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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003

ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION


REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 1 OF 23

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section
1.
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
2.
2.1
2.2
2.3
3.
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.10
3.11
3.12
4.
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
5.
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
6.
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4

Title
Page No.
GENERAL ......................................................................................................................................1
Scope..............................................................................................................................................1
Codes and Industry Standards .......................................................................................................2
Government Regulations ................................................................................................................3
General Requirements....................................................................................................................3
CONTROL SYSTEM PARAMETERS............................................................................................3
General ...........................................................................................................................................3
Distributed Control System/Plant Control System Interface...........................................................3
Pneumatic Instruments ...................................................................................................................4
INSTRUMENT SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................................4
Design.............................................................................................................................................4
Instrument Installation.....................................................................................................................4
Flow ................................................................................................................................................5
Level ...............................................................................................................................................6
Pressure..........................................................................................................................................8
Temperature ...................................................................................................................................9
Control and Instrument Valves .....................................................................................................10
Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)........................................................................................11
Local Control Panels.....................................................................................................................11
Local Control Panel Wiring ...........................................................................................................12
Annunciators .................................................................................................................................13
Equipment Protection ...................................................................................................................14
PIPING AND TUBING REQUIREMENTS....................................................................................14
General .........................................................................................................................................14
Process Connections....................................................................................................................15
Purging of Process Connections ..................................................................................................15
Pneumatic Supply.........................................................................................................................16
Tubing ...........................................................................................................................................16
Instrument Piping and Tubing Supports .......................................................................................16
ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS .................................................................................................17
Power Distribution.........................................................................................................................17
Control Systems............................................................................................................................17
Grounding .....................................................................................................................................18
Wiring Methods .............................................................................................................................18
ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS..................................................................................................22
Identification..................................................................................................................................22
Inspection and Testing..................................................................................................................22
Preparation for Shipment..............................................................................................................23
Documentation Requirements ......................................................................................................23

1. GENERAL
1.1 Scope
1.1.1 This specifies the requirements for the specification, procurement, fabrication, inspection, and testing of
electrical, instrumentation, control, and associated systems provided as part of packaged equipment.
1.1.2 The purpose of this specification is to define minimum technical requirements for electrical,
instrumentation and controls for equipment furnished as a package.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003

ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION


REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 2 OF 23

1.1.3 The following notations are used throughout this Specification:

Identifies requirements to be specified by Purchaser for Suppliers information.


Identifies items of supply that require Purchaser acceptance.

1.2 Codes and Industry Standards


Applicable requirements in the latest edition, revision, or addendum of the following codes, standards, and
references shall be considered an integral part of this Specification. Requirements modified by this
Specification, Purchasers referenced drawings, or a purchase order shall take precedence over published
specifications.
AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ANSI)
ANSI C80.1
"Rigid Steel Conduit-Zinc Coated (GRC)"
AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE (API)
API MPMS Chapter 14, "Natural Gas Fluids Measurements"
AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS (ASME)
ASME MFC-3M, "Measurement of Fluid Flow in Pipes Using Orifice, Nozzle, and Venturi"
ASME B31.3,
"Process Piping"
AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND MATERIALS (ASTM)
ASTM A269, "Seamless and Welded Austenitic Stainless Steel Tubing For General Service"
FLUID CONTROLS INSTITUTE (FCI)
FCI 70-2, "Control Valve Seat Leakage"
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION (IEC)
IEC 60751, "Industrial Platinum Resistance Thermometer Sensors"
INSTRUMENTATION SYSTEMS AND AUTOMATION SOCIETY (ISA)
ISA 18.1,
"Annunciator Sequences and Specifications"
ISA 84.01, "Application of Safety Instrumented Systems for the Process Industries"
NATIONAL ELECTRIC MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (NEMA)
NEMA 250,
"Enclosures for Electrical Equipment (1000 Volts Maximum)"
NEMA KS 1,
"Enclosed and Miscellaneous Distribution Equipment Switches (600 volts Maximum)"
NEMA MG-1,
"Motors and Generators"
NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION (NFPA)
NFPA 70, "National Electrical Code" (NEC)
NFPA 496, "Purged and Pressurized Enclosures for Electrical Equipment"
UNDERWRITERS LABORATORIES (UL)
UL 98,
"Safety Enclosed and Dead-Front Switches"
UL 198E, "Safety Class R Fuses"
UL 913,
"Standard for Safety Intrinsically Safe Apparatus and Associated Apparatus for Use in
Class I, II, III, Division 1, Hazardous (Classified) Locations"

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003

ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION


REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 3 OF 23

1.3 Government Regulations


Federal Standards and Instructions of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), including any
requirements by state or local agencies that have jurisdiction where the equipment will be installed, shall apply.
US DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (OSHA)
OSHA 29 CFR 1910 - Occupational Safety and Health Standards
1.4 General Requirements
1.4.1 Instruments and electrical materials shall be furnished in accordance with the accepted list of
Suppliers/Manufacturers.
1.4.2 Neither mercury nor asbestos shall be permitted.
1.4.3 Instruments and electrical components and materials shall be listed by a recognized national testing
laboratory.
1.4.4 All pre-wired assemblies shall be UL listed or approved by a testing organization acceptable to the
authority having jurisdiction.
1.4.5 Design, material, equipment, and installation shall meet the specified passive electrical area
classification without purging. Purchaser will provide area classification requirements.
1.4.6 Within two weeks of the purchase award, the Supplier shall provide a preliminary estimate of
interconnecting cabling/wiring by type, size, and number of conductors.
2. CONTROL SYSTEM PARAMETERS
2.1 General
2.1.1 } The control philosophy shall require documented Purchaser review and acceptance. Purchaser
acceptance shall not relieve Supplier of the responsibility of furnishing safe and functional equipment that meets
all safety (fail-safe) and functional performance requirements.
2.1.2 } A Purchaser/Engineering Contractor/Supplier coordination meeting shall be required to define, review,
and accept operational specification and programming approach, unless otherwise specified, as detailed later.
2.1.3 Instrument ranges, pressure ratings, and materials of construction shall be based on specified fluid
properties and data, operating conditions, and design basis.
2.2 Distributed Control System/Plant Control System Interface
2.2.1 } Purchaser will specify the use and type of Distributed Control System (DCS), local Programmable
Logic Controller (PLC), remote PLC, other microprocessor based systems, required instrumentation and
interfaces for integration into the overall control system. Content and method of integration shall require
Purchaser acceptance.
2.2.2 } Protocols and formats for the communication interface shall be provided as defined for the project.
2.2.3 The failure mode of any instrument or related control component shall take the packaged equipment to a
safe state and ensure adequate reliability.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003

ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION


REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 4 OF 23

2.3 Pneumatic Instruments


2.3.1 Pneumatic instruments shall normally operate with a nominal 20 psig (138 kPa) air supply and 3-15 psig
(21-103 kPa) input and output signals.
2.3.2 Each pneumatic instrument shall have an individual air supply complete with shutoff valve and air set (air
filter/regulator with output gauge).
2.3.3 Pneumatic instruments shall fail safe on supply failure, or control signal failure.
3. INSTRUMENT SPECIFICATIONS
3.1 Design
3.1.1 All instrument process connections shall conform to the piping requirements of Section 4.2.
3.1.2 Dedicated, independent instrument process connections shall be used for redundant process
measurements that are part of Safety Instrumented System (SIS) or that are required to enhance reliability.
3.1.3 } Unless otherwise specified, process transmitters shall be used. The use of process switches requires
Purchaser's acceptance.
3.1.4 Materials shall be suitable for the process and environmental conditions specified. If not specified,
316 stainless steel shall be used as a minimum.
3.1.5 } Bodies of cast iron, ductile iron, brass or bronze shall not be used for control valves, regulators,
instrument valves, or level instrument chambers, except in water or air services in non-hazardous unclassified
areas. Purchaser acceptance is required.
3.1.6 Instrumentation and control system shall be fully assembled, piped, and wired except as noted in
Paragraph 3.1.7.
3.1.7 Instruments that require field installation and items that were removed and shipped loose shall be
identified on the drawings, packing lists, and on the item itself. The shipped loose items list shall be issued to
Purchaser at the time of Supplier engineering.
3.1.8 All instrument equipment shall be enclosed in environmentally appropriate enclosures per NEMA 250.
3.2 Instrument Installation
3.2.1 Instruments shall be located and installed such that:
a.

Accuracy and reliability are not impaired due to vibration, pulsation, temperature, or contamination.

b.

Device readability, functional operation, and maintainability are not impaired.

c.

The length of instrument impulse lines connected to process pipelines or equipment is minimized.
Sufficient length shall be provided for high temperature processes so that the process temperature does not
adversely affect the transmitter.

d.

Personnel can easily and safely inspect and perform maintenance and repair (e.g., not under grating or in
any place or manner not providing a safe footing or access).

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003

ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION


REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 5 OF 23

3.2.2 To ensure accessibility, instruments (e.g., transmitters, and control valves including their isolation valves)
shall be located to satisfy one of the following conditions:
a.

No higher than 6 feet above an unobstructed working platform level and no lower than 2 feet above skid
deck surface

b.

No more than 5 feet (1.82 m) vertically or 1 foot (0.30 m) horizontally and 4 feet (1.2 m) vertically from an
elevated fixed platform (skid deck). Minimum height location above a fixed platform is 1 foot (0.3 m).

c.

No greater than 1.5 feet (0.45 m) from fixed ladders, or ladder access with Purchaser acceptance.

3.2.3 } Instruments requiring frequent calibration or maintenance that are not accessible from grade or a fixed
platform shall require Purchaser acceptance. Examples include in-line meters, analyzers, sample systems, and
safety system instruments. All access platforms and permanently affixed ladders shall be furnished by the
Package Equipment Supplier.
3.2.4 Instruments in steam, liquid, liquid-sealed, or condensing service shall be located below the process
connection point.
3.2.5 Instruments in gas or vapor (non-condensing) service shall be self draining and located above their
process connection point.
Note: Instruments having purged impulse lines and seal loops may be mounted above or below process
connection.
3.2.6 Local instruments that are not line-mounted shall be supported using prefabricated NPS 2 Schedule 40
hot dipped galvanized pipe for instrument supports.
3.2.7 Instrument supports shall be securely anchored; of rigid construction; plugged or sealed at top of the pipe
to prevent water entry; provided with a 1/4 inch (6 mm) hole above the base plate to allow water drainage; not
mounted on rails.
3.2.8 If possible, multiple instruments in close proximity to one another shall be supported with an instrument
support.
3.2.9 Welded areas, drilled holes, and pipe threads on galvanized steel pipestands shall be prepped and
sprayed with cold galvanization.
3.3 Flow
3.3.1 Sizing Flow Instruments
a.

Calculations for sizing Bernoulli type flow measurements such as concentric square-edged orifice
meters, venturis, flow nozzles, and averaging Pitot tubes shall comply with API MPMS Chapter 14, Part 1,
or ASME MFC-3M. The normal flow readings should be between 65% and 80% of maximum process flow.
The Beta ratio (ratio of orifice bore diameter to pipe internal diameter) shall be greater than or equal to 0.2
and less than or equal to 0.75.

b.

} Use manufacturers sizing and calculation methods for other types of flow meters.

3.3.2 Orifice Meter


a.

Orifice plate material shall be 316 stainless steel, unless another material is required for process reasons.

b.

Orifice plate style shall be square edge type for use in orifice flange sets.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003

ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION


REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 6 OF 23

c.

Orifice plates in horizontal 2 inch (50 mm) or larger piping shall have drain holes in gas service having
entrained liquids; vent holes in liquid service having entrained gas; effects of such holes on measurement
accuracy noted or compensated for in calculations.

d.

} Orifice meter flange sets shall have a minimum ASME Class 300 rating. The flange taps shall be
welded connections. Any deviations require Purchaser acceptance.

e.

In vertical lines, the flow shall be downward for wet gases and saturated steam, and upward for liquids
containing vapor.

f.

Minimum pipe size for orifice meter runs shall be 2 inches (50 mm).

g.

} The use of integral orifices may be used for flow metering in line sizes smaller than 2 inches.

h.

Bernoulli type flow measurements such as orifice meter straight run requirements shall comply with
ASME MFC-3M or API MPMS Chapter 14, Part 2. No flow disturbance such as elbow, tee, valve or
reducer shall be allowed in the required straight run.

i.

} Use of straightening vanes or flow conditioners shall require Purchaser acceptance.

j.

Thermowells for use in temperature correction of flow measurement data shall be located between 5 and 10
pipe diameters downstream of the orifice plate flow element.

k.

Supplier shall check thermowells for vibratory flow conditions.

3.4 Level
3.4.1 General
a.

Differential pressure transmitters are preferred for process level measurement. Transmitters shall be
provided with two valve manifolds.

b.

Level and interface instruments shall be directly connected to vessels or standpipes, and shall not be
connected to process lines.

c.

Piping from vessel to standpipe or level instruments shall not have traps or pockets.

d.

Piping from level gauges and external displacer type level instruments shall be self-draining into a vessel or
standpipe.

e.

} External standpipes shall not be used for services with process temperatures below -40F (-40C).
Level instruments for services with process temperatures below -40F (-40C) shall be individually
connected directly to the vessel and shall require Purchaser acceptance.

f.

