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SECTION 3

COMPONENT OPERATION
CONTENTS
Group 1 Pump Device

Group 4 Pilot Valve

Outline .....................................................T3-1-1

Outline .....................................................T3-4-1

Main Pump1, 2 .........................................T3-1-2

Operation .................................................T3-4-2

Regulator .................................................T3-1-6
Pilot Pump..............................................T3-1-22

Group 5 Travel Device

N Sensor (Engine Speed Sensor) ...........T3-1-22

Outline .....................................................T3-5-1

Pump Delivery Pressure Sensor .............T3-1-22

Travel Reduction Gear..............................T3-5-2


Travel Motor .............................................T3-5-3

Group 2 Swing Device

Travel Brake Valve ...................................T3-5-6

Outline .....................................................T3-2-1

Travel Motor Swash Angle Control..........T3-5-14

Swing Motor .............................................T3-2-2

Parking Brake.........................................T3-5-19

Swing Parking Brake ................................T3-2-3


Valve Unit .................................................T3-2-4
Swing Reduction Gear..............................T3-2-6

Group 6 Others (Upperstructure)


Pilot Shut-Off Valve ..................................T3-6-1
Shockless Valve .......................................T3-6-2

Group 3 Control Valve

Solenoid Valve Unit ..................................T3-6-4

Outline .....................................................T3-3-1

Torque Control Solenoid Valve, Pump 2

Hydraulic Circuit .......................................T3-3-6

Flow Rate Control Solenoid Valve ...........T3-6-6

Flow Combiner Valve..............................T3-3-10

Pilot Relief Valve ......................................T3-6-8

Pump Control Valve................................T3-3-12

EC Motor ..................................................T3-6-8

Main Relief Valve....................................T3-3-14


Overload Relief Valve .............................T3-3-15

Group 7 Others (Undercarriage)

Arm Regenerative Valve .........................T3-3-16

Swing Bearing ..........................................T3-7-1

Boom Regenerative Valve ......................T3-3-18

Center Joint..............................................T3-7-2

Bucket Regenerative Valve.....................T3-3-20

Track Adjuster ..........................................T3-7-3

Arm Anti-Drift Valve (Bottom Side)..........T3-3-22


Arm Anti-Drift Valve (Rod Side) /
Boom Anti-Drift Valve ...........................T3-3-25
Bucket Flow Rate Control Valve .............T3-3-26
Travel Flow Rate Control Valve...............T3-3-28
Bypass Shut-Out Valve ...........................T3-3-30
Needle Valve ..........................................T3-3-32

1HH-3-1

(Blank)

1HH-3-2

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


OUTLINE
The pump device consists of the transmission, main
pumps, and pilot pump. The transmission transfers
engine power to gears via the coupling and drives the
main pumps and pilot pump. The gear ratio to the main
pumps and pilot pump is 1, and 1, respectively.

The main pump is a bent-axis type variable displacement axial plunger pump. The pilot pump is a gear type.
The engine speed sensor (N sensor) and pump delivery pressure sensor (P sensor) are provided to control
the engine, pump, and valves.

7
3

T173-03-01-001

T173-03-01-003
T173-03-01-002

1 - Main Pump 1

3 - Main Pump 2

2 - Pilot Pump

4 - Pump 1 Delivery
Pressure Sensor

5 - Pump 2 Delivery
Pressure Sensor
6 - Transmission

T3-1-1

7 - N Sensor
8 - Coupling

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


MAIN PUMP 1, 2
The main pump supplies pressure oil to the hydraulic
actuators such as motors, and cylinders. Shaft (3) is
connected to each pump cylinder block (6) via 7
plungers (4) so that the shaft and the cylinder block
rotate together. When cylinder block (6) is rotated,
plunders (4) reciprocate in the cylinder block, suctioning and delivering the hydraulic oil. Each pump is
equipped with a regulator to control the delivery oil flow
rate.

Shaft

4
T173-03-01-004

1 - Regulator
2 - Housing

3 - Shaft
4 - Plunger

5 - Valve Plate

T3-1-2

6 - Cylinder Block

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


Operational Principle
Engine torque is transferred to the shaft and the
seven plungers, causing the cylinder block to rotate
while sliding along the valve plate surface. The
plungers reciprocate in the cylinder block bores to alternately draw and deliver hydraulic oil.
Plunger

Valve Plate

Shaft

Cylinder Block

T105-02-03-002

T3-1-3

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


Increasing and Decreasing Flow Rate
Changing inclination of the cylinder block, causes the
plunger stroke to increase or decrease depending on
the slant angle which in turn controls the main pump
flow rate. Up-down movement of the servo piston
changes inclination of the cylinder block. The servo
piston is interlocked with the valve plate via the pin.
The one end of the cylinder block is kept in contact
with the surface of the valve plate and slides along it.
Cylinder Block

Maximum Displacement Angle:


Plunger

Pin

Shaft

Cylinder Block

Servo
Piston
T105-02-03-021

Minimum Displacement Angle

T105-02-03-022

T3-1-4

Valve Plate

Plunger

T173-03-01-004

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


(Blank)

T3-1-5

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


REGULATOR

The regulator controls the main pump flow rate in response to the various command signal pressures so
that the pump driving power doesnt exceed the engine
power. Pump 1 and pump 2 are provided with one
regulator each. The major parts of the regulator are
spring (1), sleeve A (2), sleeve B (7), spool A (3), spool
B (6), piston (4), load piston (5), outer spring (8), and
inner spring (9). According to the various command
signal pressures, the regulator opens or closes the
circuit to servo piston (10), causing the inclination of
cylinder block (11) to change, by which the pump flow
rate is controlled.

Dr

Pi
Pd2

Air
Bleeding
Circuit

Pps

Dr

Pd1

NOTE: Pilot oil pressure is constantly supplied in


the smaller side chamber of servo piston
(10).

Pg

10

12

Increase
Decrease
Cylinder Block Inclination

8, 9
T1HH-03-01-018

Pd1 -Pump 1 Delivery Pressure


Pd2 -Pump 2 Delivery Pressure
Dr - Returning to Hydraulic
Oil Tank

T3-1-6

Pi - Pump Control Pressure


Pps -Torque Control Pressure
Pg - Primary Pilot Pressure
(From Pilot Pump)

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


1

T1HH-03-01-002

12

11

10

T173-03-01-004

1 - Spring
2 - Sleeve A
3 - Spool A

4 - Piston
5 - Load Piston
6 - Spool B

7 - Sleeve B
8 - Inner Spring
9 - Outer Spring

T3-1-7

10 - Servo Piston
11 - Cylinder Block
12 - Link

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


Regulator Functions
The regulator has the three following functions:

Control by Pump Control Pressure

The pump control valve in the control valve controls


pressure in response to the movements of the spool.
The regulator receives this pump control pressure
signal and controls the pump flow rate as follows.
When the control valve spool is moved and the
pump control pressure is increased, the regulator increases the pump flow rate.
When the control valve spool is returned to the neutral position and the pump control pressure is reduced, the regulator decreases the pump flow rate.
(Refer to the Control Valve group pages.)

Flow Rate (Q)

Pump Control Pressure (Pi)

Control by Pump Delivery Pressure

The delivery pressure of both main pump 1 and


main pump 2 are routed to the regulator. When the
average pressure of the two pumps exceeds the
specified P-Q line, the regulator reduces both pump
flow rates so that the pump performance is returned
to the specified P-Q line. Thus, the engine is protected from overloads. The designed P-Q line has
been determined based on the two pump performance. Therefore, both pump flow rates are set to almost equal value. Accordingly, the high pressure
pump is loaded heavier than the low pressure pump.
Then, the total output of the two pumps is equal to
the engine output (Total Horsepower Control).

Flow Rate (Q)

Pressure Increase
Flow Rate Decrease

Pressure (P)

Control by Pilot Pressure from Solenoid Valve Unit

(SD)
The MC (main controller) compares the engine target speed with the actual engine speed and sends
control signals to solenoid valve unit (SD).
The solenoid valve unit (SD) delivers the pilot oil
pressure in response to control signal from the MC
to the regulator. When the regulator receives the pilot pressure, the regulator reduces the pump flow
rate (Speed Sensing [Horsepower Reduction] Control). (Refer to the Control System group pages.)

Flow Rate (Q)

T3-1-8

Pressure (P)

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


Control by Pilot Pressure from Flow Rate Control

Flow
Rate (Q)

Solenoid Valve (Pump 2 Side Only)


When the MC receives signals from the work mode
switch, pressure sensor (optional) [auxiliary] or attachment mode switch (optional), the MC send signals to the maximum pump flow rate control solenoid valve. Then, in response to the signals from the
MC, the maximum pump flow rate control solenoid
valve reduces pump control pressure Pi, limiting the
maximum pump flow rate. (Pump Flow Rate Limit
Control)
(Refer to the CONTROL SYSTEM section.)

Pump Control Pressure (Pi)

Flow
Rate (Q)

0
Dr

Pg

Pressure (P)

Pi

Pps

Pd2
Pd1

T1HH-03-01-016

NOTE: This indicates the regulator when the engine stops.

Pd1 -Pump 1 Delivery Pressure


Pd2 -Pump 2 Delivery Pressure
Dr - Returning to Hydraulic Oil
Tank

T3-1-9

Pi - Pump Control Pressure


Pps -Torque Control Pressure
Pg - Primary Pilot Pressure
(From Pilot Pump)

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


Control by Pump Control Pressure
Flow
Rate (Q)

Increasing Flow Rate


1. When a control lever is operated, pump control
pressure Pi increases (Refer to control valve
group).
2. Piston (4) pushes spool A (3) and spring (1) so
that spool A (3) is moved in the direction of the arrow.
3. Then, the circuit from the large chamber of servo
piston (10) is opened to the hydraulic oil tank.
4. The pilot oil pressure is always routed into the
small chamber of servo piston (10). Thereby,
servo piston (10) is moved toward the direction of
the arrow. Then, the cylinder block rotated in the
maximum inclination direction, increasing the
pump flow rate.
5. The movement of the cylinder block is transmitted
to sleeve A (2) via link (12). Then, sleeve A (2) is
moved in the same direction as spool A (3).
6. When sleeve A (2) is moved by the same stroke
as spool A (3), the circuit from the large chamber
of servo piston (10) to the hydraulic oil tank is
closed so that servo piston (10) is stopped, completing flow rate increase operation.

Pump Control Pressure (Pi)

Dr

Pi
Pd2

Air
Bleeding
Circuit

Pps

Dr

Pd1

Pg

10

12

Increase
Decrease
Cylinder Block Inclination

T1HH-03-01-018

1 - Spring
2 - Sleeve A
3 - Spool A

4 - Piston
10 - Servo Piston
12 - Link

Pd1 -Pump 1 Delivery Pressure


Pd2 - Pump 2 Delivery Pressure
Dr - Returning to Hydraulic
Oil Tank

Pi - Pump Control Pressure

T3-1-10

Pps -Torque Control Pressure


Pg - Primary Pilot Pressure
(From Pilot Pump)

ANIMATION

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


To Hydraulic Oil tank

Primary Pilot Pressure

Pump Control
Pressure Pi

12

10
T1HH-03-01-004

To Hydraulic Oil tank

Primary Pilot Pressure

Pump Control
Pressure Pi

12

10
T1HH-03-01-005

T3-1-11

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


Decreasing Flow Rate
1. When a control lever is returned, the pump control
pressure Pi decreases.
2. Piston (4) and spool A (3) is pushed by spring (1)
so that spool A (3) is moved in the direction of the
arrow.
3. Then, the pilot oil pressure is also routed onto the
large chamber of servo piston (10).
4. Due to the difference in diameter between the
large and small chambers, servo piston (10) is
moved toward the direction of the arrow so that
the cylinder block is rotated in the minimum inclination direction, decreasing the pump flow rate.
5. The movement of the cylinder block is transmitted
to sleeve A (2) via link (12). Then, sleeve A (2) is
moved in the same direction as spool A (3).
6. When sleeve A (2) is moved by the same stroke
as spool A (3), the pilot oil pressure circuit to
servo piston (10) through sleeve A (2) and spool A
(3) is closed so that servo piston (10) is stopped,
completing flow rate decrease operation.

