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Flow Solution. Design

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-1NETWORK DESCRIPTION

DF DesigNet, Version 4

ABZ, Incorporated - (800) 747-7401

www.abzinc.com

DF DesigNet, Version 4

DF DesigNet, Version 4

ABZ, Incorporated - (800) 747-7401

www.abzinc.com

DF DesigNet, Version 4

ABZ, Incorporated - (800) 747-7401

www.abzinc.com

9.64

DP in bar

DF DesigNet, Version 4

ABZ, Incorporated - (800) 747-7401

www.abzinc.com

607,199.5

DF DesigNet, Version 4

ABZ, Incorporated - (800) 747-7401

www.abzinc.com

612.0

DF DesigNet, Version 4

ABZ, Incorporated - (800) 747-7401

www.abzinc.com

DF DesigNet, Version 4

1.5

ABZ, Incorporated - (800) 747-7401

www.abzinc.com

1.5

Velocity in meters/sec

DF DesigNet, Version 4

ABZ, Incorporated - (800) 747-7401

www.abzinc.com

Mach Number

DF DesigNet, Version 4

90.0

ABZ, Incorporated - (800) 747-7401

www.abzinc.com

0.0

DF DesigNet, Version 4

38.100

ABZ, Incorporated - (800) 747-7401

www.abzinc.com

38.100

Diameter in centimeters

Branch 1

DF DesigNet, Version 4

DP in bar

Branch 1

9.60

0.02

0.03

DF DesigNet, Version 4

Branch 1

DF DesigNet, Version 4

Branch 1

612.0

612.0

DF DesigNet, Version 4

Branch 1

DF DesigNet, Version 4

Velocity in meters/sec

Branch 1

1.5

1.5

DF DesigNet, Version 4

Mach Number

Branch 1

DF DesigNet, Version 4

Branch 1

90.0

90.0

DF DesigNet, Version 4

Diameter in centimeters

Branch 1

38.100

38.100

DF DesigNet, Version 4

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-2BRANCH DESCRIPTION

Branch Number:

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-3-

2100

20

10

Tee, 16"

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-4-

2100

20

10

Tee, 16"

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-5-

ONE-PAGE SUMMARY

Branch Number:

1

FLUID DESCRIPTION

Asmpt:

Incompressible

Fluid:

Water

Temperature:

Pressure:

Density:

Specific Volume:

Specific Gravity:

0.992

Abs. Viscosity:

0.654 centipoise

Kin. Viscosity:

0.659 centistokes

HARDWARE DESCRIPTION

Number of Components:

31

Branch K Factor:

80.45

FLOW DESCRIPTION

Volumetric Flow Rate:

Velocity:

612.0 cu meters/hour = 2,694.8 US gal/min

1.5 meters/sec = 4.9 ft/sec (FPS)

Differential Pressure:

Head Loss:

Head Loss:

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-6-

Fluid:

Water

Temperature:

Pressure:

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-7-

Fluid:

Water

Units as follows:

Pressure:

bars gage

Specific Volume:

CC/gram

Absolute Viscosity:

centipoise

Component Name

INLET

1.01

0.654

1.01

0.654

1.01

0.654

1.01

0.654

OUTLET

1.01

0.654

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-8-

Fluid:

Water

Condition:

Subcooled

User Specified:

Asmpt:

Incompressible

Temperature:

Pressure:

0.00 bars gage = 14.70 PSIA

Determined:

Density:

Specific Volume:

Specific Gravity:

0.992

Abs. Viscosity:

0.654 centipoise

Kin. Viscosity:

0.659 centistokes

Enthalpy:

Degrees Subcooled:

60.00 Celsius = 108.00 Fahrenheit

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-9-

Branch Number:

Number of Components:

1

31

Branch K Factor:

80.45

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-10-

BRANCH ASSUMPTIONS

Density and viscosity do not change as pressure changes from the

specified fluid state.

Changes in friction factor (i.e., changes in Reynolds number)

can be ignored along any single specified pipe length.

The flow resistance of valves and fittings is independent of

flow rate.

