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2.

For the assembly shown: Bar AB is an annular cylinder of length 70 mm, inner
radius 20 mm and outer radius 30 mm. The total mass of the cylinder is 0.3 kg. Bar
CD is welded to the cylinder at its midpoint. It is a slender bar of length 100 mm and
mass 0.2 kg. At point C a particle of mass 0.05 kg is attached. At point D a particle
of mass 0.05 kg is attached. (a) What is the moment of inertia of the assembly
about the x-axis? (b) What is the moment of inertia of the assembly about the yaxis. (c) What is the moment of inertia of the assembly about the z-axis? (d) What
is the moment of inertia of the assembly about axis parallel to the z-axis located at
point B?
To find all the moment of inertia for the figure shown use table 2.1 on page 55 of the
textbook.
A) Find the moment of inertia for the x-axis.
The equation for this is:

x + I x particle 1 + I x particle 2
I x =I xcylinder + I

How to solve the moment of inertia for the cylinder, break the cylinder into
two parts which are the solid part and the part missing:

I cylinder =I solid cylinder I missing part

Since the cylinder is not whole we need to find the mass for the outer part of
the cylinder and also the inner part. How we do that we need t solve for the
density first. The equation for that is:

m
m
0.3
kg
=
=
=2728.37 3
2
2
2
2
v ( r o r i ) L ( ( .03 ) ( 0.2 ) )(0.07)
m

Now we have to solve for the mass :

mo= r o2 L=( 2728.37 ) ( 0.032 ) ( 0.07 )=0.54 kg


mi= r i2 L= (2728.37 ) ( 0.022 ) ( 0.07 )=0.24 kg
Now we can solve for the moment of inertia for the x-axis :

I x cylinder = 1 mo r 02 1 mi r i2= 1 ( 0.54 ) ( 0.03 2) 1 ( 0.24 ) ( 0.022 ) =1.95104 kgm2


2
2
2
2

x =

)(

1
1
2
2
4
2
mb Lb = ( .2 ) ( .1 ) =1.66710 kgm
12
12
I

Since the particle has no moment around its central axis it equals zero but
since we are using parallel axis theorem the mass between two axes stay:

I x particles=2 mp d p2=2 ( 0.05 ) ( 0.052 ) =2.5104 kgm2


The reason why we put the two in the front is because the particles have the
same mass and are equal distance from the center so it easiest to multiply it
by two. Now to solve for moment of inertia of the x axis:

I x =( 1.95104 ) + ( 1.667104 ) + ( 2.5104 )=6.117104 kgm 2


B) Find the moment of inertia for the y-axis.
Now we solve moment around the y as we did for the moment around the x
but some of the equations will differ which you can see on table 2.1.

y + I y particle 1 + I y particle 2
I y =I ycylinder + I

We solve for each part of the equation just like in part A:

I cylinder = m ( 3 r 2+ L2 ) = m o ( 3 r o2 + L2 ) mi ( 3 r i2+ L2 ) = .54 ( 3 ( .032 ) + ( 0.072 ) ) 0.24 ( 3 ( 0.022 ) + ( 0.07 2 ) )=2.04


12
12
12
12
12
L
2

0.07
2

I ycylinder =I ycylinder +(m omi )


The moment of the bar:

y + m b L2=0+ ( 0.2 ) ( 0.12) =2103 kgm2


y = I
I
The moment of the particles, we are going to put them together again:

I y particles= I y particles + 2m p L2=0+2 ( 0.05 ) ( 0.072 ) =4.9104 kgm 2


Now we can solve for the moment of the y axis:

I y =( 5.715104 ) + ( 2103 ) + ( 4.9104 )=3.0615103 kgm2


C) Find The moment of inertia of the z-axis:

z + I z particle 1 + I z particle 2
I z=I z cylinder + I

We found the moment of inertia equation for each part of the equation above
in the table 2.1 in the book.
4

I z cylinder =5.71510 kgm

The moment of inertia about the z-axis is the same for the moment of inertia
about the y-axis because from table 2.1 the equations are the same. I you are
wondering what the equation is look back to part b.
Now for the moment of the bar:

0.05
( 2)
2 +(0.2)(0.07 2)=1.06103 kgm2
1
1
z = mb ( 2 d 2) + mb L2= (0.2)
12
12
I

Finally the moment of the particle and as always the moment of the particle
is zero but we still have the distances between the two axes.
22

22

I z particles = I z particles +2 m p L + d =0+ ( 0.05 ) ( 0.07 + 0.05 )=3.710 kgm


2

Now the reason for the square root at the end of this equation because we
have to use Pythagoras theorem to find the distance from the particle to the
z-axis.
Now to put it all together:
4

I z=5.71510 + 1.0610 +3. 710 =2.001510 kgm

D) For the final step of this problem we need to find the moment of inertia of the
axis parallel to the z-axis at point B.
Point B can be found in the slender bar. Now the equation for the moment is:

z , B + I z , B particle 1+ I z , B particle 2
I z , B=I z ,B cylinder + I

For the cylinder part it will equal the exact same equation as it did in part B
and part C so the answer will not change.

I z , B=5.715104 kgm2
For the bar the distance between the two axes will equal zero since the point
B is in the bar.

2 ( 0.052 ) =8.33105 kgm2


1
1
z , B + m b L2= mb ( 2 d 2) + 0= ( 0.2)
12
12

z , B =I
I
Now for the particle the only thing we have is the distances between the two
axes.

I z , B particles = I z , B particles +2 mp d 2=0+2 ( 0.05 ) ( 0.05 2 )=2.5104 kgm 2


Now put all the parts together:

I z , B=( 5.71 5104 ) + ( 8.33105 ) + ( 2.5104 )=9.048104 kgm2