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MH1100/MTH112: Calculus I.

Problem list for Week #6.

This week’s topics:

The deﬁnition of the derivative of a function at a point a. The derivative function. Diﬀerentiability at a point implies continuity at that point.

The tutor will aim to discuss: 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 11, and other problems. Problems that I think might be more unusual or diﬃcult than normal are marked with a .

Problem 1:

Use the deﬁnition of the derivative to determine the derivative function of

f(x) = x 3 3x + 5.

State the domain of the function and the domain of the derivative.

Problem 2 (#2.2.25 from [Stewart]):

Use the deﬁnition of the derivative to determine the derivative function of

g(x) = 9 x.

State the domain of the function and the domain of the derivative.

Problem 3 (#2.2.26 from [Stewart]):

Use the deﬁnition of the derivative to determine the derivative function of f(x) = 2x x 2 − − 1 3

.

State the domain of the function and the domain of the derivative.

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Problem 4 (#2.2.41 from [Stewart]):

Given a certain function f(x), below we have plotted f(x), f (x), and f (x). Match these functions to the diﬀerent graphs a, b and c. Justify your answer.

Problem 5 (#2.2.42 from [Stewart]):

Given a certain function f(x), below we have plotted f(x), f (x), and f (x). Match these functions to the diﬀerent graphs a, b, c and d. Justify your answer.

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Problem 6 (#2.2.50 from [Stewart]):

Consider the function g(x) = x 2/3 .

 (i) Show that g(x) is not diﬀerentiable at x = 0. (ii) Calculate g (a) in the case that a = 0. (iii) Show that the curve y = x 2/3 has a vertical tangent line at (0, 0). (iv) Illustrate by graphing g(x) and g (x). Problem 7 (#2.2.51 from [Stewart]): Using the deﬁnition of derivative, determine the derivative function of the function f(x) = |x − 6|. Sketch the graph of f(x) and of f (x). Problem 8: Using the deﬁnition of derivative, determine the derivative function of the function f(x) = |x 2 − 9|. Sketch the graph of f(x) and of f (x). Problem 9 (#2.2.53 from [Stewart]): Consider the function f(x) = x|x|. (i) Graph this function.

(ii) For what values of x is f(x) diﬀerentiable?

(iii) Find a formula for f (x).

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Problem 10 (The rational case of the power rule.):

 (i) Let q ∈ N, and consider f(x) = x 1/q . Assume that a > 0. Use the deﬁnition of derivative to determine f (a). (ii) Let p, q ∈ N, and consider f(x) = x p/q . Assume that a > 0. Use the

result of part (i) and the product rule to determine f (a).

Problem 11 (#2.2.54 from [Stewart]):

The left-hand derivative and the right-hand derivative of a function

f(x) at a point a are deﬁned by

f (a) =

lim

h0

f(a + h) f(a)

h

and

f + (a) =

lim

h0 +

f(a + h) f(a)

h

if these limits exist.

• (i) Brieﬂy explain why f is diﬀerentiable at a if and only if both of these 1-sided derivatives exist and are equal.

(ii) Now consider the function

f(x) =

 0 if x ≤ 0, 5 − x if 0 < x < 4, 1 if x ≥ 4. 5−x

Determine f (4) and f + (4).

(iii) Sketch the graph of f(x).

(iv) Where is f discontinuous?

(v) Where does f fail to be diﬀerentiable?

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Problem 12 (#2.2.55 from [Stewart]):

Use the deﬁnition of derivative to prove that:

(i) The derivative of an even function is an odd function.

(ii) The derivative of an odd function is an even function.

Also, try and understand these facts using your geometric intuition and by

considering a few concrete examples.

Problem 13 (related to #5.9 from [Spivak]):

Let F(x) be a function and let a R.

Use the -δ deﬁnition of limit to

carefully prove that

xa F(x) = lim

lim

h0 F(a + h).

Deduce that the two natural expressions for the derivative of a function f(x)

at a point a, namely lim xa

the same quantity.

f(x)f(a)

xa

and lim h0 f(a+h)f(a) h

, give exactly

Problem 14 (#9.14 from [Spivak]):

Consider the function

f(x) = x 2

0

if x is rational,

if x is irrational.

Prove that f(x) is diﬀerentiable at the point x = 0.

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