Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 92

MELBOURNE BASIN

VISUAL PILOT GUIDE 2010

VISUAL PILOT GUIDE 2010

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 1

12/13/10 4:51 PM

CASAs Visual
Pilot Guides
the pilots must have
As a visual pilot, you are encouraged to use this visual
pilot guide (VPG) for planning flights in the class D
and non-towered environment. In doing this, you will
join thousands of pilots who have benefited from the
information these guides provide.
Since the VPGs were introduced in 1998, they have
become an integral part of the visual pilots flight bag.
Originally developed in response to the rising number
of violations of controlled airspace in the Brisbane
area, their popularity grew to the point that CASA
decided to produce them for all the former GAAP
aerodromes.
They undergo a process of continual improvement
made possible only through feedback from
industry, and the dedication of a number of industry
participants. The VPGs are a must-have item for
any pilot wishing to fly into or out of the featured
aerodromes.
NOTE: The information contained in this guide
was correct at the time of publishing, and is
subject to change without notice. CASA makes
no representation as to its accuracy. It has been
prepared by CASA Safety Promotion for information
purposes only.
Plan your route thoroughly, and carry current
charts and documents. Always check ERSA,
NOTAMs, and the weather, BEFORE you fly.
The VPGs do not replace current operational
maps and charts.

2010 Civil Aviation Safety Authority Australia


The Visual Pilot Guide (VPG) is an aid for pilots to
use when flying into, out of and around Melbourne
aerodromes. It is designed to help you in planning
and conducting your flight.
The guide was developed with the assistance of
operators based at Melbourne aerodromes.
For comments and suggestions on improving this
guide, contact:
CASA Safety Promotion
p. 131 757
f. 02 6217 1950
e. safetyproducts@casa.gov.au
1003.1251 (m)

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 2

12/13/10 4:51 PM

CONTENTS

Map Key

Pre-flight check

Buildings

Time in your tanks

CBD

Fuel calculations

Cemetry

Generic class D information

Compass

Melbourne avoiding airspace infringements

12

Control zone boundary (CTR)

Using your GPS

13

Gliders

Moorabbin Aerodrome

14

Golf course

Moorabbin class D procedures

15

Hangliders

Moorabbin non-towered aerodromes procedures 19

Helipad

Moorabbin manoeuvring area map

20

Holding point

Moorabbin radio calls

22

Hospital

Academy

24

Hotspot

Brighton

28

Mine / colliery

Carrum

32

Mountain

GMH

36

Oil refinery

Moorabbin alternate routes

40

Parachute area

Essendon Aerodrome

42

Pier

Essendon class C procedures

43

Powerstation

Essendon radio calls

46

Prison

Albert Park Lake

48

Racecourse

Doncaster Shoppingtown

52

Radio tower

Kalkallo

56

Railway

Station Pier and Westgate Bridge

60

Restricted airspace

Yan Yean Reservoir

64

Rifle range

Melbourne coastal route

69

Runway number

Inland route procedures

77

Satellite facility

Radio frequencies

84

Shopping centre

Emergency landing procedures

85

Stadium

Field signals

86

Strobe light

Aerodrome signs

87

Track

35

Velodrome
VFR approach point
Windsock
Windsock (lit)

MELBOURNE Visual Pilot Guide

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 1

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Pre-flight Check
CURRENT
Medical current?

no

Do not fly solo.

no

Complete before
flying in command.

no

Do not carry passengers.


(CAR 5.82.)

no

Obtain before
flight planning.

yes

Flight review current?


yes

Three or more take-offs and


landings in the past 90 days?
yes

Maps and charts current?


yes

Weather forecast and NOTAM

no

Obtain forecast
Website www.airservicesaustralia.com
Briefing 1800 805 150
Helpdesk 1800 801 960

yes

yes

FLIGHTPLAN
Choose suitable route and complete calculations

Flight fuel

e.g. heading, groundspeed, ETI, etc


(Refer to back section of Airservices Australia
Flight Notification Form.)

Last light

www.airservicesaustralia.com/pilotcentre
Appropriate height

Applied aircraft loading system


Take-off and landing performance
Survival equipment

Check CTA and restricted


area boundaries.

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 2

12/13/10 4:51 PM

yes

SARTIME flight
or flight into CTA

no

Leave flight note with


a responsible person

yes

SUBMIT FLIGHT
NOTIFICATION FORM:
NAIPS www.airservicesaustralia.com/brief/fn.asp
(browser access)
NAIPS www.asa.com/brief/iecs.asp
(NAIPS Windows application)
Fax

1800 805 150

Briefing 1800 805 150


Helpdesk 1800 801 960
Radio to ATS on appropriate frequency is the last
preference.
yes

yes

CHECK AIRCRAFT AND PERSONAL DOCUMENTS


Are you carrying?
Pilots licence
Medical certificate
Approved checklist

Aircraft flight manual and/or pilot operating


handbook
Aircraft maintenance release
yes

Plan for contingencies


Deteriorating weather
Radio failure
Diversions

Arrival procedures
(For example, Clearance
not available, remain outside
class D airspace)
yes

AIRCRAFT PRE-FLIGHT INSPECTION


Maintenance release valid

Fuel

Check for unserviceabilities


Check sufficient hours remaining

Check for correct grade,


quantity, and contamination

Check for required maintenance

Oil

Daily inspection certified

Check quantity

Daily inspection or pre-flight inspection as per aircraft


system of maintenance or pilot operating handbook

Pre-flight Check

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 3

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Time in your tanks

PRE-FLIGHT PLANNING
Determine total fuel capacity and usable fuel (refer aircraft flight
manual/POH).
Determine fuel consumption rates (refer pilots operating
handbook).
Re-familiarise yourself with the aircrafts fuel systems.
Check fuel availability en route (note suppliers and operating
hours).
Plan to arrive with all fuel reserves intact.
Never plan to use fixed or variable reserve fuel.
Weight versus fuel. Keep in mind that you may not be able
to carry full tanks.
Check weather to determine holding and/or alternate fuel
requirements.

PRE-FLIGHT INSPECTION
Try to refuel on level ground to avoid inaccurate fuel
measurements and unwanted fuel transfer.
Dip each tank to check the amount of fuel. If a tank cannot be
dipped, fill at least one tank (weight permitting) so there is a
known fuel quantity.
Cross-check fuel amounts by at least two separate methods.
Use the lowest figure if they vary by more than three per cent.
Ensure drains are closed and vents are unobstructed.
If using avgas, rock the aircraft to move trapped water over the
drain point before carrying out a fuel drain (refer to the aircraft
manufacturers recommendations).
Check for contaminants, particularly water; and correct fuel type.
Ensure the fuel filler cap is secure and sealed.

IN-FLIGHT FUEL MANAGEMENT


At regular intervals (at least every 30 minutes and at turning
points) compare fuel remaining from gauges with planned figures/
fuel log and monitor tank selection.
Caution: Gauge readings as per aircrafts fuel calibration card.
Use planned power settings and correct mixture leaning
technique.

POST-FLIGHT FUEL MANAGEMENT


Compare actual fuel used against planned fuel usage when
next refuelling.

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 4

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Alternate due to weather summary (VFR)


refer AIP ENR
1. Cloud: More than SCT (3 to 4 OKTAS) below ceiling of 1,500ft; or
2. Visibility: Less than 8km or forecast probability of fog, mist, dust, etc; or
3. W
 ind: Crosswind or downwind more than aircraft maximum.
(Wind gusts must be considered.); or
4. Thunderstorms: Forecast or probability.

TAF YGEL011835Z 0120/0208 09010KT CAVOK


INTER 0203/0205 16015KT 6000 SHRA BKN005 SCT030
FM 020500 16010KT CAVOK
T 15 19 24 20 Q 1008 1007 1005 1007
2000

0300
30
minute
buffer

0500

0800

30
minute
buffer

INTER
30-minute holding fuel
OR alternate required

TAF YPJT 271648Z 2718/2806 33015G28KT 9999 SHRA FEW010 OVC100


TEMPO 2720/2801 1000 +TSGR BKN005 SCT040CB
T 14 13 13 11 Q 1016 1015 1013 1016
1800

2000
30
minute
buffer

0100

0600

30
minute
buffer

TEMPO
60-minute holding fuel
OR alternate required

AVGAS FUEL CONVERSIONS


(Conversions are approximate)

162 litres avgas = 117kg


16.2

10

11
(117 .7
kg)

72

0.72

x 0.72

US gallons

3.8

x 3.8

US gallons

2.72

x 2.72

litres

kilograms
litres
kilograms

Example: C
 onversion from litres to kg
using navigation computer.

Time in your tanks

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 5

12/13/10 4:51 PM

FUEL Calculations

Scenario - PIPER LANCE


Category:

Charter

From:

Mallacoota (YMCO)

To:

Albury (YMAY)

ETA

0500

Distance:

160nm

Wind:

Nil

Climb:

110kt

Cruise: 150kt

Piper Lance typical fuel flow:

CLIMB

1
94

19 l

60

s
tre
0 li

60

Alternate

Sub total

67

79

3 Variable reserve

10

12

4 Fixed reserve

45

49

5 Holding

30

26

6 Taxi

10

Fuel required

152

176

Margin

22

24

Endurance

174

200

From

YMCO

L/H

60 m

15
(15%
)

FIXED RESERVE

4
49

es
litr
45

s
min

65L

/Hr

60 m

ins

HOLDING

5
26

es
litr
30

55

ins

0%

L/Kg/...

2 Cruise

10 m

10

Min

ins

12 m

in
7m

(10

52 litres/hr

19

ins

Holding:

Use figures from your


aeroplanes pilot operating
handbook

12

VARIABLE RESERVE

65 litres/hr

1 Climb

65

in
5m

Cruise:

itres

Cruise

94 litres/hr

Fuel Calculation

L/H

s
min

Climb:

s
min

52

L/H

60 m

ins

TAXI

NB: A
 llow appropriate fuel for aircraft
(time calc. not applicable).

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 6

12/13/10 4:51 PM

fuel reserve reCOMMENDATIONS


refer CAAP 234-1(1)

Type

Category

PISTON

TURBINE

HELICOPTER

Flight

Variable Reserve

Fixed Reserve

Private & aerial work IFR & VFR

not mandatory

45 minutes

Charter RPT

15%

45 minutes

Private & aerial work IFR & VFR

not mandatory

30 minutes

Charter RPT

10%

30 minutes

Private & aerial work VFR

not mandatory

20 minutes

Public transport
& charter

15%

30 minutes

IFR & VFR

IFR & VFR

IFR

NOTE: Good airmanship dictates a higher margin than these recommended minimums.

holding fuel
TAF YMAY 021830Z 0220/0308 35010KT CAVOK
FM 030400 30015KT OVC100
INTER 0304/0308 30020G40KT 3000+TSRA BKN010 SCT040CB
T 23 24 28 33 Q 1012 1013 1014 1009

FUEL Calculations

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 7

12/13/10 4:51 PM

GEneric class D InfoRMation

CLASS D
Introduction
On 3 June 2010, the six existing general aviation
aerodrome procedures (GAAP) locations adopted
the International Civil Aviation Organizations (ICAO)
class D airspace classification, along with procedures
broadly aligned with those of the American Federal
Aviation Administration (FAA).
The new class D procedures at the former GAAP
aerodromes now also apply in all existing class D
airspace.
Australia has adopted FAA class D procedures such
as abbreviated clearances and distances from cloud,
including:
VMC criteria
Parallel runway operations
Abbreviated clearance by establishing two-way
communications
Maximum speeds, and
Entry not constrained by a particular tracking point.
[Although under the new rules, you no longer have to
proceed VFR within a class D control zone, IFR pilots
are encouraged to proceed VFR whenever possible,
and to advise ATC. Such action will remove delays
that may be caused by separation requirements for
IFR flights within the zone and adjoining airspace.]

Entering class D
Entry points
One of the main changes pilots flying into former
GAAP aerodromes should understand is that GAAP
approach points are now VFR approach points,
and are no longer mandatory. However, using VFR
approach points, marked on the visual terminal charts
with a shaded diamond, is recommended because
they:
provide an orderly path for entering the circuit
help with noise abatement
help to keep you out of nearby controlled airspace
and avoid the flow of outbound traffic.
The VFR approach points are selected because they
are prominent landmarks, which help with visual
navigation, and make it easier for ATC to segregate
traffic.
Under the new rules, ATC may still exercise the
right to instruct you to enter class D airspace via
a particular point.

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 8

Clearances
You must receive a clearance before operating in a
class D control zone. This could be clearance to take
off, instructions for circuit entry, or transit.
Individual clearances are required for:
1. Take-off and landing;
2. Entering, crossing or taxiing along all runways;
3. Taxiing on a manoeuvring area;
4. Note: An instruction to Hold short of runway
[number] left [or centre or right] requires you to
hold at a marked holding point.
5. Turns in a direction contrary to the circuit for a
particular runway;
6. Note: An ATC circuit entry instruction acts as a
clearance for a contrary turn, if required to comply
with this instruction.
7. Circuits at a height other than 1,000ft; and
8. Operations on routes or at altitudes different from
those published in ERSA.

Establishing two-way
communications
When an aircraft contacts air traffic control at a class
D aerodrome and provides sufficient information about
track or position, level, and intentions for ATC to
make an informed decision, ATC may clear the aircraft
to enter the airspace by simply acknowledging the
transmission with the aircrafts callsign. Alternatively,
and more usually, ATC will provide brief instructions to
the pilot.
Such instructions include join crosswind, overfly, or
report at [position]. The acknowledgment authorises
the aircraft to enter the class D airspace following the
stated track and level, or alternative instruction given
by ATC. Once clearance to enter the class D airspace
is given, the pilot is required to maintain two-way
communications and to comply with any subsequent
ATC instructions.
This shortened procedure does not eliminate the
availability of a traditional airways clearance where
indicated, but it provides an abbreviated clearance
option for use where both pilot and ATC understand
the proposed course of action.

Readback requirements
There are no changes to readback requirements
except in relation to taxi instructions. If you get a taxi
instruction which includes a holding point, you must
read back the name of the holding point.

12/13/10 4:51 PM

You must read back:


Any airways clearance, in full
Any clearance or instruction to hold short of, enter,
land on, conditional line-up on, wait, take-off from,
cross, taxi or backtrack on, any runway
Assigned runway, QNH directed to a specific
aircraft, SSR codes, radio frequency instructions
Altitude instructions, direction of turn, heading
and speed restrictions.

Pilot responsibilities
When operating in class D airspace, you must:
1. Sight and maintain separation from other aircraft;
2. Comply with ATC instructions while ensuring you
maintain separation from other aircraft;
3. Immediately advise ATC if unable to comply
with a control instruction; and
4. Advise ATC if unable to sight, or if you lose
sight of, other aircraft notified as traffic.

VMC in class D airspace


Flight visibility at least 5,000m
Horizontal distance from cloud of at least: 600m
Vertical distance from cloud minimum of:
1,000ft when above cloud;
500ft when below cloud.

Special VFR (SVFR)


You must not conduct a VFR flight in class D airspace
when VMC do not exist. VMC criteria have changed
from the previous clear of cloud prescription that
applied under GAAP. In class D, VMC exists when
you are able to maintain a separation of at least 500ft
vertically below cloud.
Special VFR, with visibility of as low as 1600 metres,
is now available. However, this procedure is intended
to be used to recover inbound or circuit aircraft
suddenly encountering reduced visibility (because
of a rain shower, for instance) and wont be given to
allow you to conduct circuits in reduced visibility. And
you wont be given an SVFR clearance to depart the
zone - remember that the visibility required in class G
airspace is still 5000 metres!
Separation requirements for SVFR flights differ
depending on whether the non VMC is caused by
reduced visibility or low cloud. Under class D rules,
SVFR flights will be separated from IFR flights at all
times, and SVFR will be separated from other SVFR
flights when visibility is the limitation.

SVFR is only available by day and cannot be initiated


by ATC. It will only be given in response to a request
special VFR by the pilot. If you dont request SVFR,
you will not be given clearance to enter class D
airspace. Be sure to advise the tower of the reason
for your request - either low cloud or poor visibility.
Your request must be co-ordinated with Melbourne
Air Traffic Control so that your SVFR flight can be
separated from all IFR flights operating within the
surrounding class C airspace and from SVFR fights
in the case of reduced visibility.
There will generally be no specific tracking instruction
given with a SVFR clearance because the pilot must
be able to manoeuvre the aircraft around cloud in
accordance with the SVFR criteria. Similarly, an
altitude may not be given, although there is always
the option available to ATC assign an altitude such
as not above 1500.
A special VFR clearance only applies within the
class D control zone.
When operating under a special VFR clearance,
you are responsible for ensuring that:
1. The flight is conducted clear of cloud;
2. Visibility is not less than 1,600 metres for fixed
wing aircraft and 800m for helicopters; and
3. The flight is conducted in accordance with
CAR 157 with regard to low flying.

