You are on page 1of 65

About North American Pipe

As part of the Westlake Chemical Corporation


(North American Pipe Corporation, a subsidiary of Westlake
Chemical Corporation, is the second largest polyvinyl
chloride (PVC) pipe manufacturer in the United States. We
service several distinct markets, including municipal water
and sewer, residential plumbing, irrigation, agricultural and
the do-it-yourself markets.

UNSURPASSED SERVICE
North American Pipes eight extrusion facilities and six
customer service centers allow us to provide significant
resources to better serve our customers and sales force.
This translates to prompt deliveries and quick responses
from our knowledgeable team. Our dedication to service is
at the core of our business and remains unparalleled in the
industry.

QUALITY PRODUCTS
North American Pipes extensive product offering includes pipe ranging from through 36 in diameter in both
gasketed and solvent weld configurations.
Westlakes PVC/VCM facilities provide a consistent and constant supply of superior quality resin to our pipe plants,
and our gasket and additive vendors must comply to rigid specifications so that our products remain top of the line.
We strictly adhere to ASTM, UL and FM standards to ensure that our customers get exactly what they need.

MISSION STATEMENT
North American Pipe strives to produce top quality
products and to provide exceptional service in order to
maximize customer satisfaction.
From punctual pipe deliveries, to accurate technical data,
to simply returning a phone call, we are committed to
being Right, On Time, All the Time.

Plant Locations and Service Areas

BOONEVILLE

GREENSBORO

JANESVILLE

401 Industrial Park Rd


Booneville, MS 38829
Phone: (662)728-2111
Fax: (662)728-8154

1260 Airport Road


Greensboro, GA 30642
Phone: (706)453-7395
Fax: (706)453-4260

210 South Arch Street


Janesville, WI 53548
Mailing: P.O. Box 3038
Janesville, WI 53547
Phone: (800)356-9432
Fax: (608)754-7583

LEOLA

LODI

McPHERSON

300 S. Beckman Road


Lodi, CA 95240
Phone: (800)-370-5247
Fax: (866)-355-5155

500 W. First Ave


McPherson, KS 67460
Phone: (800)-370-5247
Fax: (866)-355-5155

88 Newport Road
Leola, PA 17540
Phone: (717)656-2526
Fax: (717)656-0769

WICHITA FALLS

YUCCA

CORPORATE

3348 Industrial Drive


Wichita Falls, TX 76305
Phone: (940) 855-4100
Fax: (940)855-7680

3870 W. Gandolf Way


Yucca, AZ 86438
Phone: (928)766-2406
Fax: (928)766-2403

2801 Post Oak Blvd.


Houston, TX 77056
Phone: (713)840-7473
Fax: (713)552-0087

Product Information
North American Pipe offers one of the widest ranges of products in the industry which ensures our ability to service
our customers Right, On Time, All the Time.

SOLVENT-WELD

GASKETED
AWWA C900-07 Water
4-12 DR-14, DR-18, DR-25

ASTM D1785/D2665 Schedule 40/DWV Dual


Rated
-24 Plain End, Belled End

AWWA C905-10 Water


14-16 DR-14
14-24 DR-18
14-36 DR-21, DR-25
Also manufacture DR-32.5, DR-41, DR-51 in
various sizes

ASTM D1785 Schedule 80

ASTM D2241 IPS Gasketed

ASTM D2241 IPS Solvent Weld

1-18 SDR-21, SDR-26


Also manufacture SDR-13.5,SDR-17, SDR-32.5,
SDR-41 in various sizes

-12 SDR-21
1-12 SDR-26
Also manufacture SDR-13.5, SDR-17, SDR-32.5,
SDR-41 in various sizes