} There shall be a block valve between the vessel connection and the level instrument unless the
instrument is designed to be mounted inside the vessel. Externally mounted instruments are preferred over
internally mounted instruments. Purchaser acceptance is required for installations where the instrument is
mounted inside the vessel.

g.

Probes that are internal to a vessel shall conform to the electrical area classification inside the tank
(typically Class I, Division 1).

h.

Differences in specific gravity between the vessel contents and the external level piping or sealing fluids
shall be taken into consideration for calibration of the level instrument.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003


i.

ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION


REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 7 OF 23

Level transmitters and level gauges shall be piped so that they can be independently isolated for
maintenance (i.e., do not install with only a single valve that will disable both the transmitter and the gauge).

3.4.2 The diaphragm seal fluid, seal leg fluid, and purge fluid of differential pressure level instruments shall be
compatible with the process fluid and ambient temperature extremes, and process/pressure vacuum conditions.
3.4.3 Installation of level transmitter remote diaphragm seals shall comply with the following:
a.

Transmitters shall be mounted at or below the high-pressure nozzle (vessel lower nozzle), below lowest
anticipated operating liquid level.

b.

Provide a bleed ring between the block valve and the diaphragm seal.

c.

Capillary tubing shall be of sufficient length to account for routing requirements, shall be armored, and shall
be furnished in manufacturers standard lengths.

d.

Capillary tubing seal legs shall be mechanically protected and adequately supported.

e.

Excess capillary tubing shall be coiled at the receiving device.

f.

Capillary lines shall be routed away and/or insulated if they pass by steam or high temperature heat transfer
media jackets on a vessel or other high temperature sources.

g.

Capillary length of both seal legs shall be identical on differential pressure transmitter remote seals.

3.4.4 } Displacement Instruments


a.

Displacement type level instruments shall not be used for extremely viscous materials, for services which
have agitated fluids, for services that coat or build up deposits on the displacer or rod, or for any service
that requires purging to prevent plugging and/or sticking or excessive condensation or vaporization of fluids
in the chamber due to temperature differences between the vessel and level displacer chamber.

b.

} If displacement type level measurement range exceeds 48 inches (1219 mm), application shall require
Purchaser acceptance.

c.

Displacement type level transmitters shall have rotatable heads.

d.

Displacement type level transmitters and switches in services with process liquid temperatures below 0F
( -18oC) or above 400F (204oC) shall have air fins or other means of isolating the device from the process
temperature in accordance with the recommendations of the transmitter/switch manufacturer.

e.

Displacer chambers shall have material and Maximum Allowable Working Pressure (MAWP) equal to or
greater than that of the vessel.

f.

Displacer chambers shall have vent valves and drain valves.

g.

To prevent possible displacer damage, displacer chambers shall be isolated and vented or the level
instrument shall be removed during vessel hydrotest.

h.

Displacer element assembly shall comply with the following:


1.

All wetted parts materials shall be compatible with the process fluid.

2.

Displacer element shall be freely suspended in the liquid (i.e., it shall not contact the bottom or sides of
the chamber or any process material buildup in the chamber).

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003

i.

ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION


REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

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PAGE 8 OF 23

3.

The displacer shall be preassembled and installed vertically.

4.

For measuring liquid-liquid interface, the displacer element shall be completely submerged.

Liquid-liquid interface level measurements using standard displacers shall require a difference in specific
gravity of the two liquids greater than 0.2.

3.4.5 Level Gauges


a.

Magnetic level gauges are preferred for hazardous liquid applications. Flat glass reflex type shall be used
for all other applications. Pad type reflex welded-in gauge glass is acceptable for lube and hydraulic
reservoir applications.

b.

Gauges shall have vent and drain valves.

c.

Installation shall include provisions for isolating in the gauge to allow for cleaning.

d.

Tubular glass gauges shall not be allowed.

e.

} For reflex glass gauges and transparent glass gauges, tempered Borosilicate, Pyrex or equal glass
shall be used in applications at or below 450F (232C). Purchaser acceptance is required for service
between 450F (232C) and 600F (315C).

f.

} Transparent glass gauges shall require Purchaser acceptance.

3.5 Pressure
3.5.1 General
a.

b.

Pressure measurement points for gas or vapor service shall meet the following criteria:
1.

Use top or side taps.

2.

Mount transmitters above the pressure taps and slope impulse lines downward to the root valve one
inch per foot.

Pressure measurement points for liquid and condensing service shall meet the following criteria:
1.

Use side taps.

2.

Mount transmitters below the pressure taps and slope impulse lines upward to the root valve one inch
per foot.

c.

Pressure instruments shall have diaphragm seals if used in viscous fluids, slurries, or corrosive
applications for fluids not compatible with measuring element material.

d.

Pressure transmitters and liquid filled pressure gauges shall have integral pulsation dampeners in
oscillating services.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003

ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION


REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 9 OF 23

3.5.2 Pressure Gauges


a.

Nominal diameter shall be 4 1/2 inch (114 mm) externally threaded connection of 1/2 inch MNPT with
wrench flats, stainless steel Bourdon tube and socket, unless the process conditions dictate otherwise. The
case shall be solid front, weatherproof, with blowout backs or disks, stainless steel or phenolic. A visible
stop pin at the six o'clock position shall be provided. Gauge window shall be double strength, shatter
resistant safety glass. The window shall be gasketed on the bezel side by means of a resilient gasket and
held in place from the case side by means of a threaded retainer ring. Siphons shall be provided as
required by application.

b.

When measuring pulsating pressure, suitable dampening methods shall be employed (glycerin/silicon oil
filled gauges, dampening devices etc.). Fluorolube shall be used on the following services: chlorine, nitric
acid, or hydrogen peroxide.

c.

Pressure gauges shall have a nominal working pressure is between 30% and 70% of scale range. Ensure
the maximum working pressure does not exceed the scale range.

d.

Pneumatic instruments shall have manufacturers standard integral pressure gauges provided on local
controllers and valve positioners.

3.5.3 } Pressure switches, when accepted by the Purchaser, shall have diaphragm type process sensing units
of all welded construction.
3.6 Temperature
3.6.1 General
a.

Use of temperature switches shall not be allowed.

b.

Temperature elements shall be provided as complete assemblies, including element, thermowell, and
termination head.

c.

Thermowell connection types shall conform to Table 1 in Section 4.2.

d.

Thermocouples and Resistance Temperature Detectors (RTDs) shall be stainless steel (or Inconel)
sheathed, mineral-insulated construction.

e.

Process and utility fluid temperature sensing devices shall be mounted in thermowells.

f.

A dual temperature element shall not be used to provide separate signals to different instruments or
redundant inputs to a logic control system.

g.

