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## The Ecological Triangle

by
Ian Beardsley
2016

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Does A Little Research:

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## The Ecology Triangle:

1. Air
2. Soil
3. Plants
1.
Convection is heat transfer by mass motion of a fluid such as air
or water when the heated fluid is caused to move away from the
source of heat, carrying energy with it. Convection above a hot
surface occurs because hot air expands, becomes less dense,
and rises (see Ideal Gas Law). (Google)
2.
The physiological definition of respiration should not be confused
with the biochemical definition of respiration, which refers to
cellular respiration: the metabolic process by which an organism
obtains energy by reacting oxygen with glucose to give water,
carbon dioxide and 38ATP (energy). (Google)
3.
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms
to convert light energy, normally from the Sun, into chemical
energy that can be later released to fuel the organisms' activities

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1.
An ideal gas can be characterized by three state variables:
absolute pressure (P), volume (V), and absolute temperature (T).
The relationship between them may be deduced from kinetic
theory and is called the. n = number of moles. R = universal gas
constant = 8.3145 J/mol K. N = number of molecules. (Google)
The ideal gas law is the equation of state of a hypothetical ideal gas. It is a
good approximation to the behavior of many gases under many conditions,
although it has several limitations. It was first stated by mile Clapeyron in
1834 as a combination of Boyle's law, Charles' law and Avogadro's Law.[1]
The ideal gas law is often written as:
where:
P is the pressure of the gas
V is the volume of the gas
n is the amount of substance of gas (also known as number of moles)
R is the ideal, or universal, gas constant, equal to the product of the
Boltzmann constant and the Avogadro constant.
T is the temperature of the gas
It can also be derived microscopically from kinetic theory, as was achieved
(apparently independently) by August Krnig in 1856[2] and Rudolf Clausius
in 1857.[3] (Wikipedia)

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2.
Soil respiration refers to the production of carbon dioxide when soil
organisms respire. This includes respiration of plant roots, the rhizosphere,
microbes and fauna.
Soil respiration is a key ecosystem process that releases carbon from the
soil in the form of CO2. CO2 is acquired from the atmosphere and converted
into organic compounds in the process of photosynthesis. Plants use these
organic compounds to build structural components or respire them to
release energy. When plant respiration occurs below-ground in the roots, it
adds to soil respiration. Over time, plant structural components are
consumed by heterotrophs. This heterotrophic consumption releases CO2
and when this CO2 is released by below-ground organisms, it is considered
soil respiration.
(Wikipedia)

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3.
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to
convert light energy, normally from the Sun, into chemical energy that can
be later released to fuel the organisms' activities (energy transformation).
This chemical energy is stored in carbohydrate molecules, such as sugars,
which are synthesized from carbon dioxide and water hence the name
photosynthesis, from the Greek , phs, "light", and ,
synthesis, "putting together".[1][2][3] In most cases, oxygen is also released
as a waste product. Most plants, most algae, and cyanobacteria perform
photosynthesis; such organisms are called photoautotrophs.
Photosynthesis maintains atmospheric oxygen levels and supplies all of the
organic compounds and most of the energy necessary for life on Earth.[4]

(Wikipedia)
The general equation for photosynthesis as first proposed by Cornelius van
Niel is therefore:[14]
CO2 + 2H2A + photons [ CH2O ] + 2A + H2O
carbon dioxide + electron donor + light energy carbohydrate + oxidized
electron donor + water
Since water is used as the electron donor in oxygenic photosynthesis, the
equation for this process is:
CO2 + 2H2O + photons [CH2O] + O2 + H2O
carbon dioxide + water + light energy carbohydrate + oxygen + water
This equation emphasizes that water is both a reactant in the lightdependent reaction and a product of the light-independent reaction, but
canceling n water molecules from each side gives the net equation:
CO2 + H2O + photons [CH2O] + O2
carbon dioxide + water + light energy carbohydrate + oxygen
Other processes substitute other compounds (such as arsenite) for water in
the electron-supply role; for example some microbes use sunlight to oxidize
arsenite to arsenate:[15] The equation for this reaction is:
CO2 + (AsO33) + photons (AsO43) + CO[16]
carbon dioxide + arsenite + light energy arsenate + carbon monoxide
(used to build other compounds in subsequent reactions)

