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P,Q:O'R MAN t S JAMES, BOND Vol. 3



SelenUIie, Am,e,rieln'~',M'.y 25" '1.16'1 S,eie PMJB Vol. 1, p'a'ge 64 '. a'Mend Inr;raviq-re,present;s, a perspec.Uve yiew. taken from D, piitotosrapn." ef 'tbe famous

i - ,-- b - ;l-·~ :;-'bo' , ;;,11,.' - - :'iI,.,~~!i.. iI!_ 'mnt .. ;1i:- 'ltall:i been sueam_ '8- .. """, I iii, ,8) _ - _'U!1. Wn ..... !I,1 ii:!V _ LlL;l!l;olii. '-- .., ~ -

said, 'within a few' wtleks't as being in 'procas ·of COltStruttiOD b,' th'! M,cssrs",' Wi Ili aDS, of Bai1i-IllOfC4' From a JeUu 'by' Mr,. '11u)$,~ 'Winan$~

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I'D' tSlleu 10 '~ne _I ,_lmOf,e pa;pers,,. :~.: api_Pea.rs

tbait 01(i' machine belongs to the ci,ty' of :BaJ tim Oft t a'ftd ',halt the [0 Rbr' BfOUnd ~for' co'n ... MCtiol Ibc aame of the' W:inanses MtR it ~s' 'thl'

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'lIi~~ 'ui.:ci., 1 .. was sen'!L, . 0 iLIUieJr 'S;LiGp tor repaJr,~, ,I ~

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-was invented''! \\"'~,~'~es :- '", Dit~jnS_jont~ o~-

a land '0-: h- .', .. -d" ... - .. , - --d- A- .. -- - "9- 118-'cnl

CV'CIiI,U' ,t, ..• ·lO'~ an _ p,;Uenti£. ..' DgiU:U, .... ,t .IJ: .. J-::f~

Its capabilities and adv,p,tages are s.e1 faTtn in iliJe foUoWin,l: tams by tbe invent,or:

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.t"U! a Lnump.U 0., ID . \C1l ~ 1 . e g,e:n_ tt5!!' ~. P'"'

_l=",", ... iIi·~An;e .a.nA 'nr'Uij'ilt·~ .;i'iI6~ d ~niI!I'~·'[atinn ,0"- t"-n,,_ .... 1Uioi8N.II.v:1.~' 'iIiU~U ,t."- iA''''' _I~_ ~ i~i1..U'.Ii~11;. ,,~:!lcV, =~-. ~',~~,

trifqal fOrce ('tha-a. power which .,over:ms and, controls the: u Diver se, and 'relulatel ~ im,pels

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the modon of p18'net., 'bodies, u.,g~ toe'

IUD,)" tltis most efficie.nt 'elq:i,ne ;s.-t~ 'wlltbo1i'l a parallel" commandi'll,1 wo:ndcof and admira, .. lion at the' ,silmpli.ci,ty of j.-is construction and ttle ..i'.iliwlliIP1;~~·~:'IJ!'''n- JI!I!-t!'S, nf' its ,.f'-'f:-~l:i:' ~n'd- 'iC!~ ,evlm'tuallw'

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destined to :iliaJuIU('a'tc a, Ittw er" in. tbe scleftee: of""ar;;

:R_dered ball proor~ and protec,ted by ,D Z ... nJI'Ii;, ~n'e- and mou.nted a-en a ',;o,u:r,· .. w"L,~I~~' ""ar-; ,'.,.

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_,. il can be rudUy' 'moved 'fro. place' to placc" or kept, on mareb 'with, an M,my,., )'t can be' COD.ltrucitcd te discnarp: missiles of any lI.ui, .. , ''- "om an, ,ounce ball to a 25; pound shQ'l~, .wiih . .' force ,and laRIt: ,equal 'to me MosI: ,1",Gvd·

. .', dcr'·:-- ":~:- -'ll:~ -, aDd . -,' dii 'b'''' '<, -, from'

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For ety er .lJlar:~r· 31,i111:1 In. ,lit· ~WIJ' J1JJ'19lfe

mml crOci_it l-ban '~hlllf,le.sit batier!: 101' ule

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would . m,ow don: opposing: ·troo,pI as. t'be

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,scytJlle mows; stanwrll ,p[IlO; aa:·, In sea I 'il ~;U,~,

1I'I'!Iii"Ui"Dited, An l'ow'~'~~k.1 3Iteamt1,$- jii .would. _.

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capable o'r sinkiq II',' ordiDaI'Y vURIs", .

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_B ,~non ,to hili: AU,vaD~a, 01: ,PO:vwa'l! ",_ •• '-

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UD:'I1C!lU1 lain and, 'llloc~t,y [o~r .. 1'~wIC~ may

be: added ecoi.to.y in, oost oif' CQrIllUUetfOIl:,. 'in space" in labor and transportation:; all of which

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:By ~K,un Saxon

MEN' _VI beenl' f,asainated by weapons sfnce the fi,rs,t 'true ,m~en selected [weaJ(Jn:s 'W10'r1:t1I' ,kee1pi:nlll~' ·,Sub .. ·men: ob'v,iDU.$~iy hu,nl,ed rocks and sucks at' [gam~ pr.d,at:ors and, other suo-men, But objects pic'ked up and' used ,once and then d,isca1td:ed ,are ham,ly weapons, 'f!,xcept: in a lega,t aense, The true w'eapolll 'was, an o'bj:s'ct w,orth kee'p'i,A,g ,In'O' ca'rryi,ng arou nd~

OIII:V"when slt,one:s, ,Bnd c:~~ubs 0'1' t:he r.ight 'shape and 'balance 'we,re appreciated and k[ept, lcouh:l the art ,ot weaponry adv'ance~ Only then d:id, man rise abo'v,e thie ani'mial's, s'nd do,mi,n,aie the earth,

,So, the, Ipprec~,a,Uoin .[0' w!eapons ts an almost in:s'tinct:ive preoccupatlon Of the, m'os,t prIC.'li:cal 01 iOU[' splcies~ MONove'fJ. danger to the $'yls.t:em inspires 'fars,igh'ted' men to 111m the'm'selves ,and theii'r' 'f[e~l,owis~

'The :Itldlnl' 01 w\eaponry,·,. well as th1e prof:es,sion[ti,l, w'eapon-eer, ls an asset '" te :n.is, c:uljt:u:re~ 'Th,e mo!re he ,knoWSr; the more lerritof)' he can defend; either as an Ii nd'i;v'i:clual: _o:r [by su-p:pllyln g '1~:S:s well·ann,sd fri ends and nil igh bors, Th ere, is, ,also, a',strong, proUt ,motive i,n _,aki.n[g 'WB',Cilpons to se'll~

T'H[E, WEAJPONiEE'R oetalts weapon.s of' a~1 ,kind,s, and ,al:1 eras and explams how they' w,ork,~

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The '1;183 gun:SJ~ithing course w'iU be·oil prac,ticl:lII:.i.nt:erest 'to, mode'r" gunsmiths,!

[g;u,n,.co;U'ec'to'r8 ift'd those 'who 'wotil,d like to reproduce or repair the, old modals, It: 811:10' shows how'.~.·the A:fg:h,ans and Pakistanis make thei" g:uns ai8 there is a tot 0" 'hand work, deS'o':ri':oedi {Now .i.n BLAC:K P'O,WDER 'GU,N'S,MI,T'H)

The a'helr 19th:' Century reprints of' weapons developed before' and dur,ng the Amed'can C,i,v'U W:a,' illu,s'trat,els the intellectual interest in weaponry' by our most

respectsd ancesto'15.

,F:ar IhOlI' w'ho:·lik[l: medIeval; weaponry" 1'0 reproduce as working models, or as ·a+t'~t~'l"l •. 6 - --_I~ h"g;n-rt'Il"ng-'i:!' to- s ell t· "h'" eo' Po-- .- po, u tar M-" ecnanics s'e' r'"9C!' --~~I boa ap' prec ~a'Md'

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. [t"'E'W:E'AP'ON~E;E~ER [also details im:pro'vi,slo 'w'8aponry in the fine:s:t tradltlon of: T~,:E, POOR M Pd~"$ J,A:M E,S B,'O N C. Regard I ess [of 't he ,av'ai I abi I! ity' ,of eonve lilt ~oln al weaino;n'R1 \ll\U can feel aecure,

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. 'Vou will: :be::[ibte' t:(}"-de'f:end your 'nome [sn,d ~,oved one:8, with th,e 'mo,st out,raglsous i'nl.,:nal [gagat,ry :i;Iifij'ginabi~e~ 'Yc,ur 'terri to'I)f' wi~,t be ,a, n i[ght-msm ,of boolbyt raps, mi nBS . [and, [1~an1t ":d'evloes,~

,Butllee :1:1: 1'0 say I:hat, a,lthougih 'the. kn,o:wl'sd'g,e :in TiHE W'EAPO,N:EER ils I[e,g,a",~ ~)t8 app'li'oatl[on m,a,y b,e a, f$lon'y" but: that's y'oulr loe,k.out.

, ta,ke "10, mo rat s't,ance~, t: 'wit'l h!.ave m,or8,1 con siderat ton ,$, up to the i nd i'vh:!U-aJl ~ Know~edgl1,:···mu,st be aV8!ilable to ,aniy,on1e who 'w'ants It fo" wihatev,er purpose" w;h[sther' pracl'iiical or whims,tc,al~ tndt:viduals 'wh:o c,ann[ot 'be t'ru:s:ted 'wit:h leth,ed

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F'QOR. JMA.N· t S J'AlX1ES B,Q,ND Vol. 3

would be smaJ in ,comparison, to tbe eest ,md ' .. wor k ~ n.g of ba tteries o,f cannon, and the' eq lli:p-' ment and management of a proporuoeare rorce of infan try, The' possession o.f 'this

. b 11! r: d d .' .. ·11 ..

enSlne~ ... au .pr·oo:: an. case c_! in .~rOD~Wi gJV'e

tlH' POW'l:'fS using it sueB decided adv.;nlt8leJ as

~nl·s:t~ik.re· ~rr~r t~. ·:~he-·b·earts. ·~f<:~P~i~ ...

forces, ,and render its. possessors imp.repable: to armies provided wi.tb [ordinary [g;tfssJt¥e

weapons. .

It'S· c'rnciency w:iU seen 00: prr'BC~alUY.· , demonstrated, and the day' is not '[ar distant 'W hen, through. its. instrumentality, the new era. In the science of war being inau.gur.a.ted ~ it win be "en.er;aUy adopted by' tbe Powers o:f 'the Old. and New Worlds, and. from its Ya, rde.structiveness, 'will prove the means, and :lftediu$D .• ,. pea·ce,. ;;

The eonstruction 0 r the' gun is rep.resented in F~g. :2. A. steel gun barreU, bent ,ac· ,~. eU,ow as shown, ls caased to rev'o'lve by ~lelm .power' wHh great velochy:; 'when the bans" being ·fed. in to the perpendicular portion, 'which is at the center- of revolution, are thrown out 0''£ the horizcnral arm by 'centd.fug,ai force, A .Iate,t J, keeps the bans. frosn nyinK out until the barrie) ls :in the desired position, when this sate 'is opened by the action of the lever; C.~ and the balls permitted to es~~

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'10 l'I1dce sure' Cig,.-ins1 Gee.ideM 'from the

,~. is;$u;ing of· bans .... the barrel is inot in 11M .proper position,. 0 !'tt'ong wr'oughrt nnl casing surrounds, the ·gun.1 with iQ sUt it.ll iInI' skle I~ which the baUs mo, pass", CIS· sJhown in fig.. 1. Our out ntpfeHnts 'the ibaUS a,s IMing fed: i~n, :5i"l, by hand!, but iln ·acti~on iit ls proposedr to feed, ',hem in, wi:tn CI shoyel. Mr. Winans say s thtrt the· shot fTomI this gun Wi~1 out G,ff (I nine inch scon·fling. at ,he -disfancl' of ha:lf

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TIm WEAPO'J\JEE.R

kno~·lledg.'.' ~;h,ou:lld :be pul.['W:"'~ :Re~l~~~l~QllfJ lel~:t\t"ln·.II~'I'1 tll.ff(l8,:. ·to do·,I~ I·bay· ptease Send not be bound .by. reSitriicli~nl~. ·ortrnaUy'. placed on rM l~r·rs8PO·Ii1·S'li·bl,.

mlnonty, . - ," -. -. :;:~.. .. . . .::'.

I wUI not play th'e role o'f public gUBfdii,an. ·1 wiU not hold baclk iinformation froml ,.d'ece,nt ~opl[e· baiQ~~~' ·8, foe •. rmo·roin,&· end pSY'cho,ti,cs m·i,g;ht. buy' ·the booJk~

A~' __ d':di .~,I·Vil'.i __ it;ilon···<·.rim.bl~a, ·tJ~a: -, ··Lii1ber;all 'h'~J1:~ go out 10 t.hls d,eg,e'n1er6t.a. c.uSi";g:·iiit:I,,·,:a.~·~~ the Idec.~nrt·cii'ti2." Ii' I: iG:n1ored and lncreas .. .in[gtty dilar,mied. The ':[Per8.dl.,~~r 'I:' frav:or.d:~.·:Qyer:':h:li. vio,t:lm ..

, W,lth T·H·E, W'iEAP·QNiE,~9, IJ "oIPe.t~o· tu£", :t:t!a_: ·lid",. ·Let ·.~I' auth,ori·t'e. rlmove 't:he· cancer Ito,m our .soc:!iefii·s, 'raf:her tin·an ein:sJavh1g 'us'on theilr behlalf~ 'If the~r ri'ghts are· to, be consid1e:red aoo·ye· ours; we have no recourse but to 'g'o '[or overkiU.

If daing .• roul parasites are to b~e favored' ,over good cltj',zena, 'Ihen: Igood Icil·j'ze.n·s must become eVen more dang;e'rDus~ Tn·is won" Sa¥8 our :s,Ystem.lt:'s too lata.. B,ut

we ·wI_:IiI! tb s!r.e ~y; defea.t t h em ~and thus IU·nt:iva, - :.: - -

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ATLA.N w'lilil' oroceed to p-ubtish ma.leriat wh'ic'h win enabl'e anyo·ne, ireg,8Jrdiess

of hts siluat~io·n, to dete'at' any antaqonist, I provi·de knowil:edg,e of the weapons n ee:dedl fOlr" ·,iJny cont~ nge'ncy~

Mly dan:n.i'llon of a weapon is ,an'Y metnod of overcQ1ming an e·ne·my~ It m,ay' In .. volve s~m.ply· outthinking htm w':It'h ,8 gOlod mind;.. hr8.!rlf'assi.ng .hi,m wiith dirty trtcks, tlhwarti'ng hlrn wUh; le·g~aJ rnachtnatlons or eUmin.aUng him 'wiitn deacUy forcer.

E.van eo, t:his· know,l,edge ~s··noit simiply lbe·i'ng t'hlrGwn 1[0 the wind,s. The'r. has at I e·alt· been· an ,atteimpt at 8el8ctlion~ AlLAN"S 'goallin THE WEA.PONEEIR' is to ·a·rml t:he· best ·in our' sOcIety aaali.nat the .,orst. 'We wi'll adve·rtise on!ly in .adult m,agazi1nes ·ge'sred '1.0 the ·t·h,i:nkl·ng of our kind of peoplra

II you w-elre I·ant ·8 c·opy o'f: TH'E WEAPON,EER,i lit ls becau:se you ·are .probabl'y alflrt- '10 I'he, dllcUne, of our syste1m·. Tlhis alone ·m,ak[e's you-·o'ne of the· e]~it8;, worthy orf beln,g s~ armed .. 'Vou g·ither· ihav,. some·thi,ng o;t va'ue to off'e,r ·th·e next gen·era ... tio·n lor can ihal1p die.troy· those wlho would btl a t'hreat to 'the In·8.xt- glen·elrat~on,.

You miRY nelth:·.,. have, Ihe :molx.ie nor the, bac·kgfound to master ralil the sk.iU·s lin, the, f.irst Iwelv:e l.ssues .. But as the course untotos, yo,u'U so 'f,ar outstrip y\our foes that thl'y'll' be putt,y, in y10ur hands, if 'you let them UV8r at' alt

It thl' subjrect Im,atter ses:mls harsh, you must' reali.ze' you're tiving in a harsh worlld. :Mor:8over, th.in'gs w!ill:l! g·al w'o.rs·e bs,folre w'e can make them: better. ff' you are w'hat you hope, you a~re;' 1f 'You cen be' wlha.t you m,$Y have to ibe, to continue, you'll drop your Ulusions tast. OnillY re,aUsts _wU~ be a funQ:tior:-al part ot the future,

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".,'8.'III,TI ,OF STEd, OD C~E1fnUrI'G"L GUlfS,.

':n~e~ :pu,bUc IIni ud hn.s hee-!l ,ErolR,~w'b,.;t, eX~rclEJed r;e&,.x"Ctlr~g U~e ~,t~::uu gr. n \vhic.h 'wrus, 'eap,hlred 'Q:!l its t'ld:l~ 'f:rQ~1l 'Ualti.'morc to lia:rpe:r r iii l~"!j'crry, bQt n.'Qith,ing 'e:rul. be more ,:..l.JB!utd t,]la.t) tho ~,tbJ:Pl,pt:Q ~"hleb, ba,v,c: been ~e to g.,Pl)ly :steam, dE !rooUy Rod ind~,mc'Uy in pr.ojccMng lmne~~la,fgle and s'nud'ru~:fO't p,nrp~ of wnn:L\f\C" T,o 'pl."oj ect ,32~:pouJ),d t~U8 by een tri!fug,R;l mech~nb;m,~ 0. steam engine of no leu t'han fJO~'horoo power ~ 'I'HK:C'l:)$\fY. With 8 ea~no~", wo cm,n 'obtni:n the ~,\'Ul.C: rCi;),ult wHh ~~ght :ponndli of ,g'!i!Ul,p!l)W,d"er ,£"1" ev(~ry F;lH:~'t. ]i~UI,· ,~li,I~K!~'lar,ging' 'bl~ne'h; 'I1iy' ~:teH;M, pOWC1'~

,~' fu rum;c r ~.. t"uUc:r r ~ w~'m oC~nghle' and cent'l.ir~jgal

machl'ne ure ttillU i n"~ I ~ w,i til gnn,po wder ~ th.e ,Cal'l,nOlil:, ~~n:ii"""!~~ i'~ rOt rb~ !'.Hil\(,.,[,~ j 'Lui ~eiF t ~,t:i.gi ne t'rld ~)~Qj~'l:.t~,g: meehlne l:low t·~l~Ii'll'li("'i,iI.~l 'the :tn"~("h.,,u~huJ1 by the

former IncU~fJ!I'I,--'!u)'w ~Jl'[1.p]e tlle latter. -

'llH:~' 'P1fi.n.d,pl~i~ of scieuee 'lend, U8 to' pronounee ('mpl. i1 ~ h~~I,~ ~ Y '1 ~~~~ T .·~!';t ![2 ~ {]:! m iI" hOll ("![!'Tr!i'pi'J!.'ir~wl wli tb gunlW 'w'll c-r, ,:\~ ,:1 n ex ]): I ~l:-<I 'I{f' fI g-,t,~n t tOt projec Ung :Shot .. T.h~ i~llitiilin ;1'il!'1 C';;.;;.pMl.:ii:~~ In uf gll''hpowd(~t j:ij t\h!iil!{~:t i.illii.stnh t.'\.neu U~ ~ i'l n~l it iii' ap'p! 1 ('('I ,~H r"'~·U y to 1:'l'~ject fhe :mb; . sile. 'Jll(~ ht?!\t of \~~i,l'r~jng fl1d used In genc;11\~h,g :skan~ i:~ fe,a] Ey tb e lrd m,a:t1 r~f('¢ i it the lli()i,1~!I'~r j ~iS' R'S th,~, 'heat of' lh,Q i,r;ni too, guU'[!'ow,der:lEl in tl:~o cammon. nl'e' <UJrel"cnce b~twee'tl. the inlrtan~e(!)l,18 oomitulurUon @f the rowdet and, the elo,w ,cow bU,i,t,~OrJl of the <::00.1 'wHl oClli v~nce i[.fI:.oy pc~on 'bow 6,u,ped:OT the fiz'-;l1t:'!l,er' i,~ 'to th~ ) atter M a. force -(o't l)t'ojectin,g m,ill!s:U~6: ,of war, The' powder is m Or-e~ ex i(lCfi6l 'ii,"c thA:n ,~ool'r b~tt it, is :n() 'mor'e ,g";::()6tu;iivc' than it l:fI: s~~,~tl~Uv:elr etfee,tivt't.

J nrob _ f'~~fktfi8( OUT OOil n.t:J' l~tl~,retdd~ng' in ~n,don), obtahlcd ;Al, :patm t M~y 1 ij" 1.824,", The~ Ih,oU, 'was fiU~l plrt.iRUy with, wamr~, ,and, W,fL,S closed, Gt, the 'roar end with. fwd hJe metal plug,. U· 'RS' pll~ tu & :tdg'bly heated, flt~ .. ,and 50 amltii\ged!, in cQ.T'lioe.c:M,()D with, 8, di~~'bar&"in,g t,~ipe. 1:,bt,\'~I' w:he:o, i.e ~dU\ill-'fd ,~:o a, v<err b ~gb, t~n~ p@~'atiQre~ U~iIot liI~' .",Itec1", 'the j!jltc:;a.pli, t::bejl, fI~ed out" ,tlnd I by i~ ftQ.C't~tl~ ~ tbr-o-w '~,h~' 6h~1l g,ut of_ 't,ht;!l, tu~. It, ''''tal a8 attQm,pt to ~ :steaf~l, M a. 6~ b~,

~'Utllte (-0:1' ,gullpoo,w,dllr in ~hcns, and wJus, R ra.il~I,e+ Tho tJ~tdfl~gnl gnn of ,no bert l'I,lcCmrty" of t'!h.'iI~ cl tY'i wh ich hrus.,1Jcfni tried ,tw'Q Or Uuc:;:' tlnl~ h;!""'AiIi~':'1 ~~~ ,the foot U'r t:lbj,rty .. t$lild 8.'trcetj, N o:rth dyer I ~,'patented 8fO f~~r tu&{:lc. n~ D~ccn.lb(~J," ,31, 1838" In Is e6~n,ti"ny oo'm,:pmiCd 0(( ~L, l,uJllow' Tev'Ol ~t,iug 'wh(lcl:r. wh"k~h. d]S(;]u\J:,g~s It..~, lnd l:s through. B "tube ,at tho pe:d,p~lcrry by' oon;trlf1ill,g~d ~Ui(llin. 'Uy 8;'Pldyhig: U\ ~tcam, '('!fogb-ruQ tQ. dll'i v,a: the w',h,~l of th"~6 ,gun~, ill8~ad of tW'D men worklD,g CL'ol\'I.,kti,.. W'C really hn,vc ,t:h~ DaI t'imo-r€:' gun, 'h~, ~,ts ID'Ost

tl';o.,;;r;,i'Ii''';: '" Ii ,.t_~I'''U'i''ilIoi::I '

.o~~~' ,i~~".I;~i

THE, YffiAP'ONEE'R

(lif wur, A steam gun could, tb,I~OW a stream o:f ib!.lUcbl

'ut~on, tho OO,v'i:m,~ . .'ing be,iiA~ of :!L storming column .. , but wi t,;h four guns i no 'ba.t.tcry ~l: pm-ll:c t :strclUtiL, "J f can i~tcl' lna,,¥' ulso 00 tbr,O'WH upon an ,l:U~'l,ck ing' p~n ty nll~l

p~o.htcc m'O'~"Q .(i'e:s:tructi V'~' results. -

~~--~~._" __ ._p.~-~ ... -----

_nil TO nAIIURIIT'~ By' Kill ilion

The princi~pml, of, huf\l~ng _issUes by can1rrf.I' f,OffJe

low ~ • ...._.,~ ', ... , .... abo .' h

~r' st,tlm, or gas. ,engine 1,5 S~il\h ,I;~, ~"Iec1lon, t1 ot,

eignt pound's ,of gunpowder 'li !cheaper thon nlli.oi~n'ol' ;ing ill: 6,0 'horsepower engine is absurd. Jhe over,age '5ma~1 oar of' 'today \Iives IljP M 'li OQ, hwsepawer land, I kIr-ge ,pickJJ,p will get up ta, ,.(Kl'~ I' ~uppose Q to_ would get' a: iceuple of: ~ti"~ bon.powif,.

So,~ "or' ,toda,~:s. mochinetry 'tbi ~'RfinifiJspl,e.,non or modliJ~egum wotf,kI be" very ,ec:omomicat" ·,cOO1p(Kt ,aM

..... ,.ii,.;i~ , I d' il'lliI!II'iIt I .. ~~ ~~.Jl..,W <i;he, ,"'~e'n,· !I*J"S- ,- ........... ~ ... .!jII

~~!NU ,!! _ __ W-1:!~ I' 11Ii~'~·" "",'ll-~ l~ __ ._" ",~~. -1~ III 'BY. _ uuu.;IU"'!~~I~'

eXit.,.' morbe for tile, desip of: th8: 'vehk.lls, ,as :~hew~i on page, p:ne'~ iNow',~ IQjiriyone (wid adapt' ,the Pf,inc~p(d .. tumIng hiis, ruaabou, inrto a bottle. wag,on ()~' fef\O(:ious power.,

, -~ . -,,' - ~ "

... , ' .'., ' .

•.. . '., ,.' " ."" ,,: " '. ,- .. , , .. ' . .' .....' ;:,: .. " . ,..... " ',>:, - ..

. ' '-.-

I am, speaking to those of you who are p:roficien,t 'with, fireanns, w'he, would .like to' learn nA'l"nt, shoo ,,- ,t-,m'; :Q'

P- - .,"~- t'~ or-h- _ .. ' o@I~ , .. ," , ;--~'" -

oint S," ',ootID,1" us' a method of

shooting withou t the use of' ,sights and

" .... 11 hI '. 11 'I" h-- d -;

is vama :','e In lOW ,l;lg ~,t eenc '[tlons, and

when you, need, to get D,ff ,8, shot faster' than, you can acquire ,8, sight pictu~

t·, ,... alled L -

some .. UB,es it IS, iO'_: l~ a,nap SIJ:ootinC .. ,

Point shooting is as instine .. ti ve' as pointing your finger but ,pOlishing it to precision takes many h,Qul"S of practice

~th ~ ... - - iI"' '

•• - '~: " . I' . -' . . 1\ . 1 .' • . i···· , r' " " "-. "

W,l~, eX,penSlW ammo, Unit "now~

I have' deveI;qped ,8, method of teaching

'. t h t·, ,. 'L - ~ ,~,

pOln: s~ 'oo'_-mg Ul a 'very SoI-loOrt tIme

'with,out th.e use' ,of tunmum,tio:n tha't you can ,le,Brn in your '~ivmg 'Morn,.

D __ " t h- oat'".. _h,~, .... ,..-..-...1 .. h rum:' S, ' , _ ': :-mg'lS mos,t UaLen 'U.~ WIt: ',-:'

,8 p,istol but is over,' effectJ,'V,~ 'with, ,a rifi,e alSo.

H:';' -hod-

'_: .. :-~ . ", ' ".,' ... ..!'II

, ,'e.re :Ul my me't. "'"

'First of ,aU, Wlload your \V8apo.n,,, Next, select, a ~get. :sucb ,as a calm,dar' or ,pictu~, stand ,across th,e roQ'm facing 'the, target. in a normal s:tan,CE\ weapon .in hand~

Stare a,t t,he target long' enough ,to fix,

the' location in, you,r mm,df. close ,you.r ~ and :~,t the weapon at the tatpt,

" "" '.' ';k]' , ~ - '"'' ,- '" ~ -..AI 'h ~ -~ 'k b

qtnc,_ y o~n, ,your 'eyes ,an,g, C : ",oc,' ~ t .",e

j ,:~,., ~ ~ - aU iRA""- "' - "

,s_gbt ~ -;" ,,", L'~:t", '.

0'11 ,8 Utde? 1ry"" 8~';n, correcting" " the ,si.ght: ,plct,gre 9'ach' iY;;- un,til y up' ,can

nai'Dt at a lAl~ tA~t aucr'V' .3'm,,"" A WI"'t-h

,.r."'~ - '~ ~. ~ - J. LC'~;D~ · ....... ;e.i ..... ·· ~ .• ~ J' ~ .. [g .~.;- .. " ._I~

Y' '00- 'r ;pVpC!1 ~li_ ........ ,J1 .-..... .. ',- ·~:.,I:..:::a ~Il,~~

'When 1'QU, M'v'e progressed, tbts, ,I.'f;

Inw,.n,'i'ii'.tIe to a d'ift;n''IrI'ar:' ta,'pftie"t' B--, ,w ~i6'i:iiCii\:_ !I;,!P.I~1,fj " ~ " ilNUlCIII,~" ... ,., "~ ", r~' ''!IOI'r' ~

iAI: 'to, smBUer 'targets;; ,.ou'~sbbUld, be Bb.te

j...- . -,~ -t .,;i!Iic ,,_ - - ,t, 4o'IL..""" ......iI' ...;1:._"...." - ~

w po.ln' " '~ I. wa'r~g,e:~· !lila.:; SIZe U,l a QDIUS' IR

•'00'-' .- 11- ~- t: " 'ill) ior Ai 'HtaJ!ik--'s of ... "' '~Pi'd~iil¥l '

. . . . d . .. n'~ . . PI 'II'J!..I:W~·'!Ii!ij[~

It 1S~ -, irn-11ft:,,!ft'I!IIi,'" ' •. fi 'p. tl'lQcft"·~:·, . .., -...

. ,. __ .. .,..,W"i"iIi!~ iW ,: ··ll-.""'Uce no m,ore

than II miDutes:",at.a, 'time' ,m Q,mer Dot, to become tired. 'which will 'throw off 'Vft1I'f'

- ~ ~ .--, "- - ", e- ,.. ,; -- ,

,~rd··'i'n'Qti" nR, ·Y- :', ' ,.:.. · I - .- ,._,:.. '2- , ~,- - ~~ 3

,,"V"'V\ • .g".- 'v:liI~_~ au may prac1uce' '. or "

"':_A Ai,... but 'f ".i!Ii; '.' - -: ..

'...uucS I'WlY ..... , or wn mmu'tes, e8u.J ses-

'Il. -_-

,S1on~

'Do not fft )j,ve amrnuniti,on until you ,tmve :practioed long enoulb 'to poin!t at 'the, smallest target t,ilst your co-

__"~"'a"~on· ,--0::'11 a~ D ~ i ,""""~:, .. , J:'. ~ r ~ .~. - , ~ ~ *.A W'UUit_IM:.: _~_WLU .~ .. ow .. J.IWJ :d)~ces, ",gu, w

use yiour _~eti:ve: abiliti,es, a'nd. ,oB wID be surprised at 'the resuJ,tg, wben JOu do

lro, ,to, 8, tD,~.t "~JUj~ ~' 'Y· ",ni. f'!l:ii"orite.---

:p~.'lIi't~!""'ln':'!.'=~iIJi.-'.~ v~. _V~ _A"_",._._.

'~I_'U\ :d' 'Q> ,bD~~·O-:lit· ,'UIIU,:_ ,p,m;"te,. ·~'d· .iI!i!Io Iu... ,- .. ,tft·-,~'"'_i ..... _1 - ._

_ . .... ~_.:. ',pre n ~ w ~ H, i..,CliIi.l,UCIU, e1:

pert, om, firearms, or shooting~ ,Paper tlfi'llftets leave' Ift6 with a c'aaiiQ, of.: - .,"~- b~,'la~:- '~,,",i

.,..15.,.. _t, "_~' _ _ ~ ._ '_' [ l_ , l ~ ~ ',. 11.111: - I·m

....... A ';·1- .......... '... ti,nll'" - ba I

.11.\1 iSI 'oue'~~ .iOO"_~ II not, :my ... g. .'

leave the cllicke'RS cackeling and ~'the

1P!G.'i"I"'IICIi' ha a in,S!' lli.illP_&~ ~1-t5.1i

'Wfta't~ I' aiD is a, survival isbooter ~ 'This

ttiillln - .'L." -L'1e I_

~: PB~I!M.' meat unwIre' ta'_, Iii wery

... i .... ,;ii!i;,tI· _fti -..:Ii..i,-L 'i,t i,u, - - . . .~ ... ,' .;ft;.. .,.. . ~ te' ,_,~ ~-&iI_WIU:LlIJ ,!Ij, .. ' I,a, posIlUlie w eJICOUD ~" ~r

'with Ute leaIt 'waste ai' either meat or ,am,,,'

m'i'llnl~ti·· . ~:~; I. I~I. UI,14'

- ... _._-_.

. -- . -

P "R UAN··~tS· J~'~'~S' BC"'OND' V l'

'001<' 1;'U1. ... '::_ ' .. l1.J.:;"~:-< i__':.: " .. ··.'O=-: •

3

4

. . - _- .- - - _ .. _. --- -- -

_--- ._. ---- " -- - - - -- _. _---

Im - .....• 11 8""11-"': •• '-'0'" .. ····n········ A''''· \ rm'" .. ····8· 8-··~·:>n····--··d··r A· · r"m-'" " .. ' .. - ······r- I

I: II rl· Ii ... :.1_,. /!_:, ~.·-'\I.-"": . !·,c.' ,:-- '1_ ,I .. ~ '/.'~- _',;'1.;, l .. : ,

P'.··p, '.""~-" M- " ....... --1_.-11.13:

___ "IJ •• _ .. \·f.·_~A;Q~l - -, ·7· ".:

; , I

, I I I,

I' : i

r~,I.

ti·;,- I ·.r.'·I~ .

on the blade, then the hole. in. the handle . is, well ;glu,e,d, with. :g.lu_e tha,t is not too thick and qu:ite hot, The blade

".' ."" . d is i ".j b

with th e cross gual' IS· inserted m t e

handle and a~lowed to set, W'he:R the uiu e is thOFOU. p"h~'y··· dry.· " remove the S·U.f·

[!:II .~. - ~ . .~ .. J • • Jl - .. - - . .. .. .

plus with a sharp knife and pai,ftt the ~h' ... td 1 ... -- .'!' .. L b ." .. ",'", ·d· ·';k·· .:. ed "".'"

"an,ll·e WI .•. n ·rown., ~Jlr, ." ,re· , or green

oil. paint. The blade is eovered w:it'h rin :fO!j'~t· to D"iV!·.i!!! tit the :"'i1.nlp'Oaran"'e· e .. ·f'

LL, ,. ,v",,1 _. DJ'- ~ •. _ _' -_ Dr .~_ I _~ _~ "

steel. Secure some . p'iec~e:s o,i'. tinf,on

. 'd .. I·t· ..... ,'!... 'II' II:. '!'. . '''d' ,·t'h·· .. ,t'he"

an ::.. cU, one s .. rip 7'2 In. 'IV ,I; ert ... aD .' '. 'c'

blade and the other 14 in, narrower. Q~.i~~~ly paint. the blade .weU with thin . . glu eon, one slde, .then la,y ev'eoll.y.~ press on. ,t'he· narrow I.trip tlf ,tin'foit

'G"" '1 . h h ·i!d· f' 'h "'1 d'i '.

".ue tne ot .. 1 er SII', e ·d, tne b,,~;::efi. 'Ptlt,Oil

the wider s.tri:p of tini:oil' and rl,ue the

5

THE' . -, 'iI.~A-·· PO' NI 'DE'··R····

__ ,~~'_,-. n-.c.·', .,- , ,_,,_-~___: ,-,',

po m.lXI,:tI 1'~ in, and 3. in, _~n . the w·id.est par~ at ,the: .lewer end. 'The sharp or ,cu·ttin·.I· ed.gle· is on'ly on, the short side, ·tbe other' is Rat or half-roand,

A' T'ui-kish sabre of ancient manufae~1J.re f'r,om Constan t inople is shown in :F'il,.· ,8., The handle is, painted a d ull ~r~m,y' w hite _ in im i tation of iv,ory ~ The' enamelpaint sold in small tins wi'n, answer w'eJ.t 'for' th j'B purpose. The croSs gu:&rd and b.tad,e· are covered as desCribed In Fi,g. I.. The sharp edge 11 ·on:th,e l,o"ngeT eurved side; the other is ·''''''t··, e ,-' h ·.·If' ::~r" ,~tl'll n" ·d··

na - .'.', '_' - ,.... ,. V~' iii

A. tw~o~ll"l.nded sword u:sed in 'the 14th a~d t:S:t:h." ~ce.nturiel is SbOWD 'in, F'ig i 4 .. This :$.w·ord. is· .•. bout ,·S in, ton·lt, ha'5 a ceess par'li. an d blade· of steel ·,,!ith a 'rou_nd wood, ha,ndie' painted black, The

=.:"' ~=~d~~:O:f Q!J~\~::;:I~;:

Iharpi' 'Tld:s sword i.s made in wood the same as, d;tseri1bed 'for Fl.g. Ii

'MT II:

I.i.d_ swords. stiletl,o. and battle-

::~ i,r.;'~:: =.a.::ts~1l ";!1~~~

.Weh i' . hang hi.:gh 'up Oft ,a, wan of '. ·room. or' . hall, :&1..1·5 the Enz:ll:s:h M'cre·hao'ie:,. "'Lonldoft~ Th.e· foliowing deRri.bed arma are au,tbenti,e d:e:5ic!is of th,'e lO'nginal arti.cles,., A G,e.'rman 's,wof,d of the·" fiJteenth cen ttrJ ry ls shown 'i.n Fi,~, I ... This· .. I.w~rd . 'is, ~4 'f~4' I.on$· 'with ·the ,cfOssrua:rd' and blade ,of steel, The' Imi,tati.on .' Iwotd is made ,of' wood, and covere'd. w'itb tinf:oU to produce the steel

'i

" .

I I". i'

color:~ The .sha:pe of the s~o:rd, ~s. :1IJ?N'ked Ou,:t. £J'D, a ,p'i.ceo;f _,ood_ tba~ 'is .;1 .. -...,&' . 'IL •. ;ri t·"" '" ";k ·~tL t- h' 81" d of' a-

"'!!' •• J: __ '. ."." .. , ;Illl~.. w ... · I'l ~e .'!.: .. 1.' __

_ ,a-rltteql ..• Qd, pencil •. allowing a, little;·· e.t~m" 1 .. -*'1, 'Dn 'whi.ch to faste:h

....... :I-"".~.-~.· ..... .-&"""I;"~ '.. ... . _- 'I! ..

dli ha,.4Ii., ~C:.ut 'the BW'orU ou:t w'ith a

.. wand 'mak,e both ed:ges ,tbin Ii,k:e '. Ie.ife b'I~~e and smooth--'up ·wi.'t:h san.d.Idl'Wll!r'- 'Thl' ~,. ,;iIi!V·t·~· Ja:nmt:L f, 'Ar- t··:b·e·· "bnndl· ".

r;'~~·t ·~ti &'in'~"'i:'~:id;h a~d ~I,',ilt:

'Ionl~ Tb'1 ha'ndle 'is 'n,ext carved, and :8, mortise ,cut: in one end to. re.eeiv,e the ha'adl:e end of the "b'lade. As the' handle I. to rep.;ftset1·t· co~· t'b,e o,rna'menta,'"

'.: . .... _.. .. ... . .. r,r-'" III .. ,. - . '.. .'. -.. . !IIi

lions ,ean be b,uilt U'p 'of W1ret Itn'nr:. am all' rope and round";headed na;i1si ,the:

POOR MAN ,. S· JAMES .a,OND Vol. 3

'wh~:Je fin.aUY :haY~ng a. ·th~n~ t~a~' of. .flue worrktd OV·t,. it with a .sti·R bri·stl,e· brush and finIshed witi;l, br~nl·e'. ~·i,n~. . . ~ '. - ~

'The c'rossbar ·is Rat and abtAtt~ 1 III..

.'. . idth Cu 'h'·,:t ,,:., f~""; 1: .• .. ., .

In WI' tu~ [ _ ut t._._.I:§ ou·t ~ 0, a· plec·e .ClI

'wood and make' a. center ho,t[e to tit over' the extra length. on the blade, g·Jue· and pu tit in pl ace, Fin the: ho~e in 'l'be handle ~i:lh glue and pU'l i"t, on tbe ~.lad~+ When ~.he glue is ~horo"ghly d.rr" ,r[e~,~ye: all th~. su,:r,p',lus. with a ,sha:rp knife, Sheets of tinfoil are: secured for ,c~:v,e~ing the blade... ~:C'u't ~,~o ,slrt:ps. - of tin foil, one about. 112 In ~ WIder than the blade and the other %. in ... narrower. 'Q'u.icldy· cover one side of' the bl.d,e with athin coa;t of l'lue and, c'v,e.~ly-lay on and. press down. the 'narrow strip of tinfoil .. ~ ,St:i7k the wid.'e'f Itrl.p ,,~.' "~be other side In the same w·a,y. .. _lillo·winl e'q ual ,nl3l,r,_=ln of' tin fo~'1 to overlap tbe e~.ge's ~'f the blade, G~'ue the overlap'pfng edge's and press them around on the' surface of the narrow strip. The c,r'O(S,5f{U1 rd. must be covered in the same !",a,n:n !'r as, tb e blade" ~ Whren the \vb.ole' ~'s ,q.'tn'~~ dry, ~ip'e' th7- bl~de up an.d. do~n several times w'tt.h lI,gbt. stroikl!l's u~n'ng a soft rag.

, The sword ~ shown, in Fig~' I c'is :a two-banded Swiss sword about 4. 'f,t .... ·iD. ~,e:ng~hl' sharp on both edge,s' w.'ith a handl.e 0-£ dark wood. arou'o,G whi[c.h is wound spirally a h[eavy p.iec.e 0" brass or eo.p'pe'f 'w i: re . ,I nd be~d. in '~][i.'ce W.ilJh ronnd ... headed b,t"9lss· .... [iO!Ii~'IiC! Th e hi ~ d~ "

• J ' " (I g. .... .I!._!.II~iF. ,.)1, : a, ,C

and crossbar are ·in. imi"t'ation steel, Th.e

~ t·· 'h '

projeenng ornament in t' .e center of

the erossguard ~.a,Y be: cut. from b:e,avy' 'p~asteboard, and be'nt, into shape, then gl.ned on the blade' as shown, .

In F'i'R"~ 3 is, shown a clayniore~ oe Scot:tish sword, of the fifteenth cen'tury'~, 'This sword is abou·t 4 ft, 'Ion.~ aDd, . 11as, a .,!'o~d. handle bound etosely around with heavy cord, 'TIl[e emss'ba,' and blade are steel; w,it'h both e·dr;rf!'1 sl"arp.

AG'" '" d I h ,Ii; FiI' Ai

, , . erm,an pomar I,S s· _'Own In, 1 g'", .. ,~

Thi·s wea'pan. is, abou .. t 1 it lonC't 'very bread, 'with wire or B,ttinl' - bOG.D,d. lIa:nd'Je,t slulrp ed«es ,on both sidI9 ... ,A.nO!! ?the't pon~8rd of tne~~ ~ou"een'th een.tury· illS shown 'In Fi,g~ 5.. 'TIds wea,pon ;.s alia about 1 ·ft,. long with wood han,dle aud, steel em'bossed blade. A s;xteen.th century iGerman 'pod'iard ,is :shown. in, Fi,C'.. Et nu~ blad.e an,d. om a,m en tal

(rossibar is. of stee't,,. 'wi,th 'bot~, e.d.,ge,s of ,the' blade· 'sharp" Th~' 'e; h: ~. an' d' '~I _' '1''''5' '0'''' " .,.,..:~A~

~ ~ _ ~, _ . '_.., . '. .Ie " I. W!UQU~

A, 'German sUlettot 90metl,me~s c:dlfed, ~:~'i,~,ass[ .,,'br·ca'ker:s[, is sho'w'n :in, :Pig~. 1' .. ThIS ,5 t11 etta has ,a wood ·'han.d:I,e t. 61t.e.1: c:fossba'r and blade of steel 'w'ith both: edges sharp~

, In Fig~ 8 is sho'9l'n ,a, sh,ort .. ha,ndJ:.ed flail, !ihich is about .I~: 'ft. '~ong wlch a, dark ha.ndle ,0:( wood t studd.ed wi.ttllf bra,s,!; or steel na.H.s,. A st.eel ba'h.d is plac'~~ ~',ro~. n.d the '[ handle ne,ar·. "t.he to,P~ The 'i,mltatlon '0'£ tbe stee] band. is m,ade by g'luing ii, p'iece. [of tinfoil 0:0 ,a ,strip ,~f 'c,ardboard. and t.ac:king it. to the' ,nandl[e,. A la,rge scre'w'eye 'is ser,ew'ed

6

.

hella, w::~' ":~ ...

,., ,~ .. ClipG~ .

the 'haa.dl:e.1b:y g·l:u.:i'lll an. pi,ec~s c,' w,ood tbe same !thic:kness ;&.' u,sed .fO'f 'the 'blad[e~, ,a:nd. gr,ad:aa"1' sba:pi:nc ·o[ft ·tOo th.e ~btdle af lh~axe by the [use: of a ei1isel, fimishi oc wi.th laR)d~papet aad coverih,g wUt'b titlfoil~': Th.ree iar.JC!,,/.f9un.4..,:heade:,d ·'b,rmis Of i.rrln~:n,ails, ·fix,e·d. ·-iftto· the ·f.ront fsil.o,f tll)i b' ,'df'le ~win: oom_"lete ·tb,e ,a:x'e"

At the begi nn.i.~ of, I the ,six.teen,th

.aD''',i:'iII·ry "",Ar ~,~ i' 'L.· .... ttl 1l.. d

.'"~ 1 [Ii~ " :flv~',leman··[s, ~,.' e-axe's, S~lape.

as, showft:in.: Fig" 11 'we're used.. 'B·o.th ba'ndle' ,a:nd, axe -are of st,e.~et Thi.s ,a:xe is, in.d.e .si'milar· t:[Q ,t:be: ORe desc.r,i.bed i:n .. ~Fil'~ l(t . ·Wh!en . 1t:h e wo.od.w·ork i.s fj,nish[ed, the ·h,andle .and axe ,are cove'red

T, :HE-,;' - __ ', WEAF' 'IOl\~E: R

___ !'-. ,1~:~!,·-.·:

wi:th ,tinfoit

.--.

,MY :1;11 ~ ; _.

. : " :'." .'. ,: r;. ..,;, -, -=}.' ':'. ~.:(~J.; ,

.Malces·an.~ ba.)e4'1C.·ptt-.e4 ·after and. ~madte ill ;tJ\1,Ltatio·u. ,of 111. an[cient,

'WRf9DS 'wilJcb we:(c ustd from the f.,rhent!l, ,to . t'he~. six,tcentb een .. tu'ry

p:~<I~~~e .~~:e ~rn~~~~~1 'or ,th~' hal~~ or d,e~" .•• ;18 ',h,e., ,English. ,I{,e-eha.b.ic.. The

i:mri_~t~oD .rticl,es Are made of'-wood~ the ,steel pa'rt,s r:e-p,reseftted 'by tinfoll' stu ek on 'with glut and the ornaments carved Ot1t with. a carvi.ng tool,

" An. Engl~l_lt, 'm,at:'" used about the mi.d,dle· ,of the ~:".'teenJh. . eent'llry is :shown in P·ir~ 1.;; The~ :~ 'ed't,:i're'" -lito ,It h . ,ftf' fbi,s wea:pon is about ,14 in~; 'the, handle, is rouRd·~,.~tb· .,I.'lou;r~&id[e·tlV~sha·rp ~spi1k.· ex'1,'n~i~l~ du~' ftom' lb,.; [pO:i~nt~1 of' ,si:1i" t,i~~~ a_phi! 'skapetl "'·iftll .. ~ [Cu;t ·th.le! 'haftclie and; .,spike "rom Oble pieee ,of wood aRid ,Iule ·t.he .: winp, . ,on .at. equal d:ista,Ret'.i aprt .• mDud., . the - base [of the spike~. ,The \t~o: baD..ds or 'Wi'I:P: tIn be: l1\Id,e 'by.. .llunl,· two .pieee,1 ,0" rope a roun. d th e. · band.'le. ,.ftd. i.s:~f:.\fti It&;. i.t witta taCJkl~~ Tb~e :r.in,~ ,c~n.,pe '~r~e~ out, bu~t tIt[c,. are som,e:vth:at ddftcult. t·o make, A.fie'r·

the glue 1.':. .~ry, .re:~o,v'f' all the surplu.s ~~:ath,a.lrb,c;n p:re'~sed out from the j.o'.nts

w~ t.'b . the poirt't ;~d a l;11a,p, kni:f[e blade, and 'lben sari.d,'p3·per the surface of ,the

d ~ "'k" ',. . 'h S' .

woo 'to m,l, , e :11: smooth, : .. ecure some

'tin fon to eover the parts, in ,I'm ita:tion o:f 'steel.: ,A '~:'I~bl'- ,COG t of ,gtu'e 'is ·rqu.iekl y :ap'p'lied .. 't~, tbe su'rfate 'of tbe w[ood ·.'R·" '("[e tin.fa·11 laid on f)'venly SQ.[ there wiU be' 'no wri:Ji.kles, and. wlthou,t 'ma.kin:g any " more seams than is necessary, Th'e ·,en·ti:re wea·pOft,. band Ie: an.d all, is to' ap·pe'ar as s,tef!I~' .

A'n engra'ved 'iron mace of ,the: fj,f-· teeath 'c,ent'u:ry 1:5 shown in Flg'~ I.~· Tiblis weapon is, about :2 2; in. long;.' 'moun:tD.d 'with a:n eig'h,t-5i:eied' or' oc'tag,o·nai .• esd, It win be, easier to. 'ma'k'e thls maee ,in. three pieees, the. octa,ItOR,al he8,ld in. ORe p,ie.;e and the handle in, two p,rts~ 8,0' Jlla.t Lt~lle €.i,,,eulla·~. sble.ld. :8ho~D ,at· th;e

• " ,... _ .' - - - - - FIll

JC!IWi!'F ,-e,~ul iof .... ih~ ~ handl[e: [e.aR 'be e_aUj" placed. be.:l~wl.ie·n: ~he pa.rts~ Tbe, 'ci rC;Q-

1 .• r picce· or' ,&hi:eJd 'can be cut from ,I, piece of wood, a,bout ~ j,D" thi,[ck~, 'T,D!e'

~ir,chle •. i~. ma:[dked. bout' wh" ·it,~. ,a com.pass .. ~). '1;,Gje i~ m~a·.e t',fou'il, the c)e:nte:r' for th.e do"~el ,of th e t'w 0' :ha.n dle parts 'when

~~ta;e i:-uto::e!~~s fs t~:O:o::f.

A h.oh~: is· haired, in. ,the ·end 0:1 'both handle. . pieces, and tbese lu),],e,8" weU co~a~t,e~ iI wit'b g·.'~e~ tbe: 'wood. :p.e.g' :ID,,sert~d, ,*'0 . o'ne·. ,~~ tb~em,~. tb:e, ,shield pat .O[D' 1ft pJ~ee 'Ad. li.'odle p.rts·. p.u .. t: to.~;t.~.;r ~'P:~ C~e~t· {Olr' ·t:tJe·?il~lt to ,s..t~ :n:e 'brlta~d" i:,·· "lst,ened . on. ._ the end: '[of' '·'t'&e

... ...~ . t1. _." L=_~"

k;l11d·l .. e··w'itlll.a. do,wel in, :i'be 'sa:me' ma~n-

'ne'f' ,as puttin:,g th,e haridle 'parts to-· ,I:tt'he.r.

. 'The: :b:ead "mu'st 'hav'e" a patt,e'm

,sk:le'tehe,d 'apon e,a1ch side, i:n, :penc.i:1 ma,r'ks" ,such ,a,s o,rn a m'en tal . :serolls" ~.e,a'V-esJ ,Ro\ve'rs,; elt·[c,~ These o,~na,mtnts

must be. carved out.t.o ,a d[e'pth-of about

. I ,

i I

••

....

' ..

ii,

.'

, !

y, in. with a sharp carving tool. 'If sue h a tool Is not at hand, or ·tb@ amateur c:.an.not use it well, an excellent substitute wiU be found- in us\ing a shar'P .... pointed and red-hot poker .. or pi fee'S of heavy ·wire. hea ted to burn out the pattern to the desired depth, The ha ndle also has a scroll. to be en·R1"&vifed". When the. wbole is, finished and cleaaed .

Ii. .. d ~ h -,~ f' tt'" 'I' ~.

up" It, J,S co,ve:re··, Wit, 'I ttD._'O'I. In Im,lta-·

tion of' steel.. The tinfoil sho·uld be a'p:plied ca:refuUy. os before mentioned .• . '--"d' fi··r---- tl . pr-ei:!i s' ad- I··n·to~-· tho: '-e' .iI!Il~ -AI

an _.-. . _'_ m"y .... '.g. ,,,; .. _. . -.~ . ~ :_'.- !Iii~II~_;""V'!CQ"

'parts with the· fi,n,ger tips or th.timb ..

- ,A Fren'ch ·mac.e. \I.sed i.n. tbe s·ixtie~eD·th century i~s; .sbown. i.n Fig. 3. This '\veapo'n, is· abo'U·t 2:9 in. long ,and h·as a

'-0' o' 'd--' h' !!"Ii'n-d' Ie' .... 0 .. ·- - .Ar- Ad .'tiR:rl·"·t-h~ d!' ark" 'r--e'd-"

Wr.·· .. :.··; ·':,m-i:.,:'"I: .. : ''-·~··V~ ~'l 'H:,'j ',I ·,.··-.I~,·. 'r:,',:.

·c·l,ot.'h o:r Vi@'I vet., t.b-e J,ow'er' pa,rt to' ba ve a gold 0'(:" f'ed sUk. cord 'wound. a-rou'nd it, a.!? show':nj th.e whole handle 'finished

7

T--itl'p.·· '~TJ:'I;A·~'··· P .. ··· .. O.-· ·-·N-··:'·E,-- "-E'R--:

~ ".1:1 -.-. ",~. ',. _: .. ~_", __ .. _- .

": . IIttJe A.. 01' 'I ....... Ir'ou.rte_t~ 'Pi't •• nll uil. .1..... C·ftt,.n·Q

oft·with. s·'mall bras .. headed nails. The studded with large brass, or steel nails.

·tOPi· has, ,six. ornamen'tal earved w inrs The axe is S-hO'Wl1 in steel. A 11 of

which are '. :'D~J' out, 'fa,sten'ed on thetbese axes are about the same ,Ien.gth ..

handle and. (;p~~ert;d, ~"iih. :dflio:il;, as de- The ancient arms of defense as shown

scribed in. Fl.g, I:~ in the aClcompa.liy·i·ng ·ilh.1.s't'rations make

F:i.gu·'·I:' ,4 -sho'wl . a· :Morning Star good ornaments - for tb e de n if th ey are

w·h.ich is .abou·t :lU.1 in. h~nlig,. ~he s'pi:k,e.d cut from wood and finished in imitation

ball and .. the' ·fotlr·-sid,e'cJ ·an.d· r sharp- 'o'{' the real w'~~pon~ The ~e'si.gn~s s:ho~~

pointed spike . 'a'ra (if. steet .. The baU represent original arms of the S-l~ t ee nt h

may' be "made~ of clay or w~od ,.·nd ·COV··: and seventeenth eenttsries, As they' are

ered with tinfoit The s'pi:k,es, are eut the genuine' reproductions, each article

a,g'l o·f 'wood i 'sha rp",'poi1nted . a nd tone .. · 'c,an be labelled with. the name, a dding

s'ha;ped;. ·th'e ba:5-e h._vi n ,I" a br,ad 'to, s·th:~k to each piece in terest and value, says

i'nto the' ball, The, w':oo(J ·s1J1:·kes. are als~, 'the Eng·li·s'h Meeban i C; Lon don ,.

covered wl.tb.· ,tbl'f:'oit: 'The' h1fndle is of i!a;ch:_'we·apcHl is. cut 'f'rom wood, The

steel :i,mi,tation.:. cov.'fed ,in fhe midd:te ·blades· ,of the axes and the cutting edg'e'S·

·w"i.t,h ·red· c:ioth o,r v'clv'e't :an,d s,tu.dd'ed of the swords. are dre ssed down a tid

w·i.t~ 'Iarge~hiead'ed 'i:tee'l ~ans~ 'fin.is'hed with sandpaper a.nd the steel

i", 'r~"~ h' ... -. :- .-":~ --:1." ~h ··i!;_f~a,,·th· . D·'" parts represented.by covering the 'wood

,ft war ,,',am.mer -, o, ~ .. oCJJ 1I.:I!lJ'.!ien .. Ice_~. - t. h ~ t ···t W' h tf th f' .

t~:r,1 i~' 'Sh~WD~,~' ··FiC,:~ .$~., .~ls .. len~h.b;, wtt ~ tin:lOl11':- nen pu 'lng on tne un-

a.bO'ut.3 ft~ 'Tbe 1,ow'eT' half 0'( 'tb.e: foil, brush a ·t.'hi.n coat of .Ii~ue on the

-- "~":.L. d- tl 'Part. tc be, covered and quickly lay on

'handle is wood" icovcre4 W,rui .'re.': ve;l.- t: It. ,,' d " b

. -.-t . l""':h a- .·;oli!llft or ,-e.llo'. cord the Ioil. If a euttmg' e ge 'IS to ne

ve., W_"" ' .:;.:' "aJ .. " .. 1, .....• ;' .. '.-'. '" "- coveted the tinfoil on' one side O'f the

w;._-.·o--._ .. ·_·;··.n ... ·.·,d·,·--· -p·_i:,r--·,a_-·]·_·~y-.:-·· 0'-' .. "lI!i_,-r, .' . t .. ~h .. --,e:_·.-.· 1"'_' :'1, o_' _ _-' th, T:·h.e. . l' d I h' d" hi h ..

'u il;II iii .. , T~ - - ""iIj - - b a.:' I must overlap t· e ,e. :i'Te w: ich lS

'up·: ·.p.-~e.r baJf of ·th, •. ·,hand·&e 'is sltee]., 1,1 SOt -.' ed-··· us h" .' ,. -~.' v : ~d·· b'T1i..· 'L.

'past.e·. on the opposite :5·1: e. : '~]_e other

the. hammer .a,nd tpike....'Tlte en'tire ilidc is then cove red 'w:i th the ti.n foil of' a

bandl. i'bou14 . IDe .. ~ad. fO" one picce. li2't that. wUl not quite c-over to the Ct1t~

then 'the· ham.mer'· .put ·011 the base 'of ·ti.ng edge" After laying t'h,€ 'foH and

the I,pike*. The spikc' 'Made wi,t·. ·a 'p-~ al1o:w-lng time for the' glue to dry, wipe

i.'n it.s lower ·end. and: well I'I-ued:~ cam he the surfac e with. li,ght strokes up an d

flr.mly plae,e~ in pl)si ~loh .. , by the 'P~I" 'fi~t'"' ,down several times u sin g a soft pi ece of

'ti:n.g i.n a 'hole rna·die· far I ts rec·ept.'~v.n I iii. elot b,

the t.oP'",q'f:· tlt"e' ··hah"t.~j Finish 'up' the steel pa,nlt- _ w-i.~h ,tln~oit .... .

The 1011:091'.181' descrlb,dw·e,apo.n.s

can be constructed 01 the· same mate-

" ' .. ~ '}::;".-~',- ~, .• _'0'. '-L :', l'::: .,\ .::-._ .. ---:. : ""_"_

rials and :built up In the' same w.ay ·IUi·

described in, the 'fortlo.i-ng articles: lA horseman's short-ban·cued. battle-axe, used at the end of the' ftf,tieen.th 'ce.·n,~u.ry, is :shown in ·Fig,., ~t T~e' _'handle bi' of wood. a.nd the ·axe 'in i'mitation steel .. Figur'e '1 shows, .,n En.gUs~·'h?rsetTIa_n'.s bat t le~ax'e' 'u,l'cd .• t tbe begl.n,nul ~ 0'1 t~ e 're'ign of. g~·e.;n. EUza:beth.. 'Tb~' handle an.d . ax.c· 'bo'--'·'b -ate ·to be show'A In steel.. A Ge.'rmaft,·· .,10'01 :so'ld:ie·rJ1.s polea.xe used. at tbe' ttl •. bl the founeeri.th c~e'n'tury is sbow'p ·i .. n· 'ig~:' 8~_ 1'h-e ba.ndle is ,m~.d:e of dar'k wood and ·the aX.e covered ·wlth. tin-foiL' . Fipr,e:' '--9' s'ho-~s an' Eng].~:td1

foot soldier's jed'burgn axe Qif 'the stxteent:n century .. T'he ba.nd.J..e: is Q·f wood "

, .

,

I

~ • J •

. I

'0.1

'i:II:

I'

j. ; 101'

,

: .r.)

. "i

, ,

, !

iP ._ ~, .. :~.

• •

'.' . .-,'.

,",.-. '1

-- --- ....

'II

I ~i

'.

. -'

FIJI .... !

A Fren.e:'h partisan of the sixt:eenfh

e,en·ta.f·Y· is shown in .Fi~+ 1. "-rhe.'

POOR, MAN "S; JAME:S, BO:ND' voi, 3

8

we'.pon, is ev:! ft,. long with a round

L .. dl: b ina th '. f'

.. 0 ,C',aving t re same circum: erence

for the en tire 1 ength which is covered with crimson cinth or velvet and studded all over with round ... headed

century, It iI, abou't, 6 'ft.~ I"onk wi,tlt a,

d d 'b 41 Th - h" 'd

roun ' w'QO'Je,D "an::, ,e.i; "e s,pc .. ar' :: ,~a'"

i ... O· .'m'~,· ,·;t:,. ftt1;.·'t,·" ·'0' -11.... fi~' ,_-Ii ,'" t,'h'" '

loll " ., I_ ,r"",,'", ."~' ft' , ~II """ .' ,X!ICU on ,_,e,

bandle is,a,b9'bt '9 in,. I.lonl~ The ed,ges arc' sh,arp .. ' The cross 'bar' w'hi,c:h 'rb'RS, ':dIroul'h the low,er cnd of' the spe.r C.'A

i'_,

>I> :

,

I' ,

:# 'I' , ,

.rIo' I.

[Ii! '.

'~

~ ,

, ;.,

I .. I

iil'l ..

.!II'i i

"

g

... , ,.

1'.",7' ,'.,.

......... ' ....... :,"I"LIact

,.. ...

brass nails, The spear head is 'Of steel

b ... 1 f

about 15, in, long rrom the poim whe':r.c:

it Is att-ached to the handle", The w:idle.st' part of the blade Irorn spear to spear is, about 8 in. l~he- :~e-ngth of the' tassel OT' fringe is about 4 in.

Figure 2 shows a German military fork" oi the sixteenth cen tury, the length of which is about 5, it. with a handle of wood bound with heavy cord in a ~p,ira:~ form and the w hole pain ted, a" dark color, . The entire length of the fork from, the hand le to the points is abou .. t, In in., and is covered "! ith tinfo:il in imitation of steel,

AS'· halb d' f h" h .' c. W1S:S I 'a, .i , er ~. 0 t ':e sixteent '"

.' h ~ F+ . . ,-

century is S' .. .own in " .'~~~ 3., This, C'Qn1-'

bination of a' n axe and snea r '1~'~ a' bo 'lI~t"

'1 ~'ft~"I,~~i fro~ t,~;e R~:oln;~~~i 'tl:~~ ''';,pe;'r

h d f' h h' dl '.,. ~

to teen:' 0'1,' t ne : andle, which IS

S,',ua' 'r:", :T"th'''' ...... ,"" .. and '., " ,iI,. 'f' .',' "'1'

q ,. ,e~ "e spea r ,31.-",,_ axe U3 O'!, stee

... h h dl f ~ '" d' k d T' 'h1

WI,t '. a ':8.".' \ .e o~ p:w3in < 'ar.:, wooc ~ . ,'~_ e

holes in the axe can be bored or' burned , out with ted ... hot ,iron rods, the boles, being about 14 in, in diameter,

Figure 4 s'holAl's ,au A,ustrla'n a,meers· 'Span-tooti, used about the s,evente'entb

,.. .

M,",,1_"--,., tlll..· Cla; 'M' ... ·1I1~11 ;Ind Tltl'tI!tI: X":' ~'." ft,....;I;_., Iii 1;\ In g nil:! . ." ,. ...\1 .. :iI!I . "'"'''"IBI_'''' .~~-

"T"HE~- -:. l&..1'"C'AP·· -':0";' NE': " .. iE··i·:R"->

.. ,I.---=--: -nJ:.. >. ~. -'. ", t\- :: •• ~.:.~ :

Imal.~ eurved spear poi,n't i:s carved from a p-,~~iiIIU!!I-"·f - . '"""d . ..1 '" th t ,", ,." "'I :._. : "~,,,,~I 0, 'W'W'~ oo'¥,.r-eu wr ," ':Ul.'OI_,

.a,dr f.'sl)lned on ,t'h., end ,of t'he baud.le " ~'.., :" ;~,' Th' 'b"-' "d ""."(: ' .. ,," " 'I '.' .. h ' •• , •• IOWR~ .,.c . ,an · :0 i: meta_, ,011 t,.·e

s!,d'l ~,s c:ut Irom cardboa'rdj covered wi,th

,t·,· .. !'~1i11' "d f' "t, d' ~ h '..I

·,1,91:,0",11 an:" ' ,as,le'oe:d, on W1t, ': :fOUBu!iI

headed: brass or al,ee') :n,a,ils. -

,A 'very ba'ndso'me weapon is the' GerD'l:a!l ," :h~]be'rd, of tb'es'ixt,ee'n'tb 'ce:ntu,ry'

Whl"'PL" - ho , '! ". F"<'" ..., 'Th . ~

" ,,~JII, IS ,S'.· own :I,n, .,1., t ~ .' .ne enlare.

'Ienr~b, i:s about 6* l,t,., 'with a, waDd w,~el1 handle :fi,t,t'e4 ,a:t the :Iower c'Dd ~ith~ ,R,· steel ,,!Jrnam,e;R,t:.. The ten,Rlh 01' !.hi~' :Ipear' pOInt to, tb. ~tower' e,nd 'where It JOlDS 0'0 to t he handle is :J" in" The extreme: width of the' axe is 11, or liT ia. The ,. oater and inner edges, ,of 'the, c'resc~Il~,:"sbaped part o,f' t:he ,a,XI ,a:re sharp, This, axe is cut out with ,a serel • or ke:yho]e saw' and covered wi,th till:roiJ:..

,An, :1: tal ia n ranseur 0'( the, ,si.xteen t h c:en'tu:r'y . is shown i'n Fig. 8., This

'~e~po'~ is ab.ou.t 0..' t ~r ,lOti g ~w ith a r~l1 n'~ st.aff or handle, The' entire length of

the 'metal part from, the point 0:1 the spear to where it joins file sta'fJ is 15;

~ Th .. I' b h

10... i :~' spear 1.5 stee .. s' arp on t\~e

outer e'dg' 'e' c;

. ':', l~", ", _ .. ~_. _ .• :h:::!Ji!:

Figure 9 shews a tHtlng 1an-t,e with vamplate used in, tournaments in the 5 i x tee nt h cent u 'ry .' The wood pole is covered with (loth or pla,idted a -dark color, ,At the end is, fl, four ... pr:onged

piece of steel, The vamplate can be made 0:1 cardboard covered with tinf:oU. to represent steel and studded with brass nails, The extreme length i.s 9 ft ..

The ta,ssels or f'ri:n:Ke used 'in decora,t,· iog the h.,dles, can be made, ,from a few

inch f , .... ..J: f . b' JlJ •

i,DC:,', es 0 worsted ,'rin.ge* &1 .. out., in: ..

jon~ ,a'n.~ ~,ou'n:d iI~'1lI~~ .,the .~andle or staff tw'~cc: and fastened w:lth b'ra ...

headed 'nails"

The p'receedi,ng chapters !I:_.~ve d,escriptlons o,f making arms in Imitation of ,anci-ent w'ea'pon,s'i an:d :now' th'e am-

atAu'r a,' 'm'i ~o!"'Iir,\i5'r mu,~,t h"a, 'V'A ~~me·· he1m·t'·s'-

~" " r. __ v,,,;,, " ,s" ." ',,", iJTV'" ,,~,

to add. to his 'c.oU ec·t ion. Tbrre ,is, 'no

I=m' '~t t' , .. t'·'h.a C!'1~"'" of the holm" -t' a" n..Ji] ~t

.:."_,.l' '0 : ',;:,~ ~: &e " ' "'~, .1,,,'''';' '_'::£ ·,11 '·:,01 I ..

nt.y' be 'm,ad'e as a ,mod .. !:] lor :f:uU !d]zed,~ In con:struetin,g he'!:met,s~ a ,mass ,of c',la,7'

O· fa·" ny'" k' ,,~tP.!ild' ,t:'h, 'a,-' t' ~,iI:' .i,!i;:!IlIi i:!'~'lv 'W' ';0',' "'r~i~:l!!Iilb"I'e"" a:, ·,ft·····...I1

f' '~ ~' .. , ,,~~ffl.iI, ~ ilL .,'. :11;.3 ~Q'~ .. ,.'J' .. ". , ;Kah'~' -' E" ,g

, a" I 'IJr:··' y~' ,~:'tl'- ~ "' ill,I!!' 'n e' ',te' '~sa- 'r', y' sa' ·Y· 'iI':: A :, ft, i __ ,

, ' __ . ' ; 011, " ",,! !Ii,,", ',,', ' '"'''' "'.',' ' .. , ',.:. ;Oit IL" ~ _-=- '- 'e-

"l'~" 'h' ,"M:' ,.' ih', . '!'. iii , ..... ' d" )"t,· -t· L.

.1:1 :;' , ": ,tee l·an'IC,. ~ft.: O,R. ,'. mU:Sil' ue

k,ep't matS,t and weU 'knead,ed.. A large

board or seve/raJ 'p·.1.an,k~s )'·,gined cloMI'v

. '--:' ' . '- '- ,~ , -_.. - - , ',' ' " ..... ' J'

t,oKlther', on 'w'hich ,to 'place the clay, WU~ be uecessaryM The: s,ize o,f 'I,hl;.

b d "'1'] d d' 'h to f' h

Ol:": .. ! 'wh:" e:pen on, 't: ,e s:lze 0:, t 1 e

w.ark t,bat 'il 'intend!cd, to be. modeled,

Un.l"\ni I:':t' , . r-~J\ ._. .• ,

'Th.e' way; to make a belmet i'l de-

r ,~' • _' _ '., ; _ • _,:... • ... ' .l ... _ . . _ .. _ _.... • ._ . . " I.... • .: J •• _'. -' <:~ '. ~ .

scribed '10 the followl'nr method 01 p~ ~U·""_'I·ft. a G·· -f' -m,: "a",n ~o'C':n' ·0:' n·· C!i'h''"''!-w- ·:ft· 1'"'&

U._ .tp. __ .I!I r _ :'_~" J J '_ ·11l·1'·"· '.' t i;i:J;_,''U'. _ . -

D." ' . Th" 'h 11 h 8' d'" iii'

r I.,;, l.~, .1:8 . ,_' e,,.met ,:~,a,s .•. ,eur ..... :,if!-d;1 1ft,

-":"'bossed, w, . ·'ork, .. and on Aac'h sid~ .!iii :a

.... I,IIJ~ _. __ . .. '. _. __ . _ . .,.. . J _.,. _" . .. J _,.. •. ~ _.

bad t" h ... '.. M . I' , II

.. ae' ,0", ' , t:, iJe ... ;av,~I" r'-IIJi,mm'-i'en" t, '0· .. '; t: " e'·'

cfty·ofMu,n,ichi~· The·';id·.' vi,. 'of ,tile:

he'~:'rt1 tt, :is, ,sl1nw n in Fig ~ 1 ~

·'The e,bty is put on the :board and .

,~,ode~I:~d ~,nb~. the~, s~:ape ~ sh,!wn;ln, F~,~, ,2".; Th.ls. IS, done: with the aid of a p"3tr'

o~ ~omp:~s,sles, a few elay ... m,~d.eJiflg tools, ,and the deft U,Bt of the fingers,

'The fleur-de .. lis are sli,ghtly raised, as

~ b 1"" T' .. , '

In. , ,~, a,s .. ,r~e'~]e~~ , ,0 aid in, ;ge'ttj,ng the

helm et oiln" correct ","~<', - ,'~ ,- .t,. ~" ~," b ·th-' ;n~ ~,~ _~"" -, ,Ii~_ lli;".V _-~_ propornon on. ,,0"

s,: • des, and, aver the c rest (}in ; top, cut oo,t _ the shape fro,m a" piece oiE '~'w'ood'j as shown in Fig, 3,,~ with a keyhole' saw, Th is wood be ing passed ca,r,cf'uJl.y and :firmly ever the clay will brin;g it, mto shapei, and 'win also S,hOlV where there

, .: - b ~ d fici ~ .' 'h d t:

may' ~e any .- e .. ,elt'n-ele:! Ul t:~,e modei-

hlg't 'W hich ea n th en be easily remedied by ,a.d.d.in,g more (';lay~ The cut-out

'pa,ll."a s:hown in Fig. 4, :il the slde outU'ne '01 the be-lmet@

St,.,ps .[Qrf' ·tbint b~'own'f wrapping pape" ,1"0: put 'to' soak: in I basin of w',at,.' "0 wb,ich has, been added about a tablespoonful of .si~:[e, .melt .. ed and

)'11 ... d -"h'" d d

'we, ,I snrre , or some '1 _ - ,I n 1,11Ie~ an ....

I~:f't ,o,v"er night ,t~ s~k~ 'The paper shou ld b e torn '~_n irre gula r stla:pe's abou t I:S ta,r.ge as -t~~ palm of' It he, 'hand. ,A:it er t 11 e c fa y 111 odel Is f ni s h ed ~ :g1;V'e it a 'thin coat {):f o-'i1.-'s'\\tee't or oU,~e oll 'will answer the -ptt'rpose' very .:w,el1:. _~ ':Al~

beinz readv the ~,lq.-~, 'm''-: A..;II~:t: oile ,1' , L d

_~_ ,iI".~ ~~Q',J:~' '~ :~y "~'Y':ge,l, '. t,efl, . .anu

the' baSIn of soaked ft~ 'nAP nea r to :h:~:'~,~

._ __ _ _ ~ ~ .. _' '_' ~_ , .. ,,_, r--ll~·!!F.·,1. ,,~. _' . ' .. u '~l~I~U1i

take Up' one piece 0" paper at a ·.dm:e

and 'i'O,'"" , ,,' " 'f- ~ ~1 .'1 - ,.-, ~,. ,,- .. , .. 1!.., '

no ",",'~y eare nu f praee 1~ upon the

mode I' t pressin g it 'we 11 on t:be, cJ ay' and into and around .ao'y.·· crevices and pat ...

, , '

te rns, ai.~n:d, eon t in u e un t U the ela. Y 'i s

co:ml'plele'~y CO\' ered .

, Til is, b ei:i1,g done ,_ 'giv'c . the: paper a thin and even. c-oating of' glurej)' which mu,st be' q:u'ite hot and put on i1;:S q,'uickLy as, po:s,sih.1e;" Pu t on ,a s .. eeond la yer e f 'plpler as ~arefuU.y as before', then another coatin,g' -of' glue. and so on" a'n'til there' ,arl from, 'f'oiur '1:0' ,six' 00 ta'tS' of ,g'hle, and pa'pe;r~ 'W'h,m, _dry,; tl'4:., Paper'

coa,t:i'n,g should, ~ 'be' qO!'i,t,e' s:tout ~ a.nd, s,tr'ong' e'no,'u1Ih for die helmet 'to jbe' 'usied lor orn,amcnta] p~fposes.. :lB,efOf'e: 'laking it off the mod,eJt' wh.ich ,should,

be n.o' d i:ffi ell 1 t III ,a. t'terj. -ow i ng to 'the clay being oiledt trim -off .a ny' r',8gl[ed edges of' paper Yiith ,I ,sna'rp knife;!l and

smoo' ,,:th 'Qn..4: Ii !'~h ~,1i'1' ,,-, ~ '-'--'''t''h' ~ ,"" , ;,",' .'," g' U , DIS;" :1,,[1 ov,e'f l\,I~ 'I som,e

fi!1[e' ,sa,nd.~ple'r. 'The pa:per is '~'hen Il\~eri ~,a,_ thu'i coa,t of ,g1.ue and, section,s:" of 'Il nfoi 1 stu c k _ ~n 'to ,g1 Y'I' ita fi ni sbed, a,pptaran,ee.~ 'When fhe be 1 met i.e. 01' . 'the' model, make: holes w'ith ,3 s,ma~t· a~'!: a:t_ equ,al di's'tances" throug'h '~'b:ic:h, '1:,0 :ansert som:e fa:n,cy br,ass naIl's, beDd~ .,,·:'nl 'tn.e points over a:nd As. t ,a'cYali1st, ,the

"'d t: h - ,fi;

InS,I- .. e Oil t. t, h.elmf't~ -

, . ,~ vi:zo''f helmet, is shown, _ i n Fi,g.. 5~ Th:ls hel m,e't ha,s ,8 'movable ,tiZOf' i:A t'h,e 'ront 't'[bat, can b~' ~';f:,t'ed',-' u"p-" a "f~\8U'" 'O'~D--l

~ ~ , ~~ , , ". ,_ '"",,.Ii~" ., '\or ' \;.~ 'ii. ' ' ,

tOP,t and around ,the n,ec:k a narroW gor,K'et whie:'l1 'reell's upon t,he w:ea:r,e'r's s,h,ou 1 d,trrs " The wh.o'le helmet, with t'ht! !t,xcrp,tioA olf the vizor i :slu)u'~d, :be'

.• ,odt;,l~d ,an,d m,ad,e hI on:. 'p' iec,e. The

I, - 'b b ..:I .

vizor c=a,'R t: '~e'n '-e maue' and, pu.t in, p']a,ee

with ,a b'ra,~s ... headed 'nan on, ea,c.h' ,side.

• • • • p.

I'm Fi.g~. 8 ~s ;s_b,own aj ierr,le' '.sal:net 'w~th a,' ,in'l,c.d,;.tvlzo,r' .'which cn~a ·'very· mUt:.";h 'fon'tta/rd,,' so ,as, 'tOI ·a'now . ttl'll' ';'~I'at,er i~- 'birea'the,-freclr~~ - - Thi;I'~ he'lmet.

W)f •. S WQ,~n annu_'t, _ the sj1{tee'D th .:c,eintilu7 ~ and 'was, pfobably used f'or t:iU;:in',I' ,1,lld .

tou rn a m'e n ts, '. '.

A DO rgon et s:k1JJ~ 11 -ea pt of, the 'sn tRft t~enth~-c"e'nt~ry ,is ',sh~'wn i:m,~F-ig~~. '9,., ~'The'

'\' ]::z:o r ~lS' com~pose d of a fu .. :g,le' ~ba r' O'f metal t' squ~ re 1:11'" ,sha, e, I vibJiiC~h ,s~ide91 'alp~ and d.-ow 11· ,in In' iron,1 -soeket ,a'ttac~hed ·to,. the' ('ront -0'1 tbe :helme't·~, and ~s: :hel.d in: ,any posi tiOfR' . ,by ,8 tbu'm,b:lc're\¥' aI,

,~,'~'~I'II:t"'H ~ tit th .• , ,~,11'] 'Mi ;12',;"'r~'~ =~D . ;.

~ I;'lu ,[11 II, 'jll~'~ _ ~J'~~ [~1, q,g ~ _ 1P!1l",.~ _ ~ .

,A· hole" in, tb:«!'· '"e'ak ol. t,'he h,eJ'mf!'t ,allows, :i,t, till .~ bam,1f . i,H, '['li'on;l, ,of tbe'

wea:r:c't"~;s fae,e". T~b.is ·eon Ifrl vallce' :ShOt1~d be made .of wood, I the .. 'hel:m'et to" be m,Qd,e'[ed.'i:1l 't,b:ree pic¢c s~ ,the' :lkuUca,,', peak ,a'n,d, "lobster she,n be,ck ,I,,'ar,d .'ia O'De' 'pie',ce and. :t,n.e: ·,t!ar· pa'nla in ·twa ,pi,ec~s:~ -~:n~e -rO'f ·e~eh~~·side~,~~'-:Th!e e.n:tt,e~

of the ea.-r gu.ard,s, are: 'perfon,tecL An of the helmets ,are midi. in the lame

P ,A 'D'" V-~~I· ~a _"

,A miss ~of any kind o;f cla,)" ,t,'ha.t is, .8'U,' mod'eJ.ed a'ltd fa,lr~J.· :st,Uf' m'us't'

'L...... '..:11.1 11- .. .~ ~ ,. . d~' 'iii I

uc preparetll, a:ftu ,,'ep't 'mo~s.t. ann w'e~

kaeadicd 'lor '~Ulk'ing. th.'e' m[ociet's over

'holi' '!Ii... '" f' d iii., I

W .. _len 'pa'per as ': ,:or'm'e;' . to m,ax,'i t: ie

aha'PI ,Of t'he artie les U[h] st'f,. ted in th,ese Ikett'he:s~ A modeJin;1: board m~s,t be made of one: 'Ia:fle board O'f' seVeral 'pieces joined clo.sely to:get'her

- h· h - k h' I 'h

'lipon, W'.~'j,C,~ to wor ,-' t:, ~;e' e _'a.y, sa,J,B t, ,I::

Eftg'liiSh . M'echan.ict Lond.on,~ [The size' of 'I'he 'board de'ptnds U:pO:D th,e sille of the w,ork to be' ~made;.

A:n C)'pen, ,e'bam"'ron ,of the 'fiiteent'h, c~n I,ury - -i,~ shown in Fig, 1~, T:hi~ p:l,tee' ,of horSe :armor',., 'w'hlc:::'h was uSiI!\d in, :( rO~lj:t, lof ,a, hO'rse",s bead ~ m:rakes ,2 spltU,1d;id (en[l1!" for a 'sh,ie,ld on, 'wbich

,art~ lx-A, .. the-: ,S~~[J",nrd· :5, e.'f!.\Ii!'"I:_ and-';ra a'-'

. ~ ~ _ _ _ "",g ~.' ~ 'Q '" ~, i' . ,'!II. .... "':J . ,0 '.~" ,,,,~ •

gGOd, piece' '(iOf' tht! :a'matl/ur' arm'o-r'Clr to ~ry bis ltaRd on in lh~wayo(D1odeling

-:I 'I' 'IL, ,. 'I... TL. -

10' CIa,' or pa,p~!ef maCI~e worK;, .. ~ ,lJlJe

open,ling" for ~'tbe' 'ani'mai' 't:o put :11lis, head in I,g i'B se'm'il:i'rcu' tl,a'· r and t'L~_ \i£"I~,"'JI:_oiIl!', ,d'[ '0" ,

. . .... . ~J .. [ I '_" . J["ll~ !ii:II_,U~ . .gI .. "

D,ot c'ov,er the jaws~·. ,As 'the :ma,~n 'pl,rt

.P,QQR MAN'S JAr-1ES BOND Vol. 3

10

of t his a. rm 0 r :i sworn in fron t ():f the head the extreme depth is about 4 i'n~ The errtire head piece must be modeled in clay with the. hands, aJt~r which it is covered with a, thin and. even coating of sweet or pure olive oil, ,A, day before making the clay model some pi'ece's of thjn, brown ·lvra,p.ping paper are

torn in i rregu Ia r s h a pes. to th e .size· of the palm of the hand a:nd -pcut to soak [n. a. basin of water in which a table ... spoonful of size has been dissolved. If size' cannot be, obtained from you:r '~'Ocal painter" a weak solution 0.£ glue wi.l.1 do- equally well, '1 A.ll bein,g ready, and 'the cla.y model oiled, take u.p one piece of paper at a time and very carefu.ll.1 place it on. 't he su rface of' th e model, pr,e,ssi.ng it rOn well and into and around any crevices and patt'e'rnSIF CO'R~ tiaue 't his opera tion u "'til the c.la,y

m~d:el i~ .~om~le'tely covered on every part:: Th.ls being dio~ej- give the paper a thin and even coatIng ·of ;glue~ which

. must be quite hot and laid on ,as quickly a·s possible" Lay on a second Iayer of 'paper as carefully as before; then another coat. o-f glue, and so on' until there are five or six coats of glue' a.ald paper, When this i.SI d ry ~·t. ~ ~jml be s t.rang e nou g h for all ~.o~rlta·lJ1~t.~1 f. purposes. The ragged edges qf ·~I1.e paper are trimm,ed. o;ft· '~dth a ~h~:rp k'n'~fe and the whole surface smoothed with fi'ne sandpaper. Then 'c~re(J:illy g·lu.e Ion sections of tinfoil 'b) gi,Ye t~be.

. . . . . I

armor the aplpeara.nc,e 0'£ steel, ~h.e

armor is now removed frorn; tbe m/od.eL .

A m.itte·n gauntlet of the nfteenth centu ry. is. shown h~, Fir .. · 2... Th:is. ~~~ ~

b d.. .~ ""b "h '

.~. Ie. ma. ··'je III O.De .p.~ece.. WI.~ •. ;. t ~",e ~ : e.x:-

eeption of 'the thumb :shiel.d,1 '. wlloi:ch. is sepa,ate~ The· thumb, .shield . is :~ar-t~ tached to the thumb at an old ,gloNle' wh.i,ch is fastened wit.h rO'UR,d headed nails 0.0 the i.n.side of the g:aUD.tl.eL

'The 'part. co'vel"in.g' the wrist: is, a cir. eular piece .• but the back i.s Dot, nee' •• ' ,

... ld b 'h til'

0-' • .- : ~, :- _ - 1 • - ,', - • - I " - . • - ",

8a.r1 a,s It. walt.;··· not .: I: seen W.· ',en ' ' 'e .

g:a,unt:let. is 'hanging in its pl..ace~

l·ft Fig .. 3 is SbO·WD II ,~fuDtl~1 .fj~the I' se,:en teenth ·e·e.n:tury . ":"J·th:· se:pD·r.n,ly· '. ,a'rtlctdatl£.d fing·er·s.. This ,ptllGt~et, may' be molded in one piece" excrt'pt t'he!: t.humb and. finge:rs" which. must be m,ad:e sepa·tateJy a:nd fa.st-e:H·ed with t:be· t.butD~b 's,h:i~ld~ to ·th·e .Ieath·er gl~·"'·e tba't is at;!!; ta.ched· to t~e i.lJs.ide o,f' tbe: gau.ntlet;

the same ,as In .F:i.g~ 2. .

. A b:re,ast,plate and. tass,e.ls of the· sixteenth cent.ury .are show'n i.n. Fig .. ,4·.. ~ The· ta,sscts a:re. sepa'FJte and at", tache:d to the. ftont pla.te. ·.with. stra.:ps, and buekt,.sr;. -as .sba W'O in' the ,ske.,tch.~ T'here is .a.\ jilel':; a:r"ou,nd., the:···waist w'hieh hel ps. ~·to bold t'he back 'plate' OIL At·· tacbed t.o. tb,e bac:k' 0,1 'the pl.,te ·.o~u~.d

be tw,o short s.t:r,aps .a·t; t~lie ,sh.o1ll.lder:~· .

These ar •. p.assed ihrou.gh lhe buckles show·.n at ~ ·t~e top ... ri\lht' a'aid lef·t ... ha,nd com,ers o'f th·!; front plate. F:or d·ecor-

·ativie purposes the back 'plate ·ne·e··d not.

be 'm:i,de, ,:and. therefore it is not de-

'.:.".';

, .

b ~ d' !I' • ·10. i d

can e m,a·.' e In .a:ny stze, .• , 'pl,aee"1 OR

h 'd I" b' ....... ~ - ~

t .e rna :e .,nll .. oard: 'OT' '~'nc:h. , •. ad eev-

ered with cl.ay. 'This will make ·the· model Hg'ht and. easy to :move around, a'lJid willi· rlequ.~:rti, l.is e:1a7.· It is not n.e\~·c~lsary ~ to have- .,lftooth· boards; the rougher th'c 'bette'l", ,U the su~r,face _ w~in h~]'d-,th C ~cl&;y t T,he rela, forms 'n1.oleJieri U:Pi ~ .. 're'&~y' .-:- ··to,.J· n!C1,j;'ve the 'p,B.tC·_

of -brow.n~ paper" ·on. ·the ·I·"rl •• 'are &b.ow~ in. Figs~.· 6. and 'I.

i\ 'German Suled 'arm,or' used ·a:t the begin.ning· of' the sixteen·th t:enturfY' is show. "i~; . E~I{... 8.~. The b~·east.plateaRd ta~sets of thts· .armO,f are III'P'} ~,d t.o .

b .~ III b f .. F,:"""-".~

. 1.111 GlUt pteee, :' D.t ' _ or 'c'ORven:lence 1:8

makiDg. it" ·will. be 'fo'un·d 'best to· mak:e ·the.m4~ separately and then alue ,the'D1' .na'· ·t·b·er a'f' :t', .. th t, ~ ,-"r' ;J; 'I ....... f':' ,t.'L. '. "I ..... a.e. __ ... ; '. er : ~ ,.c, • ~,e 1Ia.a;en. ·rom 'lIe'

modet A' Mirtow lil •. ther belt p,I'aeed' "'~und ·the armor wil.'l -eever ,the j.oi,n't Flu:t,ed R'nnor takes :its nam.11 ·f·ro,m a series of !Corrugated .1JOOY·es, ~ bl... in de:p,t·h.~ : ru,n:ni.ng down the .pla·te'" A piece loi·.: b·oard,f. . cu.t 'into· the' shape .sbowlt-,in: Pi',If,1. lit ··will· be ye'''' usefUl f'or' -.ar.lda,g oat the H;.ted Unes.

P.ARTV.II

TLn!" "WE~'A: ro NE~ E'R

~ '. II . __ .:, I, i, 'I :~_~.I·· ',r-'

at a hardware store or harness shop,

Tbe whole figuf'e when 'com.ple'ted

is pl.ac·ed on a square box covered wit'h red or green baise. The armor should,

be .sup,po·rted. by a ·Ugh.t frame orf w,ood.

'b ""II - . h 4' id h E

~1!n ~t u'p on t: .. ' .e 1'n.51·. e', s.ays t - e, ~ :.'D,g.~

l.ish M ec'h:&n·lc1. London. 'Two :v'e-rtieal pieces are firmly' attaehed to the box so they wiU extend up vl,side. the re~St, and at the top of 'them is attached' a. crosspiece o.n. which is placed ... 3 verti" .. · cal stick 'high enough t-o carry t.he hel ... · met, The 'two Io-we'r pieces must. be bail·t: up and pacbi:ed out ·wi.th straw, tb.-e·n cQ,v'e'red 'with red cloth or baiae to represent the legs,

. -



r· .. ·a

."., .Full I'~t of Arm.e:r

.In 'mak·i.ng 'u:p the various pieces for a fuU. m.odel I.t w·ill. be ·f·ound. very eon ... ·v,e.ni,le'ftt. to use r·ope,;. a. stou t cor,d O.r strings. in maki.ng· 'Up t~e -patt.erns on til:.' 'part;s~ Ins t.ead of ·u.s.in.,g brass-·

b d· d "I b f ~ "'iI tl ea •. I'e:. n,3J 15,., " .. ra", ·pa·pe·r· :. ,·as:teo.ers W'l~u~.

be fou:n.-d. use·ltd,. Tbefle can be pur:chued: at ·a stationlery st.orel' ,Secure the· 'kind 11.a \ti:n.g· a round brass. h·e-ad, from wh.ich ha'n,g two brass tOingues.~ These. ,ar'!! push.ed. thr·ough a hol·e . .and

d a -h '"t ~d'

.5pr;,.· ~. (lU t. ,nat· on· ,t ~ e oppos,I,:e 81 :e.

Other' ;ma terials ~ca,l:l be u sed in the:

1 . (~f '"liS' .,'~

p_alce ·0·'· t·.n "OJ , ·to rlepre:H.ot stee·.·.. .l~.~

ver ,pape" 'wIn do 've'ry 'well, but. if eithe'f 'tbe tinfoil. IG·r s.ilver' pa.:pe·[· ,.re· f'Gund dUnC1ld t .-.0 m a nipu la..tie., ,go over the 8'rm.or wi th a ·(-oat ,of 13il ver paint 'Put on wit h a bTU s,h:, \i'lhe.n dry gi'vie ·t.he· surf.ace a coat: of va,rnish.

• It: ant ,rA _, ,_, 1969 ::e;.N~"X' M~:~~ WARF,ARE

I 'NT' . 'R~": O~ ID~~ '[[le':'T I O'N' i

, . ,_', .': .', .~.' '. ..:_ '.:"'~ " . -

Tb~' hi s ·t,o,r:y ,o,r ml ne and bO!Q.'bytr'&p w'arfare is almost as long as the history or w'ar lts,elf,. Althoug:h thea,ie ,devlc,es, ,,',ere once cons Lder-ed an u:nt,a:lr and co,w1a.rcll,. manner of' fl,ghting a.n eneDlJ., na·t:1 .. ens 'o'ont 1 nu€ d ec d.e:v e lop, and emp lO',l' mine,s a,nd. booby traps because they provided an erreo~ t:lv,e and s1,m.ple mea:n,s, 0,1 In.f'11ct1ns; c,a.3,'ualtles upon an, en,e'my' ,r',oree,~

Dur'ins ·the .',ar wlt·:b Pra,n,c:e,. 19Ji6-'1'5~., t,.he' V.1e''t M1,nh. used l·mp:ro,·v·,iseHi, explo'8!,1v"iI!' mine,s, and bo'ob:ytraps efre,c't.:lvel,,.~ ,al·al,ns't ·t,he :French for,ces ~ The VO/IIV'A, bave, eonti n.ued t,o 1mp,r'ove, upon ·t.he'iliu, te cb'n,l,qY,e;8 ~ a,nd a:re empl,oyl,ng :m1nes ,a:nd. boo'by't.'l,lI,S'I'S, ,·,1.8 an ,e,t'teo,·t,1v's' w'ea"pO!IlS sy,s,tem, ,asal,rust .tr',e'e wo,rld mill ta.ry forces i,n SVH ·toda,,' ii !b.,e ,n.umber or Ma.rl,]1,e easu,alt,.:i'es,l' ,p,e'rha'ps bett,er t,han ,any' other exampl'.'t 1.11'u,Btrate,8 h.o'. e,fl"ect1ve' t,he e:n,e:my :1. with the',le

d,ev,l.'1::e.8. Marines, land.eel 1n to,rce 11"1 SVN

dur'.1ng Mareh 1'965 and [duri·ftI 'the ,tl,r'8,'t 'men,Chs, ot t1gtrt1ng approx .. i:mat,el, 65-15 p[erce:nt, or ,8.11 :Mar1:ne caeua.lt1ee .e:~e caused by ml:nes and, bo'ob:,t,r'ap;(S,. Mne,b ·.has been le,arn.ed aiDou,t the e,nem:l~'.' .,tbad. or emp,lo,,1,nl .,1:n.8 an.d boob:,tr'a,pi8 sin-,ee ~r',ch 19(,,5 j bu,t desp1,te tbie kn,ow,led"e ." Mar'1,~e'8 I' a,t an, a larm1,DI, tta,t,e Ii ,cont.I,Jute' t,o bditC ome c,a8ual,t.lee ·as a [dire'ct r'li'.8ul t, or eRe., mine'. ,and b·o,ob,"trap,.. Dur"lftl 1:968;, i,". 7' pe',r'cent, ,ot all :Marlne ,c,a,8ualt<le'II" we,re·· a'aused,' bv t·'··h"e· a-"ii'!Ii'iI!S1'i'd' ent:·1'a~ '1' d,e~ t· ft~,6t·':'ID· ·n~ ,,,,," a

'~ .. [~'.~., ~.' -_Oil" .... ..... w'w·- ... ' .,[. _', J ••• ~'.' •• ~"I.G .,- ., '_.,' .'& .'

.in. olr boob',t·r",p;; In other ¥O,H,a" more t.ba,n, once Cl,t e'very three· Ma'r1:nes lei·l,lad, or

'iiil'A'- c' fi,A: A.A, 1" " 0'1.71.:1' ...... e A - ~. ~~, h '68' '1I'!iI'8' '1- t.-1·, ,II. ,,.,. ...

'!IIIIwU .. alli.l,eg, .' n l;Ji ".J1I 'U. u g'me',s a. '"' g, ' •. ~ , . ., CIo'. '!(f. iii'.

