PHYS2426

© All Rights Reserved

Просмотров: 259

PHYS2426

© All Rights Reserved

- 7. Circuits Problems
- Transformer Test Report
- TRK 1P RepairManual
- PHY2_Jan06_MARK
- Bab 4
- PPIInfo Fl Corner FEIM2 PP16ElectricCircuits
- 10661chap 1 Questions
- Yearly Lesson Plan Form 4
- 1285971961 CBSE PastYearPaper X Science 20070
- tips-4-p6-exam
- Chapter 1
- Light P1
- Calculable Cross Capacitor
- Wave Optics Theory MM
- Foundrax_BRINscope
- Electrical Revision 09
- Chapter 2
- Eamcet - 2014 Sol
- Phycies Exam Revision
- Earthing Calculation

Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 26

Current: I = ddtQ = n q vd A

Ohms law: V = I R, E = J

I , R = `

E = V` , J = A

A

Electric force between 2 point charges:

|q | |q |

|F | = k 1r2 2

k = 8.987551787 109 N m2 /C2

0 = 4 1 k = 8.854187817 1012 C2 /N m2

qp = qe = 1.60217733 (49) 1019 C

mp = 1.672623 (10) 1027 kg

me = 9.1093897 (54) 1031 kg

~

~ =F

Electric field: E

Power: P = I V = VR = I 2 R

Thermal coefficient of : =

0 T

Motion of free electrons in an ideal conductor:

a = vd qmE = nJq = n qm2

|Q|

~ =E

~1 + E

~2 +

Point charge: |E| = k r2 , E

Field patterns: point charge, dipole, k plates, rod,

spheres, cylinders,. . .

Charge distributions:

Linear charge density: = Q

x

A

Q

Volume charge density: = V

Qsurf

A

~ n

Flux: = E A = E

A

Gauss law: Outgoing Flux from S, S = Qenclosed

0

Steps: to obtain electric field

~ pattern and construct S

Inspect E

H

~ dA

~ = Qencl , solve for E

~

Find s = surf ace E

Spherical: s = 4 r 2 E

Cylindrical: s = 2 r ` E

Pill box: s = E A, 1 side; = 2 E A, 2 sides

k

~ = 0, Esurf

Conductor: E

= 0, E = surf

in

surf

Potential

Positive charge moves from high V to low V

Point charge: V = krQ V = V1 + V2 = . . .

1 q2

Energy of a charge-pair: U = k rq12

Potential difference: |V | = |E sk |,

R

~ ~s, V V = B E

~ d~s

V = E

B

A

A

d

V

V

= V

E = dr , Ex = x

x , etc.

f ix y,z

Capacitances

Q=CV

Series: V = CQ = CQ + CQ + CQ + , Q = Qi

eq

1

2

3

Parallel: Q = Ceq V = C1 V + C2 V + , V = Vi

A

Q

Parallel plate-capacitor: C = V

= EQd = 0d

2

RQ

Q

Energy: U = 0 V dq = 12 C , u = 21 0 E 2

2

1

2

U = 21 Q

C 0 , u = 2 0 E

Q

Q

Spherical capacitor: V = 4 r1 4 r2

0

0

~

Potential energy: U = ~

pE

Dielectrics: C = C0 ,

V =IR

Series: V = I Req = I R1 + I R2 + I R3 + , I = Ii

V + V + V + , V = V

Parallel: I = RV = R

i

R2

R3

eq

1

Steps: in application of Kirchhoffs Rules

Label currents: i1 , i2 , i3 , . . .

P

P

Node equations:

i =

i

P in

Pout

Loop equations: (E) + (iR)=0

Natural: + for loop-arrow entering terminal

for loop-arrow-parallel to current flow

RC circuit: if ddty + R1C y = 0, y = y0 exp( RtC )

Discharge: 0 = Vc R i = qc + R ddtq , ci + R ddti = 0

0 = 4 107 T m/A

a2 i

0

Axis of loop: B =

Wire: B = 2 0 r

2 (a2 +x2 )3/2

~ q ~v B

~

Magnetic force: F~M = i ~` B

~ B,

~

Loop-magnet ID: ~ = i A

~ = iAn

2

Circular motion: F = mrv = q v B, T = f1 = 2 v r

~ + q ~v B

~

Lorentz force: F~ = q E

~

Hall effect: V = FM d , U = ~

B

Sources of B

v

r

r

0 q~

~ = 0 i `

Biot-Savart Law: B

4 r2 , B = 4 r2

2

0 i y

sin , sin = ar , y = r a

B = 4

r2

H

~ d~s = I

Amperes law: M =

B

L

encircled

~ pattern and construct loop L

Inspect B

~

Find M and Iencl , and solve for B.

d (E A)

E =

Displ. current: Id = 0 d dt

0

dt

Magnetism in atom:

Orbital motion: = i A = 2 em L

L = mvr = n

h,

QA

= d dt

h = 2h = 1.06 1034 J s

h

= 9.27 1024 J/T

B = 2em

spin = B

Magnetism in matter:

0

B = B0 + BM = (1 + ) B0 = (1 + ) 0 B

0 = m H

Ferromagnetic: 1

Diamagnetic: 1 < 0

Paramagnetic: 0 < 1, M = C

TB

orbit = n B ,

,

Spin: S = h

2

Faradays law

B

,

E = N ddt

B =

~ dA

~,

B

~M

~ = F

E

q

~ d~s,

E= E

~ opposes change of

Lenz law: Induced B

B

R

d (B A )

d B

A

= ddtB A + B d dt

dt =

dt

d 1 R R

Moving rods: ddtA = ` v, ddtA = dt

2

A = d (A cos t)

Rotating loop: d dt

dt

Cutting B lines change B Eind Eind

Maxwell equations:

H

~ dA

~ = Q,

E

0

H

B

~

,

E d~s = ddt

~ dA

~ = 0,

B

~ d~s = [I + d E ]

B

0

0 dt

Inductance

1

Self: E = L ddti , L = Ni , VL = L ddti

A

Long solenoid: L = N B

i , B = 0 n i

Energies: UL = 12 L i2 , uB = 2 1 B 2

0

UC = 21C q 2 , uE = 12 0 E 2

q

q = q0 cos( t + ),

L C: VL + VC = 0 L ddti = C

q

= L1C , UC + UL = UC max = UL max = U0

VL + R VL = 0,

L R: E = VL + R i, ddt

Lh

E 1 exp R t

,

i

=

VL = E exp Rt

L

R

L

L R C:

r

2

R

Q Q0 e 2 L t cos d t, d = L1C 2RL

A C Circuits

q

Impedance: [Ohm ]

