You are on page 1of 26

p 

p  
p



 
 !
"# !$%
&p!
|
p  '
( 
 (
 )
* +!!$ %
! ,-
.! ,-
p 
"/
&p!
p   (
  +0+ 12 
1(
0+ 12 
 + )
(#
/ + 1

3!

p !!$



"
4
&/ %,+ 1! ,5
67$!$!
+ 1
8 $%

p 

p #. 
9(
 ) :+ 1
/
1
1(  
 + )
(#

p " DETAIL STUDY AND ANALYSIS GRIHA


CERTIFIED BUILDING (CESE , IIT KANPUR) IN INDIA
" ! !$
"4!$ 
"(%19p$
"($%!$ $$
""($%!$,

"& !
"6.$
"8 ,!$%
"7
 !  

p 

":1!; , ! 
"1%
 !$%.-<+ =
:
"1'';#
""
pp 1!.;p 
"&# >   '-;+$
"6  .!/- ;  "8# .%;#
"7
   !; !
"?#!.';@!-
"p!
|

p &(A9' p) ')   :+ 1


p(
:( 4'  +/
1'(( p(
:p


$% 
 $
'(( ,-;  $ 
B!%, ,%
.-!! !$'(( 

|

p 6p p'  ; ++(




..( CD !'; 

p 


|

!!    ,!;    %   %   ;      !$
$% $ 
           $  $%
    $!! !!

  3;  $$    ?  "     ! $%  
  $ ! B    !$ ; , !   "  $
   $     !$
 #%  .,      ?
 "     ! !%   $ !$    ,
   $   !$; ,  !   ! $%
! ! !   " !! 

1      !%    


     !!  
$% %  ! ; > !$  E+ 4!$F
  !G    !%; G       ,
$ %;  !    $

+ 1;  %  + $  $ 1 ;    !
$ %       %
(   ! !% ,  
#%  ,  ,! ($%; +      $ !$
F$ ! %F;   !  !! -  !$   !
G    %

p 

 (( D
@$  ,;   $,$ !!     !$     ;  
  $   -  , ! !; , $ 
!  ,  ,!!        

  !$ %  $ !% >!G , ! H  $ $$


 $; ; B ; !!;   ,-$
$  ( $ %  $G   3;     ! 
$   $;   !$   $ $ $  ! 

1   $ %  ! !!,  3

       !       + (( 4'  +


 

:$      !   !  

p 
 #
|

         %   !  + 1   $
!$  ;  ! $  !%G   $!     + 1
$ %  $  !  !  !$ 

.  p!  + 1 + 4!$


  ,-  ,   $
$  $$  $  + 1  $ !$ 
    + 1 ,

$ !$   

      3$ $ ,- $

'(( %   !    $    3$ !$  

 4I(p
9(
|

 %     + 1 $ %   3;   !    !  !!


    $ $  + 1   $    !   
!G   

 %  !%G  !  $ !$  + 1 ,-

    %  + 1  '(( $ % ,      !%
  3

   , % + 1  !          $ %   

+  B!% 3  $ , + 1  '(( ,

!  

p 


|

 p .( '#



 D

  ,- ,!! !   !$     $ % !!,  $
$ !$;  !% + 1  $ % ,!!    ! ,  3 
%  !!    !;   ! !    !     
$  $ !$ !    , %  + 1 ;      $ % 


"#(
1 ' +)D

DEFINING THE NEED , SCOPE,


AIM AND LIMITATION OF
STUDY
p1.
( 6

CONCLUSIONS
SUGGESSIONS

p1.
( &

Equivalency
quotient between
LEED and GRIHA.

.

p1.
( 

LITERATURE REVIEW

p1.
( "

Understanding a live case


sudy of GRIHA certified
building - hence
understanding the
procedures to achive.

.

p1.
( 

UNDERSTANDING THE
GRIHA AND ITS
FRAMEWORK
p1.
( 

COMPARISION OF
GRIHA WITH OTHER
RATING SYSTEMS eg.
LEED, BREEAM

p 

'%
= !  ,-D
 H 
|

$  !   !$ 


<
 ,-= 4% I%  % 1$; I ??

! !D .!% :,-  p/+ ??

!$> (p4
|
 !

1! 

K

 ! !$ <


 ,-=

! ! !  !$ 


<
 ,-= 4%  +%!; #% ??

