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# REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

## University of Eastern Philippines

University Town, Catarman, Northern Samar
Sarmiento, Shiela Mae V.
NAME

March 7, 2016.
DATE SUBMITTED

BS IT-4
COURSE & YEAR

_____2______
GROUP NO.
EXPERIMENT NO. 1

## I. TITLE: OHMS LAW

OBJECTIVES:
1. To familiarize the basic apparatus.
a. Resistors are electrical devices component that adds electrical
resistance to a circuit.
b. Dry cells are otherwise known as batteries. They store up energy
which can be later used by electric/electronic devices.
c. LED or Light Emitting Diodes are next generation light bulbs used to
light up households and other establishments.
d. Electrical connecters are metallic implements attached to the ends of
wires in some circuits. They serve as terminals with which current may
pass.
e. Copper wires are the most common and affordable wires in the world.
2. To determine the current, voltage and resistance relationship.
a. The relationship between the current, voltage and resistance is
described in the Ohms Law which states that Voltage and Current are
directly proportional. This means that the higher the voltage, the
greater the current. Whereas Current is inversely proportional to
Resistance. Therefore, if the resistance is great, the current is
diminished.
3. To verify Ohms Law for
a.) Constant Voltage as the voltage is constant, the greater the resistance,
the lesser the current.
b.) Constant Resistance as the resistance is constant, the greater voltage,
the greater the current.
c.) Constant Current as the current is constant, the greater the voltage,
the lesser the resistance.
II. THEORY:
When a potential difference is maintained across two points in a conductor,
charges will flow between two points called CURRENT. In every conductor, there is always an
opposition to the flow of charges. This is called RESISTANCE. These three quantities are related
in the equation, V=IR.
Where: V= Potential Difference or Voltage; (V)
I= Current in Amperes, (A)
R= Resistance if Ohms ()
This equation is more commonly known as Ohms Law.
In this experiment, each of the three quantities are kept constant while the other
two are varied. By data and results, their relationship may be established.
III. APPARATUS:

Resistors (5pcs. with different values)
Dry cell (Av, 1.5V, 3V)
LED (Light Emitting Diode; 5pcs.)
Connectors
Copper (solid) wire
DATA & RESULTS
Part 1. Constant Voltage
V (volts)

R (ohms)

Io (amps)

Ic (amps)

% Difference

1. 9V
2. 9V
3. 9V

30
75
20

15mA
20mA
75mA

30mA
12mA
45mA

15%
8%
30%

R (ohms)

I (amps)

Vo (volts)

Vc (volts)

% Difference

1. 300
2. 300
3. 300

30 mA
30 mA
30mA

9V
9V
9V

1
1
1

8%
8%
8%

I (amps)

R (ohms)

Vo (volts)

Vc (volts)

% Difference

1. 30mA
2. 30mA
3. 30mA

30
75
20

9V
9V
9V

10V
8V
5V

-1%
1%
4%

## VIII- DATA ANALYSIS

Q. 1.) At constant resistance, what do you observe with the value of your current with
respect to varying voltage?
A. 1.) In the table shown above, the same LED bulb differs its brightness depends on the
voltage and current. The LED bulb is brighter by 1% with a 9V power supply compared
to 1V power supply.
Q. 2.) Is the computed current and voltage the same with the observed current using
voltmeter?
A. 2.) Based on the observations, the computed current and voltage is not the same with
what is shown in the voltmeter.
Q. 3.) What did you observe with the output of your LED? Does it light brightly with
increasing current?

A. 3.) With the voltage constant, the LED bulb is brighter when there is more current and less
resistance. Therefore, increasing current makes a light bulb glow brighter.
Q. 4.) At constant voltage, what did you observe with the value of your current with respect
to varying resistance?
A. 4.) Based on the observations, the current is higher when the resistance is lower
Q. 5.) What did you observe with the output of your LED light? Does it light brighter by
increasing the resistance?
A. 5.) The light appears dimmer every time the resistance the resistance increased for a LED
bulb powered with the current.
Q. 6.) At constant current, what did you observe with the output of your LED? Does it light
brighter with varying the value of the voltage and resistance?
A. 6.) The LED light is bright with a 9V power supply with only 25ohms in resistance
compared to 9V with 300ohms of resistance. Furthermore, if the power supply is lowered, the
LED lights also become dimmer as the resistance is increased.
CONCLUSIONS:
The experiment showed and confirmed the basics of Ohms Law which states that power
(measured in Volts) is directly proportional to current (measured in Amperes). Meaning, the
higher the voltage, the higher the amperage. Furthermore Ohms Law also states that the higher
in resistance (measured in Ohms), the lesser the current. The experiment showed the LED bulbs
with the same resistance appeared brighter when there is higher voltage and amperage. However,
with constant amperage or voltage, the LED bulbs appeared dimmer when resistance is
increased.

## University of Eastern Philippines

University Town, Catarman, Northern Samar

Activity
In
Physics-2
(Electricity and Magnetism)

## Sarmiento, Shiela Mae V.

Student

Mollejon, Christine V.
Subject Teacher

SY: 2015-2016