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DIVINE WORD SCHOOL OF THEOLOGY

Tagaytay City

ANIMATING YOUTH SPIRITUALITY:

JOURNEYING ON THE ROAD TO EMMAUS TOWARDS AN ENCOUNTER WITH CHRIST

A Research Paper Presented to The Faculty of Theology

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Ecclesiastical Program

Rev. Fr. Wilfredo Saniel, SVD Moderator

by

Efren P. Montoya Jr.

II - AB Theology Diocese of San Pablo

INTRODUCTION

CONTENTS

1. Background of the Study

1

2. Statement of the Problem

2

3. Methodology

2

A. THE FILIPINO CHRISTIAN YOUTH TODAY

3

1. In the Family

3

2. In the Church

5

3. In the Society

6

B. THE ROAD TO EMMAUS: THE YOUTH IN BIBLICAL PERSPECTIVE

7

1. The Two Disciples and the Youth: Confused and Disappointed

8

2. True Happiness and Enlightenment through the Scriptures

10

3. Acknowledging and Meeting Jesus Christ in the Meal

12

C. ANIMATION OF THE CHRISTIAN YOUTH SPIRITUALITY

13

1. The Phases of the Encounter

14

2. The Youth in Encountering Christ

16

CONCLUSION

18

BIBLIOGRAPHY

20

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1. Background of the Study

INTRODUCTION

The biblical story that took place in the road to Emmaus is a very interesting

source of seeing one‟s journey of life. The lives of the people can be perceived in the

experience of the two disciples who were walking towards Emmaus and met Jesus

along the way few days after His passion and death. Everybody has a „walking‟

experience in life. People undergo changes from one moment of their lives to another.

As a person goes on in life, his/her knowledge grows. There is a development going

inside the person as the journey of life continues. During the journey, each person has

also a „meeting‟ event. Persons see other persons and may have known them well. Some

people stayed not so long in one‟s life. Others become companions until the end of one‟s

earthly life. Human persons meet others most of the times. They interact with other

persons verbally or non-verbally. At any moment, they could have an encounter with

another person.

In the Emmaus story, the two disciples had an encounter with Jesus Christ whom

they did not recognize while they were walking. As they end their journey towards

Emmaus, they identified Jesus through his gestures in the meal and his knowledge of

the scriptures. This biblical event can be seen and reflected upon as the model and

framework in animating the spirituality of young people today, who are in the early

part of their journey and discoveries of the richness, beauty, and challenges in life

together with their encounter with Jesus Christ.

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2. Statement of the Problem

This paper is to show how the Emmaus story can be the basis of enlivening the

youth spirituality with the help of the Youth Encounter Formation Program. The

researcher aims to present the youth encounter activity not only as a module of basic

Christian formation but also and most especially as a living and true experience of an

encounter with Jesus Christ likened to the event happened in the Emmaus story.

The main question is how can we truly animate Christian youth spirituality

through a youth encounter? The sub-questions that will clarify the answer to the main

questions are: First, what are the hopes and fears of the youth today? And second,

where are the youth going?

3. Methodology

In this paper, the contents of the main topic will be explained through biblio-

theological

reflection

as

applied

to

the

concrete

situation

of

the

youth

today,

representations of the elements in the biblical text, and transposition by theological

insights.

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A. THE FILIPINO CHRISTIAN YOUTH TODAY

To speak of the Filipino youth today is to speak of growth. 1 In the Philippine

State, the age of youth is from fifteen to thirty years old. 2 For the Philippine Catholic

Church, the youth are those persons who are between thirteen and thirty-nine years of

age. 3

In the years 2000 to 2002, there are major youth studies conducted: the McCann

Youth Study, Youth Study by Ateneo de Manila University, and the National Filipino

Catholic Youth Survey by the Episcopal Commission on Youth of the Catholic Bishops‟

Conference of the Philippines or CBCP. These studies give us a glimpse of the youth‟s

situation in our country. There will also be supplements from the McCann Youth Study

conducted in 2006 and 2011. To identify who the Filipino Youth are, the researcher

would be focusing on three areas wherein the youth are mostly exposed. The following

sub-topics will elaborate these areas in the next pages.