-12

ASTM F891 Foam Core DWV


1-6 Plain End, Belled End

ASTM D3034 Gasketed Gravity Sewer


4-15 SDR-26, SDR-35

ASTM F679 Gravity Sewer

ASTM D3034 Solvent Weld Gravity


Sewer 4 & 6 SDR-23.5, SDR-26

4 & 6 Solid, Perforated, 4-12 Solid SDR-35

18-36 PS-46, PS-115

ASTM D2729 Sewer & Drain


ASTM D2241 & NRCS 430-DD P.I.P.
Irrigation Pipe
6-24 SDR-51
6-27 SDR-41

3, 4, 6 Solid, Perforated

ASTM F480 Well Casing


2-16

ASTM D2949 Schedule 30 Thin Wall DWV


3

ASTM F758 Highway Underdrain


4, 6, 8 Perforated

AWWA C900: Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pipe


Municipal
Water, Wastewater, Reclaimed Water
North American Pipe Corporation's AWWA C900
Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pipe product line is
manufactured to meet the needs of modern
municipal water, wastewater, and reclaimed
water systems. With top quality raw materials
and modern processing technology, our C900
pipe meets all industry standards in addition to
our own rigorous quality control requirements.
Our C900 pipe utilizes Rieber style gaskets
throughout the entire product offering to create
a leak-free joint.
Whether specifying or installing our pipe, you
can be assured that North American Pipe will
provide the pipe Right, On Time, All the Time.

Pipe Standard:

AWWA C900

Diameter Standard:

Cast Iron Outside Diameter (CIOD)

Nominal Sizes:

4, 6, 8, 10, 12

Dimension Ratios &


Pressure Classes:

DR 25 165 psi
DR 18 235 psi (150 psi)**
DR 14 305 psi (200 psi)**

Lay Length:

20

Pipe Compound:

ASTM D1784 Cell Class 12454

Pipe Joint Std.:

ASTM D3139

Gasket Standard.:

ASTM F477

Gasket Material
Offerings:

Styrene-Butadiene Rubber [Std.]


Nitrile, EPDM [Optional]

Installation Std.:

AWWA C605

Applications:

Water

Wastewater

Reclaimed Water

Color:

Blue

Green

Purple

Certifications:

NSF 14*
NSF 61
UL 1285
FM 1612**

None

None

* NSF 14 certified products must be requested at time of order.


** FM 1612 does not include DR 25 and reclassifies DR 18 as150 psi and DR 14 as 200 psi.

TDS-C900-1 Rev: A00

AWWA C900: Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pipe


DUAL INSERTION MARK VERSION

NOMINAL PIPE
SIZE
4
6
8
10
12

NOMINAL PIPE
SIZE
4
6
8
10
12

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER
(OD)
4.800
6.900
9.050
11.100
13.200

*APPROX.
BELL DIAMETER
(BD)
6.250
8.625
11.500
14.000
16.563

APPROX.
BELL DEPTH
(C)
5.000
5.750
7.000
7.250
8.000

1st INSERTION
MARK
(L1)
3.375
4.625
5.625
6.125
6.875

2nd INSERTION
MARK
(L2)
4.375
5.625
6.625
7.125
7.875

MINIMUM WALL THICKNESS (T)


PC 165
DR 25

PC 235
DR 18

PC 305
DR 14

.192
.276
.362
.444
.528

.267
.383
.503
.617
.733

.343
.493
.646
.793
.943

Notes:
1. These dimensions are for estimating purposes only. All dimension are in inches.
2. DR = Dimension Ratio
3. PC = Pressure Class (psi).
4. * Dimension given for Approx. Bell Diameter (BD) is for highest pressure class.

TDS-C900-1 Rev: A00

AWWA C900: Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pipe


LOADING CHART
NOMINAL
PIPE SIZE

APPROX. WEIGHT
PER FOOT (lb/ft)

4
6
8
10
12

1.8
3.8
6.6
10.0
14.2

4
6
8
10
12

2.5
5.2
9.0
13.7
19.4

4
6
8
10
12

3.2
6.6
11.4
17.3
24.5

JOINTS PER BUNDLE*

PC 165 / DR 25
48
28
10
8
3/4/6/8
PC 235 / DR 18
48
28
10
8
3/4/6/8
PC 305 / DR 14
48
28
10
8
3/4/6/8

FEET PER
BUNDLE

FEET PER
TRUCKLOAD

960
560
200
160
60/80/120/160

15,360
6,720
4,000
2,560
1,960

960
560
200
160
60/80/120/160

15,360
6,720
4,000
2,560
1,960

960
560
200
160
60/80/120/160

13,440
6,720
4,000
2,560
1,680

Notes:
1. These values are for estimating purposes only.
2. * Multiple packaging configurations are available.