Thermocouple and RTD termination heads shall be copper free cast aluminum and weatherproof to a
minimum NEMA 4 and NEMA 7 or 9 if explosion proof is required. Heads shall have a minimum of three
terminals for thermocouples and four for RTDs and have 3/4-inch NPT conduit connections.

h.

RTDs are preferred up to 600C.

i.

} Establish upscale or downscale burnout requirement.

3.6.2 Thermocouple types shall be Type K. Duplex thermocouples, if used, shall both be terminated in the
head. Thermocouples shall be ungrounded.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003

ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION


REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 10 OF 23

3.6.3 Process temperature and machinery bearing and motor winding temperature RTDs shall be 3- or 4-wire
construction, as specified on the completed Data Sheet. RTD's shall have a platinum sensor of 100 ohms at
0C with a temperature coefficient of 0.00385 ohms/ohm/C and comply with IEC 60751 (equivalent to
DIN 43760, ASTM 1137).
3.6.4 } Use of filled thermal system instruments shall require Purchaser acceptance.
3.6.5 Thermowells
a.

Thermowells shall not be located between suction screens and inlets of pumps, compressors, or turbines.

b.

Construction of thermowells shall be of stainless steel material, 316 minimum, except where process
conditions require other alloys; be fabricated from solid barstock; have a bore diameter of 0.26 inch
(6.6 mm) for thermocouples and RTD sensors; have process connections per Table 1, Section 4.2. The
body and flange shall be of the same material.

c.

Thermowell lengths shall be confirmed as suitable for the maximum fluid velocity and resulting vibration.

d.

Where practical, thermowell shall be installed in a piping elbow pointed toward the flow. Thermowell shall
not be installed in location where stagnation of the flow stream is possible.

3.6.6 Local temperature indicators shall be bimetallic every angle type thermometer with 5 inch (127 mm) dial.
3.7 Control and Instrument Valves
3.7.1 } The Supplier automated valve specification shall be reviewed and accepted by Purchaser.
3.7.2 Actuators shall be designed to meet all operating and shutoff conditions.
3.7.3 Valves ASME Class 125 or flanges ASME Class 250 shall not be used.
3.7.4 Automated valves installed in lines smaller than 1 inch shall be line size.
3.7.5 Valves in line sizes 1 inch and larger shall have a minimum valve body size of 1 inch, but not less than
one size less than pipe size.
3.7.6 Seat leakage of automated valves shall comply with FCI 70-2 standards. Purchaser will identify seat
leakage requirements for the automated valves.
3.7.7 Control valves shall have positioners.
3.7.8 Electro-pneumatic positioners shall be control valve manufacturers standard.
3.7.9 Ball or equivalent rotary valves shall be preferred for on-off service.
3.7.10 } Use of automated gate valves shall require Purchaser acceptance. Use of butterfly valves in
throttling service shall require Purchaser acceptance.
3.7.11 Face-to-face dimensions shall comply with ANSI/ISA standards.
3.7.12 Control valve body sizes shall not be 1-1/4 inch, 2-1/2 inch, 3-1/2 inch, or 5 inch.
3.7.13 Control valves shall be sized to control normal flow rates from 50% to 80% of maximum opening of the
valve.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION
REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 11 OF 23

DATE: 03 APR 2003

3.7.14 Sizing of control valves shall be based on ISA standard valve sizing equations or on sizing programs of
accepted valve manufacturers.
3.7.15 The composite noise level produced by control valves shall not exceed 85 dBA and shall comply with
OSHA 1910.95.
3.7.16 } Packing for operating temperatures up to 450oF (232oC) can be Teflon or graphite. Packing for
operating temperatures above 450oF (232oC)shall be graphite, and Purchaser shall specifically review seal
designs. Asbestos packing shall not be used.
3.7.17 Solenoid valves shall be low power consumption type with 24 volt DC coils. All electrical solenoid valve
coils shall be encapsulated to protect coils from ambient conditions in accordance with NEMA MG-1 Part 1.65.
Class H NEMA rating is the minimum requirement.
3.7.18 } Use of electric actuators, electro-hydraulic actuators, or hydraulic actuators shall require Purchaser
acceptance.
3.7.19 Direct operating pressure reducing regulators shall be used only in clean fluids and simple applications
such as for reducing instrument air supply pressure to panels or for inert gas blanketing of storage tanks.
Actuators for self-acting regulating valves shall be capable of withstanding the maximum upstream design
pressure.
3.8 Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)
3.8.1 } The PLC manufacturer and model number for the packaged equipment shall require Purchaser
acceptance.
3.8.2 } PLC programming and configuration shall be provided by the Supplier.
3.8.3 The Package Equipment Supplier shall provide a programming tool (handheld or PC software) for the
PLC as specified.
3.9 Local Control Panels
3.9.1 The local panel shall be weatherproofed to NEMA 4 construction, and suitable for operation in the
environmental conditions specified.
3.9.2 Supplier shall provide opening(s) and designated space for wire and tubing that will be installed after
package arrives at site. Field installation shall not require cutting holes in panel or installing hardware inside the
panel to secure Owner-installed wire and tubing. Conduit and cable entries shall be bottom or side.
3.9.3 All panel openings shall be plugged for shipment to prevent water or dirt from entering during shipment or
storage prior to installation.
3.9.4 Panel light functions that duplicate annunciator readouts shall not be repeated from the annunciator.
3.9.5 } Prior to fabrication, Purchasers acceptance shall be required for layout of panel face-mounted and
internal components, design of system cabinets, detail drawings, materials of construction, and nameplate
wording.
3.9.6 No process fluids or process gases other than air shall be permitted inside any local panel.
3.9.7 Panels shall have a minimum 3/16 inch (4.76 mm) thick steel plate vertical face; be totally enclosed with
access door or doors that provide sufficient clearance for full internal access, and have all stainless steel
hardware.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003

ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION


REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 12 OF 23

3.9.8 Panels shall have a self-supporting box type main framework made of steel standard structural shapes
coated for the environment, and have lifting provision integral to panel box frame.
3.9.9 If specified for outdoor installation, panels shall have a weather hood or canopy of minimum 12 gage
metal at top of front panel to protect the panel face instrumentation.
3.9.10 Panels located outdoors shall have adequate internal and external lighting rated for the electrical area
classification. Area lighting shall not be assumed adequate.
3.9.11 The local panel or panel section shall have a steel primary framework for supporting conduit, tubing,
wireway, switches, air piping, and instrument accessory items (e.g., relay enclosures, transducers, pressure
switches, valves, and air relays). Ensure the framework design does not interfere with instrument connections
or with access needed for maintenance or adjustment.
3.9.12 Rear access doors shall be flush fitting, gasketed, secured with three-point latches, provided with
lockable door handles, and provided with common keyed locks for all the doors on one panel assembly.
3.9.13 Panel face instruments shall be suitable for the specified environmental conditions, flush mounted,
provided with manufacturers standard finish, and identified by means of instrument manufacturers standard
nameplate holder or by plastic engraved nameplates.
3.9.14 Plastic engraved nameplates shall be mounted to the panel with stainless steel screws.
3.9.15 If pneumatic instruments are required in the control panel, air supply design shall include dual air filters
and regulators, and the capability of each regulator and filter to pass the required air supply volume and
pressure. Full block and bleed valves shall be provided for separate maintenance of each set of filters and
regulators. Pneumatic signal tubing shall enter local control panel through the sides via bulkhead union fittings.
3.9.16 Pilot lights, pushbuttons, and switches shall be oil-tight, heavy duty type, have open screw type terminals
only, have pushbuttons supplied with protective guards or that are recessed mounted, and use lamps that are
derated (e.g., rated for 240 volts AC when operated at 120 volts AC).
3.9.17 A minimum of one common lamp test pushbutton shall be provided.
3.9.18 Control panels shall be located to allow operation of the mechanical equipment and panel instruments
without exposure of personnel to potentially unsafe conditions.
3.9.19 Location of panels shall allow for performance of normal maintenance of all portions of the packaged
equipment; adequate rear door clearance; personnel access to the panel internal items; and, safe emergency
personnel egress from rear of panel with door opened per code requirements.
3.9.20 A "Shield Ground" system shall be provided completely separate from the "AC Ground" system within
the panel. Supplier shall provide a copper bus bar, at least 1 in. (25 mm) wide by 1/4 in. (6 mm) thick by length
as required, for each of the two ground systems. Supplier shall tie these two ground systems together outside
of the panel.
3.10 Local Control Panel Wiring
3.10.1 } Panel that contains devices that must be purged to meet electrical area classification requires
Purchaser acceptance. Devices that must be purged shall be within a separate enclosure that shall be purged
per NFPA 496 requirements (the complete panel shall not be purged per NEC just to satisfy the requirements of
a few devices).
3.10.2 AC and DC wiring shall be kept segregated (including intrinsically safe and non-intrinsically safe) within
control panels in accordance with NEC. If DC power distribution is provided within a local panel, fused terminals
shall be used for individual circuit protection.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003

ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION


REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 13 OF 23

3.10.3 120 volt AC power distribution within panels or equipment cabinets shall meet the following
requirements:
a.

Each instrument shall either be individually fused (preferred) or breaker protected in accordance with OSHA
for maintenance purposes.

b.

AC power shall be wired to a distribution terminal strip.

c.

When daisy chaining is used, feed shall be to both ends of terminal blocks. All parts of the chain shall be
able to handle the maximum current load of the feed source.

d.

AC power wiring shall be 14 AWG minimum size, have THHN/THWN, 90C/75C, 600 V class insulation.
Use larger size wire if overload protection exceeds 15 amperes.

e.

Panel shall have receptacles (inside panel) for test equipment and shall be supplied from a dedicated circuit
breaker of an external utility power source. The receptacle shall be suitable for the country into which the
equipment is being installed.

f.

AC receptacles shall be 3-wire type: hot (black), neutral (white), and ground (green), and have ground wire
connected to AC Safety Ground.

g.

Each panel-mounted metal instrument shall have an individual ground wire from the chassis to the common
panel AC Safety Ground bus.

h.

Instruments with integral power cords normally include a ground wire in the power cord.

i.

Each instrument power supply, door, sub panel and chassis shall be grounded to the cabinet frame using
12 AWG copper wire.

3.10.4 Each wire shall be permanently tagged and identified at both ends.
3.10.5 For instruments that terminate in the local panel, and do not continue to other control systems, then the
overall cable shield drain wires and individual pair shields shall be grounded to the ground bus in the local
panel.
3.10.6 All wires of a cable, including spares and shield drain wires, shall be landed in a continuous order on a
terminal strip, dressed out neatly, and labeled in accordance with Section 5.
3.11 Annunciators
3.11.1 Annunciators shall be self-contained solid-state, lighted, nameplate type provided with common
Acknowledge", Test", and Reset pushbuttons and an audible alarm.
3.11.2 System shall also be capable of remote Acknowledge and Reset by DCS or other remote control
system, if specified.
3.11.3 The alarm sequence shall be in accordance with ISA 18.1. It shall include a first out feature of sequence
number F1-M-1-14.
3.11.4 Alarms shall be detected by the opening of the initiating contact.
3.11.5 Each annunciator window shall have twin lamps.
3.11.6 As a minimum, annunciator systems shall have a contact for a remote common trouble alarm.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003

ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION


REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 14 OF 23

3.11.7 Annunciators installed outdoors shall be minimum NEMA 4 rated. Additional NEC requirements shall
also apply as necessary to meet the electrical area classification requirements.
3.12 Equipment Protection
3.12.1 SIS, where required, shall comply with ISA 84.01.
3.12.2 } Equipment protection system shall be independent from the equipment basic control system.
Combining the equipment control and equipment protection systems shall require Purchaser acceptance.
3.12.3 } SIS determination of the type of system and the Safety Integrity Level (SIL) should be based on
ISA 84.01. SIL determination will be conducted by the Purchaser and the Owner.
3.12.4 } SIS and control philosophy and hardware system shall require Purchaser review and acceptance.
3.12.5 SIS shall be designed to put the Packaged Equipment in a safe mode upon initiation of a shutdown
signal or power failure.
3.12.6 Analog devices shall be used as inputs to the SIS. Discrete inputs should only be used when analog
devices are not practical.
3.12.7 Each SIS signal shall have a pre-alarm before actuation of any protective function.
3.12.8 Unless specified otherwise, alarm, shutdown, and ON/OFF control signals shall be 24 volt DC.
3.12.9 Redundant instruments shall be powered by separate circuits and separate branches. Separate I/O
cards shall be supplied.
3.12.10 Manually operated emergency shutdown stations (switches) shall be one of the following types:
a.
b.
c.

