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MODUL PEMBELAJARAN

BAHASA INGGRIS

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2
3
4

PEMBELAJARAN TEKS DESCRIPTIVE


PEMBELAJARAN TEKS RECOUNT
PEMBELAJARAN TEKS NARRATIVE
PEMBELAJARAN TEKS PROCEDURAL
5 PEMBELAJARAN TEKS FUNGSIONAL

DI SUSUN OLEH :
Budi Ruspiadi S.Pd

Dewi Ridowati S.Pd

Ema Nurseha S.Pd

Neni Herawati S.Pd

Ai Aisyah

Yunita R Junaedi S.Pd

Ema Nurmalasari S.Pd

Emalia Hotimah S.Pd

Yosandha Nur I S.Pd

Eman Sulaeman S.Pd

Siti Nurbaya S.Pd

Neneng Nopianti S.Pd

Heni Sri Herlianti S.Pd

N.Teti Suryati S.Pd

Yinyin Jubaedah S.Pd

Rani Yusrani S.Pd

Ikhsan Sodikin S.Pd

Imas Hanifah S.Pd

Rachmi S.Pd

Kiki Noor Rizki S.Pd

S.Pd

TIM MGMP BAHASA INGGRIS


KEC.CIHAMPELAS KAB.BANDUNG BARAT
2013

PEMBELAJARAN TEKS

DESCRIPTIVE
UNTUK SISWA KELAS IX SEMESTER 1

TIM MGMP BAHASA INGGRIS


KEC. CIHAMPELAS KAB. BANDUNG BARAT
2013
KATA PENGANTAR

Sejak diberlakukannya Permendiknas 22 tahun 2006 tentang standar isi pembelajaran


Bahasa Inggris di SMP menggunakan pendekatan berbasis jenis teks (Genre Based
Approach). Jenis-jenis teks yang diajarkan di SMP meliputi Descriptive Text, Procedure Text,
Recount Text, Report Text dan Narrative Text. Modul ini berisi rangkuman berbagai materi
mengenai jenis Descriptive Text, tujuan komunikasi, struktur dan ciri-ciri kebahasaannya
yang dapat membantu siswa dalam memahami dan menguasai jenis Descriptive Text. Modul
ini juga dilengkapi dengan materi pembahasan dan contoh-contoh analisis teks berbentuk
deskriptif serta latihan dan materi tes keterampilan berbahasan, Reading (membaca) dan
Writing (menulis) yang diambil dari berbagai sumber. Tiada gading yang tak retak, sangat
disadari bahwa modul ini jauh dari sempurna sehingga kritik dan saran yang membangun
sangat diharapkan. Semoga modul ini bermanfaat.

Bandung, 25 Februari 2013

Penulis

DAFTAR ISI

Kata Pengantar............................................................................................................................ i
Daftar Isi........ .............................................................................................................................
ii
Petunjuk Siswa...........................................................................................................................
iii
Standar Kompetensi, Kompetensi Dasar, Indikator dan Tujuan Pembelajaran Materi
Pembahasan................................................................................................................................1
Analyzing the Generic Structure................................................................................................ 6
Exercises.....................................................................................................................................7
Test............................................................................................................................................. 8
Daftar

Pustaka...........................................................................................................................
12

Kunci

Jawaban..........................................................................................................................
13

PETUNJUK SISWA
1

Siswa ditugaskan untuk mempelajari materi pembahasan tentang Descriptive Text

Sebelum menerima penjelasan dari guru, siswa disarankan untuk mencatat kata-kata sulit
untuk dibahas

Ditanyakan kepada guru

Descriptive Text dan latihan-latihan akan dipandu oleh guru

Terakhir adalah siswa mengerjakan tes secara mandiri

Standar Kompetensi, Kompetensi Dasar, Indikator dan Tujuan Pembelajaran

READING ( MEMBACA )

Standar Kompetensi

Memahami makna teks tulis fungsional dan esei pendek sangat sederhana berbentuk
descriptive yang berkaitan dengan lingkungan terdekat.