,re=iuilt, ot a 8l1,n,e ,or bool),yt,ra,p,,_ Al,tbOUI'h

a great many d.etectl,on means I) ra:q1.nl ,trom 1ntr'1ca,te e.l,e'ct:ro:nl,c, device's,' to I:pec:i,a,ll" t·rained d.'ols" have, b[ee,n d:c'evel,oped:; e'xpefr'1,~ ence ha.,s shown that. an al:ert, Ma;pi,ne, aware o,f wha't t·o 1,oo,k t'o,r a'nd,.he·:re: to, l.o,ok., 1,8 the most eff'[e'·c:t"l,Yt, ·de·tec;tl,on, de'v't,e e ,

ENEMY DOeTH,IHE

Although mod.1f'led by 'p.8.st IU,er:r'11,1,a 'wa.r .... fare' ex'perienee' 1.n Vletn:am,t VC/NVA, Mi,ne warfare' doctrine continues to olosely parall,e'l tha,t, of 'the Chine·se Communl:st ,A,rm,. ExtensIve deliberate mlnetlelds have not bee n, enc o,unter',ed :tn V'letnam ~ 'R,a't,'her'. the

. - ~ .. ._, . - - " ~, .. , .~ ~ ~-, . ~ .~,. . . t

eneimy' e'mploys, 'mlne:s ,s'lng,:ly olr 1'n elu:s·te'r;S! to achieve his purposes~

:In a,reas ,oocupied, and, prot'e'ct"ed. by' tre'e 'w,arld f.'orc,es}i the ,enemy empl'O','$ ml,'nee tiC) delay and disrupt th~ use of roads a~d p,a..'ths, and 'to ca.use thE?' allie's to, d.:lver't ~ forces to guard and clear those routes~ In a.dd,! tio,n 'to t,h-e thr,ea.t t,o m:111-t,.l.r.,' t,r',artie and, l·awful c1.vll1 an movem'ent,. 't;·be fr.ee' w"orid p,ers,on:ne'l and ,equlpm,ent ,emp,lo'yed .in patrolling the roads and In detecting and

11

remo V' 1 A'. ~'fU~~S, are p;l"'ime 't,ar,gets·.

~ . .

.. ~ "

. : ..

I:n eQnr;-~:"jtte'd,~ a.re.,Q,s, wliHd'r,e fri,e'ndl.y o.fr,£Hl .... sive operatI6rli'6r'patrD~ activities are

.... '"",n' , duo , , .... t: .,s;"A the. ,e' n' ~ ,o"'l"''U. emeLovs "":1 ne,~ '~n' d'~

"" 'IJ '. """ ' .... lUI, ,,. , . I!,. .,' !i;;cIi~'I,;1" 'r'" . "" " IU., .... ~ ...

booby traps to inflict ca5ualtle5~ delay and. channe Lf ae movemerrt .• and damage ,or destroy equlpment~

..•. " .. ".

I • ~"," •• _.. ....... ~ II ~ .j..... :;::; .. ~. I •• " ....... :

.... .' ....

. 'Tn e ,cne'm;y" use S.:· a 'Ve:r.'y ll'ml't eo num.b e r 0 f

mod. t~ rn 'n:nlc h i :n.e'~ ,,'ra,d u e 'ed,' m t, n e S .. Th,e ma j 01"'-

ity of ehemy mines are handmade by the VC using U~S~ ~ud~~ discarded ammunition and

~ . I • I. .

equi~ment~ and'ma~er1a15 thrown away by

U~S~ fo~c~s a~'trash'~ Ninety percent or

a 11 the' rns.-te r'i,a_ 1 1 n enerr.·:y mi nes and tH)'oby'tr;ap,s ::1.,6 of U',~ S' ~ '. origin (' s ee fla .. 1)~, Of all- ·'tbe' e·x:plo,sl,ve d·ev:1c,e,s' pr-oduced loc:ally 1 n vc rn.! ne ' r"ac t'OI"'1 eo S.II' '95, per-ce n t a'r',~ a rrt '1 ....

personne 1. t oiob:ytr'aps .. ~ ,_

- A,l.1. d'ud' . allmun,:L ,t 'i on 1 :B a s o ur c e o t e n,emy

8u,pply ~ l,tter' airs,tr1,kes .B,nd ,artillery . .'nd mol' 'I or m'l CS S 1 (lnS . en amy' 1 ,~~ t " ,

~'>,< .. ,.:>:!~>'~'>,~,., .. '; .. ~l~"'~ ~~,.,,: 'i~": ",[s,a.' 'v~g,!" ,:ea~!s:

make s,weep,s to c·ollect, dud,s. L1ghte.r

,o,rarnsnro e lis' ,ca--rr l"ed, a.,ay . to 'p'r1e p ar,8;'t :1 ,on are'as,; -lane batntj.s ·and pr.'oj,e,ct:l~les a:re

b::ro,ke:n d,~wn-J:a'ftd :sirl'pp"e,d ,on ·the ':s:po't., I'n

some cases the' larg'e'r' dud,s are· 'rigged as 'boob,t,r,ap'l vhe,re 'tbe3" ha;v'e ,fallen.. TIl·is

1;8 e.peol,~:llJ". tr~,e 'vh.·n, ~,he e·n,e'aiJ feels

the ,s·trl'ke' or' tire miS .. IJ,lon wa,s ,II prepar'&"",· t.l.'on :,fo:r ',an"'1:nrantr,y att'8:!c:k~,

• _.. ~ : ~ I I -.1.. ••• ~ I ••

P.1,gu.r1e .. '1., ~ ..... In,emly 'eq,u1pme·n t e ap,'tl.n;~e~ ~. ~ 'b;r' MaFi:n,es Dn 8W';$0,» o'p,e'rations 1n IIC"'Z'ii'

iU'. :,t.. ''IilI'O, .. -, ..... '6·': ~ .. ~'en'adJ@' l' n c@n'terof'

,~,,,O. e .~~ I,,,) c; ,... ,sr._~ ~ . .', ,"'. ,

pi ct~tu~e 'I' Ot·her ,gr!en.,ad,e,s are' l;()ca 11.y pr.)ci:uc,e:d uslne:, C'_ ra.t,1 on Q ana ,t

HOrw',e·ve,r J! d,ud ammu'H'itl.on. 1,3 not the ernl, ,8,purc,e 0 f ~'nemy' :supp ly . Care' l,e s' s.1y d1,s .... c,arded o'rd,na'Dc,e' Qt~· ,all. s,ize:s, and In any Q'Ua'h·t1't',' 1s' (;.blle¢rt.ero.,_ '~j" enem,· ,a,lv'sle

t~· e' ,itiIi'm'~ IIIi!iI , ,r, " M' 'A;'M!f;a'" ~A'nn,As' " 'ro·ck. ,6]t,lD tAAW't '8,

CiIi. Ia.. . I!W&," 'iLo.I." ,&"""'1i!Io"~Y. :) ~ _ ~ .... ' ~ Q " ~ "

gr'e:nades 1;' and~', 8:ma:11 ,arms ammun1,t 1~()'n a'ba.n.do'oed, 'to' 11s:ht'ecn" tbe l:oad (or I.mp;roJu,':r'l:, secn,a"re4 ,and i,o.t,· by tast,,-mo,Y,lnl: Mar'l:n:ea)

r· . ~ .

ha,ve "v'al'u1e' a,s 'ttl exp :los :1 ve, eo lellen't·, in

boo'blfti!r&PS':~, E~en a single :M16 round., @'3,e·c··ted tQ: ·clfliar.' a at,o,ppal.'@' o',a:o 'be u8,ed.

by 'he e,ne~,~,

Acld1,t1'o'na.l~J ,. mater.1a.l,a, dlsoarc!,e'd as tra,sh and, improperlr dest,:roJed,' s'Uc:h as ,ratl:o,n. ,ammunitign.,; be'e'r ,and. soda ca'n:B,. batt,r<l,es'I' I wat~r,pro,o,r pa;c,kaginl, mater,tala, bandoliers ~ et:" '.' ,I' 'pro;'vide the ene'InY' ill valu.able sou.r'Qe. !Q,r' su',ppl:y to 8 up J:H:J:rt, ht,s 'mir:u! w,arf',are' operations, '. 'Th,ese :l,tems. hav'e. o:n 'nume'ro'U,s 1n$'t,an:ceB t be,en !e~,pl.o'ed, 8 u,c,c,e s,sru,l 13' ,asa.l,n,B't· :Marine,1 ,a;nd t·helr

e'qu.i,pment ~ T.h9r~O\i,sh . po, 110; e' . 9~·f' .. :f~l,e,nd 11

po:-·,o,: >R-·',· MA- - N.·' is ,JA'}4E,S :BOND' vei, .3

I ". ,,_. _

•.• ' •.•••.

. .

'V:C" M' 'T'ut:" PACTOlft:IBS

• '. 1 ~Jll~_ _ _ ' .;_ '." . "_ ~ _ _

Primit1ve' V'C m.l:ne· t,act·Q'rle·8, ,.:re llsuall,. lo·ca.t··ed 1.0 t·ne· a.re,.,s t,be,' lI,uppl8-.· Gre1at ca:re Ls 't,a.ken i'n the c,amout.lq.· a:nd dis- . pe.r:sal o,t 't·h,e·se .ta.cl1,I,tl, •• ·• UsuallJ' o·on-· 8't,r-ucte·d, u·ndersr.ound.. l.ttO.,t 1,8 ma4., to d.is'pers·e the w·ork:8hop. ,and, .·t,or'I ••• · ~'br'ou'Ih-out· a. ·8·e·r1e,! o·t t,u·nnel .• ~ Thea' .. 1imlt· des.truct.l·on by wor:k.1DI ,.oc.lden.'t·- Clr' tre. world .r·or'c·e a.r·t1.11e'rr, a,lr' and, na.Y,a.l, .I:an,-· tire and prot·.,et ap.lnat d.~,I'COV •. r)' ~ .Ae

1mp,ort·an't a8 eeee •• ,lment a.f' th.' IIlne .

factory J 18 t,he mO'b1 1.i.tJ· ot 1.ta· p.r.o~n.l ,an,d. equ1pment,,, Iven .• ih11~· t:b., IIl,ae' r.,at,or.,' 18 be·inl se·t·tled in G.ne paa.l.b,.10ft,. ne. po,s1't;,1on.B are ·be·ina p:r.epared tor' •• pld,. d1a,p·l,ae:-ement,... Rarel" .,oe. a IIIRe' t,aQ;to·r,,.

'r'ema,l n i.n one p.ls c.e an, 1 ansi.'." t;han '. t'.w' 'week:s It There 1. no· d,:1.at·1:ftct, ·p.itt,e:rn Oit m.'o·vem.n.t., Fa,ct oP'i e., :have ':e,e:n .. k'ft·OIftl, ,t·o return ·to 'p:re'-vl.ou's ·p,gs·it,loDe, ev:en a.ttLe.r ·that p'oslt'lon has b·e.,n <I.l.8"·Q~v;ered, ·and de·s,tr'Q,.,'ed bJ Mar·in.' t·orc,.:I,.,

. NV,A-tr·al.n:ed. e:I1s;:t.nee,P., .jn.··ol'l.!,de . t,b~' ...

. s.k:.l.11ed -.n.uole,u.$ ."0':1" '·be· ,e'oemy m,lne .: r:a:ctor-1es.j but s·up·e·r·v.1.S1o·n and. l-ab'or' are

p.r.1mar.11,Y. VC ~ The .t,plc.~,l .,~ut,p~~, .. ·of.. a

1Io,q,~~ 'Y:~·, _ --.-l~e . ~.c;t'~I7:~···,,:~.~~; ~- 'I~. ~~~: ·.~'·5 : .. ~.I;~~"I;

,!I!i;R" ' ... ·.~·iliI1uJ"'~·ll A;iIii1"lv~" "1.'!ii'liii!1·e".'''''''p~e-'· ~ .. ~~ ·L •••• ., ,.,

__ ' ut··I!IEi!/~p-.,:·u_[~·:~: .. _.' .. 'g" ':\!I!i";'_'i_, r:_.i- ti·J·;~.l!_-" '_ ;u-i~"Il:'~ll,~ I. ':._ •• ~''' .. ' ... ''~

.. • - I • " """ "" "".", : " "' _

,1).:1,,1'.":·· . .. ,"" . ... . .. ~ .~.~.::~ ~

.- .' :~. III .

'::' - .1 •. ,·:.::·-":. ,.: .. ' . .:~ .'.~:':

i::: ~ "II" I ~. ':.: ~I:·I.'

.fij, 'N",'T-'I': T··A-· '''''K

" ~",,:.L'.·· ":,1:" ....

Tn-a ,en.'em.y makes e'v·e·!".:1 et.tor·t t,o, a:'void, repeat Ins p~actlces wh1~hJ wbe~ .nal~ze~, ·could in.di,cate' a pa.tt·e·rn. Tb:8'retor'e" the

'VC/NVA doct;,r'lne a,t,re'· .... ·S .:b ••• _. ee u. •. ~ .

• 1:n:e':I-~ no·t ·ho'. '" Llsted. ·bel.,fLare &. r,e. ot the kind:8 ot; :p,18,o'.11 whe.r,e'. ·.'ae.,~_t.1'~i. 'ok and a,n,t1.¥ehl,cular M1nBi8 ; ... ~,I:' 'be' ,"Dand.:

• ·pt:oad, jun.ct·1oDS, and t,bIe ·area. 1:111 t,be v1c1n1t:y of' "i,be road ne.,r· .be j'\lDet,:laRli,

witb ·al1 t·he min.e's I,e·t ·to de·ta'na,t,e' .1.~ul-

taneously.. . .,

• a,r1dge's .a,n,d the a:ppN1a,cfh.. 5 ·t·o 1.5

mete:rs tro'm t,he br1dge:I,., ..

.• 0.14 w.bee' :1· ,an4 tr·e·a.d ~r··.~ ka _ ~ n ~,~ ft. road. w'it·h c,are' t&k.~ to d'u'pllcate the

t rac.k: .af·t·er m.ine emp,lacement '.. .

• Undern.-ea,th road:. Ii tu:nn,e·l.lnB 1,n from the. shou.ld.e.rs.,

• Pothole's 1n th.e ra,ad ~

t· 1- l' d b-v...... tr'ee 'world

.Ar·e' •.. ! re,ce·n.-·J'Y c.:··e·a··re···. -#

m111.tary for'ee.B· ,I] -r'he enela, 're'plac',el the

12:'"

,>'

'T- 'Lft:'Ii. ~., - r._ .. _. • til;~'AP' ... ' .... 0"· liL'T"C"E' R'

~ "l,CI'.' : ,' ..... r, .:I.'Gl: ",' '::.J

mines that· have been: taken lout.

A.N·TI':EJ~'sON~ B~ AM _l.~.,~_. ~N_DI : ,B'OQl~~Tl~.A'~

Ene·m';"> 'ta:c~i.~·~. In @·mpla.c1:ftl ,an,t.ipe·r·so·n-. "'el" mine's ·.n.d bo,oby'tra~nl' ditt'e';' rrom ·tho·ae used i:n ,ant! ta.nk and a.ntl.v'ehi,cular ·m.1n.1,ne; aniy by where they put· them. Locations

mea t e.'amn:~'onl.Y' used by the V'iC/NVA 't 0 e.mp lace' ant t per sonne I mines and. boobyt·r-,aps are:

.Narrow passages~ .• P'adld,y dlk:e's, f'

• Tra.l1 ,junet,.lon:s.

• H'eCl8:e r,o'w's, and 't r ee l1.·na s· ~

• 't'u'nne'ls' and ·Q',av·'l?s. .Pence lrnes-a~d lates~

.,!'f·p'e e 'b;ra no h@s ,o'-v··erha ngl ng trail 5, t

.Likely CP sltea~

.H:1s:h gr,o·un.d arid r1dl:,ellne:s .. • Shad.y· ar-eas,

.St.r,eam f·ord.s .•

.'V,e!.!:. and n,B·tural w·ate·rlnl .p·,olnt. 01"1· s' tl"e'.ams 8Jild rl vcr·s, ~

.1 :t,llc,e 1, :hel i,c·,o·p'ter l.a:n,d1·ftl :1'o,ne·8· ~

t, R'e!'mem.b __ ~·'r:. Any place a ·Mar1.-ne treque'ntl,

WalKS""; ·n.I'8:5, 0'0'ger" I' res t 5, or drs'w's w,a:t,En,II'

.1s a llkel.y ·1,o·ca.cl0,n for len.eqr .an.t.1pe·r'sonnel ·m1.nes .aru~ bo·obytraps"

o :P:bl'J~ca.~ ~·.i;o~e,a: t1 'v'~' c'o.Uti~",l'1ne~~!_u~'._ .

The lnd.lv:l,d.ual M-&'plne e·en ·take ·thelle st·ep:' '. t·,o fie,due·.'" tbe ·et't!l!,c.~t1,ve'n'.'I' ot, I'Ju'i.ellJ"

mine.,·: .

• Wear bod:; .armor a:nd. l1e lme·t ., _

• S.n,[J:b ag vetll e le· t 1.,0'01' In,.. ·W.h.~ p·OB 8:1- ·I),le,,··. ·pla.ce ,8. :hea",· rubbe:1' mat o,ver sandb.aS;1 eo : ·re,drao.'e'·. I·e,c,oft,dary traple.nts .u·ab' a,l· .,nrapnel, sarid.;. s t01n,f!S an,4 piece. G.t .and.-

bag~ .

_ • Kee,' amI an.~ 1eKa in.i:d,. ·vel1.1,c;lea, t,c, a,a·h.l,e've· ·ma, •. l.mum .protec;tl·Q:n . .frIO'. :I"andb-q'if .• :M'aln ta;l.'n . )l,ro·per d t.iI t.ran,c~e from 0 the r

p e''''''O'nne .1: ,~, .

• IDoni",. t,J'ta.v:el al'one ,"

· • Do.nl ,t pi C,1t \l:P' ,or .tcru c·b w·.s·t· a·PDe "::r' 'bID be' at tr',ac_t, 1 "Ie n' ~$,ouv·en i,-rs n:~, . The ·Ve/.NVA· pr·e,. upo:n ,t,be' . :naturB.l ,e,·url·Q .• ,l.tJ '0'." :Ma,rl~·.~., ,and

,h.- e-··'1i·r·.~ d':"e"a,l:i'r\i1illh t-·_ t· a:·'k~.~ hl~me'-'-'-" a" .B!g,u.ve.n1P.

':._ .•. ",[j', •..•• ' "'~:-- • ~ w wo- _ 'J.~ _ ~¥ .. _. _. . .. .... .

~1'W~.J!·e.: . T~at 111 s lo'uv',e nlr" 18 mCUJ t 11 k:e 1,y ·bloo'6itra.p'~i., I

0' .D~t,.:o tlI0·n~ ·ColiJ.n~'e.~_me'aS)u~e 8.

Once empl.ae,ed. a m:Lne or' b,oob)"trap .must· be' fou.nd t .... ! t',o,re .1 t '0,8'\1.$',,",:1; lRul. t.1p Ie e a8U.-

.alt,! •• ·thr·Q·ugh a.c.c.ld.enta.l ,de,·t·g·.n·at1,otl 'b,

a Marln,e'~ Un.tortunat,@ly. to·o ,many f),oobytr'apa ace d.l.seov·erea only af·ter ·t'he)" e'x.p.l·ode .. , .It 1s Imp·err·a,t1.-y·e that ·d.etectl0.n ·tec.h~·il,q.u~B '0 ,e· s·t,t"e8·s·.'d i :Detec~tio,n mar b,. bl)' :

• Vl:a,ula.l 1niB,pe,c,t.l,on" At pre:se:nt··.tt·ht . blt!ls.!t mine and 'bo QDJ't :r-ap d,et e ct·,or ::l.n. t,he' Miil.ne C,o·rp.s Is. an a.l.e·rt .and. 'obeervant MSrlne.. Each: Mar-i'riie mu-s··f,' kn,cWo' t·he a.r,.,a.s. '.In·· whiCh bo'~by't~,ap~,a'nd ··mln·e~· .are·- n-o,rmall,Y' tOLlnd and be a.l.e.r"t tor thi"ng.8 whl,c.h n Just ·do,n 't· loo.k :r_;l.lh t . ft E,x:~mp, 1e s &r e :

-Mud. g,.mea.r,s, 'mudball,s, dun,g.. or a

'b .... ·o·"Qr~···d··:· o·:·111!'11 ·t·· h·. "e' '. r· .. oa· .. ·d·

.'. ._ .. -Ga.:. '." ._. ... ~ oJ; .' _ -: .. ;; .' ',.'.. ".

.A·p·~p·'a~an-·~~ r"o'aA ~e·na~·1·~ n~~'w f"ii'll' o·\r·

J •••• ~ ."' .,. - ~ r!Lit " ... ". ,y, &... F . " [.Ill, . r IIiii:ii • ...... - ...• . ... ,

:: ~ ~··-1: ':. -. ":. ..' 'p' D ·t= ~ h· a.·iC'! . . ",,'1' ,... c: h' '. i' n u' ·O·"ri· . c~ -u." 1 va. fl' t 'wo: 'r' k .

p~ v .... n.iI " "~:' v:. _.~ ~ it U -. -.1,0 .-:._., .'- . '-',IO; .' ..... - ". . . ..... -:_. ... '. ", .' !I'

. ,.'Wl,res. lead.l:ng aw,ay :r:rom the 'side of

t·be ro,ad ~

T:HE WEAPONEER

.Tr:lpw:l'res 8Ci.rOSS, th,e 'trails,; alOl'lg' snoul,de,rs (If f,'Q,ads at 11k,ely' a:m.bus,h fLl t,e's; across the most accessible route through dense vegetation; at fords~ ditches and a"cro s s, r1 c:,e p'a.ddy- d 1 kes ~ ,

.T'e'rr'aln !'eatu:res which d,o no t appea,r na tur-a L, Cut, vegeta,t 10n. dri,es a,nd, ,ch,a"nges c a Lor-; r-a i n :ma.y was h a wa,y c ave'r'l,n, rna te·f",:L..a l. and cause an explosive device to 'sink le.'av'in,g a surface, d,e~rr'e's.s1-on; ,a cover-ed device may appear as a mound~

.susplc 1,Qu's 1 t.ems Ln tr9'es., br-anebes , or bushes, '",

• Mar'k: lngs u sed by VC'INV'A to 1 nd.1,c a,t'e the location ot a mine or boobytrap~

onl" b" Q\.ual:~t,;1;ed, 'IO:D c,r ,enB.l,:ne[er pe'r:s,on-,

PliAl~ wan-v ,b" ;iIIIj,A'hvv"tra'fts ,ar-eli t;'be'mse'lv',es iboo,by.-':, ....

~~I- ~I ~ • .I: .• '.'iI .~.¥~,-UI.···I I'_'-Ir .. . .. ."..... '. - __ . _ . " ..

t:r,a'~p,.Jd ii, '8l'rkI ',-:II' ,d ,1,s,t3~lr.,ed: 'w'1,1.1 d[@tiona t,.: tne

al'I,Oci: la,tNl!4 ' '[de'vl'lco'e~ i. '. '

'. B"x,piGs,l:'ve ~d!evv 1erf s' s[hou.ld 'be de s t,r,o:y eel 'ti, !'nI1'm,'e r~s 'I I-t e'nl'l!~re'e:r'tJ, ar'e ner :s;v'al1-, a'ble ~ then de'v1,c,es ,ma"yo 'bi!, des t'royeio, bN lele'ct~e4 q,ua,1,!f1ed p,ers,onnel w1'thln each

un1t~ , .

.M'l,nea, and 'bo'o,bytra:ps, ma,3" be de[s't,ro:yed 0,1" n.'u't,r,a:~"zledl b[J u:s,e _ clf' g;r:ap'p1.1'ng hooks ~_ ~_ .II __ A l' .t ,t~, "Oift·a.' ,ana art 111e'ry fl res .' The LVTE

\,iIG'N~ ~4·~"'~ - 1Ii;it:1i -' - .- - ~ -,~ . --- .,-

.lin!.o;n8'1."I:i' ',*nd' 't;'he 'LV'll' ''81 th p l:ow-~ sha,:pe,d ftl.'l,n,e: ~ et,eav'Brt,dr '(f'ts's ,t ? and 6:) abo u Id. be c on .... li,aer,d, f[or 'U,:s'[e 'In ar'e:a;'s '0:( hl,gh ml,ne

denlttJ~ ,

.' Pro,bi,ng,,. SUiple1ou:$ SPOits mus't, be 'C,B,refully probed with a probe or bayonet.

I)-~,v ~~I~ .,n'~e ~C,'Q-~~ ~er me a:s,u r!~:s

I .~. •

C!it "iiI, t --., "11 ,~·"-"t-- ..c-" ~', "~;'r~' 't- -;i!Ii;l-' 'n'iili""'fI"iI3!!" '~'IIi'rii'd i"II"a'~'A_,

;iii ~,:P'~'d'·: '8)PP" " ,Cia, ..:L Ci'n: iO', _ ! _- ",,-,~, _~~, [~~;I ,ilia' 'iIa,Ii!l '"," ~,:Ii,~'~

t 1 1 -, - - ,.;i",. ' .' ,- 't-' -, - - ,- -- _, ~ '!iIIi'iII'''"' > "'~:-h'MiA'U: Qli],.,., ,.;I e, '~,Qioi:ii:I"!I'

U. ~_ ,P a:nn, .... ,nl, 'Q ,move,lin,J!!holi ,,",,5' 'II.t" ";~'W'Mi~U. ~g,'UD~';t..- , '

area:,' wl,I'I, ,·,enable' '&n1t e,omma,nd[e'r:s ,a,Dei, indi, ..... vl(1,u(l:1:1· to ,'1" •• :\1(""1 c:,al,s,~u,al:t:['e,s by 3~mpil:y

&'vo.1d,:1ng t,he ,ex,p lOB lve dev.lc,e,$" T,tl@ 'un,1 t

l..,.,d,.,r mru,s, i ",amal Y ,ze ,from the e l1i1e'my ',S v 1 .. ew'f'" point •• C:h, a:re,a, 'thr'QUln 'w,hloh he :lnt'ends

to move :b1:IJ -me'n Ii :He mus't, ,a,SK h:1,msel,r the

'q~e.tioR~ ~lt I wer~_ tbe,enemy_ where would

I~ n u- ,t ,'" ",",.. bo i"'i.b' v'·' ''''''i!!i'P- ~ ,'9' !'iI' ,m~ 1 s 'q'I"IIi[e s- ,t~ 1-' ,;!"i; n' [n a 'n~

r.' .. ',,-,I:IIP!I;ii: ."Uj!U_·jJ:' ",,~-.a "~ . .I1~ _ .:...1 .' I 'Iii4 '1.' '~r.: ~I~",.'::

and - • hau"l a, ,1~flu,ec~~,e, be:th ,aq,~:~n1st,r'a,t,1 vie'

-Mine detectors~ Mln@ deteetors are d,e.slgned t,o' assi,st. t,be :lndlv'ldua,l :Mar'lne

in. ,8, deta.1.le[(jJ del1iQ;errat,e 'swe'ep, '0'" a :8pel• ,

ci,fle area" u.su"a,ll,Y a rOiad rI' Pa:r't1c'u;l.,Bor

atten't,io:n mus,t, be 8:1 yen to 'the time "'a,otor'. of the indIvidual ~we@p1nl sltuat~nnt,~s1~ce o'v'erhas't" open"lng of a road ean mean an 1neffective sweep and quite pOlllbl,

de,s, t r''IiJ'C t ,1, on 0 r :1 '113 ury t,o, 've' bl,c u,l,ar' -t,J'ia,t:r:l,Q and personnel. The averale'sweep ra'. v',ar'ie's tr,o;m a,l'mo"s,t 'noth1n,1 to ab'Gut, 5,'m".,:p.b,., de p en.'d,1,ng:, of' e ou:r,B e " o,n the' pr'o,:!'! cr.len,c,'

ot the team and the number ot eontacta .noountered~ In using detector., certa1n considerations must b~ kept in mind:

• O,r,ave 1 ed road,1 make l,t, d1,f't1,c:'q,1't, ,f'G,r th.e ,ANlPR,S,-~ d[et,ector' to dl,8cfi',I,m1,rjat,e , be't,ween ~eal and, f,a.l,I"e' tars.'t,. '.

• Met,alll,c debris t sueb ,a8 'c;an tops ,. sma,11 arms 8\mm,lu~'1 t 10n e,.ae. II and, "me-ta,l ~ frqm,ents t,rom art:i.,l,l,er, rounds t'tr •• eve. roa,ds, s,t n,ie:ht to dlaco:urage, mi,n,e' 1.,1,"1. make it d1t't1cult r,or' 'the AN/:Pl,l detectOr" 'tiD' d,18o,r,1m.1nate between rleal and tal ••

ta.r- ~-,-,t ..

. _ ge ~ s"

• 'Th.e' t,en,d,ency tor' 'the enemy t,o; bU17' '.l:nes d,ee pe'Ir tha,ll de'l,lBne,r! d,[e t,ect 1'on d[.ip'th.,i and to' del1,ber,a,t'ely pl,ant 'me'ta,l'l:l:.~' d,e'iDri:B, in tbe road, calls for addItional cautl~n in the use of detectors.

• Operator t.at,11,u@'~ iC,on.8:1,d,e'r.'.'t1oR 'must,

be liven to tbe fatIgue experlenQ~d bN operators after 20 minutes or wearinl detector earp'nonc's, ~ Tlll:1 eo,nd,! tio,n can be de 1 a,3r,e d to lor' 2 n()'u)'i's 'by 'w,ear1ng earpho:nea, over the helmet 50 that 2 to • tnches ._lst be't,ween ear' and phone ~ IIn1s, a1.:lo ",'.'1' .. 1t,. the operator to hear a ve'r,'ba,l al.e,r't r'or

an ambu3,h,~

Fl,B-ur,.'· 5 Ii -'~!:~lE! LVTE fi.rlns 1 t$ or-ganf c l.tn,fotc:ha'rle. t.o C ,lerar ml n;ELS ~,

'.' Use, ,o'r the, Budd,,, Sy 8: te:m. 'b.l,. ,IJ'I.'tiIJl!

1 S '~O" ,t~' ""'n-'Iv U' ,g~ ft,ii;lc, ;!I: n ta~~a'~in": 'n-I- 1·~1 "[·x".r'l-

f!'nc ~d . M;'r,:l ~:e s': ~'b~ t ,;1,9,0'- 'pr1o:"1d'ee,&'·an,',elx't,r8, :marg,ln of' s,afe'ty to the, indlv1d,ual,1 who' e'mp i ,o',Y i, t -i! 'Two Ma.r i,ne s ;tfO,r,:k:ll)a_ ' '~o •• tibet' ,i 1n 'the sa.m,e ar-ea , havie 't,he' --,aarvan/tea. o,t

lnc.r'e,a,sed. dete'c'tion c,a'pa,b111.-ty,. mutual rears, $ u.r,an.ce~. a,nd s,ha,'r, d, 'ktHJ,w:led I[e ii'

0, ""--'t·-: ""'U' ,,,,,," t"i'- ,o:n C'o;U,'" ·'e--·-.·-'~'I,r-'·

[ .u_.,~ ._l~-. __ ~ ••• _ 1· .. ·._.1 "~"" .~~.~ ... ~ "~;"~. 19'I&~2,'~,

D,nee de'. ct,.d Ii m1 n,el ,and b,oo'b~T'tl"apa must be' ma:rke,d &nd/o,r :cleB't'~QIs.tI:_ In ,,1;18,C:' •. 'by t,ne d1[.,c:over'1,na P"'r'ion o.r uDit. to p(~even't acc1dent,.l,a.l d.etcnat1o'n b,y e, tc,110,,:I,ftl un1,t fn~ ind,l vidual. MarIne.. C'o,nelder'.,t1"Q,nl,

,tor' d,.,.truct,1on a,re: ..

.,M1:ne'l, a,nd 'I)'o,ob,:ytr,apI, should nevt 'I)" mo'v'ed u'nless abaolu,tely n!ec,e'laa:r., .,nd, 't,ben

Fll,ure 6',,~""-'~'h,e' tVTE, 'w-1'th it,SI plow ..... ahapeu mln,e 'ex!Q avator- 4'

,an,d, 'tact,1'c~al. [nl,o'vem,ent$ 'a,no :1$, a r,Q,etor to be considered in the scheme or maneuver d,url,na an ,att,ack.. S,om[~ 9uaes,'t,ed m,ea:ns

tor' ~?'O~ (t~lhB, m1 il,es a.nd b cob t,ra:p,$' are':

.St:ay ,or:r' tJ'i"tl"11'$ ,t ,fo'otp,atha, cart tr'aek. j. or o,'t;,he';r 11'kely routies o,r 'trave'l a,s :much. a,s p;o,sslble'oi 'V,ary routes used, to

vlJ.l,as;es ,a.nd key t,e,r:r'ain f'eatu.r'e',s ~ Use 0:["

t,:he' !lame; rcru,t'e' twlt:e 1.s, 8,n 1,nv1t,ation t,o t·h:iI!' enermy, tiO' e'mp:ioJ 'bO'Oii[),y'trap,s '. le,e'p, the 'VC'/NV'A cues a',ln,. ,a,s 't,o, whi,c'h rout @i will 'be used ne'xt,~

• M'o:ve 'w'here loc,al 1,:nna bi t ,m.n.t s 'maY e ~, Thee,[e' peo;ple' kn,Dw 'the loc8;'t.ion c,f' mo'st

PO .. O .. "R· .. : MA"~'N'" t S:' J'.·A· .. ··.:ME···~ .. ~:.S:···. BQN"'D" 'V' .. 1'"

.',.' ..... ,I .. _ '.' .. _". . .~ . _. . ~ . . ','. Q' -', ..,

. . ..... , ..... . '! .. ... ""

3

m..1 nes and boo'by'tr,ap,s and w':l,.ll 'a:v(ll:Q t'bes,e ar-eas ~ In a v1,1:lase, st"B, near" t'he. ViI .. ' ag:er s . and N,. t eh wh1c.h bu..ll,dlQ8s 't:~eJ. uee, U,s,e Vi,eo t liam:e s'e a,s, gu1:de'. wbenev,er pJos r s 1,b 1. 'I' Have sufficient mo~ey on hand to p., ~o~· :1nfo'rm,at1on on" mIne and, bOiOb,'t.ra,p' l,o'ca,tio'n. ane Su.ppcfr''t 'VIP.

.'A'v'o1d p,at,te:r-ns·. ,c'o:n8,'tia':nt::lr' chanSe' direction or movement~ Check times nt depar't'U r,e, an .. d r'e''t. u,rn, ,ot pat,ro,!.,I· to • run.lre Ii r'or e'xam,p le, t,na t ,~~ 1. d.a:y1 ,1,lht, ',atro,l,s

don" t ,r,et\l,r,n bet'ore .,up,!.r and, a.11. nt.blt,time pat-r,o,ls d,epa,rt a,t'ter I.U-P,PI". ,", ,1,ve14 the riepeated uae ,ot the ,.,ame 'bivouac: are •• , ell'

. .

'.Mainta,ln inte'r'va,ll ,ot 15 Dieter. be'twee:n men and, 100 1I1et,e'r8 'between :men aDd, t,rac;ked v,eh.lc,l,.'" ,~, 'In 'v,1.:'w ot, t,he fa.c:t,· tha..t tbe ett'ec,t 1 ve c,.sua.! t,Y r'ad1u,8' ,or .'the M,26 Irenade is 15 meter:." and 'tbtat, ".Q.~Ar more casual t.1 es are, !lg,t,terea toJ" ' •• e~n.··" ~~ :" boob,'~rap, ,sr.'na;de .,cc1d,e!r1tlJ' , •• '0.8,t.4,. the 'ma1ntenanc,e ,o,r 1)',1'01.'1' lnte.'Va .. l II, ..,.'t

1mp,o'rta,nt ~' . ~ .

• :MOVI' 8,10".1., ~ Rapild, ,mo" •• en' .ene •• ', •• c,arelessn,lell,l., A g,n:i,t, lIuet be! al,low •• Ita,".

t1c1@nt tIme, to, move 'to it,. oib'~·ect1v'.'!!

-At ti;mea th,le' en,emy .1,,11 8:" •• th •• ie1:v' ••

,on}., N'h.'n 't,:he:y w'an't t!o b,. 11 •• 'ft·. . lIIllJe'A .

pursu1nl: 'the ,enemy t b,e eS,p"'Clall:y alert for dellberate:lr .mp1.aced~ boo,bytrap,ll, ,0'11'

the axis ot ad~ance~ --

• ,Ar't .1.l1EH.~Y' ,a:nd mo:r't,ar t1 r ei8 . near' and in the, ar'e',a '0,,' op'er-'s'tl,o'ns '.1,1,1' no't only dis 0 ou:rSiO!e b"oo,b,Q't ria'" emnlacl'm.e\n '. ~ ;.u,t w1' 11

-e ' "jJ' ~ --,P', " .... ~,Bir· ... , ~",,;y" ''-"0''': I " ,,, 11., -0""-; ," ..

a Lao ne'ut r,a11 !I'e 4e'v.l,~,,~.~::~;~Y~ L~'-_frl;ti •• ,,1 e

detona'tlon'a, ,o;,ve!'Pt'u.,I\JI'q :8'''' bgp"tJli ,em-

P' la.'~ e ~ "m,l,'nes, a,~,di. zt~'~~If;;~1 t:r'~l?wlres" .

Emp 10 vme'n' t ,~r ',,":,k.e ... , ,"' iJ; 'M:_.r ..... ,.,iIiIi 4i,~!_, a 'r·-ad·

b,e,f'~,~'~' ~and . 'dU~'1;:lg; ;~~·~ft_:~?:~1.1'1 ~,isi;-

e.our-age c,ommrand d,eto,nation, O'r' l'i6d In,i,n,e a ,

, .'At ,all times; .' 111:nt,we1Iht . 8'tlck

(bam.bo,o) or' a, sl,e'nder' ,s,t,e,e'l r'od, ean be

helpful tr used to feel tor tripwires. • Mark detec'ted mines and bo,obJ't,ra,pe

so those' f'ollowinB meJ' :a,v';o.1.d, them 'Ii '

• He 11l':; o:p ter,S, can 'ioe~ :use'dl ,to e xt,ra.'ct, a un1.t. 'W.hlc,h finds l.t8e':1,r' ·,In 8. b,'.'L&trl1, boo,b',,-'

tra,nped, area.. ..' .... ,

y , .... -- I· . ~

~ .'At times the tlank;a or' ~·'.aad are

_ ._ L :~. [ _ I, • ~ •• t_ .. _.: 'l, . [';. _ _,'-~·"~'.':'~_.I:·"~:--~r_u~_ -:'_~:_·I-_:.~<.~'~-n·:'ll- .: -.--< :'~'-'.:

boo,byt,ra.p:p'ed, eue ,to ~1~5;a' m.'e'e~'.~:"f)~

cbs t,,ac,'l!fj' ':to n~~A .~"''''e·'''i-~ .v;-':!~~G'i~,'~~ii~:~,iij}~.~·',

J _ - - _- --- ~-~-v.'-' .", ~ ... ~~~~i v-~~~~~JtL~"', ~~~~ __ ._~ ...

",ank,s .. , m're e e'a:! lira: . 't'b~ "1 ft.iI.i1~.~P;f:;;~: ~ ,:. ~~~.[A'e· 1"";""iWliI,at e:

~ ... . D " '"~. "~"" l'@i ~ iif'~~ -U~!I!I_,,!! . ~U .. '!li!,Yili,'" ~ .

'tnes,'e boobr"t,ra,p',I'ii'. iWDeR,,:. - . ~> .. ')a&I~11}4:'I;··

pe'rm1't,s" 't"ank,a,' mQ¥'1'nl.·~ ot·r·· ·l\i,O:·j~i.i"ltil;· t,o "t;,h'e' road, ,f!/II.'@;PS· ·ca.n,· a l, •• , l!e'dillc1; ~":;~riJlRl~"'~'D'a,d-

. - - - - -- -_- .~ ._- ._.', _. -'. - ... - -- _ =v . .:>-v - ""';'.~ -: i: I'. . • "w-r- .. - .'

mIn,1 nl 1,ru~:1/d,ent 8 '11\ • .AIJ.«I~m~, ,I.J:~' ,.,0'" II ~(-';t,ank

tr'8'Ye;l 'ble't~we'en road]"',anil>" .• ~~.e'~n·~' tn, w'll1' If,eifelp' '~he' ,Wlr ·IU8'ssf.dB ~.F~IHt' lil1. _~tual route ""the tank~ :c.i.l'l/~.,t:"e,-~, .. ~~. '~.;:-:~~ ~.:d"~:···~ .. '~::./::T:·~;~., ,~.,.'.

.' Whe':n ,on r-o'ads:. . ;it,.,·. ::1:,.:' ~p\b":· . itelJf~'.,·i~ed, p'or"'t 1o:n ,ana ,0, t'r sbou,l-der.s. ~,,(. ,... . .' ~ .... ~'

• Fo110'w' the' tracks ,o,t the vehiole ah,ea,d. .If' 'the,roe 1,8 itO ve'h.lc,le ahead~ .tay 'Oiu't 0,'

the rut8~ , ,

-Avo Id, hole's.i d.ep,r'e,l, 11,on8 J a.nd 0 blJ 'e'c ta 1., ina o'n "the rOiad.

~ Fte~Enniber:: ,A, boo'b,tr,ap 't,oo ees11i

de'~~'eted. .. ~,an .. b"e ,s rus'e resul,'t1nB in, ,det,ona, .... , t1«)n ,ot ot,.he'r explos1v'e device,s, 'te,m,placed. :n,ear'by.

Imme'd.iCite A,c:t 10,n ~:,o T.4.ke 'tIn-e,n and, After an Exp los.1v'e ~~'D,ev1,e ... e ~ l! .. ,:rr~'RIJe~l

It is recognized tbat little reaction time exIsts once the detonation chain: starts~ The maximum delay for the M26 and

14

'T"~ l'ilifir::!lAP··O .. ·· NE' '",''' 'ER"C'"

: 1 ~ ·!j"'JILJc.. _J : •• ,1,_,: .. ~._'~.'._ -.~>.;._

foreign grenades ranges from 4 to 9 seconds If, .. ~h~ del~, ~lement has been mOa1fled~ the m1n1~um f~~CA Aelav e'~n' k~ 1~~~ ~h ~ 1 l!'~

'. . . .-,!I!'.~. ':. "w ..... ~ Y.. .1 ,1jJ' ,',!I;lj.~, V~..: ''I;' ,Q,.) t.: ,~.i3n .'.,' ;i!;.'

aec cnda , ,However i s Lnc e the t;,1mrle' available'

canne t be pr'ed1cted~, c:e'r-ta1n, i!1L~e'd1Si~ ",., .

action can assist 1~ reduc1ng casualties and tbe degree of personal Injury~

O',ImrQJ~~rdj,~1,a,t,e, ,A. 0, ~.i9.n

PIR,S,T: ,B@, a.le-r't f'.or the "pop" of' the exploding cap. the" t~g of the trlpwlre, or the warning of an,othe,r Mar'1ne.

SECOND: Sound a warning so that others may t, a,ke' eo've'l" ~

THI RD; D'rop, to t;,be' g.r'ou no 1.'1'n1'1led.:La t e ly ~ Imm'e'd18t'e a(rt1on is designed as, an instinctlve.reactlon based on minimum rUle delay~ When·.using it also remember:

,.0\0 nert atte'lfillt, so outrun the ex:p,loslon.

The 8tU] ,fragme,ft'ts'·' 0'" the "M26:" grenade~'·n.av':e ,,~

an Initial velocity of ov~r 5~OO re~t p~r s,ec,o,nd"jj' O'ur1.n,s; the ava.llabl,e de'lay, ho'w',ever br1ef, an individual can best remove h,lms,el,r f'r,o',m 'the' eene of the e,x'plos.1on by dropping to the ground~ He must Q$sume --

a minimum delay 1n every cas~~ ,

.If pos~1ble~ when dropping to the Iround~ present the smallest target to the force of t~e.exploslon by po1ntlrig the teet 1o, the -4~rect1on or the charge~

-All those nearby should drop to the

grou.nd ·.wnen t"h,e' -'~arnlng: i,s' 50u:nde'd ~ .. c ~ ~"',

. .' Dc nlo't .1mmedl,at,e l:y ru:s,h t,o 'the ,81d

~f'.Marlnes wound.d by mine. or boob,traps~ Freque~tly t~ere 1s a second booby trap in the vicinity of the r1rst~ The man near~ est each ca_ualty should carefully clear

hIs waJ to the wounded Individual and re'n.de~' flr:s,t, 8 .. 1d'I'. Unde'r' no eir'cumsta.nees should t,be u,n,l't le,adecfi1,s or othe,rs Cl"Olwd nea~ the ~ounded men~ .

• C'oQduc,t a bri,e t but car-e fu 1 s,e~arc h for other explosive devices in the immediate vicinity befdr@ moving on~

.If a devle~.·l! tripped and does not e xp lode t to ll.,o'w the s,a'me 'i,mmed 1 ate ac t 1,CH) and the~ blow 1t 1n place~

'., •• ,1"

!L~I.'T" '.~,~IN .. J:.N"G,

We have discussed preventive counter-

mt lsurea, ta,ct,ica,l, ccunt.e rmea.sur-e a and individual countermeasures. Simply 'real-

1 z.1'nl 'th,SJ,t these ,ecrunt,e'rm,ea,e;,u,res e-:x1s,'t Iso-' 8ulrlelent~ It 1s imperatiVe that ,eve.:rY' 'Ma,r.:l.:ne b,e,comes· kn,o,w'led,geable o,f' 'a,n,d protlc1ent 1n the execution cir tne counter-

mea,s,,~re';s d 1 se.us,s,e,Q '. T'hi So ta,s'k c an be

accompll,shed through an, aggress,1v,e a~d. ~'nil,pr.g~enl'~ vee 'uni t," a~:Q i,nell vldual trainln.g l)'r'OI,ra.m ~ ,Su,c n tr-a1 ning s,hould empha"si. ze :

.'We'8,r'lns· g,r' helmets ,and, body armor ~

• Dls,p,ers,.lo:n 'be'tween men"

• Iller'tRess.

• V1,su,a,! deteetl.'on teehn1,q_lle's~ .Op~ratlon ot electronic "detection

e,quipm.ent ..

'.:Dem:Q,l1,t:l.-on. trainin.g whIch enables Marines to destroy explosive devices in :place I

.Bmplo,yme'nt of t,he tHl,dd.y ,sy,ste'm.,

PO'O,'R J'1AN t, S JAJvmS BOND vor . 3

.Avoidance of patterns ~

.Immediate action procedures and action to take subsequ.nt to' the detonation of an explosive deviee.

..

S,B C'T.I.ON' 1: I r ,ENEMY' 'MI"NE I"ND'ICA,TORS,

.~ ~-. -- --

If the ene.y emplaoes mines or boobytraps in th~ vIcinity ot villages or in areas where he moves or ~xp~ct$ to move~ he Q,r,te-,n, ind,! ca t e 5 the, Loca t,1 on o'r dlre'ct1o'··,"'n ot: t h A 'e,vn},i""Lsl'" ve ~iAv1ce·"a. 1,' n .. :','.";,.--

... _ ,,' ,'.. ,,_,y C ~'}o" "'""'_'". ~¥", c,_ '. ,i!>OIi . ", SOtme

mann.e'r. The, VC/WA may no;t, alwa.ys fo'll,ow the ,examples, in' th1:s ,[,\J,'b11C,&t,1'on" :1n' ,ab~o~ lute detail, but as a general rule~ the Indicators are usually found 1n a ~egular pattern such as sticks or stones in a iine or sticks nlaced on ~.r·· 1"~ 't"~e" g",·r'o.·u,·niA, T:h,'1:a

.t'" . ... " ,!oJ ,.Ii II; , u, .. '" ,U ,.. '. . go

regularltY,,~of pattern Is the d~nger signal (see flg~ 7)~ Any arrangement of sticks

and s tone s w'hl,c h appear-e unnat u:ral 1 ndl c at.es a strong possibility of the presence of

Flgu.'r·e '7., ,~ .... ,'N ote the row 0 r ra,c,'k,i3 on

t,o,p of br1-dg,e betiin ,at th"e ,foot of the bridge, ~ Th,1s :18 t'Yl'l,lcal c,r the, w'Q,rn.1.nl s,.lgn.s 'Us,ed by 't,he V"C'/WA, 'to W8.rn c,r their mln1nl actlvlt1es~

m.Ines and b o cbyt r-aps , i'.1.'he i llu,5 t.ra,t1ons which follow are examples of marking patterns indicating the presence ot mines' andbOob;trap~ which ~ave~e~n~n'co~niered t hus f'a r in 3'VN"

A~RROW MARKERS

A. Three sticks are placed on the trail in the form of an arrowhead~ The important thing to remember is that the point of the arrow does not always point in the direction of the boobytrap~ The symbol can only be cons 1d'er,ed as a me.ans to Lde nt, i.f,y an area

as being booby trapped.

B~ A variation or the three-stick arrowhead shows a fourth st1ck~ Again., no defin1te pattern has been established as to directton or the reason for the fourth stick (usually

15

T'HE';'" WE" ~·~··AP,,· "".: 0: "N~""~E'>'E!":'R':'

.. .' - ~ " " -.:,".,:. . -..: . : : _- -.~. -: -, ,

b·~r~ok"e" n ).,

" .. ' ..... ::.. ." t

th"Q· ar-ea.

_.,.. .. ~ - !I

C t, The nyt-! ar'f',a,ng,e'm"e'nt is, scme t tmes I'ound

farther down the trail rrom the arrowhead indicating the limit of the danger area~ No pattern or specific distance has been @:sta,bllsh,e'o, '.'

BAMBOO RB!C'TANGtE m,RaR:

. ~,~' ~,~

~ .

...... ,

.

..

cE),

41,..1;. Iii =; ::t:;:: Ii .;1'";'-)

, As I.bown., this marker. u9,ually 1,nd1.c,ates a boobytr&p withIn the square~ Mbst of th.e,s,e' sy'mbol,s found nave been lai,d out wt,th bamb'oo 1,8 t,o 42 .1nc:n,e,s in. length.

BAlM'" 'B:' 0'"'' O' . ·MA· R"KE"':' ,-':R'c,

•. ', fl ••• ", " .l i ~.'"" :. o •• ' •• .n,

, &. _. _.. ..-

)

.iIl "1, ece 0·" r': 'b·"':a;-'lIn.o,o··· ,;; tn ,Il 1: n ..... has l" ...... ,:n·:·,·.,a-.· 1- s

A Ir' __ J~"_ ..... ,", .. ", .: ·~IIt.l~· . ~ 'I:J .~.~ 0. ,,'. '¥J,,!Ii,._>' "," U Ii)

stuck In the ground at an angle of 45 d,egrees .t Ge-ne'r,ally" boob:yt-ra'p,s ean 'tH~' ex,p'e,ct"ed ,along the ax ts of the ba.mboo Ln either dlrection~

BAMBOOi TRIPOlI) :MAJUCER

-- --- -

The bamboo, 'tr1'PQd oonsis,ts o:f bamboo;; usually ab,qut, 18 i'nches lo'ng, t1,e'd, t,o,- ' lethe:r ,to r'Ol~m a trlp·oid. W'lr,e, v'in,e. ,J

cord or' at:r:lnl ,18 wr'appe,d ar,o:und the, le, •• 'ne'Ar the bottom to bold the tr-i'po,d 1n pl.ce'~''''i'''d'ev·lce'''ba8 b~f!nro!und directly oY'er punj',l 'pit:., boob,,'t;ra,p'., .n,d mine,s ii,

·PO··QR ~N'" ,S JAME:S :B,ON'D vei . 3

BR' '0'" !Il"!-"N': 'B-"'Ue H": 'na S-::--.· r.'I.r·:.rC":.::K·.· ·~.·.·'_·_":,'··,.R·_··.K, ",':·I,·'·'R<,S;,' :.

_'_~_'!.:.A.-<ll .. -_ I -?JI"li.l.~ i~~ ~ 1'11\

A <I' Tho!!!' en e:rr:.y h ,9, s, b (!! e n k nown t· 0' b r'e a k t h@ ~oPS, Of. ,small .~ap'l.ln~.s a.nd bushes ,point!"&: the broken part 1n the direction of the ~oobytrapped are~~ Usually mines and . booby traps are planted 50 to 100 meters rrom this m3rker~

B. A stick or length or bamboo broken at

a right angle and ly1ng across the road or tr.a1~ ma~m.e.·an an e:nem,~ mine or Dooby·tra.p- 200 to UOD meters ahead 4

,~,A·14'AN'A LEAF f1,ARKERS

A banana leaf' or ·Q·'ther .sl.m.11ar lea.r is folded down the center with a thin stlckapproximately -the - ·th1·Q'k~e8·1' Of' a, i~~·oo't.bp,i,c.k

woven throuil7h In 't" va nl·;e.'~A':' I' ·n·' aAd··l:' 't'l>' ,' ..

. ._, . '10' ,. " -'. ,.",'. p : CI;!v' 'Wi S 'I . ~ . '. ,!..,.! . ". . r on

to ma:rk1ng mln·es this ma'V ind1c<.!ll,t:"e· ."n·

"', ".' ... _, .... -' .. , ._.., .... : .. : .... ~ , .. ,.:.,._.' .. :.,""' .... " .. '.

ambu.:sh .a..rea.. There 1.8 no pa't'tern .a8 to locat1on or distance or mines or aMbushes fr:'Q'm th1':;C! 'JI!II!!!iI;'r: '-k··,oi!". _

.. . _ g JI~, I - ~.Ii. - .1

PA', 'R" A',', 'LL:t"L, S"'·.'T· "1' ':CK uiii, DIK'" ~'I£i'R

, ,', '.' ., ~l '_ ':.':.':" ;._. ::' ••• _: """,n· ~L '-1:1- '.

. - ....

Short s,·tlck.s Q,'r 1,en,lth.5 o.r bam'boo laid. par,al.lel ·to a r'o,ad 'Or' t:ral1 usuall, :mean the road or trail Is tree or mines or

boobytraps~ .

GROWING GRASS. MARKER

- . ~ . "

Gr·o'w·.1 nl I:r a.ss 13 s'om.e t 1·m,. is t.l ed. to

form fO'ur .gr,ow'ing ,she·aves 0'1' grass ~ The. t1ed sheaves form a square or-about 6 teet~ The· m1ne 1.8 hu.rl·ed ·or· conc'ea.le-d in the· center of the square~

16"·

. '

,

I I

I

.

,

the •• d.e·vl'e,e. ha.ve D'ee'n used ext·,ensl·v'e1., tocethe.r·'I' 'The .m.l.ne or bo·obyt·rap is p,lace,d, (b:url·ed) u'nde:r t'w'f), lar'le, I.eaves. In fro,nt

.n'd:'~ 't""o 't"b"e'" r· .. ·'e··"a··_ a··'t', '0'·"'0" ··"·;A""1··a·1' ... 1··'··t'··a·· .. n·Ae'

• " '.' '," "':_' ',,1_[ •. ' .' ,-I ·' •• f :~". 'J "', t!!IIIr~~ ~. _ ., \I" '.[1iI '-[' .,.,~ .. " ..

s't·ak... a:r', Grl-ven Ii Ttl,e' ~arker.B h,ave a,l:1o

~ •• ~,~8ed independentl, of each other at t.1 ..... "

PO··IPIitft 8MI·"....,. JU·,,·'.a ..... R " _ .. ~..,. ... ,-,,~, ~:n., r - ',._:iI:'Uw;I,_J :.

,. .

. '.

I

_" ...

: "... .11 I

V ... r'l,ous .r·or-mat,l,obS ,ot .rock,.· a'n,d s_ll ,.t·one. ar,. u.se·e! ee .. :rlc. bo'ob-rtrap:ped. a.rea. ," No patte.rn ot distance 'Q,r loca't:lon has

_ •• n •• t.bll.hed~

~

6> @

~ .~

\1



_ •' .... ft..

",-' III'

,

.. ' .•. ~ ..

_.". ,_.

SPArCED' .... ST'I·CK MARKER

• ~ - • ,_ '_': -~_-. '._ -'J

_

'piO'OR, MAN 'I S JAJ1E'S B[ON'D Vol. 3

Three sticks, one on each sld@ ot a r'o.,d or 'tr[a,il a.nd one 1:n t,tlt. 'ml[dd.le '. _. u..ua,lly :rRe'&'n th.e rQi,ad. 1;8, D:Q,t t·o be .'1:8'8,.,., I m'Lne or 11 ooby trap ,1s~ ~u,.·Q;.IJll:" 2'00 to, .' _,CiD meter',s, f~r.o:m the mar'ker"" I'tones, ha .. Ye

~b" 'e- n' 'IJ'!Ii'8 e"d' 1, n , t~ ..... _ 's a '-- I1'ii1la'iO':~ n~~' iI!'iJIiiiI'

,," .. _''V~, ...... :-_. '_ ",'.,.~ ... I~~ ': ",:. )I~-~ • [~_1LiUI!1 ',," .'_ .. ~.,"-- "

+,

,n 'W

''!he .:1\ • ., bas, c;ap1t,a1.:1sed on ,our- habit 0,' to.lle.ins old ve:hlo1,e tr',ac,k. b" pleoi,ns

atne.': 111 tb~":e, t,ra·c'icilillo.. ,Mliil'ii,- a __ ,"~ '_,_

" ~ ~ ~ ~ ,'IIi!I:,. ~ ~ ,~~ .,,1'1;1:8 g.,. '1I!i;' .v,mll;!!

t1ae. marked wl,th ero •• ,ed sticka or an

.'rr,.".iIIiiiii--'n·~·t·,,: ·o,:···:t··,· _ .... o,:n,e· ·'s···, i~,e' l·',o··'''''a··'l',;iII!I,ID',·· '0"":'

. ._... ... Wtlllr'iiF·'. '. .."_, y1W·._ .. -_. ~ 'ill ,&I~ _ '_' _ .. ~ .. _,!II.![ __ .~ _ .,'

tbe ,lI1ne 1,n r.1[.tl0,n to the,ie mark.,ra 1.

,~~~ ~. _~ The., 'm1,~'~u,Y, ,be'u~[e'~~ tb.' urk,er or up to, ,.,001 meters tart,ber' OD.,

I

,

.

,

I

,

,

,

I

[

,

.

. " .. ",., .. }

...•. o:

~X'p or ns I'i:I1!:i :IIi, 'iilllm'I' ''Iii D 'Ell CO \"ii'N'1:i' L 'O-V'- IC .... '·S

Ii:i." •• ..., .. ,. ~iV··.··· .' .. '¥'~, ~,Aj ,.L '" ,riEl. n~·, 'J.'III' .. ', c..... . .' ..... ~' ..•.•. : £: .

. - .. ~- " _'

17

THE' 'WEAPO,NEER

.UN1AKED MUD OR 'C,

,,. ... ox :1&," ~MICII .

" ~~~

" .

ot t~e srenade in' the sate posltlon~ The r.l'lJdba,ll ,1 $, P l,ac'ed on t:ra.i Is, ~ or any'whe,re troo_s may walk~ Stepping on the ball

br,eaJt[s, .,[~'~~',:~'r'1,~~" ,~.u~ a:~a,r t-~ :~,Q :~el,ea,s e s the lev,r detonating the gr~nad~£ The

U~S~ M26.and M33 handgrenades nave beEn ;~,he mos e ,c,o"nuno'nly used grenades for this purpos@ althougb other lever-type grenades ,may be used ..

["IN, CAN ANTI,:PERSIONNE,L MINE

.'.~~

The ti:n can mine' 18, ,Q.onst .. ructed trom.

::~::r(~~~aiio:;b:!:~a~~e:Clrit:;1:n-

can);j ,!he t,lr.ing ,tll.vlce ,ro,r th'e exp,:loal,ve, 1., an implrO,Y',la,ed ~ tu,ae witb zer',o 0:81,.,. act,lon. ,I :band~e'Dad,e fus. may 'b,e 'used

b" r,.moy,al or the d,el,a,' eleme'nt. !be IIIlne tunct,:l,ofts 'b:y ,8 t,rlp.ire &'ttac,he4 to 'tbe p'u,ll r1,nl,. ':Prea"lure on 't:be tripwire pUll, • 'the :pu,11 r:ln.ij' ac't1v.at,1,ns: 't:ne mine 1:n, the .... ann'fr' .,5 a bandgrenad,e.

'''!Ii '* ~m 'I'RAM" A 1i;'IIT'I'D'D'~'sn'NN'E'I'L G.fto',i;-',·, ,'V' .•. ,An·· ,i:,Iiii,~-{' v,,;,~,

. ~, :PR,A[(I!MBIrIA.T,IOH 'MI. '

CMfIl',_

Tb1:s 'm1'ne j' made of cas t, 1.r,oin jJ reelem.oles a st,1ok band,lr,enrad.'e wit,h' ',f! ve',r~y an:or't han.ll@' + The 'w(n~~d ,", M:INu is I) ft, en t,o,und cast 1nto the bcdy~ The.handle houses a p~11-rrlct1on 19n1ter~ A tug on a tr1p~ .ire attached t6 the fr1ction 19niter ~111 activate the fuse~

CI'U 1-: iI;'i1i~ 'erCi '0· 'ii"!Ij'M· 'lAii '~'N' I" ~; T' !kIO"." 'a"

n. _~ .·1!1l[~~[i:I ". ,'.IV; :!.~[I,UI,: '_ .:. [~-: , ~11_''-: ,I _I!Ii ~ [:

, " iJi'j,U'"fli. l' _,p>'ir'~'!I?~O~"C'!i,~ 'U:I~' :t;~~~ .. ,~V ,n L! "u ,n,~-", :,' U ICi I'-iii," .I;1jl~

Almost ld,ent,1e.,a,1 'to t.he CHI,COM :No," Q

Dual .... ,"'Arp,ose, Mine 11 thls devlc,te, ,a18,0 has a

double-acting ruse~ Like the No~~, a pressure of 300 pounds on th@ pres.ure 'sp:l,ci'er' or a pu.il-of ro pour-,cis on an atta~he'd tr1pw1,re 'w11,1, detonate, 't,he' :m1,ne ii, Sl,i,ght·ly lar,g'e:r 'tha.n the N[Q to ~, ·thl s mine co:nta:ln,. 5

P10'-:"O' "R':~' - MA" 'c' ·Nr t'S····· .J.1\ 1i.~S···· BIQ·'··;·N':····D--! V--o':-''''lll ..

_. . .. . '. '. .:_ . :.., .... . . ' . .t1J or.u::;:;; :.: . . .. . . . .,.

3

.

p·ou.n.d5. 0 ~ e Xp 1.0,51. ve· a.nd h·as an ever-a 11 we'ight O.r- 12 pou,nds, It is, made or me,tal ~nd -C'Da'~ @ .. Q w 1. t.b c ,re'o,I ,o·t e tor .a te ~.p.ro·o f'1.ns ..

~IAD' _.,: TO "'__._.n £;LE:·C·TRIC DET'ONAT0f4~

I

i I

.....

. I

!

-

'Th@ b ound Lng m1.ne 1s 1mprov1a·ed t.rom

expended U~Si M2 bounding mine or M48 .trlpflare cases. A wooden cylinder slt.htly smaller 1n diameter than the mine eise 1s

h,..l: 1-- ·o·'I:..,·oe.d· ·~U'·' t·· '~O' t ~ 'Ci""'_ a 'iI!I' til, 1:1110···· ... B'ii'I'd~ I!Ir-·:·,e~·""'a·..,;iIi~

.. ~,_, J -n y .. __ 1J' ", .a'. : iiJI[a N.r. . !~ '. g.' U"~~ _. ,1ICt' _ ',,~ ~- u,~

can t1t 1nglde~ The wooden cJll~der (with enc 1,c.Hsed gren.ade') 1 s t.hen. r.t t t e,d l.n·to the mine cas~ and the gren~de's safety pin 1s extracted~ When the mine Is detonated,

the cylinder and grenade are propelled upward t· A.s the w·olod.en o,y·1.1nd.er ,and gre:nade sep,arat,e, ·the· handle flies. 'ott t,ne. ,Rr,e,n,a,d'l ~ actIvating the ruse. .

VC uTOE 'POPP'B.Ru MIN·K

=--__..:._-- - - - . ~ - . --_. ---_ ---:_-=----

'. .'- It-

~.' ...

Thi.s mine· i:5 fab r'1 ca t,e,·d of ca:rt·rld·I'e ca.se-~ -- ·or plec,e,s ,of .p1.p·-e of v~r·.1~u.9, s·1zes. t It Ls load.ed w'1th a cha.rgiS: ,of b·lac:k . pO'WQ'er) 8. .prlme·r t. and: a. v.ar.1_·e't,y (_l':t. rr~B.~·" ... merrt S· .ror :m1,s s,11e 'e ff'ENilt. . 'When .t,he ~ 10 t.la

steps on th,e mine". t.he 1,:n~.·te·~ ""'de~on~~~s the bl.a.c.k po·w.d.er c.harg:e· and pro,p'eil Lbe·

fraSrl1en·t:5 up·w·ard ..

C A RTR IDG-E TR.A. P'

FDur simple and easily obtaln~ble eomp,onents ma:ke 'Up th1.s mine. ,I. ~arnbg·o

18

THE' -: 'Ia'ft:llA-:-' PO··c .... NE····,... .. --·:··E·"R·

,--; ,_.-, n',.c. ''''':'' " ." ':<."'.:: :.1: i - __ ,

tube J a nail;; 8, piece o.r w'G,od. a'nd an;

sma.1.1 ·arms Bt'l'II1iJun1 t ion o'r 1'17' 9- :ro.und I ITtH!!

p,l.ce lo,.r wo-oel is 'useid a·., a ba:B·e. The

)) .•• ',00 tube :18 p.la,ceid up'r-1sht on the

C'IiliCIWIi1llD 1M .00 ... A'.,

..•.. ~.,rii#.~ ..•. -- ~

'.

. .... -

",·oo.(t,e:n base and a na1,1 is ·dr.iven u.p ·throu,sh the-wood to penetrate the bottom of ;h~' bamboo. 'fbe car'tritt.ga 1,s tbe:n wed·S.led. 1nt,o· 'the' 'b,amb~t;) se th.,at t·h,Ie: pr.lmer' is tcnJ.c;h1,nl the polnt·~t the na1l~ fartlally bur1.4- al·o·n.g S.· trail. or p.a·t:n" tb@ pre::1BUre of a man's foot stepping on the riose or the c:;,artr-ld.ge .fore es the' .p·.r1.mer- ant o the n.a.l.l" t.·1r1.n,1 t·he ·c·U·t·rl d.ee •

~'I'D~'C'TI"O-N'-~'L' FDA'G'M"E'Nl~AmION-

u ~~."'.' " :_.:.l~. ft .'. . rrL >"" _~. -. ". ' ',~." ~., .... :,

.M~:NI fC_~~ 1 01 .. " -

L •

O'QnlfI1ooJ.:r re·te.rr-ea tOI as a "'C'HICC,M :or ~ ~.:' L

v, c- h.l~·a'v.·: mo' "-, .~. ,.... th1~, m;,'.lne has ..... h:' a Mia: ...... t·c:;e'li"l;:"l~s· ,..;1·····~··!!CI'

'IW -,17' (.L-'~. ~ _ '_'Q' ~',(.,-"'l-,.'-~·"·_'~l.-~·· ,.wr, _ __:_~'Q

s1m11a~ to the U.S. MlS Claymore Mlne~ Fus·ed e!,e.ctriea.lly.~ it 1s ,8. ,c,om.mand.-deto-

::~: :~V~:~e~:~!.:n:~s{~~o~:~lO~~:!8r~OIll

range Or 150 to 200 meters' an~ 1s effective ag:aln,st personnel a.nd th:1:n-pk·l.'nn,ed y.·ehi,cl'e·s.

PO',M~Z,-.2 ANTI .. Pf;.RS·ONtlEL J4.I:NE

"'iLL W ••. IIISID« :MIERE

Ch1nefU!: Commun1.lt con1e's 0" ·t·ne So,v'let

'_ •• ' __ . • .• -' '. "_ .;- .'.- .,., _' '._ '., . .: or' ••••

P .. Q' '1.1'117' 2" 1'" .. - .' ." b" 1" __ . . 1- d b- t"'h'

.'.~,,_". :m.:_ne are now ' .. e:ns .e·m,p. ,o·y', ~'. '·','il'~:.)e

·ve/NY. i W·e11h.lng, only ~ .. ~ ~ ·po'unCl a, : 1 t 1;1

. '1"'1'· ·· .. ··1· d" . -.Ai . "'-'k .. '1'" . .Ai '1-' '''1--

8,·&,8. .' y' carr', e'::. 8nu ean u,e emp .. .ae e~ q u '- 0 a ., ,.,.

:'U8ed .to·r d@tonat1.o.n bJ trip,w1re i( t,.D8.1.loln rel.e·aa·,e Q·r pre:,18ure relea,I.,e.l t it can la,11·0 be .riSBed electr1·Q"ally' r·,o·r c,omrnaold, d:e·t,·CiIria;t .1o:n •

HiO'" 'U.·'V'P- 'lrnaI-'W' c 'S"'O'-" .. O~ 'B-: 'y. T·· 'UA 'P'S'-'

l ····.~n,.A·',.I~·." '1._", _",;:~.-: .• , .• !., .. ",.~., ~:""

The .1dea ,ot .no;nex:pl.oai ve' bo,ob,t:r1apa' 111 as old a.8 man I PrOIl the ,.l.mple' ,earth p1 t·

11: :neA W· 1: t'b'" a-.h···: a······ rp" ,e' "n.· ,8'.... -t·.· !'·~e"·1 to. h,·" ,1·: l'hI''''

_.Y . _ ".'. g iIiiI . .. !I!iI '_ ._' . I " - - WI

80p,h1at1.c .• 't,.,d. me·ohan1 . .,111 or t·rl,l.eNd coli •. and· latcb.,.,. the .ne., empl.o,. t,be. ,all. Tbe p·rlnc,101.e e·mpl,oJ!,.,d 1.. 51.p.l." t·o lia,e an,t.hlq ·that w111 c·atcb the ·viet·llD b~

!IIi··u.·· ;pn "'1: ; e' . e·' -

~ ~ ~~~ - " .-

P'OON, MA'N '. S IJA:M:E S, :BON'D V'o 1 .' -,aR,".~""IPI" ',' "".,:.'> PLMlE

... ,_r ."i"" ,~. ~.~ . . .. ~_'.

3

',_

The b,~~rb'.d-8pl,ke ,'late 11 I,be' ba.ic .lemen't, ,or all enear ",00.'.,p108,1". ·'boOb:,'tra,pl.. T!1,e p,late; & .tla't p,l.'ce ot '.ood ,or' me'tal, 18 u.ed .a a ba.,. t,o r •• ,ten,

anJ" nUlllb,er of b,ar'.if! I'p! kea " 'lb. "p lite. , :ranlins in length tr,am a.ve:pal lnc,bel to •• :yVal teet. ~-8re 'r,.s·t:e:n,e<l' I,e'c'ure'l,' to '

't:be baa •• , When a man, Ite~D. or tal.l. en the .p,1ted 'plat,. j)' ,or 1. .truck b,' ,one, the .'p,lk •• , '.111 pe,ne'Cr,ate,1I prod,IlCins, a

•• ,r,l:oua· ",~,ound '.

S' P-"I"~ rmi::I'AP BIQ"X"

':', . ~;". ~£.il _ _",il', ',_;.~~ . - :-> < "

1

This dev1,c'e :15 ,fL, s,,1m;p.le', WQode'n bo,x made ot boards Joined together with four

corner p,o.,s't,s fj The boX n,aa 8. 11&h,t'weilht,· to'D

but 't,he bottom 1,:5 r,e'moved ~ 'Ba,r.b·ed ;spl,k,e .• , are :pla,c,ed 1n t,h,e' ,gr,ound. ,B,t the 'b,o,'t,tom, point1,n,g u,p'w.a:rd.. Th1s, trap Is usu,a"lly

set up on dirt roads and trails to take advantage o,r ,f:a\"ora'ble' c,amouf'lag'@ .. ,

POlJf-r~D SA!4BiOO STldSJ.S,

'b".en ,a,'ba,rp'en,ed. J'

-'r':.ft'ijj,'Ii -~ . miD"" ,A ... ' .

:e''".': ;;ri, ., ';.'I~·'~ t··l:~'ed

-,gr ..... ~J - -~

'se'.·ct.. ·nny" :e'·',-' 8' nd

!' '11'_"'':1: .!I!'!I iii;- "WI" -_ - s , &r- . -_ . .

. . -

,A trap 'pit ,1. a, :lar'l,e 't:rap box .1,th a

,"",-.'b" ',C', t' . ,'-", S,"'t," k'", '. :". .....6··', ''''h,A~'' AI

w~oo .,op. ,',·,a ~e8 are .. .awe OJ. .,1,.1-... , ...... n,e",

bubOIQ, o,r b,arb,ed s'p,lkes and u:B,ed to' line, tll:e 'box.~, When ,a 'man .tle'p:l, on the tr,e,p, be

"W- '1' 11' ,t: 'al~ 1" 'l' nt"'D~" t· h", "'e' 'p:"1~; t,' ~'e'" ,t"'o"p'" ,t;"IlI"W'ft,e 'o''''n

. ..' "__ . : _:_: ' .. _': _._. 1_." _"', . " __ ': iii ~&-I'.I.· ~.' ','M4'-.... -,_ ,I

an, axle; tbe'~eror'e, 'the 'trw',ap d,:oel 'n,o;t .. need to b'. reset 'to' 'wopk asain ~ 'The' "l,t '1.

l' '9'""

,_' .

'T'" HE"; :~. TA'f1::'LA:~:"P··O:" 'N'P.E-~'c

:'VJ:J. -: :. ""~ '_LI ~ __ .-,L\,

.- .. 1~' ~~#~~p.

.. I .f

ott~'n.llp.epi&D.d, a,s, a, def,e'Rs:lve ob8tacl~·~~n'd ~'~.G·: ~d;e;~· a,a,re 'by loo,kinS, 1t,:ln-placewlt,h ~,,,,,e~~~:s~.~'~~~(IO ~t, can be c,rossed safel.y tiJ the en,.,.,.) unt,11 the d,e;I,1r'ed t:1m·e of use.

TRA" 'P' S' !'R'" ID~:"f\'Ij'1:?'

...... ,-.:_._ .,!i.l"~

_ _ .r

lY\'~'~\'J'~'~' ~ ..

A small footbridge 15 partially cut 1n ~h,ei' ,mt.~~:~~ ~ ... ,Th'~ c~,~~ 1,s,'t~en ~:tLn:~ufla.,g,ed,~ with coverings of mud, etc. Barbed spikes

or- s h.arp"ened b,amJ)QO 5 t ake s ar-e emp 1,a·c,e d under the cut, using the water~ mud or

foilaSfQ under- the bridge, as camouf Iage , 'The \te1gh t o,r a man 0'0 the br 1 d.ge' 'w.1 i 1 cause l,t to co Ll apse t tumbl,lng the v'1etim, onto the sp1kesi Like the spike trap pitJ brIdges ca~ ~e prepared In this manner, .

'then b r-ae ed for n'or.mal us e ~ At, the

approach of free world forces the braces

are r,emo v"ed 4;' -,

,S'TE!L ,ARIIOW. TR,AP'

~ T.hIs a 'bamot()o; tube

(u8uall~ about 3 teet long) as a launchar A steel arrow is placed 1n the tube.

Using a blo~k or wood as the bolt~ a strip a,f, strong, rubber .ror po'w·er and a c,a,tch t,olock the rubber str1p, the devIce is fired with a trlpw1re~ When the victim trios the wlre~ th@ latoh disengages, allowing the rUbber strIp to launCh the arrow.

BAMBOO WHIP

, . .. .. . ~. .'.

. A ,strip of s,p.r-1ngY' ba:mboo from .3 to 10

feet in length 1s used to make a bamboo whIp. A barbed~sp1ke plate is secured to 't,he t1'p o,r the, bamboo (or sa'va',ral ,of the spikes driven through the bamboo), and the

PO .. OR M1\N' S JA}fES BO'ND Vo.l, • 3

THE' --.' '_I'if:!IiAP' _ -: 0···· NE' '. ,_. E'---'R-'

- I" ~:, :. '1,1:;,,>.: ~ . .';_, ;.' ". '

'1'*

~f:'I.'_1 :::

,

" .

'j: "1 .~ I· ~ .

'wh 1p 15, dr- awn back and a,if! C ur-'e'd ,;;1 It. tr-1'n:w 1.r,e

,r-

1s then latched to the whIp and the wlr~ 1s

st·ru.ngaer,Qss the trail When a man trips

the-~lre;th~ ~a~bo~ ie~reiea~e~,a~dWh~PS ar-ound , str1,k'1ng: the vic:t1.m, w'l'th the sp1k,e8.,

AiftllTAJIK ,AMP. VEll:J:CLI, M'.IN,ES

300 pound.s:· o:t ,p!reBS'Ure ,1,8. ap,p.l1,ed to the p~e~lure' 1',p14.",;; 't,he· sec,ond.· w:he,n a pull o.r 10' po~nds. l,1 ex,el"~e,d ,Q,n, a 't~'l,p.,l.re'

,r •• teft~ld, ~ to, tn,. fUise' t 8 .,'tr,iker'-r'etaln,e',r pl,n~ Con'ltr'uc't"ed of 'c:,reo,soted me,t"l. 11, carr1es II .PCHlni4s 'o,r ex'p'lo'iv'e'- a,nd' has &n o,ve'r,al1, ~e~,lht et: abou.t ·,1,0' ,;p,o\mlcia 'II'

CONCRI~r,! PR.A~M~~AT'ION' MINE,

Min,e,s emp,.lo,yed. ~by the' enema a,la,1n.t·

wh"'e-e'le: d': a"n',;"d· . 't·:~a·;if!I;'I!...e·',d·:, '!I:!II"a'h-',"11' c·:·l'e-·'s·" Uar··1,j' r.">r·-',o:·'1!11

:._ ... _" .. ' '1'-" •.•• ::..... ,.,Ij.'-'_. ~,A· .. : "·~[.d :,' .. ' ",.~._ .•. ,', ,-iIi\II

'conv',en,t1,onal ant,1t"ank mine,s, ot, foret,gn manu.ta,ct,ur'e t,o, r1.sed ,dud,s' ,and 10'0..8,,11, p·r,od,uc'ed explos,l V" e ,deiT1c'e';B ,. A"ll 'th.e' In-,

.... '_·t··,· 1,': -1' l' ,- -A' "'.Ai -..I:' . . iii • 'h' ·t,····

w.U,I,lr' a" ,Y 'p,ro'uuc'eU., 'wn~n.e'a, ,are 'o~ ~_e . ,..pe'

,ruBed~ to:r d"etIQ,na't,i,o'l1 at from 1:50' 'to' .,010

-. ,. . d _ 'f"'" -, - , .' I~' . ," b'" '1' d

poun.' II 0 Pi!"e.'s,8ur-e ~ ~:ue, are <'\tr,e,

11" 11',"'h': t;, l~ v' b ... ,An'···-a-- 't' . h'''''' tl ' ..... 6 ,a;.'IIi~~'a,II!ii'.·· o~···!I!' t~"h,_, .·'w~t'lin-~ ~~

• ..•. "" 1_ • . .". l •..• ~ r I~', • : r , ", Illu ~ Mo. - rIL CiA '-P"~ " ,·10 .. II:I,_ , __ . &._-''''." __ ~ '!II

Th,e: e'J1emy I',enerally' empilo,8 these .m,ln.'. a8 d,e'8,1gned 'tHJ:t has va,r1ed f1l81'ng a,nd p08,1~

t'.., . '1' .. - ," th' - t· t"'h' "" - l' ·...AI r~'''l' -'1' t-·· ,.,- tt· ,._ .... , .

. £o:n:_,ng so' ,&._. ':,e,re ·· .. 8 no'·Q.e:.~,!··n'·· .. ',ie pa",·ern.

SO'VI~'T:'~ A'N"T-I'-T'A'N'~ u'Iu~ 'muD 2"

~ .. : ..... :: ~ . _~ ... ~._;_._ ". ! ~.- J~ •• _~ ~,." .~~ -;~'.~~~ .. _

II!

... . ",_

' ...

:1-,- ........... -..... .......... _....-_...aI::!Ib .. -~.__·'"'"". -~_I!I!I

.·· ... i.·

I ' ••

Thi.s ,:m,i:ne 1,8: eo;ns,tr-uete.d gf· ,e'xl)"llo's,lv,e .'nca,sed, 1,n ' •. c."llndl",l o,a Ill" sha.:pe,d, coner'ete shell 'Nt th a flat s'1de tor' stable •• p,lac.,m~'nt .' A' 2-1,n,c,h .. "a,,1,amet,e'I" pi,p'e on one e,nd of the ,~lne B·erVles, as a carryln\! hand,le

an.d, de't,ona'to:r bOll,a,ln&;. The 't,WQ! 8w'1v,e'1,. ,o,n

top, 0," the' mln.e ,are used ,to ti,e' l't, tiC' an o'b:j,s':c't Ii' UI'u,Bll" e:m.pl,e:J'ed; ,a's a eo,:mm.ndd,~,to,aat1nl: mi,D,e, It 1,,5, e;qu,l,p,ped w1'th an ele'ctr,.ea.l, fl,rlng devl,ee. .

'NVA_ CAST-IRQ,. FftArG,MENT":_TI'ION - -A,NTI __ AN,X-M~'~:' ':_;; .. _ ..

De's1,lned 'to, 8'voi,d detectlo;~, by a ,mine detector, thls mine 1s con8tru~ted or black o:r br'o,.n ,t ar'-,l:m:presna,t ed, c8:rdbcard, 'I't 1.. lauled, tor' aictiva,tl,on, bJ' a ,tore.' ,ot 350

pouna. ot pr@:ssur@'" :Pu:rt,her I '1 t can. be w8,te:rpro'clf'fHl by 'us'eo ,c .. f' ",Oll4 and, pl~,8t,lC

s !l, •• t t.ng j! wi t h out los .I.,ns 1, t:l, n.o1od,e te'~ 'tion ehara,cterls't,l .. C, " It c:ont,al'n:s ,11 pou:n,c!a- of ezpl,os1ve and has an, overall w'.'l,Sht, ot

15". ,4 pounds,~

CHINES,}:;.. C,OMMUNIIST NO ~ ,II sm7T j)'U',A,L~PUR,PO~!nf ',ilfis

Intended tor employment asalnst both 've.h,1cles and. p,ers,onn,el. this mine l:neorw, pa:ra,tes a do.u:ble',_a,c,t1ng ruse that, 'will de't,Gn.at"e the mine 'und.er' e,i ther o,f 't,1I,O cl,rc,umstances: The flrst J: when. a 10',8,d ot

Y- C' KO'U'NO"- IHAPIU- MI'-'-

'I . :-';·jl.,", ",.,'r_irll".: Ii.," :·.UD

.:. ' __ " __ .~"~~ ",. ", _- "" :" 1 .:_ J '_- J , ..... "1.;..'1 •.

Ms-

, . nu,tactured 10c8,11y .1,n 'VC m,l,ne r,ac-

t,orl,ea,.· t.h1,8 m1,ne' eon,tal,DS an 1,roDt-p",-·,1;p·i,e-·,

.. •• " • _. __ .' • _ •• • Jl • r. I .

detana:t,or e:nea,sed 1n, ,c;onc~.,te' ~ Ano't:be,r

C,o·mman,."j'-,d·,'··et'·'i .. ,,·"t-'l" "1''''' !,,·t· 1"-' ,p. .. , "AI . _' ._.,u ':. '. : o,na,n.l, m ne ,c_, '.' .' ,5 .' !!.I,a e w.

elect,r,lc"all, ,and we,lg;h,s 1,3 :pl,o;un,(I,."

P~:.O.: .. O<:n U"1\N'" ·s··· J-. A.-·.·:.·.'ME. ·:'.,.,',·5· BO·.··:·.···.···N:·. D,', V··'·.·.:·o.·.·· .. ·.·l .• ·.· 3-'·

,",...-.,1,', ,1.1'\. [l"!l"~ .. ,.. , . _

1-,

,

V- c R- '·0"' .~nm, v~· "QL:: u· '0' .. IiiI'T'IJa!

" . . :.' . ["n·,...., ,", .. ':' . _ .'. ' _' _ rJ6"'~ •.

Ppo·d,UQ·,ed loe.al·,·l··v '1·' .n va-'- ·II·n···,.·' ".-·,,..'t,·o··: ~ ...... ',.,:".

_ _ '_ • _", _ ",_ _ J __ • _' •• - _. • .". I ' '."', ~ •• ". •• . .. •••..• :=~'. - ..

t··Ill.s min.e 1.,1, .' pro·to·t,JP,e g,t· p.~rD'\I,. o;tl1.,. ViC,_·manu.ra.ct.u·re,d, ex.pil,Q,I,i,'ve Oe~1c!~.,. 'Co.n~" .' .,puc't,ed, Oit I,Il, •• t met,al" '.:I,'t·t,i, w.tlded· , •••• i.

It' e' .'MA'W6·11v ''''AA:I~'_ a'lo..,- -·-t 11 ill: _. - " . .;;_ .• - . t···,

, '.._ ilI/V"'-'.:_: ;"II'~,.L, 'iI,;I,ii;JI - ,uQU:'. ,~' ,pO, .. ;iQ1 it o,·~:

w'b1.cb 1], P'OU:Od.,1 are .',I,p' 1,0 81,,,,'e j , Co· .. ad det·o:natedJ it 1s tu,.ed' ,el,ect,rlcall" and empl.o,. t'wo ,d.et,o'nat,o,rs. on.' '1n ea:c,b I'nd ot t:h,e 'm.1n,e. Tbe same :p:rlni01Dl,e 0'" co·n.'P\ie~M' i,'lon 11 applied, t,o .al,Y,a.ed. ..t:l:I1: •• " libell .' -'. l' . ,-- A.oiI ,. AA"'W"'" '1--' ... 11-" .-- _. Ai _. t 0 •• :.,.nS8" e.x,pe,Dw.eu ,I.;A' I ..,aunc;~".'r •• , anu IIOS·,

ath-"'· ·d·-·'e·,-y·1:'de'_ 'tl-l",o-a -e't"a"l' :··~···n···t·"'a·'l'-M'.·.,.··

, . ,1;;&.' '.' '" .,,... IiI!i 'WiD,' I, 'D iI."'.' 1.:.... CAD; -" -, ·,iI' •. 1". 1IjJ.

vc B' ox 'M:T'N-

'- .•. IA·· .1, 1:1

'.' ,.,,--.,,-.: ..... '"' ;6-'" '.' ~.-, ."-

.. -, ,-, ,~, : ~ " ..'

:,_;" ',:'. "'" .: ....

• 2··· .... 0········ 0: .. ······ 1"-'

, " .' i "_-- .

. ',-' l.. . i, ,: J • r-

. .' '. ~. ,. . '. .' . .... ' .

r I[], rn:,:--',

: : . I .... /

. ....' .

:M!pII.t

~-- , ...

The \rc box ,m1,n@ :1& ,c.onst,ru,ct"e'd, 'q;f .,-ood, u't,1111.1,ng dl.,e a.rae d am.mun,.l t.1on. 'b'ox;e's' or an, s'er-a.p· materla.l iI' Mi,ne' ,die.'t,e·c:t,Q,rs .111 niot,' locate th.ese dev'lce:s. fhey can b,e 'w'ater-

21

THE-' -., r~~'AP::' -'O···::·NE:;-=':-E·,··R:'

L. ""'::;', '" r .' ........, ','

.,.,'"

. .' ~

A l.enlt·h 'Q;f ba.mboo 15 e'~placE!Hi, ,at an an,81,s' g,t' .45, ,d.elreea ,I"lo,ne; the sbou..ld'er ot 8 ro.d~ A. B~40 racket'is then placed In

t" 'h" - ..... 'B··m··'-b: " :';'~:" ·t:-' Iif;".. ,···d' 101:' '-d' . 1- .'-. ,·t" .'. '" ::". '1 'ill .'. 'b,'-'

__ ,e .I!I-' ' ... thO •. ,UlIJ'e. ,an., ~"I re' e· eo ' __ r,ll,.C8- .iL".''1

coml110nd d.et~'nat.1on as the 'tan:k. 'or v,eh1ele orO~B8es tbe.l1n·ie-- 'o~··r"~ flrei

- ~_ . _" - ••• _. I . _ .. _" _' • _ _. _ _ • .

S- ~:"rI- .-In' .. ,= umrI·iIllA· . I-"V 'Mil 'lTD T- -Y' b 1-

.'W,;' .. J •• (~', -',',p" ':':'~;':~~·r,.:A 1,( .. !,,~··l",:1D .r~·:It .. .,~~.: ,

- .. '

COrn,l,trueted. at blUe!d steel., som.etime'., pa,l:D:'te'd, ,oliv'. d'r,ab, 'o,:r whI te t the T,M--,l c,.r;~1e. a.n- ,e,lIt.ploB,l've ,charge ot 8 pou,nda and hall, a to't,al we 1,lht ot -1,2 pounds'i . A t'Orc.,.. c,t·. 3.5 o~ pg'Yi-4e,' Q t ~S'n;':,e iI8·:U,re O,f1. t.he '11 d .,11:1 .'ct,i v·at',e· ~he·. t1r:lns ,device ~ V'1 til vel', 11'ttrl'8 add'lt.l,onal w',a'ter.pr·oofln,1 it e,an r.madA o'per·,a.t:[onal :In.de:tl.nltely.

,AHTIHEL,·I'c.OP_T,lft MIM!N<O

l!fhe de,s:re:e' Q,t suceeas that t,he' em,ploy'~~.,t or he'11'COPt.1er:l. has :h,a,d, on r',es,t:r'le.tln,B ~n'~ 1C:~,n:t,a.~,n:1,nB. VC/N'VA &,cti'v.i ti,lU'~ 1.a e·v,l-- .. d.~c.d by_the-~~@my's eftorts to destroy art 'nefut,ra"11'z,e ttJ,ese ma.e;hln,e,s,~ In addi.'t1.on

t,o, In,'!ern~se' ground f'ire ~ t,ne e:nemy has ii!l,.V:l,;.e,d], nllm.e'l"'OU8 be lIe apter 1,a,n.d1 ng, zan,e'

d'.':ltruct,1,on ,syst,e:ms,. S,u.eh Q,cs't,ructlo'n

:I,stem,s· r,ang,e f'r,om the' pr:im1t,:1'Ve pla'n'tillS 0"";10:111: p,o,1n't'e'Q 'st,aK,es t,o lma,11na.'t.1ve· -e:l,p)1 08 ~ ye'. de v:l C ,1'.13, '~ Ie Q B'US e 0.. r 1 t 9, d .'s' '1 ,In ~ J:hs.'. ,b.-~ 1l-9.J1DP' t,e .r· ,1:8 e:x,t. rams ly vu Iner,ab l.e 'to t~e8e devices, pa~tlc~lary' the rotors and

,alr,fr8:me. : .

N~LICOPTBR_EX'~OSIVE TRAPS

arenades. artillery/mortar rounds. or

POO'R"'~-' MAN"S: J"'''~S'':' B·.:O·.·.··"N··(,D~-, v» .• ·.ll •

.' '. • ..\ ~., •• • • ": •• 1 .r:u "',I.IJ . ~, ~

3

.

any other type of ex,plod1n,1i or·G_na:n.ce are

m·· . t d 1'" t··· . ... ... ~','~' ·t·'·h· .. · ·'·r - . t t" h ~

sounteo .• n . r-e e s or 'on: '.'e' s,ur .aee O!.c"~'· e

landing zone4 The @xplos1ve devices are rl~ged for tripwire detonation and the

wi,re 1:8 B,t:rung t,Q lao.el; e_1,(&0,.,d pol,e. i 'f'he r,o,'t,or'W'a,s.b of land1nB .he'll,c,opt,era w1,11 'blo,w' 'the p,o,lle;. ,f,rom t,he,ir 100'le' pOI,lt,lon,,i, t.ri,p'p.1ng 'C,be dev',1,ce"

A l' 3'-y:e.· "!~'''''''-"'''lid,, V1 ... e··,'t'n-ia'm'B'.se-· ""iO,··:U. 'M.-e··"c~:,e·n,··tl:~

,01,a'1me'd th;t t"h,e vii" hadtor,e,;'d iT him. ~ t'o'" -1#

reeon"no1:' t,e:!" h:: e'll ,til,ii"Ii;p.: te::r lG'iP'iid': ,1' ·'n·· '1',·: zo.n .... s , T·,h·, e

•. - - . ~.! __ •. __ V v", .. ~ _ ~ .... I ,_ • _ '.'~ w ••• tI . _

bOly wa:s instructed' by the 'YC ,to' pl',G.:e"

ha:nd.r~re':na:deB ,1'n' the ~ 'ZIOI~S vl,t,il"=.tr'10.,11 "

!Eli . r=e- ~ .

w,r-app,e'd ar,Qund tb,e .lev.,r's t p:leceiB, or'. ,a"e'r

a'ttae:h,ed t,o t,he tree ends o·t tri,. l,t·r'l·nls and the r',lnS:8 (pull ri.nls) p,u.lle'd~ R,o't"o.r''.8.5,11 from land.Ins, nellcopt,e'1'8' wcu"Jj.d tn"en b,lo.,· 'the :paper-, unw:ir'&,P 't.he 8'tr-t-n,IJ and

r-e leo 'a~ se~" th'e~' ."at' "e~' t:~ .,': 1.~'.cv.-''!iI!iIi1

,-IC·· .. ,"'I ".'- •.. " .•.. ' ' .• _." .• - •••.• - _"... • '-'.' '5~' 'Ii"· .

- ..... ,.... .. ~ : ... ~~._ ~,-~ ','

n"· . _.JI. •

Gunpowder Man;u·"a·ctulfe·

G_I __ ~~.I_ '.~~"<BD-·I·~ _ ...--~~.un;. 1I&II~.a. . _~~

." ""p'"

The 1:IlVeDtl,ol1 ·01' .' ,. ,DI'I .m' .. ~a~!1

. ..

-.,.. '~a'r.' Lt~.,~· ~--D,f,""miilii:ft . ...;; .... ,,.

~, !Rill I)". _'Q~~ ~_i _ ' .... "',...:. :_~.. ... ............ :.: !;"III~'I'''''

It II well bOWD. 10,·:'1»."'8 "'D8ef:D.

, ·1' . -

C,hlnel8' !1~ID'oe' A~,D. ,85~

Some of the best qualities .'re com:poe.ed :

.... :- .

., .'.

...... .. ..

N.ITJB,.

Arm,' powder F. • ~ ~ t ~ • ~ 76

S:port:in,'. i, •. ",. "4 .... .' ~.' 18'·

)f:j'nmg,., ~ .. ~ .. ' .... ' .. ~ '" ... ;;. 65

F'rench " '. .' .. '. .' ~ ~ ... '.' .. ,,~ "8

10 10

,

ZO

1,,12

The'·' Ing- ;~.,.~,..I ien""'" are 11m' 'f,e.duced to, an lm ... a'I"pa ... ···· !ble

;' - '. . :.'. I~~ _,' .. !lfal! :', : ....... : '_ ,,<. . !; ....... ,.__ _'. - • ". • _ ~ • _ J,.....,.. :.'

. ~'d'''~ 'ill. '1'- d""-~ ~. '·11 ,.-. "k' ..... ..3 'I, ........ ;a, : .. po'" ,sr or:·,

pO'W lSI" I'D cy In~,ef' Dll'iS, w~,r'.u Iii 'n_~r:~~"_:J ..

between metallic 'rollers ~ It Is ne;zt wel,iled" then prope·rly mixed i'o. a mixinc ir,oUlh with .' "OGden '~,o11e~for thre~H hours, ,and--atl· ,IO~~,< '~itJ~, ltla':~e~11

stirred a,bo'U" in a I.arge' tub for a I'b:on Ii,me;. 'but when this is the: ,case" 'm,ore tim,s :11 a1:1.o,weCI.·foJ'.iDcor ..

... :,. ~ ... , . ,.. ··;h~T"L. lj., ",.,.., ~~, ·t·:·· ··~iCIi' Tb·:·",A ~;V'~:f.~,d'Ii!i" 0:"'1

pora;""nl·~ W_lClI JlI ."u,e DeI. pr~"""!i' .' ... .~ !IW,J ~ .. W;l' •.•...

. .. . '. 'LA d.

moat iDoorpo,ra:tin,g mills are two In D.lJm~:Pr;~,~ aD,',·

made 01 a very tou,gh description, of atone, ;. thereae.h· weigh about thr'ee t1lJDS.. The 'bed, ot '$h .•. :~ID' ,ii whtch .I.·iL.e:·y·: ·&·vro·, ,l-v~.o. 'I·S:· 0", f' ":b',e !aa~a 'ft\'IIla,'terlal ': 'but, GvUntien'

lID.; . ;Il,'U~"'.Q ,'~ '" .,._. -,~' ~ .. ,.. , ,... ,J ,~,~

,a t:lid,; ~11:_ O!.: " ..... liIi:'N'iI;'D':, a~ "I'iii1!II' _.111i!'~ 'D .. oh F"'"~4'. fl'" ~ obj.~·:i·~eetl.n

P.fU" I UI:'-IH '. !I Vi , .11 U. il:U.iI;nI . UIIGU

to iron. bed. ii that iheY.renmaUy 'wear' ho,Do'.' Ui:,the :middle., and it 'Would be out ,o'r the' q,ue8,tioD, ·tol h&:ve sto·:ne cyllll.dell &D,d ir,o,n beds"t The ,eilatt;p .'hl,ch i.

hwed'~ In "b 't'l'l~'1 t tlli Ja' 42· .. ·· 'lie' and' .,£ i.. . a t·

P··· y.' t:,· ··e· m· " .. ~. A' iIIII, ':'I'l'li'lie" .. , ,'. ..,. ~. :"', ~ I '",. 'mo ..