Flow
Rate (Q)

Pump Control Pressure (Pi)

Dr

Pi
Air
Bleeding
Circuit

Pd2
Pps

Dr

Pd1

Pg

10

12

Increase
Decrease
Cylinder Block Inclination

T1HH-03-01-018

1 - Spring
2 - Sleeve A
3 - Spool A

4 - Piston
10 - Servo Piston
12 - Link

Pd1 -Pump 1 Delivery Pressure


Pd2 -Pump 2 Delivery Pressure
Dr - Returning to Hydraulic
Oil Tank

Pi - Pump Control Pressure

T3-1-12

Pps -Torque Control Pressure


Pg - Primary Pilot Pressure
(From Pilot Pump)

ANIMATION

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


To Hydraulic Oil tank

Primary Pilot Pressure

Pump Control
Pressure Pi

12

10
T1HH-03-01-006

To Hydraulic Oil tank

Primary Pilot Pressure

Pump Control
Pressure Pi

12

10
T1HH-03-01-007

T3-1-13

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


Control by Own or Opponent Pump Delivery
Pressure

Decreasing Flow Rate


Flow
Rate (Q)

1. When the pump is loaded by operating any of the


control levers, either pump 1 delivery pressure
Pd1 or pump 2 delivery pressure Pd2 increases.
(During operation, pump control pressure Pi is increased.)
2. Load piston (5) moves spool B (6) and inner and
outer springs (8 and 9) toward the direction of the
arrow.
3. Due to the movement of spool B (6), the pilot oil
pressure is routed into the large chamber of servo
piston (10).
4. Due to the difference in diameter between the
large and small chambers, servo piston (10)
moved toward the direction of the arrow so that
the cylinder block is rotated in the minimum inclination direction, decreasing the pump flow rate.
5. The movement of the cylinder block is transmitted
to sleeve B (7) via link (12). Then, sleeve B (7) is
moved in the same direction as spool B (6).
6. When sleeve B (7) is moved by the same stroke
as spool B (6), the pilot oil pressure circuit to
servo piston (10) through sleeve B (7) and spool B
(6) is closed so that servo piston (10) is stopped,
completing flow rate decrease operation.

Pressure (P)
Dr

Pi
Pd1

Air
Bleeding
Circuit
Dr

Pps
Pd2

6
10

Pg

12

Increase
Decrease
Cylinder Block Inclination

5678-

Load Piston
Spool B
Sleeve B
Inner Spring

Pd1 - Pump 1 Delivery


Pressure
Pd2 - Pump 2 Delivery
Pressure
Dr - Returning to Hydraulic
Oil Tank

T3-1-14

8, 9
T1HH-03-01-018

9 - Outer Spring
10 - Servo Piston
12 - Link

Pi - Pump Control Pressure


Pps -Torque Control Pressure
Pg - Primary Pilot Pressure
(From Pilot Pump)

ANIMATION

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


To Hydraulic Oil tank

Pump Control
Pressure Pi

Primary Pilot Pressure

Pump 2 Delivery
Pressure Pd 2

12

Pump 1 Delivery
Pressure Pd 1

10
T1HH-03-01-008

To Hydraulic Oil tank

Pump Control
Pressure Pi

Primary Pilot Pressure

Pump 2 Delivery
Pressure Pd 2

12

Pump 1 Delivery
Pressure Pd 1

10
T1HH-03-01-009

T3-1-15

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


Increasing Flow Rate
1. When the pump load is reduced, either pump 1
delivery pressure Pd1 or pump 2 delivery pressure Pd2 decreases. (During operation, pump
control pressure Pi is kept increased.)
2. Load piston (5) and spool B (6) are pushed by inner and outer springs (8 and 9) toward the direction of the arrow.
3. Due to the movement of spool B (6), the circuit
from the large chamber of servo piston (10) is
opened to the hydraulic oil tank.
4. Since the pilot oil pressure is constantly routed in
to the small chamber of servo piston (10), servo
piston (10) is moved toward the direction of the arrow. Then, the cylinder block is rotated in the
maximum inclination direction, increasing the
pump flow rate.
5. The movement of the cylinder block is transmitted
to sleeve B (7) via link (12). Then, sleeve B (7) is
moved in the same direction as spool B (6).
6. When sleeve B (7) is moved by the same stroke
as spool B (6), the pilot oil pressure circuit to
servo piston (10) through sleeve B (7) and spool B
(6) is closed so that servo piston (10) is stopped,
completing flow rate increase operation.

Flow
Rate (Q)

Pressure (P)

Dr

Pi
Air
Bleeding
Circuit

Pd2
Pps

Dr

Pd1

6
10

Pg

12

Increase
Decrease
Cylinder Block Inclination

5678-

Load Piston
Spool B
Sleeve B
Inner Spring

Pd1 -Pump 1 Delivery Pressure


Pd2 -Pump 2 Delivery Pressure
Dr - Returning to Hydraulic
Oil Tank

T3-1-16

8, 9
T1HH-03-01-018

9 - Outer Spring
10 - Servo Piston
12 - Link

Pi - Pump Control Pressure


Pps -Torque Control Pressure
Pg - Primary Pilot Pressure
(From Pilot Pump)

ANIMATION

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


To Hydraulic Oil tank

Pump Control
Pressure Pi

Primary Pilot Pressure

Pump 2 Delivery
Pressure Pd 2

12

Pump 1 Delivery
Pressure Pd 1

10
T1HH-03-01-010

To Hydraulic Oil tank

Pump Control
Pressure Pi

Primary Pilot Pressure

Pump 2 Delivery
Pressure Pd 2

12

Pump 1 Delivery
Pressure Pd 1

10
T1HH-03-01-011

T3-1-17

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


Control by Pilot Pressure from Torque Control Solenoid Valve

Decreasing Flow Rate


1. When the torque control solenoid valve is activated by the signals from the MC, torque control
pressure Pps increases.
2. Torque control pressure Pps and either own pump
delivery pressure Pd1 or opponent pump delivery
pressure Pd2 are combined and applied to load
piston (5).
3. Load piston (5) pushes spool B (6) and inner and
outer springs (8 and 9) toward the direction of the
arrow.
4. Due to the movement of spool B (6), the pilot oil
pressure is routed into the large chamber of servo
piston (10).
5. Due to the difference in diameter between the
large and small chambers, servo piston (10) is
moved toward the direction of the arrow. Then, the
cylinder block is rotated in the minimum inclination
direction, decreasing the pump flow rate.
6. The movement of the cylinder block is transmitted
to sleeve B (7) via link (12). Then, sleeve B (7) is
moved in the same direction as spool B (6).
7. When sleeve B (7) is moved by the same stroke
as spool B (6), the pilot oil pressure circuit to the
large chamber of servo piston (10) through sleeve
B (7) and spool B (6) is closed so that servo piston
(10) is stopped, completing flow rate decrease
operation.

Flow
Rate (Q)

Pressure (P)

Dr

Pi
Air
Bleeding
Circuit

Pd2
Pps

Dr

Pd1

6
10

Pg

12

Increase
Decrease
Cylinder Block Inclination

5678-

Load Piston
Spool B
Sleeve B
Inner Spring

Pd1 -Pump 1 Delivery Pressure


Pd2 - Pump 2 Delivery Pressure
Dr - Returning to Hydraulic
Oil Tank

T3-1-18

8, 9
T1HH-03-01-018

9 - Outer Spring
10 - Servo Piston
12 - Link

Pi - Pump Control Pressure


Pps -Torque Control Pressure
Pg - Primary Pilot Pressure
(From Pilot Pump)

ANIMATION

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


To Hydraulic Oil tank

Pump Control
Pressure Pi

Primary Pilot Pressure

Torque Control
Pressure Pps

Pump 2 Delivery
Pressure Pd 2

12

Pump 1 Delivery
Pressure Pd 1

10
T1HH-03-01-012

To Hydraulic Oil tank

Pump Control
Pressure Pi

Primary Pilot Pressure

Torque Control
Pressure Pps

Pump 2 Delivery
Pressure Pd 2

12

Pump 1 Delivery
Pressure Pd 1

10
T1HH-03-01-013

T3-1-19

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


Control by Pilot Pressure from Flow Rate Control
Solenoid Valve

Flow
Rate (Q)

Limiting Maximum Flow Rate (Pump 2 Only)


1. The maximum pump flow rate control solenoid
valve in the pump control pressure Pi circuit is activated by the signals from the MC.
2. The maximum pump flow rate control solenoid
valve functions as a reducing valve, limiting pump
control pressure Pi.
3. Piston (4) pushes spool A (3) and spring (1) toward the direction of the arrow.
4. Due to the movement of spool A (3), the circuit
from the large chamber of servo piston (10) is
opened to the hydraulic oil tank.
5. Since the pilot oil pressure is constantly routed
into the small chamber of servo piston (10), servo
piston (10) is moved toward the direction of the arrow so that the cylinder block is rotated in the
maximum inclination direction, increasing the
pump flow rate.
6. The movement of the cylinder block is transmitted
to sleeve A (2) via link (12). Then, sleeve A (2) is
moved in the same direction as spool A (3).
7. When sleeve A (2) is moved by the same stroke
as spool A (3), the pilot oil pressure circuit to the
large chamber of servo piston (10) is closed so
that servo piston (10) is stopped, completing flow
rate increase operation.
8. As the pump control pressure is restricted, the
maximum flow rate is reduced more than normal.

Pump Control Pressure (Pi)

Flow
Rate (Q)

Pressure (P)

Dr

Pi
Air
Bleeding
Circuit

Pd2
Pps

Dr

Pd1

Pg

10

12

Increase
Decrease
Cylinder Block Inclination

T1HH-03-01-018

1 - Spring
2 - Sleeve A
3 - Spool A

4 - Piston
10 - Servo Piston
12 - Link

Pd1 - Pump 1 Delivery Pressure


Pd2 - Pump 2 Delivery Pressure
Dr - Returning to Hydraulic
Oil Tank

Pi - Pump Control Pressure

T3-1-20

Pps -Torque Control Pressure


Pg - Primary Pilot Pressure
(From Pilot Pump)

ANIMATION

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


To Hydraulic Oil tank

Primary Pilot Pressure

Pump Control Pressure Pi Regulated by


Maximum Pump Flow
Rate Control Solenoid Valve

12

10
T1HH-03-01-014

To Hydraulic Oil tank

Primary Pilot Pressure

Pump Control Pressure Pi Regulated by


Maximum Pump Flow
Rate Control Solenoid Valve

12

10
T1HH-03-01-015

T3-1-21

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pump Device


PILOT PUMP
Drive gear (1) is driven by the engine via the transmission which in turn rotates driven gear (2) as they are
meshed together.
When drive gear (1) rotates, driven gear (2) is also
rotated. The hydraulic oil, routed from the inlet port, fills
the spaces between the teeth on each gear, is transferred along the inside surface of the housing, and discharged from the outlet port.
1 - Drive Gear

Inlet Port

2 - Driven Gear
Outlet Port

T137-02-03-005

N SENSOR (ENGINE SPEED SENSOR)


The N sensor detects the engine speed, which is used
to control various operations. The N sensor is located
close to the transmission teeth so that the sensor converts the number of teeth passing by the sensor into
pulse signals, effectively sensing the engine speed.
3 - Tooth
4 - Output

5 - Output

T178-03-01-020

PUMP DELIVERY PRESSURE SENSOR


This sensor detects the pump delivery pressures,
which are used to control various operations. When oil
pressure is applied onto diaphragm (9), the diaphragm
is deformed. The deformation of the diaphragm is detected as electrical signals.
6 - Ground
7 - Output

8 - Power Source (5V)


9 - Pressure Receiving Area
(Diaphragm)

T3-1-22

9
T1HH-03-01-017

COMPONENT OPERATION / Swing Device


OUTLINE
The swing device consists of the valve unit, swing motor, and swing reduction gear. The valve unit prevents
cavitation in the swing circuit from occurring and protects the circuit from being overloaded. The swing motor is a swash plate type axial plunger motor with a
built-in swing parking brake. The swing motor is driven
by pressure oil delivered from the pump, and drives the
swing reduction gear.

The swing reduction gear converts the swing motor


output into slow large torque to rotate the shaft.
Thereby, the upperstructure is rotated.

Valve Unit

Swing Motor

Swing Reduction Gear

T1HH-03-02-001

T3-2-1

COMPONENT OPERATION / Swing Device


SWING MOTOR
The swing motor consists of the swash plate, rotor,
plungers, valve plate, housing and swing parking brake
(springs, brake piston, plates, friction plates, and
switch valve). The rotor in which the plungers are inserted is splined onto the shaft.

