You are on page 1of 4

GK HANDOUT 2 (2007)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

11.
12.
13.

14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.

Etymology is the branch of linguistic dealing with


the formation and meaning of words.
Eugenics is the scientific study of production of
better offspring.
Lexicography is the art or science of writing and
editing dictionaries.
Cardiology is the branch of medicine concerned with
the structure, functions and disorders of heart.
Dermatology is the branch of medicine dealing with
skin and skin problems.
Neurology is the branch of medicine dealing with
diseases of brain and spinal cord.
Ornithology is the scientific study of birds.
Numismatics is the study of coin collection.
Philately is the collection and study of stamps.
Psychiatry is the branch of medicine that is
concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of
mental disorders.
The intense fear of a specific object is called phobia
Horticulture is the art of gardening.
Engineering is the branch of science in which
discoveries from all areas of science are put to
practical use.
Ornithology is the branch of zoology related to study
of birds.
The medical assessment of a probable outcome is
called prognosis.
Acute diseases are marked by abrupt or sudden onset
of ailment.
A disease that is highly transmissible is called
contagious.
An ailment that occurs recurrently in specific
geographical region is known as endemic.
The disease produced by shortage of blood cells is
called Anemia.
Epidemic is an ailment that affects a large
population at the same time.
Cataract is an eye disease.
The disease by which sugar cant me absorbed
completely by the body is called diabetes.
Generally influenza is an acute and communicable
disease.
Plague is epidemic disease and it is transmitted by
rats.
The fear of closed places is called claustrophobia.
Xenophobia is the fear of hatred for strangers.
The fear of spiders is called arachnophobia.
Communicable is the disease transmissible by direct
or indirect contact.
Idiopathic is a term used for diseases in which the
causes are unknown.
Hereditary is the term used for diseases transmitted
from parents to offspring genetically.
Phobia is a Greek word.
Fear of heights is called acrophobia.

33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.
74.
75.
76.
77.
78.
79.
80.
81.
82.
83.
84.

Aerophobia is fear of flying.


Aichmophobia is a fear of sharp pointed objects.
Aliurophobia is the fear of cats.
Amaxophobia is the fear of vehicles.
Aquaphobia is the fear of water.
Pyrophobia is a fear of fire.
Hematophobia is the fear of blood.
Herpetophobia is the fear of reptiles.
Monophobia is fear of being alone.
Numerophobia is fear of numbers.
Nyctophobia is fear of night.
Octophobia is fear of number eight.
Wattmeter is used to measure electric power.
Ammeter is used to measure electric current.
Voltmeter is used to measure electric potential.
Ornithophobia is fear of birds.
Siderodromophobia is a fear of trains.
Tapheophobia is a term for fear of being buried alive.
Thanatophobia is a fear of death.
Trichophobia is a fear of hairs.
Triskaidekaphobia is a fear of number 13.
Trypanophobia is a fear of injections.
Zoophobia is fear of animals.
Anthropology is not a branch of maths.
Thermodynamics is the branch of physical sciences.
Mineralogy is a branch of earth sciences.
Zoology is a branch of life sciences.
Political science is a branch of social sciences.
Sociology is a branch of life sciences.
AIDS = acquired immune deficiency syndrome.
Anthrax causes lung damage and skin pustules.
Anaemia is a shortage of red blood cells
Appendicitis is the inflammation os appendix.
Color blindness is the disorder of the cones in the retina of
the eye.
A group of disease characterized by abnormal proliferation
of cells is called cancer.
The persistent breach in a surface body is called ulcer.
Lockjaw is an acute disease and it is also known as tetanus.
Jupiter has largest number of moons.
Asteroids are pieces of falling stars.
The shape of earth is spheroidal.
206 bones in human body.
Liver is the largest gland in human body.
Thigh is the strongest muscles.
Tobacco contains nicotine.
Man takes food in order to repair wear and tear.
Normal heart beat 72/min.
Ostrich is the largest and flightless bird.
Chickens are hatched from the eggs in 21 days.
Universal donor group is O+ve.
Mammals dont have wings.
Venus is nearest to earth.
Lexicography is a branch of science deals with dictionary
making.