. ....: .. ' .':" . '~.Ii, M,. '. ~ __ ~ .c'. 'r" '~' , .. ~ ~

ened wi.'th 2 pints . .of' water,. whi.c:h is placed :10 the mill

,22

THE' 'NEAPONEER with ,the charge ; but t,bis 'Is var,ied aooo'rd1nc to the lltate'lot' the .atmosphe:r'e. At th'e end of ,tHree hours,

tae: aha. is withdr,a.wn :from th.e :m:i~t to be pressed ,eI.ther in 8 hy,d~u'li,c or a, powerfu.l screw :p,reu; i,t is ,H,parated [at equal distances· by plates, o,f copper :80 that. uniform p'res8,ure' ma,Y be a.p,pli:ed to tb:e Whole, whle'h, 1& a.'u:t 600 tuna", Wh,en taken ,from 'the press,

it is in ·t;hbi Bol:i,d eak,os: or layers, oalled "pre-ss cake ~ '-' ~

TbJI 11 broileD, in. piece. of sbou t a quarter of an. ounce

ID wejlht:~ aDrd, removed to the corning house 'w'h:ere it

,I. "anul .• ted 'by plamn.1' it m :sie:ve:s. ha,ving' a rOlta'ry shaking moti:o'n glven to them, by maehin,6.'1; with t,w!o bl,ocks of lignn.tn'Vib wood which c·rus'b ih,a powder between tbem. aad the B'lde,s of ·the sle:ve.; two· other sieves of different degrees of finenesl are placed under

tbe: firs,t, 'wh:lc'b catch. tbe, powder' ,a'Dd separate i.t tnte

,Ine and coarse ,gra'in . (,for a'rtil1ery and muskets), and

it.a d g,st" or m_l .. powder, ,falls Into a. box ,placed be, .. neatb~ iThe ,powd,er ts 'Ilnw glazed by' ~ing' placed in

a cask" 'wllie" i."· ~Q1V.B.':lB· AD. lule: .!i'b1r~_ •. ~ "':"0 .'nter

. ~._, .:' .~; " '. -0r<">~·~'"'7:;\~~-:7-~~ .. :7:~:. } ..... , :' i :~,~/;'~~'~~:~' "':.-'.2.:>.' .Ci.;. ,', .

abou •. t " rty' .'~ ::9· ,III f£ mblu'te!, whIch t;dc;esl '0' .. : .. :al~::fbe

co,me~~.o~:"'~~,e grtd.Ds and gives them a pollsh, .'/~ " .: ':::'.

Tbe.;.~ last ···.', .. ~~:.il .. ;'":-!:'..i~.C·'~: .. ,.~iCA il. :pelr(.P.J~d·.'Y

."1,;.._ ". o"Iiii •• L- I - '," - b ... ." ..... " ~.. . !'""

~d.e8.,m, raq:la,t,J.o:n :,t:Otn ':;·o't trona, or solar heat j, It.Is

som ··"'t""lm· jQ,iiJI ~';""'61!i\''1''111 Ii::!'·l· r·;t·liil!·d, befo 'l!"t:II barr Aim""" D". t'I'O'" clean l"'t· and

g1# .~ ',_ 'IU'''- ~.ral .& . .1,; Q,:._y. . IV _'. :."', ... ~ :UltW.~,~, .. e.:Ii .,'. .1"'Al _ _ . . ~e , •

preven tit from caking' toge.tbt:ri 'Tbe pressin,g' and g'lazing processes, althoug'h ~hey lesseD the ieffocti ve fo,rce' of the :p o 'td,e I' , are absolu tel y necessar.y; ti:IS t, to gIve: ·the powder density, 'to prevent itrJ breaking by carnage, :;. seeond, to, pre'v,eDt its· ,abstn~bing mo:i.st"" 1l1M ftom ·,tbe a/tmUl:pbeJe, which it is. liable to do from .

• " • ,-, ~ ,.,' -',' • • - I ill. i. -; ~. ';. i', ','-J' iii, '-. •

tIe ~A:-~' l'w:blCh.~~. ID. t:h,e charooal; third; to prov,en:t

...... '. ~ roo' •

'the pow"~r' ~asiill" "ls, power 'when. kiep~· fo.r anF lemlth

of tIme I ~'':Rfe ,uaU'ty of ,the, powder prOduced dlepe'Dds

~ore, .~~b·tbe:'Qi,rl!~ "~J"i~ j:t8·lIlan~Ml·t~'e th'~·~.~'

- "'l .:,_': _'~ .. ' t ~ . ~ ... ..:: .'?i' .' -::: '.: - ~. ". '," '.~! ., ~'- ~ -' .~_ ~ -'

th,e uacI "r~o'r'~I;;oDl 4f· '.8' i'D:~redll.nta.

-' '. ''_;-'" ' • ._,' ' ~-lP!';,.r.. _ ~ _' _, - 'I. - -j ~ - -_ , -

- - -- _. - -- _ -

- --- - - -- - _

"'clUlCl··~··~···~ 'L'iH"OU'" " •.. UN'IIi.~

, .~'.~ "I ;- ' __ '-10 IIU i II. ', .. '.l""-IIII'Ir~.~

~ "R~~'~~r ~ ,.n.~ ~~14'"

. 1'!IJ!IiI_ 'iV Irftlilr_5 ""' 1n5 .~'..~.J!\ ..

T['-'e" S.··.·'.I~_.~·~:tc .... : A.~~ 16-1: .... ' ... :-, ........ ' .-'11 ,tl81

g. ."~J~' IIll.DS "" .~~ ... -, )t· .. ..

",.._ fo···', I~'" .~.,:. ~~'iIiih:·b Ail ... ~II.~ .. ri laq'NMlIiII' and' shauid be hlldldL.

\n_ ... ilOWl ' . ""J!~'~ ''iii! 1!IjIIIjI!II'-VIUIl1li '.' ~ .... .. r .. ,... . . ..~ .. ~ ~.,

. . ._.. .

....... Eds.~) '~ . ' :

~ .

. -"10' OUt YOUNG SOLDIERS,

1., Rernen.r tho.t br'l c .... ' ~ .... eli, fNm :IidmesJ. than by 'IM buht"~

.2 ~ :liM. your blanket with .. ,thickness of brown dri'ling~ This, addiS but

foIr ourICt'J in Might ,and flit warmth.. .

3~ Buy 01 small iindla J"UIJbw t ,ani" Sl"SO) to lay en the ..... '.

.......... .,. ... ~ 'WftiL ...... - I·' :~:~, -,~, -, ;~, ~1I,1iPtftft· .. ~~: G.~ rain I"DI'WI.

IIV nw,... lI!tI''''~ :,'_.' ~ .flUVlKJlllf:. . .. '.. . ¥I" ' .. ",'I!', u_,... ..

MIst' of·the ~ troops ... JlfVw&dld! with tMsI~ Straw' 'to Ii. upan is·

nat· always i'~ .• had~ . . . ..' ' .. :~".::, ~

.'" "-:.;x "II.' :. n'~~!fJ.n'~~ .. in • is tilt '1Ft." 1.' caklf. 11ft '~)J- erotm

~ .~ ~'~ ... " .. ~~ .. :~ \,. b allow""" ,._ AU .......... l!It.n~···''4Ii'Alt ......

i.-.,I'II .. f "., I:, _ llJy ",_~. " ;I_'~' ·,1l1li-· 1.91" ~-,. . _ - .. ii' .;VV .... '

btln·~· ut1 .. r:~~ I in f*: _II.~. or turn it diDwn _ ii" 'is ..

~~ . .

.. ,.,. 1UIJW!~1

S~ lit ,..-"1"" .... ,. ,so .. to pndICt tbI throIn ,and lungs,

6. ,I.., row lith ,.,..,.. dIM~;'_'1""1ft11 itt ... and I ..... CGm- .

l.'~i in _m ~ ~ 1_ .1OtA dar if pcAlIlJI,. A¥Did

.• ,."" c ~~_"~~ __ ,, I , Iionl taicI that 1M' ... ~_ iUII'."

.... CI1lflt'hw .,1111 _tid : tIW IMn ellan) COft ._.., II lOki."

hi ... ' .... ,."

7 .. ,A ."..1 ChIck of' 1,.; ' .. ' :by di., ' • ott, .....

fevIr !n cIwIh. WI .. ",~ Id do ' ,_ biribt~ ,

,;I!~&_ .. 0Id.· .. ·· '.'~ .':'

... , . '_ - - .!I

P·IO··· .: O· ';R"" MAN"', '·S··-: J"~'AME'" -'-"'''8 B· .... O· N···'·D·· V·' ··Q.'.- .. ll .'. 3··.·'

• ;: . II :.". I - • .' 1-,'" ." ~". . '.' . , , '. . -Lwlo':' .. .

Mi'·l· R·· ·

._ .. '.'*-ry' .' ', .. ' . ":-. 'I" '::C' ... "'1" -;n' -,-- •

. .'·.&U. .::..'_., .I.);·:.-"··--f]'~·':::,.

p" ,"',,·',',',t···,iLlC··· ·.··,-·h,,"",,··· ". ft", ",' ':·I··C·~·S·~] . lit~: .'8.,_ " .' a,; ',-~.:''" ',:R' . "''',.' ,.' U: -.',,: ', :1 . C·····:I

" .. " .. '-' ~ " '.- _.. ,_.' .:" . --.'

_. . ... l~,:. " .•. ..-_ .:' _ : _ ',. I~. :'. :-" _.',' . . ....• t.. .... I

of and lfs:e IyKuIl· .. ··tiilh

jt'olmerllaysTh; ........ ,.of riei!, as a.pol~~,iS tha1~lt.dcesn't. ~t until three ~rfour,days

. alt'l!r I nrg.at, I.on· . ., ,Ii n t·h~iS WIJI' th& V:I clli·m doesn t kn,o'w' h,e's doomed _u n ~ I: I d,ays ta:le r.

H,.,-per". Ma,I.'llDe - JlIIJe 1.' .. ~(l mOI>t 'C_S~8' ,h!,ld , •. h,ard p2ut to N'memlb.er anyt!hi:og, 'tha.t lml,ght have caused'

h.i.s, Ullness".IHe di,81,.Q·t what·,aslems to be IpneuJmoniia

. .' Th.:dD'.g8·can be as Uttle, as, one 2.000th 01:.1 glrair:n~.A grailn i,:9, a:bout I.hie :size

an": w'sighfQf: a ~gira·i!n.9f rlee or,·w·he·at That's how 'Ihie grain 'measureme'nt ga,t . i'ls n.ame~ "f YO~i could .• plit a. g'rlin mtc 2000 parte, one of' tnose pa,ns of pure ricin would be· 1at.al to the· ,lvElr_g;s man,

1'1 iI, bal,t ad'mih,.ij 's:t rated' 'u:ind'er' 'the sk'in or i'n tlhe i u n.g,s, :by' Ibreatni n'g ,. n.Even so, 'taken :by mouth it is sti:·n highly .·"Iective, av,en! ·in Y'8:ry t:i~ny' amount·s,. 'Th.·:'twe] Bn:ioles on "~ficlin 'at the:-,en·d of thts arUe,la t'el,1 of' surv'i,val by' ·lCc:'id'e'ntat inglesti]on Iby adults of: calto~r' bean'd:u,s't or ,of ctlildre·n who I.lv'e: afl:er swallo·w·ing. a 'fs'w be·an s, :Elurl: whe'o 11iI·I,atively pure· rric;i n Is ad·mini ste'red ,0," pur,pose; w hen the 'victiml blre'at,ha8· it :h1',:·g~tl lt under the :s·k~n,. or S'wallo'w:s 'it, he is doomed. Tlhere is no know,n ,an·t:ido·I&:.y

... The 'Irlallnents iindi,cat·ed ~r.e: t~hel:p ·the acci·dentiaJ· vl,ctim f:ig!ht ·off t:he e·t·fecl's .ot castor beans or the.ii.r dust, It: doesnt 'wOlrk 'wl,th Iref~lned rfriCiin.,~ N.othi:rng ,dr08:S." ·JIl., rlci~ ·you·'I' be .m,lkin.g may not be c·Gmp~ateily pure but wh:8reas one thoroughly: ch·e'wed 'bean can ktU a man, th·e' rtoln extracted f·ro mthat bean should k'li II se~ve ral '.'

Ta make 'm¥'rilcin I' used one ounce, ,or 60 beenis, ,and go't l·e's8 than 1116:U1 o,f

. I' "'h' Ib ~ . jj; ~ E .. d iii' II ""h t" - - I •.. t .c' - ~ ..

an' ouncs 10. r ·;,·.e a 'um,n,oUrS'rOXln~ '-:ve'n SO, ~se.· s'pan'ng.IY,··· .• :. rs a '101.: Oil' ncm,

The boDies -sa; that in;C·j,n ts .'n al]bIlJmini iE.gtg'·whilte':is 1.lrao· an al.lbum jn·~ I :reason .. ~d !I shou:ld take lout ·the, 55'/0' of' oi~ from the' cester bel:n. as the books say it isn't in the oit A'fte'r' the' oU Ij,srelmoved ·the aUwmi:n cO·.ntai:niln'gi pul:p ,remaln.s,. Thle . nlx.'i stEll' W'. '1:0 '.x,·lrac·1 ·th,e album'~n from the puiip and: ·the wlho', process is chUd isllil·y :Sh~l:pJie.

CU'lOl beans· are grown.1:S ~I,oo,rative o~tsid,e pllantL They also' "ieiild UiP: '1'0 55'% oil so c,an 'be' gott.en in .bu~k 'troml some, seect: corn,pa·liiiesM. I:f yoU liive t,.n souther·n c~ i forn i a 9~ o·t.h er rn i Id· elm ma:f" YOu can ·o,fl .• " f~nd I:hem g;r.QW·i'lng: wUd,~ Th,., seeds are plroimi;nent':and can: be' e~lly coltec .. ted i·n the 'laU. But un'l!eas 'you are arou'nd, a't ·the· right time it':s be:s,t ju:st to buy the.'", ..

So' far, ·the iJl Rlce·ss is reil;,a,t iV'8IiY' safe .. But tor h:and I, ng tlhe pow,da1rred,., Oltl .. f:reed pulPf :bury ;aldu'st ml8s,k and pai:r of rubber glloves f'rom your hardware sto're or ph.armacy, SUifgitlcal gloves ,an.d mlss'k cost ~e,s8 U,an :$1, .. QOI a:t the pharm}acy~

SE~~~; ~:::bll=:!~:b:a::::~£;:~:~ .

Fren,e'h Govemm·ene. on the Orl,.s:~ n and hIstory of che: e-m,pto,me.n.t or 'explw.i ve· a·n.d d,e(l~grAtinl miuUes in. ·w.r.; w'bi,ch ,hm'l" A gr&a;~, deal. of light on tbe. IU bject; .. and tea.a to C(I':f..r.ect rna;ny erroneau., :td·88.s whicb have long 'been prevalent hi relsoon to it~

Tlb:e ,nd.eceM·o't ,of gun:powder i'mi . he. h.istoty· of' ""&l' h~ aI.W,I\Y.I. been cO(tllsid'ered to he a W\'m- 4erful colD.'bustible known as, ~ Fir:e.·; of wb.ieh th.e IIU)st :m,,"e.lous aeeo unts hI. va been a,fcul.ti.g,. ,among :manki.n.d duri.n.g the past two

h . Th" i G' 'k..t!: h i.. .....

,or' ·It rea ce'ot'giieao;;IS ,·~ree. __ .U.t·e .' '88 oeen

.. '11 " ...l1 f

.,,_. -.... .. .... . ... _. h'''1 'I Ie 'u 0: DlG- i

~~pplll.d to . II .' 00lD ~:g ,tJ.b POUe&H.~ ~ .. ' . _ / .. 8

.. ion:illliul propertieL It wu c:&pable of' heln,r 'dlrvWl'l 10, ai, to ·envelop wbole. 'buildj:Qp, ,andl 8·"B to overwbe.lm and. d.e.it ·''01 comple.ic, 'ba .. tanon. on tbe :H:eJ.d... W·ate.r would. not ex.dn.pie 'i.t, bOit only mlae i't hU'm tho brigbte;t ~ lIe&hlos' 'wcudd put i& 01l.i 'but d:r.enichinl· ilt wit'h

ri- ~ "'. .'....:L ...:i, I"

.• lipr" or cO'·In,UI·I·_ "1m .llg~, _" .~Qimpo-

ili.doD; ii WU ;IUPPOseti, w._, 1,0" 'ID the. fOOf_BU.. centil;ry" ,.D.'d bad never been, ,eoo·.er;ed~ ne. fie' to.t. tb8 ,.it wu I,Oljt .. u lnfe11'8d. from, ... rae:t thai '80 8u~b.tanee pouessilll' 't,De Wo.D~

,aennl 'properties ti. tt.r~ bu ted to th ~ Greek. fl:t',~, eaa be peodueed at the presen t d ~y"

It is 101n,ew bQ.t ,iUIl C lilt. .Bt t~H~ ,;ms.e:nt day to obtain exact. ·in'onn,~.don 'hl respect elther to' the eOli'.llpr.u~:iti.'on o:f' tn'ie, su bstanes, the eonstrnedoe

I' 1.\.. ~ h . - d'·

,o[ bie engtD ~8 or Of..~ er .8·ppa.ra:t{W.s 'enl p .oye ' . In

., .,~. h:D!' h" h' ~ ~~1

projl&cti'o., It, Of to t. ·e· e:tlec ts· w. ,I(; , It r'ea~ y

prod ~U)ed. I'n. rn:sJlee.t. 'to the 'm8.C:bi ne!ry~ .RllU the fo,rro of ·t·be :miss,ues, w'e mast remember t'hiU ·there werce no pictorial llape'f!~ in ~·ho.se dKr~l' _nd 'no pbo,togr.aphy to. 'presef'\'e :(0,1" fll.tlln~ gen-

, - h' .~' ,. f t: d

er·ahons, ·c.e e\l[ a,c' t@'·a~t tu~:s 0: iorm au &,tru:c;>.

tare conn.eetf!d 'with the p,~r8uits· .lnd. usage.s. o~

. d' d IL 'Ii.. ., 1 '

m.en.. All' 1 n reg·.e:r.· to. t~J.e: ot~:ler pOInts, 're~D;t~

hl;g to th e pro.perti.e s. of U~e. ~o bst.l:ul.ce, and. 't'he a.c·tl(t,d e'lIfec~ prod,'U}ced;, far less 1)"0U8:0oo. CfUl be : 'pla]ced on tbe. ~Ui.te·ll:u:=nt! of' e·V·ell in,t~JliGelrJitf c'uld'v'a'ted~ .and. careful me·n tha.n m~,g'h:t be :snjr

d . -h .. t d .. ·· F-" tL - II" - - . ".. d"l.

pose a .. t. ·t· ~ 6 ]lWOes-en, : .ay,. ". o'r·. ue ~ Ln-e· o;~: ·e~

m.&t"Ciui.ou be.tw·ee.n th e n.atural a.nd ,the St·. pe.r;·IUJ .. t~ml~ bet",e·en w'h lit i'.. e..nd "'That is '~ot ac i e.ntifi:el.11y pC!8si ble.- w as th.en very 'v,agu e .f4n.d. () b~· IC·UiN, :ev·en i.n, tbe b ig'hest min·d8~ Id.0u, of {hlJ; Jl,Blt,'tu':.l a:nd s upern a..ttlir.a·~ were min.gled. an d. ~Qnfa Seed, 0'" ladlet tbe :S~ p'ernatUlr,~}. ,:vas, :J"eg'ar,(t ad :as a 'le.gitin1ate ·Fe~.hn 0'" dl,e n.;uu·Q~." 80 thUlt 11.0 iiio 'ill. 1 . , .... , 'ld ·b·· " .. ' . ," .... "-1 ' .. " . t .... oi!:·e,A]D. '~'i\~,j.t:",ii!I..ll~.~

~. e· eo~~ '':_ ·16 .so m,a.l:"ve.on,s as yo 1S"'I;;i _I UI· ..... 1i '~!!Jl~.

bl.,e, even to, ·Ii .grav·'e And. ,cQu.lious hi.~tor~an... At the pre~en t .d,B.y th..~, rec;itals; ,of ex.cited o,r ·tar-· rifired wli1jl~ 'whose imqi.nad.oDs. or' .h'(,JfI~' ("r,~ lead tbem e.lllt.if'iely to misooneeii.v.e, ~"bal, t'hey see:,. ,a;re at OI1.CA. corrected 'b;y th ~t g,ener,ai. k:now led.ge of the r,e·lationl of' CABle: &n .. d e·tTec~ wh'ieh no.w pre""aUs '&'0 e;xt.en'Hive.l.1 amoDI' IU weU".informed. men 'f.·h..t the bounds of the poB-: ~S!ible el.,ll not be v··ery .I!;tiiny t.r8.~s.gr:es..sed :i'n 'Ra'r~ r,ado·Da .. g@iDeraUy reeai.ed~ But itw'u Dot so

2,3

THE·' WE--=:-A:~·P-~~:··O··N.'·'" ·E·"·E:'··R:·

_ ...:._ . • . .':., I • .' 1 ~ ~ I--=--. . •

CASTQR·IEAN~. ,J,EQUI~RITY' B·EAN HandbooJk. of :PoiIG]ne

R .. H~ [Dr.\i.~b.iCh - '19&&

The IC1iU$to'r: :bean, "pl,an:t. 'Ri;oinul.communis) is 'gr'Qw'n tlDr commer'cisil and: 'O{f'·nam·eintall 'Piu,'pO.Sli Th·. residu~ or pom,.·ce Blfter CII.stOrf ou. e.xtr·8ctionl of c:;a8'to,~ . .beans ,gi:yes :rls.· to dust which may ,c,aus. s"8'na:itivilt,y' r·.'.·ctilon·s, or'

'.' .J

pO:llionllng. ..

.Je'quriri:ty (rosa:rY·ibe,8;n,.·AbrUI p1tac,atoriu:st hI grow'n afB ·an orn,ame1nt:al: 'vliin,e in trolpii'ca' cUmB.ta.I' 'The beans a:fS 6 mm.~ (1.1'4 inc:h.·) I'D'ng, bright orange wlithl olne ·black Qlnd:. Th'lry .r'e Ju.ad a's rosalry ibead:s an·d as decoratio]ns "0"

,colstumeSi \

...

:Inge~stion,' of o.nlly o"~e !caS110r or j:e]qu!iriity biasln hiSS caused fata·,1 p]o:rsoni:ng

w,hen: Ihe be;l,nll, were ·t,horoughly' chew'ed. If lhe beanlS alre SJ,W·8il~owed: who:la,.. {poi,s'o,ning ij's uinIU(,aly baaslts. ,·he :h·ard seed co·st: ,prevents· rapi·d 8!bsor·p·tJoln·, . .

~ ..... o~ R U7\ 'N": , 'S' ~ 71\ ~'S,,·· 'B'O'-""'N':' D-~"" V,,_"Q: ::1 •.. :"'.

PO :',' ;~ i'I'l..t'i,[' ':,. U ,fiJ'I',J.,[J " ''; ,J , 'II!

i ~l tho~e e.arly dme.s~

In, respect to ,the 8,ppIl'at,ul by' me aM, of which t,he com,poD'rid -of co [D,bUBdbl.el t'Rowa u Greek i I"e, w,as projected lntotbe gem.f~! wQrJErI, lO .. e~ r,ept\Clenta.tloDs have cou.e down to u,. t~u •• !)n:iy 'frOM eom'(f"liye~1 [ ... dUa ·;.elm., -T.be u~c- [Qf' lue:b mean. of' ,&UK,un,I' die ·',".lIell, .1' fortresses of tb'l eo,emy seems to' II.'M 'beeD q... sorted '£,0 in very eady tim:es .. 8i'nce. ,1ll-lIlioo •• ' ,them 'OOctu·· 'O[l)t ufilrequentJ, in, t~he· wor:b of' wi'iterB wh.o .II y,ed ,and wrote· 'lev.nII dnt,uries before C'hdlt4' Indeed, one· of the: 'redpu fOr f.Q&kinl· lac'h composU:iion~i, at the., weN e.mpliil)"e.d il), tll_e, e~d1 d,ay.s, is :8U11 extallC~ II is a'9 f'ollows ;:

iI"To make an Mqutm,e.hllb!e tre 'tlb plte, nlID,." taw JD'iIio'·. na, "lin· nnd 't'b. Ji!j, "'\i!ip;ln;1;'iI'uINiiii Oi' •• _=,.a!l'l~., G:iI!"

II! _.~u .-~ . 'I! .. ~ .. _"'"" _,., r' '_""' _,",""Ui_"!Ii! 'iii,

res·tu,O'I18 'W~ loe·la u 'wRtlel, ui'mAd,e: hIlL IIl~ ~bltR rlt'l,Jstan~e, weU" 'then UI'h' 'Che' m.., HI tI:I.nnr I!C. qalD .. t W'bia;t,e,vu' ,(JQ. ;yd. lD Hi' Oll Are.''''

It "is obvietIl tn., IIllie,h& '.i:"tIiN> at; ihis wo[dd form. on e,x'ceeding'ly' 'co.',m bUltiolo. e_, ... :po'~:l:ld i; bat it CQuld ]Jot ;p.ou.e.&. ,eD1 o.f ,til .. m{Rrv,elon:1 q.aiiJiti,el 'w:fllch W'8N al.tribu:ted to' 'th-e G·.···· .~.~. ~ k ~ ~ . It 'co.ul.,d n:: _., 'b,' , ,1m under wa';';- ..

. ree . !!I!L~~. .. ._0 .... 1I" . .. _ .. - ~-rt!

,thou,'ll .,me, Ird~s;'lanCe8J III wUl. 'pNlUtly be

explained, have 'tllis Pf~pe,r.ty.. .

1:.he 'use o.,r 00 mbus..ti.blea, o.f ,this eliaracter S8f!m,S :to have 'boon 'fir,lt reso(rte4 to ".'Q 'che, eO'LlDtriM '1.1 ing about the easrern. :shores ,of' t'he )I'edi.'t:C rraaean=-unless 1 ndeed tbe C,hinese" &0.4 lome [0'" t he (D. th.e:r· Ori,e:ll,t~l 'nadon.a, ,IOOtli.eltmted th,e:

E:lU"Q,peaOi in tbig, as. the.y :I1.,e do'ne, iJu, re-s.:peert;

to' :ftulny at'h"e .. hnpol"ta'ot ,(Uleo,[eriU., TIl., :,. .... son w·'hy t,he Ute of ~sueh .' .ode O'r W,art.N .,p,.. peared 8:rst in the fill Oriental,c_ntriM, i" ',upp09~d ,to be beea use i.n. .., "lion aN fo!latt

Ift.a tii:ral" d ,;. ,i!a;~'iI: ~~ RI": .ft;8r·""'~'iii'I ;n;nIDL_ .... lilL:I,.~ I' ,-~ ,~,;a,.., lpa, _, ,',""\r .• , .... ".;l1iIJ '1#,. """";00' 1HIi~~~ ~ _ 'UU4!!Il! fIN', _ ~ . gil ....

i6.;m~h III 'oa,h.tJul, ,lad 'Other vqetable ~ whlo W@:r-e ad:l1li.rablY fI"d.pt[id 'II) \hit •• ~ At' •rIl1 ,:"au!l: th,e efiip10ymeQJt of :.,ucl!l 'labat.Dea: .'p".'" flr!i!t 'cobpicuoUlly in hilt,o.ry ill tb.' lime of' ,die Greek, empire. ,A, Ire'a'C. m,aoy ,reei"p. 1ft, eat. n t desc'ri,hiQI tb. ,dUfere1lt, lin,d. ,of' cculIlpolid:on emlpJ\oyed. iT.Il!ey ,.I,~ hOW'etTer, eo .. t .of .. m.ixtlll.r-.e of simple . oom:busdbJe . .,· d.,.1ldIDI "or ftagralio. Oli ace_. to.. ttl •• 'ir.

TheM lubeelacu, we,. p~ I. ItIft!e1i, ~ ... 01" oth,.r reeeptaele., .'ad ,.111'0" ., ...... of v,ari,o., me!6'hRRflf!d ooa1;ri¥M1CM, ItDOW'D .111- ' •• :fI iDlto, the; workl of tile ea,qmJ ..

The, S.gu, Ertgille, 'r'ep~relenl" ,at lb ..... ,

'of' ,j,"'.~ . ". 'w'~'81 ~""lii';;'_",-.i; .... ··;'IJ 10 t1i.._- • i-.,_)

.' 'wll ,.,'peT ~. '. :_.' ",:v. _'_:I!:I'U ~,\,i:tcU .... :u.n.", ~\

,of t.be !eomlntlrt[ble ioompou.a. h, IIIUMi or' .II~ ,.DtiC sUnlit leen .in t,lIle ,e'lllfa',iDI: •• '&luo.a open. from me end of' 'he be·llIDt after I~~-: :"... jeelioD 0" die barrel. The bea. "u d:r,.wR '&ell. by m.e-nl· or the rope w:ou,ad. ,NDui'lbe capat,l., "hown behln4 .114 '.lGw~:iL I •• 111-

tl .. ~ fte bei - ~ tb ~ 1.. .... _ 'I 'III'A _ ...... _ ...

. :'lmtY'1i a, .:1, · .. ~··'nl.:··ltl !l.!'roal"'.' .• ~ .. ~ ~:.

gre., tens,ioB" '. 'all the.n, :s:ud:daly re i-~ •• d~. '. __ the; end of the 'beam,. can:,.ioB th,~ 'barrel" eGm~ 'busl:iblee" prev:tously- SlIt on Ire" w,l.llllirow,n 1lcr le:od1 forw'ord, aDd th"e b.arrel burled ,hm the· $limit .n i:o lama,. iuto, 'Ilui: worU of Ill. '.,., ~

A bauI'ri.n, e,.,i,ne" ike: ,OIi_'D .. d, 'operadan . 0,," whicb II obviou,., Iti'Ddl' '1 the .io 01 •• lli,nl~

The ggbjoin.ed en;!",'vinl·,. eopied "rOJm 18 i~ IwniD~·tio.!o 'in Ii, Lliti,R Ul.,D:usel'ip' ,0" the, I,birCEJ,en,th (~erttiiry, ,g"i ,.ores a R!presemtll,:ti,o:n nf' the 'n~o..Jje of employi.ng ,the' G:ret," fin. i;a n.,;o·.~. lYR r,f,qt'-e~ Til,e '0 raft tu:~re represe.'fi,toedl seem, to 'be j;n. so,me· lense t11 e 'prototype of t be: mod.-, 'c:rn, bom:b-.proo'f" r,FuD, ,aH,d S,.lhip', ,all I:n, one~ Du ~ :dth o~~gh '.:11 i:s d r&wi ng 'is. talE e·n (,"om an ,In;, .. , ;cien t "ark." ala allsolute fieUan.ee ,can 'be pJa,ced, ,on, the thrta:ns. of th~ eOfi$tI'U.cti'oD as, Nprelen'ted in I'L" infts.Du.eh fti such. mnlwh:lp w,o:,,: m,a •. 1 in

3

24'

. '", ~~

T~ ''''~,AP'··· i···O·'··,NE"-~:·E~,·R'···:

_ cw.. "'.c..~ .. _ .. '. : '-.

Ric~nt '.' to)C,iiC Illbu,min foun,d in castor beans", and' abrin, ,II si,mliliar' aU)umiiln fou;ndi in ,j,eq1iirii,ty' lbe.;ns., cr8u~l. ag,gtu-tination ,and 'hemorrysCs 'of red call, at

. . . -

e)(tr.'m8' idUuti,o·ns ,,: 11,0100,000"'. They are 8111,0 ~injurJo·u. to IIlt[ otiher le.UI!!,

. Tha' ·!p.'~ho.ogic, fi!ndi~ngs, ,i1n f.,tal g, .... ,of ;C·· rl'.' bean [or il.qu,i~r:ity lM.lnl PDi_ni~ng, ·in.cl~uld~:' r..morrh,age. Blind ',edama o'f the g,8'8tr'ointas,ti1na,I 'tfac,tj hamo[ly~:i8, an:d deg,ane1r.·ti'v8 ,c:h8,n,ges in ,the kidneys~,

ai' I: __ i'li 'f-Incf~ . .

nlVll~/ ,~ " ':. ~'.II·: -

, .

Th,. pr;i:nciIPa~1 manif.at·I,tiona of poiisonling with thlese beans are vomlitilnlg,~

di~a:rrhea", and! circu'latiQ(ry ,c;oUapsa. .

A".· ,A CJUte' PoisDni,ng':, '(IF'r1D:m, linga • .t:i!o:n!!,)I' .. Aft'er a del,s'y o,f: one to ·'Ihf •• [CrlII'Y.j' n.u •• a, 'vomiiti:ng; d'i8I1rhaa,," abel,om.rial paiin, dr,o'wsi,nesa, disor'"·antatiion. ,eYlno.ill" 8,tu1port cii'CUf'at~o.ry ,co1l1Iap •• ·, and o,liiguri:8' may begin ,a·n,d·progr! ••• ,

. -

to 'd,.ath: :i:n ur.,mi'i. UIP to ;12 days after poi'lo·ning.

B!!, C,hronic POirlonling': ~(,Fi~om inhia1ati[Qn of duet from ca,Bt[ar b,a.n" pOimac:,e.' Dermatitis and 'intlll!,nm,ation of ,thiS nO.8" t,h,r,o,at; and &yeli 'IlnImoc .• ' Qt· .8th,ma halVe 81180 been, rlllpOrtld from e:xpo;su:r,' t,o 'h~. dust ..

c. L~bo.ratory Finding.:

',. Th,. urine' miry ,.ho'w albumin, castl, r'ad bl,ood cells, and! hi.,mogl\Db';n~,

2~ . T'-'h'"c'· 'b~':'-'I~ftd:; ,m·[-'-"t8·V~··· '·'h"Jo~··w···:··: Iillnl'!!ilr-:.'~··a· S"" :I·n,· ur~':'[e'l .,._ n-'d~: N> p.: N··

• I. ,',I. '" :.~", • _.1'.' __ ' :.J ,I .iW-.· .. _ ._1-.-, "_ -, ~~, .1 _ J" iii !Ii,. ii

T;""',mlnt:

A. ,AC!Ut8 Poi:loni:ng::

1i, IE:marg.nJc'¥' n188:-···ur.. -

81' ift.movle ingested beans by' ga.;vi1c la,vag. olr eme.is foltowacl' by' catharsis

b,.: :Maii.n,ta,iln cireu~,.tion b·y bl:ood: trans,fusions

2 A'~' 'Ii'd .. N' . IL,·

I-··"Itl' .. ote - .··ona ~nawn~

3'1 Gener,8:1! me'alu,r:a., ,_ AJllka'l;iniz[. ,u,rin. by I;iviinig: & to " & Om. 17iB! 'l,r'l

to 11'2 DZ,~)I of sodium. -blcarbon,ate Idan,y 'to prevan't :p'facipitat~Dn, of h;em'o·glilobin or' hemog~lo'b,in ,prad1ucts :in the k:id,ney's,.

4 S··· ' .. I' b~'1 T" ..

'I '~::p8CJla ,pro" •.• ml, """"" .... reat anu~r.a!

. .

Bil' Chronic P'oilon;ilng: IA,amo'v'. from expo.,urei

·~p·,h~I···".':

r,,,. 'r ..... . ..

IChU,dran :lh,ou!ld not !b.' aillo'wed access t,o c,astor 'bee·n,. lair jlequilrit.y· bean '.~ Dlust f',o,m ha,nldl1ng! ca.,tor be,an ,pomace ;shtould be c,on,tr'o~tad by prop.r

" h~'

ali,· a:x:,'" aust~

--.·-·n-··o'- .• '1._,.

r',I'IV, J ,', ,.~'" ·,IIIt!.

- . .

. Tlha 'ItaUty ,'at. i;B 8iP·p·,'ox:iml:tely 5 pelrle,snt. Dealth Im.y· occur u,p 'to 1 4,

d'.VI I:f',er pOlis;oning,

RICIN'

A M· , A' 'N'I U- ,. L" D' . F' , l-HA" :' HM" 'A" C' 0' ...• ' 'O~'Q- 'y"

:, I·:·.,,_~'. ~. ,".i~ . rl .,__ I '. :.~ .. :.::.: .:: ~": >-.

iT,-~'R' A·IID:· ,I·' ·\0····'1. iLM'" 'A:' ,N' iN - 1M, D·::' ......... ""19, '2··' ·~·4 .. "

w .~~~_ .' IiII .' . . . , . '" __ iii' _ !I!' . _ -

Oiccurrenc., 'COnical Symptom, and T'reatm.n'l- 'f,his t,o,xi'n, li;1 c'antained

i'n thl" Ic'astor s~eds,j!' b1ut d'oe's, not: ,p,ISS into ,t:ha [olill,. S,iiimilar phytO""IO·:x;i1ns, OC'~ CUlr i'n croton :seeds, (C:r-01in)'; ,and in, j,eqluir1ity ,se,eds. (A'brin); in the, blark of the 'I,ocu:s:t: tr.,I', R'D,bini. ps.'udacacia (Robin); and ;iln the se.d,. ,o,flom~. legu~m'in,oul 'p,l·ant,s (P'h'll;in)~ 'The i~as,t i,l but w'e8Ik~y to,xie t'Aav:iew of Litle rat iu:re, Fa[r,d',. ":'913'),. T;he :ri[ci,n :is rel,ponsib~le for the toxJc; effects Din aatIn,s. ,the CI:stOlf siBeds: ·fiiY,e or' a·i·x 0,1 thlese aire fatal to a· chiild;. twenty. to .d[u,lt;s,~ thr •• or ",aur .e.d,., may cause v)iota'n,'t ,gastroent81r,iti',s" with ,"8UI-a:,.

'haad,acha, pe,ail;,.n,t vomi·'ing" c:o~iic" 8oimetim81 !b,lo 0 dV' di'llrrh~a., thirst. amlllci.tion" a:nd;:'lIraat d8bl.ity. The, s¥mptoma· usuai,ly do not 8.t in u:nlt1iir lift:.,· .av,.rall day·_,.. [Mo". .• 'everlB [ilnitoxicati1on:8 caU88 :small fr.quenlt pUil!18'. ,cold I,weat, icterus" and con",ut.!lonl,~ iD.i~_t!h occulrs in SiiK't,o, eight 'd: ¥~':" 'from :t:h. ,convulai:ons or f.·om .'xhau8tion. The' fatalit.y i,1 abDut' 8 par' canrlct Tlhi:.: 8m.111 fatality; il Idue to the Ide,ltructioln of 'the PDii:lon in thl' alimant.ry can.I·~ The 'tr' •• ,tment: wo'u·l:d: 'ibe, evacu·.rnt .'n,d I·Ylmptomatic .. , 'Tihr:I •. tiD t.U",· daY':8 Ir" raqu.ir'ed 'ta, complate r.cov,ary (,Critical Rey;iew ,.'nd: BiibUogF1_.·:phy,

3

,

2,5

";:

H~ ~'aW'l\e' ;,aJ .""_, 'ne'. ~- 'f: "Oir 'h",~h',lv nn·;ent castor bean

~'a,L. 1.0 un:.:, '_. r"~-""'~' . '.,~ II~'" .--vl,", ~'- - . .. ...... ~. _.'

d~ 'Since"~' . eD:-cbe-' ed'easlUr-~~':-"'be"'~"an" GIn' '··'bei-'·' f'B'UH

pow eT' ' Qne w ,-' w . , ' " '"

• , _ .' __ , ;' -, :.' _...... • • _. ~ - [ , I I~. .. ' __ ••• i '~. _. . _. . ",

'. .'. I@I! _. ~ __ .' ~. ~ •• _. ..... ••• -" •• •• -,. - ~ - • • • -- _.. ._. - -

,1I;'ik, '~',' bean uri·''- ,io,"'_ ,_0=:1 ~.nn"~ ~ .... I'd .... Ir,e, up, only'

~,e' sam.e ~ ri. ' "" .,WiI, W~ VB -5 '~.ilWYm.l ftvW/.,~ ~.: .. ~ . '.. ~.

baH til 'I

"·,·evio..... " .

cU_ ~ ,;".',' ". ~ 'lati~nallu' laatel ,"''LA PO"" ~-, na- n-' 'LA, OU:l,ee U;B, re~ .-I.:~,,"~~ ... ~~', ..• 'JCBS, -.u= "W'UCI~ ~ .. ' ~

sptiIlkled, in ar:_"~Ch, ,011 a sa'lIId;,~ a- 'bowl 'M ~ ~,oup '. Dr

~ 'ha' 'io'e'-~ -er 'DA'P' '1"',,- -'e' /I!I! ;tl'ft~~fti~'R 1,'IaQ the fi\Acwder Obara 11·11r' W,' .'1l~·V 'Ii '" 'VII ' IUL ., .",."-'I(iLI;, ..... IIIY;, ~ '....' P'V' ... ~ .. ~. . -' .~

on, baits,. In II, lew days :you'll. be Shed lof' whatever vermin

troubles you~

C:·]·~ " .. ~' .. --.- .. B; ./" ~-. ~·:·O'~·~··\ ~ 'I

. ' .. ' ~a~c 'Si':'~"! ·0····· ·r· ,:.~ .. '. .. ,·:;8·' n,.' .' .. ': .:

". " ..... - . . . "".' '" . '. .... : rr '. ..' . .' .. _' ,.... ''''. ~" ... , ~.

'p' ····'·'ra .. ·:·' .. · ."····8··_··· and !F .. ln ...... :' .. a··~>~" r "! •• '

.:- ". , ... "'~' .. :~.:' .: .. : : . I: "; _: :.': .. _ i_ :" '.' _ ' .-:

Ricin Pr·

Shr. ._,"'I'ID ...... 8.... A. VftU .. I· ... LI~,D& ·'=.-~I"

'II' you red, lJke to improvise· Jut use· a· No J.5 am

, . ,, __ .... ' .. : '. .~.~/~ ,.' .:.,,~ .. :~.":., • }: '" .:' .-~, .. ':' i~'7,': ~.....: "I

&om rour Jdtchen aDd maybe a b8Jf dozen Dds. !tom

'-'lilli._ . 'N":' 'J-<." .... .... ..... ' - "1~"_"'·_1 "r~ '~i~.:.~':~'··;; ·~t··\~-I:""."·~:

UlBCr ' ·.0 ... v CBI1B • .I.m; a.R.I~UIIIU l1li:;. fI,1. ~ .' DB .. ", ,UI .. Ie

...._.. ... c_ of' .' , .... _ ACilin .. ·I.. .. __.,-a· U .. ·· .... ;.· '.,- -'P-'U~ ~",' 'm·"'· '. -MI .. finl',~;",A a· ... ·

,II!U1f'KU.I.1 '-. :_, U;ID ~I" 'Y.w. G4u.~': _: _ _,_1Imi ~:~ .. 1- - __ '!Ii,. : I :. ~ Va-I wr lu,iU :

bed.le"· .. , i. ·Ufted· '.~ ,,'1 an'" 'd' .... ,iiiiII"iIi 1f-'_e'__' '_ito·::, lb·'· ... ;'a,ft" :fie",'IIf!lIf.t;ft,ft'· .. ~ .... :...= .. &IiI.: I.. I ~ . • .. WI~I W ...... "1--., .... ',. '.: '~',.~~t;, ~:&, ~~

60 or m~ hntmds of.-'. : ~a/ure and mar:., While the bed II

. . . - v. arv' ..... ~ J _ _ .' __ • ,- _ _

1I"'apt· •

. -, .' - .:".' - -.

,,'.'.:~.'" .. mil

26"'='

. . .

T· --:-.' HE' . - .. ' '.: 1:i.f'l::!oA· •... P" O···NE··· .. ,,: 'E' :""R,

_ n~ ,.:: . "- .. " .....

BEDI L'EG

:6 CA.N LI:DI,S

NO" . 5'

..

., •.. 1.:

CA· N"

'.

, .

,

1 ;

, '

-, '

-

-.

-e I ~ =:.......;~.-- _--

- ..

..

-

.~ ~- - ~

.. ..

· '.7~- :!ili~ir.PAD c~~~~i ... ~~~' ......••...•

I:' ... , ..... _ ' ..... ~ .... ~ 4~~~·~.:---:·'···~·-- ~:. .,

,

,

a-...1iI.''Ii>ft' ~'.~ ~.iI!i sl~'e' '. F· -~-.,__', yift1:'* AiI, .... -l1 ..... , 1II!IIoJ:Iii ......... ,fii'VW'::\ft:.. '& &~~. 'u_ till y .... ~·,iIi .. u-a·, :,,"V:. ~JJI· .. ·, .. _II_~ [Lual'~~-

fWl of Ive in a" 'CU"'''''''p" of --tar aDd/· .. ri • ..... ,Heds 01" " ~ ... a'-;

:. "- ,- .. '1' ' ~-'I' - ' ',' ·"M.'.".'· [. '---'" . ~ W!~ ." :.,_.~.: . '.iIi r'_· .,

... ;·"'t Oft 'tbeJD "0 lcillAn ·tIt..... a·ubme'·· ~~ ~ . ·r,o.-..lll a_-i .... ~#I'lr· '.' ,ftfta,

.. ~ ..... _::._':_' . .-.".' ,r ~' !W,~ . __ I.: .. r' ". __ ~,g iii:' _-._.f ,:'__'- :lallRl., !~ II~tut~· u;I,Rii'

... -~. ...,... 'tbIIn .a.,.':1 J·~,"Fe~. ·.h .... :&-.,1illrM Wi'." '.' 'or"'" fin':~ ,.: ";. 11U __ ... ~"8 ''''- ---' cu.1i .. , II. 'l!WoI!,u,v 'I' ' .. un:: liIIUJJI.D "~lrIll fG _ . '.' ._

.. ills Y··'· .:. ·o·····U Mnln'h. '11i •• _ '8:' p'-I&,_,~ to···· ". -t'l~e ,.",~. li!I~iIiIl' f-Mft'I

" .. :... ~ .':' \ .. ~: II .... ~'. ~ C'._,. :\.ua.-" . ' .. :"~~~~ •. ,:: lua;·K1iUD '~ .• _v.;,Q,

. ends' ' "!It;· -I' . • ['". 1:]. I", : .' ,'I , . ' ~ .'

RI'IWlW'IliflClli"- . .. .. , un' ~ ti:" I ,'!h;iiUF cr-a.,....'1I:.. ~ iP.'I'i1.,~i- ,_ ,··;'-'aai i" eaa'; ...

t;p'ick off~U. huria~.J -~ ".-.. 41_ ~L __

Un._, b,··,,,:!I!1·.,_a· . ':':d:~ to·"".··· .' -",,*, .... ~ ~ .. :. , ........ -....4 ..... "f~' ..... - ... ~.

".uau c.;' uu.,..;. spre.: Mle ,se~ u.:;,,,een .. tJ.gc~ '0 .. paper

~d ~~ th,~~Bwitlta ~;' ~~Ibey ~

thoroughly mashed;, scrape them off the ~per ,and

"read 'tbeai'~""~""lv' in an· .• inc"'-'b' urld: "8-: ·n· ~ "p. d o~ :ftIjft A:fte a:'d' ··'e· ~ ';r" '1"" ='~ .. of -=-~~~ .~~r& .. ' .".. .': 'Qn VII: ~~:. W.

~.. _." ....,..~7 r-~ 1fIJ9r __ ~

TIle ...... J..eu.:is dlenWIkKl,OV8r·tlnetl.M

.• I.t._~ ~~" -~.... thllali'~ .' .~'; .~-"":'-" '" - ~.~

""..-1'CC:-,. two ·;W)e~l8· ·W. towel. ,on _ell lide .1 'III'

pulp ~

. i 1'" .' _" ,i_ • .; .. , , : .• .. .,. , .. -,' _ _ . _. 'l" • ", .-i ' .. ' . ,., .. [~'-." _, '~ .. ,_.: '.

,A, 'paper' knreI :18, put In tile boUmn.·of ~the eaD •. 1be.~

f~lIA~, ~~~ill·I, ... p,·~-·OR·~,::~'e~. 'to.eli. at. ·tbe bo_~ TIleD

_;;;';'ofiowe1i8: 'n,dded ·ar·,roNeci·tC,"fit.", ean

. . . .... . ." -:1 ..... :.....· . '.1 ·v,ii...· .. - - .~:.- '.-~. '-.,-. '1:;AI'~. - ..

. ·.over"J.· pulp, en.c,,-.. to" .. ~, I'i~ sm ,or mare D_ are

.. ,L.~.:II~':"·· . : '.' .'1. . .". ~U;"'.ft .- ... d ,,'J;.; .... "bed' . :; 11. ' .... ,I," :I"dilt t,_ ~-

""'''1;; .... , W over U-le tow~. an ... .c .'. :'" , ... eg _. p,.. .01 ... ,oa

·~:IItftJ~"'!"r ... · ...... H. ·:~A~ 1r:.~. ·~~ID:·:· _~i!ri~, 'an :':~.,.. pressure :11

... I~IU!I.&"~ .. , W' ~ ~~.... ,I.~, ~ '1liIV :.'_ ,.. _..

. ";

1Difo·

'rID"',

..... Ii·

'1'IIIiir,1,riI!!Ii _ _'Io.-.,II d'.ftAGiftI- ,_._111" ·take ilftV ,,~....... S··'IIi'" I" '0'"

"'_ .1 .... "1OD1IIaJU .. :': .~;:" I '1 .. ··.> : ',' " " MA,lir' W&, __ '., :~ '\III;. ; _ ,.1,.,

.' ;bo·· ' . ..ad· . " ... ~,~ ...... '"'-~.:-aa.' ~n, .. , tit·· .. e-" preIIiq 'i~iII!I! ani-iff.''''D··· .

' •.. 1_ your uauil~ 'W.lUJS; ..... ~dh:dry_, UI! 'D'v:U •. v" ~ ~

·1Ifl,;.-iD vO·;· cU· f' .&al ._-.t,. of~··: ~~e" oil"': 'r' ~-'I· t.._~ NlliovM

.rk:tlle ;d;, :ad put it baa far:N~U:-.31icd-;;

f· 1..:1 ,,;;,;, ... 1. 'iI·tb·'" of' "'_J 'Po It··· 1-

euneee ·taLAe.". WI '.' &eV1eD 0IIl1CeS ,: '.' • wa:~r.t .' L ',::ur .' .:. ,UI

'~"'L. lb' .. .. ·nt.ln .,., . .. ... _ U..I: ·,"':A .iiiIii .... JIiii.:L ..... , .. I. . J" ' ... ; •. '~ iii' •• "", WlUI ' .. : \e ~, pu, oaUB;' au a,1U. .~ lU,e .lar",.Dro~"

iIC.ii. ... : .. ,_ ,'I'·'t.· D.a~~- '~'I,I·v,u· . a~,~.I.1"Je· ,' .. b: :, .'11. it. leave it In the' .I".ne 10111-

laJJIIaC" ,..,Ulilall CUI#'_ .. __ ~, ' '. , ," _ .' .. . .

't1'" f" ". ""'- ...... ·AID h'" . '. ,i-.A Ie'· ." .1._ AI'b'~I1I1'ftI'n d~_1ill'e" I~.-....

on o,r a.UUIilL..u ours ·W'· .~, ~ IU .......... " <W-Y'Y'I I.IMnI

nl-iI'Iio';:_ 1' •• 1...- I' ~h a' ~.a.a m" ·'.ar··

H.I~IUJIiI ii ,",:'u1ll : .' 'laIU."",..., .. :j,W . '!!,

'ID1..e··n _W!iI'ioi_AA Y~"O"'U' ' ... fldht· sq. '·!lill~aitb··". ,f' .'D:;~'·A_~,,·~II'i/II~;e p'l[li~

to ;;.ov-:::= more7b·'- Thmli';:'~ a;

POOR .MAN'·',S JA11ES BO;:N,D Vol. 3

TOWEL

i i

oi;,

~ _'

BEA' .' .-. N" p' "'U' .. LP'"

, _".' "_ .. r ", 1

.... '-.', i··.. . '.' I: "," ,"

. _.,~ I,. ", ,I , •..... [. )'

: ~

27

T,'~ ' .. 1"DA········ 'lDO"-: "NE"'-:" ··E···--R",cc-:

,--:,~ '"'D· ~.:··c·\ .. ",:1 : .. ~._~ .. ":' .. "

,(ncidentaUy- tt"S a' 'F', }R'Ae'''·,r''·-al--.· ,dew-a' to A'i:iI:Ift_ 0···· r iI'_

.,' ,- " .!I;!U! . . _.. _-'. '\,iP-V. .... V""III&., _' '1IiIiiiiIII'Ii!

'lVI~a\ftR':ed·· . ' .. 'b' .,.)11;_;-",: '8'u' -·t··-· ~"'i"fS' .'. ~~..._i9 'U' '_,1._· 'VftllIi 'teD····- CliA....

~~ '.~ .. !I.an~II(t., .~. __ ' '~IN [ W M.W"- ~ IIJ.!~. __ " #.~ . ~ ".: .:. [~.

mean·· '.' ."-,.'- 'e: 'I :.- .e1!Wli ·'DO': ~v , •• vA.... 'ID" ' .. - iU"!"i"'" .]" .... :iI"_ F' '·eds·-, .'

'". -'--'.-'" •• ~Ii Dlll!!iillli!iii __ , ,"'Pc., ~II,"~" ..... QI __ ~ '~ _- ._ .... ,.

-iil!ii1d" .t.Z,~...I mgt· .' '. _

II;;UIU. ,lUlU V,,_ t· .

Iia' . '(lUJre·~~~fcJ~ ... ~.~t bf ~ degenerated street '_.~ He Ia.vAvs ,bis IerritDrJ II He 8

~::.:.:::r:::-~=: • ..t~::

tecUOD." 00' eoneerned, .tnuses 011· YO'un or ,lis beIuLIf,.

He· 1-...- - ·-'lftl'l.D'a.· '. · ,,~ UiftU' i' ~ .", lie. va&au ._,. I.'V. . !Ill

'00',·· - . ·"e· .". CNl.."..ma. fttii; '!DftU' 01--'" -ii--,. ~:-, ,iohA kDI::Ieap' ( ... ', •• '_'

.' "., . ...""", '~.~Il.,. v. __ ~ ... ,CIIlIP;, III WlC • ' .. '. .... ,.' ~~

- " -" -- " li8id .... ,' I -

..... . 'f the tlDirained}--'' the Idp or upper ue,WclU 'et

e\'eR--:~~,:-,-!,~i' ': "';,,, .~1J~~.~m:· "~'--";-""l-- .--:'~.:----,. ". '-:--:;'·<~':"'f·· "h:et~ tum. know ,bes hun _fiI __ " . usuiI,y dOwn Idra_ '-- .... -.-. - .. '

just a mugger or rapist be"D bow 'bis cause' 'is 'list and

"_: :': .:' -:~.i~ ~ ".~'-,,', .,:.,',,' -',,/,-~--,,"~"~' __ :.": r: .L:A. i .• ',' -, - -~,~:" - _"~~, ,.- :.,\

he~, ,id,: wIni ~ lei ., ... , .. 1R U)~ ,maRtone, you ,,'lit

___ :n\,1-a'W:.,S·" ,'v' ....... n~ter; ,even ,c0Rsider' ~"Iin;ff vow a&.,

w:~ .... ~' .. aU ._.~"" •. _ .... _- .... ---- ---' i·~r~&~.;1 .... -

"'ftM,

UV&iIIIF

Re,lardless of' what you do to _, be stiB doesn't want

.'.i'!ii. ......... ':"'8'-' "U- ~ # ~ r···· "-t"', .. ·tri··'....A to ..... - ':10" .... ·~tI' '1'.1' .-.,.'n""4--· "ed-'''' h·W'uc-J----.·~iLg .• 'HI.ne .·.eu .. ·.·.· .• ·. WI w s» ...• u ",VUliil. ,.··t-e

=~=,:O~O~:=~":e,:=~q=

him 'r'a- .. th·, ·er"· ' ... iilllilililio,~an.,"··,victim ·of:' h-iB

f. ,!.: .. _", ~ ': .: ~ _ Y,_IGII._ .:.,.. _I~/ ,,', '" ~ _ . ,., ,.'r , l~iI

Such, persons ,often, Dow [I. 'baek4Ue,r, unlicensed, d.eJe.

tor to n-r' .--1 ,'"- DI''''~, ~;;,'" -I..;;~e·--· m~'-: .'.A ,~ .... ---_,'_I·ft ... 0'" '8' ',"' :." ,', \iF.c", ,_ '" :w' -..11~:1.Q. lUll-it "'I,D.I, ',I '_~,'_, u,u;.: ~VlIU~llDDIul~ ,,' ~ "

fetany,. So when, h,e dies a few days hlte·f of ,ricin po~

in" '""aJIeI:' tii;iI~ '~, -;~-~, d' ~l!iI_ l'mIRd:,' ·d"Jil!iiiD..I m'"' '.'- 8'" d:,"'y... , iii·· ,,g. " ..... ' :UI:i: IIIUJI!II:ICI." ..•. -=l"~~ .. , . UIIiIII.& _. . CiGliu,. • ". uu [I!;. '

tenem_t,~g.,~omnt'

if be 'dI'd- .iii. '", 'bospI' tal- da" 'late J

,E.:I ,*:re~-" '. :" I. we m a" "---,, I'. ,,- "f W

1'1' n ... .. . "" ___.. . __ . .. _" . - .. , - II [M . "

Upna'i'iil'l'Tllift'l!'lil~ ~ ,,;, ,;,t-:' : ...... ul --':"dn' . it,;. be' ' .... ', \U1i..~lV' .:'-_", '.61:,1.'." -Sill.alpecl·'· .

- ,, __ ,;;'I&I&il-y,.;~ , I&l,,,,-'y __ ' '. _ '.'.'. '~J UiI.'· ~I': - .' .... ,,' .

. ;0; ~ U';8 ,il1_A;I'lI __ A1Ii!li'ilid-' nm'ba' - '~"Y' ''_ ',,:;; • ....1 as' - a" CQID'p'!I_-

nCHI. u.u. ,1;UI1ClRI",UUI_ r'~l "" ~ 1IiI..a\I: !,_,_. ' 1!lICa-

tion, ca'~lsed, ,b, :bi!s.-Iewered, nsistaDce to disease" If' be :dj",-:omAi :m" ," ' ........... , 'btMpIltal·: -,'-.- ',even after' ';~:'~~n' 'VAIl 'yo 'ou'd

" ~ . WU::. _~~-- , . ', .... , ' .. -',,' ~U;U..IU'6 ,;!I.'!I!!"~' ".--

ha . - E1J" ~!Ii."" "~ft!r-' M'Ioi,A_A8···· liif"" .11..- tb'InI' hJlanK_. 0" 'INUIII ve '", ,,~1lIQ1 'iUICI!IU:;: Q'JIDl;l;i;'~' v.~. 11-:'., ' .. ' uww_. --: .. ~

,"'h"",,_ if·" I..,a 6':"'·~; to· ~ . s- ;ue" 'Vift'r!li f··n.. A~At1!'llli_ vn ... -.....II'

,.,ICIIII '_ I~I~~ t ! ¥'~ . ," _J: ::. '_ ,". "I~:·VW "W- 'UU~~au.u. ~''UlIIlI'CU~

Your .buie ~nsidentiOll' ill, C8ITYiDI a ,concealed 'ftP!6'G1nnnri.'b.u,ld,:" .,.. ~~" is that ~~re is .. ~!~ ... li1i'y-: ftJ!'IIr.

'"~I"'~~" ....,. liLIU,.CIW') v.I,""t _ ~~ ~ ,. . . Y 1I:-t..UICUJI. ".IV

. ···.K.U:·.·~·B· ,'TGIA,,";O,N By.,~,~.~ .

... ~,nlift61!' '''~q~,~. ~ ~. 'iiiioi.. . 'lfecIi-e

Jo ... ;y. U .... IIU 'Rem 'was :tq.'W.lllie' l~'~ , '~., '.'

bamg' ,estNmely potent: ,eveR IB, tllel lorIIl

of ,huBess" de-olled castor bean powder'~

U-.J it· ~.,~ .. '~ 't 'IIIIiiI!I.a~l'I'!IIlr ~';OJ'IIal

.fWwev,er,t~ wen" &l~ !t',:.w.~~·." ~ ',I·

" "·t ..... iliA_ t., be eaIled ~

smee<li: CO~.a il ,~, ~~ ,_c .. ,~~'~.,' P'ure~

Sev,n, reader[1 [seat in metbGds to lIt,

a, ,purer' prod_i' ,But ,111m

' •• i[--,DPU",S· ~"j-=[b'lid!~AM' ,.. '1"'1..'8'· 1:ftI.arn .. ,

InUlu!I~& ,~ < ~ .. u, IJ .. liU"-III" v~ IgllJ .. l. [_ 'Viy~ ...

men.t fonnWa,t 'whi,C:h. is, :Ior' manuf-'ur~ inS[ ricin, as, a, mititary weapon" is 'the

'ultim.te,~ .

It. calls, fOr c'asio:r 'beans, to be lfOuud. :helll1d ,and, 'pnssed!~ ,

U' ~'" "n:"l~t:e'~'~d," S,··~'····,·t, ·a·,·~:t·'~j;aS: ·P:~'a···~·"t·'~e~~-'nt· Office

' : :. ,,' >~' '.' '.' ~ ','" '._: .. , ,',""": _.' ~ .. '. ' ,,: -:"'" ,~.,.' .. ,'.,. ", ,'_ .. '," '.'_ ';,:~~_~" "

-

" 'atent •• 'Oct", ~23; t '9 82

3.YIl,,~'I' ~ ,

PR'Er ARAT,IION OF Ttl'XIC ,111[':1:\

!.<JO' , 1.,;"" '" _ C"~' _~ ~ ~il ~ .. .iiI ,ftj~''''' ·1' !I' ·.&1 .... ~. Ii,._.., .a'L_A.., .,I!~U·Il·. -... .. ~~,~, :.' ~me'~IIIl~,:r~ :B'I_ UlW . '" ,ft, ll"l~"'!I' ",_

IIUil!i~~ Oltio. "=4ncl ~,t'Q'" ,ill~, q,,,,"'ja and, ["lei,' 'I-I~ Dt~'t D.ldlhno",,1' .:P.1d C,h2irinU~' ,I... ~'IJ Sih.t 5pfl.... ~:I'., . a'!i$~~'nQl,; to Ih. IJniCtd[ SliiilH of i\~. Mi " ........ e.:

'br".b .~ltY oi'I •• ',A,tdt1 ~ .

:1~iW, ,Jlul,,' J't i'St~~ ,ht~~: No",I"~lft :I CI~ U;I'~ 260~ll"i') ,

'n i~ it~'\I\l'i1ilion :fei:iliS 10'. tbc'::(nc!lbQd of pr~pui:I';' ~om' ricin.

':t ,:.

.,' Of

'J . , C'. 'i .:; I,· . . , im. &.r-'i.~

. , p.;II::idc' i.lze to be ,cfl'~ti~'f~. Si:iJ 'Hlie~~d tb~l, ahe:.

.'IF : HnM it ·s:alPJ:yOOjc: ,.h-W 'tna ill lkd:dl;om~lr,~ ~:~b~lI, j)rmall:f· Gt\O(~:t-.itl' rM: ~bc' 1I,.d!'· 'Ri\~iitl' JOr '~hc' !l:tmj,

, :Ekcau~',of it'~I'('lItd'V~ ,tfUl~if1if'f'~ h¢lfi, ~!J,a, &-V1I1I," ',*,itil c,:dn:me: CIi'f\C'" In, neutfld .a.q~. IGlUti(!UIi II. ~i •• ble (ill'r up ,to 'Hr~ .... 1,~r~ 'C .. i, -nd' ,i!i1i "'ltJd! 'f~:'up to ·~OO~",'I U),~ c.~ .hhOiJ;fi, '(iOit :1l'iOd, [~pol.u~ !lCm,petj~ur.c, 'QP to :1 !t1[1!! 'may he t~Je'Ui,ted. 1't ,ill ~ililj~ '0, lei'dt I' IJ~.~~$ and· !hilo,.e'~ ,iind ,irna" ,a'lso be' jn).cU,w:akd by m:cb.l,(· ,'Qlllll'od:,~ jng slich ,a! ,~tri:ndl:n,1 ,Of' pui"n'rlzlnl~ 'nu=~e: 'li¢lOfl I:r,t: 0.1 ,U,Il -j rn~~.~ hi .,wlopiol; lIIi;" gti1ifmOty :medlod, 'or

2,8

T: ~,-.' 'Ia pe!!, A'· P O' 'll''II'D'E,'R' ; LlIJ:.I ·rl.·~J ".~' ':"" 'l,~nl ~ ,'1. J .~,

• F

; fL.... ~ ·_t'

,l'U'l!'par.'U'II, 'iR; ,mlil'CI1!!'1.1,.

AI du;n,:I.h r,ic'in, ha;s been :I'i"'t',pared in 'ctY:ttjlJhw; 'condj .. , 1:i'on ir:. the ltiioo.ritflOry in. sman ,q,IU"lid~:ie'i It ttcomn, mcC'e~ $.ifYt to't pl,i~o;Ci or 1iO!d~~\o,ical "ftlft" 10 pr:cp .• " f'e".t~,'th~,e'l:y iI.tie' q~.ndli;cs, iri Ii h~=h ,.t:~Ut of ,,,,tIt)', r~il' Ilc:ce~"i:~ I:~,f,$ tbiill as ,mWCih .s PDili:ble ~f ,he no:D·~tU;ic ,llAii'tetjlil p~~~m be :1t:C:mOlilm in '(he ,t~1.

:hI, p~ar,I,~" th~' prOtein m8,teri'.\I~, the' cutor bCIM ,.r,e, 'fi,~'t ,It>(nJ:nd aQd pf'cii.!5ed to nmo¥1i:; 'mOld o.,t HI,e edt • p;rc:'S'.d (',ate ~in .t("u:i'r~l I.'bc"ut ~:. % ~t ,Ind u. iii, ma'y be rl'm;u'tclli ~y mQn~ ;.)f $(Iiverj~t ~ibicb will c~tli"Hi .n IiddJ, .. 1iin'tla~ I !ill) po4iU'Nls of ,on pt. 'ton oJ' :btaM, liDd ftc4uce tthe o.i~ r('llioe4 jn, Ilbt c.k~ to I, nllie O¥Ct' • '. ~ In tbe even. tMI, (he' t~,prf'lsbq ste, i;s IJU~,r,l;dcm"rll" by 1Q1Yel'it t1UH~ t;~on~ :j:L iii, important '10 p;r'¢ve~t, dChJdfi¢lllCiicm of tbe' pro~iill dur~:n~ I~U= ,m1Y~nl r'~rn.Vlt sU:p,. If '['csidU!lt $'01'w,,1: ~. f;tm()\,~d (forn the ,IV-ouQd brans. b,. ItdO'WjDj W~I l, lIeamt 'i;:Qft$:~d~':-lbt~ d~b;>.iim(ation rCS!L:.:i1S. BtowUq "1111, n iuoJen dTee i,iv(:]l pr,(l've-Dts dletOJ;~figt.on but ji$ exp!!ns.i'¥,e wib,~!!li: ;c1',ri~d 'ou t Gill, '. "'trle ~1C.I'e,

Af~lf,r' t:h~ <HI h •• ' bce-[~ r,cmlo'1fed" i.bc' pm.d .fllk e Of poma1c'c, js ,tJ:~ra(aed by _Iit;alrri, 'wllh W,iJter ,It a pH of ),:8':%'0,1 ilL '2;5 iii C., 'Yl";i~'h r,cmovil!.s, is.ublt,,,.ti.1 i1 IlIW of 'the' h.'~,X~c pro;tcin. ne ClHr:~,Ciiu!l p~ is [ope-r.IiQ "itblft .. pH ~ r.;lIn:P ,of .bout '3 to 4.' ,ltbou,!J' Ibe ,rur.:ff;rnd J3n~ :tS al'!o'Uit J. ,: ~o 4", 'Jh~ opthnliilt\ opcra'~nl point '"~ ~, H .( :3 I ..... iI . "' .. : .. ' _..I[ iba·· A Ciii-~·lli" 'I[ ,u ::5, ~ !P ,- '" Q ~ c. '. -:--; ~ t ~~'. ,~:~Y;I~ll¥u ~ ~: {8.. '.~:, ~ ~ ,"'~U' p~.,

';Qrr.ti'l;ll rs e!5iIe'fttra:l: ul'-,rdCil" tlita" as ,mr~~ ~.lO\.";~~ "f,o,ei1o u pCi\~ibl¢ may 'be c:l,im inra~ed ;I~d ,;i!'ISo Ul ~t th-t, fi~tratio:n ir\.t.~' ,ma~1' r-e' ~~d '!Itt ::t. '!;at~"f'~,\Ciry V8!.irJe. Elill'U!ll"' KCl Of' HISO" p.Ui)~ ibc \iist<d ~,a g'Cit I he ,d)u~rC'cl pH fer t!IM: Ixt,:-aC:'I:I;~n w.~ter~" bu:t "2~iI; j':i: prete'rrcd do,!t: b), ih '~o,wt:1' corl'('I'-..j";'n, :r I,te a ~:I ~'.I ,c,3:$1C o~' b::ltnd Un~, i!m CG'~h.:r lii,r:alil!id f(\rm- 'Th;!' Kid! f.ttoll:~d ~, :J~ ,1 i:Q r:cawri:abty dnu'lt. ferm 'La prC'ye~,t 'LI,ndua Joc:al: CC~,lc;~ mt., al~,tnl$ [dllrin~,i i~1i ~h'I~.!1'in". A, ~ cCU:u:e:m~ t:r,.~,it\!ll"~ 1$, ,~.:~id"¢1iO.1'"Y,

JFo:n"O~"lnB, ,the' ~~r!!l¢ti\("'h iil ... , w~tfY 'il finercd 'osJn:1 e'l~ite i;" a, '~(),~Vfnt~O~;a!'I! ri!QC~lIed, :rf,~le fi:ter Or :fi, t.Gn1;i,nuD1U, ii'ti:I'i~' ~'i'~.;J~~rce ~':IJ~Un iH:l~i!"'~ W'ilh th~ laUtr :lbOUit ,'" of' :~~Ht~' aid, Ib,,,~ed 'n~ ,fru: .. ~ 'wC~[~;hl; w.'S f:'uli[pd :~s.arv '.'Dr :" "'i ~s'r.'aJ~F""'t.... i:.11[t:lr,,:i'~,n;JiIij;,~

~ _ J :iI~." . ,~"~l~;J lI!.l 'til .... '¥Vill!II.

The: ·111'1 r.IJ~t; f[rom tM' 'W,ater [c:U:'idHlft, 'II~! _~b.c'h coa~ tl,;,n,5 f~c ,'j!C',i~. W,I':, H.c_led iW'i~h ill 16,:15, MJ~!M ion of N 3~:SOir to pj1C'c~;piif.a~c: dliC PtQic~n. ThIS 'iO'tI~;im " com ..

,2

:paSC!d. 0" :20 "~rld\$. ().'f ,~h, hi!;· l~ :POU,M, nf 'Wil tel"- and d .. .,(i ~~mGIJ.!!1~, ljJ~d '~~~ s!IlJch ~hat ~',e '.all CiOn~C"I"tL 'eqii\i"~~c:d 2:(V1 of ,t~ :fi~tr,n'h=' ~i~_1Cilb't:;, 1'bj, ,amO:ij,i'rit ,lind ,!;;O~c-c,fttif~'~Qitl lOf Ia~~ ~i.liniO:I!I! W3:S, 3,ba~t, 0'l1'thn ~m ,coolii)d~dH;B, tk hl'~'l'Q',:-',

:5 .of' ,c~t iir:it.Il ;~,,)j.i If!J rl~(::c,v~ty'.. So~rru~whM hi,~h" eaaee 1111";.1" IliOn$. iI~td ]alf':pI!l~' !mO'ilH'llI!'S '0':(: SOII!I,li~Q ,¢';lrI, be 'Dud. how,e~.r," T;h:e p'rt'c~phll,lkJll, I'ti':til¢e:;S$ ;i~ mot ~i miru!;d, to tb~ ~,~ 0:' 'N::(i:~:~.. ~i neil: n ,saUjf.Mted s.oJ:l,!lli:OQ of ,.'ae:i ~,:n~ be used, ''U~~!iiS,t~u I~~'y!, bll~, "'a,:!SC'4 ~hlH'OI;l "i\\lts IlIctLc:r '~IUO~ta

1.0 f'nu:flon\~~~:ioJ:h';!fil~ ":iii pjrer llPr,edpt~udnnlt ,.Ildl [¢im be' (i'~r~ It,ed !JJ:rutl~r' Wr~i:1i ~pH 'il.mi{,. j~ :i:~ dlc5b'"a;br~ [hl' f~,i'~~ llm,: rH u) a~Ult, r~1 '~~,urr,c ,~~ipHiI~ ion &$ lh[~s, :~l~¥'~'~ ,:~I;:t:t~t ~O!~"C::~" ~tid :ST¢'a;1er fio:n·'l~1~t, in iU!O~~n 'fll:'ITh:;I't".i Th~ pH:

'VIa's, j; ~i~ed h) ,hi:~ \' 111M!: b~ ~ $~[nlS Na:OU or N~.~:-'()~. ~'h~ 15 ::t:Ll tC:r I_',c:~ng :pr~ f~'rt,C'4'i . 'The'· b\J~e ustd w'1il ~ q'oitf di,hne ,i~ 'QJd~f :to JiJ~:\"gt d;.:u~;~:~tiC,I1.'QIli, dtiC '~o' ,tliiie'h _~'[ t:nri·' c!enj·t:iide:~s:,itil' 'ilti¢_f$.O_~IJ~~Ofl;. :A .5,'~~, ~iJ[[I;I~[i!l)!l ,t)1 N'~lO It 'II> as

.'"'~ ,~"~'L. ... ~. ifi;I~.ri.,,'!L'i"'!!I; ·;""0 5, I ,,,,~ iI';!!to'l n'!:' ....... 'w'''''' p'r •• ~1,;oo;r:r~AI :U~lii:!.!fIiI;,"~,li~''!I!I'iIl~''1Ii 11 ...... \%1'li".'Vl]! '!!I!'. ,,,,,:,,~.' .. '~ ,!Ii<!! ."""~!P.',!IIi" ",.,,,",,11,,,, " "~

J[8 . ,pni!'r,.~! dlM!,$ !hiJ~he~r p~', ··-d~'.ri:r.;]; ,p\V",\~iipi:lah;Q.n, ,P\~~' ,II, 'II) g'N,iI~~r' :r;orH(;);:i'c nhn:li~'" ·if'fa~tii()n~'r i~Q !1:nd a:t nu~: :~BU= t~~c' ~~i,dnt~i~~· '~hc te~,i,~:,~~5 at i~, .. s, tth,~[ 1'%"

A,.'t~~ prt~(',ip,i:Uftj~:~I~, '~l.~ ~.:~lrry' w"",. ~\I,I~r~ '1iI'.i,~c~' frr Jrnl 'I ~O' ~,~ '~I'~~r ,Ili~d" :b:::n;~;Cil1 ·[o:n, IlilJny' 'W~:~lh~" t o.r lsa!~~s{ac~"f'! ,iIi:,~ ."r-:-'" I'; _.., .. + (Ii- .......... 0.,' nt ... 'r· iI\'O"i ",,'ii" 2ii ~d n ........ 'I, .. ,.jiI ~""I"'''II' d~ j¥;rU)~D::'

ll:~~ , ,iI'Il!LiI ...... IIJilll. in~ ~ ~llil !I,I. __ l~ !Io.II1 ~~~ ...... Ii III· ~!\r Iii 'Ir. ~ I!. ~ _llll!iI!! . -- r""!"~ _

'~ 'On the' r~'r"C of :p~c:~, u~d, '\V,jltmi'rn.g the fi:i,1itl ct[~\t ~~'l,~ 't'oia:SOilj mtl'it'ion "~mo'tt~~ :ttddhi,(n.l.~d Mri"'ltoJdc. lilil,ro~~r!I~ '~b:~h ,~i' des~ra:lde.. ,h:~ '.his, watbinl ~ep - ~ 16.," ~i $Uf~~~"" '~,;'a!1;, of' N'2S0fj w,:u ",,;a:in I;; sed '. ·,rbrs ;~;~$h~niS :i!;e'l r ,!,~ :mo!~ltd, a~ ,lddhi',OlilJ~i l S % of' 'iiiO\ll,·:tQ::d'-C: ~itroilr.in firtili'fn tt...:'

3:0 ,calc.

AftC't fHtr:acio,n t~'C: ;]]te:'r ea:lt'e., 'Wh~dl c;nnul'in~ 1~~ !lid:, :i':n ~~It;J~1l1:i()n w.cl1h ~~t 'N'.,'5O,., ml,' ibe d rli'ld :1M: $i1ilu',r~i~!d .'jQi CC:I" UJ ~~,ahL~ t~c rkim, t,y fI.otltion., kPi!fi!!l!~O~ o.f tbe ,ridn .ne-f • ~in:I1:I~· prc:dIPht:- ~i!i)Q ~nd 'tIIlSbi:r.',; .tcp

IS i', lKH~ib~e",~ ibui ii ;i. prc;(le~,d"'to 'C':.'fQ' the, ~li'iOet~51 ~h"""1!;3 ~ID' :J;jdil[llf!:.Ii e!x~:rac,l,hmi a~h,l prrQ:cipitali'on ~1Ic,'\> n~i:! i,i iI~~!p~id'illtd b,~' $~ur:rr~f'1 'Ik fHter ,c*k~' ,i~. du"tC .dre~ ~li \ii.,(ii~lu: of' WI't~t :lind> diU: 'piN: iOf the :110'" is. 1!:J~in 'b!l'.U!~ht,

: u), :.tl ±;, i '~y mcliiii, ,of· ;5;% .. H'.o'l.-" . 'The' 1:1 u~' iii! fih .. ~tle'J, '. .nd •. I~,:ld, pr.ccipjtaiLQI!: il :tn·,otIll1. abO-!A!t, by' .M,hti.tI,;,

N" ,~ '~~-""i' "I'· '~' ... Ii,;rl.~_'~,' 'ii. iWlili~,~t~: h' .".'iiIi, iii' --' 'W!1iL''"'llr''

, 1!2"V~ '5!M11 I !'l~. fl~UI,:""U ~I" !I;"~'i' '~'.,~~" .~:~ ,. '""''' . ',ll~ "

enent~:i!iil, lit h~·ld ~I!!I~_'_I!I'· 'I'~ &fjlll, 1M: pH,.loi IrPf,Pim!lte MlIlr,llity' by add i'o,l 'I ~%, :N,ii~~, A, ,r ... ,~,ipit.ll", t~~

" ,~f 4" mbunc:s '~lHiii, 'nC'!~sa!i"Y 10 Obtiitin ,ccmQ:Il~rt!, 'f;emovill

*5 of' Ilht~ N~in. I'~ n'!'tCf~~:: o~t U~e 'pree i!piUllt! no :I'IUC7 ,I:i,j, ~ •• ,., ~S!tid .ned Ufl'~ fi!tef ta'kei 'Will w,;l$!Md 'wi~,h N~4' so hi, ... , tl., ,O~ t'h~ i61Uet 'wbt~'ei~' 'n .... lI(ld~'~101'iHI'I' I!m.o~liln [of fiol'!i" 't ... ;i'~~';@ ·,~hr,o~!t:nl 'W,11 ,licm~;J 'from '11111 uke~ 'Ttli. w~,~h~:n,!

.~. 'W3'1 ctfk~~Y!C' OIi'~V I~c hnt lil(lllc ,and rcpci!tm w,.shinl!! ~ld, Iii 'iill,ljp rtf,,::C, i" i~ .:me·vi 11.: fiur.thcl" non,.4olilc bi1U,o,p;n. .

T'M 'ne~;il~;N~:'~·~O't ,PftC~p,~I:~e' 'W.' ~riodl ~c I!be1.I:t SO'· t~, "', 'C" ,on ,I hot ~I!r ~ r,I:Y dr,ye-.r", T~ ddcd' p.roduc.i ,.". ~l''Ou:Ad ;!!.> p\a~S • 40 m,es.h Krli!~B :Iifld .. ,UIi,leJ wl[~h 'd~

JAME' ' ..... '8:····

," . ll" ,".:

, .. : t... u, :..:~~ . .' ..

BON' 'D' v··· .. ·· 1

·';'.···.·.··0·--, •

3

2"'9"

.....

T--·~ ¥lEA'" P'_"'O·C:'_' 'NE> <E"R"

~ ~ : ~: .. ' : ':-.~' .. ::

De'mptitm.~~ This igniter consists [of'., s:ma,~l pilei of' potassium permangan,B,H' cry·stals that are ignited, b'y' the chemical action of :gi'yceri,'o on the: er)tstall'~ I t is used to, 'ipi~e ineen"di,arillS and readily flammable materi,al sueh as, ,ra:II" :dr,r paper';, d:ry' ha:y'~ .,[r' tbe com,buiB,tible vapclr ,B'real a,bo~~ I'iq'uid fuels. lpiti,'on :iSi aceomp.l,i;lhed.: by' Bausiog' ft, f[I'w' drops of IIly,eer.in ito eontaet the :po[tas'sium ,pe,'nn,anp~n8te erystals.

Com'tft8n,ts~~' This m8,terial was tEU3[ted_ It, is, allee'live btl,t, is 'Dot reliable beJo'w 50° F ~

O .

"t' '.,': " . ::. ,"'''.' .'

C,M 23J 196,.2

R II 'C,·.:·:, [I N'!

- .. .

3.060,,165

H',. L CRAI[G ETAL PREP,1RA '~U)N CP 'fOX1[(I' ,Rl C 1 N fl1.d July 3~ 1952

,.

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!,,:I-. . =,

~ ~CI'_".J

i .

Jfirl:lh "~'eh.it',ilOn .' ~ .. •• .. I .. '~~'. ;'i'h~I": P:;..,.~:~H .... ·'.~' ....... nil'-'J' ..... ~ '~ ...... ,~ __ ~~iiiiiiiiif ..... Q __ :: .... r __ ·· ..,.,.,....~_ ................ ~

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30':"

'.' .':

'T'i'HE'-' .-" 'WE"-'" -'cA·--- P-:"O' -' .. NE-' ---.- -' E-' R"

[.IJ ,. r,', " .....• J,. ',. ': ..... [ ":.,~ "-:_ .. ~

·dOWD tihc~rU"e until there is no turbulence on the surface, Let i.t eva.porate this way until a thin la:Y'e:r of c:ry'lta'~ forms. on the surface, Then turn off 'the fire and let it. cool ..

A- "t I' r- d si id d I ... .- ... ,1 !U S ~'.'. COO.cS, rour an, SIX.""'Sl·.· ea, peany scases W.lil

form, After several hours, when, all crystallization ~"';;.. sto pped col I~ft· the crystal S'· an d: do. issolv I-e::__' th= em

[1l1l-I .:. '_ .. ~'.' _ ~[' ..... , ... I,~,,,,,l~ .. J I .. '._,.: • -.:' : ..... !IJI -:. _'. ". K ", \" .I~-.'_'." ' .. '."_' .. " [ __ ; __ .

in th eir own volume D- of:' cold ,va· It· .... Put the solution

~ .I'_,_..:JI- ... ~ .. __ :",,__'_, " .. ···I··.··f_·· .. ··i, '.~ ..... :: .:.' ",1',_ '":~.a~! .. ·.,1Ir : _~' .. ·.~ .. l..:. .... p.r.:.:.: ....

in a smaller pan and repeat the crystalizing process, This time . 'y'iAiUi' "1ii/'1i'~1 ba 'V-',9 p' urepotassium chlorate 3- n' ;d'--

, _" .~l .'Ii:...~'.t .. · ,''-V ... ;n' !II,I; , .. ': IIiIir. _ .. '!Ii.& .... _".' .. ~". ,y., I. ...• ,I·' ,~_I _-~ ..• :~".m" .'_.".'

any impurities will remain in solution,

11 ,~ .. ' ,----

. . .~ ....

e p o: .

- . - _. .-., .. ,. .... ._ .. -

I 've lotte'n several letters tellinJ; iRe the potassium

'hI- t " '" d' - ""t· .'\ir f';'- '. ,--.- - . I'" d'" "

e ., .. ora ~e process .- oem .. : w'or. ,:'o:r ;50me'. ',' .,-on. t

tn .. f ~, b th· , ~ II ~

ow i" If·s'eca.u·se:,e·y ean t :10 'ow my tnstrue-

tions or if ,I wrote it wro:DI ...

1-· .- pdated 4"18·-4: of O·,>···-RA----::,- ~ND--·-·D---··A~···D--fS~·

u.::-: ..... a~ ..... '-_.- - _ '.--1.'-.'-- -. _ .... ':-_'::.':_'.- ',.:

WO·ND·ERFUL BOOK O'P' CHEM-"'IISTRY,-:- 2--.n;d" put

.•• _ ,.' . , • '._ ••. ," _.1 • _' •. _ .• ' _.' '[ ••••. ~'.

wha '" I-~ thou -·.'b~·-,t· ".,- .. '.--: -,: --' ".--' -:,,"1.--.: '! ---de ~ ---·t'-·,-- ·d· - b ~,

w. ..1.. - ... aug .' I,: was· ,an e&.Sb.y U.D,· er,s, -an· ·-a _ ~e

..... :;. .. -, ,. . 6~ f T'-'-H:-'E' ·p:OO-·:· .. -····-R: ~M\'--A-- N-""S J'A-" eM- '-E-- S

UJagr,am on, pale .< 0 ' :-- '. '.: :.. ./. ,:- i_I:;.' ,._! :c .

BO:N·· .. Di It··'·o o'ne o .. f: .. r .... e· few- .-.-,~ I di'·"'-d:' n't 'act· i. -- ... .., ..... -, .•. Ii,,'ly:: test

, .' '. ',j! . lliJj'.·· !\ •. '. '.: [Lll" i .. ,._. I. ,1_ .1. _ :' ' .•.. ":'UW~·'. '.> ".'_'''

Rather than do it myself I 'II I~t 'y:olJ fipr,e ~ it. out,

If you can It tell me how to do it right, :1'11 S:et around 'to the foelproo" process before T.H:E

WEA· ··P,O".NE··· : -lPR·· 1·"· completed ..

, ~.. . ... , . ·~C _ I jj3.i _.' . .1 .. [ _' [ .. ~_"'I ..• '

I h- 'Ii> 'b .. th- ~i87'2-' Ii! d

n me meantime, . ; ere; .IS,.e ~',',', versron an:

min e See .. ·· 1"(' y~:o-,-;u" can -,-. fj';'m>-:- ·d!; an .' 'y.- error I:·D--· R1i'ry~' p:;"r::o"- cess

~_.': •. _ , _ .. r r ••••.•• '~:; _::.__,.' ••. < ....:.: - , ·:··,Ii,U,. [', '> _~ Ii

.' .'

P- 0--- T'A-' S·,S·IIU·M·-- C'-- HL--' .... O'-'-R---A- ~ ·""'V'··'··(··-'MI'·--·-·IId'E')··

~. _: _. '.~,:.':: 1 .• :1 ~ ..... 1. ~ .... , 1-_. .. : ': '. ":1 ·.·.·.~I ~Qft.A,~ :_.~ .. -.> .' I·~,D:·:

Graodda4.',s WOD.d,erl'uI Bo.:k ,of' Cbe~mls.try 1,872 Preeess

C·hI o·rate· .r' 'Po,t ••• - Transmit chlorine las thr,o~gh. a m.oderatei;;;t;ong- md ;arm-solu.tion 'o,f

'pure caustic potassa, or its carbonate, until the alkali be completely neutralised, then boll for a few' minu tes, gently evapor,B,t.e until a .·pei6.elc fa.r,ms OD. the surface, and set i,t aside, 'where it. wiD, COD·I 'very slowly. CrysQls of tbe' chlorate will. form as the .Ii ... quor cools and ·,··,t be -oUecl:ed '---. fulJ- 'bed ~~h '- ·l~':·-'I·. '.'--. 'DJJ,uSi:.·:e;~:~' .. ~._~ __ i~ ~r'e:.,.':. JI~ was!_- .).

' .. ~ .- . a htt ,e ice-cold w,a.ter. an.d: pur.~:~lcd by :Ile-·

solution and ,cry,staJl'ization;. the produet 'is P\I:(", . ch},orate o.~ po'tassa,;. Th.e m,oth.er liq,u·or, w'hich e·en .... taIl1;~ m'U.~ chlorid,e po'ta.ssium, by eV'aporatio'D wiD yield mO.re crystals, liels pure' than the form,er'" .or it :may be: saved fo:r 8. 'futu',·e operati'on,. This salt crystaUizes :In. four and six~s:ided pearly scaJ,es.;. diss:olves; in 16 .parts of w,ater ait 60 0, ,and in :2 Y:i parts a~ 212Q~ ,At about 4S0° it. unde:rg,oes. th:e ign·eous fusion, an.d: on increasing the heat almo(s't to redness, e"'ferviescen,ce ensu'es, and fully 39 'percent, ,of pure oxygen. lias is giv'en off a'n,d the· f'tsidue becomes. chao I}e d. into cbloride ,of 'potassium,;. 'WheD mixed with .intl,&mmable· ,subs,tance&,,;. ~a,nd. tri'tura'ted.,. h~·ted; ,or suhjected "to ·8, sm,art blow, it ex'p,lodC$ WIth great viole':nce~ It also; fuImin,ates when thro,wD. into strong acid,s.

'W:hen the pan of lye is set up, put two ·inch·es of bleach in the bottle and a teaspoon of SaDi'~,:Flusb and put in t-he": sto ':p.f'WIWr q:-·u·II;';c:··k·J-v You 'W' "O'-:'D,·'t-;. be .. harm

I~ .• , ~~. '., ,~_ .I_,...! .•• I. [ ••.••• : ••• ,...' ...... :__ .• ~ ., I[~ iii .r •. ,-. ·L·· ••. : • ',_.. ..,'.: :.._:......~:_ .. _-

ed by ...... J..... l':rttle·· ,gas"'" tha ct· W·l~ ')i; _~"'!i!!lf'UII d . i'n a , .. to.. .. '.- - ,

.. ~. __ -. UISi II _-: _. 0" .-- - -'-' JL! ~J-!'''' '. ur .... ~. u ... e pro-

cess b·u.t it is ·u:np·:l~·dI·.an:-I:t to: ~·m--··e· -U-.- ..

~. . ~ ~ - - ~ ~. !QI ..... II!

When 'the bottle' st·ops sen.erati"n,B gas, test the' lye'

1 ~ .t-·h • f" ed U f- .

so' 'ution Wit· ,a 'Pl'ece' 0::- r',-::· .u,tm,us P,.per .. t~' tpe:

paper turDS b,lue :i.t. :means the stu.ff is Dot ,doQ,e yetF

Po------·-:- :t:h-"-e- 'b:IAG'~:h-" ;:. :t,:- '-". -'Id' - .. ~ -' - t:h'- '. ·b .. ·· · .. t:tI- - .. -' ·-'--:--·-·":h·,·:· -_'. ~-ur ~ .. ~ -. -._~~. 'OUI an.· ,Slve . 'e.o-~,e· ,ano~l.er

d---- W-:·h-·····th-' - .... II·'!'t--·---· --.-- - .... -ba·

ose!l' ·_~en ··.e· r'cu.1. mUI paper ate" .re·.·., t_:~· -t,

mean-····-·· 's-" t--h-e- l'y:e--- h-' B.o. 'L.~ n···- ·,tr·=JiIIij,'u-'~d'- .--n----d< t'-'-'h'---"~' .:.'. - ..•.

, . ,a.Q ~u ,-eD _ a.u.;c;~'!,j'. __ , '.--'.ce process

," fi ~. bed

'IS· I ilnlS" . - ~: -_ '.

Red and blue litmus pB:per':" for tes,uq. acids and alkalie.s· 'caD be bounh,t a.t 'thc{ dru:---'" .,." stop:·· 'If' '110:"'U

- ." .. '.- ,·611,1,: ' ' .. ' - .. -'. "':_ --.:__.';I~'. IL. .1-

want .,th.e best 'you s'hou'ld ,as·t for pHydJion pa'pel\ "1""L!s· is' ~u' peri~r_- t:·o·:: U:"'li'WliiU···~ p----a··'~

rl ,~u- II . . ~ _ , __ :. . I ·u· J ,...'-, UII _. ill l_"~. _·:r-"''IIL •.

When the lY'e has been neutralized. the' pan is put 0.0 t.he stoive &n·d brou.lht to a slow bo:il., Then tum

: -

-=, ' -".

c_". . .

~ ..... ~.

Bleach Uld ,Salli-nu sh

.... "'"

, .

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'.', .'- , I, .

, I I •• •

. _-'''- .

I

to " ,. l

~ " 'I '\Ii

i

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Cak· . -:c p-:an

.... _ .'

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. -""",- .' - _ ..• ,1 -... - -,-. .- - -

-. .... _. __ .. _._ .......... '" -, -' .

'._. -.- - ~ .:.~ -;;, _. - .- .