When pressure oil is supplied from the pump, the


pressure oil pushes the plungers. Since the swash
plate is inclined, the shoes on top of the plungers slide
along the swash plate, causing the rotor and shaft to
rotate. The shaft tip end is splined into the first stage
sun gear in the swing reduction gear so that shaft rotation is transmitted to the swing reduction gear.

Valve Plate

Spring
Rotor
Brake Piston
Housing
Plate,
Friction Plate

Plunger

Switch Valve

Shoe

Swash Plate

T1HH-03-02-002

Shaft

T3-2-2

COMPONENT OPERATION / Swing Device


SWING PARKING BRAKE

The swing parking brake is a wet-type multi-disc brake.


The brake is released when brake release pressure
enters into the brake piston chamber (negative brake
type). Brake release pressure is supplied from the pilot
pump only when a front attachment and/or swing operation is made. During operations other than swing
and/or front attachment or while the engine is stopped,
brake release pressure is returned to the hydraulic oil
tank so that the brake is automatically applied by
spring.
Releasing Brake:
1. When the swing and/or front attachment control
levers are operated, the spool in the control valve
is shifted.
2. Thereby, the pilot signal circuit is blocked and the
pressure in the pilot signal circuit increases. The
pressure in the pilot signal circuit shifts the switch
valve.
3. Then, the brake release pressure from the pilot
pump flows to brake piston chamber (b) via hydraulic oil timer check valve and acts on brake piston (2).
Consequently, plates (3) and friction plates (4)
are free, so the brake is released.
Applying Brake:
1. When the swing and/or front attachment control
levers are released, the spool in the control valve
is returned to neutral so that the pressure of the
pilot signal circuit is reduced.
2. Therefore, the switch valve is shifted by the spring
force. The brake release pressure flows to the hydraulic oil tank port via the orifice of the hydraulic
oil timer.
3. Consequently, spring force (1) is applied to plates
(3) and friction plates (4) which are meshed with
the outer diameter of rotor (6) and inner diameter
of motor housing (5) respectively via brake piston
(2). Then, the rotor (6) outer diameter is held with
friction force. While the engine is stopped, no
pressure in the pilot signal circuit is routed, allowing the brake to be automatically applied.

2
b

3
4

5
6

T157-02-04-007

Brake OFF
Hydraulic Oil
Timer

Brake
Release
Pressure

OFF
Pilot Signal
Circuit

Swing
Motor

Switch
Valve

Spool
T157-02-04-005

Brake ON
Hydraulic Oil
Timer

Brake
Release
Pressure

ON
Pilot Signal
Circuit

Swing
Motor

Switch
Valve

Spool

T157-02-04-004

1 - Spring
2 - Brake Piston
3 - Plate

T3-2-3

4 - Friction Plate
5 - Motor Housing
6 - Rotor

COMPONENT OPERATION / Swing Device


VALVE UNIT
The valve unit consists of the make-up valves and the
relief valves. The make-up valves prevents cavitation
in the circuit. The relief valves prevent surge pressure
and overloads in the circuit.
Make-Up Valve
During swing stop operation, the swing motor is
driven by inertia force of the upperstructure. The motor is rotated by inertia force more than by pressure
oil delivered from the pump, causing cavitation to develop in the circuit. To prevent cavitation, when pressure in the swing circuit is reduced more than the return circuit (port C) pressure, the poppets are opened
so that hydraulic oil is drawn into the circuit from the
hydraulic oil tank to compensate for the lack of oil in
the circuit.

Relief Valve

Make-Up Valve

Port C

Control Valve
T107-02-04-013

Relief Valve

Poppet

Make-Up Valve
Make-Up Valve

T1HH-03-02-003

T3-2-4

COMPONENT OPERATION / Swing Device


Relief Valve
When starting or stopping swing operation, oil
pressure in the swing circuit becomes high. The relief
valve prevents the circuit pressure from rising higher
than the specified pressure. The plunger is pushed to
the left by pressure (Pp) force of the swing circuit in
pressure-receiving area A2.
However, plunger is also pushed back to the right by
spring force and pressure Pg at chamber (g) in
pressure-receiving area A1.
Chamber (g) is routed to port through orifice (m).
When the force acting on the right is higher than that
on the left, the relief valve operates.

g
Return Circuit
(Port C)

Swing Circuit
(Pressure Pp)

A1

Plunger

T3-2-5

A2

T107-02-04-020

COMPONENT OPERATION / Swing Device


SWING REDUCTION GEAR
The swing reduction gear is a two-stage planetary gear
type.
Ring gear (2) is provided on the inside of the housing, it
is fixed and does not rotate.
The motor output shaft of the swing motor drives first
stage sun gear (8).
Then, rotary power is transmitted to second stage sun
gear (6) via first stage planetary gear (1) and first stage
carrier (7). Second stage sun gear (6) rotates shaft
(output shaft)(4) via second stage planetary gear (3)
and second stage carrier (5).
As shaft (4) meshes with the internal gear of the swing
bearing bolted to the undercarriage, the upperstructure
is rotated.

8
1

T1HH-03-02-001

1 - First Stage Planetary


Gear
2 - Ring Gear

3 - Second Stage Planetary


Gear
4 - Shaft (Output Shaft)

5 - Second Stage Carrier

7 - First Stage Carrier

6 - Second Stage Sun Gear

8 - First Stage Sun Gear

T3-2-6

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


OUTLINE
The control valve controls oil pressure, flow rate and
flow direction in the hydraulic circuit. The major components of the control valve are the flow combiner
valve, pump control valve, main relief valve, overload
relief valve, arm regenerative valve, boom regenerative valve, bucket regenerative valve, arm anti-drift
valve (both the bottom and rod sides), boom anti-drift
valve, bucket flow rate control valve, travel flow rate
control valve, bypass shut-out valve, needle valve, and
spools.

The spool arrangement in the 4-spool section (seen


from the front) is the travel (right), bucket, boom 1, and
arm 2. The spool arrangement in the 5-spool section
(seen from the front) is the travel (left), auxiliary, boom
2, arm 1, and swing. Each spool is operated by pilot
pressure oil.

Arm 2
4-Spool Side

Boom 1

5-Spool Side

Bucket
Travel (Right)

Swing

Main Relief Valve

Arm 1
Boom 2
Auxiliary
Travel (Left)

Machine Front
T1HH-01-02-005

T3-3-1

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


System Layout
1

Travel Motor (Left)


Travel Motor (Right)

8
9

39

10

38

11
Bucket
Cylinder

37

12
13
14

36
Arm
Cylinder

35
34

Boom
Cylinder

15
16
17
33 32 31

30

18
19
20

29

28 27 26 25 24

23 22 21

Swing Motor
Pump 2

Pump 1
T1HH-03-03-001

1 - Pump Control Valve


(In 5-Spool Section)
2 - Check Valve
(Main Relief Circuit)
3 - Main Relief Valve

11 - Overload Relief Valve


(Bucket)
12 - Load Check Valve
(Boom 1 Parallel Passage)
13 - Boom Regenerative Valve

4 - Check Valve
(Main Relief Circuit)
5 - Flow Combiner Valve

14 - Boom Anti-Drift Valve


(Check Valve)
15 - Overload Relief Valve
(Boom)
16 - Arm Regenerative Valve

6 - Check Valve (Flow Combiner Valve Circuit)


7 - Check Valve With Orifice
(Bucket Combination)
8 - Bucket Flow Rate Control
Valve (Poppet Valve)
9 - Bucket Flow Rate Control
Valve (Switch Valve B)
10 - Bucket Regenerative Valve

21 - Load Check Valve


(Arm 2 Tandem Passage)
22 - Needle Valve
23 - Boom Anti-Drift Valve
(Switch Valve)
24 - Orifice
25 - Load Check Valve
(Arm 2 Parallel Passage)
26 - Load Check Valve
(Arm 1 Parallel Passage)
27 - Orifice

17 - Check Valve (Arm Regenerative Valve Circuit)


18 - Bucket Flow Rate Control
Valve (Switch Valve A)
19 - Bypass Shut-Out Valve

28 - Load Check Valve


(Arm 1 Tandem Passage)
29 - Load Check Valve (Swing)

20 - Pump Control Valve


(In 4-Spool Section)

30 - Arm Anti-Drift Valve:


Rod Side (Switch Valve)

T3-3-2

31 - Arm Anti-Drift Valve:


Bottom Side (Switch Valve)
32 - Arm Anti-Drift Valve:
Bottom Side (Check Valve)
33 - Arm Anti-Drift Valve:
Bottom Side (Relief Valve)
34 - Overload Relief Valve
(Arm)
35 - Arm Anti-Drift Valve:
Rod Side (Check Valve)
36 - Load Check Valve
(Boom 2 Parallel Passage)
37 - Load Check Valve
(Aux. Parallel Passage)
38 - Travel Flow Rate Control
Valve
39 - Load Check Valve
(Travel Tandem Passage)

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve

22

34

Machine Front

23

Machine Front

11
20

15
30

3
9

35
29
7

27

32
33

14
24, 25

36

12
21
1

T173-03-03-050

39

38

T173-03-03-051

Machine Front

A
B
C
D
E
F
G

T1HH-03-03-002

Section A

Section B

Section C
Travel (Left)

Travel (Right)

5
6

1
4
2
38

39
3

T1HH-03-03-003

T1HH-03-03-004

T3-3-3

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


1

Travel Motor (Left)


Travel Motor (Right)

8
9

39

10

38

11
Bucket
Cylinder

37

12
13
14

36
Arm
Cylinder

35
34

Boom
Cylinder

15
16
17
33 32 31

30

18
19
20

29

28 27 26 25 24

23 22 21

Swing Motor
Pump 2

Pump 1
T1HH-03-03-001

1 - Pump Control Valve


(In 5-Spool Section)
2 - Check Valve
(Main Relief Circuit)
3 - Main Relief Valve

11 - Overload Relief Valve


(Bucket)
12 - Load Check Valve
(Boom 1 Parallel Passage)
13 - Boom Regenerative Valve

4 - Check Valve
(Main Relief Circuit)
5 - Flow Combiner Valve

14 - Boom Anti-Drift Valve


(Check Valve)
15 - Overload Relief Valve
(Boom)
16 - Arm Regenerative Valve

6 - Check Valve (Flow Combiner Valve Circuit)


7 - Check Valve With Orifice
(Bucket Combination)
8 - Bucket Flow Rate Control
Valve (Poppet Valve)
9 - Bucket Flow Rate Control
Valve (Switch Valve B)
10 - Bucket Regenerative Valve

21 - Load Check Valve


(Arm 2 Tandem Passage)
22 - Needle Valve
23 - Boom Anti-Drift Valve
(Switch Valve)
24 - Orifice
25 - Load Check Valve
(Arm 2 Parallel Passage)
26 - Load Check Valve
(Arm 1 Parallel Passage)
27 - Orifice

17 - Check Valve (Arm Regenerative Valve Circuit)


18 - Bucket Flow Rate Control
Valve (Switch Valve A)
19 - Bypass Shut-Out Valve

28 - Load Check Valve


(Arm 1 Tandem Passage)
29 - Load Check Valve (Swing)

20 - Pump Control Valve


(In 4-Spool Section)

30 - Arm Anti-Drift Valve:


Rod Side (Switch Valve)

T3-3-4

31 - Arm Anti-Drift Valve:


Bottom Side (Switch Valve)
32 - Arm Anti-Drift Valve:
Bottom Side (Check Valve)
33 - Arm Anti-Drift Valve:
Bottom Side (Relief Valve)
34 - Overload Relief Valve
(Arm)
35 - Arm Anti-Drift Valve:
Rod Side (Check Valve)
36 - Load Check Valve
(Boom 2 Parallel Passage)
37 - Load Check Valve
(Aux. Parallel Passage)
38 - Travel Flow Rate Control
Valve
39 - Load Check Valve
(Travel Tandem Passage)

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


22

Section E

Section D

Boom 2
Auxiliary

Boom 1

23

Bucket

11

15

8
37

14

12

36

9
13

10
11

15
T1HH-03-03-006

T1HH-03-03-005

Section F
Arm 1

Section G
Arm 2

Swing

30

19

34
20

32

31

35

16

26

17

27

24, 25
29
21

34

33

28

T1HH-03-03-008

18
T1HH-03-03-007

T3-3-5

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT
Main Circuit
1. The pressure oil from pump 1 flows to the travel
(right), the bucket, boom 1, and arm 2 spools in
the 4-spool side control valve.
2. The pressure oil from pump 2 flows to the swing,
arm 1, boom 2, auxiliary, and the travel (left)
spools in the 5-spool side control valve.
3. The main circuits in both the 4 and 5-spool sections have parallel passages to make combined
operations possible.
4. An oil flow combining passage is provided in both
the boom and the arm circuits so that when a single operation is made, the pressure oil from both
pump 1 and 2 is supplied to the boom or the arm
cylinder.
5. The pump control valves are provided down
stream of the neutral passages in both the 4 and 5
spool sections.
6. The oil pressure in the main circuit (between the
pump and the actuator) is controlled by the main
relief valve preventing the man circuit oil pressure
from increasing higher than the set pressure.
7. The overload relief valves are located in the boom,
the arm and the bucket actuator circuits between
the control valve and the actuator.
The overload relief valve prevents the surge pressure from being developed by the external loads
in the actuator circuit and prevents the pressure in
the circuit from rising more than the set pressure
when the control spool is in neutral.

