance.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
4.
Acurrentof5Aflowsfor2minutes.Howmanycoulombspassedapointinthecircuit?.

OptionA.
2.5.

OptionB.
600.
OptionC.
100.
CorrectAnsweris. 600.
Explanation. Q=IT,Q=5*120=600C.

QuestionNumber.
5.
Acircuithasacurrentflowof6A.Ifthevoltageistrebled,thenewcurrentwillbe.
OptionA.
6A.

OptionB.
18A.
OptionC.
2A.

CorrectAnsweris. 18A.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
6.
A10Vbatterysuppliesaresistiveloadof10ohmsfor1minute.Whatistheworkdone?.
OptionA.
60J.
OptionB.
600J.
OptionC.
10J.
CorrectAnsweris. 600J.
Explanation. Workoutpower.ThenEnergy=Power*Time(timemustbeinseconds).

QuestionNumber.
7.
Agalvanometermeasures.

OptionA.
millivolts.

OptionB.
megohms.

OptionC.
milliamps.

CorrectAnsweris. milliamps.

Explanation. Agalvanometermeasuresmilliamps.

QuestionNumber.
8.
ThevoltageatpointAis.

OptionA.
28V.
OptionB.
21V.
OptionC.
7V.
CorrectAnsweris. 7V.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
9.
Alossofelectricalinsulationresultsin.

OptionA.
anopencircuitbetweenthesupplyandearth.

OptionB.
ashortcircuitbetweenthesupplyandearth.
OptionC.
anopencircuitinthesupply.
CorrectAnsweris. ashortcircuitbetweenthesupplyandearth.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
10.
A3,5and2ohmsresistanceisconnectedinserieswitha10Vbattery.Thevoltageacrossthe2ohms
resistoris.

OptionA.
2V.
OptionB.
10V.
OptionC.
4V.
CorrectAnsweris. 2V.
Explanation. Eachresistortakesitsrelativeshareofthevoltagedrop.Totalresistanceis10ohms,sothe2ohmresistortakes2/10ths
ofthevoltage.

QuestionNumber.
11.
WhatisthePDofacircuitwhichhasa40mAcurrentanda1kilohmresistance?.

OptionA.
40V.
OptionB.
400V.
OptionC.
4V.

CorrectAnsweris. 40V.
Explanation. V=IxR.mA*kohmscanceleachothers'prefix.

QuestionNumber.
12.
Threebranchesinacircuithavecurrentsenteringof3A,4Aand5A.Aforthbranchhas10Aleaving.A
fifthbranchmusthave.

OptionA.
22Aleaving.
OptionB.
2Aleaving.
OptionC.
2Aentering.
CorrectAnsweris. 2Aleaving.
Explanation. BasicKirkchoff'scurrentlaw.Sumofcurrentsentering=sumofcurrentsleaving.

QuestionNumber.
13.
Inacircuitcontainingthreeresistorsofequalvalueconnectedinparallel,oneresistorgoesopencircuit.
Thecurrentintheothertworesistorswill.

OptionA.
decrease.

OptionB.
increase.

OptionC.
remainthesame.

CorrectAnsweris. remainthesame.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
14.
20amperesflowfor20seconds.Howmanycoulombshaveflowed?.

OptionA.
1.

OptionB.
20.

OptionC.
400.
CorrectAnsweris. 400.
Explanation. Q=It.

QuestionNumber.
15.
Iftheresistanceofanelectricalcircuitisincreased.

OptionA.
thecurrentwillincrease.

OptionB.
thevoltagewillincrease.

OptionC.
thecurrentwilldecrease.

CorrectAnsweris. thecurrentwilldecrease.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
16.
If2coulombsflowedthroughacircuitin2seconds,thecircuitwouldhave.

OptionA.
1amp.
OptionB.
2voltsPD.

OptionC.
4amps.

CorrectAnsweris. 1amp.
Explanation. Q=ItsoI=Q/t.

QuestionNumber.
17.
Ifthevoltageacrossaresistorisdoubled.

OptionA.
thecurrentisdoubled.
OptionB.
thecurrentishalved.
OptionC.
theresistanceishalved.

CorrectAnsweris. thecurrentisdoubled.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
18.
Thetotalcurrentflowinginacircuitof200lampsinparallel,eachofaresistanceof400ohmand
connectedacrossaninputof100voltsis.

OptionA.
25amps.

OptionB.
50amps.

OptionC.
40amps.

CorrectAnsweris. 50amps.

Explanation. Totalresistanceis400/200=2ohms.OhmslawforcurrentI=V/R=100/2=50amps.

QuestionNumber.
19.
Inthecircuitshownthe24voltbatteryhasaninternalresistanceof1ohmandtheammeterindicatesa
currentof12amperes.Thevalueoftheloadresistanceis.

OptionA.
2ohms.

OptionB.
1ohm.
OptionC.
6ohms.

CorrectAnsweris. 1ohm.
Explanation. FindthetotalresistanceR=V/I=24/12=2ohms.Subtractinginternalresistanceleaves1ohm.

QuestionNumber.
20.
IfserviceNo.1isisolatedfromthesupplybusbarshowntherewillbe.

OptionA.
anincreaseinsupplyvoltage.
OptionB.
adecreaseintotalcurrentconsumption.

OptionC.
adecreaseinsupplyvoltage.
CorrectAnsweris. adecreaseintotalcurrentconsumption.

Explanation. Shuttingdownaserviceonanaircraft(bypullingthecircuitbreakerforexample),increasesthetotalresistanceand
reducesthecurrentconsumption.

QuestionNumber.
21.
Ifthecrosssectionalareaofaconductorisdoubled,withvoltageconstant,thecurrentwill.

OptionA.
remainconstant.

OptionB.
double.
OptionC.
halve.
CorrectAnsweris. double.
Explanation. Gettheformulaforresistanceofaconductorandapplyohmslawtoit.

QuestionNumber.
22.
Iftworesistorsof5and10ohmrespectivelyareconnectedinseriesandthecurrentinthe5ohmresistor

is1A.whatisthecurrentinthe10ohmresistor?.

OptionA.
1amp.
OptionB.
Itcannotbefoundwithoutknowingtheappliedvoltage.

OptionC.
1/3amp.

CorrectAnsweris. 1amp.
Explanation. Resistorsinseriescurrentisthesameineachone.

QuestionNumber.
23.
Thevoltageinaseriescircuit.

OptionA.
isdifferentineachcomponent.

OptionB.
isthesameineachcomponent.

OptionC.
islessthanitwouldbeinaparallelcircuit.
CorrectAnsweris. isdifferentineachcomponent.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
24.
Ifvoltageis100V,resistanceis25ohms,whatisthecurrent?.

OptionA.
4amperes.

OptionB.
0.4amperes.
OptionC.
2500amperes.
CorrectAnsweris. 4amperes.

Explanation. OhmsLawI=V/R.

QuestionNumber.
25.
Ashortcircuitbetweenthesupplyandearth.

OptionA.
isnotdangerousasthecurrentdrawnwillbelow.
OptionB.
doesnotmatterifthecircuitusestheaircraftearthasareturn.

OptionC.
couldbeverydangerousasthecurrentdrawnwillbeveryhigh.

CorrectAnsweris. couldbeverydangerousasthecurrentdrawnwillbeveryhigh.

Explanation. Inashortcircuit,theresistanceiszero.Byohmslaw,I=V/R.IfR=0,I=V/0sowhatisI(itisnotzero!!!).

QuestionNumber.
26.
Acircuitconsistsof3ohm,5ohmand12ohmresistorsinseries.Thecurrentflowinginthe5ohm
resistoris10amps.Whatistheappliedvoltage?.

OptionA.
10V.
OptionB.
100V.
OptionC.
200V.
CorrectAnsweris. 200V.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
27.
Tworesistorsareconnectedinseriesandhaveane.m.f.ofVvoltsacrossthem.Ifthevoltagesacross
theresistancesareV1andV2thenbyKirchhoff'slaw.

OptionA.
V2=V1+V.
OptionB.
V1=V2+V.
OptionC.
V=V1+V2.
CorrectAnsweris. V=V1+V2.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
28.
Avoltmeterisconnected.

OptionA.
inparallel.

OptionB.
inseriesorparallel.
OptionC.
inseries.

CorrectAnsweris. inparallel.

Explanation. Voltmetersareconnected'across'thecomponent(i.e.inparallelwithit.Ammetersareconnectedinseries.

QuestionNumber.
29.
Sinceelectricalsuppliestakenfromabusbarareinparallel,isolatingsomeoftheserviceswould.

OptionA.
reducethecurrentconsumptionfromthebusbar.
OptionB.
increasethecurrentconsumptionfromthebusbar.
OptionC.
notaffectthecurrentconsumption,itwouldreducethevoltage.

CorrectAnsweris. reducethecurrentconsumptionfromthebusbar.
Explanation. Isolatingsomeoftheservicesincreasestheresistanceofthetotalcircuitsimilartoremovingaresistorfromaparallel
circuit.Sototalcurrentconsumptionreduces.

QuestionNumber.
30.
Thecurrentflowingthroughacircuitcanbeincreasedtofourtimesitsoriginalvalueby.

OptionA.
doublingtheappliedvoltageandhalvingtheresistance.

OptionB.
doublingtheresistanceanddoublingtheappliedvoltage.
OptionC.
halvingtheappliedvoltageandhalvingtheresistance.

CorrectAnsweris. doublingtheappliedvoltageandhalvingtheresistance.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
31.
Inacircuitcontainingthreeresistorsofequalvalueconnectedinseriesandoneoftheresistorsshort
circuits,theeffectisforthecurrentintheothertworesistorsto.

OptionA.
decrease.

OptionB.
increase.

OptionC.
remainthesame.

CorrectAnsweris. increase.

Explanation. Reducingoneresistortozeroohms(shortcircuit)meansthesourceemfisnowappliedtothetworemainingresistors,
andcausesagreatercurrentflowthroughthem.

QuestionNumber.
32.
Inaseriesresistivecircuit.

OptionA.
thetotalvoltageisequaltothesumoftheindividualvoltages.

OptionB.
thetotalvoltageisthesameasthehighestindividual.

OptionC.
thetotalvoltageequalsthedifferencebetweentheindividualvoltages.

CorrectAnsweris. thetotalvoltageisequaltothesumoftheindividualvoltages.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
33.
Thereadingontheammeterinthecircuitshownis.

OptionA.
3A.

OptionB.
12A.
OptionC.
6A.

CorrectAnsweris. 6A.

Explanation. Totalresistance=2ohms.I=V/R=12/2=6A.

QuestionNumber.
34.
Anammeterisconnectedintoacircuitin.

OptionA.
series.
OptionB.
shunt.
OptionC.
parallel.

CorrectAnsweris. series.
Explanation. ammeterisalwaysputintoacircuitinserieswiththecomponentitismeasuringthecurrentthrough.

QuestionNumber.
35.
WhatisthevoltageatA?.

OptionA.
26V.
OptionB.
2V.

OptionC.
28V.
CorrectAnsweris. 26V.
Explanation. 4ohmresistorwilldrop4/62thsofthe28Vsupply(i.e.1.8V).Sotherewillbeapproximately26Vleft.

QuestionNumber.
36.
Thesourcevoltageinthecircuitshownis.

OptionA.
200V.

OptionB.
50V.
OptionC.
150V.
CorrectAnsweris. 200V.
Explanation. Thisisastandardpotentiometer.Itsplitsthevoltagebythesameratioasthenumberofturns.So50Vis300/1200thsof
thesourcevoltage(50=3/12V).TransposeforV.

QuestionNumber.
37.
Referringtothedrawing,ifthevoltsdroppedacrossthe20ohmresistoris10volts,theresistanceofR1
is.

OptionA.
2ohms.

OptionB.
16ohms.

OptionC.
20ohms.

CorrectAnsweris. 20ohms.

Explanation. Findthecurrentthroughthe20ohmresistor(I=V/R=10/20=0.5).Thesamecurrentgoesthroughallpartsofaseries
circuit.Nextfindtotalcircuitresistance(R=V/I=28/0.5=56ohms).Subtract20and16from56.

QuestionNumber.
38.
Thecurrentinthecircuitshownis.

OptionA.
5mA.
OptionB.
0.2A.
OptionC.
5A.
CorrectAnsweris. 5mA.
Explanation. TotalR=40kohms.I=V/R=200/40,000=0.005A=5mA.(don'tforgetthe'k'meanstimesby1000).

QuestionNumber.
39.
Inthefollowingcircuit,theinputatPis4ampsandatQis5amps.Whatisthevoltageacrossthe6ohm
resistor?.

OptionA.
54V.
OptionB.
6V.

OptionC.
1.5V.

CorrectAnsweris. 54V.
Explanation. V=I*R=9*6=54V.AcombinationofKirchhoff'scurrentlawandOhm'sLaw.

QuestionNumber.
40.
Theunknowncurrentinthenetworkbelowis.

OptionA.
22A.
OptionB.
3A.

OptionC.
47A.
CorrectAnsweris. 3A.

Explanation. Kirchhoff'scurrentlaw.

QuestionNumber.
41.
InabalancedWheatstonebridge,acrossthecentreofthebridgethereis.
OptionA.
currentandvoltageatmaximum.

OptionB.
nocurrentflow.

OptionC.
novoltagepresentateitherend.

CorrectAnsweris. nocurrentflow.

Explanation. Theammeterreadszerowhenitisbalanced.

QuestionNumber.
42.
A24Vbatteryhasaninternalresistanceof1ohm.Whenconnectedtoaload,12ampsflows.Thevalue
oftheloadis.

OptionA.
12ohms.

OptionB.
1/2ohm.

OptionC.
1ohm.
CorrectAnsweris. 1ohm.
Explanation. TotalR=V/I=24/12=2ohms.Subtracttheinternalresistancetogettheexternalresistance(i.e.theload).

QuestionNumber.
43.
Aparallelcircuitwithanynumberof2terminalconnections.

OptionA.
theindividualvoltagedropsisequaltotheemf.

OptionB.
hasthesamecurrentthroughout.

OptionC.
theresistanceisdependentoncurrent.

CorrectAnsweris. theindividualvoltagedropsisequaltotheemf.

Explanation. Parallelcircuitthevoltagedropsacrosseachbranchisthesourcevoltage(regardlessoftheresistanceinthe
branches).

QuestionNumber.
44.
Thediagramshowsa200Vlongshuntgenerator.Whatisthevoltageacrosstheseriesresistor.

OptionA.
10V.
OptionB.
6V.
OptionC.
30V.
CorrectAnsweris.

6V.

Explanation. The0.04and100ohmresistorarethefieldwindingsofthegenerator,sothe100ampsgoesthroughthe0.06ohm
resistor.V=I*R=100*0.06=6V.

QuestionNumber.
45.
Tofindtheinternalresistanceofabatteryinacircuitofknowncurrent.

OptionA.
usetheformulaR=V*I.
OptionB.
findthelostvoltsofthecircuit.

OptionC.
findtheemfofthecircuit.

CorrectAnsweris. findthelostvoltsofthecircuit.

Explanation. FindthedifferencebetweentheVoltageOnloadandtheVoltageOffload(thevolts'lost'acrosstheinternal
resistance),thenuseR=V/I(Ohm'sLaw).

QuestionNumber.
46.
ForthediagramshownfindthevoltageatpointB.

OptionA.
OptionB.
OptionC.

7V.
26V.
10V.

CorrectAnsweris. 10V.
Explanation. Eachresistordropsitsownproportionofthevoltage.Totalresistanceis60ohms.Voltagedroppedby4ohmresistoris
4/60*30.Voltagedroppedby36ohmresistoris36/60*30.TotaldroppedbypointBis40/60*30=20V.Therefore,remaining
voltageatB=10V.

QuestionNumber.
47.
Inaseriescircuitwith3resistors,thecurrentis.

OptionA.
lowerthanthesmallest.

OptionB.
thetotalofall3usingohmslawtofindthecurrent.
OptionC.
eveninall3.
CorrectAnsweris. eveninall3.
Explanation. Thecurrentisthesameinallcomponentsinaseriescircuit.

QuestionNumber.
48.
Whatisthevoltagedroppedacrossresistor'A'?.

OptionA.
2V.
OptionB.
20V.
OptionC.
10V.
CorrectAnsweris. 20V.
Explanation. 28(2+6)=20V(voltageacrossboththeparallelresistorsisthesame20V).

QuestionNumber.
49.
WhatisthecurrentthroughresistorC?.


OptionA.
4.5A.
OptionB.
18A.
OptionC.
9A.

CorrectAnsweris. 4.5A.
Explanation. YouneedtoknowwhattheohmicvalueofresistorCistoknowthecurrentthroughit,oratleasttherelativevalueof
CcomparedtoDasthe9AcurrentsplitsthroughCandD.Itis9A/2(4.5A)onlyifCandDarethesame.Besides,itcannoteverbe
9Aor18A.

QuestionNumber.
50.
Whichisnotthermallyoperated?.

OptionA.
Alimitingresistor.
OptionB.
Acurrentlimiter.

OptionC.
Afuse.
CorrectAnsweris. Alimitingresistor.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
51.
InaDesynnindicatorsystem,therotoris.

OptionA.
anelectromagnet.

OptionB.
apermanentmagnet.
OptionC.
anACmagnet.

CorrectAnsweris. apermanentmagnet.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
52.
Aloadthatissubjecttoapotentialdifferencewithacurrentrunningthroughitwill.

OptionA.
haveamagneticfieldarounditwiththemagnitudeanddirectionofthefielddeterminedbythecorkscrewrule.
OptionB.
dissipatepowerintheformofheat.
OptionC.
willmoveinadirectionshownbytherighthandrule.

CorrectAnsweris. dissipatepowerintheformofheat.
Explanation. NIL.

07a.Resistance/Resistor.

QuestionNumber.
1.
Theresistanceofamaterialis.

OptionA.
independentofthematerialtype.

OptionB.
thesameasitsconductance.
OptionC.
thereciprocalofitsconductance.

CorrectAnsweris. thereciprocalofitsconductance.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
2.
Resistanceismeasuredusingwhatunitoftemperature?.

OptionA.
Absolute.

OptionB.
Centigrade.
OptionC.
Fahrenheit.
CorrectAnsweris. Absolute.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
3.
Aresistorhas4bandsonitcolouredblue,yellow,yellow,gold.Itsvalueis.

OptionA.
640k5%.
OptionB.
6.4m10%.

OptionC.
64k5%.
CorrectAnsweris. 640k5%.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
4.
Theelectronflowthroughaconductorwillbedecreasedthemostifthecrosssectionalarea.
OptionA.
isdecreasedandthelengthisincreased.

OptionB.
andthelengtharebothdecreased.
OptionC.
andthelengtharebothincreased.

CorrectAnsweris. isdecreasedandthelengthisincreased.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
5.
Smallresistorstoosmallormisshapenfortheapplicationofcolouraremarkedinsteadusing.
OptionA.
anabbreviatedresistancevalue.

OptionB.
alettercode.
OptionC.
adotcode.

CorrectAnsweris. alettercode.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
6.
Totalresistanceinaparallelresistorcircuit,ofR1andR2is.

OptionA.
RT=1/R1+1/R2.
OptionB.
1/RT=(R1*R2)(R1+R2).

OptionC.
1/RT=1/R1+1/R2.
CorrectAnsweris. 1/RT=1/R1+1/R2.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
7.
Iftheresistanceofaresistorwhichisinserieswithtwootherresistorsisdoubled.

OptionA.
thecurrentinthatresistanceisdoubled.

OptionB.
thevoltsdropacrossthatresistorincreases.
OptionC.
thecurrentinthatresistanceishalved.

CorrectAnsweris. thevoltsdropacrossthatresistorincreases.
Explanation. Thecurrentwillreduce,butnothalved,sinceitdependsonhowbigtheothertworesistorsareinrelationtoit.Itwill
howevertakeagreatershareofthevoltagedropinthecircuit.

QuestionNumber.
8.
Thetotalresistanceofthecircuitshownis.

OptionA.
3Ohms.

OptionB.
1.33Ohms.
OptionC.
12Ohms.

CorrectAnsweris. 3Ohms.

Explanation. Series3+3=6ohms.Then,two6ohmresistorsinparallel,totalishalf=3ohms.

QuestionNumber.
9.
Potentiometersareusedasa.

OptionA.
variablevoltagesource.

OptionB.
variableresistor.

OptionC.
variablecurrentsource.

CorrectAnsweris. variableresistor.

Explanation. Potentiometersarenota'source'ofvoltage.

QuestionNumber.
10.
InaWheatstoneBridge,theammeterreadszero,andthevariableresistorisadjustedto5ohms.Resistor
Phasavalueof10ohmsandQhasavalueof100ohms.Whatisthevalueoftheunknownresistor?.

OptionA.
5ohms.

OptionB.
0.5ohms.

OptionC.
50ohms.

CorrectAnsweris. 0.5ohms.

Explanation. R=Rv*P/Q.

QuestionNumber.
11.
Ingeneral,increasingthecrosssectionalareaofanelectricalcable.

OptionA.
increasesitsresistance.

OptionB.
enablesittocarrymorevoltage.

OptionC.
enablesittocarrymorecurrent.

CorrectAnsweris. enablesittocarrymorecurrent.

Explanation. Gettheformulaforresistanceofacable.Ifyouincreasethecrosssectionalarea,itsresistancewilldecreaseanditcan
carrymorecurrent.'Carryingvoltage'isnottechnicallycorrectterminology,andbesides,Anysizecablecan'carry'anysizevoltage,
butitisthecurrentwhichwilldestroyit.

QuestionNumber.
12.
Sixresistorseachof6ohmswouldbe.

OptionA.
1ohminseries.

OptionB.
1ohminparallel.

OptionC.
36ohmsinparallel.
CorrectAnsweris. 1ohminparallel.

Explanation. Gettheformulasforresistorsinparallelandresistorsinseries.Or,rememberthatresistorsinseries,totalisgreater
thanthelargest,andresistorsinparallel,totalislessthanthesmallest.

QuestionNumber.
13.
Apotentiometervaries.

OptionA.
resistance.

OptionB.
current.

OptionC.
voltage.

CorrectAnsweris. voltage.

Explanation. Apotentiometerisbasicallyavariablevoltagesplitter.

QuestionNumber.
14.
Theformulaforresistanceinseriesis.

OptionA.
RT=R1+R2+R3.....Rn.
OptionB.
RT=R1*R2*R3.....Rn.
OptionC.
1/RT=1/(R1*R2*R3.....Rn).

CorrectAnsweris. RT=R1+R2+R3.....Rn.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
15.
Whatisthecombinedvalueofresistancesof4ohmand6ohmconnectedinparallel?.

OptionA.
0.24ohm.

OptionB.
2.4ohm.

OptionC.
24ohm.

CorrectAnsweris. 2.4ohm.

Explanation. Resistorsinparallel,thetotalresistancewillbelessthanthesmallest(butonlyslightlyless).

QuestionNumber.
16.
Ifanumberofresistorsareconnectedinparallel,thetotalresistanceis.

OptionA.
smallerthanthelowest.

OptionB.
thesameasthelowest.

OptionC.
greaterthanthelowest.

CorrectAnsweris. smallerthanthelowest.

Explanation. Resistorsinparallel.Totalresistanceissmallerthanthelowestsingleresistor.

QuestionNumber.
17.
Theresistancetoelectricalflowinawiredependson.

OptionA.
thediameter,length,materialofwireandtemperature.

OptionB.
thematerialonlycopperoraluminium.

OptionC.
thelengthandmaterialofthewireonly.

CorrectAnsweris. thediameter,length,materialofwireandtemperature.

Explanation. Gettheformulaforresistanceofaconductor,anddon'tforgetthatmostmaterialshaveapositivetemperature
coefficient.

QuestionNumber.
18.
Whenresistorsareinparallelthetotalcurrentisequalto.

OptionA.
thecurrentthroughoneresistor.

OptionB.
thesumofthecurrents.

OptionC.
thereciprocalofallthecurrents.

CorrectAnsweris. thesumofthecurrents.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
19.
Whichofthesewillcausetheresistanceofaconductortodecrease?.

OptionA.
Decreasethelengthorthecrosssectionalarea.

OptionB.
Increasethelengthordecreasethecrosssectionalarea.

OptionC.
Decreasethelengthorincreasethecrosssectionalarea.

CorrectAnsweris. Decreasethelengthorincreasethecrosssectionalarea.

Explanation. Gettheformulaforresistanceofaconductor.

QuestionNumber.
20.
If2resistors,onered,yellow,black,goldandtheotherviolet,blue,black,silverwerereplacedbya
singleresistor.Ignoringtolerance,whatwouldthecolourcodingbe?.

OptionA.
Brown,black,brown.
OptionB.
Black,brown,black.
OptionC.
Brown,black,black.
CorrectAnsweris. Brown,black,brown.
Explanation. Thered/yellow/blackresistoris24ohms(getacolourcodechart).Theviolet/blue/blackresistoris76ohms.Totalis
100ohms.A100ohmresistorisbrown/black/brown.

QuestionNumber.
21.
A47kilohmresistorhasthefollowingcolourcode:.

OptionA.
Yellow,Violet,Orange.

OptionB.
Red,Orange,Yellow.
OptionC.
Orange,Violet,Red.
CorrectAnsweris. Yellow,Violet,Orange.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
22.
ThebridgecircuitshownwillbebalancedwhenthevalueoftheunknownresistorRis.


OptionA.
2ohms.

OptionB.
18ohms.

OptionC.
14ohms.

CorrectAnsweris. 2ohms.

Explanation. 72/24=6/R,R=2ohms.

QuestionNumber.
23.
A300ohmresistorwouldhaveacolourcodeof.
OptionA.
orange,brown,black.
OptionB.
orange,orange,brown.

OptionC.
orange,blackbrown.
CorrectAnsweris. orange,blackbrown.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
24.
Inthiscircuit,Rxisequalto.


OptionA.
R2*R4R3.
OptionB.
R3*R4R2.
OptionC.
R3*R2R4.
CorrectAnsweris. R3*R2R4.
Explanation. Assumingthediagramisincomplete(nocrossbranchwithazeroedammeterasperaWheatstonebridge)TakeRx/R3
=R2/R4andtranspose.

QuestionNumber.
25.
Inaparallelcircuitcontainingresistors.

OptionA.
thesumofthevoltagedropsequalsappliedvoltage.
OptionB.
thevoltageisthesameinallpartsofthecircuit.

OptionC.
resistanceisdeterminedbyvalueofcurrentflow.
CorrectAnsweris. thevoltageisthesameinallpartsofthecircuit.

Explanation. Inaparallelcircuit,thevoltageacrosseachresistoristhesame.

QuestionNumber.
26.
Fivedifferentvalueresistorsallhavethesamevoltagedroppedacrossthem.Howaretheresistors
connected?.

OptionA.
InSeries/Parallel.

OptionB.
InSeries.

OptionC.
InParallel.

CorrectAnsweris. InParallel.

Explanation. Resistorsinparallelwitheachotherallhavethesamevoltagedrop.

QuestionNumber.
27.
Conductanceofacircuitis2milliMhos.Whatisitsresistance?.

OptionA.
5000Ohms.
OptionB.
500Ohms.

OptionC.
5Megohms.
CorrectAnsweris. 500Ohms.

Explanation. Conductanceistheeaseatwhichcurrentflows.Itistheinverseofresistance.(Theunit'Mho'is'Ohm'backwards).
Conductance=2/1000Mhos.ThereforeResistance=1000/2Ohms.

