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2

1. . . 2
:
1. .
2. to be.
3. .
4. What is it?
5.
Text 1

2.

:
1. .
2. .
3. to be .
4. .
Text 2.

3. . .

10

:
1. .
2. to have .
Text 3.

4. . 14

:
1. there is/are.
2. .
3. of.
Text 4.

5. .

17

:
1. Present Continuous.
2. ( ).
3. .
Text 5.

6. . 22

:
1. Present Indefinite.
Text 6. " ".

7. .

26

:
1. Present Indefinite ( ).
2. Present Indefinite Present Continuous :

8. .

29

: can, may, must.


Text 8. "" .

9. .
: .
Text 9.

10. .

33

38

: Future Indefinite.
Text 10.
" ".
.
.

. . 44

1. 44
2. . ,
3. . 45
4. .
45
5. .
46
6. .
46
7. . 47
8. . .
48
9. .
49
10. .
49
11. . 50
12. . 50
13. , , . 51
14. . 53
15. . 56
16. .
17. . 57
18. . 57
19. , , .
57
20. .

LESSON ONE POK

44

57

Lesson one.


It`s a ship. .
Is it a ship? ?
Yes, it is. No, it is not.
It is not a ship. .
What is it? ?
.
Take the brush. .
Don`t take the brush. e .

[i:]
[i]
[e]
[!]
[a:]
[o:]
[o]
[u:]
[u]
["]
[#:]
[#]

[ei]
[ou]
[ai]
[au]
[oi]
[i#]
[$#]
[u#]

[p]
[b]
[t]
[d]
[k]
[g]
[f]
[v]

we, he, keel, sea


ship, it, is, this
yes, well, deck
am, and, can, man
are, mast, past, master, aft
all, fore, store, forty, door, four
not, wash, from, what, knot, fog
who, move, noon, blue, do
put, look, good, foot
up, much, sun, but, tug
work, third, turn, dirt, stern
a, the, under, Saturday, sailor
say, table, sailor, plate
no, motor, only, boat, tow
five, life, nine, side, my, mile
bow, how, hour, cloud, now
boy, hoist, soil, coin
clear, near, beer, dear, ear
where, there, care, hair, their
moor, sure, poor
pull, open, pen, pump
be, bo, bad, brush
ten, table, tow, tug, stop
door, day, sad, deck, dirt
cold, clock, back, compass
go, good, glad, dog, girl
fine, far, fog, aft, safe
save, very, seven, never

[%]
[&]
[s]
[z]
[']
[(]
[t']
[d(]
[h]
[m]
[n]
[)]
[r]
[1]
[w]
[j]

thank, thick, thin, nothing


with, this, that, there
so, sit, place, sea, side, star
zero, has, hose, comes
ship, fish, English, short
measure, pleasure
much, such, each
barge, age, Japan, language
he, his, here, help, happy
man, many, my, swim, make
name, near, thin, finish
thing, working, English
red, around, very, every
last, line, load, leave, pull, full
work, what, when, wash, will
year, yellow, you, yes

Bb
Cc
Dd
Ee
Ff
Gg
Hh
Ii
Jj
Kk
L1
Mm

[ei]
[bi:]
[si:]
[di:]
[i:]
[ef]
[d(i:]
[eit']
[ai]
[d(ei]
[kei]
[el]
[em]

TEXT
It is a ship. It is a dry cargo ship. It is a cabin.
It is a large cabin. It is a brush. It is a good brush.
Is it a ship? Yes, it is. No, it is not.
Is it a cabin? Yes, it is. No, it is not.
Is it a brush? Yes, it is. No, it is not.
It is not a ship. It is not a cabin. It is not a brush.
Take the brush! Give me the brush! It is a door.
Close the door! Don`t close the door!

Nn
0o
Pp
Qq
Rr
Ss
Tt
Uu
Vv
Ww
Xx
Yy
Zz

[en]
[ou]
[pi:]
[kju:]
[a:]
[es]
[ti:]
[ju:]
[vi:]
[`d"bl`ju:]
[eks]
[wai]
[zed]

Lesson one.

Don`t go to the door! Go on deck!


What is it? It is a boat.
What is it? It is a deck.
K TEKCT :
a text
[tekst]
-
a ship
-
['ip ]
a dry cargo ship
[drai `ka:gou]
-
cabin
-
[`k!bin ]
large
-
[la:d(]
good
[gud ]
-
to take
[teik]
-
to give
[giv]
-
give me
-
a boat
[bout]
- ,
a deck
[dek ]
-
a door
[do:]
-
to close
[`klouz]
-
to open
-
[`oup#n]
to go
[`gou]
-
to
[tu]
- ()
on
[on]
- ();
what
[wot]
-
I. .
1. It is a text.
2. It is a boat.
3. It is a door.
4. It is a ship.
5. It is a brush.
II. .
1.It is cabin.
2.It is a boat.
3.It is a ship.
4.It is a good brush.
5.It is a dry cargo ship.
6.It is a dor.

III. ae
:
: Is it ship ? Yes, it is.
No, it is not.
1. Is it a door?
2. Is it a brush?
3. Is it a deck?
4. Is it a large cabin?
5. Is it a good brush?
6. Is it a boat?
IV. :
1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
V. , .
: Is it ship ?
/a brush, a large cabin, a door, a boat, a good brush, a dry cargo ship./
VI. :
1. o .
2. o ? .
3. .
4. o ?
5. .
6. .
7. . .

Lesson two.The Crew 8

LESSON TWO
THE CREW
I. .
.
.
ship
ships
sailor
sailors
winch
winches
b
boxes
:
man
men
seaman-
seamen
woman
women
child
children
foot
feet

.
1. I
2. You
3.
She
It

II. .
.
1.We
2.You
3.They

III. to be .

..
.
1.I am
1.We are
2.You are
2.You are
3.He/she,it/ is.
3.They are
I am a sailor.
We are sailors.
.
.

.
.
1.I am not
We are not
2.You are not
You are not
3. He/she, it/ is not
They are not
1 am not a sailor.
We are not sailors.
.
.
.
1.m I? Yes, I am.


.
1.Are we ? Yes,we are.

No, I am not.
2.Are you? Yes, you are. No, you are
not.
3.Is he/she, it/ ? Yes, he (she, it) is.
No, he (she, it) is not
Am I a sailor? ?

No, we are not.


2.Are you? Yes, you are.
No, you are not.
3. they ? Yes, they are
No, they are not
Are we sailors? ?

IV. this ( , , )
This is a cabin. .

CREW
This is our master. He is in the cabin. The chief officer is on the bridge. The
second officer is on the bridge too.
The third officer is in the chart-room.
The sailors and the boatswain are on deck.
Is the master in the cabin? Yes, he is.
The chief officer is not on deck. He is on the bridge.
Are the sailors on deck ? Yes, they are.
Where is the third officer ? He is in the chart-room.
WORDS:
crew
[kru:]
crew member
[kru: `memb#]
crew list
[`kru: `list]
master
[`ma:st#]
officer
[`ofis#]
chief officer
[`t'i:f]
second
[`sek#nd]
third
[%#:d]
too
[tu:]
bridge
[`brid(]
chart-room
[`t'a:t `ru:m]
watchman
[`wot'm#n]
helmsman
[`helmsm#n]
quarter [`kwo:t#] master
able [eibl] seaman (sailor)
sailor
[`seil#]
boatswain
[bousn]
deck
[dek]
on
[on]
in
[in]
engineer
[ind(#`ni#]
radio
[reidiou ]

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
- ,
-
-
-
-
- (Am.)
- I
-
-
-
- ()
- ()
- ,
-

Lesson two.The Crew 10

radio officer
stewardess
motorman
cook
carpenter
electrical engineer
electrician
where
who

[`stju#dis ]
[`mout#`m!n]
[kuk]
[`ka:p#nt#]
[i`lectrik#l]
[ilek`tri'#n]
[w$# ]
[hu:]

-
- ,
-
-
-
- epoexa
-
-
-

What are you ? ? ( )


Who are you ? ?
How are you ? ?