1. In the Family

“The studies present an image of our youth as family-directed.” 4 Closeness to

family members is still valuable to youth though the presence of post-modernity is

1 Secretariat of the First Diocesan Synod of San Pablo, Acts and Decrees First Diocesan Synod of San Pablo (San Pablo City: Diocese of San Pablo, 1994)

2 Republic Act 8044: The Youth in Nation-Building Act of 1995, http://www.nyc.gov.ph/about-national- youth-commission/ republic-act-8044 (accessed January 31, 2013).

3 Episcopal Commission on Youth, Ka-Lakbay: Directory for Catholic Youth Ministry in the Philippines (Manila: Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines, 2004), 21.

4 Ministry of Catechesis and Catholic Education, Antabay: Formation Module for Youth and Adults (Archdiocese of Manila: Ministry for Youth Affairs, 2003), 64. Henceforth, reference shall be “Antabay”.

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widespread today. It shows that what they are accustomed to do at home such as

greetings and bonding with the whole family are still present despite the modern

society which may influence the way they relate to other family members. It also shows

that the youth still appreciate being with the family rather than with their colleagues as

what many people think. Today, we still hold on to a culture which is directly

connected to the family. As a youth minister puts it: “The first environment that shapes

our lives is the family.” 5 It is the family that conditions and forms the young minds and

hearts of children. This process leaves a mark on their lives and guides their actions as

the young people grow.

Another

youth

study

in

2006

was

conducted

by

the

McCann-Erickson

Philippines. It shows that “parents purposely work on spending „quality time‟ (and not

just quantity) with their teenagers.” 6 This means that most of our youth are still with

their parents during the usual activities such as eating, watching television, and going

to church. The influence of family values and parental guidance tries to neutralize the

negative effects of media today. This presents the reason why despite the new

environment with the media, most youth are still family-directed.

For those youth whose parents are not with them because of work abroad or

because of separation due to family problems, the absence of parental guidance may be

substituted by the mass media which could be alarming in some areas. They could

5 Abjar

Bahkou,

On

the

Road

to

Emmaus:

Youth

Devotional

Journey

through

Christian

Faith

(Bloomington, IN: iUniverse, 2010), 44. Henceforth, reference shall be “Emmaus”.

6 McCann-Erickson Philippines, 2006 McCann Inter-generation Study: Youth Study Highlights (Manila:

McCann-Erickson Philippines, 2006), 17. Henceforth, reference shall be “Highlights”.

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cultivate “value systems like individualism and transcending time and space in a

globalizing culture.” 7 They look for something which can support them, replacing the

absence of parents with other things so that they can continue their life and accept

themselves. 8

2. In the Church

One particular area wherein we see the youth is the church. According to the

First Diocesan Synod of the Diocese of San Pablo in 1994, oftentimes the youth are

involved in different activities of each parish. The synod clarified that they serve as

runners and helpers on physical arrangements if there are parish activities or seminars.

The synod delegates affirmed that the youth are actively involved externally but they

are not given the proper formation such as education regarding the faith, their

responsibilities, and spiritual formation.

Archbishop Orlando B. Quevedo also claimed that “the youth are the most

numerous in our population and they are some of the most active workers of renewal in

the

Church

and

in

society.

But

they

are

the

most

vulnerable

to

the

negative

developments in the rising technological society.” 9

7 Jeanette C. Patindol, “The Global Youth, The Filipino Youth: Choosing Reading Materials Appropriate for the Times,” Reading Association of the Philippines’ Midyear Demofest, (October, 19-20, 2007), http://www.jeanettepatindol.com/uploads/3/5/3/0/353097/choosing_appropriate_reading_materials.pdf (accessed December 3, 2012).

8 Tony Anatrella, “The World of Youth Today: Who Are They and What Do They Seek?,Boletin Eclesiastico de Filipinas 81, no. 850 (Sept-Oct 2005): 590.

9 Orlando B. Quevedo, “Behold I Make All Things New,” Message of the National Pastoral Consultation on Church Renewal (January 27, 2001) http://cbcponline.net/v2/?p=461 (accessed December 3, 2012).

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The result of the cited studies on Filipino Youth in this research says that most

youth are “personal but individualist in relating with God.” 10 They are more able to

express their faith in God individually rather than with the community. But the way

they show it has a close link to their family who taught them about their belief. Their

trust is mostly to their parents in whom they are comfortable with when relating to

God. Those young people whose parents are with them go to Church together with

their parents. Here it is still noticeable that young people values their relationship with

the family.