QuestionNumber.
28.
Whenlighthitsaphotodiode,itsresistance.

OptionA.
staysthesame.

OptionB.
increases.

OptionC.
decreases.

CorrectAnsweris. decreases.

Explanation. Resistancedecreaseswithlightintensity.


QuestionNumber.
29.
A2Megohmresistorcanbewritten.

OptionA.
2M0F.
OptionB.
20MF.
OptionC.
M20F.
CorrectAnsweris. 2M0F.
Explanation. Sometimesthemultiplier,likeM(formeg),orK(forkilo)orR(for1)isputinplaceofthedecimalpoint.Thelast
letteristhetolerance.SeeForumformoreinfo.

QuestionNumber.
30.
InaWheatstonebridgeatbalancethegalvanometerreadszero.

OptionA.
amps.
OptionB.
ohms.
OptionC.
volts.
CorrectAnsweris. amps.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
31.
Theunitforresistivityisthe.

OptionA.
ohms/squaremeter.
OptionB.
ohms/meter.
OptionC.
ohm.meter.
CorrectAnsweris. ohm.meter.
Explanation. NIL. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrical_resistance

QuestionNumber.
32.
A47Kilohmresistorwitha10%tolerancehasthefollowingcolourcode:.

OptionA.
Yellow,Violet,Orange,Silver.

OptionB.
Orange,Violet,Red,Gold.
OptionC.
Red,Orange,Yellow,Silver.

CorrectAnsweris. Yellow,Violet,Orange,Silver.

Explanation. AircraftElectricityandElectronicsEisminPage100.

QuestionNumber.
33.
Thetotalresistanceinacircuitisgreaterthantheleastresistor.Thisistruefora.
OptionA.
seriesandparallelcircuit.

OptionB.
seriescircuitonly.

OptionC.
parallelcircuitonly.
CorrectAnsweris. seriescircuitonly.

Explanation. NIL.

07b.Resistance/Resistor.

QuestionNumber.
1.
TheunknownresistanceRintheWheatstonebridgeshownis.

OptionA.
4ohms.

OptionB.
16ohms.

OptionC.
1ohm.
CorrectAnsweris. 4ohms.

Explanation. R=2*8/4.ReaduponWheatstonebridges.

QuestionNumber.
2.
Thisisasymbolfor.

OptionA.
avisualdisplayrectifier.

OptionB.
avariabledifferentialresistor.

OptionC.
avoltagedependantresistor.
CorrectAnsweris. avoltagedependantresistor.
Explanation. VDR=VoltageDependantResistor.

QuestionNumber.
3.
Apotentiometerhaswhichofthefollowingproperties?.

OptionA.
Wirewound.
OptionB.
3terminals.
OptionC.
Presetvalues.
CorrectAnsweris. 3terminals.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
4.
Anincreaseinoperatingtemperatureinmostelectricaldevicescarryingcurrentresultsin.
OptionA.
adecreaseinresistanceandanincreaseincurrent.
OptionB.
noeffectontheresistanceandcurrent.

OptionC.
anincreaseinresistanceandadecreaseincurrent.
CorrectAnsweris. anincreaseinresistanceandadecreaseincurrent.
Explanation. Mostconductorshavea'positivetemperaturecoefficient'.Theexceptionsaresemiconductors.

QuestionNumber.
5.
Copperisaninferiorconductortoaluminiumwhencomparing.

OptionA.
CSAwithCSA.

OptionB.
weightforweight.

OptionC.
loadforload.
CorrectAnsweris. weightforweight.

Explanation. Copperisabetterinductorbutaluminiumismuchlighter.CSA=crosssectionalarea(notChildSupportAgency).

QuestionNumber.
6.
Whathappenstotheresistanceofacopperconductorwhenthetemperatureincreases?.

OptionA.
Itdecreases.
OptionB.
Itincreases.
OptionC.
Itremainsthesame.
CorrectAnsweris. Itincreases.
Explanation. Allmaterialsexceptssemiconductorshaveapositivetemperaturecoefficient.

QuestionNumber.
7.
Carbonhasa.

OptionA.
temperaturecoefficientofzero.

OptionB.
positivetemperaturecoefficient.

OptionC.
negativetemperaturecoefficient.

CorrectAnsweris. negativetemperaturecoefficient.

Explanation. Carbonisasemiconductor,soitsresistancereduceswithtemperature.

QuestionNumber.
8.
The5thcolouredbandonaresistorrepresentsthe.

OptionA.
reliabilityortemperaturecoefficient.
OptionB.
tolerance.

OptionC.
multiplier.

CorrectAnsweris. tolerance.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
9.
Ifthetemperatureofapuremetalisreducedtoabsolutezero,itsresistancewillbe.
OptionA.
unaffected.

OptionB.
practicallyzero.

OptionC.
infinity.

CorrectAnsweris. practicallyzero.

Explanation. NIL.


QuestionNumber.

10.

Whatisrepresentedbythisdiagram?.

OptionA.
Thermistor.
OptionB.
Rheostat.

OptionC.
Potentiometer.
CorrectAnsweris. Potentiometer.
Explanation. Apotentiometerhas3connections,arheostathasonly2.

QuestionNumber.
11.
Ifaresistoristoosmallormisshapentofitthecolourcodebands,howelseisit'svalueindicated?.

OptionA.
Dots.
OptionB.
Numbercode.
OptionC.
Lettercode.
CorrectAnsweris. Lettercode.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
12.
Thisisadiagramofa.


OptionA.
LightDependantResistor.
OptionB.
LaserDiodeRectifier.
OptionC.
LogarithmicDifferentialResistor.
CorrectAnsweris. LightDependantResistor.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
13.
Thisisadiagramofa.

OptionA.
VariableVoltagesource.

OptionB.
VariableCurrentsource.

OptionC.
VariableResistor.

CorrectAnsweris. VariableResistor.

Explanation. Apotentiometerisnotavoltageorcurrent'source'.

QuestionNumber.
14.
Resistorsrequiredtocarryacomparativelyhighcurrentanddissipatehighpowerareusuallyof.
OptionA.
Wirewoundmetaltype.

OptionB.
Carboncompoundtype.

OptionC.
Wirewoundceramictype.
CorrectAnsweris. Wirewoundceramictype.
Explanation. AircraftElectricityandElectronicsbyEismin,Chapter6,pg101.


QuestionNumber.
15.
Athyristor.

OptionA.
ifenergizedon,willswitchonacircuit.

OptionB.
hasapositivetemperaturecoefficient.

OptionC.
ifenergizedon,willswitchoffacircuit.

CorrectAnsweris. ifenergizedon,willswitchonacircuit.

Explanation. AnSCRisanexampleofathyristor.

QuestionNumber.
16.
Thetemperatureofapuremetalcangreatlyaffecttheresistanceofit.Whattemperaturescaleisused?.

OptionA.
Absolute.

OptionB.
Centigrade.
OptionC.
Fahrenheit.
CorrectAnsweris. Centigrade.
Explanation. NIL.

08.Power.

QuestionNumber.
1.
A10Vbatterysuppliesaresistiveloadof10ohmsfor1minute.Whatisthepowersupplied?.

OptionA.
100W.
OptionB.
10VA.
OptionC.
10W.
CorrectAnsweris. 10W.
Explanation. Power=I2R(timeisnotrequired).Resistiveloadonly,soanswerisinWatts.

QuestionNumber.
2.
Aresistordissipates80Watts.Ifitrunsfor4hours15minutes,howmuchenergyisdissipatedintotal?.

OptionA.
20.4kJ.

OptionB.
1.224MJ.

OptionC.
191.25J.

CorrectAnsweris. 1.224MJ.

Explanation. Energy=Power*Time.Timemustbeinseconds.Thereare3600secondsin1hournot60.

QuestionNumber.
3.
Theearthleadofa24Vequipmentis0.5ohmresistanceandcarries80A.Howmuchpowerdoesit
dissipate?.

OptionA.
1.92kW.

OptionB.
1.152kW.

OptionC.
3.2kW.

CorrectAnsweris. 3.2kW.

Explanation. Power=I2R.Sinceitisanearthleaditwillnothavethefull24Vonit,sodisregardvoltage.

QuestionNumber.
4.
Whatisthepowerdissipatedina500ohmresistorwitha3Aflow?.

OptionA.
4.5kW.

OptionB.
1.5kW.

OptionC.
750kW.

CorrectAnsweris. 4.5kW.

Explanation. Power=I2R.

QuestionNumber.
5.
ADCcircuitcontainingatotalresistanceof100ohmshasacurrentflowof250mA.Thepower
dissipatedinthecircuitis.

OptionA.
0.4watts.

OptionB.
5watts.

OptionC.
6.25watts.

CorrectAnsweris. 6.25watts.

Explanation. Power=I2R.

QuestionNumber.
6.
Poweristherateofdoingwork.Itismeasuredin.

OptionA.
joules/second.
OptionB.
joules*seconds.

OptionC.
watts/second.
CorrectAnsweris. joules/second.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
7.
Thepowerinacircuitwhenvoltageandresistanceisgivencanbefoundby.
OptionA.
V*R.
OptionB.
V*V*R.

OptionC.
V*V/R.

CorrectAnsweris. V*V/R.

2
Explanation. Power=V
/R.

QuestionNumber.
8.
A500ohmresistorcarriesa3ampcurrent.Whatisthepowerdissipated?.
OptionA.
500W.
OptionB.
5kW.
OptionC.
4.5kW.

CorrectAnsweris. 4.5kW.

2
Explanation. Power=I
R.

QuestionNumber.
9.
A3ohmresistordissipates27Watts.Howmuchcurrentflowsthroughit?.
OptionA.
9A.
OptionB.
0.15A.

OptionC.
3A.
CorrectAnsweris. 3A.
2
Explanation. power=I
R.TransposeforI.".

QuestionNumber.
10.
A48voltsourceisrequiredtofurnish192wattstoaparallelcircuitconsistingofthreeresistorsofequal
value.Whatisthevalueofeachresistor?.

OptionA.
4ohm.
OptionB.
36ohm.

OptionC.
12ohm.

CorrectAnsweris. 36ohm.

Explanation. Eachresistordissipates192/3=64Watts.Voltageisthesameacrossallresistorsinparallel=48Volts.Power=
Vsquared/R.WorkoutR.

QuestionNumber.
11.
Apieceofequipmentisratedat750wattsandtheappliedvoltageis30volts.Thevalueofthe
protectionfuseshouldbe.

OptionA.
20amps.

OptionB.
15amps.

OptionC.
30amps.

CorrectAnsweris. 30amps.

Explanation. Power=amps*volts.Findtheamperagefromthat.Thenchoosethefuseofthenearestsizeup.

QuestionNumber.
12.
Howmuchpowermusta24voltgeneratorfurnishtoasystemwhichcontainsthefollowingseries
loads?5ohm,3ohmand12ohm.

OptionA.
402watts.

OptionB.
28.8watts.

OptionC.
450watts.

CorrectAnsweris. 28.8watts.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
13.
Adirectcurrentof12milliamperesflowsthroughacircuitwhichhasaresistanceof1000ohms.The
powerdissipatedbythecircuitis.

OptionA.
144milliwatts.

OptionB.
12watts.

OptionC.
12milliwatts.
CorrectAnsweris. 144milliwatts.

2
Explanation. Power=I
R.Watchtheprefix'milli'.'Milli'meansdivideby1000.Squareitandyoumustdivideby1,000,000.

QuestionNumber.
14.
Inapowercircuit,thepurposeofaninductoris.

OptionA.
todampenvoltagesurges.

OptionB.
todampencurrentsurges.

OptionC.
todampenpowersurges.

CorrectAnsweris. todampenpowersurges.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
15.
Inthecircuitshown,thepowerdevelopedacrossthe10kiloohmresistoris.

OptionA.
250mW.

OptionB.
250W.
OptionC.
50mW.

CorrectAnsweris. 250mW.

2
Explanation. Power=I
R=0.005*0.005*10,000=0.000,025*10,000=0.25W=250mW.

QuestionNumber.
16.
Asinglephasecircuithasaninputvoltageof100V.Thecurrentis10Aandthecircuithasapower
factorof0.5.Thetruepoweris.

OptionA.
50W.
OptionB.
1000W.

OptionC.
500W.
CorrectAnsweris. 500W.
Explanation. ApparentPower=IV=100*10=1000VA.TruePower=PF*ApparentPower=0.5*1000=500W.

QuestionNumber.
17.
PowerinaDCcircuitisfoundby.

OptionA.
multiplyingthevoltagebyitselfanddividingbythecurrent.

OptionB.
multiplyingcurrentbyresistance.

OptionC.
multiplyingtheresistancebythecurrentsquared.
CorrectAnsweris. multiplyingtheresistancebythecurrentsquared.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
18.
Iftheenergysuppliedtoacircuitfor4hrs15minutesat800j/secwhatwouldbetheenergyconsumed?.

OptionA.
3400KWHrs.
OptionB.
3.4KWHrs.
OptionC.
340KWHrs.
CorrectAnsweris. 3.4KWHrs.
Explanation. 4hours15minutes=41/4hours.Energy=power*time=800*41/4=3400=3.4kWhrs.


QuestionNumber.
19.
Aheaterwhichconsumes800Kilojoules/secisonfor4hrs15min.Theenergyconsumedis.
OptionA.
340kWh.

OptionB.
3.4kWh.

OptionC.
3400kWh.

CorrectAnsweris. 3400kWh.

Explanation. kJ/s=kW.800*4.25=3400kWh.

QuestionNumber.
20.
Avoltageof250Vcausesacurrentof30mA.Whatisthewattage?.

OptionA.
7.5W.
OptionB.
7500W.

OptionC.
0.225W.

CorrectAnsweris. 7.5W.
Explanation. Power=IV=30/1000*250=7.5W.

QuestionNumber.
21.
Whichrequiresthemostelectricalpowerduringoperation?.

OptionA.
A12voltmotorrequiring8amperes.
OptionB.
Four30wattlampsina12voltparallelcircuit.

OptionC.
Twolightsrequiring3ampereseachina24voltparallelsystem.
CorrectAnsweris. Twolightsrequiring3ampereseachina24voltparallelsystem.
Explanation. ais12*8=96W,bis30*4=120W,cis3*24*2=144W.

QuestionNumber.
22.
Thepowerdissipatedinacircuitwithaknownpotentialdifferenceandresistanceiscalculatedby.

OptionA.
multiplyingthesquareofthepotentialdifferencebytheresistance.
OptionB.
dividingthesquareofthepotentialdifferencebytheresistance.

OptionC.
findingthecurrentandmultiplyingtheanswerbytheresistance.

CorrectAnsweris. findingthecurrentandmultiplyingtheanswerbytheresistance.ORdividingthesquareofthepotential
differencebytheresistance.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
23.
Thepowerexpendedinagivencircuitis.

OptionA.
inverselyproportionaltocuberootofthecurrent.
OptionB.
proportionaltothesquarerootofthevoltage.

OptionC.
proportionaltothesquareofthevoltage.

CorrectAnsweris. proportionaltothesquareofthevoltage.

Explanation. NIL.

09.Capacitance/capacitor.

QuestionNumber.
1.
Acapacitorisfullychargedafter25secondstoabatteryvoltageof20Volts.Thebatteryisreplaced
withashortcircuit.Whatwillbethevoltageacrossthecapacitorafteronetimeconstant?.

OptionA.
0volts.
OptionB.
7.36volts.

OptionC.
12.64volts.
CorrectAnsweris. 7.36volts.

Explanation. Thecapacitorisdischargingsoitdischarges63.2%inonetimeconstantsowhatisleft?.

QuestionNumber.
2.
Thevoltageratingofacapacitoris.

OptionA.
themaxvoltagethatcanbeconstantlyapplied.

OptionB.
theminvoltagerequiredtocharge.
OptionC.
thenormaloperatingvoltage.
CorrectAnsweris. themaxvoltagethatcanbeconstantlyapplied.

Explanation. Exceedthevoltageatwhichthecapacitorisrated,andyoudestroythecapacitor.

QuestionNumber.
3.
Therelativepermittivityofacapacitoris.

OptionA.
thepermittivityofthedielectric.

OptionB.
therelativepermittivityofthedielectricinrelationtoavacuum.
OptionC.
thepermittivityofdielectricinrelationtodryair.
CorrectAnsweris. therelativepermittivityofthedielectricinrelationtoavacuum.
Explanation. 'Relative'meansrelativeto'freespace'(a'vacuum'inotherwords).

QuestionNumber.
4.
Whencheckingacapacitorwithanohmmeter,ifthereadingshowschargingbutthefinalreadingisless
thannormalthenthepossiblefaultisa.

OptionA.
leakingdielectriccapacitor.
OptionB.
shortcircuitdielectric.

OptionC.
opencircuitdielectric.
CorrectAnsweris. leakingdielectriccapacitor.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
5.
Threecapacitors10microfarads,10nanofaradsand10millifaradsareconnectedinparallel.Whatisthe
totalcapacitance?.

OptionA.
10.01001millifarads.
OptionB.
111millifarads.

OptionC.
1.001001millifarads.
CorrectAnsweris. 10.01001millifarads.
Explanation. Thebiggestcapacitorofthethreeisthe10milliFarad.TheothertwoarefractionsofonemilliFarad.Sotheanswer
mustbe10.****milliFarad(nosumsrequired).

QuestionNumber.
6.
Ifa1milliFaradcapacitorhasapotentialdifferenceacrossitof5V,whatistheenergystored?.

OptionA.
12.5Joules.
OptionB.
12.5milliJoules.

OptionC.
25mJoules.
CorrectAnsweris. 12.5mJoules.
Explanation. Energystoredinacapacitor=1/2CVsquared(onlytheVissquared).

QuestionNumber.
7.
Acapacitorwithdoubletheareaanddoublethedielectricthicknesswillhave.

OptionA.
doublethecapacitance.

OptionB.
thesamecapacitance.
OptionC.
halfthecapacitance.
CorrectAnsweris. thesamecapacitance.
Explanation. Gettheformulaforcapacitanceofacapacitor.

QuestionNumber.
8.
Anelectrolyticcapacitorisusedwhere.

OptionA.
minimumlossesareessential.
OptionB.
thereisapolarizedinput.

OptionC.
highfrequencyACisused.
CorrectAnsweris. thereisapolarizedinput.

Explanation. Wiringanelectrolyticcapacitorwrongpolaritywilldestroyit.ACwillthereforedestroyit.CurrentmustbeDC(i.e.
polarised)andtherightway.

QuestionNumber.
9.
Whatmustyoudotomakea3Fcapacitorcircuitintoa2Fcircuit?.

OptionA.
Puta2Fcapacitorinparallel.

OptionB.
Puta6Fcapacitorinseries.
OptionC.
Puta1Fcapacitorinseries.
CorrectAnsweris. Puta6Fcapacitorinseries.
Explanation. Toreducethecapacitanceofacircuityoumustplaceacapacitorinseries(formulaissameasresistorsinparallel).You

dothemathstoseewhichoneitis.

QuestionNumber.
10.
Thetimerequiredtofullychargea1(micro)Fcapacitorinserieswitha100kohmresistoris.

OptionA.
100seconds.
OptionB.
100milliseconds.

OptionC.
500milliseconds.

CorrectAnsweris. 500milliseconds.

Explanation. Timeconstant(=RC)is100ms.Timeconstantistimetoreach63.2%offullcharge.Timetofullycharge=5*TC=
500ms.

QuestionNumber.
11.
A50(micro)Faradcapacitorisfedwithacurrentof25milliAmpere.Howlongwillittaketochargeit
to100Volts?.

OptionA.
1second.

OptionB.
0.2seconds.
OptionC.
12minutes.
CorrectAnsweris. 1second.

Explanation. Workouttheresistanceinthecircuitfirst(R=V/I)(4000ohms).Thenworkoutthetimeconstant(TC=RC).Timeto
charge=5RC.

QuestionNumber.
12.
InacircuitC=25microfaradsandthecurrentflowis40microampsfor4seconds.Whatisthe
voltage?.

OptionA.
6.4Volts.

OptionB.
3.2Volts.

OptionC.
12.8Volts.

CorrectAnsweris. 6.4Volts.

Explanation. SinceQ=VCandQ=It,thenVC=Itright?SoV=It/C.Watchthoseunitprefixes.


QuestionNumber.
13.
Three12(micro)Fcapacitorsareinseries.Thetotalcapacitanceis.

OptionA.
12(micro)F.
OptionB.
4(micro)F.
OptionC.
36(micro)F.
CorrectAnsweris. 4(micro)F.
Explanation. Capacitorsinseriestotalcapacitancereduces.equalcapacitorsandtotalwillbe1/3rdofone.

QuestionNumber.
14.
Thetimeconstantofacapacitoristhetime.

OptionA.
thecurrenttoreach63.2%ofmaximum.

OptionB.
fortheemftoreach63.2%ofmaximum.

OptionC.
toreachmaximumcurrent.
CorrectAnsweris. fortheemftoreach63.2%ofmaximum.

Explanation.

QuestionNumber.
15.
Theamountofelectricityacapacitorcanstoreisdirectlyproportionaltothe.

OptionA.
plateareaandinverselyproportionaltothedistancebetweentheplates.
OptionB.
distancebetweentheplatesandinverselyproportionaltotheplatearea.
OptionC.
plateareaandisnotaffectedbythedistancebetweentheplates.
CorrectAnsweris. plateareaandisnotaffectedbythedistancebetweentheplates.ORplateareaandinverselyproportionaltothe
distancebetweentheplates.
Explanation. Gettheformulaforthecapacitanceofacapacitor.

QuestionNumber.
16.
Thecapacitanceofacapacitorisdependantupon.

OptionA.
therateofchangeofcurrentinthecircuit.
OptionB.
thetypeofmaterialseparatingtheplates.

OptionC.
thechargeonit.

CorrectAnsweris. thetypeofmaterialseparatingtheplates.

Explanation. Thecapacitanceofacapacitorisonlydependantuponitsphysicalproperties(sizeandmaterial)andnotwhatyou
applytoit.

QuestionNumber.
17.
Whendifferentratedcapacitorsareconnectedinparallelinacircuit,thetotalcapacitanceis.
OptionA.
lessthanthecapacitanceofthelowestratedcapacitor.

OptionB.
equaltothecapacitanceofthehighestratedcapacitor.

OptionC.
equaltothesumofallthecapacitances.

CorrectAnsweris. equaltothesumofallthecapacitances.

Explanation. Gettheformulaforcapacitorsinparallel(itislikeresistorsinseries).

QuestionNumber.
18.
OnePicofaradis.

12
OptionA.
1*10farad.
6
OptionB.
1*10
farad.
12
OptionC.
1*10 farad.
12
CorrectAnsweris. 1*10
farad.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
19.
TheswitchonaDCcircuitcontainingafullychargedcapacitorisopened.Thevoltageacrossthe
capacitor.

OptionA.
dropsimmediatelytozero.
OptionB.
startstofallexponentiallytozero.
OptionC.
remainsequaltotheoriginalchargingvoltagesupply.

CorrectAnsweris. remainsequaltotheoriginalchargingvoltagesupply.

Explanation. Ifthereisnoexternalcircuit,thechargecangonowhere.

QuestionNumber.
20.
ThecurrentinaDCcircuitcontainingafullychargedcapacitoris.

OptionA.
zero.
OptionB.
isdependentuponthesizeofthecapacitanceofthecapacitor.

OptionC.
maximum.

CorrectAnsweris. zero.
Explanation. Ifthecapacitorisfullycharged,itisequalandoppositetothesourcevoltage,sonocurrentflows.

QuestionNumber.
21.
Acapacitorisabarrierto.

OptionA.
both.
OptionB.
A.C.
OptionC.
D.C.
CorrectAnsweris. D.C.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
22.
Whatisthetotalcapacitanceofaparallelcircuitcontainingthreecapacitorswithcapacitanceof
0.25microfarad,0.03microfarad,and0.12microfarad,respectively?.

OptionA.
0.4(micro)F.
OptionB.
0.04(micro)F.

OptionC.
0.04pikoFarad.

CorrectAnsweris. 0.4(micro)F.
Explanation. Capacitorsinparallel,thesameformulaasresistorsinseriesi.e.justaddthemallup.

QuestionNumber.
23.
Whentwocapacitorsareconnectedinseries.

OptionA.
thechargestoredoneachisinverselyproportionaltothevoltageacrossit.
OptionB.
thechargestoredoneachisthesame.

OptionC.
thechargestoredoneachisdirectlyproportionaltoitscapacitance.
CorrectAnsweris. thechargestoredoneachisthesame.

Explanation. Iftheywerenotthesame,therewouldbeacurrentflowbetweenthem,untiltheyequalisedout.

QuestionNumber.
24.
Thechargeonacapacitorisexpressedas.

OptionA.
theratioQ/V.
OptionB.
theproductQ*V.

OptionC.
theproductC*V.

CorrectAnsweris. theproductC*V.

Explanation. RememberQ=VC.

QuestionNumber.
25.
Whenhandlingahighvoltagecapacitorinanelectricalcircuit,besureit.

OptionA.
hasafullchargebeforeremovingitfromthecircuit.
OptionB.
isfullydischargedbeforeremovingitfromthecircuit.

OptionC.
hasatleastaresidualchargebeforeremovingitfromthecircuit.
CorrectAnsweris. isfullydischargedbeforeremovingitfromthecircuit.

Explanation. Chargedcapacitorscanbelethal,evenwhenchargedtosay,1volt.

QuestionNumber.
26.
Thedielectricconstantofacapacitorisameasurementof.

OptionA.
theelectricalresistanceofthecapacitordielectric.
OptionB.
theelectrostaticenergystoringcapacityofthecapacitordielectric.
OptionC.
theelectricalrepulsionofelectronswithinthedielectricmaterial.
CorrectAnsweris. theelectrostaticenergystoringcapacityofthecapacitordielectric.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
27.
Three12microfaradcapacitorsinparallel.Theoverallcircuitcapacitanceis.
OptionA.
4microfarads.
OptionB.
1microfarads.

OptionC.
36microfarads.

CorrectAnsweris. 36microfarads.

Explanation. Capacitorsinparalleljustaddthemup.

QuestionNumber.
28.
Acircuithas1megohmand8microfarads.Whatisthetimeconstant?.
OptionA.
8seconds.

OptionB.
1second.

OptionC.
40seconds.
CorrectAnsweris. 8seconds.

Explanation. Timeconstant=RC.Themegaandthemicrocancel.

QuestionNumber.
29.
Acapacitorratingis.

OptionA.
thevoltageitwillchargeto.
OptionB.
themaximumcontinuousvoltageitcantake.
OptionC.
thevoltageitwillruptureat.
CorrectAnsweris. themaximumcontinuousvoltageitcantake.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
30.
Themultipliercolourcodingonacapacitorisin.

OptionA.
picofarads.

OptionB.
farads.
OptionC.
microfarads.
CorrectAnsweris. picofarads.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
31.
Thetotalcapacitanceofthecircuitshownis.


OptionA.
36(micro)F.
OptionB.
4(micro)F.
OptionC.
3(micro)F.
CorrectAnsweris. 4(micro)F.
Explanation. Totalcapacitance(ofcapacitorsinseries)=12/3=4microfarads.