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## Photosynthesis occurs in two stages. In the first stage, light-dependent

reactions or light reactions capture the energy of light and use it to make
the energy-storage molecules ATP and NADPH. During the second stage,
the light-independent reactions use these products to capture and reduce
carbon dioxide.
Most organisms that utilize photosynthesis to produce oxygen use visible
light to do so, although at least three use shortwave infrared or, more
Archaeobacteria use a simpler method using a pigment similar to the
pigments used for vision. The archaearhodopsin changes its configuration
in response to sunlight, acting as a proton pump. This produces a proton
gradient more directly which is then converted to chemical energy. The
process does not involve carbon dioxide fixation and does not release
oxygen. It seems to have evolved separately.[18][19] (Wikipedia)

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Then, Sitting In The Garage: Notices triangles in the cross beams and diagonals, and notices
they are not 45-45-90. Asks if not, why? And, what dynamics does the triangles used, offer?
Decided to measure them, and solve them:

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## Solving The Triangle

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Triangle Solved

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From Synergetics by Buckminster Fuller:
610.12 If we want to have a structure, we have to have triangles. To have a structural system
requires a minimum of four triangles. The tetrahedron is the simplest structure. To enclose an
area we have to connect three points. But add a fourth point and we have enclosed space the
simplest way possible with the tetrahedron, separating the Universe into an inside and outside
with the fundamental unit, or quanta.

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Now we turn our attention to the triangles in the stairs:

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Now we tackle the roof trusses. It is important to note that the architecture we have been
studying is of a style called Craftsman typical to Southern California about 100 years ago.
Wikipedia writes:
The American Craftsman style, or the American Arts and Crafts movement, is an American
domestic architectural, interior design, landscape design, applied arts, and decorative arts style
and lifestyle philosophy that began in the last years of the 19th century. As a comprehensive
design and art movement it remained popular into the 1930s. However, in decorative arts and
architectural design it has continued with numerous revivals and restoration projects through
present times.

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Calculation of triangles in garage:

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We discover a secret hidden in carpentry:

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Some of the tools used in this study: scientific calculator, protractor, speed square:

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Next we consider a stone fireplace (Craftsman as well). We note that the masons, who keep
the secrets of stonework a secret as a secret society, that these stones are not arbitrarily
placed. Notice the largest stone, which is the keystone that hold the arc together, is an inverted
triangle. As well notice the stones on either side may be long, but are not wide. Is that not the
way to make approximate a curve with straight lines: an inverted triangle with small stones on
either side? It is, and is the approach that was used to develop the branch of mathematics
known as calculus, that studies change and curves. Indeed calculus is ancient Greek for
pebble, which is a small stone.

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## Blue Lodge Freemasonry offers only

three traditional degrees, and in most jurisdictions, the rank
of past or installed master. Master Masons are also able to
extend their Masonic experience by taking further degrees,
in appendant bodies approved by their own Grand Lodge.
!

## Freemasonry consists of fraternal organisations that trace their origins to

the local fraternities of stonemasons, which from the end of the fourteenth
century regulated the qualifications of stonemasons and their interaction
with authorities and clients. The degrees of freemasonry retain the three
grades of medieval craft guilds, those of Apprentice, Journeyman or fellow
(now called Fellowcraft), and Master Mason. These are the degrees offered
by Craft (or Blue Lodge) Freemasonry. Members of these organisations are
known as Freemasons or Masons. There are additional degrees, which
vary with locality and jurisdiction, and are usually administered by different
bodies than the craft degrees. (From Wikipedia)

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The Author at the Masonic Lodge in his hometown:

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The Author