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Long Term Evolution (LTE)

Technology Overview

Commercial LTE networks have been launched worldwide, starting with the first network in Sweden in December 2009. 3GPP Release 9 features added further enhancements to LTE. The 3GPP candidate technology submission for
IMT-Advanced, developed as LTE Release 10 and beyond, has
been accepted as a 4G technology. Known as LTE-Advanced,
it complies with or exceeds the ITU established criteria in all
aspects.
Rohde & Schwarz is the right partner for making your

Multiple access schemes and physical layer signal generation


OFDMA in downlink

QAM
modulator

Data source

Mapping to
subcarriers

Subcarriers

LTE downlink

Addition of
cyclic prex

N-point IFFT

Physical channels

Example structure, 1 antenna signal (of a 22 MIMO setup) shown

OFDMA symbols

Long Term Evolution (LTE) will ensure the competitiveness


of UMTS for the next ten years and beyond by providing a
high-data rate, low-latency and packet-optimized system.
Also known as E-UTRA (Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio
Access), LTE is part of 3GPP Release 8 specifications. The
innovations that LTE brings to the UMTS world include:
New multiple access schemes for both LTE FDD and TD-LTE
Scalable bandwidth up to 20 MHz
MIMO antenna technology
New data and control channels
New network and protocol architecture
Specific test and measurement challenges

Not used for transmission at this antenna point


Reference symbol
PCFICH
PDCCH
PHICH
1 resource block = 180 kHz = 12 subcarriers with spacing of 15 kHz

Frequency
UE1

1 slot = 7 OFDMA symbols1) = 0.5 ms

UE2

UE3

carries user data

Physical multicast channel


(PMCH)

carries MBMS user data

Physical downlink control


channel (PDCCH)

carries control information


(DCI = downlink control
information)

Physical control format


indicator channel (PCFICH)

indicates format of PDCCH


(CFI = control format
indicator)

Physical hybrid ARQ


indicator channel (PHICH)

carries ACK/NACKs
(HI = HARQ indicator) for
uplink data packets

Physical broadcast channel


(PBCH)

provides information during


cell search, e.g. on system
bandwidth

Physical signals

1 subframe = 2 slots = 1 ms = 1 transmission time interval


UE4

1 radio frame = 10 subframes = 10 ms


1)

Physical downlink shared


channel (PDSCH)

UE5

UE6

Time

For normal cyclic prex duration.

Primary and secondary


synchronization signals

provide acquisition of cell


timing and identity during
cell search

Reference signal

enables channel estimation

SC-FDMA in uplink

LTE products happen. Our test solutions were the first


on the market and since then have evolved to a full

QAM
modulator

Data source

product portfolio from a single-source supplier, covering


applications from R & D to conformance.

Subcarriers

1)
2)

Band 6 is not applicable.


Europe only (ETSI EN 301 908-2).

FDD (in MHz):


1) UL: 1920
2) UL: 1850
3) UL: 1710
4) UL: 1710
5) UL: 824
6) UL: 830
7) UL: 2500
8) UL: 880
9) UL: 1749.9
10) UL: 1710
11) UL: 1427.9
12) UL: 699
13) UL: 777
14) UL: 788
15) UL: 1900
16) UL: 2010
17) UL: 704
18) UL: 815
19) UL: 830
20) UL: 832
21) UL: 1447.9
22) UL: 3410
23) UL: 2000
24) UL: 1626.5
25) UL: 1850
26) UL: 814
27) UL: 807
28) UL: 703
29) UL:

30) UL: 2305


31) UL: 452.5
32) UL:

TDD (in MHz):


33) 1900 to
34) 2010 to
35) 1850 to
36) 1930 to
37) 1910 to
38) 2570 to
39) 1880 to
40) 2300 to
41) 2496 to
42) 3400 to
43) 3600 to
44) 703 to

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

1980
1910
1785
1755
849
840
2570
915
1784.9
1770
1447.9
716
787
798
1920
2025
716
830
845
862
1462.9
3490
2020
1660.5
1915
849
824
748

to 2315
to 457.5

DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:

