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ANDHRA LOYOLA INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING AND

TECHNOLOGY

TOPIC: WINDOWS 10

Submitted by: B. Neelima


ROLL NO:15HP5A0515
YEAR: B. TECH-II, SEMISTER-I
R13 REGULATION.

DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE ENGINEERING


ANDHRA LOYOLA INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING AND
TECHNOLOGY (Approved by AICTE New Delhi, Affiliated to JNTU Kakinada)
Batch: 2015-2018

Abstract:
Windows 10 is a personal computer operating system released by Microsoft as part
of the Windows NT family of operating systems. Officially unveiled in September 2014
following a brief demo at Build 2014, the operating system entered a public beta testing
process in October 2014, leading up to and continuing through the consumer release of
Windows 10 on July 29, 2015,[3] and its release to volume licensing on August 1, 2015.
To encourage its adoption, Microsoft announced that during its first year of availability,
Windows 10 would be made available free of charge to users of genuine copies of
eligible editions of Windows 7 or Windows 8.1.
Windows 10 introduces what Microsoft described as a "universal" application
architecture; expanding on Metro-style apps, these apps can be designed to run across
multiple Microsoft product families with nearly identical code
including PCs, tablets, smartphones, embedded systems, Xbox One, Surface
Hub and HoloLens. Windows 10's user interface was revised to handle transitions
between a mouse-oriented interface and atouchscreen-optimized interface based on
available input devicesparticularly on laplets; both interfaces include an updated Start
menu that comprises a design similar to Windows 7 with 8's tiles. Windows 10 also
introduces Task View, a virtual desktop system, the Microsoft Edge web browser and
other new or updated applications, integrated support for fingerprint and face
recognition login, new security features for enterprise environments, DirectX
12 and WDDM 2.0 to improve the operating system's graphics capabilities for games.

Contents:
Operating system
Windows 10
New Features

Start menu
Cortana
Xbox App
Project Spartan Browser
Improved multitasking
Snap assits
Universal apps can be windowed
Action center
Continuum

System Requirements
Conclusion

OPERATING SYSTEM:

An operating system or OS is a software program that enables the


computer hardware to communicate and operate with the computer software. Without a computer
operating system, a computer and software programs would be useless. The picture is an
example of Microsoft Windows XP, a popular operating system and what the box may look like
if you were to visit a local retail store to purchase it.
When computers were first introduced, the user interacted with them
using a command line interface, which required commands. Today, almost every computer is
using a Graphical User Interface (GUI) operating system that is much easier to use and operate.

Examples of computer operating systems:


Microsoft Windows 7 - PC and IBM compatible operating system. Microsoft Windows is the
most common and used operating system.
Apple MacOS - Apple computer operating system. The only Apple computer operating system.

- A popular variant of Linux used with PC and IBM compatible computers.


Google Android - operating system used with Android compatible phones.
iOS - Operating system used with the Apple iPhone.
Ubuntu Linux

WINDOWS 10
Windows 10 is a personal computer operating system released by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of
operating systems. Officially unveiled in September 2014 following a brief demo at Build 2014, the operating system
entered a public beta testing process in October 2014, leading up to and continuing through the consumer release of
Windows 10 on July 29, 2015,[3] and its release to volume licensing on August 1, 2015. To encourage its adoption,
Microsoft announced that during its first year of availability, Windows 10 would be made available free of charge to
users of genuine copies of eligible editions of Windows 7 or Windows 8.1.
Windows 10 introduces what Microsoft described as a "universal" application architecture; expanding on Metro-style
apps, these apps can be designed to run across multiple Microsoft product families with nearly identical code
including PCs, tablets, smartphones, embedded systems, Xbox One, Surface Hub and HoloLens. Windows 10's user
interface was revised to handle transitions between a mouse-oriented interface and atouchscreen-optimized interface
based on available input devicesparticularly on laplets; both interfaces include an updated Start menu that
comprises a design similar to Windows 7 with 8's tiles. Windows 10 also introduces Task View, a virtual
desktop system, the Microsoft Edge web browser and other new or updated applications, integrated support
for fingerprint and face recognition login, new security features for enterprise environments, DirectX
12 and WDDM 2.0 to improve the operating system's graphics capabilities for games.
Microsoft described Windows 10 as an 'operating system as a service' that would receive ongoing updates to its
features and functionality, augmented with the ability for enterprise environments to receive non-critical updates at a
slower pace, or use long-term support milestones that will only receive critical updates, such as security patches,
over their five-year lifespan of mainstream support. Terry Myerson, executive vice president of Microsoft's Windows
and Devices Group, argued that the goal of this model was to reduce fragmentation across the Windows platform, as
Microsoft aimed to have Windows 10 installed on at least one billion devices in the two to three years following its
release.[4]
Windows 10 received mostly positive reviews upon its original release in July 2015; critics praised Microsoft's
decision to downplay user-interface mechanics introduced by Windows 8 (including the full screen apps and Start
screen) in non-touch environments to provide a desktop-oriented interface in line with previous versions of Windows,
although Windows 10's touch-oriented user interface mode was panned for containing regressions upon the touchoriented interface of Windows 8. Critics also praised the improvements to Windows 10's bundled software over
8.1, Xbox Live integration, as well as the functionality and capabilities of Cortana and the replacement of Internet
Explorer with Edgealthough the browser was criticized for being a work in progress that was not yet feature
complete. Windows 10 was also criticized for limiting how users could control its operation; in particular, Windows
Update installs all updates automatically, no longer allows users to selectively install updates, and only the Pro edition
of Windows 10 can "defer" the installation of "upgrades" for the operating system. Privacy concerns were also voiced
by critics and advocates, as the operating system's default settings and certain features require the transmission of
user data to Microsoft or its partners. Microsoft has also received criticism for how it has distributed Windows 10
which has included the automatic downloads of installation files to computers without expressed user consent.