I. .
1. He is on deck.
2. They are on the bridge.
. She is in the room.
4. She is on the bridge.
5. I am a sailor.
6. You are a cook.
7. They are sailors.
II. .
1. I am sailor.
2. She is a cook.
3. They are on deck.
4. We are on the bridge.
5. I am on the bridge.
6. He is on deck.
III. to be .
1. He ... a sailor.
2. I ... a motorman.
3. They ... on deck.
4.... she a cook?
6.Th ... not in the cabin.
6. We ... sailors.
7. ... he on the bridge?
8. ... you a carpenter?
IV. .
1. Are you sailor ?
(Yes)
2. Is he radiooperator?
(No)

11

3. Are you a cook ?


(No)
4. Are they engineers ?
(Yes)
5. Am I on deck ?
(Yes)
6. Is he on the bridge ?
(No)
7. Are they in the chart-room? (Yes)
V. , .
1. What are you ?
()
2. What is he ?
()
3. Where is the master ?
( )
4. What is it ?
( )
5. Where are the sailors ?
( )
6. What is she ?
()
7. Where is the chief engineer? ( )
VI. .
VII. . .
. What are you ?
B. I am a sailor.
A. Who are you ?
B. I am Tom.
A. How are you, Tom ?
B. I am very well, thank you.

Lesson three. Navigational equipment. About myself.

12

LESSON THREE
NAVIGATIONAL EQUIPMENT
-
ABOUT MYSELF

l. .
.
.
1. my [mai]-
our [ au#]
2. your [ jo:]-
your [ jo: ]
3. his [ hiz]-
their [&$# ]
her [ h#:] e
its [its] ( )
II. to have //
.

.
.
1. 1 have
We have
2. You have
You have
3. He /she, it/ has
They have
I have a brush.
We have brushes.
.
.

.
.
1.I have not
We have not
2.You have not
You have not
3.He/she, it/ has not
They have not

.
.
- Yes, you have.
- Yes, we have.
1. Have I ...?
Have we ...?
No, you have not.
No, we have not.
- Yes, I have.
-Yes, we have.
2.Have you ...?
Have you...?
No, I have not.
No, we have not.
-Yes, he has.
-Yes, they have.
3. Has he /she, it/...?
Have they...?
No, he has not.
No, they have not.

13

. .

TEXT.
NAVIGATIONAL EQUIPMENT.
ABOUT MYSELF
I am a sailor. My name is Nick. I am from Odessa. I have a family. It is not very
large. I have mother,father, wife and a son. I have a flat in Odessa. I have many
friends. They are sailors too.
I am on the ship now. She has the following navigational equipment: radar, GPS
receiver, VHF, gyro and magnetic compasses, course recorder, echo sounder, log.
We have many binoculars and a sextant on the bridge.
We have not a satellite station on the bridge.
Have you a radar on the bridge ? Yes, we have.
What have you on the bridge ? We have navigational equipment on the bridge.
Has he a flat ? No, he has not.
Have you many friends ? Yes, I have.
What life-saving equipment have you on the ship? We have 2 life-boats, 4 liferafts, 10 life-buoys and 25 life-jackets.
WORDS :
about
myself
family
mother
father
wife
husband
son
daughter
friend
many
flat
now
following
equipment
navigational
radar
VHF
GPS receiver
gyro-compass
magnetic
course
courserecorder

[#`baut]
[mai`self]
[`f!milil
[`m+&#]
[`fa:&#]
[waif]
[`h+sb#nd]
[s+n]
[`do:t#]
[frend]
[`m!ni]
[fl!t]
[nau]
[foloui)]
[i`kwipm#nt]
[n!vi`gei'#n#l]
[`reid#]
[`vi:`eit'`ef]
[`d(i:`pi:`es ri`si:v#]
[`d(ai#r#
`k+mp#s]
[m#g`netik]
[ko:s]

-o
- ,
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
- / /
-
-
-
-
-
-
- K
-
-

[`ko:s ri`ko:d#]

-
-

Lesson three. Navigational equipment. About myself.

binoculars
[bi`nokjul#z1
sextant
[`sekstent]
echo sounder [`ekou `saund#]
log
[log]
satellite
[`s!t#lait]
station
[`stei'#n]
How many ?
How many children have you ?
life-saving [`laif `seivi)] equipment
life-buoy
[`life boi]
life-raft
[`life ra:ft]
life-jacket
[`life `d(!kit]

14

-
-
-
-
-
-
- ? / /
- y ?
- c
-
-
-

I. .
1. He has large family.
2. I have many friends.
. They have many brushes.
4. You have a son.
5. He has a large cabin.
6. My friend has a flat in Odessa.
7. My mother has two children.
II. .
1. I have son.
2. Our ship has many cabins.
3. My friend has children.
4. I have a large cabin.
5.The have many friends.
6. The ship has navigational equipment.
7. We have a radar on the bridge,
III. to have .
1. I ... many friends.
2. The master ... a large cabin.
3. They ... a flat in Odessa.
4. The ship ... a radar.
5. We ... children.
6. My friend ... a large family.
7. She ... a daughter and a son.
IV. .
1. Have you son?
(No)
2. Has your ship a radar ?
(Yes)
3. Has your friend a large family?
(Yes)

15

. .

4. Have you a flat?


(No)
5. Has the ship many cabins?
(Yes)
6. Have they many books?
(No)
7. Has the boat cabins?
(No)
V. . ,
.
Have you ... ?
(a radar; a GPS receiver; a log; an echo sounder; a satellite station:
a course recorder; a gyro-compass; navigational equipment; VHF:
a magnetic compass; a sextant)
VI. , ,
to have .
VII. :
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Lesson four. General arrangement of a ship. 16

LESSON FOUR PK
GENERAL ARRANGEMENT OF A SHIP
-
.
.
.

there is, there are


There is a box on deck. .
There are boxes on deck. .
Is there a box on deck? ?
Are there boxes on deck? ?
There is not a box on deck. .
There are no boxes on deck. .
II. .
III. of
The draft of the ship .

