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END SEMESTER EXAMINATION-APRIL2015

Subject code/Name: ME456-Dynamcis of Machinery

Total Marks: 50

Date & Time:01-05-2015 &2.00 PM-5.00PM

Year & SEM: IV & VIII

Answer all the questions

1.

a.

The human leg has a measured natural frequency of around 20 Hz when in its rigid 4

(knee locked) position, in the longitudinal direction (i.e., along the length of the

bone) with a damping ratio of = 0.224.

Calculate the response of the tip if the leg bone to v0 (t=0) = 0.6 m/s and x0(t=0)

=0(this correspond to the vibration induced while landing on your feet, with your

knees locked from a height of 18 mm). What is the maximum acceleration

experienced by the leg assuming no damping?

b.

(shown in Fig.(a)). When the shock absorber is subjected to an initial vertical

velocity due to a road bump, the resulting displacement-time curve is to be as

indicated in Fig.(b). Find the necessary stiffness and damping constants of the shock

absorber if the damped period of vibration is to be 2 s and the amplitude x 1 is to be

reduced to one-fourth in one half cycle (i.e., x1.5 = x1/4). Also find the minimum

initial velocity that leads to a maximumdisplacement of 250 mm.

The figure below shows a simple model of a motor vehicle that can vibrate in the 4

vertical direction while traveling over a rough road. The vehicle has a mass of

1200kg. The suspension system has a spring constant of 400 kN/m and a damping

ratio of = 0.5. If the vehicle speed is 20 km/hr, determine the displacement

amplitude of the vehicle. The road surface varies sinusoidally with an amplitude of

Y = 0.05m and a wavelength of 6m.

The schematic diagram of a large cannon is shown below. When the gun is fired, 6

high-pressure gases accelerate the projectile inside the barrel to a very high velocity.

The reaction force pushes the gun barrel in the opposite direction of the projectile.

Since it is desirable to bring the gun barrel to rest in the shortest time without

oscillation, it is made to translate backward against a critically damped springdamper system called the recoilmechanism. In a particular case, the gun barrel and

the recoil mechanism have a mass of 500 kg with a recoil spring stiffness of 10 4

N/m. The gun recoils 0.4 m upon firing. Determine 1) the critical damping

coefficient of the damper, 2) the initial recoil velocity of the gun, and 3) the time

taken by the gun to return to a position 0.1 m from its initial position. Using Excel,

plot the recoil of the gun versus time. Be sure to show how you determined the

correct time interval for this plot so that it is a smooth curve without using excessive

time increments.

Derive the governing equation using General Lagranges Energy method. Find the 10

natural frequency and mode shape for the figure shown below for k1=K2=K3=K4=K

and m1=m2=m3=m using Eigen value method.

4.

5.

a.

Write the equation of twisting vibration of a rod and explain the terms.

b.

Find the natural frequency and free vibration solution of a fixed at both ends.

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