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Electrical Interlocking
Posted by: Electrical Technology 08/06/2014
in Controlling, Electrical Wiring (Basic for Home), Motors, Protection, Troubleshooting 4 Comments

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Electrical Interlocking
To interconnect the motor circuit in such a way, in which the second motor will not start until the first one
run likewise the third one motor will not run unless the second one run and so on. This kind of motor
circuit connection is called interlocking.
A simple electrical interlocking control diagram is shown below.

click image to enlarge



Working of Electrical Interlocking

When we push the ON-1 button to energies the M1 Contactor (or starts M1 Motor), then circuit complete
through Fuse, Overload relays trip link, OFF Push -1 and ON Push 1. And motor M1 Starts to run.
As Contactor M1 energies, its all normally Close (NC) links open and the other normally open (NO) links
used in the circuit close.
When m1 energies, the normally open (NO) link will be closed immediately, which is in parallel with ONPush 1. This is called Holding link i.e. it holds the motor in start condition. Now, Motor will still run even
we leave (disconnect to stop) the ON-Push 1.
A normally open (NO) link is also used in line 2. When M1 energizes, this link (NO M1 in line 2) will be also
closed, therefore, M1 Motor will start to run, this way, supply also will reach to ON Push 2. Now, if we
press ON-Push 2, then second motor M2 will be also started to run, in addition, the normally open (NO)
links of the connected contactor M2 in the circuit would be also closed immediately. And Holding would
be occurred through M2 link which is in parallel with ON-Push 2. This way, Motor 2 will start to run.
Note that Motor 2 will not start to run until Motor 1 runs, i.e. unless Motor 1 link M1 close. Likewise,





Motor 3 will not start until motor 2 runs, i.e. motor 3 will start (by pressing the On-Push of Motor 3 =M3)
to run after start the motor 2.
In each control circuit, control fuse, and overload relays are connected for short circuit and overload
protection respectively.
you may also read:
The Star-Delta (Y-) 3-phase Motor Starting Method by Automatic star-delta starter with Timer.
Three Phase Motor Connection STAR/DELTA Without Timer Power & Control Diagrams

Modification in the Electrical Interlocking Control Circuit

This is a simple electrical interlocking circuit. Lots of circuits similar to this interlocking circuit are used in
industries. The circuit interlocking depends on the nature of working and task which is to be done by
motors. So we may use and make any kind of interlocking circuits for any purpose very easily.
In short, we may change the motors operation and control by doing some modification in the above
simple electrical interlocking control circuit diagram. For example, if we need that Motor 1 should stop
when Motor 3 starts to run, then we may use a Normally Close (NC) link of M3 in line 1. This way, when
Contactor M3 energizes, and motor 3 starts to run, then the normally close (NC) link of Motor 1 connected
in line 1 will open immediately (after energizing the M3 Contactor) which cause to de-energize the M1
contactor, hence, Motor M1 will stop.
We may also configure the above electrical interlocking control circuit with little modification for star and
run each motor individually.
Three phaseinduction motors runs with two speeds 1 direction andtwo speeds two directions motor

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Electrical Technology

control and induction motors reverse forward operation is the types of electrical interlocking.
Below is another electrical interlocking control circuit diagram.

click image to enlarge

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