TEXT
GENERAL ARRANGEMENT OF A SHIP
This is our ship. She is 120 metres long and 35 metres wide. Her draft is 5 metres.
There are 5 decks on the ship. There are 5 holds on the ship.
The hull of the ship is black. Her funnel is red and white. There are two ladders on
the ship: a portside ladder and a starboardside ladder.
There are 2 anchors and 3 mooring winches on the forecastle.
There are 2 lifeboats and 4 liferafts on the ship.
What is the length of the ship? She is 120 metres long.
What is the width of the ship? She is 35 metres wide.
What is her draft? It is 5 metres.
Are there 5 decks on the ship? Yes, there are.
Is there a radar on the bridge?- Yes, there is.
Are there 3 anchors on the ship?- No, there are not.
There are 2 anchors on the ship.
WORDS:
general
arrangement
length
width
long
wide
draft
hold
hull
funnel
ladder

[`d(en#r#l]
[#`reind(m#nt]
[le)%]
[wid%]
[lo)]
[waid]
[dra:ft]
[hould]
[h"l]
[`f"n#l]
[l!d#]

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

17

starboard side
-
[sta:b#d]
port side
[`po:t`said]
-
anchor
-
[`!)k#:]
winch
-
[wint']
mooring
- ,
[mu#ri)]
forecastle
-
[`fouk#sl]
wing
-
[wi)]
box
[boks]
-
wing of the bridge
-
water-line
-
[`wo:t#lain]
gangway
-
[`ga) wei]
colour
-
[k+l#]
What colour is the hull?
- ?
red
[red]
-
white
[wait]
-
black
-
[bl!k]

I. :
zero
[zirou]
-
one
-
[w+n]
two
[tu:]
-
three
-
[%ri:]
four
[fo:]
-
five
[faiv]
-
six
[siks]
-
seven
[`sevn]
-
eight
[eit]
-
nine
[nain]
-
ten
[ten]
-
eleven
[i`levn]
-
twelve
[`twelv]
-
thirteen
-
[`%#:`ti:n]
fourteen
[`fo:`ti:n]
-
flfteen
[`fif`ti:n]
-
sixteen
[`siks`ti:n]
-
seventeen
[`sevn`ti:n]
-
eighteen
[`ei`ti:n]
-
nineteen
[`nain`ti:n]
-
twenty
[`twenti]
-
II. , .
1. How many lifeboats are there on the ship?
(1)
2. How many liferafts are there on the ship?
(4)
3. How many anchors are there on the ship?
(2)

Lesson four. General arrangement of a ship. 18

4. How many cabins are there on the ship?


(15)
5. How many funnels are there on the ship?
(1)
6. How many mooring winches are there on the ship?
(5)
7. How many crew members are there in the Crew List? (20)
III. :
steer course :
156: 76; 320; 120; 145; 98; 260; 310; 12; 116; 65.
IV.
:
1. There are many cabins on the ship.
2. There is a winch on deck.
3. There are two funnels on the ship.
4. There are ten sailors on the forecastle.
5. There is a brush on the table.
6. There are two lifeboats on the ship.
7. There is a radar on the bridge.
V. :
1. What is the length of the ship?
2. What is the width of the ship?
3. What is the draft of the ship?
4. What colour is the hull?
5. What colour is the funnel?
6. How many decks are there on the ship?
7. How many holds are there on the ship?
8. How many ladders are there on the ship?
9. How many anchors and mooring winches are there on the forecastle?
10. How many lifeboats and liferafts are there on the ship?
VI. ,
of:
;
;
;
;
.
VII. , there is, there are
.

19

. .

LESSON FIVE
ON THE BRIDGE HA

: I. PRESENT CONTINUOUS
( now [nau]- )
.
.
We are taking. .
I am taking [teiki)] .
You are taking. .
You are taking. B .
is taking. .
They are taking. O .
She is taking. .
It is taking. .
John is taking. /c. e. ca/
The sailors are taking /c. o. ./
I am
We
You are
You are
not taking.
He
not taking.
They
She
is
It

Am I
we
Are you
Are you
taking?
he
taking?
they
Is
she
it
Is John taking? /. ../
Are the boys taking? /. ../
. /, , ../
What are the boys taking?
II. .
( .)

.
I
u
. he
she
it / ./
we
.
you

they

. /
, ./
me [mi:] ,, ..
you [ju:] ,, ..
him [him] ,, ..
her [h#:] , , ..
it [it] ,,, /o ./
us ["s] ,, ..
you [ju:] ,, ..
them [& em] ,, ..

Lesson five. On the bridge.

20

III.
o u t o f ( )

in to ( )

on
( )

o n th e r ig h t
( )

o n th e le ft
( )
fro m
( , , )

up
( )

to ( )
in
( )

n e a r, b y , a t
( )
n e x t to
( )

dow n
( )

u n d e r ( )
in fr o n t o f ( )

in the room
on the table
in the street
on the ship
on the 1st of January (1-ro )
in the morning / ../
in the South
on deck
in summer
on leave
in August
on Sunday
at nine o`clock 9
after
before , .

WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS


The ship is under way ["nd#] [wei]
to keep [ki:p] watch [wo:t']
to steer [sti#] the ship
to keep course
[ko:s]
to stand
[st!nd]
helm
[helm]
near
[ni#]
to look [luk] ahead [#`hed]
on-coming [`on k"mi)] vessel
bearing
[`b$# ri)]
degree
[`di`gri:]
to pass
[pa:s]
through
[%ru:]
to look at

- C .
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

21

to go
to do

. .

[gou]
[du:]

-
-

TEXT
The ship is under way. I am on the bridge. I am keeping watch. I am standing at
the helm. I am steering the ship.
The ship is steady on course 230 degrees. I am keeping the course. The master is
standing near me. The officer of the watch is standing at the radar. I am looking ahead.
There is an on-coming vessel on my starboard.
The master is looking at her through the binoculars.
Is the ship under way? Yes, she is.
Is the sailor in his cabin? No, he isn`t. He is on the bridge.
Is the sailor standing at the helm? Yes, he is.
Is the sailor standing at the radar? No, he isn`t.
What is the sailor doing? He is keeping the course.
Where is the master standing?
What ship is passing on the starboard?
What is the master looking at?
What are you doing?

I. )
.
: The sailor is keeping watch.
Is the sailor keeping watch? -Yes, he is. No, he isn`t.
1. The sailor is standing near him.
2. The officer of the watch is looking ahead.
3. The master is looking at the on-coming vessel.
4. He is steering the ship.
5. We are looking at the ship.
6. They are standing on the bridge.
) .
: The sailor is not keeping watch.
II. ) "What are you doing?",
:
the captain, the sailor, we, they, the sailors, he, the boys.
: the officer What is the officer doing?
) "Where are you going?",
:
the radio officer, the motormen, they, she, you, the carpenter,. the engineers.
: the cook Where is the cook going?

Lesson five. On the bridge.

22

III. ) You are on watch.


"What are you doing?".
.
: I am looking at her.
) The sailor is on watch (now).
"What is the sailor doing?"
.
: The sailor is standing on the bridge.
IV. .
1. I am looking at .
2. This is a nice table. Look at .
3. Give .
4. The captain is on the bridge. The chief officer is standing near .
5. friend is in Kiev.
6. The on-coming vessel is passing on your starboard.
7. ship is large. Look at .
V. .
1.


auto-pilot
[`o:t# `pail#t]
to take bearing
to increase
[in`kri:s]
slowly
[slouli]
closely
[klousli]
to decrease
[di:`kri:s]
to watch
[wot']
to work
[w#:k]

-
-
- ()
-
-
- ()
-
-

23

. .

DIALOGUE
ON THE BRIDGE
Watchman:
Officer of the watch:
Watchman:
Officer of the watch:

186 on the gyrocompass, 188 on the magnetic compass. The


auto-pilot is working.
Fine. Take bearing of the ship on the starboard.
The bearing is 250 degrees. It is increasing slowly.
O.K. Watch it closely.