2110
1930
1805
2110
869
875
2620
925
1844.9
2110
1475.9
729
746
758
2600
2585
734
860
875
791
1495.9
3510
2180
1525
1930
859
852
758
717
2350
462.5
1452

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

2170
1990
1880
2155
894
885 1)
2690
960
1879.9
2170
1495.9
746
756
768
2620 2)
2600 2)
746
875
890
821
1510.9
3590
2200
1559
1995
894
869
803
728
2360
467.5
1496

1920
2025
1910
1990
1930
2620
1920
2400
2690
3600
3800
803

PUSCH for UE1


Demodulation reference signal for PUSCH

1.4 MHz

3 MHz

5 MHz

10 MHz

15 MHz

20 MHz

Resource blocks (RB)


(1 RB = 180 kHz)

15

25

50

75

100

Modulation schemes

DL: QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM


UL: QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM (optional for UE)

Multiple access

DL: OFDMA
UL: SC-FDMA

Peak data rate

DL: 150 Mbit/s (UE category 4, 2x2 MIMO, 20 MHz),


300 Mbit/s (UE category 5, 4x4 MIMO, 20 MHz)
UL: 75 Mbit/s (UE category 5, 20 MHz)

Frequency

Inter-cell RRM
Radio bearer control
Connection mobility
control
Radio admission
control
eNB measurement
conguration & provision

S-GW
Mobility
anchoring

Idle state mobility


handling

UE1

1 slot = 7 SC-FDMA symbols1) = 0.5 ms

UE3

1 radio frame = 10 subframes = 10 ms


1)

Physical uplink shared


channel (PUSCH)

carries user data

Physical uplink control


channel (PUCCH)

carries control information


(UCI = uplink control
information)

Physical random access


channel (PRACH)

preamble transmission for


initial access

Physical signals

UE2

1 subframe = 2 slots = 1 ms = 1 transmission time interval


UE4

Demodulation reference
signal

enables channel estimation

Sounding reference signal

enables channel quality


evaluation

Time

For normal cyclic prex duration.

MIMO antenna technology LTE enhancements


LTE MIMO characteristics

3GPP LTE Release 9

Number of eNB transmit antennas 1, 2 or 4

Feature

Number of UE receive antennas

2 or 4

Multimedia broadcast multicast services (MBMS) support for efcient point-to-multipoint transmission

DL transmit diversity

space frequency block coding (SFBC)

LTE positioning

DL spatial multiplexing

codebook-based precoding, maximum of 2


parallel code words

support for network-assisted global navigation satellite system (GNSS), observed time difference of arrival (OTDOA),
and enhanced cell ID positioning

LTE dual layer beamforming

MIMO spatial multiplexing support in case of beamforming

DL cyclic delay diversity

antenna-specic cyclic shifts

Multicarrier/multi-RAT base stations

RF requirements for base stations supporting multiple carriers and/or multiple radio access technologies (RAT)

Public warning system (PWS)

broadcast reception mechanism and associated paging to accommodate reception of alert messages
(extension of the earthquake and tsunami warning system (ETWS) in LTE Release 8)

Home eNB/femtocell

RF requirements tailored to different base station classes (wide area, local area and specically home base stations)

Self-organizing networks (SON)

additional support for mobility robustness optimization, mobility load balancing optimization and RACH optimization use cases

multi-user/collaborative MIMO,
transmit antenna selection

Objective

Rohde & Schwarz LTE test solutions


RF development and production testing

Mobile network testing

Protocol stack testing and IOT

Signal generators, and fading simulator

Benchmarking, optimization, drive tests

Application layer testing with IP analysis from


ipoque

R&SSGT100A

R&SSMW200A
MME
NAS security

Physical channels

1 resource block = 180 kHz = 12 subcarriers with spacing of 15 kHz

Network and protocol


architecture
eNB

LTE uplink

PUCCH (used by UEs not scheduled in this subframe)


Demodulation reference signal for PUCCH

UL MIMO mode

Channel bandwidth

Addition of
cyclic prex

N-point IFFT

Example structure, no frequency hopping

SC-FDMA symbols

Key parameters
Frequency range
(E-UTRA bands)

