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Voluntary action Vs Involuntary action

Voluntary action

Involuntary action

Similarities
-

Part of the brain


that is involved:
Will control
ability:
Awareness:

Nervous
impulse
pathway:

Speed of action:
Examples

Both are nervous coordination


Both involve peripheral and central nervous system
Differences:
Controlled by cerebellum
Controlled by medulla oblongata
Controlled by our will

Cannot be controlled by our will

Aware of the action being


planned or taken

Take place continuously and


automatically in the body without us
being consciously aware of them
Pathway:
Receptor spinal cord Medulla
oblongata

Pathway:
Receptor spinal cord
cerebrum
Effector
Speed of action can be
quickened or slowed down
Eg: writing, dancing, reading,
climbing, carrying out
experiment
putting down a hot object ??

Label the diagram

TKS F4 SC

Effector
Speed of action is fast
Eg: peristalsis, heart beating, food
digestion, breathing rate

Exercise
1. Why are the groove on the surface of the human brain?

2. Why is an involuntary action quicker than a voluntary action?

3. A victim injures his brain and becomes paralyzed and speechless in an accident but
his heart still beats and he can still breathe. Which parts of his brain are injured and
which part is not?

4. In what way is the human brain superior to other mammalian brains?

5. Name the 2 structures that protect the brain


6. Which part of the brain is called the small brain?
7. Why is it important for the brain to have the grey matter on the outer side?

8. What is white matter made up of?

9. What is meant by the motor area of the brain?


10.You are watching a TV programme. Is this a voluntary action or an involuntary action?
Why?

11.Nervous system: sense, voluntary actions, involuntary actions, speech


(a) Identify the 2 common characteristics

(b) Give one other example of an activity regulated by nervous coordination


(c) Relate the common characteristics to construct the concept of nervous
coordination

TKS F4 SC

SPM 2010
Diagram below shows 2 types of
neurone

(e) Diagram below shows the part of a human brain


A student has lost his body balance and could not
coordinate his leg and hand movement. In the diagram
below, mark

the part of the brain which is injured

SPM 2009
Diagram below shows the structure of a neurone

(a) Name the type of neurone:


Neurone A: ______________________________________
Neurone B: ______________________________________
(b) Name the structure labelled X at neurone B
________________________________________________
(c) What is the function of the structure X?
________________________________________________________

(d) Fill in the boxes below with the correct neurone for the
impulse pathway
Receptor
Effector

TKS F4 SC

Central NS

(a) Base on diagram above, mark

the type of neurone in

the box provided


Sensory neurone

Relay neurone

Motor neurone

(b) Name X: _____________________________________


(c) State 2 functions of X
__________________________________________________________
_
__________________________________________________________
_
(d) Diagram shows the pathway of an impulse. Mark the

location of neurone in the diagram


Receptor
Effector

CNS

TKS F4 SC