Maximum speed within a class D


control zone
Unless ATC authorises otherwise, your indicated
airspeed should not exceed 200kt within 4nm and
2500ft above the elevation of the aerodrome.

Separation
In class D airspace, ATC will provide the following
air traffic services to aircraft:
IFR flights will be separated from IFR and special
VFR flights
Special VFR flights will be separated from
other special VFR flights when the visibility is
less than VMC
IFR flights will receive traffic information about
VFR flights
VFR flights will receive traffic information about
IFR and other VFR flights
Traffic avoidance advice and sequencing will
be available on request.

GEneric class D InfoRMation

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 9

12/13/10 4:51 PM

10

GEneric class D InfoRMation


You must keep a vigilant lookout for other aircraft
even if you have received traffic information.

If an airways clearance is required follow the ERSA


for correct request procedures.
To minimise delays to your departure, you should notify
flight details using the national aeronautical information
processing system (NAIPS) as the preferred option.
You can also telephone, fax or, as a last resort,
radio SMC.
Where possible, you should carry out your pre-take-off
checks in a run-up bay. A taxi clearance to a particular
runway holding point entitles you to conduct your
pre-take-off checks using an en-route run-up bay.
Never enter or cross a runway en route to the holding
point or run-up bay unless specifically cleared to do
so by ATC.
When vacating a holding bay, you must give way to
aircraft on the taxiway.

Ready for take-off


When you are ready for departure and first in line at
the holding point, select the relevant tower frequency,
and report:
[Callsign] ready, and
Under the new procedures, if youre flying VFR,
you are entirely responsible for avoiding the wake
turbulence from heavier aircraft ahead, including
when you are landing. The same applies if youre
flying IFR and you accept responsibility to follow or
maintain own separation with a heavier aircraft ahead.
For these circumstances, ATC assistance will be
limited to issuing a wake turbulence caution.

Surface movement control


Surface movement control (SMC) has been
re-introduced at the former GAAP aerodromes and
is now provided at ALL controlled aerodromes.

On initial taxi
Before taxiing or calling surface movement control,
check that your radio receiver is functioning correctly
and obtain the current ATIS. The preferred method for
checking your radio is to monitor the ATIS.
When ready to taxi, make a taxi call to SMC, giving the
following details:
1. callsign and aircraft type;
2. number of POB (not required for VFR flights);
3. identification of ATIS code received;
4. location on aerodrome;
5. flight rules (not required for VFR flights);
6. intentions (crosswind circuit training,
first intended landing point, etc); and
7. first tracking point (if no flight plan submitted);
8. for training flights, whether dual or solo.
9. request taxi.

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 10

The designator of the departure runway.


Departure direction or intentions
for example, ABC, Ready runway [Left/Centre/
Right] For [Upwind/Crosswind/Downwind]
departure.

After landing
Before landing, plan your taxi route to your parking
position. After landing, vacate the runway as soon as
practicable. Remember that aircraft on a taxiway must
give way to aircraft vacating a runway.
If you have landed on a runway that intersects
another runway, you may cross the intersecting
runway, but you must not vacate onto the intersecting
runway unless ATC has cleared you to do so.
After vacating a runway, you must not enter, re-enter,
cross or taxi along any runway unless ATC has
cleared you to do so. Contact SMC; advise your
current location and your intentions or destination
on the aerodrome.
Consult ERSA for any additional location specific
procedures.

Flying in the circuit


ATC may issue a sequencing instruction with a takeoff or touch-and-go clearance. When issued with a
sequencing instruction, you must follow the aircraft you
have been sequenced to follow.
Unless otherwise instructed by ATC, you must report
downwind when starting or joining the downwind leg.
This report should include callsign, downwind and
intentions [full-stop or touch-and-go].

12/13/10 4:51 PM

If there is too much radio traffic for the call to be made


in this position, report mid-downwind or late-downwind
as appropriate. ATC will issue a sequencing instruction
based on your position in the circuit.
ATC approval is required before conducting nonstandard circuit operations such as practice glide
approaches, or simulated engine failure training in
single and multi-engine aircraft. Such an approval may
be issued on a one-by-one basis or, traffic permitting,
as a blanket clearance for a specified period of time.
(Note: local aerodrome procedures may preclude
such operations). You must also obtain tower approval
before conducting simulated engine failure training
in a multi-engine aircraft within 5nm of a controlled
aerodrome.
In sequencing aircraft, ATC will indicate the position
of the preceding aircraft by reference to a leg of the
circuit or as a clock bearing, and describe it either as
a specific type or in general terms (e.g., Cessna or
twin). Unless ATC instructs otherwise SSR Transponder
should be turned to ON/ALT code 3000.
ATC may issue a sequence number. Sequence
numbers specify the landing sequence position
of an aircraft with respect to any preceding aircraft.
The instruction follow requires you to sight the
preceding aircraft, and regulate your speed and
approach path to achieve separation. If you cannot
see and identify the preceding aircraft, you must
advise the tower.
A landing clearance does not diminish your
responsibility to maintain sufficient separation from
the preceding aircraft during landing.
Advise whether dual or solo for training flights
with taxi call.

Inbound call
You must establish and maintain two-way
communications with the class D tower before
entering the control zone from class G airspace.
You should make your inbound call approaching the
relevant VFR approach point. Alternatively, you may
establish initial contact with the tower when you are
around eight to 10 miles from the aerodrome.
Your inbound call should include: callsign, type,
position, level, ATIS code received, and intentions
(for example, inbound).
You should squawk code 3000 and ALT just prior
to contacting the tower with your inbound call.

Departures
Into class G airspace
When departing the control zone into class G
airspace, you should do so on upwind, crosswind

11

or downwind by extending the relevant leg of the


circuit and then tracking clear of VFR approach points
and associated routes.
As a VFR flight, you do not need to make a departure
call when departing the control zone directly into class
G airspace. Nor do you need to request approval to
change frequency when transiting from the class D
control zone into class G airspace.

Into class C airspace


If you are departing directly into class C airspace, the
airways and departure clearances issued by ATC will
authorise you to operate in both class D and class C
airspace.

Transit of a class D control zone


If you intend to overfly the class D control zone from
class G airspace without landing, it is recommended
you plan to do so via a VFR approach point.
You must establish two-way communications with
ATC before reaching the control zone boundary, so
you should make your call approaching the relevant
VFR approach point. Alternatively, you may establish
initial contact with the tower when you are around
eight to10nm from the aerodrome.
Your call should include: callsign, type, position,
level, ATIS code received and intentions (for example,
overflying for [next tracking point].

Flight near class D airspace


When flying in class G airspace near a class D control
zone boundary, you should consider monitoring the
tower frequency to assist awareness of traffic entering
and leaving the control zone.

Licensing
A private pilot licence holder who has the logbook
entry to fly an aircraft as pilot in command (PIC) in a
control zone at a GAAP aerodrome, may, on or after
3 June 2010 fly an aircraft as PIC inclass D
non-radar airspace.
In addition, a licensed private pilot willbe eligible for
the log book entry to fly an aircraft as PIC in a control
zone which has no radar service.

DISCLAIMER
This information is a brief outline of the practices
and procedures adopted at class D aerodromes
on 3 June 2010, and is designed to provide insight
into the general philosophy behind the procedures.
This information is not necessarily definitive and
the information should not be used operationally
without first cross-referencing with the appropriate
documentation.

GEneric class D InfoRMation

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 11

12/13/10 4:51 PM

12

Melbourne avoiding Airspace infringements

1
Inbound from north
1
At 30DME, the
steps change from
8500/7500ft to
4500ft. If requesting
a clearance, allow
sufficient distance
before the CTA step,
and always have
an alternative plan,
including a suitable
decision point for
descent.
Sunbury-Bolinda area 2
IFR arrivals into
Melbourne are close
to the CTA base in
this area.
Most of the area under
the class C, C LL
1500 CTA step is not
practically navigable
OCTA stay well clear!

Melbourne IFR arrivals

Avalon IFR arrivals

3
Melbourne IFR arrivals

Remain north and west


of the high ground
near the Sunbury water
tanks. If ADF equipped,
use it to remain north of
Bolinda NDB.
North of Avalon
3
Class D CTR
Caution: new class E
airspace. IFR traffic into
Avalon from the north
passes through class E
airspace descending on
instrument approach to
Avalon.
South of Melbourne C LL 1500 step
4
IFR arrivals into Melbourne are close to the CTA base in this area. Remain well
south of the Boral quarry near the south-western boundary of the Melbourne CTR.
If westbound, establish yourself well to the west of Rockbank before turning north.

Step boundaries near Yan Yean 5


Caution: four different CTA
lower levels close to Yan Yean
Reservoir.

Monitor Melbourne radar 135.7

when within 30nm of Melbourne (40nm to the south and south east).
Reproduced with permission of Airservices Australia NOT FOR NAVIGATIONAL USE
Copyright 2010 Airservices Australia

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 12

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Using your GPS


GPS should not be used as a sole
means of navigation
Ensure your GPS plan has been cross-checked against your written plan.
GPS is not a substitute for thorough flight planning.
Become familiar with the operation of your GPS unit before the flight.
Use caution with the GO TO function. Check for CTA and restricted areas.
Always apply commonsense checks to GPS information. For example:
Where should the sun be relative to your position? Should the coast be on
your left or right?
GPS LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE
ACADEMY (ACE)
ALBERT PARK LAKE (APL)
ALTONA (ALOA)
ALTONA BASEBALL STADIUM (ABBS)
BACCHUS MARSH AERODROME (YBSS)
BRIGHTON (BTO)
CARRUM (CARR)
CERBERUS (CERB)
CRAIGIEBURN OVERPASS (CGB)
DONCASTER SHOPPINGTOWN (DSN)
ESSENDON AERODROME (YMEN)
FLEMINGTON (FGN)
FREEWAY OVERPASS (FWO)
GMH (GMH)
KALKALLO (KAO)
KILMORE (KIM)
LAVERTON BOM TOWER (TON)
MOONEE VALLEY RACECOURSE (MVC)
MOORABBIN AERODROME (YMMB)
PLENTY (PLE)
POINT COOK (YMPC)
POINT ORMOND (PTOM)
ROCKBANK (ROK)
STATION PIER (SNP)
SUGARLOAF RESERVOIR (SGSV)
TOORONGA (TOGA)
TYABB AERODROME (YTYA)
WARRANDYTE (WRD)
WESTGATE BRIDGE (WES)
YAN YEAN RESERVOIR (YYN)

13

S37
S37
S37
S37
S37
S37
S38
S37
S37
S37
S37
S37
S37
S38
S37
S37
S37
S37
S37
S37
S37
S37
S37
S37
S37
S37
S38
S37
S37
S37

53.7
51.3
52.0
51.6
44.0
54.7
04.5
58.0
36.2
47.0
43.6
47.6
47.9
00.5
32.2
18.0
51.3
46.0
58.6
43.2
55.9
53.0
43.7
50.9
40.5
51.0
16.0
45.0
49.8
33.5

E145
E144
E144
E144
E144
E144
E145
E145
E144
E145
E144
E144
E144
E145
E144
E144
E144
E144
E145
E145
E144
E144
E144
E144
E145
E145
E145
E145
E144
E145

10.8
58.5
51.0
46.9
25.3
59.2
07.2
00.0
56.3
07.5
54.1
54.7
59.4
14.3
56.7
57.3
45.3
56.0
06.1
06.7
45.2
59.0
39.2
55.8
18.0
03.3
10.5
12.5
53.8
08.3

Using your GPS

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 13

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Moorabbin Aerodrome

14

AT A GLANCE
Elevation 50ft
Location S37 58 33 E145 06 08
Tower

118.1 123.0

Ground

119.9

ATIS

120.9 398

FIA

135.7

FUEL 121.65 Tysons


(Aerofuel)
121.95 Shell (Shell
Depot)
130.65 BP (Air BP)

Moorabbin Aerodrome
Moorabbin Aerodrome is 12nm south-east of the city of Melbourne. A significant group of factory warehouses
is located on the NE boundary of the aerodrome. It is surrounded by urban and light industrial areas and is
bounded by Centre Dandenong Road to the north, Boundary Road to the east, Lower Dandenong Road to
the south and Grange Road and Bundoora Parade to the west.
Moorabbin Aerodrome has two parallel runway complexes in the 13/31 and 17/35 directions and a single
runway 04/22. The longest runway is 17L/35R at 1,335 metres.
Operator: Moorabbin Airport Corporation
a:

Airport Management Centre, Bundora Parade, Moorabbin Airport, Mentone, 3194

t:

03 8587 8000

f:

03 9587 1782

w:

www.moorabbinairport.com.au

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 14

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Moorabbin class D Procedures


For more detailed information, refer to AIP ENR 1.1 and ERSA
Moorabbin is a general aviation aerodrome operating
to class D control zone procedures. You must
not enter the Moorabbin control zone (CTR) until
Moorabbin Tower has responded to your report,
which must include your track/position, level and
intentions. The ATC response may simply be your
call sign which indicates that you are cleared via
your stated intentions or a more specific instruction
(clearance) statement. Pilots unsure of the procedures
should advise ATC on first contact using the phrase
unfamiliar with Moorabbin.
The circuit altitude is 1000ft on Moorabbin QNH.
There are special arrival and departure procedures for
some of the runways. For detail of these procedures,
see later in this guide, and in the En Route
Supplement Australia (ERSA).
Moorabbin has two sets of parallel runways and, by
day, simultaneous contra-circuits may be conducted
using separate tower frequencies. Operations are
regulated independently in each circuit, and ATC
approval is required to enter the opposite circuit
airspace.
Where operations are confined to a single runway,
ATC will specify the circuit direction.
When arriving at Moorabbin, you must provide
sufficient notice to ATC if you wish to enter the control
zone via other than one of the VFR approach points.
Details are provided for Brighton, Carrum, GMH and
Academy. Baywest and Shoal are not covered in this
guide, because of their limited use by VFR aircraft.

Moorabbin control zone dimensions


The Moorabbin control zone (CTR) encompasses the
airspace within a 3nm radius of Moorabbin Airport up
to 2500ft.
CAUTION: Melbourne class C airspace adjoins
the CTR above 2,500ft.

Moorabbin operating hours


Refer to ERSA
Closed Christmas Day
Outside these hours non-towered procedures apply
within the control zone boundary.
Check NOTAM and ATIS to confirm operating
hours.

15

Tower frequencies
There are two tower frequencies in use at Moorabbin:
123.0 and 118.1. Generally, 123.0 is used for
operations to the west of the aerodrome and 118.1
is used for operations to the east. This information
(or any alternative frequency arrangements) will be
broadcast on the automatic terminal information
service (ATIS).
Note: Although Carrum is on the south-eastern side
of the aerodrome, pilots arriving from Carrum should
contact the tower on 123.0 unless the ATIS advises
otherwise.

Readback requirements
As in any ATC environment, certain items of
a clearance or instruction must be read back.
Those items applicable to Moorabbin are:
1. Any airways clearance in full;
2. Any clearances or instructions to hold short of,
enter, land on, take-off on, cross, or backtrack
on any runway;
3. Assigned runway, altimeter setting directed to
specific aircraft, SSR codes, radio and radio
navigation aid frequency instructions;
4. ATC route and approach clearance, and
5. Level instructions, direction of turn and heading,
and speed restrictions.

Provision of separation
ATC will provide an air traffic control service and will
provide traffic information for all flights. Additionally
ATC will provide traffic separation for IFR and special
VFR flights.

Status of operations
To aid in the provision of separation ATC will
determine the status of operations in the CTR
as follows:
1. Unrestricted VFR operations: There are no
weather-related restrictions to aircraft operations;
2. Restricted VFR operations: ATC may apply
weather-related restrictions to VFR operations
to facilitate the movement and separation of IFR
aircraft. ATC will then broadcast on the ATIS,
restricted VFR operations. The actual restriction
imposed may be specified individually to aircraft,

Moorabbin class D Procedures

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 15

12/13/10 4:51 PM

16

Insert Heading
Moorabbin
class D Procedures
although general restrictions may be notified on
the ATIS (e.g., Start approval required).

Pilot responsibilities
When operating in the Moorabbin CTR, you must:
1. Sight and maintain separation from other aircraft;
2. Comply with ATC instructions while ensuring that
separation is maintained from other aircraft.

runway strip (For more information refer to circuit


operations later in this guide.)
5. Turns in a direction contrary to the circuit for a
particular runway;
6. Note: An ATC circuit entry instruction constitutes
a clearance for a contrary turn if that is required to
comply with the instruction.
7. Circuits at a height other than 1000ft;

3. Immediately advise ATC if unable to comply


with a control instruction; and

8. Operations on routes or at altitudes different from


those published in ERSA.

4. Advise ATC if you are unable to sight, or if you


lose sight of, other aircraft notified as traffic.

Special VFR clearance

ATC responsibilities
Air traffic control (ATC) will:
1. Apply runway separation standards;
2. Issue instructions and/or traffic information to
regulate traffic;
3. Provide relevant traffic information to regulate
traffic;
4. Where practical, maintain surveillance of aircraft
activity within the CTR and on the aerodrome.