T3-3-6

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve

Pump Control Valve


(In 5-Spool Section)

Main Relief Valve

Travel (Left)

4-Spool Side Parallel Passage

Travel (Right)

Auxiliary

Neutral
Passage
Bucket

Overload
Relief Valves

Boom 1
Boom 2

Overload
Relief Valve

Arm 1
Arm 2

Neutral
Passage

Swing
Flow
Combining
Passages
To the 5-Spool Section.
To the 4-Spool Section.
5-Spool Side Parallel
Passage

Pump 2

Pump Control Valve


(In 4-Spool Section)

Pump 1
T173-03-03-009

T3-3-7

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


Pilot Control Circuit
The pilot pressure oil (indicated by figures) from the
pilot valve is routed to the end face of each spool in
the control valve so that the spool is operated. While
operating the spools, the pilot pressure oil functions
as follows:
When raising the boom, pilot pressure oil (1) is
routed to the bucket flow rate control valve (switch
valve B) via the bucket flow rate control valve
(switch valve A) and to the travel flow rate control
valve. Then, both valves are activated.
When lowering the boom, pilot pressure oil (2) is
routed to activate the boom anti-drift valve (switch
valve).
When rolling out the arm, pilot pressure oil (3 and
3A) is routed to activate the arm bottom side antidrift valve (switch valve).
When rolling in the arm, pilot pressure oil (4) is
routed to activate the arm rod side anti-drift valve
(switch valve) and the bucket flow rate control
valve (switch valve A).
The air bleeder circuit is provided in the upper section
of the control valve so that the air trapped inside the
control valve is automatically exhausted.

Pilot Signal Circuit


The pressure oil from the pilot pump flows through
the control valve as signal pilot pressure. When traveling, the travel spool restricts the signal pilot oil flow,
increasing the circuit pressure. The pressure sensor
(travel) monitors the pressure increase.
When operations other than travel are performed, the
signal pilot pressure circuits other than travel are restricted, increasing the circuit pressure. The pressure
sensor (front attachment) monitors the pressure increase. The flow combiner valve and swing parking
brake switch valve (swing motor) are also operated.
Solenoid Valve Pilot Signal Circuit
The pilot pressure from solenoid valve unit (SC)
shifts the arm regenerative valve.
The pilot pressure from solenoid valve unit (SG)
increases the pressure setting of the main relief
valve.
(Refer to SYSTEM / Control System group.)

T3-3-8

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


Pressure Sensor
(Front Attachment)
From Pilot Pump

Pressure Sensor (Travel)


From Pilot
Pump

To Swing
Parking Brake

Main Relief Valve


Pilot Signal Circuit Other than
Travel

From Solenoid Valve Unit (SG)

Travel Pilot Signal Circuit


Flow Combiner Valve

From Pump 1
10

Travel Flow Rate


Control Valve
13

14

Arm Anti-Drift Valve


(Switch Valve): Rod
Side
2

12

11

Bucket Flow Rate


Control Valve
(Switch Valve B)

8
7

Boom Anti-Drift
Valve
(Switch Valve)

Arm Regenerative
Valve
3A

From
Solenoid
Valve Unit
(SC)

Arm AntiDrift Valve


(Switch
Valve): Bottom Side

Bucket Flow
Rate Control
Valve (Switch
Valve A)

5
6

Air Bleeder Circuit


From Pilot
Pump

From Pump 2

T1HH-03-03-009

1 - Boom Raise
2 - Boom Lower
3 - Arm Roll-Out
3 A- Arm Roll Out

4 - Arm Roll-In
5 - Left Swing
6 - Right Swing

7 - Bucket Roll-Out
8 - Bucket Roll-In
9 - Left Travel Forward

T3-3-9

10 - Left Travel Reverse


11 - Right Travel Forward
12 - Right Travel Reverse

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


FLOW COMBINER VALVE
1. When the front attachment and/or swing function
is operated, the spools in the control valve restrict
the signal pilot pressure oil other than travel so
that the circuit pressure is increased and the flow
combiner valve is activated.
2. At this time, when the travel function is operated,
the pressure oil from pump 1 is routed to the right
travel spool and the left travel spool via the flow
combiner valve and the check valve.

Pilot Signal Circuit


Other than Travel

3. Consequently, the pressure oil from pump 1 is


routed simultaneously to both right and left travel
spools. The pressure oil from pump 2 is routed to
the front attachment and swing spools. Therefore,
when a combined operation of the travel and front
attachment, and/or swing is performed, the machine can travel straight.

Flow Combiner Valve

Check Valve

To Left Travel Spool

Pressure Oil from Pump 1

T1HH-03-03-010

T3-3-10

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve

From the
Pilot Pump.

Travel Motor (Left)

Flow Combiner Valve

Pilot Signal Circuit


Other than Travel

Travel Motor
(Right)

Travel (Right)
Travel
(Left)

Arm
Cylinder

Arm 1
Arm 2

Pump 2

Pump 1
T173-02-02-003

T3-3-11

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


PUMP CONTROL VALVE
The pump control valves are located down stream of
the neutral passages in both the 4 and 5-spool sections. (Refer to T3-3-7.)
The pump control pressure is regulated by the pump
control valve and is routed to the pump regulator to
control the pump displacement angle. (Refer to the
pump device group.)
The pump control pressure is monitored by the pump
control pressure sensor. Then, the sensing signals are
used to control the travel motor displacement angle.
(Refer to the Control System group in the SYSTEM
section.)

When All Control Levers are in Neutral:


1. When all control levers are in neutral, the control
valve neutral passage isnt restricted as all control
valve spools are in neutral.
2. All oil flow is routed to the hydraulic oil tank from
the neutral passage via spool (B), acting on the
spool (A) in the pump control valve.
3. The oil flow through spool (B) acts on the spring
chamber via spool (C).
4. All oil flow acts on spool (A) in the pump control
vale, so that the force acting on spool (A) overcomes the spring force and the pressure acting on
the spring chamber through spool (C).
Therefore, the spool in the pump control valve
moves to the right.
5. As connecting port PC and port DR via the spool
notch, the pump control pressure which was
routed to the regulator is returned to the hydraulic
oil tank via port PC.
6. Thus, the pump control pressure is reduced so
that the regulator reduces the pump displacement
angle to the minimum, saving engine fuel consumption.

When a Control Lever is Operated:


1. When a control lever is operated, the control valve
spool is moved so that the control valve neutral
passage is restricted.
2. In response to the control valve spool, the oil flow
acted on spool (A) in the pump control valve is reduced.
3. When the force acting on spool (A) doesnt overcome the spring force and the pressure acting on
the spring chamber through spool (C), the spool in
the pump control valve is returned to the left.
4. Then, port PE is connected to port PC via the
spool notch. Thus, the pilot oil pressure is routed
from port PE to the regulator via port PC.
5. When the pump control pressure increases, the
regulator increases the pump displacement angle.

T3-3-12

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


Spool

Spring

DR

(A)
Spring Chamber

(B)

(C)
Hydraulic Oil Tank
PE

PC
T1HH-03-03-013

When All Control Lever are in Neutral:


(A)

Spool

(C)

Spring Chamber

Neutral Passage

(B)

To
PE
Hydraulic
Oil Tank

PC
DR
T1HH-03-03-011

When a Control Lever is Operated:


(A)

(C)

Spool

Spring Chamber

Neutral Passage

To Hydraulic PE
Oil Tank

PC
DR

T3-3-13

T1HH-03-03-012

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


MAIN RELIEF VALVE
The main relief valve prevents the main circuit pressure from increasing more than the designed pressure.
When the power boost switch is ON, the relief valve
set pressure is increased. (Refer to the Control System
group in the SYSTEM section.)

Neutral:
2

1 Oil Chamber

Orifice

SG

HP
LP

5 Passage B

Passage A

T1HH-03-03-014

1 - Main Poppet
2 - Pilot Poppet
3 - Spring B

Normal Relief Operation


1. The main circuit pressure in port HP acts on pilot
poppet (2) via the orifice in main poppet (1).
2. When pressure in port HP increases more than
the set force of spring B (3), pilot poppet (2) is unseated, allowing pressure oil to flow to hydraulic
oil tank port LP via passage A.
3. Then, pressure in the oil chamber is reduced, developing a pressure difference between port HP
and the oil chamber by the orifice in main poppet
(1). When the pressure difference increases more
than the set force of spring A (6), main poppet (1)
is unseated, allowing the pressure oil to flow from
port HP to port LP.

4 - Piston
5 - Sleeve
6 - Spring A

Normal Relief Operation:


3

1 Oil Chamber

Orifice

HP

LP
Passage A
T1HH-03-03-015

Orifice 1

Oil Chamber

HP

LP

6
T1HH-03-03-016

Relief Operation When Set-Pressure is Increased


1. When power boost switch is ON, the pilot pressure is routed in port SG.
2. The pilot pressure via passage B in sleeve (5) and
passage C in piston (4) pushes piston (4) to the
left.
3. Therefore, a higher pressure is required to open
pilot poppet (2) as the set force of spring B (3) increases. The relief set pressure increases more
than normal.

Relief Set-Pressure is Increased:


2

Passage C

SG

HP

LP

4
5 Passage B
T1HH-03-03-017

T3-3-14

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


OVERLOAD RELIF VALVE
Neutral:
The overload relief valve prevents the actuator circuit
pressure from increasing more than the designed
pressure. If the actuator pressure becomes negative,
the valve makes up the hydraulic oil from the hydraulic
oil tank.

Orifice

HP
LP

7
1234-

Relief Operation
1. Pressure in port HP (actuator circuit) acts on pilot
poppet (4) via the orifice in piston (1).
2. When pressure in port HP increases more than
the set force of spring B (5), pilot poppet (4) is unseated so that the pressure oil flows to hydraulic
oil tank port LP via the passage.
3. Then, pressure in the oil chamber is reduced, developing a pressure difference between port HP
and the oil chamber by the orifice in piston (1).
When the pressure difference increases more
than the set force of spring A (3), piston (1) is
moved to the right and main poppet (2) is unseated, allowing the pressure oil to flow from port
HP to port LP.

Oil Chamber

Piston
Main Poppet
Spring A
Pilot Poppet

T1HH-03-03-018

Passage
5 - Spring B
6 - Spring C
7 - Sleeve

Relief Operation:
1

Orifice

HP
LP
Passage

Orifice

T1HH-03-03-019

HP
LP
Oil Chamber

Make-Up Operation
1. When pressure in port HP decreases lower than
port LP, sleeve (7) is moved to the right.
2. Then, the hydraulic oil flows from port LP to port
HP so that cavitation is prevented.

T1HH-03-03-020

Make-Up Operation:

HP

LP

T3-3-15

T1HH-03-03-021

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


ARM REGENERATIVE VALVE
The arm regenerative valve regulates the return oil
flow from the cylinder rod side when rolling the arm in.
Thereby, the arm roll-in speed is increased to improve
the arm controllability so that the arm hesitation is prevented.

When Arm Regenerative Valve is in Neutral:

Arm
Regenerative
Valve

1. In response to the signal from MC solenoid valve


unit (SC) acts, then the pilot pressure is routed to
the arm regenerative valve from solenoid valve
unit (SC). (Refer to SYSTEM / Control System
group)
2. The return oil from the arm cylinder flows into the
spool from hole A on the arm 2 spool.