·A,er.ator

POT·:·A:···-S..:·'S····I·V--·M· .. ~-, C-~:H·-;-LO·D A.',-:{E' M-'A-- K'D'R-'-'

_' • _ • _._" < ._ " .".~ •• " •• ~, ~I ,I ., '. rI:i, I

31

T~ t~·'f'I:?:A\P' "··0: :~~E;' R'·'

Cl..J:.i ';1 ~ ". '. 1-\1- C - . -. . .:

'I':I= ~~.~ C····· "b···I··:·~·t-A

- r81",'-·IUm ... ~ .,~,: :., .••. :.,11=

:' .. I ~. -. _' ... _ . .. - _" -' • _--=: -.--; :.... ... -;. .. -",' ,9

.' .. '. " ~ . '

.- t~ "

Dear- 'Mr' . Sa

...... _ •... " '.' I ," ," ',' ill'

.. :.:. ',' ...... zG.lZOD .•

. . I

- ~

I c'heclmd the' .potaSldmn chlorate ,proce:.~an~ .it ~ eernet. 'The ODly thing wrong w.lttb, It is 'that yo~'ve ~t)wn. the ae'rator' wbi.ch. _c,onducts Chlo~e g.as into the soIuti~ near the bottom 0,1 'the'pan This:ls unwise becalri.. .. 'of 'the mcreased hydfost8tic p",·~ure,- whiCh cOol .• ,pniveDI as cblorme fmln bllbblin,l through, the solutioDI To remedy tlBst. put the cblorine' delivery t,ube.,J:ust ·beReatb. the ~I""

far~. -0":"'£'" t'-!he"~- .... C!'~l·!lI·!t: I~O""n: . I' ba .', ··V· "·'e·· C" .~.~"_A' eu ·t- "1!-'e' ,""!i""IJIIi"i;~~~1

_ ... :.'--~ ",". _", - ~L&_' :~/';!Ii :_,_' "_ ",. ·.-.II~~ U ._:} N,II",. -I!;J,I,. y'~IIRI

,Ienerating' sys,t·em. with bleacb and ,sodium biSUlfate .. It

d- 'ftaoC!l W' o .. ·rk·'· b"·· 'ute:: tb e p" '_aCi'il'i·e·· I"'.' r'B' ...... _, "·'e··· .. -~ ·so··"':: '~.'r· some

~ -,_",:', _', -',. [_'_'1_ '.,' '. • \Ill' .... ~u.ll -:,- _. '_ ._.' -~_u~- .. ' ,-,CIA' '. ",: ,t~u I, ri3V _":I "

PIOP'le it may. not bubb.le throu,1h 'lb.:' ~,_e. sol.uti.oD prepe.,ly. A more' intense ·pressor·., 'C·U be "btained h,' lIBiBg' :hy*;h1ori~'a~i,d ~,and"bi:eauih .. ,I: __ VI ·ued~tbiI,·,s.r_

successfully -tn the past 'when I was doing a s~esis of

~~~e~-' (Tb,en' :hav·e ;'-L::dme! ·~~cati~fs

about the ·Cblo:ral Hydrate, Process in tbe PMJB,. :·8'di') '.. .

As lo·r your problem, wi·.lb. the, s;pnthesis of cbloral bJdr[ate', J' OOo.'t know wba't's M'oUl' witb th8,t", ~.

on'l.'hi·ft,O' Aft f' ~a"r'" a' . s I' C· .. ·,Bn "'e'~ U-'·- ."'1... .... S·vn"'· .. .aS"O .... a ... lA ·,bi .. ;;;.; ....... , .,." ..... 1.1-,]' lUll ,f. -' ." .~",.:". . '. : ;":iU'l 'I'·:,~:. U.,1e _':-.";j ·iI.;WI~ .. _ DUUIUU. ',..'"va·IL

as long is you. can get. the eblorine'to bubble tIirou,gb:tne alcoh.o1, (see .my comments, a_e about. bydro.~ti.c

press,ure and' the remedy), .

.. ' One ,m,ofewo:rd, about-pOtassium 'clllorate': If for same reason you can~t .get the .. mIa·rloe tOI b'u!bble _ugb aipd . can"'t aff:o.rd a co.mpr;essor to' d10 the tri,ck,t. tbere Is as •

.-c.-c"_"M: _M'M

.. 01 ••

- .

- -- -- - - - - - - _-

.' "Fr

T':H'''' 'E' .~. :8' ':L" O'~~··W·· ., ..... ',' .::. '.

• I 1 .. _ ;'" .,' : '_

i . J • _'. : ". ". '~" .... ~ •• ' • _,: ._'

: ' ,

• I

Last w'ee:k I 'was ,lit 'tb.e TUlsa ,a.rll :litO'" afnd bought at 4Yi foot cam.ou.n,al~ blow,g~~. 'It . came

.. ," al - 'd'" .. f'-' ,' .... ,. ,. ,;jI: -...... . , .. :" ··d·" 'lOO~:~ .,.... p"':I:I~' S-·'t·I~C:c

'wi;tb seve'f', 'Yar - ,!, 0·' :st[eel' Wire an: ' .... . ..c_.'... .' <.

beads. I found it ammn.sly e~y· .. to aimaD~._u:se:.

It. is, in,deed a deadly weapon, ·It. has an effective . range of 60 feet and. will still I,tick, a,t 2·0) 'feet once y:ou"leiarn to liv'e it. your best blast of air, .It is als.~ iigh.t and, silent, I want ·Y'OU. to order one as I"U discuss it further in the next issue .. I guaranteeyou'f

f It 'b ~'.. . ar senal

consider it OD'e' 0 t re .;. est weapons In your : .. 1,' sen J~.

A blo,wouD ca'n be used for- hu .. ·: .. ftit·I·'!",nID' a .. ··n'·y~··· 1~'mlaH"';

. _', ',' _ "[Do,' '. t= '. • _.' L..:._, ~ 't _. '.' ,. I,' ·.A -, ?Idll.e- I' " I •. ~... .~'" : __ :_L. __

,,~e ~ ~,~ds, rabbits, .squirrels, even fishiQ,g. It b~as been used. 'e:f:fect:ively on 3'S~lb .. raccoons, in Texas on armadillo, and. in Kansas on a I,~lb". fish, A, he~,~ ,,,ot or vital lorgan shot will brina d.O'WD,

your I~me~ . .

. ·'The shootin. ra'DI,e depends aD :tbe .Iength 0:( the

gu·n' a'· ·I.-·d'· the ""m' .:-: " ·····,f·:' ',/":, " : : .. :" - .. tt- behl ,·d··' th -. ·d·:·,· t··

. , .. 0_., c.< .. e a,.1I0UD, o. ·alr you, pu,(,·e i!ID,! i~'" e ,·:,ar·~.

Just a ,ala p.il 0,' airsends ·tbe dart OR it.;! way _ .

W--- .··~·R··',""NG·it.:- D· .. ·.O·· . N'I'~:\I'u-EI'AL"C-_~E':'TH~ 'E--':~- D~' "'~'1-T' T-"'-::'h"'j"

ft . l~!! .' .. , . '_." U~ I ,,Il,F',D .... _ ".' ..... ' ~ .. ftft. .. ~ : .... ,e

4l4'" vU,R.bu·,a. ra'niDe up:'" t10 100· As the len'cu't'b 0.'>(-' the

rD 1 - e· '-'." .. ', Ii! I •• 1 ',_'.- - Dr, ',' ~'. .

gun Increases, SO does 'i"t's effective range .. Wit~h.

• <ii' • d I ,:Ii ",. f 100' •

pracnce you can :: eve I op veJloclty OJ: j.~:. per se ...

·Ic·.o·:~d··

. 1 .. 1." .•

G···::-··-:····:

i ~~~~------~~--

. .

'.\_ .'

.;-_ ....

It costs only ;$16~50 for the camouflaged ~$.,.2; .. OO At ~O~ to 25' a 3~inch [dart can penetrate two

less for the plain) and comes with enough darts pieces of quarter .. inch plywood, At. the same

·00 ...... ·, keep y.::-.· r -o .. ··u·.· .• · fa ... scinate .. ::;d.;':;. (':0.' :r.· h .. o u :uI·' rs, At. the end of' dist a mea 81 t::L'J'":'D·lc···h d':ar:: ·t'· ,(1I'H:" n" p" e-:n .. ··c,e·:' t': rg·t.· ,£Lt· hre:·e·:·: po: I:,e·: .. ···c-'e···s···:

__ ,_ _ .:..ll JI !' ~ .'-:U-",!~ -'< '.-, " ,":)~'i.:"_'" ~ r,Q .. p" '" _"'" .;'," .

a fe'w h.ours y·ou·':Il be' ,able to hit a s.i.x. in.ch circle of quarter-inc.h p.lywood~

at 60 'feet every ti.m:o ... An ene·my across the st~t .' D,~ts are .marl.fa: of mre~, cut to ~he length you.

wO'uld be i8 de,a.d. ,pie'go·n in. a few minutes or .a·few . tl"esire,~ and a l\anI plasti·c 'bead on on.e end. Rocomd,ays; :d,e.pendin~ .. on w·~et..her yo~ uS~··. tlh:8,' .~e~id·ed le:ngth.s .. - :8~all game ~ ·3 to 7 inch:es.;.

potaSSium cyanlde .. mucilage coatrng or the fish:in.g - 7' to 10 in.'c:hes ..

d-,etac.h.able ricin coated. barb d,eslcr.ibedJ. OIl pa.ge The p,rice: of ·each. gun .. incl-u·des the gun,. :sturld.y

38., carrying' c:ase~~ einough m.aterial to· m.m 1,00 t.hree-inch ·d,arts., an·d an instruetion sheet ..

~*NorE! C·,heck local fisih and gan~le laws befo're' takin,.g· g,ame' animals..

PO'OR MAN I S, JAMES BID,N,D Vol ili 3

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I

T~ 'WE'-~I "A"" P"':"O"INE-;- : 'E' "'R":'

..• ~ .. 1- .:~~':"., .... ~" l,.'} ," . ".; ...:.. .. ~';":

e:'··-· ..

.

, .

• I'

, . .'

, .

. '

ByKart·····,· ....

.. "'-. .,"',: > .. ' .:, ",_ .-

iN..._ atmp1elt ~1J-- ,nrtllifillt, aad _ eIBcieD.-~~:t

&1.11:; .I, .. "I' . _'_"_ " ... , ._V" ,,"'-" ,,- ...

mI.D.: ,1- a"~' 'I!U!Id~'I'Ii'ed' ...... ' .il_.& N-ftpeDedfrom ,." 'h1~,I:M,. Ills

• __ ,:;;~ ..... ·~~aotbe

.. '.~ ~'~'-".~::'.:::- .. , .. ' '1""""';""':' .',: .. :'_',"~iiIII!t::It'·'~-~-·I:' 1'_. sure· wbere tile mlalle name "1Im,,ar IVIDw: .. ,. - ... , ~I

'--.~ ~~"L ."" . -, ,'- -' .. ,_'.'" . t~

WltII a little practice·,. :i'e "'~erqI: ,~ W~I .~~

1I11III an·· darts III a alt_ tbei- '01 III 0I8IP IIcm

'.~. - ... ,: .... :.' ..... ~ ~.".-.""'" .,., -.-' :",.' ..... ~.~ .... "::'. -~'l'·' .. ~-- .. ~~.\A~

., 'to. feeC '1ftI'f tIlDe. TbII [LD wm eD8wl')'08 w·,.,....

___ " .. --'_ : ·-._iI.A_ .. .!I-'lli'R1 alii, l~iII..I\Ar--) .' 1. 1IIDIe-

ou ,a ProW-MR' ,ou « ""..,.1, 'au g.,l!IlIUC '.' ," '._ ' ....•

" f' ' !IIiU!iiD_i.-· . . '.~ ~ .ali' ';'- the'· .•• l1li seat ....

For,,:UII ~~. rOil CIII,.; III' .i!:~ •• ~ ,~'}!UI_ 1

..... 'aA ~G~ ~ .. ! .. _I8P' '.' 'p:iIIqJI. ~ .. 'I·~!f !::i:;i ~ -~~~~~. aIci-. ·d·· ·~I,I~-J·I:"I.,j::""·~· ,;..~ .. , .A~

J!lUUw .• ~~lmI· DIN, Wier .~: _~~.' . 'UR UII-':!!Iii W' •• Ill

. . I .aiI'III.' 1... ......_ . ..IR-'.8 ...... ·11

at exposed Bub;, ~ace" D~ .. ~ . .&1_ .U.W ..• IM

.- ~ .-iIo __ IiIIW~Id'''''' _,I ~ J:':8~ ,;ft. 1...,.. ,~

""'slI-:-;_.' ,0AU1f""'W:IIU'''' \;;&UI;IU!lIIi UIID, '''IV. .!.' " .. ~ va ~

..,_,. "

...... a, .

.,.-iQDiIi' wir .- ~'" ... ,. :baa' . d- dart-' f . . .. . ... __ ,tIIo,A ."- ... -.'

"1'1...- reo d'iIJ.I,.'P .- -. ,~ .. .a...n1:D~n'· .. :.,: l : ... «'fODI u.u~' 1_ ,'_

md:s .ieb:.t i~ bUtC8fl'be~oUt lUbe fIeab easU,j ~ This 'makes 'them Inadequate 81, letbal missiles. _

By beDdinI the wire ~It OII.:it1IeIfa~t ~~quarte~l~ an lacll and, sbarpening it on 8 a;riDder, y~_ d, make it

AI ........... lIt to . ,~". - -~ -. If·"'·' I . an"~·· t it·· l-lftAD'a.~I- ·to· ........ AUe w.LI\l'~1lla ~' ..... remove ..... , you ". n .' U.lI~utC,,~, .. ~ .. v.' .

with the ,.but,ers cut the bead off an inch from the' tip 8Dd,

. .':: .: I.' > .. ~~ .-:"".'.-_ ~~ .•.... -.,"'.. . ... UDd"" ~':,- 1....;.. ... ' .. pI-.. .... U-.ka

rail 8, baU~ of Scotcb tape aro .. : ~'''' UVWI, :,~eceal '. W.1Ig

• ..IM';_ p' ,,' -r-U'IiI'I, ~.:a.4,- ~ . tile': .... ~: 'bead wm ,,,.~ •. --,~.\~., aad Itaj'~" in

YIL-w.II. ' .. IIIII&IIlJ 11'I'Iii! UIIJ,"', .. : . ,'. . . .... ,_.- UIDIIIii'u,sIMll· ,. .. "-,,

tIM!. :O.ab .. Even if sorDe, ,is projecting, it would, tab a pair'

d; AUi., "A ,... ~t·

UI., ~n 'w' renoy:e ,I ~

.• ,...- 'L_" b '1 .- h- . b- -- ... ~ ... _-:Ii -_...;I, ', .....

Fia,h hook barbs are ~t 1[, ~ut t", e'·mftZe WlO~ ,ones

, . - .. ' .• - .:" .. - 'C' .. N·· .. · 2"10'" ···il··C"·'~'~·-· - , b"'~' ,;ks··, ·B:·,,ftd:-! ·"'--:'I,ht

bre.'ak., 1ry to get ,"Q / l' S :very' . ,00 '. '.' ,.e"l11 '. ,~w:cu, ' ..

d· . '"'t

an cut· to, sw_:~

The basic wire dart fa belt for ricin. T,o ,coat Itl ~

wtfh-' 'ridn' - ,., ~ j'ust drop.. -. o· '1- ' 'tar· .. ' -U'L. a U .. · ..... , •. pH" ',1 ad

, ,.. . : ,.- .... ,' .... I"',' : a·'·, . , ,. ( _" ·WJ.W:', '_II;W,,.,. , ,1iiiii 'In.

. .,. u...." . . .~. '. -' ". . . -, ' _.

tl. pewder and reD tbe dart bead hi ·It.·, WIpe oft' any

~theabalpel1edttJtandtetl~.,· .... ....

,BlelD tip& are· fer an _"'. ,'_ .ant.to ' .. ~ ~ wltboUt a, Stir. He'D ,proba_' '1bIDk' be '8: J,_, III butt, of a

. . . te' U"· RI he call" .-..1 ,-.. .•. _, .'_ 1.,1.

'_illi,iIIh.Jo, pm" . ...-iI,..._;, J' "0" " . .! aaa .'. '.-: . .. :1IQJU1iU IIUt

I,~ ,!.: ~~: !,',' .. _:- .. !.!.:.s~ '.--< •. _:: .• _ ,_.1; j._ .. ", ," __ '.' . _'

pUcltt. bptaaders WOUldn't react

, .

pl. III - beada in' .,1.. -~. ,", . .. - ~ ·t-· lb'" .. -, . ' ·e· .-iililloii!ii;

'~I:~ '0«rry . ' '. Ute IUDI' way yoo po . . ... 1111 on, u :. '''',.~

..rI. ... -a. ....

~WI •

'';I'o~ use'" an··~· ,. an' ,~~~ AlIi same _'1..~ block 01':,'" .:" steel and,

_ll_M~1 _ .. _'. I •• :. __ ryB. VI. I. • ',_ U~W;,ICI.'- _" _ .... _ .. '_ " ... _.. . .

hammer ""tip Bat about, three 'qU8l1ers of aD ineb, . back

:fr . .- .• ~ tlpl .' M--ii:" iI,i.'_d' . ,iiRdftAJ.a.. -"- ·me· .... .. _ ........... 'th··,· . 'Up ... -.

MIlD .~; ... : .• I';,;a .. ". I ...... a"._ .~. or a·,' , ::.f :~.~I .:', e' .' '. : .

011 ~~ • ~·I!II~d·J "mde' a Mint·· - ''DIe n~~~k~wiD make

UUIIII. - _..... _ - . _. rnu' .!Il .. ·._v'WI,'" _.. _. __ .

.... _, toi. 't.1d , .'1'0 i~ ,~t:..- __ ifiL-

l'" ..,. .1 : .~. _ ' .. ' &&Il&I ._1 ~: •. ~;lt1

. .. Ilea' AM' . U""~:_"" & tile

Cat, tile ,_;jJ 'Qu. Jilt a .: ;.we: ,over an UQJ ~ " : .... ',

- . O· rtad·, '. me' .. 1IDDOfJI" 'baCh- ends of' tb" dart wile' It'

. I',' ," ,"" ... .,.;. .... "','" .. ". ,: ", ,; ... :.~ ... , ' " .,. , ., ~ e- .~. -.[ , .. ' ··'re····· .. ' ..

...... ,,' .' .. '.' . ~ .... '.'. ..... . ' .. ,,' .. - .... : - - ~ . ..' ..... , .. -~. . ... , -'. . .. _. , -

_ ..... 10-' ~ ... ~'_"'liil.11 .. " 11·', .••• t., ~i:'''' ea·.~·,~L, ~ ... -- .. 1!i~

. _~' ~-:' z, i:*RlDb" ta .. ···· "pe- ~- ft:~.~~:"~~~p··1 "~~':.~-:~:Aftft:"U!al"

I~""" lUll y:.1 ~: .. -. :''-', ... ', ,._"_ .::: :-: _-U-III,IU UIe 'W. :~. IIII'N 11:11; ! __ ~. _ ....

. .

eoatlq tile 'peiat 'wItb potaasimn eranlde 'mthe triakr

-·c~ .... tobe~dn;JSII~ WbIdI

wm lleep I bard ,aad make, ,It ,penetrate ,tbe ,08lb~, I find

the bell IldIstaDee to be IePqes or Roll lDuellale boqtd at .., store' 10 'the scIIool IUpp,Ues' saettoa ITIIe

~ .~ . .d.uw~~-ItSs1lt"_wlder. ~

lD1ICiIace' C8Il lie .aqt.-.d ,old 8 drop, at a time' .

-~ ~1 I~Y' ,I ,lItbIIi' _ ~~iB :hnl, _ tol ,6ft

~=~~::eto~~;-:

work with" ,mash It, to a fIDe powder 'witll 'tb,e' bottom, of a .

,"!Ii ' ~. ... .. :; --- . " ~,;A:Il!IIo 'b~' ,,~ .. ' .. -.' ... ---- .. ~

apaon.II'8 UICiI. to '.,,, un' '. II~UUI., iJ' ... · uaulI'wm Of'

Id·' '& .. '1.. .. - _oI_,L- to· .. · ." ·~-'k~ -. .. 'lb" . i- pvafti'de~- ~~- ..... Ui ,diue' V~U

•. i~l, INJ,Jft. ..... "or .: WI , "_,.e 'I!iio·_.,.GIiL .... ·.·_. ,1.1lUJi' W,W r''If .. #VU

• bard sari.ce' to I!UI8l\ 'the cyaaide and "asbina up is

.. ..,

'~'I!!!l .

• .. ....;r·, 'lIi'W'Iii....i!IaMlRd ~~pe > 1_ .. ,. piles aDd p' lilt one drop' of'

:Ill"":_, ~w~ a,-en,) ~' lOW . >...:._.. ' I. • I j_ -. -__. ,',' ., .' _' ·.1.'.' .. _.

.... ruMl,D,d.·· .... "h ·ne··· T-L. ' .... ,ft .... ·tt: .. '-, d' _· .. ""''l..th···· e' .. I' "~u-ee' 'on ieae · p. ,.,. CIA' a '\MU'" " pan, : 11""1, . '. :: .. ue

.. 1.- •. 'bI' I_Ito··· ' !!i'de'-' . ·;na __ .p, .. ,Z L 'UP'~A _a __

: ..... '_111-)' .... : . UIC CJ8Dll) : .. ; PH~ I..I.III:~. ,U;& . . c MJS llUA:-

....... A'Ili; _ A:_-", 'h' __ ,A ,-_... .H!tb· ... LA '"'''um·· ,,·b·· __ A 1\I,iI!'iii[-.

.-.... "'" UIU1, ~_-=au IGI,W 'w'_ '.) ,,-.1 lWI " . ',' I' CII:IU ..••. '. ,

--:'I ... A.......· .. - .... _..I ilh.a .. -t'· I"~- . . B"" - . . ' .. ,ftill!Ii" ....

UIUAI 'UICmaU ar:O"III, '.,.,. 'u,a ,,' ,I .. ·u:aces~, ._' e lure w .....

'VAllII" '11.., __ ,,1.. ......_- 'URU" I've'" . fin'lsbed If'" VO··U'...dftj..,.. to !::_I~,&b.~ ... !:a'·~e-!-'.:- ": ·.·-~' ... *;,h!tt1to··".··· .. ~'~. 'I!'~~~ I~ more ~D uil'~ or ;LOur you OL-.u.. .:_' wear N1uUR

- ......

.' ' .-

. _ .....

.... ,,- __ .II.. . i!ot ........ be 11_ .. , .... .ft ..,·[t· to !Ii.-An 'I--

.ue ,mBa '1IIAa.... to SRI so I, 1Du.i., :: .... :, HUU J; .• ! .. : .' .. ....: ....

iI"iI... . . .& 1- .ilii,...·· ft'DIIIIi!ft;I'd'" ,. ttra' .... .......n 'm'~ ·A,I:'.IIP.A I'·,t· _,n~1 __ pe., .~. ,DUlce ~",_u.L e 8 .. ' ,. i~" ' .. v\Ul\i-'V-j, , ... , WIU

,.

,

I

,

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,

8en't '& Sharpened

:, No. 2/0'

Si Ivery Flattened

Fish Hook Then Ground

never dry by ItseH. It m~ be; ~ed. ~ an ~oven 8't 'between ZGO and 250 dep eea F;; for about. 15 minutes.,

However" baking I! creates a ,gas, so unless ~ed; It wiD bubble and, Ipread in~, a shapeless, hard; m~ .. To: properly confine it·during baking:, cut ,rtrip;1 ,~.1Jf aluminum foil one Inch, by' three,., ,Spl:ay one side: With

. , .' ,

Scotch Tape Ready To Roll

. . ~.,.. .. ". . - d from'·· .. " tbaq" .. -' ,,..;;..:1.

'Th' 'e' q'l'd.-'II.. 'I-i1·lUnn ...In." ~;.iOII' mao .. '. ' 'C08" , ' 'er"U'!!jiO

: ,,~ . .' ., _\;A-a.l~&& \ICU II-. lUI ; . : . '-,I _~ .~:__ .'. " .... .... . _ _ . -' .. _. ._ .

....... ,I--h· 1'· s-· 'L-""'l:Hi,e .. ·'r~ a.n:d p·rovides thear'I'ater surface area,

WI.II,l;· ... l~." .... ' ... I.·" . -- '.. .. eo-" ,,'

·to"':· bo-,"d" "'~e' IliVQ'~',tl-

I .... ,.1 .• '. '. ,I .~. ILII . ''W,s.J'' Cl&IIYV ~

To make darts from ,coatlta.D;derl snip sis and '. half"

~ ':''' '.< .' '''':.:'''' ·'_~',.·'·'Dr •.... '." -.:'-'- . '.,."" "f-'--

blch lengths from the ,straight areas~ You will let [our A_ ..... ,_ 'f'" ~" aae' 'h~ h;- 'an': .o'er" 'R" 'e'a" t "'L~ en',,' ..I .... ' and···,···· put:.,.. ·o··n .... _

llUa.l.-~ ·_,rom I~[ ':; : • :.: '. :D'" .' :..... IIll-llJ . -. 5!U11 ' .. _ '. ..~

3,3 THE~ ---:-: T·~;~A·P·-O-NE'.-··: E--:·R·-·

, . _ i~l~:, .. ·,.~'.,. "_",',

There' s 'nothing, lik e a case o,f reliable, dcvasta'ulll grenades to throw' at 'Qlar,lu,der,s". I fa,Yor the potato masher 'type over' the p:i'neappile 'mode't They' t,hro'w farther, at least for 'me ..

Black powder as a flller is :pret.ty' ,8.004 ,D'nd pis,t,ol pl,wd.[or is areat but expensive. Potassium chlorate is fan,tastic and has great. ,shattering' po'w'ei,~ 'It .. reaUy Hod,s the shrap[,ne:~ out at all a,w:,fu:~, speed, It. is '8180 relat~iv'ely' ,easy' to get~, .

Potassium chlorate' is unpreaj,cta'b·l.e' with fuses, :It wUI so off' spoo'tanieously when-mixed dry- with eerlain chemicals such as red ,ph.oopihor'Q'u8; sulphur, blac,'k antlmony sulphide. etc, But -for controlled situaticns, most prefer to, set . it off' with, blasting caps; since it also detonates b1y concession.

It "'O'b have access t,o, 'b'last~:ng' c'.'ps, yO'o Cllm also let dynami,t,e. Diynamite 'le'nds itse·lf weU, 'to potato mash,er grenades, So if. you can, Siet, , dynamit,e, yO'u ' re all set ~ J us t prU.t a stick c;J'f ~,y~,ami ~e in a. pipe push ,in a blul~:n.g cap '~lth a 1~llh, of'safety fuse

and )fo,o' re all set t, . ~, -

But if you don' t have blasting caps or dynamite you can make [do, quite \V'ell with potassium chlor-a'tie~, Y O'U j II st need sometb'ing ,g.D.3'r,antreed 'to se;t it. off', ~

To 'set o'ff the bullet ')"ou'11 need SO'IDie highw,B')" flare igniter,t '(See IGNITERS, P8\g,e 7 Mid 8 for fuses an d - the t1:- a:- re ieniter )-''-, S' ·~n· .I"i'A c a- rbon

t. , .: . ~ J"-. .-,IHl'... . ' .. ~_ ~ I D .. iiL' ". ',.'it. '_- III . ,,..,... . _. IU·.~. I_"_'

tetrach'~o:ride' is 'DOW almcst universally banned, YOiu:t'~l probably' have to break up the flare igniter and soak it i'n its own volume of water oV'erni:lh.t.

All you d,c is put [a, dioU,oP of flare i..g:niter mush, on

the e'odJ, of a ,22 L·R, Sltinge,r cartridge'. stick ,8 fuse to, i.t and. '~,et, it dry ~ (,I suppose a 'r,ecgular 22, LR would do, but, wb.y· not 1'0 all the wa'y? I'd. use a 44 MalDum, round 'because' I believe in overkill).

To, k:ee'p 'the bullet from breaking loose from the fuse, roll 'thie assembly in ,8 couple of' inches of duck tape. Then put the bullet and fuse in the pipe lIiearlyfilled with potassium chlorate and complete the fill-

ing. Then, put. the cap over the fuse, or put auto body' f'iller in around ,it. Then pur another dollop of flare' ign;iter ,0'0 the ,end 0'( the fuse so' it can be I-it by' seratching it. with the red phosphor ous coated end of the flare cap.

W'heo makin, ,an,y fuse ignited device, ,alw'ay's test. various ,~eQJth;s, of fuse: so you'll know how long ,[QU, h Y ·b· f· -- th t- h ~ - - - :ii d

nave erore tne 'i.~.[ InK expio .. es,

Aside from grenades, 'you might consider hand launched rockets. lJSi'R,g a Pocket Rocket slinashot boughs at any sporting or gun store you. can. send a

. 1~j)U .. E r

'i--, ,6 lN~- -;> ~

·COffK

". ,'(.K)F I#'f N,A(~·

.I ,,, I ,v ~ ,C "~A' 1 ItA N~ ~ U-/I~e

. ,tIT" 6 ',y' F,l t..t-'.R

POOR AAN't' S JA:MES BOND vor . 3

THE' C", 'loI.'i"I:'ioAP-' -'-0-'- NE"'i - E;~;R----:-~'

....: _". 1f1.,J:.t-._:_ '.__: '. r, 'I ." ._:..: ,_'1'_

rocket on the order of the incendiary on page 3:.1. of the P'MJBja couple of hundred feet with deadly accuracy ..

(Although the Pocket Rocket is far more powerfuJ than, a regular slingshot. it, bas one drawback, The nibs which connect the Ieather strap which holds the PR to the wrist are' not fixed, In use" the nibs tend to work off and the PR can fly back and clobber you in the mouth, 'Wor:k the nibs off, fill them 'with, epoxy' and put them back .... 'That 'N'a'y the

P'R will nev-er come apart) .. , '

The pipe of the explosive rocket wouJd, be Iron

f'r,o M , ilP.e '2 r'

fi 'Fe. by foot-sol a iers in n rrn or ~ Qr !by men on hersebaek .0.1" in ehariots or 'war. ['rhe tJol"ch borne by the 'fQot'-&o'~d'iel",. Of 'by t'h,e hors.e~oa.n,~ 'l"AI'i used .often for t he pe rpose of set th~1 6 ["e to the wooden wo'rks of the enemy, or t~) heaps of combnstibles p're,icl~~iy piled up before a." gate or otber poin't assn i ],ed . There ,QJ'e account 1$; n]:s,o" ;0 r bu' go. bod ies ,0 f me n bel ng th us a. rmed to 0llel",a"te against 8 hostile force lI::Jl ,anay upon the open nehL lint dli~ method or \\·ttrtare eould no t be e mployed '\lId rh ,fll.d V'fMlta,ge 'except when. there was a. strong wind blowing fr-o.;m_ the position of t:b,e. assailants toward that of the ,R,Bsa.Ued" In t his ease the) ,R~ vtu:te iiJi,g ,f:j ne w.o~tl d be. pre;C'[~d ed by a d,11) n,d, ,o.f ;_ro Qk,e;j' co.'naisdng 0'£ 'the. most poisonous ,i.'tnd !'iufthca-" sin g vapors, before whlc h no human b'~.j ug c~o-uJd stand,

Tb e l&ncJe;s. ~ls.e.d in Ulcse 'Crt fj;e,s we're; form ed ,"ith an. iron receptacle for' the fire 8,'t, ~hc end. ~r]d:5 recerptad e term'! Ii Rh~-d j n. po.'j n ts R,t the extre,m~ty; w. ~~ le h -formed, a ye ry ,effilci,en t '\;~ren-]H}. after ,the fire, was e.x,itnu,tsted, OF.'" e'u~:n perhaps w'hile 1t con Unu ~d, to burn ~ In t'he C'A-S@i ,of th'e ' h onema n th,e sh an k of the lance w as ~H:rppoir~ed by a, ring open at the' top" 'fixed Upi~)n 'the horse's head, ,R:n,d the 'horse as weU as dll'e man was eO'~'Efred ''Wi t'h 8 n, iron arm or; in orGel' to' p",'riee't th em from any s]Jar'tIB or H cc'k so', fil.am,e w hl,ch might be, dr-IvQtn. - a\gRifl~t ~he'm, 'by tbe rapidity or th e on w,ard m o:t"io:n, n.otwi t-hs,t:ftnd.i tng' d~e preCH mt i,mRS ~F.aJ;Ien in. rnspect ~o ,the d i ~ec~jon 0.'[' th e

- • d-- 'lilt

WID - '.

Of ,COU'[se co'm bnsd bles ca'~Tled :l n thIs W. \i

~,

could not be ;slI;dficl-etn. in qunn:dty to burn' fo'r n lo,ng d m,e.. It '\\' .n~~ 'n,eeessa,ry t ci cal c ul~te the ' 't'Qs,sible dUTa.tion of rll,e tire, tErry RC}t'U' 'ately, and to .act, afl.'er the :fii'(~~ w'ere, once li,g-.t:n:ed.; "pitb ~-re'at :pro-m )JI,n ess n ud d.ec is,] on. T'lu~; otl}eet ,of

t he en ern Y I i:t h; pi n i,n, ]]l case, of g,uch. on ,n,tt8.,'l~;k) wou~d be to gain tim'c Ly f:aUi,ng bal.ck; (},r by decei'v'ing th.e, aSg,Anants noS t.o the, ,d~&;tn~c:e., !:lQ n~s t.o a,I:].(Jl!w t be fi res t1i me ~O' 1.1 u:tit1 OUit" One' ;ClOin~ ~p'ic.uol1s examp'lc' is gil'CD in a. com,bat, 'b0twe~1l, t.he fO'l'ees, of th,(!: 'S-n.ltnn of }:gypt ,run,d, t.ho~e of

n :MQ.'n_glo~,hl.n Kh,o:r),t w hi e b tocik ,])lflee i n S,ria~ nrh,e'll B body ,of Egyp£inns" arIQe~d w',hh, ,~,a.n:o.e'S carryi ng G'reek fire, ;s~dd@ri'ly D.ppe~red issu.illl

-n·o'm t:h e ran kg,- ,a, n d ad va nc,ed nC'l"OsSr the intervening phdn toward the enemy.. But t.hey had tU some w a v Or oth.er 'so m I sco],e ml b.ted th e ,d.i8,~'

- ' -

tanee' 01' the d ur"atlon. of thei:r- fi'I,·'es,-tb,A.lt the

,c'om bn sd O'U ex hau s ted hse If before th-ey 1',eRc'hcd

\.. 1]; . ". Th P - d

tu e .' e l"S]lUl 11. nes. ", ~ ,:e r,S~8In~ ,co'm ina,n, __ e:r'

then 'orde.re:d a., countef'cha,rge upon them", ~r h e_y l'lj"e,l'e thro'\V'n 1 uto- con fu s i on." tutd, in fa,] ~,i" g bru: k to the. i r O'loYn 1 ine.'s c~ltri@:d e'Ofl fill'si on. w~t.h them, llnd their whole (Jurmy 1;r'ns p~wt, to ,night.

'f h e rna n"1B~{) U:S tflile s lvhlc b ha. 'f,e bean told i: n

plum'bins: pi,:pe' :rather .thaa aluminum, I nstead . [a,f' ligh,ting the fuse, you;'d 'WBQ,t j,t to' SOl, off [on impact, Fo rthis turn to p-aoe- IS of' the P M- 'I-J'B' 'USA a b , Uet

"_: ~- ,[ )Iii'-!, ~,:~Ii,; ". "~-c,' -~.- _," -'~.' .', ,',~ __ '" '. _' ~',':- Un: - "

but one 'with, ,I primer instead [of a, rimfire 22,. When y,ou have ~ aU the potassium cblorate in", put in the bullet and surround it with'auto b·ody' fiUer~

'U"N'['D L'- A- U--"N- -C--"HBD'--" 'R-- -O-"CV't:::"'r

,~[;. ,I ," ~.," r: , l_r:~·· ... _.1 :~ll ~~ ~_.,._ .. 1,1 ,,~: .. c.a

. II you;,d lik,e' to Jazz u,P' your rockets, 'wi.th fins, you can shoot them 'up and rain rockets a'midst groups, 0' marauders, ,Wit,h [a ,few of these", after some practice wit,h :dulQ,JDY rockets of the same' weighl" Y[QU can [e,li,minate~,any Q,um,bcr of marauders

too far a w,ay to throw at, I'! ,

·c'-~"'-e-'.-·'-

, _ 1

1 ,

, ,

, ~,"- "'~

a-"- MU' -rl:~:"sa- v'a- n- -

.! ~ i ' ~~;. c ~' ~ '_ .,..", • • • __ • '

F- -' - 1;,.. .. - h.-.- - 8-..;1-b h'e- _, -, .... ~I- -,-';..- -- - -1- =:c- il- '- ,'" llun.

_ or yea,rs ,y'S uwn accu~ ,,!y t" n-.s",fUQQ. lP- GOl~pt ~n" '[-,~' .'~ 18P8C1\I1'j , •••

yo- U"" boy' - g' "Iir'.li'ng-' ""'--m th.a. knl'UMi~""ge' ~, IA d' ~fnuth.I'r~-· .("~II~ ~I -' - '\/ I' - "'-n'~"'1.1N!!1iiA6

~llt_1I '._ ','.1' _ -=~_. U'tv .. , _" IV . _V'"'~[.·: .: IIU 1,'l'Q.:I,y", ~,~, I: ,,~ .. '1 .. 111'1_\ .. UI :_~.:_I., II,' ,. ,t ILIV I i' ut.·...,.,

8u~h ~nowl~g~ t~8rd youn~.rs bu,t: thll:~ ~.' ."act;ad,'I~_the machC? publffca~ns :mu ,ads are[ In. LliJckHy- moat of 'those YO' _'unAMins111.~ "l~,iM8Ing·-en-~-~ to reaJi .... th t

-, ;, . -' -, - , -, ' , _. ,. . '- ,IP'III - . ,... ." , '" , Cu ' - . •• - .• ,

d' •• ct_ly force~' a,xeept tin actual[ aelf-delen88't must be :backed up with the wl$dom ,of;

m~_~ ,

AfI'lr,',seIUng over 50~,OOO: copies or'T,HE: POQiA MAN'S JAMES :BOND1 ',hare ihas lnot been[ one lr_rt of any young.ter hU:rling himself or ,anyone 'lfH. You can: be,sur. thee, ;media woulld tove'to smear me with a ,stery oif ona[ '01' my young' rlaaderB, d .. roying [all !~lfe' IOrms in his neighborhood:. [(See -rylanallil)tatVi-J.J¥f',. page 85),~, Ewn se, it wouldn['! boIh,er me, un:~ess I 'liv[ed 'ilin thaI. ulnforlunat8 commtinifty ..

Actu8.III'y,p. T'HE P'O[O:R M,A,N"S.' JA,MES 'B01ND Is a:: reafl det,srr'lnt to crime. itt f[O:fces th e reader - to accept ireS1PClnsmb,illilty 'tor 4h,!i,S acnens to.W8,rd: others,.lf he U:S8Sr lt unwh;e.I'yand; is so stupld as to be cBught~ he can't [p'le/ad crime of: 'P'asSi'OIH1 insani[ty,p. or any other cop-out, The judge 'woulid say, ~~you o,rdlered :i:t, you used It.!, 'theref:o,re it

waeS ,p!remrsditated; so lI"m gloi,ng 'to ha,ye :rhe(m,'dI~e.d ,y,ou 'Off"~.. I ;

In'. Jafter rye f,.produced ,IJeIOW [~, IriDm:,GI18 who _,ra J,r"PQ ',- ~.~Dili,ty'~ ,Hi. 'ea[r' of:

,- _... -- ~-- ... "- - -- 'H- "- t "baJ-I'" ... d _ .. "!i.-". j_ .. - . ,_,,'u.' __ A.1 ~-'- C- ._., i ' M - - - - ,II!

li8uuom '-80uVtOUI. a IS S, "-nt, .. ,;,,,\~ as ··lSCn~ In ,mr 'QUi.u..n,iRU,t ' _lttJJ8,..it.zsn, :" enace'"

An,d [rather than tUr'1n hi'm 10088 on ,sq.cietYt r'W. 'made him t:ractab'e and daeUe'~ as all t;ribanis,t,s should! be.,

[AB in George Orwell's, [g'1184''''~ which I t~i~k ~8·IS, reId:., I~m h,is, 'CYBrien, g'Mi:ng hi[m "The [Book'" whiclh wUI stilmu lal[e h1is, tatent urges for 'ftrleadom~ In his m'indl, the purpose, ,is ,t:o seducI'.hiiml i'ntc, thoU~lh1Qrriim.,. ,Big, Brother is, no'w,aW[.fe of hirS uftOlIlhodDXY. The, Thou.g~nt, PO~iC8' will '8yen'lIJa~ly:·pick h[iml IUP, and ,in[ IRoom 10'1 of Ihl ,M,in·iltry ,of Love'l[ al:l; ~n'o[rtho.dlo,xy' 'w':ill be tortu[red Qut of hlim and h:8! wjlli "i.n811[y know .)Ihat,. for ilnief'otS"

Freedom is tl"1uly ,Sla,v[ary and' Iginor,fWce is, '!fUlly .Strength" , '

An obvious, leena,ge'f., nJfrMJctingi the 180:1( 0" int:ell_ual di8cjplline i,t takes to, com,,, mu;n'icat:e~ he, [c'an neither spell' nor arrange hilS ideaS ,in any loglical pattern", Read his len,ar out :toud' 101 yourself and sae if it doe/an' sound Uk., the 9 i'bba'Fi-ng ,of' a terrified! m[onke'y"

~D'-" e- sr- M' 'rr' S''- -ax" 0-' -n' ,

\ ,~, - I ;11.. ~,'. : _ . Jill :

~ t,~ In'k,'yDur -poor man':I,Jam.-., boRdl sucks,1 Ancl,aJtl 'lh8 i~'.lt of the !books ~hat you pu-b~ish., it", know' that y,o u ani a age!ncy of: the United ,Slat.es.. ~rts totalily rid'ic-ulous 'Ihe 'methods that you 'emple,V het8~ W,are' t'aught from very 'you'ng, about his,tory,., the govem ... mi8[n~:, constitutiion, 'rights 'th~s ,and thai. We le,arned illt ~I'I ,through [readingl Y'ou- read 'the. papers 8V[8iryda'y ;abOut crime. 'war, poa'atics,~ l'itg;hlf. ,So her. you go around 'wondel'" lng, about how' bad' thiings r'sally are -right So n:ow'you gat the blues and your 'wond.r~ ing' wh,at to[ do,~ 'You pick up' ,a, :magazine and read: your adV·8rtizament, send for and receive it 'H'ere you ir.ad all this nl.sty stun, 'Ihat waa;';Qf oourse' your Ide~1 and Ideata,,1 I wouldl ,have never gU.I.~ how' 1:0 m1ak,. this stuff ,If 'you ha,van" lumlis1hld the infor~, matign. It 888ms, t.otaJily c'.rtratad w,hat this ,country stands tori, II ,...,ns'you shoultd Iprac1iee' 'wns,! you preachl I f;8811 :_1 m!y [right to privacy .. IOh well Ii stick it il" you r ,com,;, puter., Y'OUf falss[ and m,i~sleadi-ng adrvertiZlment: seem. to, break, the law,. When you read

P~~ QOR~ MA-' N" S JA·"P!.~ S" 'B- 0 ND V' 1

·'.!I .. '-,'.',, " .,'_, '., . ...... -.' '-~'l"'ID '.' , '. ".!., O._ •

respeet to' the power of the G'veeik fire .. ~Q bU.fn

.:m; 'L • e: d '" . h

uiilu,er Wa._tfW ~,~2tV,e s certam :1i(NDU)':~R.UOR In f ne

't~·u~:t dMlt~ W It the tilDes w n en. dds n!g~i[U=y :'\', •. 8. employed in, Wflif,. the. method ,o.f using it was by . packing the rnaterlals in a spherleal receptacle, '~n. ~~u.'ch a m a n-ner t i:Ut.t· w hen thrown into t.be water the, tn ~&'5W Ie, cotdd go, clo"v'f~ to' a certai n dista nee: w:i.t.hoiU.t bei "-S' ,0 rnd re ly extlngnished, ~o t.o at on ri sing a.ga.,j n to the surface the :fIla rnes 'w'OtlJd. break out anew, ready to, SJe:t nr,e to nny eombusrible object th~t, t.hey might EHlt:'OlU1T;e:r~ 'The engrav j irnl:g on lHlge 4.0, COP] ed from, 'one of she ancient illustrntions, gi,,·'c,s. a. general :~dcft, ,of

this oper,p;dnn~ "j'be bi\U~ thrown fro'lll a heiglu i nto th e. wate ir' would -of (;(N~lrr,~le sl nk bel ow' tha surface, unti] brought ha.,ck ngai.n by their' LUOJr~ a-ncy; and th-ere li~o,~~ld be no great difficulty

~. b "1'1

111 so stormg so 'very COU1,'V .. rstible It material as.

that :~t should retain the fire during this brief

intel'" al, .

3

35

. 'T-.~ HE_-_·~. t ... f't"'LAPO"NE· .. ". E'R-'

i'Y,L. '~- : . ,_:, '" _ ',l,r ~ _

m\SfIUin~s, li~1 yo.~r8 .. Y;Duwonder wha:t the !helilla r8a~ly going on, You make m,att;ers, ~hat im,uch 'worst· E'veA, bringi au'l, ,the w'orst iln somebody. Why add fuef' 10 tiha flame. You', ,ma!k,e.m,atter& mu,ch warst.. 'Vou,' real cure starts ,alt the cOlmmun,i1.y ,n01lne mecUa, Now' ~I, don" kJnaw who to·billa¥a·or what to bEdtreve anymoRl.,· J 'wonder' someitj'mes, who"s,

. reatl'Y'<flunnlna !ibla ,cou!nt,ry~':8.f'i8V8' h~lf of what you ,sea and nothing thai you h,sar. 10 r read 'lor "'~ malter., I was· :caught iln one of 'your 8t'ing 'Dp8rat'ions,~ th'rough a 'magame' ,a(t Itali~ks., I''ve had no 'cdlm~cnall record and don:' sa,y to your self 'wen he jus,1 didn't $Jet ,caught,. But:lshit! You-aU ,pl,anted the Ideallr 'Go filla' the real clri!minalrs and g8,t out f!rom 'that: dl~k, and ,computer'., As for me Itm, goingl back 'to m'y ,normai litastyle ciliz,en. I, h,opa '0;""' day' when I get olds"r" 'Q'lUIlf gs'nera,tion 'wiU 'thli,nk more about the bible, and 'foUow lilts rules" M~or,e so then wha,t our 'goyernments ba,sedon .. -R,e"me'mbe.r"j' ~n God 'we 'Tr~st. H;a; Ha!t I !hope one day you aU wiilil re,aUze 'what"s 'Qoinlg en, OrwellUa,n hate

iW8 go! .

iRespectfuUy la,wrence ..... _._ Now' 'Ior my translation and~or comm,entary':

De,ar Mi". Sax,a,,': .

'. ··t t,h~~nk, your P'oor Marn!'s ,J:ames Blond suc,ks!' (Hie dis,approves ot the PMJB). And aU the rest 0'1 tn'e bocks yOUi pub-Illah., (IEiithe1F"we iost J'l,is ,or(le{ or he olrdered rrom someone e',5- e,

'M oreover, if a smsl 1 qua. uti t.y 'Of. 'w:a.te'f' were .

Injeet~!d i [Ito ft, 1 a,~ ~"re In ;Ull of a'Il:~.' c.o'm,busdb1e: SOri I, dCl1rl(lt know :1 f ~he ,evel!' :saw~ an y of m,v 0'( heir WQIr'ks)~ I k,n1ew t hat yo'u ,sire an a:9'9 nt of the

mat-e,II·,bt1 fuU,. on th·e~ the e'Xt:hl'S';"j:s:lii1,n'g J;ovrer' URiled S,ta,~eS.JH'e thin:ks ~·m, a'[F,ed!era~ 8<gent).. 1"":8 'l.Ot,8HY ·ddic.uIOu:s 'the, methods that you

o'f th'e' "~fat,et yt,Quld be o.vercome II'!, t'be .~.iUltUi- 8.'m'ploiY h'er'e~ '(TtNe, Ime!'t'~ods ·1 empl:oy to entrap h is kind are iin'ef'f,ec't ive).. W'ere taug ht. trom

ty and huen~i'ty. of .ehe hear, and, the sream sud- very youn'g about hi,:st,ory" the, g e v'sr,n 'm en t, constttutton r:ights, t hi,s and tnat, ,(We"r.

dcnly ereated would ac .. t, <with explosive force in taUlgh't,~ whi Ie young" h i:story, civics, our 'COtnstituUona,I, r:ig hIS., ete.), 'We learned

~,caU'@ri.nB· the burning marerials all around,

~I'us,t this we see on Q, small scale in ft, candle, iit !lUll through r.,.ding' fBy' emphas'iz'ing, read~·ng., he re'fiects the tr-ibali'i'sl's, attitude th,a,t

when min u te quantities of' wate f' j n the lV ic:k:; '. .,nYthiiing th,lt: can ,get 1 ntlC), pri,rirt: ls g'os,pe I and m U 51: be obey'e d).

insreRd of puttlli):g out the flnme; only p'~'odu£',e' V'DU 'r,ead t~he papers everyday ,about crtrne, war! po at-ires" if'ightl (He reads 'the news

,a. series of ~putte .. dng explosions. 1.~be exple- daibf and ~s influenced by t:he ,negallv'8 aspects o·f ~ife)~ So here you '9Q' around 'wondering,

~~atf.Dft~of the extinguishment of fire by water is abQf~·]t~'.OW :l;Iad t~;Lngs, real'l'y' af:8 d-ght~ So now' you got the b~Uie's (the [n'e'ws depresses

the cool~g effect of the \V'~tter i,tI!, :redtl,(dng' the h,tm .... IJ .. ;·';.a.·~ .. '.~d<'uour ~O.'" n.'_I .. d.,.~~ri~g ",hat. 'tQ do. You .piclk, up ,8 m,B'g,az:ine and read your adver-

'te'Qilper:~t~Ul'e of die. 'mn~e.,rialfi be~€.):w tite: h~lIf:1~,QI"" - ;A.

IUlob~t~ TIli ti e'ft'e~et is ,d'u,e; ,~,t :is.· 'r-u'e~ D:Ii~ ~Q' 't:~re . 'iiZeme,nt ~ "'end: ~flQr n~. 8rld! r.cii,8ve it ~ (,H,e re·,ed ,an adv8IrUse'mle'nt fo r the P MJ B~ ord:ered

. i:mfp~~ cO'QUng '])o\ver olF' t~~le Watf!'I"' a~s ·w.ate;~~" :bVl't, a'ltd ireeiev8~a i,t.)., ·Here·· you ~Iraad '[aU "hillS nasty :s1uff t that W'8S ,of course yC)illJr' [ldea,1 ,and

'~O dle cnonnou~, _funouu& ~)r beat absorhed by it Ide~st i WQu.I.f$ .have' neve" g~~.8ed: how ,to mak'e this.s,tuH iiI you have'nt furnj!sh the in. bel ng ,('on ~·em,·~ll?d . 'i:n to, 8te~m:Dl~' ~ i rttorhlation ;;~:·€H.: orders a, book otg dead'y f,orce and [bla,mes me, for .putUng, ideas and

'.. 0," C'l~e,; l,i itJ~'Ef qlli~n:l;ivy of '~ate"r' tDfO'fVP . :itt_llfof Yic.~~.: >~~_h8\t1i~r: j.n"~ii~:,"ijnd~~ '1, seems, totally' conlnated wh,at tn'irs country stands

l~pon, a Ilia i_B, l1~:t I:,ru~mcie.m:t, to R·b(~h·8ie.t from dlJe _ .. (Y~urr' :id_,e:,aem tbll!"'Iy"~"trary ',(J our natioAal ideids)~ U seems, you s'hould practice

fiFe" by its' eon,~.ir.5ion 'w'nro' 8team~, beat enoiig1'~ what you p"reaelt'-" (I do, but II don~t knOw if he means ,me or if the statem'ent is 'rhetodcs!) ..

to redu<:e tlhe tcmplera.t~lre 'fJf' the 'whole m't\ss O'f II ~.II; Ii ~OSit tn'v rig!n!: 'to p,riva,c:y., (Someone iknows he now' has, the' power of: [life and

lUJl'ntng ll·uuel'i~~8. l-e.'low the 'burning"'p-oint, it d'.8th o~e'r' .:othe'r$, so he winl be watlched' fro'm now' on). Oh weiU~ :sUck ,il,in your com .. ,

'\'\\' i n not! ex th~gu ~s'~~ ~ 1 ~e fl re~ .

The ])l·,oCe~s. of ,comhust.ion ,consi~ts.. ,esse'ntial... ,put,SIr" (~'f" ~ !had, ons, [rid kno'w' if he ordef,ed from m,e)~ 'Your fa,~s8 and mi's!I,sadlng,

ly,~ in onJm,no:ry {~,rt:se~ ),n fhe 'comhi,n.otion o-f tbe advetUze,m.nt- (The P[MJB is, exactlly as adv,en:ised. But to 'bawr:s'nfcet. a pr'8ctitione'f

comlu.unihl'e 'with ON~·gen 'by ,~ ~hemi,e~tl fj,Ctio'H Of dO:LI~I"'hink" the ,ad was indeed fBise, and m'lsll.ading~ To the tri!baUst., aU unorthodoxy'

int~ns,e enou.gh 1,0 d,evelop rght and helt. or -&eems to br'eak the law. Thle 8,d m,a,de hi:ml believe, 'Ii was e:ncouraging the, im,piemen-

course unle~s~ aIr .i;s ~lr,es,entj' Oil some of her 5U,=' I~I~',A of' n!i"~ 'fant,as,i,es, '0" illega,1 acts)~ 'W'ns'n ylQU re·sd m,ag1a2,ines ili!ke this you wond'sr

p(J,r.ter ,of C,Q![lub\l$.lion, t.his proc,es's can not- go~ wlt·, .. ·.··lha 'h.~ iiS r'ea~ly' 'g"oing. o'n. (W',- "hen he, not J, re'ads such magazine·1I' he reaiizes

(hI. Now the G're1eik fire; s,o far n,s is. n,ow .. '" .. ~. JI \'; ..

known, eon.t-Il,i'n,e-d withilTl hs~l( '1)0 8ttb9.t.~nce, I~tj*,tt_venly unorthodox beUef sys'l,eJlms and WOtnders iif thley are cQ,ntri'ved by' Big

that 'could furn'ish ,oxygen", b~d, was d,epe'ndellt 8:;, ~.' :er,:·tt;J" ~nll'~~1) :h,i,m).. 'You ,m,aike m,a1telr,s thlli! much worst.. (He wo'uld have gotten

ldto,g'ether '00. a sup'ply from wltho,'Ut. rt eould th.:-;· ':~ '.:~J!I·:-: ell.:' ig,k~en~ 'DU'~ i!n, Ume lif I or the pubnsh,ars 01 what8v'8lr m'agazllnl' he r.fers n;Ot; the-re:lore, continue t·o burn wh,en the a~h' was, to llachft It .t ... :hi~nj:" lY·nder the sC'ruliny of~ the, au1horlities.)~ .~even bring ,out the worst j,n 'ex,c~W~nd.ed~. ~ ,NO'I" c,o~ld i t p,oss..ib~.r wi.di;sta.nd 'tbe . ", sam~.y~~~,_a~tualli~:18 Ihe ~llgazilne .rous'ed njs IPrim'ltPie instlnct,s). Why add 'us'1 ,~~.ol.i,n~.:e,tfe,~:t o'f a,~y,,~~~g~ ,~,gan,t~t, 'fJ~f '~fD,t~~' ~Jt~~~,. "i .. ·'!l.:~~r .. ··!·ou :make man~~;~,JI!,uch wor's,t ,(Ind.iv~du~~ .preps,redness 'Q'~.ndi' the pbed d"lreet~y t~ the bU;rnlJtl,,~ ~~!I~.~ ", ' •... ' .... ; ·~.~_II_,~.1Llff~i.·Q!]I~':lI, '~he, .ayst.m· .m9r8 oppressive). .

. ~~e t'~aD~,:it_i?:n from ~t'.· ,ma~:", __ ,f~.tll~~.,. ~~ .. ··::~~·~: .. :.:'IjLllr>f8'1~·ijli_~',tBrt_; ~_I the Colft!.urn'Ry. not tjhe madi.,", (An:y remedial aclion ShDUld

~~ek fj,re to, th ~'t ,Of: gn ~po.~der' .. ~,n' w:ar~~ .. u; 'Ul be' at: t.he, 'tiJrREOUnUj' i.vel" by lCO.,,,, 11:88. Publis,hing unorthodox ideas:' IBncDuir:ages,

~~~O!~';~b:;a;~~ ;:d:~to:: :;;h:ut:: indlYidual,,~~;,~i~ •• ~,u.~e coll~iVe): Now I.don't know wh~.~~i8Ve

.-ental jjntrodLlotion ot lob'pet'r,e, AntonI' tbe.~om- ,or what to, ~.~, '. r-,.~:~~~~~m;lIf.'~' .p:~': .. 'h'lnk for hlm;seit ~,~. iUnlh'lnka,bll.~ The trl~[ll~s;t .• u~,t bu;stlb'~e s.ub.sw;'ne,es, whieh. lV'a f,i)und in som'e,. have an allthol.';~ ] ,tlJ)I'llrto .. ·IJIl_ •• JII·or' he '_Is _l1dDned)1I ,I wonder somet,~s:Who',s

mrateri(ir~s ~ ay ,~r'ea dy to. i n.c,w.e Rse Ine 'v'iol,e:n~'e reany rUinln ing 'hlB·~."~~O~I~rY'~ (Who 'rl, my master~)~' 'Bali'ave hatf 01' what yo ..... 'Sea~ land

0", "the. c~'m b~3t],?n E . ,Sal'tP.et,re., is, a '.Il,bs.,tane:,., ncnhi,ng that YOU' [It .. r~. [D, res,dl for that m,Bt1s'r. (W1.er· bli'nd,ers and ahlult out allHcom~

WhUlh UI fou'o-d :(d:ul,nd.atltl.y in a JlMIiU'.d statei:n mu' ,n'ic.at,;ions . 'las .. 1 '~I.l':·il~i~ftrl.hodo,x idea c··re,ep iln;)1 ~ . '.' ' . > .. ,~.y

'toe. C'OD A,trie:s where Greek '0 rc W'ft;1 m'OIt. 'used. . .. 'Ii' '. 'g'~ hi ~~. I!Ur~~~.~~;~,~~ . _ _ ~ _ ~~, ~ g . . '. t~" _ . Ibra nh .. '. _ _ _ '- ,., . ~.. JII" ; - ~Ii' < :t: (A

~h:e ~,t)d'e 0" i.ti ?'pera.don, in c'lla:oli'DI e,o'mbu~ ,- .. 1 ~as C~U',i '. .,n· O\~~~. ':' '·_~~:~.,&;dn: ,I .opera ~~ns~ ;.~ ."._'.-~~~, -~ '. ~-~~~:1~~8 .u:~,.,_;:~~;:,J~~J{f-"~~'~ ~,,'

'U.6n 'In'to .xplo$~on w.as, 'not, 'p~ob.'b'I.1 ,I' i.n,t ,Sling operatl,on r8C:Julres a W:tUIIR9:, ~.upa set up by '0".8:W/.O ,·.~lp~ b]~m,.:car'~'~'llt,:,~~n ~Ifil'

~ompr,e'hend,e~d~ as 'Ehe sc:ieo,e,e: Or' ,e:bemi.try W';88 legal act observed, by the a,ut;ho:rn.es., or a croo!k '.,tlo ',"·8In8,: Khru". G".,:",'i·I~:'./:~.!tDOI~

~.h~~~~, p r&e;:[c8\lly n'nknowR~ ~t i~ n·ow" :h,~we'v@1"', leaving hi m holding an em-prlY bag,. ,Since II: :h;a've no con,.neCt'ion w'lth mr~ld'a," ,s,lther'e,

'.,.,n~e~~, !n~t the ~elult :is due to t:be' N, 't... can be no Sling invotv'ed)" Iva had no criminal; [record and donI S8,V ta·:"alJlt;'.II·,~wel~

~" ~,e ,I _ }l r~.llh'i~1 a sup'ply of ,oxyren. 't,o t'h:B ,h.' J"UI1, dldn' nat. caun~nt (:'Hie". rea'lly a g' . oed bou) .. BullshiU (W' ".!tl. ma,...ha nOt: 'that "oDd)' '"

combustlble... and th'QI m.akin I' ,18m ~ -- d '.' d " _ trW". ~'. . - . _ _. ," .. - _- . . . .., - - - .11..., _ . - ,: .... ' '.

,ent of',tbu air iD~ ~peet to' d~ej; bu::i'n:Oll,j; You aU planted the id~·aU ('_~ut 'what ground Wlas, i.t plant,ad, in'?). Go !~nd 't,hfe r~'1 crim'inajs,

61,rnl's8es the, 80:,,1.7,; '~ in Iu,cb &. way" '1,0 e,T- an.~ gel: out from behl,nd tha,t desk aJnd cOJmpul-er. (_H'e' ireally bet.eves, ~!m TH:E :MA,N)~

er:, p,artid;,e: or the ,oomh'WI;tUlte;, hy ..... ·of t'h'I As 'for me f'm gotng ba·ck to my norm,al lil,as,lyle ,cit-i"zen. II hOipe one, day 'wlhen II giet

:108 'comminntio,D And inti,l[uI.te cQm:m,ixt:ure of 'thil ma.terhdB." II itO .preslftt 'to, 'e''f'!lu'y portion of Ihe, ,com bU9tlhle p. Ilo,rtlQ'1l or ,o'x,ygen, clole ,Q,t . hamid, and duu; in,creues e1hol.m,'tuisl.y dw,e rapidl,-

~ •.. -..I , .. ~ ·Ii H.iIII;'· 'f' ;t'La .~ ~"'~"'n

h.,.' .l1u V·IOlielln: .. ·' 0, ;L'IiI:~ ,l\(hl·i)~!i .. ,

. There II anoi:blf impO,rEftDt ddDg 110 'be tU)lme in :rn,h~d; w h ~c'h il.i' tha!: a milxuli.rre ,of t"Om;'bus,li,bl'eJs, with Iuhp.e£l'iej! b,y COB" tain'tug within :~tf,je·lf the Illp;I, of

O~ 'w."YiZi!'\lIIo'n·· n~~'iAA,iI!li!I!lil!!iii,'I!'~V t'ir.!r '."1".... 1'Io .... ·m·- .I~'.'.e

d,";i~~" '~~1'!i;~",]_ft,~' '~l. It IIII~ l~U ~ __ lU1Mfrj:llJ

UOIn:J ~lnd. Uil oS "!l,II.·1i i"1 'U~e, P1"DCeSS in.depe:nd,eJl't 0':(' tbe e'Uel'[u\.I! -iff. ,01:-

ill fb" '1·,11.. .

,1"::~',S (),'.' l'~,e 'l~cl'usanl ;0 ,. bOle. m:Q::tltn:.ili'll~,

in strong Bud tj,gh't reeeptaeles, SQ that t'h,e g'Ase,S produced by the combus Lion mav Le cOI1I'fi,ned and. ,I!j,-:

- .... . - - of. '.,,- ,,,. "",0

made to exert their \:'.S't expansive fQ'rc'e-cnor:m,ou~l'L' increased 'bY' I·he,

t;' IJ'

grea.t heat dc,·,cloped - uf\0fi. tlte

]1' "h Ie wl . h

wa ,1S, (h 't'.:. e reeeptae .e ',,~,i'. uc ,'. 00'1':'.=

fiin1.i!1l','" 't·fI"em·· "

~ ~!fo'l!r. ~ JI _ _ __ ._

The, mode in which :~a'ltpetf@ tbu~ ope'~'nted in ,!~l.'l()'mQ~in,g' r,aI~)idhy o,rcombustlen was uct l)rotu:lL~,Y' ftC, all

d d Jn rl ~] '1-'

un erst 00::_ :1 n '~_ lOS e (;,~ \,·S.. . . t, ";-,IIS.

~.

'Obs.et"l'ed.. hOf\~·e,"e.r ~ Inr ml,n', per-

r r ~ ~

.111 • AI "d· •

.sons ,(1.11 u m ina fi) Y 't!~ h]~ re lit eO~~T:litn;c!,

. . ]. I .1'

8:5 ill\. matter (d j·,:.[c.t ~ I :i IU t ~ ~ au J;TDI:i" =

Hue of s.~,h m-ette '\'~d'd~ 'r'b~]~' other

h . .. ~ ]~ ~

pyl'ote{~ me mn~cnO~,:i :g.·ea.~. y m-

creased the effect, un til fi .. na 1 h;' a II

.r r.

explosire power was d,e,;elol~ed ~'llfli;,~

•. .I': iii ••. f" ')

~'u~nt 'wor t ~U~ IWfiJIC('hO 11 e: nll,I,Stoi! ,es

r~:o.m ehe mon~:hs of ~'l".!e.u u~L'C;tt" nml ~ hen aft Ulery. belftO, to m Pl:~etu' en t J~e fi,eld of battle,

'f,bui the art o.f pro,~lu.ciflg gnn .... iiO,wd er for th e. IH~ r.:POS@'.H ,of war :se.e'm.~ to ba,ve been R .11:"C",,:·t~h rBther t ba n

" ,. d sn i . t II

.&.8. nl'f(MlUO~; .GIl ~!O n '~S no,I a.' 1.,,:'_

lu.'r,pri:si t~1 'il at, lhe ori ght of it hu,s, been au',ll>-

d d ,. ~. Cd • Ii'

Ole" _ 'to ITU'l'Qy . '" dlc;r,e.n it m,en. (.,.;: RU,U~y !Iii liiC,J"'en.t

n,luioTLS)o I:t ~I as 'mmpo!i=~lb~e"i ,fUl R tHf!t.in,guis~ed, FrenlCb wrb,e,r Ila! ,$Hid~, to Al'UHVe,r the qnutioD ,\,/ho iuv\enu~:d gunpof~'(le1" ,as.· to s:ay w'ho lIl\,"e,mlt ..

cd the boat.

7 . '. 2

3

.. :.,

T· HE' .--:' ":"''''''A' p- O··I\JE··' -~'E""""RI' .

J .. : r _ < Ln~,.<·· ...: .I:: .. !, ;·

. -' ".

ialdef. 'Our' ,generation will th~nlk Imo,,, ,about. the bible and fOllow ita ~rul .. ,r. (He" going to can,form1 and! ,get r1lg',ht '.jilh his mather's ,god~i~ More 'so than what our g~rnmentl basedl en, IIFtc.member','" lIn iGo.d~ We T1rUI:!... !H;,B, H,.I* 1(:H\8 ,doesn': baUave iour governmanl 'tNata, it" hts imoth8rs· god. any" more than he did whi.n hI' orderact tbe ~MJlB)~

~hopa one day you alll'wiU .aarze wh·afs gOing onl~ .Orwelli;an·1! ,here we go I' (He' ,beI.l • '0rw8I1~1 1e84'is n"r~ If you.'v8 read '~1,984!' 'yOu'111 if,ealiz. 'that the tim;kI., wilhy« ..... ,' tribal';st Lawrence; Iypi".s, was thei maJns1'a'y of Big Brothers 'N'GSOC)~ Aes~p.cdiuUYt Lawrance· .. - (IHe realty' U,h;kl 1m TH:E MAN

La,wrence'''s, tr8u'ma~ic r.~ctia_H'. t,o,"he., PMJ~B rem:i:nds me of ani incident of mly '1boyIlood,~ I was w,atki'ng aiong:'llhe Id<irt 'r:aad.·,near m:y.' neme Qul:sid.' E~mhurs1:, 1llltnDi8~ With, me wall my dag1i Dlum;bo,~ As we' passed CI,yde Webster's home. ~hil ~ittJIa dog,. Rag' ,came OUlt of hilS hause B,nd comm,lnced Daliltj1ng '~u':iOUI~'Y ,8,t Dumbo .. DU'm'Do ·took no lnoIica,. Ill, ,Rags was a chliined dog; and" therefore!, bln8,ath contemlPt

S'·'a···'R·,"'iln,'g.·, .on h',i,D 'hl:I~ln'd:i 1~8, a·r··a· '~In-i·'ng~·:·; a .• ,,,~, c··~\a··.I'I:n··,·~ R':ag' ·· .. I~, g: re: :W·· bo~::I·d.·"··a·· r·: l"ln' ·h···~I··· ·I··n·ali .. ~~, .

.. '10 .. ~II_ '.. ... IJ!iiII! .. '. l!!!I!-., lI!ii!I!il .... "C., .:1, ~II':~ 1"1._ .. , . '.~ . .... .. _ _ .. ' I.. .. ·.UlI.W"

Dumbo plodded on, S1ar~:ng strai'ght ahe,ad,. II:nfuriated at: the largeir dogi.; ,refusalla do battle Rags ,Itra;iined harder a.nd 11"'8 ttl.in broke., IFlr;8edo.ml .Now he wouldl 'thr,aah hila haughty f08~

,But freedom was a ·he,B¥ier ,chain for Rags,,, IFraedom 'bri:ng8 ir •• po,nsibUilias ,kftOWln evenl to dogs .. , Freedom m'I81Rt h., 'WGulld !ha,v. to'~ck ,up his C on¥ictliona wlthl " .... }h~ SOt ajimost as it ~h8' 'were playing '. IroI8." Aags lac:lual'fy' :put his linl": 'lei I between hil legl and ·Blun,k, :ilnto h~\s bouse" •. hoping a.gaj~ns1· hope \thaf'. Dum/bo,lw'ouldn'," n011ae hi

was fr.eJ'~ . .

La· tii.U .... ·nc· ·a··· "'.'5' '-r',,aa H'· ·e··· s·· ··j;·I·1 h·· D_ 1'''''- ·~k B'·II,r. il.·~!t·· a'·: 'n:~runnla 1·"8' I~e' n'-::-'~I·"';_.··' ft.': Iio..,ES· " ,,"1" ··•··· ...... m .. ,

_ rRfJjV., ',,: .,1 .. _.V'iJ'il _ .,",1 '~!'II 1", JIi!ta I~L: .!l1 , ",1Ull lit. ~ ,J I'~' .!.~ .. - !.ftl [IUI .. W .. wi [~"f I ~ 11

".. ,going! 1\0 get. tight witlh Gad ,and Ity'-to h:idl the 'act thai he eVa, :str.:"ad at hil ,chain.

Bu·' in his miind~ Bi'g, :Brother ~s .Itc,hi'ng him and he, willl'ove Big .lOth.r for the

,. h· ',-,

"881 ,0,. ',.~8 Itfe~ - ' .

"'_!!i!I!Iiii!i __ ~_

- . ~

,It'. Im.re,I,· .dva'ncN mumrb~·=·ty-.,~:,~·,g",. 'but: 'lh:';N.1' ••

a pradic'all' :sidl8 to this f~a:lCinQtiing pailime

CDu, 'F":" C'I'" N:'~ 'E:-:~' is:~ 'S·>···

....-.,,;;;;;J7 ,-'.. . ... lit,' ..... ~.'.

olrft,)'OOa LW,E - :DEC~. d,

.1

'OO:KtNQ back at the gla'm,o~oiul :, ..... t of p'ionefU· da:y,s, the b:un:tiD.;l· kD~fe' , ....... "'d-~~Ii' ·.·····r't··: '~'D·· b~':, ····Id:· 're-' ,·'iI'.f· A:' 'lo~J'ft,,, 8't··,·: ..

,Swa.D ,S OU. :Ii. .~O.. .. ... I~ ... ' .. '·J!~a,ft WI,

_.tbe ri:fte and th,!' ax,' this we.po,D of Gar' forefather,. 'pl •. J,ed. a :molt il1l",rtut part in, ·tb·· 'e, ,q,a .J;'y. h' .' .1-' ·I;i;'_:r·y·· of' A:m-",- .·e~··ric't:I(

'.' , - -,' ~~~~ - ", .: I •• """ ~ . -'.' '.. '_ _ _. . • A.!-

T~irty y.ears &.0 I 'became iat,era1te.d .'bI,

the,se' ,kn:iv~I-I 'wanted t:O kaow bow' t~ • .t.~on'tiersmen thr~w them,. But "areh U, I did., I could fl.od 'DO p'ublished w,ork .. oD the su bjeict:: a.D.d. I dlDn~t belleVie. tha't. any ,aiD today'~ :I. had to [ea'm my kutfe throwiDl by e'xpe,rimeDt~

K.D.ife· t~hrow'tng ll. a fascinating putime"F Your' arm swiue. b.ack~ steel lu_o thflOU.gb the air~8.Dd .Rp! the bla.de C(uiven: in. the tar"Bet.. Properly th~·WD; the 'knlte

Top Q;f ~[h,iiiIi, .~ , ... :w ~ t ~'h' ~:.' :A r'm ~... a 11 ,I\~r'

_ . . _ T ~II;II po _ e~1IJ .J"O'W~ "_ _. _I ~~ ~ _~n •

• ,ay bil[ct 'i n :po~ itiC)[n ,t,o h iJ rl Ilh,., '~:n;fe' ,forward onld: Q've:rho~d' 'ini Q, m'i'g'hif, "'!fiIlng

, .',

F; n,ish c'f th" po'w.r +hto'.',., Ai!" rn f'u:l.1 y e(J!:*"fi'i,d~:d!, [cu:.d

po,;'nt.,d (1'1 th;Jqg,'ot'" 11,11'0',,' h; i .. oO!+h ,glAd 'i'hylhndc, ."h : .•. ~ ;.~. :. ~ ~ :: ~: -:

~~ .., t.tt :.: i ",:t"@.~rt

~ .' . . "-: ... . . : ~

.. _..: .:-.":: ; :-".... .. ~ . -: ")~ .... -:-~..,. ......... ""'"

.: ."? -.: ... :-oi-.hJ. ~.:- ~..: ")"";1:::'. ,'~r~~~

~mlffi@'w!~" .: ;.;_~~:::: .~ »,' ': ........ ..:

~~ ; ~":=-"~. "'1'"-= -:- ..

::;'"~w-.,~A

.~. "R ~""'" N' .. S--· J' A' '~S

PO' ,0, '.-.' ",.'__', .', .: ~~r~!, .

• ~ ~. " • - ,,[ J ' I .~." " '. . . --' •

hits ba,rd~ and biite,s deep, in businesslike ,f',asn;i;o,n,~ Maki:nl" th.e pom t s;tick nearly e\·ery ttme, and at various distan,c,es" requires a lot of peactiee; but pract.icillg---on 't'~h' - . ~", t·· ~r,li!'.ii'lJ in c,a;m'p. or at, b.ome~i8 run ~

.. -,1: . ~ ,1.'1'" .. "" . 'I "._. .. ~ --" "

There I'S a p:r"aeti,cal :side 'to. this exciling cliv'ersio,Dt too. Porcupines, and (litber small game b.av'e been i,D'l'paled on tbe tbrown ltl'UD ttng kni,v,es of hungry ~ lost eampe rs .. ,And, .lkUl w'it'h 1\, heavy' knife bas, dorubUesa .'v,ed tn:o'r~ than O'De sold;ier~l, lif'e.. 8'~l11al

Corps movies from, t'tle So'loiMons :show our :m,arj:n.,~s 'th,fo,wml kn'ives on captured illandst &'Dd reee,t news :phob'grap'bs BIl[ow OUfF Raid ... er' and Ranger tr,ainees practicing the art l'n group.,.,

W~hen practiced as a baek,y.ard

pasti.'me_, kn:it'e throwing' is me~1l1y

advallced mum,ble'tYEpeg'" easily le'a~D,ed h'" .n:yone~~ Any lfgb.t ... handled 'knife-a Jdtehea kn~:f,e" "or e'xamp':le~can be used. and a b,e~vy ,~a;f\dboard. carton will serve admi ... rably a.s ,a target..

Stand ,about. thl'"fJ!e f'eet from the targe~ rtg:ht :f()Oit rorward, H:old the knife 'by t'tle'

b'iia·d·e·· - nain··' between, thu~'m'b and, f'oreft'llge't'

_ .II c 'I' r ~ __ , - ~!Ij,., - . "" .. " ~ .. , III

fist oatura'~I:y c~lo&ed 'I and flip ~l o'V'e'rband. from AUI" 'tbe ear ~ ,st:r,a~l:ht at 'tbe Utfs,ect,., IF tht:, k:rd fe don not, land poi (l;t 'f"ifs;t it move a st,ep 'back,wa;rd" and, 'tbr~)'w again., YO''lI, Br'e tryi:RB, to fhut Ute dislanocl' ,at wtdc:b tile' k,ni'fe' wUlll1sk,e a, hal,' UJ rn in the' air and stti k'e po,i ft' on. When,

3

you haye' :rou;Rd iii! pr[adiee I; URi form, dclh/'cry untU 'you can ma],e yOUf' 'kfli;r.' sUck every time ~

.-., . =- .

hlr I[Q(~I pow~.t ~ tih NWI ~ fh., .~ij,~ ~i~ir:i~.~.d t and .In .... ' .d.nd.d Qlo!.R~ .. :lla.r ,01 blod,e

- ~I:' • .: • "'I.

y y .~. " .' i»: -. ~.' ~.r~' ..

-=-.. .... -=-_:h I «- .

, • 9" '. • ~ /iw', K" .. 'x 1 ~ . ~ ~

. ~ .... ....... .. "-: .. :::. ,', x

'. . ~ :-' ~~~ '-:..:

,',' .. »«« -:-.-::..: .

It ~ . .d. '. .., f th· th L .... 1i. ~'.J

"c'.'UQilp.r "(U·UI" ~on ... ''t":.I~1 ' .. ".W' irl'ii:iI'l~n.'· hll!a.,.,

.In[.'f' •• ',ntl,d, ,.Ionl ,,:h. ~n~I.[il, 10'.' .d,_

F ,,'Iii .... ~ 1""'!I1 - AI'" iii'" ·tj"" " ~"-.~ - ",_0. 'S ~ .11;t,,", :"iU.: "Ier wll"aACH anOilO-lllia II"I''P 1 s

:Iinore c'ffiedi,ve,. 'Thc' bl.cle is asain. h~td by

. t.'Inul1 b and CbrC'f'bll[H,t: 00)', ,tliJ;is' 'ti~e tlit, .thum b 'is p,tloded aioq nIle 'nat of. U1JG' 'bla,de',. and the k,ni fe is r[ciea.Hd 'wi:th dte t~tlmJb' 'pc)int. direct-

lY, a't,.d\~e~~., Tilts grip Sives i s~ower half uU'n to' t,he knde,. .

T'Oi th:r,Qw 'from, a dilSlance ,or about to, feet. t h,old the' k'Di:rl' 'Rat in 'YCUJr palm t W it:b 't)i,e; ~b'lade pointed t,owud 'your' e'lbow, &ad your Hiller qa!l'Dst . the hu,dll~ Throw 'II, ov,rtiband" [.od l[e"t i~, sUde out" 'uru:ne fir,st" w),fti your e,ucllded ha:d 1II'U'i,. -~ .--, ,~: ~-,~ ~.Je· ]--; ,at lbe t.e· r,~,et.,

" .. J'I ... _In,,,~ sqlL" !'J""" .. _ .. __ 'I"

.j I

~.::." ~~. '.- ' . ..' ; ,., .

'; ... ~~.~'» :', .'. I~'~,

'For distanoes 0 f from twelve to 'fifteen ~ee~ ... take the 'h,.odle of dlU' k'O'ife :in ycut 'f:ist,; exuHld "Dtl'f I,bumb't and ~el ny, wit'o lb,.:' sanle shOJt. I' overhand, ni" 'tbat you lised f;Of' the 'blade hoLds,., At, .-boul Ults cUtta'llc,:t, ,and 'wi'cn t.his throw~, t,he kni fe :!1hakes a co~ptet¢ [u:r:w: i;n, t,tle ,air ..

These 'our 'lbrow;s ar:e: basic ~ Practj,cc' them until. ytou hayC' dcv\CJ'~o,ped ,I ,.ooth,t rh.yt'h,_ Ie teehniq'liJrt' for 'each ~ h i5 useless, 'to ,aUtmpl: liOllS

T:HE 'WEAl?ONEE:R

throw:s andl the . :pr,opeT' fo:rm, has, been .asferC'd~ a,Rd you can make the k,rdfie ~a,nd poilu 'f·t:rst at. di~lanc)es UPi to n fte,en. fee~. When Yll)1iii can do 'that ,,0:1, will find that !by doubli,DI,

(he ranI}':' of ~he hand Ie-hold, dl ro'w',., l'nd treitd· i:q the JUlIe of the tbret otber' tnrow,s,t 'your knl,fe wUI [IBlbt I,and pOI,nl: 'fir,sL

W,hillc' . li1'ea t, :s;kiU can 'be dev[!10,ptd thro'Ulh

. 'Ii;~ 'II... ·f' ~:h .'~;' . ~. .t'irii i

pl'8j~:.Qe!! [.tN, e i'; :rowilng irS noll. 8'n Cll~;L, science i,

N"~'Wi(f pir,soll' I,hrow 'pr«isely tbe ,SURe;, and :-oidH' iblt~ kni,fe' s:om,eru.ui,ts 'in d~'! ,il,.- a ~i,n~

s''''''"'J'>'" '_,'. ", ._ .. .. , .c.". . ... "" '" V1!Ii('.

~P1 u.~: :fiild. his [p!,r'oper ruges :by 'Iri.~' ,and ;fl·,

r'af~' '~FrOi£:m:· -is1.· :tbe' :stcrec, 0'" :sueeeSi 'wi~h :knli[~e'

I. ••• I

_". ,

t~8i'w~i ... ~ ",ou can usc 'yan~UI d .. rows, :for dri,f~

'rore~u .ais,!'a"ca~ bu,t the' t'Kkn'iqul' .r '., liven, o,",w. ,m.us;t 'Rever 'v',a" ~

:8 .' ~

,M31"- 'lllltte'res;t bil kUll'e tttl8wlal '91,&8

stlmu'~a,t." seme ti:.u, 'iiaelf':fb" [. Kttt lof a pair of 'beautifully "balanc:ed ei'reuB knl,'ves :t'rom :Eu,gene Stebb'iD,gs '6t Free.pert, Itt Eugene ~ 'bette'r known as 'cau,·,

t - .~ _. ~ n ..... _ ~ _ ...... ..Ile b............ A.ftd' ·ol'l~ftPed· -. ~

_ eaJli,1 ~'&.!I.elii iii, ,UU . .,,"":I,"U "011.1,:, .Il.,~ I ¥'!!!"'!!' .. '~ a

ebue'k' wagon berore he CQuld 'r&'I8e' a

'hair 'O'D tds, upper Up;. and!" he' is ,DiD slo'Uch wi tb, g.un Vir" 'kDifth A't abort, range, wi'th six .elf 'bis k;niv,es in 'till Jeft ha,.n(l' . q:r 1n a ld" q"Ul,v[er'~ :he CUI .'Ic'k, ~b,m aU, 'm .... i'~~iDeb ci'rc'le" ,one: by oue, :U eully and 8ea'r1', a'B, f,ast .. he, can [~!Ib,OQ,t, in to 't:be sam,e c:l'rc;le, wIth, b~ • re:'v,olver~ TYiel'y,e: years ,ago; he W,g de .. ,SigD:iD,g lUl,d, makiD. bi:ves for ;r.ez W,ar'l of' tbe Ringling :Bro'tbe:r[B ,circusl The knives he gave me were a fOOit 'long't and, weigh,ed, Dine OU'DOel'o' Forg,ed f'r.om OD'e 'J;dee.e ,of !q)eclal stee'l, they

were Ita t a;nd 'thi'o, 'but, per.;fectl:y' tempe:red to 'withstand. ttle :abuse" 0'1 br:uu t'hrowlng .. , Tbe bandle;s were stra'i'r'h't~ t'h,e edges of the btades du.lled tD penni,t, 'tbe: blad,! ,gras,p'.

'Th,e C'oiuteau GenE! k:n:i'v'B'S ,are ,ftn[e' ,for aec'ura1cy'. 'L'ikft :m.os,t, tb:ro:wi:nc kn'ivel~, 't.b,[e'y a:re 'balanc~d just cf'('jirwa:rd ot' t'b"e biEuldlet. . and thelr' symmel'ri,eal sllape' cont:ributes 'to a· unj,f'o'rrn. den.very,~

,M,is.ilea .of this: weight req,uln • 'wooden. ta;rgE!:'t, at lea"a,t 'tIt'ft": teeit 'squa,re,t and 'made ,0" bDa~ ai'D, I'o.ch or moOte tb.l,e'kll I made m,i'u' 1m feelt bi,gh.,

in. finl of "ou r I,.a .;1. thrOW"L Th. pin_ h,o:I,ClI on 'I'. 1;)1'liul. gf .0 ng'hf, .. halcUlcil III,iN

,four f.,t wide", aDd used ~ two-'~e'h, cr"re_ ',lsaka.. Bef'ore tbro"'itllj ~I 'aof:teD, tbe target with the bose and pleDt" of w,a.ter~ Also'J: whDe prac:tlel'D'g,t it Us a good Idea ,to hang a, bu'rla'p bag CODtabliDg excelsior',t ,gr.,aast or ,st'l",&W ,over

s ~ co n d\ th. pi n c,~ ho I,d w'i'th til, u'im:b ex't',e'n,d • .1 .. , Th i:1 9 ive!'i CI s 1'0 Wit r t,.Hl! Ii' i'urn to thie •. ni'f'e .

tbe target;· f'o':r some oif the' knives, are bound to land t),a,t" ,and such a, cusbio:o will prevent snapped 'blades and, spUt hand·les., Set;, the t·arget behind. t'b-e ga-· .t,.p or some other 'bl,I'b. bac:kstop,~ &0 as, to keep your :k:n.iveA, In your o'WU

ba·ckyIard, -and yourse:1f out g'f .• ' damace Butt. -, A bea,vy knife ~s ,s" ,form,dable

we .• pon, 'in ftlgh-t" so 'be· sure that t~e~' is :QO chance of :lts ·bit.tiDg some~e,. e·~eJ]. if i't I'lan!(tes off 'tbe tarcet.. ,A'D,d don't tb.row, everi'- at a Uvial' tre.e .. ,

J'ust betoire tbe' -in,exorable demaada: of tb.e war stopped the manufactnre lot 10 many 8])Orbam,e'n"B items.. a DeW' th'r o·w in." kD~ife, made b,y Vb~:,tor' For,I.·

01,. t:i"ln- "',n - p- B_ _ >D'P-;'- -p- ea ~d: I Q" n i, 'the m.arke,t

::.j~ ~" ~Ii ',[Q.~i ~ ,;.' _ ....... ~ .. J .' _', • J. r._"

The fou'r I O'WD are nine 'incbl8s IOD&' .. a.nd. w',eig'h 6·lh· ounces eacn, M.a.d.e in one piece:" ,like all good k.ni,'v,e's, tb.ey

1.. a 'v' , ..... 115.'kll-'\ ..... lIii"i;·a-,'r~'_'~w" 'kft;D,d,' 'ea and lon .•

.IIlJ.~ . ~ 1~lhl_~;",,[I!,-1I4r 1~lul l' & U' .' L.1{.1mi, . " ,II" .r~ . _. ' . - 1Mi;1!!I1

ap,ea:r-shaped blade,l~ T,ney are :ft.at An.d, duH ,edged., but balanced. well forward of the' bandle:~ For- pleasure tbt'Oiwia,I·ji.

PIi!!Ii 'r-ttc' ul .... r -1--, y' '. 'f:o;r'.' han d·'11'e-, ' h: olds - and f,ol"'

. ,~(", -,i ',.1 I.A,. ' __ . . .', _. .. [i. '_ -_._.' _. - -

rap,id-·fi:re: 'grouping" the se 'ku I ves are bard to be'at~

I have other Victor For,ge' kn:i'ves-hunting style; 'with a ra.zor,,,,sbarp edl'" .aDd a small. 'projection or ,etlard De.ar 'the baadle", Bu.t tbe 1balaru::el is the're. ,B.D.d except fior the blade 'bo'lds 'tbese

Thifd~ ·th,. pa.!lm grallf,). ":0," ,cl1is,t,eu'it·es of ahout, -I' 0 It, H .Ir\.'~ .·nlf., • .:I';a., out lh,aift,dll.· 'Irll

kD·,c·V'''- -- " '- "" .... 't--b' ' -" --- ,·t-1;·, 1:11,.;,_ ,.-

, ',;I. es: (~8n lu-e_~ ,:,rOWD. ex,&c' :-IJ.y . U,,~· my

tb'- r\lfi,w' "I:! 'ii'i; f7 m .... -0' -'del~I'Ii:!,

r_:: Y· .. · 'u'eJ ,_I . ,.,' ,') .Q~

38:"

Ii_ ".-.:

untn you ea n make ft s tick ev'el"Y ti:me., 'E'ventu,aUy yuu 'win be: able to mak.'e lyour k'n:i.f·e rervolve 0')'1 ~e , twice', or even 'tb.re.c' 'U mea, and ,s,tUl land. 'pedn t ft rs.t.-·with ,a. Ul,rUUng" ,dee'po;o'biUn,g thud,.,

F,oI' ,acc:ur'8.c.y in the, longer .P,O'WB'r throws, I' reverse the knife·, and extend my mdex finger' along the "0. t of tb,e' bla,de,. OJ:" a.]ong the ,eafe ed,ge:~ 'Tbis. I'i ves' the 'knif,e a slowe,r turn, a!l;d makes it easier' to stri'ke a d.istant ·ta,rs:et po,io't H.rst .. Using the. ,sh,ort, twely,e ... ounce En-, fle:!d bayo,nlet~ I ca n, d ri ve' i t9 @'ignt.-l.nc'h bhl,d,e deep Into a targe·t at thirty fe,et~ "which I eon sid,er' t,he maxi.m urn, dtstanee f'or peacttcal p~)we,r throwing.

Once you have learned to make y'OUf' k n i,t eland. potn t ft rst a t. va rio u.s d Is"¢a:n ces, you 'wiU 'be s:u.rp'ri:s:ed, at .how closely' you C,&:n g'a 'Uge tb:e -r'an,ge: with Y'our eye:~ You will wan;t te burl your kn i fe Into ev@·r.y sand pile" clay b9,nk~ dead tree, or' stump". r know' I do.. 'U.n,_ eonsetously, ylou'U pi:ck c .. ut some lIkel,ylooki:n.g tar.get, note. the dwlndU.n.1' dlsta nee, and let fly w'hen the r ange loo'ks rigbt. And n,e:a:rly' ev,ety' time it wUI. be+

FQurth~ th,. ha ndl. h 0,1, w;i~,h ·t~u,m b el,t·end.d .. th~s, t1hfOW is fo.r di~'~~ .~.f 12 '+10 t '5 ft"

',I ~ •

. . ,

-: • • I~ ~

in the ftst~ wi tb. I.e Jot.d,e inel In ed for-

ward and the cuttini" edge 'up .. In 'this, p08ilt:iD n it ;is rea..d,)" f'o,r belly . .rl:Frpblg or stiickin;,g·'- ulI!'i',d',~i~'~ the:-. ·r,~''''iB. f",''I'')o:m'', 'he:1,"l'1Iw'_! ,t, 'h-,c LII

op,pon,e.'~,tf-;· 'para-., rt: ';'~~~ ;~;d:Yf'~';

thfJDwJn,g" An·d th:ls is, the y,et,Y hold .I use for sbort pow,e.r tb..rOWI" Wb.en tb.ro'wn wi:tJ1 .my r,i.g~~t ha:n.d~ ont o.f these k nl vas tnia.:kes, a' co'm ple-te tu.rn i,n the ai rand

, la:8lds point fI.rlt at about sevem:ee.:h fe'€rt.

T---~"~~Ii!fi ·wt,··, .. '~ 'm- : 'v' ja:~t-- . 'I-"t'- t"'---'-'r~-s- , ..... n"iI!!iA -: d iI!;I,1I. 'W '_':l~ '" _.It.:liIi ", ,;, ,~,!I:. '_if. . I, ,-:0 ',1,1" u",,~,,~ ,an __ '

ot- i:~k"D -8' t" a·II..,""·'u,'t' +;w".a·l"-!!,.i!Ii· 'f'-, -,--,"t-'

ig!,","~,_-.!Q! t, ' .'"""~ .. 1i. .. ',,",,1I'lEil .. e~I~ ..

..

'.. ~ - .

:=::,:::' ..

. ,,'~_'I"::-""

:_ ;o>,.~~~,'

.. "w!.~:""Y ... l ~ .'

. ' .

8y 'Uli'nll ~,t",,~ Ih~lftd'I., ~.'d~ '~;""I :ihim" ,.It~ n,d.d. thet.· 'kin;;,Y.s, '.e"" ,.hrow'A ,from· •• <I,;d4y' 'I '2 -ttl'

1',:- • I ". .1 - ,,:- '!'J.lJ' ."

, " . 1" .. ~w,. ')..

. .?< .: <:.' - :.; J ~" :'. ~., ..

-'

"

.. ,

. . ~

,.

'I:

'-I :~.::; .•. .\~~", .

. ~'

·.L

....

.• '

.. ~:.

39·

'T! 'IIbW: '~;Ij:]!"'[:'\A:" P:O·'~·~ -NE~~·" '~=E~··:-.~R~~ >,

~ n ,I:.i. _. .c:. '.' •. . '.' ~ ~

.. . .. . i" •••

By :I[urt .SaSOD

.; ~ ... ~ ,~lis about t~ besf~ef~~e. ~a~

I ve eeme across. An ex'Olp who sold me mine laid. he d

'been: s'e:arcbed ,a'n,d i,t bad. been passed' .ver'~

Tbere would: be: litae reaSOR : .• ' ',,"it 'being ·detected :in y'Ow hlp· pot$et. ~e only' way anyone would lmolW 'would

be· . l~'f y~AU' i s·p·:;,re· .. ·~ ad the .... _d a· ~'l!llnun' . d'.' o.n,d·:·j someone to:': ~l'd'" the'- .. ~

.,~ . u. . -._ .... _,.. . '~_ ,1 1'IUl,-.y ' .. .I. V. , .... Gi&1.· ~t' U\I'i'. WW ..... '.'[', . . .. ~

law you we·re· carrying .it.

If you should' adoPt 'the ·w·e.pon you Should niake sure it :proj,ects, .8 'ha1f' in:ch or' ,SO out 'of ·your'· :poc~et,. Othee-

.. :tri,os, I"rt -':'1111 C!!n'a' TO Q- ~n' ·I·~the~·,·, clti;'d:" ,liI1!iS-- .t'!"f··,· ;.nll~rI'I.,poc- ~~ .,"- !~~'k~_'~ and [be·,,~· ... ·iI'II,'""'d::

"'·~'t ..... ",W liiiNliI, 'b .. '. . .. ' .. 'iJlq' .. ~ ~ v,. VUOI. I ~<~_.~. 'U;I;I&..~ .. -, l.u;:q,_.

to withdra,w .. ,Snaggin ... ·is ·p1rCV8Iited. b~y measurioJg: the wan~~ a~.~~ ~!,iQlJ, the. .~k·~·t across ,sq' tbe w:aIlet won"t go out of stght~

. To use, wait, until sorDe ,dummY'dams'ods your' wall,et,

tben'~ tak' .... lt · .. · .. ·~-t·:·;~ft,d·'··· R'k_t' 'h~~'=- a'" l'i,A;-r..~af.- t'~'TWi,fte" '::1 ~ ~:.' .. "e· I .. , ·ou·: 1AI:1I!., ,$lJQ!Ui .,. ~ ·Uli:1I; : • .'a;. J.~"'·"",I',,"~·. ~

The gun ,sboW:D 'here :iI, ',8 Higb- Standard, ... 22: Icalibe'r' .magnWD Derrmger +. It boIda· t·WiG abuts and can be 'fired one ,after ·the other in 'r,apid .s'U~CCession,~

There are othe;r .. ,22 Derrin.gers .. on the market holdin:g regul 'la:'r'" iIM l o~'n'g:' r"='~'e" ~;L.e~·'I"i;;;. H" 'o':~:n"o':'~'m'i t ·S:·'t··~nD'·e-·'r-e. are i

~( ./ .... r •. '. if.~ :. ::' .. : .. ; U.I.,.: !:5[1. __ · .. J:3IiIi . . '.' . <._' • ,., p~>.~I._, 1 .' · .. !:IiI.illt).·· :'. g' t " _'.' '. '

.]Iust a bout. as e£'fectiv'e as the magnums and. those Derr-

mgers. ,are ,co:nsiderably' sm.Ue'r~ .'~ ...

The 'waHet. 'shawn' :here WI.' made by ~a. custom.l.eathe-r~ '[

"ker' If'" . . ,",1ft 'fa a f:"';IA'II'II...I m"" ~ !I;' .... ,a 'b' fUlOm"' eJl!!'C!Ii VDU t\a~n'- get tt"

wor_~,.:_.· ;o; • .'.~ you iIIJ,G:''':II!i!!' :~', ._~'.:I._"~_'.' " 'Wl~ ,~.,_;. .:~'.J ~ : ean ':" ~>.

don e:·: p·!:rof'essio·:.nalil~~' ~·""e.:~:ise ~ vou can Rick 'Up;" ,8 walll' ':

. .. =: ~'l... .. ' ... ·RI· ~l .1J'~1 ·~.t"""·' - .... _ 1· . .iJ' '--.~ . ,...... " ... '~. . ,. .. -

~ .... lt ~. ·t· ~ .,.' er .. "aft'·· ~.' . .'b-· \ :'" and:~"- ~.:: .. ··h :;:'1' " ,I; ~~Paalf; ... ,- '.

AI·· a! any .~. : .. ~ . 8. ~ op.·: i .. ·'~V It yUUlII. ~.' ~

Wh· --.: aD" ~ .y .• O:"U~'i!"bu~~' . -y.:' .. 1h~ ~·. __ .l:~I\"~~-~'I~·ti.'!~:':~, ;~~e~mii~~ ,~'i:,~,eS' 'Get a

.~ i' L,_' .. ..: _,~ .. " '.~:' Ii ,~, '" ~-==-!LJ'I u.; ·,~m-u 'W11I.'" ,~g .:. ... '. ',. . ~ ;

of' snaps :from the hardware ,ltore~:Md. p'at'one just. '.""._lI::!I._

till e' ~ barrel C!!iA I··~t· d· o'son,"t-J ..,;3,....::.a. a .. o· un' ~ ~ ,·d ;in.iCll"',d: ~e-' 1; .... ,na ~o·: 'r- ~~~. ~i=i i·WI

~,- ,~' !·:,~.,_l_ li~,', ~ u : ', __ ~ :._ I, W;-Uili' CU,l.t, ,. !..- ,lB~·. ';"'~ ~~.~ '.,~. '.

the top comer of. the wallet. ,s·hut to further hold th:e bar-

~I~ .

. Remove the .grips from. 'UJe pIstol.. Pundl holes, In the ~lle~ over the hales' Where the grips are serewed on, Then. j~t put~.·the pistol in"and' ICIVw"the"wa'U\et 'tightly t,o the·:handle~, The boldarfol' iestrll.·bulleu,:is· optianal.

With a. razor ~knif.t cut ;finler .boles ,on bath sld.es to

reach through. ·to the trigger'i' .

. . ' ..

'T I~ d' .. L.._ ~;''"'''-I' ~....... ',L. , ... ,n....... d ..

. '. 0 re :~;. "W&C pmw._:~ J,u4';' 'UiD~p 'we :WiiujL, ,an":. sWing

the· gun down

'1~~J:f: ~_y' '-o=-u'~;,~~' ~ro'·'-;~fi~t· . '4"=~A~~: 'y. ':·0.0 #i;an:.· .. -' b ·.u·~· v w'sllet '~rlts~ .~' .. ,Ion, Uor

. ~ . Wl'- .... II,W.I.UC'U., '-.' "" - ... 'ol . ~ N.. t W1 -

them t~ "0", f'~'I+t~: th ~e": P··I";sto· ~""14? VAur' .~- f' -l~e~~; 'b'l~ r-'m~'~ <g':': y.' :1"":U· I' an ~ ;'d''::': sell

. ~&"I '....:._... ", '". gl Jv .. ··· ,.&~ ·I~ ,',", .,.'. ,':U _' .. ,1.,_., :-':'.,

~''I'IMIIDj!ft· f;;o' ir-·) :.~~, e.·:·a~~~I""""'·

...... ~~ .. ;I,~ _ . ...,..,,.vu. ~ UI~

40".,

.. ....:.

--.' 'R' "lX)\ 'N- , 'S' . J'A" lii..~ S"" 'BO-""NI D' :, v~ . 'c' 1 3'- .

poa 1;,r~1·· .• ···.c·l~ID,.:,· :.···:0, I.' .....

TheV.rsafl.

H·y· ··p,·o······,d·· '·'e'·'lr-··:-I~:-'I·'C·~'

'. '. ..... "'.1 i_" .' '.

R .. '17,_-' Sa ' ·']y~w..~UD

I, .' , , . .... ..... ' t.·, ..... .,.... f;ilm···-··· s' of-··' .rIr.WYllfrs ,suppose' you V,C seen, ,:'." .. "'.' ~.!."

