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EE 647: Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits

Introduction
Nagarjuna Nallam
Department of Electronics and Electrical Engineering,
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati,
Guwahati, Assam 781039

Our world: Wireless

Bluetooth
5G

Wi-Fi hotspot

Wi-Fi

EE 647: Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits

Nagarjuna Nallam, IIT Guwahati

Our world: Wireless

Bluetooth
5G

Wi-Fi hotspot

Wi-Fi

All technologies are becoming wireless and merging into one gadget
Mobile phone
EE 647: Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits

Nagarjuna Nallam, IIT Guwahati

About the course: Wireless + Merging into one

Battery charging (Is it the last wire?)

GSM/CDMA
Wi-Fi
GPS
Bluetooth

Wireless
(FE)
Radios

Back end

Processor
Memory

VLSI technology

NFC

Making of radios in VLSI technology


Traditionally made using Tx lines and discrete components

EE 647: Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits

Nagarjuna Nallam, IIT Guwahati

Prerequisites and Overlaps

Communication principles
MOSFET device and circuits
Communication systems

IC Technology

RFIC
Discrete RF circuits

Control systems

Electromagenetics

EE 647: Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits

Nagarjuna Nallam, IIT Guwahati

Skeleton of a radio
Ptx

Prx

Data
PA

RF source

EE 647: Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits

LNA

IF
processing

RF source

Nagarjuna Nallam, IIT Guwahati

Course contents
1. Fundamentals of RF circuits and Systems

Voltage/Power, Various Gains, (non) Linearity,


Noise, Sensitivity & SFDR

2. Transmitter and Receiver architectures

Modulation schemes; Receiver architectures;


Transmitter architectures

3. Passive and active components for CMOS RFIC

On-chip implementation of R, L and C; On-chip


implementation transformers and transmission
lines; MOSFET and varactors

EE 647: Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits

Nagarjuna Nallam, IIT Guwahati

Course contents
4. Resonance, Matching, S-parameters, etc.

Resonators and matching networks; Reflection


coefficient, Smith chart, S-parameters

5. Noise in electrical circuits and NF calculations

Noise in resistors and MOSFET; NF of a CS


stage; Two port noise theory

6. Low Noise Amplifiers

Resistive terminated CS, and CG LNA;


Inductive degenerated LNA; Shunt feedback
LNA; Noise canceling LNAs; Linearity
improvement techniques in LNAs

EE 647: Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits

Nagarjuna Nallam, IIT Guwahati

Course contents
7. Power Amplifiers

Large signal amplifiers: Issues &


performance measures, Classification of PAs,
Class D, E, F, Power combining, Linearity
improvement techniques

8. Mixers

Non linear systems as mixers; Active mixers;


Passive mixers; Introduction to N-path
filters and mixers

9. Oscillators, PLLs and Synthesizers

Oscillators - requirements & performance


measures; Phase noise; Type I PLLs, Type II
PLLs, Integer N Synthesizers

EE 647: Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits

Nagarjuna Nallam, IIT Guwahati

RF IC design
Text Books:
1. Behzad Razavi, "RF Microelectronics", 2nd Ed.,
Pearson, 2012.
2. Thomas H. Lee, "The design of CMOS
radio-frequency integrated circuits", 2nd Ed.,
Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Evaluation:

Mid-sem exam:

25%

End-sem exam:

40%

Project:

30%

Assignment:

5%

EE 647: Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits

Nagarjuna Nallam, IIT Guwahati

Assignment and Project

EE 647: Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits

Nagarjuna Nallam, IIT Guwahati

RF IC design
Course website:
www.iitg.ernet.in/nallam/courses/2016/EE647/index.html
&
http://172.16.31.79/mediawiki/index.php/RF Integrated Circuits

Lecture notes will be put up here.

EE 647: Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits

Nagarjuna Nallam, IIT Guwahati