WHEEL ORDERS KMAH PEB


Starboard!
Starboard fifteen!
Port!
Port five!
Starboard easy! [i:zi]
Port easy!
Port a bit [bit]/a little! [litl]
Hard-a-starboard!
Hard-a-port!
Midships! [`mid'ips]
Steady [stedi] as she goes!
Steady so! [sou]
Steady!
Ease [i:z] to five!
Steer the course!
Steer the course one two six!
Steer for the lighthouse! [`laithaus]
(buoy [boi], leading [li:di)] lights)
the buoy on the port (starboard)
bow!
Finished [fini't] with the wheel!

- !
- 15 !
- !
- 5 !
- !
- !
- !
- !
- !
- !
- !
- !
- !
- 5!
- !
- 126!
- epa ! ( , )
- () !
- !

Lesson six. Watchkeepeng. About myself.

24

LESSON S1X POK


WATCHKEEPING H
ABOUT MYSELF
: PRESENT INDEFINITE
(every [evri] day [dei] , usuall [`ju:(u#li] )
.
.
I take
-
We take
You take
-
You take
He
-
They take
+
She takes
-
It
- o
Nick takes
-
The sailors take Ma
I don`t (do not) take
We don`t (do not) take
You don`t (do not) take
You don`t (do not) take
He
They don`t (do not) take
She
doesn`t (does not) take
It
.
Do I take?
Do we take?
Do you take?
Do you take?
he
Do they take?
Does
she take?
it
?
( ? ? ? . .)
What do you take?
What do the sailors take? (. . )
What does he take?
What does the sailor take? (. . )
TIME
What time [taim] is it? ?

25

. .

WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS


if
[if]
the ship is at sea
[si:]
to keep watch
hour
[au#]
minute
[`minit]
quarter
[`kwo:t#]
half
[ha: f]
time
[taim]
day
[dei]
from [from]...to [t#]
during
[`dju#ri)]
if necessary
[`nesis#ri]
to turn
[t#:n]
left
[left]
right
[rait]
to steer a steady course
to execute
[`eksikju:t]
orders
[o:d#z]
to take bearings
landmark
[`l!ndma:k]
also
[`olsou]
to hoist [hoist] a flag [fl!g]
shape
['eip]
to look out [`lu:k `aut] for danger [`deind(#]
to live
[liv]
I am married
[`m!rid]
I am single
[`si)l]
to study
[`st"di]
to work [w#:k] hard [`ha:d]
to want
[wont]
language
[l!)wid(]
to know
[`nou]
teacher
[`ti:t'#]
well
[wel]

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
- c ...
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
- .
- .
- ,
-
- ,
-
-
-
-

Lesson six. Watchkeepeng. About myself.

house-wife

26

[`hauswaif]

TEXT A
lf the ship is at sea I keep watch on the navigating bridge.
I keep one watch a day from 12.00 hrs to 16.00 hrs.
During my watch I stand at the helm. If necessary I turn the helm to port or to
starboard (to the left or to the right). I steer a steady course. I execute the wheel
orders of the master or the officer of the watch.
If necessary I take bearings of landmarks. I also hoist flags or shapes in the day time
and switch on the lights at night.
I also look out for dangers.

I live in Odessa. I work for a shipping company. I work on the ship "A". I am
married (single).
I study English. I work hard at my English every day because I want to know
English well.
Do you live in Odessa? Yes, I do.
Do you live in Kiev? No, I don`t.
Do you work for a shipping company?
Do you work on the ship "A"? Yes, I do.
Are you married? Yes, I am.
Is your wife a teacher? No, she isn`t.
She is a house-wife.
Do you study English?
Do you want to know English well?
What do you do? ( ?)
Where do you live? Where do you work?
What ship do you work on?
What does your wife do? ( ?)
What language do you study?
Why do you work hard at your English?
Where do you keep watch?
What do you do during your watch?

I. . 7 .
: Do you keep watch on the bridge ?
.
II.
, .

27

. .

III. .
, ?
IV. .
:
1. Where do you live?
2. Where do you work?
3. What do you do?
4. What ship do you work on?
5. Are you married?
6. What does your wife do? What is your wife?
7. Do you have children?
8. How many children do you have?
9. Do you speak English? (A little )
10. Do you study English?
11. Where do you study English? (at the courses , on my own [oun]
)

later
-
buoy
-
-
to change [t'eind(] over [ouv#] from manual
[`m!nual] to automatic [o:to`m!tik] control
[k#n`troul]
auto-pilot
-
Keep looking ahead
- .
- .
Clear [kli#] water [`wo:t#] ahead
DIALOGUE
The officer of the watch:
Port, steer one nine two.
Watchman:
Port steer one nine two...
(later)
Steady on one nine two.
The officer of the watch:
O. K. Steady so!
(later) Steer on buoy 1.
Watchman:
Steer on buoy 1.
(later) Steady on buoy 1.
The officer of the watch:
Change over from manual to automatic control.
Watchman:
The auto-pilot is keeping, the course well.
The officer of the watch:
Finished with the wheel. Keep looking ahead.
Watchman:
Clear water ahead.
The officer of the watch:
O. K.

Lesson seven. A sailor`s working day. Work on deck. 28

LESSON SEVEN POK


A SAILOR`S WORKING DAY. MATPOCA.
WORK ON DECK. HA .
I. Present lndefinite Tense.
:
Who works on deck every day?

.
?

2. Present Indefinite Present Continuous .




Present Continuous
Present lndefinite
()
(, , )
I
am
+ .. take (3.e..takes)
He, she, it
is taking
? .
do(does) take
Do you take?
We, ou, the
are
. don`t (doesn`t) take I don`t take.

working day
[`w#:ki)]
long
to get [get] up ["p]
then
crew`s messroom
to have breakfast
[`brekf#st]
to have lunch
[`l"nt']
to have dinner
[`din# ]
after
[`a:ft#]
to scrub [skr"b] down [daun] the deck
to wash
[wo']
to lubricate
[`lu:brikeit]
deck equipment
lub [lub] oil [oil]
main
[mein]
job
[d(ob]
painting
[`peinti)]
before
[bi`fo:]
to clean
[kli:n]
to remove
[ri`muv]
salt
[so:lt]
dirt
[`d#:t]
oil
[oil]
loose [lu: s] paint [peint]
scraper
[`skreip#]

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
- ,
- ,
-
-
-
-
-
- ,

29

. .

heavy
[`hevi]
rust
[r"st]
chipping [`t'ipi)] hammer [`h!m#]
to chip off rust
to apply [#`plai] a coat [kout] of paint
more
[mo:]
to use [ju:z] primer [`praim#] paint
enamel
[i`n!m#l]
to supply
[s#`plai]
bucket
[`b"kit ]
brush
[br"' ]
deck scrub
which
paintlocker
[`lo:k#]
to rest
[rest ]
to go to bed
[bed]
always
[`o:lw#z]
usually

- , , .
-
-
-
- .
-
-
-
- ,
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-


Nick is sailor. His working day on the ship is long and hard. He gets up at 7
o`clock. Then he goes to the crew`s mess-room to have breakfast. After breakfast he
works on deck. He scrubs down the deck and washes it.
If necessary he lubricates the deck equipment with lub oil. But his main job on deck
is painting.
Before painting he cleans and washes the deck equipment to remove all salt, dirt
and oil. Then he removes loose paint with a scraper and any heavy rust with a chipping
hammer. And then he applies one or more coats of paint.
H uses primer paints and enamel for painting.
The boatswain supplies him with paint, buckets and brushes, which he takes from
the paint locker.
At 11.30 Nick has lunch. After lunch he keeps watch on the bridge.
After watch he goes to rest in his cabin. He goes to bed at 23.30.
TEXT B
It is 10 o`clock. What is Nick doing? He is painting the deck.
He always paints the deck equipment at this time.
It is 11.30 . What is Nick doing? He is having lunch.
He usually has lunch at this time.
TEXT C
When does Nick get up?
Where does he work after breakfast?
What does he do after breakfast?
Who gets up at 7 o`clock? Nick does.