3. In the Society

In a wider scope, this study will show the identity of the young people living in

the whole of society. This will focus on the social awareness and their interactions with

the government, the school, and their peers. According to the study being cited in this

research, “the Filipino youth is society-influenced, but not very society-oriented.” 11 The

society is seen as a great influence to young people but it may be hard for them to act

according to the trends of society. The youth‟s insights regarding society are subjective

and they will keep it within themselves or with their closest friend.

Looking at the youth study by McCann-Erickson Philippines in 2006, earning

drives them to study well. Its result is this:

10 Antabay, 67.

11 Ibid., 68.

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“They are willing to dream of a better future for themselves and their family, and will go wherever this dream takes them. They will do whatever it takes – including the pursuit of alternative career paths to make this dream come true.” 12

The study results to the observation that many young Filipinos are already fixing

their minds, while they still study, to what they want for their own selves and for their

family. In college, even shifting courses can be done just to reach their dreams. Learning

for

them

leads

them

to

earning.

There

are

many

young

people

who

maintain

practicality in order to be successful in their life, and to survive from the changing

society.

In 2011, the McCann Worldgroup conducted a wider youth study regarding the

social awareness of young people. The third observation is that young people are

regarded as the present „truth hunters‟. According to the results, “Truth is rarer and

therefore more valued in a world of „fake friends‟ and curated identities.” 13 This shows

that searching for the truth is still essential for the young people within a society

composed by different peoples and ideas. The presence of many products of world

development leads the young people to be confused with the essential things in life.

And this confusion leads them to search for the truth in the society where they live.

B. THE ROAD TO EMMAUS: THE YOUTH IN BIBLICAL PERSPECTIVE

After narrowing the character and situation of the Filipino youth, the researcher

will use the scripture passage wherein the condition of the young people can also be

12 Highlights, 11.

13 McCann Worldgroup. “The Truth About Youth,” (May 2011), http://www.iab.net/media/file/ TheTruth AboutYouthMcCannWorldgroup.pdf (accessed November 8, 2012).

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seen. The Gospel story about the two disciples going to Emmaus is a rich reference of

knowing and perceiving the ways of many youth in the country. The story happened in

the long past. Yet, its relevance is not yet exhausted. The whole story can be related to

the manners how the young people take this life.

The use of stories in guiding the young is proven by most experiences. “We

forget most of what we hear in a lecture, but we remember often the stories told by the

lecturer.” 14 Stories do not easily leave peoples‟ minds and imagination. They are aids to

understand a meaning of human experiences. They have a power of making people

realize more their situations and move them into action.

In this part, the researcher wants to show how the two disciples‟ experiences and

reactions can be much related to the life of the youth today. There are three subtopics to

be presented. First are the disciples and the youth‟s confusions and worries on this

world; second, the aid of the scriptures in enlightening the minds; and third, the

importance of the meal which concretizes the acknowledgement of Jesus‟ presence in

one‟s life.

1. The Two Disciples and the Youth: Confused and Disappointed

They were talking with each other about everything that had happened had hoped that he was the one to redeem Israel.(Luke 24:14, 21)

We

In the first part of the Gospel story, the two disciples recalled their experiences

with Jesus while He was still with them. “They remembered with broken hearts the

14 Jericho Natividad, “Evangelizing the Young through the Use of Stories,”MST Review 13, no. 1 (2011): 27.

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things that had happened to them while they were with Jesus Christ.15 They were

disturbed upon learning that Jesus, whom they regarded as the Messiah and liberator

that Israel had been waiting for, suffered, was nailed to the cross, and died like an

ordinary criminal of their time. They felt being cheated for their hope and joyin Him

lost instantly after few moments. In short, they were disappointed so much that they

have decided to go on their own, leave the other followers of Jesus in Jerusalem, and go

back to their own lives.For them “no time ought to be wasted any more, as they had lost

too much of it.” 16 They became confused about the real personhood of Jesus and the

validity of His resurrection which they heard from some women disciples.

In the same manner, we can identify the youth‟s condition with the two disciples.

Today, the world offers many possible things which are available to anyone who can

afford to acquire them. We see today achievable stuffs which do not widely exist in the

past

such

asimproved communication

devices,

stylish

belongings,

having

friends

abroad easily,knowing the different trends around the world, and more.These things

give happiness and satisfaction to many young people. And yet when these things have

passed the times, many of them felt discontentment. They seek for another thing or

things. They look for something more which will satisfy their longing for happiness.

They go out and join their peers to fill up their own needs.