Traffic information
ATC will provide traffic information when:
1. You must give way to, follow, or otherwise adjust
your aircrafts flight path relative to that flown by
another aircraft; or,
2. The relative positions of aircraft cannot be
established, and a collision or near miss may
be likely unless one or both aircraft adjust their
flight paths. In this case, ATC will begin an
alerting service with the cautionary word Alert.
(Remember: just because ATC provides this traffic
information does not mean that you dont have to
keep a good lookout and manoeuvre as required
to avoid other traffic.)

Clearances
You must obtain a clearance before operating in
the Moorabbin CTR when the tower is active. A
clearance to take off, or instructions for circuit entry or
transit constitute this clearance. You need individual
clearances for:
1. Take-off and landing;
2. Entering, crossing or taxiing across all runways;

You must only conduct VFR flight in the Moorabbin


control zone when there are visual meteorological
conditions. However, at your request, ATC may
authorise you to conduct operations within the zone
in conditions less than VMC. In this case you would
be issued with a special VFR clearance (AIP ENR
1.2-1 para 1.2) which is only applicable within the
Moorabbin CTR.
When operating under a special VFR clearance,
you must ensure that:
1. The flight is conducted clear of cloud;
2. Visibility is not less than 1600 metres; and
3. The flight is conducted in accordance with CAR
157 with regard to low flying (AIP ENR 1.2-1)

Aerodrome information
Automatic terminal information services (ATIS) is
broadcast on 120.9, and on the NDB frequency (398).
When ATIS is not available, ATC will provide
terminal information. This will include runway-inuse information, traffic patterns and QNH. You can
request landing information with the inbound report.
When the CTR is deactivated and non-towered
procedures are in use, the ATIS will broadcast
information ZULU.
Aerodrome weather information service (AWIS)
is available on the ATIS frequency 120.9 outside
tower hours. AWIS can also be obtained by phoning
03 9580 9637.

Circuit operations
Whenever parallel runways are utilised for
simultaneous contra-circuits the circuit direction
must be determined as follows:

3. Taxiing on a manoeuvring area;

1. Where runway Right is nominated the circuit


is right-hand;

4. Note: An instruction to, Hold Short of Runway


(number) left (or right) means you must hold
at a marked holding point or hold short of the

2. Where runway Left is nominated the circuit


direction is left-hand.

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 16

12/13/10 4:51 PM

The circuit altitude is 1000ft on Moorabbin QNH,


unless otherwise instructed by ATC or notified on the
ATIS.
Unless ATC instructs you otherwise, you must report
downwind when starting the downwind leg, and
must advise your aircraft callsign and intentions (i.e.
full stop, or touch-and-go).
If there is frequency congestion, and you cant
make the call in this position, you must report middownwind or late-downwind, as appropriate.
If you wish to conduct non-standard circuit
operations, such as glide and flapless approaches,
you must advise ATC with the downwind report (or a
taxi call). This advice will also alert other circuit traffic.
You must not perform the following manoeuvres:
1. Simulated engine failures after take-off in singleengine aircraft.
2. Practice landings with feathered propellers.
3. Simulated asymmetric operations after take-off on
runways 17R and 22.
When appropriate, ATC will issue a sequencing
instruction. In sequencing aircraft, ATC will indicate
the position of the preceding aircraft by reference to
a leg of the circuit as a clock bearing, and describe
it either as a specific type or in general terms (e.g.
Cessna or twin).
ATC may issue a sequence number. Sequence
numbers specify the landing sequence position of an
aircraft with respect to any preceding traffic.
The instruction follow requires you to sight the
preceding aircraft, and regulate your circuit speed
and approach path to achieve longitudinal separation.
If you cannot see and identify preceding aircraft,
you must advise ATC.
ATC will advise when wake turbulence may be
a hazard.
A landing clearance does not diminish your
responsibility to maintain sufficient separation from
the preceding aircraft during landing.

Caution: There may be other aircraft on simultaneous


approaches to Moorabbins parallel runways.
You MUST:
Identify any traffic on the opposing base leg and
monitor their position while you are turning final;
Not overshoot when turning final; and
Not drift off the extended runway centreline
once established on final.

Operating within proximity to


Moorabbin
When operating in class G airspace in proximity to
the Moorabbin control zone boundary, you should
consider obtaining the ATIS and monitoring the tower
frequency - 118.1 if you are east of the aerodrome;
123.0 if you are west including Carrum - to enhance
your situational awareness of traffic entering and
leaving the control zone.
Maintain a continuous lookout for other aircraft.

Arrivals
Select transponder squawk code 3000 and ALT just
prior to contacting the tower.
Arriving aircraft should track via and report at one
of the VFR approach points (Academy, Brighton,
Carrum, GMH, Baywest or Shoal) at a recommended
altitude of 1500ft.
Frequency 118.1 is normally used for traffic east of
Moorabbin and 123.0 for traffic west of Moorabbin
including Carrum.
Enter the zone at 1000ft (circuit height), unless you
are instructed to overfly or join upwind. If instructed
to overfly or join upwind enter the zone at the
altitude specified by ATC.

Departures

Note: An aircraft can be cleared to land while a


preceding aircraft is still on the runway provided ATC
is satisfied that no collision risk exists.

Depart clear of the VFR approach points and climb


to 2000ft (or up to 2500ft if conditions permit)
without delay.

If ATC instructs you to go around, or you initiate


a missed approach, you must:

If you are departing to remain in class G airspace,


change to Melbourne Radar (135.7) when clear of the
Moorabbin control zone (when the tower is active).
ATC will not issue specific transfer instruction.

1. Commence climb to circuit height.


2. Position the aircraft on the active side and parallel
to the runway you are using, while maintaining
separation from other aircraft.
Caution: When helicopters are engaged in circuit
operations, do not make any turns until past the
departure end of the runway.

17

3. Follow ATC instructions or re-enter the circuit from


upwind.

Departures to the south from


runway 17
Aircraft departing from Runway 17 to the south
must remain over land until abeam Carrum. (Aircraft

Insert Heading
Moorabbin
class D Procedures

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 17

12/13/10 4:51 PM

18

Insert Heading
Moorabbin
class D Procedures
departing on 17R shall turn left to follow the coast
when south of Woodlands Golf Course.)

Departures from runway 31L


After take-off from runway 31L, maintain runway track
until over Kingston Centre. The following aircraft are
not permitted to use runway 31L for take-off unless
no other runway is available:
Cessnas: C180, C185, C206, C210, C336/337;
Beechcraft BE35/36 with two-blade prop; and
warbirds fitted with constant-speed props.

Departures from runway 17R


After take-off on runway 17R, maintain runway track
until south of Woodlands Golf Course.
The following restrictions apply to runway 17R:
1. Departures are not permitted from runway 17R
before 9am EST/HDS.
2. Jets must not depart from runway 17R.

Ascertain the landing direction, descend to 1000ft


AMSL and join the western circuit on crosswind
(remain clear of the eastern circuit). Proceed with a
normal circuit and landing.
Maintain separation from other aircraft and watch for
light signals from the tower.
Notices
1. Moorabbin Airport is not available to aircraft above
5700kg maximum take-off weight (MTOW) without
prior permission from the aerodrome operator.
2. There is a high concentration of birds (mainly
seagulls) on and in the vicinity of the aerodrome.
3. You must obtain prior permission for instrument
approach airwork in Melbourne terminal airspace.
Phone 03 9235 7337 for bookings.
4. Runway 35L transitional surface is infringed by
a building on the west side approximately 120m
south of the end of the runway strip (RWS).

3. The following aircraft must not use runway 17R for


take-off unless no other runway is available:
Cessnas: C180, C185, C206, C210, C336/337;
Beechcraft BE35/36 with two-blade prop; and
warbirds fitted with constant-speed props.

Taxiway

Departures
You require start approval for the following:
1. All circuit operations.
2. Aircraft departing for airwork in the Melbourne
Terminal Area.
3. Aircraft intending to land at Melbourne.
4. Aircraft intending to climb into class C airspace for
a landing at Essendon.
5. If notified on the ATIS.

Transponder
If you are engaged in circuit training in the Moorabbin
control zone, you must set your transponder to code
3000 and ALT. If you are departing or arriving at
Moorabbin you should set your transponder to 3000
and ALT when in the zone, and when you are clear of
the Moorabbin CTR, set code 1200 and ALT.

Radio failure
If possible land at an aerodrome such as Tyabb,
Lilydale or Bacchus Marsh, and arrange a no radio
arrival by phone with Moorabbin Tower on
03 9586 6180.
Otherwise, carry out general COM failure procedures.
Track via a VFR approach point. Enter the control
zone at 1500ft AMSL and maintain that altitude until
overhead the aerodrome.

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 18

Active Runway

Taxiing after landing


After landing, you should vacate the runway as soon
as possible. Aircraft on the taxiway must give way
to aircraft vacating the active runway. After vacating
the runway, you must not cross, enter or taxi along a
runway unless you obtain a clearance to do so.
1. Contact Moorabbin Ground (119.9 MHz)
immediately after vacating the landing runway. An
instruction to hold short of a runway (e.g. Hold
short of runway 31R) means you must hold at a
marked holding point, or hold short of the runway
flight strip.
Advise position (on the aerodrome) and destination
location (on the aerodrome)
2. If taxiing on a runway, look for painted holding
points, or look left and right for a line of gable
markers and hold behind them until ATC gives you
a taxi clearance.

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Moorabbin non-towered
aerodrome procedures
Operating hours

Refer to ERSA for Moorabbin non-towered operating


hours. Check NOTAM and ATIS to confirm these nontowered hours.
CAUTION: class C airspace above Moorabbin
remains active during non-towered hours. Do
not operate above 2500ft without an airways
clearance.

Non-towered frequency
The non-towered frequency is 118.1 MHz.

Preferred runways (day) in order


of preference:
1. Runway 35R is the preferred runway.
2. Then runway 17L
3. Runways 13L and 31R equal third.
Runways 04 and 22 are not available unless
operationally required. Touch-and-go circuits are not
permitted on runways 04 and 22.
During non-towered hours, runways 17R, 35L,
13R and 31L are not available.

Night operations
For departures to the north at night
- runway 35R is preferred.
For departures to the south at night
- runway 13L is preferred.
After 10pm (local time) departing aircraft must
maintain runway track until 1000ft AMSL.

Departures (by day)


Leaving the circuit
Confirm that Moorabbin is non-towered, via the ATIS
(information Zulu), or other traffic. Obtain AWIS information
on 120.9MHz and confirm runway for departure.
Make a taxiing broadcast with your intentions on 118.1.
If you require clearance into class C airspace, contact
Melbourne Radar on 119.9 MHz with a clearance request.
(This is generally only required prior to becoming airborne if
departing to the north.)

Circuits

Make other broadcasts as necessary IAW ENR 1.1-42.

1. No more than five aircraft are permitted in the


circuit at night.
2. Right-hand circuits required on runways 04, 31
and 35. Circuit training is not permitted outside
the following hours:

Depart Moorabbin on climb to 2500ft (if conditions allow)


by extending one of the legs of the circuit.

Monday to Friday
0800 to 2100 EST.
0800 to 2200 HDS (daylight saving time.)
Saturday and Sunday
0800 to 2000 or last light, whichever is earlier.

Non-towered arrivals (by day)


Even when the control zone is deactivated, it is good
practice to use the VFR approach points (Academy,
GMH, Brighton, Shoal, Baywest and Carrum) when
entering the Moorabbin circuit area.
19

Circuit entry
Confirm that Moorabbin is non-towered via the ATIS,
(information Zulu), or NOTAM.
Wind and QNH can be obtained via Moorabbin AWIS on
120.9 outside tower hours. Broadcast your intentions on
118.1 before reaching 10nm Moorabbin.
Confirm the runway in use via the wind sock or other
traffic currently in the circuit.
Remember that right-hand circuits are required for
runways 04, 31 and 35 when the control tower is
not active.
Make a radio broadcast announcing your intentions IAW
ENR 1.1-42.
Join downwind and fly a normal circuit. You should fly at
least three legs of the circuit unless you can comply with
the requirements for a straight-in approach. Depending on
traffic, it may be appropriate to broadcast turning base.
Always keep a good lookout, especially for any aircraft
making straight-in approaches. (IAW ENR 1.1-86 (64.6)
Refer to summary of report and broadcast requirements
(ENR 1.1-42.)

You may depart in any direction into class G airspace, but


keep clear of VFR approach points. You should change
frequency to Melbourne Radar 135.7 MHz at the control
zone boundary.
Even when the control zone is deactivated, it is good
practice to keep clear of VFR approach points when
tracking outbound.

Arrivals & departures (at night)


The following differences apply under night VFR:
Maintain LSALT until within 3nm of the aerodrome,
and with the runway lights in sight;
Depart on climb to 2500ft within the control zone
boundary.

Insert Heading
Moorabbin
NTA Procedures

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 19

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Insert Heading
Moorabbin
Manoeuvring Area

20

TWR

Key

Run-up bay
Intermediate holding position
Runway holding position
Runway incursion hotspot
Taxiway to 04
Taxiway to 13
Taxiway to 17
Taxiway to 31
Taxiway to 35

Definitions
Apron area

An area on the aerodrome intended to accommodate aircraft for the purpose


of loading or unloading passengers, cargo, fuelling, parking, or maintenance.

Manoeuvring area

That part of the aerodrome to be used for take-off, landing and taxiing
of aircraft, excluding aprons.

Movement area

That part of the aerodrome to be used for take-off, landing and taxiing
of aircraft, consisting of the manoeuvring area and the aprons.

Operation on the aerodrome


Apron area no taxi clearance required. Monitor Ground on 119.9 MHz.
Taxiway taxi clearance from Ground required before entering this area.
Runway specific clearance required from ATC before entering this area.
Reproduced with permission of Airservices Australia
Copyright 2010 Airservices Australia

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 20

12/13/10 4:51 PM

photo courtesy of: cessna aircraft company

21

Plan your route thoroughly, and carry current charts and documents.
Always check the weather, NOTAMs and ERSA before you fly.

Insert Heading

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 21

12/13/10 4:51 PM

22

Insert Heading
Moorabbin
Outbound Radio calls
Departure into CLASS G
(VFR)

Departure to CTA/CTR
(VFR)

Non-towered departure
(VFR)

Submit flight notification by fax,


NAIPS or briefing

If entering CTA: Submit flight


notification by fax, NAIPS or
briefing. Make airways clearance
requests to Melbourne Radar on
119.9MHz.
Obtain ATIS & AWIS on 120.9
or 398 to confirm Moorabbin is
non-towered procedures.

Obtain ATIS on 120.9 or 398


Moorabbin Terminal Information Lima
Runway _________ Wind ___________

Crosswind ____________

Visibility__________ Cloud ___________ Temp/QNH ___________


Taxi call (119.9)
Moorabbin Ground
Callsign ___________________
Aircraft type ________________
Received [ATIS]
For (destination or intentions)

Runway ___________________
Request clearance.
Transponder (3000)
Set code 3000 and select ALT
when READY for take-off. When
leaving the CTR select 1200 and
ALT

Should be broadcasting terminal


information Zulu).

Taxi call (119.9)


Moorabbin Ground
Callsign __________________
Aircraft type ________________
Received [ATIS]

Taxi call (118.1)


Moorabbin Traffic
Callsign ___________________
Aircraft type ________________
Positions and intentions
______________________
For (destination or intentions)
Taxiing Moorabbin
For (destination or
intention)_____________
Runway ___________________
Runway _______________________
Moorabbin _____________________
Request clearance.
Note: Listen out for other traffic in
the Moorabbin area.
Transponder (allocated code)
Transponder (1200)
Set allocated SSR code and select Departing into class G:
ALT when READY for take-off.
Set code 1200 and select ALT
When entering the runway.

(If you are flying circuits at


Moorabbin set 3000 and ALT
standby.)
Ready call (118.1/123.0)
Moorabbin Tower callsign__________

Departing into class C:


Set allocated SSR code and select
ALT when entering the runway.

ready, runway__________

for (training area, first tracking point, departure leg of circuit, circuits)

Take-off (118.1)
Make a broadcast when entering
the runway for take-off.

Make radio calls as necessary.


Received (ATIS identifier)
Depart on climb to 2000ft (or up to 2500ft if conditions permit). Remain clear of inbound VFR approach
points: Academy, Baywest, Brighton, Carrum, GMH and Shoal.
Departure
Departure
Departure
Depart the Moorabbin CTR via the Departing into class G: Change
Depart by extending the relevant
route in your airways clearance.
to Melbourne Radar (135.7) at
leg of the circuit. Monitor tower
pilot discretion when crossing the
frequency until clear of Moorabbin Contact ATC as directed.
control zone boundary.
CTR. Then monitor Melbourne
Radar (135.7)
Departing into class C: Contact
ATC as directed.