Mapping to
subcarriers

M-point DFT

P-GW
UE IP address
allocation

R&SSMBV100A

R&SCMW500 protocol tester

Signal and spectrum analyzers

Diversity Benchmarker II

Packet
ltering

EPS bearer
control

Diversity Ranger

Internet

MME/S-GW

RF conformance and network operator


acceptance testing

MME/S-GW

Dynamic resource
allocation (scheduler)
RRC

R&SFSW

R&SFSV

PDCP
RLC
MAC

S1

S1
S1

PHY

S1

R&SFPS
E-UTRAN

X2
eNB

X2

X2

eNB

Oscilloscopes

QualiPoc
Android

Power meters
R&STSME with R&SROMES

eNB

Glossary:

3GPP=3rd Generation Partnership Project, 4G=4th Generation Mobile Communications


Technology, ARQ=Automatic Repeat Request, DFT=Discrete Fourier Transformation,
DL=Downlink, eNB=evolved NodeB, EPS=Evolved Packet System, E-UTRA=Evolved
Universal Terrestrial Radio Access, FDD=Frequency Division Duplex, HARQ=Hybrid ARQ,
IFFT=Inverse Fast Fourier Transform, IMT=International Mobile Telecommunications,
IOT=Interoperability Testing, IP=Internet Protocol, ITU=International Telecommunication
Union, MAC=Medium Access Control, MBMS=Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service,
MIMO=Multiple Input Multiple Output, MME=Mobility Management Entity, NAS=Non
Access Stratum, OFDMA=Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access, P-GW=Packet
Data Network Gateway, PBCH=Physical Broadcast Channel, PCFICH=Physical
Control Format Indicator Channel, PDCCH=Physical Downlink Control Channel,
PDCP=Packet Data Convergence Protocol, PDSCH=Physical Downlink Shared Channel,
PHICH=Physical HARQ Indicator Channel, PHY=Physical Layer, PMCH=Physical
Multicast Channel, PRACH=Physical RACH, PUCCH=Physical Uplink Control Channel,
PUSCH=Physical Uplink Shared Channel, QAM=Quadrature Amplitude Modulation,
QPSK=Quadrature Phase Shift Keying, RACH=Random Access Channel, RAT=Radio
Access Technology, RF=Radio Frequency, RLC=Radio Link Control, RRC=Radio
Resource Control, RRM=Radio Resource Management, S-GW=Serving Gateway,
SC-FDMA=Single Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access, TD-LTE=Time Division
Long Term Evolution, TDD=Time Division Duplex, UE=User Equipment, UL=Uplink,
UMTS=Universal Mobile Telecommunications System.

Installation and maintenance


R&SRTO/RTE/RTM

R&SNRP

Wideband radio communication tester

R&SCMW500

R&SFSH/ZVH
Handheld spectrum/cable and
antenna analyzer

R&STS-LBS location
based services test
system

R&STS8980 RF and RRM test system

www.rohde-schwarz.com/technology/LTE

LTE_po_en.indd 1

03.02.2015 11:13:47

LTE_po_en.indd 1

1980
1910
1785
1755
849
840
2570
915
1784.9
1770
1447.9
716
787
798
1920
2025
716
830
845
862
1462.9
3490
2020
1660.5
1915
849
824
748

DL: 150 Mbit/s (UE category 4, 2x2 MIMO, 20 MHz),


300 Mbit/s (UE category 5, 4x4 MIMO, 20 MHz)
UL: 75 Mbit/s (UE category 5, 20 MHz)

EPS bearer
control

Idle state mobility


handling

MME
NAS security

eNB

S1

X2

S1

MME/S-GW

X2

eNB

S-GW
Mobility
anchoring

X2

S1

eNB

S1

MME/S-GW

Packet
ltering

P-GW
UE IP address
allocation

E-UTRAN

Internet

100

For normal cyclic prex duration.

For normal cyclic prex duration.