Dual-action movement (e.g., push and turn manual operations required)


Pull action type equipped with a red mushroom style head
Covered pushbutton

3.12.11 A common trouble and a trip alarm shall be provided through voltage free contacts to Purchasers
control system (i.e., separate contact for trouble/pre-trip alarm and a system tripped alarm).
3.12.12 When specified, a separate alarm contact shall be provided for interface to the DCS.
3.12.13 } The alarm and trip settings shall be reviewed and accepted by Purchaser.
3.12.14 Equipment protection transmitters shall be 4-20 mA output type, powered from the safety system, and
write-protected if smart transmitter design.
4. PIPING AND TUBING REQUIREMENTS
4.1 General
4.1.1 Instruments that require a process tap shall have primary block valve in accordance with Table 1 in
Section 4.2.
4.1.2 Process-connected instruments that are not line-mounted shall have secondary isolating valve and
bleeder or valve manifold at the instrument.
4.1.3 Threaded joints in instrument air service shall be made up using Teflon dispersion sealant.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003

ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION


REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 15 OF 23

4.1.4 Avoid pocketing of piping and tubing.


4.2 Process Connections
4.2.1 Process instrument piping and connections shall be made with stainless steel pipe or stainless steel
tubing to meet service conditions.
4.2.2 Process gas or liquid sensing lines shall not be piped or tubed beyond the physical limits of the Packaged
Equipment.
4.2.3 Instrument process connections shall comply with Table 1 and ASME B31.3.
TABLE 1
INSTRUMENT CONNECTIONS TO PIPING, VESSELS, AND EQUIPMENT
TYPE OF INSTRUMENT

CONNECTION
THREADED (Note 2)

WELDED

FLANGED

Thermowells:

3/4 inch or 1 inch

1 inch

1-1/2 inch

Pressure:

3/4 inch or 1 inch

3/4 inch

1 inch

1/2 inch (600 # pipe class and under)


3/4 inch (900 # pipe class and over)

1/2 inch
3/4 inch

Flow, Orifice with


Flange taps: (Note 1)
Level:
Differential

3/4 inch

1 inch

Internal Displacement

4 inch

External Displacement

2 inch

Probe

1 inch

Magnetic Level Gauge


Gauge Glass

2 inch
3/4 inch

Bubbler
Diaphragm Seals

1 inch

2 inch
2 inch

3/4 inch

1-1/2 in. or 3 in.

Notes:
1:
2:

Instrument connections on orifice with flange taps shall be threaded, or socket welded.
Instrument connections on piping shall be minimum 3/4 inch threaded or welded.

4.3 Purging of Process Connections


4.3.1 If required to prevent plugging, freezing, or corrosion, process connections may be purged.
4.3.2 } Purge fluid shall be compatible with the process fluid and shall require Purchaser acceptance.
4.3.3 Instrument connections to the process for streams containing suspended solids shall be vertical taps, or
angled up (minimum 45o). No horizontal taps are allowed.
4.3.4 Unless otherwise specified, purge systems shall be in accordance with NFPA 496 Type Z Classification.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003

ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION


REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 16 OF 23

4.4 Pneumatic Supply


4.4.1 Air sets shall be rated for a maximum inlet pressure of 150 psig (1034 kPa), have filter/regulators with
non-paper filter element, include integral dripwell and draincock, and be adjustable.
4.4.2 All equipment of the air supply system shall be capable of being isolated by hand valves.
4.4.3 Packaged Equipment air header shall be sized for maximum air consumption (i.e., all air users operating
at the same time). Minimum air header size shall be 1 inch, and material shall be minimum Schedule 40
galvanized carbon steel.
4.5 Tubing
4.5.1 Tubing shall be installed in a manner that allows for calibration of instruments and removal of adjacent
instruments, equipment, and tubing.
4.5.2 Tubes and tube bundles that handle process fluids shall not be installed in channel or cable trays that
contain instrument or electrical cables.
4.5.3 Process and pneumatic tubing shall be seamless per ASTM A269, fully annealed 316 stainless steel.
4.5.4 Process and pneumatic tube fittings shall be 316 stainless steel, flareless dual ferrule compression type.
4.6 Instrument Piping and Tubing Supports
4.6.1 Design and installation of the supports shall:
a.

Avoid strain on equipment, piping connections, and instruments.

b.

Allow the flexibility required to accommodate thermal expansion or contraction of piping or equipment.

c.

Consider vibration of the process piping or equipment to which an instrument is connected. Welding onto
the process or utility piping is never allowed.

d.

Do not use process or utility piping to support tubes, tube bundles, or associated support channels and
trays.

4.6.2 Tubing in raceways (e.g., on angle, channel, and in cable trays) shall be firmly attached to the support at
intervals not exceeding 6 feet (1.8 m).
4.6.3 Bare metal tubing shall be attached to structural angle, channel, and cable trays with stainless steel
straps or clamps. Stainless steel tubing shall not be routed near or supported by galvanized materials. A
suitable fireproof barrier shall be provided to prevent the stainless steel tubing from contacting any galvanizing.
4.6.4 Tube bundles shall be secured with stainless steel metal straps and clamps or plastic tie-down straps.
Tube bundle plastic tie-down straps shall be ultraviolet resistant, and of suitable material for the ambient
conditions.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003

ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION


REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 17 OF 23

5. ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS
5.1 Power Distribution
5.1.1 General
a.

Purchaser will provide an electrical power supply of the voltage, phase, and frequency specified at a
connection point on the packaged equipment. All equipment and components shall be designed and rated
for operation at this voltage. Supplier shall indicate the number of circuits required and shall depict the
location where the power source is to be connected on plan view and elevation drawings. The packaged
equipment shall be designed to allow Purchaser to provide only one, three-phase electric power supply.

b.

Where motor starters are to be supplied by Supplier, a main power disconnect device shall be arranged to
interrupt the external power source provided by Purchaser. On the load side of the main power disconnect,
Supplier shall provide a separate power circuit including all conduit and wire for each three-phase load or
motor. Supplier shall provide a power disconnect device for each of these branch circuits.

c.

Where motor starters are not supplied by Supplier, but disconnect switches are to be supplied by Supplier,
all raceway/conduit and wire from each disconnect switch to the three-phase load or motor shall be
provided by Supplier.

d.

Where neither motor starters nor disconnect switches are supplied by Supplier, all conduit and wire from
each load shall be terminated in an appropriately sized junction box, which shall comply with NEC
requirements for the intended service area.

5.1.2 Safety Disconnect Switches


a.

Safety and disconnect switches shall meet the requirements of NEMA KS 1, Parts 2 and 4, and UL 98.

b.

Safety switches shall be NEMA Heavy Duty (HD), three-pole, single-throw, fusible or nonfusible, quickmake, quick-break, visible-blade type. Fusible switches shall be provided with Class R fuse holders.

c.

Switches rated 300 A or less shall be horsepower rated and sized for the installed horsepower.

5.1.3 Transformers - When transformers are specified, they shall meet the requirements of Purchaser
standards shown on data sheet EE-EF26.
5.1.4 Fuses
a.

One complete set of fuses shall be provided for all fusible equipment furnished or installed as part of
Suppliers work.

b.

Fuses shall be UL Class RK-5, dual-element, time-lag cartridge type, nonrenewable with an interrupting
rating greater than or equal to 100 000 A.