85.
86.
87.
88.
89.
90.
91.
92.
93.
94.
95.
96.
97.
98.
99.
100.
101.
102.
103.
104.
105.
106.
107.
108.
109.
110.
111.
112.
113.
114.
115.
116.
117.
118.
119.
120.
121.
122.
123.
124.
125.
126.
127.
128.
129.

Heliotherapy means use of sun baths in treating


disease.
Exobiology is a branch of science deals with
possibility of life of a planet other then earth.
Geopolitics is used for politics of a country
determined by its geographical features.
Dialysis is a process used to purify kidneys.
Addiction means insufficiency of hormones.
Calorie is a unit of quantity of heat.
Light year is the distance traveled by the light in 1
year.
The process by which plants absorb sugar and starch
is known as photosynthesis.
X ray was discovered by Wilhelm conard roentgen.
Deficiency of iodine causes goiter
Fish is not rich in protein.
Lactometer is a device used to check purity of milk.
Glucose is a source of energy for human brain.
Acupuncture is a medical treatment found in china.
Diamond appears lustrous because of reflection of
light.
Diamond is hardest of all metal.
Milky way is a starry belt seen on a clear night.
A body moving around a primary, particularly a
celestial body is called satellite.
Nitrogen is used in electric bulb.
The purest form of water is obtained from heavy
rains.
DNA is a classification of nucleic acid.
Richter scale is used for measuring magnitude of
earthquake.
For respiration fish uses gills.
The name of mosquito cause malaria fever is
anopheles.
Pneumonia is caused by inflammation of lungs.
Quinine is a medicine for malaria obtained from
cinchona.
Hemoglobin contains iron.
Enzymes are made from mineral acids.
Sugar in the milk is in the form of lactose.
Human eye is sensitive to green light.
George Mendel is concerned with law of heredity.
Hottest planet is venus.
Lunar eclipse takes place when the shadow of earth
falls on moon.
Myopia is shortsightedness.
Salt has antiseptic properties.
1 inch = 2.54 cms.
Arboriculture is a science of cultivation of trees.
Insulin is the secretions of pancreas.
Silicon is called earth maker.
Vitamin E is present in egg.
Pedagogy is a science of teaching.
Vitamin C protects skin of human body.
Deficiency of vitamin C leads to teeth disease.
Smallpox is totally eliminated from the world.
Nitrogen volume is 79% in air.

130. Pure gold is of 24 carat.


131. Meat is a source of protein.
132. The earth is moving cont around its own axis and around the
sun.
133. In earth, oxygen is 46%
134. Volt is the unit of electrical pressure.
135. Filtration removes water impurities which are undissolved.
136. The first atomic bomb was dropped at Hiroshima.
137. Minerals are essential for bones.
138. Sunshine vitamin is A
139. Green vegetables are good source of minerals and vitamins.
140. Good substitute of meat protein is cabbage.
141. Muscles are held to the bones by means of tendons.
142. Carbon monoxide is very poisonous because of the fact that
it combines with the haemoglobin of the blood.
143. Antibodies is produces to fight disease.
144. The moon is seen by reflected sunlight.
145. An air condition does not change the purity of air.
146. A shooting star is meteor.
147. The gravitational pull on the earth is greatest for the moon.
148. A rare ga present in air in tiny amount is helium.
149. All light waves have same frequency.
150. Melting point of a substance is physical property.
151. Burning is a chemical process.
152. 1kg = 2.2045 pounds
153. Oxygen in the respiration moves from air to lungs.
154. Mirage is a optical illusion.
155. Weight is a gravitational force of earth on body.
156. Evaporation causes cooling.
157. Cooking time is usually longer in hill stations due to low
pressure.
158. Neon sign is an example of discharge tube.
159. Burning of carbon in oxygen produces heat.
160. Human blood has a ph of 7.4
161. Cosmography is a science that describes and maps the main
features of the universe.
162. At night clouds are lower then during the day.
163. Teaching with the aid of pictures and models is called
iconography.
164. The study of viruses is called virology.
165. The study of bones is osteology.
166. The study of correct pronunciation is called ortheopy.
167. Parkinson is caused by mad cow meat.
168. The earth rotates west to east.
169. The rotation of the sun discovered by Galileo galilei.
170. Radio waves can be reflected.
171. The soil formed by the decay of living things is humus.
172. The method of preserving food is canning.
173. Objects that are visible called luminous.
174. In red light a green tie will appear black.
175. Hydraulic brakes uses liquid.
176. Sparkplugs are closely connected to distributor.
177. Man first flew by means of balloons.
178. Mans best friend among wild life are rodents.
179. Hybrids plants and animals are generally vigorous.
180. The layer of atmosphere in which we live is known as the
stratosphere.