QAM
modulator

QAM
modulator

Time

UE4

UE5

N-point IFFT

UE2

UE6

UE3

Time

UE1

carries ACK/NACKs
(HI = HARQ indicator) for
uplink data packets
provides information during
cell search, e.g. on system
bandwidth

Physical hybrid ARQ


indicator channel (PHICH)
Physical broadcast channel
(PBCH)

enables channel estimation

Reference signal

carries control information


(UCI = uplink control
information)
preamble transmission for
initial access

Physical random access


channel (PRACH)

Sounding reference signal

Demodulation reference
signal

enables channel quality


evaluation

enables channel estimation

carries user data


Physical uplink control
channel (PUCCH)

Physical signals

Physical uplink shared


channel (PUSCH)

Physical channels

LTE uplink

provide acquisition of cell


timing and identity during
cell search

Primary and secondary


synchronization signals

RF requirements tailored to different base station classes (wide area, local area and specically home base stations)
additional support for mobility robustness optimization, mobility load balancing optimization and RACH optimization use cases

Home eNB/femtocell
Self-organizing networks (SON)

R&SNRP

Power meters

R&SFPS

R&SFSV

R&SSMBV100A

R&SCMW500

Wideband radio communication tester

R&SRTO/RTM/RTE

Oscilloscopes

R&SFSW

Signal and spectrum analyzers

QualiPoc
Android

Diversity Benchmarker II

R&SFSH/ZVH
Handheld spectrum/cable and
antenna analyzer

Installation and maintenance

R&STSME with R&SROMES

Diversity Ranger

R&STS8980 RF and
RRM test system

R&STS8980 RF and RRM test system

Signaling and RF conformance testing

R&SCMW500 protocol tester

Application layer testing with IP analysis from


ipoque

R&SSMW200A

Protocol stack testing and IOT

Mobile network testing


Benchmarking, optimization, drive tests

R&SSGT100A

RF development and production testing


Signal generators, and fading simulator

Rohde & Schwarz LTE test solutions

RF requirements for base stations supporting multiple carriers and/or multiple radio access technologies (RAT)
broadcast reception mechanism and associated paging to accommodate reception of alert messages
(extension of the earthquake and tsunami warning system (ETWS) in LTE Release 8)

Multicarrier/multi-RAT base stations


Public warning system (PWS)

MIMO spatial multiplexing support in case of beamforming

multi-user/collaborative MIMO,
transmit antenna selection

UL MIMO mode

indicates format of PDCCH


(CFI = control format
indicator)

Physical control format


indicator channel (PCFICH)

support for network-assisted global navigation satellite system (GNSS), observed time difference of arrival (OTDOA),
and enhanced cell ID positioning
antenna-specic cyclic shifts

Objective

3GPP LTE Release 9

codebook-based precoding, maximum of 2


parallel code words
DL cyclic delay diversity

carries control information


(DCI = downlink control
information)

Physical downlink control


channel (PDCCH)

LTE dual layer beamforming

Multimedia broadcast multicast services (MBMS) support for efcient point-to-multipoint transmission

2 or 4
space frequency block coding (SFBC)
DL spatial multiplexing

carries MBMS user data

Physical multicast channel


(PMCH)

Physical signals

carries user data

Physical downlink shared


channel (PDSCH)

Physical channels

LTE downlink

LTE positioning

Feature

LTE MIMO characteristics


Number of UE receive antennas
DL transmit diversity

UE4

Frequency

Addition of
cyclic prex

Frequency

Number of eNB transmit antennas 1, 2 or 4

UE3

UE2

1 resource block = 180 kHz = 12 subcarriers with spacing of 15 kHz

PUCCH (used by UEs not scheduled in this subframe)