5.1.5 Panelboards When panelboards are specified, they shall meet the requirements of Purchaser
standards shown on data sheet EE-EF26.
5.2 Control Systems
5.2.1 General
Wiring shall allow for the removal of any single device without affecting another device. As an example, wiring
shall not pass through one device to connect to another device. Wiring and conduit shall dead end at each
device except for local indicators.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003

ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION


REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 18 OF 23

5.2.2 Instrument Power and Control Circuits


a.

24 VDC loops with hard-wired signals to/from a DCS, PLC, or SIS shall be powered by their respective
DCS, PLC, or SIS. Supplier shall provide interposing relays for 120 V AC circuits.

b.

Each instrument device requiring external power (i.e., 120 V AC) shall be on a separate circuit.

c.

Each instrument shall be protected by an individual fuse or current limiting device.

d.

Each wire within a cable, including spares, shall be terminated either in a single field device or a single field
junction box. Splitting cables among multiple devices/boxes in the field is not permitted.

e.

Supplier shall provide specific fuse/breaker model numbers along with the associated time versus current
curve.

5.2.3 Switches
a.

For application of switches in equipment protection, refer to Section 3.12.

b.

Alarm and shutdown switches shall be snap acting, vibration resistant, Double Pole, Double Throw (DPDT),
hermetically sealed and provided with noble metal switch contacts.

c.

Contact for switches and relays shall be rated for the maximum load condition and be suitable for an
inductive load.

5.3 Grounding
5.3.1 The general requirements for electrical grounding and bonding of electrical installation shall be in
accordance with NEC Article 250, Grounding.
5.3.2 Two grounding pads of suitable ampacity shall be provided at diagonally opposite corners of the
packaged unit.
5.3.3 A copper ground bus with necessary mechanical lugs shall be provided in each control panel and
panelboard to provide a terminating point for plant ground conductor connections.
5.3.4 A separate ground bus shall be provided for instrument circuits. This ground bus shall be insulated from
the chassis and equipment ground.
5.3.5 The raceway system shall be adequately bonded to the structure and shall have a continuous grounding
path consisting of a bonding conductor or conduit fittings accepted as a grounding means. Raceway shall not
be the sole means of grounding equipment. An insulated, green-colored grounding conductor shall be installed
in each power conduit and shall be sized in accordance with the NEC.
5.3.6 The ground system for the DCS/PLC/SIS shall be designed per DCS/PLC/SIS manufacturers'
recommendations.
5.4 Wiring Methods
5.4.1 Wiring shall be separated by voltage level and application as follows and run in separate raceway/conduit:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

AC power and control (600 V and below).


DC power and control.
Intrinsically safe electronic signal wiring.
Non-intrinsically safe electronic signal wiring, including thermocouple and RTD signals.
Communications.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003


f.

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PAGE 19 OF 23

Class 2 and Class 3 power-limited circuits per NEC Article 725.

5.4.2 Wire Marking - Instrument and control wiring shall be identified by legible markings at the terminals. Each
end of every wire shall be provided with a heat-shrinkable or equivalent sleeve-type wire marker in accordance
with the related electrical and instrument drawings. Use of adhesive and clip-on type markers shall be avoided.
5.4.3 Wire Connections and terminals
a.

The electrical items shall be physically mounted and completely wired by Supplier. Supplier shall provide
junction box(es) with identified terminal blocks for interconnecting field wiring between package units, and
wiring to locations outside the package. All such terminals shall be grouped, preferably at a single location,
enclosed in a manner suitable to the environment and the electrical area classification, and arranged for
easy accessibility. Conduit coming from above shall be routed for bottom or side entry into enclosures.
Installation drawings provided by Supplier shall clearly identify which wiring/cables are to be installed during
field erection.

b.

Terminal blocks shall be of thermoplastic, non-corrosive, moisture-resistant material with anticorrosive


plated terminals. Support material shall be cadmium-plated or stainless steel screws and channels.

c.

Wiring connections shall be wired to terminal blocks. Not more than two connections shall be allowed at
each terminal point.

d.

Terminals for power distribution and for connection of alarm and shutdown systems shall be fused type.

e.

Terminals for thermocouple connections shall be used only when intermediate connections cannot be
avoided. Thermocouple terminals shall be of the proper thermocouple material.

f.

Each terminal strip shall be tagged, and each terminal shall be tagged. A minimum of 20-percent spare
terminals shall be provided in each terminal enclosure.

5.4.4 Raceway Systems


a.

All wiring and cabling shall be installed in raceway/conduit with termination fittings accepted for the location.
Supplier shall furnish and install necessary support material and accessories required including the
complete raceway system.

b.

All conduits shall be hot-dipped galvanized rigid steel meeting the requirements of ANSI C80.1 or rigid
aluminum whichever is more suitable for the atmosphere in which installed.

c.

Conduit size and fill shall be in accordance with the NEC Article 344. The minimum size conduit for general
use shall be 3/4 in.

d.

Conduit shall be:

e.

1.

Adequately supported to prevent applying loads to enclosures or devices.

2.

Routed to avoid causing safety hazards (including personnel tripping hazards).

3.

Installed to prevent vibration damage to the conduit systems, internal wiring, or conduit supports.

4.

Installed with low point drains or a drip loop to prevent water from draining into an instrument or
enclosure.

Conduit unions and fittings shall be provided to facilitate replacement of instruments and electrical devices.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003

ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION


REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 20 OF 23

f.

Conduit fittings and junction boxes shall be installed with cover openings in the vertical plane. Access for
removal of covers shall not be blocked.

g.

Conduit fittings and support hardware shall be of a compatible material that will not result in galvanic
corrosion.

h.

Electrically conducting anti-seize compounds shall be applied at threaded joints on conduit and fittings.

i.

PTFE compounds or other similar insulating anti-seize materials shall not be used.

j.

Conduits shall be terminated with flexible metallic conduit at instrument or end device, except when
entering a junction box or control panel.

k.

Liquid-tight, flexible metallic conduit with accepted fittings shall be used in all areas at connections where
vibration, movement or adjustments are likely to occur; this type of conduit shall not be used in Class I,
Division 1 hazardous (classified) locations.

l.

Flexible metallic conduits shall be specified and installed to meet the NEC Article 348.

m. All flexible, liquid-tight metallic conduit connections shall have bonding conductors.
n.

Conduit seals shall not be poured by Supplier. Supplier shall provide the seals for pouring by others at site
per NEC Article 501.

o.

Each raceway system shall be designed to prevent accumulation of moisture inside the raceway or
enclosure. Breathers shall be provided at the high points of outdoor raceway systems and enclosures.

5.4.5 Enclosures
a.

Each motor, device, or instrument enclosure shall be suitable for the expected environmental conditions
and shall be of a type permitted under the hazardous area classification specified for the intended
equipment location.

b.