Rev: 10/2014

AWWA C905: Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pipe


Municipal
Water, Wastewater, Reclaimed Water
North American Pipe Corporation's AWWA C905
Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pipe product line is
manufactured to meet the needs of modern
municipal water, wastewater, and reclaimed
water systems. With top quality raw materials
and modern processing technology, our C905
pipe meets all industry standards in addition to
our own rigorous quality control requirements.
Our C905 pipe utilizes Rieber style gaskets
throughout the entire product offering to create
a leak-free joint.
Whether specifying or installing our pipe, you
can be assured that North American Pipe will
provide the pipe Right, On Time, All the Time.

Pipe Standard:

AWWA C905

Diameter Standard:

Cast Iron Outside Diameter (CIOD)

Nominal Sizes:

14, 16, 18, 20, 24, 30, 36

Dimension Ratios &


Pressure Classes:

DR 51 80 psi
DR 41 100 psi
DR 32.5 125 psi
DR 25 165 psi

Lay Length:

20

Pipe Compound:

ASTM D1784 Cell Class 12454

Pipe Joint Std.:

ASTM D3139

Gasket Standard:

ASTM F477

Gasket Material
Offerings:

Styrene-Butadiene Rubber [Std.]


Nitrile, EPDM [Optional]

Installation Std.:

AWWA C605

Applications:

Water

Wastewater

Reclaimed Water

Color:

Blue

Green

Purple

Certifications:

NSF 14*
NSF 61
UL 1285**

None

None

* NSF 14 listed products must be requested at time of order


** UL 1285 listed products do not include all sizes and dimension ratios.

DR 21 200 psi
DR 18 235 psi
DR 14 305 psi

TDS-C905-1 Rev: A00

AWWA C905: Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pipe


DUAL INSERTION MARK VERSION

NOMINAL PIPE
SIZE
14
16
18
20
24
30
36

NOMINAL PIPE
SIZE
14
16
18
20
24
30
36

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER
(OD)
15.300
17.400
19.500
21.600
25.800
32.000
38.300

*APPROX.
BELL DIAMETER
(BD)
19.125
21.750
23.500
26.000
31.000
37.500
44.500

1st INSERTION
MARK
(L1)
7.500
8.500
8.875
9.500
11.500
13.625
17.625

APPROX.
BELL DEPTH
(C)
9.000
10.000
10.375
11.000
13.000
15.125
19.125

2nd INSERTION
MARK
(L2)
8.500
9.500
9.875
10.500
12.500
14.625
18.625

MINIMUM WALL THICKNESS (T)


PC 80
DR 51
----**
**
**
.627
.751

PC 100
DR 41
**
.424
.476
**
.629
.780
.934

PC 125
DR 32.5
**
.535
.600
**
.794
.985
1.178

PC 165
DR 25
.612
.696
.780
.864
1.032
1.280
1.532

PC 200
DR 21
.729
.829
.929
1.029
1.229
1.524
1.824

PC 235
DR 18
.850
.967
1.083
1.200
1.433
**
---

PC 305
DR 14
1.093
1.243
**
---------

Notes:
1. These dimensions are for estimating purposes only. All dimension are in inches.
2. DR = Dimension Ratio
3. PC = Pressure Class (psi).
4. * Dimension given for Approx. Bell Diameter (BD) is for highest pressure rating.
5. ** Consult our Customer Service or Sales Department for availability.

TDS-C905-1 Rev: A00

AWWA C905: Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pipe


LOADING CHART
NOMINAL
PIPE SIZE

APPROX. WEIGHT
PER FOOT (lb/ft)

30
36

43.3
63.2

16
18
24
30
36

15.5
19.5
34.6
53.6
78.2

16
18
24
30
36

19.2
24.2
43.0
66.6
97.0

14
16
18
20
24
30
36

19.1
24.7
31.1
38.4
55.3
85.7
124.9

14
16
18
20
24
30
36

22.5
29.2
36.8
45.3
65.3
101.2
147.5

14
16
18
20
24

26.0
33.8
42.5
52.4
75.5

14
16

32.9
42.6

Notes:
1. These values are for estimating purposes only.
2. * Multiple packaging configurations are available.