QuestionNumber.
32.
WhenacapacitorischargedfromaDCsupply,thevoltage/timecurveis.
OptionA.
logarithmic.
OptionB.
linear.
OptionC.
exponential.
CorrectAnsweris. exponential.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
33.
Anelectrolyticcapacitorisusedbecauseithasa.

OptionA.
smallphysicalsizeforlowleakagecurrent.
OptionB.
largephysicalsizeforalargecapacity.

OptionC.
smallphysicalsizeforalargecapacity.

CorrectAnsweris. smallphysicalsizeforalargecapacity.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
34.
Anelectrolyticcapacitorwouldbeusedincircuitssupplying.

OptionA.
heavyloads.
OptionB.
lightloads.

OptionC.
heavy/lightloads.
CorrectAnsweris. heavy/lightloads.
Explanation. Electrolyticcapacitorsareusedincircuitsofallsizes.

QuestionNumber.
35.
A20Picofaradcapacitorwitha1Megohmresistortakeshowlongtocharge?.

OptionA.
100microseconds.

OptionB.
20milliseconds.

OptionC.
0.1second.
CorrectAnsweris. 100microseconds.

Explanation. Timeconstant(TC)=RC=20/1,000,000,000,000*1,000,000=20/1,000,000=20microseconds.Butfullychargedis
5*TC=100microseconds.

QuestionNumber.
36.
Thedischargecurveofacapacitoris.

OptionA.
Exponential.
OptionB.
Logarithmic.
OptionC.
Linear.
CorrectAnsweris. Exponential.
Explanation. Thecapacitordischargecurveisanexponentialdecay,however,thechargecurveislogarithmic(theinverseof
exponential).

QuestionNumber.
37.
Whatisthevalueofamonolithiccapacitorwith103onit?.

OptionA.
1000pf.

OptionB.
10,000pf.

OptionC.
100,000pf.

CorrectAnsweris. 10,000pf.

Explanation. 103means10followedby3zeros.Capacitorsarealwaysmeasuredinpicofarads.

QuestionNumber.
38.
WhatistheformulaforworkingoutthecapacitanceofacapacitorifK=dielectricconstant,A=areaof
theplates,d=distanceplatesapart?.

OptionA.
c=K*A/d.

OptionB.
c=d/K*A.

OptionC.
c=K*d/A.

CorrectAnsweris. c=K*A/d.

Explanation. C=K*A/d.

QuestionNumber.
39.
Totalcapacitanceof3capacitorseach12milliFaradinaparallelcircuit.

OptionA.
36milliFarad.
OptionB.
12milliFarad.
OptionC.
6mf.
CorrectAnsweris. 36milliFarad.
Explanation. TotalC==C1+C2+C3(capacitorsinparallel).

QuestionNumber.
40.
Acombinationof1megohmand8microfaradwouldgiveatimeconstantof.

OptionA.
40seconds.
OptionB.
400ms.

OptionC.
8seconds.

CorrectAnsweris. 8seconds.

Explanation. 1,000,000*8/1,000,000=8seconds.Note:TimeConstantisaskedfor,not'timetocharge'.

QuestionNumber.
41.
Generally,whatisthevoltageacrossafullychargedcapacitor?.

OptionA.
Lessthancircuitvoltage.

OptionB.
Sameascircuitvoltage.

OptionC.
Morethancircuitvoltage.

CorrectAnsweris. Sameascircuitvoltage.

Explanation. Theanswertothisquestiondependsuponhowaccurateyouwanttogo.Normaltheoryisthatafullychargedcapacitor
hasanequal(andopposite)voltagetothesupply.However,acapacitorisneverfullycharged(somethingintheorderof99.999999%
charged).

QuestionNumber.
42.
Whenwouldyouuseanelectrolyticcapacitor?.

OptionA.
Onabalancedcircuit.
OptionB.
Lowoutputcomparedtosizerequired.

OptionC.
Largeoutputcomparedtosizerequired.

CorrectAnsweris. Largeoutputcomparedtosizerequired.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
43.
AcapacitorhasBrown,BlackandOrangebands.It'svalueis.

OptionA.
10picofarads.
OptionB.
10nanofarads.
OptionC.
100picofarads.

CorrectAnsweris. 10nanofarads.
Explanation. Brown=1,Black=0,Orange=x1000.Totalis10,000picofarads(alwayspicofaradswithcapacitors)=10
nanofarads.

QuestionNumber.
44.
Voltagemeasuredbetweentheplatesofacapacitorwillbegenerally.

OptionA.
candangerouslyhigherthanappliedvoltage.
OptionB.
thesameasappliedvoltage.
OptionC.
lessthanappliedvoltage.

CorrectAnsweris. thesameasappliedvoltage.
Explanation. Technicallythevoltageonachargedcapacitorneverreachestheappliedvoltage.Itgetsto99.99999%(andmore).

QuestionNumber.
45.
Dielectricconstantofacapacitoris.

OptionA.
maxVthatcanbeappliedtoacapacitor.

OptionB.
electrostaticstoringcapabilityofthedielectric.

OptionC.
maxIstoredinthecapacitor.
CorrectAnsweris. electrostaticstoringcapabilityofthedielectric.

Explanation. Thedielectricstoreselectricalenergy.

QuestionNumber.
46.
Onemicrofaradis.

OptionA.
1*1012farads.

OptionB.
1*1012farads.

OptionC.
1*106farads.

CorrectAnsweris. 1*106farads.

Explanation. Jepperson,A+PTechnicianGeneralHandbook,Chapter1,page22.

QuestionNumber.
47.
Acircuitwithacapacitorhas6voltsappliedtoitwithachargeof2400picocoulombs.Whatwouldthe
chargebeiftheappliedvoltagewas1.5volts?.

OptionA.
2400*1012coulombs.

OptionB.
600*109coulombs.
OptionC.
600*1012coulombs.

CorrectAnsweris. 600*1012coulombs.

Explanation. Q=CV,sodirectrelationshipofchargetovoltage.1.5Vis1/4of6V,sochargeis1/4of2400picocoulombs.Notethis

ismoreofaquestiononpicoandnanoandwhetheryouknowthedifference.

QuestionNumber.
48.
Inacapacitor,thedielectricstrengthismeasuredin.

OptionA.
Faradspermeter.

OptionB.
Voltspermetre.

OptionC.
Coulombsperm2.

CorrectAnsweris. Faradspermeter.

Explanation.

QuestionNumber.
49.
Threecapacitorsconnectedinseries,eachhavingavalueof12picofarads,calculatethetotal
capacitance.

OptionA.
36picofarads.
OptionB.
4picofarads.
OptionC.
12picofarads.
CorrectAnsweris. 4picofarads.
Explanation. 12/3=4.

10a.Magnetism.

QuestionNumber.
1.
Magneticinclinationistheleastatthe.

OptionA.
poles.
OptionB.
equator.

OptionC.
isoclines.

CorrectAnsweris. equator.

Explanation. 'Inclination'isthesameas'dip'.Dipisgreatestatthepolesandleastattheequator.

QuestionNumber.
2.
Ferromagneticmaterialscanbemagnetized.

OptionA.
belowacertaintemperature.
OptionB.
aboveacertaintemperature.
OptionC.
withinabandoftemperatures.

CorrectAnsweris. belowacertaintemperature.
Explanation. Readuponthe'CuriePoint'.

QuestionNumber.
3.
Glassisanexampleofa.

OptionA.
coercivematerial.

OptionB.
paramagneticmaterial.

OptionC.
diamagneticmaterial.
CorrectAnsweris. diamagneticmaterial.
Explanation. Glassisdiamagnetic.

QuestionNumber.
4.
Asolenoidof10turnspermetrecarriesacurrentof5A.Ifthecurrentisreducedto2.5A,howmany
turnswouldberequiredtomaintainthesamemagneticfield?.

OptionA.
20.

OptionB.
50.

OptionC.
5.

CorrectAnsweris. 20.

Explanation. Flux=N*I,sohalvethecurrentyoumustdoublethewindings.

QuestionNumber.
5.
Whichofthefollowingmaterialsiseasiesttomagnetize?.

OptionA.
Highgradesteel.

OptionB.
Softiron.

OptionC.
Castiron.

CorrectAnsweris. Softiron.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
6.
Tofindwhichendofanelectromagnetisthenorthpole,usethe.

OptionA.
Fleming'sLeftHandRule.
OptionB.
RightHandClaspRule.

OptionC.
CorkScrewRule.

CorrectAnsweris. RightHandClaspRule.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
7.
Theearth'smagneticfieldisgreatestatthe.

OptionA.
magneticequator.

OptionB.
geographicpoles.

OptionC.
magneticpoles.

CorrectAnsweris. magneticpoles.

Explanation. Fluxdensityisgreatestatthemagneticpoles,whereallthefluxlinesconverge.

QuestionNumber.
8.
Thelinesofmagneticfluxfromamagnetwill.

OptionA.
attracteachother.

OptionB.
repeleachother.

OptionC.
havenoeffectuponeachother.

CorrectAnsweris. repeleachother.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
9.
Ofthefollowingwhichpairofmaterialswouldmostreadilybecomemagnetized?.
OptionA.
Ironandsteel.
OptionB.
Copperandsteel.

OptionC.
Nickelandbronze.
CorrectAnsweris. Ironandsteel.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
10.
Thecorematerialusedforanelectromagnetissoftironbecause.

OptionA.
itsmagnetismisnoteasilydestroyed.
OptionB.
itretainsmostofitsfluxdensitywhendemagnetized.

OptionC.
itdemagnetizeseasily.

CorrectAnsweris. itdemagnetizeseasily.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
11.
IftheNorthpoleofamagnetisbroughtnearertotheNorthpoleofanothermagnet.

OptionA.
attractionbetweenthemwillbeincreased.
OptionB.
repulsionbetweenthemwillbereduced.

OptionC.
repulsionbetweenthemwillbeincreased.
CorrectAnsweris. repulsionbetweenthemwillbeincreased.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
12.
Whereisthemagneticdipleast?.

OptionA.
Poles.
OptionB.
Isoclinals.

OptionC.
Equator.

CorrectAnsweris. Equator.

Explanation. Magneticdipisanothernameforinclination.Itisleastattheequator,andmaximum(90degrees)atthemagneticpoles.

QuestionNumber.
13.
Whenanumberofferritepiecesaregroupedtogether,they.

OptionA.
aresemipermanentmagnetswhenDCispassedthroughthem.

OptionB.
electromagnets.

OptionC.
canbeusedtostorebinarycode.

CorrectAnsweris. canbeusedtostorebinarycode.

Explanation. Magnetictapeusestinyferriteparticlescoatedontoaplastictape.

QuestionNumber.
14.
Ampereturnsiscalculatedbythenumberofturns.
OptionA.
multipliedbycurrent.
OptionB.
dividedbycurrent.
OptionC.
multipliedbymagneticflux.
CorrectAnsweris. multipliedbycurrent.
Explanation. AmpereturnsmeansAMPS*TURNS.

QuestionNumber.
15.
Theunitoffluxisthe.

OptionA.
Ampereturns/metre.
OptionB.
Weber.
OptionC.
Ampereturns.
CorrectAnsweris. Weber.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
16.
Linesofmagneticfluxpassfrom.

OptionA.
SouthtoNorth.

OptionB.
EasttoWest.
OptionC.
NorthtoSouth.

CorrectAnsweris. NorthtoSouth.

Explanation. NIL.


QuestionNumber.
17.
Whyisferriteusedinmemorycircuits?.

OptionA.
Highreluctance.

OptionB.
Lowpermeability.

OptionC.
Highremanence.

CorrectAnsweris. Highremanence.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
18.
Magneticlinesareflowingparallel.Theywill.

OptionA.
havenoeffectoneachother.
OptionB.
attracteachother.

OptionC.
repeleachother.

CorrectAnsweris. repeleachother.

Explanation. AssumingthismeansparallelANDinthesamedirection,theywillrepeleachother.Likethemagneticfieldsaround
twowires,carryingcurrentinoppositedirections.

QuestionNumber.
19.
Thehorizontalcomponentoftheearth'smagneticfieldismoststronglyfeltat.

OptionA.
equator.

OptionB.
45degreeslatitude.
OptionC.
poles.
CorrectAnsweris. equator.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
20.
Twoparallellinesofmagneticfluxinthesamepolarity.

OptionA.
repeleachother.

OptionB.
havenoeffectoneachother.
OptionC.
attracteachother.

CorrectAnsweris. repeleachother.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
21.
Magneticfieldsaroundtwoparallelconductorscarryingcurrentinthesamedirectionswill.
OptionA.
repel.
OptionB.
attract.
OptionC.
willattractorrepeldependingonthetypeofcurrent.

CorrectAnsweris. attract.
Explanation. NIL. http://sol.sci.uop.edu/~jfalward/magneticforcesfields/magneticforcesfields.html

QuestionNumber.
22.
Magneticfieldonasolenoidis.

OptionA.
thesamebothinsideandoutsidethecoil.

OptionB.
weakestoutsidethecoil.

OptionC.
strongestoutsidethecoil.

CorrectAnsweris. weakestoutsidethecoil.

Explanation. NIL.

10b.Magnetism.

QuestionNumber.
1.
Whichofthefollowingisabsolutepermeability?.

OptionA.
(micro)r.

OptionB.
o(micronode).

OptionC.
(micro).

CorrectAnsweris. (micro).
Explanation (micro)=o(micronode)*(micro)r.

QuestionNumber.
2.
Thesymbolforfluxdensityis.

OptionA.
H(capital).

OptionB.
(phy).
OptionC.
B(capital).

CorrectAnsweris. B(capital).

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
3.
Aparamagneticmaterialhasarelativepermeabilityof.

OptionA.
zero.
OptionB.
lessthanunity.

OptionC.
greaterthanunity.

CorrectAnsweris. greaterthanunity.

Explanation. Aparamagneticmaterialhasagreaterpermeabilitythanfreespace(vacuum).soitsrelativepermeabilityisgreaterthan
1.

QuestionNumber.
4.
Throughwhichmaterialwillmagneticlinesofforcepassthemostreadily?.

OptionA.
Copper.

OptionB.
Iron.
OptionC.
Aluminium.
CorrectAnsweris. Iron.
Explanation. Iron(especiallysoftiron)hasthegreatestpermeability.

QuestionNumber.
5.
Permanentmagnetshave.

OptionA.
highreluctance,highcoerciveforce.
OptionB.
lowreluctance,highcoerciveforce.
OptionC.
highreluctance,lowcoerciveforce.
CorrectAnsweris. highreluctance,highcoerciveforce.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
6.
Thetermusedtodenotethestrengthofamagneticfieldis.

OptionA.
retentivity.

OptionB.
hysteresis.

OptionC.
fluxdensity.
CorrectAnsweris. fluxdensity. Explanation Fluxdensityisthenumberoffluxlinesperunitcrosssectionalarea.

QuestionNumber.
7.
AsoftironcoreisusedinanELECTROmagnetbecause.

OptionA.
ithasLOWpermeabilityandHIGHcoercivity.

OptionB.
ithasHIGHpermeabilityandLOWcoercivity.

OptionC.
ithasHIGHpermeabilityandHIGHcoercivity.

CorrectAnsweris. ithasHIGHpermeabilityandLOWcoercivity.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
8.
Anonmagneticmetal.

OptionA.
hashighretentivity.
OptionB.
hasnopermeability.
OptionC.
isapoorconductor.
CorrectAnsweris. hasnopermeability.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
9.
Whatistheeffectofinsertinganironcoreintoacurrentcarryingcoil?.

OptionA.
Thefluxdensityoftheoriginalmagneticfieldremainsconstant.
OptionB.
Thecoretendstomovefromastrongertoaweakerpartofthefield.

OptionC.
Thefluxdensityoftheoriginalmagneticfieldproducedbythecoilisincreased.
CorrectAnsweris. Thefluxdensityoftheoriginalmagneticfieldproducedbythecoilisincreased.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
10.
Fluxdensitywill.

OptionA.
increaselinearlywithcoerciveforce.
OptionB.
decreaselinearlywithmagneticflux.
OptionC.
increaselinearlywithmagneticflux.
CorrectAnsweris. increaselinearlywithmagneticflux.
Explanation Fluxdensity=magneticfluxlinesperunitcrosssectionalarea.

QuestionNumber.
11.
Storageofmagnetsshouldbe.

OptionA.
inanonmagneticpox.

OptionB.
inpairswithkeeperplates.
OptionC.
inpairsendtoend.
CorrectAnsweris. inpairswithkeeperplates.
Explanation. Barmagnetsarestoredinpairs(endtoend)andwithkeeperplates.(Seeforumforexplanation).

QuestionNumber.
12.
Thehysteresisloopforamagneticmaterialisonagraphwith.

OptionA.
currentagainstfluxdensity.
OptionB.
fluxdensityagainstmagnetisingforce.

OptionC.
totalfluxagainstfluxdensity.
CorrectAnsweris. fluxdensityagainstmagnetisingforce.

Explanation. ThehysteresiscurveisMMFagainstB.

QuestionNumber.
13.
Amaterialwithanarrowhysteresisloop.

OptionA.
cannotbemagnetised.
OptionB.
willhavehighretentivity.

OptionC.
willhavelowretentivity.

CorrectAnsweris. willhavelowretentivity.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
14.
Ifabarmagnetiscutinhalf.

OptionA.
themagnetisdestroyed.

OptionB.
twobarmagnetsareformed.
OptionC.
onebarmagnetandonenonmagnetisformed.

CorrectAnsweris. twobarmagnetsareformed.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
15.
Copperisa.

OptionA.
ferromagneticmaterial.

OptionB.
paramagneticmaterials.

OptionC.
diamagneticmaterial.
CorrectAnsweris. diamagneticmaterial.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
16.
TheMMFofacoilfedwith2ampsandhaving10turnsis.
OptionA.
5ampereturns.

OptionB.
20amperes/turn.

OptionC.
20ampereturns.

CorrectAnsweris. 20ampereturns.

Explanation. MMF(symbolH)isamps*turns.UnitisAmpereTurns.

QuestionNumber.
17.
Anexampleofaparamagneticmaterialis.

OptionA.
silver.

OptionB.
iron.
OptionC.
glass.
CorrectAnsweris. iron.
Explanation. Ironisaparamagnetic(ferromagneticactually),theother2arediamagnetics(LBPnotesarewrongaboutglass).

QuestionNumber.
18.
Vibrationinamagnetcauses.

OptionA.
fluxtostaythesame.
OptionB.
fluxtodecrease.

OptionC.
fluxtoincrease.

CorrectAnsweris. fluxtodecrease.

Explanation. Agoodwaytodestroyamagnetistodropitorsubjectittohighfrequencyvibrations.

QuestionNumber.
19.
Permeabilityofamaterialcanbefoundby.

OptionA.
fluxdensity/MMF.
OptionB.
MMF*fluxdensity.
OptionC.
MMF/fluxdensity.
CorrectAnsweris. fluxdensity/MMF.
Explanation. Permeability=B/H(Reluctance=H/B,similartoresistanceR=V/I).

QuestionNumber.
20.
Whenmagnetizingapieceofmaterial,magneticstrengthwillrise.

OptionA.
nonlinearlywithmagneticforce.

OptionB.
linearlywithcoerciveforce.
OptionC.
linearlywithmagneticforce.
CorrectAnsweris. nonlinearlywithmagneticforce.

Explanation. MagneticforceisMMF(orHinHenries).Itisnotlinearbecauseofmagneticsaturation.

QuestionNumber.
21.
Amaterialexposedtoheatwill.

OptionA.
havenoeffectonmagnetism.
OptionB.
beeasiertomagnetise.

OptionC.
behardertomagnetise.

CorrectAnsweris. behardertomagnetise.

Explanation. The'curie'temperatureisthetemperatureabovewhichthematerialcannotbemagnetised.

QuestionNumber.
22.
Ifcobalthasapermeabilityof4800itisa.

OptionA.
ferromagnetic.
OptionB.
paramagnetic.
OptionC.
diamagnetic.
CorrectAnsweris. ferromagnetic.
Explanation Cobaltisahardferromagneticsilverwhiteelement. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cobalt

QuestionNumber.
23.
Cobalthasapermeability.

OptionA.
greaterthanunity.

OptionB.
lessthanunity.

OptionC.
sameasunity.
CorrectAnsweris. greaterthanunity.

Explanation. NIL. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cobalt

QuestionNumber.
24.
Magneticflux.

OptionA.
existinallspacearoundthemagnet.
OptionB.
ismoreconcentratedatthecentreofbarmagnet.
OptionC.
occupiesthespacearoundthemagnetwithequalfluxdensity.

CorrectAnsweris. existinallspacearoundthemagnet.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
25.
TheabilityofacircuittoproduceamagneticfluxundertheinfluenceofaMMF.

OptionA.
permeance.
OptionB.
permeability.
OptionC.
permanence.
CorrectAnsweris. permeability.
Explanation AircraftElectricalSystem.Pallett3rdEditionappendixonepage196.

QuestionNumber.
26.
Magneticfluxsaturationtakesplacewhen.

OptionA.
themagnetisedmediumwillacceptnofurtherlinesofflux.
OptionB.
themagneticfielddropstozero.

OptionC.
themagneticfieldstartstoreducewithincreasedmagnetisingforce.

CorrectAnsweris. themagnetisedmediumwillacceptnofurtherlinesofflux.
Explanation SeeaBHdiagram.

QuestionNumber.
27.
Cablesareshieldedtoprevent'H'magneticinterferenceinwireswiththefollowingmaterial.
OptionA.
Copperbraiding.

OptionB.
Ferromagneticmaterial.

OptionC.
Diamagneticmaterial.
CorrectAnsweris. Copperbraiding.

Explanation AircraftElectricityandElectronics,Eismin5theditionPage78.

QuestionNumber.
28.
Spontaneousmagnetismisassociatedwith.

OptionA.
diamagneticmaterials.

OptionB.
ferromagneticmaterials.

OptionC.
paramagneticmaterials.

CorrectAnsweris. ferromagneticmaterials.

Explanation NIL. http://www.geo.umn.edu/orgs/irm/hg2m/hg2m_b/hg2m_b.html.

11.Inductance/inductor.

QuestionNumber.
1.
Twoinductivecoilsareplacedincloseproximitywitheachotherat90degrees.Thenumberofflux
linkagesis.

OptionA.
0.

OptionB.
maximumnegative.
OptionC.
maximumpositive.
CorrectAnsweris. 0.

Explanation Thecoilsmustbeparallelformaximumfluxlinkages(couplingfactor).Couplingfactorreducesasangulardifference
increasesto.

QuestionNumber.
2.
Whatisthemutualinductanceiftwocoilsof10mHand500mHhave90%ofthefluxtransferredfrom
onetotheother?.

OptionA.
459mH.

OptionB.
4.5mH.

OptionC.
63mH.
CorrectAnsweris. 63mH.
Explanation Totalinductance=0.9*root*10*500=63.

QuestionNumber.
3.
Aninductorhas1,000turnsofwireandacrosssectionalareaof0.001m2.Ifthecorehasapermeability
of0.000,001andthecoilis0.1m.Whatisthevalueoftheinductor?.

OptionA.
100microH.
OptionB.
100mH.

OptionC.
10mH.

CorrectAnsweris. 10mH.
Explanation 0.000001*1000*0.001/0.1=0.01=10mH.

QuestionNumber.
4.
Threeinductors10mH,5mHand20mHareconnectedinparallel.Whatisthetotalinductance?.

OptionA.
Withoutknowingthecouplingfactorthetotalinductancecannotbefound.
OptionB.
2.86mH.

OptionC.
35mH.
CorrectAnsweris. 2.86mH.

Explanation Inparallel,thetotalinductanceislowerthanthelowestsingleinductance.

QuestionNumber.
5.
Ifthecurrentreachesamaximumthroughaninductorof2Ain15seconds,whatisthecurrentafter3
seconds?.

OptionA.
1.26A.
OptionB.
0.63A.
OptionC.
1A.

CorrectAnsweris. 1.26A.
Explanation 1timeconstant=15/5=3s.100%charge=2A,so1timeconstant(63.2%)=1.26A.

QuestionNumber.
6.
Thetimeconstantofaninductoris.

OptionA.
L/R.
2
OptionB.
L
/R.
OptionC.
LR.
CorrectAnsweris. L/R.
Explanation NIL.

QuestionNumber.
7.
Iftherateofchangeofcurrentishalved,mutualinductancewill.

OptionA.
staythesame.
OptionB.
halve.
OptionC.
double.
CorrectAnsweris. staythesame.
Explanation Gettheformulaformutualinductance.Rateofchangeofcurrent(i.e.frequency)isnotinit.

QuestionNumber.
8.
Whyaretheironcoresofmostinductioncoilslaminated?.

OptionA.
Toreducetheeffectsofeddycurrents.

OptionB.
Toreducethecorereluctance.

OptionC.
Toincreasethecorepermeability.
CorrectAnsweris. Toreducetheeffectsofeddycurrents.

Explanation NIL.

QuestionNumber.
9.
Whenmorethantwoinductorsofdifferentinductanceareconnectedinparallelinacircuit,thetotal
inductanceis.

OptionA.
equaltothesumoftheindividualinductance.

OptionB.
equaltotheinductanceofthehighestratedinductor.

OptionC.
lessthantheinductanceofthelowestratedinductor.

CorrectAnsweris. lessthantheinductanceofthelowestratedinductor.

Explanation Addinginductorsinparallelisthesameformulaasresistorsinparallel(i.e.addinganinductoractuallydecreasesthe
inductance).

QuestionNumber.
10.
Thetimeconstantinaninductivecircuitisthetimerequiredforthecurrenttoreach.

OptionA.
70.7%ofmaximumvalue.
OptionB.
63.2%ofmaximumvalue.
OptionC.
63.7%ofmaximumvalue.

CorrectAnsweris. 63.2%ofmaximumvalue.
Explanation NIL.

QuestionNumber.
11.
AnACinductivecircuithasaninductance0f10mHandafrequencyinputof1000Hz.Theopposition
tocurrentflowisapproximately.

OptionA.
63ohms.

OptionB.
63,000ohms.
OptionC.
630ohms.

CorrectAnsweris. 63ohms.

Explanation Inductivereactanceis2pi*f*L=6.28*1000*10/1000=62.8ohms.

QuestionNumber.
12.
RotatingcoilBthrough90will.

OptionA.
increasetheEMFinducedintoB.

OptionB.
increasetheEMFinducedintoA.

OptionC.
decreasetheEMFinducedintoB.
CorrectAnsweris. decreasetheEMFinducedintoB.
Explanation Couplingfactorismaximumwhenthecoilsareparallel.Itiszeroiftheyareat90toeachother.


QuestionNumber.
13.
Aninductorofresistance5kandinductance2mHisconnectedtoaDCcircuit.Thetimeconstantis.

OptionA.
400ns.
OptionB.
10seconds.
OptionC.
40ms.
CorrectAnsweris. 400ns.
Explanation Timeconstant=L/R=2mH/5000=0.000,000,4seconds=400ns.

QuestionNumber.
14.
Whenswitchingoffthesupply,thebackEMFinacollapsingfieldinaninductor.

OptionA.
canbemultipletimesbiggerthanforwardEMF.

OptionB.
neverexceedsforwardEMF.
OptionC.
isequaltoforwardEMF.

CorrectAnsweris. canbemultipletimesbiggerthanforwardEMF.

Explanation Thesizeofthebackemfdependsuponhowfastthemagneticfieldiscollapsing.Thatishowyourcarignitionturns
12Vintoseveralthousandvolts.