181. The layer of atmosphere that reflects radio waves is


the ionosphere.
182. Reproduction by fission is occurring in fish.
183. The food that supplies most energy per pound is
sugar.
184. Tsunami means harbors waves, it is derived from
Japanese.
185. Vitamin D prevents bones disease.
186. Pablo Picasso was a Spanish
187.
188.
189.
190.
191.
192.
193.
194.
195.
196.
197.
198.
199.
200.
201.
202.
203.
204.
205.
206.
207.
208.
209.
210.
211.
212.
213.
214.
215.
216.
217.
218.
219.
220.
221.
222.
223.
224.
225.
226.
227.
228.
229.
230.
231.
232.
233.
234.
235.
236.
237.

The deepest part of the ocean is Mariana Trench.


After Australia, the smallest continent is Europe.
The highest waterfall of the world is Angel.
Pacific is the largest ocean.
Red sea is between Arabia and Africa
The longest mountain range in world is Andes.
Lake Superior is the worlds largest fresh water lake.
Seattle is a seaport of USA.
Nile is the world longest river with the length of 6521km.
Euphrates River is located in Iraq.
Victoria Falls located in Zimbabwe (widest)
Niagara Falls is located between America and Canada.
Valetta is the capital of Malta.
Big Ben is the clock placed on the British Parliament.
Estonia is a Baltic state.
Coldest Planet is Pluto.
Smallest Planet is Mercury.
Alpine is the highest mountain pass in the world.
Siachen Glacier is situated in Karakuram.
Ecuador is located on the equator of the earth.
Yellow Sea lies between China and Japan.
Latitude is the distance of place south or north of equator.
Golden gate is located in San Francisco
Sahara is the world largest desert in area.
Dead Sea is lying between Israel and Jordan.
Largest sea is South China Sea.
Indonesia has the largest number of volcanoes in the
world.
Netherland is below the sea level.
Subway is underground passage.
Cathy Pacific is as airline.
Greenland is world largest Island.
Changa Manga is famous for Sisham Timber Forest.
Shale is not a Metaphoric Rock.
Canyon is a large form of Gorge.
Mediterranean Regions are not useful for Forestry.
Conventional is the best projection to suit the map of
Pakistan
SURMA is the name of river.
The Brahmputra is the longest river is South Asia.
The length of river Indus is 2880 km.
Europe has no desert.
Arabia,Scandinivia,Alaska are in Peninsula.
Maize, rice wheat is generally referred as Cereal Crops.
Equator is the largest latitude circle on earth.
Sunderland (India) is worlds largest delta.
India is the largest tea producing country in the world.
Darwin is the seaport of Australia.
South Africa produces maximum gold.
Rome is the city of seven hills.
Braodway is the world largest thorughfare.
49th Parallel is the boundary line USA and Canada.
Antarctica is situated in South pole.

238.
239.
240.
241.
242.
243.
244.
245.
246.
247.
248.
249.
250.
251.
252.
253.
254.
255.
256.
257.
258.
259.
260.
261.
262.
263.
264.
265.
266.
267.
268.
269.
270.
271.
272.
273.

