Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 29

OISD - 127

FOR RESTRICTED
CIRULATION
No.

HISTORY RECORDING
OF
ROTATING EQUIPMENT

OISD - STANDARD-127
First Edition, April 1990

Reaffirmed, August, 1999

Oil Industry Safety Directorate


Government of India
Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas

OISD- STD - 127


First Edition, April 1990
Reaffirmed, August 1999
FOR RESTRICTED
CIRCULATION
NO.

HISTORY RECORDING
OF
ROTATING EQUIPMENT

Prepared by

COMMITTEE ON
INSPECTION OF ROTATING EQUIPMENT

OIL INDUSTRY SAFETY DIRECTORATE


2ND FLOOR, KAILASH
26, KASTURBA GANDHI MARG
NEW DELHI - 110 001.

NOTE

OISD publications are prepared for use in the Oil and


gas industry under Ministry of Petroleum and Chemicals. These
are the property of Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas and
shall not be reproduced or copied and loaned or exhibited to
others without written consent from OISD.
Though every effort has been made to assure the
accuracy and reliabiliy of data contained in this standard, OISD
hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for loss
or damage resulting from their use.
This standard is intended to supplement rather than
replace the prevailing statutory requirements.

FOREWORD
The Oil Industry in India is nearly 100 years old. Due to
various collaboration agreements, a variety of international
codes, standards and practices have been in vogue.
Standardisation in design philosophies and operating and
maintenance practices at a national level was hardly in
existence. This, coupled with feed back from some very serious
accidents that occurred in India and abroad, emphasized the
need for the industry to review the existing state of art in
designing, operating and maintaining oil and gas installations.
With this in view, the then Ministry of Petroleum &
Natural Gas, in 1986, constituted a Safety Council assisted by
Oil Industry Safety Directorate (OISD), staffed from within the
industry, in formulating and implementing a series of self
regulatory measures aimed at removing obsolescence,
standardising and upgrading the existing standards to ensure
safer operations. Accordingly, OISD constituted a number of
Functional Committees comprising of experts nominated from
the industry to draw up standards and guidelines on various
subjects.
The present document on History recording of Rotating
Equipment has been prepared by the Functional Committee on
Inspection of Rotating Equipment. This document is based on
the accumulated knowledge and experience of industry
members and the various national and international codes and
practices. It is hoped that the provisions of this document, when
adopted may go a long way to improve the safety and reduce
accidents in oil and gas industry. Users are cautioned that no
standard can be a substitute for the judgement of a responsible
qualified inspection Engineer. Suggestions are invited from the
users, after it is put into practice, to improve the document
further.
Suggestions for amendments to this document should
be addressed to:
The Co-ordinator,
Committee on
Inspection of Rotating Equipment,
Oil Industry Safety Directorate,
2nd Floor, Kailash
26, Kasturba Gandhi Marg
New Delhi-110 001.

COMMITTEE ON
INSPECTION OF ROTARY EQUIPMENTS
List of Members
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Name
Designation &
Position in
Organisation
Committee
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1.

Sh. K. Gopalakrishanan

Sr.Maint.Mgr.CRL

Leader

2.

Sh.B.P. Sinha

Chief Project MGR-MRL

Member

3.

Sh.Chotey Lal

Chief Engineer ONGC

Member

4.

Sh.R.C. Chaudhary

Office Engr.MGR BPCL

Member

5.

Sh.K.M. Bansal

Chief Maint. MGR. IOC

Member

6.

Sh.Ehsan Uddin

Director OISD

Member

7.

Sh.R.M.N. Marar

Jt.Director OISD

Member Co-ordinator.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------In addition to the above, various other experts from the industry contributed in the
preparation, review and finalisation of this document.

HISTORY RECORDING
CONTENTS
SECTION
1.0
2.0
3.0
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9

PAGE NO.

Introduction
Scope
Contents of History Folder
History Folder
Specification Sheets
Characteristic Curves
History Sheets
Breakdown Analysis form
Vibration Log
Shock Pulse Measurement
Spare Part List
Maintenance Schedules

ANNEXURES
I.
II.
III.
IV.
V.
VI.