QuestionNumber.
15.
Aninducedcurrentinacoil.

OptionA.
opposestheEMFproducingit.

OptionB.
doesnotaffecttheEMFproducingit.

OptionC.
aidstheEMFproducingit.
CorrectAnsweris. opposestheEMFproducingit.

Explanation Theinducedcurrentinacoil(inductor)opposesthecurrentwhichproducesit.

QuestionNumber.
16.
1Voltisproducedwhenacurrentof1Amppersecondisvariedinacoil'.Thisisadefinitionof.

OptionA.
1Amperepermetre.

OptionB.
1Henry.

OptionC.
1Coulombpersecond.

CorrectAnsweris. 1Henry.

Explanation Lens'LawBEMF=LdI/dtAircraftElectricalSystemsPallet's3rdEditionAppendix1page195.

QuestionNumber.
17.
Twoinductorcoilsinverycloseproximityifoneofthecoilsisrotated90degreesslowlyawayfrom
theotherthemutualinductance.

OptionA.
decreases.

OptionB.
remainsthesame.

OptionC.
increases.

CorrectAnsweris. decreases.

Explanation Couplingfactor(mutualinductance)decreasestozeroat90degrees.

QuestionNumber.
18.
Aninductorissaidtobesaturatedwhen.

OptionA.
thecurrentisatamaximum.
OptionB.
thecurrentthroughitiszero.
OptionC.
itwillnolongeracceptlinesofflux.
CorrectAnsweris. itwillnolongeracceptlinesofflux.
Explanation NIL.

12.DCMotor/GeneratorTheory.

QuestionNumber.
1.
InaDCmotor,thestator'smagneticfield,duetoarmaturereaction,moves.

OptionA.
inthesamedirectionofrotationofthearmature.

OptionB.
intheoppositedirectionofrotationofthearmature.
OptionC.
intoalignmentwiththeGNA.
CorrectAnsweris. intheoppositedirectionofrotationofthearmature.


Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
2.
Asmallairgapbetweenmagneticpolesresults.

OptionA.
inaweakerfieldthanalargeairgap,forthesamemagnetisingforce.

OptionB.
inastrongerfieldthanalargeairgap,forthesamemagnetisingforce.

OptionC.
inthesamefieldasalargeairgap,forthesamemagnetisingforce.
CorrectAnsweris. inthesamefieldasalargeairgap,forthesamemagnetisingforce.
Explanation. Magneticfield(numberoffluxlines)isthesameregardlessofdistancebetweenpoles.However,thefielddensity(flux
density)willincreasewithasmallerairgap.

QuestionNumber.
3.
Theelectromagneticbrakecoilinanactuatorwouldbeenergised.

OptionA.
onlyattheinstantofstartingandstopping.
OptionB.
allthetimeinflight.
OptionC.
onlywhentheactuatorisrunning.
CorrectAnsweris. onlywhentheactuatorisrunning.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
4.
Inashuntwounddirectcurrentmotorwithaconstantvoltagefieldsupply,thetorquedevelopedbythe
motoris.

OptionA.
independentofload.
OptionB.
directlyproportionaltoarmaturecurrent.

OptionC.
inverselyproportionaltothearmaturecurrent.

CorrectAnsweris. directlyproportionaltoarmaturecurrent.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
5.
Decreasingthefieldcurrentinashuntmotorwill.

OptionA.
decreasespeedandincreasetorque.
OptionB.
increasespeedandincreasetorque.
OptionC.
increasespeedanddecreasetorque.
CorrectAnsweris. increasespeedandincreasetorque.
Explanation. Decreasingthefieldcurrentinashuntmotorwillreducethebackemfinthearmaturesothearmaturecurrentwill
increasegivingariseintorqueandtheRPMwillincreaseasaconsequence.

QuestionNumber.
6.
Tocalculategeneratoroutputyouneedtoknowthe.

OptionA.
armaturespeedandnumberofseriesconductors.
OptionB.
armaturespeedandfieldstrength.
OptionC.
armaturespeedandnumberofparallelconductors.
CorrectAnsweris. armaturespeedandfieldstrength.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
7.
Inashuntmotor,ifyoureversebothfieldcurrentandthearmaturecurrent,themotorwill.
OptionA.
stop.
OptionB.
changedirection.

OptionC.
continuetoruninthesamedirection.
CorrectAnsweris. continuetoruninthesamedirection.
Explanation. ProveitwithFleming'slefthandrule.

QuestionNumber.
8.
Astartergeneratorhasa.

OptionA.
lowresistanceseriesfieldandalowresistanceshuntfield.
OptionB.
lowresistanceseriesfieldandahighresistanceshuntfield.
OptionC.
highresistanceseriesfieldandalowresistanceshuntfield.
CorrectAnsweris. lowresistanceseriesfieldandahighresistanceshuntfield.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
9.
Ifthebrakecoilonanactuatormotorgoesopencircuit,theactuatorwill.

OptionA.
runslower.

OptionB.
stop.
OptionC.
overrideitsmechanicalstops.

CorrectAnsweris. stop.
Explanation. Thebrakecoiliswiredinserieswiththeactuatormotorcoil.Itwithdrawsaspringloadedlocktoreleasetheactuator
whencurrentisapplied.

QuestionNumber.
10.
Thediagramshowsa200Vlongshuntgenerator.Whatisthevoltagedroppedacrosstheseries
resistor?.

OptionA.
0.12V.
OptionB.
0.2V.
OptionC.
200V.
CorrectAnsweris. 0.12V.
Explanation. Don'tletthefieldconfigurationconfuseyou.The0.04and100ohmresistorsarepartofthegeneratorandcanbe
ignored.Justconsiderthe0.06ohm(theseriesresistor)andtheloadresistor.Calculatecurrent(about2A)thencalculatevoltage
across0.06ohmresistor.

QuestionNumber.
11.
Ifageneratorspeedishalvedandthefieldstrengthisdoubled,thevoltageoutputwillbe.

OptionA.
unchanged.
OptionB.
doubled.

OptionC.
halved.
CorrectAnsweris. unchanged.
Explanation. NIL.


QuestionNumber.
12.
HowcanthedirectionofrotationofaDCelectricmotorbechanged?.

OptionA.
reversetheelectricalconnectionstoeitherthefieldorarmaturewindings.
OptionB.
rotatethepositivebrushonecommutatorsegment.
OptionC.
interchangethewireswhichconnectthemotortotheexternalpowersource.

CorrectAnsweris. reversetheelectricalconnectionstoeitherthefieldorarmaturewindings.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
13.
Theonlypracticalmethodofmaintainingaconstantvoltageoutputfromanaircraftgeneratorunder
varyingconditionsofspeedandloadistovarythe.

OptionA.
speedatwhichthearmaturerotates.
OptionB.
strengthofthemagneticfield.

OptionC.
numberofconductorsinthearmature.

CorrectAnsweris. strengthofthemagneticfield.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
14.
Electricmotorsareoftenclassifiedaccordingtothemethodofconnectingthefieldcoilsandarmature.
Aircraftenginestartermotorsaregenerallyofwhichtype?.

OptionA.
Compound.
OptionB.
Shunt(parallel).

OptionC.
Series.
CorrectAnsweris. Series.
Explanation. Seriesmotorshavethehigheststartingtorque.

QuestionNumber.
15.
Ifaheavymechanicalloadisremovedfromaseriesmotor.

OptionA.
thespeedwillincreaseandthearmaturecurrentwillincrease.

OptionB.
thespeedwillincreaseandthearmaturecurrentwilldecrease.

OptionC.
thespeedwilldecreaseandthearmaturecurrentwilldecrease.

CorrectAnsweris. thespeedwillincreaseandthearmaturecurrentwilldecrease.

Explanation. Speedincreasesandincreasesthebackemfwhichdecreasesthearmaturecurrent.

QuestionNumber.
16.
IfthecorrectsupplywereconnectedtoaDCshuntmotorwhichhadlostitsresidualmagnetismit
would.

OptionA.
runinthereversedirection.
OptionB.
failtorun.

OptionC.
runnormally.
CorrectAnsweris. runnormally.
Explanation. Itsamotor,notagenerator!.

QuestionNumber.
17.
Onepurposeofagrowlertestistodeterminethepresenceof:.

OptionA.
ashortedarmature.
OptionB.
abrokenfieldlead.
OptionC.
anoutofroundcommutator.
CorrectAnsweris. ashortedarmature.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
18.
Thepurposeofanendtravelmicroswitchinalinearactuatoristo.

OptionA.
remainopenandclosesatendtravelonly.
OptionB.
remainopenduringnormaloperationandonlycloseiftheactuatoroverrunsitsstops.

OptionC.
remainclosedandopensatendtravelonly.
CorrectAnsweris. remainclosedandopensatendtravelonly.
Explanation. SeePallettAircraftElectricalSystems,pg140.

QuestionNumber.
19.
Linearactuatorsusedinaircraftareof.

OptionA.
splitfieldserieswoundtype.
OptionB.
compoundwoundtype.

OptionC.
splitfieldshuntwoundtype.
CorrectAnsweris. splitfieldserieswoundtype.
Explanation. SeePallettAircraftElectricalSystems,pg141.

QuestionNumber.
20.
Ifageneratorsparks,apossiblereasonis.

OptionA.
thebrushspringsareloose.
OptionB.
magneticfluxdeflectingtheEMF.
OptionC.
thebrusheshavebeenplacedaroundthemagneticcoil.

CorrectAnsweris. thebrushspringsareloose.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
21.
Ifthefieldstrengthofageneratorisdoubled,andthespeedisdoubled,theoutputEMFwill.
OptionA.
staythesame.
OptionB.
double.
OptionC.
quadruple.

CorrectAnsweris. quadruple.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
22.
InaDCmotorthepolepairsare.

OptionA.
connectedtothebrushgear.
OptionB.
partofthearmature.
OptionC.
embeddedwithinthefieldcoils.

CorrectAnsweris. embeddedwithinthefieldcoils.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
23.
AserieswoundDCmotor,thefieldhas.

OptionA.
fewturnsofthinwire.
OptionB.
manyturnsofthinwire.

OptionC.
fewturnsofthickwire.

CorrectAnsweris. fewturnsofthickwire.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
24.
Doublingtherunningtimeofanelectricalmachinewould.

OptionA.
doublethecurrentused.

OptionB.
doublethejoulesused.

OptionC.
doublethewattsused.
CorrectAnsweris. doublethejoulesused.

Explanation. Power(watts)istherateofusingenergy(Joules).Sodoublingrunningtimewillnotchangethepower.Currentisthe
rateofchargeflowsomorecharge(coulombs)willbeusedbutnotatafasterorslower'rate'.

QuestionNumber.
25.
Onalinearactuator,thefieldcutoffcoilwillbeenergizedwhen.

OptionA.
onlyastheactuatorcommencesmovement.
OptionB.
theactuatorisnotrunning.
OptionC.
theactuatorisrunning.

CorrectAnsweris. theactuatorisrunning.

Explanation. Fieldcutoffcoilisbelievedtobethebrakecoil.

QuestionNumber.
26.
Anelectricmotorproducesaforceof5Natadistanceof0.2mfromthecentreofrotationandrotatesat
aspeedof100revs/sec.Themotorsoutputis.

OptionA.
100horsepower.

OptionB.
628.4watts.
OptionC.
314.2watts.
CorrectAnsweris. 628.4watts.
Explanation. Powerinamotor=torque*2pi*revs/sec.Torque=force*radius.

QuestionNumber.
27.
Startermotorsareusually.

OptionA.
serieswound.
OptionB.
compoundwound.

OptionC.
shuntwound.
CorrectAnsweris. serieswound.
Explanation. Serieswoundmotorshavethegreateststartingtorque.

QuestionNumber.
28.
Generatorbrushesarenormallymadeof.

OptionA.
steel.
OptionB.
carbon.
OptionC.
brass.
CorrectAnsweris. carbon.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
29.
Asthegeneratorloadisincreased(withinitsratedcapacity),thevoltagewill.

OptionA.
remainconstantandtheamperageoutputwilldecrease.

OptionB.
decreaseandtheamperageoutputwillincrease.

OptionC.
remainconstantandtheamperageoutputwillincrease.

CorrectAnsweris. remainconstantandtheamperageoutputwillincrease.

Explanation. Thevoltageregulatorkeepsthegeneratorvoltageoutputthesame.Currentwillincreaseastheloadresistancedrops.

QuestionNumber.
30.
Thevoltageoutputofageneratoriscontrolledby.

OptionA.
varyingthecurrentoftheoutput.

OptionB.
varyingtheresistanceoftheoutput.
OptionC.
varyingthecurrentofthefield.

CorrectAnsweris. varyingthecurrentofthefield.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
31.
ThecurrentflowinginthearmatureofaDCmotorisequalto.

OptionA.
(appliedvoltsgeneratedvolts)/armatureresistance.
OptionB.
(appliedvoltsgeneratedvolts)*armatureresistance.

OptionC.
appliedvolts+generatedvolts/armatureresistance.

CorrectAnsweris. (appliedvoltsgeneratedvolts)/armatureresistance.
Explanation. OhmslawI=V/R.Voltageinthearmatureistheappliedvoltagebackemf(generatedvoltage).

QuestionNumber.
32.
Whatdeviceisusedtoconvertalternatingcurrent,whichhasbeeninducedintotheloopsoftherotating
armatureofaDCgeneratorintodirectcurrentasitleavesthegenerator?.

OptionA.
Aninverter.
OptionB.
Acommutator.

OptionC.
Arectifier.

CorrectAnsweris. Acommutator.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
33.
Whichofthefollowingisnotoneofthepurposesofinterpolesinagenerator?.

OptionA.
Overcomearmaturereaction.
OptionB.
Reducearcingatthebrushes.
OptionC.
Reducefieldstrength.
CorrectAnsweris. Reducefieldstrength.

Explanation. NOT'oneofthepurposes.Thepurposeofinterpolesistoovercome(infact'prevent')armaturereaction.Armature
reactionispartiallyresponsibleforarcingatthebrushes.

QuestionNumber.
34.
Toreversethedirectionofaseriesmotor.

OptionA.
thedirectionofthecurrentthroughthefieldandthearmatureisreversed.
OptionB.
thedirectionofthecurrentthroughthefieldisreversed.

OptionC.
asecondseriesfieldisfitted.
CorrectAnsweris. asecondseriesfieldisfitted.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
35.
ThecurrentconsumedbyaDCstartermotorwill.

OptionA.
remainrelativelyconstantoverthestartingspeedrange.

OptionB.
decreaseastheenginespeedincreases.

OptionC.
increaseastheenginespeedincreases.

CorrectAnsweris. decreaseastheenginespeedincreases.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
36.
Howaregeneratorsrated?.

OptionA.
Impedanceatratedvoltage.
OptionB.
Amperesatratedvoltage.

OptionC.
Wattsatratedvoltage.
CorrectAnsweris. Wattsatratedvoltage.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
37.
DuetoarmaturereactioninaDCmotor.

OptionA.
theleadingpoletipsaremagneticallyweakened.

OptionB.
thetrailingpoletipsaremagneticallyweakened.

OptionC.
themagneticfluxisrestoredbymovingtheMNAtowardstheGNA.

CorrectAnsweris. thetrailingpoletipsaremagneticallyweakened.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
38.
Someelectricmotorshavetwosetsoffieldwindingwoundinoppositedirectionssothatthe.

OptionA.
speedofthemotorcanbemorecloselycontrolled.
OptionB.
motorcanbeoperatedineitherdirection.
OptionC.
poweroutputofthemotorcanbemorecloselycontrolled.
CorrectAnsweris. motorcanbeoperatedineitherdirection.
Explanation. Specificallyseriesmotors.

QuestionNumber.
39.
WhatpolaritydointerpolestakeinaDCmotor?.

OptionA.
Either,providedtheylayontheMNA.

OptionB.
Thesameasthenextmainpoleaheadinthedirectionofrotation.
OptionC.
Thesameasthenextmainpolebehindinthedirectionofrotation.
CorrectAnsweris. Thesameasthenextmainpolebehindinthedirectionofrotation.
Explanation. Theinterpolemustpullbackthemagneticfield.Inamotor,themagneticfielddeflectsintheoppositedirectiontothe
armature.

QuestionNumber.
40.
WhatistheprincipaladvantageoftheserieswoundDCmotor?.

OptionA.
Suitableforconstantspeeduse.

OptionB.
Highstartingtorque.
OptionC.
Lowstartingtorque.
CorrectAnsweris. Highstartingtorque.
Explanation. NIL.


QuestionNumber.
41.
InterpolewindingsfittedtoDCserieswoundgeneratorsare.

OptionA.
inserieswiththearmature.
OptionB.
inserieswiththefield.

OptionC.
inparallelwiththearmature.
CorrectAnsweris. inserieswiththearmature.
Explanation. Interpolewindingsarealwaysinserieswiththearmature,sotheycarrythesamecurrentasthearmature.

QuestionNumber.
42.
WhatpolaritydointerpolestakeinaDCgenerator?.

OptionA.
thesameasthenextmainpolebehindinthedirectionofrotation.
OptionB.
either,providingtheylayonM.N.A.
OptionC.
thesameasthenextmainpoleaheadinthedirectionofrotation.
CorrectAnsweris. thesameasthenextmainpolebehindinthedirectionofrotation.
Explanation. Onagenerator,thefieldisdeflectedinthesamedirectionasthearmaturerotates.Theinterpolesmustdragbackthe
field.

QuestionNumber.
43.
Themethodmostoftenusedinovercomingtheeffectofarmaturereactionisthroughtheuseof.
OptionA.
shadedpoles.
OptionB.
interpoles.

OptionC.
drumwoundarmaturesincombinationwithanegativelyconnectedseriesfield.
CorrectAnsweris. interpoles.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
44.
ThestartingcurrentofaserieswoundDCmotor,inpassingthroughboththefieldandarmature
windingsproducesa.

OptionA.
speedslightlyhigherwhenunloaded.
OptionB.
highstartingtorque.

OptionC.
lowstartingtorque.
CorrectAnsweris. highstartingtorque.
Explanation. Atlowspeed(i.estarting)thereisaveryhighcurrentinthearmature(duetonobackemf).Sincethefieldisinseries
withthearmature,thesamehighcurrentflowsinit,resultinginaveryhightorque.

QuestionNumber.
45.
Toincreasethespeedofashuntmotoraresistanceisplaced.

OptionA.
inparallelwiththefield.

OptionB.
inserieswiththefield.

OptionC.
inserieswiththearmature.
CorrectAnsweris. inserieswiththefield.

Explanation. Anapparentanomaly.Increasingthefieldresistancedecreasesthefieldstrengthwhichreducesthebackemfinthe
armature.Armaturecurrentthereforeincreasesanditsspeedincreases.

QuestionNumber.
46.
A200voltmotoristaking10amperesarmaturecurrent,thearmatureresistanceis0.1ohm.The
BackEMFundertheseconditionswillbe.

OptionA.
201volts.

OptionB.
199volts.

OptionC.
1volt.
CorrectAnsweris. 199volts.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
47.
Whatisamethodusedforrestoringgeneratorfieldresidualmagnetism?.

OptionA.
Energizethearmature.

OptionB.
Flashthefields.

OptionC.
Reseatthebrushes.
CorrectAnsweris. Flashthefields.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
48.
AhighsurgeofcurrentisrequiredwhenaDCelectricmotorisfirststarted.Asthespeedofthemotor
increase.

OptionA.
thecounteremfdecreasesproportionally.
OptionB.
theappliedemfincreasesproportionally.

OptionC.
thecounteremfbuildsupandopposestheappliedemf,thusreducingthecurrentflowthroughthearmature.

CorrectAnsweris. thecounteremfbuildsupandopposestheappliedemf,thusreducingthecurrentflowthroughthearmature.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
49.
Aircraftgeneratorsarecooledby.

OptionA.
fuelcoolingradiators.
OptionB.
oilcoolingradiatorsaroundthemainbody.
OptionC.
ramair.

CorrectAnsweris. ramair.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
50.
OnacombinedDCstartergeneratorsystem.

OptionA.
thevoltageregulatorisconnectedtotheshuntfieldafterthestartcycleiscompleted.

OptionB.
thevoltageregulatorcontrolsthestartsequenceduringenginestarting.

OptionC.
theseriescoilisopencircuitduringtheenginestartsequence.

CorrectAnsweris. thevoltageregulatorisconnectedtotheshuntfieldafterthestartcycleiscompleted.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
51.
IfthefieldcurrenttoashuntwoundDCmotorisdecreasedwhenoperatingataconstantload,themotor
speedwill.

OptionA.
reduce.

OptionB.
notchange.
OptionC.
increase.

CorrectAnsweris. increase.

Explanation. Thismayseemstrange,butdecreasingthefieldstrengthofashuntmotorwilldecreasethebackemfofthearmature
andhenceincreasethecurrentthroughthearmature.Thisinturnincreasesthearmaturespeed.

QuestionNumber.
52.
Ifamotorisspinningat50cyclespersecond,howlongis1cycleoftheoutput?.

OptionA.
50seconds.
OptionB.
0.83seconds.
OptionC.
0.02seconds.
CorrectAnsweris. 0.02seconds.
Explanation. Timeperiod=1/frequency.

QuestionNumber.
53.
InaanDCmotor,therotationoftheMNA.

OptionA.
isoppositetotherotationofthearmature.
OptionB.
isslightlylessspeedthantherotationofthearmature.

OptionC.
isthesameastherotationofthearmature.
CorrectAnsweris. isoppositetotherotationofthearmature.
Explanation. Thefieldinamotorreactstothearmaturecurrentby'distorting'intheoppositedirectiontothearmaturecalled
armaturereaction.

QuestionNumber.
54.
Inawavewoundgeneratorwith4poles,whatwouldbetheminimumnumberofbrushes?.
OptionA.
4.

OptionB.
2.

OptionC.
8.

CorrectAnsweris. 2.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
55.
Awireisrotatedthroughamagneticfield.TogiveDCitmustbeconnectedto.

OptionA.
acommutator.
OptionB.
sliprings.

OptionC.
arectifier.

CorrectAnsweris. acommutator.
Explanation. AcommutatorturnsACtoDCinagenerator.

QuestionNumber.
56.
IfthesupplytoaDCshuntmotorwasreversed.

OptionA.
itwouldrotateinthesamedirection.
OptionB.
itwouldfailtorun.
OptionC.
itwouldrotateintheoppositedirection.

CorrectAnsweris. itwouldrotateinthesamedirection.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
57.
Aseriesmotordrawsahighcurrentonstart,andthenthecurrentreduces.Thisisdueto.
OptionA.
theresistanceofthefieldandthearmatureinseries.
OptionB.
theresistanceofthefieldandarmatureinparallel.
OptionC.
thebackEMF.
CorrectAnsweris. thebackEMF.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
58.
InterpolesinaDCgeneratorareconnected.

OptionA.
inserieswiththearmature.
OptionB.
inserieswiththefield.

OptionC.
inparallelwiththearmature.

CorrectAnsweris. inserieswiththearmature.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
59.
InaDCgenerator,theeffectofarmaturereactionmaybereducedbymovingthebrushgear.
OptionA.
inthedirectionofarmaturerotationtowardstheMNA.

OptionB.
fromMNAtoGNA.
OptionC.
againstthedirectionofarmaturerotationtowardstheMNA.

CorrectAnsweris. inthedirectionofarmaturerotationtowardstheMNA.

Explanation. TheMNAleadstheGNSinagenerator.ThebrushesshouldbeputontheMNA.

QuestionNumber.
60.
ThewindingsembeddedinthepolefacesofaDCgeneratorare.

OptionA.
commutatingcoils.
OptionB.
interpoles.

OptionC.
compensatingwindings.

CorrectAnsweris. compensatingwindings.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
61.
A6polewavewoundgeneratorhas.

OptionA.
3brushes.

OptionB.
2brushes.

OptionC.
6brushes.

CorrectAnsweris. 2brushes.

Explanation. Awavewoundgeneratorneedsonly2brushesregardlessofthenumberofpoles,butsomemayhavemorefor
increasedefficiency.

QuestionNumber.
62.
ArmaturereactioninaDCgeneratorcauses.

OptionA.
MNAtomoveintheoppositedirectionofrotation.
OptionB.
MNAtomoveinthedirectionofrotation.
OptionC.
GNAtomoveinthedirectionofrotation.
CorrectAnsweris. MNAtomoveinthedirectionofrotation.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
63.
InaDCmotor,backEMFrisesifthemotor.

OptionA.
speedfalls.

OptionB.
speedfaloadrises.

OptionC.
speedrises.
CorrectAnsweris. speedrises.
Explanation. BEMFisduetogeneratoractioninthemotor.

QuestionNumber.
64.
ADCgeneratorarmaturehas6polesandislapwound.Thenumberofbrushesrequiredare.
OptionA.
2.

OptionB.
3.

OptionC.
6.

CorrectAnsweris. 6.

Explanation. 6polesis3pairs.Lapwoundgeneratorsrequire1pairofbrushesforeachpairofpoles.

QuestionNumber.
65.
Reactivesparkingisreducedby.

OptionA.
interpoles.

OptionB.
compensatingwindings.

OptionC.
auxiliarywindings.
CorrectAnsweris. interpoles.

Explanation. Interpoles'reduce'armaturereaction(whichcausesreactivesparking).Compensatingwindings'prevent'armature
reaction.

QuestionNumber.
66.
ThebackEMFinaDCmotoris.

OptionA.
equaltotheappliedEMF.

OptionB.
lessthantheappliedEMF.
OptionC.
greaterthantheappliedEMF.
CorrectAnsweris. lessthantheappliedEMF.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
67.
Thefluxdensityofamagneticfieldis1.5T.Thelengthoftheconductorinthefieldis2mandthe
currentflowingthroughtheconductoris5amps.Theforceontheconductoris.

OptionA.
0.6Newtons.
OptionB.
15Newtons.
OptionC.
3.75Newtons.
CorrectAnsweris. 15Newtons.
Explanation. F=BIl=1.5*5*2=15N.

QuestionNumber.
68.
ADCshuntmotorhas28voltsapplied.Thecurrenttakenfromthearmatureof2ohmsresistanceis1
amp.TheBackEMFis.

OptionA.
26V.
OptionB.
30V.
OptionC.
27V.
CorrectAnsweris. 26V.
Explanation. TotalV=I*R=1*2=2V.So26VBEMFmustbegeneratedbythegeneratoraction.

QuestionNumber.
69.
Inamotor,armaturereactioncausestheMNAtomove.

OptionA.
againstthedirectionofrotation.

OptionB.
inthedirectionofrotation.
OptionC.
totheGNA.
CorrectAnsweris. againstthedirectionofrotation.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
70.
Thediagramshownisa.

OptionA.
shuntwoundmachine.

OptionB.
shortshuntcompoundwoundmachine.

OptionC.
longshuntcompoundwoundmachine.

CorrectAnsweris. longshuntcompoundwoundmachine.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
71.
Inageneratorsystem,astabilizingwindingisused.
OptionA.
inserieswiththefieldtopreventoscillations.

OptionB.
tocontroloutputcurrent.

OptionC.
topreventvoltageovershoot.
CorrectAnsweris. topreventvoltageovershoot.
Explanation. SeeCAIPEEL/12.Thestabilizingwindingpicksupa'rateofchange'fromtheoutputofanACbrushlessgenerator
anddampsoutvoltageovershootandpreventssystemoscillation.ThepickupisaninductioncoilwoundaroundtheoutputsoisNOT
wiredinseries.