R2 + (XL XC )2

Inductive XL = L, Capactive XC = 1C

R

Mean value: f(t) = T1 0T f (t) dt

1

2

2

[sin t]rms = [sin2 t] = [ 21 (1 cos 2 t)] = 1

2

Electromagnetic waves

Properties of em waves:

E = Em cos(k z t), B = E

c

c

v = ddtz =

k = f = T , n = v

speed of light: c = 1 = 2.99792458 108 m/s

0

P = 2cS

~ E,

~ propagating along: E

~ B

~

B

u = u E + u B , uE = u B

~ B

~

~ = E

, S = I = Erms Brms

Poynting vector: S

0

0

U

d

z

P

Intensity: I = A = A z dt = u c

R

~ dA

~ = dU + P

S

Energy conservation:

R

dt

Complete absorption: Momentum p = Uc

p 1

U 1

S

Pressure: P = F

A = t A = c t A = u = c

n 1 = v 2 = 2

Index of refraction: n

v1

1

2

Snells law: n1 sin 1 = n2 sin 2

Critical angle: n2 > n1 , n2 sin c = n1 sin 90

Total reflection: > c

1

1

1

p+q = f

Mirror: At symm pt S, reflected symmetrically through

center of sphere, undeflected. Parallel to axis, converges

toward F (or diverges away from F ), f = R

2 .

Lens: Through center of lens, undeflected. Parallel to

axis, converges toward F (or diverges away from F )

Image: q > 0 (real), q < 0 (virtual)

Focal point F : at p = , q = f

f = |f |, + convergent, divergent

0

Magnification: M = hh = pq

1

Refraction at spherical surface: np1 + nq2 = n2 n

R

R is coordinate of center with origin at S, with

S the symmetrypoint of

surface on the axis

n

1

2

Lens maker: f = n1 1 R1 R1

1

n1

Two media: M = hh = pq n

2

Huygens principles:

Points in wave front are sources of next wavelets

Forward tangent surface is next wave front

Interference

Maxima = 0, 2 , 4 , ; Minima

= , 3 , 5 ,

Double slits: Iaverage = I0 cos2

2 , = k.

y

for small , sin tan

sin =

d , tan = L ,

~=A

~1 + A

~2 + A

~3 +

Phasor diagram: A

Ax = A1x +A2x +A3x + , Ay = A1y +A2y +

a

c

b

sin = sin = sin

Thin film: = k + |1ref lected 2ref lected |, = 2 t

ref lected = (denser medium); =0 (lighter medium)

2

Diffraction

sin 2

, = k,

Single slit: I = I0

= a sin

Grating: Principle maxima = m

Polarization

Brewster (n1 < n2 ): n1 sin br = n2 sin( 2 br )

Polarizer: Etransmit = E0 cos , I = I0 cos2

I0

Unpolarized light: I

= 2

Transmitted Intensity: I 0 = I cos2

R

I 0 = 2I0 02 cos2 d = I20

This print-out should have 36 questions.

Multiple-choice questions may continue on

the next column or page find all choices

before answering. V1:1, V2:1, V3:1, V4:1,

V5:2.

23:03, trigonometry, multiple choice, < 1 min,

fixed.

001 (part 1 of 1) 10 points

Consider charges in a square again, but this

time with a different assignment of charges

(shown in the figure below).

QA = q

QB = q

O

QD = q

QC = q

Find EO at O .

kq

correct

a2

kq

= 2 2

a

kq

=2 2 2

a

kq

= 2

a

1 kq

=

2 a2

1 kq

=

5 2 a2

1 kq

=

4 2 a2

kq

=3 2

a

kq

=3 2 2

a

1 kq

=

3 2 a2

1. EO = 4

2. EO

3. EO

4. EO

5. EO

6. EO

7. EO

8. EO

9. EO

10. EO

Explanation:

The magnitudes of all four E-components at

q

O are equal to EA = 2 k 2 . Draw a diagram,

a

similar to the one in the explanation to part

1, to show the directions of the field vectors

at O.

You should find that the contributions from

B and D cancel, whereas the contributions

from A and C add. This means the magnitude

of the total field is

E = (2) (2) k

q

q

= 4k 2 .

2

a

a

, , , < 1 min, .

002 (part 1 of 1) 10 points

A uniformly charged circular arc AB of radius

R is shown in the figure. It covers a quarter

of a circle and it is located in the second

quadrant. The total charge on the arc is

Q > 0.

y

s R

y

+

A

+

II

I

++

+

x

++

R

III IV

+

+

x

B

O

~

The direction of the electric field vector E

at the origin, due to the charge distribution,

is

1. in quadrant IV. correct

2. along the positive x-axis.

3. along the positive y-axis.

4. along the negative y-axis.

5. along the negative x-axis.

6. in quadrant I.

7. in quadrant III.

8. in quadrant II.

Explanation:

The electric field for a positive charge is

directed away from it. In this case, the electric

field generated by each q will be directed

into quadrant IV, so the total electric field

will be in the same quadrant.

Charge Inside a Box 02

24:02, calculus, multiple choice, < 1 min,

fixed.

003 (part 1 of 1) 10 points

A cubic box of side a, oriented as shown, contains an unknown charge. The vertically directed electric field has a uniform magnitude

E at the top surface and 2 E at the bottom

surface.

E

2E

How much charge Q is inside the box?

1. Qencl = 0

2. Qencl = 2 0 E a2

3. Qencl = 0 E a2 correct

4. Qencl =

Explanation:

Electric flux through a surface S is, by convention, positive for electric field lines going

out of the surface S and negative for lines

going in.

Here the surface is a cube and no flux goes

through the vertical sides. The top receives

top = E a2

(inward is negative) and the bottom

bottom = 2 E a2 .

The total electric flux is

E = E a2 + 2 E a2 = E a2 .

Using Gausss Law, the charge inside the box

is

Qencl = 0 E = 0 E a2 .

Concentric Conductors JMS

24:04, calculus, multiple choice, > 1 min,

fixed.

004 (part 1 of 3) 10 points

Consider a solid conducting sphere with a

radius a and charge Q1 on it. There is a

conducting spherical shell concentric to the

sphere. The shell has an inner radius b (with

b > a) and outer radius c and a net charge

Q2 on the shell. Denote the charge on the inner surface of the shell by Q02 and that on the

outer surface of the shell by Q002 .

5. Qencl = 3 0 E a2

E

0 a2

E

=

0 a2

E

=3

0 a2

7. Qencl

8. Qencl

9. Qencl = 6 0 E a2

10. insufficient information

b , Q02

Q1 , a

1

0 E a2

2

6. Qencl = 2

Q002 , c

Find the charge Q002 .