15 Emmaus, 24.

16 John Ha, “Ministering to the Youth, Reliving the Emmaus Story” in Youth Ministry in Asia: Reliving the Emmaus Story, 2nd Bishops’ Institute for Lay Apostolate, Malaysia, (Taytay, Rizal: FABC-OLF-Youth Desk, 2008), 23. Henceforth, reference shall be “John Ha”.

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“The youth‟s preoccupations and concerns often make them disillusioned with

society and the Church. Often, these preoccupations and concerns also constitute a

stumbling block to faith.” 17 Since almost all young people are not staying in the Church

in full time, they have other primary concerns about their lives and needs to be

achieved. These concerns lead them to leave behind things not needed at the present

time. What they need today should be acquired as soon as possible. In a word, it is

instant. They will do what they can in order to reach their dreams. It is because they

may have already fixed themselves toward a particular goal. When they encounter a

conflict upon realizing their goal, they easily become worried. Like the two disciples

who expected a liberator in the person of Jesus, they were confused and disappointed

because of his death.

2. True Happiness and Enlightenment through the Scriptures

“O foolish men, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! And beginning with Moses and all the prophets, Jesus interpreted to them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.” (Luke 24:25, 27)

In this part of the gospel story, Jesus knows the disposition of the two disciples.

It is confirmed that they were disappointed because what they expect is not realized.

Jesus purified their thoughts not with His own words but by using the Word itself. He

used the scriptures in order to make the course of events clear. The death of Jesus has a

great purpose in this world, and the two disciples did not fully understand the meaning

of Jesus‟ suffering and death.

17 Ibid.

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“Jesus himself proclaims his resurrection and leads the two disciples to faith. Their eyes were opened to the story, which was much bigger than all the bewildered stories they had just told. Their eyes and hearts were opened to the big story of the wonder and grace of God in all creation.” 18

By the scriptures, the two disciples realized the connections of events. The feeling

of wonder may have returned to their hearts. Excitement may have been starting in

them while listening to Jesus and the stories concerning his person. Maybe, they are

imagining the stories in their minds and were seeing the truth in the explanation of

their companion Jesus.

In connection with the youth‟s condition today, it is a fact among the various

changes in this world that many young people have no love for the Word of God. “They

appreciate it, they respect it, they tolerate it, and they listen to some of it, but do not

really love the Word of God.” 19 Many youths go to Church and yet it is not assured that

they really focus on the stories and their meanings in our lives. Listening to the Word of

God can be boring to many young people today. They think that they are just stories of

the past which we only recall. The Word‟s relevance to their present life is not really

clear to them. They need a medium which can explain it to them and to enhance their

interest with the Word. In the experience of the two disciples, Jesus explained the

scriptures to them. Today, what the youth need is also a companion in journeying with

the Word or else they will end up in letting their disappointments guide them. In that

case, they will distance themselves away from Jesus the living Word.

18 VM Thomas, “The Youth and the Word” in Youth Ministry in Asia: Reliving the Emmaus Story, 2nd Bishops’ Institute for Lay Apostolate, Malaysia, (Taytay, Rizal: FABC-OLF-Youth Desk, 2008), 49.

19 Ibid, 46.

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3. Acknowledging and Meeting Jesus Christ in the Meal

“It is toward evening and the day is now far

them, he took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to them. Then their eyes

When he was at table with

were opened, and they recognized him

(Luke 24:29)

The two disciples decided to walk away from the place where Jesus had suffered

and died. They thought of gaining nothing more if they stayed in Jerusalem. It is fitting

that the time is stated after a journey. Evening pertains to darkness. The two disciples

don‟t realize yet that they are moving away from the life of Jesus to darkness of death. 20

Jesus offered them life while explaining the scriptures. That is their chance of seeing

again themselves with Jesus. When he showed that he would go further on the way, he

was indicating being away to Jerusalem where the act of salvation happened. If the two

disciples continued their walk, they will start a life away from Jesus and away from

light. But since they invited Jesus to stay with them, they gave a positive response to

Jesus. They opt to stop for a while and rest.

“In the breaking of bread, youths are led to recognize Christ. This recognition

will hopefully spill into their lives, so that in their lives they will experience him

present.” 21 This experience will continue to a communion with Christ and with other

people in the community where they belong. In the Eucharist, there is life a life of love

and sacrifice for others.