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 22

12/13/10 4:51 PM

CLASS D arrival
(VFR)
Obtain ATIS (120.9 or 398)

Non-towered arrival
(VFR)
Obtain ATIS & AWIS (120.9
or 398)

Moorabbin Terminal Information Lima


Runway ____________ Wind ____________ Crosswind ____________
Visibility ____________ Cloud ____________ Temp/QNH ____________
Inbound call (118.1/123.0) at about 810nm.*
Moorabbin Tower
Callsign _____________________
Aircraft type ___________________
Position ______________________
Altitude ______________________
Received [ATIS]
Inbound & intentions
*118.1 is normally used for traffic east of Moorabbin and 123.0 for traffic
west of Moorabbin including Carrum.
Arrival altitude
Enter the zone at 1000ft (circuit height), unless you are instructed to
overfly or join upwind. If instructed to overfly or join upwind enter
the zone at the altitude specified by ATC.
Downwind call (118.1/123.0)
Straight-in approach/base
Callsign _______________
Callsign __________________
final. [base, or position.]
Downwind _____________
Intentions ______________

ATIS Should be broadcasting


terminal information Zulu and
AWIS.
Inbound call (118.1)
Moorabbin traffic etc
Callsign _____________________
Aircraft type ___________________
Position _____________________
Altitude _____________________
Inbound Moorabbin

Arrival altitude
Refer AIP ENR 1.1-75(48)

Circuit joining and circuit calls


Refer AIP ENR 1.1-75(48)

After landing (119.9)


After landing (118.1)
Call Moorabbin Ground immediately after vacating the landing runway.
Remain on 118.1 after landing.
Moorabbin Ground, [callsign]. Ask for taxi guidance if required.
Cancel SARTIME through CENSAR on 1800 814 931, or Melbourne Radar (119.9) during nontowered hours when phone is not available.

Common class D readbacks


1. Route clearance
2. Runway clearances
3. Assigned runway
4. Level/altitude

23

5.
6.
7.
8.

QNH
Transponder code
Radio frequency
Turns/headings

9. Speed
10. Holding instructions
[Refer AIP GEN 3.4-12 (4.4)]

Insert Heading
Moorabbin
Inbound Radio calls

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 23

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Insert Heading
Moorabbin
Inbound FROM academy

24

Beach Rd

Bo

St
ite
Wh

Moorabbin Airport

un
da

Nep
ean
Hw
y

ry
Rd

Woodlands

Nepea
n Hwy

Rd
ng
o
n
e
ALT 1,000ft
and
rD
e
Low

FREQ 118.1

L
35
R
35

Moorabbin
S37 58.6 E145 06.1

13L

Kingston
Heath

wy

13R

lH

31R

iga

31L

rr
Wa

d
gR
n
o
O
en
DF
and
D
e
ntr
Ce

Kingston
Centre

17

17

Capital

Old Danden
ong Rd

Kingswood

C LL 2500
d

nR

yto

Cla

Tip

Spring Valley

BMX
Track

CLASS D CTR
SFC-2500ft

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 24

Land Fill &


Recycling
centre

nk

Fa

a
irb

Rd

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Sandown Racecourse

Princess H

to
ing

ll
We

Monash
University

FREQ 118.1

TR 220M

TR 215M

Monash Freeway

P
M

Descend to enter control


zone at 1,000ft for all RWY
operations unless otherwise
instructed by the tower.

TR 205

ALT 1,000ft

Springvale
Cemetery

nR

wy

Sandown
Racecourse

tre

Freeway
Reserve

n
Fer

Waverley Park
Brandon
Park
Shopping
Centre

C LL 2500

lly
Gu

Rd

Reserve

C LL 2500
rin

Sp
oad

le R

gva

Academy

ey

l
ver
a
W

Rd

ACADEMY
S37 53.7 E145 10.8

ls R

Jel
ALT 1,000ft
FREQ 118.1
Looking from the north-east. Moorabbin Airport
is 6nm ahead.

The Glen
Shopping Centre

Moorabbin Tower, callsign


type
Academy altitude
received ATIS
inbound intentions.
Optional: Unfamiliar with Moorabbin.

25

Insert Heading
Moorabbin
Inbound FROM academy

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 25

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Insert Heading
Joining
the circuit FROM academy

26

Key to Altitude
500ft to SFC
1000ft to 500ft

Nepean

CAUTION
Parallel circuit traffic.
Do not drift through
RWY centreline.

Woodlands

e
Low

gR

n
no

nd

a
rD

Hwy

Straight-in approach or base


Aircraft cleared for a straight
in approach or base should
report as instructed by ATC:

35

base, final

35

callsign
[or position].

MBGND
119.9

31L

DF

Rd
ng
o
n
13R
de Kingston
an
D
Heath
tre
en
13L C
Reserve

31R

ry

da

un

Bo

17

17

Rd

Old Dand

enong Rd

Capital

Caution
Runways 13 & 17
are easily confused

Kingswood

Downwind
Aircraft joining downwind should report
commencing the downwind leg at 1,000ft:
callsign
downwind,
full stop, touch-and-go, etc. [intentions].

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 26

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Academy
Academy is situated 6nm north-east of Moorabbin at an elevation of about 680ft AMSL. It looks like an old
monastery, and is part of a large complex used as the Victorian Police Training Academy. Other identifying
features in the area are The Glen, a large shopping centre; the Novotel Hotel about 1nm north-west of
Academy; and the nearby intersection of Monash Freeway and Ferntree Gully Road. Monash University is
about 2nm south-west of the Academy.
Obtain Moorabbin ATIS information on 120.9 or 398 NDB well before arriving at Academy. It is advisable to
assess potential traffic in your vicinity by listening to Moorabbin Tower on 118.1 before reporting at Academy.
Keep a good lookout for other traffic also tracking via Academy.
Select transponder squawk code 3000 and ALT just prior to contacting the tower.

Circuit joining instructions


1

A circuit joining instruction is a clearance to enter the control zone. It also tells the pilot how to enter
the circuit. For example: ZFR join final, RWY 17 left, report final.

Once you receive a circuit joining instruction, descend to reach circuit altitude (1000ft on Moorabbin
QNH) by the control zone boundary (3nm Moorabbin). If instructed to join upwind or overfly, the tower will
assign you an altitude (normally 1500ft).

In sequencing aircraft, ATC will indicate the position of the preceding aircraft by reference to a leg of
the circuit, or a clock bearing. ATC may describe the aircraft as a specific type, or in general terms (e.g.
Cessna or twin). For example: ZFR, follow the Cessna on late downwind. ATC may issue a sequence
number, which specifies the landing order with respect to any preceding traffic.

You should take care to maintain your position in the sequence and ensure you do not cut inside
other traffic. If instructed to Follow, you must sight the preceding aircraft, and regulate your speed and
approach path to achieve longitudinal separation. You must advise ATC if you cannot see and identify the
preceding aircraft. If in doubt, tell the tower.

Radio calls should only include the mandatory readbacks, due to the large number of movements
at Moorabbin [refer AIP GEN 3.4-12 (4.4)].

Exercise caution on base and final. Other aircraft may be on simultaneous final approaches to
Moorabbins parallel runways.
You must:
Identify any traffic on the opposing base leg and monitor their position while you are turning onto final;
Not overshoot when turning final; and
Not drift off the extended runway centreline once established on final.

Non-towered procedures: Make all necessary radio calls as per AIP, ERSA and those recommended in the
new Civil Aviation Advisory Publication on non-towered aerodromes (CAAP 166) and pages 22-23 of this guide.
Once you have selected the appropriate runway, fly at least three legs of the circuit. In nil-wind conditions the
preferred runway is 35R followed by runway 17L, then runways 13L and 31R. (Runways 13L and 31R are
equally preferred.) Runway 04/22 is not available unless operationally required. Touch-and-go circuits are not
permitted on 04/22.
Refer to AIP ENR 1.1-79 (48.6 & 7) for the requirements for making straight-in approaches and joining on base
at uncontrolled aerodromes. AWIS is available on 120.9MHz.
Common class D readbacks
1. Route clearance
2. Runway clearances
3. Assigned runway
4. Level/altitude

27

5.
6.
7.
8.

QNH
Transponder code
Radio frequency
Turns/headings

9. Speed
10. Holding instructions
[Refer AIP GEN 3.4-12 (4.4)]

Insert Heading
circuit
joining instructions academy

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 27

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Insert Heading
Moorabbin
Inbound FROM Brighton

28

Kingswood
Moorabbin Aerodrome

ry R

da
oun

Moorabbin
Woodlands

wy

31L

31R

S37 58.6 E145 06.1

Ne
pea
nH

35

35

ALT 1,000ft

FREQ 123.0

Beac
h Rd

13R

Ol

Cen

dD

an

de

no

13L

Capital

Rd

17R

ng R

eno

17L

DFO

ng

and
er D

Low

CLASS D CTR
SFC-2500ft

tre
den

Dan

al

rig
War

Hwy

Rd

Kingston
Centre

ong

Kingston

Nylex

Nep

ean

Hw

C LL 2500

nR

ma
Southland Shopping Centre
har
C

nd
thla
Sou ping
p
Sho re
t
n
e
C
Victoria
Royal
Melbourne
ALT 1,000ft

FREQ 123.0

e Rd

erv

Res

Cemetery
O

CSIR

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 28

Royal

Sandringham

Melbourne

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Royal Melbourne

Bay

Moorabbin
Oval

f Rd

Rd

Bluf

ch
Rd
Bea

30M
TR 1

d
th R
Sou

Dendy Park

TR 120

TR 110M

Descend to enter control


zone at 1,000ft for all RWY
operations, unless otherwise
instructed by the tower.

TR 115M

Moorabbin oval

ALT 1,500ft

FREQ 123.0

On descent to 1,000ft

Brighton

Sandringham
Yacht Club

Esp

lana

de

Nep

on S

pt
Ham

t
dy S

ean

Den

Hwy

Picnic Point

Port Phillip

Brighton

C LL 2500
Municipal
Baths

nad

la
Esp

Middle Brighton Pier

BRIGHTON
S37 54.7 E144 59.2

ALT 1,500ft
FREQ 123.0
Looking from the north. Moorabbin Airport is
7.5nm ahead.
Moorabbin Tower, callsign
type
Brighton altitude
received ATIS
inbound intentions.
Optional: Unfamiliar with Moorabbin.

29

Insert Heading
Moorabbin
Inbound FROM Brighton

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 29

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Insert Heading
Joining
the circuit FROM Brighton

30

Key to Altitude
500ft to SFC
1000ft to 500ft
CAUTION
Parallel circuit traffic.
Do not drift through
RWY centreline.

Woodlands
Rd

31L

31R

ary

nd
Bou

35

Caution
Runways 13 & 17
are easily confused

35

13R

17L
17R

13L

Capital

ng R

eno

and

er D

Low

MBGND
119.9

DFO

tre

Cen
Dan
ong

den

Kingston
Heath

Rd

Straight-in approach or base

Downwind

Aircraft cleared for a straight


in approach or base should
report as instructed by ATC:

Aircraft joining downwind should report


commencing the downwind leg at 1,000ft:
callsign
downwind,
full stop, touch-and-go, etc. [intentions].

callsign
[or position].

base, final

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 30

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Brighton
Brighton is situated 7.5nm north-west of Moorabbin on the shores of Port Phillip. Cross the coast at the
Middle Brighton pier and the municipal sea baths. You should see the aerodrome straight ahead and the large
Southland Shopping Centre just to the right.
Keep a good lookout for traffic due to the proximity of the Melbourne coastal light aircraft route and Essendon/
Melbourne CTR. Obtain Moorabbin ATIS information on 120.9 or 398 NDB well before arriving at Brighton. It is
advisable to assess potential traffic in the vicinity by listening to Moorabbin Tower on 123.0 before reporting
at Brighton.
Select transponder squawk code 3000 and ALT just prior to contacting the tower.

Circuit joining instructions


1

A circuit joining instruction is a clearance to enter the control zone. It also tells the pilot how to enter
the circuit. For example: ZFR join base, RWY 17 right, report Southland.

Once you receive a circuit joining instruction, descend to reach circuit altitude (1000ft on Moorabbin
QNH) by the control zone boundary (3nm Moorabbin). If instructed to join upwind or overfly, the tower will
assign you an altitude (normally 1500ft).

In sequencing aircraft, ATC will indicate the position of the preceding aircraft by reference to a leg of
the circuit, or a clock bearing. ATC may describe the aircraft as a specific type, or in general terms (e.g.
Cessna or twin). For example: ZFR, follow the Cessna on late downwind. ATC may issue a sequence
number, which specifies the landing order with respect to any preceding traffic.

You should take care to maintain your position in the sequence and ensure you do not cut inside
other traffic. If instructed to Follow, you must sight the preceding aircraft, and regulate your speed and
approach path to achieve longitudinal separation. You must advise ATC if you cannot see and identify the
preceding aircraft. If in doubt, tell the tower.

Radio calls should only include the mandatory readbacks, due to the large number of movements
at Moorabbin [refer AIP GEN 3.4-12 (4.4)].

Exercise caution on base and final. Other aircraft may be on simultaneous final approaches to
Moorabbins parallel runways.
You must:
Identify any traffic on the opposing base leg and monitor their position while you are turning onto final;
Not overshoot when turning final; and
Not drift off the extended runway centreline once established on final.

Non-towered procedures: Make all necessary radio calls as per AIP, ERSA and those recommended in the
new Civil Aviation Advisory Publication on non-towered aerodromes (CAAP 166) and pages 22-23 of this guide.
Once you have selected the appropriate runway, fly at least three legs of the circuit. In nil-wind conditions the
preferred runway is 35R followed by runway 17L, then runways 13L and 31R. (Runways 13L and 31R are
equally preferred.) Runway 04/22 is not available unless operationally required. Touch-and-go circuits are not
permitted on 04/22.
Refer to AIP ENR 1.1-79 (48.6 & 7) for the requirements for making straight-in approaches and joining on base
at uncontrolled aerodromes. AWIS is available on 120.9MHz.
Common class D Readbacks
1. Route clearance
2. Runway clearances
3. Assigned runway
4. Level/altitude

31

5.
6.
7.
8.

QNH
Transponder code
Radio frequency
Turns/headings

9. Speed
10. Holding instructions
[Refer AIP GEN 3.4-12 (4.4)]

Insert Heading
circuit
joining instructions Brighton

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 31

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Insert Heading
Moorabbin
Inbound FROM Carrum

32

Cen

Kingston
Centre

and

eno

ng R

Cha
r

man

Rd

tre D

Kingston
Heath

C LL 2500
17R

Capital

Hwy

17L

13L

DFO

Moorabbin

13R

Nylex

Kingswood

35R

35L

31R

31L

ne

nto

hR
ac

Me

Be

way

High

Bou

ean

nda

Nep

ry R

oad

War
riga
l

S37 58.6 E145 06.1

CLASS D CTR
SFC-2500ft

Be

Low

h
ac

er D

Whi

te S

and

eno

ng R

Woodlands

tree

Braeside
Park

Mordialloc
Pier

Southern

Bo

an H

Nepe

un

da

ry

Rd

a
ighw
Rossdale

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 32

ale
gv

Rd

rin

Sp

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Descend to enter control


zone at 1,000ft for all
RWY operations unless
otherwise instructed by
the tower.

Chelsea

Bicentennial
Park

TR 344M

ighway

H
Nepean
6
TR 32

D314
SFC-4500

Wells Rd

Edithvale
Wetlands

St Leonards
College

C LL 4500

Port Phillip

Patterson River
Country Club &
Golf course

on

rs
tte

Melbourne
Water
Eastern
Treatment
Plant

r
ive

Pa

CARRUM

ad

son Ro

S38 04 27 E145 07 10

Thomp

33

Patterson
Lakes

ALT 1,500ft

FREQ 123.0

Looking from the south. Moorabbin Airport is


6nm ahead.
Moorabbin Tower, callsign
type
Carrum altitude
received ATIS
inbound intentions.

Sea
We ford
tlan
ds

Seaford
Pier

Nepean

Highwa
y

Carrum

Optional: Unfamiliar with Moorabbin.

Insert Heading
Moorabbin
Inbound FROM Carrum

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 33

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Insert Heading
Joining
the circuit FROM Carrum

34

Key to Altitude
Kingston

500ft to SFC
1000ft to 500ft

Capital

17R

DFO

17L

13L

Warr
igal
Rd

Reserve

tre D

13R

Caution

Cen

Runways 13 & 17 are


easily confused

and

eno

Low

ean

Nep

er D

Bou

nda

ry R

MBGND
119.9

ng R

and

eno

ng R

d
31R

Hwy
35R

35L

31L
CAUTION
Parallel circuit traffic.
Do not drift through
RWY centreline.

Downwind
Aircraft joining downwind should report
commencing the downwind leg at 1,000ft:
callsign
downwind,
full stop, touch-and-go, etc. [intentions].