,shootbtg up with a, hypodenD:~c needle fit ...

ted t ,-.cU ~ dropper' lJ"I'II;.. • .

'.0 ,8 m~C1nel ':c'.····:·~-~·'''' rne unp·.··,r~

. ~ - ' ' ,~~- ~ . . .; _.-

&i,o'o was that· the n~e was, .precIOUS;

dh-'~··rd---·t . 'b' - F'-~'j . "tthe··,· 'h~~'

81"-_ .,~a !.' .. ;0 come "t e- org. l.' j': ""puYer-

.. s . AJ]"-' d - ,... "!nih '!i!ifia'-:U':;g '. DiG' .... -= ...... ·'11·.

nuc:~, . '. _.1 •. ope para'f.DJle'ili.U~ .I.~_. WIIiIIQ i:IiI;II,i&~W.y

ODd d-I ~ d m' '. al

, e" :r:Oi'rft:l1t'it'ir ,-. 'i!Jlft·· i', e'" g' .

_ _ '. ~~. D~' ~1u.l1, ,iIilUllL _ '_' .. ' .. ~ ~l

S·· '~m~'" ~ 1- L.n'lJ'A 'I!AV· 'e'~'~! pe- ~ _".n 80- :d ba .. · "v';e to,

' .. ~, ... ~,,, e- JJIII y IIW Iii:t¥ . 1,-[aI .. ' WI I . __ '," . , '_'

R'O' to the vet ,fr,eq'uenUy', I' 'Iook to '-., for Ute used hypod~ermics and :needles us-

ed ........ n m'" 'y~ :""~'~i-;iI!'Ii 'Is· ~·e-·· v~'e- '" han . , 'd-A til· : : 'An1II

~ and iii:,_ &Iuws."reaa, _i

'. . ... ' ;~·'.h . -~ - I Ath;ift,d I' ~L.~'d·:'~·"~II~I;I':: laway ~ll.Ul som:gw.~~,U5.' . lID.' ",!j~:< .'~J' ;

""'Q'iiP!II;tad- to' 'WJ'e' th- ~ f·o· .. iI_t' .. ' . 'ft-' '1' .

"_I .. ~~ .. ~_' :.-',' ~~. ,_ I .- ': ~ .. &a . _' ~ ~ [UI.;Jr.-:-" .. ~ :!, .:.:'_.:.

cbemi-e.1ls in .plants., _

] would take 'them home ad store tII,e

~ Ii 6,ft t' t ,-, f' •• ,1[1, _II .. 11h.'k; • .n I~es 1ft a 'i~S', .·'U,W .1·iBI, W, :~~.

-'--b- ~-l, ·_=t··:1re:m·.·· from, eto~m1'l!. 'im~

C&U;.U ~O w '_._ '_. _ .l~,I __ ._ - _ D~-. l~""

A wtdl.·;· .... · I beard of a Se'If~injitIJDg

.'. I~. '.' -~.:.' ::.~..-:,'-:_:.~-' ' .•. , .~'" '; ,~- ~ .-.' " ~~ "b.I.~. _. . .-~: ". ~ .'~ ',:" =

devl'ce for .1 .. bedca •.. lO werer:.': ... _OO

.' .. -,': ·-':' . ..,.L ".ft, ..... ·Ib""· ~.a'I· .-.,". I' M,I,i.W ;squeemUPI, 'W ._u· .' '.~ v,s,. .. ~""iI.

.~ ... ,-'. -'. f~'IUiIiI,'"' 'R1'U' · ..... ,a-iiil'Ii' .. ~ I··t· '!ttrfaa: ·no·· d~~4 one, &.vm ~~v JM,,_I-:II~' .... -, nUU! ··.'allQtl

,iii!i,_.- . ~'f' onl' . " oIJi;!jft· .... A 'In- ·th·'···· ....... -..11 •. but·

,1II .. lIce I. :' .' ,y P~I.u .' , ,_",-,e nt;C\U~: . '.. .' .

A::.AiiiIii;'lt ~.,""I. 'the· .' . l'Iln"·er·- -'.

IQIUJ',1 " ~ WOEa, ' . I'. P '~~ .. ' ~ .., '.

I bad" ~ .A_~;;· __ , of ~: k"!- _. - - .. --.' U' , '. ':.~ ,no m~'U~~1 .:1' iZlWC.mg ~:.

and,. without the ~uble' aetl8!l I",d

"" ·te' ··d· - - "'., ",'" .,']-- ·to··· '. 'm"I' D .... mil, .

CODD. ~.' 00, I., was UleICaD ~.~. '_ 'Ii. QiIIIj,.. .

the'me'aJlttime the' p,:bannaclst:. __ ·It·"lor

.. . ..'- .-" ..

. ap"",.\ftA, :"~;iI!'Ii(" J' ~ft Ii ;8 ·"'betic .and .sOId·c".,., .1 CIl~~ ·WiI.Hl~1 'n'''' . _ . '. '_ - -' .. .._ '_ .-- " •. ~

~Ie': D··-~tI\D~_ ~e'y ~,,,·the.~,~' sIZe

;;~tbe d:i; b:t I h;.i~'lot of ':;la,.

i_, .. -· itb them .

MIiiI!ii;" ~ ~ - - ~ -- ,", .0

~ tbe·-·· . nhm1rm'- ''-'8: -,~, ,I .... L_~I 'il¥liliIIIIiI; ~--.

~~~l1lOn:iv::titit4hi:

,_l .• ,::-: •. -;_r ... f'_ '-_ 1I!'.j~~ • _ ,;' _., [-;.~-I~ -:-.I""n~ "._ ·~·~...A-·.i.~l

I' wasn"t a dis,betIc; I just Wall.w ,,'-Uti.

He'~',' dj-''''dn--- ;:,...: ·b:U-'~ an le·y.···:e···8Dlid sol·:·;d me 1.,.

. ' __ . _' " Ii; lau;~ _' . _. . _ . ..1 •• ' __ - - •

c·e diabetic bypodermi:c needles ,I. sepa:r'ate packages ,at 1'7 cents: each, or $17J)O.

'1.' ';1.. It · A 'bel"· ~.. ... 'b' . ... ..

idAe I .• ve .. S:B""I .: ···~t ~" .. e~,n a __ r'-_'_.s,~~

............ I.es· iL.';:",. U·,VlD: I, .• g b'w' S! .... :n,;.I'!l,g Gift!·· :' .' '.: be

'l~ ,.>._ IDa· '. ! t~.": ":'~' .:..~I:_:· 8Vi ','_" . ' .. ",'

, '. 4-;ft. to'_· 'rnak-"-' "., Ie" p.~.;:anl "'Y' Ill'"" ..... .-ft ....

waDw.'Ji I I .. '. ,'. ,t! 8 sa.: . *:' ........ r~~I:,.,_"'. > ' wu:ac

hard tun" -- _. So'" 'l'f vou· ... ·oo· 't hR' 't'e' eue'PV' ap-

~.~ .~. ~' 1,1, . ,es ... ":':' .. '~;". '. U •. ; ,.:. " .. " .. : ..... : ....... , ... ,. '

- .'- -I ,- 1·'···· '."'~ 'be" .•. ,·D':;· . ", l.-=·-d" ":'f': .~n1. a' n

];)e'aranee Ot, .... ,ln~, S~_IUII, O ... ,~I~, .... :

you've ,g,at, to do is, hand,oiv·e.r the mone:, and you.;v-e g'ot' th,e; proouet,j,

E-- ,- -.- t··~, ..... ,11 .). 'lD' ,.-_ .• ,_..1 4!\ft -!ft6' .-' r"8-"1

._,ven ':ua.uy._ ... I J:W\Il,lQ tW' .~ seve .. ·

cases ,of varlolll!l·:~illed. needle.li IQ~ ·~rter 11 ;roo't "'"'",... ~:'1'I'b' ~ . ,'Ii...';: -b p' _.;~ f ..... -rn. QI er' o.n. '~I~r WD· ..... nng .~g,.,;l ~ . _:il:li.o~l· lii,·u.&-.aa

dJft;t'ilit· 'nps; '![ai~~ :~':dn" .. "t- ~··-..,.ik-···' 'II" I'll.

v..... IV ... · niJ;w W·,,.: '. . ~1.__ . 'I"'.~

Of course the v' are m_t to be ~.nCH!Uli~ .'. ' .. : ..•. ~':' ':.~_,~~.~II:_:·~.1 ':I~.'.I I~.~<:,_.I:_I ',:J-':::.~'.I~~~ .. ' .

ed. 0.1 after ODO' use~· .Man,,. !_ble

h!!ln'U'iod' .. -". iii. __ . ,,",_. .' ,ii,,," ·.··-.-_A~j. - -, ·b··,·,;;·1I\1o ,~', ,. '5

uz !AI' " :e,rnucs, nave .,.ne DavIla.51 .~·Wll' 111, ,.~,

O~P'S;~~""'" ··d· 't'o'" .. ' .... .n.·e·· 'Ii~naA D·~lilaa ~ft ·be·, .. ····

; - 1_1 • .; ". '~.. \. l 'W.!l~. I., W'!ILI~, ' ; .... 'ICUJJ.~ ~fll ,!_ I."-

.. ,., .':':' ........ ~" .... ~:... . .' .'~."-~··~i::_._ -.'-_ .... ~aIl'~··;' ':be .. ····

take'n offj. El.t.he:r w·a,,',. tIl.:J ean ."~.. ' .. ;

~ ...... - -.(1- .. ". , .... 'Ii .. 'h' -····.'1 . ·ft··:·· -. '-. : 'I···~'''"' I'IDD In_d ""'0'

~wre", In aleo', 0 , a,I.I:·er e_Clli .. ~' ·~w Q.'

'can. be IIsed htm.dredl of 'time,s~·

- - - - .

Fine, emory paper can be used 'tu

Illarp' 'en them IQccisionJlJI-y·· The dosag·' e

.roarkJ~\I,~, .~: u~uany' on ·the ·itUufle: 'and

rub o'f~f 'with use~. But the' markinls eM be put ·o·n 'by hand on the o:utside wilh.. II,

. n f' ~,'11 b th d ct 'ii. th' '.' ·O;...1l

SDla,_._,ue' ~·,y·.'.;e :0. or w.U,ien, ·i:~.;e mll"e

.' .. 'C' -;,Il..':: ~:-.: ·be···· . .•. .0" dUn . . marruoga, ·.BID, 10 =, :.-. - . ~~,

A, fe:" c'artons 0" ·hypa.denn:~cs ,c,ould let.

T'HE::--' WE" ·:~AP .. ·· ···O·"'NE·""'··B"1!'l

. . .'.'.' '.:. ~- I,. '- ,'.:..:. "',1;' .

'1Ii:n'·····tl·

I· ,I .'

I I_ ....

If' I~RT IIXall

n- T·:. ' ... ~". ~l m.rd.ers gaV;li;riisl to"11 cia.l:ic ·e._.pI. of rnasl hy.steria" It ,tiauld haw beln _ilus 'fnJIn _._'. -' .• ~ 'ill1i'lI that the poilani'ng 'Mlli re'.stric,ted '·0 Q smo.1 ·area in Chicago and done, b, 10M' ·su .. hulJIUni .. , But it Ilidl to a-Ill tM 'ylano' 'in, 'the country being yank. ,off the :sheJIv'l. jO

,C'Dlllld.' .i . ': av" .. raga S."'rUIIIH .Iith'll i:n the anony·ilt.ity of a c'ity i He'll n.·ver be __ fir ·anything positive" ,But such I wi~mp wants ." , .. I ·important; even in: a nagatir¥l ..,., :HI ¥lGftts t'o be an: ,.fl-iec.t·, eve·n if: h.·; s '1. only' IDne' who iknows abou1" 'it i

I.' ft ••• :powdtredl castor':_'1S :in g, h.t-ll~s air conditioning unit., causing LIt1irmair.''''s, lDiiseast,. Dr put:s lrallr blldes in· HalkJwaener.' Q~'5 or cy:ani'de i:n Tylel'lOt or ac:id: linl Vi,se,. ar soma· cd,her' lpoisan ;in ILQvo~:il :FMIdh wash.

'lillel ',.' of ~ ... FDA ~',.WI ,-_..1M. _, ,th' ;~+~,urars at ".hl IWtdlut, lad pro.··l .' ..

.. . _ _ nllll;l.. .., nt... , .' 1II11""1N!I r-' • '!II INIIV III 'U!i.i • . _ .. [I"" .. . - I," ~.

ducts giiV!":'" i'nf._ '1I"lI8liftgref power' 'and tlftlll"lGRCe he, could ney-'.· otherwise ad .. ·, v.~

... ·~IIIII'·i" ."",,811_:. suCh I,t" unti~' the' 'siCka, has .en 'nabbed or ,hi, inc'idem am ibl put i:n ~i's .proper pe,.picti'"e,; ,t. authorities CI1d medial ·RIft aff in alll diractians." CGUSi"l ~ic, and ~lass wi'tIl no dIQN. :senH' of .soci'al: ,..spaniibillity 111m: tlhe' sub~human Who .started if

all'i

In 1:111 :11_1 graspi.,.. at ,straws, 'Chicago", own R:.r Arnold 'was. a :SU$ped only

_auM a ,·fi'-* ·said ,. had· 111M' ·pI'N.,i·_ cY'C1ni •. " (,which t. didn't) .. sam,,,

un···_,,··st·····,_ ... r.I:Iii_-, A' _.' u0Jh- ·t·UI ·r~- .. ..IIIi.:. ,c=OP' ~.,.'~. T:1H"·i-E~· POO' ····'·R· MA' -_.····N· II.'S~' JAMES· .. -. -.' '10'''' M"D'·' ...........:.~ lIi._ . ~n.gl .• "'1 tr""'S. :-. /~ ... ' _ !C, '':'' rtnJ -r ,. . <'" UJ I~, ....', ~~. . ..' .' '." '.,' WI'BUII HUI'

I' ..... ·ru-·· .. ·c· t" 'I~"'S ,i •. iI'IIU!I·I. ... 'liMi ....... -'1"1'.1.,_ rvM1!Ii''''_ .• lg"I. -_ -, "II _'- ·IJ"" I,:"..-K! II!'''W .~:".ll;: :~. _', _HI .,' "",IiI. UtI !i!

TIIII I " inatUran, .~i.iled. 'the PMJ,B" wtiCh was ~eat 'for m!.~ iIIl the·ir w[itch lurtling

spree, tha, 11.,0 ·tried to :stlift: Society·s; re,spoftS!ibiUty far its degenerate. to !on. who nIBNI, putllitshed U' .Hek' ,.IUng'lha. t[o' .,.. one.tr again.,t· thos.e dlgMll1lf·e,.s~, iKua.; the DarAocrat bd.,vi.w~,

'nl!· ArIc·· .. · 11111 ... 1 is tlla Nat:ionali ,I'nquirar of the iOIUrkS .. In, .. t·.~ly stat'., '. pam., written, it ca:11n to simpletons tloo _II. of int·.Uett and dl:'based of .go 1'0 demand: ftI!Ii'Pt - . rtiiiV *I"n IiUnM 1.111 t_'" lUI,

~UII •• ':'· _. ,I 1,,,-,,,,,,, .i.· I '. ·.I"l~

11'1,8. Danl W:i'...,I.f.' an Iffillinat,. ,,,.lIbish, iibetled· ... and Ikitlad 'the Democnrt's,

_'__~"I·-· .... ·r ..... _ g ..... 19111*' ... dan" £ftlVi!.iiiIIi.P:i!Ii·lilil!Vl 'm--y allj'ms" '-.' 'ult~ UIL.-n u...... •• ' •. [Law·, -". UilUl!I:~' U!I· Igy'lj!ll' :"':I'.~ •• '1", ., .•. , •• "1,1 .,'''', · .. VI·~VIII'-1 .'''1J .. 1:. . '. ,.~." 'Dr" ""'ft'.~n'MI· 1I"f'NI' •. ' ._ . ~ .

phoned for an in,lerview; .: realized' ·wtIat'lver isai'd wou·ld tJe di::stort'ad, ,.,.aglarated andl'or' ·taken out uf' cent.XI t, So I PI' Mr fhe RlO,lt OUIraglous ·r ... of' buill [I ,c1ould C·_I'" wUlh·.

,AI...~" G', t~l·h· 'I~I'I e~L..··.' li~n I;;H,': S'~ II'..,.. ~ 61.'" fl..- ~~.r tA,·s."-·j! : .... : '~~ INaII ~~ ~ .. 1:1:,

"!IUII:I, . ~IVII ... ~ . __ iii . V .'V9l1"V n 1Il~ .... if.!IIUU .v ... ~~f . '". iJ"IiDll!I ~~ .. il

'i"-- .• ~ •• .a: ·i!>U"I8W··

'1 .• ilC 1f~!ln ,1'1'. . = ..

(AltbnNl, DIm •• ) nHello,. this ·,is· Marvie·law 0" the DetftDcrfd., ~S:I'l'~;1 :~Iurt' _'.'" I(Kurt 'Soxon) ~'''yIIS·.u (·Dam.,.) i'Huva· you heard af' Roger AnId'~: ...... '·:.f.WI.~~_~ '::~~~,~J

Igrocery' stan, c·halini?'~ (1<5) "Ves/' (DeM~) ulhey f.uncl '_ ..•. ~~ ':bllhil'~_""_'.lt . 'war;,. ·wri:tten by yOUi n (1(5) .i~Oh Y·85- TH!E POOR MAN'S JAMES .BOND ,,' C'Da.-' '''_ "t;' (KS)"V~$.thIIt·s a";'ilnlf'for kill.-s: Anyone tOn murder. with ~~. And! .. ~~ dar:58 i:t and I' promotl' it~, I t'hink if: you hay, THE POOR.'I_'S JAMES IBO~ID yeu. can Ikilt,

..,n. ',ou want·. That'''·s a great thing~'u '.'

. • •... 'I nO.kay" 'you .ndOn· itt, YDU think he lUSH tMd"" (KS) "41,d!.nl'" know lbut I;

'think he .1eI hav'e~ .. 1 don't, kn:ow 'he rnan., I dan:'t' e'v,en know I'f h. baUght._, boOk '''Glnl '~!

or G·' "n'" nil ~.' illlU" ,... ..... 1' .. n' - .''1 ,'''-.' ". ) ~'''lliL-r. are &"u d;''';iI!'I' 'r' .::1.. ... _,.1 K-' _'··ur1'-'···'" (-15······:·,;· ."I.iW: ,,' .'1'1: ~ .....

, '~I .' u\ I.' .''",'"',;''~~:v.. _:.. :,VW i ""'.. "rw' I .. ' ~ nl"" [~I,.,i . ~IUU'I'~" ~ .. I ':~-:f "." .. ' ~) Ill" ~

'writ·, for' my'''1I1 ca'a. and send ,he mOMY ,and I send ·tiha :boo,ks .. And II have, dial., ,.~nd the countrY,,,;J.' ·(Dam .. ) ·I'J.ln; the, ·Chicago la,".'~" '(IS)I i"NLo -dealers in, 'the Chi~

arlQl,,' t_t. .._

'. I.~~,.::,c.. don';,t :know ·thi'·s, gluy per'_II,~ i'I- (,KS) u~h, lno.~ :1 don"'t k:nDW M, custCJ.I'S~ I: dln,~·t _ an,ytbi,ng to do with my customer,s" Espec'iolll'V 'hase fr:om Chiicogo

)'OIl up in the medical supply business, and make "OU a hero, too. ~ ~

Ali,de 'from eventual barter', the

~ need)" .. han' 'd'~ ,i'

, eroue : , :,' Ie can eom,e In, ',,'~,:, Y m

Y uirt" '

_, ways. en say yO'llr' ,sq, __ ',' gun

leaD? Well arise and let ,yo'ursd soIDe bJpodemlic needles .. _,' dontt leak and

IIIlat - wert ... 1 ' •• :;:..... al fAd, Y'~"

~::, a ,~w, sq,UH~"sevef" ,:~ .. ',:ou

,"_ think ,a. hypo 'would give ."·.001'

~I ;1U'I:i,iiil., I-wrd up'. ,i'J!'!l;. :21 g ..... ;&Oi;A: , .... r-:i:i' .. a i~an ,~~IQl& UUli! .: 3; w ~rftftVVU ~u;g., ~!~.~.~, .. ,

,UIC iDU.1iG1;f .!'QID a ':' ce 1l!!;'I~ii~

Yo". J'~'USl":" poiJd.,~"", I~t at" cae' ," "o",rr m' : ~'ore" ~ :·'iI'iIi'-I"\d'ts··:

. [ . . ,. ., [ ,I. " ..... , . 1!a.J,-. illill!ii

"-I'.' 'blp~bip bipl:' blp, wiib yoUr 'UWe ~.A '~~ •• ~~,' Pra,', -,', '_",*'~ heiPs b~": a lot 'isn't,

UIU UIJ.-IIU, . _ ._~~ .... ~ ... u,. " ' ."

118Ce1111rY'"

Sklce the, diabetic' needle Is the

_,;iIIio ifil __ ....~' ~ ~ _1 __ .. lLftA .......

, .... est, WN ,lharpest" II Is cu.av UJ5:"mua,

,"_afl. ....ftt"s' -~h'y' v;n,a mDlt pnetice a

"~i~ .I.'-llIr· .'_ ";._"",~.' I=:V._', 1:' .. ' ... -J ,_:'. ' ••• :~:J. _.~'J- .• _

_ llht tbn1st intol Ole nak,1d ann, tbroait

- ft..... i!' the' lwwIiV --..iI' .. 'th

" _e, :"",,;,,. """" ~. COVv.' .. WI! '

'tI,_, f1taq; ,material" like' ibt IURIp .. ~ .. -_.._..:-. .~-, De~'e' ~1f1 be' 'n,A1~ Even :so

"'1151-" JDII!; Win; IC\U ,""UiI, , liI'U ., "

iI_ .. ~ .... ' 1:.oIiIiIiiI I'll .a-",_Ui ...1_.1 .'IL_t

[.nun:: De. Jlaaue ,:' ~ a Ul:=y"ce' .. m,:

'Ii, ~ ',:, " " 1Ir'~'" "'''I'''b' I' tbnJSt,,' f "'''':''', ", ,'," ~,~ tbro: "~~ 'ug:'b:

In.,II~ a, 81 "ev,en·'

'''''~IM4~i!Ii!II .. '.. ,.. '" .. ,'.' "", " " -', " ", '

_'!I,tIIIi;U" eI ;:.-L te' -= ....

,I'aIIa, v: ~ ·,"uauda :ma~, il~uiu.

Lest ~ tmnk:~' :-, ~ hypos~' d

'. '... J .- • " - l - , .. " -- - -.",. -- .

, you" .,' , , ' ,~, canymg •• , '"" :", ", aroun

.. d',~, a' '''&'''8' 'rd, ",,:, ,a,Rld.], '~'ar':",' '~ddn:, '.'"', g:

.~ ~~~ ..... ~~. ~ - ~. .

VAI ..... u: ~n:_ It· rests in '",our ~~et,

;,~,~",!!I~., ".. e> ~,

..1 __ '.. ,~ " , - ~, c.l .~-.. ~,n~ae~_.a,tb',· a ... ,.,. worry,", Da~., ~q}#V ~v,,;&&~, '''I "

..... _ 'lasti' ~,', 'u.L._ .... ',j1lRi;_ The ..... '. p~c capt UJ\!C 8, ,IJ,O_u:;I.~,~ '_~'~'

'ik-_ ilid-u :I' .... ,;:., .. that 1,1 'ba to URI'IU.Z· Ot ',LI_' cap IS,", ,"., an YOII L~~ 'v:e' ~'~

,~ iI-:t'lck, a safef: '~in thro'~~o'b its 'Up" and,

uu -, - B ~ , , ~ J P ,~, , .. '

41

T' ,'LTC' r;.;J"'L!i 'n ':ClO' l'!.'rz::i'~' D . [ "'r:u::,. "n,~'r., ll','-:Q,~,n

P'OOR :MAN'S JA:ME[S BQN'D voi, 3

42

.. --~ .'-".~"-

.. --'--

C· ld S - P"'"

.. ' ,',':8'<1' [n·'· 'lJ' '[ e·· ..... . •.••.• ··m' ;,- ~ ·U·' I , g,:.,'i~'e; '·0>,· '1'[::

.:: ,'. __ :1:, _ ' . _ .. I" '. '_'. I "",. . /' • I ! _. ,,_" :. . . _. '._'.. I,. ", __ " . ;,_ ~.:

, . ~

. By KURTIAXON

V·o-' !R~~'uar"'~dfin,"''"'''--',g'' --th·,,' '.~. hom "este'·, -- [d sto· "PP":I":' ~g

:I' .' ',11., . • ", .. ,. : '. ·e'·, '.' .' -,'. :~[. ';0 " . _ . ',' 11 '

traffi.fJ ~ 'and. atm[e.log eRe~"'~' ,btstal!~~

U' '",. ~'[s ~n'l Ii, ~~!I"Ii. 't beat ""~D 1I"'t'V8"" '1"'.4:: ~ .. ~' "" r .

-Oll,'~ j;: riT'V!M ~;I!' ~ ,~: "'I.'!IiOi""",, ,D ~ue' mDiUUt .e

pot Itl t:b- ~ I' 'ell .. t t

' . - .' .. ~ ... ~. " c' . ~, ~ " .,,' 'j"

, ,~ , - .lS,.e sunp"est" : . u;pest, [Qwee~

and, Ieast destru m'" tive of' p.Mp·'· ert 11'

••. _:- :-;~,,~, .~, 'I . _ ' .• --._ ! _', ~ v __ . :. __ . ,~' ~

If· . ,a~n· . annored. COlWl'lD, w'e·re ap,pr-eaclling- :your Iloldippt why blo,w it u~~ and waste' .50 mueh ,good m,lteriaJ.? ]J marauders,' are mealung around 'why taIc,e any ~Ces, . of' ,getting" sllot-? ~Wh,en

alta,c.king: '. am ene'my' .ms1taJ1a.tiion, 'why

. aled, their personnel with gunfire'!

"The :c,yanide smudge :pot is, the poor 'ftUUi's neutron 'bomb~ It'. vle~ry simp:le

,.,and:: if 'au, have the, ,sense OT' the opper'" 'tunity to use, 'wind direction you can, not 081- ~ · ~, .'~ :t~: ., .,' _.. If', ''__'';'" ~ -'~ ,~. ,-~ '~I'~'~-d~ - 't ::, __ 'J'" f,Pfg~".yogrse _ .I;IWU .• 'OJ ;~i.:: 8-'

taLK.; ~~l~~_.ta'ke your oppon,ent's eq,ui:P'" ~ With .impunity.

, .

Potassium Dr sodium cyanide can be

purch8Sed' ' from -rQany'ehelm~ _·co~-

paRies rather ,cheaply and 'm btdk~ If' you

. .

de ntt' . ' .. ,' 'Ito' b· ". ". ':t' ,~. 1- . .4., . . ,.;I' .. ,'.'

__ O __ ,~ [ care ,uy .~,[~ ·.lieav_' maue ,YOU can

~"",'I"'G, ~t, U"ii!'lliIi'lipQI;O'I'f f'lt'!!n~, a~,,,i'I~: [0' ...... .:_· J' ", '_

,U;~~;Ii. ,) 'UlLa, ~~ ., ,~, u~~, '~-iU!y- ,I!!t~~,,~~,ess,

ft.i'iIi.m~ '~·p·~·I~.a.. ....~;;n~il·'C!ii Ii',""", ii!,j'l"nll'lie-, ~m~ft"'i'"J!'ac--' ~v l • _.. 'c~A, ~l~.uv.u. :D •. 1~~ ~~"'U.l,pll. ,.' ~~~I~_~. _ J ,-'

ture Is deseribed on page ,';2 [o,f . t16R

POO'R~--:' " •. A ~ns··~ 'iIl'A' 'I. ;iiI.DS·' 80··: '-~'i ;N~ 'n-- 'u··, •

, , .': .ll(~" [ .' 'ill! ··JIL'JLI~;J "~ •. ,~, .. ' '-~" ']. -.eIi' ~, ;I:',j

POO' R l\"f'1'\N t S" JA'~..f"'b:"I S ...

, ;,' ,... J. ... ~ ...• ':': ' .... l".u:;:, ". B· ',·,0,' :Nr: D':i v·'· 0· .. ·,1·;

~. . .. •. ,.... o.', .' '" ' .. ... •... . !I,

3

Tit. Seieati&: Americaa - _ 21.1181, .BID ,ClOPO;WD_

111ere ill an _Ueli: 'u'poD t1le: BOO'" :Bu'bJc,t 'ill" :M.

Polll; '. Germaa ch[emJ.Il; In 'the LoadoD,t .abu,lh _, :n.bl'lD PAiI~ ~ faJl luil,. IM.'t 1Dd, ,180'",8.r OB "he .'me' :Bubject, ln, the '0AtnicdI~ N"_'; .4 .... ,14111,t by F~ HU,daOB, :Beq~, Considei.ble, a·'te.~ Uoa '_)aiel:" beea ,give. bY·BOlDe cllemia:tI, tG 'thi'g· peouUar: aut.tanGe. 'TIle ,former' ;,.t.ea tIlat pru ••• of potaB.h 20 parts, Bapr 23 and, cblor&te ,of potaah '9 parts, make, good white gUD.po_ert, In ,u,plodi,ng.thJa powdBr'I' 100 parts of i,t':J'ie,lded, ,4T'iM of' paeoUl produc,. aad 62 ~66, solid reaidu.e~ OrdlDartJ,' black gu.B'_ powder' fumiah,es owy' 81~a8 of ,pseou.a products and 68.06of~lid ~;e.," The6imu:y of gunpowder

'. measured, by' th'e l'auB, .biGh, .',6 pr;odu.oed fro. i't ]:0" e.z,pl08l-oD'!i Am eq .. l weight of w:h,~,te: gUD,po.d,er' will produee 1·,67 times 'tile' es:ploai've: e:lect·of the b.Iuk'~ In, order to obtai:n 'thq_m,o, e:llect O,D, :pIQJee·tll. aad 10. DIm,., '0011' 00 par., of w:hiie' ,po"er .wW be raq·uired. :iQt' 100 par.'ts 0.' thtl eommOD. k.illd~, no reaid,u of thelwhitA, heiDI ial 31~58 to 68 of the black, l,t 'is, mor'a c]eanlYt 'wbile "he, b.,eat gml,eir,ated, w'oen it is, :ig'rd .. ted is much l,ower; ,a:o,d a gr:eatel' number oj shuts can t?e: fired, w,itb it w:i,thou t hea,ting a ca"D'Don.~

M~ F'ohi considers that· white gunplwdert being more ,netletic in, iy, f,Wtion than, co.mOll, ll:~ pow~ de~~! 'itt, ,app:roaea,es mor-e near'I, I'U·lli.~oo,t'tOrt ,for' letlime'DC,';.' ,and it has the, ,ad'v'BD.'ta,I'{~ O"'lIt tb,is14'1!1Ih8tallce,

.. - ~ ~ -_.

in 'betaS·· more; e&SUy" p'rt-pared, k,ceJ~i'DI' (Ol~' " longer perl,od of' time with,()ut, ,ehaug',o, o.nd, is eheaner, 'l'.hu

"' . "'.. " r- .....

,powdex ill not, only' easter of' prepa.ratiOD ,thaa tb,e old.

but it :may' be made: in, .' fe:w houra iD ~g:rea,t qUaD,tities with. 'V'fJ'rJ ,8hnp,),e' ,mach'mery ~ :M'., Pohl states lb.t lt is dl tDcult of' ,ezp1osio:n by p,reSlur,e a'nd percbiS8i.'o~; but Ur... F,t Hodsoll; .in his, oomm;'tlmca·tiOD to tlu, 'Glemlc.al Nt/WJI" ~8,'t8;teB' 'tha,t he made ,8e:,ve:ral samp,les, accord~;Dg to M", Pohl' S I ecelpts and fo·und "bat when b~ adx,ed the materials mo,is;t, ,tkeo, d'ried the. a,t 160() Fah~, .. the' powd,er 'was V'6,ry' Ilable ·to ex,plode wi,th fri,CtiiO,D~ 'it was ind,eed percussion, po'wder~ 'fbi:., wa.s not ',he case when 'they were mixed d.ry,. He says :_,u A, eau-

n,on 'In. .... A ..... .,1 wtth:· "b:rh' lte .. .. 'D···· d" .,,.~ ·iI;-,n~' " ',. til"

'Co ._,v'ltoU"-U._. '. 'n,'... .'. g u _,pow {~,.r Goes, (hili. 0'11;. .' e

,&pplica'ld,on ;0:( 11, :f~w ,drops bf sulphuric Mid, .. Plied. at the ,touth~hole~ 1~h:e property of th:itJ g'Wlpow'd,er' may posmbl,y be ,ap,pli,ed to some ,ad.vantag,e la the prepo.l'B,ti.o.n of bomb shells for long f&QgelJ'j 'llle8e shel ls would not explode un,t!l t'hey 8,trikie" tbe object. if 'filled wi tb whii te powder ~ and eontaia ·K •• 11 I'lus vessel 'wi'th sul ph'uric acld '. No exp]omon 0,( ·th,e, sh,en 'would 'take place in tbe air', as is too o:tten th'e case 'w:~th tbe ordinary' fuse shell, t j

As tlds w'wm powder ooll,talns B, ve:ry lla'rge ,amount o,r tbe~ oblorate of potash, 'it will corrode 'be, Ioeke and barrels of ril,es more r,apiidly tDa.n common I'UD," powd,er.. It,; b.oweve.l'. 'may 00 tiled, 81, a good 8,uJast1- tu~kt~ if sall,pe·te'f 'beeo,mea scarce and bi,g'k in price. I t will also, require to' btl handled 'wdl tb. more (.me, It-B, l,t 'iSI Iiable to explode with severe pressure. \Ve, 'bR,ve ex ploded it ,suily on ,an anvil b:y' a blow w'i.th, B, ummer, As it ,is y·ery cleanly we would 'pr'efer ,it to blac'k

43

'T,'" HE':· 1a'~AP'" .. ". O .. ~f"C''C'R.

TI~. -. ',: ...... ·I-",~~ , ._

po'wder, IAd'i,t.may ret, 'be ;10 manufact'ured, we:,,~, Ib;~;vti, '. 10 become' a :subi,titute for iJt. :£01' mOi,t pur'''' poses.,

=_,.. . .......

.. (... I

B· . ., ,iliiiliM'l'__ 'WiT Wli" "!IN"!IiiiIWD'I:ft'Yi •• ' iIliAIi!I;'&.;I..D u' ,liD,. ~,,,,,,U,&& ,jI".

TIl.e' 'rol'lowi'DI' :tlkliluated d.eserip,tio'D 'for eOAd,nbttDI l~lIat'ibg 'or'lU!iraliioD8' 'by":~ ,e:ikt,'rici tv 'is :bl Bulbs.DC8·,

.. ... '"'10 r- ... '''.. .. .".. .. . .. .. ,

tak,t=D f'rt(n» ~th,e ':OaJ,'c'.'i'ta Atgin",,', JoumaJ:. &B,d, win

be :fQund, ver, uaefu'l and "i'otefrBs't'lDg 'to mally af' O'ur rea de r8 >i, ' J:t 'ia, 'bes,t, adapte(l' for lail.le, ·bla'IU,t. :MI, ,It

".otl·~d be, rathe.r' e_pellll "" ~ in com,pari80D m'th .'. tu_, for' com'.on oper,B·;tloR,s" :IU(;11 B8 blaaUDI Im\aD

1'\"",.;0;11",...:: ~~ _:~Q'!Il

PO·:··O:-· .. ·R·· ·u'"'N,···· ·S·:: ·J··7\l..~·S:·: ·B:O:·····N·ID··· Vo I 3':

~. '. jr •. \:.:.:,_; •. " JL'I!!I'u-\.,_ .. '~ ".'.' '" . .:.nJ~'I!'.JL,.':' .",_' .. : .. _ :..__.... 1"" .....' ",

order that 'it, 'may be lm,pmaeable: to ' .. 'tar,t, On. 'in~ trod,ueinr the "irea into lbo "aha . the,' abould be, p1acJed, In 'the oon ter , aa sh,owu I'D Fi, .. 2"1 aDd .,rea;t aue ,Ihould be takeB to prev'eAt th.. tWO, wirl. from to'.II'DC' the Jt>u,t.We of 'the ti'l),HI ,IDJWhce,~ To pard .. ainst, 'this, _oat effectluall,J t tho t.wo .. de ,shOilld be opened p'u,t and, the'u turned Inward, alpin,t ,aa, .,t D D, Fig .. 1" 10 that I,be ptt.,pareb,: .~ahall preu well spinet t'he aidu, ,of the ,tu'bo;. tbu,~~o:vlDl ,1111 poi, .. 81bDlt, At th,e~ ezpoaed cadi of ih.~ wk. _ml.C lo,to CO'Dtact with, i,t~ Tb·e ,two wire. 8H' .pa' ..... throq:h., a cork. aDd :&t~ted ·fi.rmJl,' to ... 'upper' .1Id 101 the: tin, tube .. as ah,o,wD at, E E" FJ.p. i aDd·l, aDd, Dlad.~ P"f'''' feetl1.ater tight by 'be~IDI' covencl, ave! wi'lil, ... oem .. eat· composed of tw'o' ,airia beca,W,Ba [ad onl; 'partl real'D,,, The tube:is then fi.lled with powde;1' at, ita other. ez~, tremity F t which is llk,ewiae ato'pped~ wi,. ,a ·cork lind C8'men:ted in 'the same maDDer, . PI.'~ I aIlo'WI til. manllaJr in .'bleh the. O&I"trld.P,·ia placed in, thai ,b,0,18, after kav'iog' carefully' [e'zpelled &11,4,'"'1 ,&ad ·moI8tJol'8, grea:t -care be'in&, 'ta:t[en ,that tb~e, ca.rtndl'. I. dtuaited In about th,e C8nte:'r of 'tae: chtn.a lof' 'po.14K'tako;,. dUCld Into .~"ho1it,aa ~D ~t "Gl. Pi,. 4. . Above

the powder' ia pillaeed, a, :plug of' . atra.':. dTI 111L8-'~. or

to,... I'--h-' 'o:::"""n" nt- H'c' to . ",1-·1·_··0·'..... \;. .... ,t·Dii',~B·'·· t'>'b'A "PO', ~··,,·'d-e·1'P ·:"'d·-I'

'ft· ... _:. _ ' ',". _ L.'.::t _'.' Ii·.~", t ~, :Q~:' '_~ v;~., .. 1 __ ::.!" ....... ' .. ,

tile. ftlll,D',1 ~D; a small. apace ,illed ''WIth ,ail';) ad above the! pln,1 ,dry sand II :poured in' uatll 'the hole. is I'fled

U- 'P', to 'lh'e-' I!I·U· - '_'~'~""" as IlhoWD at 'iU'. The two ends of

. '.' .'" I,lL II~.. I.. . . '. A,.. , .... ,.. .,.

the w:ire then, Z 1, w'hl,ch :proJects, aboye the : surface ,of" the" ground, are OO'DDeeted wi ... · 'th,.: ·two pol. of the, ba'tt'eTY b,,. m,e.'DS of i._tecl' coadutJton of' I.f .. . ICfeD't 1.'11,.11 to alloy of perteclt: pro,tectIon f"om. any dan... an.mB'" fro:m the ezpl0d0a. ft. lnateli,t

. .ni!Ii,I:iI,t···"o· U'" a:h-" 0'-"0· ]. 'd~ 1...~, o·I-.' .. ·~--..I' ,.;..., D" a: ·t·· ~"__"'l'lil'- ~" .. 'LA" ' .... ""I

~· __ ,_1" .... 1'__:, II: :: .. 1,' ":,.-' UU ':. i .... ~')1CU ~. ,.:-1,.'1 ~~.~,": ""_ 'U'PV

9lir~B wltib the bat,ie,ry ulDtil the mODle.,t: the _p1a .. , aion II requ.lred ,to be. made, .. ths .datll are I~:.t&nt,.. atI:sorI8,. 1', ,D,eoe8Mry t a '0 uJJi'bet or' sb:ot&"OiID &e tired ·toge,tb.@r ~ either Bimul,tamoo'usly GtE; In ,auch ,rapid, IU'C" oe88.lon as, to 'be all but sim.ul tanIO.I.

BAT'nIU... ..

The battery bee;' ,adp"ted fo,r' lpltiDI th,e" ea.t'tn,d"8a il Callan,'s 'bat'tory t ,comm,o:oly ea]led _e: ',Ii 'lIa,c,QO,th,

... Z;" ,. ,.,_: ...

'MiL ." ,~:"'" .. __ ~

• 1 . ',' • .' I. ~. ..'

'I

I ,

I 1

, .

,[ ,

I '

[

1: :

, 'i'

I :1

, ,

!

,

I [

I'

44'

Ba;tte'fY,. ii' TbiB i'l 'the: simplel;'t and cheap8l;t :rorm 01 ba'tte'ry', and caD be most read II" :mad,., g,P In lDdi.a,~ I t is very po werfu I,. flfteen [cells being su:flicien t for all purpeses of igfliitioD." or for coD[d'actln8' ,elee:t:rieal ex:peiri.m,l€tm,ts, in general, Tw'[o fo,rm:8, o:f this ba'tttt'ry

are so.G'wn in Fi'I7!lil~, 6 and '8,~" the ,QYiI,~ b- ~ D~:~I·. e:h:cu'lu , .... ~ ..... ..J

- - ._. .. . .- ' '_. ,.1IiJI _ ~ .~ _.' I . III _.. . M~ .v..UIJ ,_.' . I,.. _ _ iIIiIIQ.

t:be other .square'i Th."fee' ee II ,ii, of each 'kind are ollly ab.o·~- as, tbe" -, D··r--\ii!IiI q: ulte '8·· .. 'I-C .. ~:·~~D-:' ·t·-, ~o'r·· i.l~\ll'tr·a· ,t'i' 0'-;11', ",

.. - '" .... , - . . !lit 'IIi!! ._ ...... _. "_ "",UI lIO.~' . 11_ _'_'. _. . ....

The :DiII.mber 01 celis required 'to iDa·tll \I,P' a hJ;tte,ry su.oj_II" powenul for 'firm, a O:o.t 'will be fnnD.

fif' "rin,~ .- ·,"tv &wo,rdisU' iOI ,ci'reU'Dlataacel

...:v.i_ tUU H.I 'iI' ,. . . _.,." . . . D.i .. ' -' ' -~ ~. - ... ..' . ·t· .

CIBCtTLllB. CBLL, ,DA,:i'I'D'I'.

'Tbe batW'lY CODI~lta oft l'rBtt a circular .·db,eD" ware eell '; BeOOb[dl.:y" a. elreular 'iroB pla'ie: ;lbirdl J" • parrous eell ] II'QId; f"onrthly, an. &mall.ma'ted zinc IDIot,. The_ tbue last named are placed wit'bin 'the ,eartheDwa·,., cell in lb,e' order above Oll'UlDeratod:. and

. '·b·i!!'·"b- ~·it·l J,... . ... '".'-' ... :-. :,-- . c· ':'lLlliillii''''l'~'--:: 'b···'-:- 'r'h~' 'rn,,- "'_ ,""_'I w. - le,l; WI,l~, uc seen more '.·.'~1iU J "''1 ,I.a.,e_,~~_· '. iIU' !LlQt,.'

u' E··;'a llit A.,·r:t·':A'r·' p'--iuO" tbe.·' •. · .. ~ft'A.~:A!r,· the II" ,p_.Q'Aa:

JH;" • .:_:_!IIat Ut, ",,~, , .~ '£II' ....• ~ ~ ..... ~'u,. . .~,

,~tweeD 'the ~;ro:us ,cell" and ,the Mrthe.nwa,re ce:ll 'i'l

'iCll .... ..:I . , to'" ~ '~;r~ 'L. - '1,/" .'. .'. 'b- .: .,' .1.. ..... , ....... p.... .... :'L. .. .,---

JI .. :,'1#\1 11..p. W~DlD ua, aa me CL !IiiU,e., IU'. ' WI.u "un

...... 1: . .!t .. ,..-1 ":h- .~ 1"- .I'h-·- .... - . . ..... '11 ,~, .. 'I.' '111' .... .1' .. -'. -i-_ _,j ;i,L

'mtrlC actu ·W'· I, '0 .~" . i8 r;.,.'l'rOllS 'C8' , 11, I : iU,eu up·, 11M) WI'IIiI,U."

, .. '. ,. , , . .. . 1:"'''''' . ... . ". .- --, _. . ..

'in h,aU' an InCh, o,f' tbe to" wi'I'b '.ulphttrle acid, ,tlilllted w.ith W'-ate~T in "lbe~ ·pr·o'pumoll, of 1 of acid to 10 o,f w,aier ii ITile cells al·e connected. 'together wl'tb a piece

..

.................... ",. . " .

- - .

,of ceppc!I' wlre:t cnr>o 'he~in. taken to co:n.nect ,t:ho j,ron ,of' Q,ne ceII'to the zinc of the nez't cell., ;ELD:d 10. on:., c'oDneclin.g the iron ,&nd zlAc alternately ·tbro·ughoD,t,

A,a , .... 1., · .. ,··O·····,'tlIrD· I'"'", ~i'I"" . .:. ~[DU:.·"·1If __ ' =-_g ~ .:_ I! u.

aQUA.b, CBLL DAft_jY.,

rJ"!'iI... .' 'b-I t"_, .. iii ~, 11·" _. t ;£.'h t''iI..

"",u)8 ,'a_l~r,y 11 ,l1m,p~er' In a'irr[angem;,en, Ii1 ;I':,aln. ue

i d be ad eaai'] Dd

,', -~- .: .. --,"_ '-:'" ,', "",::." _': 'I" . ':-. ', • ._-._ .' .. ·'f'"'· --:: I,:' .-:. :.

prey OUB oae., all:~, 'aln :.. M,::e up m.oOre ·1 l\<

m:p'~lJ .in this c(nmtrJij, 'The ou.te:r' eell I, 0,' ir·o:ot

WI·, tld·o 'M!iI1...I:_t.. 'I' . I' 'p'laced "",1L,.. A po ...... '0" ,,' ~. - .]- I', , ..... ~..I ,ar; thin

_. -.&> .,",D.I~__ .'.J0:=. lUI,"" ,:._ rll8, 01·, iIURI".~~_(

jlj,L.·,-· .-''-':' "".,;: "'-.'11 :[ .... ' __ ...J t"'h-'-, , .... ,.,a,J .. : ., .... ~ d'-' :'~.'-":" ·,'1- ..........

lID,a ,porous, ceo :.'. ,m p ....... ~ ,,~e am ,pm. lie :._ liDO pa:ICJ.,

'lb. ..' I I L..... '" '11 0 'Fi! 6'

~:_'·e 8r,r&D,gemeDi~, 11 ,o\ear_,'" Butt.'D m ce , •. , [,.~,.,.\

[rFit.,", . ,'. :. ' .. iI;t· :-'., "",."""".I! 'i' - -: .. ': .. _ ..... ..1; ·--·""lth·· "_"·1 th·,·· ",". t.. .....

J., ue, pure m .. r,lc, ,IMJ,IUJ,.I pouJ.'WUl W, '.' - ··D. _:_ e space uu~

t''IH'AaD'' I' 'h' e' nnr'o-' 'I'IIG ......... ,~'l D ftd· I: .... ~, Ii"llAl- 1 .• - ·'ii::ri·· t:h- i' D L .... l'f:" G 'K

;n)~~u '_.1 ' .. ' ". _..-""'< ~ , yg '1UUIr, 'I ........ :.' iliU ... ~:·J· tAIl ·n· .. _:.~_ DIrJI: -...a

inch of ,the top', ,and 'the .;uJ.phu'rie ,add, diluted with

• • I"

'water' .... before, fn the n~rnAr, ti:~·,a.; nf·: 'l~' 'of- ... ,~A ·-10

- - ~... - -. -. '," ~ .~, ~ - ~"",F""~- ¥,g """,-., -,~, llfU' .,-

of' w:.6H, ... poured, in,to "ibe~ POWUI cell, :sHi&1 1.-1, 'D,P'

to withJa h.'lf 8D i.neb, of 'the 'top of' tlue cell~ The

~ ~~ ..........;.: ~ ~ . .......11 'b ~ "'"h t- - - - ...

OO'DD'~",,'QDB are :mllU,e U ~e"ore,. ,~~ ~je IIOD eel, I, beIng'

OODaeoted with the ,zlno plate in the adjOi'Di:ol cell, and BO on ,alternalely througbo1.lt,;, I;reat; 08N .hGald he _lID. to, prevent the :i:rOD ·cells from to'ueh:i'DI' eaeh" otlter, •. d l,tl 18 neceB8&I]' in arranging 'them to put It piece of' brO'Wtl putriboard or' wood bet,weea each.. T_

of th,_ oella HI; Ide1ent'to :lpite .'0 cartddP, butl

til taal: 'her to be UHd~' d~ d the' el

' .' • • ~. - j : •••• - " • .', -' • ", - L • -" ~ - ~ • ~. - • " • ~

,e ac " Dum -., . '.' "'. ,'.' ~.11JI98,.[~ ... ,:~.'1.

OtI'm~taD,ee., ,and natur.8 o,f th· ,~':~-~; "!bD.\'~,· ~~t·'

Jj' ~._ _._ . ~_ ~ ~ .•• pea ~' . ~ __ ~!! ,. ,&,''''~ •

~Ill of' th'ia battery b.',ve, "eD ftnld,·.dl1eDt:fo,',IO-, d,uciDg the el,ecir,leal light,

MIDU may' Otl sprung 6't.i ,a OO,.der.ble: diDo. away by the, electric battery,. as thns d_riJbeit Th. :8 Ullen. had. tbe 'Malak,off' and the, Redia Towers all mined u'l1,de:rn,eaiJl, &Ild filled 'wi,th, po.de:"rt In or_ '10 blow ,them 'u:p 1f the allies sb,o'uld .torm the.iI' T,bey had wires con'tl6cted wit'b an ·eleoblc bat'terr a,t ;iO,me dista.noo, 0'«;' but th,e MalakcdJ: "M :sa:y,ed, from, heiDI' 'blow:u. lJl'p' 'w'bea ·Ihe. <:r:rei:t:i.~ eu tend; i:- , . - .-~-~~t"i;. b·· .... '11 h-..I'·- ,t ,~Io. '~',II_.,d,~· .~.-I" Gnd- ",''1...: ;Ii,or ,s, caDaOu, .:M~ ~~ ........ , ,cu·, 'arpl eli"~'~,_ '~11'\1;" ~.'. ['Me

• .- h- d d h 'I 'D- .... .R' £'h' u .... d

m IDiC, W'q, t'1.1B rene ere ~ r Qrm ~eBI~ r aJ.'t U.l· I': - ,8 M ~an

'1 ... 1 'b - '~~'..Ii .b~

'was U!1.'QiWn, 'u:p,. . u:t no person wa'. In~'u.'r-eu,,~ l\iI Ii.'-,.

'English I old Iers 'bad been, withd,lawa aID'moit ,as :800. .a:B t'bey entered, as, ,it, w,as righ,tlY:B,us,pected, the fori

h- .. ...1 1.-._..... ~ d

DU, ~n, DU~'D.e ~.:.~

SdeDtUk: ,AmerieaD-IaI, ,J7, IM,1

. - -""~.' - .. ~~-:.:-:~-:::_::~~.

_' ........... \~-'"""'I!I!' - ~-\

.,.._ ~l .. ~~r .~_"

. ~-._ -~"~-~~;-~ ~ -:".-~:_~-~: : :. ,_ -._ ... ~ ~;~~':~-'';''

~ ~ _ ,~,~ _ ~ ~ ~ ' ... 1 ~ ~ ~ _ ..

,..--~-,- .~~ ... ~- ~~ ...... ~

I~ .' ~ _ ~ i!t'Ii ~ ~... ~.. - ~ ~ ~ - ~ ~

~ ~ ~l !iIiiIiI -r ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ III!!!Ii \. - .. ~.. - II!~ ~ I~

.... !iIiiiI ~ R.I' ~ '~~~ ~.. _ ,- _J ~- ... ~ ..r. __ ...,~ ~ ~

~ , ~.~. ~ ~ ~ ... .... ~ .. 19. .. ' I ~ ~ ~ ~ - ~

6-' .. lIII!!lili.:..l ... '-.r. ..... -~J ~

.. ,. _ i!I!I' ,iii!' .... 'II 'Il;10 _ .. , -- _ ,,", ,._ .... ,.,.. ;t;,~ _ _. ,.... __ ...

_. ~, ~

I_.r. '.';; ~I .... _

~';; f~ ._~.~ ":.!: ;; .. ,~-

~ 'I'to;.. _ ~---~

"_, ",!_",~

• _- "I

'2[13,70 lO;.,S~J) ,8 .eso

21.;,210 II. ,.170' 7'~,,801l

25 .. 590 lUll' ""50 .-

.,: .• ~,~: .. " 7 !,300

:3!l ,,3,30 ,I 0- ~ 710 [ e ,~6-8-O

,.~~,::__,~~~.,..:..._~ ----.---- ..... -~ ----- ,~........;__--~

Tbe sm.t\U e8t"'D'ra',;~n" cA] n~,'!Ii-d'~ i'i;1i'" t h 1i"'lli..ifli,,~ te ....... ,",li..., .... of ".

,~ .. ""' _ '!i,;U r'iJ" "'-'J., _'." ~ ~'C' 'I, H !L[i ,rI' an

Inch in size, produced It 'V'fPS:SU re :[L,t the bottom of til-to bore, of 35",000 1hs. to the square Inch ~ which was redueed to 6/f-OO mR. a't 2:8 Inehes from the Lortom of the bore, givin.g a, ve]oeiJy to the shot of onJy 8'~)O feet per second, Wl..-Uo the powder of' large~t grain; fd.X.~' tienths 'f),f au i,n,th, in s~,ZJe'j though producing a pressure of' only 21!,(K)O 1,bsj at the bottom 0"- bore, £o110'wed, it rrp w-ith ,8",000 1b~,.. a,t 28 ;f:nehcs,~ and ~~ V'~ ~ velocity

to the sho t 01 98.;3 f:eet p@ r second, '!"

" ae: :St1L-nular form;, howev,er l' h;, not, til e: l~8t for \.:an'Don POWd~T t whateve,[' tb;e lSi Ie [of the grm,us;; In. ''-Ird:,eil to Rive tibe grcfl'tc:st 'poMi'ble veloc:tty to 'th~ 'sb,o-t" wilh, s'ueh degr-ee o-f pregu,te :88 may 00 safely em,"!! ployed" t'be' llr'e.u-reagai~s't t'be: :sho,t should· cO'Jltlnue a,earl,. uniform thm'l1!lho-ut its p:qsa,g,e from the gu.n ~ It .hoD,lel ~ _sac"y. unifo',~~ w;ere: ,tt B'ot for,. the :fact

. ~ Ii··

tbat & 1-eaa, ',reuON 'will htill'l, a IU' •. 11:' applied to- its

who],. ],eDsth than 'js required to 'btu's t :; t, if app'l-j,edl to onl,1' a port~,oD of i~ts. leDI~ '; h:encc the press,ure ab.,Guld, ,dimj,n.-ish. as tlier :ibo,t, 'r~es front t'be breech. but :BO,t n,ea'I"'ly' ,as ra,pidly, 8,'8 the experim,eot6 ,show th,at, it, diolts dhnin,blh ,even: wI,'th tb!e largeit,·',graoined, 'r'W"W'aJ'd- ;lIi;:.f-

."Y-T--" .~.!II!

.As the 'Ilbot :a:fArts, v'cr,,' slowly at. the 'breec'h, and, .ova wlt'b 'oonstan:tly' iaooel,erated ve'ltJci,ty i:n lte: course tbroutl'h: t:be bore" in O:rd'8'1 to JIla:Il'e the presBure 'U'Difonn ·throug'houtt tbe gae.es, mould, 'be: evol.v'oo

:from th-· ,,;D; b~:",u- .m: - .. 1"'0- 'g' nntil"id'··,ilif- ';t'it'.,.·l'~th· iil!ll #iil'!l.,'r'~I&'I!,;n.n,"C,->_'Ii"i;d~·!I!:~".~- :;,-- ~_'~,,..

...... - ..... _ - ... ~ _ r ..... '111'~.... '" _ ~' ... ' g ""V,l,,I!.'!I,;,r'g;t" ..... ;u'~ lug a.ooe!1,

e'ra,tion,j B,u:t", ,If "be po,wdl'er is g:ra.nular', t;b:e com,buB-' tio'n, com,manees on 'the surface of' t'be' gr,Qi,D8 a'no proccOOs, j,n,w:ard"t ,eol'l:sta:ll'tII:y reducing t,he size of th'e ,gr,rd,ns,; a:nd t, co-n,tteqtl-en t,ly", ,the tlX wn t of' 't'b.e bu rn. i D,g :suT!aee. 'fblUl the mpid'i,ty 'with, "'ih:i,c:li the g'8.,ses arc

,lI!I!l, I ~ ill, _.
~ -- "
~6 " 9,33
~ I
,.,5 I 932
,., '881
;.,3- 800 ;

30.,-&.". J:UOIJIBtrTI WITII' aUBOWD;D.

''i'Ii~-D ordl'oar" [a..-nall: .. B-I'·O .... ~I nn~..JI ~ It;a bu - r' -ned in'

"U¥"! .' .. ~ " ¥::% ~~,~. ID&LI".H. ~ ... -lD*lIIl ~ ~ r ¥' WIll'!?Ja ,~I • ~ ~~ !Will .. "

• eaDnOD,. .[1 oo'mbultioB :il 10 rapid, amd the gMOI, aro icoB .... uent,~~l' 'so q. 'ulclrlv d.: '~e~lo~: and m hi~blv'

- ~"""""':I_-'-~ [- ,. ~,oIev". ,~' ~ --'~ - Do' ~

heated, ,tha't an eo'orm,oul prC81urre iI, pToo,uood at the' breech of the lun beffi)'J.@J th,8 balls,tarts from 'i'ta BeRt';

.L'h a'-b- ..:Ii h .. 1II'.l'1'

~~~.eD;. aB 'I;- ,8 gases, expane, t',e pr,e.ure 18 'r,apl'U; y re-

duced"80' tha,t th'e, v',eloci.ty of ,the: bli!11 i-. small 'in,

~ ,,z; t~ t-,·'Ii,., oil' t d

propOT!~,O{tl ~o' ; ~J]ie lIUlX] In.u:m 'p:;ress"tu·ie~ es,er';e:. upon

tho .' - 1- t· - -. " .... ...1 , •. -. ·c-· - ,L T' J' R...l - ~ .. ~"t- L

e ,g14n~ ,- ovc;urr~u IL'O'< R:P'\!~ .. ~ .. ~,~O~.drU\ll; 01 ',ue

'Ord.nance Departlnen,t jl U' ~ 'S", A .. ,t tha't, 'if t,be poVt"-dcr

- . ..1 t' b- I "''"t'11 1 ,- -b

.'ere muu'e, 0 'u:rn A d,lI :-JJe m'O'fe :B, :,ow 11" 1,: ')9 press 'tu~e

would be les;s a.-t the: b:reec.h,; Rud 'would follow up the ball "iUI 'm,ore force duri,ng its, :paS~A,go ou,t, of' the

(rnn t- "I... Md' ~.:~.. . ~~.. ......... ~ l~'" ;oot~· ".....,,1. h &' !I.'I!

Q!_. 'I' :-u,u. ,gIVlll,r: gf:16awr ve, OCl;y' lUU II_Ie :8. >Ch,~ 'wh;'~)

less danaer' of b,u rst,i ng t,be' cn.nnO'D",

Th:e, ft;li$t 'plan th.at 'he tr-i,ed, for prooncin"g' ,1\ slower ,eom.1bu8ti?D. of the powder w,u, 'to maltc it in. large

O'rB.'[ni.'i . h"· "h .". - ,- - -..~ ,-. 'd': ··'th . ". - ..... t· ~'~ -

""-~'-,~g'I' W le.·~· wet-e, ~m,p-l eDe '_~' W,l,::, gt'Ba :.[l'oroo, 10,

·tb.,t, they could '~n.o,t, be, penrH~'ated ~y til e gnu." and" con'leq:uen tl..:r, could burn on,l.y by' L\ gratln~.:1 com b'UAi", 'ti.[OD, oormmenelng on, tbra outside a'D,d, eJ.,teJl,d~,Qg in-

ward. P'Oirie" of' t'be MAma qn,a]j,ty j,n, every 'reapect, exce'pt, the 8\~ of' "be Irainst 'w:as, p're~pared b,J the

'M' D~···u OB't *'h· .--. i - 'i'·~- .-. ~ -,-.-- -.--]~ - '1.._;1', -.

'_ ellll", ' ..... ~ p _ .. ::, !j.!' __ e gra.. D,I ' ,0 OD.'e: Ba,m,p,. e~ u.:,:I;,og all

th r,ee· ten th. o( ,an inch, :i'n 'Bi H" those of ,a;Do,tbe.r fou'f''''

t t h-·· 'f' -. Lh ~,g ,&.... t1,.. .l! '!I' ,i.,I>.. ] . '.

. "e'B, _,~J5\; O'~ a'n-O'i~~er'iLiL ve"'IiiI.:'n~1.t8~ saw '()I' ~n,e.,' , •• t, SIX,"

,&. .... , ~ t:b'-~- c-=~'~ ··t "D'_.:I. .. . .....,d .. .. ~t · ... 1 ,a, ~ --Ji" -.,

wtl, ,I" .: a,p'. ,nuumam mtroe~ a sertle. iUJI, J~"eB "I,th

t'hlri po-wder in, ,IL 11,. inch i'Qn. uain,1 thei iame~ well'h' o-t cha,fs·e:, 1:2 61,·)00 1bI,;,t and, the I8m;e iC,:''''~!Ddrical a'hot, weighlDI183 8, .. 10 1ba~, at e:very' fi:re~ "Five :l;r,sl 'were made 'with 'pow,der of each s,iDa' 0" arai'll, ,and the

Notwiths,tandlng U1C; vory sft,tisfactory ncc'()ID,p]i,r;b;; m,en t s of mod er'll artlll,et~y J there ye t tEnrlcai :n.s, It gt'ea't opportllni.ty for im,prov,e'men.t in. itt;, e:fti,ci,ency,. Tnl,s. "l;r- - dq-e ,ce-;1;- [of:: m' ;1:;: ~"",r- 'y':' S" nt,,;$)H,ce ~,hould, recei'V'B a j)!'refL te r

I,r._ ",'_'J .. lEI, v.,~ [1I.liIiJ~. '. . ~.Ii~,~iI -. ~ Q - . 0

. . '. . I

~bu.re -of th.e ,l\'t'teu'tiQn of ou ir sci e'n ti n c m"eo", for i {

r,arUl,on ,are ~o be c'onlSt:ru,c teel do ubI y e'ffi.,c~·e:D:t to ,any now in 'use, 'we ca:D.l1.otj wtthout immbleut .da.Dger, sbu,t our: e:,}~'e$ to t\l;e 'f8'C:t~,

J\e,t-ter fi,el.d. pieces a;r~ wan ted j co n1 htn 'i'ng gre:ater ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~___ str(!~,~ ,~d li~,tne8s~ Be~re any degree of per~

~' ,~~'r ... ~~ '~ /"';'_~ ... :-- ~ .-~:_.'7 .- _, :: _;- ... ~~'~, :(;eetion 1.n, both. th:ese requ'ir,enl[ents can lw obtain!ed,,.

t lIe: 'fo''!.~,Q'willg proDle,tn :m ust be sol v,ed,: -~~'Wh,a't m,etb,od ~~~, _- __ ~_~.~~~_~~-, -~-, _~. -_~_~.~-~.-~_~--~-~---, -_-, -~-.-,_~_~_~.-_~-~--;~~~ of COD~ru~~n'wilI o~asioD the ~Q8t equal diitri-

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ __ ~~, bulianof theclrcu~~renMal 8tr~nJ throughout the

PQ[O'R '~,N" S JAME,S BON'D voa . 3

] .... ..1 '. .. ~ d d;O; d "

evo rveu is retarc ec Instead of being accelerated,

Cap t, Rod man conceived t,hat if th e powder was formed, in. to- hollow cyU,:nder:s to be fi red, w hQlly from th e in s.id e, 'til,) C: 'burn i n g' ,S urfuee would be, cJlla;,r,GlJltd. as -the com bus tJo n progressed", and, censequen t]:,J'i" the 'ra.:pid i t Y with, ",'11'ich ,t h C g'tts:es were o yo] ved wott:1d be

accel e ra t ed ~ In order to confine the tom bustl on too

'th:e: Interior of th'e cylin,de;fs, be molds tb,em to;e:t.her

Into ,IL cake, as represen ted In I,he cu;t,. .

The cakes A.f,e submitted to' a., powertul Pf'S~U:f@! :10, a cyllnd,er, t he plj unger being armed. wi'th w:in;B ij~ .. t6!~ln

the holes In p -,~.ai'!li''';;~ ,~,L~ A;Y,,AII:I: fte ·,t-,LA ~'1i~n,.JI:n·-"AQ,I'

_ l~; . :,V~'!;;i'''''''' ,1"._, _". rM.I~\I:,~~,; ,~"u~ '~~9 ~I. .~.IU.'II!Oo:_. v""I: .... U __ :_~""..:.

11...0,- Ies Q''''''Jl; 'r),~,.n.-l:i~l- '·':0· •• · t:1...,pY" ~:tI .·t'~'e··: 1:o:-',~A, ~[~ '''~il~141!1! ·8'P.iL\':Ii

Il __ ." _ ~Q ~ .. ~ ,~_~ 0.1 11W , 1I.. 'l~ li~~~ ul, .. _111.~ ~.; ~ ~ £ U-.V- ~1~ft~~.1;1 .-: _.-& ~

made. from one to tw,o'· ,iD~Dg.~i :iln ,t,Dicl[nleBi~ 'ube "cut repTelen,'t.i:ng four io,l thSR\l' :'ui'led{ o'ne: u:'llon' ;Rni~thJ:r.,

"'-C···--:'I' - n· .... ,,'.---- ., e~'Va ,i,1Ii~'~c~' -ioh'~': ~,~~~~~'~'~:n,n" ,:: ... -~'~.- ',,\~ AC" ... ~ap: .. , li.,\,UIQ m I,D: i~"'~,ig, '~~~:I;~;!(ii' :~ ..• ~, ',IIJ,~~~,Ij,~;,1, ·n, r . ,. ~"y;,

the ,e'vo;l.nt~:o'n ,or" pl' .~, '-.~~ ,egu'];Ir't~ so' .,;lIts;· .. ;to. ;Ii v,c'

an Y Pl't&8tu:e ,desi~red: ~:R1j,JI~fb!~; 'bUiJf9iic-J'b,' is'I.urllshi ng

. . - • -"_. ·~I"·· ~f."~. ..~'~ [_" ". . -:. . .~.

th e ': p':' ro pe •.....• ·1. 'II"_-d; 'iI,I":Ii,,;I'I'O:':,o- 'ilf-:- .... t.·, \'~~;e~;t:'iii" ~1;...ti: 'D- 'iI'Ii'~I~~d' .~ nd .1'" Q 't'iA;....,_''' ...... r

IL '.. ,. _' ,.I:,!!;".il .... ltl,. 11:JllCl ..... ~ .. 1:& '1,I;J:.\I,'!ii!' , . ,,,"UiliiIJIi}.'!!P'I" an. h~,dLI.u~U::::_

, ,

,of the c:y] Indrical holes, 'IiridJ t'b.e tI1i'cl~'D,€S8 of' the walls

between them"

[',t The in it.ia.l burning surface" and the. :ril~i'~ of the m:iI,xi mum, to t.llle mean pressure j' may also be varied ~ly vurying t:be, number nnd thickness 0'( the' cakes in u .. ~i veri weigh t of charge ;. (he initi~lJ burnlng surface, a" 11 ~ l the max i mu m, pressu rc bn th i nc reas i:n g 'W i th t he rl ~,I, In ber 0'1' cakes, since tho burning surface extends nvur the 'whole eurfucc of 'U1C cakes.

~ ~ j l'h e Ul it' k n C'~'S o f "\ln1 ~ s bet wee n the cyl :i, nd ers ·~h oul (1. ~ ~'t'~: s U (~h. as -ttl b e 1 nrrned t.~[l roug h , or CO nsumed ~ before t hu prf'-Jecti le ]{~li1VCS, the gun ;, and for ord hta.ry ve loc.i ties we shou lei econom ~zc In weigh It of. chnrge, 'by ~n~~king.··· the 'VfiLn~ of such tJlie.l;:,n~'~f", ,.) 0' to ~ oli'! rn t:'~l, 1·"""'11! "'1'~,

... ~ --- .. ",'" .~".. Q . ~ . ~~~.~~I\!f:I I·'~., lUrt~1 ,,"' .~J, '""\'l~~i-"il.li

~.y the time the project ile 11 as, traversed two-thirds ';)]l:'

three-fourths of t 11c bore, ,n,nd allowing the: ,gr~K to net e x p~"'Lnt\i ve 1 y fro'm _ t II e f'C to tlH~~ In u zz~ e ..

~, lot, \vBl rnn,(lUy be sef;n". f:ro.ln tbe' fbrego'b'l,g, tb(tt U.1 i,H fu-rm of' c.al't-rhlge g; ve:~ 'us' en.'tb'C con f;~,I''01 (lv-,er the rn -tc of cOIn bus.ti on o:f t.he cnn,rge" Or. :f.fLC't t:he: im p01rt", (\flCC of Vi hleh c~n hu:rd1y be, (lVl3'ff,fbt..ed; f(}f,. t~,k,c:n in

,;!"!'O""D·· Dj'"':t.~~)'n~ . w; th. tl :"h'~' 'l'll:,()~'l'o,. w': m·: ;;f'"d,' :~i 0_' 'f:' 'C:_-,:i;:,,",t)ti'ili(ilJ',,' ~_'1ii,~_';"~-"",' ,n' ",

'V' ~tI .. v.y _ lil~ _ .. __ ~ I. _ .. __ ~ .iiI ll. . . '_ v" _ U V. I ", _ !oil:1Q l~ IJJI~ L:~"J~,~ 11 'I4=- !I

it 1'0 n.i 0 veR H.',ll ) ~ m i t~ ,~B, r~ga't"d,s :sa:fe t y~. 1.0 t he' cal i be'f '~ of' l;v'bich c\~en [ca8t~'iro11 gU~,lii In.~y b~; ,.:rnn.d.u., ~,

4"~-:.

O Z····- ·:a·.······.········· r········kl< . e·.· •• j-~\[a.······~·····. ·r-'> _.

. .....' '._ .' "._ ,", .

Cla-'w' 'is'

'".-'-,: ., "'. ",:' '\," ,.j:' ', ... -:-.-'

.. ' .. ' . _; : '. ':" . " ' .....

~ "~ __ .

...._ ''I'

I

~, ~, . __ .

'I

,~ ~ ._.

," . _ .. _ ,J'

:-00-'_

• I.' -. ..

46

T:HE \VE"AP'ONEER. 'With a, 'knife, ,two knives are always, bet .. ,

ter tha:n one .. The Ozark, Bear' Caws are

t.wo knife IiaBd!es with a'Jj,ts, . beside [ifhe'

blades 'to accommodate tb:e blade of each

, : into, the baIHIei [of: the' otker'~

....

. {;.-.<.'

:~ ... e ', .. • :..:..: .• ~. .• ·:..··r ... ..

.. . .:- .

..

~ .......

-:.' <

.. :.-:; .~

, ~ -;.~..,., .

..... :.- .

... ..:- .

1»\/' -:

,

. ., .

• :-:: ..... : I

'·::f -, ··· ...

,. .'< :;..':" ..

-.:-: .vr '>, :.- ••

;):; '$-:1)' ~ . . ~.~

. ~ $ '.

QOJsed" :it just looks, like an [eight inch long by' ODe ,~f'b· thi,c'k, pj'ece of wood, It

can be c~edi~ th~pock~t ~dcanbe used, as a yaw,ara stl,ck until you feel the

need ,for' mor-e drastic measures, '111m'it becomes IwD raao'~,sl8rp kn~,v[e-s~tletd. OB'I? ·in ,each band, and hard, tp a rgue wi~o.,.

. TIl "",'_..I, .. ' . .,n - r . - ~ :t. - -- e , - -'h--

e W\JUu., componen,~ 8'_' e SIX, ,IO'l1r Inc,.:,

1, .. -, b -, '.' --, - i.,, __ , -':h ' - "d' " b'" 1'/"4 Inch 'thick Jloog ... .Y one me '_: Wl.,e:y .' ..... ' __ ~,~Yil .~-I,.- .-',-,'

, . f b d' TIl

P';l~C! ~"'~~I p.' .iAtli61S" 'g-to" : :"o"':r-- e-"s" ""C': .~ e:' ;,111 .:'. ·~"I.tIII

. '.'\I,'!V . .;..~;~." I."ll!l·~" ,IU"""';',,"i.. _ <:_ . .'. '_' . > ,_-1UI ' ''i_- : ' .~

,four antlide pieces are, hollowed out .1/8th of an meh, leaving 1/4th of an inch of' uncut wood' arnund~ 'the three sides~ [One

kn'lfe blade handl.e is epoxied mto, the top Ivdif' of' OD,e' ,and 'the 'bi;Jttoim half of' the other~ then aU the, 'pi,eees. ,8f1e epoxi,ed to make, an unbreakab,l.e bond,. Care must be used to oollow out the blade holding sections so 'they' f'it snugly'. This ~s so they wDl-hOld:-tQgeiber· uAili-p~Q,osely~ puU,ed,

apart ..

:Sdeutlftc America'd ........... Sept, " 116,1

A, .BW '.ODZI 0," [CO:RSTBVCT.IKQ 'DAlf,XO'.,t B'Y "., C .. IA'-BOOCK,; .0 .. 'Jl.L, , <"HICA,OO, 'ILL ..

PO·OR MA.N t S JA:MES EO.ND Vot , 3

'Ill as'S]. of metal ?

N'o known material is, capable ofreoeiving a'tenli,ie s,train wi'tbO'ut at're'tching., Can,Do:n, are :su~Je~d 'to tw'O indirec·t tensile strains, ei,rCumf~reDtial. ,and lOD"" gittul,'infd~ Now 'it has 'long' been known (,but 'Dot. e:E·nerally unders tood ) that Increasiag the thlekn C~8 of'metal In '. gun. d.Ges 'nlo~ increase itf;l, c.ircu~.'feren.tial

'. • • • !iii, •• ' '.. '.

s.t'feast}) ber~c)ndl; ~ ,cc:'~t~n pol n.t.. 'UJ l~' r:~~-~ l~'1 .~~ .. 8'i) Y

pro'v&r1 and expl,R;in.ed by the :f~)rJ;ow;inl eXPeriment:'---T-

". .. '. - •• r-: - _. -u; -.. Iii" iii" I ,n • !ii, ~'ii • [. _ _ :I~\. '" : .

I:f 'we: m .. ke ·eq.ut .. dl.s,tant CO'D,OBnt-rIC· Iines o~ 'thtl .. end

n·t·, Ii!iJ .... o··.'l·'l·o:·w-:··~' evllnd er of soft bl'us· Fi~',. 'I. ,&Ild j'mnQrt

'Y' ,~, 111;).. .,_,..' ~.3 . . '. !!OJ'. - . - , _ -. ~ e ~ ..~, ,.

an equal circum·f'er·e~ntla'l straln by ~~I'liS· of a ~ircuJa<r wetlge d.ri-ve.b Into the bore, FI.I&" 2", w·e'can at .ODCe: ob-. Marw ho,'w much more tne i.'!,lN.de Ii, stretched thft;Q the ·c.-·_ ta;.'d: :e" 0"'-'-'·' even --, ~h'--e.-· 1~ nt er m nedlate ·S'~~8-·. The ~inace8

OU .. D.It' .. : .... ~ 'II.,'~. ""_ -"'_. '.' . . '!i;.iU. QI~ It"'· ..... ..., .. • -. _. igl!'" _ '.-'

bet'wee~ th.@· linea wiJI be s-een to va,rf ill Wiid~JJJ I~·. ,direct· plfo·porti.on to the· a;m·o-u:nt 0..£ Btra.i D on eaeh.; R_h.o·wifDI th." w·b·ilc. th,e insid'6' 'Sip&ee' j,Aj :s.tl':ained. al:in.'ost . to ·hfr.ak,~i:Dg'., t'be' j,nterm,ed.iu;te· spaces a'f8 much 'leRS'

st,a] ned t G.d t he o u.-tet' sea roe 1 y any at ,alli' . .: ~

~1_' . ~~:a·.

.'

Now' lr we increase the' strain ~Uffif"t,e·n ily to pro-

,h'H:4,' fracture, llY drlvi n.g the \VPf]gP' sti n deeper ~ Fig. :::~~ it, w·n 1 he Ob~.C.l'VC~·l thn.t the i nner Rp,,nce'F,t wU.l h~ complet=ly Rpy ..... red, w'hUe t.he nntr't' remnlns com pnr .. nt.i. ,."~_i'~y sound.

'The· ·JtEI.W bas bee·a found tha·t in cJ.lind,ers of ",e~l ~ t h.~· cire'11D:f.·[·8u·tla 1 'FI,t~"'!ID, on. ·tIl e d.t.ie~e'n:t, paiis- V·aries inV'~l·seJ..y· aR i'be Isq~ulre8 01 i-he' (Ii.AtanooR, of ih·e porf·:8 rrem, tbe ,axi.B,,, A c,oord'in:R" ·to, this ra,tio n tWlo~·'inch

. .

gnn wi.llb t·wa inches of m·eta]j will be hlte·f'n.ally

rrac~tured. before the exterior re.ce:iv;es on.e .. t.welfth par.t 0.( tbe atrain caueing t:h.e· fractu:re ~ or ,cou.rse in.creaBI'"' in; tbe::~thlck·D.esBI s;till more' 'would add. 'very little to ~tI RtreDgth"

Th·e.lo:n~- -ttudi·na.l ,a.tren-g-th. 'hlS a, direct ·beaTi.·nit ·O·fi

- ' -"! 'a:l~ _._ l~ '... • _ - .• _- _ •. - "'--ell

th _. . -I. - .'. - t- :., . '1 Th' ;'. I -' - - . -- -._ J.. '!I·'!I·n·· .dlA'!ii!'lft'l··'ntr "·h··, iiIii o· 'p'-' ...

. 'e Cl.lCUWltlTen :,Ia I. '. ·.e miB WI. .~: .Q'\!i\!Io . ~'ViLl~ " .. """ .. ;. '.-

polite Btraina 01: ,com'premO'D, an,d ex::tenBion at 'i'be RRm6 time is weakened .j n th@·formercap.acity.lnpto ...

. . . - . 'I' , . .. _._. - - _ _ , . .. _ ..

. .-.:. --. ·t· .. ·_·· "'"",,". t'L.· ·t·, . - .~- i' ." • - th- I.a 1- a""* A:r- , t, :b· ·£II·'W'[oiI:iI"o!r·,Q l~'n" - .-."' .... A-n c._

porl:0n ~ ae 8· _rail In·-,-.~ " .1I:IG,:t ." ''W,I.''!Iiil·_II .. V _. !W,i.~A

I'D, the loQli·tud1nal strength, by ,adding tbiCkness to

• II> - ...J_ .... j,! .... 1 tr "'h'b'" .1: ....

·tbe· gIlD.,. laeretl1Je8 1'. 'uuvu.];er_~RW.. 'I~gi~ . " ,:-10-'" 'I'll'

II 0- D---J'" t. __ <III, ,JII!II._...._.,_.ln- . ..:I .... ~

1 ••••• _'" .~.' W III .. ·u.-IlilU~~, ucr~· .... ~.

47'

metal wi] I eve r be made t:ba..n in ·t he scie ntl fie proPOfittOO.'8 ... o·:f t'b,e· Dablpeft guns ; 'ye,t VI'hst· a :pi:'t" to ba. v,e· 11;0' Jniuch ,01 the m6te.~ria.l eem par. a t-i v ely' . i.d]e ~ .

'How th cu.· at'ie W'~ to 'Cit] t1.aU:zI: t"bi:s· immea SlE:;. eircum'feren't'i:bil,s:tr,Rl.n. wbieh possesses the sa·me., ra·,tio of ·in: .. , equal i ty in all sol i-d m aS6es 10(' m.eta I ?

A sei'e.'n'ti·fic arrQn.g,e-mlsn:t 'of the material sheul d 00' made' wh-ereby the sErVEr,.l 'pllrt;s would, ta]t.'8· a moder-: ate sh·,'re o:l ~ the s.t'rain" in:lS,tead of 'the inte'r:;'or part·s b:i,ri~ng ·,too· "mue'b, nnd the '8'X:t,@ll'jor too Il t·tl,e~ ..: .

·V~u·m.e·rQtds pllan's ':ll~v·e been tri.'s4 to ll(;co.·ulp·lltdi llle ·obJe'ct, yet. none: h,ave succeeded better t'b.ao ·A,rnil.stT·ong 10'T Whi·tworih· .• · Th.e ·w',f)f:JJ.d.e;rfu] a,CCU1"RCY and -r;aage:!of,.t,h,·u IUtB' a :iQs ';Towi:Qg tOo t.he,: ·,11."=1",,1."7 gi ven to: the· ,Bhot· whicll thel.'.: Bl.c'thod. of .'oDBB"r.uctio-D .. alone reB~~rs: . posli,ble~ . Tlrair respeetlve pl:a.'III; .1:· though a'Ii'k·e i.n principle, ttHietr 8o:m .. B.what in execntion... Tllei'r guns are built with concentrte tubes or rings a'hmJD'k s'uooessiv,ely ,cn ·each other with B gradual ten8io'il.~ 18e tenslon : ,B, increased from the in~r'" 'lor to, tbe ~:%terior' 0'£' the: Il~U'D by a Ir.ter expansion -in the 'heal'ing ,of lh,• d:iffe·r,~n·t, parts,,"

--'An.~t~b.~~ pi~ has 'been' .atte:mpted to accom,pJi,sb.

the BUDe G,~;'ect by winrl·].n~ wi.r·e around .• ' cyl'~.nde.r, in·croasing ~ t,b.e tension ,each laY'@T,. Were· ·tber,e: n.1i? 'l.ongit u.d·lnal. 8't,ra in to· (0"0 tend all,j'ust tb:iR,.: 'plan 'would :apJlroacb. pstfect,ion : bu.t l.t being D:ecel~ry' to braze the 'Wire: toptbe·f, in, ord.er to· si. va th.e gUD. sufne-ien.t longi .. tudi.nal. sbengtb·t the beat Tt':quir·ed In the ·ope·ration d,estro18 the b~n8'iontro·ndc:'r~in,g tb,e· gnn a:t once i'nferl,or to one wroug'ht in a 801i(1 m;1S8,.

Pif/.-_, :" 4.

' ..

A. S' lUl:R. heen 'sl\i d bef n 1;" I{ ~ l t h e Ion gi t udi [I n 1 ~,tT: d n weakens tile cl.rc!II.mft:re'll:ti=,l st rcngth ; th ~~ is a, fact pertn:inin,g to all cannon thi\t hnve )"'et hren IC'Olu~trnct· ..

... ' . ·'ed. The id,en bas oc.C'lu·]·ed to, me, that in such ft, pre-

,domina.nee: of tbe longitudfnul strength compared vd.th tbe R;t.rnin, that, such an arrnngemen tor material mig'h.t 11e made "he-rcby the Iongitudinnl strain would aSld.s.t; lnsteed of' weakenlng the eircumferen tlal s:tre.D.gt·h. ')(y IlIRn fo:r Ilr.co'mpllRh:i·ng ~o ~em'ing an im'poRBi'bUlty i~ as fo~ ~iOWS, .:~-.

On, a ,cyUndc'r ,of' .(~n~·t iron (the 'bc~t. uUl·te'ri al fot' the inside 0'( ft, (iR.nIHln) sl~rlnk. n. li'lyer ,of 'wronght l1"o-n ri ngR, wi -t,h mod rr.n tc leD I'd on .; t h ef;oC, 'W i til 'th c cy I i. n··, der Ab.ollht form nhun t one-·bal (' of tllC' 'ill ]CkneSH 01' the ,gun.~ F~ig,. 4" Bands, of H·t·e-el r.oihou]t!' no'w l)e vtound. '~pirally in alt'ernat.e lay-erN to tbe Teq.Hi-reel t'hickneR.~i rev-,c'l's.ilng 1.he windt ng' ,ea·c·'ll layer,. FIg. ;j~ 'fhe:A.t: banclfJ ·S'hOllld· be 'n~oun~ I \v·b 1 '1 ,{~ ben. t,ed tH 'n~c t 1 y fro]11 {l fu rnaoo p're:pa ted r or t.~e p'tll'·p.o:&e t .fl. ru 1 t l.le t.en si on. in ..



:POQR, MAN'S JAME:S B'OND vea , 3

4·8

THE' :"0' l..~AP::· :··O·-··1(~iC'fR· ".:'

, .,,) ': n-J:.: l' '.. • "". ·1."&:i,8·~.<·.

creal8d 'on elV:b la-ye·,· in ll'roportion ·t·o, JblJ cURtanee· ",'nm, tl1,8 bor~:~.. by 'r~g'n),n ti,ng th-e hen s,

.er,f~. r ""~~~"'iIi!!!!!iI

"ork to 'tbe •• tenor.of thelun, for cru:t,·lron t. d0l1.·bl'1 '. ·.fti'li!iillli; ew'Ntn'II.-y'. t1J:aB 'BHlo'og-ht imn.- '''Dd '\Vrou-h" I~-

Dlv ........ '.Ar-"'-' I, ,.., " -!Ii." ~ '. '.' .'~ ".... . ....; -J:I! '. ,,.iVY

e:"8 400bl, mOire' ex.panaly·" ·thlla, ,steel.

. 'lbe 'propeT PTO,e:rtiOl:lmen" ,of tbe' diWerlD·t mate~ .. 'I:., I.,·:, sUch ,-- COhRtr1tttlmi can ,onlY be ,obtained I.-

rrllU... . - '. --'. . - - - .'. _'.' .. _." ... . .. J .. . . . . .. -. "1-

~ _, ,I, w louad. a "rD, :_." b8 _. ,of

..... r _· "_' ,.,1. • -' .. Of: _- 'D'" . _.. . ~, .. _' ..

IIII·lalD. "lImgth aDd, eoapamUvelJ" :U,hL

.AD 'lDen.·18 of' II_lUI ,In a .. DOD II, ID .I.are ••

01_, '1''''-' ".'" ...Ii --....i~ .... DCJ'. .. ........ p":' - 0'" " .....

· '1" I'VIiW. :ILIlQ~!:" .• ', ,.'.!,' .'. I ","' ; •••. '_. .....

. ..' r~' ... ~. -'~ ,._ _. ... " \ ,,' _. - - . , .. iR' .

pealiPl!, whea nlhta_ .. .110' COIIIbt.... • ....

,._ ..... _If:." l'i.:""..11·_,_,..dIlI·· . .&;L.... ~.-- _. 4'1..1' 'powder

, __ ~t~.I· lit ",Y~I.· t",::' UI .. -. 1~~~~.V" u. ~'" ,_:'--.,' '_".~ ,', . ,

bore .4, ft~eCta.eI far more ra-'m.' t_ ibl--:a t~

...• _' I ..•.•.• r\li·VJ-. - . ~ - .... ~ .. , Ir.---;,'· . __ .....

_Hwlll parmitot aDd when oabon 1i ... 1de •• __ r ...

,-' .. :i.: :, __ :. :~ .... :" ._: .. _ 1', -f, ,! "'._:. '" ... !_ \ ':_ 11 . '_' . ~_ ..... ' ,.! '._. I ',' " >. - ul"I.:~",

a-..iI -O·:Wiii!I. .-.i_, ... , ... ·I·i1iw, It '~1I'11 '~... g' :--''lii!lil!'i8' to···· 'liia cAiiiiI_

aua. .u.. - 'au ,.uMI.D-U~ltr, . -"&II. ua .' .,.1&1. ,- j • _'. r __ ~ ~ _ _ 'U'U!a

,.'_1IoB to tIM .lnOt oonlideratloal of' pmJBJtI.

,_l1ll •• ·lh';loadIq. -

I am Inclined eo believe that, 'lhil' me,thod of COD• tlnctio,a 'wlll mako a .,troIDIG' ItlD. 'llllQ .... yel, been prod,neect '1110 longlttldi,h_al strain aD, the !ph".) wt:Ddlnllltl blnea_, the teo.h). at th.' mom.'i, of tU.-, ·h··- .. - ... -:1······"· ,."-..I!, ··b····· ~1'·t·~i,·m·-··o··I·;l-·,",·..JI~ 1,_0 .. ····,·,·.··0·,":·;.,'r,.J .• c· a.1R'8 w, .len ,[Uln w. ere" •• ' .... c.' 'Ii nr-p"IL~11 11.'._' ,_', ~n

raJ MIt be ~xt·end.,cd lon.gI,lud.inally ,yUb'Ollt ·dl:lD1DII.~ ba,lln dtRmP.ter~ 'The, arlMIOJIlBDt o,:r· tile :mate,daIR I'D 'be ord:er ,of their ttx~ •• aiye: "ro.pe·rtles, gi,v., more

,C······y··~ t- ·A···N·"I· 'D···'·:E-:'~-:

•... I , __ • ,", [ -'_,' .' . _',' " " i __ .

G·······I'R· .--.'. 'E'·' ·· .. N·"·'··:"A···'·· D'i' .'. ··E· : .. ·:·8 .. ······

. .-- . . . ,_' "., - " . ..... . '. '. , ., ". I .... ".

" _.: "',,,. -,' I" '_ I" :" -' , ,I ,_,': ", I

'__ ' _ t __

,

DU:CT T,APE:·: .

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o

01

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.

() SULPHURIC ACID

I

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I

()I

[

o

.

J1, 'v

o

.

BLO·,C·'K·· AN"'i"' 'D:' 'N·.·A;·','·I-.-~L'.·· ..

_ . • '.' i", '~. : •..•• • ~." _-

I

, '

o

.

, .

I :.::

I• D····

. ,.,,', .

, .

" .:'. I

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o

.

.

I

.

CYAN" .. 1--=' D" E',"

'-. ..

0- .. ~ .. ' "':0:·'

':,

! -.', .

. . '

()l

.

,

O·IN··· ·'TE···· ~·D::

" • _ " ',' r'__:'. .' .

D-··:O····~;L··:

··.·-:'···"·n~,J "

. ' .

CYAN·:O···.'"·i In:,!:·

. ",' -_ ..... _

..

THE WEAPONEER

Q~--d"".~,·,-,-~~ a-Stit· 1.,1

~ [, 1!l1. AlllBn-.. __ I -=. _' _ .' . "._ ..

I't, ,II 80 douht this . d,esir'e' of e'velT arm'T .'Dd nB,ti.OI1 to·,..,ell tha blBt imple'men;ts 0'(' 'Wl)f, 'ba,t, ,Ire at 118,·, ceritai.:Q,ly' p'revails, ,II to whi,ch a,te ,the most, ,.elp:t~ Tlle prlac"i.:ples of opemtl,on and ·tb:e principles 0,' me ..

b "', I t· .. • b d Ii> t" L. i ,.. f'

[e alllciL. CO 011; ru.cl~·tOD. 'e;m, , ·race· , 10' . >I.l.e· v'ar ~,e:~ii1 0:

WiMpoDI 'DO'W' brrOu'lb,t befor,e, the public" are 10 d'U,er ..

t a- +b' I to - 'I

en. ,. ,aD. ~ :.;, ae optmons are 80 numerous lel·pec[~ 'DC

. .

their merits, th.at I't 'is, 'O'er.,. dUficult, '10 ~rri,ve' a't

proper co'Delusion,s :r'es,pec:itin.,g' them. A few'.'ordloD

- · · -" L._'

tbis ·Ubj8C't; to br.lng tbe' ma.t~er ,1Q.teJlig'en,t,ly 'Wiore

'h i t'h tot d-' th b'1'''' b f

t; ·",oae;'D,au' ~ ~ on"~y' an, ,-,,,8 pu: ;\it,:LC; :IB,a.y eo,: ,Iom,e

service",

BUt,ed cann,on are now 'held t'o, be ,tbe mOI,t officl.D't

f· n'iI'1 Th" 'O! 'il .. . ... -

.: or. a. ':,_ ~ery p:1llrposes~ :i~. aetr ann 11 more ao:ura~

,&ad tbelr range Dlfucb grea'ter than "II,e old, am,GO'lb .. bored canDon,;. he nee, 'they are ,mOlt, oeBtr.uc,i,.I:iI It DOW.seems to, be: 'the object of m,ilit&ry a,u'thorltles "':~----:where 'to brtlifli' 't\h-',~,m into I' e~q.r"-· 'I ~:-.,:., '···d', 1:'",:

e • "fir.., " .' ._"" '_ .,.. ,~'" ., . ~ .... ,iIi;l,"'_' Btl UBe, an . .

one, arm:, II provided wi,th rUled cannO'D" ita adv.enary 1BU!8t ,o'b-tala simIlar enns or :8ght iart a ,great di_:van ... _e~ For close etlIf'gemem.ts I,'mioo,t·h,;.~red 'caR non ..... it aJ".a,.:B be emi.plo.,ed lor Iring ,gr,apo and eanl.·

"'_ ~ 6"h' '~, , 'It"h " - '. - 'h-' ii"f)'" d" .. - --. ". "'11... -. ...

'Wi,1" t '''; ,:erl?IOre't B_ "OQg,!_1 rn ,e· cannon ar,.: ililll,.' _OIl.

elective at ~O!DI r~DpB~, aDloo,tb,;,,'oor,eci, IUDI :IDut ,fOnD

1· tl f ·'b a ... · .... t' e, tn" I be- 1 m ._

• ,a.rce ,pariluD, 0' l~,.~,e e~"l .. ve: &r, ;l,e,r" l~:" 005"01' 'w'

-:' ·"'i>!my·~ for 80'"0':"' at, 'c-108'e q' .. uarten ,.

an __ , _ _ __ _ _ " D _. . .' .""" _ roB.

Th,en are two ,specia_ classes 01 rl"Oed ca'llDO,Dt reapecti'ng w'bicb, there are ·di vided '~p:ini"onl amo,u,g m'i),illary '.[en and others. l'be: one has a movable: breeeh ,RDd~ iiI

1 ..... _...1...1' t' ,.,,,,. , ' ' ,.. tL·"-';"h' '., 'h '"' "1'- , I· ,~1I·· .. 'UllUeU. 6_ w..C: "ear i ~. ne Uti, aer ~ ~al' '. eiose c:y Uluer

, ... Li· d' ..J t, 1 .~, . .l d' t[ th 11 ii; c' - -

baa_'D _ "', anil 18 ' oU(je!~ aj"~',.1 e 'mU2iZ~,e". It, .IB Q:bdmed

t:or th,e breeeh-Ieeders that 'they can be loaded. witb le81,

100 ~ tit. '·1' h' d a," . or, afe: more c onven len. tor J'l6CCl Vi n,I' 8 " o't an ,::

'Ihells" &u,d tb~t, expanding' sho tare Dot re qui re 0, for t~·em. ~ Th,u 0 oj ectj,ons t.o them are, tha,t t.bey ,llfO mere

'U· ,', d ~l' 'I' I' ;L til th

romp ~:C8ite;~· aou expensive m eonsteuo aon "'! an mus ..

zte-loaden:; an:d they are more liable to ,I,el, i:nj ured and become j,D,o'pe:rati ve in. aetlon,

'T":b" ",- '. t" .' .::. ,11: t. ~,t,·-, "'f; , '" .. -'II 1 ........... ""1· ", ,-" -, ,.,--.

_ " 'Q grea, ·e,r is lmp,del. y 0, mussie- uau.l.nl cannon II

adlmi,tted'l' but eltb.er win,ged, shot or e,x;,pand"i hI' :8bot is required for them, If muesle .. loadln,1 tifted cannon a~ eq,ua'lly as, good as breech .. loadera,; all the 'BOUD,d old. SDl.,cotb. ... Do'red ;g'UDa. i'n our arsenaJ.tI, forb, aDd, nav,' ,yardl em, be CO'Dv'I'fted in, to' servlcea'bJe and ,efticieQ.t rUled :IUD'S by limply grooviDI tbelr'ln'.dles, .. ,d thla, can be e,ffected at a vu'ry S'lDall expeD88. ··111.18 II .. tbere(ore,. th., 'im,portant, 1.1I,bjec·t for coDllderatiODi, ,M it DOW dlvldes the opi:nl.ODs of ver,,' abl,e 'mil.ltar)' 6U"I.. "ti,-

'.-or,," ea~

fIIli-, __ ,ft!lll' '.' 'b· ,"""~ th., PI";" .o~-ea. 'ba.,.

1&'''' ~" ~., .~.,~, Dl':TU1'1, ....... _. _ ....