To Hydraulic Oil
Tank.
Orifice A
Hole B
Hole A

Arm Regenerative Valve is in Neutral:


3. The pressure oil from hole A flows to the hydraulic
oil tank via orifice A and hole B.
Arm Regenerative Valve is Operated:
4. When the pilot pressure is supplied from port SC,
the arm regenerative valve is activated. Then, the
pressure oil flow from hole A is restricted by orifice
A and hole C, increasing the pressure in the
spool.
5. If the pressure in the arm cylinder bottom side circuit is lower than that of the spool inside, the
pressure in the spool opens the check valve via
orifice B and flows to the arm cylinder bottom side
circuit.

Orifice A, Hole B

Check Valve

Arm
Cylinder

From
4-Spool Section
Neutral Circuit

Arm
Regenerative
Valve

T1HH-03-03-022

When Arm Regenerative Valve is Operated:

Pilot Pressure from


Solenoid Valve Unit
(SC)

Hole B

From
4-Spool Side
Parallel Passage

Arm
Regenerative
Valve

To Hydraulic Oil
Tank.
Orifice A
SC

Arm 2 Spool

Hole A

Hole B
Hole C (Orifice )

Orifice B
Orifice A,
Hole C
To Hydraulic Oil
Tank
Hole A Orifice B

Check Valve

To Cylinder
Bottom Side
Circuit

T173-03-03-049
T1HH-03-03-023

T3-3-16

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve

Arm Regenerative Valve

Arm Cylinder

Port SC

Hole B, Hole C
Tank Passage
Hole A
Check Valve

Cylinder
Bottom Side
Circuit
Arm 2 Spool

T1HH-03-03-024

T3-3-17

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


BOOM REGENERATIVE VALVE
The boom regenerative valve regulates the return oil
flow from the cylinder bottom side when the boom is
lowered. Thereby, the boom lower speed is increased
to improve the boom controllability so that cavitation is
prevented.

From
4-Spool Side
Parallel Passage

1. When the boom is lowered, the return oil from the


boom cylinder bottom side flows into the spool via
boom 1 spool hole A.
2. If the pressure in the boom cylinder rod side is
lower than the bottom side, the pressure (the
pressure oil in the bottom side) in the spool opens
the check valve 1 and flows into the boom cylinder
rod circuit via hole c.
3. When the pressure in the boom cylinder rod side
is higher than the bottom side during excavation
for example, check valve 2 is unseated so that all
oil flow is returned to the hydraulic oil tank via hole
B.

T3-3-18

To Hydraulic Oil
Tank
Boom 1
Spool

Check Valve 1

Boom
Cylinder

T1HH-03-03-045

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve

Boom 1 Spool
Hole B
Check Valve 2

Boom Cylinder
Hole A

Hole C
Check Valve 1

T1HH-03-03-025

T3-3-19

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


BUCKET REGENERATIVE VALVE
The bucket regenerative valve controls the return oil
from the cylinder rod side when operating the bucket
roll-in. This makes the bucket roll-in operation more
controllable and the occurrence cavitation is prevented.
1. If operating the bucket roll-in at the most retracted
position of the arm cylinder, the pressure in the
bottom side circuit of the bucket cylinder is lower
than that in the rod side because of its own
weight.
2. The return oil from the bucket cylinder rod side is
separated in the bucket spool. One flows back to
the hydraulic oil tank.
The other flows into the spool through hole A on
the spool.
3. The pressure oil (in the rod side) into the spool
opens the check valve and flows to the bucket cylinder bottom side circuit via hole B on the spool.
Thereby the cavitation is prevented.

From Flow
Combiner
Valve

Check Valve
To Hydraulic
Oil Tank

Bucket
Spool

Bucket
Cylinder
Hole B

T3-3-20

Hole A

T1HH-03-03-027

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve

Check Valve
Hole B

Hole A

T1HH-03-03-026

T3-3-21

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


ARM ANTI-DRIFT VALVE (BOTTOM SIDE)
The arm anti-drift valve is provided to reduce cylinder
drift.

Port A6B
X

When the control lever is in neutral: Holding Operation


1. The pressure in the arm cylinder bottom side is
routed to port A6B.
2. The pressure in port A6B is routed to spring
chamber A via the spool.
3. Then, the check valve is pushed downward, closing the oil circuit from the cylinder bottom to the
spool.
4. Thereby, the cylinder drift is reduced.

Spool
Arm
Cylinder

T173-03-03-028

Cross Section X-X


Check Valve

Check Valve

Spring Chamber A

Port A6B

Port A6B
Spool
T173-03-03-024

Spool

T1HH-03-03-028

T3-3-22

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


When the control lever is operated : Deactivated
When Arm is Rolled-In:
1. When the arm is rolled in, the pressure oil from
the arm spool opens the check valve and flows to
the cylinder from port A6B.
Check Valve
2. When the arm is rolled out, the pilot pressure is
supplied to ports PL so that the spool is shifted after moving the piston.
3. Port D is connected to spring chamber A and the
hydraulic oil tank so that the pressure in spring
chamber A is reduced.
4. Then, the return oil from the arm cylinder bottom
Port A6B
side opens the check valve and flows back to the
arm spool.

Arm
Cylinder

Check Valve

Port A6B

To Arm
Spool

Port
Pilot Pressure PL

From Arm Spool

T1HH-03-03-030

Port D

Spool

Piston
Hydraulic Oil Tank

T173-03-03-026

Y
Check Valve

Section Y-Y

Spring Chamber A

Pilot Pressure

When Arm is Rolled-Out:

Port PL

Port D

Port A6B

Y
Drain

Port D

Spool

Spool

Piston
T1HH-03-03-029

To Arm Spool

T3-3-23

T1HH-03-03-031

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


When the control lever is in neutral: Overload
Prevention
1. When the control lever is in neutral, if the presCheck Valve
sure in the arm cylinder bottom side is increased
by an external force, hydraulic components may
be damaged.
2. The pressure in port A6B on the arm cylinder bottom side is routed to spring chamber A through
the spool as when the arm is in the holding position.
3. Then, when the pressure increases more than the
set pressure, the poppet is unseated, allowing the Port A6B
pressure oil to flow into chamber C.
4. Therefore, the piston is pushed downward, the
spool is shifted, allowing the pressure oil in port D
to flow back to the hydraulic oil tank.
5. Port D is connected to spring chamber A and the
hydraulic oil tank so that the pressure in spring
chamber A is reduced.
6. Then, the check valve is unseated, the pressure
oil in port A6B on the arm cylinder bottom side
flows to the arm spool and opens the overload relief valve.
7. This makes the pressure in the arm cylinder bottom prevent from increasing abnormally.

Poppet
Spring
Chamber A

Spool

T1HH-03-03-032

Y
Section Y-Y

Check Valve

Spring
Chamber A

Poppet

Port D

Port A6B
Drain
Y
Port D
Spool

Piston

Spool

Chamber C
T1HH-03-03-033

To Arm Spool

T3-3-24

T1HH-03-03-031

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


ARM ANTI-DRIFT VALVE (Rod Side) /
BOOM ANTI-DRIFT VALVE

Holding Operation:

The anti-drift valves (on the arm cylinder rod side and
boom cylinder bottom side) are provided to reduce
cylinder drift.

Spool
Arm Spool
Boom Spool

NOTE: The construction of the arm anti-drift valve


is identical to the boom anti-drift valve.
When the control valve is in neutral: Holding Operation
1. The oil pressure in the arm cylinder rod side (the
boom cylinder bottom side) is routed to port B6
(B3).
2. Then, the pressure in port B6 (B3) is routed to oil
chamber A through the spool.
3. Thereby, the check valve is pushed to block the oil
flow from the cylinder to the spool so that the cylinder drift is reduced.

Oil Chamber
A

Check Valve

Port B6 (B3)

T1HH-03-03-035

Deactivation (Arm Roll-In, Boom Lower):

When the control valve is operated: Deactivation


1. When the arm is rolled in (the boom is lowered),
the pressure oil from the arm (boom) spool opens
the check valve so that the pressure oil flows to
the cylinder via port B6 (B3).
2. When the arm is rolled out (the boom is raised),
the pilot oil pressure moves the spool.
3. The oil in oil chamber A flows back to the hydraulic oil tank through the spool, reducing pressure in
oil chamber A.
4. Then, the return oil from the arm cylinder rod side
(the boom cylinder bottom side) passes port B6
(B3), opens the check valve, and flows to the arm
spool (the boom spool).

Arm Spool
Boom Spool

Check Valve

Port B6 (B3)

T1HH-03-03-037

Deactivation (Arm Roll-Out, Boom Raise):

Spool
To Arm Cylinder
To Boom Cylinder

Arm Spool
Boom Spool

Spool
To Hydraulic Oil
Tank.

Pilot Pressure

Arm Roll-Out Pilot Pressure


Boom Raise Pilot Pressure
Check Valve

To Arm Spool.
To Boom Spool.

Oil Chamber A
T1HH-03-03-034

Check Valve

T3-3-25

Port B6 (B3)

T1HH-03-03-036

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


BUCKET FLOW RATE CONTROL VALVE

When Bucket is Single-Operated:

The bucket flow rate control valve consists of the poppet valve, switch valve A, and switch valve B.
The bucket flow rate control valve restricts the bucket
oil flow to give priority to the boom raise operation
when the bucket, arm roll-in, and boom raise functions
are simultaneously operated.

Check Valve

Poppet Valve
Switch Valve B

1. The pressure oil from the neutral passage flows to


the poppet valve.

Bucket Cylinder

When the Bucket is Single-Operated:


2. Normally, the pressure oil opens the check valve
in the poppet valve and flows to port A2 from
chamber A.
3. Both the check valve and poppet in the poppet
valve are supported by the same spring. Therefore, when the check valve is opened, the poppet
valve is also opened, allowing the pressure oil
from the neutral circuit to directly flow to the
bucket spool.
When the bucket, the arm roll-in and the boom
raise are combined-operated:
4. When operating the arm roll-in, the arm roll-in pilot
pressure shifts the spool in switch valve A.
5. Therefore, the boom raise pilot pressure through
switch valve A shifts the Spool in switch valve B.
6. But, when switch valve B spool is moved to restrict the pressure oil flow from chamber A to port
A2, pressure in chamber A increases.
7. Then, the poppet is raised to reduce the pressure
oil flow from the neutral passage to the bucket
spool.
8. Accordingly, the pressure oil has precedence to
flow to boom 1 spool via the parallel passage so
that the boom is raised.

Bucket Spool

T1HH-03-03-038

When Bucket the Arm Roll-In and Boom Raise are


Combined-Operated:
Check Valve

Poppet Valve
Switch Valve B

Bucket Cylinder
Bucket Spool

Arm Roll-In Pilot


Pressure

Switch Valve A

Boom Raise
Pilot Pressure

T3-3-26

T1HH-03-03-039

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


When Bucket is Single-Operated:

Neutral Passage

Check Valve

A2

Poppet Valve

B2

Chamber A
Spring

T1HH-03-03-040

When Bucket, Arm Roll-In and Boom Raise are Combined-Operated:


Neutral Passage

Poppet Valve
A2

B2
Chamber A
Switch Valve B

Spool

Boom Raise Pilot Pressure


From Switch Valve A

T3-3-27

T1HH-03-03-041

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


TRAVEL FLOW RATE CONTROL VALVE
When the travel and boom raise combined operation is
performed, the flow combiner valve is opened so that
the pressure oil from pump 1 flows to both right and left
travel motors and the pressure oil from pump 2 flows
to boom 2 spool.
When traveling on a flat or down slope surface, the
travel motor load pressure becomes lower than the
boom cylinder. Accordingly, the pressure oil from pump
2 is routed to the lower pressure side of the travel (left)
spool via parallel passage P2, reducing the oil flow to
the high pressure side of the boom 2 spool.
The travel flow control valve restricts the passage to
the travel (left) spool from parallel passage P2 in such
cases and secures oil flow to raise the boom.

