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Submitted To:

Prof.Khushbu patel

Submitted By :
Chitvan T. Orchhaiya

Introduction About 4G Technology


Overview
History
Objective
Evaluation from 1G to 4G Technology
Drawbacks of 1G 2G 3G
Comparison between 3G and 4G
4G architecture
Technologies Used in 4G
Advantages of 4G
Disadvantages of 4G
Future Prospects of 4G
Applications
Conclusion
Bibliography

4G is an initialize of the term Fourth-Generation


Communications System.
4G refers to the next generation of wireless
technology that promises higher data rates and
expanded multimedia services.
Fourth generation wireless system is a packet
switched wireless system with wide area
coverage and high throughput.

The term 4G is used broadly to include several


types of broadband wireless access communication
systems, not only cellular telephone systems.
The approaching 4G (fourth generation) mobile
communication systems are projected to solve stillremaining problems of 3G (third generation)
systems and to provide a wide variety of new
services, from high-quality voice to high-definition
video to high- data-rate wireless channels.

The 4G system was originally envisioned by the


Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
(DARPA).

The DARPA selected the distributed architecture


and end-to-end Internet protocol (IP), and in
peer- to-peer networking.

4G is being developed to accommodate the Quality of Service


(QOS) and rate requirements set by forth coming applications
like ;
1. MMS (Multimedia Messaging Service).
2. Wireless Broadband Service.
3. Video Chat.
4. Mobile TV.
5. Digital Video Broadcasting.
6. High Network Capacity.
7. Data Rate of 100 Mbps for mobile and 1Gbps in stationary .
8. Seamless Connectivity and Global Roaming across multiple networks.

The first generation -1G was introduced in the early


1980s. 1G supported analog signal with the speeds up to
2.4kbps.
The second generation- 2G was introduced in the late
1980s.It support digital signal and the speeds up to
64kbps.
The third generation- 3G wireless system was developed
in the late 1990s .3G provided the transmission speeds
from 125kbps to 2Mbps & many services, such as global
roaming, good voice and video quality.
The fourth generation- 4G is introduced in 2002. The
speeds of 4G can be up to 1Gbps.
The next will be 5G with incredible transmission speed
with no limitation for access and zone size.

1G - Poor voice quality, Poor battery life, Large phone


size, No security, Frequent call drops ,Limited capacity,
Poor handoff reliability.

2G - Requires strong digital signals to help mobile


phones work. If there is no network coverage in any
specific area, digital signals would be weak. It do not
support high data rates. They are unable to handle
complex data such as video.

3G - High bandwidth requirement for High spectrum


licensing fees need big capital.

Smart Antennas for Multiple-input and multipleoutput (MIMO).

IPv6 Technology.

VoIP Technology.

OFDM Technology.

Software Defined Radio (SDR) Technology .

Transmitting & receiving antennas


Doesnt require increase power or additional
frequency. Fix no. of beams that can be selected to
follow devices as it moves about.
Advantages: Increased capacity, Increased range.
Less power use for transmission , New services,
Increase security .

Internet Protocol Version 6


In the context of 4G, IPv6 support is essential in
order to support a large number of wireless-enabled
devices.
IPv6 also enables a number of applications with
better multicast, security, and route optimization
capabilities.

Voice Over Internet Protocol


Allows only packets (IP) to be transferred
eliminating complexity of 2 protocols over the same
circuit. All voice data will be wrapped up in a
packet - faster transmission. Samples voice between
8,000 & 64,000 times per second and creates stream
of bits which is then compressed and put into a
packet. Increases battery life due to greater data
compression .

Affordable communication services.


High speed, high capacity and low cost per bit.
Support for interactive multimedia, voice , streaming
video, Internet and other broadband services.
Global access, Service portability and scalable mobile
services and variety of quality of services provided.
Better spectral efficiency.
Seamless network of multiple protocol and air
interfaces.

Battery usage is more.


Hard to implement.
Need complicated hardware.
The equipment required to implement a next
generation network is still very expensive.
Carriers and providers have to plan carefully
to make sure that expenses are kept
realistic.

4G is coming quicker.
Fast internet access to both stationery and mobile users.
4G can be efficiently combined with cellular
technologies to make consistent use of smart phones and
also create video blogs.
This gives the manufactures the opportunity to produce
more affordable user friendly 4G compatible devices.
4G is capable of providing new horizon of opportunity
for both existing and startup telephone companies.

The applications of 4G are called KILLER


APPLICATIONs as it is going to bring to
revolution in the internet world.
1) High Speed Data Rate due to which a movie
can be downloaded in 2 to 3 minutes.
2) More Security.
3) Video Conferencing.
4) Higher Bandwidth.
5) Global Roaming.

As the history of mobile communications shows,


attempts have been made to reduce a number of
technologies to a single global standard.
4G seems to be a very promising generation of
wireless communication that will change the
peoples life in the wireless world.
4G is expected to be launched by 2010 and the
world is looking forward for the most intelligent
technology that would connect the entire globe.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/4G
http://studymafia.org/4g-technology-seminar