SUPPORTING CALCULATIONS

0.408 Q

v =

v = velocity (FPS)

d = diameter (inches)

2

W = 19.646 d

v p

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

123.9 d v p

Re =

m

Re = Reynolds number

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

m = absolute viscosity (centipoise)

F L

K =

d / 12

K = resistance coefficient

F = friction factor (A-24)

L = length (feet)

d = inside diameter (inches)

2

K v

h =

2 g

h = frictional head loss (feet)

K = resistance coefficient

v = velocity (FPS)

g = gravitational constant

p

dP = (h + dZ)

144

dP = differential pressure (PSID)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

h = frictional head loss (feet)

dZ = elevational change (feet)

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-11-

Branch Number:

Number of Components:

31

Units as follows:

Diameter:

centimeters

Equivalent Length:

meters

bars gage

Head Loss (HL):

meters

Inlet Velocity:

meters/sec

bar

Component Name

Pin

INLET

DP

38.100

OUTLET

38.100

38.100

38.100

In Vel

2470.80

80.451

9.12

1.492

38.100 2100.00

76.541

9.64

HL

9.60

8.68

1.492

38.100

2.19

0.071

0.02

0.16

1.492

38.100

7.62

0.248

0.03

0.28

1.492

38.100 2470.80

80.451

1.492

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-12-

BRANCH ASSUMPTIONS

Density and viscosity do not change as pressure changes from the

specified fluid state.

Changes in friction factor (i.e., changes in Reynolds number)

can be ignored along any single specified pipe length.

The flow resistance of valves and fittings is independent of

flow rate.

SUPPORTING CALCULATIONS

0.408 Q

v =

v = velocity (FPS)

d = diameter (inches)

2

W = 19.646 d

v p

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

123.9 d v p

Re =

m

Re = Reynolds number

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

m = absolute viscosity (centipoise)

F L

K =

d / 12

K = resistance coefficient

F = friction factor (A-24)

L = length (feet)

d = inside diameter (inches)

2

K v

h =

2 g

h = frictional head loss (feet)

K = resistance coefficient

v = velocity (FPS)

g = gravitational constant

p

dP = (h + dZ)

144

dP = differential pressure (PSID)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

h = frictional head loss (feet)

dZ = elevational change (feet)

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-13-

Branch Number:

Number of Components:

1

31

Component List

Pipe, NPS 16, sched XS, 2100.00 me

K Factor

76.541

0.071

0.248

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-14-

User specified:

Spec:

16

Schedule/Class:

XS

Length:

Elev. Change:

Determined:

Outside Diameter:

Wall Thickness:

Inside Diameter:

Surface:

1.270 centimeters = 0.500 inches

38.100 centimeters = 15.000 inches

'Commercial steel'

Abs. Rough:

0.000150 feet

Rel. Rough:

0.000120

Flow Area:

Volume/foot:

Pipe Weight/foot:

Water Weight/foot:

HEAD LOSS/FLUID FLOW

Component:

Re Num:

861,218

Friction Factor:

0.01389

0.01241

K factor:

76.54

Head Loss:

Head Loss:

Diff. Press:

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-15-

ASSUMPTIONS

Density and viscosity do not change as pressure changes from the

specified fluid state.

Changes in friction factor (i.e., changes in Reynolds number)

can be ignored along any single specified pipe length.

SUPPORTING CALCULATIONS

p

dP = (h + dZ)

144

p = density (lb/cu ft)

h = frictional head loss (feet)

dZ = elevational change (feet)

2

v

2 g h

v = velocity (FPS)

g = gravitational constant

h = frictional head loss (feet)

K = resistance coefficient

2

W = 19.646 d

v p

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

Q = 2.451 d

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

123.9 d v p

Re =

m

Re = Reynolds number

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

m = absolute viscosity (centipoise)

F L

K =

d / 12

K = resistance coefficient

F = friction factor (A-24)

L = length (feet)

d = inside diameter (inches)

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-16-

User specified:

Number of Components:

Component:

20

Determined:

Inside Diameter:

Bend radius:

428.625 centimeters = 168.750 inches

Equivalent Length:

Equivalent Length:

5.76 diameters

Friction factor:

Cv (Kv):

K factor:

0.01241

0.07

HEAD LOSS/FLUID FLOW

Component:

Head Loss:

Head Loss:

Diff. Press:

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-17-

ASSUMPTIONS

Density and viscosity do not change as pressure changes from the

specified fluid state.

The flow resistance of valves and fittings is independent of

flow rate.