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 34

Bou

Woodlands

nda

ry R
d

C LL 2500

Straight-in approach or base


Aircraft cleared for a straight
in approach or base should
report as instructed by ATC:
callsign
[or position].

base, final

12/13/10 4:51 PM

CARRUM
Carrum is 6nm south of Moorabbin on the shores of Port Phillip. The Patterson River runs into the sea at the
visual approach point and a number of residential canals can be seen, south of the river about 1nm inland. It is
the VFR approach point for aircraft arriving from the south. Keep a good lookout for traffic due to the proximity
of the Melbourne coastal route.
Obtain Moorabbin ATIS on 120.9 or 398 NDB well before arriving at Carrum. It is advisable to assess potential
traffic in the area by monitoring Moorabbin Tower on 123.0 MHz before reporting at Carrum. When runways
17 or 35 are in use, remain over water until established in the western circuit.
Select transponder squawk code 3000 and ALT just prior to contacting the tower.

Circuit joining instructions


1

A circuit joining instruction is a clearance to enter the control zone. It also tells the pilot how to enter
the circuit. For example: ZFR join downwind, runway 17 right.

Once you receive a circuit joining instruction, descend to reach circuit altitude (1000ft on Moorabbin
QNH) by the control zone boundary (3nm Moorabbin). If instructed to join upwind or overfly, the tower will
assign you an altitude (normally 1500ft).

In sequencing aircraft, ATC will indicate the position of the preceding aircraft by reference to a leg of
the circuit, or a clock bearing. ATC may describe the aircraft as a specific type, or in general terms (e.g.
Cessna or twin). For example: ZFR, follow the Cessna on late downwind. ATC may issue a sequence
number, which specifies the landing order with respect to any preceding traffic.

You should take care to maintain your position in the sequence and ensure you do not cut inside
other traffic. If instructed to Follow, you must sight the preceding aircraft, and regulate your speed and
approach path to achieve longitudinal separation. You must advise ATC if you cannot see and identify the
preceding aircraft. If in doubt, tell the tower.

Radio calls should only include the mandatory readbacks, due to the large number of movements
at Moorabbin [refer AIP GEN 3.4-12 (4.4)].

Exercise caution on base and final. Other aircraft may be on simultaneous final approaches to
Moorabbins parallel runways.
You must:
Identify any traffic on the opposing base leg and monitor their position while you are turning onto final;
Not overshoot when turning final; and
Not drift off the extended runway centreline once established on final.

Non-towered procedures: Make all necessary radio calls as per AIP, ERSA and those recommended in the
new Civil Aviation Advisory Publication on non-towered aerodromes (CAAP 166) and pages 22-23 of this guide.
Once you have selected the appropriate runway, fly at least three legs of the circuit. In nil-wind conditions the
preferred runway is 35R followed by runway 17L, then runways 13L and 31R. (Runways 13L and 31R are
equally preferred.) Runway 04/22 is not available unless operationally required. Touch-and-go circuits are not
permitted on 04/22.
Refer to AIP ENR 1.1-79 (48.6 & 7) for the requirements for making straight-in approaches and joining on base
at uncontrolled aerodromes. AWIS is available on 120.9MHz.
Common class D readbacks
1. Route clearance
2. Runway clearances
3. Assigned runway
4. Level/altitude
35

5.
6.
7.
8.

QNH
Transponder code
Radio frequency
Turns/headings

9. Speed
10. Holding instructions
[Refer AIP GEN 3.4-12 (4.4)]

Insert Heading
circuit
joining instructions Carrum

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 35

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Insert Heading
Moorabbin
Inbound FROM GMH

36

d
ndenong R
Centre Da

Runways 13 & 17 are


easily confused

Da
nd
en
on
g

Kingston Heath

13

S37 58.6 E145 06.1

13

DFO

Moorabbin

Kingston
Centre

Ol
d

Caution

Rd

w
Warrigal H

17R

CLASS D CTR
SFC-2500ft

17L

Capital

35L

Boundary

Rd

Land fill &


recycling
centre

ng

Rd

31

31

35R

ntr
eD
Ce

C LL 2500
Kingswood

te
ns
d

Ex

Sandown Racecourse

W
es

rk

ta

ll R
oa

Clarke
Road
Tip

a
BMX P

Braeside
Park

ion

enong Rd

Lower Dand

an

de

no

Spring Valley

Springvale R

Haileybury
College

Sandown
Racecourse
ALT 1,000ft
View from the east

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 36

FREQ 118.1

Corrigan R

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Parkmore Shopping Centre

Parkmore
Shopping
Centre

Reserve

way

ALT 1,000ft

FREQ 118.1

300

Pri

C LL 4500

TR 280M

Greens R
Frankston

nce

TR

Rd

Descend to enter control


zone at 1,000ft for all
RWY operations unless
otherwise instructed by
the tower.

am
nh

lte

e
Ch

Greaves Reserve &


Showground

sH
wy

East Link Free

Stud Rd

g Rd

Dandenon

GMH

Dandenong
Workers

Pilkington
Australia

wy

H
nd

sla

wy
Princes H

uth

p
Gip

So

GMH
S38 00.5 E145 14.3

Eumemmerring ALT 1,500ft


FREQ 118.1
Park
Looking west. Moorabbin Airport is 7nm ahead.
Moorabbin Tower, callsign
type
GMH altitude
received ATIS
inbound intentions.
Optional: Unfamiliar with Moorabbin.

nd Fwy

South Gippsla

37

Insert Heading
Moorabbin
Inbound FROM GMH

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 37

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Insert Heading
Joining
the circuit FROM GMH

38

andenon
Centre D

Kingston
Heath

Key to Altitude
500ft to SFC
1000ft to 500ft

g Rd

DFO

Straight-in approach or base

13

base, final

13

callsign
[or position].

Aircraft cleared for a straight


in approach or base should
report as instructed by ATC:

17R

Capital

17L

35L

Caution
Runway 13 & 17 are
easily confused

35R

31

31

MBGND
119.9

Boundary

Rd

Downwind
Aircraft joining downwind should report
commencing the downwind leg at 1,000ft:
callsign
downwind,
full stop, touch-and-go, etc. [intentions].

ndenong

Lower Da

Kingswood

Ex
oa
d
ll R
W
es
ta

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 38

Clarke Rd
Tip

Track
BMX

te
ns
ion

Rd

Braeside
Park

12/13/10 4:51 PM

GMH
The GMH (General Motors Holden) VFR approach point is situated 7nm east of Moorabbin. It is an old industrial
complex, with a dark sawtooth roof, located on the south side of the Princes Highway about 1nm south of the
junction of the Monash and South Gippsland Freeways. Passing over these features, you should see Moorabbin
airport to the west and Sandown Park Racecourse to the north-west.
Obtain Moorabbin ATIS information on 120.9 or 398 NDB well before arriving at GMH. You should assess
potential traffic in your vicinity by listening to Moorabbin Tower on 118.1 before reporting at GMH. Keep a
good lookout for other traffic also reporting at GMH.
Select transponder squawk code 3000 and ALT just prior to contacting the tower.

Circuit joining instructions


1

A circuit joining instruction is a clearance to enter the control zone. It also tells the pilot how to enter the
circuit. For example: ZFR, join base runway 35 right, report at Parkmore or ZFR join base runway 17 left.

Once you receive a circuit joining instruction, descend to reach circuit altitude (1000ft on Moorabbin
QNH) by the control zone boundary (3nm Moorabbin). If instructed to join upwind or overfly, the tower will
assign you an altitude (normally 1500ft).

In sequencing aircraft, ATC will indicate the position of the preceding aircraft by reference to a leg of the
circuit, or a clock bearing. ATC may describe the aircraft as a specific type, or in general terms (e.g. Cessna
or twin). For example: ZFR, follow the Cessna on late downwind. ATC may issue a sequence number,
which specifies the landing order with respect to any preceding traffic.

You should take care to maintain your position in the sequence and ensure you do not cut inside
other traffic. If instructed to Follow, you must sight the preceding aircraft, and regulate your speed and
approach path to achieve longitudinal separation. You must advise ATC if you cannot see and identify the
preceding aircraft. If in doubt, tell the tower.

Radio calls should only include the mandatory readbacks, due to the large number of movements
at Moorabbin [refer AIP GEN 3.4-12 (4.4)].

Exercise caution on base and final. Other aircraft may be on simultaneous final approaches to
Moorabbins parallel runways.
You must:
Identify any traffic on the opposing base leg and monitor their position while you are turning onto final;
Not overshoot when turning final; and
Not drift off the extended runway centreline once established on final.

Non-towered procedures: Make all necessary radio calls as per AIP, ERSA and those recommended in the
new Civil Aviation Advisory Publication on non-towered aerodromes (CAAP 166) and pages 22-23 of this guide.
Once you have selected the appropriate runway, fly at least three legs of the circuit. In nil-wind conditions the
preferred runway is 35R followed by runway 17L, then runways 13L and 31R. (Runways 13L and 31R are
equally preferred.) Runway 04/22 is not available unless operationally required. Touch-and-go circuits are not
permitted on 04/22.
Refer to AIP ENR 1.1-79 (48.6 & 7) for the requirements for making straight-in approaches and joining on base
at uncontrolled aerodromes. AWIS is available on 120.9MHz.
Common class D readbacks
1. Route clearance
2. Runway clearances
3. Assigned runway
4. Level/altitude

39

5.
6.
7.
8.

QNH
Transponder code
Radio frequency
Turns/headings

9. Speed
10. Holding instructions
[Refer AIP GEN 3.4-12 (4.4)]

Insert Heading
Circuit
joining instructions gmh

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 39

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Insert Heading
Moorabbin
Alternate routes

40

VFR approach points are recommended not mandatory


At about 8nm to 10nm, anounce approach
using recognised geographical feature.

na

sh

Caribbean Lake

Fre

Caribbean Lake

Sandown Racecourse

Springv
ale Rd

CLASS D CTR
SFC-2500ft

East

ew
ay

link

Mo

Moorabbin
S37 58.6 E145 06.1

ALT 1,000ft
FREQ 118.1
Looking south-west. Moorabbin Airport is 8nm
ahead.
Pilot: Moorabbin Tower, callsign
type
Name geographical feature (eg Caribbean Lake)
altitude
received ATIS
inbound intentions.
Optional: Unfamiliar with Moorabbin.
Tower: Track to intermediate tracking point
(eg Sandown Racecourse)
Pilot: Callsign
(when tracking point is reached)
Pilot: Tracking point
(eg Sandown Racecourse) altitude

callsign.

Tower: Join base runway 17L


Pilot: Runway 17L callsign

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 40

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Class D CTR arrivals via other


than a VFR approach point
Direct approach

Arrival via amended route

Pilot: Moorabbin Tower, XYZ Cessna 172,


Caribbean Lake, 1500 information Bravo, inbound
for landing. Request clearance.

Pilot: Moorabbin Tower, XYZ Cessna 172


Caribbean Lake, 1500, information Bravo, inbound
for landing. Request clearance

Moorabbin Tower: XYZ, Moorabbin Tower, track


direct to Moorabbin, runway 17L. Report at three
miles.

Moorabbin Tower: XYZ, Moorabbin Tower, remain


outside class Delta airspace. Report again at the
Academy

Pilot: Direct Moorabbin, XYZ.


Pilot: XYZ, three miles.

Pilot: XYZ.
Pilot: Moorabbin Tower, XYZ, Academy 1500
information Charlie, inbound for landing. Request
clearance.

Moorabbin Tower: XYZ, join base runway 17L,


follow the Warrior turning final.
Pilot: Runway 17L, XYZ.
Pilot: XYZ, base full stop.

Moorabbin Tower: XYZ join upwind runway 17L;


maintain 1500. Report overhead.

Moorabbin Tower: XYZ, clear to land.

Pilot: Runway 17L, 1500 XYZ.


Pilot: XYZ overhead.

Pilot: Clear to land, XYZ.


Pilot: Moorabbin Ground, XYZ, on Alpha 6. Taxi
clearance to northern apron.

Moorabbin Tower: XYZ, cleared visual approach;


when ready turn crosswind to join downwind runway
17L follow the Seminole turning base.

Moorabbin Ground: XYZ, Moorabbin Ground,


on Alpha 6, cross runway 17R, taxi to the northern
apron.

Pilot: Cleared visual approach runway 17L, XYZ.


Pilot: XYZ turning downwind full stop.

Pilot: Cross runway 17R, XYZ.

Moorabbin Tower: XYZ.


Moorabbin Tower: XYZ, clear to land.
Pilot: Clear to land XYZ.
Pilot: Moorabbin Ground, XYZ on Alpha 6, request
taxi to the Aero Club.
Moorabbin Ground: XYZ, taxi via Alpha 6 (if
alternative routes are available); hold short of runway
17R.
Or On Alpha 6 (taxiway point of crossing), cross
runway 17R, taxi to the apron.
Pilot: Either Hold short of runway 17R, XYZ
A clearance to the destination (beyond the required
holding point) is not issued unless a runway crossing
is included.
Or Cross runway 17R, taxi to the apron, XYZ, (if a
clearance to cross is included).
Moorabbin Ground: XYZ on Alpha 6, cross
runway 17R, taxi to the apron.
Pilot: [On Alpha 6 optional for pilot] Cross runway
17R, XYZ.

41

Insert Heading
Moorabbin
Alternate routes

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 41

12/13/10 4:51 PM

Insert Heading
Essendon
Aerodrome

42

AT A GLANCE
Elevation 282ft
Location S37 43 41 E144 54 07
ML APP 132.0
ML DEP 118.9 129.4
Tower

125.1

Ground 121.9
ATIS

119.8 or 356

AWIS

133.2

NDB

356

FUEL

129.9

ESSENDON AERODROME
Essendon Airport is 6nm to the northwest of the city of Melbourne, and 4.5nm southeast of Melbourne
International Airport. Essendon Airport is located within the Melbourne control zone.
Essendon has two crossing runways: 08/26 and 17/35. The longest runway is 08/26 at 1921m.
Operator: Essendon Airport Limited
a:

Building 250, English St, Essendon Airport Victoria 3041

t:

03 9948 9300

f:

03 9948 9330

w:

www.essendonairport.com.au

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 42

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Essendon class C Procedures


Essendon airport is located in the Melbourne
class C control zone (CTR). Operations and services
are in accordance with the table at AIP ENR 1.4-1
Because each aerodrome is unique, special
procedures have been developed to take local
conditions into account. These special procedures are
listed in ERSA and must be read in conjunction with
the AIP.
Essendon Tower is closed at certain times, generally
late at night. When this occurs, that part of Melbourne
control zone (CTR) allocated to Essendon Tower,
remains class C airspace and is controlled by
Melbourne Approach and Departures.
There are two sets of special procedures for
Essendon Tower:
normal procedures when the tower is active, and
procedures when the tower is closed.
See below for details of both of these.
Essendon Tower controls the south-eastern quadrant
of the Melbourne control zone and the adjacent class
C steps, up to, and including, 2000ft. Aircraft wishing
to operate in this airspace (known as Essendon Tower
airspace) must contact Essendon Tower approaching
any of the VFR approach points immediately adjacent
to the Melbourne control zone, marked on the
Melbourne visual terminal chart (VTC).
(The following VFR approach points are covered
in this guide: Albert Park Lake, Doncaster
Shoppingtown, Kalkallo, Station Pier, Westgate Bridge
and Yan Yean Reservoir.)
The prime objective of Essendon ATC is to separate
general aviation traffic from airline traffic operating at
Melbourne Airport. Because of this, sometimes your
planned route or altitude may not be available.
You must comply accurately with tracking
instructions, due to the proximity of Melbourne
Airport.
Pilots can confuse Melbourne and Essendon
Airports. Essendon Airports beacon flashes
white every four seconds - Melbourne Airports
beacon flashes alternate white/green. If you are
unsure, ask for help early.
VFR aircraft will normally be cleared on segregated
tracks, and traffic information provided when the
proximity of other aircraft warrants. Just because
traffic information is provided does not mean that
you dont have to keep a good lookout and
manoeuvre to avoid other traffic if necessary. Also,
be aware of significant wind shear in strong northerly
and southerly winds.
43

The circuit altitude is 1300ft on Essendon QNH


- ATC will specify the circuit direction.

Readback requirements
As in any ATC environment, certain items of a
clearance or instruction must be read back. Those
items applicable to Essendon are:
1. Any clearances or instructions to hold short of,
enter, land on, take-off on, cross, or backtrack
on any runway;
2. Assigned runway, altimeter setting directed to
a specific aircraft, SSR codes, radio and radio
navigation aid frequency instructions; and
3. Level instructions, direction of turn, heading and
speed restrictions.

TOWER OPEN
The following procedures apply when
Essendon Tower is active.

ESSENDON CLASS C
VFR PROCEDURES
Flight planning details
You should submit all flight plan details to the briefing
office by NAIPS, fax or telephone. Essendon will
not generally accept details of flight into approach/
departures airspace by radio, as there can be delays
in processing of up to 30 minutes. Therefore, details
may be taken by tower/ground via radio only as a last
priority.
Pilots inbound to Essendon airspace who have not
submitted flight plan details are requested to notify
the tower of flight details prior to inbound clearance
request.
Pilots outbound from Essendon may advise details
to Essendon Ground, preceded by flight details.
Outbound clearance will be given via the most
appropriate exit point.