1. Q002 = Q1 + Q2 correct

2. Q002 = Q1 Q2

3. Q002 = Q2 Q1

Q2

Q1

5

point

P

k

E

4. Q002 = 2 (Q1 + Q2 )

a+b

from P to the center is r =

.

00

2

5. Q2 = 2 (Q1 Q2 )

4 k e Q1

correct

1. EP =

00

(a + b)2

6. Q2 = 2 (Q2 Q1 )

2. EP = 0

Q1 + Q 2

2

Q

Q1

2

8. Q002 =

2

Q1 Q 2

9. Q002 =

2

(Q1 + Q2 )2

10. Q002 =

Q1 Q 2

7. Q002 =

3. EP =

4. EP =

5. EP =

Explanation:

Basic Concepts: Gauss Law

Sketch a concentric Gaussian surface S

(dashed line) within the shell.

6. EP =

7. EP =

8. EP =

9. EP =

10. EP =

medium is zero, according to Gausss Law,

S =

Q02

4 k e Q2

(a + b)2

4 ke (Q1 Q2 )

(a + b)2

2 k e Q1

(a + b)2

2 k e Q2

(a + b)2

2 ke (Q1 Q2 )

(a + b)2

4 ke (Q1 + Q2 )

(a + b)2

2 ke (Q1 + Q2 )

(a + b)2

2 k e Q1 a

(a + b)3

Explanation:

Choose the spherical surface S centered at

O, which passes through P . Here,

Q1

0

Q1

EP =

4 0 r 2

k e Q1

=

r2

4 k e Q1

=

.

(a + b)2

4 r 2 EP =

Q1 + Q02

0

=0

= Q1

Q2 = Q02 + Q002 ,

so the charge on the outer surface of the shell

is

Q002 = Q2 Q02

= Q2 + Q1 .

Find the magnitude of the electric field at

Assume: The potential at r = is zero.

Find the potential VP at point P .

2 ke Q1 ke Q1 ke (Q1 + Q2 )

1. VP =

+

cora+b

b

c

rect

2. VP =

2 k e Q1

a+b

3. VP =

2 ke (Q1 Q2 )

a+b

2. W =

4. VP = 0

3. W =

2 k e Q1 k e Q2

+

a+b

c

k e Q1 k e Q2

6. VP =

a+b

b

2 k e Q1 2 k e Q2

7. VP =

a+b

b

2 k e Q1 k e Q2

8. VP =

a+b

c

2 ke Q1 ke Q1 ke (Q1 Q2 )

+

9. VP =

a+b

b

c

2 k e Q1

10. VP =

a

Explanation:

Using the superposition principle, adding

the 3 concentric charge distributions; i.e., Q1

at a, Q at b and Q1 + Q2 at c, gives

5. VP =

V =

2 ke Q1 ke Q1 ke (Q1 + Q2 )

+

.

a+b

b

c

25:01, highSchool, multiple choice, < 1 min,

fixed.

007 (part 1 of 1) 10 points

Four charges are placed at the corners of a

square of side a, with q1 = q2 = q, q3 = q4 =

+q, where q is positive. Initially there is no

charge at the center of the square.

q2 = q

q3 = +q

q4 = +q

q from infinity and place it at the center of

the square.

1. W = 0 correct

5. W =

6. W =

7. W =

8. W =

9. W =

10. W =

4 k q2

a2

2 k q2

a2

2 k q 2

a2

4 k q 2

a2

4 k q2

a

2 k q2

a

2 k q 2

a

4 k q 2

a

8 k q2

a2

Explanation:

Based on the superposition principle, the

potential at the center due to the charges at

the corners is

V = V 1 + V2 + V3 + V4

kq

=

(1 1 + 1 + 1) = 0 .

r

to the corners. The work required to bring

the charge q from infinity to the center is then

W = q V = 0.

q1 = q

4. W =

25:03, trigonometry, multiple choice, > 1 min,

wording-variable.

008 (part 1 of 2) 10 points

Two charges are located in the (x, y) plane

as shown in the figure below. The fields produced by these charges are observed at the

origin, p = (0, 0).

p

y

=

a 2 + b2 ,

x

p

r2 = r 1 = r .

7

so

b

Q

Q

a

E2

of the electric field at p.

b

b

=

r

a2 + b2

a

a

.

| cos | = =

r

a2 + b 2

| sin | =

the two charges are

(Q)

| cos()|

r12

(Q)

a

= ke 2

2

(a + b ) a2 + b2

Qa

= +ke 2

(a + b2 )3/2

Ex1 = ke

b

Q1

a

a

q

r1 = x21 + y12

p

= a 2 + b2 .

=

x22 + y22

(a)2 + b2

(+Q)

| cos()|

r22

a

(+Q)

= ke 2

(a + b2 ) a2 + b2

Qa

= ke 2

(a + b2 )3/2

Ex2 = ke

Q2

Q1

where

4 ke Q a

(a2 + b2 )3/2

4 ke Q a

3. Ex = 2

(a + b2 )3/2

2 ke Q a

4. Ex = 2

(a + b2 )3/2

2 ke Q a

5. Ex = 2

(a + b2 )3/2

ke Q a

6. Ex = 2

(a + b2 )3/2

ke Q a

7. Ex = 2

(a + b2 )3/2

2 ke Q

8. Ex = 2

a + b2

2 ke Q

9. Ex = 2

a + b2

Explanation:

Let: ke = 8.98755 109 N m2 /C2 .

2. Ex =

r2 =

E1

Q2

1. Ex = 0 correct

E x = E x1 + E x2

= 0.

Let: V = 0 at infinity.

Find the electric potential at p .

2 ke Q

correct

1. Vy =

a2 + b2

(1)

(2)

2 ke Q

2. Vy = +

a2 + b2

4 ke Q

3. Vy =

a2 + b2

4 ke Q

4. Vy =

a2 + b2

2 ke Q a

5. Vy =

a2 + b2

2 ke Q a

6. Vy =

a2 + b2

4 ke Q a

7. Vy =

a2 + b2

4 ke Q a

8. Vy =

a2 + b2

+Q

Q

a

A

is

1. C =

2. C =

9. Vy = 0

Explanation:

The potential for a point charge Q is

V = ke

Q

.

r

have

V1 = k e

Q

.

a2 + b2

V2 = k e

Q

.

a2 + b2

Vp = V 1 + V 2

ke

[Q + (Q)]

=

a2 + b2

2 ke Q

=

.

a2 + b2

3. C =

4. C =

5. C =

6. C =

7. C =

8. C =

9. C =

10. C =

ke

.

b

a

.

ke

b

.

ke

a+b

.

ke

1

.

ke (a + b)

1

.

ke (a b)

ke

.

a

1

. correct

1 1

ke

a b

ba

, .

b

2 ke ln

a

2

b

,.