20 John Ha, 25.

21 Ibid, 30.

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C. ANIMATION OF THE CHRISTIAN YOUTH SPIRITUALITY

Spirituality is a way of life; a process that moves slowly in steps and stages; a

process that takes time, a whole lifetime; a free response of every individual person to

the Spirit‟s invitation. 22 It concerns a person‟s human nature: “Each unique person, male

or female is composed of a physical body and a spiritual soul.” 23 Spiritualityalso implies

growth. In the life of a youth, his/ her stage itself is a part of growing up, on the way to

maturity, adulthood, and fullness of life. In a sense, spirituality and being a youth go

together, aiming for one‟s growth in life here on earth and a life with the Lord.

In this chapter, the researcher will present on the first part the process of the

Christ-encounter as shown in the events which took place in the Gospel story of the

Road to Emmaus.Each part of the story is essential to the process of growing and

animating spirituality for the young people. It includes the situation and disposition of

the two disciples after the course of events happened. The second part of this chapter is

about the encounter of the young people with the real person of Christ, through a

module called Youth Encounter or Y.E. in the Philippine setting.

22 Mario

Antonio

Villegas Baclig,

Empowering

Today’s Youth: 3rd

Millenium Youth Ministry, A

Compendium Vol. 2 (Philippines: Salesians of Don Bosco, 2009), 81.

23 Oliver M. Tuazon, Back to the Basics: Fundamental Principles and Values for Nation Building (Quezon City: Institute of Spirituality in Asia, 2010), 57.

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1. The Phases of the Encounter

Jesus is encountered by the two disciples and is not recognized until the breaking

of the bread. Since the start of their journey, the two disciples unknowingly were led by

Jesus into a process of encountering him once again, a more meaningful opportunity of

knowing him. The researcher will present the particular phases of the encounter process

as seen in the Gospel story.

The first phase is seen in Luke 24:17 wherein Jesus asked the two disciples:

“What matters are you discussing as you walk along?” Like a stranger or visitor in their

place, Jesus wanted to know what they are talking about. He is also interested in what

they feel about their conversation and experiences. This phase can be considered as

having in touch with one‟s situation.By asking them, Jesus is able to know the contents

of their hearts and minds as well as their reactions towards the events which happened

a day ago. The two disciples answered Jesus with their conditions at that moment after

seeing a failure and being disappointed.

After getting in touch with one‟s situation, the next phase is seen in Luke 24:25-

27. Here, Jesus answered the two disciples after listening and knowing their thoughts.

The two disciples are now the listeners. Jesus explained to them the meaning of the

events which happened. This second phase can be considered as the listening to the

message of God‟s plan. He affirmed what was written in the scriptures and what

occurred few days ago is part of the proper course of events as shown in the scriptures.

Listening to Jesus and the story of the past is essential in preparing oneself in

meeting the Lord. The story and experiences of the Israelites are also ours. We find

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meaning in the events of our life when we listen to the Lord through the reading,

meditating, and contemplating the scriptures. 24

Moving on, they invited Jesus to dwell with them. “Stay with us, because it is

almost evening and the day is now nearly over.” (Luke 24:29) After knowing the

situation and listening to God‟s message, the third phase of the encounter is the

response of the two disciples: they accepted God‟s plan as revealed in scriptures and

explained by Jesus to them. They did not only invitehim due to the time stated, but a

concrete way of showing that the two disciples wanted to learn more from Jesus.His

stay with them implies more opportunities of conversation and realization for the two

disciples. Their stop within the journey represents spending moments of reflection on

the Word they heard, leading them to response positively to God‟s plan and message.

The fourth phase which is the peak of the encounter is seen in verses 30-31.

“Now while he was with them at table, he took the bread and said the blessing; then he broke it and handed it to them. And their eyes were opened and they recognized him; but he vanished from their sight.”

At the table, Jesus is no longer the guest but the Host of the meal. This meal

which has the four-fold gesture speaks of the last supper where he instituted the

Eucharist. The disciples saw again Jesus and realized what they did. He is not just a

visitor anymore, but the risen Christ. It is not a merely meal, but Christ‟s real person.

Upon recognizing Jesus once again, the two disciples came to know more about

their feelings while Jesus was talking with them. They were overjoyed about their real

encounter with the Lord along the way. With gladness in their hearts, they have already

24 Emmaus, 26.

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felt „burning hearts within‟ while conversing with Jesus. This fifth phase is the

celebration in the encounter with Christ. Persons who experienced Jesus‟ real presence

will truly be joyful and thankful to the Lord.