Lesson seven. A sailor`s working day. Work on deck. 30

Who works on deck after breakfast? The sailors do.


Who scrubs down the deck with a deck scrub?
Who chips off the rust?
Who cleans the deck equipment?

I.
, .
1. Nick applies two or more coats of paint.
2. He washes deck equipment.
3. He chips off the rust.
4. Nick cleans the deck equipment.
5. He removes all salt, dirt and oil.
6. Nick takes paint, buckets and brushes from the paint locker.
II. 6 :
Who gets up at 7 o`clock?
.
III. :
1. chip off the rust Nick uses...
2. T paint Nick uses ...
3. To scrub down the deck Nick uses ...
4. To lubricate the deck equipment he uses ...
5. Nick takes brushes, buckets and paint from...
6. He cleans and washes the deck equipment to remove...
IV. no .
: lt`s 11 o`clock. Nick is painting the deck.
He always (usually) paints the deck equipment at this time.
1. It is 07.00 hrs.
2. It is 10.30 hrs.
3. It is 11.30 hrs.
4. It is 13.00 hrs.
5. It is 15.00 hrs.
V. , :
)
)

31

LESSON EIGHT POK B


AT THE GNGWAY. TPAA.

I. can, may, must.


n , , , .
+ (I, ou, she, it, we, the) n paint. . .
? Can he (I, ou, she...) paint? Yes, he n. No, he can`t (cannot).
What can he paint?
(I, ou, she...) can`t (cannot) paint.
may , ; .
+ He (I, you, she...) may come.
? May he (I, you, she...) come?
- Yes, he may.
- No, he may not.
- No, he mustn`t.
When may he come?
He may not come.

( ).
, .
?
( )
(, )
?
( )

must

1) , .
2)
+ He (I, you, she) must paint.
. ,
.
? Must he (I, you, she) paint?
Yes, he must.
No, he needn`t. ( )
What must he paint?
He (I, you, she) mustn`t paint.
1)
2) , .

gangway
[`g!)wei]
port
[`: t]
meet
[mi: t]
all
[o:l]
visitor
[`vizit#]
to ask
[a:sk]
to produce
[pr#`dju:s]
identification
[ai`dentifi`kei'n]

-
-
-
- ,
-
- ,
-
- ,

Lesson eight. At the gangway.32

proper
[`prop#]
to say
[sei]
any
[`!ni]
problem
[`problem]
to report
[i`po:t]
to lock
[lok]
leading [li:di)] to the superstructure [`sju:p#str"kt'#]
area
[`$#ri#]
clean
[`kli:n]
to keep lean
to inspect
[in`spekt]
mooring [mu#ri)] line [lain]
at regular [`regjul#] intervals [`int#v#lz]
of course
to answer
phone [foun] call [ko:l]
In this case [keis]

[ko:s]
[`a:ns#]

- ,
-
- -
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
- ,
-
-
-
-

XT
When the ship is in the port the watchman keeps watch at the gangway.
meets all the visitors and if necessary asks them to produce proper
identification.
He says, "Your identification, please". If he has any problems he must report them
to the officer of the watch. He must lock all the doors leading to the superstructure and
if necessary to store-rooms aft. H must keep the gangway area lean.
He must inspect the aft mooring lines at regular intervals.
And of course he must answer all the phone calls.
In this case he says, "Hello, this is the m/v "A".
PAINTING

to start [sta:t] painting
then
to take
can
black
red
by the way
very
thick
thinner
paint roller

[&en]
[k!n]
[bl!k]
[red]
[wei]
[`veri]
[%ik]
[%in#]
[`roul#]

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
- () .

33

Boatswain
to a sailor:
The sailor:
Boatswain:
The sailor:
Boatswain:

DIALOGUE
You must start painting the ship`s board. Chip off the rust with a
chipping hammer. Then take one can with black paint and one
can with red paint and start painting.
Must I start painting from the bow to the stern?
Yes, you must. By the way, the paint is very thick and you must
use the thinner. You can take the thinner, the paint and the paintrollers in the paint-locker.
How many coats must I apply?
You must apply two coats of paint .

I. :
1. Where does the watchman keep watch when the ship is at sea?
2. Where does the watchman keep watch when the ship is in the port?
3. What must he do if he has any problems?
4. What doors must he lock?
5. What lines must he inspect at regular intervals?
6. What must he say if he answers a phone call?
II. During his watch at the gangway
Nick must:
1) meet all the visitors
2) ask the visitors to produce proper identification
3) report his problems to the officer of the watch
4) lock all the doors leading to the superstructure
5) keep the gangway clean
6) inspect the aft mooring lines
7) answer the phone calls
What must you do during your watch at the gangway?
, .
:
During my watch I must ...
III. :
1. What must you do during your watch?
2. What must you do when you work on deck?
lV. John can
1) steer the course
2) turn the helm
3) take bearings
4) speak English a little

Lesson eight. At the gangway.34

5) scrub down the deck


6) chip off the rust
7) paint
, .

= I n...
V. -,
?
VI. . ,
.

35

. .

LESSON NINE
DUTIES IN EMERGENCY SITUATIONS
B
: can, may, must.
WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS
geneal [`d(en#r#I] emergenc [i`m#:d(#nsi] -
alarm [#`la:m]
-
watertight [`wo:t#tait] door [do:]
other
-
["&#]
compartment
[k#m`pa:tm#nt] -
to get ready
-
Iaunching
- ( )
[lo:nt'i)]
life-saving equipment
[i`kwipment]
-
- .
second [`sek#nd] in command [`k#ma:nd]
-
damage [`d#mid(] control [k#n`troul] party
[`pa:ti]
portable
-
[`po:t#bl]
firefighting [`fai#faiti)] appliances [#p`lai#nsiz] -
in case
-
fire
-
[`fai#]
to break
[`breik]
-
glass
[gla:s]
-
fire alarm box
[`boks]
-
press the button
-
[`b"t#n]
to inform
[in`fo:m]
-
to evacuate
-
[i`v!kjueit]
to bring
- ,
[bri)]
fire crowbar
[krouba:]
-
fire axe
-
[!ks]
sand
-
[s!nd]
hose
[houz]
-
seat of the fire [si:t]
-
hand
- , ,
[h!nd]
fire nozzle
[nozl]
-
to put out the fire
-
extinguisher
-
[iks`ti)wi'#]
to operate
-
[`op#reit]
also
[`olsou]
-
to act
-
[!kt]
as
-
[!z]
messenger
-
[`mesind(#]
flooding
- ,
[`fl"di)]

Lesson nine. Duties in emergency situation. 36

collision [ko`li(n] mat [m!t]


sheets
control lanyard [`l!nj#d]
hogging [`hogi)] line
winch
to stop a hole [houl]
cement [si`ment] box
liquid
Man overboard!
[`ouv#bo:d]
to screw
drain [drein] plug [pl"g]
to carry
painter
blanket
to release
boat gripe
life-boat falls [fo:lz]
to heave in [hi:v]
to launch
rower
to throw
life raft
to ensure
safe
embarkation

['i:ts j
[wint']
[likwid]
[skru:]
[k!ri]
[peint#]
[bl!nkit]
[ri`li:s]
[graip]
[lo: nt']
[`rou#]
[%rou]
[ra:ft]
[in`'u#]
[seif]
[emba:`kei'n]

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
- !
-
-
-
-
-
- . ( . .)
-
-
- ()
- ()
-
-
-
-
-
-

I. AT THE GENERAL EMERGENCY ALARM THE SAILORS MUST:


1) close the watertight doors, leading to the superstructure and other compartments;
2) get ready the life-boats for launching;
3) get ready the life-saving equipment.
If an able seaman is second in command of the damage control party he must get ready
the portable firefighting appliances.