4 ke ( b a)

Explanation:

Spherical Capacitor JMS

26:02, calculus, multiple choice, > 1 min,

fixed.

010 (part 1 of 1) 10 points

Given a spherical capacitor with radius of the

inner conducting sphere a and the outer shell

b. The outer shell is grounded. The charges

are +Q and Q. A point C is located at

R

r = , where R = a + b.

2

V = Va Vb

1 1

0

= ke Q

a b

since Vb is grounded. The charge on the

inside of the shell doesnt affect the grounded

potential.

The capacitance of this spherical capacitor

is

Q2

A.

0 d

Explanation:

8. V 0 =

C=

Q

V

1 1

ke Q

a b

1

.

=

1 1

ke

a b

=

26:05, calculus, multiple choice, < 1 min,

fixed.

011 (part 1 of 2) 10 points

Consider an air-filled parallel plate capacitor with plate area A and gap width d. The

plate charge is Q.

Subsequent to full charging of the capacitor, the battery is disconnected.

Now, the gap is filled with of dielectric of

dielectric constant .

d

+Q

Q

of the dielectric is given by

1. V 0 =

0

2. V =

3. V 0 =

4. V 0 =

5. V 0 =

6. V 0 =

7. V 0 =

Q2

d.

0 A

Q

d.

0 A

QA

d.

0

Q

A.

0 d

Q2

A.

0

Q2

d.

0 A

Q

d . correct

0 A

V0 =

V

Ed

Q

=

=

d

0 A

The energy within the gap in the presence of

the dielectric is given by

Q2

A.

2 0 d

Q2

2. U 0 =

d.

2 0 A

Q2

d . correct

3. U 0 =

2 0 A

Q2

d.

4. U 0 =

2 0 A

Q

5. U 0 =

d.

0 A

Q

6. U 0 =

d.

0 A

Q

A.

7. U 0 =

0 d

Q

8. U 0 =

d.

0 A

Explanation:

1. U 0 =

U0 =

Q2

Q2

Q2

=

=

d.

2 C0

2 0 A

2 d0 A

, , , < 1 min, .

013 (part 1 of 2) 10 points

A 75 W bulb is connected to a 120 V source.

1. 0.466667 A

2. 0.506306 A

3. 0.561789 A

10

9. 208 correct

4. 0.608182 A

10. 212.982

Explanation:

5. 0.625 A correct

Rtotal = R + R1 ,

6. 0.645669 A

V = I1 Rtotal = I1 R + I1 R1

7. 0.653043 A

so that

V

V I1 R

=

R

I1

I1

120 V

=

192

0.3 A

= 208 .

8. 0.670588 A

R1 =

9. 0.696581 A

10. 0.705385 A

Explanation:

and

The current is

I=

P

75 W

=

= 0.625 A .

V

120 V

J/s

J C

C

W

=

= = =A

V

J/C

s J

s

014 (part 2 of 2) 10 points

A lamp dimmer puts a resistance in series

with the bulb.

What resistance would be needed to reduce

the current to 0.3 A?

1. 32.7125

28:02, highSchool, multiple choice, > 1 min,

normal.

015 (part 1 of 1) 10 points

Four resistors are connected as shown in the

figure.

c

50

10

a

90 V

30

Given : P = 75 W ,

V = 120 V.

and

7

d

S1

1. 31.5686 correct

2. 45.0553

2. 33.3855

3. 57.0368

3. 34.4127

4. 58.2651

4. 36.0099

5. 92.1429

5. 37.6052

6. 120.044

6. 38.1779

7. 122.723

7. 38.9958

8. 132.777

8. 39.4313

R12

9. 40.046

10. 42.0635

Explanation:

R3

b

R4

Given : R1

R2

R3

R4

EB

the equivalent resistance

= 10 ,

= 30 ,

= 50 ,

= 70 ,

= 90 V .

R123 = R12 + R3

= 7.5 + 50

= 57.5 .

and

R123

a

R1

R3

R4

R4

S1

Ohms law is V = I R .

A good rule of thumb is to eliminate junctions connected by zero resistance.

R1

R2

R2

EB

a

d

11

R3

b

R4

the equivalent resistance

1

1

1

R2 + R 1

=

+

=

R12

R1 R2

R1 R2

R1 R2

R12 =

R1 + R 2

(10 ) (30 )

=

10 + 30

= 7.5 .

gives the equivalent resistance

1

1

R4 + R123

1

=

+

=

Rab

R123 R4

R123 R4

R123 R4

Rab =

R123 + R4

(57.5 ) (70 )

=

57.5 + 70

= 31.5686 .

or combining the above steps, the equivalent

resistance is

R1 R2

+ R 3 R4

R1 + R 2

Rab =

R1 R2

+ R3 + R4

R + R2

1

(10 ) (30 )

+ 50 (70 )

10 + 30

=

(10 ) (30 )

+ 50 + 70

10 + 30

= 31.5686 .

a

EB

Rab

12

RC Circuit 02

28:04, calculus, multiple choice, < 1 min,

fixed.

016 (part 1 of 2) 10 points

Consider the circut below, which consists of

two conducting loops.

R2 .

3. i1 =

circuit 2.

R2

C

R1

E

2. i1 =

E

through R1 and zero through

R1

E

E

through R1 and i2 =

in

R1

R2

both circuits.

5. zero through R1 and i2 =

correct

E

through R2 .

R2

6. impossible to calculate

After the switch S is closed, the current

through resistor R2 is,

1. oscillating with constant amplitude.

2. from right to left through R2 .

3. zero at all times.

E (R1 + R2 )

R1 R2

E

9. i1 = i2 =

R1 + R 2

8. i1 = i2 =

10. infinite

5. from left to right through R2 . correct

6. Exponentially increasing

7. Exponentially damping

8. not well defined

9. impossible to calculate

10. Increasing linearly

Explanation:

Since the potential drop across resistor R2

is fixed to be E after the switch is closed, the

current is also a fixed value and the direction

is from left to right on R2 .

017 (part 2 of 2) 10 points

After the switch S has been closed for a very

long time, the currents in the two circuits are

Explanation:

As mentioned above, the current in R2 remains unchanged to be RE2 , while for R1 , after

a long time, the current in the circuit tends

to an equilibrium state, namely the capacitor doesnt get charged or release charge any

more. There is no current through the capacitor as well as resistor R1 after a long time.

Charged Particle in a FieldJMS

29:02, trigonometry, multiple choice, > 1 min,

fixed.