The final phase of the encounter concerns the decision of the two disciples after

recognizing Jesus in the meal. “That same hour they got up and returned to Jerusalem.”

(Luke 24:33) It indicates a time „same hour‟. It was nightfall. Yet, they were convinced to

go back to Jerusalem where the other disciples and apostles have gathered. This is a

move from darkness into light, from death to life. 25 This phase is about re-entering life.

After a concrete encounter with the Lord, another response is present. The action to

move away from darkness is the decision made by the two disciples since they have

already burning hearts within. They became zealous in telling their own experience of

the risen Christ. They were neither afraid nor frustrated. Their hopes to Jesus came back

through a process and their joy was fulfilled.

2. The Youth in Encountering Christ

Aiding the youth to meet the real person of Jesus Christ is a task of many

Christians who are already matured in the faith. The researcher suggests that the

Gospel story of the Walk to Emmaus be used as a framework or guide in contributing to

the formation of young people.

Since the spirituality for youth speaks of growth, youth ministers who work with

and for young people must ensure that a presence with them and that actions being

25 John Ha, 26.

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shown to them will foster the growth of the young to fullness of life. The total

development of the human person along the features of the Risen Christ is the aim of a

youth ministry, for Christ is the Perfect Human Person. 26

In the Philippines, a particular version of the

youth encounter module is

designed for young Filipinos. It was developed by Msgr. Ping Molina and Bishop Jose

Sorra in 1971. 27 It was accepted as the basic formation program for Filipino youth in

1985. It has sessions or phases as seen the Emmaus story. It is a process in line with the

growing of spiritual life of a young person. Its impact on youth groups today varies in

accordance of their culture and time.

What is challenging here is centered on how will the youth experience and

encounter Christ personally. Like the two disciples on the road, they are led by

someone to achieve that personal encounter. In their case it was Jesus. In the youth

encounter,

the

youth

are

represented

by

the

two

disciples.

The

facilitators

and

companions represent Jesus as a stranger to them. The dispositions of the youth are in

line with the two disciples. In the process of the encounter, little by little they are being

led to the peak the Eucharist.

26 Baclig, 82.

27 Ibid, 123.

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CONCLUSION

In this work, the researcher presented the situation of the Filipino Youth within

the age of post-modern social media. In particular, the youth in the Philippine context

are family-directed, personal but individualist in relating with God, and they are

society-influenced, but not very society-oriented. Different forms of environment and

influences affected the character of the youth. These lead them to be confused and

distracted in the journey of life.

Relating the above situation to the gospel story of the walk to Emmaus, the two

disciples in the story represents the young people today. The two are confused about

the suffering and death of Jesus. They did not expect that he will undergo those events

and thus they were disappointed. The youth too experienced that form of failure. In the

profane level they may have opt to stop continuing the journey or go back to their own.

But in journeying with them and moving them to learn and listen to God‟s message,

they may probably choose to search for more about the meaning of their lives.

Scriptures will really help them to grow more and acknowledge God‟s presence in

every aspect of their lives.

What will be the move or the course of action to take in journeying with the

young is to get in touch with the gospel story happened on the road to Emmaus. The

series of events occurred in the story is the framework of journeying with the youth,

especially in the Philippines. This is concretized in an activity, designed to guide the

Filipino youth, called the Youth Encounter or Y.E. Each phase is essential in the journey

up

to

the

point

of

letting

them

encounter

Christ

personally

and

making

them

DIVINE WORD SCHOOL OF THEOLOGY

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committed young Christians to always journey with the Lord Jesus Christ as they

continue to live in this world.

Most of us, especially young people, have been on the road to Emmaus and may

have experienced the journey of the two disciples in any other form. Some people are

very accustomed with that road. It signifies the road of disappointment, failure, sorrow,

grief, shattered dreams, etc. It is good to those who have someone with whom they can

share the story of their journey. Jesus invited the two disciples to talk about their

problems. With a simple, direct question, asked in a kindly manner, he got them to

open up. With the same gestures he showed in the breaking of the bread, they have

come to know that Jesus truly rose from death. In an instant, they decided to re-enter a

new chapter of their lives, a new life in Jesus.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

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Bahkou, Abjar. On the Road to Emmaus: Youth Devotional Journey through Christian Faith. Bloomington, IN: iUniverse, 2010.

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