Traffic holding fuel


Traffic holding fuel is required at the following times:
Monday to Thursday
18.45 to 19.45 EST/HDS
Friday
19.45 to 20.45 EST/HDS

Insert Heading
Essendon
class c vfr procedures

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 43

12/13/10 4:52 PM

44

Insert Heading
Essendon
class c vfr procedures
If you plan to arrive during these times you should
carry a minimum of 10 minutes holding fuel.

Clearances
You will require a specific airways clearance prior to
operating into and out of Essendon.
Individual clearances are required for:
1. Entering and departing the CTR;
2. Taxi, take-off and landing;
3. Crossing, entering or backtracking of any runways,
active or not.
Departing aircraft must make all airways clearance
requests on ground frequency 121.9.
Do not deviate from cleared track and level unless
ATC instructs you to do so. A visual approach will
be issued to you prior to circuit entry. This instruction
will contain circuit instructions e.g. straight-in, left/right
base or left/right circuit.
You can only conduct a VFR flight in the Essendon
Tower airspace in VMC. When more than scattered
(SCT) cloud below 2300ft, or visibility below 5000
metres, is notified on the ATIS, VMC does not exist
at Essendon.
At your request, ATC may issue a special VFR
clearance to allow you to conduct operations within
the CTR in conditions less than VMC (AIP ENR 1.2).
Special VFR is not permitted for circuit operations.
It is your responsibility to maintain at least 1000ft
obstacle clearance while en route. Delays may be
experienced if IFR traffic is being processed.
Due to the proximity of Melbourne Airport, you
must comply with tracking instructions. ATC may
request a turn close to the field or an early turn
on departure. You should endeavour to commence
these turns by the airfield boundary.
You must have a start clearance if you are:
1. Departing Essendon for Melbourne;
2. Departing Essendon for airwork in the Melbourne
Terminal Area; and
3. Departing Essendon for Moorabbin above 2000ft.
Requests for a touch-and-go landing should be
made on first contact with the tower.
Requests for operations on the non-active runway
may be accommodated if traffic permits.
Night VFR departures may be required to climb
within the Essendon circuit to the south or east until
the minimum vectoring altitude of 2000ft is reached.
Orbits of Melbourne city/central business district
CBD (MCTY) are available. Contact Essendon Tower
outside controlled airspace (OCTA). Do not overfly
MCTY at 1500ft, i.e. remain outside the lateral limits.
You can overfly at 2000ft.

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 44

Expect delays for city orbits when outside tower


hours of operation.
Note 1: 1500ft is outside the control zone south
of the Melbourne CBD. Caution: Traffic outside
controlled airspace on other frequencies, including
helicopters flying to and from helicopter landing sites
(HLS) on and adjacent to the Yarra River.
Note 2: Caution Yarra CTAF up to 1000ft, frequency
132.1.

Aerodrome information
(ATIS/AWIS)
Automatic terminal information service (ATIS) is
broadcast on 119.8 and on the NDB frequency (356).
AWIS is available on 133.2.
When Essendon Tower is closed, the ATIS will
broadcast information ZULU which will also contain
information regarding the control service available
from Melbourne Approach. (Refer to operations
outside tower hours and ERSA.)

Run-up/holding bays
Holding bays are available for run-ups for runways 26
and 17. There are no holding bays for runways 35 or
08. Ground will advise, on taxi, where to conduct runups for runways 35 or 08.

Runway nomination
ATC will nominate runways in accordance with
noise abatement procedures and in association with
Melbourne Airport traffic. The nominated runway may
not be into wind, but conditions permitting, ATC will
normally nominate a runway where the crosswind
and downwind components do not exceed 15 knots
and 5 knots respectively for a dry runway, or 10 knots
crosswind and zero downwind for a wet runway.

Noise abatement procedures


Essendon Aerodrome is situated in a noise-sensitive
area and it is important that you operate with this
in mind. If uncertain of the requirements for your
aircraft type check AIP and DAP for more detailed
information.

Transponder
If you are operating in Essendon Tower airspace, (or
just prior to contacting Essendon Tower if inbound),
squawk 0100 unless assigned another code.

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Taxing after landing


After landing, you should vacate the runway using
the first available taxiway. Remain on the tower
frequency (125.1) after landing until you are clear of
the active runway. Contact Essendon Ground (121.9)
when clear of the runway for taxi clearance, and
advise your intentions.

Training flights
If you are planning training or airwork within
Melbourne Terminal Airspace, you must obtain prior
ATC approval. Phone 03 9235 7337, or Essendon
Tower 03 9374 1678, if within Essendon Tower
airspace.

Restriction on types
If you wish to conduct training at Essendon, your
aircraft must be propeller driven and its maximum
take-off weight (MTOW) must not exceed 5700kg.

TOWER CLOSED
The following procedures apply when
Essendon Tower is closed.

Essendon tower operating hours


Essendon Tower is open at the following times:
Monday to Friday
0615 to 2200 (EST/HDS)
Saturday/ Sunday
0700 to 2200 (EST/HDS)
These times are subject to change.
Check ERSA and NOTAM.
No training between 2200 and 0600 (EST/HDS)
(refer ERSA)
Outside these hours the airspace remains
class C, under the control of Melbourne
Approach/Departures.

Flight planning
When the tower is closed you must lodge written
flight-notification details prior to your flight.

Clearances
When the tower is closed, all on-ground
communication must be on Melbourne Clearance
Delivery 118.45. (If you have a radio failure on the
ground: continue to transmit your intentions, return
to the apron area and phone Melbourne ATC on
03 9235 7337).

45

Aircraft departing from Essendon must contact


Melbourne Clearance Delivery on 118.45 prior to
departure for start, airways clearance and departure
instructions.
Clearance will not be given for taxiing, landing
or take-off.
The pilot in command has the sole responsibility for
aircraft ground movement and avoidance of other
aircraft and obstacles.
Note: Recommend minimum of 10 minutes holding
fuel outside of tower hours of operation.
Aircraft requesting clearance to enter Melbourne
CTR contact Melbourne Radar on 135.7 for inbound
airways clearance.
Landing aircraft must notify Melbourne Clearance
Delivery on 118.45 when clear of the landing runway,
as soon as possible after landing.
Failure to do so will result in SAR action and
significant delays to following traffic.
Keep a good lookout for traffic.

Runways
Do not use the runways as taxiways or for run-ups.
Clearance is not required to cross a runway.
Preferred runways for noise abatement are different
to those when Essendon Tower is open. Melbourne
Approach will nominate the runway to use as per AIP
DAP noise abatement procedures, unless you advise
an operational requirement to use another runway, or
the presence of other traffic warrants another runway.

Departures
Do not enter the departure runway until departure
instructions are issued.
Commence take-off within three minutes of the time
you are issued with departure instructions, otherwise
you must obtain new departure instructions.

Lighting
Essendon has pilot-activated lighting (PAL) facilities
which are available only outside tower hours. Check
ERSA and NOTAM for lighting facilities.

Aerodrome information
Essendon AWIS available on 133.2
The current on-field wind will also be advised by
Melbourne Approach, as well as the Melbourne
Airport QNH and temperature.

Insert Heading
Essendon
class c vfr procedures

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 45

12/13/10 4:52 PM

46

Insert Heading
Essendon
Outbound radio calls
DEPARTURE TO CLASS C OR G AIRSPACE
Obtain Essendon ATIS (119.8 or 356)
Essendon Terminal Information
Runway_______________ Wind_______________

Crosswind______________________________________

Visibility_______________ Cloud_______________

Temperature/GNH_______________________________

remarks________________________________________________________________________________________

Taxi Call (121.9)


Essendon Ground,
Callsign_______________ Aircraft type_______________

Received_______________

Destination_______________
NOTE: A taxi clearance authorises you as far as the holding point for the departure runway unless
an intermediate point is specified. You must obtain a clearance to cross a runway.
Flight Details (121.9)
If you have not submitted flight details, you must inform Essendon ground that you are about to give them
your details with your request for taxi clearance. For example:
PILOT: Essendon Ground, ZFR, flight details.
ATC: ZFR, ground.
PILOT: ZFR, a PA28 for Wagga, via Westgate Bridge, received Bravo, request taxi clearance.
Airways Clearance (121.9)
Request clearance when you are ready to copy.
Ready Call (125.1)
Change to tower frequency 125.1 when in the holding bay, or when close to, or at the holding point for the
departure runway, when ready for take off.
Essendon Tower, Callsign_______________ Ready,
Squawk code 0100 unless assigned another code

where are you now?

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 46

12/13/10 4:52 PM

If in doubt, call
Melbourne Radar on 135.7
Each year in Australia, hundreds of aircraft
inadvertently stray into controlled airspace. For each
incident the risk of a mid-air collision rises. Many of
these incidents could have been avoided if the pilots
involved had contacted air traffic control when they
first became unsure of their position.

If you become unsure of your position and you are


within 30 DME of Melbourne, or 40 DME to the south
and southeast (see VTC for boundaries) contact
Melbourne Radar on 135.7. (Beyond those distances
contact Melbourne Centre check your VTC for
frequencies).
Air traffic control can help you with position
information and navigation guidance. All you have
to do is ask.

Essendon INBOUND radio calls


ESSENDON INBOUND RADIO CALLS
Obtain Essendon ATIS (119.8 or 356).
Before reaching the VFR approach point, obtain ATIS and squawk code 0100.
Essendon Terminal Information
Runway________________ Wind________________

Crosswind________________

Visibility________________ Cloud________________

Temperature/QNH________________

remarks________________________________________________________________
Inbound radio call (125.1)
Essendon Tower, callsign________________ Aircraft type________________
Position________________ Altitude________________ Received________________
request clearance.
Circuit entry instructions
Maintain your assigned level until the tower clears you for a visual approach. This will allow you to manoeuvre
the aircraft in the circuit. You should respond with standard read-back phraseology.
Landing clearance
The tower will give you a clearance to land. You must receive a landing clearance before you land.
You should respond with standard read-back phraseology.
After landing
Remain on tower frequency until clear of all active runways. Vacate onto first available taxiway,
then call Essendon Ground on 121.9:
Essendon Ground, callsign________________ request taxi clearance.
intentions________________ , if required, request taxi guidance.
Cancel SARTIME with CENSAR (1800 814 931), or Melbourne Radar (135.7) when phone not available.

47

Insert Heading
Essendon
inbound radio calls

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 47

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Insert Heading
Essendon
inbound from albert park lake

48

17

Wirraway Rd

Northern

Tul
la

ma

rine

Fw

Westfield Shopping
Town

08

Essendon
S37 43.6 E144 54.1

DFO

Bulla Rd

35

26

Mount Alexander Rd

Essendon
Cricket
Ground

Flemington Racecourse

Moonee Valley Racecourse

Moonee Valley
Racecourse

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 48

FREQ 125.1

302

S37 47.6 E144 54.7

ALT as assigned

TR

Flemington
Racecourse

FREQ 125.1

Tull
a

ALT as assigned

mar
ine

Fwy

S37 46.0 E144 56.0

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Zoo
Freeway overpass

TR

Melbourne
Cemetery

302

Foo

tsc

ray

Un
Of ivers
ity
Me
lbo
urn
e

Rd

Ale
xan

dra

ALT as assigned
View from the south

FREEWAY OVERPASS

Melbourne
City

TR 325M

TR 315M

eS

Pu

Royal
Botanical
Gardens
& Shrine

Albert Park Lake

00

9
M

C LL 1500

nt

Rd

Fawkner
Park

Pu

St Kilda Rd

TR

C LL 2500

Albert Park Lake

ddl

nt

Melbourne Cricket
Ground

Ho

C LL SFC

ive

Rd

Ya
rra
R

Pd

S37 47.9 E144 59.4

Docklands
Stadium

Bolte Bridge

FREQ 125.1

ALT 1,500ft
FREQ 125.1
Looking from the south-east. Essendon Airport
is 8nm ahead.
Essendon Tower, callsign
Albert Park Lake altitude
request clearance.

type
received ATIS

Optional: Unfamiliar with Essendon.

S37 51.3 E144 58.5

49

Insert Heading
Essendon
inbound from albert park lake

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 49

12/13/10 4:52 PM

50

Insert Heading
Joining
the circuit FROM Albert park lake

Pascoe Vale Rd

Tul
la

ma
rin
eF

wy

Wirraway Rd

17

Westfield
Shopping Town

ENGND
121.9

Essendon

08

S37 43.6 E144 54.1

DFO
35

26

Bulla Rd

Tul
la

ma

rine

Fw

Mount Alexander Rd

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 50

12/13/10 4:52 PM

ALBERT PARK LAKE (APL)

The Albert Park Lake VFR approach point is a distinctive feature located south east of Melbourne City,
just inland from Port Phillip Bay. There is a motor racing track within the park boundary.
Clearance will be issued by Essendon Tower (125.1); for example, Cleared Albert Park Lake to Freeway
Overpass. From Freeway Overpass track direct to Essendon. Maintain 1500ft [or 2000ft].
NOTE: From Albert Park be prepared to go to Station Pier (SNP) or Westgate Bridge (WES) outside
controlled airspace.
CAUTION: Do not overfly Melbourne City.

Circuit joining & Tracking instructions


1

Airways clearance: Expect a track and altitude from the VFR approach point, then via an intermediate
point to Essendon.

Joining the circuit: The tower will issue circuit-joining instructions, which will consist of a visual
approach with specific tracking instructions.

Follow instructions: Do not deviate from your cleared track or altitude until you receive clearance
for a visual approach.

Radio calls should only include the mandatory readbacks, due to the large number of movements
at Essendon. Refer AIP GEN 3.4-12 (4.4).

Common readbacks
1. Route clearance
2. Runway clearances
3. Assigned runway
4. Level/altitude

51

5.
6.
7.
8.

QNH
Transponder code
Radio frequency
Turns/headings

9. Speed
10. Conditional clearances
11. Holding instructions
[Refer AIP GEN 3.4-12 (4.4)]

Insert Heading
Circuit
joining & Tracking albert park lake

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 51

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Essendon
inbound from doncaster shoppingTOWN
Insert Heading

52

Cemetery

t
Bell Stree

Northcote
e Rd
St Georg

High Street

Plenty Rd

Northcote
Shopping
Plaza
Recycling
Station

TR 280M

Albert Stree

Upp

er H

eide

lber
gR

C LL 1500

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 52

Northland
Shopping
Centre

C LL SFC

Medical
Centre

Austin
Hospital

12/13/10 4:52 PM

r
Easte

Manningham
Rd

Sporting
Complex

y
n Fw

Do
a
nc
ste
rR

TR 280M

Yarra River

C LL 1500
Eastern
William

Doncaster
Shoppingtown

sons Rd

S37 47.0 E145 07.5

Doncaster Shoppingtown

C LL 2500

Ruffey Lake
Park

d
Doncaster R

Eastern Fwy

ALT 1,500ft/2,000ft

FREQ 125.1

Looking northwest. Essendon Airport is 11nm


ahead.
Essendon Tower, callsign
type
Doncaster Shoppingtown altitude
received ATIS
request clearance.
Optional: Unfamiliar with Essendon.

53

Essendon
inbound from doncaster shoppingTOWN
Insert Heading

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 53

12/13/10 4:52 PM

joining
the circuit from doncaster shoppingTOWN
Insert Heading

54

We
st

Calder
F

wy

ern

Disused
Quarry

Rin

gR

Westfield Shopping
Town

e
Tullamarin

Fwy

08

y
wa
ri ra

Rd

17

Essendon

DFO

Rd

35

Rd

co

Pas
26

rine Fw

a
Tullam

Bu

lla

eet
Buckley Str

ale
eV

S37 43.6 E144 54.1

Northern

ale R
oe V

Bell Stree

ar

lam
Tul

wy

F
ine

treet

Boundary R

Gaffney S

Pasc

Cemetery

e
Hum

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 54

Hwy

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Doncaster Shoppingtown (DSN)

The Doncaster Shoppingtown VFR approach point is a distinctive feature located on slightly higher terrain than
the surrounding area. It is a large shopping complex with carparks on the roof.
Normally airways clearance will be issued by Essendon Tower (125.1). For example, Cleared Doncaster
Shoppingtown direct to Essendon. Maintain 1500ft (or 2000 ft).

Circuit joining & Tracking instructions


1

Airways clearance: Expect a track and altitude from the VFR approach point, then via an intermediate
point to Essendon.

Joining the circuit: The tower will issue circuit-joining instructions, which will consist of a visual
approach with specific tracking instructions.

Follow instructions: Do not deviate from your cleared track or altitude until you receive clearance
for a visual approach.

Radio calls should only include the mandatory readbacks, due to the large number of movements
at Essendon. Refer AIP GEN 3.4-12 (4.4).

Common readbacks
1. Route clearance
2. Runway clearances
3. Assigned runway
4. Level/altitude

55

5.
6.
7.
8.