QuestionNumber.
72.
WhatpartofaDCmotorwouldyoufindthepoles?.

OptionA.
brushes.

OptionB.
rotor.
OptionC.
stator.
CorrectAnsweris. stator.
Explanation. ThepolesareapartofthefieldwhichisthestatoronaDCmotor.

QuestionNumber.
73.
Themainadvantageofastartergeneratoroverconventionalunitsis.

OptionA.
itcanproduceagreaterpoweroutput.

OptionB.
forthesamepoweroutputthereisaweightreductionandthestarterdriveremainsengaged.

OptionC.
forthesamepoweroutputthereisaweightreductionandthedriveisconstantlyengaged.
CorrectAnsweris. forthesamepoweroutputthereisaweightreductionandthestarterdriveremainsengaged.ORforthesame
poweroutputthereisaweightreductionandthedriveisconstantlyengaged.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
74.
AnA.C.shuntwoundmotorsometimesusesavoltsdroppingresistor.Theresistorwouldbe.

OptionA.
inserieswiththefield.

OptionB.
inserieswiththesupply.

OptionC.
inserieswiththearmature.
CorrectAnsweris. inserieswiththesupply.

Explanation. Mustbereferringtoauniversalmotor(ACshuntwound?)Thevoltsdroppingresistorisplacedinserieswiththe

supply.

QuestionNumber.
75.
Commutatorripplecanbereducedby.

OptionA.
increasinggeneratorfrequency.

OptionB.
theuseofaripplefilter.

OptionC.
aresistorinserieswiththearmature.
CorrectAnsweris. theuseofaripplefilter.

Explanation. Aripplefilterismadeofacapacitorinparallelwiththegeneratoroutputandaninductorinserieswiththegenerator
output.

QuestionNumber.
76.
InaDCmotortheinterpolesarepartofthe.

OptionA.
rotorassembly.

OptionB.
statorassembly.

OptionC.
field.
CorrectAnsweris. field.
Explanation. InterpolesareapartoftheField.RotorandStatoraretermsforACmotors.

QuestionNumber.
77.
Armaturereactionis.

OptionA.
theMMFopposingrotation.
OptionB.
duetodirtyorworncommutator.

OptionC.
reactivesparking.

CorrectAnsweris. theMMFopposingrotation.
Explanation. TheMMFistheampereturnsofthearmature,producingamagneticfieldinthearmature,whichopposesthemain
fieldandcausesittodistort(indirectionofmotionofthearmature).

QuestionNumber.
78.
Ashuntmotor.

OptionA.
isconstantspeed.

OptionB.
hashighstartingtorque.

OptionC.
givesconstanttorquewithvariationsinspeed.

CorrectAnsweris. isconstantspeed.

Explanation. DCShuntmotorsare'constantspeed'motors,butstartingtorqueissmall.

QuestionNumber.
79.
InaDCshuntmotor,ifthefieldresistanceisincreasedwhathappenstothebackEMF?.

OptionA.
decreases.

OptionB.
remainsthesame.

OptionC.
increases.

CorrectAnsweris. decreases.

Explanation. ThebackEMFdecreaseswithanincreaseinthefieldresistance.Thearmaturecurrentwouldincreaseandthemotor
speedwouldincrease.

QuestionNumber.
80.
Toincreasethevoltageoutputofageneratoryoucan.

OptionA.
decreasespeed.

OptionB.
Itisnotspeeddependant.

OptionC.
increasespeed.

CorrectAnsweris. increasespeed.

Explanation. Increasingthespeedmakesthearmaturecutthemagneticfieldfaster,inducingagreatervoltage.

QuestionNumber.
81.
Generatorvoltageis.

OptionA.
dependantonspeedofrotation.

OptionB.
independentofspeedofrotation.

OptionC.
notdependantonspeedofrotation.
CorrectAnsweris. dependantonspeedofrotation.

Explanation. Thefasterthegeneratorturns,themorevoltageitproduces.Besides,'Independent'and'notdependant'meanthesame

thing.

QuestionNumber.
82.
Theoutputfromageneratortoacommutatoris.

OptionA.
pulsedDC.
OptionB.
DC.
OptionC.
AC.
CorrectAnsweris. AC.
Explanation. Outputofallgenerators(beforethecommutator)isAC.

QuestionNumber.
83.
Whatisthemaindisadvantageofastartergenerator?.

OptionA.
Heavierthanlikeforlike.

OptionB.
Willnotsupplyoutputatlowrpm.
OptionC.
Canonlybeusedonpistonengines.
CorrectAnsweris. Willnotsupplyoutputatlowrpm.
Explanation. AtlowRPM,startergeneratorisstillinmotorconfiguration.

QuestionNumber.
84.
BackEMFisthegreatestwhenamotoris.

OptionA.
atoperatingspeed.
OptionB.
underheavyload.

OptionC.
juststartingtorotate.
CorrectAnsweris. atoperatingspeed.
Explanation. BackEMFisgreatestwhenmotorisathighspeed.

QuestionNumber.
85.
Whenaconductorcarryingacurrentandplacedinamagneticfielditexperiences.
OptionA.
anelectrostaticforce.
OptionB.
anelectromagneticforce.

OptionC.
amagneticforce.

CorrectAnsweris. anelectromagneticforce.

Explanation. Theforceisgeneratedbyinteractionoftwomagneticfields.

QuestionNumber.
86.
Thetypeofmotorusedinalinearactuatoris.

OptionA.
parallel(shuntwound).

OptionB.
compound.

OptionC.
series.
CorrectAnsweris. series.
Explanation. AircraftElectricalSystemsPallettPage140.

QuestionNumber.
87.
Ifthespeedofacoilinamagneticfieldisdoubledandthefieldstrengthisdoubledtheoutputwill.

OptionA.
quadruple.

OptionB.
staythesame.
OptionC.
halve.
CorrectAnsweris. quadruple.

Explanation. Voltage=Blv.DoubleB(fieldstrength)anddoublev(velocity)andVoltagewillquadruple.

QuestionNumber.
88.
Howmanybrushesareusedinan8polewavewoundmachine.

OptionA.
6.

OptionB.
8.

OptionC.
2.

CorrectAnsweris. 2.

Explanation. AnywavewoundDCgeneratorusuallyhasonly1pairofbrushes.

QuestionNumber.
89.
Intheshuntgeneratorthefieldissuppliedby.

OptionA.
theload.

OptionB.
thearmature.
OptionC.
aseparatesupply.

CorrectAnsweris. thearmature.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
90.
Increasingthespeedofanaircraftgeneratorresultsinanautomatic.
OptionA.
fieldcircuitresistancedecrease.

OptionB.
armaturecircuitresistanceincrease.
OptionC.
fieldcircuitresistanceincrease.

CorrectAnsweris. fieldcircuitresistanceincrease.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
91.
Whichgeneratorsareusuallyusedonaircraft?.

OptionA.
Shunt.
OptionB.
Compound.
OptionC.
Series.
CorrectAnsweris. Shunt.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
92.
Inacumulativecompoundwoundgeneratorthe.

OptionA.
theseriesandshuntfieldsassisteachother.
OptionB.
theseriesandshuntfieldsopposeeachother.

OptionC.
thevoltagefallssuddenlywithanincreaseinload.
CorrectAnsweris. theseriesandshuntfieldsassisteachother.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
93.
Theshuntwoundgeneratoriscontrolledbyavariableresistancein.
OptionA.
parallelwiththefield.
OptionB.
serieswiththearmature.

OptionC.
serieswiththefield.
CorrectAnsweris. serieswiththefield.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
94.
Theserieswoundgenerator'sterminalvoltagewill,whenbelowsaturation.
OptionA.
increasewithanincreaseinload.

OptionB.
decreasewithanincreaseinload.

OptionC.
decreasewithadecreaseinrotationalspeed.
CorrectAnsweris. decreasewithanincreaseinload.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
95.
Theshuntwoundgeneratorisnormallystarted.

OptionA.
onload.

OptionB.
Eitheroftheabove.
OptionC.
offload.

CorrectAnsweris. offload.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
96.
HowdoyoureducerippleontheoutputofaDCgenerator?.

OptionA.
Increasethespeedofthearmatureandaddmoreturns.

OptionB.
Decreasethespeedofthearmatureandaddmoreserieswindings.
OptionC.
Increasethecommutatorsegmentsandconnecteachtoaseparateparallelwinding.

CorrectAnsweris. Decreasethespeedofthearmatureandaddmoreserieswindings.ORIncreasethecommutatorsegmentsand
connecteachtoaseparateparallelwinding.
Explanation. Thisamountstoincreasingtheseparatearmaturewindingswhichwillincreasetheripplefrequencybutdecreasetheir
amplitude.

QuestionNumber.
97.
ArmaturereactioninaDCmotorcausestheneutralaxistoshiftin.

OptionA.
thedirectioninthedirectionofarmaturerotation.
OptionB.
thedirectionoppositetothedirectionofarmaturerotation.
OptionC.
eitherdirectiondependingoncurrentflow.
CorrectAnsweris. thedirectionoppositetothedirectionofarmaturerotation.
Explanation. AircraftElectricityandElectronicsbyEismin,Chapter10,pg194.

QuestionNumber.
98.
AnindicationofgoodcommutationonaDCmachinewouldbe.

OptionA.
higharmaturecurrents.

OptionB.
littleornosparkingatthecommutator.

OptionC.
silentoperationofthemachine.

CorrectAnsweris. littleornosparkingatthecommutator.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
99.
IfcompoundDCgeneratorsareoperatedinparalleltheymust.

OptionA.
allrotateatthesamespeed.
OptionB.
haveanequalisingorloadsharingloop.

OptionC.
allusethesamevoltage.

CorrectAnsweris. haveanequalisingorloadsharingloop.

Explanation. EisminAircraftElectricity&Electronicspage199.

QuestionNumber.
100. Thewindingsembeddedinthepolefacesofageneratorare.
OptionA.
commutatingcoils.
OptionB.
interpoles.

OptionC.
compensatingcoils.
CorrectAnsweris. compensatingcoils.
Explanation. EisminAircraftElectricity&Electronicspage195.

QuestionNumber.
101. ProlongedreactivesparkinginaDCgeneratorcoulddamagethe.
OptionA.
armature.

OptionB.
commutator.
OptionC.
polepieces.
CorrectAnsweris. commutator.
Explanation. AircraftElectricityandElectronicsEisminPage197.

QuestionNumber.
102. ThepolesofaDCgeneratorarelaminatedto.

OptionA.
reduceeddycurrentlosses.
OptionB.
reducefluxlosses.

OptionC.
reducehysteresislosses.

CorrectAnsweris. reducehysteresislosses.

Explanation. AircraftElectricityandElectronicsEisminPage186.

QuestionNumber.
103. OneadvantageofaDCmotoroveranACmotoris.

OptionA.
thedirectionofrotationoftherotorcanbechanged.
OptionB.
lessvoltageisrequiredinDCthanAC.

OptionC.
theDCmotorwilluselesscurrent.
CorrectAnsweris. theDCmotorwilluselesscurrent.
Explanation. Duetothegeneratedbackemf,aDCmotorwilluselesscurrent.

QuestionNumber.
104. Inashuntwounddirectcurrentmotorthetorqueis.

OptionA.
inverselyproportionaltothecurrentinthearmature.
OptionB.
independentofload.
OptionC.
proportionaltothecurrentinthearmature.
CorrectAnsweris. proportionaltothecurrentinthearmature.
Explanation. NIL.

13.ACTheory.

QuestionNumber.
1.
Conventionrequiresthatinasymmetrical3phasesystem,the.

OptionA.
redvoltageistakenasthereferencephase.
OptionB.
yellowvoltagephaseleadstheredphaseby120degrees.
OptionC.
redvoltagephaseleadsthebluephaseby120degrees.

CorrectAnsweris. redvoltageistakenasthereferencephase.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
2.
Whatisthephasedifferenceinacircuitwith100V,drawing0.5amps,consuming50Watts?.
OptionA.
0.

OptionB.
45.
OptionC.
90.
CorrectAnsweris. 0.

Explanation. WhenpowerisinWatts,itisalltruepowerthereisnoapparentpower.

QuestionNumber.
3.
Thepowerfactorofacircuitcontaininganimbalanceofinductiveandcapacitivereactanceis.
OptionA.
greaterthanunity.

OptionB.
unity.
OptionC.
lessthanunity.

CorrectAnsweris. lessthanunity.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
4.
Ifyouapplythiswaveformtothiscircuit,whatistheoutputacrossthecapacitor?.

OptionA.
Pulsednegative.

OptionB.
Pulsedpositive.

OptionC.
Zero.
CorrectAnsweris. Pulsedpositive.

Explanation. Withtheoutputtakenacrossthecapacitor,thisisabasicintegratorsotheoutputis.

QuestionNumber.
5.
WhatvalueisthesameastheequivalentD.C.heatingeffect?.

OptionA.
Peak.
OptionB.
Average.

OptionC.
RootMeanSquare.
CorrectAnsweris. RootMeanSquare.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
6.
Whatshapeisthewaveformwhentheinputpulseandthetimebaseareunequal?.
OptionA.
Sawtooth.

OptionB.
Square.

OptionC.
Rectangular.

CorrectAnsweris. Rectangular.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
7.
Asinewavehas5ampsRMSvalue.Whatisthepeakvalue?.

OptionA.
7.07amps.

OptionB.
6.37amps.

OptionC.
10amps.

CorrectAnsweris. 7.07amps.

Explanation. Peak=1.414*RMS(alsorememberthat5ishalfof10).

QuestionNumber.
8.
Whatisthewaveshapeofthexaxisinputofatraversingoscilloscopeimage?.
OptionA.
Rectangular.
OptionB.
Triangular.

OptionC.
Square.

CorrectAnsweris. Triangular.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
9.
InapurelyresistiveACcircuit,thecurrentvectoris.

OptionA.
+90outofphasewiththevoltagevector.
OptionB.
inphasewiththevoltagevector.

OptionC.
90outofphasewiththevoltagevector.
CorrectAnsweris. inphasewiththevoltagevector.

Explanation. Purelyresistivecurrentandvoltagemustbeinphase.

QuestionNumber.
10.
WhencomparingtheaveragevaluesofanACgeneratoroutput,tothepeakvalues.
OptionA.
averagevoltage=0.707*peakvoltage.

OptionB.
averagevoltage=0.63*peakvoltage.

OptionC.
averagevoltage=sameasthepeakvoltage.
CorrectAnsweris. averagevoltage=0.63*peakvoltage.

Explanation. Don'tgetconfusedwithRMSvalue.

QuestionNumber.
11.
Aparallelcircuitatresonancehas.

OptionA.
maximumimpedance.
OptionB.
zeroimpedance.

OptionC.
minimumimpedance.
CorrectAnsweris. maximumimpedance.
Explanation. A'series'circuitatresonancehaszeroimpedance.A'parallel'circuitatresonancehasmaximumimpedance.

QuestionNumber.
12.
A10ohmresistorhasa14.14Vpeakdropacrossit.Whatpowerisdissipated?.

OptionA.
10W.
OptionB.
19.99W.

OptionC.
1.414W.

CorrectAnsweris. 10W.
Explanation. Sinceitmentionspeak,itisAC.AlwaysuseRMSvoltagewhencalculatingpower.RMSvoltage=peakvoltage/
1.414(morethancoincidencethat14.14/1.414=10).Power=V2/R.

QuestionNumber.
13.
Ifa1ohmcircuitproducesa50Woutput,thephaseangleis.

OptionA.
45.
OptionB.
0.

OptionC.
90.
CorrectAnsweris. 0.

Explanation. GoingbythepowerbeingquotedinWatts(ratherthanVA)thecircuitispurelyresistiveandthereforethephaseangle
is0degrees.

QuestionNumber.
14.
Whatdoesarectifierdo?.

OptionA.
Changesalternatingcurrentintodirectcurrent.

OptionB.
Reducesvoltage.

OptionC.
Changesdirectcurrentintoalternatingcurrent.

CorrectAnsweris. Changesalternatingcurrentintodirectcurrent.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
15.
Theratiobetweenapparentpowerandtruepoweristhe.

OptionA.
powerrating.
OptionB.
powerfactor.
OptionC.
efficiency.

CorrectAnsweris. powerfactor.
Explanation. Powerfactor=truepower/apparentpower.

QuestionNumber.
16.
OneadvantageofusingACelectricalpowerinaircraftis.

OptionA.
thegreatereaseinsteppingthevoltageupordown.
OptionB.
ACelectricalmotorscanbereversedwhileDCmotorscannot.

OptionC.
theeffectivevoltageis1.41timesthemaximuminstantaneousvoltagetherefore,lesspowerinputisrequired.
CorrectAnsweris. ACelectricalmotorscanbereversedwhileDCmotorscannot.ORthegreatereaseinsteppingthevoltageupor
down.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
17.
Unlessotherwisespecified,anyvaluesgivenforcurrentorvoltageinanACcircuitareassumedtobe.

OptionA.
effectivevalues.

OptionB.
instantaneousvalues.
OptionC.
maximumvalues.

CorrectAnsweris. effectivevalues.

Explanation. Effectivevalues'isanothertermforRMSbecauseitisthesameheating'effect'asDC.

QuestionNumber.
18.
Whichaircraftcircuitwouldbemostlikelytousefrequencywild200VAC?.

OptionA.
Hydraulicpump.

OptionB.
Windscreenheating.
OptionC.
Standbycompass.

CorrectAnsweris. Windscreenheating.
Explanation. Frequencywildcanonlybeusedonresistivecircuits(suchasheatingandlighting).

QuestionNumber.
19.
InanACcircuithowisthevalueoftruepowercalculated?.

OptionA.
Byvoltmeterreadingsmultipliedbyammeterreadings.

OptionB.
Byvoltsmultipliedbyampsmultipliedbypowerfactor.
OptionC.
Bywattmeterreadingsmultipliedbypowerfactor.
CorrectAnsweris. Byvoltsmultipliedbyampsmultipliedbypowerfactor.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
20.
Oneofthechiefadvantagesofalternatingcurrentisthatitcanbetransmittedatahighvoltagewitha
lowpowerlossthevoltagecanthenbechangedtoanydesiredvalueof.

OptionA.
DCbymeansoftransformers.

OptionB.
DCbymeansofinverters.
OptionC.
ACbymeansoftransformers.

CorrectAnsweris. ACbymeansoftransformers.

Explanation. NIL.


QuestionNumber.
21.
Howmanyampereswilla28voltgeneratorberequiredtosupplytoacircuitcontainingfivelampsin
parallel,threeofwhichhavearesistanceof6ohmseachandtwoofwhichhavearesistanceof5ohmseach?.

OptionA.
1ampere.

OptionB.
25.23amperes.

OptionC.
1.11amperes.
CorrectAnsweris. 25.23amperes.

Explanation. resistance,thenuseohmslaw(I=V/R)tofindthetotalcurrent.Itisatrickycalculationtodowithoutacalculator,so
roundthetotalresistanceup(to1ohms)thenchoosethenearestanswerforI.

QuestionNumber.
22.
Frequency(Hz)isthenumberofcyclesper.

OptionA.
minute.

OptionB.
second.

OptionC.
revolution.

CorrectAnsweris. second.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
23.
ThefrequencyofapowerwaveinanACresistancecircuitis.

OptionA.
halfthefrequencyforvoltageandcurrent.
OptionB.
thesameasthefrequencyforvoltageandcurrent.
OptionC.
twicethefrequencyforvoltageandcurrent.
CorrectAnsweris. twicethefrequencyforvoltageandcurrent.
Explanation. Lookatadiagramofapowerwave.

QuestionNumber.
24.
InanACcircuit,theeffectivevoltageis.

OptionA.
lessthanthemaximuminstantaneousvoltage.

OptionB.
equaltothemaximuminstantaneousvoltage.

OptionC.
greaterthanthemaximuminstantaneousvoltage.
CorrectAnsweris. lessthanthemaximuminstantaneousvoltage.

Explanation. EffectivevoltageisanothertermforRMSvoltage,duetoitbeingequaltotheDCheatingeffect.

QuestionNumber.
25.
Whichwaveformissteppedpositiveandnegativewithunequallengthsides?.

OptionA.
Rectangularwave.

OptionB.
Trapezoidalwave.

OptionC.
Sawtoothwave.

CorrectAnsweris. Trapezoidalwave.

Explanation. AtrapezoidalwaveformALWAYShasunequal(vertical)sides.However,asawtoothwavecouldalsobeconsideredto
haveunequallengthsides(butdoesnotnecessarilyhave).

QuestionNumber.
26.
ThevalueofanACsinewavethatwillgiveanequivalentheatingeffectinaDCresistoristhe.

OptionA.
peakvalue.
OptionB.
RMSvalue.
OptionC.
averagevalue.
CorrectAnsweris. RMSvalue.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
27.
Thepeakfactorforasinewaveis.

OptionA.
1.11.
OptionB.
0.707.
OptionC.
1.414.
CorrectAnsweris. 1.414.
Explanation. Peakfactor(sometimescalled'crestfactor')iscalculatedbypeakvalue/RMSvalue.Forasinewaveitis1.414.

QuestionNumber.
28.
Anintegratedstepinputatunequaltimebaseproduces.
OptionA.
asinewave.
OptionB.
asquarewave.
OptionC.
asawtoothwave.

CorrectAnsweris. asawtoothwave.

Explanation. Integratingastepinputproducesa'ramp'orsawtoothwaveform.

QuestionNumber.
29.
Themarktospaceratioofthewaveformshownis.

OptionA.
AtoD/DtoE.

OptionB.
DtoE/DtoC.

OptionC.
AtoB/BtoC.

CorrectAnsweris. AtoD/DtoE.

Explanation. Marktospaceistheratioofthedurationofthesquarewave'spositiveamplitude(representedbyamark)toits
negativeamplitude(representedbyaspace).

QuestionNumber.
30.
FormFactorforasinewaveACoutputis.

OptionA.
1.1.
OptionB.
1.414.
OptionC.
0.707.
CorrectAnsweris. 1.1.
Explanation. FormFactor=RMS/Average=0.707/0.63(forasinewave).


QuestionNumber.
31.
AsinewaveofRMSvalue7.07voltshasapeaktopeakvalueof.
OptionA.
20.0volts.

OptionB.
10.0volts.

OptionC.
0.707volts.
CorrectAnsweris. 20.0volts.

Explanation. Peak=RMS*1.4147.07*1.414=10VPeaktopeak=2*peak=20V.

QuestionNumber.
32.
ThetruepowerinanACcircuitisgivenby.

OptionA.
volts*amps.
OptionB.
PF*volts*amps.

OptionC.
voltmeterreading*PF.

CorrectAnsweris. PF*volts*amps.

Explanation. Truepower=PF*Apparentpower.Apparentpower=volts*amps.

QuestionNumber.
33.
Theaveragevalueof100voltspeakACis.

OptionA.
70.7volts.

OptionB.
141.4volts.
OptionC.
63.7volts.

CorrectAnsweris. 63.7volts.

Explanation. Averagevalueofasinewaveis0.637*peak.

QuestionNumber.
34.
TheRMSvalueof200voltspeaktopeakis.

OptionA.
127.4volts.
OptionB.
70.7volts.

OptionC.
141.4volts.
CorrectAnsweris. 141.4volts.

Explanation. RMS=0.707*peak.Peakis1/2ofpeaktopeak.

QuestionNumber.
35.
ThepowerfactorofanACcircuitisthe.

OptionA.
cosineofthephaseangle.

OptionB.
tangentofthephaseangle.
OptionC.
sineofthephaseangle.

CorrectAnsweris. cosineofthephaseangle.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
36.
TheFormFactorofanACwaveformcanbefoundby.

OptionA.
RMSvaluedividedbytheaveragevalue.
OptionB.
averagevaluedividedbytheRMSvalue.
OptionC.
averagevaluetimestheRMSvalue.
CorrectAnsweris. RMSvaluedividedbytheaveragevalue.
Explanation. FormFactor=RMS/Average.

QuestionNumber.
37.
Adifferentiatorhasatimeconstantwhichis.

OptionA.
long.
OptionB.
equaltotheinputpulse.

OptionC.
short.
CorrectAnsweris. short.
Explanation. Adifferentiatorprovidesavoltageproportionaltotherateofchangeoftheinput.Soforasquarewaveinput,itneeds
togiveapulseonthestepup,nothingonthestraightbitofthesquarewave,thenanegativepulseastheinputdropsbacktozero.
Onlyaveryshorttimeconstantcandothis.

QuestionNumber.
38.
IfthefrequencyisincreasedinanACcircuitofpureresistance,theeffectis.

OptionA.
nothing.

OptionB.
decreasedresistance.
OptionC.
increasedresistance.
CorrectAnsweris. nothing.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
39.
WhatsortofwavewouldbeusedinaCRoscilloscopetocontrolsweep?.
OptionA.
Square.

OptionB.
Sinewave.

OptionC.
Sawtooth.

CorrectAnsweris. Sawtooth.

Explanation. Asawtoothwaveisusedinanoscilloscopetocontrolsweep.

QuestionNumber.
40.
IfanACsinewavehasanRMSvalueof5Vitspeakvalueis.

OptionA.
6.37V.
OptionB.
7.07V.
OptionC.
14.14V.

CorrectAnsweris. 7.07V.
Explanation. Peakvalue=1.414*RMS=1.414*5=7.07V.

QuestionNumber.
41.
ApparentpowerinanACcircuitisfoundby.

OptionA.
V*I*cos.
OptionB.
V*I*sin.
OptionC.
V*I.
CorrectAnsweris. V*I.
Explanation. Apparentpower=amps*volts.


QuestionNumber.
42.
Asinewavehasaperiodictimeof0.5milliseconds,whatisitsfrequency?.

OptionA.
200Hz.

OptionB.
2Khz.
OptionC.
20Khz.
CorrectAnsweris. 2Khz.
Explanation. Frequencyis1/timeperiod.Watchthatprefix'milli'.f=1/T=1/0.0005=10,000/5=2000Hz=2kHz.

QuestionNumber.
43.
Phaseangleis.

OptionA.
thecosineofthepeakvalueofanacvoltage.
OptionB.
thedifferenceindegreesofrotationbetween2alternatingvoltagesorcurrentsoravoltageandacurrent.
OptionC.
thedifferenceindegreesbetweenthepositiveandnegativepartsofanACsinewave.

CorrectAnsweris. thedifferenceindegreesofrotationbetween2alternatingvoltagesorcurrentsoravoltageandacurrent.
Explanation. Phaseangleisthedifferenceindegreesofrotationbetween2alternatingvoltagesorcurrentsoravoltageandacurrent.

QuestionNumber.
44.
TheimpedanceofanACcircuitismeasuredin.

OptionA.
ohms.
OptionB.
kilovoltamperes.

OptionC.
amperes.

CorrectAnsweris. ohms.
Explanation. Impedanceis'resistancetoelectronflow'inanACcircuitandismeasuredinOhms.

QuestionNumber.
45.
Whathappenstothecurrentinaseriesresistiveresonantcircuit?.

OptionA.
Itismaximum.

OptionB.
Itisminimum.
OptionC.
Itiszero.

CorrectAnsweris. Itismaximum.

Explanation. Atresonancetheimpedanceisminimum(zeroapartfromtheresistanceinthecircuit)andsocurrentishighest.