018 (part 1 of 2) 10 points

A particle of mass m and charge q starts from

rest at the origin (point A in the figure below).

Y

where point C is any point on the path, with

coordinates (x , y).

G

C

A

13

1. W = q E x

p

2. W = q E x2 + y 2

3. W = q B x

~ in the

There is a uniform electric field E

positive y-direction and a uniform magnetic

~ directed towards the reader. It can

field B

be shown that the path is a cycloid whose

radius of curvature at the top point is twice

the y-coordinate at that level.

What is the relation between kinetic energy

of the charge at points A and B?

1. The kinetic energy of the particle at point

B is the same as it was at point A. correct

2. The kinetic energy of the particle at point

B is larger than the energy at point A.

3. The kinetic energy of the particle at point

B is smaller than the energy at point A.

4. The relationship between the kinetic energy of the particle at point A and at point

B cannot be determined by the information

given.

4. W = q B y

p

5. W = q B x2 + y 2

6. W = q E y correct

7. W = q E y + q B x

8. W = q B y + q E x

p

9. W = q (E + B) x2 + y 2

10. W = 0

Explanation:

Because the magnetic force does not do any

work on the particle, the net work is done by

the conservative electric force; i.e.,

W = Fe y = q E y ,

hence, any discussion regarding energy is

meaningless.

~ as the particle reaches the

the direction of E

point C.

Explanation:

When the particle has reached point B, its

~ is zero.

displacement in the direction of E

Therefore the net work done by the conservative electric force is zero. The magnetic force

never does any work. Therefore the workenergy theorem, (W = K) says that the

kinetic energy of the particle at point B must

be the same as it was at point A. Thus at B

the particle is again at rest.

, , , < 1 min, .

020 (part 1 of 1) 10 points

Note: The conventional Cartesian notation of

(a unit vector along the positive x axis),

(a unit vector along the positive y axis), and

k (a unit vector along the positive z axis), is

used.

Given a current segment which flows along

the edges of a cube as shown in the figure.

The cube has sides of length a. The current

flows along the path A C D E G.

~ = B .

There is a uniform magnetic field B

How much is the work done by the external

B

Top View

a

B

14

a

G

x

a

b = correct

1. F

b = k

2. F

b =

3. F

b =

4. F

b =

5. F

b = k

6. F

force is zero.

b = 1

8. F

k

2

b

k

9. F =

2

b = 1

10. F

+ k

2

Explanation:

Note: The current in wire segment CD

flows in the direction and the current in wire

Refer to the following sketch when reading

the explanation

~

b F of the resulFind the direction F

~k

kF

tant magnetic force on the current segment

ACDEG.

B

B

~ mag = I ~` B

~.

F

The vector ~` is given by the sum of the

current segments

~` =

AC + CD + DE + EG ,

The magnitude is given by

~ ' ~` B

~

F

()

' ( k)

= ( ) (k )

= 0

b = .

F

Magnetic Field from an Arc JMS

30:01, calculus, multiple choice, > 1 min,

wording-variable.

021 (part 1 of 1) 10 points

Consider two radial legs (extending to in20

circular arc carfinity) and a connecting

23

rying a current I as shown below.

y

wire, we have

I

I

20

23

r

x

I

I

field BO (at the origin O) due to the current

through this path?

5 0 I

0 I

+

correct

23 r

2r

0 I

5 0 I

+

2. BO =

23 r

4r

5 0 I

0 I

3. BO =

+

23 r

2r

5 0 I

0 I

4. BO =

+

23 r

4r

0 I

5 0 I

+

5. BO =

23 r

2r

2 0 I

0 I

+

6. BO =

23 r

2r

2 0 I

0 I

7. BO =

+

23 r

4r

2 0 I

0 I

8. BO =

+

23 r

2r

0 I

2 0 I

+

9. BO =

23 r

4r

2 0 I

0 I

10. BO =

+

23 r

2r

Explanation:

Note: The magnetic field at BO for the

entire path points in the same direction.

The two straight wire segments produce

the same magnetic field at BO as a single long

straight wire. Using Amperes law, for the

magnetic field a distance r from a straight

1. BO =

15

~ d~s = 0 I

B

B ds = 0 I

I

B ds = 0 I

B 2 r = 0 I , so

0 I

BO =

.

2r

(1)

Biot-Savart law, where |d~s r| = ds = r d .

The magnetic field at at the center of an

arc with a current I is

Z

d~s r

0 I

BO =

4

r2

Z

0 I

ds

=

4 r2

Z

0 I

=

r d

4 r2

Z 20

23

0 I

=

d

4r 0

20

0 I 23

=

4 r 0

0 I

20

=

0

4 r 23

5 0 I

=

.

(2)

23 r

The magnetic field at BO for the entire path

is the sum of Eqs. 2 and 1.

BO =

5 0 I

0 I

+

23 r

2r

Off Centered Hole

30:03, calculus, numeric, > 1 min, wordingvariable.

022 (part 1 of 1) 10 points

A total current of 50 mA flows through an

infinitely long cylinder of radius r = 4 cm

which has an infinitely long cylindrical hole

r

through it of diameter r centered at along

2

the x-axis (as in figure 1).

16

r

x

field at a distance of 12 cm along the positive x-axis? Assume that the magnitude of

the current density is the same in the cylinder and in the hole and that the currents in

the cylinder and the hole flow in opposite directions with respect to each other.

1. 1.40851 108 T

2. 2.33987 108 T

3. 4.25256 108 T

4. 5.32468 108 T

5. 5.88477 108 T

6. 7.08751 108 T

7. 7.77778 108 T correct

8. 8.64532 108 T

9. 1.14872 107 T

10. 1.19632 107 T

Explanation:

Basic Concepts: Magnetic Field due to a

Long Cylinder

0 I

B =

.

2r

Principle of Superposition.

Solution: Our goal is to model the given situation, which is complex and lacks symmetry,

by adding together the fields from combinations of simpler current configurations which

together match the given current distribution.

The combination of the currents in Fig. 2 will

do so if we choose Icyl and Ihole correctly.

I cyl

r

Ihole

I

density J =

is constant. Then

A

J = Icyl Acyl = Ihole Ahole .

r2

. Thus

Clearly, Acyl = r2 , and Ahole =

4

Icyl

.

Ihole =

4

Note: The minus sign means Ihole is flowing

in the direction opposite Icyl and I, as it must

if it is going to cancel with Icyl to model the

hole.

We also require I = Icyl + Ihole . We then

4

1

have Icyl = I, and Ihole = I. With these

3

3

currents, the combination of the two cylinders

in figure 2 gives the same net current and

current distribution as the conductor in our

problem.