New Features:
Start menu
Cortana
Xbox app
Project Spartan Browser
Improved multitasking
Snap assits
Universal apps can be windowed
Action center
Continuum

Start menu:

A new iteration of the Start menu is used on the Windows 10 desktop, with a
list of places and other options on the left side, and tiles representing applications on
the right. The menu can be resized, and expanded into a full-screen display, which is
the default option in Tablet mode. A new virtual desktop system known as Task View
was added. Clicking the Task View button on the taskbar or swiping from the left side of
the screen displays all open windows and allows users to switch between them, or
switch between multiple workspaces. Windows Store apps, which previously could be
used only in full screen mode, can now be used in self-contained windows similarly to
other programs. Program windows can now be snapped to quadrants of the screen by
dragging them to the corner. When a window is snapped to one side of the screen, the
user is prompted to choose a second window to fill the unused side of the screen (called
"Snap Assist").Windows' system icons were also changed to a new, minimalist design.
Charms have been removed; their functionality in Windows Store apps is
accessed from an App commands menu on their titleba In its place is Action Center,
which displays notifications and settings toggles. It is accessed by clicking an icon in the
system tray, or dragging from the right of the screen. Notifications can be synced
between multiple devices. The Settings app (formerly PC Settings) was refreshed and
now includes more options that were previously exclusive to the desktop Control Panel.
Windows 10 is designed to adapt its user interface based on the type of device
being used and available input methods. It offers two separate user interface modes: a
user interface optimized for mouse and keyboard, and a "Tablet mode" designed for
touch screens. Users can toggle between these two modes at any time, and Windows
can prompt or automatically switch when certain events occur, such as disabling Tablet
mode on a tablet if a keyboard or mouse is plugged in, or when a laplet is switched to its
laptop state. In Tablet mode, programs default to a maximized view, and the taskbar
contains a back button and hides buttons for opened or pinned programs; Task View is
used instead to switch between programs. The full screen Start menu is used in this
mode, similarly to Windows 8, but scrolls vertically instead of horizontally.

Cortana

Personal assistants exist to help you offload tasks and take care of things
while youre busy doing other things, and thats one of the reasons why
Microsoft built Cortana directly into Windows 10. When used to its full
potential, Cortana can be a very capable sidekick. You can ask her to send an
email, open apps, remind you to do things later, keep track of your packages,
and monitor the traffic situation so you arent late for your next appointment,
all just by using your voice.

Those are some of the features that help you multitask better in Windows 10. Microsoft has
done a good job in making them extremely easy to use and intuitive. The company is of
course very much open to user feedback, so be sure to send in your suggestions using the
Windows Feedback app.

Xbox:
Windows 10 provides heavier integration with the Xbox ecosystem: an updated Xbox app
allows users to browse their game library (including both PC and Xbox console games), and Game
DVR is also available using a keyboard shortcut, allowing users to save the last 30 seconds of game
play as a video that can be shared to Xbox Live, One Drive, or elsewhere. Windows 10 also allows
users to control and play games from an Xbox One console over a local network. The Xbox Live
SDK allows application developers to incorporate Xbox Live functionality into their apps, and future
wireless Xbox One accessories, such as controllers, are supported on Windows with an adapter.
[69]

Candy Crush Saga and Microsoft Solitaire Collection are also bundled with Windows 10.[70][71]
Windows 10 adds FLAC and HEVC codecs and support for the Matroska media container,

allowing these formats to be opened in Windows Media Player and other applications.

DirectX 12
Windows 10 includes DirectX 12, alongside WDDM 2.0.[75][76] Unveiled March 2014 at GDC, DirectX
12 aims to provide "console-level efficiency" with "closer to the metal" access to hardware resources,
and reduced CPU and graphics driver overhead. Most of the performance improvements are
achieved through low-level programming, which allow developers to use resources more efficiently
and reduce single-threaded CPU bottlenecking caused by abstraction through higher level
APIs. DirectX 12 will also feature support for vendor agnostic multi-GPU setups. [81] WDDM 2.0
introduces a new virtual memory management and allocation system to reduce workload on the
kernel-mode driver.