4= .!  ,-D -


|

| pF

<  ,-= 4%   +; I ??8

4%
  # %; #% ??&
|

.! !D

p= 
|($%
|' > I??6
|
( !>+  

4!$ !  D "? % >  p


! % 4#
.p

=/

 !      

,,,$!$

E#!    B  !

,,,,-

!E; : ??&

,,,$$H

.   J+ !$E %  .! 

,,,$


( ; I ??

,,,!>!$$

|


! !$ $ #! > 9!  %


( 

,,,
DHH H

p 

$ 0+ 12
/ + 15
|

+ 1   %  + $  $ 1  + 1  

-

, $ * 02 1 1 <4!$=  ,     
,%
$    ! %!;        !;  %
       $%; ,; !;    ,   !%
     ! ,  !%    !% $ + 1
  G  !$2  ; , $;  !!
!$!   ,   !!% ! ! H  -

 p3  !

(  -   !%  !G$ $ !$ % !$  !  $


 $  !$F !     3  F  ! 
!$ 
 $ !$ $ %  %
(     # (  
!%      !     $ % !% !$
H$! $ ! %   4  ($% (%;   #%  >
p! ($%

; #(: <#%  (  :=; + 

;    4   


 $ %      
!G;    %;   B!%  !    !$

p 

$ 0+ 12
Criteria of the Rating System
|

1. Site Selection and Site Planning

Criterion 1 Site Selection


Criterion 2 Preserve and protect the landscape during construction
Criterion 3 Soil conservation (till post-construction).
Criterion 4 Design to include existing site features
Criterion 5 Reduce hard paving on-site and /or provide shaded hard - paved surfaces
Criterion 6 Enhance outdoor lighting system efficiency.
Criterion 7 Plan utilities efficiently and optimize on-site circulation efficiency

Health and well being during construction


Criterion 8 Provide at least, the minimum level of sanitation/safety facilities for construction workers.
Criterion 9 Reduce air pollution during construction.

|
2. Building Planning and Construction Stage
Water
Criterion 10 Reduce landscape water requirement
Criterion 11 Reduce building water use.
Criterion 12 Efficient water use during construction.

p 

$ 0+ 12
Energy: end use
Criterion 13 Optimize building design to reduce the
conventional energy demand.
Criterion 14 Optimize the energy performance of the
building within specified comfort limits.
Criterion 15 Utilization of fly ash in the building structure.
Criterion 16 Reduce volume, weight, and time of construction
by adopting an efficient technology (e.g. pre-cast
systems, ready-mix concrete, etc.).
Criterion 17 Use low-energy material in the interiors.
Energy: renewable
Criterion 18 Renewable energy utilization.
Criterion 19 Renewable energy - based hot- water system.
Recycle, recharge, and reuse of water
Criterion 20 Wastewater treatment
Criterion 21 Water recycle and reuse (including rainwater).
Waste management
Criterion 22 Reduction in waste during construction.
Criterion 23 Efficient waste segregation.
Criterion 24 Storage and disposal of waste.
Criterion 25 Resource recovery from waste.

Health and well-being during post-construction occupation


Criterion 26 Use of low-VOC (volatile organic compounds)
paints/ adhesives / sealants.
Criterion 27 Minimize ozone depleting substances
Criterion 28 Ensure water quality.
Criterion 29 Acceptable outdoor and indoor noise levels.
Criterion 30 Tobacco and smoke control.
Criterion 31 Provide the minimum level of accessibility
for persons with disabilities.

3. Building Operation and Maintenance

Criterion 32 Energy audit and validation.


Criterion 33 Building operation and maintenance.

4. Innovation

Criterion 34 Innovation points.


1.

Alternative transportation

2.

Environmental education

3.

Company policy on green supply chain

4.

Lifecycle cost analysis

5.

Enhanced accessibility for physically/mentally challenged.

6.

Any other criteria proposed by the client

p 

$ 0+ 12
(!  + 1

.
"?*&?
&>6?
6>8?
8>7?
7>??

$


,


:
:

9 Steps to get a building evaluated


Under GRIHA
1.
Registration
2.
Submission of documentation
3.
Preliminary evaluation by TERI
Technical team
4.
Evaluation by panel of experts
5.
Preliminary rating with comments
sent to project team
6.
Final submission of documents
7.
Final evaluation by panel of
experts
8.
Approval of rating by advisory
committee
9.
Award of rating

'
pD  !

.

