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+

+

+ · · · + n + · · · =

( )

( )

n +

lim

+ ǫ >

+

+ · · · +

+

+

+ · · · +

n

< ǫ

= . n n ∈ N n ≥ n
= .
n
n ∈ N
n ≥ n

( )

 

( )

 

 

{ a n }

+

a n = a +a + · · · +a n + · · ·

n=

a ,a , · · ·

,a n , · · ·

a n

∞ ∑ a n = a + a + · · · + a n +

+

n=

a n .

n N :

s n =

n

k=

a

k

{ s n }

S

{ s n }

R,

n

+s n = S

+

a n

n=

=

S.

. n ∈ N : s n = n ∑ k = a k { s

a)

b)

c)

d)

e)

f)

g)

+

( ) n C,

n=

C R.

+

(a n+ a n , ) con { a n } una sucesion´ de numeros´

n=

+

n=

n

n

n+ .

n+

reales

+

n=

+

n=

+

n=

+

n=

Cr n ,

r , C

R.

[a + b(n )] ,

a, b R.

n .

n! .

∞ ∑ n = + ∞ ∑ n = Cr n , r , C ∈

 

 

+

n=

a n converge

+

n=n

a n converge,

n N

 

a n

n +a n =

 

 

Si

+ a n = , entonces a n diverge

n

n → + ∞ a n =     Si + ∞ a n = ,

a)

b)

c)

d)

+

n=

+

n=

+

n=

+

n=

n .

n r ,

n

+

n

.

r < .

nπ

.

a ) b ) c ) d ) + ∞ ∑ n = + ∞ ∑
∑ a n ∑ b n α, β ∈ R, ∑(αa n + βb n
∑ a n
∑ b n
α, β ∈ R,
∑(αa n + βb
n )
∑ (αa n + βb n ) = α ∑ a n + β ∑ b n .
a
C = ,
∑ Ca n
n
a
∑ (a n +b n )
n
∑ b n
∑ a n
b n
α, β ∈ R,
∑(αa n + βb n ).

a n

 

a n

n N.

a n

a n

b n

a n

cb n

n n ,

 

c > n N

b n

a n

a n

b n

a n ∑ b n a n ≤ cb n n ≥ n ,   c
+ a) +∞ n ∑ , r > . b) +∞ ∑ c) +∞ ∑
+
a) +∞
n
,
r > .
b) +∞
c) +∞
n
r
n .
n − +sen n .
n=
n=
n=
+∞
| cscn |
d)
.
e) +∞
.
n
n
+n
n=
n=
∑ a n
∑ b n
a
n
=
∑ b n
∑ a n
b
n
→ +∞
n
a
n
= C
C
> ,
b
n
→ +∞
n
a
n
= +∞
∑ b n
∑ a n
b
n → +∞
n

a n

n

( ǫ > ) ( n N)(n m n k=m+ | a k | < ǫ )

a n

| a n |

a n

a n

| a n |

 

r n

r ( , ),

+

n=

(

) n+

n

n | ∑ a n ∑ a n ∑ | a n |   ∑ r

a n

|

a n | ≤ | a n |

a n

b n

b n ,

n N.

k > n N

| a n | ≤ kb n

n n ,

| a n |

kc n ,

< c <

k

>

a n

> n , a n

n

a n , α = limsup | a n | ,

n

α < ,

 

α > ,

 

α = ,

a n .

 
limsup | a n | , n ≤ α < ,   α > ,  

+

n=

n r .a n

r,a R.

+ a + a + a + · · · + a n + a n + · · ·

n r . a n r , a ∈ R . + a + a +

a n ,

limsup | a n+ |

| a n |

liminf | a n+ |

| a n |

a n = ,

n.

< ,

> ,

limsup | a n+ | = liminf | a n+ |

| a n |

| a n |

= ,

a n .

, limsup | a n + | = liminf | a n + | | a

+

n=

n r .a n

r,a R.

+ a + a + a + · · · + a n + a n + · · ·

+

n=

x n

n!

a n , a n =

+

n=

+

n+( ) n +

( ) n n

n=

n+ n

| n

n

a + ab + a b+a b +a b + · · ·

+

n=

n

n

n

n!

− n n = n + n − | ∤ n n a + ab +

{ a n }

lim a n+ < lim a n lim a n < lim a n+

a

n

n n
n
n

a

n

lim a n+

a

n

lim

n

a n

< lim √ a n ≤ lim √ a n < lim a n + a

f

x k, a n ,

k N,

f (n) = a n

+

k

f (x)dx

n k,

+

n=

+

n=

+

n=

+

n=

n [lnn] p

[lnn] p

nlnn [ln(lnn)] p

(lnn) q

n

p

p

q,

∞ ∑ n = + ∞ ∑ n = + ∞ ∑ n = + ∞

a n

= A

A, B R.

n,

s n =

n k= a k

b n = B t n = n k= b k ,

 

AB

=

n

lim + (s n .t n )

 

=

n

+ (a +a + · · · +a n )(b +b + · · · +b n )

lim

 
 

a b +a b + · · · +a b n

 

a b +a b + · · · +a b n

 

=

n

lim

+

a b +a b + · · · +a b n

 

+ · · · + a n b +a n b + · · · +a n b n

n = , , , · · ·

,

d n ,

d =a b

d n =

i= a i b n +

n

n

j=

d n = a n . b n .

a n b j

d n = ∑ i = a i b n + ∑ n n − j
+∞ +∞ k ∑ ∑ b n , C k = ∑ a n b
+∞
+∞
k
b n ,
C k =
∑ a n b n − k , para k = , , , , · · ·
n=
a n
n=
n=
+∞
C k ,
k=
+∞
+∞
+∞
b n ,
a n b n
n=
a n
n=
n=
+∞
n+
( − )
n ,
n=

+

n=

+

n=

+

+

a n

n=

b n ,

a

n

+

n=

a n =A

n=

b n = B,

+

a n

n=

+

n=

b

n

a n

b n

AB.

A B. A B,
A B.
A
B,
 

 

+

n=

a n ,

+

b n

n=

+

b n = B

n=

+

n=

C n

+

n=

c n

+

C n = AB.

n=

+

n=

+

a n

n=

a n = A,

+

n=

b n ,

+ ∞ ∑ n = c n + ∞ ∑ C n = AB . n

+

n=

n(n+ )

n N,

a n =

n , b n =

(n+ ) ,

c n =

n(n+ ) d n = (n+

)

,

+

n=

a

n

+

n=

b n

+

n=

n(n+ ) +

n=

c

n

+

n=

d

n

n { a n } { b n } A n = ∑ a n
n
{ a n }
{ b n }
A n
=
a n
k=
A −
=
.
p, q
∈ N ∪ { }
≤ p
≤ q,
q
q −
a n b n =
∑ a n (b n − b n+ ) +
A q b q − A p − b p
n=p
n=p