Travel (Left) Spool


Piston

Poppet

To Hydraulic Oil Tank

From Flow
Combiner
Valve

Boom Raise
Pilot Pressure

1. When the boom is raised, the boom raise pilot


pressure is supplied to the travel flow control
valve, pushing piston to the right to increase the
spring force.
2. Then, the poppet is pushed to the right harder.
3. Therefore, even if the pressure in the travel (left)
neutral passage P2 is reduced lower than the
parallel passage P2, the poppet does not unseat.
4. Thereby, the pressure oil from pump 2 does not
flow to the travel (left) spool but flows to the boom
2 spool, ensuring boom raise operation.

T3-3-28

Neutral Passage P2

Parallel Passage P2
Spring

T173-03-03-043

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve

Travel (Left)

Travel (Right)

Parallel Passage
P2
Piston

Boom Raise
Pilot Pressure

Poppet

Neutral Passage
P2

T1HH-03-03-042

T3-3-29

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


BYPASS SHUT-OUT VALVE
The bypass shut-out valve is provided in the neutral
passage of the 4-spool section control valve. The bypass shut-out valve allows the pressure oil from pump
1 to join into the pressure oil from pump 2 when an
attachment is operated by the auxiliary spool in the 5spool section control valve.

1. When the attachment is operated, the pilot pressure is routed to port PBC.
2. Then, the bypass shut-out valve spool is moved to
the right, closing the passage from the neutral circuit to port T2.
3. Accordingly, the pressure oil from pump 1 flows
from the neutral passage to port A4 and is routed
further to the point just before the auxiliary spool
in the 5-spool section control valve where the
pressure oil joins into the pressure oil flow from
pump 2.

Port PBC
Pilot Pressure
Neutral Circuit in 4-Spool
Section Control Valve

To Attachment
Spool
Port A4

Port T2

Spool

T1HH-03-03-043

T3-3-30

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve

To Attachment

Auxiliary
Spool

Bypass
Shut-Out Valve

To 5-Spool Side
Control Valve

To 4-Spool Side
Control Valve
Pilot Pressure

Pump 2

Pump 1

T173-03-03-044

T3-3-31

COMPONENT OPERATION / Control Valve


NEEDLE VALVE
Port DR2

The needle valve is provided for emergencies in order


to lower the boom, in case stopping the engine is necessary.

Needle Valve

Boom AntiDrift Valve


(Switch Valve)

1. The pressure oil in the boom cylinder bottom side


is routed to port B3 and blocked by the boom antidrift valve. (Refer to T3-3-25.)
2. Port B3 is connected to the needle valve through
the inner passages. When the needle valve is
loosen, the pressure oil in port B3 flows to port
DR2 through the needle valve.
3. Consequently, the boom cylinder is retracted and
the boom is lowered because of its own weight.

Boom
Anti-Drift
Valve
(Check Valve)

Port B3

T1HH-03-03-044

Boom
Cylinder
Boom Anti-Drift
Valve
(Switch Valve)

Boom Anti-Drift
Valve
(Check Valve)
Needle Valve
T173-03-03-046

T3-3-32

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pilot Valve


OUTLINE
The pilot valve controls pilot pressure oil to move the
control valve spools. There are two types of pilot
valves. One is for front attachment / swing operation;
the other is for travel operation. Both have four oil ports
as standard. An optional two-port type is available. The
construction of the reducing valves in both the front
attachment / swing and travel pilot valves are identical
except for the pusher cams.

Front Attachment / Swing Pilot Valve

Right
Valve

Left
Valve

Port
No.
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4

ISO Control Pattern

1
2
3
4

Hitachi Pattern

Arm Roll-In
Right Swing
Arm Roll-Out
Left Swing

Bucket Roll-Out
Boom Lower
Bucket Roll-In
Boom Raise
Right Swing
Arm Roll-Out
Left Swing
Arm Roll-In
P

Hydraulic
Diagram
Symbol

Travel Pilot Valve


Right Travel Reverse
Right Travel Forward
Left Travel Forward
Left Travel Reverse

T
Hydraulic
Diagram
Symbol

T105-02-07-020
T105-02-07-020

T
P

T
4
2
P
T178-03-04-001
T178-03-04-002

T3-4-1

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pilot Valve


OPERATION
Spool (6) head comes in contact with the upper face of
spring guide (3) which is kept raised by return spring
(5).
Neutral (Output Diagram: A to B):
1. When neutral, spool (6) totally blocks pressure oil
port P (from the pilot pump).The output port is
opened to port T (hydraulic oil tank) through the
passage in spool (6). Therefore, oil pressure in
the output port (to the control valve) is equal to
that in port T.
2. When the control lever is slightly tilted, cam (1) is
tilted, moving pusher (2) downward. Then, pusher
(2) compress return spring (5) along with spring
guide (3). At this time, as oil pressure in the output
port is equal to that in port T, spool (6) moves
downward while keeping the under face of the
spool head in contact with spring guide (3).
3. This status continues until hole (7) on spool (6) is
opened to port P.

T3-4-2

D
Pilot
Pressure

Lever Stroke
T522-02-05-001

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pilot Valve


Front Attachment / Swing Pilot Valve

6
Port T

7
Port P

Output Port

Port T

Port T

Port P

Output Port

Port P

Output Port

T178-03-04-005

T178-03-04-007

Travel Pilot Valve


1

Port T

7
3

Output Port

Port P

Port T

Port T

6
Port P

Output Port

1 - Cam
2 - Pusher

Port P

Output Port

T178-03-04-006

3 - Spring Guide
4 - Balance Spring

5 - Return Spring
6 - Spool

T3-4-3

7 - Hole

T178-03-04-011

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pilot Valve


During Metering or Decompressing (Output
Diagram: C to D)
1. When the control lever is further tilted to move
pusher (2) downward more, hole (7) on spool (6)
is opened to port P, allowing pressure oil in port P
to flow into the output port.
2. Oil pressure in the output port acts on the bottom
face of spool (6) so that spool (6) is pushed
upward.
3. However, until upward force acting on the bottom
face of spool (6) overcomes balance spring (4)
force, balance spring (4) is not compressed. Then,
spool (6) is not raised, allowing oil pressure in the
output port to increase.
4. As oil pressure in the output port increases, force
to push spool (6) upward increases. When, this
force overcomes balance spring (4) force,
balance spring (4) is compressed so that spool (6)
is moved upward.
5. As spool (6) is moved upward, hole (7) is closed
so that pressure oil from port P stops flowing into
the output port, stopping pressure oil in the output
port to increase.
6. As spool (6) is moved downward, balance spring
(4) is compressed, increasing the spring force.
Therefore, oil pressure in the output port becomes
equal to the oil pressure acting on the bottom face
of spool (6) being balanced in position with the
spring force.

T3-4-4

D
Pilot
Pressure
C

Lever Stroke
T522-02-05-001

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pilot Valve


Front Attachment / Swing Pilot Valve

6
Port T

Port T

Port P

Output Port

Port P

Output Port

T178-03-04-008

T178-03-04-009

Travel Pilot Valve


1

6
Port T

Port P

Output Port
1 - Cam
2 - Pusher

Port T

Port P

Output Port

T178-03-04-012

3 - Spring Guide
4 - Balance Spring

5 - Return Spring
6 - Spool

T3-4-5

7 - Hole

T178-03-04-013

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pilot Valve


Full Stroke (Output Diagram: E to F)
1. When the control lever is fully stroked, pusher (2)
is moved downward until pusher (2) in the front
attachment / swing pilot valve comes in contact
with the casing shoulder, or cam (1) on the travel
pilot valve comes in contact with the casing.
2. At this moment, the bottom of pusher (2) directly
pushes spool (6). Therefore, even if oil pressure
in the output port increases further, hole (7) on
spool (6) is kept open.
3. Consequently, oil pressure in the output port is
equal to oil pressure in port P.

D
Pilot
Pressure

Lever Stroke
T522-02-05-001

NOTE: Total lever strokes for the front attachment


and swing controls are determined by
stroke dimension (E) of pusher (2). Total
lever stroke for the travel control is
determined by stroke dimension (E) of cam
(1).

T3-4-6

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pilot Valve


Front Attachment / Swing Pilot Valve

3
4
5
E

6
Port T

Port P

T178-03-04-010

Output Port

T178-03-04-005

Travel Pilot Valve

1
E

3
4
5
6

Port T

Port P

Output Port

1 - Cam
2 - Pusher

T178-03-04-006
T178-03-04-014

3 - Spring Guide
4 - Balance Spring

5 - Return Spring
6 - Spool

T3-4-7

7 - Hole

COMPONENT OPERATION / Pilot Valve


(Blank)

T3-4-8

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


OUTLINE
The travel device consists of the travel motor, travel
reduction gear, and travel brake valve.
The travel motor for ZAXIS330, ZAXIS350H is a bent
axis-type variable displacement axial plunger motor.
The travel motor for EX370MTH is a swash plate-type
variable displacement axial plunger motor.
The travel motor is equipped with a parking brake (wet
multi-disc negative type), is driven by pressure oil from
the hydraulic pump, and outputs rotary power to the
travel reduction gear.

The travel reduction gear is a third stage planetary


gear type which converts rotary power transferred from
the travel motor into a slow and large torque to drive
the sprocket and track.
The travel brake valve prevents the occurrence of
overloads and cavitation in the travel circuit.

ZAXIS330, ZAXIS350H:

ZAXIS370MTH:

Travel Motor

Travel Reduction Gear

Travel Motor

Travel Reduction Gear

T173-03-05-001

Travel Brake Valve

Sprocket

Travel Brake Valve

T3-5-1

T16J-03-05-001

Sprocket

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


TRAVEL REDUCTION GEAR
The travel reduction gear is a three stage reduction
planetary gear type.
The travel motor rotates propeller shaft (7). This rotation is transmitted to third stage carrier (2) and ring
gear (1) via first stage planetary gear (8), first stage
carrier (6), first stage sun gear (5), second stage
planetary gear (9), second stage carrier (4), second
stage sun gear (3), and third stage planetary gear (10).

Travel motor housing (14) is bolted to the track frame


and is secured to third stage carrier (2) by hub (11).
Ring gear (1) is bolted to drum (13). Drum (13) is
bolted to sprocket (12). Accordingly, when ring gear (1)
is rotated, drum (13) and sprocket (12) are also rotated.

ZAXIS330, ZAXIS350H:
1

14

13

11

10

ZAXIS370MTH:
1

11

10

7
14

13

T173-03-05-001

12

T16J-03-05-001

12

1 - Ring Gear

5 - First Stage Sun Gear

2 - Third Stage Carrier


3 - Second Stage Sun Gear
4 - Second Stage Carrier

6 - First Stage Carrier


7 - Propel Shaft
8 - First Stage Planetary Gear

9 - Second Stage Planetary


Gear
10 - Third Stage Planetary Gear
11 - Hub

T3-5-2

12 - Sprocket
13 - Drum
14 - Housing
(Travel Motor)

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


TRAVEL MOTOR
ZAXIS330, ZAXIS350H:
The travel motor, a bent axis-type variable displacement axial plunger motor, consists of the plate, valve
plate, rotor, plungers, and drive disc. When the pressure oil is supplied from the pump, the plungers in the
rotor are pushed and the force to the direction (F) occurs.
Plate

As the plunger leans against the drive disc, vertical


component force (FV) occurs and causes the drive
disc to rotate.
Whether pressure oil from the pump is supplied to port
AM or BM determines travel direction.

Valve Plate

Rotor

Plunger

Drive Disc

T173-03-05-002

Valve Plate

Rotor

Plunger

Drive Disc

Port AM

Port BM

FR

FV

T107-03-04-014

T3-5-3

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


ZAXIS370MTH:
The travel motor is a variable displacement swash
plate axial plunger type, consisting of swash plate (7),
rotor (16), plungers (4) with shoes, valve plate (1), output shaft (11), tilt pistons (9), casing (8), and so forth.

Four of tilt piston (9) are located in casing (8). The


pressure to change travel speed acts on these tilt
pistons (9) to change swash plate (7) angle.
Rotor (16) is preloaded against valve plate (1) by
spring (14) to prevent oil from leaking at the clearance between them.
Hydraulically released type disc parking brake (3) is
installed in the travel motor.

10

11

17

16

T16J-03-05-003

15
12345-

Valve Plate
Spring
Parking Brake
Plunger
Holder

6789-

Retainer Plate
Swash Plate
Casing
Tilt Piston

14
10 11 12 13 -

T3-5-4

Spring
Output Shaft
Roller Bearing
Ball

13

12
14 15 16 17 -

Spring
Brake Piston
Rotor
Valve Cover

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


As output shaft (6) rotates, rotor (2) also rotates. Then,
when plungers (3) reach port B, oil is routed to the hydraulic oil tank.
Whether pressure oil from the pump is supplied to port
A or port B determines the travel direction.