-


"

.!%%
.!%%

pD.
!$
H%%
pD !<
=

pD $!3$


#%




.!%%

p"D  $


p&D( !$ $
%%

p6D.!!!% 
G!%

#%

p8D.;!;
!!H%!
,-
p7D !!$



#%

p 

$ 0+ 12
p?D !
,B

pD !$,


pD(,
$

pD G!$
$!
$%

&

pD G$%
!$, 




p"D!G!% 
!$

&

#%

p8D ,!$%
!G

"

p7D ,!$%
 >,%

p?D/,

pD/%!
<!$,=

"








#%

#%

p7D! 
!!

p&D !;,$  
%
$ !$%<$
>%;%>3
;=
p6D!,>$%
!

pD ,
$
pD(,
$$
pD $
!,
p"D %
,
p&D!,> 9 p
H H!
p6D#GG
!$
p8D(,B!%

.!%%

p?D
- 
!
pD!

!%
pD($%
!
pD 

!
!! !
B

!
pD<4%
??=

!

??

?

#%
#%

p 

p + 1,  $,-2


INTRODUCTION
The various rating systems discussed below provide a strategy to rate a building on some pre formulated
energy efficiency parameters. They provide a way to  the extent to which a building is
environment friendly, sustainable and energy efficient in itself.
These are:
1. TERI-GRIHA
| This rating system is developed by TERI- The Energy and Research Institute.
| The assessment is based on Energy and Environmental performance of buildings.
| The certification is given in the form of stars (1 to 5) depending upon the points secured by
buildings.
2. LEED - Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
| This rating system was developed by the U.S Green building council in 1993.
| It evaluates and rates buildings on the basis of their energy and environmental performance,
| The rating is given in the form of certification, silver, gold and platinum depending upon the points
secured by buildings.
3. BREEAM - Building Research Establishment's Environmental Assessment Method
This rating system was developed by the United Kingdom in 1990.
| It evaluates and rates buildings on the basis of building environment.
| The rating Is given in the form of pass, good, very good and excellent depending upon the points
seemed by buildings.

p "

(
'
 )  ')  J+ 1Mp(
:( 
4'  +<p( (;
@ . =  
|

 p(
( : ( 9 #(
'

p( p( 

( + ((  +    !%    
<
 
 !$%=; @   !  
6"; ??? B  <3!% " =
+       !$;  ,   
  !  $    !%
 

  !G; $ 

   E!$    $E   


!   !%
|

 !$  !!% ! ,   (p4p <($%


p 4!$ p=

 p

 3!% L  

$%  $  


( >+ 1 !
|

 !$

 !  ! 

    :9(



(  + 1 $

! 
7H??    !$

 ,  !  

p "

%  3$!$


 D@  p , % ;
p!D
 D.!$$;
(!! D@, @  
.!$ D !!- !; ,! 
19pD+p!.'
' D)$ @ ; , ! 
($%(%D
$%
<
( =
.#$D,-;
pD
+(; , ! 
@! (!;@
1!!$; , ! 
9 p;@


4. !; , ! 
41(';'-,
4!D?<"&?=
.pD"p
'> ? :!% > 8
#$ > '%;
1!!> ??p! > &?N
?
(3   $, 
/4%
'p

p "

%  3$!$

Salient features of performance at a glance





 !$  !!% ! ,   (p4p <($% p 4!$ p=


!  !$

  $   ! !


  !

$   G   !    !%




 !$  $%> ! !$ $ $  %!$  $



 !

 $%>  $ $ ,

! $   ! $%


"

. $      !       19p $    
!$ !

&

 p      !G  !%O  %!; ;   $
  %  % $  $  

6

p!  .!  ,$       !$   3 %!$     
 !!% -$   !!% !,>!%$    , %  $ 


8

 p !G   F!$    $F   $   ! %   



 ! >3 , ;  !   !%

7

 p  !  $    !    !     3$ ;  
$   ! !    

?
 (. <($% . 3=    !$     " -/ HH; ,  
L !    
(  + 1  -     ! !$; "7L $%
$      p( ( !$

p "

%  3$!$


|

 !$  !   3$  


G  !$       ; 
   !  $     %
  ,   %  !  $    
   !%

 !$

  ! ,



    > $ % N


!    !
|

 3 !$ !   ,


!    % ,!!  ,   
,$     , 

   ,

     !


|

! $!      ,,

 , %   !   