SUPPORTING CALCULATIONS

p h

dP =

144

h = frictional head loss (feet)

2

v

2 g h

v = velocity (FPS)

g = gravitational constant

h = frictional head loss (feet)

K = resistance coefficient

2

W = 19.646 d

v p

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

2

Q = 2.451 d

v

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

where:

K = resistance coefficient

K = L/D F

T

T

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-18-

User specified:

Number of Components:

Component:

10

Determined:

Inside Diameter:

Inlet Elevation:

Equivalent Length:

Equivalent Length:

Friction factor:

Cv (Kv):

K factor:

20.00 diameters

0.01241

0.25

HEAD LOSS/FLUID FLOW

Component:

Head Loss:

Head Loss:

Diff. Press:

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-19-

ASSUMPTIONS

Density and viscosity do not change as pressure changes from the

specified fluid state.

The flow resistance of valves and fittings is independent of

flow rate.

SUPPORTING CALCULATIONS

p h

dP =

144

h = frictional head loss (feet)

2

v

2 g h

v = velocity (FPS)

g = gravitational constant

h = frictional head loss (feet)

K = resistance coefficient

2

W = 19.646 d

v p

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

2

Q = 2.451 d

v

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

where:

K = resistance coefficient

K = L/D F

T

T

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-20-

Symbols and Units:

Din - Inlet Diameter - centimeters

Dout - Outlet Diameter - centimeters

A - Inlet Area - sq cm

dZ - Elevational Change - meters

Re - Reynolds Number

EL - Equivalent Length - Diameters

K - K Factor relative to Inlet Diameter

Pin - Inlet Pressure - bars gage

Pout - Outlet Pressure - bars gage

DP - Differential Pressure - bar

HL - Frictional Head Loss - meters

D - Inlet Density - grams/CC

mu - Inlet Absolute Viscosity - centipoise

W - Mass Flow Rate - kg/hr

Q - Actual Volumetric Flow Rate - cu meters/hour

Vin - Inlet Velocity - meters/sec

Vout - Outlet Velocity - meters/sec

Component Name:

Din:

38.100

Dout:

Re:

861218

f:

Pin:

38.100

0.013887

Pout:

D:

0.992

W:

6.07E+05

Component Name:

mu:

Q:

38.100

Dout:

Re:

861218

f:

0.992

W:

6.07E+05

Component Name:

mu:

Q:

38.100

Dout:

Re:

861218

f:

612.00

38.100

0.012406

0.992

W:

6.07E+05

76.54

DP:

9.60

HL:

8.68

Vin:

1.49

Vout:

1.49

dZ:

0.00

Area:

1140.163

EL:

5.76

K:

0.07

DP:

0.02

HL:

0.16

Vin:

1.49

Vout:

1.49

dZ:

0.00

0.654

612.00

38.100

0.012406

Pout:

D:

90.00

K:

Din:

Pin:

dZ:

5511.59

0.654

Pout:

D:

1140.163

EL:

Din:

Pin:

Area:

mu:

Q:

Area:

1140.163

EL:

20.00

K:

0.25

DP:

0.03

HL:

0.28

Vin:

1.49

Vout:

1.49

0.654

612.00

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-21-

Symbols and Units:

Din - Inlet Diameter - centimeters

Dout - Outlet Diameter - centimeters

A - Inlet Area - sq cm

Re - Reynolds Number

EL - Equivalent Length - Diameters

K - K Factor relative to Inlet Diameter

Tin - Inlet Temperature - Celsius

Tout - Outlet Temperature - Celsius

Pin - Inlet Pressure - bars gage

Pout - Outlet Pressure - bars gage

DP - Differential Pressure - bar

vin - Inlet Specific Volume - CC/gram

vout - Outlet Specific Volume - CC/gram

mu - Inlet Absolute Viscosity - centipoise

W - Mass Flow Rate - kg/hr

Qin - Inlet Actual Volumetric Flow Rate - cu meters/hour

Qout - Outlet Actual Volumetric Flow Rate - cu meters/hour

Vin - Inlet Velocity - meters/sec

Vout - Outlet Velocity - meters/sec

Component Name:

Din:

38.100 Dout:

Re:

861218 f:

vin:

1.008 vout:

Tin:

40.00 Pin:

Tout:

W:

Qout:

612.00 Vout:

38.100 Dout:

Re:

861218 f:

vin:

1.008 vout:

Tin:

40.00 Pin:

Qout:

5511.59 K:

1.008 mu:

0.654

DP:

9.60

76.54

612.00 Vin:

1.49

1.49

Din:

W:

1140.163

40.00 Pout:

6.07E+05 Qin:

Component Name:

Tout:

38.100 A:

0.013887 EL:

38.100 A:

0.012406 EL:

1140.163

5.76 K:

1.008 mu:

0.654

DP:

0.02

40.00 Pout:

6.07E+05 Qin:

612.00 Vout:

612.00 Vin:

1.49

1.49

0.07

DF DesigNet, Version 4

Component Name:

38.100 Dout:

Re:

861218 f:

vin:

1.008 vout:

Tin:

40.00 Pin:

W:

Qout:

Din:

Tout:

-22-

38.100 A:

0.012406 EL:

1140.163

20.00 K:

1.008 mu:

0.654

DP:

0.03

40.00 Pout:

6.07E+05 Qin:

612.00 Vout:

612.00 Vin:

1.49

1.49

0.25

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-23-

Symbols and Units:

Din - Inlet Diameter - centimeters

Dout - Outlet Diameter - centimeters

A - Inlet Area - sq cm

dZ - Elevational Change - meters

Re - Reynolds Number

EL - Equivalent Length - Diameters

K - K Factor relative to Inlet Diameter

Pin - Inlet Pressure - bars gage

Pout - Outlet Pressure - bars gage

DP - Differential Pressure - bar

HL - Frictional Head Loss - meters

pin - Inlet Density - grams/CC

pout - Outlet Density - grams/CC

vin - Inlet Specific Volume - CC/gram

vout - Outlet Specific Volume - CC/gram

mu - Absolute Viscosity - centipoise

W - Mass Flow Rate - kg/hr

Qin - Inlet Actual Volumetric Flow Rate - cu meters/hour

Qout - Outlet Actual Volumetric Flow Rate - cu meters/hour

Vin - Inlet Velocity - meters/sec

Vout - Outlet Velocity - meters/sec

Component Name:

Din:

38.100

Dout:

38.100

Zin:

0.00

Zout:

90.00

dZ:

90.00

Re:

0.013887

EL:

5511.59

0.992

vin:

1.008

mu:

0.654

pout:

0.992

vout:

1.008

HL:

8.681

Tin:

40.00

Pin:

DP:

9.60

40.00

Pout:

Vin:

1.49

W:

Qout:

607199.53

612.00

f:

1140.163

pin:

Tout:

861218

A:

Qin:

Vout:

612.00

1.49

K:

76.54

DF DesigNet, Version 4

Component Name:

-24-

Din:

38.100

Dout:

38.100

Zin:

90.00

Zout:

90.00

dZ:

Re:

1140.163

0.00

0.012406

EL:

5.76

0.992

vin:

1.008

mu:

0.654

pout:

0.992

vout:

1.008

HL:

0.162

Tin:

40.00

Pin:

DP:

0.02

40.00

Pout:

Vin:

1.49

W:

Qout:

607199.53

612.00

Component Name:

f:

A:

pin:

Tout:

861218

Qin:

Vout:

612.00

38.100

Dout:

38.100

90.00

Zout:

90.00

dZ:

0.00

0.012406

EL:

20.00

vin:

1.008

mu:

0.654

pout:

0.992

vout:

1.008

HL:

0.281

Tin:

40.00

Pin:

DP:

0.03

40.00

Pout:

Vin:

1.49

Qout:

607199.53

612.00

0.25

1140.163

0.992

W:

f:

A:

pin:

Tout:

K:

Zin:

861218

0.07

1.49

Din:

Re:

K:

Qin:

Vout:

612.00

1.49

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-25-

Mass Flow Rate:

Inlet Vol. Flow Rate:

Inlet Velocity:

Outlet Vol. Flow Rate:

Outlet Velocity:

612.0 cu meters/hour = 2,694.8 US gal/min

1.5 meters/sec = 4.9 ft/sec (FPS)

612.0 cu meters/hour = 2,694.8 US gal/min

1.5 meters/sec = 4.9 ft/sec (FPS)

Differential Pressure:

Head Loss:

Head Loss:

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-26-

Mass Flow Rate:

Units as follows:

Velocity:

Head Loss:

meters/sec

meters

Differential Pressure:

bar

Component Name

INLET

1.49

1.49

[10] Tee, 16" Thru Run

OUTLET

HL

DP

9.12

9.645

1.49

8.68

9.602

1.49

1.49

0.16

0.016

1.49

1.49

0.28

0.027

1.49

9.12

9.645

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-27-

User Specified:

Volumetric Flow Rate:

Determined:

Mass Flow Rate:

Inlet Velocity:

Outlet Velocity:

Differential Pressure:

Head Loss:

Head Loss:

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-28-

BRANCH ASSUMPTIONS

Density and viscosity do not change as pressure changes from the

specified fluid state.