The magnetic fields are

4

I

0

3

Bcyl =

2

x

1

0 I

3

Bhole =

.

2 (x r/2)

Thus the total magnetic field is

Btotal = Bcyl + Bhole

1

0 I 4

=

6 x x r

2

0 I 3 x 2 r

=

6 x x r

2

7

(4 10 T m/A) (50 mA)

=

6

17

10. 0.000600358 V

Explanation:

Basic Concept:

(4 cm)

(12 cm) (12 cm)

Motional emf

2

E = Blv

= 7.77778 108 T .

For a point on the bar, the velocity with

which the point moves changes linearly with

the distance from the point to the rotation

Rotating Metal Bar 02

center. So, the effective velocity for the whole

31:02, calculus, numeric, > 1 min, normal.

bar equals:

023 (part 1 of 1) 10 points

l

A metal bar spins at a constant rate in the

vef f =

magnetic field of the Earth as in Figure. The

2

2f l

rotation occurs in a region where the compo=

nent of the Earths magnetic field perpendic2

ular to the plane of rotation is 3.3 105 T.

= 7.85398 m/s ,

The bar is 1 m in length and its angular speed

and the induced emf in the bar is

is 5 .

B in

E = B l vef f

= 0.000259181 V .

dr

l

the ends of the bar is:

V = E

= 0.000259181 V .

1. 2.86804 105 V

2. 7.05979 105 V

3. 8.13233 105 V

4. 0.000141863 V

5. 0.000162982 V

31:03, calculus, multiple choice, > 1 min,

fixed.

024 (part 1 of 1) 10 points

A bar of negligible resistance and mass m in

the figure below is pulled horizontally across

frictionless parallel rails, also of negligible resistance, by a massless string that passes over

an ideal pulley and is attached to a suspended

mass M . The uniform magnetic field has a

magnitude B, and the distance between the

rails is `. The rails are connected at one end

by a load resistor R. Use g.

m

6. 0.00022808 V

7. 0.000252191 V

8. 0.000259181 V correct

9. 0.000461814 V

What is the magnitude of the terminal velocity (i.e., the eventual steady-state speed

v ) reached by the bar?

1. v =

2. v =

3. v =

4. v =

5. v =

6. v =

7. v =

8. v =

9. v =

10. v =

M gR

`B

M gR

correct

`2 B 2

M gR

` B2

M gR

`2 B

M g R2

`2 B 2

M g R2

` B2

M g R2

`2 B

M g R2

`B

M 2 g 2 R2

`2 B 2

M 2 g2 R

`B

18

m

a

T

T

a

Fm

Fg

Fg = M g = F m = ` I B

(1)

Mg

(2)

`B

To find the induced current, we use Ohms law

d

and substitute in the induced emf, E =

dt

I=

I=

|E|

1 d

=

R

R dt

(3)

the induced emf E because we will eventually evaluate the magnitude of the terminal

velocity. The flux is = BA. So

dA

d

=B

= B `v

dt

dt

Explanation:

Basic Concepts:

(4)

B `v

(5)

R

Using (2) and (5) and noting that v is the

terminal velocity v

I=

~ g = M ~g

F

~ m = I ~` B

~

F

Mg

B ` v

=

.

`B

R

~ net = (M + m) ~a = F

~g F

~m

F

velocity v

E =IR=

d B

dt

~ A

~

B = B

E = B`v

Solution: It follows from Lenzs law that the

magnetic force opposes the motion of the bar.

When the wire acquires steady-state speed,

the gravitational force Fg is counter-balanced

by the magnetic force Fm (see figure below):

v =

M gR

.

`2 B 2

(6)

(7)

32:05, calculus, multiple choice, < 1 min,

fixed.

025 (part 1 of 2) 10 points

Consider the LC circuit shown below. Switch

S is initially open, and the capacitor has a

charge Qm on its plates. At t=0 the switch is

closed.

C

Qm

What will be the total energy U as a function

of time?

Q2m

correct

2C

2

t

Qm

cos

=

2C

LC

2

Qm

2

cos t LC

=

2C

2

Qm

t

=

exp

2C

LC

2

t

Qm

=

1 exp

2C

LC

Q2m

=

C

1

=

LC

Q2m

=

4C

2 Q2m

=

C

= LC

1. U =

2. U

capacitor as a function of time?

Qm

t

2

1. UC =

correct

cos

2C

LC

2

Qm

t

2

2. UC =

sin

C

LC

2

Q

3. UC = m

2C

2

t

Qm

exp

4. UC =

2C

LC

t

Qm

5. UC =

1 exp

2C

LC

2

Qm

6. UC =

cos t LC

2C

2

Qm

t

2

7. UC =

sin

2C

LC

2

Qm

t

2

8. UC =

cos

C

rLC!

2

Qm

L

sin2 t

9. UC =

2C

C

2

Qm

t

10. UC =

cos

2C

LC

Explanation:

Solution: The charge on the capacitor in

the L C circuit satisfies

1

d2 Q

=

Q

dt2

LC

The solution is

t

Q = Qm cos

LC

where Qm is the initial charge on the capacitor. Thus the energy is given by

Q2

Q2m

t

2

Uc =

=

cos

2C

2C

LC

19

3. U

4. U

5. U

6. U

7. U

8. U

9. U

10. U

Explanation:

This is just the sum of Part 1 and Part 2:

U = U L + Uc

Q2m

t

t

2

2

=

cos

+ sin

2C

LC

LC

2

Q

= m.

2C

34:03, trigonometry, multiple choice, > 1 min,

fixed.

027 (part 1 of 2) 10 points

A point light source delivers a time-averaged

power P . It radiates light isotropically. A

piece of small flat surface is placed at D, which

is a distance r away. This piece has a cross

1

of the

section Asurf . The surface reflects

4

3

light and absorbs of the light. Assume the

4

light hitting the various parts of the surface is

perpendicular to them.

r

Point

source

the surface is given by:

1. u = 4 r 2

P

c

P

c

P

3. u = Asurf

c

P

correct

4. u =

4 c r2

P

5. u =

c Asurf

2. u = r2

6. u = 4 r 2 P

7. u = r2 P

8. u = Asurf P

P

Asurf

P

10. u =

4 r2

Explanation:

Basic Concepts EM Wave

The time-averaged energy density at D is

given by

I

P

u= =

.

c

4 r2 c

9. u =

Find the total time-averaged force on the surface in terms of the intensity I of the light at

D.

