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Extortion is a criminal offense of obtaining money, property, or services from a

person, entity, individual or institution, through coercion.


There is no expressed provision in the RPC about extortion itself. But there is
Robbery Extortion (Intimidation of Persons), but it involves force and intimidation of
persons and is usually done by Public Officials or Officers extorting money from the
public. Like Kotong.
In robbery with intimidation of persons, the intimidation consists in causing or
creating fear in the mind of a person or in bringing in a sense of mental distress in
view of a risk or evil that may be impending, real or imagined. Such fear of injury to
person or property must continue to operate in the mind of the victim at the time of
the delivery of the money.
In your clients case, since the girlfriend is always asking for money and the
family of your client wants to get rid of the girlfriend, it may be alleged that the
girlfriend is asking for money from your client so that the girlfriend will not
release information about your client. Based on such facts, you can allege Robbery
with Intimidation of Persons under Article 293 in relation to Article 294
paragraph 5 of the Revised Penal Code.
Title Ten
CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY
Chapter One
ROBBERY IN GENERAL
Article 293. Who are guilty of robbery. - Any person who, with intent to
gain, shall take any personal property belonging to another, by means
of violence or intimidation of any person, or using force upon anything
shall be guilty of robbery.
Section One. - Robbery with violence or intimidation of persons.
Article 294. Robbery with violence against or intimidation of persons;
Penalties. - Any person guilty of robbery with the use of violence
against or intimidation of any person shall suffer:
1. The penalty of reclusion perpetua to death, when by reason or on
occasion of the robbery, the crime of homicide shall have been
committed.
2. The penalty of reclusion temporal in its medium period to reclusion
perpetua when the robbery shall have been accompanied by rape or
intentional mutilation, or if by reason or on occasion of such robbery,
any of the physical injuries penalized in subdivision 1 of Article 263
shall have been inflicted; Provided, however, that when the robbery
accompanied with rape is committed with a use of a deadly weapon or
by two or more persons, the penalty shall be reclusion perpetua to
death (As amended by PD No. 767).

3. The penalty of reclusion temporal, when by reason or on occasion of


the robbery, any of the physical injuries penalized in subdivision 2 of
the article mentioned in the next preceding paragraph, shall have been
inflicted.
4. The penalty of prision mayor in its maximum period to reclusion
temporal in its medium period, if the violence or intimidation employed
in the commission of the robbery shall have been carried to a degree
clearly unnecessary for the commission of the crime, or when the
course of its execution, the offender shall have inflicted upon any
person not responsible for its commission any of the physical injuries
covered by sub-divisions 3 and 4 of said Article 23.
5. The penalty of prision correccional in its maximum period to prision
mayor in its medium period in other cases. (As amended by R. A. 18).

Or you may also allege Unjust Vexation under Article 287 of the Revised Penal
Code.
Article 287. Light coercions. - Any person who, by means of violence,
shall seize anything belonging to his debtor for the purpose of applying
the same to the payment of the debt, shall suffer the penalty of arresto
mayor in its minimum period and a fine equivalent to the value of the
thing, but in no case less than 75 pesos.
Any other coercions or unjust vexations shall be punished by
arresto menor or a fine ranging from 5 pesos to 200 pesos, or
both.

Or it may also be Threats in general under 283 or 285 of the Revised Penal Code
depending on the facts.
Art. 283. Light threats. Any threat to commit a wrong not
constituting a crime, made in the manner expressed in subdivision 1 of
the next preceding article, shall be punished by arresto mayor.
Art. 285. Other light threats. The penalty of arresto menor in its
minimum period or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos shall be imposed
upon:
1. Any person who, without being included in the provisions of the next
preceding article, shall threaten another with a weapon or draw such
weapon in a quarrel, unless it be in lawful self-defense.
2. Any person who, in the heat of anger, shall orally threaten another
with some harm not constituting a crime, and who by subsequent acts
show that he did not persist in the idea involved in his threat, provided

that the circumstances of the offense shall not bring it within the
provisions of Article 282 of this Code.
3. Any person who shall orally threaten to do another any harm not
constituting a felony.