Kompetensi Dasar

11.1 Merespon makna yang terdapat dalam teks tulis fungsional pendek sangat sederhana

secara akurat, lancar dan berterima yang berkaitan dengan lingkungan terdekat

11.2 Merespon makna dan langkah retorika secara akurat, lancar dan berterima dalam esei

sangat sederhana yang berkaitan dengan lingkungan terdekat dalam teks berbentuk
descriptive

11.3 Membaca nyaring bermakna teks fungsional dan esei pendek dan sangat sederhana

berbentuk descriptive dengan ucapan, tekanan dan intonasi yang berterima

Indikator
Melafalkan kata, frasa dan kalimat dengan baik dan benar. Membaca kata, frasa dan
kalimat dengan intonasi yang benar secara jelas, Membaca nyaring teks descriptive dengan
baik dan benar secara cermat.
Tujuan Pembelajaran
Siswa dapat melafalkan kata, frasa dan kalimat dengan baik dan benar. Siswa dpat
membaca kata, frasa dan kalimat dengan intonasi yang benar secara jelas, siswa dapat
membaca nyaring teks descriptive dengan baik dan benar secara cermat.

WRITING ( MENULIS )
Standar Kompetensi
Mengungkapkan makna dalam teks tulis fungsional dan esei pendek sangat sederhana
berbentuk descriptive untuk berinteraksi dengan lingkungan terdekat
Kompetensi Dasar
12.1

Mengungkapkan makna dalam teks tulis fungsional pendek sangat sederhana dengan
menggunakan ragam bahasa tulis secara akurat, lancar, dan berterima untuk berinteraksi

dengan lingkungan terdekat


12.2 Mengungkapkan makna dan langkah retorika dalam esei pendek sangat sederhana
dengan menggunakan ragam bahasa tulis secara akurat, lancar dan berterima untuk
berinteraksi dengan lingkungan terdekat dalam teks berbentuk descriptive

Indikator
Melengkapi teks descriptive/procedure dengan kreatif . Menyusun teks cermat dan
seksama. Menulis teks berbentuk Descriptive dengan kreatif dan teliti
Tujuan Pembelajaran
Siswa dapa melengkapi teks descriptive dengan kreatif . siswa dapat menyusun teks
cermat dan seksama. Siswa dapat menulis teks berbentuk Descriptive dengan kreatif dan
teliti.

MATERI PEMBAHASAN
A. WHAT IS DESCRIPTIVE TEXT ?
Description is about sensory experience how something looks, sounds, tastes. Mostly it is
about visual experience, but description also deals with other kinds of perception. Is a text
which says what a person or a thing is like. Description is its purpose is to describr and reveal
a particular person, place, or thing.

B. THE SOSIAL FUNCTION OF DESCRIPTIVE TEXT


Descriptive text is describe a particular person, place or thing. The purpose of a
descriptive text is to tell about the subject by describing its features without including
personal opinion. There are important parts in descriptive text that must be taught as follows :
1. Social function
The function of descriptive text is to give information. Contextual factor or social context
of this text is describing things. Can be person, animal, or place (a specific thing like our
friends, or person who we know them well). The social function of descriptive text is to
describe a particular person, place, or thing.
2. Generic structure

Descriptive text has structure as below:


Identification; identifying the phenomenon to be described.
Description; describing the phenomenon in parts, qualities, or/and characteristics.
The generic structures of descriptive texts are identivication and description which
identifies the person, place, or thing to be described and description which describe parts,
qualities and characteristics.
A typical descriptives text has an opening paragraph introducting the subject of the
description; followed by a series of paragraph, each describing one feature of the subject.
There can be also a final concluding section that signals the and the description.
3. Linguistic features
The linguistic features of descriptive texts are focused on specific participants, use of
attributive and identifyng process, frequent use epithets and classifier in nominal groups. The
vocabularies, which are often used in descriptive texts are words that are related to name of
place: location, purpose, beneficial, presentation, and evidence of today, which are needed
(for building). For animals, the words which are used arew words which describe
clasification, presentation, habitat, behavior, life cycle and beneficial. Language, which is
used the neutral objective language.
Descriptive texts often used one of the forms be: present or past, and one of the forms
have. Tenses which are often use are present tense, but sometimes past if there are things,
wich are described had lost (nothing again). Passive forms are often used too. Describe texts
are often completed with photo, diagram, map, etc.

