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Review Final Exam

SS7

Chapter 1: Meet Three of Canadas First Nations

Similarities/Differences among Mikmaq, Anishinabe, and Haudenosaunee


o the way they lived, agriculture, did they move with the seasons
o where they lived
Vocabulary

Saqamaw
Council of Elders
Grand Council
dodem
ogimauh
consensus

midewin society
clan mothers
Hoyaneh
Great Law of Peace
alliance
Clan Mothers

Chapter 2: European Explorers

Reasons Europeans explored North America


What was the Northwest Passage?
Key Spanish, French, British Explorers
Cartier
Champlain
Relationships between First Nations peoples and Europeans
trade between FN and Europeans what did it mean to each?
Beothuk, Shawnadithit
Vocabulary
colonialism
imperialism
ethnocentrism

Chapter 3: Early European Colonies

Mercantilism
Economy of New France
Monopoly
Reasons the French and British Wanted Colonies
Similarities and Differences between New France and the British Colonies
Impacts of Colonization on First Nations peoples
land use, missionaries
Types of People in New France
main economic activity of New France
Vocabulary

immunity
colony
mercantilism
monopoly
portage

Chapter 4: The Fur Trade

voyageur
demographics
epidemic
charter

Roles of First Nations Peoples


Roles of Mtis in the Fur Trade
Roles of Women in the Fur Trade
The Five Phases of the Fur Trade
know them in order!
Why the fur trade eventually declined
what happened to fur trade forts after this?
Migration during the Fur Trade
Vocabulary

Canadien
coureur de bois
voyageur
Mtis
monopoly

Chapter 5: War & British Conquest

Mikmaq Homeland
What was it called?
Relations between French and Mikmaq
Acadia
why was Acadia being fought over?
where is it on a map? what land is there today?
Treaty of Utrecht (what was it? who did it benefit?)
Oaths of Allegiance/Neutrality
what did each mean? who wanted them? who followed them?
Great Deportation of Acadians
why were they deported? where were they deported to?
Seven Years War
Who was involved? Where did it happen?
Battle of the Plains of Abraham
who were the leaders? how did it happen?
why was this an important battle?
Treaty of Paris
What war did it conclude? Who did it favour?
First Nations Leaders Against the Conquest
who were they? why did they rebel?
Royal Proclamation of 1763 & Quebec Act of 1774
what did they establish?

Vocabulary

colonization
digue
deportation

retaliate
assimilate
genocide

Chapter 6: The United States Breaks Away

Causes of the American Revolution

why did the Americans revolt?


George Washington
who was he? when did he serve?
Sides in the American Revolution
Who were the Loyalists? Who were the Patriots? What did each side want?
Constitutional Act of 1791
what did it establish?
what previous act did it maintain?
Causes of the War of 1812
what did the British do to provoke Americans?
Who were the black loyalists?
what deal were they given?
Reasons for peoples support or opposition to the war
i.e. position of the Catholic Church
i.e. position of American immigrants
Tecumseh
who was he? who did he support?
Effects of the War of 1812
how did it affect Canadian identity?

Vocabulary

assimilation
imperialism
Lower Canada
loyalists

revolution
republic
monarchy
representative government

Chapter 7: The Great Migration and the Push for Democracy

The Great Migration


o What was it?
o Why did people choose to go to British North America?
o Where were they from?
o What was the trip across the ocean like?
Structure of Colonial Government
o Who had the power?
o Which levels of government were elected? appointed?
Structure of Democratic Government
o Who had the power?
o Which levels of government were elected? appointed?
Perspectives on Democracy
o What were the different perspectives of
John Stuart Mill?
Thomas Jefferson?
Alexis de Toqueville?
Reasons for the Rebellions
Major Reformers in British North America what did each believe?
o Louis-Joseph Papineau
o William Lyon Mackenzie
o Joseph Howe
The Durham Report
o What recommendations did he make?

The Act of Union


o What did it establish?

Vocabulary

emigration
immigration
legislative assembly
council

governor

Chapter 8: Confederation

Key Confederation Leaders


o Who were they?
o What did they believe?
The Charlottetown Conference
o What was its purpose?
Key Confederation Issues:
o the Problem of Political Deadlock
o the Question of Rights for Canadiens
o the Question of Independence for Regions
o the Risk of American Annexation
o Trade Challenges
What was mercantilism? How did it affect the maritime provinces?
Key Points in the BNA Act
o What types of government did it establish?
o What other important things did it establish?
Canadas Original Provinces
Role of First Nations Peoples in Confederation
Why British Columbia Joined Confederation
Why Prince Edward Island Joined Confederation
Why Newfoundland Joined Confederation
why did maritime provinces fear joining confederation?

Vocabulary

political deadlock
Confederation
Tariff

Mercantilism
annexation

Chapter 9: The Mtis Rise Up

Why People Were Attracted to Red River


What Triggered the Red River Resistance?
What Made Louis Riel a Leader?
The Death of Thomas Scott
The Manitoba Act
The Second Mtis Uprising:
o The Mtis at South Branch
o How Did Canada Respond?
After the Uprisings:

o the Manitoba School Act


o the Mtis Move West Again
o where was South Branch?
Where are Mtis people located today? (i.e. What provinces?)

Chapter 10: Western Expansion and the National Policy

Getting the West Ready for Settlement:


o Treaties with First Nations
o Perspectives Shaping the Numbered Treaties
how did each side view the agreements? what did they think the land was
for?
o Residential Schools
A Period of Rapid Change
The Role of the North West Mounted Police
o why were they created?
o what were the goals of NWMP?
The National Policy
o what were the three aspects of the National Policy?
Chinese Railway Workers
o what were their conditions like?
o hardships they faced
o what was the head tax?
Impacts of Immigration on Western Canada:
o what were the demographic changes? how did this affect other groups?
Advertising for Immigrants
o Wilfrid Laurier and Clifford Sifton who were they?
Arrival of Eastern European Immigrants
Citizenship

Chapter 11: Citizenship in an Evolving Society

Changing Roles & Rules:


o Womens Rights, Womens Parliament
Nellie McClung
o Who got the right to vote and when?
European vs. non-European women
Inuit, FN
Affirming Francophone Rights
o The Royal Commission on Bilingualism & Biculturism
what did they discover?
o The Official Languages Act
what did it seek to accomplish?
what services did it establish?
why was this an important step towards multiculturalism?
o First Nations Voices
what do the FN wish to accomplish (as it relates to multiculturalism)?
o Other Voices
Multiculturalism Act

what does it seek to do?


Patriating Canadas Constitution
who controlled the constitution after it was patriated to Canada?
what are some of the big ideas behind Canadas Charter of Rights and
Freedoms?
o Why are there Francophone Schools in Alberta?
what advantages or benefits are there to having Francophone schools?
o A Fast-Growing Aboriginal Population in Western Canada
what are the challenges to this growth? the benefits?
Encouraging Immigration
o why does/has Canada encouraged this?
o what examples of discrimination have happened in Canada in the past?
o why did World War II cause Canada to re-examine its policies that affected
visible minorities and other immigrants?
o how is Canadas population make-up changing?
what drawbacks and benefits does this suggest for the future?
Changing Technologies and Growing Cities
o how does CBC link Canada together?
Impact of Urbanization
o how has technology driven a move for people from rural to urban settings?
o

Vocab

Citizenship
legitimize
patriate
collective rights

visible minority
collective identity
culture
urbanization

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