Asurf I

c

7 4I

2. F =

4 c

1. F =

20

3 Asurf I

2c

7 Asurf I

4. F =

4c

2 Asurf I

5. F =

c

4I

6. F =

c

5 4I

7. F =

4 c

3 4I

8. F =

2 c

5 Asurf I

correct

9. F =

4c

4I

10. F = 2

c

Explanation:

The time-average force is

3. F =

F = Pressure Asurf

= Fabs + Frefl

3

1

=

u + 2 u Asurf

4

4

= 5 Asurf I

4c

Diamond Critical Angle

35:07, calculus, numeric, > 1 min, normal.

029 (part 1 of 1) 10 points

Assume:

Refraction index for diamond

ndiamond = 2.419 .

The smallness of the critical angle c for diamond means that light is easily trapped

within a diamond and eventually emerges

from the many cut faces. This makes a diamond more brilliant than stones with smaller

n and larger c . Traveling inside a diamond, a

light ray is incident on the interface between

diamond and air.

What is the critical angle for total internal

reflection?

1. 20.9248

2. 21.1623

3. 21.9091

4. 22.9934

5. 23.4786

6. 24.4182

7. 24.7343

8. 25.7715

9. 26.5148

4.

10. 28.1446

Explanation:

Basic Concept: Critical angle c for total

internal reflection

n2

sin c =

.

n1

Solution: For diamond, the critical angle

1

.

2.419

c = 24.4182 .

Image of a Cat JMS

36:02, trigonometry, multiple choice, > 1 min,

normal.

030 (part 1 of 1) 10 points

A cat is a distance d = 15 cm from a thin

converging lens with focal length f = 10 cm.

d

correct

9. d + f

10.

2

2

+

d

f

Explanation:

Basic Concepts:

1 1

1

h0

q

+ =

m=

=

p q

f

h

p

Converging Lens

f >0

>p> f

f >p> 0

f <q<

0 > m >

< q < 0

>m> 1

Diverging Lens

>p> 0

f <q< 0

0>f

0 <m< 1

1

1

1

+ 0 = ,

s s

f

lens

cat due only to this lens?

1

1

f

d

1

1

1

5.

d

f

d

6. q

2

2

( f1 ) + ( d1 )

1

7.

df

1

2

2

8.

f

d

correct

sin c =

21

1

1

1

1.

+

f

d

1

2.

f d

f

3. q

2

2

( f1 ) + ( d1 )

which would be:

1

1 1

x=

f

d

1

1

1

=

10 cm 15 cm

= 30 cm

MultiSlits JMS

37:04, trigonometry, multiple choice, < 1 min,

wording-variable.

031 (part 1 of 1) 10 points

Given: The setup of a six slit diffraction

experiment shown in the figure.

1

22

E4

E5

E3

E6

E2

2

3

4

5

6

E1

L

Figure: Not drawn to scale.

Find the path difference difference between

two rays from adjacent slits which gives rise

to the first minimum.

1. =

2. =

3. =

4. =

5. =

6. =

7. =

8. =

1

correct

6

1

4

1

5

2

5

3

4

3

5

2

3

1

9. = 2

The first minimum occurs when the six phasor vectors of the six rays in the phasor diagram form a closed hexagon. Thus, the relative phas angle between the adjacent phasor

vectors is given by

=

1

360

= 60 = ,

6

3

=

1

1

=

= .

2

2 3

6

37:06, calculus, multiple choice, > 1 min,

fixed.

032 (part 1 of 2) 10 points

Let us do the air wedge problem without making the approximation that the index of refraction of air is unity. Let the wavelength

of the incident light waves in the vacuum be

vac . As shown in the figure, denote the index of refraction of the glass as n1 and that of

air as n2 . The height of the thin wedge at the

point of interest is h.

1

10. =

n1

h

Explanation:

Basic Concept: Light Interference

n2

paper

The phase angle difference between reflected rays # 1 and # 2 due to their path

difference is given by

4

h.

n1 vac

4 n1

h.

2. path =

vac

4 n1

3. path =

h.

n2 vac

4 n2

h . correct

4. path =

vac

4

5. path =

h.

n2 vac

2 n2

h.

6. path =

vac

2 n1

h.

7. path =

vac

2 n1

h.

8. path =

n2 vac

2

h.

9. path =

n1 vac

2

10. path =

h.

n2 vac

Explanation:

The wavelength in air is related to the wavelength in the vacuum by

1. path =

air =

vac

.

n2

= 2 h by

air

2 h n2

= 2

vac

4 n2

h.

=

vac

path = 2

If the maximum phase difference due to the

path difference is 40 radians, what is the total

number of dark fringes, including the dark

fringe at zero separation along the point of

contact?

1. Ntotal = 13

2. Ntotal = 5

23

3. Ntotal = 6

4. Ntotal = 8

5. Ntotal = 9

6. Ntotal = 10

7. Ntotal = 11

8. Ntotal = 12

9. Ntotal = 7 correct

10. Ntotal = 14

Explanation:

Since theres a phase change at the air

glass interface, the total phase difference is

= path + .

Generally, destructive interference occurs

when

(2n 1) = path + ,

n = 1, 2, 3 .

satisfied by n = 1.

So the above expression includes the minimum at zero separation. Now, the maximum

number of dark fringes, N , for path = 40 rad

can be found by considering

(2N 1) max = 40 + .

Solving for N yields

N

40

+ 1.

2

40

N = int

+ 1 = 7.

2

Dark Fringe Position

38:02, trigonometry, multiple choice, > 1 min,

wording-variable.

034 (part 1 of 1) 10 points

15

S2

minimum in the diffraction pattern.

Solution: The first minimum is at = 2 ,

where = 2 = 2 , where = is the

phase difference of the two rays for destructive

interference.

The fifth minimum occurs at = 10 ,

which corresponds to a path difference between two end rays

viewing

screen

S1

y5

sin = tan .

Consider the setup of a single slit experiment.

24

minimum occurs.

L

correct

a

11 L

2. y5 =

2 a

L

3. y5 = 6

a

13 L

4. y5 =

2 a

L

5. y5 = 7

a

15 L

6. y5 =

2 a

9 L

7. y5 =

2 a

L

8. y5 = 4

a

7 L

9. y5 =

2 a

L

10. y5 = 3

a

Explanation:

Basic Concepts: Light Diffraction

2

sin

I

2 ,

=

I0

2

where the minima are at

= , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , , or

2

= 2 , 4 , 6 , 8 , 10 , 12 , ,

= 2m,

10

=

2

= 5

=

a

y5

=

L

y5 = L

a

L

=5

,

a

1. y5 = 5

where k

2

.

Beam Intensity

38:06, calculus, multiple choice, < 1 min,

fixed.

035 (part 1 of 1) 10 points

An unpolarized light beam with intensity of

I0 passes through 2 polarizers shown in the

picture.