4. The example of descriptive text :


a. My House
b. Mr. Warsidis Garden
c. Mr. Kartolo the Farmer

C. THE LANGUAGE FEATURES OF DESCRIPTIVE TEXT


Descriptive often uses 'be' and 'have'.Tense which is often used is Simple Present Tense.
However, some times it uses Past tense if the thing to be described doesn't exist anymore.
1. Using attributive and identifying process.
2. Using adjective and classifiers in nominal group.
3. Using simple present tense
The formula of present tense
Positif
Negatif

: S + V1 (s/es)
: S + DO/DOES + NOT + V1

Tanya

: DO/DOES + S + V1

Positif

: S + be + adj/adv

Negatif
Tanya

: S + be + NOT + adj/adv
: be + S + adj/adv

Based on perception in space. Impressionistic descriptions of landscapes or persons are


often to be found in narratives such as novels or short stories. Example: About fifteen miles
below Monterey, on the wild coast, the Torres family had their farm, a few sloping acres
above the cliff that dropped to the brown reefs and to the hissing white waters of the ocean ...

a. Purpose Description is used in all forms of writing to create a vivid impression of a


person, place, object or event e.g. to: describe a special place and explain why it is
special describe the most important person in your life describe the animal's habitat
in your report Descriptive writing is usually used to help a writer develop an aspect of
their work, e.g. to create a particular mood, atmosphere or describe a place so that the
reader can create vivid pictures of characters, places, objects etc.

b. Features Description is a style of writing which can be useful for a variety of


purposes: to engage a reader's attention to create characters to set a mood or
create an atmosphere to bring writing to life.
c. Language Description is a aims to show rather than tell the reader what
something/someone is like relies on precisely chosen vocabulary with carefully
chosen adjectives and adverbs. is focused and concentrates only on the aspects that
add something to the main purpose of the description. sensory description - what is
heard, seen, smelt, felt, tasted. Precise use of adjectives, similes, metaphors to create
images/pictures in the mind e.g. their noses were met with the acrid smell of rotting
flesh. strong development of the experience that "puts the reader there" focuses on
key details, powerful verbs and precise nouns.
D. TYPES OF DESCRIPTIVE
1. Texts distinctively correlate with the contextual factors in a communication situation.
They conventionally focus the addressees attention only on specific factors and
circumstances from the whole set of factors. Accordingly, texts can be grouped
together and generally classified on the basis of their dominant contextual focus
2. Focus on factual phenomena in the spatial context: descriptive texts
3. Focus on factual/conceptual phenomena in the temporal context: narrative texts
4. Focus on de-composition (analysis) into constituent elements, or the composition
(synthesis) from constituent elements of concepts: expository texts
5. Focus on the relations between concept: argumentative texts

6. Focus on observable future behaviour: instructive texts


7. Sea
Boundless beaches of the finest sand, dream-like bays, sheer cliffs plunging into
the sea, rocks carved by the wind to form sculptures with surprising forms,
townships proud to show themselves in all their beauty to those arriving from the
sea. The sea is the sound track to a journey through Italy, accompanying all travellers
with its intense landscapes, its strong scent, its unexpected views, and the brilliant
colours of its waters. Over seven thousand kilometres of coastline frame this country
that extends smoothly into the Mediterranean. The itinerary offers enormous variety,
from the steep slopes of the Ligurian Sea, to the pleasant beaches of Versilia, the
villages clinging to the rocky Amalfi Coast, the rugged countryside of Calabria, and
the boundless sands of the Adriatic coastline. Seven thousand kilometres dotted by a
succession of welcoming ports, charming cities steeped in history, unspoilt beaches
and solitary inlets. Not to mention the dozens of islands, from imposing Sicily and
Sardinia to tiny Gorgona, which emerge from the waters to add a touch of magic to
Italy's seas. Renowned islands such as Capri, favoured by the international jet set,
charming spots such as the Aeolian islands, a Unesco world heritage site, or popular
spots such as Elba, chosen by Napoleon as his place of exile. Then there are solitary
islands such as Ustica, lying right in the heart of the Tyrrhenian Sea, or Pantelleria,
Italy's southernmost outpost in the Mediterranean. Under the surface of the sea we
found the gateway to another enchanted world. Thanks to the crystal clear water, you
can admire the luxuriant sea bed with its multicoloured undersea forests and
marvellous inhabitants: gigantic groupers, fascinating jellyfish, and shy moray eels.
And all surrounded by vast shoals of colourful fish, which satisfy their curiosity by
patrolling the countless wrecks resting on the bottom.