Demodulation reference signal for PUCCH

PUSCH for UE1


Demodulation reference signal for PUSCH

Example structure, no frequency hopping

UE1

1 resource block = 180 kHz = 12 subcarriers with spacing of 15 kHz

Mapping to
subcarriers

1 radio frame = 10 subframes = 10 ms

1 subframe = 2 slots = 1 ms = 1 transmission time interval

1 slot = 7 SC-FDMA symbols1) = 0.5 ms

M-point DFT

Addition of
cyclic prex

Not used for transmission at this antenna point


Reference symbol
PCFICH
PDCCH
PHICH

Example structure, 1 antenna signal (of a 22 MIMO setup) shown

N-point IFFT

1 radio frame = 10 subframes = 10 ms

1 subframe = 2 slots = 1 ms = 1 transmission time interval

1 slot = 7 OFDMA symbols1) = 0.5 ms

Mapping to
subcarriers

MIMO antenna technology LTE enhancements

1)

Subcarriers

Data source

SC-FDMA in uplink

1)

Subcarriers

Data source

OFDMA in downlink

www.rohde-schwarz.com/technology/LTE

3GPP=3rd Generation Partnership Project, 4G=4th Generation Mobile Communications


Technology, ARQ=Automatic Repeat Request, DFT=Discrete Fourier Transformation,
DL=Downlink, eNB=evolved NodeB, EPS=Evolved Packet System, E-UTRA=Evolved
Universal Terrestrial Radio Access, FDD=Frequency Division Duplex, HARQ=Hybrid ARQ,
IFFT=Inverse Fast Fourier Transform, IMT=International Mobile Telecommunications,
IOT=Interoperability Testing, IP=Internet Protocol, ITU=International Telecommunication
Union, MAC=Medium Access Control, MBMS=Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service,
MIMO=Multiple Input Multiple Output, MME=Mobility Management Entity, NAS=Non
Access Stratum, OFDMA=Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access, P-GW=Packet
Data Network Gateway, PBCH=Physical Broadcast Channel, PCFICH=Physical
Control Format Indicator Channel, PDCCH=Physical Downlink Control Channel,
PDCP=Packet Data Convergence Protocol, PDSCH=Physical Downlink Shared Channel,
PHICH=Physical HARQ Indicator Channel, PHY=Physical Layer, PMCH=Physical
Multicast Channel, PRACH=Physical RACH, PUCCH=Physical Uplink Control Channel,
PUSCH=Physical Uplink Shared Channel, QAM=Quadrature Amplitude Modulation,
QPSK=Quadrature Phase Shift Keying, RACH=Random Access Channel, RAT=Radio
Access Technology, RF=Radio Frequency, RLC=Radio Link Control, RRC=Radio
Resource Control, RRM=Radio Resource Management, S-GW=Serving Gateway,
SC-FDMA=Single Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access, TD-LTE=Time Division
Long Term Evolution, TDD=Time Division Duplex, UE=User Equipment, UL=Uplink,
UMTS=Universal Mobile Telecommunications System.

Glossary:

PHY

MAC

RLC

PDCP

RRC

Dynamic resource
allocation (scheduler)

eNB measurement
conguration & provision

Radio admission
control

Connection mobility
control

Radio bearer control

Inter-cell RRM

eNB

Network and protocol


architecture

75

20 MHz

2170
1990
1880
2155
894
885 1)
2690
960
1879.9
2170
1495.9
746
756
768
2620 2)
2600 2)
746
875
890
821
1510.9
3590
2200
1559
1995
894
869
803
728
2360
467.5
1496

15 MHz

DL: OFDMA
UL: SC-FDMA

50

Peak data rate

25

Multiple access

15

DL: QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM


UL: QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM (optional for UE)

10 MHz

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

Modulation schemes

5 MHz

2110
1930
1805
2110
869
875
2620
925
1844.9
2110
1475.9
729
746
758
2600
2585
734
860
875
791
1495.9
3510
2180
1525
1930
859
852
758
717
2350
462.5
1452

3 MHz

DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:
DL:

1.4 MHz

1920
2025
1910
1990
1930
2620
1920
2400
2690
3600
3800
803

to 2315
to 457.5

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

Resource blocks (RB)


(1 RB = 180 kHz)

Band 6 is not applicable.


Europe only (ETSI EN 301 908-2).