Pressure oil from the pump flows to port A of valve


plate (1), and enters into one-sided bores in rotor (2)
located just behind the right-side crescent-shaped oil
port (port A side) of valve plate (1).
Then, plungers in the right half side of rotor (2) are
pushed out toward swash plate (5), and slide on the
swash plate to rotate rotor (2) and output shaft (6).

Port B

Port B
Port A

Port A

1
2
3

4
6

5
Valve Plate
T183-03-05-009

1 - Valve Plate
2 - Rotor

3 - Plunger
4 - Shoe

5 - Swash Plate

T3-5-5

6 - Output Shaft

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


TRAVEL BRAKE VALVE
ZAXIS330, ZAXIS350H:
The travel brake valve is located on the travel motor
head and consists of the following valves.
Check Valve (1):
assists counterbalance valve (5) operations and prevents cavitation from occurring.

Overload Relief Valve (4):


prevents overload and surge pressure from occurring
in the motor circuit.

Reducing Valve (2):


reduces the parking brake release pressure and prevents the parking brake from being quickly applied.

Counterbalance Valve (5):


ensures smooth starting and stopping, and prevents
the machine from running away while descending
slopes.

Parking Brake Release Shuttle Valve (3):


leads the motor drive pressure to the parking brake.

Servo Piston Control Shuttle Valve (6):


leads the motor drive pressure to the servo piston.

4
2

Cross Section A-A

Cross Section B-B


Cross Section C-C

1 - Check Valve
2 - Reducing Valve

3 - Parking Brake Release


Shuttle Valve
4 - Overload Relief Valve

5 - Counterbalance Valve

T3-5-6

T173-03-05-003

6 - Servo Piston Control Shuttle Valve

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


When Traveling:
Pressure oil from the control valve enters port BV,
flows around spool CB in the counterbalance valve,
opens check valve BC, and flows into port BM. On the
other hand, the return oil from the travel motor is
routed to port AM. However, the circuit is blocked by
check valve AC and spool CB. Oil pressure in port BV
is routed into chamber G via orifice F of spool CB so
that when oil pressure in port BV increases further,
spool CB is moved to the left.
Then, the return oil from the travel motor flows to port
AV via port AM and notch H on spool CB. Thus, pressure oil flows through the circuit , enabling the travel
motor to rotate.
When the travel control lever is returned to neutral,
spool CB is returned to the original position by spring
force, blocking the oil circuit. Thereby, the travel motor stops rotating.

When Descending:
While descending a slope, the travel motor is forcibly
rotated by the machine weight (pump operation).
When the travel motor starts sucking pressure oil, oil
pressure in port BV and chamber G is reduced, moving spool CB to the right. Then, the return oil flow
from the travel motor is restricted, increasing oil pressure in port AM. Therefore, the travel motor is braked.
Once the oil flow is restricted, oil pressure in port BV
increases again, moving spool CB to the left.
This operation (hydraulic brake operation) is repeated
so that machine runaway is prevented.
Circuit Protection:
When circuit pressure increases more than the set
pressure of the overload relief valve, the valve opens,
allowing high pressure oil to relieve to the lower pressure side.
Thereby, the travel motor is protected from overloads.
The valve also functions to relieve shock pressure
developed when the travel motor stops.
If the travel motor draws oil due to pump operation,
check valve BC is unseated (makeup operation) so
that cavitation is prevented.

Overload
Relief Valve

Overload
Relief Valve

Check Valve AC

Check Valve BC

AM

Spool CB

BM

AV

BV

T3-5-7

T173-03-05-004

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


(Blank)

T3-5-8

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


ZAXIS370MTH:
The travel brake valve is located on the travel motor
head and consists of the following valves:
Counterbalance Valve:
ensures smooth starts and stops and prevents
overrunning when traveling down slopes.
Overload Relief Valve:
prevents overloads and surge pressure in the
motor circuit.

Check Valve:
ensures smooth starts and stops, and prevents
cavitation from occurring in the motor circuit by
functioning together with counterbalance valve.
Travel Speed Shift Valve:
controls the tilt pistons when travel mode switch is
operated.

Cross Section A-A-A


Overload Relief
Valve

Counterbalance
Valve

Travel Speed
Shift Valve

Check Valve

A
Overload Relief
Valve

Counterbalance
Valve
T183-03-05-004

T3-5-9

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


Travel Operation
When supply oil from the main control valve is routed
to port P1, supply oil flows around spool CB, opens
check valve BC and is led to motor port BM. However,
return oil from motor port AM is blocked by spool CB
in the counterbalance valve.
As supply oil pressure at port P1 increases, supply oil
is routed to chamber G through orifice F in spool CB,
moving spool CB down against spring force. Consequently, return oil from motor port AM starts to flow
into port P2 through port AM and notch H in spool CB,
allowing the travel motor to rotate.
When the travel levers are returned to the neutral position, the oil in both ports P1 and P2 are routed to the
hydraulic oil tank through the control valve. Thus, oil
pressure in chamber G decrease, and spool CB is
moved back to the original position by spring force.
Then, the oil flow circuits is blocked, causing the
travel motors to stop rotating.
Descending Operation
When the machine travels down a slope, the travel
motors are forcibly driven by the machine weight so
that the motor draws oil like a pump. When the motor
draws oil, oil pressure at port P1 and chamber G decrease, causing spool CB to move upwards to restrict
return circuit from the motor.
Then, the return oil flow from the motor is restricted
by the spool, increasing pressure at port AM.
The increased pressure at port AM brakes the motor.
Thus, the restricted return oil flow from the travel motor increases the pressure at port P1 again, moving
spool CB back down. This repeated movement of the
spool (hydraulic brake action) prevents the machine
from overrunning.

T3-5-10

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


(Travel Operation)

BM

Check Valve
BC

Spool CB
G

Spool CB
F
P1
To BM

P1

H
P2
P2

AM

From AM

Counterbalance Valve

T183-03-05-005

(Descending Operation)

BM

Spool CB
G

Spool CB

P1
P1
To BM

P2
P2
From AM

AM

T183-03-05-006

T3-5-11

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


Circuit Protection
If pressure in the circuit increases over the setting
pressure of the overload relief valve, this valve opens
to relieve peak pressure to the lower pressure side to
protect the motor from overloading. This valve also
functions to release shock pressure caused by inertia
force developed when the motor stops.

Overload
Relief Valve

Poppet

Low Pressure

High Pressure

T3-5-12

T183-03-05-011

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


(Blank)

T3-5-13

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


TRAVEL MOTOR SWASH ANGLE CONTROL
ZAXIS330, ZAXIS350H:
Servo piston (1) is connected to valve plate (6) with link
(5). When servo piston (1) is moved, rotor (7) is tilted
via valve plate (6) so that travel speed is controlled.

Slow Speed

(Maximum Displacement Angle)


When the travel mode switch is turned to the slow
position, the MC (main controller) does not send a
signal to solenoid valve unit (SI). Therefore, pilot
pressure is not supplied to servo piston (1). Then,
spool (3) is kept downward by spring (2).

Pressure oil P from the motor port is routed into


chambers B and C. Due to the difference in area,
servo piston (1) is pushed upward to increase the
swash plate angle of rotor (7).
Consequently, the plunger stroke in the travel motor
is increased, reducing the travel motor rotation
speed.

7
1
2

Drain

P
B

3
5
4
Pilot Pressure

T157-03-02-001

1 - Servo Piston
2 - Spring

3 - Spool
4 - Orifice

5 - Link
6 - Valve Plate

T3-5-14

7 - Rotor

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


Fast Speed

(Minimum Displacement Angle)


When the travel mode switch is turned to the fast
position, the MC sends signals to solenoid valve unit
(SI) in response to travel loads. Then, pilot pressure
is routed into chamber D, moving spool (3) upward.

Thus, section E is opened so that the oil in chamber


C is drained via the passages in spool (3). As pressure oil P from the motor port is routed, servo piston
(1) is lowered, reducing the swash plate angle of rotor (7).
Consequently, the plunger stroke in the travel motor
is reduced, increasing the travel motor rotation
speed.

2
Drain
P

3
B

1
E

Pilot Pressure
Drain

4
P
C

D
When fast mode is selected:

Pilot Pressure

After fast mode has been selected:


T157-03-02-002

1 - Servo Piston
2 - Spring

3 - Spool
4 - Orifice

5 - Link
6 - Valve Plate

T3-5-15

7 - Rotor

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


ZAXIS370MTH:
Travel speed is changed when tilt piston (5) moves and
the swash angle of swash plate (3) is changed.

At this time, the pressure oil from the control valve is


shut off by spool A (8) and the passage to tilt piston
(5) is connected to the hydraulic oil tank.

Low speed (Swash angle: Large)

Thus, the swash angle of swash plate (3) is maintained at the larger side, the stroke of plunger (6) is
larger and the flow to rotate the travel motor is more,
so that the travel motor rotation is at slow speed.
(Refer to SYSTEM/ Control System group on Control Circuit)

When the slow travel mode is selected, MC doesnt


send the signals to solenoid valve unit (SI), so pilot
pressure (7) isnt supplied.
Spring force of spring (2) keeps spool A (8) in travel
speed shift valve (1) the neutral position.

Travel Speed Shift Valve

To Hydraulic
Oil Tank

3
5
4

From
Control Valve

1 - Travel Speed Shift Valve


2 - Spring

4 - Ball
5 - Tilt Piston

6 - Plunger
7 - Pilot Pressure (From
Solenoid Valve Unit (SI))

3 - Swash Plate

T3-5-16

T1HH-03-05-001

8 - Spool A
9 - Spool B

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


High Speed (Swash Angle: Small)

When the fast travel mode is selected, in response


to the travel load MC sends the signals to solenoid
valve unit (SI).
When pilot pressure (7) from solenoid valve unit (SI)
is supplied to travel speed shift valve (1), pilot pressure (7) is routed to chamber (a) through the circumference of spool B (9), and moves spool A (8) to the
right. Thereby, the pressure oil from the main control
valve is routed to tilt piston (5) through the circumference of spool A (8).
Thus, the tilt piston pushes swash plate (3) making
the swash angle smaller. Consequently, the travel
motor rotates at fast speed.
(Refer to SYSTEM/ Control System group/ Valve
Controls on Control Circuit.)

Travel Speed Shift Valve

From Travel Speed


Control Vavle

3
5

From
Control Valve
T1HH-03-05-002

1 - Travel Speed Shift Valve


2 - Spring

4 - Ball
5 - Tilt Piston

6 - Plunger
7 - Pilot Pressure (From Solenoid Valve Unit (SI))

3 - Swash Plate

T3-5-17

8 - Spool A
9 - Spool B

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


(Blank)

T3-5-18

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


PARKING BRAKE

ZAXIS330, ZAXIS350H:
The parking brake is a wet type multi-disc brake. This
brake is a negative type which is released only when
brake release pressure oil (K) is routed into the brake
piston chamber. Unless the travel function is operated,
the parking brake is automatically applied.
The friction plates and the plates are splined to the
drive disc and the travel motor housing, respectively.
The disk spring pushes the piston, then the parking
brake is applied after the friction plates come in contact with the plates.

Reducing Valve
Spool CB
Drain

Releasing Brake:

When a travel lever is operated, pressure oil from


the main pump is routed to port AM or BM in the
travel motor via the control valve.
This pressure oil is also routed to chamber (G) at the
end of travel brake valve spool CB. At the same time,
this pressure oil is supplied via the shuttle valve as
brake release pressure oil (K). As long as oil pressure in chamber (G) is low, parking brake release
pressure oil (K) is blocked by spool CB. When oil
pressure in chamber (G) increases, spool CB moves
to the right, allowing parking brake release pressure
oil (K) to flow into parking brake chamber (M) via
notch (I) on the travel brake valve spool CB and the
reducing valve at which pressure is reduced.

Applying Brake:

AM

When Brake is Released:

Shuttle
Valve

BM

T137-03-02-009

T140-03-02-007

When Brake is Applied:

When motor drive pressure decreases, parking


brake chamber (M) is opened to the drain circuit via
the orifice in the reducing valve.
Accordingly, the piston is pushed to the right by the
disc spring so that the friction plates and plates
come in contact with each other, applying the parking brake.