QuestionNumber.
46.
Acircuithas115VRMS,2.5Aat60degrees,whatisthepowerdissipated?.

OptionA.
79W.
OptionB.
300VA.

OptionC.
143W.
CorrectAnsweris. 143W.
Explanation. ApparentPower=115*2.5=287.5.PF=cos60=0.5.TruePower=ApparentPower*PF.

QuestionNumber.
47.
Inaresonantparallelcircuit,currentis.

OptionA.
zero.
OptionB.
minimum.

OptionC.
maximum.

CorrectAnsweris. minimum.

Explanation. AtresonanceinaPARALLELcircuit,currentisminimum(wouldbezeroifitwerenotfortheresistanceinthe
circuit).

QuestionNumber.
48.
Powerfactoris.

OptionA.
sintheta.

OptionB.
tantheta.

OptionC.
costheta.

CorrectAnsweris. costheta.

Explanation. Powerfactoriscosofthephaseangle(theta).

QuestionNumber.
49.
PeakfactorinastandardACcircuitis.

OptionA.
1.414timesmax.valueofappliedvoltage.

OptionB.
1.11timesmax.valueofappliedvoltage.
OptionC.
0.707timemax.valueofappliedvoltage.
CorrectAnsweris. 1.414timesmax.valueofappliedvoltage.
Explanation. PeakFactor(orCrestFactor)=Peak/RMS=1.414forasinusoidalwave.

QuestionNumber.
50.
ThecontrollingwaveinaCRTis.

OptionA.
square.
OptionB.
sawtooth.

OptionC.
sinusoidal.

CorrectAnsweris. sawtooth.

Explanation. Asawtoothwaveisrequiredtocontroltheelectronbeamverticalandhorizontalscan.

QuestionNumber.
51.
Awaveformhavingequalamplitudeandtimebaseisa.

OptionA.
rectangular.
OptionB.
sawtooth.

OptionC.
squarewaveform.

CorrectAnsweris. squarewaveform.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
52.
TheSinewavesignalsofacirculartimebaseare.

OptionA.
inphase.

OptionB.
phaseseparatedby90.

OptionC.
phaseseparatedby180.

CorrectAnsweris. phaseseparatedby90.

Explanation. Thetwosinewavetimebases(XandY)foraCRTaredisplacedby90toproduceacircleonthescreen.

QuestionNumber.
53.
Adifferentiatorhasatimeconstantthatwillgive.

OptionA.
alongpulse.
OptionB.
ashortpulse.
OptionC.
acontinuousoutput.
CorrectAnsweris. ashortpulse.
Explanation. Adifferentiatorturnsarampsignalintoasteadystate(oflevelcorrespondingtotheslopeoftheramp).

QuestionNumber.
54.
Whatisthepowerfactorinapurelyresistivecircuit?.

OptionA.
Equalto1.

OptionB.
Lessthan1butgreaterthanzero.

OptionC.
Greaterthan1.
CorrectAnsweris. Equalto1.

Explanation. NIL.

14.Resistive(R),Capacitive(C)andInductive(L)Circuits.

QuestionNumber.
1.
InanA.Ccircuit,whathappensiffrequencyisreduced?.

OptionA.
Inductiveelementsmaybedamaged.
OptionB.
Capacitiveelementsmaybedamaged.

OptionC.
Therewillbenoeffect.

CorrectAnsweris. Inductiveelementsmaybedamaged.
Explanation. Lowerfrequencywilldecreasethereactanceoftheinductorwhichwillincreaseitscurrent,possiblydamagingit.

QuestionNumber.
2.
WhatistherelationshipbetweenthevoltageandthecurrentinanA.Ccircuitcontainingresistanceand
inductance?.

OptionA.
Currentlagsvoltageby90.
OptionB.
Currentlagsvoltagebyupto90.

OptionC.
Currentleadsvoltagebyupto90.
CorrectAnsweris. Currentlagsvoltagebyupto90.
Explanation. Remember'CIVIL'.Butlagisnotquite90degreesbecauseoftheresistanceinthecircuit.

QuestionNumber.
3.
Inthiscircuit.

OptionA.
current=voltage.

OptionB.
currentlagsvoltage.
OptionC.
currentleadsvoltage.
CorrectAnsweris. currentleadsvoltage.
Explanation. Remember'CIVIL'.

QuestionNumber.
4.
Powerfactorrelatesto.
OptionA.
horsepowerandWatts.

OptionB.
KWandKVAR.

OptionC.
truepowerandapparentpower.

CorrectAnsweris. truepowerandapparentpower.

Explanation. Powerfactor=TruePower/ApparentPower.


QuestionNumber.
5.
Ifcurrentlagsvoltageby90,thecircuitis.
OptionA.
resistive.

OptionB.
capacitive.

OptionC.
inductive.

CorrectAnsweris. inductive.

Explanation. Remember'CIVIL'.

QuestionNumber.
6.
Whatdoesthefollowingcircuitrepresent?.

OptionA.
Lowpassfilter.

OptionB.
Differentiator.
OptionC.
Integrator.

CorrectAnsweris. Differentiator.
Explanation. AnRCcircuitwiththeoutputtakenacrosstheresistorisadifferentiator.

QuestionNumber.
7.
Alowfrequencysupply.

OptionA.
willmakethecircuitoperatefasterduetothereducedimpedance.
OptionB.
maydamageinductivecomponents.
OptionC.
willhavenoeffectoninductivecomponents.

CorrectAnsweris. maydamageinductivecomponents.

Explanation. Loweringthefrequencyofthecurrentthroughaninductivecomponentwillreduceitsreactanceandincreasethe
current,possiblyburningoutthecomponent.

QuestionNumber.
8.
InaparallelR,L,Ccircuit,thevalueofthecapacitorisquadrupled,thenthevalueoftheimpedance
would.

OptionA.
remainthesame.

OptionB.
reduce.
OptionC.
increased.

CorrectAnsweris. reduce.
Explanation. Increasingthecapacitorwilldecreasethecapacitivereactance(andthereforetheimpedance)justlookattheformula
forcapacitivereactance.Thiswilldecreasethetotalreactanceintheparallelcircuit.

QuestionNumber.
9.
Inacapacitivecircuit,ifthefrequencyisincreased.

OptionA.
reactanceremainsthesame.
OptionB.
impedanceincreases.
OptionC.
thecurrentincreases.
CorrectAnsweris. thecurrentincreases.
Explanation. Gettheformulaforcapacitivereactance.Thecurrentincreasesbecausethereactancedecreases.

QuestionNumber.
10.
Inthecircuitshown,whathappenstothetotalcircuitimpedanceifListripled?.

OptionA.
OptionB.

Reduces.
Increases.

OptionC.
Remainsthesame.
CorrectAnsweris. Increases.

Explanation. Iftheinductanceoftheinductoristripled,thenitsreactancewilltriplewhichwillincreasetheimpedanceofthecircuit.
(Butnotbythreetimesbecareful).

QuestionNumber.
11.
Inatunedcircuitatresonance,thecircuitwillbe.

OptionA.
resistive.

OptionB.
capacitive.

OptionC.
inductive.

CorrectAnsweris. resistive.

Explanation. Inatunedcircuit,theinductivereactanceandthecapacitivereactancescanceleachother,leavingjustpureresistance.

QuestionNumber.
12.
Acircuithasaresistanceof50ohmsandaninductanceof0.2Henry.Ifitisconnectedtoa200volt50
Hzsupplythereactancewillbe.

OptionA.
31.42ohms.
OptionB.
62.84ohms.
OptionC.
6.284ohms.
CorrectAnsweris. 62.84ohms.
Explanation. Inductivereactance=2fL.2*3.14*50*0.2=62.84ohms.Sinceitasksforreactance(notimpedance)youcan
neglecttheresistanceof50ohms.

QuestionNumber.
13.
Inavectordiagramshowingthemagnitudeanddirectionoftheinductance,capacitanceandresistance
inanACcircuit.

OptionA.
theinductiveandcapacitancereactancewouldbeadditivewiththeresistancesubtractive.

OptionB.
itisimpossibletoshowvaluesofthiskindusingvectors.
OptionC.
theinductivereactancewouldbeinoppositiontothecapacitivereactanceandresistanceat90degrees.
CorrectAnsweris. itisimpossibletoshowvaluesofthiskindusingvectors.ORtheinductivereactancewouldbeinoppositionto
thecapacitivereactanceandresistanceat90degrees.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
14.
AtresonantfrequencythephasedifferencebetweenthevoltageandcurrentofanACsupplyfeedingan
inductiveandcapacitivenetworkis.

OptionA.
90degrees.
OptionB.
0degrees.

OptionC.
180degrees.
CorrectAnsweris. 0degrees.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
15.
Anincreaseinwhichofthefollowingfactorswillcauseanincreaseintheinductivereactanceofa
circuit?.

OptionA.
Inductanceandfrequency.
OptionB.
Resistanceandcapacitivereactance.
OptionC.
Resistanceandvoltage.

CorrectAnsweris. Inductanceandfrequency.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
16.
Whenacircuitwithaseriesinductanceandcapacitanceisatresonantfrequency.

OptionA.
thecurrentinthecircuitdecreases.
OptionB.
theimpedanceofthecircuitissuchthatthevoltageisinphasewiththecurrent.
OptionC.
theimpedanceofthecircuitissuchthatthevoltageleadsthecurrentbyexactly90degrees.

CorrectAnsweris. theimpedanceofthecircuitissuchthatthevoltageisinphasewiththecurrent.

Explanation. Atresonance,thecapacitivereactanceandtheinductivereactancecanceleachother,leavingacircuitwithaphase
angleofzerodegrees.

QuestionNumber.
17.
Apurecapacitor,inductorandresistorareconnectedinseriesandthevoltagedropsacrosseachare10V
andthetotalcurrentflowinginthecircuitis1A.Howmuchtruepoweristhecircuitconsuming?.

OptionA.
30VA.
OptionB.
30W.
OptionC.
10W.
CorrectAnsweris. 10W.
Explanation. Gettheformulaforresonantfrequency.Trickycalculationtodowithoutacalculatorthough.

QuestionNumber.
18.
Ifacapacitor1Fandaninductor10mHareconnectedinparallelwhatistheirapproximateresonant
frequency?.

OptionA.
1.6kHz.

OptionB.
62Hz.
OptionC.
3.2MHz.

CorrectAnsweris. 1.6kHz.

Explanation. Gettheformulaforresonantfrequency.Trickycalculationtodowithoutacalculatorthough.

QuestionNumber.
19.
Currentinaninductivecircuitwill.

OptionA.
lagvoltage.
OptionB.
leadvoltage.
OptionC.
beatunity.

CorrectAnsweris. lagvoltage.
Explanation. RememberCIVIL.

QuestionNumber.
20.
Theimpedanceofaseriestunedcircuitatresonanceis.

OptionA.
zero.
OptionB.
minimum.

OptionC.
maximum.

CorrectAnsweris. minimum.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
21.
Inaninductiveresistivecircuit,1ampflowsfromasupplyof100Vdissipating50Wattsofpower.The
phaseangleis.

OptionA.
60.
OptionB.
90.
OptionC.
45.
CorrectAnsweris. 60.
Explanation. Apparentpower=amps*volts=1*100=100VA.ButTruepower=50W.PowerFactor=TP/AP=50/100=0.5.
Also,PF=COSINEofphaseangle.0.5=COSINEofphaseangle.Phaseangleistherefore60degrees.

QuestionNumber.
22.
Inthecircuitshown,impedancewillbe.

OptionA.
5ohms.

OptionB.
9ohms.

OptionC.
7ohms.

CorrectAnsweris. 5ohms.

Explanation. DrawthevectordiagramandfindtheresultantbyPythagorasitisa345triangle.

QuestionNumber.
would.

23.

Inthecircuitshown,ifthefrequencyisincreasedfromzerotoresonantfrequency,thecircuitcurrent

OptionA.
increase.

OptionB.
decrease.

OptionC.
staythesame.
CorrectAnsweris. increase.

Explanation. Inaseriesresonantcircuit,theimpedanceisaminimum(andequalonlytotheresistanceoftheresistorinthecircuit).

QuestionNumber.
24.
Thetruepowerdevelopedinthiscircuitis.

OptionA.
20W.
OptionB.
50W.
OptionC.
12W.
CorrectAnsweris.

12W.

2
Explanation. Truepowerisonlyintheresistor=I
R=2x2x3=12W.

OptionA.

OptionA.

OptionA.

QuestionNumber.
25.
InaseriesLCRcircuitatresonance,R=100ohms,LandCareeach10ohms.Thetotalimpedanceis.

OptionA.
zeroohms.

OptionB.
100ohms.

OptionC.
30ohms.

CorrectAnsweris. 100ohms.

Explanation. Resultantreactance(XLXC)is1010=0ohms.Sothetotalimpedanceofthecircuitistheremaining100ohm
resistor.

QuestionNumber.
26.
InahighQparallelresonantcircuit,whathappenstoimpedanceifcapacitanceisincreasedbyafactor
of4?.

OptionA.
Itincreasesbyfactorof4.

OptionB.
Itreducesby75%.

OptionC.
Itremainsthesame.
CorrectAnsweris. Itreducesby75%.

Explanation. Impedancecannotbeanyhigherinaparallelcircuitatresonance.Ifcapacitanceischanged,circuitwillnolongerbeat
resonanceandimpedancewilldrop.

QuestionNumber.
27.
Aparallelcircuitatresonancehasitsimpedanceata.

OptionA.
maximum.

OptionB.
zero.
OptionC.
minimum.

CorrectAnsweris. maximum.

Explanation. Parallelcircuitimpedanceismaximumatresonance.

QuestionNumber.
28.
Theformulaforimpedanceinaseriescircuitistherootof.

2
2
OptionA.
R
+(XCXL)
.

2
2
OptionB.
R
(XLXC)
.
2
2
OptionC.
R
+(XLXC)
.

2
2
CorrectAnsweris. R
+(XLXC)
.

Explanation. XLisnormallyconsideredtobepositivereactanceandXCnegativereactance.SoformulaiswithXLXC(not
XCXL).

QuestionNumber.
29.
Inthiscircuitappliedvoltageis.

OptionA.
V=IXL.

OptionB.
V=I/R.

OptionC.
V=IXC.

CorrectAnsweris. V=IXC.

Explanation. V=I*XC(fromOhm'sLaw).


QuestionNumber.
30.
InaparallelLCRcircuit,ifthecapacitanceisincreasedby4times,whathappenstotheimpedanceof
thecapacitor?.

OptionA.
increasesby4times.
OptionB.
remainsthesame.

OptionC.
decreasesby75%.

CorrectAnsweris. decreasesby75%.

Explanation. Presumablythisisreferringtotheimpedanceofthecapacitoralone,whichwouldreduceto1/4asX=1/2fC.The
impedanceoftheparallelcircuitwouldreducealso,buthowmuchdependsupontherelativesizeoftheothercomponents.

QuestionNumber.
31.
Ifthefrequencytoacapacitorincreases,thecurrentthroughit.

OptionA.
decreases.

OptionB.
increases.

OptionC.
iszero.
CorrectAnsweris. iszero.
Explanation. Ifitreallydoesmean'through'it,theansweriszero,asnocurrentgoes'through'acapacitorregardlessofitsfrequency.
However,ifitmeansthecurrentinthecircuit,thecapacitivereactancewillgodown,thusitscurrentwillgoUP.

QuestionNumber.
32.
Ifinaelectricalcircuitthereisadifferencebetweenthecapacitivereactanceandtheinductive
reactance,whatwouldthepowerfactorofthecircuitbe?.

OptionA.
Morethanunity.

OptionB.
Lessthanunity.

OptionC.
Unity.
CorrectAnsweris. Lessthanunity.

Explanation. PowerFactorisalwayslessthanone(unity).

QuestionNumber.
33.
InaSeriesLCcircuitifthevalueofthecapacitanceisincreasedthenthepowerfactorwillbe.

OptionA.
greaterthan1.
OptionB.
lessthan1.

OptionC.
equalto1.

CorrectAnsweris. lessthan1.

Explanation. Thepowerfactorisalwayslessthan1unlessthecircuitisatresonance.

QuestionNumber.
34.
Whatisthecurrentinthecircuitwitharesistanceof8ohms,inductivereactanceof12ohms,capacitive
reactanceof18ohmswith20voltsappliedacrossit?.

OptionA.
10amps.

OptionB.
1amp.
OptionC.
2amps.

CorrectAnsweris. 2amps.

Explanation. CalculatethetotalimpedanceZ=(36+64)=10andthenuseformulaV=Z*Itofindcurrent.

QuestionNumber.
35.
Acircuitcontainingaresistor,capacitorandinductorwhereresonantfrequencyismet,whatwillthe
impedanceofthecircuitbe?.

OptionA.
Maximum.

OptionB.
Resistanceacrosstheresistor.
OptionC.
Zero.
CorrectAnsweris. Resistanceacrosstheresistor.
Explanation. TheXLandXCcancelatresonance,leavingonlytheR.

15.Transformers.

QuestionNumber.
1.
Howmanyturnsdoesthesecondarywindingofa2:1stepuptransformerhave?.

OptionA.
Lessthanprimary.

OptionB.
Morethanprimary.

OptionC.
Lessturnsbutwiththickerwire.

CorrectAnsweris. Morethanprimary.
Explanation. ClearlyusingBritishnotationofSecondary:Primary.

QuestionNumber.
2.
Toreduceeddycurrentsinatransformeryouwould.

OptionA.
increasethethicknessoflaminationsinthemagneticcore.
OptionB.
reducethenumberofturnsontheprimarywinding.
OptionC.
reducethethicknessoflaminationsinthemagneticcore.
CorrectAnsweris. reducethethicknessoflaminationsinthemagneticcore.
Explanation. Readupontransformerlosses.

QuestionNumber.
3.
Atransformerhasaninputof400Vandaratioof2:1.Ifthetransformerisdelta/starwound,whatwill
thelinevoltageoutputbe?.

OptionA.
115V.
OptionB.
346V.
OptionC.
200V.
CorrectAnsweris. 346V.
Explanation. Starwoundoutputlinevoltageis1.73*phasevoltage.

QuestionNumber.
4.
ATransformerwith115Vprimaryvoltageandaratioof5:1issupplyingalandinglight(load24V45
amps)isused,whatisthecurrentdrawn?.

OptionA.
205amps.

OptionB.
4.5amps.

OptionC.
9amps.

CorrectAnsweris. 9amps.

Explanation. WhenthevoltageissteppedDOWN,thecurrenthasbeensteppedUP.Sowitha45Aoutputcurrentona5:1
transformer.

QuestionNumber.
5.
ATransformerhas4500secondaryturnsand750primaryturns.Itsturnsratiois.
OptionA.
1:6.
OptionB.
1/6.
OptionC.
6:1.
CorrectAnsweris. 6:1.
Explanation. TurnsratioisSecondary:Primary(usingBritishnotation).

QuestionNumber.
6.
Thepointofcoercivityoccurswhenthe.

OptionA.
magneticfluxiszeroeventhoughamagnetizingforceisbeingapplied.
OptionB.
magnetizingforcereachesapeakpositiveornegativevalue.

OptionC.
magnetizingforceappliedcausesthematerialtobecomemagneticallysaturated.
CorrectAnsweris. magneticfluxiszeroeventhoughamagnetizingforceisbeingapplied.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
7.
Theprimarywindingofa3phasetransformer.

OptionA.
isdeltawound.

OptionB.
couldbeeitherdeltaorstarwound.
OptionC.
isstarwound.
CorrectAnsweris. couldbeeitherdeltaorstarwound.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
8.
Inatransformer,iftherateofchangeofcurrentincreases,themutualinductancewill.
OptionA.
decrease.

OptionB.
remainthesame.

OptionC.
increase.

CorrectAnsweris. remainthesame.

Explanation. Transformerratio(whichisdependantuponthemutualinductance)isnotafunctionoffrequency.

QuestionNumber.
9.
A4:1stepdowntransformerdraws115Vand1A.Theoutputpowerwillbe.

OptionA.
460Vat0.25A.

OptionB.
28.5Vat16A.

OptionC.
28.5Vat4A.
CorrectAnsweris. 28.5Vat4A.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
10.
Thesecondarycoilofatransformerhas1500turnsand10resistance.Theprimarycoilhas1k
resistance.Howmanyturnsdoestheprimarycoilhave?.

OptionA.
15,000.

OptionB.
1,500,000.

OptionC.
150,000

CorrectAnsweris. 15,000.

Explanation. Turnsratio=squarerootoftheimpedanceratio.

QuestionNumber.
11.
Inastarwoundprimarytransformer,howcouldyouwindthesecondarywinding?.

OptionA.
staronly.

OptionB.
eitherdeltaorstar.

OptionC.
deltaonly.

CorrectAnsweris. eitherdeltaorstar.

Explanation. Theoppositetypeofwindingispreferredbecausethisreducesinterferencebetweenthetwo.However,theconnecting
circuitsmaydictatewhichisusedeitherway,anycombinationispossible.

QuestionNumber.
12.
Astepuptransformerhas.

OptionA.
twowindings.
OptionB.
onewinding.
OptionC.
threewindings.

CorrectAnsweris. twowindings.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
13.
Inatransformercorelossis200Wandcopperlossis220Watnoload.Whatisthecorelossatfull
load?.

OptionA.
200W.
OptionB.
0W.
OptionC.
220W.
CorrectAnsweris. 200W.
Explanation. Sincethefluxis(almost)thesamewhenonloadasitisoffload,thecorelossisthesame.(However,copperlosswill
begreaterONloadbecauseofthehighercurrent).

QuestionNumber.
14.
Thesecondarywindingofatransformerhasanimpedanceof10ohmsand1500turns.Fortheprimary
windingtohaveanimpedanceof1kilohm,howmanyturnsmustithave?.

OptionA.
15,000.

OptionB.
1,500,000.

OptionC.
150,000

CorrectAnsweris. 15,000.

Explanation. Turnsratio=squarerootofimpedanceratio.

QuestionNumber.
15.
Eddycurrentsinatransformercorearereducedby.

OptionA.
decreasingthethicknessofthelaminates.
OptionB.
makingthecorefromasolidblock.

OptionC.
increasingthethicknessofthelaminates.

CorrectAnsweris. decreasingthethicknessofthelaminates.
Explanation. Toreduceeddycurrents,thethinnerthelaminates,thebetter.

QuestionNumber.
16.
Transformercopperlossonfullloadis220Watts.Onhalfloadthelosswillbe.

OptionA.
440Watts.

OptionB.
110Watts.

OptionC.
55Watts.

CorrectAnsweris. 55Watts.

Explanation. SincecopperlossisgivenbyI2R,iftheloaddoubles,thecopperlosswillquadruple.Soitmusthavebeen55Wattson
halfloadtobe220Wattsonfullload.(Note:Corelossdoesnotchangewithload).

QuestionNumber.
17.
Howcanitbedeterminedifatransformerwindinghassomeofitsturnsshortedtogether?.

OptionA.
measuretheinputvoltagewithanohmmeter.

OptionB.
theoutputvoltagewillbehigh.

OptionC.
thetransformerwillgethotinnormaloperation.

CorrectAnsweris. thetransformerwillgethotinnormaloperation.

Explanation. Copperloss(heat)isgivenbyI2R.Ifsometurnsareshortedtogether,theresistance(R)goesdownandthecurrent(I)
goesup.Butsincethecurrentissquared,theheatlosswillincreaseonasquarelaw.

QuestionNumber.
18.
Eddycurrentsinatransformercanbereducedby.

OptionA.
usingasinglesolidpieceofmetal.
OptionB.
laminations.
OptionC.
usingaspecialnonmetallicmaterial.
CorrectAnsweris. laminations.
Explanation. NIL.


QuestionNumber.
19.
Whatistheratioofturnsbetweentheprimarycoilwindingandthesecondarycoilwindingofa
transformerdesignedtotripleitsinputvoltage?.

OptionA.
primarywillhaveonethirdasmanyturnsasitssecondary.
OptionB.
primarywillhavethreetimesasmanyturnsasitssecondary.

OptionC.
primarywillhavetwiceasmanyturnsasitssecondary.

CorrectAnsweris. primarywillhaveonethirdasmanyturnsasitssecondary.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
20.
Atransformershouldalwayshaveits.

OptionA.
primaryshortedoroffload.
OptionB.
secondaryshortedoronload.
OptionC.
secondaryopencircuitoronload.
CorrectAnsweris. secondaryopencircuitoronload.
Explanation. Ifyoushortoutthesecondarywinding,theprimarywillburnout.

QuestionNumber.
21.
Whichofthefollowingwouldbeusedtocalculatetransformerturnsratio?.

OptionA.
secondaryturnsprimaryturns.

OptionB.
primaryturnssecondaryturns.

OptionC.
primaryturnssecondaryturns.

CorrectAnsweris. secondaryturnsprimaryturns.

Explanation. IftheAmericanversionofturnsratioisuseditisPrimary:Secondary.EnglishnotationisSecondary:Primary.

QuestionNumber.
22.
Thevoltageinatransformersecondarycoilthatcontainstwiceasmanyloopsastheprimarycoilwill
be.

OptionA.
lessandtheamperagegreaterthanintheprimarycoil.

OptionB.
greaterandtheamperagegreaterthanintheprimarycoil.

OptionC.
greaterandtheamperagelessthanintheprimarycoil.

CorrectAnsweris. greaterandtheamperagegreaterthanintheprimarycoil.ORgreaterandtheamperagelessthanintheprimary
coil.
Explanation. Itisastepuptransformer.Thevoltageisthereforesteppedupandthecurrentsteppeddownbythesameratio.Itmust
dothisbecausethepower(IV)isthesameintheprimaryandsecondary(neglectingefficiency).

QuestionNumber.
23.
Theareaofahysteresisloopisproportionaltothe.

OptionA.
energydissipatedinputtingthematerialthroughacompletecycleofmagnetizationanddemagnetization.

OptionB.
relativepermeabilityofthematerialbeingmagnetized.

OptionC.
energyabsorbedincompletelydemagnetizingthematerial.
CorrectAnsweris. energydissipatedinputtingthematerialthroughacompletecycleofmagnetizationanddemagnetization.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
24.
Intransformeroperation,hysteresislossesare.

OptionA.
currentovercomingcoilresistance.
OptionB.
inducedcurrentintheironcore.

OptionC.
energywastedinreversingcoremagnetization.

CorrectAnsweris. energywastedinreversingcoremagnetization.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
25.
Whatcausesatransformertobenoisy?.

OptionA.
Highcorelosses.

OptionB.
Anairgapinthecore.
OptionC.
Highcoilresistance.
CorrectAnsweris. Anairgapinthecore.
Explanation. Anairgapinthemagneticcorecausesnoise.


QuestionNumber.
26.
Atransformerwitha5:1ratiohasa24Voutput.Whatistheinput?.

OptionA.
120VDC.

OptionB.
4.8VAC.

OptionC.
120VAC.

CorrectAnsweris. 120VAC.

Explanation. 5:1isstepdown.Soinputmustbe5*24=120V.TransformersonlyworkonAC.

QuestionNumber.
27.
Copperlossesinatransformerarecausedby.

OptionA.
theresistanceinthewindings.

OptionB.
wastingofthecopperwiresduetofriction.
OptionC.
circulatingcurrentsthroughthetransformer.
CorrectAnsweris. theresistanceinthewindings.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
28.
Thecopperlossonasinglephasetransformeris25Wattsonfullload.Whatwillitbeonhalfload?.