History Sheet
Breakdown analysis report
Specification sheets (15 sheets)
Vibration Measurement Log
Vibration Measurement Log
Shock Pulse Measurement Record

HISTORY RECORDING OF ROTATING EQUIPMENT


1.0

INTRODUCTION

A systematic history recording is


essential for proper maintenance of any
rotating equipment. Preventive maintenance
schedules and the predictive maintenance
programme all depend on the behaviour of
the machine. Considering these facts each
equipment shall have one history folder.
2.0

SCOPE

This section covers the procedures that shall


be followed for maintaining the history of
various rotating equipment.
3.0

CONTENTS OF HISTORY
FOLDER

Irrespective of the type of equipment the


history folder shall contain the following
details:
a. Complete specification sheet of the
equipment
b. Characteristic curves
c. Maintenance schedules
d. Standard clearance chart with the
maximum and minimum limits.
e. Maintenance history sheets
f. Breakdown analysis sheets
g. Vibration and shock pulse measurement
long
h. Complete spare part list with store code.
The detailed description about the history
folder and its contents are given below:
3.1

History Folder

Each equipment shall have one separate


folder i.e., if one equipment has got a spare,
the history of each machine shall be
maintained separately.
3.2

Specification Sheets

The specification sheet is intended to


provide the primary details required for the
day to day maintenance of equipment.
Standard specification sheets for this
purpose for various equipment is given in
Annexure-III. In addition to the specification
sheet in Annexure-III, detailed data shall be
maintained using the forms given in
respective API standards for the following:
a. Cengtrifugal compressors -

API-617

b.
c.
d.
e.
3.3

Reciprocating compressors
Centrifugal Pumps
Reciprocating Pumps
Steam Turbine

API-618
API-610
API-674
API-611
API-612

Characteristic Curves

The characteristic curves are supplied along


with the equipment. Copy of these curves
should be available in the history book.
These curves will be required for various
trouble shooting jobs.
3.4

History Sheets

Standard history sheet common for all


equipment is given in Annexure-I. Various
maintenance jobs carried out on the
equipment, however, small shall be entered
in the history sheet. The section details of
jobs of history sheet should be filled up in
three paragraphs. In the first para with the
sub-heading-reason
for
maintenance,
second para with the sub-heading-defects
observed, third para with the sub-headingaction taken. In the para action taken,
complete details of the job undertaken
alongwith the various measurements taken
and clearances kept shall be clearly
recorded.
3.5

Breakdown Analysis Form

In order to avoid repeated failures


all breakdowns shall be carefully analysed.
Standard breakdown analysis form is given
in Annexure-II. Breakdown analysis form is
to be filled by the Engineer supervising the
jobs.
3.6

Vibration log

Vibration readings of all machines


should be taken as per the frequency
mentioned in the respective standards.
These readings are to be filled in the
standard proforma given in Annexure-IV.
Separate proforma in Annexure-V shall be
used for vibration analysis.

3.7

Shock pulse measurement long

Shock pulse measurement reading


of all machines should be taken as per the

frequency mentioned in the respective


standards. Readings are to be filled in the
standard proforma given in Annexure-VI.
3.8

Spare part list

The spare parts list should contain the


complete spare part requirement of the
machine along with store code number.

3.9

Maintenance schedules

Maintenance schedules for the equipment


should be available in the history sheet so
as to ensure that the schedules are
maintained.

Annexure-I
HISTORY SHEET
Location :
Equipt. Name :
Equipt. No.:

Sheet No.
_____________________________________________________________________________
Date Type of maintenance Details of job Manpower Materials
Remarks
Breakdown/Preventive/
used
used
Predictive
_____________________________________________________________________________

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------RUNNING HOURS
______________________________________________________________________________
Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept. Oct Nov Dec Total hrs
Cum. running hours
for the year upto Dec.
_____________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________

Annexure-II
BREAKDOWN ANALYSIS REPORT
Location :
Eqpt. Name :
Service No. :
Eqpt. make :
1.

Brief details of breakdown

2.

Reasons for breakdown

3.

Remedial measures and suggestions

Signature

Date

10

ANNEXURE-III
PG. 1 OF 15
CENTRIGUGAL COMPRESSORS
Make
Location
Type of compressor
Model No.
Service
P.O. No.
Sl.No.
Date of Commissioning
Operating Conditions
1.

Stage or operating pt.m 3/hr


at suction condition.

2.

Suction temperature 0C

3.

Suction pressure kg/cm 2

4.

Discharge pressure kg/cm 2

5.