Africa is termed as Dark Continent.


Maximum quantity of diamonds is found in Africa.
Suez canal is between Red sea and Mediterranean.
Kangaroo is found in Australia.
The earth rotation on its axis is from west to east.
Kangaroo is found in Australia.
The earth rotation on its axis is from west to east.
Russia is the largest country by area
Orographic rainfall is related to mountain.
Lakes give the source of terrestrial moisture.
Archipelago is the large group of Islands.
Core is the name of the central part of the earth
Crust is the thinnest earth layer.
Mantle is the name of middle part of the earth.
The famous Khunjrab Pass is between Pakistan and China.
Spring is the water source beneath the earth.
Herodotus is father of geography.
Gobi desert is in Iraq and Iran.
River Amu is the largest river of Uzbekistan.
Mangolia is the largest landlocked country of the world.
London is situated across the river Thames.
The Yangtze or Chang Jiang is the longest river of Asia.
Equinox = day and night are of same length.
China is the world largest rice producer.
USA is the biggest market of Pakistani exports.
Trade by exchange of commodities is called Barter trade.
A free port is a port where no duties and no restrictions.
Kerb is the exchange of currencies in the open market.
Financial year of USA starts from 1st july.
Inflation means that money falls in value.
Surgical goods are not Pakistans major import.
Jingoism is extreme nationalism and patriotism.
Lapis lazuli, topaz, ruby are gemstones found in Pakistan
The world largest copper producer is chile.
One to whom an amount of money is due is called Creditor.
A deduction from face value is referred to as discount.

274.
275.
276.
277.
278.
279.
280.
281.

Hamborg is the first stock exchange market of the world.


Forex stands for foreign exchange.
Total sales revenue of a business is called turn over.
One who owes money is debtor.
Alexander Dumas wrote famous novel the three musketeers.
Play othello was written by Shakespeare.
Famous economist Karl Max belongs to Germany.
The theme of the famous play ceaser and cleopatra by G B
Shaw is a history.
Khushal khan khatak is the famous poet of pashto lang.
Abdul latif bhatai is the famous poet of sindhi lang.
Elysee Palace is the official residence of President of France.
Rohtas Fort situated near Jhelum, it was built by Sher Shah
Sori.
Red Square is in Moscow.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon situated in Iraq.
The Pharos of Alexandria is a light house.
The head quarter of world trade organization is in Geneva.
Dragon is a symbol of China
Bear is a symbol of Russia.
Lady of the Lamp is Florence Nightingale.
General Rommel is called Desert Fox.
Prince Bismarcks is called Man of Iran and Blood.
Napolean is called Man of destiny or little corporal.
Trygve Lie is the 1st secretary general of UNO.
Head Quarter of UN Security Council is in New York.

282.
283.
284.
285.
286.
287.
288.
289.
290.
291.
292.
293.
294.
295.
296.
297.

298.
299.
300.
301.
302.
303.
304.
305.
306.
307.
308.
309.
310.
311.
312.
313.
314.
315.
316.
317.
318.
319.
320.
321.
322.
323.
324.
325.
326.
327.
328.
329.
330.
331.
332.
333.
334.
335.

336.
337.
338.
339.
340.

Nobel Prizes is first awarded in the year 1901.


