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PT.

TRUBA JAYA ENGINEERING

PC SPUN PILE PILING


PROCEDURE

DOCUMENT NO:
P-T3113-QC-CW-003
DATE :
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TABLE OF CONTENT
No.

Descriptions

Page

1.

GENERAL

2.

PILING WORKS

3.

MEASUREMENT AND RECORD

4.

METHOD FOR TEST PILING

1. GENERAL

PT.TRUBA JAYA ENGINEERING

PC SPUN PILE PILING


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1.1 Scope
This procedure covers the basic requirement of the piling work of PC
Spun piles and the method for driving vertical concrete pile either
precast pre-stressed or precast reinforced concrete
1.2 Applicable Code and Standard
The following codes and standard shall be used together with
technical specification :
ACI MCP 4-1980

Recommendations for Design, Manufacture &


Installation of Concrete Piles.

ASTM D 1143-87

Piles Under Static Axial Compressive Load.

AWS D1.1-86

Welding
Practice
and
Qualifications
of
Fabricator and Erectors of Welded Construction

2. PILING WORKS
2.1 General
Description of Pile, PC spun piles used for this project.
2.2 Material
2.2.1 The piles shall be either precast pre-stressed or precast
reinforced concrete piles of approved design.
2.2.2 The concrete shall conform to the grade C-70 using type II
cement.
2.2.3 In case of precast concrete piles the prestressing cables shall
conform to AASHTO
2.2.4 The piles shall have a standard arrangement for splicing either
at one end or in case of sections other than end sections at
both ends. When such a splicing arrangement is made of
structural steel the structural steel & welding shall conform to
the AWS D1.1 .

2.2.5 The piles shall be straight, free from any surface defects such
as cracks, fissures, exposed loose aggregate or any other

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unacceptable flaw. The piles shall be inspected jointly by the


Engineer and the pile driving Contractor & a preliminary
acceptance certificate shall be obtained by the Contractor.
This however shall not absolve the pile supplier of his
responsibility about the quality of pile. The final acceptance
certificate shall be obtained only after the pile section has
been driven.
2.2.6 All pile sections shall be strong enough to withstand the pile
driving force & shall not loose their integrity upon driving
under the normal circumstances. The pile heads shall
withstand the impact of hammer without showing cracks,
deformations and
disintegration upon driving under normal circumstances. If
such an incidence is noted, the Engineer shall carefully
examine the driving circumstances & shall give his decision
about the quality of the pile section. The pile section found
unacceptable in quality shall not be paid.
2.3 Method for Handling PC Spun Pile Material
2.3.1 Pile Stocking
For the stock pile, in advance, make ground stable and evenly
level and then chock out with timber as below. Maximum stock
shall be 3 storeys height.

L/4

L/2
L

L/4

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2.3.2 Pile Lifting


2.3.2.1 The pile section to be driven shall be lifted at the
specified point meant for such purpose. Any damage
occurring to a pile section during this shall be the
responsibility of the Contractor.
2.3.2.2 Lifting pile shall be at the triangular sign, space should
not to far away from the crane and area shall be free
from other surrounding disturbances

1/3 L

2/3 L

2.4 Piling Equipment


Piling equipment consist of but not limited to :

Driving Rig

Hammer JWDD 8.0 or Equivalent

Cap and Wooden Cushion.

2.5 Survey Equipment


Normally the following survey equipment are used for piling work
but not limited to :

Theodolite or Total Station.

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Auto Level

Measuring Tape.

Marking Stick / Paint / Color Pen.

2.6 Transportation Equipment


The following tools shall be prepared by contractors before and
during piling work but not limited to :

Service Crane.

Trailer Truck.

Supporting Equipment :

- Wheel loader ( if needed ).


- Excavator ( if needed ).