Differential pressure kg/cm 2

6.

Compression ratio

7.

Weight flow kg/hr.

8.

Estimated KW required

9.

Recommended driver KW

10.

Sp. Gravity

11.

Compressor speed

Normal

Rated

Turndown

11

ANNEXURE-III
PG.2 OF 15
CONSTRUCTION DETAILS
______________________________________________________________________________
Inlet
ANSI Rating, facing and orientation
______________________________________________________________________________
Discharge
ANSI rating, facing and orientation
______________________________________________________________________________
Other connections ANSI rating, facing and orientation
______________________________________________________________________________
Casing design pr.
Casing split
Impeller tip speed
Max. m./rec. @ 100% speed
Lub. oil system
Shaft seal type
Bearing housing
Bearing Coupling
Inter Cooler
After cooler
Lube oil cooler
Lube oil filter

Tube size
Tube size
Tube size

No. of tubes
No. of tubes
No. of tubes

After cooler

Tubes

Inter cooler

Tubes

CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS
Casing
Diaphagram
Impeller
Shaft
Shaft sleeves
Labyrinths
Balancing drum
Lube oil cooler
Suppliers Address

12

Annexure-III
pg. 3 to 15
RECIPROCATING COMPRESSORS
Make
Location
Code No.
Date of commissioning
Model No.
Service
P.O. No. and date
Serial No.
OPERATING CONDITIONS
Fluid handled
Suction temperature
Suction pressure
Specific gravity
Capacity M3/hr
First stage discharge pressure
First stage discharge temperature
Second stage (if provided)
Suction temp. 0C
Suction pressure in Kg/cm 2
Discharge pressure Kg/cm 2
Discharge temp. 0C
Lube oil pres. Kg./cm 2

13

Annexure-III
pg 4 of 15
CONSTRUCTION
Cylinder bore for
1. LP cylinder
2. HP cylinder
Stroke
Compressor speed
Piston speed
Piston displacement
Lubricating oil
Sump capacity
Lubricator capacity
No. of suction valves/stage
No. of discharge valve/stage
Type of unloader
Inter cooler type
Tube size
After cooler type
Tube size
Coupling
Motor KW
PERFORMANCE
Efficiency at design pt.
Shaft power at design load
Cooling water requirement
Recommended lubricating oil
(crack case)
Recommended lubricating oil
(crank case)
Recommended lubricating oil
(Cylinder and glands)

14

Annexure-III
pg.5 of 15
MATERIALS
Cylinder liner
Piston
Piston rod
Bearings
Connecting rod
Stuffing box packing
Piston ring
Crank shaft
Valve body
Valve plates
Valve springs
Cross head
Cross head guide

Suppliers address

15

Annexures-III
Pg. 6 of 15
DIESEL ENGINES
Engine make
Location
Code No.
Model No.
Service
P.O. Number and date.
Serial No.
______________________________________________________________________________
Basic data
Rated Engine HP RPM
Equipment/alternator No.
Fuel pump Sr. No.

Model

Rating

Code

Rated RPM

Volts

Plates

Turbocharger serial No.


Lub. oil used
Battery specification
Starter motor sr. No.
Generator/Altenator sr. No.
Fuel main tank capacity
Coolant Ph. value
Engine Bore and Stroke (mm)
No. of cylinders
Displacement (ltr)
Engine breathing
Natural aspirated/turbocharged/
turbocharged after cooled
Maximum HP
RPM at maximum HP
Peak torque ft. lb.

16

Annexure-III
pg. 7 of 15
FANS AND BLOWERS
Make
Location
Code
Date of commissioning
Model No.
Service
P.O. No. and date
Serial No.
OPERATING CONDITIONS
Gas composition
Molecular weight
Capacity NM3/hr
Suction pressure
(mm of H2O)
Discharge Pr. mm H20
Suction temperature
Speed
CONSTRUCTION
Connections :
______________________________________________________________________________
Nozzle
Size
Rating
Facing
______________________________________________________________________________
Suction
______________________________________________________________________________
Discharge
______________________________________________________________________________
Impeller type
No. of stages
Control type and device
Bearing type and number
Lubrication
Coupling
Gas seal
Lubricant

