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Paper 2 Questions for Trial Examination

1 Syngas is a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen gases, used as a feedstock for the
manufacture of methanol.
A dynamic equilibrium was set up between carbon monoxide, CO, hydrogen, H 2, and methanol,
3
CH3OH, in a 2.0 dm sealed vessel.
The equilibrium is shown by below.

CO(g) + 2H2(g)

CH3OH(g)

The number of moles of each component at equilibrium is shown below


component
number of
moles at
equilibrium
(a)

CO(g)

H2(g)
3

6.20 10

4.80 10

CH3OH(g)
2

5.20 10

Explain what is meant by dynamic equilibrium.

.....................................................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................
(b) (i)

[2]

Write an expression for Kc for this equilibrium system.

[1]
(ii) Calculate Kc for this equilibrium. State the units.

Kc = ....... units:....
[1]

(c)

The pressure was increased whilst keeping the temperature constant. The mixture was left
to reach equilibrium.
(i)

Explain with reason, the effect of increasing pressure on the equilibrium position.

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................

[2]

(ii) What is the effect, if any, on the value of K c?

.........................................................................................................................................

[1]

(d) The temperature was increased whilst keeping the pressure constant. The mixture was left to
reach equilibrium.
The value of Kc decreased.
(i)

Explain why the value of Kc decreased.

..............................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................

[1]

(ii) Deduce the sign of the enthalpy change for the production of methanol. Explain your
reasoning.

Sign: ......................................................

Reason:................................................................................................................................

[1]

(e)

Methanol can be used as an additive to petrol.


(i)

Write an equation with state symbols for the complete combustion of methanol liquid, CH3OH (l)

.........................................................................................................................................

[1]

(ii) Based on the properties of methanol, suggest one advantage and one disadvantage of adding
methanol to petrol.

Advantage

: ........................................................................................................

..

Disadvantage

: ............................................................................................

..

[Total: 13]

[2]

2 This question looks at different chemical compounds used in medicine.


(a)

An oxide of nitrogen is used as a general anaesthetic by dentists.


This oxide contains 63.64% N by mass, and has a density of 1.833 g dm
temperature and pressure.

at room

Determine the
(i)

Empirical formula.

(ii)

Relative molecular mass.

(iii)

Molecular formula of this gas.

[3]
(b) The structure of the painkiller ibuprofen is shown below.

OH

Suggest a chemical that would react with a solution of ibuprofen to produce a gas.
Name the gas produced and write an equation for the reaction. You may use RCOOH
as the chemical formula of Ibuprofen.
chemical......................................................................................................................................
gas

..............................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................
equation

[2]
(c) Lidocaine, C 13 H 20 N 2O 2 , is used as a local anaesthetic in dentistry. Lidocaine is injected by
3
syringe as a solution containing 100 mg in 5.00 cm .
Determine the
(i)

Relative molecular mass of Lidocaine.


.

(ii)

Concentration, in mol dm , of lidocaine in the syringe.

concentration = ............................. mol dm [3]


(d) Eugenol is used as a painkiller in dentistry. Eugenol is an organic compound containing carbon, C ,
hydrogen , H and oxygen O, only..
A sample of 1.394 g of eugenol was analysed by burning in excess oxygen to form 3.74 g of
CO2 and 0.918 g of H2O. Using a mass spectrometer, the molecular ion peak of eugenol
was shown to have a m/z value of 164.(Relative molecular mass of Eugenol is 164.
(i)

Calculate the mass of carbon in 3.74 gram carbon dioxide and give your answer to 3
significant figures.

(ii) Calculate the mass of hydrogen in 0.918g water and give your answer to 3 significant
figures.

(iii) Calculate the mass of oxygen in 1.394 gram of Eugenol.

(iv) Determine the empirical formula of Eugenol.

(v) Show a structural formula of Eugenol.

[5]
[Total: 13]

(e) Lidocaine, C 13 H 20 N 2O 2 , is used as a local anaesthetic in dentistry. Lidocaine is


(f) injected by
3
syringe as a solution containing 100 mg in 5.00 cm .
Determine the
(iii)

Relative molecular mass of Lidocaine.

(iv)

Concentration, in mol dm , of lidocaine in the syringe.

concentration = ............................. mol dm [3]


(g) Eugenol is used as a painkiller in dentistry. Eugenol is an organic compound containing
carbon, C , hydrogen , H and oxygen O, only..
A sample of 1.394 g of eugenol was analysed by burning in excess oxygen to form
3.74 g of CO2 and 0.918 g of H2O. Using a mass spectrometer, the molecular ion
peak of eugenol was shown to have a m/z value of 164.(Relative molecular mass of
Eugenol is 164.
(i)

Calculate the mass of carbon in 3.74 gram carbon dioxide and give your
answer to 3 significant figures.

(ii) Calculate the mass of hydrogen in 0.918g water and give your answer to 3
significant figures.

(iii) Calculate the mass of oxygen in 1.394 gram of Eugenol.

(iv) Determine the empirical formula of Eugenol.

(v) Show a structural formula of Eugenol.

[5]
[Total: 13]