2.7 The bearing capacity f or pile shall be calculated by ENR formula :


Ra =

1
WxH
x
FS S (0.5 xK )

where :
Ra

= Allowable bearing capacity of pile (ton)

FS

= Safety Factor

= Hammer Weight (ton)

= Ram Stroke (cm)

= Final Set or penetration per blow (cm)

= Final Rebound (cm)

2.8 Joint of Pile


2.8.1 When it is required to splice a pile section to achieve either
the driven length or to achieve a 'set', the splice shall be done
as per the method of splicing specified by the pile
manufacturer and shall be inspected by the Engineer. If such
method of splicing involves welding, the welding should be
done as per the standards. Welding shall be done after
contractor submit their WPS, PQR and welder certificate as per
AWS D1.1 and shall be approved by Client / Owner
representative.

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2.9 Pile Driving


2.9.1 Just before driving, each pile shall be checked for straightness,
cracks and other defects.
2.9.2 The pile location shall be as per approved drawing & shall be
set out by contractor and checked by the Client Surveyor. The
Contractor shall be responsible for clearing the site of any
temporary obstructions to move the driving equipment to a
suitable position from which the pile can be driven.
2.9.3 Pre boring shall be done just before Piling with depth that is
checked and approved by the Engineer after confirmation by
Civil Design.
2.9.4 In principle, pile driving shall be executed in the presence of
representatives.
2.9.5 It is preferable to drive piles from the center of site to its
perimeter to avoid refusal. Due to the compaction effect by
the previously driven piles.
2.9.6 Piles shall be moved from its storage area to the pilling
machine with special care to avoid damage to the pile.
2.9.7 Piles shall be hung properly to avoid causing damages to
them.
2.9.8 The pile section to be driven shall be held true to the position
in which it has to be driven. The Engineer may check
verticality, at his discretion & shall instruct the contractor
about the rectification if needed.
2.9.9 Piles shall be driven plumb or to the designed angle, and shall
not be excessively pulled into line after driving.
2.9.10
Proper cushion, preferably pine, shall be used to protect
the pile head, and to transmit the blow of hammer uniformly
to the pile head. The cushion shall be changed at proper
intervals.
2.9.11
If the following matter happens, the Sub-contractor shall
immediately inform Engineer. All deviations shall be reported
by the Engineer to Civil Design and their opinion on the
matter shall be sought, regarding the rectification including
driving an additional pile if necessary. In such case the cost of

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the pile driven in wrong location, including the material,shall


be recovered from the Contractor.

2.9.12
Piles shall be driven to a specified 'set' (final set is less
than 5 cm per 3 x 10 blows), total blows per 0.5 m not exceed
500, total blows for total length not exceed 1800 or to a
length as specified on the design drawings provided by Client /
Engineer. The pile should be driven up to the pile driving
elevation as specified on the drawings. All such levels shall be
checked and approved by the Engineer.
2.9.13
If a pile is cracked, broken, or otherwise damaged or
driven out of plumb or designed angel, extra pile(s) shall be
driven as directed by the Client representatives at the Subcontractors own expense.
2.9.14
Welding of pile joint shall be inspected and rectified by
Engineer before epoxy and driving into appropriate depth or
set.
2.9.15
After a pile group is driven the contractor shall clear all his
equipment, material, wood scantlings or any other debris from
the pile group location.
2.9.16
The contractor shall carry out a pile load test either static
or dynamic 3 % from total pile driven.
3. MEASUREMENT AND RECORD
The following shall be measured and reported for every pile at the
designed driving length or near to it.
3.1 Rebound.
3.2 Final set.
3.3 Penetration with relevant information as follows but not limited to :
3.3.1 Identification number of pile (as shown in piling plan).
3.3.2 Type and length of pile.
3.3.3 Type of hammer.

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PC SPUN PILE PILING


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DOCUMENT NO:
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3.3.4 Dropping height of hammer.


3.3.5 Length of pile as driven at measured from the average set of
the last 3 x 10 blows.
The sub contractor shall submit the report required to the Enginer on
every pile driving day.
4. METHOD FOR TEST PILING
4.1 The procedure specification for testing of Piling Work shall conform
the requirements of ASTM D 1143.
4.2 The direct Pile Driving Analysis (PDA test) shall be prepared and
shall be approved by Client representative.