E. ANALYZING THE GENERIC STRUCTURE


Analyzing text 1: My House
Im Risa. My house is on jalan Kartini. It is big and nice. It has two floors. It has a living
room, a small kitchen, and a bathroom on the first floor. On the second floor, there are three
bedrooms and bathroom. My room is small but l like it. It has light green wall. There is a
desk with a computer on it. I do homework there. There is also a nice garden in front of my
house and l often play in the garden. We love our house.
A. Generic structure analysis
1. Introduction: Introducing the character: Im Risa. My house is on jalan kartini.
2. Description: Describing the character: It is big and nice. It has two floors.
B. Language feature analysis:
1. Noun: My house, living room, bathroom, my room, a desk, a computer, homework,
the garden, our house
2. Simple present tense pattern: lm Risa. My house is on jalan kartini. It is big and
nice. It has a living room.., l do homework there, l often play in the garden, we love
our house
3. Detailed noun phrase: Light green wall
4. Adjective: It is big and nice, a small kitchen, first floor, a nice garden
5. Relational process verb: It has two floor, it has a living room, my room is small
6. Pronoun: My house, it, my room, we, l, our house
7. Connectives: But, with, also, and
C. Social function of descriptive is to describe the features of someone, something or
certain place
_______________________________________
PRACTICE 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

How many floors has Risas house got?


What are the rooms on the second floor?
What is in front of her house?
Who often plays in the garden?
How many rooms are there in Risas house?
What are they?
How is Risas house?
What is Risas house address?

PRACTICE 2
Im Risa. My house is on jalan kartini. It is 1.______ and nice. It has two floors. It has
a living room, a small kitchen and a bathroom on the first floor. On the second floor, there
are three bedrooms and a bathroom. My room is small but i like it. It has 2._____green
wall. There is a 3.______with a computer on it. I do homework there. There is also a nice
garden 4.______ my house and i 5.______ play in the garden. We love our house.

PRACTICE 3
1. P:What kind of text is it?
Q: it is _____text
a. Descriptive
b. Narrative

c. Report
d. Procedure

e.
2. X: What is the purpose of the text?
f. Y: it is used to ____
a. Entertain the reader
b. Introducing a certain place

c. Explain the audience how


something occurs
d. Tell about funny stories

e.
3. P: if Im not mistaken, our teacher had explained about the generic structures of the
text above, bit i forget it. Can you tell me?
f. Q: of course, they are -------a. Orientation, event, re-

c. Orientation, complication,

orientation
b. Introduction/identification,

resolution
d. Orientation, events, twist

description
e.
4. A: What kind of tense is mostly used in the text?
f. B: It uses _____

a. Simple Past tense


b. Past perfect

c. Simple present tense


d. Present continuous

e.
5. A: It has light green wall . What is the antonym for the underlined word ?
f. B: i think it is.........
a. Shiny
b. Bright

c. Blurred
d. Dark

e.
f. Analyzing text 2: Mr. Warsidis Garden
g.
h.

Mr. Warsidi has garden in his yard, and he likes to work there. He says it is fun.
Today he is planting flowers in the garden. There is also an old mango tree in the
yard. He always cut the leaves and the branches in taking care of it. He said that
the flowers must get more sun. Mr. Warsidi often involves his children to take care
together of the garden. So they will understand how to take care their
environment. Many people tell Mr. Warsidi how beautiful his garden is.

i.
A. Generic structure analysis
1. -Introduction: introducing the character: Mr warsidi has a garden in his yard and he
likes to work there
2. -Description: Describing the character: today he is planting flowers in the garden
j.
B. Language feature analysis:
1. Noun: a garden, his yard, flowers, old mango tree, the leaves, the branches, sun, his
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

children, their environment


Simple present tense pattern Mr warsidi has a garden in his yard
Detailed noun phrase: an old mango three
Adjective: it is fun, beautiful
Relational process verb : mr warsidi has a garden in his yard,
Figurative language:
Pronoun: Mr warsidi, his yard, he, it, his children, they, many people, his garden
connective: and, also, so,

k.
C. Social function of descriptive is to describe the features of someone, something or
certain place
l. _______________________________________
m. PRACTICE 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

What is Mr warsidis hobby?