QNH
Transponder code
Radio frequency
Turns/headings

9. Speed
10. Conditional clearances
11. Holding instructions
[Refer AIP GEN 3.4-12 (4.4)]

Circuit
joining & Tracking doncaster shoppingtown
Insert Heading

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 55

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Insert Heading
Essendon
inbound from Kalkallo

56

Pioneer
Concrete

Victorian
Transport
Centre

Somerton Rd

Cooper Street

Hume

Tyre Factory

Greenvale
Reservoir

Hwy
Craigieburn
Craigieburn Overpass

Craigieburn

S37 36.2 E144 56.3

Hu

me

Craigieburn Rd West

Fw

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 56

12/13/10 4:52 PM

me
Hu

Craigieburn

y
Fw

Mt Ridley Road

Tracking east of the power


lines not above 1500ft
will keep you clear of the
Melbourne CTR

Woody Hill

TR 180M

Hume Hwy

lin

astern R

er

North E

Po
w

ailway

Summerhill Rd

C LL SFC

C LL 1500

Kalkallo

Donnybrook Road

C LL 1500
Kalkallo
ALT 1,500ft

S37 32.2 E144 56.7

FREQ 125.1

Looking south. Essendon Airport is 12nm


ahead.
Essendon Tower, callsign
type
Kalkallo altitude
received ATIS
request clearance.

C LL 2500

Optional: Unfamiliar with Essendon.

57

Insert Heading
Essendon
inbound from Kalkallo

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 57

12/13/10 4:52 PM

58

Insert Heading
Joining
the circuit from Kalkallo
Disused
Quarry

Rd

26

r Fwy

08

DFO

Tullamarine Fw

Tullamarine Fw

Calde

35

lla
Bu

Woodlands St

ENGND
121.9

Essendon

S37 43.6 E144 54.1

Rd

Industrial
Area

We
s

ter

nR

ing

17

Rd

y
wa

rra

Wi
Westfield
Shopping Town

ale R
oe V

Pasc

Northern

rn
Weste

Ring

Rd

Pioneer
Concrete

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 58

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Kalkallo (KAO)

The Kalkallo VFR approach point is located at the intersection of the Hume Freeway - a distinctive north/south
divided road - and a minor east/west road. Just north of this intersection, there is a service station and hotel;
however, they are not easy to see until you are close. Airways clearance availability is subject to Melbourne
Airport traffic.
If available, airways clearance will be issued by Essendon Tower (125.1). For example, Cleared Kalkallo direct
to Essendon. Maintain 1500ft.
You may contact Melbourne Radar prior to Kalkallo to arrange clearance, but Essendon Tower will issue
clearance. The en route intermediate point is Craigieburn Overpass (CGB). At Craigieburn Overpass (CGB),
Greenvale Reservoir and Melbourne Airport should be in your two-oclock position.
If airways clearance is not available, the next probable entry point will be the Plenty Locator (PLE) frequency
218kHz. You could also track via Doncaster Shopping town (DSN), or Warrandyte (WRD) east of Melbourne.
Tracking east of the power lines not above 1500ft will keep you clear of the Melbourne control zone.

Circuit joining & Tracking instructions


1

Airways clearance: Expect a track and altitude from the VFR approach point, then via an intermediate
point to Essendon.

Joining the circuit: The tower will issue circuit-joining instructions, which will consist of a visual
approach with specific tracking instructions.

Follow instructions: Do not deviate from your cleared track or altitude until you receive clearance
for a visual approach.

Radio calls should only include the mandatory readbacks, due to the large number of movements
at Essendon. Refer AIP GEN 3.4-12 (4.4).

Common readbacks
1. Route clearance
2. Runway clearances
3. Assigned runway
4. Level/altitude

59

5.
6.
7.
8.

QNH
Transponder code
Radio frequency
Turns/headings

9. Speed
10. Conditional clearances
11. Holding instructions
[Refer AIP GEN 3.4-12 (4.4)]

Insert Heading
Circuit
joining & Tracking Kalkallo

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 59

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Essendon
inbound from station pier & westgate bridge
Insert Heading

60

ern

Rd
Northern

Essendon

Westfield
Shopping
Town

S37 43.6 E144 54.1

rF

wy

Tulla
mari
ne

lde

Rd
Pascoe Vale

Ca

ay Rd
Wirraw

Fwy

17

st
We

g
Rin

08

26

DFO

arine

Fwy

Rd

CAUTION
Melbourne jet traffic.
Do not drift off track.

Bulla

35

Tulla
m

Woo
dl

St

ande

t Alex

Moun

ands

r Rd

Moonee Valley Racecourse

Department
of Defence
Explosive
Factory

ALT as assigned
Highpoint
Shopping
Centre

FREQ 125.1

Moonee Valley
Racecourse
S37 46.0 E144 56.0

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 60

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Flemington
Racecourse
S37 47.6 E144 54.7

Flemington Racecourse

C LL SFC
FREQ 125.1

ket
s

k
City Lin

M
0
01
TR

TR 3

50M

Mar

Swans
on Doc
k

ALT as assigned

Yarra River
Bolte Bridge
Docklands
Stadium

S37 49.8 E144 53.8

Westgate Bridge

C LL 1500
Station Pier

TR 35

0M

Westgate Bridge

ALT 1,500ft

FREQ 125.1

Looking north. Essendon Airport is 7nm ahead.


Essendon Tower, callsign
Westgate Bridge altitude
request clearance.

type
received ATIS

Optional: Unfamiliar with Essendon.

Station Pier
S37 50.9 E144 55.8

C LL 2500

ALT 1,500ft

FREQ 125.1

Looking north. Essendon Airport is 7nm


ahead.
Essendon Tower, callsign
type
Station Pier altitude
received ATIS
request clearance.
Optional: Unfamiliar with Essendon.

61

Essendon
inbound from station pier & westgate bridge
Insert Heading

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 61

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Joining
circuit from station pier & westgate bridge
Insert the
Heading

62

Westfield
Shopping Town

17

Wirrawa

Fwy
Tulla
m

arine

Rd
Pascoe Vale

y Rd
ENGND
121.9

Essendon
Cald

S37 43.6 E144 54.1

er Fw

08

y
26

DFO

Tulla
m
35

arine

Fwy

Bulla
Rd

Woo
dl

and

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 62

St

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Station Pier

Station Pier is one of two large piers which extend into Port Philip, south-east of the city. The Station Pier VFR
approach point is the eastern pier, a distinctive feature with an apartment development close by. Essendon
Tower (125.1) will issue an airways clearance; for example, Cleared Station Pier to Moonee Valley Racecourse
then direct to Essendon. Maintain 1500ft (or 2000ft).
It is important that you track over Station Pier and properly identify Moonee Valley Racecourse (not
Flemington Racecourse) due to segregation with possible traffic to your left on the Essendon-toWestgate-Bridge track.

Westgate Bridge (WES)

The Westgate Bridge VFR approach point is the busiest approach point for Essendon, with traffic tracking to
and from Essendon. A lot of Essendon traffic also tracks via Westgate Bridge to Point Cook aerodrome.
Essendon Tower (125.1) will issue an airways clearance; for example, Cleared Westgate Bridge direct to
Essendon. Maintain 1500ft (or 2000ft).
Call at Williamstown (WMS) to allow for any variables and be prepared to track via Station Pier.
Caution: On the Westgate Bridge to Essendon track, Melbourne jet traffic is immediately above and to the left,
and Essendon outbound traffic to the right.
Do not drift off track.

Circuit joining & Tracking instructions

63

Airways clearance: Expect a track and altitude from the VFR approach point, then via an intermediate
point to Essendon.

Joining the circuit: The tower will issue circuit-joining instructions, which will consist of a visual
approach with specific tracking instructions.

Follow instructions: Do not deviate from your cleared track or altitude until you receive clearance
for a visual approach.

Radio calls should only include the mandatory readbacks, due to the large number of movements
at Essendon. Refer AIP GEN 3.4-12 (4.4).

Circuit
& Tracking station pier & westgate bridge
Insert joining
Heading

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 63

12/13/10 4:52 PM

64

Insert Heading
Essendon
INBOUND from Yan Yean Reservoir
l
ica
n
a
t
ns
Bo rde
a
G

lor

h
Hig

La

e
Str
et

Pioneer
Concrete

l
itt
Wh
es
ea
Cit
y
Tip

C LL SFC

EPPING (EPPG)
Soccer Stadium

C LL 1500
TR 215M

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 64

oa
gR

pin
Ep

rgy
ne
E
n
n
ter tatio
s
Ea b S
Su

Boral Quarry

12/13/10 4:52 PM

a
Ro
nty
Ple
d

Mernda

nn
eI

Rd
Yan

idg

Br

n
Yea
k
rac
eT

Pip

C LL 1500

Pl

en

ty

C LL 2500
Ro

ad

TR 215M

YanYean Reservoir

Reservoir
Park

ALT 1,500ft

YAN YEAN RESERVOIR


S37 33.5 E145 08.3

C LL 3500
65

FREQ 125.1

Looking from the north-east. Essendon Airport


is 15nm ahead.
Essendon Tower, callsign
Yan Yean Reservoir altitude
request clearance.

type
received ATIS

Optional: Unfamiliar with Essendon.

Insert Heading
Essendon
INBOUND from Yan Yean Reservoir

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 65

12/13/10 4:52 PM

66

Insert Heading
Joining
the circuit from Yan Yean Reservoir

35

Essendon

Bull

a Rd

nd

la
od

S37 43.6 E144 54.1

St

TWR

Wo

n
ari

y
Fw

am

DF

Wirr
awa

Westfield
Shopping Town

Industrial
Area

ENGND
121.9

17
26

ll
Tu

r Fw

e
Cald

08

Disused
Quarry

sco

eV
ale

Rd

Western Ring Rd

Pa

Northern

Fawkner
Crematorium

Hu

me

Hw

We
s

ter

nR

ing

Rd

s
ow
ad a
e
m e
ad Ar
Bro litary
Mi

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 66

Ford
Motor
Company

12/13/10 4:52 PM

YAN YEAN RESERVOIR (YYN)

The Yan Yean Reservoir VFR approach point is a distinctive feature. Airways clearance availability, as with
all other approach points, is subject to Melbourne Airport traffic.
Essendon Tower (125.1) will issue an airways clearance; For example, Cleared Yan Yean direct to Essendon.
Maintain 1500ft (or 2000ft). An intermediate point is Epping township (EPPG), just inside the CTR on track.
You should then cross a major intersection where the Hume Highway and Western Ring Road cross 4nm
northeast of Essendon.
If an airways clearance is not available, a probable entry point will be the Plenty Locator (PLE) frequency
218kHz. To find Plenty, you will need an ADF. Then tracking south you will see a main road (Plenty Rd) on
your right. Do not follow it in to the control zone.
A good intermediate feature is the Greensborough Shopping Centre about 1nm north of Plenty. You could
also track via Doncaster Shopping Town (DSN), or Warrandyte (WRD) east of Melbourne.
Note: The CTA level is 2500ft stepping down to 1500ft with Melbourne Airport traffic above.

Circuit joining & Tracking instructions


1

Airways clearance: Expect a track and altitude from the VFR approach point, then via an intermediate
point to Essendon.

Joining the circuit: The tower will issue circuit-joining instructions, which will consist of a visual
approach with specific tracking instructions.

Follow instructions: Do not deviate from your cleared track or altitude until you receive clearance
for a visual approach.

Radio calls should only include the mandatory readbacks, due to the large number of movements
at Essendon. Refer AIP GEN 3.4-12 (4.4).

Common readbacks
1. Route clearance
2. Runway clearances
3. Assigned runway
4. Level/altitude

67

5.
6.
7.
8.

QNH
Transponder code
Radio frequency
Turns/headings

9. Speed
10. Conditional clearances
11. Holding instructions
[Refer AIP GEN 3.4-12 (4.4)]

Insert Heading
Circuit
joining & Tracking Yan yean reservoir

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 67

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Insert HeadingCodes
Transponder

68

Turn on your transponder

Transponders provide an essential defence against violations


of controlled airspace and mid-air collisions.
As well as helping air traffic controllers to prevent potential conflicts, transponders are detected
by aircraft fitted with traffic alert and collision avoidance systems (TCAS), allowing them to see
other aircraft and take evasive action if necessary.
But TCAS will not work if your transponder is unserviceable, switched off, or not transmitting
altitude information (ALT).
So, if you have a transponder:
Select:
Code 1200 if you are in class G airspace
Code 3000 if you are in class C or D airspace
Code 0100 in, or approaching, Essendon airspace
The assigned code in all other situations.
Switch it to ON/ALT (Mode C) when lining up for take-off.
Leave it switched to ON/ALT until after landing
(For more information see AIP ENR 1.6-7, 8 and 9).

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 68

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Melbourne coastal route


The coastal route joins Carrum (6nm south of Moorabbin) and Altona South (about 4nm northeast of
Point Cook), and is used to skirt the Melbourne control zone, south of the city. Aircraft using the route
must remain outside controlled airspace. Weather permitting, operations should be conducted at the
recommended altitudes (east and southbound, 1500ft; north and westbound, 2500ft.).

Entering coastal route

Leaving coastal route

Take care when entering the coastal route: a


large number of VFR aircraft use it. Maintain a
good look-out for other aircraft, particularly when
climbing and descending.

Take care when leaving the coastal route: a


large number of VFR aircraft use it. Maintain a
good look-out for other aircraft, particularly when
climbing and descending.

Use current QNH.

Caution:

Listen out on Melbourne Radar frequency (135.7).


If you have a transponder, squawk 1200 with ALT.

Lower limit of class C airspace (CTA) varies


over the course of the coastal route. Use the
Melbourne VTC to identify airspace steps.

Strobes, landing and taxi lights should be on.


Make a radio call. For example, Melbourne Coastal
Traffic, ZFR C172, abeam Carrum, northbound at
2500. Melbourne Coastal.
If you receive a reply, organise separation with
other aircraft.

Familiarise yourself with the lateral and


vertical limits of CTA, CTR and the location
of CTAFs.
Always plan, and fly with, a current Melbourne
VTC.

Keep to the right (oncoming traffic should be on


your left).
When terrain, weather and CTA steps permit, fly at
VFR cruising altitudes.
If you fly near Moorabbin, but outside the
Moorabbin control zone, you should consider
monitoring the Moorabbin Tower frequency (123.0)
to assist awareness of possible conflicting traffic
entering or leaving the control zone.
Caution:
The lower limit of class C airspace (CTA)
varies over the course of the route. Use the
Melbourne VTC to identify airspace steps.
Beach patrol aircraft operate below 1000ft
during the summer.
Do not overfly oil refineries, storage tanks
or prisons.
Radio frequency: Melbourne Radar 135.7
SAFETY TIPS
1. Read all details in ERSA and the Melbourne VTC before transiting the coastal route.
2. Check weather forecast and NOTAMs before flight.
3. Check the requirements for the carriage of life jackets.
4. Plan your actions in the event of a forced landing and consult your pilots operating handbook for safe
ditching technique.
5. Maintain a continuous lookout for other aircraft.
69

Insert Heading
Coastal
route Procedures

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 69

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Insert Heading
Coastal
route from CARRUM

70

CAUTION
Possible inbound IFR
traffic from Baywest

Royal Melbourne

2500
Ricketts Point

Ch

ar
m

an
Rd

Ricketts
Pt

ALT 1,500ft, 2,500ft

FREQ 123.0

Port Phillip

moorabbin class d ctr

ach

C LL 4500

Mentone Be

CLASS DCTR
SFC-2500ft

1500

Tower

118.1 (east)

Tower

123.0 (west)

NDB

398

ATIS/AWIS 120.9
Location

S37 58.6 E145 06.1

CTAF #AH 118.1

nm

MB 3

Woodlands

Mordialloc Pier

un
Bo

Nepean Highway

ALT 1,500ft, 2,500ft

da

ry

Rd

Mordialloc Pier

FREQ 123.0
CAUTION
Possible inbound IFR
traffic from Shoal

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 70

12/13/10 4:52 PM

2500
Memorial
Oval
Chelsea

Edithvale
Wetlands

Pen
insu
la Fr
eew
ay

Nepea
n High

way

Port Phillip

Edithvale
Wetlands

1500

Mor

ning

ton

C LL 4500

Carrum
S38 04 27 E145 07 10

CAUTION
Possible inbound traffic
from Carrum

When flying near, but


outside the Moorabbin CTR
and the tower is active
consider monitoring the
tower frequency 123.0.

Patterson
Lakes

Carrum

D314
4500
0

Patterson River

250
Melbourne Water
Eastern Treatment Plant

rd
afo ands
e
S etl
W

ALT 2,500ft

FREQ 135.7

Melbourne Coastal Route Traffic, ZFR Cessna


172, Carrum northbound, 2500 Melbourne
Coastal Route.

Aircraft flying from Carrum to


Altona South should maintain
2,500ft on area QNH, cloud
permitting, with landing light on.

