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supported platinum group metal (preferably platinum) and tin, the former being
present in the range between 0.05 and 1
wt.%, and the second layer comprising
of a supported platinum group metal,
preferably platinum, in the same concentration range, together with rhenium. This
catalyst combination is claimed to give
higher BTX (benzene, toluene and xylene) yields as well as increased C,,
yields.
The U.S. Secretary of the Army has
claimed (U.S. Patent 4 661 179) a process for treating the liquor from the production of explosives to remove waste
explosives by hydrogenating the solution
in hydrogen at 50-120C
in the presence of Pt, Pd, Ni or a Raney Ni catalyst.
The resultant liquor can easily be disposed of.
The Halcon S.D. Group claim (U.S. Patent 4 66 1 337) a catalyst for the production of hydrogen peroxide from hydrogen
and oxygen. The catalyst, preferably 25% Pd on carbon or silica, is suspended
in acidic aqueous solution. The resultant
H202 solution is claimed to be stronger
than that prepared using conventional
methods. A similar set of claims is made
by Du Pont de Nemours Co. in U.S. Patent 4 68 1 75 1, the catalyst being palladium on adsorbent carbon; in this case,
the process is conducted in aqueous solution in the presence of up to 2 wt.% of
organic components at high pressure.
Toyota Jidosha K.K. have patented a
monolithic catalyst with a partial a-alumina coating. This is formed by applying
an activated alumina coating, loading
metal components which facilitate the
formation of a-alumina onto those parts
on which the a-alumina is required, and
finally calcining at 800-1000C.
Platinum, palladium or rhodium are then deposited on the resultant material.
Mitsushita Electrial Industries K.K. have
claimed (Japanese Applications 62/ 136
234 and 136 235) a catalyst for waste
gas purification which is prepared by de-

applied

Catalysis

-Volume 38 NO. 2 -

positing metallic palladium, yttrium oxide


and optionally zirconium oxide onto a
support from a solution containing the
precursors and an organic acid. The catalyst can simultaneously oxidize carbon
monoxide to carbon dioxide, nitric oxide
to nitrous oxide, and hydrocarbons to
carbon dioxide and water in an oxygencontaining waste-gas atmosphere.
(Source: Platinum
Metals Review,
32
(1988) No. 1,44-46.)
Revista de la Sociedad
Catalisis

Venezolana

de

The Venezuelan Society of Catalysis


(S.V.C.) has recently published the first
volume of the Revista de la Sociedad
Venezolana de Catalisis.
The president
of S.V.C., Dr. Lyezer Katan, in announcing the journal, says that it will be a periodical which aims to satisfy the need for
better communication and better contact
between
the various Venezuelan
research groups working in catalysis. He
hopes that the journal will also be a good
means of communicating the results of
Venezuelan catalysis research at an international level. This journal is the first one
in the field of catalysis to be published in
Spanish.
The first issue concerns the work of the
VIII Encuentro National en Catalisis
(24-27 March, 1987) of the Venezuelan
Society and consists of 41 contributions. The main topics treated in this
meeting were Fischer-Tropsch
reactions, oxidation reactions, polymerizareforming,
cracking
and
tion,
and
hydroconversion,
hydrotreating
preparation of catalysts, characterization
of catalysts, homogeneous catalysis, adsorption of oxygen and hydrogen, coke
formation
and activated carbon. The
second volume will contain the invited
lectures presented during this event.
For more information concerning this
publication, please contact Dr. Felix Avendano or Dr. Wolfgang Molina, lnstituto

April 1988