Unpolarized

light

Polarizer

E0

Analyzer

Transmission

axis

E 0 cos

Polarized

lihgt

the second polarizer?

1.

1

I0

16

3

2. I0 correct

8

1

3. I0

8

3

4. I0

16

1

5. I0

4

5

6. I0

16

7

7. I0

16

1

8. I0

2

9

9. I0

16

5

10. I0

8

Explanation:

The beam intensity after the first polarizer

is

I1 =

I0

2

transmitted (polarized) light. Thus the beam

intensity after the second polarizer is

25

ordinary light sources, is generated with very

well-defined phase (the laser light is coherent),

which of the above setups will produce an

interference pattern on the screen?

Note: the light bulb emits monochromatic

(one-colored) light.

1. (a) (b) and (c) correct

2. (a) and (b)

3. (c) and (d)

I = I1 cos2

I0

cos2 (30 )

=

2

3 I0

=

8

5. (a) and (c)

6. (a) (b) and (d)

7. (a) (c) and (d)

38:99, trigonometry, multiple choice, < 1 min,

fixed.

036 (part 1 of 1) 10 points

For this problem, consider a screen illuminated by various combinations of slits and

light sources, as described by the following

diagram:

9. all of them

10. none of them

Explanation:

Laser light is coherent. Consequently, ap-

plying simple double and single slits to it

will not destroy its coherence. Consequently,

both (a) and (b) will produce intereference

patterns.

Similarly, by filtering the light through a

single slit apparatus, one constrains the path

of the light from the light bulb to the screen.

This makes the light leaving the single slit

coherent. Consequently, when this newly coherent light passes through the double slit, an

intereference pattern will result. If one only

looks at light of a given wavelength, the pattern will be very similar to that generated by

passing laser light through a double slit.

When the single slit is not availible to filter

the light, however, the phases of the light bulb

light hitting the double slit are essentially

random. Consequently, any effect due to path

differences is washed out by this randomness,

and no pattern is observed.

Therefore, the correct answer is (a) (b) and

(c).

26

- 7. Circuits ProblemsЗагружено:Haolin Sun
- Transformer Test ReportЗагружено:ashwani2101
- TRK 1P RepairManualЗагружено:douglare
- PHY2_Jan06_MARKЗагружено:api-3743896
- Bab 4Загружено:Luqman Hakim
- PPIInfo Fl Corner FEIM2 PP16ElectricCircuitsЗагружено:Danico Balane
- 10661chap 1 QuestionsЗагружено:Dia Wadhawan
- Yearly Lesson Plan Form 4Загружено:Nor Hasimah Ismail
- 1285971961 CBSE PastYearPaper X Science 20070Загружено:uditagarwal1997
- tips-4-p6-examЗагружено:bitch
- Chapter 1Загружено:NurulJannah AR
- Light P1Загружено:Monsur Monsur
- Calculable Cross CapacitorЗагружено:nova1234
- Wave Optics Theory MMЗагружено:phultushibls
- Foundrax_BRINscopeЗагружено:Santosh Kumar
- Electrical Revision 09Загружено:VarshLok
- Chapter 2Загружено:yikamnn
- Eamcet - 2014 SolЗагружено:Raghunath Rangaraju
- Phycies Exam RevisionЗагружено:Akshay Akku
- Earthing CalculationЗагружено:domieneilsalas
- A brief introduction to optical fibresЗагружено:G Gurunadha Reddy
- Call 9463138669 - Anand Classes : Sainik School/RIMC/RMS Exam Coaching Center In JalandharЗагружено:Neeraj Anand
- 6ES75317NF000AB0 Datasheet EnЗагружено:Ali Hadi
- QP_Answer Key NTSE Stage 1 2016-17 Gujarat (SAT).pdfЗагружено:vikas aggarwal
- Electricity MCQЗагружено:miabomb
- RestЗагружено:srideva phani chellapilla
- MARKING SCHEME KOLABORASI.docxЗагружено:Juaie Rizaldy
- CBSE Class 12 Physics Notes - Ray Optics and Optical InstrumentsЗагружено:Ashida Ajmal
- LET Reviewer 4Загружено:jovan amihan
- 2mzEe1g5BWhLbBi7aheDЗагружено:Ajit Kumar

- Gibbs Isotherm PptЗагружено:Sabharish Murali
- CHAP3 (for students 2016).pdfЗагружено:Mu Ji
- Landsat 8 Image ProcessingЗагружено:Manichandra Sanoujam
- Expo-Log Functions ApplicationsЗагружено:Kella Ortega
- tmpC320.tmpЗагружено:Frontiers
- RusoЗагружено:Leonardo Muñoz
- nphys3742Загружено:Himadri Chakraborti
- Thermal Oligomerization of CardanolЗагружено:aurelio@moreira
- Guide to Rheological NomenclatureЗагружено:Kerem Alev Zenginoğlu
- Electricity Lesson PlanЗагружено:Suta Pinatih
- Cle201 Engineering-mechanics Th 1.01 Ac19Загружено:netgalaxy2010
- 1-Sample Preparation, Mud Density and RheologiesЗагружено:Clint Patrick
- Bending Induced StressesЗагружено:Hossam T Abdel-aziz
- Molecules 18 2013Загружено:Mario Juan Simirgiotis
- AICTE Model Curriculum Ist YearЗагружено:Pushpendra Shukla
- oЗагружено:Julius Rey Baniqued
- e 01 Mean ActivityЗагружено:Lân Võ Thành
- Deep Drawing SteelsЗагружено:Awais Tunio
- Rotate a PointЗагружено:anveshkk04
- Experiment on No EmissionЗагружено:Anand Kumar
- Chm121 Module 1Загружено:Dan Lewa
- Photo-catalysis Using Titanium Dioxide Nanotube LayersЗагружено:Florentin Dumitru
- PhysRevX.6.031007Загружено:SuryaMohan
- 31272Загружено:Mario Misael Machado Lòpez
- Mains Test 3Загружено:SagarDalvi
- Fuel EnergizerЗагружено:Suri Suresh
- Sam Fischer Honours Thesis.pdfЗагружено:Anonymous SxtNKJI6C
- Acids and Bases (Muy Bueno)Загружено:Doc Khem
- Chp. 6 Appl of Calculus to Physical WorldЗагружено:Fennelstratocaster
- Effect of Untreated Wollastonite on Mechanical Properties of Nylon6Загружено:Editor IJRITCC

## Гораздо больше, чем просто документы.

Откройте для себя все, что может предложить Scribd, включая книги и аудиокниги от крупных издательств.

Отменить можно в любой момент.