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MUSCULAR SYSTEM

PARTS AND FUNCTIONS

Mary Jane Ventulero


Levy Mae Salvan
Mae Salcedo
Ramona Peach Alicante
Victoria Luces
| BSBA Marketing 1 -A |

MUSCULAR
SYSTEM
Responsibl
e for the
movement

of the human body


It permits movement of the body, maintains posture, and
circulates blood throughout the body
700 name muscles in the human body
Includes skeletal muscle tissue, blood vessels, tendons, and
nerves
VOLUNTARY MUSCLES
Muscles that we control, the arm and leg muscles.
Muscle that is under the control and attached to the skeleton

INVOLUNTARY MUSCLES
Cant consciously control
Heart that keeps beating all day and night
Stomach and intestine muscles help digest food
PARTS OF MUSCULAR SYSTEM

SKELETAL MUSCLES
Create movement in the body
600 skeletal muscles
Composed of muscle cells (fibers), connective tissue, blood
vessels, nerves
Fibers are long, cylindrical, and multinucleated
Tend to be smaller diameter in small muscles and larger in large
muscles. 1 mm 4cm in length
Maintenance of posture
Production of body heat
Communication (Verbal and Facial)
It is attached to bones
SKELETAL MUSCLES CHARACTERISTICS

Most are attached by tendons to bones


Cells are multinucleated
Striated have visible banding
Voluntary subject to conscious control
Cells are surrounded and bundled by connective tissue = great
force, but tires easily

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SMOOTH MUSCLES
The smooth muscle in the uterus helps the woman to push out
her baby
In the bladder, the smooth muscle helps to push out urine.
Smooth muscles determines the flow of blood in the arteries.
Smooth muscles move food through the digestive tract.

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In ones eye the pupillary sphincter muscles is responsible for


shrinking the size of the pupil
In arteries, smooth muscle movements maintain the arteries
diameter.
Smooth muscle regulates air flow in lungs
The functions of smooth muscles depend on where they are
found in the body
The functions of smooth muscles are extremely crucial to the
effectiveness of each organ with which the muscles are involved.
TWO TYPES OF SMOOTH MUSCLES

Visceral smooth muscle all cells work together at the same


time as one unit.
Multi-unit smooth muscle cells can act and function
independently of the others.
PARTS OF SMOOTH MUSCLES

walls of blood vessels


walls of stomach
intestines
iris of the eye
prostate
gastrointestinal tract
veins
reproductive tracts (both genders)
uterus
bladder
bile duct

Characteristics of smooth muscles


very smooth
uniform appearance when viewed under a microscope
smooth appearance starkly contrasts with the banded
appearance
CARDIAC MUSCLES

Responsible for pumping blood throughout the body


It is an involuntary muscle (cannot controlled consciously)
The natural pacemaker of the heart made up of cardiac muscle tissue
Striated having lines or bands
Found in the heart
Acts like rhythmic smooth muscle

CHARACTERISTICS OF CARDIAC MUSCLES


They appear to have light and dark stripes when viewed under a light microscope
Arrangement of protein fibers inside of the cells causes these light and dark bands
MUSCLES DISORDER

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Weakness
Abnormal fatigue with activity ( muscle spasms, cramping or twitching)
Neuromuscular disorder affecting the eyes or mouth cause drooping of eyelids
or double vision, slurred speech, difficulty swallowing
Muscular dystrophy affects muscle fibers
Polymyositis inflammation and progressive weakening of the skeletal muscles

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