37

. .

II. IN CASE OF FIRE THE SAILORS MUST:


1) break the glass of the fire-alarm box and press the button;
2) call up the bridge and inform the officer of the watch;
3) close the watertight doors, fire doors;
4) evacuate people if necessary;
5) bring the fire-crowbar, the fire-axe, sand and hoses to the seat of the fire;
6) bring the hand fire nozzle to the seat of the fire and operate it;
7) put out the fire with an extinguisher.
A sailor may also act as a messenger.
III. IN CASE OF FLOODING THE SAILORS MUST:
I) bring the collision mat and the sheets and make fast the collision mat;
2) stand by the control lanyard;
3) bring and make fast the hogging line;
4) stand by the winch;
5) if necessary stop the hole with a cement box and sand, and liquid glass from the
inner () side.
IV. AT THE "MAN OVERBOARD" ALARM THE SAILOR MUST:
1) screw the drain plug;
2) carry the painters;
3) bring the blankets;
4) release the boat gripe;
5) release the life-boat falls;
6) heave in the painters;
7) launch the life-boat;
8) act as a rower.
V. AT THE BOAT ALARM THE SAILORS MUST:
1) screw the drain plugs;
2) release the boat gripe;
3) get ready the painters;
4) release the foreward (aft) life-boat falls;
5) throw the life-rafts overboard;
6) ensure safe embarkation of the life-boats and rafts;
7) act as a helmsman.

Lesson nine. Duties in emergency situation. 38

1. .
, .
GENERAL EMERGENCY ALARM
1) the sailor must get ready the life-saving equipment:
2) the sailor must close the fire doors;
3) the sailor must launch the life-boats;
4) the sailor must go to the bridge and keep watch.
FIRE
1) the sailor must bring the hand fire-nozzle:
2) the sailor must put out the fire with an extinguisher;
3) the sailor must close the fire doors;
4) the sailor must evacuate people;
5) the sailor must launch the life-boats;
6) the sailor must call up the Port Control ()
FLOODING
1) the sailor must stand by the winch;
2) the sailor must stop the hole;
3) the sailor must stand by the control lanyard:
4) the sailor must bring the collision mat;
5) the sailor must get ready the painters.
MAN OVERBOARD ALARM
1) the sailor must go to the bridge and keep watch;
2) the sailor must act as a rower;
3) the sailor must launch the life-boat;
4) the sailor must release the boat gripe;
5) the sailor must screw the drain plug.
BOAT ALARM
1) the sailor must release the life-boat falls;
2) the sailor must act as a helmsman;
3) the sailor must release the boat gripe;
4) the sailor must throw the life-rafts overboard;
5) the sailor must go to his cabin.
II. :
1. What doors must the sailor close at the general emergency alarm?
2. What must the sailor bring to the seat of fire?
3. How can the sailor stop a hole?

39

. .

4, When must the sailor screw the drain plug before or after launching a life-boat?
5. When must people () take to () life-boats to ensure safe embarkation?
6. Where must you go
a) at the general emergency alarm;
b) at the fire alarm;
c) in case of flooding;
d) at the boat alarm;
e) at the "Man overboard" alarm.
III. .
IV. Muster List ( )
, ?
V. :
What must you do:
a) at the general emergency alarm;
b) at the fire alarm;
) in case of flooding;
d) at the "Man overboard" alarm;
e) at the boat alarm.

Lesson ten. Mooring. 40

LESSON 10 PK 10
MOORING BAPTOBKA
: FUTURE INDEFINITE
tomorrow
next week
In 2 days 2
.
I shall come
-
You will come
-
He will come
-
+ She will come
-
It will come
-
C I`ll, you`ll ..

.
We shall come
-
You will come
-
They wll come
-

I (we) shan`t (shall not) come. You (he, she ..) won`t (will not) come.

?

Shall I (we) come?


Will (you, he, she ..) come?

When will he come?


When will the officer(s) come?
: shall
will.
WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS
to arrive
[#`raiv]
pilot [pail#t] boarding [bo:di)] place [pleis]
to reduce [ri`djus] the speed [spi:d]
to rig [rig]
a pilot ladder [`l!d#]
alongside
[#`lo)said]
to board a ship
to take her to a berth
berth
[b#:%]
to order
[`o:d#]
tug
[t"g]
to pass [pa:s]

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
- .
-
-
-
-

41

. .

tug rope, towing line [toui) lain]


to tow
[tou]
to moor [`mu#] portside (starboard side)
I think [%i)k]
to send [send] ashore [a`,o:]
following
[`foloui)]
a line = a rope
first
[f#:st]
then
[&en]
headline
[`hedlain]
spring
[spri)]
breast line [brest lain]
after
[`a:ft#]
health [hel%] officer
customs officer [`k+st#mz]
immigration [imi`grei,n] officer
to clear the ship in (out)
to stay [stei]
to leave [li:v]
to leave for

-
-
- ()
-
-
-
-
- ,
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
- ()
-
-
-

Tomorrow our ship will arrive at the port of Liverpool. At the pilot boarding place the
ship will reduce her speed. We shall rig a pilot ladder on the port side (starboard side). A
pilot boat will come alongside our ship.
A pilot will board the ship to take her to a berth. The master will order two tugs for
mooring: one on the bow and one on the stern.
The tugs will come to the ship. The sailors will pass the tug ropes from the ship to
the tugs. The tugs will tow the ship to her berth. We shall moor portside (starboard
side). I think we shall send ashore the following lines: first a headline, a forward
spring, then an aft spring and an aft breast line.
After mooring the health, customs and immigration officers will come on board to
clear the ship in.
The ship will stay in the port for 3 days. In 3 days she will leave for London.

Lesson ten. Mooring. 42

DIALOGUE
GANGWAY
WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS
How do you do!
Can I help you?
surveyor [s#:`vei#]
to check [t'ek]
if the holds are ready [redi] for loading
to be ready
to call
to call up
Just [d("st] a minute!
here [hi#]

- !
- ? (: ?)
-
-
-
-
-
-
- !
-

DIALOGUE
A.
- How do you do! I am the watchman. Can I help you?
B.
- I am a surveyor. I must check if the holds are ready for
loading. Call Chief Officer, please.
A.
- Just a minute. I`ll call him up.
(to the Chief Offlcer - Chief, a surveyor is here to check if the holds are ready for
over the telephone)
loading.
(to the surveyor)
- Chief Officer will be here in a minute.
B.
- Thank you.
LINES
-
a heaving [`hi:vi)] line
-
a mooring [`mu#ri)] line
a head-line [hed]
-
-
a stern [st#:n] line
a breast [brest] line
-
-
a forward [`fo:v#d] spring [spri)]
an aft [a:ft] spring
-
-
a messenger [`mesind(#] liner [lain#]
a slip [slip] rope
-

43

. .