What is he planting in the garden today?
What tree does he always cut its leaves and branches?
Why does he always cut them?
What do many people think about his garden?
n.

o.

PRACTICE 2

p.

Mr warsidi has a garden in his yard and he likes to 1.________ there. He says it is

fun. Today he is planting flowers in the garden. There is also an old mango tree in the
yard. He 2.______cuts the leaves and the branches in taking care of it. He said that the
flowers 3._____get more sun. Mr warsidi often involves his children to take care together
of the garden. So, they will 4. _______ how to take care their environment. Many people
5.______ Mr warsidi how beautiful his garden is.
q.
r. Analyzing text 3. Mr. Kartolo the Farmer
s.

Mr. Kartolo is very happy. The rainy season of this year makes the farm
beautiful. It is planting time! Rice fields becomes fresh and green during this
season and by the end of this season Mr. Kartolo is ready to harvest his crops.

t.

Mr. Kartolo ploughs the land at the beginning of the rainy season. Then, he
usually works early and finishes at noon. Milking the crows, feeding the livestock
and cleaning the barns are among Mr. Kartolos duties before breakfast. He does
most of the hard outdoor works by himself.

u.
1. Pepen: What kind of text is it?
v. Qirani: lt is _____text
a. Descriptive
b. Narrartive

c. Report
d. Procedure

2. Xixi: What is the purpose of the text?


e. Yola: lt is used to ____
a. Entertain the reader
b. Introducing ones job

c. Explain

the

audience

how

something occurs
d. Tell about funny stories
3.

Dudu: lf im not mistaken, our teacher had explained about the generic structures of
the text above, but l forget it. Can you tell me?
e. Icih: Of course, they are -------a. Orientation,

event,

orientation
b. Introduction/identification,

re-

c. Orientation,

complication,

resolution
d. Orientation, events, twist

description
4. Ajeng: What kind of tense is mostly used in the text?
e. Bento: It uses _____
a. Simple Past tense
b. Past perfect

c. Simple present tense


d. Present continuous

e.
5. Aye: Mr Kartolo ploughs the land at the beginning of the rainy season. What is the
synonym of the land for the underlined words? B: l think it is .........
a. pond
b. park
e.
f. KUNCI JAWABAN
g.

EXERCISES TASK 1

h. PRACTICE 1

c. garden
d. farm

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Risas house got two floors


The room in the second floor are three bedrooms and bathroom
A nice garden is in front of her house
Risa often plays in the garden
There are 7 room in Risas house
They are 1 living room, 1 small kitchen, 2 bathroom, 3 bedrooms
Risas haouse is big n nice
Risas house address on jalan Kartini

i.

PRACTICE 2

1. Big
2. Light
3. Desk
6.

4. In front of
5. Often

PRACTICE 3

1. A
2. B
3. B

4. C
5. D

6.
7.

EXERCISES TASK 2

8.

PRACTICE 1

1.
2.
3.
4.

MR. Warsidis hobby is gardening


He is planting in the garden today
He always cuts old mango three
Because he flowers must get more sun

6.

1. A
2. B
3. B

beautiful

PRACTICE 2

1. Work
2. Always
3. Must
6.

5. Mary people think his garden is

4. Understand
5. Tell

EXERCISES TASK 3
4. C
5. D

6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18. DAFTAR PUSTAKA
19. Akhmadi, Ali, 2007: SMP Kelas VII SMArt Steps KTSP, Ganeca, Bandung.
20. Http://desudjia.wordpress.com/2010/12/12/descriptive-texts/
21. Http://mmursyidpw.wordpress.com/download/
22. Http://nurmanali.blogspot.com/2011/04/ descriptive -text.html
23. Http://www.geocities.com/disneywonders/story 4.html
24. Http://www.learnerslink.com/journal_article.html
25. Http://understandingtexts.blogspot.com/search/label/ descriptive?max-result=2
26. Http://www.scribd.com/doc.79570122/What-is- descriptive -text
27. Priyana, Jaka, BSE, Scaffolding English for Grade VII Students, Pusat Perbukuan
Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, Jakarta, 2008.
28.
29.
30.