Aristophanes is called Father of comedy.
Cristopher Columbus belongs to Italy.
Dr Abdul Salam wins the nobel prize in the field of
Physics.
Painting Mona Lisa was creation of Leonardo de vinci.
The author of the history of the decline and fall of the
roman empire is Edword Gilbon.
Great Philospher confucius belongs to China.
Harrapa civilization is the oldest.
Damascus is the oldest inhabitat city.
Temple Trees is the official residence of the Prime
Minister of Srilanka.
Duke Of Wellington wins the battle of Waterloo.
Changaiz khan came to India during the rein of
Iltutmish.
Razia Sultana was the only Muslim women Monarch of
Hindustan for 3 years.
Third Battle of Panipat was faught in 1761.
Baber defeated Ibrahim Lodhi.
Louis Phillipe known as Citizen King.
King Faisal called the Islamic coordinator
Sultan Mohammad Ghori defeated Prithivi Raj in the
battle of Tarain.
1965 war cont. for 17 days.
Hazrat lal shahbaz qalander was famous poet of Sindh.
And he was buried in Sehwan sharif.
Hazrat baba Farid Ganj shakar buried in Pakpattan.
Hazrat baha udin Zakiriya buried in Multan.
Rehman Baba was the poet of Pashto lang.
Jam Darag is the only romantic poet of Balauchi.
Shrine of Hazrat Bari Imam is in Islamabad.
Faiz ahmed Faiz got the Lenin Prize.
Confucianism is the religious mythology of china.
Shintoism is the religious mythology of Japan.
Ibraham Lincon abolished slavery in America.
Aibak died during the game of Polo.
Aryans destroyed Indus valley civilization.
Razia Sultana is the rular of Slave Dynasity.
Death valley in California, USA is so called because
it is one of the hottest place in the world.
Mediterranean sea is connected to the Atlantic Ocean
by Strait of Gibraltar.
Nanga Parbat is the famous mountain peak of
Himalayas range.
The name Black Sea is because of the dense fog that
prevails there in winter.
Fleet Street is famous for the offices of the leading
British Newspapers.
Green Peace is an organization that stresses the need
to maintain a balance between human progress and
environmental conversation.
Tanzania, Mozambique, Somalia, Portugal is land
locked countries.
Weather describes the condition of the atmosphere at
any one time.
Water vapor turns into clouds in the atmosphere when
dew point is reached.
When a warm air is lifted off the surface in temperature
depression it is called an occlusion.
Afternoon rains in the equatorial region are the result of
influences Convectional.

341. Koyoto Protocol is an international treaty related to


environmental problems.
342. Storage of water in the large reservoir, generation of electricity,
control of floods are the basic purpose of lands.
343. Epicenter is the point that lies directly above the source of an
earthquake.
344. A small water body says a river that flows into a large body of
water is called Tributary.
345. Metaphoric rocks are hard solid rocks whose composition or
texture has been changed by heat or pressure in the earth.
346. Sedimentary rocks are the rocks formed out of layers of
sediments bounded together.
347. The mixture of silt, sand and gravel deposited by flowing water
such as rivers and streams is called Alluvium.
348. The part of the river near the coast into which the sea flows is
termed as Estuary.
349. The Great Barrier Reef is a huge coral reef off the northeast
coast of Australia.
350. GDP is the value of all goods and services produced with in the
geographical boundary of a country during a year.
351. GNP is the total value of good and services produced by the
factors belonging to the country.
352. Per capita income is average income of the people of a country
during a year.(Total GNP/ Total population)
353. Free trade means no ban on the imports and exports of the
commodity between countries.
354. The excess of an expenditure flow over an income flow is
termed as Deficit.
355. A sustained reduction in the general level of prices is called
deflation.
356. Deindustralization is a decline in the share of manufacturing
sector in national income.
357. The reduction in the value of an asset as reduction in the value of
currency is known as depreciation.
358. A downturn in business cycle in which there is a sustained high
level of unemployment is called depression.
359. A reduction of the fixed official rate at which one currency is
exchanged for another in a fixed way is devaluation.
360. Kazakistan is enriched with the world largest mineral resources.
361. Pakistan is surrounded in the north west by Himalayas Range.
362. The most precious gem stone Emrald are found in Swat.
363. Currents in the sea do not determine the strength of wave action.
364. Bore is caused by rising tide while meeting river current.
365. Embargoes are designed to restrict trade of particular
commodities.
366. Peninsula is a part of land surrounded by water on three sides.
367. The world longest glacier LAMBERT is located in Antarctica.
368. The season changes because earth is revolving round the sun.
369. The distance of longitude represents 4 mins difference in time.