TDD (in MHz):


33) 1900 to
34) 2010 to
35) 1850 to
36) 1930 to
37) 1910 to
38) 2570 to
39) 1880 to
40) 2300 to
41) 2496 to
42) 3400 to
43) 3600 to
44) 703 to

FDD (in MHz):


1) UL: 1920
2) UL: 1850
3) UL: 1710
4) UL: 1710
5) UL: 824
6) UL: 830
7) UL: 2500
8) UL: 880
9) UL: 1749.9
10) UL: 1710
11) UL: 1427.9
12) UL: 699
13) UL: 777
14) UL: 788
15) UL: 1900
16) UL: 2010
17) UL: 704
18) UL: 815
19) UL: 830
20) UL: 832
21) UL: 1447.9
22) UL: 3410
23) UL: 2000
24) UL: 1626.5
25) UL: 1850
26) UL: 814
27) UL: 807
28) UL: 703
29) UL:

30) UL: 2305


31) UL: 452.5
32) UL:

Channel bandwidth

2)

1)

Frequency range
(E-UTRA bands)

Key parameters

applications from R & D to conformance.

product portfolio from a single-source supplier, covering

on the market and since then have evolved to a full

LTE products happen. Our test solutions were the first

Rohde & Schwarz is the right partner for making your

Commercial LTE networks have been launched worldwide,


starting with the first network in Sweden in December 2009.
3GPP Release 9 features added further enhancements to LTE.
The 3GPP candidate technology submission for IMT-Advanced,
developed as LTE Release 10 and beyond, has been accepted
as a 4G technology. Known as LTE-Advanced, it complies with
or exceeds the ITU established criteria in all aspects.

New network and protocol architecture


Specific test and measurement challenges

New data and control channels

MIMO antenna technology

New multiple access schemes for both LTE FDD and TD-LTE
Scalable bandwidth up to 20 MHz

Multiple access schemes and physical layer signal generation

OFDMA symbols

Long Term Evolution (LTE) will ensure the competitiveness


of UMTS for the next ten years and beyond by providing a
high-data rate, low-latency and packet-optimized system.
Also known as E-UTRA (Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio
Access), LTE is part of 3GPP Release 8 specifications. The
innovations that LTE brings to the UMTS world include:

Long Term Evolution (LTE)


Technology Overview

Long Term Evolution (LTE)


Technology Overview

28.01.2015 15:52:05

Poster | 05.01

Test&Measurement

About Rohde&Schwarz
The Rohde&Schwarz electronics group is a leading s upplier
of solutions in the fields of test and m
easurement, broadcast and media, secure communications, cyber s ecurity, and
radiomonitoring and radiolocation. Founded more than 80 years
ago, this independent global c
ompany has an extensive sales network and is present in more than 70 countries. The company is
headquartered in M
unich, Germany.

Sustainable product design


SC-FDMA symbols

Worldwide
Local and personalized
Customized and exible
Uncompromising quality
Long-term dependability

Service that adds value

Certified Environmental Management

ISO14001

JJ Environmental compatibility and eco-footprint


efficiency and low emissions
and optimized total cost of ownership
JJ Energy

JJ Longevity

Certified Quality Management

ISO9001

Rohde&Schwarz GmbH&Co. KG
www.rohde-schwarz.com

JJ China

LTE_po_en.indd 2

Regional contact
JJ Europe, Africa, Middle East | +4989412912345
customersupport@rohde-schwarz.com
JJ North America | 1888TESTRSA (18888378772)
customer.support@rsa.rohde-schwarz.com
JJ Latin America | +14109107988
customersupport.la@rohde-schwarz.com
JJ Asia Pacific | +6565130488
customersupport.asia@rohde-schwarz.com
| +868008108228 | +864006505896
customersupport.china@rohde-schwarz.com

R&S is a registered trademark of Rohde&Schwarz GmbH&Co. KG


Trade names are trademarks of the owners
PD 5213.9986.82 | Version 05.01 | February 2015 (as)
Long Term Evolution (LTE)
Data without tolerance limits is not binding | Subject to change
2008 - 2015 Rohde&Schwarz GmbH&Co. KG | 81671 Munich, Germany

5214144382

PD 5214.1443.12 05.01 PDP 1 en

03.02.2015 11:13:49