Improved multitasking:
A new multiple desktops feature lets you run another set of windows as if on another screen.
Instead of having multiple windows open on top of each other on desktop, you can set up a
whole other on one desktop for those programs to reside in.
Project Spartan Browser:
Project Spartan will be available across the Windows 10 device family. It is fast, compatible, and
built for the modern Web. Project Spartan is designed to work the way you do, with features enabling
you to do cool things like write or type on a webpage. Its a browser that is made for easy sharing,
reading, discovery and getting things done online.
Cortana is built-in and ready to assist: Cortana in Project Spartan is a personal assistant that helps
make Web browsing easier for you, with whatever youre trying to get done. Cortana offers help at
just the right moment, based on what she knows about the Web, about you and what you might be
trying to do. She remains in the background but provides additional information when you need it,
making browsing easier and more efficient. Cortana in Spartan will be available in the US versions of
this build, and available more broadly later.
Inking and sharing so you can capture and communicate your thoughts: Everyone uses the Web
routinely to share questions, thoughts, info and comments with friends and colleagues. Now with
new inking capabilities, Project Spartan enables you to write or type directly on the page, comment
on whats interesting or clip what you want then easily share this Web Note via mail, or a social
network. Researching and collecting information from the Web is just as easy, as you can save your
notes directly to OneNote.
Distraction-free reading with Reading List and Reading View: Keeping up with information overload
on the Web is one of the challenges that we all have to manage. Project Spartan helps with a
beautiful new Reading List to collect everything you want to read, including the ability to save any
webpage or PDF for convenient access later, and an integrated, distraction-free Reading View that
keeps you focused on the content.
A new engine for the modern Web: Project Spartans new rendering engine is built around the idea
that the Web just works, while being fast, more secure and more reliable. As we shared in our
recent developer workshop, we made some changes to the rendering engine that you will see in this
build.

Snap:
Windows popular Snap feature that lets users work on two programs at once in split-screen
gets more advanced in Windows 10.Microsoft will double the number of screens you can add to
the mix for those with a lot to monitor at once. Another feature added at the request of beta
testers, Malakooti says, Snap will let users divide their screen into three or four programs at
once, switching between tasks or copying from one program to another.
Some of our Insiders specifically asked for more than two (windows), he says.
Snap will also suggest which programs to snap into position from those already open.

Universal Apps:
Windows 10 Universal apps can run both in full screen mode and windowed mode (window
can be maximized/resized when not in full screen mode). This means that we have new APIs to
use and set the mode programmatically. Application View class is extended with new properties
and methods which makes it really easy to determine whether the app is running in full screen
mode or not, and to change it.
The meaning of the new Is Full Screen Mode Boolean is quite obvious - it tells us if the current
window is in full screen mode. There are also 2 new methods, Exit Full Screen Mode for exiting
the full screen mode, and Try Enter FullScreenMode for entering the full screen mode. The latter
can fail, so it returns a bool to tell you if it succeeded or not. However, even if it works OK and
the method returns true, the window may not still be in full screen mode. To actually know when
entering to, or exiting from the full screen mode has completed, you need to subscribe to
Window. Current. Size Changed. We can write a small state trigger based on all this, called Is In
FullScreen ModeTrigger.
It's also possible to set a preferred launch windowing mode by setting the static property on
Application View called Preferred Launch Windowing Mode. Preferred Launch Windowing
Mode is of type Application View Windowing Mode which can be set to Auto (0), Preferred
Launch View Size (1) or Full Screen (2). Setting it to Preferred Launch View Size means that the

window will be sized based on Application View. Preferred Launch View Size. If you haven't set
the Application View .Preferred Launch View Size, Windows will use the latest size it
remembers . Full screen mode - hides the taskbar and title
Windows 10 brings very simple APIs to be used for entering or exiting the full screen mode in
Universal apps. If we want to, we can even set the preferred launch windowing mode, which
makes it easy to put the window in the best possible mode for the content of our app.

Action Center:
How to Change notifications in Action Centre:In Windows 10, Action Centre is where to find your app notifications, as well as quick actions,
which give you quick access to commonly used settings and apps. Change your Action Centre
settings at any time from the Settings app.
In the search box, enter settings then select the Settings app.
Go to System > Notifications & actions.
We can do any of the following:
1.Turn notifications on or off for some or all apps.
2.Choose whether to see notification banners when a notification arrives.
3.Choose the quick actions you'll see in Action Centre..

Continuum
The "Continuum" feature, originally announced as being part of Windows 10 Desktops and
Laptops, is now a feature of future Windows 10 phones.
It will enable Windows 10 phones to project to larger displays, but not just as a direct mirror of
what's on the phone.
Instead, Continuum will project a Windows 10 desktop onto the display, which can then be
controlled with a mouse and keyboard, or a touchpad that can appear on the phone. This feature
has the potential to upset the industry and create a new device category.

System Requirements
Processor

:1 gigahertz(GHz)or faster.

Ram

:1 GB (32-bits) or 2GB (64-bit)

Free hard disk space

:16 GB

Graphics card

:Microsoft direct X 9 graphic device

Conclusion
Windows 10 as a service and mobility with improved applications , graphic user
interface and fast booting.