MOORING ORDERS

- :

Stand by mooring!
Stand by ropes!
Have (get) heaving lines ready
- !
forward and aft!
Tk the towing line!
-
!
head line!
!
stern line!
!
forward
!
spring
Send the aft spring
ashore! -
!
heaving line
!
breast line
!
head line!
!
stern line!
!
Slack away the
(pay away )

forward spring!
aft spring!
heaving line!
breast line!

head line!
stern line!

!
!
!
!
!
!

Heave in the

forward spring!
aft spring!
breast line

!
!
!

Stop heaving!

head line!
stern line!

- ! !
!

Hold on the
(Check)

forward spring!
aft spring!
breast line!

!
!
!

Pick up the slack on the aft


breast line!
head line!
stern line!

- !

Make fast the

forward spring!
aft spring!

!
!
!
!

Lesson ten. Mooring. 44

breast line!
fast fore and aft!
Single up to the head line!
Let go fore and aft!
Ship the fenders!
Unship the fenders!
Heave up the gangway (ladder)!
Lower the gangway (ladder)!

!
- !
- , !
- !
- !
- !
- !
- !

ANCHORING ORDERS
- HA
Have (get) the starboard anchor ready!
- !
Have (get) the port anchor ready!
- !
Have (get) both anchors ready!
- !
Stand by the starboard anchor!
- !
Stand by the port anchor!
- y !
Let go the port anchor!
- !
Let go the starboard anchor!
- !
Pay away the cable!
- -!
Hold on (check) the cable!
- -!
Make fast the cable (chain)!
- -!
K the cable slackened!
- - !
Put the windlass in gear!
- !
Disengage the windlass!
- !

I. :
1. What will you do during your watch on the ship?
2. What will you do before your watch?
3. What will you do after your watch?
4. What will you do in case of fire?
5. What will you do in case of flooding?
6. What will you do at the boat alarm?
7. What will you do at the "Man Overboard" alarm?
8. What will you do at the general emergency alarm?
9. What will you do during your watch at the gangway?
II. .
1. When will the ship arrive at Liverpool?
2. What port will the ship arrive at?
3. Where will the ship reduce her speed?

45

. .

4. On which side will they rig a pilot ladder?


5. Who will board the ship to take her to a berth?
6. How many tugs will the master order for mooring?
7. What will the sailors pass from the ship to the tugs?
6. Where will the tugs tow the ship?
9. Which side will the ship moor?
10. What lines will they send ashore?
11. Who will come on board after mooring?
12. How long will the ship stay in Liverpool?
13. When will the ship leave for London?
III. - ,
:
1. !
2. !
3. !
4. !
5. !
IV.
"We shall let go the port anchor",
.

V. .
VI. What will you do if :
1.You keep watch at the gangway. A man boards the ship.
2.You want to paint the hull but the paint is too thick.
3.Yu are in your cabin. There is a fire near your cabin.
4.You must lubricate deck equipment but you have no lub oil.

. 46


1. . The ship`s particulars.

- LOA=length overall
- Breadth

- Beam
- Width

- Draft fore

- Draft aft

- Deadweight

- Displacement

- GRT=Gross Register Tonnage

- NRT=Net Register Tonnage
- Air draught


- Underkeel clearance
2. . , .
- Ship`s hull. Arrangements, equipment and outfit.

- Afterpeak

- Forecastle

- Bulbous bow

- Propeller

- single-screw vessel

- twin-screw vessel

- right-handed propeller

- left-handed propeller

- Watertight door

- Load waterline

- Load line

- Cargo handling gear

- Living quarters

- Hatch coaming

- Portside

- Guard railing, life-rails

- Bilge

- Freeboard

- Superstructure

- Shell plating

- Deck plating

- Bulkhead

- Rudder blade

- Thruster

- Starboard side

47


- Steering gear

- Steering engine

- Rudder

- Tiller

- Tank

- ballast tank

- double bottom tank

- fresh water tank

- Funnel

- Hold

- Bulwark

- Flagstaff
-
- Fore mast

- Stem

- Sheerstrake

- Boat gear

- Frame
3. . Anchor gear.

- Windlass

- Swivel

- Winch

- Band brake

- Eye bolt

- Deck hawse hole

- Joining shackle

- Stopper, chain-cable stopper



- devil claw stopper

- chain check stopper, dog stopper

- Gypsy, gypsy head



- Chain locker

- Shackle

- Chain, cable, cable chain, anchor chain
4. . Towing arrangement.

- Towing

- Tug

- Tow line, towing line

- Towing winch

- Towing bitt

- Towing pipe

- Towing hook

- Tow rope guide

- Wire stopper
( )
- Guest rope

. 48

5. . Mooring arrangement
Mooring gear, mooring fittings, warping appliances


l.
1.
1.
2.
2a. ,
3.

4.
5.
6. ()

7.
8.

9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

Mooring appliances
- Mooring pipe
- Bow mooring pipe
- Stern mooring pipe
- Fairlead, Chock
- Fairleader
- Mooring bollard
- Bollard, Bitt
- Bollard column
- Reel, Damper
- Deck (Panama) chock
Mooring machinery
- Mooring winch. Warping winch.
- Mooring capstan. Warping capstan.
Mooring lines
- Bow line
- Stern line
- Breast line
- Spring
- Cross springs

49

14.



15.

Fender
- Fender
- Rope fender
- Wooden fender
- Pudding fender
- Fender, Fender guard, Rubbing strake

6. . Cargo handling gear.



- Winch head; winch barrel

- Bearing; heel; socket; shoe

- Block

- Derrick head cargo block

- Cargo block

- Swivel

- Hook

- Grab

- Load

- Proof load

- Lifting capacity

- Safe working load

- Post

- Samson post

- Ring

- Crane

- Winch

- Hydraulic winch

- Cargo winch

- Hand winch

- Electric winch

- Winchman

- Mast

- Eye fitting

- Rig; rigging

- Guy

- Inboard guy

- Outboard guy

- Foot step

- Derrick post

- Balance weight

- Swinging derrick

- Operation of derricks rigged in union purchase

- Rig

. 50

- Shackle
- Derrick
- Heavy-lift derrick
- Tackle
- Span; span rope
- Washer
- Runner
- Sheave
- Heel
- Pin; pintle
- Winch motor

7. . Rigging.

- Barrel

- Cordage, running rigging

- Hank

- Cargo hook

- Thimble

- Runner

- Hand-lead

- Fid

- Sling

- Chain sling

- Tackle
-
- lifting tackle
-
- halyard tackle
-
- watch tackle

- boat tackle

- Lanyard

- Hawser

- Tackle fall
8. . . Emergency. Emergency Outfit

- Early-strength cement

- Dent

- Drain pipe

- Wooden shield

- Guy

- Collision mat

- Fire

- Grounding

- Clamp bolt

- Locking bar

- Hole

- Puncture

51



" "

- Distress signal
- Joining shackle
- Collision
- Alarm
- boat alarm
- fire alarm
- "Man overboard" alarm
- Crack
- Packing pad
- Cement box
- Air hose