OptionA.
5Watts.

OptionB.
6.25Watts.
OptionC.
12.5Watts.
CorrectAnsweris. 6.25Watts.
2R
Explanation. Copperloss=I
.Sohalvethecurrent(load)andyoureducethecopperlossto1/4.

QuestionNumber.
29.
Atransformerisdesignedtooperateat60Hz.Itisconnectedacrossa50Hzsupply.Theprimary
windingswould.

OptionA.
drawmorecurrent.
OptionB.
drawthesamecurrent.

OptionC.
drawlesscurrent.

CorrectAnsweris. drawmorecurrent.
Explanation. TheinductivereactancedecreaseswithadecreasedfrequencysoitwilldrawMOREcurrent.

QuestionNumber.
30.
Acurrenttransformer,whendisconnectedfromacircuitmustbe.

OptionA.
leftopencircuit.

OptionB.
shortcircuited.
OptionC.
havearesistorconnectedacrosstheterminals.

CorrectAnsweris. shortcircuited.
Explanation. Currenttransformersmustbeshortcircuitedwhendisconnected.

QuestionNumber.
31.
Whatisthereflectedimpedanceintheprimaryofthetransformercircuitshown?.

OptionA.
20ohms.

OptionB.
500ohms.

OptionC.
50ohms.

CorrectAnsweris. 500ohms.

Explanation. Turnsratio=(turnsratio).10/1=Zin/5.100=Zin/5Zin=500.


QuestionNumber.
32.
Atransformerratedatafrequencyof200Hz.

OptionA.
maybeusedatanyotherfrequency.
OptionB.
mayonlybeusedattheratedfrequencyorabove.
OptionC.
mayonlybeusedattheratedfrequencyorbelow.
CorrectAnsweris. mayonlybeusedattheratedfrequencyorabove.
Explanation. Sincethereactanceoftheprimarycoildecreaseswithdecreasingfrequency,usingbelowtheratedfrequencymay
damageitduetoincreasedcurrentflow.

QuestionNumber.
33.
Thedotsonthetransformersymbolshownarecalled,andindicate.

OptionA.
phasingdots,pointthathavetheoppositepolarityatthesamemomentintime.
OptionB.
phasingdots,pointthathavethesamepolarityatthesamemomentintime.

OptionC.
quadraturedots,pointsare90ooutofphase.
CorrectAnsweris. phasingdots,pointthathavethesamepolarityatthesamemomentintime.
Explanation. NIL.


QuestionNumber.
34.
Atransformerisbuiltwithamaterialhavinga.

OptionA.
highcoerciveforce.
OptionB.
widehysteresisloop.
OptionC.
narrowhysteresisloop.

CorrectAnsweris. narrowhysteresisloop.

Explanation. Theareaofthehysteresisloopisthepowerlostinrepeatedlyreversingthemagnetism.

QuestionNumber.
35.
Inacircuitwhichpossessesmutualinductance,currentisincreasedtotheprimary.

OptionA.
theinducedEMFinthesecondaryproducesacurrentinthesecondarycircuitwhichopposestheincreaseinfluxdueto
theincreaseofcurrentintheprimary.

OptionB.
theinducedEMFinthesecondaryproducesacurrentinthesecondarycircuitwhichassiststheincreaseinfluxdueto
theincreaseofcurrentintheprimary.

OptionC.
theinducedEMFinthesecondaryproducesacurrentinthesecondarycircuitwhosefluxhasnoeffectonthefluxin
theprimary.
CorrectAnsweris. theinducedEMFinthesecondaryproducesacurrentinthesecondarycircuitwhichopposestheincreasein
fluxduetotheincreaseofcurrentintheprimary.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
36.
Atransformerhas500turnsontheprimaryand100turnsonthesecondary.Whenconnectedtoa100V
supply,theoutputis.

OptionA.
500V.
OptionB.
25V.
OptionC.
20V.
CorrectAnsweris. 20V.
Explanation. 5:1stepdown.100/5=20V.

QuestionNumber.
37.
Atransformerhas500turnsontheprimaryand100turnsonthesecondary.Thesecondarysupplies20V
andisconnectedtoa10ohmload.Theprimarycurrentis.

OptionA.
0.4amps.

OptionB.
2amps.

OptionC.
10amps.

CorrectAnsweris. 0.4amps.

Explanation. Secondarycurrent=V/R=20/10=2A.Primarycurrent=2A/5=0.4A.

QuestionNumber.
38.
Atransformerhas1200turnsprimaryand4800turnssecondary.Whatvalueofloadresistancewouldbe
requiredtogiveareflectedimpedanceof1000ohms?.

OptionA.
4kilohm.

OptionB.
1kilohm.

OptionC.
16kilohm.

CorrectAnsweris. 16kilohm.

Explanation. Impedancematchingformula,TurnsRatio=(ImpedanceRatio).

QuestionNumber.
39.
Anautotransformerwindingsare.

OptionA.
wiredinparallel.

OptionB.
onseparateformers.
OptionC.
connected.

CorrectAnsweris. connected.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
40.
Whatvoltagecantheneutrallinecarryinastartransformer?.

OptionA.
Zerovoltage.
OptionB.
Phasevoltage.
OptionC.
Combinedlinevoltages.

CorrectAnsweris. Zerovoltage.
Explanation. Theneutrallineisgrounded.

QuestionNumber.
41.
Atransformertosupplya24Vloadwitha5:1turnsratiowillhavewhatprimarysupply?.

OptionA.
120VAC.

OptionB.
48VAC.

OptionC.
120VDC.

CorrectAnsweris. 120VAC.

Explanation. 5:1isstepdown,sothesupplyvoltagemustbe5*24=120VAC(ACbecausetransformersdon'tworkwithDC).

QuestionNumber.
42.
Atransformerhas2000V,500turnsontheprimaryand50turnsonthesecondary.Whatwouldbethe
linevoltageifthetransformerwereDelta/Starconnected?.

OptionA.
200V.
OptionB.
450V.
OptionC.
346V.
CorrectAnsweris. 346V.
Explanation. Itisa10:1stepdowntransformer.Phasevoltageinsecondary=200V.Withstarwoundsecondary,linevoltage=1.73
*200=346V.

QuestionNumber.
43.
ThelinevoltageinaWyewoundtransformeris.

OptionA.
root3/phasevoltage.
OptionB.
root3*phasevoltage.

OptionC.
thesameasphasevoltage.
CorrectAnsweris. root3*phasevoltage.

Explanation. Linevoltage=root3*phasevoltageinaWye(star)woundtransformer.

QuestionNumber.
44.
Eddycurrentlossesinatransformerare.

OptionA.
magneticflowsinducedintothecore.

OptionB.
currentusedinmagnetisingthecore.
OptionC.
hysteresislosses.

CorrectAnsweris. magneticflowsinducedintothecore.

Explanation.

QuestionNumber.
45.
A3phasestardeltawoundtransformergives.

OptionA.
30phaseshift.

OptionB.
90phaseshift.

OptionC.
nophaseshift.
CorrectAnsweris. 30phaseshift.

Explanation. Astardeltawoundtransformergivesa30degreephaseshift.

QuestionNumber.
46.
Ina4:1stepuptransformer,whatwouldgiveareflectedimpedanceof1Kilohm?.

OptionA.
1kohm.

OptionB.
16kohm.

OptionC.
4kohm.

CorrectAnsweris. 16kohm.

Explanation. Turnsratio=(impedanceratio).

QuestionNumber.
47.
Theinputis115Vandisappliedacrossthe300turnportionoftheautotransformershown.Whatisthe
output?.


OptionA.
115V.
OptionB.
28V.
OptionC.
460V.
CorrectAnsweris. 460V.
Explanation. Autotransformer300:1200ratio1:4.Output=4*115V.

QuestionNumber.
48.
Anearperfect4:1stepuptransformerhasit'sprimaryconnectedto120VAC,ifthesecondaryis
connectedtoaloadwith1600ohmsresistance,whatisthecurrentintheprimary?.

OptionA.
1amp.
OptionB.
0.3amps.

OptionC.
1.2amps.

CorrectAnsweris. 1.2amps.

Explanation. Secondaryvoltage=480V,Secondarycurrent=480/1600=0.3A,Primarycurrent=4*0.3=1.2A.


QuestionNumber.
49.
Fluxlossesinatransformercanbepreventedby.

OptionA.
windingtheprimaryontopofthesecondary.

OptionB.
theuseofprimaryshielding.
OptionC.
laminatingthecore.
CorrectAnsweris. windingtheprimaryontopofthesecondary.

Explanation. Fluxlossesareduetoprimaryfluxlinesnotgoingthroughthesecondary.

QuestionNumber.
50.
Tosupplya24voltoutputwithatransformerwitha5:1turnsratio,theinputrequiredis.
OptionA.
4.8V.
OptionB.
24V.
OptionC.
120V.
CorrectAnsweris. 120V.
Explanation. Assumingthisisastepdowntransformer(i.e5:1meansPrimary:Secondary).

QuestionNumber.
51.
Whatwouldyouuseforthecoreinageneratorcurrenttransformer?.

OptionA.
Aircore.

OptionB.
Laminatedcore.

OptionC.
SteelCore.

CorrectAnsweris. Aircore.

Explanation. Acurrenttransformerusesthegeneratoroutputcableasitsprimary,soitmusthaveahollow(air)core.

QuestionNumber.
52.
Anaircrafttransformerisneededtostepupavoltage.Whatsortwouldbeused?.

OptionA.
Aircore.

OptionB.
Solidcore.

OptionC.
Laminatedcore.

CorrectAnsweris. Laminatedcore.

Explanation. Laminatedcoretransformersaremostefficient.

QuestionNumber.
53.
Ina4:1stepuptransformer,120Visappliedtotheprimary,andtheloadonthesecondaryis1600
Ohms.Whatisthecurrentintheprimary?.

OptionA.
0.075A.

OptionB.
1.2A.
OptionC.
3A.

CorrectAnsweris. 1.2A.
Explanation. Voltageinsecondary=4*120=480V.CurrentinSecondary=480/1600(Ohm'sLaw)=3/10A.CurrentinPrimary=
4*3/10A=12/10A=1.2A(RememberthatcurrentissteppeddownPrimarytoSecondaryinastepuptransformer).

QuestionNumber.
54.
A10:1stepuppowertransformerhas120V,and3Aflowingthroughtheprimary,and0.285Aflowing
throughthesecondarywhatistheefficiency?.

OptionA.
90%.
OptionB.
95%.
OptionC.
85%.
CorrectAnsweris. 95%.
Explanation. Powerinprimary=120*3=360W.Powerinsecondary=1200*0.285=342W.342/360=0.95.

QuestionNumber.
55.
Aircraftautotransformersareofwhattype?.

OptionA.
Opencore.

OptionB.
Twincore.

OptionC.
Laminatedcore.

CorrectAnsweris. Laminatedcore.

Explanation. Pg60AircraftElectricalSystemsPallett.

QuestionNumber.
56.
Anautotransformeris.

OptionA.
primaryandsecondarycoils.
OptionB.
primarycoilonly.

OptionC.
primaryandsecondarycoilsonsinglebar.
CorrectAnsweris. primaryandsecondarycoilsonsinglebar.
Explanation. NIL. http://www.hyperdictionary.com/dictionary/autotransformer

QuestionNumber.
57.
Thewindingsonaautotransformerare.

OptionA.
woundonseparatelegsofcore.

OptionB.
woundwithnomagneticcore.

OptionC.
woundwiththeprimaryoverthesecondary.
CorrectAnsweris. woundwithnomagneticcore.ORwoundwiththeprimaryoverthesecondary.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
58.
HowdoyoureduceHysteresislossofatransformer?.

OptionA.
Windthecoilsoneovertheotherandbycarefuldesignofthetransformer.
OptionB.
Bylaminatingthecore.

OptionC.
Byusingacorematerialwhichcanbeeasilydemagnetised.
CorrectAnsweris. Bylaminatingthecore.ORByusingacorematerialwhichcanbeeasilydemagnetised.
Explanation. NIL.

16.Filters.

QuestionNumber.
1.
Whichisahighpassfilter?.

OptionA.
LtypewithseriesLandshuntC.

OptionB.
LtypewithseriesCandshuntL.

OptionC.
typewithseriesCandL.

CorrectAnsweris. typewithseriesCandL.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
2.
Ahighpassfilterwill.

OptionA.
allowfrequenciesaboveacertainvaluetopass.

OptionB.
allowfrequencieswithinarangetopass.

OptionC.
allowfrequenciesbelowacertainvaluetopass.

CorrectAnsweris. allowfrequenciesaboveacertainvaluetopass.

Explanation. Readuponfiltersespeciallyhighpass,lowpass,bandpassandbandstop.

QuestionNumber.
3.
Abandstopfilter.

OptionA.
attenuatesfrequencieseithersideofanarrowrange.
OptionB.
stopsanarrowrangeoffrequencies.
OptionC.
stopsfrequencieseithersideofanarrowrange.

CorrectAnsweris. stopsanarrowrangeoffrequencies.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
4.
Thisisadiagramofa.

OptionA.
highpassfilter.

OptionB.
bandpassfilter.

OptionC.
lowpassfilter.
CorrectAnsweris. lowpassfilter.

Explanation. Thisisaverysimplelowpassfilter,sincethecapacitorwillabsorballhighfrequencies.

QuestionNumber.
5.
Acapacitorinseriesandinductorinparallelmakewhatkindoffilter?.
OptionA.
Lowpass.

OptionB.
Bandpass.

OptionC.
Highpass.

CorrectAnsweris. Highpass.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
6.
Ahighpassfilterhas.

OptionA.
highimpedancetohighfrequency,lowimpedancetolowfrequency.

OptionB.
highimpedancetobothhighandlowfrequency.

OptionC.
highimpedancetolowfrequency,lowimpedancetohighfrequency.

CorrectAnsweris. highimpedancetolowfrequency,lowimpedancetohighfrequency.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
7.
Acircuitwithgoodselectivitywillhave.

OptionA.
alargebandwidth.

OptionB.
anarrowbandwidth.
OptionC.
alowL/Cratio.

CorrectAnsweris. anarrowbandwidth.
Explanation. NIL.


QuestionNumber.
8.
Afilterwithasmallbandwidthhas.

OptionA.
ahighvalueofQ.

OptionB.
aQofzero.
OptionC.
alowvalueofQ.

CorrectAnsweris. ahighvalueofQ.

Explanation. Qisthe'quality'ofafilter.

QuestionNumber.
9.
Bandstopfilter.

OptionA.
attenuatesfrequenciesinaspecifiednarrowband.
OptionB.
stopsfrequenciesinanarrowband.
OptionC.
passallfrequenciesinthatband.

CorrectAnsweris. attenuatesfrequenciesinaspecifiednarrowband.
Explanation. Attenuatesmeans'toreduce'.Nofilterwilltotallystoptheunwantedfilterband.

QuestionNumber.
10.
Bandpassfilterinacircuit.

OptionA.
onlyallowsanarrowbandoffrequencytopass.

OptionB.
allowsfrequenciesbelowacutofffrequencytopass.

OptionC.
allowsfrequenciesaboveacutofffrequencytopass.

CorrectAnsweris. onlyallowsanarrowbandoffrequencytopass.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
11.
Ahighpassfilterconsistsofa.

OptionA.
capacitorinseriesandinductorinseries.

OptionB.
capacitorinseriesandinductorinparallel.
OptionC.
aninductorinseriesandacapacitorinparallel.

CorrectAnsweris. capacitorinseriesandinductorinparallel.

Explanation. NIL.

17.ACGenerators.

QuestionNumber.
1.
InanalternatingcurrentStarwiredsystem,thephasevoltageis115voltsandthelinevoltagewillbe
approximately.

OptionA.
200volts.

OptionB.
115volts.

OptionC.
163volts.

CorrectAnsweris. 200volts.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
2.
Analternatingcurrentgeneratorisoperatingat50kVAinacircuitwithapowerfactorof0.8.Thereal
poweris.

OptionA.
40kW.
OptionB.
72kW.
OptionC.
50kW.
CorrectAnsweris. 40kW.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
3.
ThetwofactorswhichgoverntheoutputfrequencyofanACgeneratorarethe.

OptionA.
thenumberofpoles(inpairs)andtherotorRPM.
OptionB.
strengthofthestatorfieldfluxandnumberofpoles.
OptionC.
speedofrotationoftherotorandthestatorfieldfluxstrength.

CorrectAnsweris. thenumberofpoles(inpairs)andtherotorRPM.
Explanation. NIL.


QuestionNumber.
4.
Inadeltaconnectedgenerator.

OptionA.
linevoltage=root3timesphasevoltage,linecurrent=phasecurrent.

OptionB.
linevolts=phasevolts,linecurrent=phasecurrentdividedbyroot3.

OptionC.
linevolts=phasevolts,linecurrent=root3timesphasecurrent.
CorrectAnsweris. linevolts=phasevolts,linecurrent=root3timesphasecurrent.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
5.
Whenmeasuringthephaseandlinevoltagesofagenerator,itwasfoundthatlineandphasevoltages
wereequal.Thegeneratoris?.

OptionA.
eitherdeltaorstarwound.

OptionB.
deltawound.
OptionC.
starwound.
CorrectAnsweris. deltawound.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
6.
ThepermanentmagnetinanA.Cgeneratorinduces.

OptionA.
A.C.inthemaingenerator.
OptionB.
A.C.intheexcitergenerator.
OptionC.
D.C.intheexcitergenerator.
CorrectAnsweris. A.C.intheexcitergenerator.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
7.
Ifthephasevoltageinastarconnectedgeneratoris200Vwhatwillbethelinevoltage?.

OptionA.
115V.
OptionB.
346V.
OptionC.
200V.

CorrectAnsweris. 346V.
Explanation. Starconnectedgeneratorlinevoltageis1.73*phasevoltage.

QuestionNumber.
8.
Ageneratorislabeledashaving115V/200V,20AandPF0.8.Whatistheapparentpowerineachline
thatthegeneratorcanproduce?.

OptionA.
2.3kVA.

OptionB.
2.3kW.
OptionC.
4kVA.
CorrectAnsweris. 4kVA.
Explanation. ApparentpowerismeasuredinVA.Linevoltageis200V(alwaysthehigherofthetwovoltagesandthepresenceof2
voltagesconfirmsitasstarwound).So200*20=4KVA(PFnotrequired).

QuestionNumber.
9.
ACgeneratorsareratedin.

OptionA.
kVA.
OptionB.
kVARs.

OptionC.
kW.
CorrectAnsweris. kVA.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
10.
Thefrequencyoftheoutputofa4polegeneratoris400Hz.Thegeneratoristurningat.

OptionA.
6000RPM.
OptionB.
12000RPM.
OptionC.
3000RPM.
CorrectAnsweris. 12000RPM.
Explanation. Gettheformulaforfrequency.

QuestionNumber.
11.
ThevoltageinducedinthestatorofanACgeneratorisproducedby.

OptionA.
analternatingfield.
OptionB.
arotatingmagneticfield.

OptionC.
afixedmagneticfield.
CorrectAnsweris. arotatingmagneticfield.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
12.
A30KVAratedgeneratorhasapowerfactorof0.8.Whatisitsmaximumconsistentpower?.
OptionA.
30KW.

OptionB.
37.5KW.

OptionC.
24KW.

CorrectAnsweris. 24KW.

Explanation. Powerfactor=truepower/apparentpower.

QuestionNumber.
13.
Thethreevoltagesofathreephasegeneratorareconnected.

OptionA.
inserieswitheachother.

OptionB.
independentlyofeachother.
OptionC.
inparallelwitheachother.
CorrectAnsweris. independentlyofeachother.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
14.
Ina2phasegenerator,howfarapartarethewindingselectrically?.

OptionA.
45.
OptionB.
180.
OptionC.
90.
CorrectAnsweris. 90.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
15.
WherearetheoutputwindingsonanACgenerator?.

OptionA.
Rotorwithsliprings.
OptionB.
Rotorwithcommutator.

OptionC.
Stator.
CorrectAnsweris. Stator.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
16.
Thelinevoltagefromageneratorwithadeltatypeconnectionwillbe.

OptionA.
lowerthanthephasevoltage.
OptionB.
higherthanthephasevoltage.
OptionC.
thesameasthephasevoltage.

CorrectAnsweris. thesameasthephasevoltage.

Explanation. Lineandphasevoltagesarethesamewithadeltaconnections(itisthecurrentthatisdifferent).

QuestionNumber.
17.
Anadvantageofastarconnectedgeneratoroveradeltaconnectedgeneratoris.
OptionA.
thelineandphasevoltagesareequal.
OptionB.
twopotentialsareavailable.
OptionC.
abalanceloadisguaranteed.
CorrectAnsweris. twopotentialsareavailable.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
18.
PermanentmagnetsinanACgeneratorare.

OptionA.
toprovideinitialexcitation.
OptionB.
tocontrolthefrequency.

OptionC.
torectifythecurrent.

CorrectAnsweris. toprovideinitialexcitation.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
19.
TheexciterwindinginabrushlessACgeneratorissuppliedwithelectricalpowerfrom.

OptionA.
permanentmagnets.
OptionB.
arotatinggeneratorintegrallymountedonthesameshaftastheACwindings.

OptionC.
thebusbar.

CorrectAnsweris. arotatinggeneratorintegrallymountedonthesameshaftastheACwindings.ORpermanentmagnets.
Explanation. AircraftElectricityandElectronicsEisminPage220.

QuestionNumber.
20.
AnACgenerator'sfrequencywill.

OptionA.
alwaysbeconstantregardlessofthegeneratorsdrivespeed.
OptionB.
beproportionaltotheRPMatwhichitisdriven.

OptionC.
varywithchangesinfieldstrength.
CorrectAnsweris. beproportionaltotheRPMatwhichitisdriven.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
21.
AfrequencywildACgeneratorisusedfor.

OptionA.
anyACload.
OptionB.
deicingloads.
OptionC.
instrumentsandnavigation.
CorrectAnsweris. deicingloads.
Explanation. Frequencywildcanonlybeusedonresistivecircuits(heatingandlighting).

QuestionNumber.
22.
HowmanycyclesofACvoltageareproducedinasixpolealternatoroftherevolvingfieldtype,with
eachrevolutionoftherotor?.

OptionA.
Six.
OptionB.
Four.
OptionC.
Three.
CorrectAnsweris. Three.
Explanation. Eachpairofpolesproduces1cycle.

QuestionNumber.
23.
ThevariablefrequencyoutputfromanACgeneratorisusedfor.

OptionA.
drivingACoperatedinstruments.

OptionB.
supplyingnoninductiveloads.

OptionC.
theACsupplyinsteadofusinginverters.

CorrectAnsweris. supplyingnoninductiveloads.

Explanation. Variablefrequency(frequencywild)canonlybeusedforresistiveloads(i.e.noninductiveandnoncapacitive).

QuestionNumber.
24.
InasinglephaseACgenerator,frequencyisdeterminedby.

OptionA.
thenumberofpairsofpoles.
OptionB.
controllingthecurrentflowthroughthevoltagefieldwindings.

OptionC.
thegeneratorspeed.
CorrectAnsweris. controllingthecurrentflowthroughthevoltagefieldwindings.ORthegeneratorspeed.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
25.
Theamountofelectricalpowerforagivengeneratorweightis.

OptionA.
greaterforACgenerator.

OptionB.
determinedbythesizeoftheaircraft.
OptionC.
greaterforDCgenerator.

CorrectAnsweris. greaterforACgenerator.

Explanation. ThisisoneoftheadvantagesofACpower.


QuestionNumber.
26.
OnatypicalACgeneratortheoutputistaken.

OptionA.
directfromtherotorviasliprings.
OptionB.
directfromthestatorwindings.

OptionC.
directfromtheexciter.

CorrectAnsweris. directfromthestatorwindings.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
27.
AnACgeneratorisproducingtherequiredvoltagebutahigherfrequencythanthatrequired.Toremedy
this,thefollowingactionmustbetaken?.

OptionA.
Decreasethespeedoftheprimemover.

OptionB.
Decreasethespeedoftheprimemover,andthendecreasethestrengthofthefield.

OptionC.
Decreasethespeedoftheprimemover,andthenincreasethestrengthofthefield.
CorrectAnsweris. Decreasethespeedoftheprimemover,andthenincreasethestrengthofthefield.
Explanation. Decreasingthespeedoftheprimemoverdecreasesthefrequency,butitalsodecreasestheoutputvoltage.Soyoumust
thenreturntheoutputvoltagetotherequiredlevelbyincreasingthegeneratorfieldstrength.

QuestionNumber.
28.
Ina3phasegeneratorwithbalancedload,thepotentialbetweentheneutralpointandearthis.

OptionA.
equaltolinevolts.

OptionB.
zerovolts.

OptionC.
equaltophasevolts.
CorrectAnsweris. zerovolts.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
29.
ThepoweroutputofanACparallelgeneratorsystemismeasuredin.

OptionA.
KW/KVARS.

OptionB.
amperes.

OptionC.
KVA.
CorrectAnsweris. KVA.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
30.
TheshapeoftheoutputwaveformofanACgeneratorisknownasa.

OptionA.
sinewave.

OptionB.
frequencywave.

OptionC.
cosinewave.
CorrectAnsweris. sinewave.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
31.
ThesumoftheinstantaneousE.M.F.'sinathreephasesystemis.

OptionA.
threetimesthephasevoltage.
OptionB.
zero.
OptionC.
equaltothelinevoltage.

CorrectAnsweris. zero.
Explanation. Lookatadiagramof3phases.Addupallthreeatanyverticallineanditalwayscomestozero.

QuestionNumber.
32.
Onerevolutionofathreephasegeneratorwillproduce.

OptionA.
1cycle.

OptionB.
3cycles.

OptionC.
2cycles.

CorrectAnsweris. 1cycle.

Explanation. Althoughtherearethreephases,theyareconsideredseparatesoonecycleisgeneratedperrevolution.

QuestionNumber.
33.
The'A'phaseofathreephasepowersystemiscolourcoded.

OptionA.
red.
OptionB.
blue.
OptionC.
yellow.
CorrectAnsweris. red.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
34.
ThetoleranceoftheACgeneratorfrequencyis.

OptionA.
10Hz.
OptionB.
40Hz.
OptionC.
20Hz.
CorrectAnsweris. 20Hz.
Explanation. +/10Hz(forparallelingofgenerators).

QuestionNumber.
35.
ThevoltageofanACgenerator.

OptionA.
risestomaxinonedirectionandremains.
OptionB.
risestomaxinonedirection,fallstozeroandrisesinthesamedirection.
OptionC.
risestomaxinonedirectionthenfallstozerothenrisestomaxintheoppositedirection.
CorrectAnsweris. risestomaxinonedirection,fallstozeroandrisesinthesamedirection.ORrisestomaxinonedirectionthen
fallstozerothenrisestomaxintheoppositedirection.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
36.
Ageneratorsupplies25A,4Vand50W.Whatistheapparentpowerandthepowerfactor?.

OptionA.
400VAand0.5.

OptionB.
100VAand2.
OptionC.
100VAand0.5.

CorrectAnsweris. 100VAand0.5.

Explanation. PF=truepower/apparentpower.Apparentpower=IV=100VA.PF=50/100=0.5.

QuestionNumber.
37.
Aconventionalaircraftgeneratorwillbe.