17

Annexure-III
pg. 8 of 15
MATERIALS
Impeller
Impeller hub
Casing
Shaft
Shaft sleeve
Bearing housing
Gas seal
PERFORMANCE
Efficiency at design pt.
Shaft power at design load
Noise level at design load
Cooling water requirement
DRIVER DETAILS
Driver
HP
RPM
Volts/phase/cycle (motor)
Suppliers address

18

Annexure-III
Page 9 of 15
SPECIFICATION SHEET FOR CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS
Pump make
Location
Code No.
Year of Mfg.
Pump model no.
(Size and type)
Service
Date of commissioning
P.O. No. and date
Serial No.
OPERATING CONDITIONS
Liquid handled
Pumping temperature
S p. gr. at Pumping temp.
Vap. pres. at PL. Kg/cm 2 abs
Viscosity at PT CST
Min.

Rated

Capacity M3 per hour


Discharge pressure Kg/cm 2
Suction pressure Kg/cm 2
Diff. pressure kg/cm 2
Diff. head in NPSH available

19

Annexure-III
pg 10 of 15

CONSTRUCTION
Casing mounting
Split
Type
______________________________________________________________________________
Nozzle
Size
ANSI rating
Facing
Position
______________________________________________________________________________
Suction
Discharge
______________________________________________________________________________
Impeller die
Bearing type no.

Radial

Coupling make
Packing type

Thrust
Type

Size

No. of rings

Lubricant
MATERIALS
Casing
Impeller
Inner case parts
Shaft sleeve
Casing ring
Impeller ring
Shaft
Throat bush

20

Annexure-III
pg. 11 of 15
PERFORMANCE
NPSH required
No. of stages
RPM
Efficiency
Recom. driver KW
Min. cont flow m3/hr
Hydrostatic test press kg/cm2
Rotation facing coupling end
Seal flush plan
C.W. piping plan
C.W. required LPM/Kg/cm2/oC
Weight in kg.
DRIVER DETAILS
Driver
HP
RPM
Volts/phase/cycles (Motor)
Suppliers address

21

Annexure-III
pg. 12 of 15
RECIPROCATING PUMPS
Make
Location
Code No.
Date of commissioning
Model No.
Service
P.O.No. and date
Serial No.
OPERATING CONDITIONS
Liquid handled
Pumping temperature

Normal

Maximum

Specific gravity
NPSH available
Capacity litre/minute

Max

Discharge pressure

Max

Suction pressure

Max

Min
Min
Min

Rated
Rated
Rated

CONSTRUCTION
No of cylinders
Vertical/Horizontal
Single acting/ double acting
Plunger/piston
Suction nozzle size rating
and facing
Valve type
Type of gland packing
Type of main bearing and No.
Lube oil for crank case
Lubrication

22

Annexure-III
Pg.13 of 15
MATERIALS
Cylinder
Liner
Piston/Plunger
Piston rings
Piston rod
Valves/valve seats
Gland
Throat bushing
Packing
Lantern ring
Boltings
DRIVE DETAILS
Driver
HP
RPM
Volts/phase/cycle (motor)
Gear box type and ratio
Supplier address

23

Annexure-III
Pg. 14 of 15
STEAM TURBINE
Turbine make
Location
Code No.
Serial No.
Model No.
Service
P.O. and date
Date of commissioning
Year of manufacture
OPERATING CONDITIONS
Rated horse power
Maximum continuous operating rpm
Steam conditions
______________________________________________________________________________
Max.
Normal
Min.
_____________________________________________________________________________
Inlet Pr kg/cm 2
Exhaust pressure
kg/cm 2
inlet temp.
_____________________________________________________________________________
Maximum exhaust casing
pressure Kg/cm 2
Cooling water requirement:
- Bearings
- Oil cooler

LPM
LPM

24

Annexure-III
Pg. 15 of 15
CONSTRUCTION DETAILS
Type and size
No. of Stage
Direction of rotation
Inlet flange size and rating
Exhaust flange size & rating
Casing type
Weight in Kg.
Bearing lubrication
Interstage gland seals
End gland seals
Type of speed governor and Model No.
Over speed trip at bearing oil pr.

Max.

Min.

Max. continuous rated speed


MATERIALS
Shaft
Packing
Radial Bearing
Thrust bearing
Casing (HP)
Exhaust casing
Nozzles
Gov. valve trim
Turbine wheel
Suppliers Address

25

26

27

28

29