9. . Life-saving appliances

- EPIRB
,
- Sea-activated cell

- Oar
(. )
- Rain collector
()
- Entrance

- Oar-propelled life-boat
()
- Life-jacket
-
- Keel-rails

- Life-raft container

- Life-buoy (Am. life-ring)
(. )
- Painter, operating line

- Lashings

- Sea anchor

- Life-raft

- Inflatable life-raft

- Self-inflatable raft

- Lifebelt

- Searchlight

- Rudder

- Signalling whistle
-
- Boat fall

- Rowlock

- Waterproof electric torch


- Line-throwing appliance

- Boat davit

- Life-boat

- Life boat falls

10. Signal means


- Buoy
- Gong

. 52


- Fog gong

- Horn

- Bell

- Rocket

- parachute rocket

- distress signal rocket

- Diamond

- Whistle

- Signal shapes

- Signal lamp

- Sound signal means

- Pirotechnic signal means

- Siren

- Tyfon

- Hand flare

- Flag

- Flags of the International Code of Signals

- Lantern

- side lantern

- "Not under command" lantern
"He "

- "Unable to give the way" lantern
"He "
" "
- "Dangerous cargo" lantern
-
- Flashlamp

- Ball

- Smoke signal
11. Aids to navigation

- Buoy

- Visibility

- Wreck

- Mark, beacon

- Shoremark

- Lighthouse

- light vessel

- Light

- Obstruction

- Rock

- Current
-
- tide
12. Fire-fighting system

- Fire hook

- Fire-alarm box

- Sea connection

53




C02

- Shut off valve


- Fire main
- Fire pump
- Extinguisher
- air-foam extinguisher
- foam extinguisher
- portable extinguisher
- powder extinguisher
- carbon dioxide extinguisher
- chemical extinguisher
- Foam fire extinguishing system
- Scoop for sand scattering
- Fire extinction station
- C02 room
- Fire nozzle
- Fire hose

13. , , . Tools, appliances, materials.


()

- Paint can

- Boatswain`s chair (boatswain`s


cradle)

- Tarpaulin
- Paint-roller

- Water-bucket
- Primer
- Carpenter`s chisel

- Hand bitstock

- Solidification of paint

- Cold chisel

- Needle
- Punch
- Brush

()

- Flat brush

. 54

- Round marking brush


- Round brush
- Glue
- Adhesive tape
- Tongs
- Brace
- Wedge
- End cutting nippers
- Sledge hammer

- Chipping hammer

- Fender

- A set of spanners
- Ring spanner, box wrench
- Adjustable spanner

- Socket wrench

(, )

- Retched wrench
- Varnish
- Sheet
- Scroll saw
- Shovel, spade
- Picker
- Crowbar
- Broom

- Steel bench hammer

- Anvil
- Emery
- File
- Scissors
- Hand shears
- Wire cutters
- Screwdriver
- Sealing pliers
- Combination pliers
- Round-nose pliers

55

- Hacksaw blade

- Soldering bits

- Rat guard
- Thinner
- Rasp

- Plain

- Tape measure (tape line)

- Scraper

- Chisel
- Vice

- Axe

- Torch

- Awl, prick

- Sandpaper

- Putty, spackle

- Steel spattle

- Jumper, grift

- Mop

- Wire brush

- Electric drill

- Enamel
14. Useful verbs

- to take

- to throw

- to tow

- to see

- to switch on

- to return, to come back

- to call

- to meet

- to enter, to come in

- to switch off
( -)
- to speak (to), to talk (to)
(-)
- to tell

- to prime

- to give
()
- to move

- to do

. 56


( ..)

()

(-)
(, )

( )
()

( ..)

()


()

- to steer the course


- to keep clear of
- to get
- to get
- to deliver
- to scrub the deck
- to go
- to wait
- to want, to wish
- to hammer in
- to forget
- to screw
- to stop a hole
- to complete, to finish
- to close, to shut
- to tighten
- to call (at)
- to call
- to go
- to make, to fabricate
- to change
- to measure
- to inform
- to look for
- to use
- to test
- to put
- to paint
- to make fast
- to manoeuvre
- to broom, to sweep, to broom-sweep
- to wash
- to watch
- to commence, to start
- to find
- to carry
- to keep watch
- to explain
- to put on
- to loosen
- to stay, to remain
- to leave
- to chip off rust
- to let go

57

()


( ..)

( )
( , )

(, .)

(-, -)

- to cast off
- to open
- to fall
- to fall overboard
- to pass
- to write
- to swim
- to sail
- to pay
- to repeat
- to keep a sharp look out
- to give a signal
- to sound signals
- to sound fog signals
- to lift
- to hoist
- to heave up the gangway
- to board a ship
- to leave
- to cover
- to apply a coat of paint
- to buy
- to get
- to understand
- to help
- to send
- to arrive
- to order
- to bring
- to come
- to check, to examine
- to show (to)
- to happen, to take place
- to pass
- to try
- to work, to operate
- to cut in two
- to cut
- to drop
- to sit down
- to get off course
- to contact
- to run aground
- to sit

. 58

(-)
(-)


()



( )

( )


( )
()

()

- to tell
- to say
- to scrape
- to look out for dangers
- to listen (to)
- to hear
- to lubricate
- to reduce speed
- to take off
- to refloat the ship
- to ask
- to lower the gangway
- to anchor
- to collide
- to stand
- to stand up
- to get up
- to lose
- to put out the fire, to extinguish the fire
- to clean
- to remove
- to increase speed
- to indicate
- to decrease
- to pack
- to read
- to scrape
- to moor, to berth, to dock
- to grind

15. LIFEBOAT LAUNCHING PROCEDURE.


- .
1. uncover the lifeboat
1.
2. remove harbour pins
2.
3. release gripes, keel block fastening, 3. , ,
boat davit stoppers

4. screw the drain plug
4.
5. release hand-rail
5.
6. lower the embarkation ladder
6.
7. check the life-boat supplies (fresh
7. (,
water, survival pack, blankets)
, )

59

16. , .
- Names of countries and adjectives;
Great Britain

British

England

English

France

French

Spain

Spanish

Italy

Italian

Greece

Greek

Germany

German
()
Norway

Norwegian
Sweden

Swedish

Canada

Canadian

The United States of


American

America

17. . Oceans.
the Pacific (Ocean)

the Atlantic (Ocean)

the Arctic (Ocean)

the Indian (Ocean)

18. Colours.

red

black

white

green

blue

yellow

brown

orange

dark

dark blue, navy blue

light
19. , ,
Day
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday

Month
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September


Seasons
spring
summer
autumn
winter

. 60

October
November
December
When?
What?
Where?
Who?
Whom?
Whose?
Which?
How?
How many?
How much

20.
- ?
- ? ?
- ? ?
- ?
- ? ?
- ?
- ? ( )
- ?
- ? ( )
- ? ( )

61

1. . . 2
:
1. .
2. to be.
3. .
4. What is it?
5.
Text 1

2.

:
1. .
2. .
3. to be .
4. .
Text 2.

3. . .

10

:
1. .
2. to have .
Text 3.

4. . 14

:
1. there is/are.
2. .
3. of.
Text 4.

5. .

17

:
1. Present Continuous.
2. ( ).
3. .
Text 5.

6. . 22

:
1. Present Indefinite.
Text 6. " ".

. 62

7. .

26

:
1. Present Indefinite ( ).
2. Present Indefinite Present Continuous :

8. .

29

: can, may, must.


Text 8. "" .

9. .
: .
Text 9.

10. .

33

38

: Future Indefinite.
Text 10.
" ".
.
.

. . 44

1. 44
2. . ,
3. . 45
4. .
45
5. .
46
6. .
46
7. . 47
8. . .
48
9. .
49
10. .
49
11. . 50
12. . 50
13. , , . 51
14. . 53
15. . 56
16. .
17. . 57
18. . 57
19. , , .
57
20. .
58

44

57