Friction
Plate

Plate

Disc
Spring
Piston
T140-03-02-006

Housing

Drive
Disc
T173-03-05-002

T3-5-19

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


ZAXIS370MTH:
The parking brake is a negative type which is released
only when the pilot pressure oil is routed into brake
piston chamber (M). Unless the travel function is operated, the parking brake is applied. The friction plates
and plates are splined to the rotor and the casing, respectively.
The spring pushes the piston, then the parking brake is
applied after the friction plates come in contact with the
plates.
Spring

Piston

Plate

M
Friction Plate
Casing

Rotor

1 - Spring
2 - Piston

3 - Plate
4 - Friction Plate

5 - Casing

T3-5-20

T16J-03-05-003

6 - Rotor

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


Releasing Brake:

When a travel lever is operated, pressure oil from


the main pump is routed to the travel motor via the
control valve.
This pressure oil flows into parking brake chamber
(M) to release the parking brake. After separating
the friction plates from the plates.

Spring

Spring
Plate
Friction
Plate

Casing

Rotor

T111-03-04-008

Applying Brake:

Spring

When motor drive pressure decreases, the friction


plates and plates come in contact with each other,
applying the parking brake. The pressure oil in brake
chamber (M) flows back to the hydraulic oil tank.
M

Spring
Plate
Friction
Plate

Rotor

Casing
T111-03-04-007

T3-5-21

COMPONENT OPERATION / Travel Device


(Blank)

T3-5-22

COMPONENT OPERATION / Others (Upperstructure)


PILOT SHUT-OFF VALVE
The pilot shut-off valve is a manually operated switch
valve. The spool in the pilot shut-off valve is rotated by
moving the pilot control shut-off lever to turn the pilot
oil flow to the pilot valves ON or OFF.

Section Z-Z

Valve Operation with Pilot Control Shut-Off Lever


in LOCK Position
The pilot shut-off valve is closed so that pressure oil
from the pilot pump does not flow to the pilot valve,
but it is routed to the shockless valve.
Pilot oil on the pilot valve side is routed to the
hydraulic oil tank. Even if the control levers (front
attachment / travel) are operated, the pilot valves do
not operate.

To Shockless
Valve

From
Pilot Pump

T178-03-07-002

Valve Operation with Pilot Control Shut-Off Lever


in UNLOCK position
The pilot shut-off valve is opened, and the return
passage is blocked so that pressure oil from the pilot
pump flows to the pilot valves and the solenoid valve
unit. Then, when a control lever (front attachment /
travel) is operated, the pilot valves operate.
A2

A1

T1

T2

T3

A3

A4

T4

NOTE: The picture indicates that the


shut-off valve is turned OFF.

A5
A1 - To Travel Pilot Valve
A2 - To Left Pilot Valve
A3 - To Rightt Pilot Valve

T178-03-07-003

A4 - To Solenoid Valve Unit


A5 - To Shockless Valve
P - From Pilot Pump

T1 - From Travel Pilot Valve


T2 - From Left Pilot Valve
T3 - From Right Pilot Valve

T3-6-1

T4 - To Hydraulic Oil Tank

COMPONENT OPERATION / Others (Upperstructure)


SHOCKLESS VALVE

Beside the shockless valve, a check valve, pressure


sensor (arm roll-in), pressure sensor (boom raise), and
pressure sensor (swing) are provided in the shockless
valve block.
The shockless valve regulates the return oil from the
control valve spool to the pilot valve, preventing abrupt
and rapid movement of the respective control valve
spools.
The shockless valve regulates the secondary pilot
pressure oil for the arm roll-in operation.

T1HH-03-06-001

1 - Pressure Sensor
(Arm Roll-In)
2 - Shockless Valve

4 - Pressure Sensor
(Boom Raise)
5 - Pressure Sensor
(Swing)
6 - Check Valve

3 - Check Valve

Check Valve

When a control lever is moved, the pilot valve


delivers pilot oil pressure to the control valve.
When pilot oil pressure is low immediately after the
control lever is moved, pilot pressure oil is routed to
the control valve spool via the orifice and spool. After
pilot oil pressure increases, the check valve is
unseated.

To Control
Valve

From Pilot
Valve

T173-03-06-002

Orifice

Spool

Check Valve

Pilot return oil from the control valve spool flows

back to the hydraulic oil tank via the spool and orifice.
When the return oil flow rate increases and oil
pressure on the pilot valve side increases, the spool
is returned in response to the pressure increase on
the pilot valve side, regulating the return oil flow rate.

From
Control
Valve

To Pilot
Valve

T173-03-06-003

Orifice

T3-6-2

Spool

COMPONENT OPERATION / Others (Upperstructure)


Warm-Up Circuit
When the pilot shut-off valve is closed (in the LOCK
position), the pilot pressure oil from the pilot pump
flows through the pilot shut-off valve, and is routed to
the shockless valve.
Then, the pilot pressure oil is restricted, and is heated
by the orifice provided at the inlet port of the
shockless valve. As the warmed up pilot oil is then
routed to the shockless valve and pilot valve, the
components in the pilot system are warmed.
Shockless Valve
To Pilot Valve

To Control Valve

To Pilot Valve

To Control Valve

To Pilot Valve

To Control Valve

To Pilot Valve

To Control Valve

Orifice

From Pilot Pump

Pilot Shut-Off
Valve
(Lock Position)

T3-6-3

T1HH-03-06-002

COMPONENT OPERATION / Others (Upperstructure)


SOLENOID VALVE UNIT
The solenoid valve unit controls the control valve,
travel motor swash angle control servo piston, and
pump regulator by delivering pilot signal pressure oil in
response to electrical signals from the MC.
The solenoid valve unit consists of 3 proportional
solenoid valves (SC, SI, and SG.). (Refer to the
Control System and Electrical System group in the
SYSTEM section.)
SC

SC : Controls the arm regenerative valve in the


control valve.
SI : Controls the travel speed shift valve.
SG : Increases the set relief pressure of the main
relief valve in the control valve.

SI
SG
T1HH-01-02-008

T3-6-4

COMPONENT OPERATION / Others (Upperstructure)


Proportional Solenoid Valve
The proportional solenoid valve is controlled by a
current signal from the MC, and delivers the oil
pressure in proportion to the current signal value.

When in neutral:

Spool (1) is pushed to the right by spring (2),


opening delivery port S to tank port T.

When activated:

Solenoid (3) pushes spool (1) to the left with force in


proportion to the current signal which flows through
solenoid (3). Then, pilot pressure oil is routed from
port P to delivery port S so that pressure in delivery
port S increases.
Pressure in delivery port S acts on the stepped
flanges in section (a). Due to the difference in area
of the flanges, spool (1) is pushed to the right. When
pressure force to push spool (1) to the right
increases more than solenoid (3) force to push spool
(1) to the left, spool (1) is returned to the right side,
closing the passage between delivery port S and
port P so that pressure in delivery port S stops
increasing.

a
T107-02-07-005

1 - Spool

2 - Spring

3 - Solenoid

T3-6-5

COMPONENT OPERATION / Others (Upperstructure)


TORQUE CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE,
PUMP
2
FLOW
RATE
CONTROL
SOLENOID VALVE
The torque control solenoid valve and the pump 2 flow
rate control solenoid valve are placed at the top of the
pilot filter.

ST
SB

ST: Controls the pump regulator.


(Speed Sensing Control)
SB: Controls the pump regulator.
(Pump 2 Flow Rate Control)

The torque control solenoid valve supplies torque

control pressure Pps to the regulators of pump 1 and


pump 2, reducing the pump delivery flow.
The pump 2 flow rate control solenoid valve reduces
the pump control pressure to the regulator of pump 2,
controlling the maximum limit of the pump 2 delivery
flow.
Operation:
1. In the neutral position, port P is connected to the
output port via the notch on the spool.
2. When the current from MC (Main Controller) flows
to the solenoid, the solenoid pushes spring 1.
3. As spring 1 pushes the spool, the output port is
connected to port T via the notch on the spool,
reducing the pressure in the output port.
4. The left diameter (A) is larger than the right
diameter (B) of the spool notch, so the spool is
moved back to the left.
5. When the notches on the spool and the sleeve
come in contact with each other, the spool stops
moving and the pressure in the output port stops
decreasing.

T3-6-6

Pilot Filter

T1HH-03-06-003

COMPONENT OPERATION / Others (Upperstructure)


At Neutral Position:
Solenoid

Spring 1

Sleeve

Spring 2

Spool

T176-03-01-030

Port P

Port T

Output Port

At Operating Position:
Solenoid

Spring 1

Sleeve

Spring 2

Spool

T176-03-01-031

Port P

Port T
Output Port

T3-6-7

COMPONENT OPERATION / Others (Upperstructure)


PILOT RELIEF VALVE
The pilot relief valve has a pilot filter incorporated.
Pilot relief valve functions to regulate the pilot pump
pressure oil routed to port P to a set constant pressure.

Pilot
Relief Valve

T1HH-03-06-003

EC MOTOR
The EC motor is used to control engine speed.
A worm gear is incorporated into the EC motor to
prevent a loss of synchronism from occurring. The EC
sensor is provided to detect the degrees of the EC
motor rotation to calculate the governor lever position.
(Refer to the Control System group in the SYSTEM
section.)

Output Gear

Output Shaft

Worm Gear

Motor

Sensor
Gear

T3-6-8

EC
Sensor

Worm
Wheel

T157-02-05-018

COMPONENT OPERATION / Others (Undercarriage)


SWING BEARING
This bearing is a single-row shear ball-type bearing,
comprising outer race (1), inner race (3), balls (6),
supports (5), and seals (2), (4). Outer race (1) is bolted
to the upperstructure and inner race (3) is bolted to the
undercarriage.

The internal gear of inner race (3) engages with the


output shaft of the swing reduction gear.

4
6

T135-03-02-001

1 - Outer Race
2 - Seal

3 - Inner Race
4 - Seal

5 - Support

T3-7-1

6 - Ball

COMPONENT OPERATION / Others (Undercarriage)


CENTER JOINT
The center joint is a 360 rotating joint. When the
upperstructure is rotated, the center joint avoids
twisting of hoses and allows hydraulic oil to flow
smoothly to or from the travel motors. Spindle (1) is
attached to the main frame, and body (2) is bolted to
the swing center of the undercarriage.

To Left Travel
Motor (Reverse)

To Right Travel
Motor (Forward)

To Left Travel
Motor (Forward)

To Right Travel
Motor (Reverse)

Hydraulic oil flows to the right and left travel motors via
spindle (1) and the oil ports of body (2). Seals (3)
prevent oil leaks between spindle (1) and body (2) into
adjacent passages.

To Left Travel
Motor (Forward)

To Right Travel
Motor (Forward)

To Left Travel
Motor (Reverse)

To Right Travel
Motor (Reverse)

1
Pilot Pressure
for Travel Speed Selection

Pilot Pressure
for Travel Speed
Selection

Drain

Drain

Drain

Drain
: Forward
: Reverse
: Pilot Pressure
for Travel Speed Selection

T157-03-02-004

1 - Spindle

2 - Body

3 - Seal

T3-7-2

COMPONENT OPERATION / Others (Undercarriage)


TRACK ADJUSTER
The track adjuster located on the side frame is
composed of spring (5) and adjuster cylinder (6).
Spring (5) absorbs loads applied to the front idler.
Adjuster cylinder (6) adjusts track sag.
Grease is applied through grease fitting into
chamber A of adjuster cylinder (6) as illustrated
below. The pressure of the grease pushes piston
rod (8) out and decreases track sag.
To increases track sag, loosen valve (1) 1 to 1.5
turns counterclockwise to release grease from the
track adjuster cylinder through the grease
discharge hole.
CAUTION: Do not loosen valve (1) quickly or
loosen too much since high-pressure grease
in the adjusting cylinder may spout out.
Loosen carefully, keeping body parts and
face away from valve (1).
Never loosen grease fitting.

1
Grease Fitting

Grease Discharge Hole


M104-07-119

T135-03-05-001

1 - Valve
2 - Nut

3 - Washer
4 - Spacer

5 - Spring
6 - Adjuster Cylinder

T3-7-3

7 - Flange
8 - Piston Rod

COMPONENT OPERATION / Others (Undercarriage)


(Blank)

T3-7-4