Enclosures for control panels, control boards, or electronic equipment shall be in accordance with NEC.
The equivalent of NEMA Type 12 for indoor use and NEMA Type 4 for outdoor use is required, as a
minimum.

5.4.6 Wire and Cable


a.

All wire and cable shall comply with the requirements established for such materials and construction by
NEC, ASTM, UL, and Insulated Cable Engineers Association (ICEA) where applicable.

b.

Cable insulation shall be selected to withstand the area operating temperature.

c.

All wiring shall be continuous from terminal to terminal. No taps or splices will be permitted.

5.4.7 Power Supply Wiring - Power supply, alarm and shutdown, and general-purpose electric wiring for circuits
not exceeding 600 V shall be stranded-copper type, minimum size No.14 AWG and insulated with a 75/90C
insulation system.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003

ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION


REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 21 OF 23

5.4.8 Electronic Signal Wiring


a.

All conductors for electronic signal wiring applications other than non-incendive intrinsically safe circuits and
thermocouple wiring circuits shall be type ITC rated 300 V, installed in dedicated raceways or 600V rated
cable.

b.

Wiring for 4 to 20 mA analog signals shall be shielded and twisted pairs, minimum size No. 16 AWG for
single pairs. Wiring for control or alarm circuits shall be No. 20 AWG multiconductor cable with an overall
shield. Thermocouple wiring shall be shielded and twisted pairs, No. 16 AWG minimum size. RTD wiring
shall be shielded No. 16 AWG stranded copper triad.

c.

4-20 mA instrument signal wiring and shields shall be insulated from ground at the signal source and
grounded at the other end. Intrinsically safe circuits, when specified, shall comply with the requirements of
UL 913.

d.

All interconnecting wiring between Supplier-provided instruments and the Packaged Equipment mounted
junction boxes and control panels shall be provided and installed by Supplier.

e.

In junction boxes, each individual pair and all pairs from the overall cable require permanent tags, affixed to
pairs (both sides of terminal strips).

f.

When interconnecting wiring by others is required between the Packaged Equipment components/skids, the
Supplier shall provide junction boxes on each component/skid with wires terminated and tagged for
interface wiring by others.

g.

Instrument wire/cable shall be run in raceway, or conduit.

h.

Wiring from junction boxes to individual instruments shall be shielded twisted pair or triad 16 AWG minimum
cables in conduit.

i.

Instrument signal (4-20 mA) wiring from junction box to junction box or control panel shall be 20 AWG
minimum, twisted pairs in multi-pair cables with overall shield and drain wire.

j.

Installation drawings provided by the Supplier shall clearly identify which wiring/cables are to be installed
during field erection.

k.

In junction boxes, each individual pair shield shall be terminated to a dedicated terminal.

5.4.9 Control and Instrument Cable - Control cable shall be color-coded and shall be jacketed type ITC wiring,
or 600-V rated polyethylene insulated wiring with clear nylon cover over the insulation and polyvinyl chloride
(PVC) jacket.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION
REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 22 OF 23

DATE: 03 APR 2003

5.4.10 Color coding shall be as follows:


AC supply:
DC supply:
DC signal:
AC control:
DC control
External interlock with outside
power source:
Intrinsically safe system:

Line
Neutral
Ground
Positive
Negative
Positive
Negative

Black
White
Green
Red
Black
Black
White
Red
Orange
Yellow
Blue

Note: Neutral wires shall be white, except where there is more than one. In such cases, each shall be color
coded to satisfy NEC Article 210.5.
6. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS
6.1 Identification
6.1.1 Instruments, equipment, and enclosures shall be identified before shipment by permanently affixing a
name tag, or affixing stainless steel tag with stainless steel fasteners.
6.1.2 Plastic nameplates shall be three-layer laminate material with black lettering engraved on a white
background. Safety systems shall have white lettering on a red background.
6.1.3 Instrument nameplates shall be engraved with the instrument tag number and service description.
6.2 Inspection and Testing
6.2.1 } Written test procedure for conducting a Factory Acceptance Test (FAT) and Site Acceptance Test
(SAT) of instrumentation, protective, logic, safety, and control systems shall be submitted by the Packaged
System Supplier for acceptance by Purchaser a minimum of 6 weeks before the scheduled test. FAT and SAT
shall be quoted when specified on the data sheets.
6.2.2 Supplier shall notify Purchaser of the estimated time required to perform the instrumentation system
acceptance test.
6.2.3 Unless otherwise specified, Purchaser shall require a minimum notice of 1 week in advance of scheduled
acceptance test.
6.2.4 Material, workmanship and compliance with all specifications, shall be subject to inspection and
verification by Purchasers representative during and after fabrication.
6.2.5 Purchaser's inspection or lack thereof shall not relieve the Supplier from compliance with this
Specification.
6.2.6 Adequate time, space, facilities, utilities, test equipment, and assistance to allow performance of
inspection and testing shall be provided at the Suppliers facility. Supplier shall provide all necessary test
equipment.
6.2.7 All instrumentation and control systems shall be carefully inspected, checked out, and tested by Supplier
prior to Purchasers scheduled acceptance test and checkout.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

DATE: 03 APR 2003

ELECTRICAL AND INSTRUMENTATION


REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGED EQUIPMENT

IS100E BASE

ENGINEERING SERVICES BY KBR TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.

PAGE 23 OF 23

6.2.8 } Any items found not in compliance with this Specification during the Supplier test shall be listed for
Purchaser review/acceptance along with a statement giving reasons for noncompliance.
6.2.9 Suppliers test report, including a record of any corrections performed, shall be provided to the
Purchasers representative before Purchasers factory acceptance test.
6.3 Preparation for Shipment
6.3.1 Instruments that may be susceptible to physical damage shall be disconnected, packaged separately, and
shipped with the Packaged Equipment.
6.3.2 Instruments removed from the equipment before shipment shall be tagged and boxed separately from any
mechanical parts or equipment. The container(s) for the removed instruments shall be clearly marked as
required by the purchase order.
6.3.3 Instrument electrical conduit, fittings, and openings shall be sealed with a threaded, lubricated plug.
6.3.4 Pneumatic, vent, and drain connections shall be weather protected using plastic plugs or caps.
6.3.5 Instruments shipped separately shall be protected by sealed packaging and shipped with desiccant inside
the instrument or sealed package.
6.3.6 Instruments shipped installed on the Packaged Equipment shall be weatherproofed for shipment and for
outdoor storage at the Purchasers facility.
6.3.7 The equipment shall be free of burrs, sharp edges, etc.
6.4 Documentation Requirements
The Supplier Data Requirements List (SDR) provides the required quantities of each document and their
required delivery schedule. Electronic files shall be provided per the SDR.