Il..- 'lb.' ... tanuu:eI'1o 'the adop", of' bne011- "elllII' il_. ".BOD" aDel, the Belilo ,10"' ..... " liM 'IIOeDtl- mwl~, to, exnand about :18 000 000, ,fOr

-"' .,' .' ".' ,iI r,. ..... ~ " , ..,.-- , " ' , • "t "' "- ""

,.1.. •.. '~_" , rtr~'_"~-D. of iJ·" _tUler", adOint, :1, n.' '~Ir[A'Pr, .. "~

~ _ ",~, .'" ,"I~1J.IU ' 1 " - '"',rI'" 'r' '--e' "'V, __ ......

Ii •• ilCl8W·breecb iUDI; whlch, ,are: said to be 1 .. daD,· ,..,.ul'u.loadl'DI, mure ,M1C1U'8iW: in ,aim.,. ,aDd eute~r loaded than those: wblc'b are char,Red a,t ,the au.lIIo.,

n- ·th·· ,- ... ,u ... _ L, . d ... 'L.. -. .. , - h 'R' I· '. 'D'·· .. ...:t.. ' d

VB ['ie o....,r .au,[.,. we ,jL!I reae ,.' UIlLaDJ, g,UlaI aD,

po·alR MAN'S· JAJMES B·OND Vol. 3

,Swedish governmen'ta I!u\ve. ad\o'pt.ed m~.le .. l.oad18,1 rlfted cannon, t.b.e Hollanderl h,i\'ving coDyerted, a, Dum,_'r of their ,old, worn· .. o·ut pieces ~i.D'to lDod.:J~lfle.t guns by a proce·1I1 'wbleh ex,hib'lts ge·n.'u:i,n.e eeon,omy aud. oo:D'Ude'r,ableing'enuity~ ,In. the an.Do'sla of B,o laad, 'h:~8 ~et;e a 'Itullber [Q,(- Itt""pG1IDd.,t bro •• rgar' 'w~eh nad . becoJDe 10' defective:· b, u. th:at ,tu,' w ••

"""D'~ .;I ..... ~"M,~..l to. be re-mel ~.-~ o WlI:d' r·~·e·,".,;w;iI!III'·-t·, A'" kn'p' 'p~ y,~'

\tv. jQI:J~IU(J. .. - . biU'U ~ ~ . !Ii _ .. H[AI " _ "

. ,iI_

th,oul'ht, ,atiruck OD,O o,t'th,e' engiaeerl... ]I'e pro'pOled to clean, ,on,t, the, bores and partial I", 'Ill t·hl.em i'D, with a Te·~,casti.D\g of brou,ze m,tria] and th,e'D rlft,e t'bem., Thi:8 8.ug"gestion waR carried out, Bnd, th,s old, :I'ix· pounder defec,tiv'e smooth-bored CfmhOIl have: been 'OOD,V er ted, in.to 'rIfted guns. By thhl simpl'e' precess t'be Dutch have obtained from. their old condemned bronze guns es efficlentIight 'field pi:eces as those ot FiraDoo and Russla, at tbe ex. pense of only:seven dollar;s· fo·, EHLCb '.

'~rhOBe W!jh,o hi-ire advocated the muzzle,,]o,adeTi aD,d

condemned those. whloh are cbarged at the r[ei.ft· 81.1 that the la:tte,t have been tl"].ed. and, condemned 10.n,1' RgO -.=·tba t 't·h.ey 'weJi1e the ea'rl.ie:st, class of gU'D,Anade~, 'thaT·eto'Fe ,tbey should no't reeel ve th:lI,t attention 'wh:lc'h .is. now bestowed upon them. Su-c'b a cba.r,g'e ,a. t'tds should reeelve but llt"tle considerati:oD;. fol' rcvolvhig firearm,s, WElre 'rea1ly' among the must [earl y tba,t were t,ried,. and in the Tower of' Loadon tber,a' i:i. B :ftr,earm n.early t,,~· hundred year,s old; 'wh.lcb baS ,II[ 'revo1.vb}g charr:e· chamber opei ated on the same plincfple· u,the· most approved :m:odern revol:v,errs; an.d "e,t such w'eapOfti beeame lost to the: pu.blic' unt,ll'I8'vived, 'by'

t:b.e· :i:m,p'foved Col't plsto[l.. . .

Bv,ery firearm should be J udged UPO'D, 8, conal,de","" i·ion ot i is own merlts, a'fter repea ted. trials,. ,and not by the pr,eju.dices and ;inte'r@'sts of ,RD.)" man Ot' 'pRrty'~ This IS ,the co]y w·a,.y to arrlv'e· at. rig'ht cODcl.us:iobB, respecting 'th.,c merits of Bo,ny piece of meehanlsm ..

H;a.vlng ,paid, considerable attentdon to v arlous k·;nd.8· of" guns,~ we· belic:ve' ,tllat every sound glln in Ollr country may be C'onv·et·ted" at a trltUng' eXllense t into a good and. efllcient rifled. ea.:n.'ll.on by the: ~hnple oper,atio'O of rifling. ,\Ve consider i·t folly to" expend. 1 tl,rg,e sums. I.ll! obtaini l:1 g nc: w l'·lH ed C~~'Ln non w hi le old ones CfLn. be: rendered nearly ,a~, ,good arl; tb,c best, tha,t H.:n3 made fro:m nc'W :ma,tc'rinJs. ..

The pubU.c has reru'l oocoun·t:s o.f' the :S,ftwye:'r', and JlfLm.es Q,'n(l the Hotcl)k.ls:f1lc~nn.on, but 'fh~ gu'ns, 'yih'ich have rece'ived. suc:h. nrnn.[e'S ar,e common rifled. ca;nno:n., 1lh c .ru',ml£~S, of 'tile i 11 '!\l' en terre. of the pecu 1 iar sbo't" hi.c.b WCI.'e Jlm:'ed \-vltb 1,'j fled c',a;n'tlon, lu\ve: b(~en trllnsfe:rred to ,the gltDJ.3, by corrc:spondents .of pal.n3l"S unaCtlurtin'wd \vi'tb t]l;fJ in v'ent'ion8~

In tb.e construc·t1on of :nc:w Il0ed c·a.nno'n ,for' loadIo,g a;t. the m.u7:iZ,le't W(~ bellev'e it will be·· found &dv,a:n .. ta,geou8, to em ploy :0, IeTe w~b.'r,eooh, pieoe't 'to teDl&in fj,J;ed 'in 'Iring,. 'but, w'hicb, if a shot ,Iho-nldl-gte:t ta.t. i,D, loadtiD!g,. may be ·re·moy.,ec! ,for th.e 'pu;rp08 o' of ,re~·· tins' (lUt tbe. charge e88ily ~ 'Thls ID:etHod of mia,kID,r m,lJzzllo ... 1.oadlD.g caD,n.on w,o,u]d be an im.p'roveme:D'I,. we beli.oye't, ,aD,d,the eam.e, p'ri.ncipl'il. 0-:(' eo.ns.truction In&y alsOo be ap:pli.ed. w,i.th ad.van.t8ge ,to &;.",,:(1.']]- atml.,

c· ....... iii'

50·

T HE:· . ·WE·"·, "AP': ""Qc-"'NE'-'· E' R:"

~ " , : 1.' ,I'" , • '. ~ ~ l= ~ .

• - -, I ) ,'_'. .' "

a,' O:ENT.LB BEN

'TIle prOs •• beeD Duid'.abIOWtii ·by·"!t!IM- _fli· ..

.1~W'ft· ... \ .. ,~~jj~ .. ~~·"~~; ~,~~~'9·.\'~·~~· ~ ~~ '~fIId· _~:~~~t· ~~;"'~'-:'!~~~ ~

..ilI.-lI:AiNea!l,_· ·HD~~iHN!!Iiio··-r .~.<I~ 'U;JuIi "'.Me "0' 'm~" aka :.;I,;,,~- ·~tIJ

gal !~~ l.v.._ ~:, - .' I.W 'Iii Y."U.1 '-'j ~":.RiiW:!I:~~. " yu [U ,[ ~ J.:. .' _ .. ~: I '"iI,. ),~l ..

wllii'7Ou [have~' :AmI li'I~1 the mac:bO ..... rUt'DMloR _tII.t,

Mall .. ",.. a~' ItIII ~emrled b, '_'t, 8011.~. bit", ~,ractlae

,·t· ~ii':i.~~ '8' ;lW6D:d :..' 1{,I·,..;o,m iI!Iii'iii,"'!I"a~-' ae!.· ,. :.ur '''~--e''I'' . Y'. 'II' : ... " _,I ~.I~, _' II.-T-'. _:_.I (III :i~lUw I'~UY.U Ii' "( w.'. ~,I:~. -"'~ . ,-. p.l~ ..

""'~1Ood at: it· 'if)'~ bavie··t_ .. n.taI!lty~. .'

:o •• o.f· tile· belt "arot. ,,'0lI CaD baye' 'II~ ,8 .le.·~~_,· booUaee~ Wra.:p;·the ends ,Rround' :,'oor :ba'.da. baldl .. · 'die ·nlll~I_·~.'~r:paJm.:F Alwa:,. a,ppro-8cb your:aptieq' t~ro~, bellIDd; . 'prefer,sblr UDaW'are'~ TI)' to a1wa·YI,: pl~,~ en

IOmeoBe weaker than )"ourlelt: .' '. .

Einaa, 1.1" tl1e lace :BY'\F' his bead, or'looplt:1b8tor.e"ou· .plaee :11 oyer :bis, he,ad~ "'WhiChever is quicke ~t. ilDti!~itli8Wt; Tllat wi.if Ide_ad .• 'R ,;'00" and tile"'ty,pe' ,.f,la·rot.· ')II~U" ,_~.~~ PLutIIlDwn:.nd··.lq.t.~' to~~tIi,e •• ::·tal~lItit .. t.~I~t >~~ ¥:a'ak .s·,banl·. ,·OU. e.i.~)Tify 'm[ bra.'11 'lIS' a.eei~. A:lt~: ,you probabl" ,,·on't. ,Idll him· by breakllli bil ueekl. "11ge,11a - .IRordisloeaitloD .UI weBi'ken blm":so -be eaal,t,'fl'ibt baCk

ellectinl,. ~ . . . '.

!Of course, if tbe idea ,is· to capture the 'v~et'm·81i.ye:,· .8:"

Uttle ••• de·r~ As ,aB 'pun 'tlte 18rettel) ben ."a'" ·,00.'1" im,ees;, '.'81IiD.· him".' O.,B··an bil.:rear ~ B."lu~ ,"r;tDe~i' an cDmplfltel,"bent~ 't8 p~ ,oRNe1'! 'from 'HeletilOw' s'trial~ Ylour 'ba'I'ance is~bett~er if you, sit'M tbJ' 'lIeil, 'of a_

foot and keep 'dl.e otbe.~foot .nl,t.. _

··You 8ft :no. in a 'tilbt1• luatded>pali'lio,n: ,.!I.d:" I, iD:itn .'w;(rwaJftl·oae" It.eep 'die ,re'."·oll an.:'ti'~b.,o •. ~:Jle·:,.' 'bvlld •• ;~ Tbe.: 'l" lIIan, IIII_tM[ cali: dO tee fl.' at lIil1'''' Plintl' ':B~L1t if pou;'~are ... ,11 --111.- Utey' sbOO"lldn" f'b;e ,.~

."e.cU1Ye·~ : . r ~ '. . .' . -.

Tbe .arotte doel,nt't kill by stra'ftplatf.oo,., It C\1t11IDf~~'be Dow'of bleed to :his br8iD~' In: ,a,boUt!lv. [ •• Ddlr II. :ibald 'hA 'a' n..I";'ab~ ~ II,· 'we' .... sf I~ D~' .li.-ut· * .. - ~ftI'ilFdI' I~ . Ill,", "'1~.Ati"'I~t ~

,,1 ( _ u"M~ .: .. ' ,I," .:.' "",: ,, __ a! -ill' . '_ ': _UlJ. I J _1.1~~ a.:.: .1 .• [' _ I'wg; U. \~

UacoaaekluSf. or tn· a ·h.lplea~ _,ml.-eeD_a ":I8Y; '-. ... a_oae 'wl\o hal· '.:n tM v.ietim of a deeper :11 .. 1(1 ,cal·lt.U

you·t it is a painless dea.th~ . ~

. ·Anolber·· .'Ie 'is:' tile; ·tiaill maD 'lR:et'bod·;" .iDta i'liooid JDe used>IODIg 'on peelpl. "our iilellllt or' g,'IIe;p.;.·l c ,Ii:~.· ViR.: . •• cb . better cluDCe 'of· - break •• : •. 'Ids,~ i: \neR,_,: 'I:II~ ,_dv..n .... a,re: ,all :1,ea,ve,'\GU1M:lf:¥Ulner-ailtle"tG bade. elbow .'rikia;: ,au. 'tura ,ou"'baet' aD "our gppane.t~ tbd;·· 'tlteN: 'iI . .' an'· ·efllOt)".· colI.r". "blelt ,1[~:II:··i •• 'I'_. . tafttier

8·1~.oIIi._I'··· . . ':. 1: .. _.... ~;/ . :.". ~(, .. ~ .... :~. . '" .' . \.:'

. .1U1I.1(. !...:. . .'

Yau bold 'tJhe·lia:Ndte ~n tbe-llallle rnalnneP' al,<bet •• ~;· Ba· •• verl, 'OU do,.~'t, laop' die I.retla ,o.er ,ourOpponeni~~1 blld~ Oaca ·you pllaee: i" 'over lilis .. ad,. you 'tUrD a;rouad.:

Thil autoDUltic'aUy 'tw,i" the larotte~ You tllen_d,o..r·

a-~.f ,Ier'" -', ~ , .... ~ .-s"rA't· .... 'Be' . 'h-,-Ar ',aii'D. ,vat,. c- aft . .

_~ ... ~_r ,. I J- ,ws_~ ,R' ~ 'v· I!HJ' _ ~ ,~_IID .. ~~ ~';u.'.' •• :I~

II ·',OU ,an· a.ttacked>ln 'die/taU ·maD. maDDer, :try ,a [ba1dl' ,elbo·w s;tr,ikei• before be tries 'to jerk, y·ou.r bead ,o'l~ 'Cet, I band:· bet ... :rou;r tlltoa't and. the ·lace~r; yad~falt; iD '1Ila!" . or ;[&'11" 'to', .·-reaCt .in, time. 'n:il wkJI: b1l, lorca and de:.

_ · ••• anl lo:arenault over·:blhmi. '{Dot ,a •. banl: al.1,t .. m.[_ think. eonsiderinl""ou have' hls·ba·dll t,oldo,it., ;!.·W,IU!I_':

.lilc.Jc~t :,Dur ,a_It ·w •• ~t<t.l ,kblliid.;dP eRDulb,'" II., "etU 'reIR[ "tIIlU:l1I ba,ck~. ,~liy.a,:,.";I:u~.u,~be P:Ntlr ".11, loll 101'· {lOm_ae' "'ID"~,: t'maub.' ~'or"1'itlai¥e' ·ellU_ to;·· Ill_i.".,

ldeadl,··,eaem,·lo ,let so' ell •. ,·UDllo'ti_d~ .. -,; y.

. 'hli piano, wire •• ,ro'ilte .bal: 'the· ,adv,aatage'lo tbat, .-:. lea. tik.'.,. to be slen lolDl'Dv,er' ,our Dp,pa'nen'~ljbeBdj' ~ it 'tends to. edt his. :hands if lie tries to intede· .. ·:·: Ita disadvan.t.ales are ·that it 'leiids to·'lea~ve· 'bl,DOd behind,t a'nd.

POOR MA.N' S JA:MES BON'D voi . 3 if poorly made, It tends 'to snarl (at the wrong time it. can

be quite embarra,ssin,l) ..

To my know·ledge. \h,e stories of cu.tting a man's bead off with it are a bUDC'b of bull .. The man who! taulht, me most. of what I know' of garottes t·rie.d three d'iffereut times and fsUed 'to take the head off. He was a resistance ·fi.hter in. R'umania during WW 11. Now a Green Beret -e ,Contrary to the war stones Y'ou'~'ve' beard; he was one of the fe'w military men ever to use the 18 rotte. He' was fairly Itrong+ If .your inte.n:tio.DS a re to cut your oppo'ne'nt's throat, 1 sugest you use a 'knife ,.

A sturdy snake catcher. such as: one made eut of pipe with the twine running inside. is a very .ood garotte. Be lU're to 'pun your opponent bac·kwards. and move him to keep him 'from turning around. 'Very diffi.cult to break hls neck 'w'it'b tbis .Ia'r,otte ~

The ,sleepe'r hold is. a. way ·to larott.e witbou t a ,.arot.te.

Place, one wrist. on your op,ponent~s throa'l~ one on tbe back of his neck. Lock your hands on your elbows andsqueese, pun him, down in. the ba,sic •. arotte s,tyle~

Rl .: "1 'E' . ··A:· .... D········Y·'····

. .. -'. . . ... ,", ," '; .:

KILL-A-WATT

By "11IE. MAD DUTCHMAN a DOC: ROSCOE"

If you*"ve ever been shock·eel, :you know how dancerous _I~ lty· ~ .. can be. M· .. ~ ~ . -t:U:Mn~ wh·. en NWilaid-· .e· .'Pi'r,LiY. ClC\;U Ie . _ U!iiJII. UI. 118 ~U&& .... , . .. _ "'1IA" _ . . ;1_.

the l."haUhit ,of e ·l_'_~ty· '. that ~·;.i!'tb.e· r v .... I"~I... a·.n·

. - ~"""'.I' ,lC\;W:U;1 .,. - &1161'. vaG: .,,~ .

de dli.er. - '",-.t-t ".._8_"'::1" "IKJ'ikJil'liJ;t 1."'1i1_ •.. .iIlW.~~

a .. _ .' ~'-.. .L..n.' n~~"uy ,SO~n ... I .. ",WIi., II ~lu:.[~_ "

(amps). not voltage. As you can lei' from fJ.pre It 'u.. ,

I ' -_

51

.JEvE-eE Bu~:

Q e £.A. f'UtlJ& ;S'r-oPJ

'.'

I eee I+TIIIIVG.

Dll=-RC uL 7' r""

S E ,;"E e € ;J HCJ(.1f' [

t::l4 ......... ..,.. J '" S

1 ('A'V·1 ". ,MO v • , 0;.. LE t" c-o

PAJ'A/ ~t.lL

O O·~./'

.. "

M'~D

I, .5 EfJ$." r; oit,J

, TN ~£1 NO,,"/) (Jr:

O~ fJ()l ,;IEArlS,4T'IOI\J'

-

Fil i .1 Effects or electric current

lethal range is between 0.'1 and Ot2 amps, To delive'r this dose, a voltage :from 50, to 10,000' volts is necessary.~ Fao-

....... - tha .... t. ':;_r.I,ue,nna""'_ ····l-·ta··~ g'e' 'I!"'N'I"'Ii-=~ .'. ".~. the··~

Mn. ~ . uu,.I,. \1; ....... """ Will!:. VO . ". .. """1: WlICU are . . .

resistance of the victim'·s s'k in " which can range from 1000 to 50,,000: ohms; 'the weight ,of the vlctim;. 'where the current Is applied.; and ·the person's biological resistance to shock (weak heart, ete.)

Tb.e current deli:vered Is derived from the lUl mula : amps =: volts I resistance

T,o be most, effeCtive, 'the Y'oltage should be appUed so

l'"t· .-H·1 be····· G~ the' It...!..A ...... ' f,o~'r e ..... irnn1e· frODl'UIiI:II. a~ to

.' w.w'. ~VGiiiI '. • ,.a:=cu I!, . .~"-r.J!, .. ~< UIII:!Iiii . ..1."".

the 6the·r. Reme'mber., it doesnJt help if the victim touches a, high voltage souree while Insulated from the

ol _ .... --- ;:;.,_':'II.- .. __.:

ground by rubbe'r s e.~ 'or sU:IlWAiir pro~uve gear,

Take these ·considerations into account. wben planning

THE 'WEAPONE:.ER

def ystem.

your .•. ·_:ense S.· c·· .. " j

The ·best volt."e to use is a.pproximately 600 volts .. 'Happily, this can be obtained from an old TV' tra:nsforrmers' hip voltage 'taps .. (Most late model sets don'\t have· them,. so find an oldie~) If you don't kn,ow what a TV' transfonner looks tiket get one from a friend ... ly nei,ghborhood TV repairman. (M.os,t repairmen have LOTS of' old sets, and will be glad to sell you a traru;:f,o,rmer.) Once you have ·8 transformer, you win

.... ~ .. ......i.......:L..:._ f "·t· On - . et· • t "be co-'

IIUUce many WIreS a~caiug ·r,om 1.'.4' .:·e S':.· IS ,0 - .. ,n-

nected to wall current (l10 vac) .. One of the other pairs is the high. Yoltage' set. 'To find the right pair, ask ~the repairman or a friend who k.nows about electronics, nlelr location. is ,8 ·trial and error process. which requires a VOM and. a low voltage AC source, This can be· d.eadly if you don.'t know what yo'U·t:re doing,.

If :you ,don't. 'wa:nt to fool with a. transtermer, you can

C _lIi' t 'M .......Ii, •. eel

use 220 'or even 110 A w~ curren :. ...any mC\uum~slZ ec

portable· I as gene'raton. pu.t out 220 as well as 110. 220 is 'Donna])y used in. dryers and rang·es. Its p,lug is about twice the size of anonnal wall seeket, and resembles fi.gure 2.

nn n

Fig. 2 Ty pical 220 <outlet

Once you have procured, your voltage, source, you :must implement i.t in stich a 'wa,Y dJat Ole vieumls in e·][-

. .' and'· . :_,",,--te' ~'il!ict· ~th" '"t· hil' ". t t·h· .

'tended :' :[(. u...uu_i· .. · \O"WIWI.:·.· WI,· ! I,) W. .e a. . e .same

time DO't all,oWing the voltage source to be shorted out to ground, TheR also must lbe' so .. provision of a fuse or circuit breaker so ·that once -the victim is electrocuted, the current will not flow until the generator bums-out or the wiring overheats, If' you ever have to attaCk aplace protected by electric fences" you lean defeat them by using a piece of metal to gro;W'ld out th,e fence .. Just don't electr'ocute yourself :in tile plr4)c,ess.t This technique 'will also p'robably alert any defenders ..

Some suggestions ·on ,a·pplications.;. soup-up a cattle fence. ElectriC fences are 'best against a sneak, night attack, Supplies for building an electric fence can be. o~' tained from the Sears Farm Catalog .. Another idea is to replace your doormat with a piece of heavy' wire mesh. and. wire the other side of the vo,ltage source to the doorknob~ (Gets rid of bothersome salesmen, tool) Any sort of metal. fitting, railings, etc .. can be wired as long: as i:t is properly insulated from. ground. The ultimate would be a ladde'r with metal. rails (wired to the 'powe,r source) and wooden rungs .. Even a car can be wired up similarly, Almost any metal fitting· can become a deathtrap, Good luck'!

Fig .. 3· Doormat Surprise

P[OOR MAN'S JAMES B'O'ND vca .

3

.

,

52

'THE WEAPONEER

Army Type Air Pistol Easy to Build

1~HB MECH,A,NICAL PACKAGE MAGAZIN:B 1131

5- ERIO,USLY su.rprising are the sh,oodnl qualities of rhis home-designed home-made

, • l-

air ,Plsto. ..

The idea for the gun came' to Slide Ru e Saln ['h rough. .a piece o,f mail addressed to him. and in turning it over to the editors, we quote rhe note be attached to' the script ::' u"I t works, When I saw the ~dca and tilt sketch EUI,!':n,e . Amstus forwarded the Station the other dayj I sa i d it au gh t to m a,k e a good bunn y - buste r fer

• b + .. - i. bbi L ~ 'Ii.. b' 'IL., • hb

td~l.t '-: II J ac~ ran ':1 e tnat In us. -~ts the nf'I.I,nO"· ....

ing Bar .. Circle Bar-Circle Bar~Circe B.ar",C·ir ... cle cabbage: patch, He's. been IDum.pi:ng ar',ound under the Exp. Sta ... shack a lot these winter ni~'ht:s", and 1 aimed to ger him, We built this little I!un according to Amstu$' sketch ,and yes· .... terda)" had rabbit stew. The thing is simplejust brass tubing thrown tog·ether W"[R a sold r ring i ron. as the :s.k etch s hows, Run 'i r, Great fun !.I;~

As Inny be seen the barrel is of ~"". outside diameter brass, A 3/16" bolt clamps. ill throu.m a. ha'hbit stat in du~ breech for r,a'mming out re fr actory shot when j ammed,

'The DB tube ",til have t,o be band pi-ck,ed'j

nnd oU,g·h.t to be h a rd. b rass, j ust bl.1 enoup to swallow a DB without trouble or ·friction. You'Il have to adjust this to the shot you are'

· DB- 'h· d fi .. 1 d-..1

us •. nlt, as. .. " s., at IS never- t . nlle'y stan '.aru.

The pum'p bar rel and the tan~ or c-oncuI'" s~on reservoir for smr'ing air, are of brals tube~ . Use s tiff springs fer the -val.ves, and cover them, " .. i rh oi 1 y .1 e it th e r, .po und i ng the·m 'to a ,11.&'t •.

Outside cover pattern and tri,g.~ f'r!,:me a r e [0 f s hee t me t a I.. The s tack is o't, 'walnut sc re wed to. R n ou tl i n e d butt· mad e o,f K" by I./Iflli' strap iron.

, A DB ':5 rammed down, eigh.t or ten ;pod

st'fokes ta kt!n" an d the au n can then be .hot ... A1 Hz.zle' velocity· is centrolled by the number of

pump Itro;les~ _

Shoot I,t a pine board to test the pistol.: ,It I DB sticks in 'this. board at 25 feet .you haye plc:nty ~f' power for targt.'t· a,hooting' and _for brin,gi,ng down .,mall ,1"amC' li.iE[e S.aide Rule'.

j .clt:r abbit. .

, 'ThiswiU be found a. pr actical and .,eM Iinle weapon if c,aJ'1rJuUy made, A, relief Y.I~' can be Ii tted 1 i m i tin.a: its powr. r fo" ute in tile hands of the youngste'rl.

!

,

,I [ t!

,

'.

Ou·t,side c#v.r Pat,tern

t

tz

I.

lUi;, of" tub,in, and odds, and end •• f ilt,.'p. m~t~~-thi. air pill.' wi.ll 1M f.un4 10 b:. .u~t. po'werfaI. Orwt ••• • 'u.lly bu i It at th. '"e km.g Ex p.ri men,t St.';'.n I. p·ictu,...11 an. • •• '. _God :,.llIltl. Gu;n ,il .uut. I u4i "I.

'TliE iWEAPONE,ER,

,POOR MAN"S JAMES BOND Vol. 3 5.3

THE. MECHANICAL PACKAGE MA.OAZI'NE 1932

A MODEL

Br a s s

CA····· N··:.· N' 0·:······ IN·······,···'

. ['" ',' "

.. "'. . '. '.

.' ~...'

.

. . . -

Sho'o,ts .22 Caliber Cartridges

C l~AUl)J~ J~ SISK of Wnsh'ington, D. c, writes abuur a small cannon. he has made out o'f brass and cold rolled stock, 'llnd whi,ch ~.hnnr~ .22 t~lliher cartridges, either blank O'r loaded.

It rir,tty his description run, like ,this,: The

~.un can he made in any' work shop which h.as • 1 small lathe. The barrel is of round brass stock, and i s ~" in di ameter at the breech and 7/16" dinmete r =, t the m uzzle. The barftll i~ bored on the lathe with a N o, 2 drill. The barrel i~ milled out, as shown i,n the draw ... ini!: helt:).'\\~, in r the side eta-m.ps on rbe hOitt'om.

'J"he wheels are of wood, turned an the

1athr.. I 'f close-gruined hardwood cannot be had .. '1St rord ti hr r, a I tho hn rd wood is prtferab'l.t.

H·... . . · f C· d S' .. Ie"· •• tt' I '. -.-

.,. I. an ,"metrlc 0 '_ .• au .• " .'11'_" I' " ...• I-a .. ,

Side cl ;lmp:!ii and tai I piece are 71'" cold rolled

. t, .' I f' .~ • . . . '.' . . 'I 'I.t ;1 .. '. .~

s .. ee .• ~,1, ammer IS 7~ 1[., r I' 5~.

Th ," :i t 1'1',.. ] .. ' lL"·6·-.I1 - d:'

. t matenats uwt : _ pc. '"..4 x. roun

hrnj;'s; 2 pes. }i;;,,~"x4·,~.I" c. r. s.: ,2 wood (If ,ih,.r' wheels ". 2 1V"'~.. I.£I"X r:~;'x ,.1,.1;; C· r s.: 4

. .. t - f"'''' . .71, /:"l - -,4 •. ~ .,. .

spig'ot washers ~"; I. pc, !4"x-51 I 6,'1 X 4.1," c. r .• ~;:

I _ - I~II-. IL'" I' ,L" - ... I I rh u"

pc. 78 =t:)'2 x_ 74' e, r, s.t . engtr 78" screen

don r Sp r in"' 2',' j

Y 01 I \v'i' 11 also n eed 'I pc ~ }I" round C j r. • t for r;vrts and rhe axle,

'The "iher \va"hr-r~ it Fe to st.pnrate the frnnle" a.nd ,·he lintr 'l·p'Aerrs 011 the axle, 'Tbe tr'i~a:f'r and the hammer can easily he work,~d (lIlt with ft }UI(:'k."5~l \V', ,a d rill press a.nd a file.

"~.' ~ ' .. r-rill! .... ,tJrt. 1t£bL L II s,.a B

ou. I'.' . + ..:,- .. '. . . 'P¥IJIS:Jc,

Hal D,.,lh 'Slocl(,

FntL VUI'ttI 0/" ,8a.,.~J.,

rlbe',"';"' ,...._--...---a.....J.(.,

SPACer

Ata.2 Drill

_._

~

NotIk S"rlng'

1/dre ~- .......

PtAce' . '~CJl8

:1

"

• No'" ~U!!.. ro··· .'. '.

. . . ,.

• ! "_ •

·ft,1

r~

F,N" '.~. _ .. -~---"'\4 WasM~

.rro'nl. lIu,w

-~ ~ j. _

UT 1.../2,..,.,.

_.-

The .. ".1 ,.nd, ·the w ......... tu'tnM .n t'he I.the,. II .. the brHch .. 'The .re.'· 01 tt. _'p.rts ~, •• ~ck m.t'.!ri.l. Note the· brMc:h 'w'lith firing p'in 'whi'ch i. h.m~.recllt, - lohl IroU. It .. 1 ~mm.rl, Th. 'trill.r·" pu~ted 'by • _.ch corel .MI on lie .... out of c.ltt rolled II'oclc lJy .. wi"l With • hac~w •• eI then fUi ... ,

POOR MAN'S ,JAr1ES BD'ND VQ,l. 3

Harrassment as a Weapon-

THE WEAPONB_ 18 ,erarmiled with

- - . '-

all sorts of goodles, tbat will eztenlliDa'te

your eoemi.est bat sometimes you: don"t want to Idll or inJ'Ic1f~""""iilIWl!'''e yN11 ma:-!-' ''1:'

. .. . _ .. ..., ~~II .41 V'Il& . _ .. _' ,_:

'IIi'Q'I'iII't re·· veng' .' . 'e'" fnr pro- - - "~IIDI ·'L.A. 'dim" it· '.

n·u..1 . ..' ",' " '," u ~ "' - .. '1111 ,. - .: Will' _" '; 1 L

justify. Violence, for''_,ebe.:t8d, ; for

being" h .... ...,_.· .... ;m_.l vo, , ... .-.....;.~~. '~&~ ~.~ l:'r"A

L' UT~" .ILII1IIID1~ .&IIUI g UJC

tOne :for haRa8Im.ent~ 1bere Is alIo vJr. tually'" no, 'cbance of bein'. ,ca. ...,.,shit

. .. - - - ·Do . --" .... "'-,

because the overl.oaded· POIUce will. not

give ,serious attention to anyone complaining of unwanted pil.zas being de:Hver,ed .. ~ the other hand, an, explc;.

I alon. or corpse jut mIIbt c'.use tbeID to

j. ... L. -tl·· The----' f 1'1, .... , '.' f tm

.... e no. ·ce·.", _) ,~'OuVWIIlI' are a.ew s-:-

pie ideas. that have worked .. They will

reaDy" ...I"':v~e' yo' '1'1 .... vi-~- ~- 0'''11' t>oI!'!II .

. '. \11;-,1. . - '. :_" 'WI- : ~1;II1.1 " 1 1..,.

1) KEEP QUIET! ! This is most important. Don't ten anyone who doesn't need to know' about your proJect" Your victim can hear through the ,grapevme'i You don't know wh.o yO\W drinking buddy might tell .. Don't threaten your victim. Let him wait to forget, about you ... Use this time to learn his name; address, phone· number, job,. etc ..

2) Se·--· d l . . -. -- .- d" boO'" k . 1 b- · •. n. m. magazm.e' an [' .: } . c:.u

subse Pi 'p ... i.fWil . 'rels ~. 1..;;:- - Ord-' .

'., ·a-",w~ .... cares m iug name, .: .i,er'

thing's C.O .. D. f'or him av'e', th.e .pI1one. ~--ua· .D,y: ,ori·,· ·en· '.-, ted 'p r • u· ... u~a·· --u:"'ons' ,". are·: rtood· "--: -

~.a.. '. _ _ .UU£i..._ '. ~.,

because they C'M cause ,8 stir within his

,,· ... _.:'IIv and . -'1' rlb- .. -··bo· " ,;a................. "".Ai,.,. ""':111'1 ·tee· - UUIW,.., . .... ne~D ,. rllUUU. .I.lUDWUI",· . P

him buy Ylith unwanted bills and mer-

,_'- --.-d· .; C118 'l:!:lAIa . ~.

3) Use the tele'phone .. Read. tile Yellow Pages. ,Look for ,ads· 'that say ""W:e

Deliv - .", Sen- d' hun"" ........ ~ .. - • b:'e _ ··.'er ,,"." ,<_. ~¥'Wry ti..Va.cewall .

product and service~. '1bese r,ange from. the ·obvious (pizzas" plumbers), to th,e bizl,are (diap'er services, gra.vel, manu:re). You can. a1so send him sal.esmen, estimators, real eitate agents and repairmen by telephone.

4) SeD everything he owns .. Do this. by placing classified a,ds in ·the ,paper in his

nam..· e fo 'l...L •• ho- --.. .nar· bo t and I f ,:-r il:JUj_U8e, ""'_ I, .' a., '.-.' ur ...

niture even if he doesn"t own, any .. This will keep his phone tied up constantly ~ You can also have him offe':r to buy ·old tirest alwninum cans etCt The, cost of·the classified ad can be billed tOi his 'pho,ne

bill. _ __

51)' Am· .. ""ng' th·· A thin: ·',·as· tha· '.,. ·t· can"" 'be- b-~ini e··d·

to his.Pb~~e bill ar.e-&;wefs bYwire'I-~ll~

A'l:h"T and'" "".1~t· 1",.:11, .. ~ . ed

"'Q' 6rams, ,-' _ ~~. :'. mS,w]nK Mile.grams SlID· -'. ' ..

in his name. AU, of ·these ,can be done over

the .' h' .' wi" th-,· . .' personal' - -" ' , . ta·· . ct bat

. ,-' . I·' .', I I ' . r' .' -." . . - " • ',- ,- - _' . - .,

p .. one" .. no _ .. c . . _~ con .... ,Wi ..

soeY,er'l

6) Arrange ,over the' phone to have his utiJities shUt off. You ·can also file a

. - .

chan,I'e of address card with the post of·

ft t di" B .... L,::_ aU"

ce 0 v'e.-" nIB .m- ' ..

7,) Mo'st of the· techniques, outIioled

5·4

THE WE,AP'ONEER

WO" 'ND" ·····R·R-···· C,····IO··:·MPO ·····:·UND······-··· F-···O··~··R·: 'WARRI' :",'--', ·O··RS··-·

'. : • '. ..,-1 _' ~ .• '.. : .. ' .: i' : ',:' .' '. '.. '. '. ':' _ .",. '. . .. ,.... .. _ .

by Kurt,Su_

N' . 1.. well---.....I if- _.:_ ..... , is' ~. _11_ ''Ii"d~ft ill' '. be _...I':._'-~.....I

o ntattcr IIOW ,.'. ~ . __ ~. you .are, •. - ,0 your .U-uUu '," -!D'~ ~11l, your J~ ~ t W~ UDIUnW.,

Be'ina upset during a coDftoDtat1on wiD give yoor oppDDeDt d1e edae ,every time,,,

Wnr-a~ m~'" ... ;' ..... _." o'f" personal. -. ~4!I:il- or .~: ... I upbea' -' ·v·a] y·ourc. . J~uclgemeDI" . :. mJa;V be" . so' c, ~~-~

lIi.ir.a ~" . IU.IIJI~O .. ', ....." .. ' 1II-.r11.!CU..: ~WII' " _.' ._ . , - ... " . .. ..,' l~ l' ",' ~'~J' . . . . 'u.ae"'I-~

. .

that you. :may su.spect. friends of being foes .. So :you :shcu.ld have a good supply of the wonder

compound I fotUlulated to keep your mind alert and your ideas in perspeetlve,

Yau. ean gettbc herbs described furtbcr· on at any 'health food store and make up 'the com ..

PW'Ui.ftA. vourse~f You. ca,n also buy." it in btdt 'q' :uite ,...h.a-iv_

~ ;I - . -~ - .ow •• " '-'. •• " • - ~~ iii !I

r _, .. 1...... oil ..... 1 -_ .... ' ~ l' I., - l1~:ftn ..a..: .. ......,i. .

m, DOt a Sl~_ ,Hiesman lUlU smce .I WOD~, be 5eu.Bi5 you, ,ULlai compouiiU~ you can be

sure· it acts cxacdy as I say it does. It has. beeR wen tcStod on many people, especia11y rougImeCb . ,QJi it. doesn't tum a lion into a .pussy cal" :n, just makes him a lion wbo knows who to ,sprins:

at sad "Ae~ -

: its iDat~ eRect is to 'relieve stress, Whe'n you are angry, frightened, up against a. situation

you feel threatened by, your body releases adrenalin, This is Nature's preparation for fight or

. ·fligbt. Jf you can do either; if the situation plainly calls for one or the other, little stress. is involved.But If you are frustrated; if either fighting or running awaywould be irrational, you freeze in confusion and helplessness, You spin your wheels and the adrenalin flows into your system, 'wasting i.tself in. stress" You do nothing, as. distorted impressions of reality flood in, making you feel only more helpless and insecure or angry,

Coincidentally, as. I was, taking. a break from, writing this passage, 1 was rereading George Orwell's "1984 ¥} ~ The 'part I happened to be reading 'was from page 101. 'KIt was at night they came f Of you; alw-ays at night. The' proper thing was to kill yourself before they got you. Un ... doubted l.y some people did so. Many of the disappearances were actually suicides. But it needed desperate courage to kill yourse:1f in. a world where firearms, or any quick and certain poison, were completely unprocurable .. He thought with a kind of astonishment of the biological uselessness of pain and fear, the treachery ofthe human bod.y Which always freezes into inertia at exactly the mo ment when a special effort is needed, 'He might have silenced the dark -haired girl ,if only he bad acted quickly enough; but. precisely because of the extremity of bis danger he had lost the power to act. . .It struck him that in moments of crisis one is never fighting against an, external enemy but always against one's own body, Evennow, in spite of the gin, the dull ache in his, belly made consecutivethought jmpossible .. And it is the same, he perceived, in all seemin.gly heroic or tragic' situations, On the battlefleld, in the torture chamber, on a sinking ship, the issues that you are fighting for arealwaysforgotten.because the body swells 'up until it fiUs the universe, and even when you are not 'paralyzed by fright or screaming witb pain, life is a. moment-to-moment struggle against hunger or cold or sleeplessness, against a sour stomach or achi ng tooth. f'I

·SuCh dacti',vatin •. lbess lxI·Dds up' DOt ,oaJ:Y' in times ,of real crisis but iD situations, c f' mll~

_. . ~.. . . .... J . - ". .' - - . . - ']Ii. _... .... ,.___..

'''·~dOD sucb !U', • dead-.~, J'"ob an II ..... ....,...._, Ih8m.~ ani ...... 'Vnllrftavtll'R··· .-_ ... ,II-1"iI!IC!I scIiooI

'!IiMoI'!IlIII.f""'&IIi __ .., ..... ~~ . it _.- I~.J ----.-,' ---, .,~-t ~~~.

W--t. ..... ..:1..... :.I>I!'I' "'-~.~ ~_"",ft too. ~....._ AH+ a_.A IIDIdi . ~ . HI'" ._~*Ii, ." .' y' ~~ L.___: the· 1,..,) - . IU-:l'A., uc;.uq,t ~'" ~ w ........ IJ .... ~ '"",n· ,auu· or J-- ~'IIIIU aWl, .j ,PU" uuUUJ. or . '. - ,_w

foIbids ~ 80 _I weild c10ea iI. aad. ,eva1 relllOIutiol. are hiddm beau. 'Ihe adrmaJin demadI

~--...-I: ....... "'~:I~ WL.l .... IS~-' ilRftRiUib~ to, . ~ W1...-,. L.,;o.""", ~,a ......... iIIIi .. :b, iHtic.s,ILIIUI~ -llL'UUQ", .. J.U.LiiU _. ____...-' __ . ¥ . "'..... · . .IN.UiIIIii iIi~!I.IINo. ~ ..

. -

iTIL._: ..... ~ 1:-_:0""';'" ~'bess ,_ homo ~R .ji,1I:t ·the· """'~~."'':~ ..__,-~- ~- upper _A i-... .. ,._. &.....r:-.: ..

.I.J~&·~ .. lW .11\41 •.. au ~_ ~~ -r',",_MI ~~W~u.;; ~~"""IUW'liP'.' Ul· ..

The I b·" . - that f" .. II: ~ . ..::.ii ..... 4ioL._ .. dri and ........ _. • - · I,.. ~_.....a ..

. ower ·:-ram ~s _ •... 0 . aD amlDlJ~ wuu lu._.iiw; same .', . 'ves .' ~ues IDr qwe .. actiOD 10Wuu

.... tification as that of oy .. ~ A dol w·W :ft.lht or ruB. m.a.te, leal, defecate, 81 the si1natiOD

P -- -:scnts ~':lf w~.,1., li"'-- a..'iifta ...... 'nhtb~' D H 'bas 'Mono 1I1II'tI'_' brain·· .. , - ~.L.. ~ ';_~AA" - . ...

.~ u.oiII;; .': '. 'lwI .;~ ~rJi"M4'¥N~, . • __ ,p.a.O . ,. e _ .' U'V' -rrf .: Whu ..... ~ "....aw proJ11llD-

'IDJD' - :., 11- 0"" f· _ .. I.., "'ftiI';~a·b- -"0- C! .... L........: ...... - 1I'P--Arnnniillibi1··.. ~."":oiIMI; or·' '. 'tal~' --...I the· . e- ndl' .iI!!liI:!I do-" .. S --.... d ....... -._,

." . '.' rw,.,., .• ~al!lMi '. · t ~, ......... y- . __ II!I.IIWO .' . '. lUUUilJ.... ......_ ~. ' .. ..., '- U.LI. UIi

w.bicb makes the human. stand ,and tab it and be pad and ,pro,spet,.

So wllea 1he lower' brain makes its demands·t the u~r brain aubs the instinct for' ins1aat Inmication --~ I.. .. .... 1.-: ............. _ Y Inr It _,..".. _ ..... 1.. ...._ bO.li'· 'head .... """'-- -- c ,. . •• :L.::.... _1-l..L..-. 4~:.. . .. ,' ..•. _.~ IIIIw'Of ~~ _ au ,d.I~ II"""; IwJaBl. uA";; ~ ,S -*t mJure UII:P DOISy ~.~ ~.I

.. L...... .·It.-ifttlftft - . .:&....., ·'1' · .. _'- __ 1 ... 'W' . 0" "L "'~iuh: .' . - ' . ...11_.......... , .. _...11 .' I . B' . '. , .... '11 ·too·· . A-

UK;: WLN-UU16 WU~ I quI.. iI\;nII""-"'t go ft . ·.·····t ~Ja~ on your ~jI ..... so 08., . urt MI. .. . Ol~t

the hiJhest hUmaD types tab on too many cballenges ,and, responsibilities. This .is what causes sucb attest in superior men. So stress builds up so often .aad so lODl: that even the 'best of.meD

-. . &,i" ...... to ... ",,", ... t .- .......... _::.t -' . -. __ A

can reJ.ILlK· .... go 0._ e~. lime or even :Y_u~

un., .... my c' ~ • .....4 cltles mil'·· .• -u· - rppreas ,.,1.- irratio" _ ... 1 impdaes ~f' .. 1:._ ..... lnu.ta • ....__.:__ "I"i.. ..... jj;!IIs ..,. . .L.,_.

Y1'Jl"'~' .'_ _ U.ll.ll,~ ~-_ .. J '_:' •• :, '_. __ :'~~_.' U __ ,' !j' _ UlU .. __ 1 .... : .... 1 UiIC I"...-~ IIJ-IQU ... j.IJIU.·" -WIIIII

tni'nnuilizers such as Valium· Tborazi'De- and Libriwn ,do But ,.h.-.o also suppress the working

'-~. . I· -.,..-..... w.'Il't,i!S '._' . -.' ..' .'

of the 'UJIPCf brain cau~Jno dullness and d.iainterest.. almost lite a Jobotomy., Th..,.., also duD

-' ':' - -' , - - ~. ". -' . . . . •. . - . .. . . - . _.. & AD,;I3 '. "-

Ib·-- fl" .. ,.~ p .... ' ...... _ ...... re afte- Ir a &ew'-· _--..'L..... - '. .... '. .a":.·· -, ·the· . I - -.', L. __ ..... . ' .ad.di--...I , .... -.,.1

e re .. C~F . UIl-W1;i,lllIN""1 . .' . ,II ... ' .~ on u.a.nqUulZCfS, : .. ' user ~mcs ~~"'KiU ...,

• 1i..' .......... • ..L ..... _. aJ .. ' .... _ ~

stoppma ,urmgs OD. IiiC same W.lu.u..-.W·- symptoms as .stoppmg 1B;;I'Um~

M')! compound. not omy quiets the· iltogicaJ dem8!nds of ' the animal braiD but: has no e,ffect 0 .......... u~r b-nia For instance .I fauna .I ... ~ ... _ld score better on"~ S~~ .. 1... .... cornAl"lli"~

.1110 WE; 'rr- . -" --- . . t - ." ~ . _ .. ,.. 'Mifi:llW4 ~ YU::: .u,~

took. away' my·'· nervousness my' upper braiD could coocemratc better

. . . .' .. t· .' . ;... .'. . . .. . . . ~

It: also gives a feeling ofweU-lleing. One of:my friends,. Russ, was a drug~pusher and dealer. '1 had made Dip SODJe of the comftn .... '~ into a tea and O'.Ave him a double dose" eig- bt ounces,

• _',. ,. '. ~.. • ,r I . .' .. ~ - . -_ .. 0--" . _ .. '.- .. 11

Wi-dU" three ~ be actuall high

I; .. 'D' ',:' .. ,__:. mm' 'IIt~ " was·" ". • ... - y .•... ~.

_.. " .. '_ . _ U~ .' _ . .' _ . _". _ III

. -

H - ......... 1j'!' cd I L._A - . Ann. .... _.... dked f· b ~ · I' ;i!,..'i '" ... -11 ~ :a...:_ e 1~\lleV ' .. ' DIIU a supe,r u~ auu ta_ri'; 0 .• ,puL1D1.tt~ t, 'was a lAUe &I,." to COIIVmce, luiJi.

that be was, just feeling nomW" as be badll,~ for Y·e&n. Up until then., the oDly hiIh he had

PO'OR :M11.N·IS JA!v1ES .BON·D Vol. 3

above can be done to 'him ·at work. This will ,screw' him up with IUs boss too ...

8.) Watch your timing~ Send in change ,of address cards so' his maD won't, 'be diverted just when an the Wlwanted stuff wiD arrive .. Don't disconnect his· .phone Juat when aU. the folkl are e,IDing about

his ds Do d d Ii ~ d 1

'.. i iii :' , , '. ' ... ' .' '".: "~ .. : '. ".' .. -' . : . . :, ~:. ,. - . I I· - . .

a. . _. sen.. e venes an. saesmen

at ·odd hGUrS an .~. d' s· ~'d" them in ODe' ~. :: da·· .. ~.·· ·Y·· .

. . III· . ~I! ..... .. ,.

but not· ... n ali: 'once' '~ Let··: .~.;. ~ss~ : .:~ ,'il:1d···· .

-- ""'.'" - -' . . . .. _. 'W~ r- 'W_ _ U4.0't;; u- :.

Mak,s him remember ~"The Night of' the

Pizzas"" and "'Til,e' Day' the' Gr.avel

I"'4ft-eU

~I. iii

I'm sure tms has got you thinking 0.1

othe d-":u ft·1.. to t'

.. ier .cvw.:i ways n ge someone.

These are J:U!St the basic 'pointers and easy teebnlques. When it i.s~ not justified to physically' destroy a person, you can, easily ps.ycoiogically destroy them in a blizzard of red tape, bills, magazines, and pizzas ..

Sdell,tlflc Amerieall-J'uly :2,7, 1161 ELEC,T'B:ICITY FOB ;£XPLO:IUIIO UU:!fPOWDD I D D. ieee'l] t leet urein London by Professo r .A lu;:el f ),\ n S .. i and Director oi the chemlcal et;t.abHl:lhu,u':;l1t o.f th.e ,v- Ql' Depa.r tmcn t, he l\ t~.ted ·tlu,Lt an ex tensl 'lie

- __ .1 L~~ .J f /I t . ·

'scd.t.::i!l o.f e~pefh:neu ts U~ WtJU ma..:ili:i or rusCe r . III !'I L fl.g,

the d1"lJcl."~nt forme of ~lectTiclty which were tbt': mOt1t .all \"antagoou.s fur exp lodlng gu u l'X)'wdcit. 'l'he llul~ mkOTff coil, b,Y which; electrici t)' of h.igh tcuslcu [~ uL~ ta~ncd, be {:ontiid.'~l'cd -..v.l'II:!; the h~~_d~. '\'1l1ul tis calltld the .~. m~Iliet hlat ,;;. hn~ Leen lt8(;;(1 lfe:ty ·fHl(':Ce.~fu Uy til fiting gnnpowder with eJ.ectlidty. It con~hru:;, of two- nne CO.P per' wh'e!:1 ~ GR.eh. .(: 0. v~led se pa:r~' te'~'y with guttn.-perc·hat then 40th ploc.-e~l aJongshlt.!:., and bound ·tog·etbt!'['" w.ith an ou.k~r c01J'!.tlug·. It is then cu·~ into ;!dhU·t; l~p.gtht!l~ cx.p[).~jng t·h~· ccrppt:[ w~n.::l'S· a'l: the eud.s,. Uoi::.;tt.::n-~ll gunpow~llJ;:t i~ -ptl.{:'DU uIHJoIi t.htJ ·h~.:rui!1Hi.h Vl' oI,~l!H 1.;:; 1) f "_.ht.~"t:· h I .... I.::-!i ·wh.!.:! HI! h[_:~ ~t.l i H t..I H· 1.111 nil· I,h j-t t ii:i oI,;hi~rg.(!'(1 wHl~ l,-.'wd{··~' to 1.1-1,.; (:xph,d.L:~1. .:\ ii-iM.r! . .;" ·Gjf iud Ulc!li 'III.! c l mJ dd t Y :!')IJ,m t f ruW ,I. H 1: LUUl k~.H Jt' c' i.l l.i 1:i:.~l'6 tb~ l_~1A<'it blHlP(;'lo''(k'r at the t~wl c,f tile f11~~ ~uLd t~x._ plo.rlcs th~ 'l~h=Hg'~~ Witl.1 c('rt •. d1ity, This .mo:i~h!w..:d g I] n powd.c r is ]) r,_ 11~lH'll II y Ul1 ~:I I.~ t.l :1.';: '11 1h': - ;!:;'~',l~1 il:t;::U "1 u.nlit)' wtt.b }~ dil ute ;lkob~)ne ::)OhltioH of ·(.'hl():dJt~ of c .~l·d t1 ~~ _ A t a rgc- i::iU P i'! 1 y ·1J.f i;)n~.'h t'u ~e~ r 'M,' J.t h pn~ i~,1 h,d g l'~ 11 [puwde'r all.'d .... ] ~~ r~u; n i:Jg ne~' l.t: a l).P.1. nl. t. U::oj fut ;.::t:'·uc:r'_ ab[~t;· ·elect~:ldty, fllrni~hed '1 porli.-oTh of the· t:iluipmeu t of the ndtibh army during: the l.ah~ (~ldna, war .u.n.!'! th~ ol)~·tru('th:ms to th,e C~ pcditiun on the Pciho r'i ~'iI;; l' \'I,'CI C d'l~a I·eel ~w'ay' by t:.h .. ~l_':tl ital d i biJC Large:ti.i ..

·fh.n 'l~h f!, r~·" R j J f l"H,\;i..k r \'!,i h it..! [l. 8(rC n ::i(~'(1. ill_. r hI :·H'.~ t iT) g; ~,u~dtrr V.'~lh.::l' H ILH.li. i.h lJ.inc;-; wah !l..:h~cti'ldt.y, ,},n_~ cit~~~:r'

~ IH./loF.led In i:\ tin cn~e Ur [l h.tp; of 'i n.d [<1" r g'L'bei , ,v.i tb. l'lu" magt.1~tk f~ls.e pb\('("d in the :r.nid,:U(·j nnd ·con~j~Ct ~d l\·~ tit :t hf." 1.'0 LH.I. Li:ct i n g -'it h ~ to. t'h c m~S. nt!.to .. (;' ~ ('{"'hk n~.a('h~nc '7t.'b·kh {leyc1.o·ps the :Spa1'kIi. ];'01" fidil a-nd nyi ni ng {)i1 ~l'at}ODS i 0 m i Ii tur y c;-u g ince ~·i.:tlg, a" roa:g'~ n(!to.ek~tric Rl:1clllnc 1:15 lnorc (,()HYt!HJent than t-. gal~ vauie L:l\U~li'Y, all d tJ.. ¥tH' Y :ti.m.a] 1 apl)a.n\hli~, malic Nit.h. ] ~1It,.:':.u·~ ~K~.lle' ~ Am@floa.n c ~l.st, iron r.adi.al mar; n t.: t.~ wOl,dd I' . W~ think. ~\n.:-;·wet ad In iTa hI y tor $u~h 'jp.u:rp-' }.~~.

Ani 'W.IH.'Q¥Cmen.t. in the r,f A!::!;nct fll!!i~ .n~, lately L('C'n m~c in l'(:]l.del.'ill.g the pl'imi.ng -composition m.O fe· scn~l t i 'lire 'lJy llSl ng-.~ miN. t u l'C of phOfS}) 1J ~d-e. ap.d iti.ulpbl(lt:: of ~oPl,.i't,;1r: nnt1 the (.:hl~~.';jlL,tc .pf pou,1,;sh.. 'l'hiti. p diU] n!;' ~:tI ~ l 11 t U po Il til C t~ [Ill in.Rl~ of t.h·c 'w:p;per. 'wb:e'ji [~nd i.t b; i~l" i ted w 1 tll the 5HH\ 11~~'~ si:r;e of IDaoglU::'tQt;·'lecbic :maehine.s~:such as tbe 6~iD.'ch hOl'ij(l:S,l:ioe :mu.g= JilC t ,.dlU ,(I, rotating liftna t. nr~ uiCd io Am(:.t:i~n. fOIf medica.! pu rp~lecs.

5.5

THE tmA '-ER .'-~" .... ··_~PONE,[.: .:.

:~WIl was from the dope he made his !ivins PJsjURI~ He was DOt the· penon to [spread the word", I nen-put Paranoid Georae ~.-..;1.a' Of" ·'D,._*' ~ S:IUR- -:-'[VIV'~ ·····O··R~'··[ 'V' '01 3") 00' the· .t'I.nft'lil.· ... ·'.iriM'

... _:' -' c... -- _'. " '0'·" ."~ .. ~ .. ~lIii',.,. I.~ _ .. ' 'II' '. ':' ~. '., ':' .. ': '. ~II.II.~"""'.

For days he was really sharp .and efficieDt~ But be stopped latina' it and returned to his old security bl~et o.f paranoia. He explained that be had. stopped. taking it because it lrept him

4:-___ 'L.._" alert t the· ,1' . be' 1.. ................ .41 • 'L.!_.

,UUIB ~mg . _ .... ~: '0 '. ': P,lou: ma IUI~. ,qalDSt IIDH .•

Neither Russ nor Georle .stayed on it, BeiDgll1i'fieialIy bigh. was Russ;s 'D8lUraJ sute, His only close friends were dopers and bis only income was from pushing .. He bad a psycbologieal,

.. at A __ A .t:_ -- lal · te .. bei b .......... .- .... ·1 and Hell' L.~.... cb' _ . ..I ·ti~

SOCt· airU :liuauCl_ mterest m n lng a 'wtnwu _. ,'. so . ~ w·u, IU.:5 eaosen CO.liAd. on,

Par.anold George.~. ex-Stormtroopee, eX.'I;{biket':I was in a eon.staDt state ·of Red Alert. He bad. 'iI'Li"!t o'-~;~'s· to be ft'!II.ftt~r'Ya .. ~AI ill"i.-Dl .... -A No··,·nna!···· . ml·rD.1lI!b L._'IA no irn"~"'" or·,' .iI~i·jioite-ment for him

III.., DJua!.· . .. . I,I....,.W,· .. ~ "" ..... ·,iIIU... .' p" .... QP- ." I,~ :' ,ug .• ~1.. .-, '_. ~ ~. I. .., J ••• ' •• _ - ~ - ..

10 a waYt, both Russ and George. were cUn;c.aUy inA,"r:. 'But the. compound worked! ADd if it worked, when taken by two 'with no purpose, bow much more ,effecti.ve would it: be with someooe with a destiny?

But say 'you've .not had enough shocks to your sy:5tem to ueed the compound on a steady basis. Say ~ also, that your working' aod pcrsonallife is blissfUlly tranquil' so you never need

.. L __ Ii!"!~ .. nd '1"'L~._L L. th~nD1i:! will' be ben the _ ..... """ .... ...: ......... 1 • . f bu .

UO; """.I~~ II.U.U.L .• tOW ·u.·w~..;.·. .. I.'· VI '.i_ _:.' Pl ~~ compa:D.!ieli. SO out o· .SlReSS

..... _...1! ·the· '. .........:u '. .. f' ! 1i.:_..... ...:II-..A......... . ... " ....... _ . .. '. '. ff' --...I . • . ? Y ........... 1..;1 AI... ..... mnnons 0: uanqu~r.,.,,,",,~.LI'" w:retc~ are cut 0',' lUlU I.~ crazy.; .' OU ~

trade or' sen the eompo und for aD the. ttaffie wool· .. . d'" ·L......A,~... You w'ouldR~ need 'to wo lTV a~,",:- .. t.

~_ ',_ _ ~ _' '.: ' ,. ,. , J... _ _~. _ ._ .~_.. , ..••. ' .... ~ . ~'.

the health food stores nmning out .. You CaD grow it Y'oune!lf~

"'1""&..':' ... eomeound +15 c:inrnl I ..... 11 aGi,s,;.·11 ~ ~ av·_,:I,,··;L.·le .... _...i. . b heap .&.. .. - tFa·nn· .. ·i·I' lit ~

I ,IU3',' I pV~-"Uo :_ ;~ e, e.IIII .. " ~Hy .' .. maw .' ..., muc; C,A0'U"'uIP. ... ~wa:azers~ ,.' I:S

YV"UI'IT'I,A f" a1 b ;,n'h f ~ ....... , ...... .:. 'Ii.... "", ....... 1'" (..-\;"..- 'bas' I. V .... ·I•

a compounc 0·' equ' _[ parts ,..y WC'~'"t.~ 0." .• &V~, Clwlliroi.UiH:o,t Y.enaD ":u~ ". _IS lor .' .. w.mm)

and scullcap. It. can be gotten from any health 'food store: .. 'To· set it eheaper and in bulk., you ought to order five pounds of each from Tbe San F'ranciico Herb Co, Twenty pounds of itt a couple of years supply, will cost oDly $78· .. 'OO~ Their toU-free number is 1.-80).622-0768 in

Cali~·e,_· ". and: 1 100-" 227' A;£::3"0" ut ,·f···-m+Dto, i!!ft._., ..... _...1 Up·····S ... n· .......

'._ IOrm.a """ '"".1 ou-O.-i:I!.....w,. laey ~uu co. ~, ..

Wb . ·-you·· Q<At; tbe . herbs powder them 'm+ a'" b~,ende'" .... 'r

. en .. c'W'," _.. . ~. . ". .'1'.. .•

There ·are three ways of taking ·this combiPatiOD of herbs. One way is by making a tea," An ounce ·of each herb "is stirred into two quarts of boi.J..ing. water, .. As the w,ater resumes, boiling

. fte··· . ...'L._ iLo ........ b·· .. . . _.......... ~" .'L.._, . . ."'~. .. .... 1 ... _ . 'ff' . 6 ... beat· .. . . . • ..-...1 and···.. all·" ··wed· .' to 1iI!!>A'. ~'. .

a' I, .. ·.'r UJC. ilK:lil ·8 are SOlI aJ Int',II., pot IS liIIU:P,n O. ...~ '. J>t COYlIgili IIj;iU, .'. . 0 . . '.' ~ .~OT ,an

OOu'r to allow 'the herbs to stee .. p"

Have another pot ready 'with a sieve or' roDaarJer;o Put a cloth. in the sieve or coUIDder and

the ~ . fie th '1 ~ bas ",~, . I' .... _. 1·...... . the' herbs · 'baH ... _..1

pour' rea. in~ A.' r e str8Jl11D8- _._. ~~, I'WtIt UM;ii' C 001 SO : .. '.' ~ : an IDa ~ ~ I '. IUN

'" .. ·t,· r·the·· It.nll1~id·: '.~. out· ·The···· m\iI!iII::nt .... -+ ,t!oQ'l'ti L...- .",!,-i,.!_.-i 'Wl' ~"'\. .1:..- .......... It'ftIIIftt· batch .... ~..;I ~;~

rnos· o· .. ~ ~ . .li.A:\f1oll·.1S .. '..... . [ . ",.....,._ .U:-'UlJ,...... 1I)!I;i. ~IU.IUI;iU '." lliI!Ii UICi ~ IQIII~"" a.:IllU .I,,~ .•

'This makes the herb go SO" f8rlber;o

')b.e first dose should be ·cigbt ounces .. After tDat .. four ounces every few hours will keep

. ':,1 '·tb· side" "-..-e._

you ttaDQlln l' WI' ~. D.O . ~'. .... ell~gj·.

In .""- cia· 'Vt~'mlliJi. "'I.e·~ 00'· :rv·C! are· ..... ;iIIO,~""'_,.;I so· ~ V'o.-' A .... y..rv alert At DinW., tbe nerves are 'soothed

u~, __." ........... UlI·' ,.,~ 1iIiII'a...' iI\ARI~ - .. J. !1M,'" '_' """,;J' ..' "I,. _. . ~ _ ~

so ),'00,1) sleep soundly.. If you take sl~ 'pili:." subltkute the berbsl'

If you are really ·down~ tbe herb will give yu an ~ hilbt as widl. RDss .. ~fter··that you~ level off and from then. aD I. if you tab it ~Iy, you'D just 'be 'DOI'DlId,;; [OD. the other hand,

four aunces ,liven to a pc.noD who doe&D' aced it will have DO offici: at all •..

The hops gives the tea a rather bider ta&fe. wbieb some people can't stad. Others loam to,

l':L_ ... ~.

if ;~ can't stand 'the taste of the tea; you. caa take it ill ita powder form~ Actually, ·in its .~ ... ~ud ." .. _ .... ·r. (0' ,-. no.. the···· 't~, OlV"A. _.. .. ,.L, ,c..~-,.. The _1Iu cIi1faeDce is that the tea tIbI effect, in

I"-"_-~ , : _ _ rt . " I~I. U O~· .... ~ I:~,I lUI UIDI, • 1 uauJP. ,- _. . . . . -" . - ' .

"t ·three, nlinutes.,. whereas the, powder taka 1eD.~ 'The .. it better for I_m. back to sleep

if ,OU .awakeD in the middle o·f the Di&bt ...

To use the powder J tab a muDded teupOoDftd ad dump it on die ·toasue. Don't btatbe ill or youll Bet a coughing fit .. As IOOD U· y;OI1 set it iDt wub it down with WIler' or juice~

Aside from[ lOing further ~ dte powder is more portable 10 y[ou can easily ta~ke a pacbt to

'work or 00 'trips. ~ .

If; fot some reason, you C8a.\ take it in _ or powder form, 10 to your pharmacy Uld buy

be> of· 100'" 'N 000" .'. I ."... ...'111i_~ ................. lIIt!t'.·en. ~ .L_ .... _A ftG ......... 6L. __ 'ty

a x : .. , '. '.O~ '.. . ·empty ILatin caps~(UI IIUUIU ~, • .7.U .. ".I'""'&a u;KiJlJ. ·IU.N ~ UK;IU v~ ..

* _· ... U .'..... .i._ '. . _.A Abou· t four" ~ .. "' ..... _ _ .. _ •• _t· dOl· .'.

ti.e&~·· Y WllU) uK;: compouuu. ... ... '. ..' .: .... _ IS I~ UMU!iI~04C~.

This compound also cures alcoholism .. People are llwa),s, l&yiDI dlat alcoholism is a disease.

Not· The' aI"~' -I..·t· . ..t·· .. dep' .. ..

". so~ . .... :. ,eOnOill,~ IS a . ···~SlVeij,

A1lcohol relieves 'the depressioD~ But it ·tab,. B VitamiDs.from 1he system~ causma even ptater

~ht.. "'L. ... _..A ... iII Ii'i,.,........".

depress,ion.. Drinki.Qg;. even in the daytime is t'.""D!o!&~ to u.s ,I.' lui .. ~&~1OD~ .

To 'prove this, 'take foor ounces of your favorite liquor miDd wi1b four !JUnca, of the:_lca~ Sip :il. alDlll as you. might normaUy do .. You miPt.get meIlow~ but you 'won' ,et druntF Even a,.r eight ounces of whiskey mixed. half' aad half •. It worts bot its a wasce of good booze.

If' ou"-' - 'i'1"v~""g to qui'· ..... ; nn' --..I you n.t a -~" ... ~_ ... ·fit ,.i, •• ,;L.._ 1l'I-"'- Af .. L. ... ~i('nd· Much

'. yre -JW.· .. ~[ .. SJDo":,,,:,; .. _ .. > . ,8,"""'''' .Ii:i\,;u~" ,.....:: ~"., WCh •• __ ~--- . • ..' 1

.... a,i5''i< .....

'~a",",.I. ~ ~ ~.WW'!IiII'I"""" L._

If y,otire 'fat ,and have trouble sticking 10 your Cti.et t.ab some ·of b· W.l~~· WII~U. you

jlu.st have to pig out or go crazy 'I Y out~. be· surprised how quietly .. tJ:te UI1~ to ~t leaves y~., . 'With a supply of the compound and. your nervous system stabd.ud., youll be far better able

'to' ~ ·00''- ':"mmand" .:' (c, or orGanize. than the confused creatures.aD around you. Remenlber, in cbc county

., , "~ c

of the blind~ the· one~yed man is kiDS ~

POOR MAN t ·S· JAMES BOND Vol. 3

56

H' I'" d'· 'M' ,'-, d' 'T' h' •

ow .·:Dlans ... ···.···.·· 'ae: .. 'herr

B'-

" .-- .... ". '. .

.' ,ows and Arrows

prairies was util ized fo r bow-staves, Osage-or ange, or #I 0'.:' til,arc, al it was called 'by the French VOY'aeun,

,

W·.I, con,ide,red to be the ball wood, but, because it .rew

in • Imall a rea and so was d"iftic'u.lt to obtai.n, h:ickory;

h - ~ d'· _,_.... d 4:1i

juniper., ·oak,.1 ,wh.i te elm, ee aar, I ronwooa, aD' .: W JJ ..

low were more commonly used. The Eutern lad,ii.1l1 made the'ir bows from shagbark hi tk.ory " ash, red cec!:.t, w.hi te oak. willow, bi rc b, ·1 ad hemlock, w h i,le in Cali-

f 4 hi k h ~ d ... ·IU

orfila . -, ICi. ,or,. .• as'; .. ; mountam ce.· ar" Juniper, WillOW,

elder. and. yew were used, The latter is considered 10 be the best wood of all,

0, . "~" B' " ..... '~-m.atlL..i -g" "',Q n a 10 'W' ., I!!" I.C' , ... ,.

"

- :-.-

J ---:

The O,maha considered the "month of the return of' .h,c' geese, nor Feb ru I.ry, to be the ,on I y safe time to cut Eree',n wood for' bow-staves, Then the sap WJ5 down • 10 that· the st.·,rc' 'wo,uld le.lo,n with 1 ittle d a'RFr of splitt.ing by' I"hrin,kage'.. A young' ash k.i lled b:y a prairIe fire was especi,.ny good bow material, for it WI. generally well Ica'softed, and 10 unlikely to be a ffectled, by ra.in or dampness, When cut and trimmed" the green ItaV'C w·as· rubbed with bear's grealc and hU,BI :from ·the uppe'r part of the tip.i poles in the smoke of' the .ire, 'but well out of reach of the !lameSt u,uul. it WI., _II se.'lOacdt, When 'the wood was ready .for. use it WII carefully ma,ped out with ,I, knife and rubbed. lmootb with I p'ieee of sa,ud;stOilcl The wor·k mi,ght take I week; or on a fiat horn bow the' warrior might I:pcnd, II

mOO'th or' more",

Ordin,ari.ly~ the 'bows we're pc,rfeetly ftl.t when un .. .trun·l" bu.t they were sometimes gracef ul]y curved, Tbe curves were put in the wood by ,greasing the' pl,rt and ho,~din.g it, over the fire until it w.as, quire bot, Ind then bending it 'with the foot, It was held in place until cool, when the 'cu"e would be' permanent, S,inew back ing was I.ppl.ied with hot glue' to the flat bac'.k of the bow. which had been roughened 'with a stone, T.hc Banew was lapped at the middle and ends and on the middJe of ·the bow. Horn bows 'were made of cbin sUces of horn that bad been rubbed down until !'hey fitted nice,!y togelhe r, .Four pieces we're slued toleth.e r, and ,I fif th piece fitted and gl ued over the center, All were then rubbed down until they 'were 0" correct proportions, af'te:r which they were tightly

. bound with stri ps of the small intestines of deer' or Itt'ips of sinew which were a.pp.licd when wet, At· il' d r:i e-d ~ .he • in ew :I h runk, 10 ua i ti n g a I] of the pa rtf and ma,king '. bow tha,t w·a·1 ·.aid 10 be tougher', I.'tronler, and more elastic than a. bow of other materiall. The chief diladvantage 0" horn and, sinew-backed 'bOWl was

. For 'tar ge t work the' English. bow' i.s far superi or to the Indian bow, so that you will do beHer to make your tackle according to the d i rections in one of the standa rd books on archery if you are inte-resl·ed in doing expert target work, The Indian bow, ho,w,evc'r', doe. not require the expensive mate rials 'used in m akIn,· ,I. 100d Eng,lis h bow, no r is i t 'so d i ffi,cult to CORSI ruct, 'Mate ..

• 'II f k" od I di b L.... t' d >II'

rl;I,,t,lor mao I lng go'" ' , n" , I an ~OWI can. .ue ,',oun' lD

almost every part of our country. and· the I,ndi.an". method of bow-and-arrow making is limpJ.c eno'ugh to be followed by any good. camper,

The best bow .. makers on the .plain:. we·re the S·io'Uz' and the Crows, Like nearly all of the other Indian's· in the West" they used. a bow about four feet Ion." In .be East a longer bow was used by' some tribes, but the short bow is the common Indian 't,.pc~, This short .I.en,gtb is one of the chief' 'ways in which Indian hoWl

differ f rom the English. The plt'oper lenllh of an In· .. dian bow was sometimes determined by holding ehe bow-stave diagonally across the body, w-i,th one end of it held in. the right hand at the hip and the other just touching the finger tips of' the le'lt hand when held t:t ra i gh t out to the' sid e, shoulder high.

Bows were made of wood" wood backed with slnew, and of mountain-sheep, bu ff,a 1.0, or elk horn, Almost every 'wood found on and around the almost treeleSI

P'OOR MAN' S JAMES BON'D vea , 3

that tbe~werc likely to become useless in wet' or damp weather, ..

For bow-sui ngs rw-i sted sinew or vegetable fibe,rl were used, The string' was tied to notches in one enid of the bow', while its, noosed end could be slipped o vier' a notch in the oehe r ..

For GU,r bow w'e will take as a, pattern i common type

'uled by the Sioux or Dakota. When finished" it will be forty-tab,r inches Iong, an inch. and a quarter 'wide .,t the center, and five-eights o,f an incb at the ends

---

- -

.- - -

. ,

'"

(Fi,., 8S).. You may' cut and season your own stave, or, if this ii, Dot possible, a bow-sea ve may be purchased from a dealer in archery supplies. A piece o,f wood hou,ght at a lumber .. ,.ard is not likely to prove II·tiS" factory ••• lumber i. often kiln dried, whlch m,a,k.ea it too brlHle f.or use, If 'YOU cut Y6U r own w;ood, you caD do ftO' bette'f than to, select· one of the w'oodl used by me I.n,diIDII'

The fin,t thing to do i. to dre •• the sides and ends of 'Ihe' .,t.ve' smooth with a jack plane~ Two of the ,.,ides willt of ·coune, be parallel to the grain., Select th,c Im,ootbelt of Ihese sides, or, iJ you have cur your own ,.v'e, the one that w,a,'1 nearest the bark, fo f' the 'bl,c'k of the· bow, On this side layoff the middle line A,B (Fig .. 86-) II 'N ow carefully dress the' stave down so that it will be' fo rty - fou r inc bes long, an i ncb and. a qua rte r wide, and three-qua rters of an inch thick, Next deter", mine the exact center of rh e stave, C'Dt and sq uare Jines around it two inches above and two inches below the (en ter mar k.~ This B pace is fo r til e hand gr i P" At 10. ach

end of the srave; now mark off po,intl three-,eighths of an,

iDCb on each side of the middle lin,e and draw to them, 'the II,pering li,nt"1 YZ.. ,Layoff the' same lines on the

under Of' belly side of' the bow' and pJane the stave do-wn to them.

Tu,rn the stave on its side' and mark the point N at ,each end, which il one .. half inch from the edge of the: back. Draw the dia,gonallines ,MN' on each side' of the Itave and plane down to them on the belly side, Now, with, a, Ipoke .. sh ave and plane ca rcfully round the bc_ly 10 that' it c:on.forms, to the sectional diagrams, Here al;ai n, the' lad i an, bow diff,e'f'B radi,cally f rom the EngI i'h.. I D the la,tte r the bc'l,ly is rou nded to ,a perfect arch, 'while the I ndian bow bas a 1 most fl at sides, On ly the cd •• of the back are rounded, Not'chea in th.~ cnd. of the bow, for the bow ... strings, .,re made as lndi .. cited ,in FiJi 87. They arc best made with saw and

nall round ile:~ The bow-erring inelf can be made by twilting th ree tri ple and well .. waxed strands of heavy

57

" T'HE- '1" r~:rp 1\ "0_--':·0" NE:" ',E':,R-

,J '~ 'n·l~'~-".' '_.-:.' ~" ._'.

linen th read ·togethe r, or it may be purchased ready' made from a sporting .. goods seore,

D;on't 'try to complete the work, especially the plaoing,. too quickly. Many a good. bow has been spoiled becausc the make', was too anxious to try i.t out. Se'l your plane fine and, go slow.1)" when u:si.ng it. Tcslt tbe

bow carefully, when It is, finished, to see ... that it, bends evenly, If it does not, plane a bit ~ft the. stronger end. When fini,shed, it may be rubbed with Ilnseed oil or painted with Indian decorations, Keep it u'oat,rung

when not in use"

All, .Auinlbo\l.r,e Ba"wm.an t ~\M.S H ).

Arrows 'were more dli8icul1t to make than bows, Generally, each man made his own, so that it was only bY' chance that the arrows 0" two men in the same tribe would be of the same lengtb, Because of this and also because each man could recognize his own handiwork, the a r'row:s In ,I carcass served as ,a meaas of se ttlioi disputes of owner.hip, which often arose after a great tri~al buffalo hu,nt.. Ash, birch, cane, dogwood, Wil .. low J. and wild cherry .. tree sa,p,li ngs 'were used for' ar ... tOWI~ Like the bow-sraves, the arrow wood was cut in winter. S"ti,ckl were selected that were free of br anches, straight, smooth, and abou t the thickne.ss of' one's .little finge.r, They were' cut to proper .Ieo",,- ,pu·t

up in bundles o~f tw'enty or twenty ... five, w ra p'ped ti.gh:tly

POOR MAN"S JAMES BON'D voi, 3

with raw' ... ,h ide or' elk .. s,k:int and hung In, the smoke elf the I i pi lire fo r several weeks, 'When seasened, the bundles were taken do,wn and the' bark was removed from the 'tickl. Th.ey· we're then, sera ped smoothed, :and .trai Ihten,cd,,~ This was a d,ifti,cult and tedious

W- - 'h k- d 11 f' d'"

p roccSI. ' ·e reve rae rooae "" p ~ aee 'was tou n" " It was

,relted and heated unt~ I the 'wood could be e Isily bent, af'ter which it was held securely uaril it cooled. Some-

t· - Ih' "t'" 'k-" - - e d aw n eh rough a stone or deer's 'nne'll, e IU:;,:iJ wer nr ,.: . '1,-_'\;1,_:, ,',:_> ~ or ueei "

horn" in. whi.ch boles bad been d rilled, as a p art of the .,tfai,blming process. G reeved sandstone pol ishers, between w"h'ich the stic k, were' twi rled, 'we re used in

,

I'

\ ,
1
¥
1jiO'
;'i , :

1 '

. ,

..

': i



, _

i:

• I

,

the finallh.ping· proeess, A, 'D· .. 'or 'V .. shaped notch, or

neck, .as i c: is cal ted.li fo r the bow "':$1 r'~ n., was made in one end 0'1 the shat'l.

The ar'rowheld w'.a, n,QW fl,ltened' :in a ·nolch in the Iha'ft wi th glue 'and. ,I biad i.ng ~ot sinew t ,I n 'the old

day. it wal, made of fI,j nt, obi id i ant and o'the r . va r ieti es of ltonet a" well 3:1' of 's,i new, ho'rn~ bone'" s:hell~ wood" and copper, Later traders introduced ·t.hc'- sheet-iron ar:rowpoiJ)t, which soon displaced the native materials. Arrowheads made of turtle, bear and panther claws were ,Iupposed to strike the enemy with magic power •• we,ll.. wi.th. the force of the bow., Sinew a rrowpoints were made t'rom the hard sinew that lles along Ihe top of the buff alo"I, neck I,nd holds h is he ad up, T'hey were censidered 1'0 'be of spec i al value in hun t i ng bu" .1'0 because the si new poin t strikin g a rib 'wou.ld go round, it, whe re •• , a Bin t point hiRing the bon e would often b,rclk off. The he,lds of 'wa,'r :af ro·ws 'w'crc loose Iy fulC1Kd, aDd. so shaped thai ,they '\You I d sp lit tbe shaft .ad ran.in in I he· 'w·ound 'whe'D 'the shaft \vas with .. dr.'wD.,

AIle" ·.he point was in J,'dacc', the shaft w'a.s grooved with three zigz.g lin,.,. Just why t:h'i. was do,ne' is n.ot, c •• ,ct)" kn,own~ :Somc c::.II.'im th.at the ,'F'iQOV,es repre- .. IIn,ted ,Iigh'mi 0,; others ,th at they' caused 'the w'ou.nded

58

T-'HE. :' "~~AP"" '0:·· NE·I--,E:R'

~ I nJ::i·· I' . _".. , . ..'.

animal to bleed more freely, while the Om,aha state, thJit they bel p to kee p the strai ghtened sh aft f'roim

~,

w.rp!DI"~

Finally', 'the arrow w'as ftathe red with (W,O or Ih ret tr.immed feather. of the eagl e, owl, hawk, or v·the r bi rd. These' were glued and bound in place' w'ith sinew, The ,II ue used W'AS ma de from sh ell of a soft-shell turtle, deer hoofs, or chipping. from a rl,whide~ Betwccn the poi ntl w.he re the fe athe rs wer'e faste-n,ed w'c.re p',a.ioted bands ,of color, generally black 'and red. These colon represented night and day and were a, symbol of' :P recisionl

Making a good arrow has, always been considered,

a ha rder task. than m ak.i ng a bow, but th is need not d. is'C:O'U r,age yOU,t W',i th the ma't'c r'l als an d loo..l.s of ci vii i Z,i-

ticn you will have a much easier job than did the

Indian boy who attempted his ,first arrow, Cut' and season your own 'wood and follow the Indian method of making arrow sha fts or, if' you want to m .• ke the talk. .1 easy as possible, purchase ordinary commercial d.owels from .3 I um be r ... yard, or sash .. and. .. door mill.

These arc gene rally made of bi rch, 'which is an excel .. len t' I, rrow wood.,.. The sise you will 'wa,l1t is five'-. lx'teentbl of an 'i ncb :i n d i,l,m.ete r.

Pi c:k o~u't 'the stra igh test and. clea rest sbafta, and with

sandpaper remove ,a,ny ,slig:bt inequalitia tbey ma:y

h P'· k- h 'L....... d f h . hich h h d i

__ ave. -' 'ic '_ t" e best en, ·or t .:,at In WJCn t,c_:_,ca,· 11

to be fitted, ahd in the opposite one saw the' neck, which sbould be one-quarter of an inch deep. ,Fi,n,:ish it' with a sma 11 fi le and. c arc. f'u lly round irs ed ges wi th sa ad .. , pa pe r so th a tit sn ugl r fi ts th e bow .. , t r ing ..

Feathering comes next'. ·TU'F'kc'Y ... \ving f,eather's., ·Ie ... , cured from the butcher at: Thanksgiving and Christ,m,aB" Of' pu rchased from a, mill i nery su ppl y house, are the best, U se those f rom the same side 0 f the wi ng' for the same arrow, \Vilh a sharp knife split the f. e athe r, Then c le a n out the pi rh and wit h sc i, ssors tr im off the excess qui 1 J.. '\ Vi rh the sc i sst) r S' edt f C,I the fa to shape as indicated in Fig, 8'8~ The fun length o:f the finlshed quill should be six and a quarter 'inches; that of t he vane, fi ve a nd a ha 1 f i nc hes, T he I atee r is onequarter of an inch wide at the front, and three-quarters of a:n inch at the rea r. Fin i sh them in. lets of' t'h ree and put them aside until you are ready to feather the a,trOWSIi

."

Wit'h a penci I, now ma rk off on the sh a,f t the places

where the feathers are to go. On e inch. an d a qua rter from the end of the arrow draw a ci rcula r line. Th is i.s for the rea r bi nd i n g'. F ou r :3 nd. th ree qu a r te rs i nehes fro'm this draw a 'Similar line 'which marks the beginn in,1 0 f the front bind i ng, ,At r i,g'ht a,ngles to the' nock, d raw a pc'rpendi c:ular lin.e' whi ch ind ie'atel the position of the cock feathe r. Two s imil ar Ji.n,cl are d ra wn equjdiltant f'rom this, 'I'or the other fc,'at'herl" When all art. :set th~y will ,appea,r as in Fig 89~

We a.l'e 'n ow ready to gl'ue and 'bind the' f,eathers~ P"ut a til i n co,l,tin,g o'f' g,[ue on ,the f·eather and on the pe.nc,il

! t ne i nd I.e a tin g i IS' pali tion, and a.11ow· it 'to pa rti:1 1.1 y

.. , - , ... 1. ... -.

r .. ~ I'. MetbDd af 'e:~ ihe ri .ilia. Ar,o:w Fi,. .,,,. ,£.ad V it w of A :no'W ·"~I. go. IrOD A ,·to. PDint

set before pressing both together, ,Pins may be' used in, each end. of the quill to hold the feath-c'rs in, place

,A

B

-

c

.

D

Fil·· 91,. Chi Pplill FU nl A rrow Points t BA E) (A t Ma:kiq Flakes t: B). Chi ppi,nl I 'take w iU, a ,Bon.·pointed Tool te) PosiUon of Tool aDd 'Flake ':n Ch.ippinl tD t Chjppinl with a Hamlmer ,S'tone,

until 3JJ three arc glued 10 the shaft. 'When. they ate in place baste them down by a spi ral bind ing' of cotton thread wrapped between the bnstles of the' feather, If necessary, ad just the posi rion of the feathers as this basl,in,g is put in place, \VhC'R the' glue -dries, remove this basting and wrap and glue the permanent bindings of ·co\Q.,red .s. i t k t h rea d to each e nd of the f ea the. r . The hardest part of the work is now over,

59

THE WEAPONEER

~OW' forarrowheads, The easiest ro make ara' chute u.f iron, Hki~ the ones the Indians first got 'from while traders and which the'y later made from scraps ,of' iron that happened to fall into their hands, T'hese varied in

I · h di ff ib dl rd~ h

stye in t ie '.' rrterem tribes an:. aceor tnl to t.; e use 10

which they were to be' put, For them yo'u ~ill, aeed some one-sixteenth by five .. eighths inch 'spring steel 0,1' band iron, which you can .ge't from a hardware lto're or black'Smit:h shop, With a hack saw rou-ahly shape the 'point according '10 Fi.g. 90" Use' a 'file' 10 trim up 'aDd sharpen the edges and to make the notches for lbe bind in.g cord in the sh ank,

Round aff the end o'f the arrow and IIW a notch 'in ii' three-quarters of' an inch deep, to receive the he·ad.,. Glue the point in place and bind it, while the' glue i. soft, with button-hole silk thread. Yo'u now have, .an Ind i a.ft bow and (. ndian a r rows such as were car'tied on buffalo hunts and the war trail by~' the' warrion of ,the

\"

pIa ins a hund red yea rs a20;r

CJ:..··, ..d ...

su ;,:,." .". nr-~'Qv.'"ol".1

Some day you 'may' wish 10· 'Iry 'Your hand · •. t eh'i·ppi.nl out dint' arrowheads ... , The d.rawinll 'in Fig. '91 thow' bow' to do ] tt FI in t, quartz, 0 r obi id ian,. I·U i lab le fo" this purpose can be: ·found. in almost C'v'ery p.~t. of' our country, and if you. have trouble .in findiol ,·u,ita·ble 'na.Crural m;ate.rial, remember thar wi,ib eare IDd prac,~ dee good, heads, CI.1t be chipped 'from pieca 011 cIa. bottles, The equipment needed il li'mply •. pad of heavy le;alher for the .p.a,lm of the hand all·d a chippiftl tool of deer horn, bone, or steel. The piece of diot or glass to be. chi pped is held, in the ,I,eft haRd. on the pad and 'the chipper is pressed firmly a.gai .. nll the edre of the flint u'D,til ,a chi p breaks 011.. Take ,0'" bu t a small chip' ll' a time. Patience and care are needed if you, are going to master this sncieet art.

A' '. _ .. , 'ba' i.. __ ..i 00-' - nd P-'I ~ . I'

. Blnew .. ·c.u:u,>w 8,' a ,.aIDS arrow

Straightenin. 8·n arrow' sbaft

lroq'" 'oil' ... ..;r;,,;;,.... nd . ,'he- . h·Ie" . "' ...... ~'ri 4:,.., '- ... ~ u~ : UU1l' a ..... ,arrow~o' . ,or. Itle Uu_.~_' III' ..

unusual.

fllIt' •. tiftditk· iii· .. ' • 3' . . ..

':.' . ~,- . '-- '11' ·:- .... ' .. 1·-'"

"_ . ,",' ," -_ .. ,'. _,.,: .' >",_ .. ~'~ft M

1861.

us., '1bJiI1l: 01 1IiP'tttH· __ UlI . .'Ift

- -' - . . - - -- '. - . - •• . ... f.

IPL. .... famOUl, OODIP1"iI!I·v'e rook6t 100. .... ltJ.-veDW in

,I.,,,,, - - . '0""'" _. . . t . - . --

1801 .... _ c:dIldemned, lou the· DWI or WeUiqtoil ,ILl

!~ ~ .

beiaI m ........ Al. __ n~;i!i .~ ..... ;1;. .... ...., -'ifi'I!'I'_ ~:L_"t.- --!II it tbiI.a to

. __ , ~V~'!IIiiiiI.1V,y .• I.u·~ m.lillill&,.,. ~. ~ ~_. .

tae~ eDMD:Ji froID .te,,., ~D." :h. the· ~~. of U. a._t.. .It hu often ooeurred to UI that the priD·· cJ.ple ot propelUDg tol'iketl. might 'be; .pplled to ~

_'L.",,~ lift ........ ,.,.,~_~.....iIi':::_, ""l~~''-- iIiii .nb ... , ... I.-. . .i!ii! ... I1:~". ':fiO-'''' to "'1IiI'1I.I~, J_ """'~l.!I.v-.U. -n 'U1, A !If ... ~ U,L .uUM;:H!!IIi'" ,I __ ' .......

i..:n.lU'e t_he ~ht i.l1 the d.nind di.rooUODi IJld -.e bere ill ... ,trate a, plWl ;In;v-en;ted Of IIr .. , Willi ... , lbJ.t of EDgl.nd., for BOOQ·mpUsbi III thi.i ..

~ t'OOket~ithe'U iiJ. l'·epr_n ted lo. File" 1 ud 2 ..

The ,lbeU~ a·~ ba, A; lonK iron cyUod-er, Ott .at·.tache-d to, a. t"$U end : tbi8 cyUDder' being filled. 'wi:th. mal

nn· IIIIII!II- .o"OJ!'i;_~;I:;t, .... tikB~: t.t '~~·il'~. l.~·nm. -10',,111.

r"' y""'!l-t el, 1!;,o-V!IIIII!1""".......,._.".Yit __ 1Ui._'!!' I ".,1 I!l.I' --- -- !QI- _ ."1

The bumipg of th ia powde~. _gc~ner:.teB 'hot g"$ ",,·hle·)) exert • ·po·wenu:1 .prE:ISiI!i:n:;· a.ga.i.nilt th-e .hole io tenor of t'be cyliDdsr, and. by 'makios' h,olu in the I'6U' e11d 0'(' ·the e.y Uude·t t $. po·rtio:tl. of the pn:Mu.r·e; is t·cmo,,.'eC!. from t\hill tmrt, leavin_g tlu~· pr-nsur@ -salnll;t, the for' ..

",,~rd ,cu~l Llot fully COll n te.r bal~ln(:~d., -'h'icb ,nooo(('-ding··

I,.· d- .c.." -tt-· .. · ""I" fib·j )-., f~}i"'''''''''''I·'.,iII I" n tL.. .. t· .. 11"1 r - -~·".t.-on A

.I -,~ '''-';!''I' - .;"', uo!!·!JIO ' .... _",.~ ."'!' ..... U .... Il~,.. - ... 1' ~"""'U'.. '.'

Of'"il tl1ll :rod t ilt holdi fbe Jlltl te.~ it. eeCi~.H!'el y q:a~n~rt th>6 reat end .of the· cyUn.d.'et., RTul ~n/el,'to di-stribute

th I .-~ l" ','. -. -. i'Ii, ·"d, • - '~'. -I .-.... 1]-'. -h.- \._....", --, '. _ . .Ji _. t!: pro reI 109)1 ... w .. r:r l:n "'" UJ ,ann.u n.r c am IJ'!I;::r a.rounu

th h!5 roo" A 8p1.Ce is left wi thin the cylinder ~rot1m:l ,the 0'1.1 hdtlt! of the ·p~wd.¢r·j &0 U .. ~,t· the p-owder l:GAJ bu .... n (rom u~ exter.nat '~llffl\CC ifi·Wa.'i\d~ and, w'lilHen ·the ~ - ·thA/··hali t'L. oI!I. "'iiHI;,trn'l -d ,·t l·'nh- .. ..;; - #'; - - - - ~ 'h'" 1:.

ur!: ."_:::,,",o;!·".Il~"" "'''''I'Jli _- 6 .. 11 .... _ .. ~ .; __ . ~.,.!y a .l;uiIS W ,leu e;J{·-

pI-ode. the· Jlow~ler. i.n t'be she) I.

I~ig. ·3 re'.prf1!le:n t.J; t he B·rfU~I'A'tUS for 'fi;Wfti I'lg the~h.e-i 1 in tb,e' dOBited d.i recUoD. of :It. flJg;b·t w hen 111~ (}ll board Rhj.p. A .sHt is :r:nade Qunug'JI, the d~k~ .t. of 'the ve8tel for th C id id.l fig bae'k and fbit b. hodwn.· taUy ·of thtt fl''ARlCf.t It h~ -flnd IJCt"hrbnn :r-od.~ c~· the gun, 6, ooing ~upported on the rollcl'ftr ~. "'f w hkh run lipon the dl'.Ck by tJU! side:!!: of the: sU l" It. .fuF''1'ed ,ail •• , ,. Ls fitted to 8u'p'port the· Tol ~ ing pend u 1 um,! d~ :~ t.h .. t ~i' the vettel iroUS~, thi~ ·hen. v y. :pend ulutn. wi II prceerve U~. V'crU~ll pl~i tb)D ~ ,nnd th 1,18· keep t)JC!' gun. :ill a iIlorl·

"·"1 i f" t .[ f' 11 ,,~ d ~~..JI

.:l!:!QJli ~'.' poOM: :~()fi; j Or·f., _- iPJj yang e 0', e,evQ,!w.Oil~ CfrIiR:U"

).f !~n.ld n~l 'we re j'Ilrrv't r Jrl'O.i"·C ·e·K'rncsUy e!1:1t'Aged in im ...

I~rovin; in~trum.eint~ for. d.'ct;-troyi.og each other t:bon H.·L 'Y '~r!i:!: n.t th a! p:rt~ .. t ti me.

THE~ -: ':'~AP"'O-- '-NE" -- '"''E'''R'''

_.. . ~.- 'T J:, :', ,", ... '.: .. ','", I _':-".' - . ,"_:-

The ant,8sy·····.·i of S rvival

. .

~ • I ."

Through Deadly F'orce

By' KURT SA.ION

,.1Im ns:tw'ork TV show 'I was on (Speak Up AmedCa) tuatured a seame'nt 'with, Mich·

W· .' Arb-a'i of ""'l'!Ioihray 'ntslr-na-' . ·t,inn "li' H- '8' r'-un' s 'a' 'n' a II !lln' il'l!'lus":"1 VI I"lombat-· . 1-' ·5' _ .. c neo "·1 1--0 hA~p mortAl w"'it- e'

._V;", t '. ~ ,.... ····!lUI,.I •. : .-'- - ". -. IIW u-I.· '\,11 _ .:' ~ _ ;.' _ u __ . ",_., ~u,. __ I'll .. -

col_r types ae) out their· maq;ho f:antasies ..

IL.L. . 'Id' . d· I - I . h- - . - . - . '- . ~ d +.d . '·t -- .. . d' -. lt -U~ d· . ;·t .' . ..;,t_ t· l"1i .' .'__' . d

.. II I an . mus p'arap''- rase ,$lnC:'8 ,In' · r·eCDlr I.. -, on' go W.I"U so. _ng IUUU an I

such. Tbe only way' you 're going to SUN ive' ls to leafin how to kill" ..

Th . TV' .... _..... - .. h - d·t·~ ' •. " '..- - - - 'I'"'Y- .".. ·st·:to .. ' nt - I h-' . - '" 'b'" - '. . . it-

I __ PII~' m,ay' ave e.liw~ DOL ·any qua If :Ing ..... ,allam •. _ s. t ope'SOt .ecaUS8.·as·

sta'nds~ ·that attitude is stu pid ,and actually destructive of Iong-tB'rm. ,survivI:t goms~

'Twa papillar see narlos g,h/8 a lot of; peoplle the; 'idea that killing ene' s fellows· w iii be at:t 't:he rage. TI118 nrst. is th at emililent ,S-DC lo-economie collapse will tum BV'ery neighiborhood lnl,O a baHleground between the ha ves and the have-nots; ·th e stocked .. up verSIJs· the impro,vlidentt the ,an1, versus the doomed Q,rasshoppe-rs, etc ~ Aft.er a 'Ie'w weeks ·of chaos t;ha govemment

- '"U eo' gan' i"-'8 an.illl -8' ~'nfo' rce law asd otfdAtr' Wh~ :r, r '. '1£_ '.~ uri: f'. .___ 0:.', '~-tit'.

Till second, and silliest I is, the scenario which t,eUs of the SurviviUist seem,ingly dying of

old a g.' 4, a· .... Ii!i;- 'n,,·,t·-e· :rm·,·rn~we.c·· b··an· ; les wi1-h a -never·end.··· ,j1nn tUlS·t 0·" "na.i.~. Th. 'world. '.1 has." .oillM in ..