(Cloud permitting)
If you receive a reply, arrange separation
between aircraft.

71

Insert Heading
Coastal
route from CARRUM

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 71

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Insert Heading
Coastal
route
Willia

CAUTION
Traffic leaving Essendon
Tower airspace.

mstow

Gard

en C

n Rd

C LL 1500

Albert Park Lake

ier

ity

St
at
ion

Pi

er

Pr

inc

es
P

The Australian
National Line

Yarra River

72

Station Pier
ld
sfie
g
Tran buildin
Ship

S37 50.9 E144 55.8

ALT 1,500ft, 2,500ft

FREQ 135.7

C LL 2500

Bea

de

ld P

sfie

Rd

1500

ferd

Ker

Williamstown

con

Bea

S37 52.2 E144 54.7

ch

Port Phillip

Albert
Park
Lake
S37 51.3 E144 58.5

St Kilda Pier

St Kilda Pier
2500

ALT 1,500ft, 2,500ft

C LL 2500

FREQ 135.7

St Kilda
Marina

S37 53.0 E144 59.0

e
anad

Espl

Nepean Hwy

Point Ormond

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 72

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Brighton
S37 54.8 E144 59.2

Brighton
Municipal
Baths

Es
pla

C LL 2500

na

de

Brighton

1500

Port Phillip

ALT 1,500ft, 2,500ft

2500

FREQ 135.7

Picnic Point

Picnic Point

ALT 1,500ft, 2,500ft

Sandringha

When flying near, but


outside the Moorabbin CTR
and the tower is active
consider monitoring the
tower frequency 123.0.

FREQ 123.0

Cerberus

C LL 2500
365

C LL 4500

Cerberus

S37 58.0 E145 00.0

Ce

me

ALT 1,500ft, 2,500ft

Royal Melbourne
CAUTION
Possible inbound IFR
traffic from Baywest

73

ter

FREQ 123.0

Southland
Shopping
Centre

Insert Heading
Coastal
route

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 73

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Coastal
route Altona SOUTH to the east
Insert Heading

74

Aircraft flying from Altona South to


Carrum should maintain 1,500ft on
area QNH, cloud permitting, with
landing light on.

D366
CTA LL
SFC
Point
Cook
CTAF

Refinery

Laverton BoM tower


S37 51.3 E144 45.3

Altona
Baseball
stadium

Princes Fwy

C LL 2500

S37 51.6 E144 46.9

R321
2900 ft
SFC
H24

Altona South Reserve

Queens S

Strobe lights

C LL 1500

Reserve

2500

ML
11 DME
(Cloud permitting)
If you receive a reply, arrange separation
between aircraft.
Reserve

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 74

Cherry
Lake

k Rd

S37 52.0 E144 51.0

Melbourne Coastal Route Traffic, ZFR Cessna


172, Altona South eastbound, 1500 Melbourne
Coastal Route.

Tree
Plantation

Kororoit Cree

Altona
South

FREQ 135.7

y
Fw
es
nc

ALT 1,500ft, 2,500ft

Pri

Tip

Toyota
Engine
Plant

BP Oil

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Newport Railway Workshops

Millers Rd

2500

Mobil
Oil
Altona
Coastal
Park
ALT 1,500ft, 2,500ft

FREQ 135.7

Rd

Mobil Oil
Kororoit Creek

Westgate Bridge

1500

Reserve

Caravan
Park

C LL 2500

Newport
Railway
Workshops

Cemetery

ALT 1,500ft, 2,500ft

College College

Me

Williamstown

C LL 1500

Rd

S37 49.8 E144 53.8

ich

Williamstown
Beach

ne

Gr
Ba een
y w

ur
lbo

Newport
Park

er

Riv
a
r
r
Ya

S37 52.2 E144 54.7

Station Pier

FREQ 135.7

Westgate Bridge

Westgate
Park

2500

Station Pier
S37 50.9 E144 55.8

Prince

s Pier

Statio

n Pier

ALT 1,500ft, 2,500ft

75

C LL 1500

FREQ 135.7

Coastal
route Altona South to the east
Insert Heading

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 75

12/13/10 4:52 PM

76

Insert Heading
Inland
route Procedures

do your

PART
to avoid airspace infringement:

P
A
R
T

POSITION:

know and follow the position of your aircraft

ALTITUDE: set Area QNH as controlled jet traffic


might be only 500ft above
RADIO: actively monitor the VHF frequency
shown in the biscuit on your chart
TRANSPONDER: ensure on and squawking 1200 and altitude

The 5 biggest factors contributing to a airspace infringement are:


1 Pilot inattention
2 Pilot distraction
3 High workload in cockpit
4 Weather conditions
5 Misreading your VTC
Organise your workload wisely and prioritise your tasks.

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 76

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Melbourne Inland
route Procedures
The inland route runs between Sugarloaf Reservoir and Kilmore and is widely used by northbound
and southbound VFR traffic. If youre flying this route, you must remain outside controlled airspace.

Entering inland route

Leaving inland route

Take care when entering the inland route: a large


number of VFR aircraft use it. Maintain a good
lookout for other aircraft, particularly when climbing
and descending.

Take care when leaving the inland route: a large


number of VFR aircraft use it. Maintain a good
lookout for other aircraft, particularly when climbing
and descending.

Use current QNH.

Caution:

Listen out on Melbourne Radar frequency (135.7).


If you have a transponder, squawk 1200 with ALT.
Strobes, landing and taxi lights should be on.
Make a traffic call; for example, Melbourne
inland route traffic, ZFR C172, abeam
Sugarloaf, northbound at 2500 Melbourne
inland route. If you receive a reply, organise
separation with other aircraft.

Lower limit of class C airspace (CTA) varies


from 2,500ft to 4,500ft over the course of
the Inland Route. Use the Melbourne VTC to
identify airspace steps.

Keep to the right (oncoming traffic should be on


your left).
Kilmore Gap weather is available on AWIS 128.6,
and phone 03 5783 2296. The Kilmore Gap
forecast is available on the Area 30 forecast.
When terrain, weather and CTA steps permit,
fly at VFR cruising altitudes.
Caution:
High ground in proximity to the route.
Lower limit of class C airspace (CTA) varies
from 2500ft to 4500ft over the course of the
route. Use the Melbourne VTC to identify
airspace steps.
Be aware of CTAF in your area. Make a
traffic call on the CTAF frequency if you
intend to enter the CTAF.
Mechanical turbulence in high winds can
make accurate altitude holding difficult.
Radio frequency: Melbourne Radar 135.7
SAFETY TIPS
1. Read all details in ERSA and the Melbourne VTC before transiting the inland route.
2. Check weather forecast and NOTAMs before flight.
3. The inland route is an area of high ground and is often covered by cloud. Make sure you have an option
to turn back if the weather deteriorates.
4. Plan your actions in the event of a forced landing.

77

Insert Heading
Inland
route Procedures

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 77

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Insert Heading
Inland
route Procedures

78

Kilmore

rn
the

Hw

No

C LL 4500
Caution
High ground, dense
vegetation.
ALT 3,500ft

FREQ 135.7

Melbourne Inland Route Traffic, ZFR Cessna


172, Kilmore tracking to Sugarloaf, 3500
Melbourne Inland Route.
If you receive a reply, arrange separation
between aircraft.

Kilmore
S37 18.0 E144 57.3

ay
ailw

as

th E

Nor

Rd

ra

ar

TR 133M

Kil

e
way lin

tled Rail

Disman

D
e
r
o

it
we

R
tern

Hwy

2500

Nor

ther
n

Caution
High ground, dense
vegetation.

TR 313M

3500

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 78

Plantation
Forest

12/13/10 4:52 PM

TR 133M

Plantation
Forest

eway

Fre
ume

H
Wandong Heathcote Junction

3500

ALT VFR level cloud permitting

FREQ 135.7

Wandong

2500

C
Heathcote
Junction

LL

LL
35

45

00

00

eeway

Hume Fr

rn Railway

North Easte

TR 313M

Caution
High ground, dense
vegetation.

79

Insert Heading
Inland
route Procedures

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 79

12/13/10 4:52 PM

80

Insert Heading
Inland
route Procedures
TR 133M

3500

Caution
High ground, dense
vegetation.

2500

C LL 3500

Caution
High ground, dense
vegetation.

TR 313M

Mt Disappointment
2,608ft.

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 80

12/13/10 4:52 PM

TR 133M

Toorourang
Reservoir
3500

Whittlesea

Whittlesea

2500

ALT VFR levels cloud permitting

FREQ 135.7

C LL 3500
Yan Yean Reservoir

Yan Yean
Reservoir
81

FREQ 135.7
TR 313M

ALT VFR levels cloud permitting

Caution
High ground,
dense vegetation.

Insert Heading
Inland
route Procedures

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 81

12/13/10 4:52 PM

82

Insert Heading
Inland
route Procedures
TR 133M

C LL 3500
C LL 2500

2500

TR 313M

Kangaroo Ground St Andrews Rd

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 82

12/13/10 4:52 PM

TR 133M

C LL 2500

2500

TR 313M

Eltham Yarra Glen Rd

Sugarloaf Reservoir

ALT 2,500ft

FREQ 135.7

Melbourne Inland Route Traffic, ZFR Cessna


172, Sugarloaf tracking to Kilmore, 2500
Melbourne Inland Route.
If you receive a reply arrange separation
between aircraft.

83

Sugarloaf
Reservoir
S37 40.5 E144 18.0

CAUTION
Lilydale/Coldstream CTAF
Frequency: 119.1MHz

Insert Heading
Inland
route Procedures

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 83

12/13/10 4:52 PM

84

InsertFrequencies
Radio
Heading
Frequencies
Moorabbin Tower
Moorabbin Ground
ATIS(MB)
Moorabbin CTAF
AWIS
Essendon Tower
Essendon Ground (SMC)
ATIS (EN)
AWIS
Melbourne Approach
Melbourne Departures
Coastal & Inland Route
Melbourne Radar

118.1
123.0
119.9
120.9
398
118.1
03 9580 9637
125.1
121.9
119.8
356
133.2
132.0
118.9N
129.4S
135.7

Phone Numbers
Flightwatch
1800 814 931
Moorabbin Tower
03 9586 6180
Essendon Tower
03 9374 1678
Contact tower only in an emergency.
Navigation Aids
Moorabbin NDB
Essendon NDB
Melbourne VOR

398
356
114.1

Radio Failure
Squawk 7600. Stay in VMC and broadcast
intentions. Precede all radio calls with:
Transmitting blind.
If possible, avoid class C and class D airspace
and land at a CTAF aerodrome.
CTAF: When joining the circuit stay at least 500ft
above circuit height. When you have selected
the runway descend on the non-active side of
the circuit. Cross the upwind threshold at circuit
height. Fly a normal circuit. Check AIP ENR 1.176 (48.5-7)for circuit entry requirements at an
aerodrome in class G airspace and ERSA EMERG
1 for general emergency procedures.
Moorabbin: Carry out general COM failure
procedures. Track via a VFR approach point.
Enter the CTR at 1,500ft AMSL and maintain that
altitude until overhead the aerodrome.
Ascertain the landing direction, descend to
1,000ft AMSL and join the appropriate circuit on
crosswind (remain clear of the eastern circuit).
Proceed with a normal circuit and landing.
Maintain separation from other aircraft and watch
for light signals from the tower (see page 86
of this guide). Mobile phones can be used in
emergencies.

9500

8500
6500
4500
2500

7500
5500
3500
1500

1000s +5
00
DD
O

0
N 10 0s +50
E
0
EV

VFR CRUISING ALTITUDES

Based on magnetic track

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 84

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Emergency landing procedures


HIGH KEY
2,500ft AGL
LOW KEY
1,500ft AGL

2,000ft
AGL

ENGINE FAILURE POINT


4,500ft AGL

3,000ft
AGL

1,000ft AGL
IF TOO LOW
IF TOO HIGH

INITIAL CHECK
Hold altitude
Mixture
Carburettor
Fuel
Pump
Change Tanks Trim

Aim for best glide speed


Rich
Full hot
On
On
To best glide speed

FIELD SELECTION
Wind - determine direction.
Surroundings: power lines, trees, etc.
Size & shape - in relation to wind.
Surface and slope.
S(c)ivilisation - close proximity if possible.
FMOST CHECK
Fuel
Contents, pump on,

primer locked.
Mixture
Up & down range, leave rich.
Oil
Temps & pressures green range.
Mag switches Left, then right back to both.
Throttle
Up & down range then close.

85

MAYDAY CALL & SQUAWK 7700


Mayday Mayday Mayday: Melbourne, Cessna
ZFR, engine failure, 3nm west of Carrum 2500ft,
attempting to land on beach.
Any other useful information such as number of
persons on board, (POB) dangerous cargo, fuel
remaining etc (if time permits).
BRIEF YOUR PASSENGERS
FINAL ACTIONS
Fuel
Off
Mixture
Idle cut-off
Mags
Off
Harness
Tight
Door
As required
Master Switch
Off
Caution if flaps are electrically operated set flaps
before master switch is switched off.

Insert Heading
Emergency
Landing Procedures

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 85

12/13/10 4:52 PM

86

InsertSignals
Field
Heading

LIGHT SIGNALS
ON GROUND
Authorised to TAKE-OFF
if pilot is satisfied that
no collision risk exists

IN FLIGHT
Authorised to LAND
if pilot is satisfied that
no collision risk exists

Authorised to TAXI if
pilot is satisfied that
no collision risk exists

RETURN for landing

STOP

GIVE WAY
to other aircraft
CONTINUE CIRCLING

TAXI CLEAR OF
LANDING AREA in use

DO NOT LAND
Aerodrome unsafe

Return to starting
point on aerodrome

SYMBOLS NEAR WIND DIRECTION INDICATOR

AERODROME
UNSERVICEABLE

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 86

GLIDING
OPERATIONS
IN PROGRESS

OPERATIONS ARE CONFINED


TO HARD SURFACE
RUNWAYS, APRONS AND
TAXIWAYS ONLY

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Aerodrome Signs
Know the colour-coding and meanings of runway signs

Mandatory instruction signs

Information signsdestination

White inscription on a red background.


Identifies the entrance to a runway, or critical
area, and areas prohibited for use by aircraft.
Red and white: runway in sight

Also black inscription on a yellow background.


Arrow identifies direction to specific destinations
on the airfield, such as runways, terminals.
Yellow array: points the way

Information signslocation
Yellow inscription on
a black background.
Identifies the taxiway
you are located on.
Black square: youre there

Information signsdirection
Black inscription on a yellow background.
Identifies taxiway leading out of an intersection
with an arrow indicating direction required to
align the aircraft on that taxiway.
Yellow array: points the way

Runway markings are white... although yellow


taxiway centrelines may lead on to, or lead off, or
cross, the runway). Taxiway markings are yellow.

SIGNS

BA B
DIRECTION / LOCATION / DIRECTION

B A

HOLD

LOCATION / DIRECTION

C B B C

APRON

DIRECTION / LOCATION / DIRECTION / DIRECTION

DESTINATION

RUNWAY HOLDING POINTS


NEW TAXI HOLDING POSITION

OLD TAXI HOLDING POSITION

B
RUNWAY EXIT

(OR TAXI-HOLDING POSITION MARKINGS)

HOLDING POSITION WHEN CAT I, II or III


PRECISION APPROACHES ARE BEING USED.
ONLY APPLICABLE WHEN NOTIFIED BY ATC
OR ATIS.

At night, taxi holding position is indicated by three yellow lights


(or two when taxiway sidelighting is provided) showing in the
direction of the approach to the runway.

87

Insert Heading
Aerodrome
Signs

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 87

12/13/10 4:52 PM

88

ATC services

DID YOU KNOW...


that a Radar Information
Service (RIS) or an ATC Flight
following service for VFR aircraft
is available in class E and G
airspace. Services available are:
navigation assistance
position information
traffic information
SAR alerting
You must be in direct contact with ATC,
transponder-equipped and squawking.
See AIP GEN 3.313 (2.16) for procedures.

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 88

12/13/10 4:52 PM

TRY BEFORE YOU FLY!


OnTrack is the industrys newest interactive flight planning tool available on the
CASA website. Using video, audio, pop-up alerts and text, OnTrack helps brief
pilots on how to operate in and around controlled airspace and avoid dreaded
airspace infringements.
OnTrack features interactive maps with added visual terminal chart (VTC)
information, plus video guides on how to fly inbound and outbound tracks into
newly-designated Class D aerodromes.
You will be able to navigate around airspace boundaries, VFR routes, VFR/
Class D reporting points and military control zones and do so safely before
you take off to fly for real.
REMEMBER to plan your route thoroughly, and carry current charts and
documents. Always check ERSA, NOTAMs and the weather BEFORE you fly.

For more information please visit our website

www.casa.gov.au/ontrack

89
MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 89

12/13/10 4:52 PM

VISUAL PILOT GUIDE 2010

MELBOURNE VPG 2010.indd 90

12/13/10 4:52 PM

Оценить