OptionA.
deltawound.
OptionB.
serieswound.
OptionC.
starwound.
CorrectAnsweris. starwound.
Explanation. Starwoundwillgive2choicesofvoltage.Aircraftneveruseserieswoundgenerators.

QuestionNumber.
38.
Powerfactorofageneratoris.

OptionA.
tan.
OptionB.
cos.
OptionC.
sin.
CorrectAnsweris. cos.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
39.
Ina3phasegenerator,whatanglearethephasestoeachother?.
OptionA.
180.
OptionB.
120.
OptionC.
0.

CorrectAnsweris. 120.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
40.
Ina2phasegenerator,whatanglearethephasestoeachother?.
OptionA.
90.
OptionB.
0.

OptionC.
180.

CorrectAnsweris. 90.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
41.
Deltawoundlinecurrentis.

OptionA.
equaltophasecurrent.

OptionB.
root3*phasecurrent.
OptionC.
lessthanthephasecurrent.
CorrectAnsweris. root3*phasecurrent.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
42.
Analternatordelivers500VRMSat1ampere.Thepowerfactoris0.8.Thetruepoweris.
OptionA.
500W.
OptionB.
100VA.

OptionC.
400W.
CorrectAnsweris. 400W.
Explanation. ApparentPower=amps*volts=1*500=500VA.PowerFactor=TP/AP.0.8=TP/500.TP=500*0.8=400W.

QuestionNumber.
43.
OnabrushlessACgenerator,themainrotatingfieldisfedwith.

OptionA.
DCviadiodesontherotor.
OptionB.
AC.
OptionC.
ACfromtherotatingfieldexciter.
CorrectAnsweris. DCviadiodesontherotor.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
44.
Singlephasecomponentsinathreephasesystemmaybeconnectedbetween.

OptionA.
phaseAandBonly.

OptionB.
anyphaseandneutralORbetweenanytwophases.
OptionC.
phaseandneutralonly.

CorrectAnsweris. anyphaseandneutralORbetweenanytwophases.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
45.
Ageneratorratedat30KVAandpowerfactor0.8hasamaximumcontinuouspoweroutputof.

OptionA.
30kW.
OptionB.
24kW.
OptionC.
48kW.
CorrectAnsweris. 24kW.
Explanation. TruePower=PF*ApparentPower=0.8*30=24kW.

QuestionNumber.
46.
IftherewasamainlyinductiveloadonanACgenerator,thevoltagewithrespecttothecurrentwould.

OptionA.
lag.

OptionB.
beinphase.
OptionC.
lead.
CorrectAnsweris. lead.
Explanation. RememberCIVIL.

QuestionNumber.
47.
OnabrushlessACgenerator,thepermanentmagnetgeneratoroutputis.

OptionA.
DC.
OptionB.
pulsed.
OptionC.
AC.
CorrectAnsweris. AC.
Explanation. TheoutputisACbeforeitisrectifiedbythediodesinsidetheshaft.


QuestionNumber.
48.
TheoutputfromarotatingarmatureACgeneratorwouldbetakenfrom.

OptionA.
eithertherotororthestator.
OptionB.
therotor.

OptionC.
thestator.

CorrectAnsweris. therotor.

Explanation. ViewComment/Reference(ifavailable).

QuestionNumber.
49.
AfrequencywildACgeneratorsystemhas.

OptionA.
variablevoltageonly.
OptionB.
variablevoltageandfrequency.

OptionC.
variablefrequencyonly.

CorrectAnsweris. variablefrequencyonly.

Explanation. Thevoltageisheldconstantbyavoltageregulator,whichvariestheresistanceofthefieldcurrent.

QuestionNumber.
50.
AnACgeneratorhasfourpoles.Toproduceafrequencyof400Hzitmustachieveaspeedof.

OptionA.
6000RPM.
OptionB.
3000RPM.
OptionC.
12000RPM.
CorrectAnsweris. 12000RPM.
Explanation. Ifithadtheminimumof2poles(1pair)itwouldrequire400revs/sec=400*60=24,000revs/min.With4poles(2
pairs),thatspeedcanbehalved.

QuestionNumber.
51.
ThestatorofapermanentmagnetrotorACgenerator.

OptionA.
isusuallystarwound.
OptionB.
iswoundinserieswiththefield.

OptionC.
isusuallydeltawound.

CorrectAnsweris. isusuallystarwound.
Explanation. Starwoundismorecommonduetotheprovisionoftwovoltages.

QuestionNumber.
52.
Thepoweroutputofasimilarsized3phasecomparedtoasinglephasegeneratoris.

OptionA.
more.
OptionB.
same.
OptionC.
less.
CorrectAnsweris. more.
Explanation. 3phasegeneratorsarelighterandmorecompactfortheiroutputpower.

QuestionNumber.
53.
Inavoltageequalisingcircuitthegeneratorsareregulatedso.

OptionA.
thehigheroutputisdecreasedtothatofthelower.
OptionB.
thelowerisincreasedandthehigherisdecreaseduntiltheyareequal.

OptionC.
theloweroutputisincreasedtothatofthehigher.
CorrectAnsweris. thelowerisincreasedandthehigherisdecreaseduntiltheyareequal.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
54.
Ina3phasedeltawoundcircuit,linecurrentis.

OptionA.
sameasthephasecurrent.

OptionB.
thevectorialsumofall3phasecurrents.

OptionC.
inphasewiththephasecurrent.

CorrectAnsweris. thevectorialsumofall3phasecurrents.

Explanation. Linecurrentisroot3*phasecurrent(rulesouta).Thereisa30degreephaseshift(rulesoutb).Theroot3isderived
fromthevectorsumofallthreephases.

QuestionNumber.
55.
Inanaircraftbrushlessalternatorthearmatureis.

OptionA.
inserieswiththefield.

OptionB.
deltawound.
OptionC.
starwound.
CorrectAnsweris. starwound.
Explanation. ThearmatureisnormallyStarWoundtogiveachoiceof2voltages.

QuestionNumber.
56.
Ifthephasevoltageofastarwoundgeneratoris115V,whatwouldbethelinetolinevoltage?.
OptionA.
220V.
OptionB.
180V.
OptionC.
200V.
CorrectAnsweris. 200V.
Explanation. Linetolinevoltagemeans'Line'voltage.Forstarwound,Linevoltage=1.73*phasevoltage.

QuestionNumber.
57.
WhatarethefactorsaffectingthefrequencyofanACgenerator?.

OptionA.
Numberofpolepairsandrpm.

OptionB.
Numberofturnsinthearmaturecoilandnumberofpolepairs.

OptionC.
Numberofturnsinthearmaturecoilandrpm.

CorrectAnsweris. Numberofpolepairsandrpm.

Explanation. Seeformulaforfrequencyofgeneratoroutput.

QuestionNumber.
58.
Ageneratorwithmorethantwophasesisknownas.

OptionA.
polyphase.

OptionB.
multiphase.
OptionC.
deltaphase.
CorrectAnsweris. polyphase.

Explanation. AircraftElectricityandElectronics.Eismin5thEditionPage92.


QuestionNumber.
59.
Ageneratorsupplies150VACphaseandloadis10Ohmsperphase.Whatisthephasecurrent?.

OptionA.
25.5A.
OptionB.
1.5A.
OptionC.
15A.
CorrectAnsweris. 15A.
Explanation. I=V/R=150/10=15A.

QuestionNumber.
60.
ThephasesonathreephaseACgeneratorarespacedat.

OptionA.
120degrees.
OptionB.
90degrees.
OptionC.
180degrees.
CorrectAnsweris. 120degrees.
Explanation. Thephasesareequallyspaced.

QuestionNumber.
61.
Increasingtheloadonapermanentmagnetgeneratorwill.

OptionA.
reducetheterminalvoltagebyalargeamount.

OptionB.
reducetheterminalvoltagebyasmallamount.

OptionC.
increasetheterminalvoltagebyasmallamount.

CorrectAnsweris. reducetheterminalvoltagebyasmallamount.

Explanation. AircraftElectricityandElectronicsEisminPg193andElectricalSystemsforA&PsPg106.

QuestionNumber.
62.
Two3phasegeneratorsoperatinginparallelwithdifferentphaseandlinevoltageswillbeconnectedin.

OptionA.
Parallelconfiguration.
OptionB.
starconfiguration.

OptionC.
deltaconfiguration.

CorrectAnsweris. starconfiguration.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
63.
TheStabilitywindingsina3phaseACgeneratoraretosense.

OptionA.
fieldoscillations.

OptionB.
overvolt.

OptionC.
phaseshift.
CorrectAnsweris. overvolt.

Explanation. StabilityWindingCAIPsEEL/123.4.5(d).

QuestionNumber.
64.
Deltawoundalternatorcurrentsare.

OptionA.
thesameaslinecurrent.

OptionB.
thesameasphasecurrent.

OptionC.
thephasecurrentmultipliedbethesquarerootof3.
CorrectAnsweris. thephasecurrentmultipliedbethesquarerootof3.
Explanation. DeltawoundLinecurrent=root3*phasecurrent.

QuestionNumber.
65.
InsmallersingleortwinengineaircrafttheprimaryDCpowerissuppliedintheformofrectifiedoutput
from.

OptionA.
constantfrequencyacgenerator.

OptionB.
inverter.

OptionC.
frequencywildacgenerator.
CorrectAnsweris. frequencywildacgenerator.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
66.
Singlephasecomponentsina3phasesystemmaybeconnectedbetween.

OptionA.
anyphaseandearthorbetweenanytwophases.

OptionB.
anyphaseandearth.
OptionC.
phaseAandBonly.
CorrectAnsweris. anyphaseandearthorbetweenanytwophases.

Explanation. EisminAircraftElectricity&Electronicspage220.

QuestionNumber.
67.
UnderfrequencyinanACsupplywouldcause.

OptionA.
overheatingofinductivedevices.

OptionB.
overspeedingofACmotors.
OptionC.
overvoltageofcapacitivedevices.
CorrectAnsweris. overheatingofinductivedevices.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
68.
Thelinevoltageofa3phasestarconnectedACgeneratoris.

OptionA.
equaltothephasevoltage.
OptionB.
greaterthanthephasevoltage.

OptionC.
lessthanthephasevoltage.
CorrectAnsweris. greaterthanthephasevoltage.

Explanation. EisminAircraftElectricity&Electronicspage220.

QuestionNumber.
69.
InanACgeneratorofthebrushlesstypetherotatingfieldwindingisfedwith.
OptionA.
ACviarotatingexciterwindings.

OptionB.
DCviatheslipringsfromanexternalsupply.

OptionC.
DCviadiodesfromthemainexciterwindingontherotor.
CorrectAnsweris. DCviadiodesfromthemainexciterwindingontherotor.
Explanation. EisminAircraftElectricity&Electronicspage220.


QuestionNumber.
70.
AnACgeneratorisratedat30kVAat0.8PowerFactor:thismeansthatthemaximumcontinuous
outputshouldnotexceed.

OptionA.
24KW.

OptionB.
30KW.

OptionC.
37.5KW.

CorrectAnsweris. 24KW.

Explanation. EisminAircraftElectricity&Electronicspage90.

QuestionNumber.
71.
ToadjustthevoltageofanACgenerator,whilstmaintainingconstantfrequency,itisnecessaryto.

OptionA.
alterthereactanceofthestarterwindingcircuit.

OptionB.
alterthefieldcurrent.
OptionC.
alterthedrivingspeed.

CorrectAnsweris. alterthefieldcurrent.
Explanation. EisminAircraftElectricity&Electronicspage199.

QuestionNumber.
72.
InaDeltaconnectedgeneratorthelinecurrentisequalto.

OptionA.
1.7*phasevoltage.
OptionB.
1.7*phasecurrent.
OptionC.
phasecurrent.
CorrectAnsweris. 1.7*phasecurrent.
Explanation. NIL.

18.ACMotors.

QuestionNumber.
1.
AnACmotorwhichrotatesatthesamespeedassupplyfrequencyiscalled.

OptionA.
auniversalmachine.
OptionB.
asynchronousmotor.
OptionC.
aninductionmotor.
CorrectAnsweris. asynchronousmotor.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
2.
AthreephaseACmotorisrunningatspeedonconstantload.Ifonephasegoesopencircuit,themotor
willrunat.

OptionA.
samespeed.
OptionB.
speed.

OptionC.
speed.

CorrectAnsweris. samespeed.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
3.
Shadedpolesinanalternatingcurrentmotorareintendedto.

OptionA.
reduceeddycurrentlosses.
OptionB.
preventovershooting.
OptionC.
facilitatestarting.

CorrectAnsweris. facilitatestarting.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
4.
Ina3phasemotor,if1phaseislost,themotor.

OptionA.
runsat2thirdsspeed.
OptionB.
runsat1thirdspeed.
OptionC.
remainsatthesamespeed.
CorrectAnsweris. remainsatthesamespeed.
Explanation. Thespeedofa3phasemotorisdependentonlyonthefrequencyofthepowersupply.

QuestionNumber.
5.
Athreephasemotorhasthewindings.

OptionA.
180apart.

OptionB.
120apart.

OptionC.
90apart.

CorrectAnsweris. 120apart.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
6.
Tochangethedirectionofa3phaseinductionmotoryouwould.
OptionA.
swapalloftheinputconnections.

OptionB.
removeoneoftheinputconnections.
OptionC.
swaptwoofthestatorconnections.
CorrectAnsweris. swaptwoofthestatorconnections.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
7.
AcapacitorinasinglephaseACmotoristo.

OptionA.
provideaphaseshift.
OptionB.
preventspikes.
OptionC.
blockDC.

CorrectAnsweris. provideaphaseshift.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
8.
Theslipspeedofaninductionmotoris.

OptionA.
statorspeedrotorspeed.

OptionB.
statorspeed/rotorspeed.

OptionC.
statorspeed+rotorspeed.

CorrectAnsweris. statorspeedrotorspeed.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
9.
Aninductance/resistancemotoris.

OptionA.
restrictedtolowloadsonly.
OptionB.
lessefficientthanacapacitancemotor.

OptionC.
betterthanacapacitancemotor.

CorrectAnsweris. lessefficientthanacapacitancemotor.

Explanation. AircraftElectricalSystemsEHJPallettThirdEdition.Page143.

QuestionNumber.
10.
Ifaconnectiontoa3phaseACmotorisdisconnected,themotorwill.

OptionA.
slowdownandstop.
OptionB.
continuetorun.

OptionC.
stop.
CorrectAnsweris. continuetorun.

Explanation. 3phasemotor,disconnectingaphasewillnotslowdownorstopthemotor,sincethespeedisdependantuponthe
frequencyandtheload(slip).Itwillhoweverhavelesstorque.

QuestionNumber.
11.
Thephasesinsupplytoa2phasemotorareelectrically.

OptionA.
120degreesapartfromeachother.
OptionB.
180degreesapartfromeachother.
OptionC.
90degreesapartfromeachother.

CorrectAnsweris. 180degreesapartfromeachother.OR90degreesapartfromeachother.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
12.
Calculatethespeedofa400Hz,4polemachine.

OptionA.
12,000rpm.
OptionB.
6000rpm.

OptionC.
8000rpm.

CorrectAnsweris. 12,000rpm.
Explanation. SeeformulaforspeedofanACmotor.

QuestionNumber.
13.
Acapacitorinasinglephasemotoristo.

OptionA.
preventsparkingattheswitch.

OptionB.
providesmoothing.
OptionC.
provideaphaseshift.
CorrectAnsweris. provideaphaseshift.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
14.
Sliponasynchronousmotoronstartis.

OptionA.
0%.
OptionB.
100%.
OptionC.
50%.
CorrectAnsweris. 100%.
Explanation. Therotatingfieldcommencesinstantlyuponstart,buttherotortakestimeto'lockon'.

QuestionNumber.
15.
Ashadedpolemotorhasshadedpolesto.

OptionA.
createarotatingfield.
OptionB.
reduceinterference.
OptionC.
increaseefficiency.
CorrectAnsweris. createarotatingfield.
Explanation. NIL.


QuestionNumber.
16.
Ina2phaseinductionmotorthecontrolwindingisfedwith.

OptionA.
variablephaseACsupply.
OptionB.
constantphaseACsupply.
OptionC.
DCsupply.
CorrectAnsweris. constantphaseACsupply.ORvariablephaseACsupply.
Explanation. Atwophaseinductionmotorusedonaservosystemusesonefixedreferencephaseandonecontrolphase.Thecontrol
phaseisthesamefrequencyasthereferencephase(andisconstant)butvariesinamplitude.Whentheamplitudegoesnegativeitis
effectively180degreesoutofphasewiththereferencephaseandthemotorturnsbackwards.Moreonthissubjectinmodule4.

QuestionNumber.
17.
A3phaseinductionmotorcanbereversedby.

OptionA.
isolatingonephase.
OptionB.
changingoveranytwophases.

OptionC.
reversingtherotorconnections.

CorrectAnsweris. reversingtherotorconnections.ORchangingoveranytwophases.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
18.
ThespeedofanACmotorcanbeaffectedbythe.

OptionA.
fieldcurrent.
OptionB.
armaturecurrent.

OptionC.
pairsofpoles.
CorrectAnsweris. pairsofpoles.
Explanation. Thenumberofpairsofpolesdependsuponthefrequencyofthesupply,whichistheonlythingwhichcanvarythe
speed.

QuestionNumber.
19.
AnACmotorwhichrotatesatthesamespeedasthesupplyfrequencyiscalled.

OptionA.
asynchronousmotor.

OptionB.
auniversalmotor.

OptionC.
aninductionmotor.
CorrectAnsweris. asynchronousmotor.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
20.
Inasynchronousmotor,whenthemotorisrunningtheslipis.

OptionA.
0%.
OptionB.
5%.
OptionC.
100%.
CorrectAnsweris. 0%.
Explanation. Synchronousmotorshavenoslip,atanytime.

QuestionNumber.
21.
Inatwophaseinductionmotorthereare.

OptionA.
3poles.

OptionB.
4poles.

OptionC.
2poles.

CorrectAnsweris. 4poles.

Explanation. Apairofpolesperphase.

QuestionNumber.
22.
Thespeedofasinglephaseinductionmotorisdependanton.

OptionA.
thestrengthofthearmaturecurrent.
OptionB.
thenumberofpairsofpoles.
OptionC.
thestrengthofthefield.

CorrectAnsweris. thenumberofpairsofpoles.
Explanation. AnyACmotor'sspeedisdeterminedbythesupplyfrequencyand/orthenumberofpoles.Astrongerfieldorarmature
currentresultsinonlymoretorquebutnotspeed. http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/33_649.html


QuestionNumber.
23.
Motorslipis.

OptionA.
thepercentageofdifferenceinspeedsbetweenthestatorandrotorfields.
OptionB.
asymptomofaweakfield.
OptionC.
ashiftingoftheMNAofthemotor.
CorrectAnsweris. thepercentageofdifferenceinspeedsbetweenthestatorandrotorfields.
Explanation. Motorslipisthepercentageofdifferenceinspeedsbetweenthestatorandrotorfields.

QuestionNumber.
24.
Theprincipalcharacteristicofasynchronousmotoris.

OptionA.
itmusthaveasynchronised3phasesupplytooperate.

OptionB.
itrotatesataspeedthatissynchronisedwiththeapplieddccurrent.

OptionC.
itrotatesataspeedthatissynchronisedwiththeappliedaccurrent.

CorrectAnsweris. itrotatesataspeedthatissynchronisedwiththeappliedaccurrent.

Explanation. Asynchronousmotorrotatesataspeedthatissynchronisedwiththeappliedaccurrent.

QuestionNumber.
25.
Asimplebasicinductionmotorhas.

OptionA.
goodstartingtorque,poorrunningtorque.
OptionB.
poorstartingtorque,goodrunningtorque.
OptionC.
poorstartingtorque,poorrunningtorque.
CorrectAnsweris. poorstartingtorque,goodrunningtorque.
Explanation. Startingtorqueisusuallyabout60%ofmaximum.Seeforumtopic'InductionMotors'formoreinfo.

QuestionNumber.
26.
Whichofthefollowingapplicationswouldrequirea'continuouslyrated'motor?.
OptionA.
Fuelpumpmotor.

OptionB.
Flapdriveactuator.
OptionC.
Cargodooractuator.
CorrectAnsweris. Fuelpumpmotor.

Explanation. Mostpumpmotorsare'continuousrated'toprovideaconstantoutput.

QuestionNumber.
27.
Acentrifugalspeedswitchisused.

OptionA.
tocutouttheresistor/inductorcircuitonanACmotor.

OptionB.
tocutoutthecapacitorcircuitonanACmotor.

OptionC.
tocutouttheslowstartresistoronanACmotor.
CorrectAnsweris. tocutouttheresistor/inductorcircuitonanACmotor.

Explanation. PallettAircraftElectricalSystems3rdEditionPage143.

QuestionNumber.
28.
Disconnectingoneofthephasesfroma3phasemotorwillcausethemotorto.
OptionA.
runatthesamespeed.
OptionB.
runat2/3speed.

OptionC.
stop.
CorrectAnsweris. runatthesamespeed.
Explanation. Itwillrunatthesamespeed.

QuestionNumber.
29.
Thecontrollingphaseonatwophasemotorisofa.

OptionA.
variableamplitude.
OptionB.
fixedamplitude.

OptionC.
directcurrent.
CorrectAnsweris. variableamplitude.
Explanation. Pg141AircraftinstrumentsandIntegratedSystemsPallett.

QuestionNumber.
30.
Thedifferenceinspeedbetweenasynchronousmotor'srotorandstatorisknownas.
OptionA.
phaselag.

OptionB.
rotorlag.

OptionC.
slipspeed.

CorrectAnsweris. slipspeed.

Explanation. NIL. http://cipco.apogee.net/mnd/mfpsync.asp

QuestionNumber.
31.
WhatisthepurposeofthecapacitorusedinasinglephaseACmotor?.

OptionA.
Smoothing.
OptionB.
Changingdirectionofmotor.
OptionC.
Providesahighstartingtorque.

CorrectAnsweris. Providesahighstartingtorque.

Explanation. NIL.

19.

QuestionNumber.
1.
Three5microfaradcapacitorsareconnectedinparallel.Whatistheretotalcapacitance?.
OptionA.
15microfarad.
OptionB.
5microfarad.
OptionC.
1.66microfarad.

CorrectAnsweris. 15microfarad.
Explanation. Capacitanceinparalleladdupdirectly.

QuestionNumber.
2.
Whencapacitorsarejoinedinparallel,thetotalcapacitanceis.

OptionA.
lessthanthesmallestoftheindividualcapacitors.
OptionB.
equaltothesumoftheindividualcapacitors.
OptionC.
dependantuponthevoltageapplied.
CorrectAnsweris. equaltothesumoftheindividualcapacitors.
Explanation. Capacitorsinseries/paralleltheory,istheoppositetoresistorsinseries/paralleltheory.


QuestionNumber.
3.
Ifthedistancebetweenthetwoplatesofacapacitorisreduced,whatwillbetheeffect?.

OptionA.
Capacitanceincreases.

OptionB.
Capacitancedecreases.

OptionC.
Capacitanceisunaffected.
CorrectAnsweris. Capacitanceincreases.

Explanation. Getaformulaforthecapacitanceofacapacitor.Seethat'd'isinverselyproportionaltothecapacitance.

QuestionNumber.
4.
Thecircuitshownisatresonance.Ifthevalueoftheinductanceistrebled,theimpedancewill.

OptionA.
staythesame.
OptionB.
treble.
OptionC.
reducebyonethird.
CorrectAnsweris. reducebyonethird.
Explanation. Atresonance,theimpedanceoftheLCpairismaximum.IfyouupsettheLCbalanceyoudestroytheresonance.The
impedanceoftheLCpairwillthenreduce,reducingtheimpedanceofthecircuitasawhole(although'byonethird'isdebatable).

QuestionNumber.
5.
ThestrengthoftheEMFgeneratedbyaDCgeneratorisgiventheformula:E=EMF,B=fluxdensity,
l=lengthofconductorsinthearmature,V=velocityofconductors.

OptionA.
E=(B*l)/V.
OptionB.
E=B*l*V.

OptionC.
E=(l*V)/B.
CorrectAnsweris. E=B*l*V.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
6.
Therotatingpartofamotor/generatoriscalled.

OptionA.
commutator.
OptionB.
armature.

OptionC.
yoke.
CorrectAnsweris. armature.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
7.
NoEMFisinducedintheloopofageneratorwhen.

OptionA.
itismovingatrightanglestothefield.

OptionB.
itismovingparalleltothefield.

OptionC.
thefieldisataminimum.

CorrectAnsweris. itismovingparalleltothefield.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
8.
TheinstantaneousvalueoftheEMFinducedinarotatingwireloopis.
OptionA.
directlyproportionaltothesineoftheanglebetweentheloopandthefield.

OptionB.
indirectlyproportionaltothesineoftheanglebetweentheloopandthefield.

OptionC.
directlyproportionaltothecosineoftheanglebetweentheloopandthefield.

CorrectAnsweris. directlyproportionaltothecosineoftheanglebetweentheloopandthefield.

Explanation. Whentheloopislayingparallelwiththefield(0o)thereismaximumEMF.Cos0o=1.

QuestionNumber.
9.
Onepurposeofthecommutatoristo.

OptionA.
switchthedirectionofthecurrentfloweveryhalfcycle.

OptionB.
switchthedirectionofcurrentfloweverycycle.

OptionC.
switchthedirectionofcurrentfloweverytwocycles.

CorrectAnsweris. switchthedirectionofthecurrentfloweveryhalfcycle.

Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
10.
ThepoweroutputofaDCgeneratorisgovernedprimarilyby.
OptionA.
itsspeedofrotation.
OptionB.
itsabilitytodissipateheat.
OptionC.
itsmethodofconstruction.
CorrectAnsweris. itsabilitytodissipateheat.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
11.
ADCmachinehasinternalresistancedueto.

OptionA.
armaturewindings,brushesandbrushestocommutatorcontact.
OptionB.
armaturewindings,brushesandcommutatorinertia.
OptionC.
armaturewindingsandbrushes.

CorrectAnsweris. armaturewindings,brushesandbrushestocommutatorcontact.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
12.
Compensationwindingsarefittedtoageneratorin.

OptionA.
serieswiththefieldwindings.

OptionB.
parallelwitharmaturewindings.

OptionC.
serieswitharmaturewindings.

CorrectAnsweris. serieswitharmaturewindings.

Explanation. NIL.


QuestionNumber.
13.
Armaturereactionhastheeffectof.

OptionA.
reducingtheoutputbydisplacingthegeometricalneutralaxis.

OptionB.
reducingtheoutputbydistortingthemagneticfield.
OptionC.
reducingtheoutputbyincreasinginternalresistance.

CorrectAnsweris. reducingtheoutputbydistortingthemagneticfield.
Explanation. NIL.

QuestionNumber.
14.
Reactivesparkingmaybeovercomeby.

OptionA.
decreasingthetimeconstantofthearmaturebyincreasingitsresistance.
OptionB.
increasingthetimeconstantofthearmaturebydecreasingitsresistance.
OptionC.
increasingthetimeconstantofthearmaturebyincreasingitsresistance.
CorrectAnsweris. decreasingthetimeconstantofthearmaturebyincreasingitsresistance.
Explanation. Theratioofarmatureinductancetoitsresistanceistheelectricaltimeconstantofabrushtypemotor.

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