_ v. 'IWr ~ .. .. I . QUI! ... .. __ .. _. . . . . lIII v v. V1IJ v. . ~. . ..

to "rpetual barbarism, Val hallah!

ft. - - 1Int- SCI' . - -··llri - .', 1-- to urban t- ' wJh' :-: -~'nit ,ct\ftif!iiei'il" ~ a·" w.il!jiiPld- the-' '. -dftA~t GAo' in-·t(··

. 1'.1 .. i. . n . _I appea_s_o u UCL_' ypes,. - ._0 ca _ _WI\ii, _, "j Vi' •. ·_url· __ y_"", ' .. I'll _ 1_ 1"•

Th:·: _. C" ·Ity.· •...... ~is···. ,- ·_:t···erna·l" It needs them .. When the···· C:h'tl!lll_~ CO· ~ ·tile-y···.· will ~t.nd' it from.···: .. -. '-«-iQ-'.: n

etr . t ... ... . _ ~ .. _ _.~ _ Vl!iJ _ . va u . _ .,Ula:_

.:_" 1"'-

- nlillUift + Ar!' and a- ., the sa- 'me time rq - - ~ ""''''Ii+s- the' !nt·.a,fn;·1 varmin- An.ngian .. d- ow· n

e u',I!nl~ ~ t . .. -' . .......• _' . .Ii .-'J J Uluol,.. '. - 'I'· /!iii. I! , .._' .: .. ' - g, ~ hi;,. I" ' '" .•..... ~

I.·m· -+h - d - 'ty. t t h - I - - b - el a c' n:llle- ct"'QI1' _. pI-.- ce to" the d'rlllls' ~.,;u;I - - ·il!te

. •• '18' Imoem CI '0 .8 'ower ow - ; .:,,_1 .' .:' .~ -.- .W aI., 'W.. '

I th -. b' ft~r - T' h . . ." ''hi . f - - - ba - *t.. .' - t- h· ... - --d . dJ' ; r tho ..... * - .'. IB- t-··h· . t- '1-' . I-h.

0 .. 8 _wy .. :8' majon'J' 0'_ ur·n ... 8S are" _I usee up an 0_ '_8 USfh8SS~y 8' me' lIig

sur~plus population of your c1ity iis wiped ·out, i·t will no lo!nger. and probably navelf. again, be ' •. 1'unctional metropolis,. Your IiV8'Uhood wU I be gons' and you 'wiU be just another ,·efugae 'w',ilh

I~~e c- :'h-' an- c' e· 'O"-r' ·5' ~f"'e' nA.'liZ:anA to", '3: ru' r~'I' h-' a: v'· :8n~ .y ..... ·o-u'r o· 'n- 1,;1 'c: '011' --t'_-r: t~ut· 'I'O~ 'n; t'n '!h.a- ·til ~u_. "'8' LO=lt, ·lLa. a

n.Il' ... ' _ ... ' 1'-.. g._ t"'~""'-' I a .. '.' ·.··.·.iI . _ ._, .~' !F7- I. Ir-1lI '- ... IV II.U_ lUI· ... Will .. .,.. .'

negative one on your ipart. It: we, are lucky~ you wUI ,simply have kUled some sU~ihumans Who, might; mherw.is·e· have become a th reat: ·to va.luabie rurals~

DIIIIIII. ,."Ilf of 'the i'dea of gov,srnm,ent help ,Iln r,econstfuctkJn. The ,Fads are so

~, .... 6~ - ~ at· . -' . t th' It; 1- I .'. . . - d- h' - . ·IA .. thM . - - .. -. ·1-' ~:t!Iv .. - . ·.AiL...... t-:h"

~ess.u W'U'i~ c.' .. snng . 0 ' .... e ,,8 _p ass an __ OpefDSS, . '_ . ,ali you are a rsuu'j 8nSMl.Y~ on Ii! "If'

bettall ~ u'f,rem eath according to his ability'~', A.cls 11 ::291 t wTo eac h according 'to his MId"' • . Acts 2 :45t jlS the botto.:n lin e of the Bib~le.~ 'Karl M·arx and 'our F edaral 'Governm.nt~ Hope against hope tha·t the governm·e·nt is destroyed beta re it get$ aroun-d to ~4·h.lpinr· 'you.

ThI lung-llo Suniv.l. w"ho· 1,ancie-s. himself an eter,nal warrior or warlktrd'l, kllping

h- · -If r by It' rba"t d th I' I· ~ d· I d d H' t

Ims's: i ,1.lVe _-. IQo::tng u- nL8S an- _-_en ruras liS pa~n"y ,an, srmpy·~cxme-.~ I JS· masery'

,of mart.iat skills will I.eave him about as use'ul as a musc!e~ bou nd sports U hero~~ in, a

mao c- 11joL~ln' e- S: ho~·· . :p-

... '. ~ . II III . .' _. : '.'

Ani' t'lil oaIIpslt on~y the ve rsatile will be usetut Tlie narrow speCialist. whether he is in

h" h- - h -~ B'" k d "II ·h tali!!d-:-& k. .IiM

IQI tee 'nU3agy t or a ·.'nn:5 guaf! . WI.. S8 rV'8 no more purpose I, .·an ·,DtI.L3 o·n a uua'.

·Th., dlnger' to tlhe weapons freak ,is a fa,tse sense: of .security .. , He believes he can defend

h"·h-I·~ . ,-- .. "~II ..... -. ··r ~fk~·h··· ... h' .. ·~;k· '-"h th -~f---"~ '1 Isou!lngs rom' a" ,c,omersJ 0_ .~. 1-' tm as none, 18' ,cain HI ,·8 wa e n ... s ,rom 'UUII;nO no.

so we II armed, a!r he can hire out

,Dllllllln, an w,nlenble· pOS,ition 15 stupid ~ Survivingl urban'ites may only be refugals, .IV·' ilng most cd their hoklings behind and finally 'being k ined oN· by' hostile· ru:rals ..

HiI1nl out 'wiU onl~". be' temporary ~ The: G,reat Culling wi!U exterlminate those witll 'thlinnd to take w:hat the'Y ha.ven~'t earn ed.

a.atller Illing to conside r lis that if yOu r ont'y :sk:i:'~I, your obsession. is kill mOl you won·t be allowed t'o survive ~ I recall a story ~ read about the W'W II Rangers. It seems two' of the. wer'e on' Ileave and in a bar.. .14. cuslomer ·tatpped one DJn the .~hO\llde[r. meanillg! to, ask f;or a 'Itg nt. The Ranger spun around .and commented to in,~ure him seriously. That set bother AI: ·n·g·" er o,ff a·· n~ the." two.' d- as .. · .t-I oro· y .. ··;ed: , t'he b:ar k.I"lling" I a.··-·· C·-· ou- ple- .. 0" t .• h·, e· • ··ml "ry.-Im.~k· S··U!'· and, - I;'J~ - ·-,rlf..,.

_ _. _. . . u _. ... '._ . . _ t . _. _ _ _ , _. _ . _ .. . g'l . III Nil , ~ l1li11 U II"

sev'eraf more.

?'OOR, ~N 'f S JAME,5 ,BOND Vol.

Ide •• A...._A .. ~, '17, 1161

I.l: _~ ,,-'B'- ODI1J1:I&" -- -, - "

_,w.~ __ , _: _ : ' _ _: _-

.. ' LIIiI( : ftAlil~ two deled: clicm. of th.l. fMtt'

ft' _ 11"""" .. - . . p . -.OQI

.... "., 'he of tM !mrftUJi'tor·'. tlrmli" and n-ow 1M '_ '_,.111 .W,D lid III, A fan nluatra'thm .. , :It wUl be

,._.._.' .. ,a.nt,Uoa. ' Il'nn .... ,co~l.

... 1' ... 1.'

ftla •• 11 pdented, hi. 1_~ 'lly S,'l".nul SA ... ~

'''_'t wllo DeI ,con.cyed one 1l,ndl,vbhd hn'l f to

Ad4i1oa II., f:l&WJ'81"~ '11:te )f'eMn. ,81\'''7*r.aN now fho ..... OWDen of ,be ,.tent..

i

'I •

'I i

,I

D : Z'

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, ~

I!

3

61

THE,·': WE_.··.·A·~··.·Pli-·,O.··NEf:-E .• ,R

, . - _.' - , ". -. . . _. .-

lillY WI. SO ,keyed'"u,p and o,vler'·,trained they wer'e ps'ychot~c ~ That ,inc~dent and D,th ers caused the arlier to go out: 'I,D put them in the f,orefnln't 01 every ba,ttie f-ro,m t hen on. Few came back I'rlom the 'war .

t oneil see TV c:lips 'M' SoJdier. of F,Drtune ,get,-togethers~ Thers: they ,afl are, banging away with 'W hatever ,d1egrles at; automatic weapons the local laws allow ~ Then they show off' the:ir hand .. te- hand prlD,wess and tbraw each Qlt:her allover ',h'B lot The n the knife fig htlng,~ IKun g FUr etc.,

......... ,: ,_,., "'m' I-'J '18.", id··· ~en··' ·t' :men.',·· iIoU=+h' riAn' ,Ia',r I~, ~u· $··.·.t h:o,~ng. The··~rrl m,~ rlnht h.,rI mere '

.... r, .. V\iII 'lin . _ U ~'t J . UUJ'. .J - - 'liIII ~ WI 'U.

ari.. SO'· .... , : • ~·.~tI t, .h:e ... ..,' ::~A ~~'-:'.': ~ ilh'l, d: ~u W' ":h·s·o: . t' ,h~,y. '.' A~I'II, be- "r,.e 1'0' -k01 ,an' ,:uthing. ,,' t, na ,+

wi .me .'ff"V... __ . IU WIIIIU I1Y _ lUll! 'I .• " . .. "'WI, 'Ii,an .. iIIIiI'.. '. ' . __ ,'U __ ',_ . i\

moves~, I hope they all do, "aOman sarYce in the coming urban hetlishness~ B,ut. tiley' w'UI' not

be ,: ·-·.I··d···'II!io~ fori:' '. I~n ~n, a· . I'1l1'l'l .·,",nUi·'r:AI'lI'I!II~Ant:,. ne _ IIRI '. U'II,IIII I nul.. .. "' ..• ',"" uv _ _ ,

I.lel B1111I' Ca • .,:. ArUn ... ,Or' instance,., Harrison is 'the county seat Heret we ha'vB a goodi pDlice farc8:i WIB llla' ha,vI a Sheriff'S department. a N:ationat, 'Guard unlt, ,an ·A.rmy

~""'''p- s···. ' .,.' E:,ng: "ne srs I:nd"'- S"''!IIIlt. :'8·': T.· """'rs··:: q. U ,. ... ,8-1 "'B'rD, U--niik:,e- "Irb' 'an- ,'. lawm'e:n, ~I 'w'o· .. n't

VUt .... D ,I _ e r . ,_llG . , ~ .. .at 1 I au iii' . _ ". ,I" . U'.' "., \.-UQ, _ _ ,

dasaft to care m,r their own f,am:iHes in ,other areasif They !Uvei irI t~ comm unity and ,are a, :part of :tt.,

......,' • .., ,_ bedied ci:vi'iian 'is a, '\fIteran 'wtth gOod 'm,ilb.rY traln,in~ Also~ ntlady every 'iIi'IIIhl~, 'kA~led," '<I!IIIt,.', .;iI.!IIi;i!l; I·a· ·~;R-.A iS~, a ~rt''''I,im,·· .. I." hi,iI~. I·v!' 'never ,met a man here 'who'ididntt

GIIIe-U'UU1 ... mOIl w~ r tau CfiI! . t"i"'" ... . ,un~,

. ,

ha'\f'1 ,several lun"s~ Boone Co,umy is '. garrison __ w"hold meaning to ne.

lb .' tY' - ~I···.·M 'r··· 'h'~'llbill~ kAhn ····n and'" 'h n' '. l-ity A··.LoiI· - fr: . .

'_, ,_IfI,." seven"1 milS u. a'_ mau _1 __ ,1 .. 5 uull! ... 1I me: " 'I,' ,:,'eares_ C,"! -:SIlB':om

ha'vin.o it out with 'wand'lI1ng infil'tratm's, 'I 'It probably see no action: at all" iif' I ':m . lucky ~

In Ii,·;:,·.· .. 1 of the bnpor1aMa of w'eiponry ~ d.on~t mean to 'beUffle, readers ,of tHE POOII 'MAWS, JAMES _ o,r 1111 8MNEEI' or any ,other suen 'works~ learning to ~ake ~illgS tOf yotirselft even wllponst Is·. step f~" for 0118 otherwise1: totatly de:pendent on

. h' . t,· '.-1- - ". act ~ ."" .,~ '. "d' nA~ and' ". -"11 "~ saf' t

crt, ers "or one s m,UlU:/Ulv\I w,an.1.iI an.' .. ~ .~ .. ,. esP8CII,'J one S sa e,,¥.

I'thlnt ·'the' a,verag e' Karate bUff takes it up on the chance that hl"H ev,entuilly confn,nt a ,couple of punks who might otherwiH hurt 'h.un~ So t:f you buy 'books o.n weaponry. ag,ainst just sue,h MI ,emergency, b,lts ·nne;; At least ~. don'~'t U:SI up a:D the' tim,e and money it tP,es to get a B tac k BeII:'~

IUlt ,.r II1II. ,1:5 your' mO!st powerful welpon. You shouldn,'t limit it to th e handling of ,emarge,ne'its that: ,migM never ariSl in your ease,

PI:rI .t: tIII .... l. for 'this, edn'oriali Is that: I ,checked and 'found Iha,t only about: ,2'O't. of you have a fU,UI set of: tHE _V1VIR~ 'Whenl the, mail stops and THE _vlVn is, no longef Bvailabls'l a set w:o!uld ,get you a placl in any survival group or commVnity,.

In the I_D, •• y'ou can use 'YOU,' 'weapons4nI'King s,kills to turn out more domestic pred~,cts for ,sal8~ Y'ou~d also be surprised at the money' you can save by' making ~ings' 'y,ou A.I8d ",OW, ,all 'the gi'fts you,tre c,ommitted to giving 3'nd even all the, weaponry lin TIE, I'UR· VlVDR.

So don' _ your imlgmation 't,o weaponry~ DonI!, l'imit 'your intellect to·sefVi:Tlg some

smallSAnmAnt of our d' 'f'iiilmAJ!ilI EM~'hi'f'~hme··n·t· A iIf'od-" 'TIE--- - " S: U'R' , "VIVOR" .' ... ·td' ta'" k' II 't ....

, .~.I~\'_,Iw.,~.VU~I.u.iI~ __ ,.I. _ ~'l 01, ... _,'._,:i ._ WOlh:e a.ne

limits from your mind: 'You c:an not on Iy get your- thi'n k:ing better 'organ iz,ad to deal wUh the oom1ing upheav'als but you 'coLJild: plan on be;ing on the ,ground floor ,o,f the next fndustrial Revolution;;

oomm uniCAtlng the fh:',e to tho powfl,.(!:r wl,th i n ~ -th III fO'Tln:!i\ tb,C\ rt 11 ick.eu~!t Md, moat eertaJn mod.e of ex plod- 1' ... ' .. lu ] 1 ;jj'h t b - .' . - L ..... ' . d' vlsed

:mg :A" !F., le'" 'I., :F\,' ,M e'l'er' IU!t!ll,l!n '. e __ _ , ..

TIl ~I 8he 11 Ci\n he 1~1 ,\vUh tbe oro i n ;l;r-y time fu se ; t\\nd n~ a. eflf!.e :liihoti, ftom ~ b grea,w'r 'c'npa.cl ty ~ h.. f'~ r !I!lUllerilor to nny otbt"f f!lhe~ I.

-

O'~or'j wilh a 'fo,rce of 2,,827 men, had left to' H ,e,nly

iii "2on '1'1"1...,*-' - ", t, f- --1 ,'II ' the." I' .' ..:Ii~ - dr· '

J., Gi~'. ''',lui aoeoun, .ReUh'H, . ·OIKt W,10 uJ,e·', rom

dliCa8C'. ,and not, {ro,m wounds reeei \'00 in batUe,. In, the M'¥J the 'C.oll)mander of 0. ve~se 1 wate hH over the ,oolQpodUon of ·the food or the ('re'w" and mOf-eovel",~ nMI,pecb IICtUpul,olle,ly the hour for break fast and that

... .Ii '. ,. n·,a;udlr '~. it dl- 61."'JIJI~ anUcl.'·p··&"' .... ..1 r I;n"""_~

,\Qf ua'QDeT:,~ . "IiI 'r"",_Q .. , - "'~,1 ~j , __ ~ __ . __ ~ '. I .~iI,-

ru:pkrl.,

It il dnlrabie: 'thB t 'tc.he, sam"e acru plH iA,ho:ul\d pel"~ , ..... d ... the .'rIM" and thB,t thege: wi.., me'.Ure8 flll" 'the V'~ '--or t -- . , -- - - -, '. - ,.. -- ,

p-~.tiOii ,of b.'11b. 8'bo~ld M'ver be i nfthlSed.

........t, ,;1;. . -1-.'Iii' a.H,d· iI,bAoln te n~,"'esBI t ',' ,. t;:t anll U\fI,

Wlw:LOU", .. C _'I- g.LI _ , .. , __ ....... _. y .i!'~ _, __ .. _

,gI,TeD \0 colonel, !Oof ~v.1ry in "ROM Mlul\i~l&'ons il preHl'yed, ih,e greatelt num beT' ,0,' hornl" w hl.eh I:.,ul. .. in. a.n cECellen, Md 'pwft table em. n la.ti on . Simlhu mIUltJt h't 'till mo're imporb.n t and h"PJ1,J'~ ,,()uld bo ClE,pcrieu~,~ It )lko reward8 were bestowed upon the

. 1 . -11 -'b'''_ bat' .... ' t ...... l!llilli we IIO"oiIII (lidinlfl'n~"''i.. ... .ii ' ...... r ,.n'''8

eo:one. ''1'1' VD"V . l1li;' ,....,._iI:,;..~.,D" :", ",,'. ,; '_ I:; 14 ..... ,VU! .. """, 1I!iU,

he1lUh'7 OOJldi lion of 'th.'8: men"~,

'ScIe-',dftc, AnaerIa'.--J'aae 29, '116'1 GIn ftI' IIWuL

'10 the C'd ... ~ ,t.he IrOOJI whim MII~lted prl-v'.'IlAn:'a

aDd, r.ugue!DOH l~llJt were.thou ... amnded hJ 001011011 ... b,o were ~~ 01 ibetr IOldlen.. POI n:.lIlple: of' two naI''CIlbJ. wbldJ, 1&R· the camp of St~ t"hu'r u the MmO II •••• rd,ved toptaer.' ID ,tho CrIm_ (in tle ~. of &1- ~bu,,! 1851)1, ,ca.,m'ped

d.Ji~ 'hw "':.1'. ha'·lf· ......... ·1'·.....1 &..._ .'be-

\I-V ~z "')j _ .. "II :IU~_,," nlt_ amo :iU1.,,"

'phe. ,ldIII,'l1idM ed, ~ llk:e Iel"Yloo jun. uf them, had 'pl'tlln1d., Oft 'lhe 1," 'Of .Aprnt lNG" ~~~if

lOi~i"'nI ou. ot ,it force of '2 -7· ,. 'mf!i.,ft ii, wb" i'~ • .'t. jI;''''~L

,KIU:I , ., , p.1IO!.. .... I!' I , __ .. I .. ,"IIU

POOR

U1\N' • '5··

,,"?II 1..l"'1... .. ~

JA""'~~'S:

".: 'lTID .

BOND Vol.

3

.

,Scieutific American, ....... ·June 22" 1161

..... ---.

!lOW P'EB;CUS'SION CAPS A'B:E, .ADE,

Th ~ in ven Hon of percussion locks for fl :r;eJ;l.l'l1lS 'was i'\:'; g-rca t fi 11 it'D provem,ent upon the 'dint look as the 18 Ue r was upon 'tbe old match lock. It I t rl"f't!;Rtor was ;Flo floriS 11l1.an deveted to the arl-s of' ~~R. PrEaby~ t(' I; "n t;"l;. 'i I~ is\.i;··¥'-w'h08C lu\:m,o; Rnd the !late, p,f WhQM pnknt arc recorded on ]'!1ge 340~ eurreat volume (JI( t'he

.... """'r..,,~TJ:r·[..... A ',..,''"'TO! [c" .I; 'L'I' l'1'h" 1"""'.....,,'·'. ""';"""n I'i""Hoi' 'l'"'r ....

0· ..... , ,...... , ...... !"'I,RII;. ,: .r!;oI?I! • ,;!I.".'" , '''''I'''';'~ ,~'.V;·, I,'U''I'I' ~ "', W,oS

ESE

Jw······s·····

.. .

. .'.

. I . •

. .' ..

. ' . '. . .

V(:i:)'tQI' 'Of percusalcn caps is aUe'ged to be J',oKpb Man~ ton ian, li:.nglish n:uw", 'who took on t .a. patent in HUS. Hi 5 tir~t caps were made of sm,c~J] t:'oppe.:r e ups ,charged w,i th perctilS~I(i;n pcnwder 6i'nlH,(iL't" to t,bose s.tUl in usc'. Other 'Pi\'r tics won tJ'~ed 'to 0 bvi:a1.e 'h il FQ.ten it. by' U~~ ng smal I coppe1' d i:~, chsrged with percn ssien potwdcr ~ but these were he 1 d to be covered by the paten t. Tbe

.0<: .... t-) 'g .... '" ;:'i, ~~ r""'''.·t im pro,u"~m ........ ·t uno..... the Ieose ~'L. ... "'tiro::.

~J!' Hua !(.Ii! I-=-!' ~", oIi. ,U --' " .. ,,"~ .. ·!Ii,;aiolil . l.~UIiI" . ~ •.. ,1:M:r ta1~ell;l

of Q, pellet of pe!t(;us~on powd.'~:r placed In the rdpple! and all fi renrms, exccp t t h o~e III rn; shoo with If:ay~ n''lI.rd·8 r~'["hnet, ur explosive cat tridges, are adapted for 'I'MI'ff1 ~ ~:~l t tn (:J~~'P8. A 11 aceeun t o:r the manu{' .... :'i;UR! of percussion c'·\;P~ wi 11 00 i,nt~l'~'ti D,g tli.D:d iu:~.tT'uoC ti ve, t"ioll H~(, ia I i y as no dea,l' eleseri pti on of' the opera t~.i)n,fl. has hirhert o been puhlit-!-ht1dj :s~ far n~ we know.

'I 'e rc usaiou ca l»i nru to rmed of ,fl, ~ii,)ft,· copper ii-nay l' wh j,C}i l s pr i ne ~ pi dly () btained. from. France j H th e form f ~f t hin ;I-i,~ ree ts. The:fi rst o:pcrauo:n is ell ttcin,Jt tb..e~c sh eet ~ ,i n to n.!~i: i'~ ~~' J:·t ti ps with rol lor shcnr,t;.. fb.e. ll~.:,.,;:t 1:::; punchlnz out tho hl~nlt. (~ap;Ei" nod stl'ild,Dg t hem Up i n (!-Ie~ In a infl.ch i, ne. 'The iffl·r ips, ,of copper nre .f.r.d ln hetw&n sm~lU rolters uv'er a E!Jm~U table • ..,. h leu b "",,-- +·0·· .. r d ::;"".,. 1" nit' AI. p'" ,...;,..,...l; ·00·· ....... .".'" ,i!·OW·,.... and

· .. ·T ,II ...... , I:JL':IIr'".i,1· '1.1 ··.Ii~D :. II .. 11 A: 'u;J.l ....... il~ ,". ~~,!I-.-,D U·: _.' Ih.~, ", ..,;._

at eruh S truke (:H t!!l!i 011 t fOH r blau k t;; in a. to w from 'the M d p. ,"~I..ch Ijh~ 1'1 k. i.i'ii formed 1 i ke A Hal Lese cross, ,n,nd i H::-i t. tl~ j l L i"i, ,~~ H t out, OiL, !'-'m.:.t.H TO ntul 'plu:n,g~ r pln ~ t d,lt¥" i!!: it. in tlt!l:' mMI'l11.:', t'pn·j.'~ It tnto a ~mall cnnir",'ll dte ln lbe' table 00,10'" ~ and tp'lUlI. form:l i.t ilDl to I; c'P,,, At t'be,.err,' ina.tant the mta~ 1 die pI ungCT.8 are 'J',.ised!, a puff' of wind from a blower thro WEI! 't;he fotll' 'C8,1)6 aut of the dle8 hlOO a recllfl.,in.g bo'I:'j lWd t'b!D diQ .'re Rad,. focr u p.86tU og ,8notber tie C, Qt blMks;. Suffid.en,t oopper "ll J e.ft in tb~ iBtd p.8 BUer :pu inchi Dg to ,eU4 b] e tbem to- be ca;n:i-cd fOfw,atd; to clsaf tbe tah~e Ii t, i!nw:::,h .trake. Dl f:feren t dles are em ployoo fot, caps g,t diff~rent :tof"'~

'rb 0 nC:I.t op-erat:lon i.s th at 'Of d~ ~rgln.g and Btarop!:n g t,he OR p8. :FO'i" ·th is poll rp08e:~, t\ strong I!rteel phtte co'o mini ng aoou t, 1 r 000 ,s:m811 eoniQl'] ho tes Or d:ifl, to ret'<ei ve U maDY 'formed c,.ps is u.8c.d; it i.s ,bud upon the tIl,bIe of another &m8U mB.ch:i.nc~ a girl 't&ke6 M'i1"~ ~'r ~l lJ.andful of 'CR P& from ,th e box ,of th-o: die 'p:reISI,~

:a,pte~8 them, ,over the swe ~ pta te,t,a,nd by ,8" few f.8prud m,o,·, ti.on,s of the Landt they ,8.11

si:ok. b.-to the boJel!!l wi.th ,open mOll tha,! rYdy fen: the pel''Ctiui~' SIOl1 powde:r + Thi.! i~'D, OOm~ pound, of' flUllminatjng rn~'rc u :ry, of pota.s ~ I j' 1I:1'1l1:ph 1.1 T ~ and 8. ,n ttle ground giaf;; •. Th hi .is @I,pread d t-y a.nd .tOOBe' - 1.1 by hand ~ I i I~,e mea,I, I),vcr th 6 en tire pl~l,te! ,Ilnd e.ft.C 11 Critp is fiU~d to tbe: ,mouth., ~rhe s'il.trpl g,1 is the,n _wept off with • bT!llI:h from the :sur~ rn.'~ of the p,laie. Tin. ton ,ilj :QOw ,~a.id npo:o the to,!'!! of thee, plate cOYf!rl~g the. pOWder :tn, the ca:piJ7 ,J... sedel !()f

.' ,una;'] 1 pi ungtil"3, ,each .of :such,

a, SJ.,;e a,.s, to '6 t in to I; ca:p' , ar·e DOW to,reed, down

.~ ~n th.e C'ha:rged plate ~ .cut tins' th rOll g b ,th.o Un 'loll, .and, ,ea:r-r,ying a, p',i~oo into c&e-h ,en}). '1']~ pow'. ,del u; pTC8!F,eci down by t he:tlo p'l ungoO'T8, lin.to aver y Slna]] ;F.: I ~;'lCe ~,t t.he un t tom of each {:"~.l~ j. JJnd t h't~ p'r('~~ul"O. ,is !Sufficient to. stamp the name Or 1HUnbe [ o:n t lliu top -0 f ea(' h 1 1.IY (11 rei DiE!:' t.be! m,etr..:l j n,t 0

regular archrodern C'fOSS-' 'gold" almost bey are good ito,p, anything

d ·b· d .'

.' . esc:rl .·.e '. Ul

.Il,C tion excep t

a steel bow,

r ~

~ .. !J,

ie wood bow' .is very much ~ 8. Start the stock mclud-. wn in Fig" 9',·

,'" T •• ,ro

1.1 te pine and -e lease, using in either side haper cu tter ~ Dle + Lack i ng '\v 1 th a. I'Q uter )rtis,e for the

ABOUT

) ~(h;,. AbQIjj~ 60 ,)I'd!. .

1 %,"~ I

62

THE

1~fT:'i' A:':' 'p- · '0" '. N:·· E~' E' R··

-vy~, . _. '! .. : . _ ," .:. -: .. ',.'.

SHIOOT THI M~/f CROSSBI

IF y'OU can't ,hit the 'buU"s-eye with a l --: er's bow and arrow J tryon e of th ese n bows. and you'Il find yours@U hitting t-h.e ~ eve ry time from distances up to 60 yds. '] ,for hunting, too; a ISO-Ih. steel bow will ~ short of 8 n elephant, Two models are this story ~ 'both very similar in constm that on e has a wood 'bow and the other C omp ar a ti veda ta is g,i ven ] n tab le of ,Fw.~

Stoek for wood 'bow; The stock of tl can be madr- from 'white pine. Its shape ~~e a mod e 'n rifle a s can be, seen. in ,Fl g ~ob ~:y rnak ing a fu.U- size dr awirrg 0,£ the 109 th e fun detai I a t the 'tr i gg er as sho'Transfer the stock outline t~· 'I ~16-in. w] sa w' it ou L DrB I the hol e for the string' :t

" bit 'F' 2' R

an. expansi ve u I'. as lin .' 19. z. • .... eCf2SS€'S c

,of the ho Ie· are Tun in with a straig ht s F],g~ 3:1 to e guide collar rubbing ~ the hi .shaper equip:m ent, the 1"€'cesse:s 'c a.n be cu t hit ln, a drill preS8~ Fig" 4· shows the me

WOO D BOW'. O!=i' }!,.W I N,G W [ i c.~·n 1 ()

3: Ib

Ma:.: i~u m: ,r!:;ll!lige . 160-;1

EA'.~ti~.' 'tQ;~'9_.t ro'nge I ,A.bQ<i.I't ..tC

P*n*h'a,ti QII'Ii ii"!- IiIiJ t-R i'~.' pijl'lii& - -- :l'1fi't

ten'g'~h {:if ~tQ~k 37-

.l.8i"i'9th Q'f bow 54,

,:$ii~iI o~f ar,~DW ~i._! ~

POOR r1ANt S JAMES ,BOND Vol. 3

the JltOper fig'lJntl, cut in 'the bottom of ~ach hole. Th~ pressu re to w h ich th e percu ssion powde'r is su bj t:ctcd hy th is, ()PC mtlon ] fIj; so gfca. t~ t h,n.t f:.t ra nge T;:oj arc nl wnyil: eu rpri ~I;.::d on w i tn (;8::;l HH i t.. ~(~IW[! t i rnes (:. Lr~:\-i (!·,xph.!!!.h.:; l~y thu pressure, but a:.;; tho plates Hr'C ~.h(.l;lliff_ 'no -[ lu;,'hi~l g'c of .1,uy oon seq uen ce rcsu 1 't~.

Th,o next op{':ta.tlon is UtA. t of ~()aU llg' the in~ine 'of tb,S' ,en p~ W1 th ';,,' urn ish to render t.h C'O'\ w{I>hE'['Inoo:f .an.d prevent access (Jif the :tli.tmoftphn!'c: to tbe powde~"_ Fe)'r tbb. pUi]lfi_fiC th~! plate co.ntaining the 'C:~p6 E~1ij p1.flo~{l ]0 nnother mnchme, wliich ha:.oi a serlcs of 1i.ttle dl.p'pt~lfS~, tha t t~l ke ~l P t he V' .... 'U.1 sh from a receptac lc p. 0. tl d ~u'P· ply 'r.~ch ,en I) w"i t h. l tR proper ,I t nan ti t Y • The pl n tc eon-

t .., t'li· 11 •

:(!\rmn,g rne Cl~pS IS now removed Into 4:\ warm, rucm,

w heu the v:u"n I,dl d rles, all (1 the ca 1)8 are then em pti.~,'~l 0 u t n f the ] II a tes, nml pu t U P f~ )1" market., Quite n. num l:i<I:!!' or 8ft'rl~ die: p~':lLe~, are ("mph)),'{'.[ tn, i.be process, un d .~ &e't of !"i rna 11 I naeh i 11:08 rc~ tU ~ red for t 1:1 e enth"C openlHon~ of f..!tl't.ting- the copper ~ punching, :u p~ettj]) go ~ duU'~ 1 ng and va) n l ~"h i ng'. w ~JI llW:I~ C' 4~bQ U t 400 t 000 (::~p~ ]~~.~ l" d l(~m ..

\V'a: ha '·0 dC'~~ '\ i bed U:~ e o:rCl'Q.,tlon~ from t}I;C li~,g'i.n .. n ing' tot he J:i n ishi.og' 0 f one ~t of Cll.pH. Rt". ve ral tie ts of mach i f:LC'S n to gene fa]] y run In every pCTcnS!!'loiio'R ce.p factory. The demand for sud l cn,p~ '~WL!;; 'Lc'e:n so greK\ t for several wcek:~, past, t:b.a; t the factories h R YC' ecareel y been abJe to meet 1 t by WOT k~ J1,g over h G-U rs, ~ome ca.:ps are mad o with top 'flanges.! lome are pe'rfect]y l.'(;nooU~. and '" i t hom t d rn s~ o.,tH.t. other~, nre corrugated. These fo~·m s a [0 nJ] p roduead by th e: d i.e 'm~'i.-C hine.

S,tenches For' All

In·· th .8:8:e:·· d--:·· a:·:··y·-s··· ot f:e-- ·s-·· r of ofif9,nding- I

'I _' . u .... . _ ... '._. . . '. -- . - . _._... -, .. !Ii

peopl'B h!ava gotten used, to nothing but good sme'lls~ So when a. sts'nch that can move mountains assails th's :pam,pered nostru'; the poor baby lust can"t deal' with it, He, sbe 0 r it must 'needs go home, or i'l alrs'8,diy' at horne, mova,~, A good Job do'ne on the "a'mily or company car gets the, vehiera, junk,ed.

Ii once ih,ad an eJ~perI18nC8 with 'Mer-

"'DINan - ~'I d'~C!I!·""llIlia·.a w- - -hen a-- "r-"'Iend

,~,,:_I.. 81:1 01' _Iv. ~t - '.'1V ,Iff· ... ··1 < ...

threw 8OJm. 'into the, car of' a woman I was staying w'1.h~ (She had had his

... ~'td' 6h.ft1ll"t d d- '-h h- d t - d s o

!Cnl .~ . .wIle an_ 'i8a~ 'wane' .•..... •

. badly' to· be a ,daddy)~

!I w,as awak,.,ned by 'I~he most hornble odor of' ,garUc B'nd skunks,. It 'was 'hard 10 trace to, ill ,IOUlfce as '." seem-

. .

. lad to be al'l ovar the hOUS8,~ !I tinaUy'

traced :(t to her car parked ,Qu,tsi'de in 'It-h-,··.··. o·_nan a.·_··ltr·· H- 'e.-·d··~· on.ned 'the .car

II .f.,_., . ~',. "_ .. I ," ,.,. ..... _ -

,door. 'poulrad, about a'n ounce in the back and, ctosed the door.

Since it was that strong in the house and Oldside. from s, closecl~ car], I wonde,red it the niegh,bors would no11ica. I looked 8,ndi saw a s,heri;trs car parked, I,t the curb a fu'll 'btoc'k awaYF , 'wa'lked down: ,there and sure

T'HE WE'··"·~·-A~···P_':O·.· ·N .. ·····-E·····E-: R·_.

. _:..... . "._. _. .. _' .... .' " ,"

_i 'I:~" D. HOLE .~

'Ii-t-""",*-- 8\11" +. ,7"4 '" -

E It JI

AR:ROW ,GROOVE -~x'

SToP SHAPE.R CUT

i

t

e~_.

il ... ,quiif'.d 'when bow Iputl,. ov" 1'00 po 'U' " d .. :lctWI 'fhClt p u ,I ~ - I. '*., 'fiha!ft ti'l,is

w.igh t con b. Ht by he. n,di

IJtItJtJtl ~ 's S41~c'h~i. IDn:l, _ "'!od •. f,om

. . . .. .. ... I.mcmwood'.. APIP'Jlox.Mimai., :$0<:'"

,tion for 40" 60 on.dl al·llb" 'bQ'WI CI-f. I:i,v." in 'table' .Iow .. , low hi I.tr.ntth.n.d ot cent.r by st •• ' .. In ••

POOR MANIS JAMES BOND Vol. 3 enough", I'he WOlmlan ,h,ad ,c'aUed the

lS'I - Natura'lly 1- d' '"d- n't knoH.l s- ·t'h-· - '"n-g

.w .. ~!- -_II ;-j _.1,:'.".: '.J" ,~I ._ -I.~j!

but can 'you imaginl8, a fulr btock away?'

As soon as, I' co.u~d; I got a pint of it and Idon1 know 0# a present source but' maybe Aardvar:k has ,access to iti

The stun f. have is 80 volatile that the ,bottle I have is dipped i,n wax and sto"e,d in a p8lin1 can stuffed with paper' and the I'id banged on tight., ,Even 101 a snllfl at the can"s edge tells me ifs slill in there,.,

I, meanll'to foul: a printing, lcorpora .. 'tion in IOaU .. ,and hoped to carry it in a wax-cllpped hypo. The _nch came th,rou,glh th!le - plasti,o and wax

lO,mething fi.rce so I couldn't carry it that: way'. Tlhen I put if 1 i,n e, 4 cc v.,cei,ne baftIe with • ,rubber capt the kind hypos ,are filled from, Not good: .no~-·- -h,. I fl,naUy put th:., bottle in a ,4 oz~ glaas vitamin ,bottle fi:lled with :rut> bi1ng alcohol with a tig1htly screwedon plastic, cap,t 'Thaf. what lit took to block the smell ..

The first B1,ench is 'the ameli 01 r01'", ten eggs,. The best' way to get the Imell of rona,n eggs Is to rot, egg8~ Break two' eggs in a jar and add an lequal 'volume of urlne~ The uric ,acid giivel it that· special somethjng,~

Stir .all and leave tlhe jar' uncapped, for abclU1 24 hours. Then, cap and set it in: a warm" dank: place, 'tor '. 'COU~, pie 0" weeks. AC1ually~ it' takes a long 'time for eggs to, r'ot anfd if the proper b.,cteria ,is,n' the,'. to senile, in it the "8SU:tt could be disappoiinting.

I h,ad a batch 'go'ing for a month before it, r:eally tu,rnect Bu:t when it did

it 'was a horrific wond.r'~ Just a sniff made me gagl and that room ,st'ank

til tkA - ext- cia' ,aua'n' l ... .Aug-'h ltd on--

Un __ lfRl' n , y, v.v·· . I IV· ,.,:.," ....•

Iy had the ,jar open 10r a 'few S8C0nds~

'W" he' . ,-..., .... ate·-. "h- i· I' u- ... ...,g-Ih1.

··,. __ -·n ' .• '" "I •. _,ne'I., II" '''',''_ .. ,

,the ,next stap, is, to remov,,' the aoIidB. Cut a piece ,of' cotten' cloth 12 by 16 inches,. Tak., everything outside, put the ci'oth aClr088 ,I, plate and pour the me. ln its middleji Qiulcldy irolt the '. Jlft:t-'-h "'.nt·o a I~a tu .... .A a· '-n--d' h-;'--o-'-Id- lne

elv,. - - - I. , .' "~ '. ,U"C' . ". - " I .'- '1:1

both ends, twist II' unitil aU the ftuld has ,run into 8 jar .. An'y fluid on the' plate can alSo, be poured In. Dispose, of the

c'loth"

Rotten meat is, another real y

disgusting small... Put a q1uarter' pound of hamburger in a jar and Ie' it set' for

64

THE 'WEAPONEER,

POI, STEeL TUBING IOLt

"I~ C. 1~ U" o~ - '

,.. . ~ .!

Fig'. I,~ Fil~ 10 shows the 1.,liMh : z'~ 115A"6 'K.6

operation" ,'Th,e ~~,~rp .,[, .... fM. ,(, ZJV'I%2' , .. ' ,1M','

ed~-s are' . ,,.L,,:,,ft fa1red mto-- , . - -

. e-,_' - .W,!Iei '. . . . . 'SA. 'IS ~ .\'1 . • '11. OL

f~'shai~n--·'~tt~-.:ul--:'·~L~~~- 2 .. -tMh, 'V~ "i'l1, 716' V, 7~ ''716

UJ,: '., fit11D. ~,ue ,&, ... mBSe

"p-lJ- .-5 so' 'th- ,~:.. iiI!!"""'_,'IIJ'S w-', )',111 n· t, .• - te"""£AiiIt- --: .. ...:l.. ,&1:...! - ,--' _ _.li' ""Iei'

, ,U:U,c:: . .. .Ii ,D'W& ~ ..... ;. . ._11, " ,0 . In ·rl,..&. "'" W,l ""... W~, IHUlU .. ~

, d - . ...I,:: - .. " . ,t" in th -- - --- . -n! 'k··· lb'" t ---- .... -

:.:e=u=gTt::k~ . triu:: h:s: S[~:n ·l~ :: ;b~

underside near the upper end, to fit inside the trigger Anl'inD' as can b·- e'·' seen 'in-'I 1iN;..,,·0 ,

-r= - .. ~ - - - " . ~"'"' - _-' ";' "5. iJI. _

The wood iJow; 'The 'bow is made of lemo'Dwood to the

" . .' ;I.,__ tl - . . ...L. .--ble Th- iIi:tI!Ii ·Ib . n

ap'prox'ima.'~ sec,.llons liven In wte' 11<Iii. ~-,~ , e ,.,v- .' >. pu , -

i - , .... ' ... - .. ded- .m1!.... '80-'- 'Ib be ~ clo

ng WEn'5a"t IS J~o,mmen. -' '", -~,D;e: '-, n, -·w 15 vef'y" se

to - .. L ... ma- 'X'i,I'I'II'UMi"I, st'·~ , ... ,..L_,:: ~L iI!M!Ii.__ L._"", 1m: - mosed - o'n I Am- - on-

'Ull~r I . . ~ ~ ~ ... _' .1I~1 __ . - •. ~!!iJIG1 -W-,IUCDJ I~. "" .: .-r·~1 - _."' J . l~ " ", ~ _-

----. _..Ji.. th ~ I __ .1.. of- L __ ..... 8:L--1_.-.1: th- bo foHo' ' woou In -:···lS ,en,lSw" '.' : WW,t ""'iIAI!P'~.ia 0-, '.- e . -"W ,.:'" · .. ··'W$

standard pract.ice, fta,t on thelr.onl; round on the he'DJ'. ,A s-ection 2 in.. long at the 'cen..' Is made full round by addin\g' a, fiDer' 'blookt as ,sbcrwn In Pig., 14, this ,section being

,-- el' .. 1 - be-' 'The- 1 .. ---..I '1... - " 6-' - ..J

- encl.Use~, 'Ill a, sle tu.'._1 :. _'-, eomp e'~, w'W liS: ttt:u,

dlrough the ho~ .' 'the :fro.:nt of the stock and is fa.stened

:;1~ ~t:~r:~b:'o:'~~~~ ~~'s~= =J.ulr:t::!t,C:=bo~. =\,.theMa~ t; ~::

down a regular, 6-ft" ho~ of ah:out 3D Ibs. drawinl weight.

Wh -- - tb,· -- " , h' ten-_.ll 8--.3 the- end-Is trimm' - - -- ed- down- a

·en '!'IS 15 8'_'01:_ 'CU, . DQ. '_-, •....• ,. . __ ~,-., -, ,_'.

little,. it wilipuU ,.ibou,t .~ lbL· at, 21~in. draw. :Equally practical. a Jmt 1mVi' can be used instea4. of'theltacke4 type' ShO'W11 •. mountin,1 the bow ,In a i\otch cut, a_1: tl:.te' end

O:f',' ,t,-he s to. 'c'k 'In any·.-.·· e-·as-· -e·' the, bow must be worked care-

. -. , ".., - . --J - -. - . - -

f'ully and broken, in Il:"ad,uallp,. t~1nI II little on, the string and then :re1@uin. untIl ;the_ fuU draw is obtain"d~

The I'teel'howl The st~l'bO_t'Fig., 1, does not ha.ve the

-e 'Jk' - -th __ ,'I!., "~'n8 a-.-i,~o'l"li' of a a d" woo ad b - - nd

51 y; smoon :!;iR-QO'L.I;;e,. _:.;\iIi:..«. .. .' _ .~OO-·' ·,_OW:!! a·

pound ,f or pound 'the' wood 'bow: 'will o\1·tsboot It, Ag~inst this. the steel bow oilers compactness and power, and!! aU

- -

r.~ .. _..--

- '." "., .

W~""<':.·"~"_".-

.:' "/.;

T~

,t 1'"

L..-

®

~i\_ . - ~:5. _7- _ 0 __ .-- ............ __ ~_--:J_;

. """'L...J""

, ": ~IF CfNT~R IS 1.~1Ii , ~,~ T ,J

I ~ Jf -CENti. IS l' 01 1lt .~.' ... @)

fit! NOCI( '0 lAIIE STIING

( . ROUND ~INSIIDf

, , -' If.DGES, OP SP-If'NO

, .'.' ------------~---~- .. ~-~-~~-~-=-~.~

PO'OR r1A.N·' S ,JM1ES BO'ND Vol. 3 24 hours uncovered. Then break it up

Bind cover It with ita own volume of

water and let it set tor a couJple 0,'

weeksl with the lid on tight,. Refine the finished product 1he same 'way as

wtt~ n the ronan .,,' e '~8 . ~ ,. .. ~ egg.

The same process goes lor 'Ish. !Ron'ing fllh win d'ri,¥8 an'yone u:p the walll er out into the streett

The 'I,act 'hilt these &t'enches can .'. several weeks to genera:t.e shouldn' both., you!. Actual 'working, tim. is only a few mirnut88, andt con- 8icJaringl the small. 'co·S1 and the effect. it has,. m.k~ .. it the c:haa.peat wat to ,emol'lonaJIy ,de'¥,astate an oppon,e1nt.

It you m,aan to diapenae the _nclh "'iiiIi~ a hy' ~ ~m'~c yo' til' '8'n" "'t .. o"'__ WIUI' .. ·. ·',,~r .. 1": ·_U. W·,I. r'I'",' ""'

,dear of foreign 'matter so' it' ,cloea n tit' clog the needle. Far t,h;s you,t'l need a. co'lf.. III,ter ,and holder'~ both oif wftich ean be bought from any supermarket for a. couple of ,dol'lars~ Put the filter in the hotder ov'er a ,smatl jar Which will accommodate its opeln~ng .. Help the filter ,along by giving its au .. ~ lace 88, much, room as poss,ible bet\¥Illn it and the hoIdar. To do this,. put tooIhpicka or str:aws around the inlide of the' hOlder.

Do all Ch;la ou,tside and do~n:·t let il set the,r.' after ill's ti'lt.radi,t You don~: want the ImaU to be, wasted In the open air.,

Aside, from Just ·:.,ing ihe :atench al the ta,get. ·It. beli 10' U88I' .,hypO ..

Thll willi ,enable you to aqui1rt it. covering • 'wider area, and with less ,c'hance

01····.· ~I·n:g·. ~I- .... I- AI·· .... '.IO·.~ with t~a·,··I~nch'·,··,

. ... . 'I'W"~~ _.'. _,. .' n. ._.

long na8dla', you can, squirt lit ilnta locked buUdlnga through doubl'. doors, or un,d,.r the door. Into lacka, In cracks of waI'La and all aorla of' otherwi.e· Inacc·ellabl;e pl_G8 •• Another way il to Itick' It through backreata ,ot couches. car "Bts, etc, They have to be bu'rned 88, the,e is ~no way 'to remoye thl stench,

If; you·,. 'gOing to a bar or 1heater and anticiipate 80m,. loudmouthed eIOb'. ,casually w,alrk, bah'lnd hiim and ,lqui,rt some stench on hiia· back~ He:'U

be to, '.~"'i to' ~", lie' "8' ,VA

_', .I-'JWU .". _I, .:_"._"!W"V.

Although hypos are the ...... ,and Ie. noticeable, w,.y to deny:.,' stenchea. :.fyour stench Is worth u8ing~ ~

II ..... hvnrrr. ·wo· , 'n"" , block' ~ ~ -~r 'for' ,';., 'm, "0·· ..... ·

,_ "" J:P"'" .. ,: '-., . . I .. " .. ' . '"." ;~I'._ "'-lUI . ",' .. 1.. " _. _ - .... 1' V

.... -- ........... m·n· ........ V ..... .,I~lln~

U .. III '.' ~ law , "1 .Uu:;a~ .uu, ' cn:Pu '. \tac-.

clna' bOtti. ·to carry 'II around inj These block all but the most 'volatile stan,ch .. such 81 Me·rcaptan;o In this way, you can carry :S1enc'hes or po'ison,.s

65

THE WEAP'ONEER

~

$pI,'''''i Ini*icd ~,I Sprlirtg to , I'vtI ond ~ to 'HoW

Tb:~kft4l'l', ' s.t' "INH', l··W. IV. .... Wi_ 1~~·"'.

va H'i About 2~'; 3~·"" ll~"" 42 Ibt . ./)'2' , .521 •. ,A2 63 AI

! 9~4N About2%~~ ,3~"" n~'" 6011H .. )1', "lk./i6·~O A.

~l;2;" .M>oue 2~tt· ,', 3~'~ H~·~ 831_/16 ~,O.'''''1to 126k.Ai,

things considered; makes i/~, '" About 2 ~ ,; . ~!~ ~'!Iz~' 'I 11 If., 'I ·~.2 lbl·h, '7' I~ 216 .. A 2 '

h h b 7/32"'. I, About 2,'" r . 3~ .:' lQJh·j, 1881bl~ 4,. 236ib..-?"": ,2'8.5 ..... ~ .. ,

m,ue.' t e·'.' e t ter cross- ';.J '/" • '.:"

bow .. The spl'ing ;sto,ck V~ N '.AboUtt2'·· '3," '10%'" :2t911H·..16 3631n·hcl _-k/tl,

can be, obtained from a

lilht a.uto mob i Ie· leaf $,prlng. 'J't. wi'U cost Flg. 20, shows. apP'J:oximately what 1&.1-

you 'two, 'high-speed steel hacksaw blades qlr-'~ng' steel~ \\piU ~l.Ig in pou:n~ a.t lilia-in~

to $8,W it, to, sh.ape" ,Fie. 19.. If the sp'ring is draw ~ ,A 100 to lOO-lb .. bow' is recommend-

a little wider than .need~~ it is. a good Idea ded,~ ~xtremely bea,vy' 'bows over 300 Ibs..

to 1 t'h t tal" ta t t th '. rawmg w·eiftJ..t :make· n l~ a e .. x ·h· "lbi, , . ,·ti'··~·.o·~n·

.•. ~ .. eave .e exl,ra me': . In.,c'C: B . u.e ceo- 51-.1. "",.

t h . F'· l' 6' Th' '00' t~· piee ... Ie,S for fI,..ight or. penetratlon ~b'·oo· .. ,.··.·m_,., .. ,.,

,er,~" as S.,:OYnl 1ft .. ' 11. ~ ..... \;, ... '.e '.' ..... W ,IpS are - QW l!!(II' ~.ISII

cut from. s'beet plastic~ riveted ,in, place and bl.!-t ar~ no fun 'to. shoot ,_., you seldo~ 'refi1ed to, take th.e ,string. The steel bow will trieve th. arro VI In'tae' if at all It is 'prachave an iniUat Axed Set _of about 2-in. de .... , tica~ however" to make two or thr'ee boWl

ftectiQn,~ and should 'be braced at· 3l;1- tn, of different. weiahts aU intercb.nlre- able" .

deft'e<:,tion as· shown in Fig~ 16. The table, on the same stock,. ,t -.,. . .

~~ca~r:nU:=!ii= ~:=,:

parts to make 'the· loops. Both loops and a

distance of 4 i~~ a.t center are wrapped., ,and th,e co~:pJeted strl'nl is 'waxed with bees,,. wax. 'The I.tring em be ,sh,orteneci by Ii.v", inK it se'v'eral twists .before . fit.ling to, the,

bow~··~ fl'll,..e'· tr' ~ .... ,~~ cnr:i 1 __ L.... .~ d" ,, __ 'II ..... ~ ~ ~'- oi'''·b· 'Ie • J.D· .. ]aDo .... .I.tlE~UUXe.' ..... W&,88· m ",.' ,

Bow' atrinp: Bow strin.Il for ·wood boWl, can be 'purc'h~ or' made from 'S-cord ftax threact. This ,kind of thread. 11 used in ,sti~ machine. by shoemakers.. TWelve '1hreads .will hold wood ibo'ws to ,80, Ibs,~" th.e loop. at the· end being mad.e by ill'minl 'the 'whole strin.I. back on itself. The sItting for a 23-,m. ,teel bo,w .is made on, a sim,pIe

t" . ,1.t6r1'1_ -!!!!!!!!!iiii!!iiiiiiiiiiiiooI"'__ __

lG'(X;IC~ t~·· X2,'~:' - ...... ~ ........... ~

2-..- '. WA'LNUT

-.--

. : ~ ~ .' ' . . .J...-;o......_,__.;:1 ...._.,.............. ..._ _ ____".. ............

I .....

''11,.. ®

IA,.", % •• X ?4"', . $:'f111NG 1'1I'ACK

'.. IICISS fOI @

IElEASE "-'ft

POOR MA.N'S· JA:MES BOND' Vol .•. 3

around safely and draw them out wjlth the hy,po just before use ..

. -

U •. , •• , ••• ll ....

A ,..t>fJD.t hIN bee.A take'l1 !O'at in :t:a,:·.ud .. tel,. b, \\'. H. Ta.,lo"l' of' O~(ordt ·for i\ poculu co.b.tr1i~HoD or rltltmftou', belt, to'lM! 'ok'd q·Rr nst .·ben :Irili. A .hong :p4«e 0;" ;ndj. ru bb(o.. 11; in t:rod llCN hlW. pa'" (tf Uu .. ~ be:it h) render it e~_lti;c, ~U\t1 thilt )l&.:rt 01 it nc~ut!lt the leA .lbo .. · ~, m·~@ Ing.bUy witw·r,. and. hu tl; .IoITDa.11 o,..ni ilg i D j;t., \\,"ht;,1\ Ii rl UJ, • be poh~ t of I be ~~,tt .1 boW:. n. .. b i D tile ·o'~n i 111.g of t he ~. t., a:Dd. t'bo. ;trQ, whit,·", IUppo,t. tbe r·ifh· 1:]leUj; t!'·lIl~l't ... ttowft""ld Kbnin l1'pon the. belt. '1.1d.; CIl4.' p~d\~nt" ,.let·, pre .. \'(il~,ti< nUl .up~e beinl th roW'll tip w hen • he C'hllt:p, e:ll~Jod!l.", und II i .... gly,~ ~·t~Mi n'l'Ili" to t hp at li~ 0-( t bi('! HiatAI.nn.

... ~ tift· !Om .~

la. 'Ill.. .a.ort .... "1'11011 o:f. U + 8 .. blatrr TIo~ "ka. p.bUIdHd 'bJ ,J. B.. UPJiiDaltt it CO~ * NIIdtt· phi., lb, 'fOl1owmr dlreot.lont lor bandUDI .r ..... • r:e Il .. 0.. 'pICe. 18 =

,.. ••.• n.. :1i. .. % ... m (DO.'.' Mt. ...... I.D)~h.~ .•. :.th.~umb.· .... lInt

:::; ,'r:-~ ~.' .:0.:: ::'~!i~:::t~~:~hQt:t::~

rI,l!it," .Or. .

nil 11 .0_ ·or tM :1D:u.U"Uudiaou..a.d lIDtOlfttila lDo"tneDa rW1 N'WDed. ill G,ar mUllarJ' tutb, A me iDa,. be ,o,ana t .uod iq U.b~ .troD, or :iirillt q uiek of (00". k .. a. f4 e,e, *M. Ini ate .bot, but if b. hal had 1M milfott ... to lau hi. frori't teeQa b, .

- . _. - . -" ......J

& Idc'k er fall, A, fellow, hOWlTU pa.'&dotic, 'camloi be ".mitted iam 'UMlt Bull', arm,J; aDd dl bIca_ he oanno' hUe tJl. twtddp with ble ablmt tMa.,.

]t 11 well. :kno1rb, to aU ...,ldlellJ .u..t. lh. ·tNrlo, 0'1 CIItrid.", with 'tho teeth in t.ttle 1OOb. a. .. _ .Jmoat· i'ntolenbll thtm. It is ODe of the I .. t, ..,._ble OpentioDl'to & 101~ diu to bUe. cubidpl, .. peeIIJ~ 1,. III" l.labrkated witb ,pe", ilIul w.·are _kmiabed lhat .. ni tar,. m.u. lh,ouW .,tin elml 'fit'll .lneb. CODlMfttive l...:len· h eadledn e., to t-b,e pr.aeUee ... :hen '. very tupcrior tQ,·od;e i. :kQ,o.,o<; B, flling the upper

ed.,g.e of 'the h&Ddle ,of II Bzed bayonet 1I,iDrtH I it. tl ~e· q ul.M 8harp, th e 101d1er I' IMtei.d 01 be·lolK required to bite h1.l, ca'" t:rld;fle, tan rip. it. ,o~. ·DMt.1,. and :ra.p.5d.ly, bj elm"ilig 1&. e. upon. ~,'I,.e ... :'* . ; .of t .... _ "_·'''~.-t···

: ... __ . WJ cage _ ~ ~ol-e.

han.dle,. AU the bay-oneil uNd in. tb~ army mould. be,. A1 .... e;ugg8ild:!8d : 'Ib.e ezpe!DM; woald not be o"er one .nt, tor eada"

"bUe. ,tho imprcrr.t"men' would. be of incM(ruW:Jile val UfJ if iDttodoetd hd.o the army ..

6·6

Fig,. 20 a re the n urn her o r threads of 6-cord .flax required to hold ·8 bow of the dr.a:w·jng \veigh t indic·ated. Stepping' on the center of the bo\~ while th'e' ends are supported. OR wood blocks will bend the bow enou.gh 'to permit .sli.p'pin.g the strin.,g in. place.

Stotk for steel how:' Because of the hea.vi.er drawing weigh t, the stock f.or a steel bow must 'be made. from waIn u.t or other hard; strong wood, The stock should be lai.d out full-aize, Figs. 21 and .24~ then

tlon e'ven with the flax string'~ al thouch not, essen tla], All parts of the aenon are metal, s'tee'.l for the· release, Fl.',. 23, and trigg·er·.,. . and aluminum or brass for r,el,e.ase plates and string track. The bow' is housed in a notch cut In the end of ·the stoek, and is held by means of three loeattng pins and a bolt, as shown in Fi g'. 25,. The c·arri.;,g'e· bolt :is ground. round under the head, which is sawed to form a screwdriver slot The release pin Is V4-in~ diameter, slotted on

THE WEAPONEBR

transferred to 'wood, cut out, and then machined in much the same manner as the wood ... bow stock already described. .An addillon is the metal track an each side of forearm"~ F'ig., 22. . This or'ginally was to protect the wood. from the rubbing aetlcn of a metal bow s.t.:rin,g~ 'The metal stri.n.g (8 .... strand, 19-wire flexible cable %2-in. dia.) did not s.tand up under actual shoot ... Ing and. 'vas discarded fOI· the .flax: thread. The track, however, is ·worthwhlJe.p.rotec·,-

one end for a screwdriver and, threaded on other end to fit a tapped hole in the release plate, All metal parts are of ample stren.gth

: f~'r . bows u.p to 400 Ibs, drawmg weignt .

Fo]low the release and trigger deslgn closely; these parts are ni.cely 'balanced to provide posi live holding whfle retaining a,

.Ught trigger' pun" -

A.rnws: Arrows for 'both bows ar,e %4-' In, birch dowel, Vanes are plastic, celluloid or' metal. glued. in. grooves eu t ill the shaft a.

. x 2:1'!.z·J-

,FOJ« wooo llOW

CUT UHON TO 1 AJjU' ME,T AL 'TIP

1%"

.... ~."" .... ~ ....

1 .'. ,; @) .... '.'

iI' '.

. ..~.

~; (;i·MV. WI.'.: .

A '. 0 ... Mad'. frem .5l"§ ".,."..". ~nch birch dow·. I.. 1'h. von.. .... cut fro... cliluroicl ·anel aN' 'tfticl ~n ,th.gfOO.,.,' cut ..... Ih. .haft

F'ig. 2'7 shows one w'ay of cutting the grooves, the shaft being held in the Iathe, positioned by the ,indexing bead; while a rotary hand tool mounted in a slide rest does th.e C'U ttin.g. Vanes are meunted at right angle's." Fig. 26, instead of the usual b.·ianguiar .pattem.used for lon.g bow ar .... l~WS~ This. method o·f mountin.g provides per.fect·· rua,d,'eri'AI fo.r smootbj strai.ght fligh.t and, .• ~tthe· !SIme time·, itS. 'the mech3nical con.suucti'oft of' the crossbow ..

'Cuckin,'lever: Bows up ·to, about lOO lbs~ drawinK: weight can 'be 5e,t 'bV .band; over this weigh·t, it is, necessary tQ use a cocking leve'F ~ FiI'~ 21 show,s, the eons1.r\IcUon and dimensilo,llS of .-.kml :Ieve'r for 11lh .... in;y draw. The., ·Ialvanized~wi're.' hook which s.Ups Unde.~ the -bo;; 'will aub,m~,ticaJl.y- 'as-

sume a bent posi'ti:,o.n ·the Int, Ume it is

Photo F.ig·~ 7 shows the manner of using the lever. If the release is set slightly forward, the trlgger will cock automatieaily when the string engage'S t.he rear pvong of the release ..

Shoo t in«:: After cocking the bow ~ the cross bow is shot very much like a shotgun, sighting down the arrow' to the target . ~. little pr,actice will enable Y'ou to jutlg,e t~e f'ange and drop of' an arrow very nicely. When hunting, the bow can be carried. cocked but without arrow, When not in use~ the, steel bow is left ·'brae,ed,. but the

d'bo · Nedl'

woo ': 'w IS unstrung".·e.· ',~. c'ess 19 say t

,any~'" 'bow o···v:-er-· l' 00 Ih~· pa ..... ·~~ ... s ·a·" ...... """: __ ~i!.MI dr·~"'e.·

'-.. . . . . ., [§II. '. \;A . Ie •.. ,w~ .• Y- .I!

and the utmost caution. sh.ould be exercised :in its use... Neyer- fit an arrow in plae,e un·til

d·" shoo dd- 'I ··th

you are rea_ y to ": I .: :.'1; an. :, ,cnt t pomt . i.' :e

guo n, I I"n, gnu ,0' . t· her ·dh;oec·< tl' An th,an': t,-·, Riljj ... ' .... · ... d' thl - A

" . ,-, .' _. "_ ....... 'AJ· .~. . .~~ .,',. rtJ "_" '. :" .~VW'Cl.l.L .~.

target when the arrow is: in place·.

po'aR :MAN" S JAl'4ES BOND, Vol. 3

67

THE WEAPONEE,R

Centu,ry t J'a,n. 1.195

T'---H"'E-

.. .. .

A R--", M: 0'-" R' '

,->' , ,. ->-

01:;'

Ol~D

With illustrations from ,it Precious J cwcl Records of Military U sage," J apn.n~ '1694~

~elal-'~r?rker of twelve ]1 unrlred years ago, in the opirnon of so goo~ 1 a j1LH 19c as A ndersou, ,( had Ii ttl e to le arn i n masterv of m a teria 1 s or

'10015" i' ..

The collection w as brou gh, t to' t his C() ulTtry

a few years ag"oc 11Y-' "'I' 'atsui I '-""'lJ)a." ''11 yo urur

, ,_. , c' '., ,iW,. - ,_' _ ,J..:..t 1. (_" 1..;1.. ,,' M

samurai uelol1ging to the patriotic l),art.y,,- and well known through out] allan as an ablewriter and a leader in public affairs. He had 1113de a special study -of the ancient armor of his native land. 'I 'he results of h is researches he gave in the form of lectures before the learned

societies of our la rge cl tics+ After his dea t h in I. 888 his cherished curios were secured by the Pennsylvania ,!\.il use-tim and School of I nd ustria] /\ rt, whose co llcctions are hou sec! in M emorial Halt

The most striking' things to a casual observer are the three curious suits of war-harness, exa mples of that worn in J apan ,tIU ring' the third, 1 fuurteenth" and, sixteenth, centuries, This must not 'he classc(l with t he armor we ~,ee i n almost CYC1"}r curiosity-shop abroad .. , which i~ of much

later date, belonging in 1.11any cases to a soldier ,of our own dav,

",-

,O'F' the art of ja-

I '. pa-n, as shown 111

the wonderful

.. I-

I I 'r.'. _. 1 . - -: ~ '. '. '. ., . .: ~

w arrm l) - emen ts

of her great mi 1- itary leaders of old, the dai ... mios, and of

. ) ~ 1 1

- ,,' 1 - , -_ I c, •• -, " "~

t rcir v assa s, t ie

sam rurai, few of

, ..", - ,

tIS have any but

the vaguest of knowledce. A

I~I

{"' - - - ,-,' .. t" ", - f'- '" ,', ,- -, -, ," '. . ~ , ,- , ". ~.. - - " , f-

lew sui ",S 0 curious armor In tue museums 0 '

1 ~ .. C d 1 I

-" , T' " "",' . , "1 ' ,', . T' ',., , ' :Ii; ',-', ' ",,::;;

our arge cines, a ew sw or, Sj- t .ie .- ong one

for despatching one's enemies" the short one for despatching one's self, according to the code of honor among the japanesce-> give us the 'merest hint of the admirable defenses and, weapons which were produced 'by this energetic and intellectual race during ages of war .. fare,

In Memorial ,1-1 all in F ai rmount Park, 1)]1 ila-

delphia, is a small but very interesting collcction of the weapons and armor of old Jallan4 Thesewars lasted until three 'hundred. years ago, w hen the long peace set in. To this peace we are indebted, perhaps, for the best of the art Vt"C now enjoy,c:xccpt in this one llrancl1-metal-w'ork. F'Of tnis, 'v arfare wastue great stimulus, and the

As with other nat ion s, the war-harness of ra whide, caller} in, J apan ", shell u ar-

68

,POD,R :MANt,S JAMES BOND Vol. 3

~RAW" IV OTTO H. IACHIR.

mor, came first" and Iasted down into the ninth century. This was the time of Charlemagne and his Ieather-clad knights, w hen" in F: urope, C" every man wished t.\\ro' things : first.not to he killed, and.next, to ha ve a good leathem coat." Tunics were of plaited leather ,;, and coa ts, hoods, breeches, and shoes were made al-

most entirely of this "t

matcrial ; and while

the coats" it is true,

had plates or iron

ri v c te (1 U'I ) ant h ,e m t ,,.,,t,l,WH IBV OTTO' 10'11• a""eHIE Fill IF'l-tL,)M It, :I,'~[ C,I

th c cas( Illes alone MIE:rr4 IN !lli!1i,ili!'liiORI';!!'L ... Ac.,.l" ;PJ'II'H.A,D!ELiIi'iI'II'IA"

were of s tee L '·Hl.kH~{·E.:~,crtll.pr.' A JU'..t'O,R.,

The iron-and-lacquer war-harness of Prince Shotoku the great apostle of,.Hud,d.hism/ ~'~Y still IJe seen in the ohl temple of Horiuji In

the province o~ Y"amato,,~ .It '''T~lS. worn about !t" 86 A. n., and is th e ear licst SllCC l Olen of J np~ncse armor in. the possession of the nation" A picture of the prince. in his elaborate ,e()~rt ores'S, dra wn lJY himself, as the J apancse de-clare, is kept in the temple: of Tennoji in Osaka, alongwith his" sword of seven stars .. " 'On !he blade '0.[ this sword shine the seven stars which rule human destiny, and the dragon" syrnbol of his mission as. defender of the faith of Buddha, It was to his, neighbors the Koreans, most likely, that Prince Shotoku owed his fine war (lrc~s; for t11e,ir cra~fts.~en l~a~le- ?vcr t~le sea to J a l)o.n tl unng hIS tlm'e~ bringing \\"~th, them a k no wledge of metals and of aft superior at the time to that of the islanders, Indeed, the japanese of the present day. prefer to their 0'\,']1 truly artistic work t hei r h ct rloom s of 0] d

1 So attribctcd, but probab~y belong-ins to the sixth 0'1' seventh century,

FROU , .,PEC.MIN 1M "1",0[""''':1. ,MAL,LJ! 1',HILADILPH'IA. t hat ~ ttributerl to the r hird cen t urv is t: h e most richly decorated. A rle~(';tiption oi· this suit w~1l "'1 n ~ \" ve r ,\P ; th 1".("" \\1'" e v c .... £Il P" tt o ns, r. or ,~1: 1 * t 11 re e ~ for 1 n

.... I ... ;-1' , ' .. , , ' I,"" _ II ~. ", . "io, •. \... ' !Ii. " ·7 ~ 1 ~ . ,~, ' ." ,.

t hat fortunate land the fashions did not change, 1 .u t ~ leseenr [e( 1 u na 1 t ered for gcn era t ion s from soldier-father to soldier .. son,

The cuirass is. called the t;. breast-hinder /' and is made of Ieather, 011 which are fastener] thin plates of well-tempered steel C(, ivercd w ith polished black lacquer, The lower edge of one row of plates is covered by the- uI"p~r' edge of

.. ~ I '" c. 1·

the row benea th, ) n wmuo w-sn ut ter tas .uon.

The little 1) 1 ates arc fastened toget her with stout silk braid in several shades of purple. There is such a profusion of this braid that it gives" 3 decided hue, and a. name, to the whr ile suit. 1.~'he· Mikado himself, should he apIJear on the field of battle, would wear the H, arruor of shaded purple," and his, bow ... gloVt~s ~,~ouh.l be (lyeri" in, the same royal color. To this cuirass are fastened the half-dozen separate tassets which

· 1 h k Tl

hang' from the waist neariy to t. re cnces, " 'ley

are made, like the cuirass, of narrow, upright steel plates bound, together with the sa'lnt!purp'l~e' braid, Underneath them is worn a sort of di .. vided skirt of vellow brocade, stout and heavy!' a nd on thi s are tnstcned the two pieces of pla te .. armor \v hich guard the lower thi ghs"

The sleeves arc. of the same strong yellow brocade covered pa rtly w it h ch a in ... armor, partly with plates of iron ?yt"rl a l( 1 with brass, The brass is openwork ~ with a charming (tt:,~ sign of plum-blossoms, the round elbow-guards

being specially a ttra cti ve, '" ..' 4""

The war-chiefwho owned the original ot this harness fou gIl ton h orsel lrt<: k, for his 1011 g_ leg .. guards are entirely of iron, carefully modeled to the shapely leg of the' wearer, and covered

with, brilliant black lacquer, Gilded butterflyclasps join the three upright strips, ten butterflies in all and every one different For his

" ., , . iLL _,. .. I "" . " ",' "" ': ll! . .:." . ' ..+ ." ., .. _

retainers, the fighting footmen, Iocomotion was made easy by having' side-pieces of pliant leather set into their leg-guards,

The iron he] met', studded closely with little iron points, is. a fine piece of workmanship, The brazen horns stand bravely U1) ill front, looking, with their central ornament, like a I) itch fork oratrident. Thebroad iron flaps which

K .. "". ." td C"h~ .'",],~., 'k" ~ I"'h'~ ",,1, ~ .. I' ~'r _ Y-C"'Sorean an ..... unese mac, w. icn m out e. ,;,'

are often far from beautiful,

t M '. 1 H' 11'

Of the three suits of armor In .. 'I emonar r- a I,

P,OOR MA.N ,. S JAI'1ES B'O,ND Vol. ,3

turn back to guard the temples are covered with leather dyed in plum-blossom pattern, and 11J.ve on. them the badge of the chief a single kiri-leaf The daimio, though king. of his own domain ... must never dare to assume' the triple kin-leaf a symbol forbidden to all but the Mi kado 11 i rnself,

1 n the iron face- guard, nose, chin, 0.11(1 ears all come in for the kindly consideration of the mode Ie r,~ 11; he l110'U th and nostrils ha ve shu pel v breathing-holes, while underneath the chin :18 a row of litt le ~4 ventilators .. ,; Such eharnlin~ devices for comfort were unconsidered :ul~l unknown arnorur the ]~: uropean armorers of that early tl111C."-- To make all secure, rhro.u and neck were covered with a sort of IJ(!'a rd of 1)1 ales 11 a ngin g (10;\,\'" n from tl [Ie' m~Lce",guart.t, 1 l~: vcn the v'cry '.,Jlt lest helmets have an air- hole

at th n t.·, f)'ll ~: 'iJ So 1·.- n 11}· 'r (, 0'· . :t.' rn ~ n 1, t th ,.i'" J' en 'Ii c r o '. f ~ I, ~ 1" ~ \ .• ,,~. r

_ . __ \_.. , '~,.. . 'I!' _ " ,'_ Ij " ,Jl , ~I l ,!I ~ '-.,. ~ il'&. _- ' .. II L'- ~~·:I ~

chrvsanthernu rn, "j "l,C a ncien r J apanese metalworkers, with thei r race 1 -assion for decoration, turn e (I eve n a yen t 11 a t o r . i n t o a til i n g 0 f IJC aut. v t

The daimios 0 f those old time s 11 ad three favorite ornaments for their helmet-fronts, and seldom cared to vary them, The one most

familiar to us in art 'was. two huge leaves of a very decorative J ap,anese water-plant, the kuwai. These, made of chased brass, and often covered with silver and gold, stood '01) in front

of the helmet, one turning to the right, the other 'to the left. 'N ext in favor came the U skypiercer /:, m He h like l' he 6 rst except that t h e t\VO kuwai-Ieaves scraped the skv even more defia n tly ~ The third w as the crescent, Th e horns (representing courage) in. the early armor we have just described were also in h'igh repute among the chiefs,

I n later days the smiths used their ingenuity'

in l' n rvenring ~ .. very k '1'" nd 0" f "·,'11 ~ rious a n ,(' 11 g:.rr. 0',',-

.I., 1.. .e _ '_. ".: : ' ~ '.' '. ". . '-.,.. y, .", . I,",,~~. I. [ ".

tes ql U" ,;0 }, 1" e -1 m· ,'" r. .. t <;.:.1'1'''~ p'.' :. e·' .iI'} 'n:", ('1' "l...J; 0": rnm- .: '. j:.lI'n·:· t: b,:' fl": ['t t1'1' 'I"'Ii g

""1i"}\'1:_'Iti. _ .:' _ ~. II .. "'LJ'··.~: !lr1r,.·.,~,t~, .... · :>. ~"'.'Ii'" '--n"J:·

'it:1 to service a H H1 n:nnt:r of (I Heel' s'hells- and fish es, 1. )ird.~ an (1 beasts,. mOIlst.ers and (Ie"r ils.

.-

\\1 aving tongues ,of fla,me ~ ~kilfuU'y .rl'pro(luce(i

in nlet;d,~ often ,glisten cd 0 v er the. h en lis of t h,e great cr.l'ln,ma n d,ers, I'

~.rhe t.\v,e'ifth-ce:ntu'[\, ar,nlor of \' osit5!une~, 'J a ...

I)~ln:rs most fanl0u~, h,e'ro,~, is car·efully gnar,letI 'in the 'J'cm'plc of Risin.g Happiness (K()fukll~ ji) 1 n the ancien t. to \\"11 of 'N ara. H i.s hel111ct is t'here." ',vit h, chasin gs of ~,il ,"cr ,nn( 1 g'()l( t "Ylt h ft:rring' k ll\v.ai.leaf [}1um.e and. so,,~ 'aHceJ h Ji~)n u

C r-, ·.n t:" t· 'T' -.' ]'1 e, " T' "l p' '.' "i no, e' . [" j:D; 11,0") ... }, 1- - 're .. ~ ), "'l'}- ),'1, ,. 'n,._:., '\I' p r' (:'!Ii :";~n: '.

, '\"".;') 'I' ", ,iI,.\, . ,u, ' ...... '1;,.. ...... 'Il . J ,,. 1. (,. - . ,[ y .. 'L, . '"" ."1'\.. \". I .

~ ..: . 'iIJ - .•

a lio'n \vith tht:ir O\'\" n eve~:. tht~V' user1 t he c\"(~S

of t.1.1.e, Chinc~~~ ;:In(l 1 ~'l:'i\vC-l:n t~lc t,\\',O p,airs~ of obHq ue iorbs the k'] n,b{ ,0f"1 )e~t~ts, becao.1 e a p'i ti-

able distortion~ 'l"h,e J,apa.'nese n,ame for t.llis cOllg:lom.e.rate "is H fo.relgn HOll.' ~ On the u:reast-

Ij-·la·,· 't:'e'" th'r,.;~e·· 0"·" f·' t'~'l'~lI (;:::')m-'- e' e::·x···'tr-ca' o' ·'r:d,:·;n··a· ry" b·e·#:'JIs· t··p,·

L" ":" __ ', ,_' ~" • _ .~i ~ Ii~R'·l.l " _,_.,", -.'. ,0",1, ,_ :,," , ," '-~., ~:)~

6·9

w i th tu Its on th eir tails and rosettes on their le-gs (like the 'prevailing fashion in black ))00- dles), are snarling at ODie another among the imperial gold and silver chrysanthemums,

There lV3S a special decree as to the manner in w hich the warrior 'of these middle centu .. ries shoul (1 put on his elabora te armor: a sequence modeled after the fashion or fancv ofno

~.

less a personage than Y osi-ive,

I· I.J

heal! of the Minamoto family

'.

Ill. 1.0- 5, 7 ~

l~~'i~t he must swathe himself

in, a lo,ng and voluminous ga.r~ ment of'yellow cotton; and a pair of equally voluminous white cotton trousers. II is long hair ~ to keep it out of his. eyes, should then be tucked 'up' under a peaket I cap 0 r Ieathe f'., w hich sa V'C( i the head from the helmet's 1 -ressure, Next he must stra \) on his bow-gloves, Alter that carne a second cont and trousers" a sort of urn lress uniform, preparatory to till! armor prop .... er:

1. ~ t

then the leg-gear: ls, the bear-

~ kin shoes, an rt the slee ves of mail. Lastly, t he suit of armor, wi t II i ts helmet, w as ti gh'tencl.l on with the long silken - rolls or tu be'S that. a. nswer t,o ou r leather st r - .... 1)'"".. the h~ n a- I -t o ... .hes in t'I'" e.'

,~ ,;j"" .;:'J,' '- . ,'j;,. 'Ii. .. '~,:j,,,",, ' •. ,. 1.._

shape of sw on] and t lagg.er,~

Ii. ~ "1 ,It r-- 0" ;" \.' '!o.:' = ~ .. "t·, g.h ~ :r ~ ·a-, no' 'l- ,I '1 I' rq \\"..;;, 'I) 0.· :. ,y

"""'" I' ,.. ., o;.,..,L·.·....... . .', ~ ~ - "'. . - .,"", I, "-

a nd banner, \\" ere at l{ letl- w i t h

grn~l n S, one wou 1, i f 3 ncy '; ~ m t this strange warrior '\. as ready ,.,. /J c: t r-l" k ::iI t 'Irro" 'r I' n ·t· o th · - - O'll t S o ·t~

:~\. ."i .. -' e. . l: .. ' .." ..... ', ~ l: S"'" r ....

th e enemy ..

~ . A set of colored prin t s from

. - .. ~ "'," ~ J' "" p.,. "'l; n-" .... ' h' '0' -' w,,~ t-i 1·~· :( 1...- ; t·)" ; l) 11'1,' IJ'f('),,-

""\ .' '",' . . ,;;0, .._..:) , J..... l,\- ,! .. ,I i.. . , . .Ii , , . ..

(Ht~'I!11~ lilY OTf'C! H, !h\C'H IE I~ I' f RO,III II; ,IPlt rM~" ~ ~ cess 0 f 'I) U t tin g 0 n 1 h e~ t: a rt.l. c 1. e~"

MEh!! OR lA'll. ~,IIi;"~j P"~lADl LP'HlIJi+ ~"" 1(" h' l' n· ~ t ~'- ) TO ,- l : '!or ..: r·· l't e·· r, '~l ~11 e-

_ _ . 'Ii.. ~'L,. . ~ ..~ 1 .J \: U ._ IF

" FOUWf~J<:~~I-f.C£~TPlt\' A~~h~R,' i3ttitUlics are st'ri'kin", one in, par~

R~ght ~e:1f left Without l.he ,umo.r"'l:llIIaiuj to. " . " . b . '-.

shuw' S,hi,lpe ~'~f V'i~C'~ f~~f' ll)wet le';:,. tlcuiar, .after he has l)ut on IllS

clumsy l)o'\\~'- gloves, an(l is strug',gling to _ tie

his bearskll1 s,hoes,.. Of t.h,ese shoes lht!re is a

}Jnir in tIlt! co] lectiun, \v'i t'b 'black leather, so,les stam.pe,d ",lith c.hrysu·nth·enlums, all(l black bea.r ..

skin up,pl;!rs ,vith th'e s,h,aggy hair ou_'tsille, a shap,eless but 'L'omf()rtable foot-gear,,_ rrhe an-

(' ient 'buckski n l)o\v ... gloves:, too" are h:er'e" c.o·n'sisring' ehiefiy of a ve_ry fat \va(~dell thum ~~ anli

t \\'"0' fi n gers for the r~g h t 11an() an (1 a soh't:try

thurnl) for the le.ft ..

~rh,e ob\doluS a'\Yk,\',\~arliness of th,e or(ler in \\' h hJ.l these \\- a r:n,(~rs 0 f the n.1 i(lllle ~,1 ges \:v'ere' forrell to arr~.l v tll,emselves \yas l>ro'bullly (lue

~

'POOR MAN'S JA:r1ES BOND voi . 3

merely to the personal fancy of a great leader like Yosi-iye, but was copied so faithfully by his conservative followers that the tradition, after lastingsimply as a tradition for nearly three hun, .. (ired years, crystallized in 133 I 'into an actual code ..

The fourteenth .. cen tury armor in the m useum is much plainer than 'the suit just described, It has the ~,. !'oun,d" cuirass, the whole effect of which is reel, owing to the profusion of red silk braid used for binding the plates to ...

gether, The oldjapanese braid was not ,] ike most of ours, half cotton or linen: it was pu,re silk, of the toughest and most enduring character, plaited in a, 'way which secured the highest deg-ree of resistance, The J apanese much preferred it, for-most uses, to thongs of Ieather,

The daimio who 'wore the original of this armor had ,a, fancy for a crescent between the t'\VO ,gr,eat water-leaves of his helmet, and a weakness for

- · d ' -

hIS chosen uevice or ancestral

crest, which is on every' part of the suit where a device could possibly be p,laced- on cuirass, hand ~ guards, thigh-guards, and, above all, on his helmet, where it appears on tile little upright

.' IL..-

ears that take the place of the

temple ... tlaI)s, and also on the front of the helmet, below ;]U archaic. J apanese 'c:.hara<:ter meaning "" \varrior;' or :' military man, H This badge or device is the Buddhist sym bol for ten thousand.

The ordinary wooden bucket

of Japan givt~:s name and shape to the h bucket U cuirass of the sixteenth-centurv armor ~ Its

,

helmet shows rhelatera nd rather

startling taste of the armorers or their masters, I nstead of thebrazen spade, crescent, or'

water-leaf, simple and decorative, that had shone for centu-ries over the heads of the daimios, they must now make thernsel v-es frightful with monsters", Here we have the grinning head of a de-vil, with glass eyes and great hooked teetb. pointed ears, and long" curving, gilded horns. - Flowing locks of g"ray horsehair stream down on each side' of this grisly countenance, and a 11'U,ge' gray horsehairmop takes the place of the fine old, lion or dragon crest of the earlier chie fs,

T- 'HE' WE~ AP'ONE" E'R

~ - : ., . ',' . .' . ". . .' .' ~ - . i ','

The heart of the' modern devotee of" high art t: in fabrics would he gladdened .by t~e design of the heavy brocade, on which the

iii 'd'" I': he sl dl hizh

Iron .• ~. efenses 10[' t~,le s eeves anc i . ower t~ l.g '.-,8

of this sixteenth .. century armor are fastened; where, through a background of softest grayand-silver clouds, the ),mpe-rial dragon is drawing the coils of its va,por,ou,s body:. TI:e same stiff brocade forms part of the' side-piece of the work of art with which the armorer protee-ted the legs of his feudal lord, the original owner of this suit. 'The leg-guard is" as always, of lacquered iron, but its lower side ... piece is of stout 'buckskin dyed in brown, leaving in white a few dragon-flies scattered over the surface, The wadded knee-piece is of snowy buckskin quilted in hexagons, _ each with a uk' t " - f reo d . ilk b aid ~ in t- h e center

, cros.s-i-,no _ - 0:' 1.'_.' Sl_",-r'_, ,i. ... . "::.~,: '.

By' the side of these', though not in the same

ll ~ ~ '" f" b t t h

co lection, is a S Ul t 0'1' armor worn, a 'OU _ ,~' rree

hundred years ago by the Prince of Tchui, It was selected 'by' the governor of Kioto for a re-

. . A" . ~,~' ..... , .. -, .. , . ,-1 c" - fi :.~ ,'.'., _ .... ,"- .. :. ', .. '. of the

cent ··,m'erlcan c,onsu , as a . ,o,e sp,eclm,en 0 . . e

old Iacquer-work. ~1~11e cuirass is lacquered both inside and out, the outside being solidly gilt, The helmet-crest is a red, disk, 'upon which one ma,Y dimly discern, a golden lotus-blossom,

The small silken :flag or banner on which the ancestral blazon or the device chosen by tile warrior himself was painted, embroidered,

· d hi b k

or woven, was often earned on us own uack,

This strikes one as an economical and clever arrangement : it saved the banner- bearer's daily wage of rice, and one's colors were always on the- spot at the critical moment, The dairnio of those stirring days was entirely independent in th is. res peer: his banner-staff was sl ipped through a hinged eye at the top of his cuirassback. : inted d fittinz I k t

ac , Its pointe '_ enc ,- tting into a socket at

the waist; Two of the suits of armor brought from j apan by Tatsui Baba have this eye-andsocket arra .ngement

" •• :'. "" •••• " _ •• '" :~. ': 1 •• - •• .', _' ,.,..

The blazon, like those of the knights of other nations, was chosen to keep in remembrance some feat of arms performed by the warrior. Should I1C' be so haI)I)Y as with some favorite " cut " to slice off the' heads of three of his enemies in battle, he would be al)t to choose for a family coat tile three severed heads. We can fancy him, armed cap-a-pie, urging his small, shaggy' charger into the fray, with the tri .. ple .. headed banner waving 'over his shoulder ..

Other emblems worn in the same wa,Y' were made in the shape of fans and temple-bells, butterflies and, stag-horns, as in the head-

.

piece,

From the twelfth to the seventeenth centuries the fighting wa s frequent and fierce, ,a l1U the

71.

THE,-, ::.'. 'WE-: - ... ·.A.~·,.P·· 0".". N·:. ,-E··:_· E:-,:,R,,'

- -

if' jl!:OJli! 4h! OLD JA.PA.N ESI,£ g:~OI!l,,,

~:UfEAST'r-l,A.TE' 0.. \'OSl'T~tI'NE!, W'[TH THE [fI.'l PERlA 1. I_HlNS AND CUk\"SAiNTH'F..,.,1 ~. ~lS.. I ]:S5 A., U.,

armormore protective. Out of the "three ar-

ti "'I-:I!t b" I, :- __ .. ,'". b , '.',_ II . '-, . nd . 1 .' .

I, Ie es - . 'e met, _ . reastp: ate', an '.... :S.1,ecves. -

which lye' readof in theancient ] apanese records had been gradually evolved the " six articles " : a metal covering for face, legs, and thighs gave

a :~,an a better ~han,ce for his _ life against the rapid cuts of those wonderful blades" or the quick spear-thrusts delivered lloY the short but sturdy knights and their retainers. The more we study this armor the more admirably does it seem adapted for a defense a cain st the spe-

- .. ,_ , I -' '_ . - . -" 'co. _.')I ., 0' " '.;;m'- ] ~ ~31.' '.'

cial "tea pons OIJl)OSc(l to i r. :l~h esc were seldom the heavy hammers and great crushing battle ... ""'\.·AS of the Euro pe '''1InC' or J"-'''''!!.' tl'-' ~,-1I~ - lt , rd

0. ..... ...,;:- ." , J.~ _ '_ ". ; ,'. ~L ',-" •.• '" iAtcr, :lelr uo_s an, _

bullets, ~1 'hey were chief y a rrows, spears, and halberds, swords and daggers; hut these were unrivaledin metal and make, and were wielded w ith extraord inn ry skill,

1"1'11{: 1 apanese armorers, from the earliest cen-

'" · d i 1 ,. . · +

tunes, urutec In t aeir war-harness such flexibility

and lightness, efficiency and comfort, together with beauty of workmanship and decoration;

.as were rare ,amo'ng their craft ill E urope, Lsing the inv alua 1J le and, u nivcrsal lea th er as a fou n dation t l1ey co vercc tit; as (. lid th e E uro ... pea ns, w i th I )In tcs of iron or stce L

But instead of compelling their lord and his retainers to waste time and strerurth in' keep-

. '" " , , • , . . .. ;!j,.. -, , ,,"'.- (. _ - . '- -,",' .' . ~:.. . . . l; ..... , ,~

i~g their war-gear rust-free and glisten.ing, they s im pl y co vcred these I ila tes w it h their wonderful lacquer. Lacquer added '] ittl~' ,\·ei~h't to the

metal plates beneath it; no burnishing was needed up"on its, glossy surface- the rounded

" .. .." .. \.._ . ,....- ... , - _. -,-

form of which often, served to turn the enemy's sharpest arrow' or keenest sword .. blade, Above

1"1 . 1- de " ," ... 'd" , "1 .... :f- . . . .... - '. - .... '. ih · '1 .' .. '1

au. tne aestroymg oevi .0' rust was anrur uatect,

According to- the old chronicles of the knights of Europe, as much muscular force was wasted in furbishinguptheir armor as wouldhavebeaten

h ;.

tne enemy twice over.

To illustrate the conservatism of the J apanese in, their armor, 'we quote a native account of a, fight which occurred in the streets of the capital Kioto as, late as 1.86-4", between the troops of the shogun, who had possession of the person of the emperor, and the forces of the "', irregulars," who were clamoring for the

'1 ~, f 11 f "

e'xpuslo'n 0' au orelg,n,ers"

'The' Choshiu troops [irregulars] were defended by' armor, their leader clad in a suit of armor tied with ,gr.as~, .. gree'n silke n stri n gs, and covered wit h a garment of Yamato brocade. Over this he wore a surcoat of white gauze, wi.th figures drawn on it, in black. He bestrode a charger" a baton of gold

· 'I ~ '1 d B"- f hi f :1

'. ,'" ,-' -' ,.',"" '.'" ',.'., w" ., .- ,',' _ ....

pa.per 1l1._1IS nann. __ se ore r _Im_ ent rags anr

banners, and two field-pieces, with a company of thirty spearmen. The spears, crossing each other, looked like a hedge of'bamboo-grass; 'bullets. flew overhca d like axle tree s. He lmets and cuirasses that had been cast away 'by their owners, spears, pikes; bows, and muskets, were 'lying about in q uan titles.

Another leader was

PO'OR MA,NtS JA,MES B,OND 'Vol. 3

D!U.wHl '." on'o' I"'. :IMCHEft;. iF,ROIii A :INCI\W.N 114 .IlIiO.,At., "M.L" filiJUlDlI,."" •. A., sun" E E N'T:H ~C:lNT't:' RY liB .... OR.

mounted on horseback, and held a baton of white paper in his hand, He wore a mantic or scarlet embroidered with his crest, fhe trefoil, and under it a suit of armor adorned 'with purple fastenings, H is head-covering was a warrior's cap of bronzed leather.

These batons" a, very early symbol of authorit yin J a l)a n, were wielded wi th ~ vig?r by the daimios, The one ill this collection is a short wooden rod or wand covered with black lac-

q' iuer and mounted ill silver, At one end is a ·'1 huge plume of the tough J ap~ne$e, paper, 51,~

vered ; and at the other, cord, and tassels of heavy reid silk braid. When not waving 'vildJy

d"'} b' ~ Ad·t ,t

in comma:n "It l'Ullg ',y' its, core ·0 a. rmg on

th e brea stp I a te t, " . . •

Th d ,,,.' 'I< 1 h· T t kl d nd b'·

! .e uamno, with rus . a::ar 'coc'"ae an::, _"IS

overbearing ,va,ys., is now perhaps picking tea

or binding rice. The samurai; with . his t\VO swords and his swagg,er, taxes the country no, more, The beautiful swords have degenerated into curios, The modem army oC)al)an·, mod .. eled on European lines, equipped with the

_ , -.' d· t, ·bl · eel

latest European firearms" acmira "'y o;rga,n.zc'~,

and disciplined, owes, nevertheless, 'much of its brave 'spirit to its iron-and ... lacquer warriors of centuries ago,.

72

THE ~APONEER

.... '. n OiffO iii,; IlACNU'J 'R(IM fNC.MPI ~iN 1"1.l1I0«1At. KALL", ,"I'UGbIn''''

IUttHlItb Ceft'I'Ul'", ' 1-:' ourtee Ilih Cehtury'~

LEGooARMOR WlTH BE~\ I,SKIN SH 08 •

.AI: S. Ifullltra

.... of IpitlBg 0..".

Tile SdeD,tjlje AlDeriean - JII1I 11, 1881

I'rom the number of i,nquuies whic.b which DaTe . beea put to UI slnce.~ Culonel A'DdereoD, .plked tile C"RDon .,t 'Charleston:; .. to ihe WAf "Iplklac , •• dono, we are led to believe that a largo m'.jori·t,. of

.. nBbtea penoDI are.lgnonmt lof tb'e ,ptoe.e'.. To e _~ __ g-.',' ....

lOch, We u've had. the annexed views engraved to .l'Ul1svate the plft.DB most usually adopte'dt Fig. 1

, 1 mol'.&. di I' , 'I f" . ' itth· , ...

, r'eprelenta a onti ... ~u· .. ',ua. section 0: l\ CAnnon, 'WI :', 110

'··prlmlhi" hole I,p,iked with ,0. small rat-tall file. as sh:own

. t-n Fig", 2. Th.e 8 tee I is d Ii yen hard d01Vn,. as Car 88 it <an go". and then broken o'ff even 'with th,c: 8urf1K.~ of til. barrel. 'rho steel is 80 hard that it eanno t be 'drilled, and, 80 ro'ug'h thl\t it cannot 'be forced out, and lit tber'efon, the: best material used, )"li:g8~ 8 &nd " :mow *''0 for,Dl8 of wrought Iron 8pikes, wbicb assume

I the position shown l~y the (lotted lines w'hen 'u.aed, ,ad . thws caDbo,t be withdrawn 'without, much difficulty.

P .... R 1U' 7\N' ... S- J--A1\,n:'i S" BO- 'N"n" 'V'''' 1

00 .•. ,r,1ri.~.1f ••.• '.·,l";~_ , , ' 0 _I Ii

3

73

THE'· -', 'l':.n::;'I'A_ p'.' 0'" ·N··,·· ·;'E····R· .

. ".1:1., _. .._ .... ~. -- "

",KICKLESS'" MYSTER'Y'GUN IS TBSTED ,BY ARMY

A N:£'W' '~Ikicltleg,':' mystel}' gun :under.ru' "i .. " Amry and Na,vy tC:Bts is :rtpt)rted 'to ,', __ nl '~~, . ", ..•. ", I' - "Y-I-: l~ ~ .' ~ -f, - t the, _ . uri one poundi high~xplos _ ve ,m.ec.1s a,. _ .. _

f 1 ~n 't Re 'II '. ..11;,,,1.. ~·t

rate 0 '-i,l\;l!' a DUD\i _ e.. , : •.... -C'01~ 11 so :NiJaA"~ I "

co '. said 'that. 'wiler wiU, Dot, ,c.nill 'frDID, ,3 til'lass

IS.,,-t.- .. . . ... ._- _. - .... t"''"' _ Ie·_

balanced GD 'lIte barrel. during [fi;m. Eacb. men contaill., .,' charlO ~wer,fWJ, enoug'b to ahattCF< In, at ... mored to'k or to

d . ·.I':-h ,., ........ in,iII" ,em,OlAl_·' 10m; .. ~

f ... · 'bb--

_. -

. .. --.····1 ,-' :," _ I' I',

0, a,,· .. :vy .OID .

i.',.i~"

............... ~ ... ~~ .. ~ ... kIl·j!ofI:. ·~ .. ,.· .. I •••••• ·.!t1·.t4.w .• ~ •••••••• , ...... , .. a4 ......

. These three weapons must have been: , p' "'1"0' ·· .. v·, e"d' 0" ut b' y-.:- 'p"r" ntntype a' s W' .. 'el'l a' s tb' e' or .

i: ;,._ ,.~_: , •.•........•..........••.. _ ..•.• :",' .........•.... H," ••• ' •.• , ••••• ,',_y.

What became ,of' them? Does anybod,Y· know for sure?

ELECTRIC MAC,H.lNE GUN IS SILEN"T

,BI.!uric: aad. ircr.ft- m.c,blne 1!U,n" E l.'Ufomil.l'n.eu. !Iunrl bun .ta

P.fUI'" Sct.tii!t"I"_ e.