Changes in friction factor (i.e., changes in Reynolds number)

can be ignored along any single specified pipe length.

The flow resistance of valves and fittings is independent of

flow rate.

SUPPORTING CALCULATIONS

0.408 Q

v =

v = velocity (FPS)

d = diameter (inches)

2

W = 19.646 d

v p

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

123.9 d v p

Re =

m

Re = Reynolds number

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

m = absolute viscosity (centipoise)

F L

K =

d / 12

K = resistance coefficient

F = friction factor (A-24)

L = length (feet)

d = inside diameter (inches)

2

K v

h =

2 g

h = frictional head loss (feet)

K = resistance coefficient

v = velocity (FPS)

g = gravitational constant

p

dP = (h + dZ)

144

dP = differential pressure (PSID)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

h = frictional head loss (feet)

dZ = elevational change (feet)

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-29BRANCH DESCRIPTION

Branch Number:

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-30-

ONE-PAGE SUMMARY

Branch Number:

1

FLUID DESCRIPTION

Asmpt:

Incompressible

Fluid:

Water

Temperature:

Pressure:

Density:

Specific Volume:

Specific Gravity:

0.992

Abs. Viscosity:

0.654 centipoise

Kin. Viscosity:

0.659 centistokes

HARDWARE DESCRIPTION

Number of Components:

31

Branch K Factor:

80.45

FLOW DESCRIPTION

Volumetric Flow Rate:

Velocity:

612.0 cu meters/hour = 2,694.8 US gal/min

1.5 meters/sec = 4.9 ft/sec (FPS)

Differential Pressure:

Head Loss:

Head Loss:

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-31-

Fluid:

Water

Temperature:

Pressure:

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-32-

Fluid:

Water

Units as follows:

Pressure:

bars gage

Specific Volume:

CC/gram

Absolute Viscosity:

centipoise

Component Name

INLET

1.01

0.654

1.01

0.654

1.01

0.654

1.01

0.654

OUTLET

1.01

0.654

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-33-

Fluid:

Water

Condition:

Subcooled

User Specified:

Asmpt:

Incompressible

Temperature:

Pressure:

0.00 bars gage = 14.70 PSIA

Determined:

Density:

Specific Volume:

Specific Gravity:

0.992

Abs. Viscosity:

0.654 centipoise

Kin. Viscosity:

0.659 centistokes

Enthalpy:

Degrees Subcooled:

60.00 Celsius = 108.00 Fahrenheit

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-34-

Branch Number:

Number of Components:

1

31

Branch K Factor:

80.45

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-35-

Density and viscosity do not change as pressure changes from the

specified fluid state.

Changes in friction factor (i.e., changes in Reynolds number)

can be ignored along any single specified pipe length.

The flow resistance of valves and fittings is independent of

flow rate.

SUPPORTING CALCULATIONS

0.408 Q

v =

v = velocity (FPS)

d = diameter (inches)

2

W = 19.646 d

v p

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

123.9 d v p

Re =

m

Re = Reynolds number

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

m = absolute viscosity (centipoise)

F L

K =

d / 12

K = resistance coefficient

F = friction factor (A-24)

L = length (feet)

d = inside diameter (inches)

2

K v

h =

2 g

h = frictional head loss (feet)

K = resistance coefficient

v = velocity (FPS)

g = gravitational constant

p

dP = (h + dZ)

144

dP = differential pressure (PSID)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

h = frictional head loss (feet)

dZ = elevational change (feet)

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-36-

Branch Number:

Number of Components:

31

Units as follows:

Diameter:

centimeters

Equivalent Length:

meters

bars gage

Head Loss (HL):

meters

Inlet Velocity:

meters/sec

bar

Component Name

Pin

INLET

DP

38.100

OUTLET

38.100

38.100

38.100

In Vel

2470.80

80.451

9.12

1.492

38.100 2100.00

76.541

9.64

HL

9.60

8.68

1.492

38.100

2.19

0.071

0.02

0.16

1.492

38.100

7.62

0.248

0.03

0.28

1.492

38.100 2470.80

80.451

1.492

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-37-

Density and viscosity do not change as pressure changes from the

specified fluid state.

Changes in friction factor (i.e., changes in Reynolds number)

can be ignored along any single specified pipe length.

