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ABAP SAP OBJECTS Tutorials

SAP ABAP Objects is a new concept in R/3 Release 4.0. The term has two meanings. On the one
hand, it stands for the entire ABAP runtime environment. On the other hand, it represents the
object-oriented extension of the ABAP language.ABAP Objects is a complete set of objectoriented statements that has been introduced into the ABAP language. This object-oriented
extension of ABAP builds on the existing language, and is fully compatible with it. You can use
ABAP Objects in existing programs, and can also use conventional ABAP in new ABAP
Objects programs.ABAP Objects supports object-oriented programming. Object orientation
(OO), also know as the object-oriented paradigm, is a programming model that unites data and
functions in objects. The rest of the ABAP language is primarily intended for structured
programming, where data is stored in a structured form in database tables and function-oriented
programs access and work with it.In this page you will get some SAP ABAP OBJECTS
Tutorials and pdf guides to download.

ABAP OBJECTS
Public attributes

Public attributes are defined in the PUBLIC section and can be viewed and changed from outside
the class. There is direct access to public attributes. As a general rule, as few public attributes
should be defined as possible.

PUBLIC SECTION.

DATA: Counter type i.

Private attributes

Private attributes are defined in the PRIVATE section. The can only be viewes and changed from
within the class. There is no direct access from outside the class.

PRIVATE SECTION.

DATA: name(25) TYPE c,

planetype LIKE saplane-planetyp,

Instance attributes

There exist one instance attribute for each instance of the class, thus they exist seperately for
each object. Instance attributes are declared with the DATA keyword.

Static attributes

Static attributes exist only once for each class. The data are the same for all instances of the
class, and can be used e.g. for instance counters. Static attributes are defined with the keyword
CLASS-DATA.

PRIVATE SECTION.

CLASS-DATA: counter type i,

Public methods

Can called from outside the class

PUBLIC SECTION.

METHODS: set_attributes IMPORTING p_name(25) TYPE c,

p_planetype LIKE saplane-planetyp,

Private methods

Can only be called from inside the class. They are placed in the PRIVATE section of the class.

Constructor method

Implicitly, each class has an instance constructor method with the reserved name constructor and
a static constructor method with the reserved name class_constructor.

The instance constructor is executed each time you create an object (instance) with the CREATE
OBJECT statement, while the class constructor is executed exactly once before you first access a
class.

The constructors are always present. However, to implement a constructor you must declare it
explicitly with the METHODS or CLASS-METHODS statements. An instance constructor can
have IMPORTING parameters and exceptions. You must pass all non-optional parameters when
creating an object. Static constructors have no parameters.

Static constructor

The static constructor is always called CLASS_CONSTRUCTER, and is called autmatically


before the clas is first accessed, that is before any of the following actions are executed:

Creating an instance using CREATE_OBJECT


Adressing a static attribute using <classname>-><attrbute>
Calling a ststic attribute using CALL METHOD
Registering a static event handler
Registering an evetm handler method for a static event

The static constructor cannot be called explicitly.

Protected components

When we are talking subclassing and enheritance there is one more component than Public and
Private, the Protected component. Protected components can be used by the superclass and all of
the subclasses. Note that Subclasses cannot access Private components.

Polymorphism

Polymorphism: When the same method is implemented differently in different classes. This can
be done using enheritance, by redefining a method from the superclass in subclasses and
implement it differently.