"11,1,_ Ij,.

S -I C H'" I h 11 b }' II.

lentannonur.s Shells byE ectncity

EtE,CTIU!C'l.TY' re-

11 d '.

ptaces gunpo'w" e r 10

:1 silent l' smokeless, machine gun recen tly PC'f fee tied r or de f ense ,aga] nst host i le ai f.¢ ral t \Vit hou t be t ray-

~ "'t 'II + 'h"

nlliC' ~ .. S Jocat HUlj ,. I,S

weapon is declared c apable o'f firing 1 SO bullets, or higb-e"x.ph) .. , si ve she lis a mi 11'U te,

r .. t"1 L]' d , 1I'('jIJeC>l es are ,IJIUf .. e

! from its muzzle by a series of elec t torn;ilJtne't s spaeed aJon:Jt the bntrt~,l;~ 'w'ldeh st art the missile movi niP: and

. ~ .. -,;;, I,] -e '·1"'· lucCeSSI'\'e. y ra ,5· ,~,

\'e-Ioci ty ;IS t hey' be-

. .. d

(orne energt!e·. 'to

,h,puJ:ar .. ~ MoIIlbI, .._. litplf:.'" ,ta

8., tion oJ' lDOul G' .Iec,tric carUton, witb th. ".lii.I' and 'wi'odinil. :r.mo,,"'Ji

'1:'1 TH~N ~ L ~ tb

V V I;":~;" ~ SWltCr~ 15 .. ,r<!wn~ a

'.' .. IproJe.: {,de. whiZzes Silently

f r,Om I'D elect ric ,cannnn pr,oposed by a, Trenton, N ~ J., inventor,", N,Q - - d - . 'k - L· ... tr.vc, the '.0 :sO'un_1 or :smoe UC." J- . DC L"

cation of the gun, for it dispenses enli.r-el:y w:ith pO'wd.er tG fire itil :sbclll~ .

'Can.nan and proj'ectUe toget,her 'coMtitu te a ve rl table elect de mo .. t or ~ 'Wben current is appHed to the barrel i field coils become en-

A rgi;'IJIAdl <".i nd t h . ." - t i].AI tijl" t'b !!Iii

"",: 'I~'·' 1N1Ii_ .' ,e pro]ec·. I!;;i,. ... :: " ,g.

built .. ,in armature. begins to rotate I' :8y sbi fti.ng t be magnetic riei d I,engt,hwise Bl,ong the gun I' the pi ..... j1rctne si:mul lan.eously is given an, ilh;ceJ1eTating' forward m,oUon.~ ThuI, it obi.ains boUl the muzzle velocity

:at d' t' b' . '. i -" - d f:" . - ·t'

__ '_ . ,~.e' sp.n :r,e()un'~. 'or accurate

fl"· 'hi - !"'-h''- - .

. : I'~· . , "',"\ - I" I . ..... : ... _

" If~t. tWIt . out, re cou [,se to a· pro _

Pf'UI,nl charge or to riftIng in - the' barrel lin··l"'n.:rr:·. A···· cru de t '.:~, t:y' .. tfifit'"

.. - '" - - . ;-p,1 .,. I¥ wen... .Ii VU! _

'made! 0 f his gun, a.ccoming to the in'v~ntor, burled a homemade :pro .. jecl.ile-the "etating' part 0 f an elect tic [aa--as far as 1 tOOClI fee t,

P · 'I 'I i' !L ~

'fact iea e eel ric guns, b1.e 10-

vent nr deelares, could be bull t in ,,'FlY standard size and w'ould have a range 'equa1i ng ,or surpahiu,r that of' con ventional artlile ry. M:obile ,generating field equipment would .ccompany the' puts and :supply the' cUf'r-ent.~ as Ulust.rated in the picture at the le,ft",

POOR MA:N" S JAlV1ES BOND voa , 3,

PopIIII' SdItIn M ' ,li.iLu

CPm,~,~, ... ~'

upll,lm

By Cla'ri' ,R.

RUiter

TARGET PRACTICE WITH

ayan

'. . . ....•...... '. '.' •••.• '. ,I •.



row ,',,:, "'-I·'! 'n-"':">"'" g'" ", ,:",

!. ..'. ", .:: . ',. . ':_ . ," r'

, .,.', ' ,,' " ',- : -- :1 I'

How 10 'm'II11 e e quifJm,en/lor II fiG",.' ,outdoor &/I'orl • '. • A.4TOWS ,(Jre hu:rlBd witl. the' aid 0",

.. ......J [be! A'

tI CUrlOllS IIncie,,' W,BQ'/lOtl iHsleuu 0: ,".B,ng s'ot

ERE is a fascinatin&' ~[ - sport that requires, Ii~ ..

tie equipment and II quietly - mast,ered-

J1urlitaa ana"" It,. tarleLwlt~, ,I homemade bu.-che, or IndlBl1

tbrow,iq Itic'kl'

- The hul-ehe ,."a'l, one of the

weapons usecJ, by theanci,ent Mayas in Yucatan and other -parts 01 Mexico and Central :America,. It is merlely a sUck with ,D, protrutllnl: head 'Of ptI, which engages the end of' an, arro'w,F. By means ,of tbe stick, [

.1

the arrow can 'be' thrown great distances with surprising force and accuracy, Unlimi.ted skill may 'be gained by practice; the exercise: is a healthful one; and the

TIfE WEA.PO.NEER

az'

sport becomes highly competitive 'wh,en engaged in by' a groupo;

The sticks illustrated are not copies of authentic Mayan designs, but represent a few of the . many types that m-ay easily' be fashioned.

In the photograph b II 10 \I\f , Ishowing

a g'roup of six sticks, N'Oi 1 is made from the f orked limb of a, tree, The smailer branch is burned off to harden and. round it so that It

serv!ts as a pe,I,~, 11lle :se;olnd S,Det is .w·bi·t~ed f,r'~m 'w:hite pin,., aDd, the pel :is a .'0'00 Knw, which is, rounded with a file' after the 'bead, has been cut off. SHg'h,tly more elaborate is No .. 3 ..

TH'ROWING STICKS Six suggested ·desig·ns. Len,gths may vary from .2'0 to 2'1 in., and the pegs can be set at. any _anIle from 45 to 80 de 1',- The

fir'st is m,trel), ·a branch 0,1 a tree; the second and

h6 ..Ii I ~

t· ,i'ru are' a m,ost as :81111-'

pie; but: the remaining three are care·full, made ..

o

A 'V

PO,'Q,R, r11iN·' S JAME,S BOND vot , 3

I t has an ebony peg, and there is a dowel pin through the handle :for a, finger rest. Cord is wrapped around the stick in two places for decora tion.

Still better are the sticks marked, Nos I' 4; S, and 6 .. These are made of maple, and have

turned ,ebon'y, bone, or maple Pegs .. They are painted in 'various colors and decorated with,

Beginn.-ing an,d end 0:' tbe throwing stroke,

cord, wrappings; leather fringes, and feathers" and have' leather loops for the' fingers, All three: sticks can be cut from a piece of maple % 'by 3 by 30 in. as shown in a diagram neat the end, of this, article. 'The stock for the han-

dles '!' ~L ., square Theheads may be ' cut to

'es IS '/"8 In~ -- - ". '_ - "a._ - '---- -',' - ",,'

any desired design, and, the handles rounded

off and dressed down to about ~ in, round, The sticks are then sanded, stained, and polish ed'

IS· ':.--: '.

The 'peg in each case is about 34: in .. in diameter, with a ball formed 0'0, the end, ,A ball will follow the concave socket in the arrow through a greater length of stroke than a, plain, straight point, The peg may be set at

any angle from 4,5 to 80, deg, ..

Glue ·the peg 'in a hole drilled, in the head, Attach the finger loops and decorations .wi.th wra,ppin,gs. of cord such as chalk line, Pull the' ends 'through under the 'wrappings to avoid knots, The wrappings may be stained, with water colors and shellacked when dry,

THE 'WEAPO:NEER Although a- rrow rs from 2:8,",', 1"'n' to S' f"-l, in

. I, ',' I,' ', ..... ' '.. . . " ;'. '( I,". I' ' .._. :. !III' '. ,I . iii _.

length may be us-ed" the standard 28-i:o. target or hunting ar-

rows, obtainable' at .any spartiDg .. goods store are probably the most practical, It is _ neees ... sary merely to cut off the DOck and form a round concave socket to match, the' rounded end, 0,£ the peg. If you wish to 'make your' G'WD, arrows, -'y'ou-'Wmfm,d 'mstrU,cti'onsinany

standard boek on archery,

'The method of gri'ppi'Dg the stick Is illus~

trated ,.., th" ,iii.. f'- f' b-

':.':- m tne ac,co,mpanYllll series er rour p '0-

tographs. The second, third" .and fourth fingers gr~P._ the ,h andle , while the first finget' is fo,lded, up ,out 0,' the .. y. Place 'the arrow'

socket on the ,peg' and :lay the shaft along 'the

fi'fSt-' J,","' __ dnt 0--":(-: th A second GM.i"PAt!Ii,_ h-"o',lid"l:tD'r, the

'- -" . 0 - '.' , -,'" ~--' ,p.aIl5~., ···:·e '.

shaft . in place with the thumb, 'Use' o,nly enouzh pressure to keep it from fall1nQ' off

. . .-0. . .. - -. .' , . - '. ~ . -'''''

Stand with the feet apart, the left foot for ..

rei d inti t dtht th- ··h-

wa an :., pomung towam tne large,t,.e ngt

,A'II. economical wa., t,o cut three .,tick. fro,'m on,e· .:mall piece o:f •• "Ie or ,O,ther :bardwood

foot back and at right, ,angles_ to the left.~ unJess; of course, you, are a Ie~t-,handed _throwler, ,in which case the position is reversed,

Draw the stick, with the arrow 'in place straight back over the sho,ulder' and execute a straigblfor-ward, overhand Iw,ing'. At the finish of the stroke, 'rock up OD the: righ,t toes. D,Q BO·t try to release the arr~,w 'With the thumb, as it is not necessary, I'f the thumb is pressed lightly against the; arrow, _ but no.~_lapPed entirel'l' over the top, the, reIl~ wiD take: place witho,ut conscious d,art and at exac:t1y the riaht time.

The: throwing stick is by DO means a toy'.

It bas a ra·n-·a-e-· u -p,' to ~~ '-'.'t.·, an:-'- 'd- the power is

, - -~ - -' - D - - - J\J!V --~, -,', - '" - _ -,--

suffi·cie·nt to - inflict serious" injuries'l . Use' the

same precautions as w.ith, a·rCbery. Be espe .. cially sure to bave plenty' of ,roo,m, w·h'en. yo'u D'nt try out the sport, An arc-bery target is the: most convenient to use, but any type of

ta t i hi h th 'H1I'IIt!. '-':11 S' ti" "'k" m ay b. .rge: In W·· c.~ '. -e arro .. 13' W.lll"~ ' .. '~~._ _;e

used

. . D~, not allow children to use the throwing

sUCk! unless under adult supervision. If' you rep.rd it as a weapon and use reas9Dable care, )'o-u will find it q'uite' safe and 'w!D '~on devel.op considerable a-ccuracy·. C;o'DtiDued practi~' wili 'brillg-gre&terskill_and :incr~5ing enjoyment in this. uni.,que .and healthful sport,

Sciendfi,c Amerie.·II~Ma, 11, 1161

±5LiJ2! .

The onl, :8u'periorl,ty whiCh breecb··loading eanaon has over ·those whieb ,a're loaded ·a't the mu.zz16;, is that they are, ,adap,ted :fQ·r the use of explodve shelJ.~. We ·d,G Dot m,ean bomb shellat but tho. w'hich an: charged with powder and e2plocle when tho,. 8trlke~ Breec'bloudlng rifl,es may' be used. Cor the same purpose In a '~08t ·effeotl~e manner, and we revive our' 'peron88ion ezpl08;'ve bulJe;t., in order to draw attention to .Ita de", ltruct1ve: quallU,est Fj.I~· 1 il & section of It. ·and Fig .. 2. tepreaenta, ·it after at'riking and explodlo, ~ .A. i8 t.be hollow coD'Seal bullet" cast With • stem. or leadt D ; or

this 4i_ - - be' - - '" - - ," . -' _,,.. ,1:'1 ,I .. -..Ii ,1·- ,t'h'e ~_~ 8Ww mar : - a, common screw WU'. P~··UI - --' ,

mold to forlD. a pla for the .boll B· '1, • hollow chamber ·fllled. wl.th pereUfJ8I·01l·poriUt and 0 is .plug fI·tted In th,e openlng~ E ia a .abOrt made 01 cork ,fttted.. la the Item. D, and two pieces of 1 uih,er',, F, are g'lued to ·the ' •. bot, wbie"b would be A little wideT. than the bullet." S,u.ch. an ,exploli.ve mimi. ILl, thia may be used 'for breeoh·",loadlng died can·DOD .. and by hanftl the sabot of greater diun·eter ,than the aha!),. the latte'r

-_ .... ,..:1 t-, ."",,", d....d ",.t.. 1 ........ ..1 I ....... · d' - - ad ~ t

n.,... DO" Da' ~e ·WlwJ. .1.aIIU. unn'• aro·u.·, I~'~

·Wb.en. 'used :fOT oan·n.oD, the plug, C!t .b,ould be mad.:e

7'6

THE--:,'" WE- ~A""-P' ·:"0" ' NE'-'_-' -"'E,'R--,,

. '_ . '. : - . ~'. ..'.'. "-" - '.:", _.

glass tube 'filled 'witb percussion powder, Whe'D the poi n t of' the bullet s·triik,es an obJ eet ~ bh e plug igni tos the percussion powder in the interior, B, and the shell explodes,

\Ve would suggest an important improvement of'

G eneral J' acobs on th ~ 8 ex plosi ve Im '1 'DI e t' IJoO" n c' ... .0:"'. r e "}._

",",JWl~.Il , -_;(,!LI, "U.::I' V ~ Ii>. -'I. ·A .. -IV!i:1I· __ ,_-, __ ,W-, t ,I:J !Ii.ti:!I' '1iIV . ,-~-:

del' :It u safe· 'fOr carriaae bv' a sol,dier' AS a· common

. - ~ ._- . . . I I_~ '-- "1'1 - ._ - ..... ._

'~r· .. ..t,d. g1.i!1i;, . 1- ~t·" ·t.'s· ~hi·' :.iliI, i!I-I:n·~,oC!tead. of casting; ~ tib,a \--u·lll-.··&'.

~ WI. -~!I! I .. II ~ a I! D - _ _ . _ _ ga ..... ~

. . ",

for a moveable plug ".le·t it be east for tho 'iuertioll of ,a·lmall. cOD'ical fixed D,ip·---,p·le. to be :inserted, afte'r tile:

", . -, . .. ,. '- -' ',' .. ,' , -, - - , " ,-

.@ll .Is· Charged. with 'tbe 'CODi'JD.on powder;, or IUD eOttoDt W.ben about to load th,e rifle: with ,ODe: of'

J.'L. h 'II... 1....... Ii oit <i t d .Ll

.o'ele B -'e ~, p~e ,1\ pe.rcus81o·n on 'IB pomt, an.'. wi 11,

when it strikes will 11rnite· ·the cHTae·l·osldo-.

. ·i .. . -' .. -, .. - -- - D - - --- -~- - "

Th-}-,· 1· ..... 'Ge- D," '--:-',ii!i;D']' J"' -"'-,I'~ri ,." t,: ''''''h' .. , iIl' .... I .... ~ T_,."~""_ • ...."." .

: _' _'8_&w . '.' ._ ,B.lL·-· I ... 800UB., o. 111\ ·.6 ~11Ii1 UKU.ag ."

was a m,olt ,oonll1mmate· tactician: tor 'm,QUIlted ·ri ·

. . - y - - -

meDI His troo'p,.· s we,re ,nriD,ed, wlth double barN)led

I ' ~

ii·Se., ,and w'ere the terror of tb.e nativea· dU'rlug

th 'd· be"I" H:-- ad h ..... _., or'

_ ··e ,great In - la.n. re _ -_:11084' ..• 0 m ...•. ret & .. ,"," "'-'

e:xperime,uta, 'with 6zplo81,ve rifi;e balls. and. h,e baa frequently lOt a·mmuDili,oD. wag'ODI, on t're at a distance ·of 1,.200 y.ards with them. With ·the com .. a'OD 'rifte':, b:,. (:are·fu] loadin.1 a·t the ·m.uuile!t Goneal J,acobs aJlO blew' up calsBoDS, &·t 2,~400 yard., d'u:taDce'l

at- 'D,n,A JIIij,1!.d-- En- .-,-- 'I"' -'~''''''n- - ,·d· 'i'D- . 1- Qili::7': JiI,'I1'1;at-· "W' "'l·th·- :I'u·ch ·'~Ql'·l,:.

. .n ... u"".I.".;, ~ _,m t,' .. gu,., _ U;EJ'. .' . . _ i.'\i!I _ t·

T_ t h e "' ..... den '-nd W'til~-" abe .. g- Ge 'rm, .• _·.·~ft .ft1liil4MoIIJ •.

~ _ _ .JlJiau~ &_ _ ,rililG:m,. r _. . _ . AU, lIN..... .•

rook,otl are· used :fo.r small armlet Tbeae l'OCke·ta .re I-nclosed in copper tubes.~ Ca,p·t·. Del vlgne 'haa aim in ... trodueed these e·xploslve bu'Uets into t,h,e French -1'

ScleD'dfie: .Amerlca·lI........{kt. 12, I_I.

How' • ..... feell V.hr· rirOt.

Tbe Philadelphia .North. AmeriMn say. :,-

'Row a man feels w'hen In battle.is a qUOIQOD th.at our volunteers have d,oubtleS8 fr,equentIY',aaked them .. selves. We yesterday stumbled upon. a vclunteer on furlougb., wh,o first smelt powder ·at 'Bull .R'UQ~ Dur.- - an hn"ll'l!,,",'. -'L ... t ,o;th hi h gill.'DA 'IIr1iO a ood l·ng··~ .. 'v,," : Cua '. 'WI' .... __ lm,e , .. MTVUII;II!'" very •...•......

g·en~·ral idea 0" t'lIO way in which ta, man feel, wheD

PO' O'R' u':;!\N' t S JA' 'ME- S'- BON' 'D V 1

.,.· .• · •• r .• i- J';"1.tl..'" .'._' ,,~ .. __ .,:. .: .•..• ' ' .... " :0· ...

3

nader aD enefm)". gun. Ou'r frieud didllt't claim., to be

eapeci all,· #iA'III .... a-Al."!il.ua 'B' ;6 p- ~ '1--·--...:1 d', '1Ii,'i'e-' val' III_A '11!lI\iIl:D ,,1... ft

(:!'.:1!IiII .. _': .... ~U.-e.~ .lDtl ··_v ~ ·_ftL~ . l_._ ',. ,Iav u,.r·¥· Idly

h1 tearl,ty of' ,th,e AmerIcan, eaglo; but enu,ted malnly bec-OI8 he had DO other ,em,play.ent at the, tlme, Ho d'id CMD'p'" du.,t,y faithfully' aud endured '&,' .... e h;oo.~~:_L;i~

.. - -:' ".- - . -- t -' -, - - "-- 1IiII.. ~U.r-

or 1-oDI marches ",ltbou.t an,' apeeiaigrum'bllng'. That

- dreaded.- -

be ' .. - -_ .- .. ','. to coafron't tb,o enemy h"e freely odmit.~

While wlllL-ng ,at any time to kj,ck ,a bi'8e,r DIan thaD 'hlmaelf under j'lll:tiftable pf'O'vocatio'n~ he elI'BIlked \ht: idea of' the' ludden, sensa,lion imparted by a bayonet

tb,- .... ,,- .i.1.. ...... ' 'M' ", - h ·':1' -'t- - - eend ... _ tho I ...

_1"''''.' W. 1tQ.a: a. _,. ,o,men, w, _ _:_u.e ,on _:y seCOr ~ _ MI '.-,_ W.

bls horror of belDg cot d,OWD ",Ith, & ria. balll:lke All,

u., ... .....,..,:4; ft,.' Gft-~,- ...... , --;"'~'l!ilWUD ~-!III.I"I.G.I ~

When 'bie regimen,t w. drawn g,P i. Bae, he admitl

hil teeth, (thatteJ,ed and hie koee paDl !,.ttled Uke a ,poklolet -in, a hurricane,. M,an,. of b'la eOOll,ad .. ",ere , •• flall" atI06ted, and,lOm,e of them would h.'ve lain down had they dared, 'to do 10". 'Wbell the first volley' had. been lnterob.anged,. O'Dr frleud inform. USt every trace of. theBe: feellnga, paased, away from hi'.'iI~ ,A re .. aotiOD took p .. '1ace- and he becamo almOl,t aa~ .-- ... ~

.. _ _ . . . .:t - - . - - ' . .. - .'. ' ... ,. . '" -e.-- UUID

'e-.clteJDen,tt, Balls 'whia,tled all about him" aad & eaa, .. n,oa mot cut in hal:' a compaDl,oll ,at hll lide. ,AD .. , other .aI .,truck 117 ,lOme e:.:plo • .-.' 'that. .pattered hLl brains over the clothes of o'ur i,afbrmantt but., 10 'far fro,m. -lDtiml-dat[Dg" all ,tb,eae 'tblngl D,ervedi up b is roo ... lution~ The hitherto, quakJog ciriUao In, h-uf' an hour became & vetemn,~, Kia 'I'1CO'rd, ,sh,o., that he ba,ODeted

t-- .. -. - ,., h' to' - 'be']-' . -, - ., -- .. , . d" d' I: __ :'L. . ~ ·'1 h " - ...1..... .....1' W 0, '0,' .., N, .'. <_ eneml,el an .... '! 'U!NJ;U&:iIi, .w, eg _. I,'" rou'oW. m

his p,l,ece 'wi tib M, dec,isive an, aim as ,thoUlh he b,Rd. 'selected a turkey for his mark~ Could the enti~re l:i:o,e of an a,rm,. rome a,t 'the .'Ole time into collislou, he says the:re would be no rUIl,ning except after bopelclI <itJre'at.

'The men 'who ptRy,ed the rUD_awayat, Bull Bun wt:re men w'bo bad Dot 1)(Lrtlcipated In "h,c action to an.)' extent" and who, became panic 8'tricken w:h.ere, If once' Im,ellblg po:wder in the manner abo,va described, they would have been abundant,I, victorious. In the roar o-f musketry and the tbu:nderin,g discharge of attillery 'there is, & musio ,that banis'hee ev:en innate eo'wan1ictJ~, 1"ho sigh't of men, 'struggling' togeth.er,~ the club 0,' Mbel"St the tramp of caval,ry:l' the gOl'e,~stained grwus -afi :I'he battle-field" ,and the o'O-Mi,Hg charge, or t,h,e ,enemy di'mly visible th'rough 'the hattie 'smoke-,all ,theti8t, .y:& ,our int.e-ll!g'en,t, inlar,mant;, dispel over" par tiele of fear f ",'ud th,e 've'riest ,cowar,d i'D the 'rank. 'perhspp becom,t)8 tha 'Most tige~Iike., At the bal'tle c,r Bull Ru'n the ch,aplaJn. o'f o'ne of th,e J'·egimcD'b,; t\ mill of ;BmaJl ata.tu're a.nd d,oTicate fTame, po'ls,onally cut d-o~n two six feet greoa.dic,fs i,n :Bim:gle com bat., If 't'hese tbing:s ate so~and, 'we :i nc'I'inc to think they are ~,the best cure fur cowaruic.e IS too cro'wd a man i,nto '. 'fight md ,tbere kee:p h.lm'iI' The fugitives f'fom Ball Run were m'en 'wh,o Im'blOOd panic before it could, 'haTe

rnehed them.

., .

Q...I __ _ .. ,_--a.-....1iIIi d~, 1'-' l' 16"- "1

~ a. ~-.....;I •.•.• " • •......•..

We ,take the following account of thII fam01ll,

77

THE, WEAPONEER

-.... 'i"V'W'Ii """mm tn'.L.. F_ - ..... filtIi,Ii,~ • W-UA!r-- II~· ,~"" ,..ITUN· ...... .v'~V~- .-

,A't the dOli 0,1 1ut .,ear we, heard, that lome e'xtra ... ,ordiory 'pmottee bad 'been, mad.e, with" new rifle, pili" tented by' Kr ~ Al.DDder' H:eury t the weli known gnn, .. maker of 1r.rllu'bu'rgb,. but BI we' could D,ot obtain any lDformaUon rea~-iD'1P the '~'liar CO':OI,ti""l,.C·ti--"'o:-·'·n 0, , t-h'e

_ "_' - .r-~l!!N!_ e -_ . ,r-lli!'-II!IF~ _-_. - . -' Iii; U. . .,_..... ··il - ",'

'weaPOD:, we collcloded that, ita wonde'rful accuracy at 1... ma,,, waa mainly ,owing to, good w,n'rk,man8hi-p~ 'We I_gibed that the skillful gummith had turned ou't a very d_De, :poly4grooved, rile,; the 'Do,v,e,lty at 'which merel', con_ted in 'the Dum;be'r an.d :f,olID, of the 1fOOT", We, .ever 8U.speeted that he had 'h.i:t upon _, nll:"I. DeW prl,- .'nejp·le In ,n.Dg·.· &re .. arms al .... d~ L._..::II

_ _ _ . . _J _ ,. - -- ., . . . " . '.' .. ., RlU", ,g-..,

prorluced • weapoD., far aurpualng the: :f'amouB Whi,t-

worib In precl'IlOD. Bad he: been a m,[U,'itary man, ,an .... DI8f, ot' aa,thi-DI' bu,6 a pro Its led, m.kat of guDS, .. Ihould pro.bly have gi ?e'D hi'm eredlt tor some,

D&1 ... '. 'lty,

. ", I':

. _' - ",' II!

A,t th.e me-e'tlD,1' of the 'Na,tioaa,t lU,ft,e ABtOOi&tion O'D

W:lmbled,on Oemmon, 'inluly Jut, the He'Dry 'RUlo W,g In,t hroulh,t before the notice, 0," our X'D,llish, mArks ..

men. who were' &maced, at, I t.s ~;~o" r 11'!11"; GR,ces S' .: :1· w ,:'.-."" e ''0-,-.

. . _'II!' ..• "... - . ... r·~,ir);~.. -....;c.-g, _' _, - ...... ,I-e _' '

Import_' pd., and, iD,(l8,t,of'the pools were won witb the ne" ann.. Major Moir used -i.t In the oo,ntnt fo,1' toe 'Plltftoe C'ODIOri" Prize, ,or £100. which be event 1j~ a1'l, canied off., Seven shots were fired ,at each of' the NlIpI. 800J 900 and, 1.;,OOO',&rds; and the, winner made twmt,.one' points.. On the last day of 'the meeting _ I'D'tereatlq matm. carne ;0« betweien '0 x.ford'. with tile, Whi,t,worih'l aad CAmbridge" with the H,e,nry i Each,

'Dn' 't·vent.... ...... '~p ... -..aa:A'D. ....... .1 b v t· "-0" of'- her L ..... _~ s-b·,i"Ir"""''''

.. _ . _. . _. VI n'. " &,~ .. ~ ~1I;I!I!I!I!iI ._ UI:U .~. ....,.", '. IIiiIi'L uua:1r ._' 'U'~ ..

'-lbe contest wu lO't u'p for tae: purpose of teating both. 'men and rlIea,~ The Cam,br.,idge' men, were 'u-ndoubtm:lly the 8,aeat markI1.DeD,. but their ,e,xtra.ordin&ry soore, whiCh, l.t' 'We nmea',her right) doubled ','hat -of theb~

oIIiI!i;;t"&. - ftA.;iJ:,&;- .I.... 'hA ... ·1, """"" be· , .... ........,., - '. ,1-,,"- d I' - b . 'th-- '. - --

'lWV'mr-wllUJ:'t ,III, r~~" " wu- ,~unM;:': lor .• y ;' u e I1lpe,..

1101'1&,' of the H,m" Bl8e~ Mr. Peterk'I-o.,t with thir.ty .boa, 'ten at each, raDge~, 800, 000, aDd 1,,000 fillm,R" obW_ thlrt'v .. ou: n.nlntB- tho bin helt score 'frve,r m A (Ie::

- . . '. ... -' . -# . .'. ,t""!!iI" .•.. . - II:) '- - .. . - - - .-.~ '.'

OD WJ"IDbltdon Common at these great distances. So'me

.'

-,.;Ii ....... l h' - tf ,- - .. ' , ., -..I t t· b- . _ .... '1 j,.... .t"..,. ""

1IJQUUVr,l!p'_ '. OO"iDg'WWI mnue a_', :~e poo,'W!rge~wl, .. h

.&1.. _. .. , -... -.. i:j,- ... t· - t D" t't't··, .. t· I' . _. . .. - - -

MIG De,. weapon,. DUrJean'. _ 1; on go : '6 c'ven, consecu ..

dve two-ipch bull"s ey,ee, t\t lOll; ya:rd,bl,+ Lord Elcho with :liven shots at 200 yards, made s'ix: consecu,tive four aDd,. balf-lach built,s eyes &D,d one cente:,f;;

A',I,the ncen,t m,ecttng of Scott,ish mark,&mflD A't, M:on~' 'tro. .. the Henry' bas "lain mado -itse,I.,- 'heafd,~ With

- .

'It .r~ Edward Bois .'on Scotland',B C'up,. and the Ant

IODg·'nD,ge priZe '01' Stranger·s Oup;, MaJor Moir 8UCceeded I'D, ,carryi-ng' oft' the t'bJni, prize' with the very weapon .,'bieh had pro'ved such Ii trusty rr,[e'nd, A't 'Wim ..

L.'1~~I~, mauvul

In OD,e of the earl" trials o'f ,t'be rUle .'f.. H:a'Dry him .. .1 f Orad l;tX shoLl wl,th It at th,o' ext'raor-tlina;ry range of l.loo 'prd's; .ad hi" 'the targe't 'with every ball, .seept the Ontt m,u.lng throo centers and t'wo outer8~ At ~he' mile 'range 'he, afte'rwaro. b.it tb:e target" which WIUJ sl.x M,t h,i,gh by ten wide, 'th.roo times ·out of Be'von abets. Sevo:n\l m'lllt4Lry men .itne!ssed this wonderful

_'L..- =i1Ii:. In a- qil;li'IIIo·e· ,t-:'t·,-;I!i, 1: o'_-f' Qlkl·II' -be- t· . ,'- ,---- th·· ,,~ .' .

-.u,UU:W-o. . ~ _ _l'-ll; . ' ".' 1",:1, __ :,~, _" I _ :ween"_~ _ fj: d"mOOI

JDa;t1uman, .r~ 'Edward RoBS" and. bls'fa,th,er,~ "the old deer .. ata),k'er; ,;' near Abe-rd,een; t'be' 'prec'is;ion of t'be, ne'w

POOR '~N' S JAME:S BOND vea . 3

'weapon at, long distances was 'ItfU,'lngly IboWBt, ~l'b,e ranges were 800~ 900" and 1,000 :yards,. and eaeh competitor fired 'ten shots "from a Hent,,, at each :r&nge~ Th,e 'fathe:r ma.d~ wi,th._ his thirty abo'ta" tblrly· .. ,fuur pOip'te. ; the son no, f.ewe'f than 'forty-,three potnbl,. o'Dly'missing the target on~~ Capt ~ Mol r, on tbe 23d, of A:pril~, I:red twcn,tJ~one ah,om 'with I'b'la ann at 1,000 yaMil, aud go't seven cente~rl. twelv'e outer., and t,W'G' mlU88t co-u.ut'ing twen'ty-dx pointst These exam'plel of prae'tloo 'made wi th the· H'eDr,' will. sullee to ,.,ccount fo:r the po-pu.'larlty '?f the~ arm, Thou,g'h its hiator" OBI,' begins fn 1860 , it is nowthe fa v'Qu,r.ito weapon of'man, of Q'Uf' mos,t skillful mA'tksD1en,. aod it is generall.,. H;t leetcd. 'for the fi rat prize by COUll't,,' Bl'Oe AiROClatiOllI. V!~ will now _en-dea~'our' to descri,be the mOB" striking :feat'ulCa o,f_ :Mt~ Hen'ryt. iD'ven'tj,OJ),,, In ,bis !Bpf)CIfi.ca ....

tlon be claims a, 11:8teDl or' mode of tifUDg' or If,ooving ilRums, in whi-ch, a aeries o'f planes or . t1.at ··"surfaoel

are c?tDb:in,ed 'wlth angular,. eurved or rectangular. ridges or '" lands~ J t In t,lle, ezplamatory ,sheet of draw:~' IGga &e:veral m,odUicatloDl of 'tbta improved mode of IHIiDC ~ shown" ~m, four 'to teD plan. and 'rid .. are uaed in the Tario. fOrD18, 01 the aew rille. 'Ihe l'implest, modl-&.Uon is ah,O'1I'D 'lD Ftg~ 1 .. , ThI. 'barrel

ia, rUled 10 that l,ta end vh];w' ,or 'tran'l'Ver. section fOnDS, a quadrilateral figure'" wi,th angular prej:ectlona, or U landi, t,' ex'tendiDI inward frg'm, the' ang'les of tile p,lanel. Tb,. pert-p,bery' of "h,e proj eon1e; " Indicated by., ,dotted circle, touc'hes, the center of' each, plaDe ... !~ In addt-tl,G-n to ,the bearing l:u:rraceB thus obtained there &re the angular ridge., b", whioeh, project :i,D'ward" 80 tba t the ape,:!:, o,f each il ,exactly coD,centric: wi'th the oonten of 'ita, contiguous planeaii Th,eae fou.r' ridges ,tho .«ord, ,Ii, furtbel! bearing OT BUP:POf"t to 'the projoo ... ,tile,. These, ,an,gular' ridgea, also 811 up to .' gr8a',t atell,t ,the spaces, between the &DIles 0" the planes, At and'th,e pe,rlph,e'ry ,of 'tAe proj:ectlle, ,thu reduclng ,the wl'Ddn,ge

A,

by le8SeDb. ,the aDlO'UDt of e,spaDli.oD :aeceslarJ' to '''.'Be the p~jectDe to ftt the IfOOvea of the rile or other 8re~arm,t 10 thait the rotary 'or .,iral m.otion 0,' the 'p·roiecti.le ia ob,Wned with Kreater C89tal- ··'·D''''''' And

. '. ;,.,. .._ .,' . ' . . " _ . - - -' . 'I; - - ,. ",J t ~.

conaequentl'J Ita flight, 18 teDd.- m,ore acoUJate~

Mr" IleDIJ 'r&rt11y mat .. ri,8,., with ,tills q uaeJ-dlateral bo'n, but, the 8pre ahowI'th'lI "duple 10 clearly that

we have 'Npl,od:aced Ii here:" .

In Fig. :2 'the IATOli,te modlfteati,oD » g,QWD, :_....

There: are arve. pIa Del, A,t and Ii, eGrrelpoadq' 11um'L....,-_' ,of, -.' ID~t.,; .;IA,~ B· .. h··t_'L +~&,'L ..... ........... :ua-, ' ..•.. ;"'.-"1'..,... ...• ave~~, ,,', W" IGO ;~,w'wer lIUIVlv.

lo,urteea poln., ,of beulal to the projectUe,. C:" which very nearly 11111 up 'tile: whole of Ihe bore, Thll, la the, form of ,the onBD." H'ea.... "rI_ .... , ... _tfttl, .. ~ or-··'·

. "_ _. .. ". ", .. - .. 'rfItJiI '_ ", .•• ". ~iIlilLUD~~ '"

rounded, ridge. are OCC8akmall,,' Illbatj,tllied for. 110

angular on. ahOWD in tbe dlagmme..

78

THE WEAPONEER

_ J:8 ano;the'l m,odlfication 0" tile 'new ~atem. of rift· IDI,' cor v iU,D eat' grooves, are com'.blued wit'h. ,aerI .. 01 plaDeI. TbeplaDes form. a pnlygoD,but in t.e ceailer of each, plane _ curv'ed groove is formed., ,and the

'rldpa 'or' bou-ndary lines of the ,grooves form 'the bear· bag polntl 'fo~ 'the proj.eU-l,e~

,A larpr charge of powder ma, be used "lth Ire .. .r~. riBed~ 'M,,!! 'Ben,,). prlDclp1.e~than wI,th !othed, u 'there I. leas t'labllity of strlppins ,th'e bullet.. The 'lncreued ,ch_uge gi'Ve8" lower' trajectory, and eDlUtes lreater accumcy:la t-he fUght of the ,mll8ile.

Tbe bor,. of 'the HeDry -II :lOmewhat largerthaa. that of' the 'Whitworth, ,and th~ 'ball 1,. abou,t, the ame ] '81lgtht, The ball ft'ta eaail, into the barrel, and, there .. vetY Httle 'reooll~ 'l'be adv,&ntage of the bore '1881Il8 to 'lie 'In itae extent of 8u'rtace' whlch .II made to Pr&Ibt • 'I-eeIetaaee to· the ,lbmina of the ball in, the 8llgb.teat depee from the gWO"'l .. bleh Ii" It ita M'1ary .0110 ... 4 dlrectiOll, and in the parlee., -._DD,.' t,ll which the ,u:panRiOD. of the ball 8.1111 'tile, groG." tThe' reslstmce of tJhe ,aJ:r 'to the ball Is 10 'BUg'lit ,bat at the marker". butt ,at the m_le 'ranle~ nelDler the re'pon of tbe rift. no,t' tb,e~ wbi'stle of tbe ball :la heard ; and i~, Is on:),,'~ the ball h'i,tting t'he ground or the target that the marke~r knows wbe'n ,a abo,t by been 8.nd.

'Tho AI,m does not foul 'so 'rap,idly as other mDz.le~ ],oaden_ ';, iBdeed we heard ,the other ,day of a H,t.he inl,~ctor 'who had 'been 'firing with ,a Heury fo,r- two mon,tb~;,and. had never thoroughly' eleaned it~

M'r,~ Heary:'s patent wi:nd-g,age 8ig'h't, ,ii, & beautful.

and &i.m'ple contrivance f():r regUlating the.im accordin, 'to th,e strength, of the wind. Tbe si:gh,t, ei,t.her back, or 'front". can be moved to the 'right or letll, b1' ,an ~r'dlnary watch key,; :841d ",h,en set to the p,roperdepe8 j,t 'may be shakeD_ or h_Bndl,ed 'wlthout fear' of alieri:DI I:. poaition" With the bac'k w.lndslght, if the wind blows from. the right the sight must be ·~oved to the right,,; lind with 'the front wlndl1g'bt:. to th,e left~ The degrees are 'marked bJ ,alternate lines of gold lIDd p" tbl8lll.

The woacWfal pracUce made with Mr. Beaqt. rI8eI "roves i'p,t th,e prlnelple upon wh,jOh, the, am COg .. ,lrueted 'is, a good one.

- - -- - - ZZOII!!II!I -~ ........., .

Scientific Ameriean,-July' 27" lUI ICIBB'CB I •• 'ODEBJI W &BlAKE,

_ At, the Brooklyn n&'vy ya.rd there are a, number' ,o,r old b:r,RIs. 'con non which w'ere captured in M'e'x.icot and preserved, as, tw'phica. ;G:rea't care bas been taken, to give 'th em, graceful torn}" t and tbey arc covered wi th ornamenta ..

'P'OOR :MAN" S JAIVIEcS BOND Vol. 3

In the same yard are a number of Dahlgren cannon.

These twe I.dmple nU'B~e8 of C8s,t~i,rG)n;< 'wi,!tbout .ab, ornament upon, and 'wi'th 'no' Rti,um,pt. at beajll'~;Y' ~n. th'eir forms, But bow greAt is the eOB'trast 'i'~' . Ike. . .. amount of brain- W'Of k represen ted In these ,two 8 pecies

,of ordnance! The Dah'Jgren ,gUDS are of immen&e MH' at the breech, taperlng Ilharply d.O'WD i:n, ttie nei,gbborh,ood of the tJUDioD,8,t and term'i.na'tin,g in a chUe but slightly conical towa'fda, tbe mussle. This di.poei'tl,on O'f the metal has 'boon determiued, by a long and 'COI,tly &eries, 0-1 expeelments, conducted in the, ),igbt 0," ani'mmenae amount of kno'wledge' 0" t'be ,prc'pe,rties of metalst 'wi tb. an in te11lge:ut cO-Dside'rat.ion 01 t'he forces o-f expanding gases, of the Jaws or moving bodies, of the resul is of chemical decompoal,· tic,lI and combtnation, nearly all of which kno'wWedge' haa 'been acquired 'by mankind since the ,Spanilh, 'can,DO'D 'w:ere cast.

:Before, Capt; Rodman >c'ast his, 460"'J)O'ullder' caD:nOD, :nlul:t'rAted on page ,SOG 0,( -our 'last volume be, mAds,

" series of experiments to determine 'Dot on 1y the 'best kind of i ron, to be 'Used In the caB thi g ~ but al80 I'he proper form fOT the, mammoth ordnance. Tbe ex,tent and, variety of kno'wledgr made ,n',varlable in determlnin,1[ the fo,r:m of t'his simple moss of C88~iroD" 'may be judged by the fo'I},owing li8,t of on1ya small 'part, O'f t,be' . '8l1bj.ects, dlscussed i,D, eft pt, 'Roodan' I, report, ':

," Of the various ki,n.ds of I,trains "0 which a gun, i.

subject at. eacb di8Cbnr,ge,~ ~" Tangen tiel '8;trai n ~

i (, Long! t nd.i.nal '\ train.

" Cruahing force ~

", Tranllv,~rH6 s train i'

n Exprel8i.oD,B '(or tendencies to rupture: d:htt'lent

ki nds of' resistance"

" Burstin g ~fI"ootR of di fferent welgbts of powder

and shot in guns ot dUfer-cnt mliber~, ..

Ii Position 0", 'shot w'b:cn maximum pr,essnre is a't-

tained.

_. U Experiments made: for the purpose of de:bl:rm.in.'in"g

the: rela'tive endurance of guns made from tho same iron, but melted in furnaces of different, oonstructlon.

',4 Defl,ccti on of bars 'under loacls c q nail y dis tt'j buted

along· their 'W bole lcngt'b'B~ .

," Tbi,cknesB, of metal In the breech. ," Effects of compressibillty. ~"TCl"min,{ltto'u, of bore. ~ J

Afte'f these" and over ~Ol"t)~ other 8l11~jects of' lc' elml ... l.FLl character, are discussed in de'tail, with rrl~Ul" 'pagel, of algebraic computations, the: Dines of the gun are, flna.lly drawn, and the mixture of C4'St iron, with ita nu m her of' tneltl ngs, the form vf :furnace, &c~ t i,a pre:,;; scribcdj anu the gun is cas,t~

EV(i:n 'thes,e f~.cts give 'but R 'fain.t, id(Ja 0" the o.m"ount of knowledge and, stud y that is em 'br~\Ce(1 1.0 the pro", dl1ction of one of 'OllT large pieces of ordnance! Tbe 'book's, which i 1. woul~-t be the ,gro~se.8.t folly n.ot to read befoTi1j the expe'rhnenlR arc commenlied" would, fol'U"w, dO i ucon,sidera.ble ] ihrary.,

..:\nd .0.1.1 this btls :rcference to only one species or can.non, tlJat w'hj,ch i~ adflpteu to ~ea~,coast dertln;8e~ The ordnance depart'ment ~'mbra,ces the 'va.rious v'arl ...

'79

TIIE WEAPONEER,

e t i es of fie 1 d. a f tll Ier y , 't\~ ith the'i r earri ages, lock B, pu\vdt;:r "~n,d proj 'fcti.le,H; '],'0110.(1, . a n.d elOlllgf\ ted sh o.t, . . l'betJK~, CFL&e,--~'t I f,j1i;pe", C~lif:I'i\~'tre;r' 8'ild, s;h!,~ilpne'~I~ The arm-

I _, _ •

ing of the Iufu .. ntf'Y and eavah'y i~ fL not Jess extensive

s 'iud y,. A.ll of 'the dtftul118 of arm 8 for a'll ClaRe;8, of' soh I iers have bee n the sui lject of COB tly experimen ta 'by the lead,} ng gr) ve rumen ts of Enrope ~ and, of elabo ... rnte discussioue or the fOl"c'tno,st minds of' &11 ci vili,zed,

t· nanons.

Bat ,the armin g of soldiers 18 only ft, small portion of the ":1' t· of waf'~ The cq u i pmen t,;, "the 8U b8il tenee,

'1Ii; -

th e orga,niza,t.ion., tb e transportation of armies" II eacll

.a 'science in j,tse'lf.

All history proves thnt the SUC~ti8 of m:i1,ita;ry operations depends almost who~ly upon 'tbe intelligence wleh which they are conducted, The A:Dlerican people, aware of this~ hav,a; 'with p'fudent farecastt made ample proviFJiJ)"Q fOl' the education in 't'ne nlili~ tn r Y' AI.' t of a s u ni,c,ien't DU m ber of our ei ti,zen s' to lead our armles In ease of war"

'rrh e pol ltieians who bad 'the: control of on r affairs at the time of the Mexi'C8,n war~ '8~t aside these men. who had made the a.rt of 1I':o.r the' study of their' 11 ves, and entrusted tbe eommmand of our brigades to men w.'ho h ad :s,:pcu t their 1:i ves in I ea rning sornethln,g e1se--la. w'''' y ers and pol i ticians 1 ike, themsel V'VS,., In tbis wart we rejoice to sec tha,t the pop u lar intelhgenee, always in. ad vance of tb at of the pu li tic ian,s, is i til deavormg to enforce a dift'dren.t. policy;; Our educated volunteers luist OD. bei,ng' led by' skilted officer,s, who, l,t t,lley' do sacrifice the lives of . their soldiers", wi) 1 D,o,t do it 1118- leaal y in seen t iug d.ef,eat.

B··A·TI-· 'ONS···· -;- 'p-··O··R· ....,;00-·'·'·- p···'s

- ,: :. 1"',' '''',' ',.~< ',' -,'

'se:Ie.llfic AmeriCH - April 7, 18m

At 'the Division Armory m this city" Gefteral Yates has rtrdered, the 'troops to be suppl~ed as, follows: ..._ ... .

For breakfast" at seven A~Mt" 'there will be' furnished for' each man pr,oviBiOlll in· the fODowing quantities; --:One quart of I'ood coffee. ,eight ounces of bread, and tJue&..ei,ghths of ,8 pound, of bee~. ." .,

At 'tw'.lve M~ t 'for dinner': ' ....... ' F'ivNgbtbs of a pound of beef ,Q,r mutton,t w·eU cooked; w,iJth potatoes; ,ODe q'uan. of

ba'.ked' '~--!.--,-·~·-to·, ~e···ry·· ,, __ m·:~·D'-! and·· .... : ,ev···:'Pru" other day .. · in

.. uc;&U1D .. ~ '" .~. '" . .. .. .. - ., _... 1. ,.

lieu of baked beans. rice"t bean ·or' vq,etable IOUp wiD, be

,furnisbed, at the rate ,of one :pint per man,,,_ _ .

At fiv,! P .M,., for SDpPe'f: --. Eight ounces of bread, 'thrt!e. pints of coIf'ee, one quarter pound O'f cold, beef or

.. ·utto", 'The·· nnff-'··· :ee·· ·to, ....... ·f· .. ~tAl...-A ·w- ·m·· be 'proper r ·. ,',1'1:,

,m I_D. . ....... ·v'.· .... ' .. ~ W,-I~. -- . ., .....

sweetened, and mUk in due proportion wm, also be pm... ...I:ded·

VI '_-:.:.,.

Sd,eDtlD.c ,American-July 6, 1.861.

OLD GBI"Z WB,01JGlIt.tBO. BBBBCB-:LOADD'G CAJI1l0.~

At tb,e establishment, of" Heea,'f,a .. McKee &: Judson, i r-on dealers, 4: 57 and ,459 Water 's:tree t, i.n th is ci ty; th.ere 18 a large qUaD,tity 0" old, iron which came from C h 1'0" as ballASt in. tb.e clipper ship Flying Scudt anti ,among 'it are a large n,ll,moor of old Chinese 'wrought. iron Cannon,; several of which ,are b'reech~l.oadi,ng ~ 'rhe.F,y;ng, Scud wu empl.oyed 'by' the ,;Brit·,lab govern~ 'me:ot g, a 't',RDsport durin" I'he C,hinese war; and WaI,

80

T· .' HE., _'-' T·J"CiiA·, P'ONE' . ·E···· R-'"

n.l:,/-_ .' " •. ,-I, ~~, '_ '

'umlsh,ed wit,h ,tbil q'uaatJty of old iroD" baIl .. " ADd when m,e' came home aD arrange •• Dt. 'W'II made for it, to 're,maI'D in her hold hence l'la ap" bAii. .... 'n,,n,a 1:'--.·

" -- - .. ,._. - . r-"" ,uuq

0- ·'r· nn",-

Ilia ~I"' ••

AJI of these wrought-:ilron cannon are cDrioalt'IH. 'but the BreaUlt Intwett a't,taehu to ,thOle .,w'k I,Gad, •• ,tbe bteeCb41 In 'the On;t pl&ee, th,e.,.. are of great ,II •• Experieuoad persona OD IefdDg tbem prODOQ:DCI tII.,m without, 'hu.ltati,on one hundred yean, old, judgED' "rom the, Nst upon ,the.ir l,u'rfacea,,, Dt.tiot'iD,1 the accuracy' of this criterion, it is sUll 'impoulble to look I\,t them without bewl' convinced ,that man,' yean, havo :passed. sinced they' we're forged, 'l'hey are 0 f 'ver,' peculiar luh'ioDt and we liv'a an illustration, of one of tb.em Croln An IlCCllra'te drs ,v1ng made (or the

P- urpo a~ bY, ' '0'· ur e rtiu,t'"

. _ _ ~ ,I . ,.. R - .Q .•

They are all. of' ne'arly the _m,e HI., and the dlml'nainns of the one' le,presented are u follo,"I: ........ Length, Ii feet ; diameter at breech, '7 i,ne'bel ; diameter ,at mussle, 5 hlch,es;, di"~mete:t of bore, 21' i'oe'bCl~

'Th,e bore at the breech is wi,tle'oed b:J :8UCC818i.ve' e_yl .. irtd'rical £1,uiarR:,em,en.ts, as reprcsn,ted i'D tb. dolted. Ilnes, .'D,d i,n the 'rear of' t'bis the external .b,el. of "he

... -

eanD'on ls, continued for a length of foarfBen Inches In

tbe form of II hollow trough open 0'11 the upper side. 'Tbro'fDI'h each of' the 'Sid.el of tbi,B trough It a alot, c loubtless in tended 'ror a 't,e, to hold, the 'breech piece, In. place.. The breech p"ieool are' milling, ADd 'whether they we're, c'ba.:mberoo in, front, to reooi,'V6 the charge, or wh,etb,er ,the l,a,t,ter was 'placed, in 'tho bore ot the gun, it is, impossible to determine.

It :,... II· k - 0 - tb-' - t·, b ... .;o. ....... t.. Io ...... liog oi'IiAftllO- iBi'",

. _ _.., we , 'D'wn '-a' '-. _ ~," .~ n,q,_'_ w:.....:u. 'n:~:re

tried.l,ft Burope 8oo'D, aftc:r ,the introdoc,tloDor the use

• -- - -. -d'· S' ,t-t··l-I ""'b+ " '. 'r of" th·· - --'I' - 1..- ., ., -. - 1. __ .

01 gUDpoW'. er ._ .-. -! t. \J. - II, p,roo,~ '.' -. e .r ua VIlli URn

1 ed 'b th C-bj· I 1-1-1- tt t t-

. . .' _ .. " . _.. .' .' - ~ ..' -, .- .

e,mp' 0.'1 .. ~ ,'.8., . ,D,ose 1I-00n~ ago w .. ' . a - -rae a.'

"',"" . ti,n_-,-. lifII't-' th·, hl .• tl:- 'me.

;~n, un.... .. _

Tile mulZle;.loadlDg wlOucht-lron eaDDOIl tb.tcame

!Ii'

out in ,tb,e Ftgiftg &ud are consider,ably larger thaD

thOle 'which 'load at 'the breee'h, ,and the &blllt, ,of: the 'Cbinese to 'furge tb .. large mal .. 1 with tbHei-r I,I,~ tle hammer. bu, e.ctted, co-nliide'rable BUrp,!.. among

h i-

. ,".', :. ': '1":':" ,. .. , r: -: Iii

our mee .aCl_

1'1, la __ td to be a uBi va,nal rule, that 'I.n tbe idmcy of the a'rts great ski'll ,il ,displayed in, the use of poor tools, .'Dd that as ci.vlUzati,on. ad'van~e8 'better tooll

d 4'&ed,- -" -- .. --l-ri" .. 'b - te- ·trai'· .-- - '.- ·th-·, - - h--

. '1' - . • '., '. ' •• ! - '-', ; .. ". I • '-"." ',.' ." •. " ,:.', ,." ,:', 1', "" I"

are eVl- t req.u ,ng 8 or ,r _ DIDg lD . 088 W 0

e.mploy,them. .

ph. tuI:Ia DinctioMI tubes CD, be fitted .. )'OIIr favorite 'n.· .. apray batile for Inereaae4 ranee ,and ac-

M~. A'" ..-a..~, .... =u~,· I':-'be),", !!ft!!. -k-ed','- off·········~.,...~__..-li·, .. _.· .: ;-,_-,· ... 1 -,

· ..... _"",I. . . .-_w .,;... .. "-:-" ~' UWJlllJC'U~U'"

boCtle _glued, 'to your ne. spray wU.1 diapile ita true

'.tare'j

I find that body beat iDcreaae Ole volume of solutionIl

But d1reetiorud' , " tubes talks UdI- .. 'laereued

PIIfti'V .•... : , •.•. ', _.' .. " I ,..... .. ~ ~ up,-,-, ,-',' ,':- .-:- ..... , ".: i

--I· -, - .. ...,...".--...".- _. _"_'- _',-"

volume .~,__.: a~:¥c'~°te .•... ~...,_ I'm-' . ~, ~rI-' "'R ,-ft ' • -. 'I!:::"U< . " ... ,_it···. ,I:~

_ _ _ _N UIUI... . "llCIiI. . I. Z &I. a """" e w_ ..

'too full before it .eaks~ fte bottle call be neatly and sal. lv' fined·- ;ift 'tile· ~'.-. eta' ..... e, ,s'·f"_...~-g'- -up.' , mann'" ·i·-e--.r·· y--ou··.·j "~-i;_"__'

~J . _ YI .. ~.. .'IIP,;I\U.I. .' . . .' ~I-I~,

t~'III'Ii ilWl. " .... _ .,., .... -

M •. V1I6II '''Ie 1r.UII!C.

I carry twin p,lasUc flasks, 'taped 'to.ether ,10 that one squeese squirta, both bottles. One' bottle holds conc:en-~'~I ··A~~_ium.· ..... ,- -'~v.d~9id' 'e- ,and'·:· ,~,~- ~"",,-- ''''-·~I~I~.· AAIL

w. _1MJUj ,ruW.IUIII.I,. _ _ _ .IV"1.M " .... _. ' " __ _ W~ vWIGI,- IN Qa ...... ruwr

centrated, U~lt'. HYdroc'blDric acid. One "dliff of either chemical wiD knock anyone to his, 'knees (try it')" and a cOuple of drops in the, mouth; nose or ,eyes wiD usually~: ftiN'lidnn,e' uneensciousness ... ~"~,In", .. ~-..I... ._

. to '""""". !I;NI,,"""'UI!WI!'!Ii;;.I. .. '~n . .. WilU:U. ~"VII.UD. ,,""u

average sqUirt of one second's duration m, 'the :fa,ce and

your attacker will never breath on his G'WD agei'n. Plust these two chemi,cals squirted, together" 'produces a ,dense wblte smoke identi,cal to burning' white p,hosphorous .. So if your attacker is with 'friends, they win 'not care to share his fate, If they can't get a,way,,- you can rob 'them all I,t fiaIk1)Oint,.

..• ~l._ (1.., ••• & at Pl1) ..., t P -,>

..... ---~2224 i,~~'.'r \', ~(t., ~ .. M' O .. ~I~_ 1&)

."... 0.", c.rCe-wu .... Tw'" ,~"I h "tt"')

,-/1 .. -. '.., ~I." oa ..... "t..L"H'trj ' •• ~

~---.' .: .. ~ "''''"1,,,. ,,~ YO'!JT c'-\c,~,

I also add a few drops of red fOod dye to m_y solutions, se i'f I (!,~ spring a le'ak I' have lime to save my skin,~

,Robe~rtB ..

'Del· .... - r ·Ro· .: .. '-, ~,:

__ ... _ _ .. 1.iI!I;I-'

1begnuirt :Dask ,and "~our :mi.xture-s, are .. ood [dees

.. _,. . .. -'.. . y.. .. . D·· - ~

Howe'ver t I: ,don't see' muc'h sense in the dye~ Say you

"'-'Iloe your' . 8_ .• ,." " """~rt- ~lr'et· d·t nP1'n.:ra leak

,_y,~. '_- ',I,~ 10 your .,u_ ' ~.'. an . I s.-,~~ 8" I' ..

H you were wearing ,8 jac'k;et. you wou1dn't see 'the .stain,~ 'You, certainly wouldn't see the stain in another poCket, Besides, ~ji the time, v,mll n~~c,ed- an' ,"-'!I" sta:··.· mol'" y.··.ljj!'dt,'d·· sti··.·'·'!III' be:··-··-

.. U8 . , ¥'_ u'"".. . . _. _ ... _ _ _ vw. .& . .

doomed,., the only clfferenee 'beq b,t, 'you'd bave IGIDe

of. '.. r ~_ti~ d--..t -...1' - - ·th-· ·D''''''£N'''\. -...1- "'t· th..a.II~ ,,.ou_ WAD~ ,YtftI ,1j:a.I_U _.-e .1ftO'J spre ... ,I ". ~I

:tbe .. Item, . .1.1 .. - ~ ... t' of ~ ..nt.;,_ , U' t

'- '~;'J:-jL ,ftIIRP,"'".'" your' Yl\;wllI't .:' ,you Will,

pa-I8MV it ... ,"I..~_.'L he'· .'. ha-' "d CI!~, ~~d" 0' f seizure· ; . ' .. ~ ~.-x~-. !~ W UIUIA, .. '.' ..- tiI!Y&&~ lUll. . ... ~-._ '.' II IIUI"

. ""'::'111 the· -, . red' st' iI ·be-I''''':;-ed·''

wua " ~a~, . ezp , ' ,~

. Lea~, 'from modem, :p.mstie bottles are 'litue to .,orry "boU~t ,~"ve never had ,any trouble 'with them. I'f' 10'U are

. . ed' - - - .. 'I of'- - Is -

" _-' I .- . '. _ '. ." .. '. . _.. . " _ . I" . - ." "_. . I .

WOITI.·.', wra,P' yours, U1 a coup e ..... _. paper lowe .', and

~APPV it ,around 'for a day'. I.,. the pa'- pe'.' r is still r1~., • 'fter···· .. · ,

- ~ J ,- -- - . - .... , ',' ',.. -.'. \,41, 'I a ' ... ' a

day. I think it's safe for you to carry.

Le· ·-·····tt····'·····:e················r···'·

. .." ~",' "., '". . .'- , . - " ". ' '.' ..

Dear "ii __ :

. .. ~~-~

CoDceminI the na.aI spray article' in -- I; IDOIt

dJem'eal ._, ear,ry' pI.llte IqIItrt boCtIlI

(your local pbarmaeilt -Item In It8et Dr 'will

onler some lor you., 84.) They .... In ,aD _,pel and _I~ The cape, 'have' _ lUI.,., lOt ....

Ed

,~

FOO'R MAN'S JAMES BOND Vo L, 3 .'

In

81

e8""""

. . I

: r- 'r .

I .... I

,

.

. . - ;

'I 'liilP.8I .__....'_ .... te· -1_ nl.l'IIrI, ... ,- 'p V'-011 2'" d' 3 , .... ,~ "1:.'''.

, •• '1 ,LUJ.'UlUwa, _' UI, I-~. U ~ " .' .' an . ',' W ,I, n.c.. .cNR.-

PORIUM OF ARTS AND-SCIENCES. 1,812 to 1814. They _1_..,1 '. I t "f THE' 'WE" i.A 1lIIi"\1I.:'Il'E'E'·R· ... &bat IWUUUI me' a '0·: 0 .' ~. ·",·,'.,.n.Cvi:-.I£j .'., In ~, . sue-

-AjI_ g ts __..__.... .......... ..,' thei f' no"

'\."vc:wIill "~8D.' co&--~ urC errees '01 '~ :e,_'"ws,

''-UL,· 'THE" WE:' 'APO' ' .. HE' E~ R .' .... AMA -- 'U"UJ'" tual'

lllIIIA·e ", '.~ ', r ' ' .. ' . " .• ' ;, ! .. '." ",,; .. i.u';' wal"· .....• mu. :' .'

agreement at the end ,of the series 10 later readers bad to prove out, the processes. Of course, scienee wlil,in its relaUv'e Infancy in thoae days 10 no one, Itllew much of

.......... IMa' ~ .,.'I1·e· It's,· I an educatkai in, .' Itself.' , .. '. ,: .' _'-. ~ b··D;'"

_,. WIIII,D II.UI 'IilI'YiI "' . . . _. __ _ . IU ~ _., ...

various processes evolved from the' .putterblp in, privalte laboratories and 'workshops of the 19tb ee,ntury Intelleott.1I ,and small manufacturles to 'the impersonal mass

'~~.'_'AM of O·F"''' t"&_AiI!III t

,tA'VU.IU.;MU&1i . _ U\&. IlIRiit

!be eonfusion concerniDa araeDle and its va:rious

._'l!W!!li_1IIliII .,. a ftwIIIftI~·t, ,;;..- .... , ,1,'Ii'filAft.l.-·-"um· " a'rose' ,'. ,

~ .. , __ IiUI'!I! va. ....... '~1!Ii .. IU "',vr .u.u:aa.. " '. ' .. , .

fftm the depees, of purity and also 'hm 'reglIII81Idif· lena,cas in naming compo'lUIds.

1be old 'ways ma.y· DOl be tile ~ after aD. But If rOD IN ,not equipped to Implement tbe best. often the old, ")'I are the only ways .• At least, tbe,' are a pIace for you, to start ·with the best ,faemUea you :have on band.. .

8Aot. Is made by meltmg lead \\"itb arsenlc, and pouring it. out or Trcughs fi:om 4.1, great h.eight in.to a large Yiud of ,vater,. 1~he height is intt'llcled to give rotund,ity

'101ft - i, the arsenic, to, make it mon:' fusible" so' tbat it aha1l paeselve 'its rotundity arising from its liqu'id state, until 'the moment 'when it is :required '10 be ,eondet1:sed. Mr. Paul ,Beck's I!llot :hlanufactory at Philadelphia. is, I beline. 175 or 180 J~ high., The: first fall/or small - is :about 130 feet, tbe, second raU or llle1tins place, is ... L,__ 1"'0 r-.-. b' .. ~

.... e r .. I~' Ie.,,~.

I sive below the ,common EPgI_, procrs8CI: . but in

.... ... L.... U "'. 1 .. L_ hoi auf {'

., opmDI, u:.;. prac',ce IS. 10 me;t uK: ~:·.c qu" .ity o.

....... ;~ - Wi~L a ~_I,'I IVW'tjlli'Ulli\ of'" .'L ..... '---d'· e_. to -~ .L._ to ,

_.r ... ~-~ : .. UI. 1111~ ~ "". u.II& .' u-.w ICII.", UI ill ... 'If. aI~ .~-u .

acld. this stnmpy arseni.akd. lead, to the unalloyed lead. •• ..L.- ....._ t ....... _ " The lAo. 6.

WIK:U 'Uii;: "'m:- 'II __ I._..JI ' .... ' •. ~;c . , .. ' ..~'J~.. '.' ' ..

. . '.. . IJ.M3KU,!! ,"" ~...,., . 'IAU 1111+

".,."_,,. It should be wbite arse.nic. It should be 'mix.

_.. . e .. L t11 .c.,........... ~ b Ik of' L ..... __ I 'I

Q1 WI., 1reC m IWi ames ttsu.· ,-'.. CIIiU&.UiU" amp-

black. rosin, or some carbonaceous or iDftam·mable sub. .~. and being'·: tightly inclosed . in ~.~~Ir:~id· t2 of·, pa' .'I'\M'". ,.

.... """"'", .. ..' , . -. . .. _ -, .. ,i:llCy'lIt:'l. ill lUI . gI! " ... 1"-- .. ,.

abould be thrust down w'itb • stick to the bouom of the lead. 'The pan of mekcd lead, should be then eov'cred, in onItr to aid ·Ihe im·pret,rrultion of the lead withthe arse .. nic, The pan. 'should be ·of thin ,cast, or thic'k shed iran .• b' the heat mg,st not be too great. It is right, 'v'hen. 'the JUIface of the lead is ·ilTidcsc,ent'.

As ,me geru:mJ method of makiog shot is kept a secret'.

I give.8 the processes I ha\·~".

PrJ"'" }'ltlltd SllOt, is, thus made; shreb uf' lead .. "t.e tbickocss ~ponds, ,,"ith the .. of the Shot 're.

quircd. Ire cut into IIld Pieces. ·or cuha., or 'b bm of a die. A II eat, quantdy of these .little eo'beI _ put into

a large 'hollow iron cylbida-, which is mounted horizon-, tdly and turned by ,a ,,~inch; whtn by their 6iction against one ,another . ., and against the sicD ,of Ihe cylinder,.

THE: ViEAPONEER



I-n

.. ··0··

',. ".

" .

. . .' . .

, . ,

" . , .

nillft _.A.-.A ps~"__'tl; Y. roo' , .... ..1 --..I very' ," ", sm~ oo·····L .,..,. ...

"'~, a'~~~~ , -,' .. 1\; . ..." :. ~~._ I QII iIlll4" .; ~":.: . ' _J • ' )UI. &1 ..

"_. '"

other 'pate.nt ... sbot hi. 'cast in mould., in the sante way u

00'11,18 are.,

Com". S",ta/J .t, or'tlh1t 'used for rawling, should be '_1 sized ~r.. 'M.'. silOU' ' Id it .. be .: " .' itnft. .. " ft. rAf'IiI.. .L~ .. It·' ,'I!~- .'~~~

t 1\IIf, - _ UoIV Q"~' UICU. Iw;aUun

and. sca.tters ·too, much; ·or if too small, then it has not

,weight and strcftgth 'to penetr~te &r't a'nd the' blrd is apt to 8y .'YaY' \vith it~ In order t therefore, to have it suitable to the occasion" it not being al\vt\vs to, be had, in ,evftJ' place tit Cor the.purpose, we' Shall ~t ,do\vn the true method: of' 'making aU :sorts and ,sizes under the name of mould .. &bot. formerly made after the' foUo,ring proc·ess :

Take :an.y quantity,of lead you think bt, and melt it, dowra ia aq iron vessel: and as it melts keep it, stirring with an iron 'ladle, skimmin,g 'oft" all impurities whatsoever tha.t may arise at top; when it begins to look of a greeni.sh colour" strew on, It as much allripign·~,entu m o-r reno \v or· .. pi:ment. Ii nely POWMed1; as \V,n lie on a shilling, to t."l·er)· twel ve or fourteen pou nds of lead , the n stirring them t(). ge,ther, the orpiment wi n Ralne. The ladle should have a notch on one 'side of tilt! hrinlJ for more easUy llouring out 'the lead;. the ladle, 'must remain in the melted lead, tbat its beat may hethe same with that or the I,cad .. to :prc.' rvcn,t itlCOnveniences which otherwise ·might. happen by its beInG' either too hot or too, eold i then, to tty your lead., drop a little of it into water,. and, ir the drops prove: round, ... L.... 'h 1 d i of' 1... ....... ,. ·E .t.......... ~ d .L....... ·utc.R t·c ~ IS·. a propc!" I~.t ,; I., OU.ltiWI'se,. an . U is

shot have tails, lhen, add more orpiment to inctea1C Iht lltat, tUI it, is found Ildli,cient"

Then take a plate of' copper t about the size of a trench. er". which must be ~adC with a hoUowness in ·tbe middlt'l about, three inches compass, \vi.thinwhit:h mU1St be bored

about .40 hob according to the size of'theiibot ,vhich y,w inte;nd to cast: the hoUo~w bottom should be thin ; but the thi~ker the 'brim, the bcttu it, will, retain tilt heat, Place this platcon a rrame of iron, over a lube or vessel of water, about four inches feom 'the waler, and spread buming coals on the plate; to keepthe lead melted upon it; then take some lead and pour it gcntly 011 the coals on the plate, and i,t wiU make its, way through the holes. in-to tile wattr, and rGrlll itself int,a. shot; do thu's, tiU aU your lead is fun through the 'holes, of the plate. taking care, by ktt'plng your coati alive I' that the lead does not cool, and 10 atop \lP the holcs~

While '. iii .1 Ii notL-

! i·,'. vnn 'n~ '_nMID,g· m·. ults ""~nftil!l!ll!' .. ". <In ifV'I"D"R'I

J -- _,,-,,~ .. '.' ' . .. 41!1, ....... U,~ .. , . .. ,1:"' ...............

with anotbe.r ladle 'ma,,,, eateh some or the :Ibot. placing' the ladle four or five inches und·m1C!8th the 'plate in the

h"ch .. ~f' ... 1...... d··.......r. '"

WiltCr, by W 1".. means you \v'ill see ,I· '11-':1 are . · Clectivc.

and recury 'them. Y,OUf chief care,.is to keep the leyd in a j U6t dqr« or heat, lb • .it shatl be not so ·cold a's to, stop 'up the boles in your plate. nor 10 hot as to· cause tilt tillOt to crack, i to remedy the heat. you mu.st refrain working till" it is of a, proper coolness; and t,o remedy the cool-nesS,

POOR MA,N' S JAMES BOND vo i . 3

of your lead and plate, you must blow your fire'; observing', that 'the: cooler YObr lead is, 'the l~gtT 'will. be your ,shot; ali die hotter it is, the smalk:r 'the.7 wUl be.

After you have done casting, take dIem out of 'tIle \\',3:. tel*, and dry them over the fire with a brentle heat, stirring them continually that they do not melt i when dry t. Y'ou are '10 separate the great shot ftom' tl~'-small,. by the heJp of a. sieve made for that In lrpO:Se';, according ,to their' seve ... ral sizes. nut those wllO would have '~ery' Inrge shot" make the lead tr'ickle \.\lith ,ii stick out of the ,bdle into the

- ,.

VALtet, 'without 't~e pl'le~ If it stops 01' me plate', and yet lbe plate. is not too cool, give. but the plate a little kneck, and it will ron ag'aill; care must be bad th~lt none of your impl~nlent:s are: greasy,. oily, or tbe like ';, and '\~11C:'l1 the shot, bein,g &el~arnted; arc found too ,large or t,oo smOllt [or your Pl1lllOSC, or otherwise itnpa·lec,t., they ,,~jll. serve agaln ,o.Jit, the uc I, .. t 0·' pe era t 1"00·- I

A - - ... - . <IIl:a.. ., 1'~ -. ..

Slwt" tin-ease, in artillery, :i.s formed by putting a great q~:lUlltity or small iron 'shot into, a tin cylindrical llQlX caU .. ed a cannister I tbat just 6tti the bore or-the gun. Leaden buUds ,are sometimes used ill, t~ same mannCT; and it must be observed" that whatever number 'or sizes of lbe shots ate' used. they' m U st welgh \vith their cases nearly as much as ,the shot of the piece.. [Grt,. E'IlC!Jf:lO. 665.

~., Ju:ru jbrlntd into ,/;tJI.. Lead ls eUl,ployed ,ill considerable quantities in the castillg of shot, for which a l,'mte11t was cranten in 1782, to Mr, "'iUinm '\\'utts, ill conseq uence of his inver ition (or .granulating lead, sOlid throughout, without those. imperfecdcns whlch other kinds of shot U 'SI truly presen.t on - their surface to' The pa ..

tentee directs 2;0 e wt, or soft pig · lead to be melted in all

iron 'pot, round the rd~¥~ of which, a peck oi· coal-ashes is to be strewed upon tbe sur-fact of tht: mvu.l, so as to leave the middle of the latter exposed. l"~urtr pounds of arsenic are next, to be added to the lH1CO'·(";'r:Ct1It~',ld,, and du,' pot closely shu t; 'the' edl-{C!j of the lld bchl~{' C~U\{ ullv lut('(l

~. ~-

with 'mortar, clay, 'Or other cement, ill order to preveutth ..

evaporation of the arsenic, ~\ brisk fire is then kindled ~

so that the 't\\:TO substances 'lnay be properly incorporated ~

"then the metal ou.ght to be skimmed and laded int(, moulds, that. it l.nay cool in die' torm of ingo-ts. or baf;:.~ which, when cold, are called ,slag, or poi~ont:,d met31- 2.0 cwt, of soft llig .. lead, (acconlillg to th~ qUiUlt1t)r of shot intended to be manufactured) arc next to be melted in the 1113UL1Cf above directed , and, when it is completely li'IUf"'

fied. one of the ingots or bars. of 'slag must be added: a'i, soon as the whole is combined, a small quantity ,of the Ii .. quid metal is to betaken out. with a ladle', and dropped &om a height. of about, t,\VO feet into the wat~r,., If the-

shot be not 'perfectly 'FOUnd, it lvila be 'necessary to add more slag,. till it drops in a :globular form~ The metal is, next skimnledl and the scum poured into ,an iron, or copper frame 'perfOrat.ed with. round holes. according to the size o£thc' ·shot designed; the scum, is then eo be squeez ... ed while soft, through the frame" into whicb the liquid ah,ould be poured, and dropped through ,the 'LOIes,. F or the 5maUest shot, the' fralne must be at least ten, frt.~ abQ\"c

82

T:HE 'WEAPONE,E,R the ,vater. and for the largest, about .150 feet; the migbt,

being mcttued. or diminisbed, in proportion 10 the' size

or~shot,.. '. [1. Art. Alan,.,

SliD, Mdnu/ueltWie, hQ;ve lately been ata'blished or re-

,~ivedJ and appear to, promise to supersede the importati.on of English _ sbot. 'Tbey are manufactured prulci,pa;lJy from Lead fQund in Louisiana" and shipped from Nc\'t., Orleans.

:Patcnt'shot, as Dr. ,B,lack bas inror.ned us, aref'man,u. lactured in. Ellglmcl as ,£ollo\"1 ':

A little orpimei1t or ar.senic is added 'to the lead; which disposes it to run iDta .plait-al drGps m'u,ch more rapid. Iy dian. it 1vould do when plure.. 'The melted lead is pOu.r,., eel into a cylinder. wbose, circ,umference is pierced- with 'holes. 'Tbe lead streaming through the holes soon divi'des

into drops, whieh &11, into water, \vhere tile)*' congeal, They are far' from being ali spherical,. many being shaped like pcar5. and mu&t be pick,rd. ~~his is, done by a very

ingehious eontrivance, The Whole' is siftoo. on 'tile upper end or a long, smooth, inclined plane .. and the grains roll down to. the lo'\vet end, But dle pear .. like sbape iof the ~:ld grJins makes them roD do\,;,~n i~rre,gu1ar1y i aod 'tlIq'

wadd~e as, ,It ~ to D, side; ,,,bile the round ann run s~ight down, . They ,are received into • sort of ftlDDel .. which exlends Crom the one side or ,he inclinrd plane to the' other ~ and is ,dividM by eevenl pll'titioo'l, so that it is renUy the mouth ,or srvmd runnrls, ,vhich lead 'to dif.

~·nt Ib.._ TI 1.._ '!II .a.L..... " ..I.d] • the

n:n;:' UUX~ ,-,iUM; In uu;' miuwe receive '., row:ld

grujl'lL [2 Art. JI.". -

T· L_ -I .......... ,- L_ ... _...I.... .. - ~....... .. • b

. nc' S IU' Wnal miM,R:, ,IS ~l--'- Into SIzes -1 Ihr.aRl'

of sieve .. , whose \vires are set accotding to the' di~erent' sizes requirall The:.hat is Clazed by putting 'diem into a bam:I ,and tumlnc it round. tiD, by the friction and attritiad

.h-.. L.. ......... fecflu _ ..... __ ..3. _ ........ L __ ,_..lI .'.:: ... ':,"_

'Wftoi ~VQ.U; pa~~i.l" fl.AUW, smuUlu _KIo ' •. "'''a.&''

I believe in this eounby t the proportion of arstnic is nearly 8S rOllows. About '7 lb. of arsenic is tint added

to"abou, five buDdred weight of the, metal. Then. or this mixturr, so much is taken to add totbe fresh lead, as wm

mat .. L..... • _,r- <II' abo'

_ _ e 'uK: proportIon oJ anemc-·-,'u.t 2 1~2 or ,3,lbs~ to

'the ·ton. 'Orthis about one half a po'untl, will tvapaacr. Compare dlis \v"ith the English, patent proportions aha\·e

.'

gtvm,

1:0 the Louisiana 'COlIn-try, shot manuwt'lories are estab~ J.isbcdj ,,.-here: the shot is made ~y letting the ll~d faU from the 'top to the ,bottom of the bank, of the Miss'issip,pi, ,ut lo,\y ',vater: so that the enormous ex pence ,of such a, build-

ing as that in Ph iladclllhia, is sa ved, T.. C ~

The Price of Enfield Rifles

SdeDtifk' ADWrican-Oet. 12·, 1161

Tn. price of 1re.,..1UIII8 i'D England hu 11'e.tI,f .. - vanned in oo.tl.eqU&JitW of th,e ,dGl,md 11018 the lJ.teIl Stata., The Enfield d!llel1 which cod formerJ,. £our~ teen dollant D-OW .n for twat,'-cm. doIl:&n. As Ute

old rlIed., wldcb, en, ,of OQr mach ..... Ill ..

wo,uJd IQOI1 dd, Ne laid to be equal to the E:b6eld rllIIe, we do DOt ,1M wby' we ilIb01dd ~~, nch -II nor.'m.op pr1ce a1noa4, for. ."'1 'Wblch caD. be 10 e..U, ,lI!iuppllecl .,t. lunDl'"

PO'OR M:P1.N t S JA'MES BOND Vol. 3

83

THE WEAPONEE'R

The Deadly Fighting Bolas

I'm sure youtve heard of the Nunehaku, 'the oriental rice flail 'consisting of two foot-and ... a-half lengths of brooms,tick. connected by about six inches of chain. Tbis is drama,ti'e to watch but illegal. to carry and hardly eon .. cea'lable~

The best N'Wlchaku man would not stand a chance against an ind1fferent. user of' the bolas. And the bolas is easily concealed .. Of course, if you just carry them in your pocket, they'Il be all 'tangled and this won't do at all if Y'OD 're attacked, So I naturally invented a carrier for the bolas to make them instan't1y aecessable, without

tang- Uo'''-

I ' . r.;J

' .. g ..

I 0008" "ht a le-nnrt-·)" of' plastic plum ..... mg· -, '. tu bina f- rom' .. th e

bardwari! stoI'e."ii\Sl W16th ()fUA~"'inCh ac~: Tubing

slightly smaller would. do as the welghts are one inch across, Even BOt. you don't want t-oo snug a fit. so that size is fine, whereas a larger tube could allow tangling ..

Anyway;, t' cut. the tube four inches 'long" Then I cut out a circle of cardboard for the bottom, After fitting the cardboard inside the bottom of' the tube I put lengths of electrical 'tape across it, then put a strip around the bottom. to make it look unifonn,.

Then. I sawed two ,3/4 b,Y 3/4 inch slots in 'the top and broke them off~ This enables one te grasp the sunken 'weight with the thumb ,and fo·refinger and pull. the bolas

. ·th 'h ...

, <,..... .'. ,<.. . ..... -'." 1'- .C· -',' ", '

out, WI .. one smoot ., easy.motion"F

To hold the tube, you should sew a pocket to the inside of the, front of your pants about three inches to the left of ·the zipper and about one inch below the, waistband. (Left-hand,ers 'put the' pocket three inches to the right of the zip'per) i

To, make the pocket, simply cut a 4'~ by 4% inch square of 'heavy cloth. Sew' it with the same color thread as your pants" It's such a small Job you don't even need a

se· -wt· .. ·n· g" "ma"': · ......... me .

. .' .... "_',". _. _: t;lUJIl ,-ii'

The pocket should be snug, But if yours is so loose the tube might come out when you yank Ute bolas, either sew another stitch in closer or use a large safety pin" Push the pin through the waistband and around the thinnest

B- KU'···-RT.' ~ .A~ON

y. ~-

A little 'known and. underrated weapon bas been the t:Kdas~, It consists lsilnPly of' three balls f or weights" of

- .. _11 ... 1- athe .' ....... ~ r~"'" 'U':*'ed" '."'" three.'-,,···· eq': ual

IDe..... or . Je8- , er-cov!tU.:::u UL;A, '.' iloU _. . '. .... .'. __

IeDgtbs of' eerd, knotted at, the end.

The Argentine gauehos have 'Used the bolas fo'r cen-

.,!liM f" - the- .... ,- .... j,...... --1'·: . -. . . .'~,. nt!ll6C!

• Ie,s· . or . ". same purposes •. ue ft.I.lR;r can COW''''''i ~

the lariet~ A gauc'ho can. whirl. a bo1as and ,catch a calf 'orbuD ar,ound'the ,fore 'or. hind legs with Just 88· much. skID

and eff- A..d· -. - . boy -- O!thi. L..:..... . .....

. }:~. as any cow· WI. _·11Ia rope, ..

'The bolas as a w'eapon should bav'e lead wellbts~ It should ,have great power to entangle and also to stun, or 1dIl.

A, skillful user of'·the bolas can trip up an. approaching or esc'aping enemy by wrappiDg ·the welgbted cords

. . d"'~ - la.d - 'B' ... -- -to,; 11 * 'to· Idll- - !Ii..': -- b' ·""'1iI-'1in~· - g the· I'· . aroun .. , IWI ~5S~-. e.Ma· ,mil,",", IS .. ' .... _.. IIL1II'." ,.,ga.. "'. _ . _ ' ..

f1alling scourge so it wraps around bis neck and head, eboking birD and/of' breaking his *ull~

'The .... """1· ........ ~ .' I" - -ted· . to thr- - ~ - . 'WIlen' - . . I.. 'Id b' . tbe

... ;' ·"'.u .• , IS, not ,mu ,.... ..' '. - . 'owtng,. ,'. .'._ ue· . .. y "

·knot at the end. ,of the cords and. swung around the head, v,u'll c·.' n _ .... 1.~. a' "nl1 SU ........... _-- ra t pa 'ek stay· wen away-- 'if

J vU. ~' I 1,.l1AIU; ,_. I - ~ .. _ .."I.WIKIII _. _ .; .... ' '.' ':,' -'.. . .: . t

tbey. d' ,,",to ha -e' gUllI' . .

··on, , .. ·v·,· ....

" - - ._ , '. - -

I don't care ,if It's a 300 Ibj psycho or a 'Karate expert;, 'if you can, lift and ,s,wing 10~ eunees, "au can defeat any'

l .... ser a--..I ftnp' ·o-·nen· t

~ :. '·".11mU ¥~", . _' " - 'j

"""'-_.. - ·th- :k_l __ .. _,11...... . . . ..... ·1l.:11 Afte· '. - . ·00···· ·t !I!'Iif'W\

j.,IU-UWmg· . 'e 'LJUiH'UJ ~S some iiIIU-Ut . __ ... 'f a' ::·U.' JaN

throw,s youtn begin to g,et the bang of it. You start by bOJldiDg one we,jlht in your thrlowing band and swinging the· other ,two ar·ound your head.

Be sure you're .in a cleared :space with. a 'tree or post, as a target~ Hay bales 'or a blanket or something else soft wrapped around your target will. keep ·the 'lead w,efgbts from losing their 'shape ,on. impact, for the iqlact is jn. deed Iteat ..

Start a gentle 8Wing, exte·nding your arm above yow-' bead. If you. aren't well eneugh COOf\dina'ted to kee~ 'the

10.:'-1* ,i dWa . .....__.._. . - ha.n.A J d :Ii....-U_ sU··ct to-

wuu-_m,1 we~l~ 8vvyc your .. ~ you .UC1f~ ... ,' c· .. '

. -. '1 .. "'I"

name-caWng. :E,xtreme care essness or usmg WIUie 1&

toxicated could mean the end of you ..

lip of the 'tube. That way, there is 'plenty enough room to withdraw the 'bolas, the tube will not creep up in the peeket and 'the' safety pin will be bidden by your belt.

Say you want it ready to use as throwing bolas. Pu.t one weight in the tube and push. .its cord down. on. top of it,,_ Do the same with the' second. weight~ Keep out the last we'igh.t and push its cord into the tube and then put it in and push it down just so it is even with the top ,of th~ tube,

If you don't expect to be actually throwing the bolas, pack the weights so the knot projects to where a. weight would nonnany be. A. quick and effortless, tug, on the knot will have the clonkers ready to swing in a second,

'Wi'tb the tube in the pocket, just so, there is, no noticeable weight nor any pressure on the abdomen: unless you, wear your pants very tight in, the waist

Don 't let 'the simplicity of this weapon or Its origins make you. despise it.. It is lethal, concealable and instant·lyaccessable. With it, you n.eed. fear no one lesser arm ... ed,

POOR 'MA,.N t S JA.MES B,OND vo.i , 3

T·HE" .. " WEAP':c_' ,,'0' NE":'(E' . R,-'

- .• " .• '. .~ I

S·'B··:,X-·O···.· .• ···O···.'S/':I U' .· ... ·· ..• Itimate .... .Fan 'g .. '

.' .' ...:., . j t '" .' ~ .• ' . .' '.: - - • - '_ .• • '. • ."' ,_. .' ..' ." • • '. •

H'ow ,often have you longed for' a weapon Whi,ch is 18thal,t. silent,. concealable., quick, cheap 8,nd untraceable? I' couldn't find ,one so II :invented the Ultimate Fang~ Egomania dam an dad I glive 11' my n,ame~

H: is a new concept In weaponryt! 8imilar to the tranqu,lllzer darts shot' from guns~ ·But since those and the guns to .hoot them from are unavailable to the pubUc. my Fangl win have to, oo,

n. i8 a' h,ypodarmiC S\#I'ilnge' - ." with nea-

•.• I. •• !I" I " ."_ _ .. .._

. -

die.··· w·hi;c.·· :h' u'p';on p·ene.,tra .. tton.

- . . "to . , ' .- . :II

a· ·ut·o··mat· .. 'll_AUy" ·1·'nJ~~ 2 ees .' 'of"'~ po'.'. '"1;80" "n'

o' : •• _'." ,'I •• 1tI.i_!I,', . :~ ... ,'. I", .. " _:'. _.1" .',.. •

into you,r oppo.nenfs system,.

IExamine Figu,re ,St When the bub and needle .nte'r th., flesh, tha' benlt ·end of 'the paper cUp ,and the c\utl8r ie· pushed baCk., ,cutting the fish line hotdlng the rubber band. Upo\n

ral ... e-.ifI!IIi. th··, 8> ru ,bber ba····, ,n° "d" p' US' ',hes' .,: "h.

~ .. , ' '

plu'nger t wht,ch empties, the hypo ..

The Fang i8 first loaded with the poison of 'your choice and carried ln the ,holder diagrammed lin, Figure 8,. If you' nsed parsonnaJ contact with, an opponen:t. you simply remove the hoIdet,l, cover. approach him: from bah:ind and jab the :p,rotrud'~ing point into his rumlp.

The fish hook barb wiU hold it iin and the poison 'wilil be automaticaUy inJected Into his system· before h·is reaction tim.wil let him y,anlk i1 out. By that time, 2 CC8 of death willil have poured i:n and, only the Gl,aat Pumpkin' cou~dn~ .keepl hllm alive, for more

th' ·an· 1-, a' &-- .. ~ds:.···-

_., . law ~" !I

If \iI"W:J anticinGfa a mugg' . , .... ing' ·-.·or other

. I""""'" , ' "........ . ' ',!. . ._ .' -" ..

......._.-L. h.oI!!n..fa ~ ... - co,l.t-Ar off an d.. ~a .I.....,~, ..... v. Incr . '.v . . " !n",

Fang upright. ,Beat: to jab it into a fte8hy· n·,rt of hie, arml· u""'r thu,h·

. ~" . _. . ....... I.,

th.roat, cheek 01 belly'. The suprise of your attack. the penetration and his· own reactio,n ti,miB will doom him ,before he can' .stop its 'Iethal ftow, ..

. If 'you prefer to hit him from a distance, 'you'I'1 want a. 'b owg1u.n. The Fang wUI go with great force and at> curacy for a distance of from 20 'to 'thirty fee,t, d.pending on your I,ung power. This Is· plenty If yo,u are I,urkingl.around a corner or sitt!ing in a car at the curb. Anyon,. wallding by or ,arrtariingor leaving a building is within easy range~

By Kurt Saxon

If' you must practice on Uve pray. sit in your car on a Sat.urday night when the wiardos prowl! your downtown area.t Best to ait on the passa,nge(s side In front and shoot thro"ugh the ;rear wlndow'i When you sea· a likely ,dagenarate; fag, pimpt, punk or' U'b8ral!, aim at the 'ace., bally. thigh or rump andllet flyt T,hen. dj,88&S8mlil bIe the blowgun, d·rop it behind the back ,888t, ,scoot behi,nd the whee' and drive off;; The Fang you lea.va behl.nd is uintraceable" Hu.ndreds of mlillOl1l of th!r0w8way l1y,pos are soltl each year allover the country by the same, :co,mpany .. Also, there is too little surface area which could hol,d a recogn,izabl. pfiim. Just lin case, you

mmht WI"· ":~pe'," . t ....... tu·" be- and' I ' .. th,· . e '1'."" .. · .. ·~t,..h·

III '-' ,- 1--. ~. . _". .. ' . ' .,_"w' WIll

a cotton awab just ,before tp,utling the Fang in hI hold.r~

Don'-' " WO'rnJ· abo .. ··' '·"u··t be·'."'ng o:k!l!'ilo-,ftl'-d"

-. !I,ll '. . '., .. LJDa, .. ...,·"

by.fta~h,y'. The··~'nAnft .• · .... , ·l.·,t··h··· ,re.·~'

~!iRiIII.. . I'~V rr-'I!!I" .... e ., •.

are, the· bettelr your chance of going

Unnotii·".,:,o;~~ U., rban·', ":ae i8Al1~-m", 88······,

... ~ ,'_" _"'vv"'U\It . e

&n1ything 'tbe'y are,n' on the make tor

80 'you can act with tmpun:ity ~ Most likely, the"r only reactto,n 10 ·the victimls de,ath throes wciulld· be to steal his 'watch or cop a teet.

Now to the making ·of the Fangl It is simple to .put together, requiring no skill or special 'lq1uipment Nearly 8Y8rything used in iI"s construction, except the hypo, can be gotten from your'local supermarket" hardware or ditme stores.

T:he· hypos are B·D (BeckDlick8naon_) 3 cc 21 G 1 syr,i:ngest bough,t at ,about ,$25.00' per '100 from any pharmacy. He,r. in the Free South. anyone can buy ·them inl.· dividuailly or by the 'box' on req:ueat.

Figure 1 shows· the hypo as it comes from t:he manufacturer ~ p'un

- ' -

out:' tho ' e' p'lu' ··n' gar. .: an· d·,' "'·IP· oft·, I"~ edges.,., .. '.. .

__ ," .. , ' ' , _: . _ . ._, IIJ.I' ". 'WV . . . ,-, _

" . .

·th· h· F-

WL" SCISSOrs, as I'·ow·n Inigure 2~

Thill aUows the rubber band t,o re"st· firmlly,.,

Next, cl'ip off th,A rubbe:r ring (m:id·, dr,s ill us. Fig. t 2) n·e'.rest the plastic. This is not nec,essary if 'you i!nte,nd to deliver it by hand .. But the dou'bl8 ring

P ... A Jii!MI·s· a' p'roht.ftm-· wh·· :' en' ..... .6 F- ."" A.

I "V:~II"!.. - ":~ II. _ ' . ,,-,! I'.., ........ I4iI!I

- - .

shot trom a blowg'un. Havin.g 'two

rings makes lit tend to bind to the sides of the tu,be., ,needing 8, litde extra prsaaure·, which c:8n't be applied once irs left the blowgun~

With a razor knif., cut ,through the tube to. ,remove the f'in'gar holds (·Fig .. 1).

Next. drill· or burn a h~8 tlhrough Whlic,h t,o tie th~. retease mechanism i,n place .. I(Examl,n. the far right dliag1ram in Figure 2). Put the plunger in so'the firat ri1ng rests on the 2 ee mark,. as in Fligulr8 4, and is turned ,10 the ,clipped end ls on its side. Then. un,band a paper clip and hold ,one ,end of it lin the' fire to' make it red ,hot ..

BUlrn the hoi., thirough the tuba, and di:recdy' behind 'he' plastic cirde at ·the

bus· '~I'n'- e~·s~·s·· ·s·n,·d·· 0" t"h'-··.- 'p.llu' "llVtAr' , iI,f! yo ... U'·

_ ' _ " . _'" _"" _' . " ..• ,,_ .... ' • II ~,""_

ka-iI ilt ,.lil'l h ... te '.--- .... ·:h·'

uulm I.·, you, ,·ave·.·: remove '·IJ·a

pI-UIVIIW and cut' oft· any' , .: melted pl. 8Itic

that·~··m·'- :~~g, ·ht,· . stand-~ 0' UI-· and •. • .. ~~~, 'o,n'~ t •• h'i e'·

... _, ,I. _, __. , \iG.I.\;;i'I_.

tu,be. It's better to use· a 1/16th inch d,rilili.

The needle has to be cut in haff and reground.~ ThtiS i,1 to keep it from

band· ,' .. 'g' 0' lr pa ··ct·' a."~"'" rag····rI .. nn

. In,.n m '" ,lUlU 'In'D I ._ ,ilRMI' ••

I,B'to prevent t'he ti,p from Icloggtng ..

it ant.rs.. .

Fo··· rag'" rI-'n"d"~'" g 'I u .. ··· 'a' ·fi'ln·.·'· wh' ...•

I r I. ., ,._I,n :,' .... ..• ...•. , .. I '. ."

and put the needle to it. rim edga 'to eut, then 8n,gle 'it on the nat tpart of the rim 80 ther.groundl tip i8 the same ahlape as the o~ig. 'nat ·The wheet tends to ;burlnl it 80, ·any ash must be scraped 'ro·m: the tilpt How,ever you do it, use a daming n .. dl'8 to scrape au'! any ash. burrs or' ti!lilngs that' m,ight clog, the' tip ..

If you have no gri'nder,. just ·cut the needle with a scilssors and regrind the tip w'ith an emery cloth or stone, J,ust· make sure the ti'p is cte.r andl test it by fnling~ It 'the liquid doean1

lqul,rt ,out atr'aight., I,t', ·dogged. So,

keep scrapi·ng and r.a'ming ulntil you

get··. ,;t. n·lI:g·-h,:t·. I·t'· J~u···8t···· t·-tLo .... la· m· Ilin··,·.,

. 'II , '. 1_ ,l. ". I, J, an.ga ..' l U"'.1i

As shown lat tha' right 01 Figure 3, shove thl' hypo n •• U. through the ,m1i:ddle of the 'Sind of a No •• - to 83 rubber band ·lit'\Il can b'·, '.UY-' 'from an. .,.y . ..d.

. . ,.. , . ., ~ W#'WII , ' , I .. .. UI'

POOR MAN'S JAMES B,OND 'Vol. 3

85·.··

.'

THE )lEA'PONEER

nco 1 ~-- _ .. -_. -_.' . ....,,_.,:_- -i' --:.=._...3CJ

, '. ·---IING .. BO'DS

, ~"""~D"~"'·"'·C-·S"·YRIN· "'0'-"

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BAND FANG

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CAldtYIN' '0-'

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'ne. 'I' DI:==- =, ===i!"==::t'C:::=:I=I~==_ ~=. ::-=' =.= .. :=It=''i!I~31=' .=-==' ===::. ..

ucnONED BLOW GUN

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nC.I!

SECTION BOLDER

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ALI1MIN1lM TUBING

IWBBKII TAPE ~,r'~===7

M011l1l PIECE

flee supply 8I,or8. if you don't hav:e som around. Fhittane'd,t they meBSu,re 2 314 inches long ,by 3/18th inch wide~ 'Usa a brand new one tor fastest flOW't

For the barbl, you;'I' need a fish hook. Branz,s, colored hook,. ar.· tempered too, hard and so are almost: iimpossible to bend wI,thout breakilng. Thus, the ,shaft beh:i1nd the barb will be, too tong and also curved, or it will be too short to handl18. The ,silvery ones canl be straightened! and 80 can be cut so the shaft rests on the hypo's n •• Us end and the barb projects, slightly beyond its tip as shown at 'the right of Figure 3.

From my W'all·Mart: store I' got a p,aekage of 50 FAST GR,IP' ,LIM'ERlCK HOOKS, No. 2/Os .. If you

h a' 'II h' Id the tyl! i <