The flow resistance of valves and fittings is independent of

flow rate.

SUPPORTING CALCULATIONS

0.408 Q

v =

v = velocity (FPS)

d = diameter (inches)

2

W = 19.646 d

v p

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

123.9 d v p

Re =

m

Re = Reynolds number

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

m = absolute viscosity (centipoise)

F L

K =

d / 12

K = resistance coefficient

F = friction factor (A-24)

L = length (feet)

d = inside diameter (inches)

2

K v

h =

2 g

h = frictional head loss (feet)

K = resistance coefficient

v = velocity (FPS)

g = gravitational constant

p

dP = (h + dZ)

144

dP = differential pressure (PSID)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

h = frictional head loss (feet)

dZ = elevational change (feet)

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-38-

Branch Number:

Number of Components:

1

31

Component List

Pipe, NPS 16, sched XS, 2100.00 me

K Factor

76.541

0.071

0.248

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-39-

User specified:

Spec:

16

Schedule/Class:

XS

Length:

Elev. Change:

Determined:

Outside Diameter:

Wall Thickness:

Inside Diameter:

Surface:

1.270 centimeters = 0.500 inches

38.100 centimeters = 15.000 inches

'Commercial steel'

Abs. Rough:

0.000150 feet

Rel. Rough:

0.000120

Flow Area:

Volume/foot:

Pipe Weight/foot:

Water Weight/foot:

HEAD LOSS/FLUID FLOW

Component:

Re Num:

861,218

Friction Factor:

0.01389

0.01241

K factor:

76.54

Head Loss:

Head Loss:

Diff. Press:

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-40-

ASSUMPTIONS

Density and viscosity do not change as pressure changes from the

specified fluid state.

Changes in friction factor (i.e., changes in Reynolds number)

can be ignored along any single specified pipe length.

SUPPORTING CALCULATIONS

p

dP = (h + dZ)

144

p = density (lb/cu ft)

h = frictional head loss (feet)

dZ = elevational change (feet)

2

v

2 g h

v = velocity (FPS)

g = gravitational constant

h = frictional head loss (feet)

K = resistance coefficient

2

W = 19.646 d

v p

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

Q = 2.451 d

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

123.9 d v p

Re =

m

Re = Reynolds number

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

m = absolute viscosity (centipoise)

F L

K =

d / 12

K = resistance coefficient

F = friction factor (A-24)

L = length (feet)

d = inside diameter (inches)

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-41-

User specified:

Number of Components:

Component:

20

Determined:

Inside Diameter:

Bend radius:

428.625 centimeters = 168.750 inches

Equivalent Length:

Equivalent Length:

5.76 diameters

Friction factor:

Cv (Kv):

K factor:

0.01241

0.07

HEAD LOSS/FLUID FLOW

Component:

Head Loss:

Head Loss:

Diff. Press:

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-42-

ASSUMPTIONS

Density and viscosity do not change as pressure changes from the

specified fluid state.

The flow resistance of valves and fittings is independent of

flow rate.

SUPPORTING CALCULATIONS

p h

dP =

144

h = frictional head loss (feet)

2

v

2 g h

v = velocity (FPS)

g = gravitational constant

h = frictional head loss (feet)

K = resistance coefficient

2

W = 19.646 d

v p

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

2

Q = 2.451 d

v

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

where:

K = resistance coefficient

K = L/D F

T

T

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-43-

User specified:

Number of Components:

Component:

10

Determined:

Inside Diameter:

Inlet Elevation:

Equivalent Length:

Equivalent Length:

Friction factor:

Cv (Kv):

K factor:

20.00 diameters

0.01241

0.25

HEAD LOSS/FLUID FLOW

Component:

Head Loss:

Head Loss:

Diff. Press:

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-44-

ASSUMPTIONS

Density and viscosity do not change as pressure changes from the

specified fluid state.

The flow resistance of valves and fittings is independent of

flow rate.