   ;   $      
 ,     !$

   $  ! !;


  ; ! $!!%    !;
   ,   !  

 , % ! !  G$  
!

p "

%  3$!$


|

'- $ !  


 $ !$  $% ,
  -%!$ 
$    !$      
!!,    ;  % $
   $   $ , 
  
9! !   -  
        
 

 !   !  $


! !$   -%!$     

p "

%  3$!$


|
|
|
|
|
|
|

|
|
|

!:D

,($%(19pD
$$   , %    $ !
  ! !
G    !$ ! % $
% ,!! , !; !  
   $ ,   ; , 
!        
( $!G$  $; ,  G
! $     !  ,
   %  !! , $ 
      $    !$
.   ! %   
 % ! !!,$   
    $  !$ 
      G$ !$
!;  !   ,! 
      7?L    
      
( 19p % , ! 
 ! $   G 
   !    !%;  %
 $   $% 
. !$    !%  1F N
 %   B

p "

%  3$!$


|
|
|

|
|
|
|
|
|

,($%( %!$ $ N!!$ $D


($!G$$;,  3G!
%!$ 
. !% %!
!!,$ $
!$ 
. -%!$ ! 
 ;$$!$ !
(!$ $$, !$, 
%!$ $
?L !!$ $,!$%
 $ .9!
!$ $%!$%

!%!!%(p4p<($%p4!$
p=!
 !$ G 
! !%; %
 $$%

p "

%  3$!$


|
|
|
|

,($%(.!$N/
pD
1 , B   % !  , %
  ,  % !  
3
 ,$  !     $%
,   !
 ,    !$    
 !!    $   - 
  , %      % 
 !, 
   $,  $ 
!! !% <= !; !- ,; , !%;
!!;    !
 G
     $ $ !%$  ,!!
        
/ p
/   ,    $! 
   $
  ,  >  
 3    !$    $  %
  ; !  !!    , %
+ ,!    !!   
      $   
 $
,!; ,  !!, !$! $; ! ,
  !,       + ,! ! 
  !     
     
 - $ 
!          $ ,!

p "

%  3$!$


|
|
|
|
|

|
|
|

|
|

 
! p
(3$ !    $

'     %
 , !!   $    
 !G % $$; !$
p  ! ; % $ ,!;
 ;  ;  
3$ ; !!,  %  
$ !  ,  $ 
.   9$
+   G  G $
   $ <$!  ; $  
-$=;  $ % !; 3$  
$    !$  ! 
G     !   !   
    
$  $     !$!    
!! 
 ! !  !G  3  
!    ! !; $
    , B  $ %   
"?L
 $% ,   $
+  3   B$ 3  
,  $  !   $  
!$; $ ,!; %;  
!! $  !$

p p'  ; ++(

/ %+ 1! '(( 35
'(( $  ;, $! 
,-%; ! N;! !!%!, 
, ,  !$'(( 2  
,  %%
|

   ;+ 1B!, %


   !4!$p< 4p=;($%p4!$p
<(p4p=4  <4 =;%!!%$,   $ 
 %%B%!!! !
 
  ! !$, !,
  

+ 1!D

#!! H%!,-

#!%!$ $B  4p

#!!$ $B (p4p

3

p p'  ; ++(


!+ 1
:  > !$D
|

!!%; !$     $ , ! %  ; %$   
 !    ,       !  + 12   
  !     $   $%    '(( 

#%  B  ! $%D


|

4-  % # ( ; + 1 B;   % ;       ! $%
    !     ! ,

A!%  $ ,


|

    $            + 1      $


,  -$  $       %  

 !!D
|

'((   ! !  + 1 B    p! .!! p! 4
<p.p4=  4p $!  !     !! !!     - + 1
%  

p p'  ; ++(

   %   # (D
|

4!$        > + 1 $ ,!!  !$!   
$           ! :!  
! .9 !!  ! $    ;   # (  ! $ "? !-  
!   " !-      !!      
% 3  + 1  !$  -  %  , $  !
 !$     + 1

   %; '((    $!! $    $ %     >!%
!      ;   !!%  # (    $ !   
 3 - + 1     $; B>$  
 ,  !%   
:
 ( : + 1

 3  ,!   $  3$ !$   !,>  !
!   ,!  !  !! ,

$ 

$

   1 p 


!%  !3  : $!  !$ ! ,  + 1 $  ! $
,$ 


-%