SUPPORTING CALCULATIONS

p h

dP =

144

h = frictional head loss (feet)

2

v

2 g h

v = velocity (FPS)

g = gravitational constant

h = frictional head loss (feet)

K = resistance coefficient

2

W = 19.646 d

v p

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

2

Q = 2.451 d

v

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

where:

K = resistance coefficient

K = L/D F

T

T

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-45-

Symbols and Units:

Din - Inlet Diameter - centimeters

Dout - Outlet Diameter - centimeters

A - Inlet Area - sq cm

dZ - Elevational Change - meters

Re - Reynolds Number

EL - Equivalent Length - Diameters

K - K Factor relative to Inlet Diameter

Pin - Inlet Pressure - bars gage

Pout - Outlet Pressure - bars gage

DP - Differential Pressure - bar

HL - Frictional Head Loss - meters

D - Inlet Density - grams/CC

mu - Inlet Absolute Viscosity - centipoise

W - Mass Flow Rate - kg/hr

Q - Actual Volumetric Flow Rate - cu meters/hour

Vin - Inlet Velocity - meters/sec

Vout - Outlet Velocity - meters/sec

Component Name:

Din:

38.100

Dout:

Re:

861218

f:

Pin:

38.100

0.013887

Pout:

D:

0.992

W:

6.07E+05

Component Name:

mu:

Q:

38.100

Dout:

Re:

861218

f:

0.992

W:

6.07E+05

Component Name:

mu:

Q:

38.100

Dout:

Re:

861218

f:

612.00

38.100

0.012406

0.992

W:

6.07E+05

76.54

DP:

9.60

HL:

8.68

Vin:

1.49

Vout:

1.49

dZ:

0.00

Area:

1140.163

EL:

5.76

K:

0.07

DP:

0.02

HL:

0.16

Vin:

1.49

Vout:

1.49

dZ:

0.00

0.654

612.00

38.100

0.012406

Pout:

D:

90.00

K:

Din:

Pin:

dZ:

5511.59

0.654

Pout:

D:

1140.163

EL:

Din:

Pin:

Area:

mu:

Q:

Area:

1140.163

EL:

20.00

K:

0.25

DP:

0.03

HL:

0.28

Vin:

1.49

Vout:

1.49

0.654

612.00

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-46-

Symbols and Units:

Din - Inlet Diameter - centimeters

Dout - Outlet Diameter - centimeters

A - Inlet Area - sq cm

Re - Reynolds Number

EL - Equivalent Length - Diameters

K - K Factor relative to Inlet Diameter

Tin - Inlet Temperature - Celsius

Tout - Outlet Temperature - Celsius

Pin - Inlet Pressure - bars gage

Pout - Outlet Pressure - bars gage

DP - Differential Pressure - bar

vin - Inlet Specific Volume - CC/gram

vout - Outlet Specific Volume - CC/gram

mu - Inlet Absolute Viscosity - centipoise

W - Mass Flow Rate - kg/hr

Qin - Inlet Actual Volumetric Flow Rate - cu meters/hour

Qout - Outlet Actual Volumetric Flow Rate - cu meters/hour

Vin - Inlet Velocity - meters/sec

Vout - Outlet Velocity - meters/sec

Component Name:

Din:

38.100 Dout:

Re:

861218 f:

vin:

1.008 vout:

Tin:

40.00 Pin:

Tout:

W:

Qout:

612.00 Vout:

38.100 Dout:

Re:

861218 f:

vin:

1.008 vout:

Tin:

40.00 Pin:

Qout:

5511.59 K:

1.008 mu:

0.654

DP:

9.60

76.54

612.00 Vin:

1.49

1.49

Din:

W:

1140.163

40.00 Pout:

6.07E+05 Qin:

Component Name:

Tout:

38.100 A:

0.013887 EL:

38.100 A:

0.012406 EL:

1140.163

5.76 K:

1.008 mu:

0.654

DP:

0.02

40.00 Pout:

6.07E+05 Qin:

612.00 Vout:

612.00 Vin:

1.49

1.49

0.07

DF DesigNet, Version 4

Component Name:

38.100 Dout:

Re:

861218 f:

vin:

1.008 vout:

Tin:

40.00 Pin:

W:

Qout:

Din:

Tout:

-47-

38.100 A:

0.012406 EL:

1140.163

20.00 K:

1.008 mu:

0.654

DP:

0.03

40.00 Pout:

6.07E+05 Qin:

612.00 Vout:

612.00 Vin:

1.49

1.49

0.25

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-48-

Symbols and Units:

Din - Inlet Diameter - centimeters

Dout - Outlet Diameter - centimeters

A - Inlet Area - sq cm

dZ - Elevational Change - meters

Re - Reynolds Number

EL - Equivalent Length - Diameters

K - K Factor relative to Inlet Diameter

Pin - Inlet Pressure - bars gage

Pout - Outlet Pressure - bars gage

DP - Differential Pressure - bar

HL - Frictional Head Loss - meters

pin - Inlet Density - grams/CC

pout - Outlet Density - grams/CC

vin - Inlet Specific Volume - CC/gram

vout - Outlet Specific Volume - CC/gram

mu - Absolute Viscosity - centipoise

W - Mass Flow Rate - kg/hr

Qin - Inlet Actual Volumetric Flow Rate - cu meters/hour

Qout - Outlet Actual Volumetric Flow Rate - cu meters/hour

Vin - Inlet Velocity - meters/sec

Vout - Outlet Velocity - meters/sec

Component Name:

Din:

38.100

Dout:

38.100

Zin:

0.00

Zout:

90.00

dZ:

90.00

Re:

0.013887

EL:

5511.59

0.992

vin:

1.008

mu:

0.654

pout:

0.992

vout:

1.008

HL:

8.681

Tin:

40.00

Pin:

DP:

9.60

40.00

Pout:

Vin:

1.49

W:

Qout:

607199.53

612.00

f:

1140.163

pin:

Tout:

861218

A:

Qin:

Vout:

612.00

1.49

K:

76.54

DF DesigNet, Version 4

Component Name:

-49-

Din:

38.100

Dout:

38.100

Zin:

90.00

Zout:

90.00

dZ:

Re:

1140.163

0.00

0.012406

EL:

5.76

0.992

vin:

1.008

mu:

0.654

pout:

0.992

vout:

1.008

HL:

0.162

Tin:

40.00

Pin:

DP:

0.02

40.00

Pout:

Vin:

1.49

W:

Qout:

607199.53

612.00

Component Name:

f:

A:

pin:

Tout:

861218

Qin:

Vout:

612.00

38.100

Dout:

38.100

90.00

Zout:

90.00

dZ:

0.00

0.012406

EL:

20.00

vin:

1.008

mu:

0.654

pout:

0.992

vout:

1.008

HL:

0.281

Tin:

40.00

Pin:

DP:

0.03

40.00

Pout:

Vin:

1.49

Qout:

607199.53

612.00

0.25

1140.163

0.992

W:

f:

A:

pin:

Tout:

K:

Zin:

861218

0.07

1.49

Din:

Re:

K:

Qin:

Vout:

612.00

1.49

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-50-

Mass Flow Rate:

Inlet Vol. Flow Rate:

Inlet Velocity:

Outlet Vol. Flow Rate:

Outlet Velocity:

612.0 cu meters/hour = 2,694.8 US gal/min

1.5 meters/sec = 4.9 ft/sec (FPS)

612.0 cu meters/hour = 2,694.8 US gal/min

1.5 meters/sec = 4.9 ft/sec (FPS)

Differential Pressure:

Head Loss:

Head Loss:

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-51-

Mass Flow Rate:

Units as follows:

Velocity:

Head Loss:

meters/sec

meters

Differential Pressure:

bar

Component Name

INLET

1.49

1.49

[10] Tee, 16" Thru Run

OUTLET

HL

DP

9.12

9.645

1.49

8.68

9.602

1.49

1.49

0.16

0.016

1.49

1.49

0.28

0.027

1.49

9.12

9.645

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-52-

User Specified:

Volumetric Flow Rate:

Determined:

Mass Flow Rate:

Inlet Velocity:

Outlet Velocity:

Differential Pressure:

Head Loss:

Head Loss:

DF DesigNet, Version 4

-53-

Density and viscosity do not change as pressure changes from the

specified fluid state.

Changes in friction factor (i.e., changes in Reynolds number)

can be ignored along any single specified pipe length.

The flow resistance of valves and fittings is independent of

flow rate.

SUPPORTING CALCULATIONS

0.408 Q

v =

v = velocity (FPS)

d = diameter (inches)

2

W = 19.646 d

v p

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

123.9 d v p

Re =

m

Re = Reynolds number

d = diameter (inches)

v = velocity (FPS)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

m = absolute viscosity (centipoise)

F L

K =

d / 12

K = resistance coefficient

F = friction factor (A-24)

L = length (feet)

d = inside diameter (inches)

2

K v

h =

2 g

h = frictional head loss (feet)

K = resistance coefficient

v = velocity (FPS)

g = gravitational constant

p

dP = (h + dZ)

144

dP = differential pressure (PSID)

p = density (lb/cu ft)

h = frictional head loss (feet)

dZ = elevational change (feet)

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