JOINTS PER
BUNDLE

PR 80 / DR51
3
2
PR 100 / DR41
2/3/4/6
4/6
3
3
2
PR 125 / DR32.5
2/3/4/6
4/6
3
3
2
PR 165 / DR25
6
2/3/4/6
4/6
4
3
3
2
PR 200 / DR21
6
2/3/4/6
4/6
4
3
3
2
PR 235 / DR18
6
2/3/4/6
4/6
4
3
PR 305 / DR14
6
2/3/4/6

*FEET PER
BUNDLE

FEET PER
TRUCKLOAD

60
40

240
160

40/60/80/120
80/120
60
60
40

1,000
800
360
240
160

40/60/80/120
80/120
60
60
40

1,000
800
360
240
160

120
40/60/80/120
80/120
80
60
60
40

1,440
1,000
800
640
360
240
160

120
40/60/80/120
80/120
80
60
60
40

1,440
1,000
800
640
360
240
160

120
40/60/80/120
80/120
80
60

1,440
1,000
800
640
360

120
40/60/80/120

1,320
1,000

Rev:10/2014

ASTM D2241: Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pipe


Municipal
Water, Wastewater, Reclaimed Water
North American Pipe Corporation's ASTM D2241
Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pipe product line is
manufactured to meet the needs of water
distribution and irrigation systems. With top
quality raw materials and modern processing
technology, our D2241 pipe meets all industry
standards in addition to our own rigorous quality
control requirements.
Our D2241 pipe utilizes Rieber style gaskets
throughout the entire product offering to create
a leak-free joint.
Whether specifying or installing our pipe, you
can be assured that North American Pipe will
provide the pipe Right, On Time, All the Time.

Pipe Standard:

AWWA D2241

Diameter Standard:

Iron Pipe Size (IPS)

Nominal Sizes:

1, 2, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12

Dimension Ratios &


Pressure Ratings:

SDR 41 100 psi


SDR 32.5 125 psi
SDR 26 160 psi
SDR 21 200 psi
SDR 17 250 psi
SDR 13. 5 315 psi

Lay Length:

20 All Sizes
40 and 42 2 to 6 Sizes

Pipe Compound:

ASTM D1784 Cell Class 12454

Pipe Joint Std.:

ASTM D3139

Gasket Standard:

ASTM F477

Gasket Material
Offerings:

Styrene-Butadiene Rubber [Std.]


Nitrile, EPDM [Optional]

Installation Std.:

ASTM D2774

Applications:

Water

Wastewater

Reclaimed Water

Color:

White

Green

Purple

Certifications:

NSF 14
NSF 61

None

None

TDS-D2241-1 Rev: A00

ASTM D2241: Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pipe

NOMINAL PIPE
SIZE
1
2
2
3
4
6
8
10
12

NOMINAL PIPE
SIZE
1
2
2
3
4
6
8
10
12

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER
(OD)
1.900
2.375
2.875
3.500
4.500
6.625
8.625
10.750
12.750

*APPROX.
BELL DIAMETER
(BD)
2.625
3.250
4.000
4.750
5.875
8.500
10.625
13.125
15.500

APPROX.
BELL DEPTH
(C)
3.250
3.500
4.125
4.125
4.625
6.250
7.250
7.500
8.250

INSERTION
MARK
(L)
2.625
2.750
3.125
3.625
4.000
5.375
6.375
6.625
7.375

MINIMUM WALL THICKNESS (T)


PR 100
SDR 41
------.085
.110
.162
.210
.262
.311

PR 125
SDR 32.5
**
**
**
.108
.138
.204
.265
.331
.392

PR 160
SDR 26
**
.091
.110
.135
.173
.255
.332
.413
.490

PR 200
SDR 21
.090
.113
.137
.167
.214
.316
.410
.511
.606

PR 250
SDR 17
.112
.140
.169
.206
.265
.390
.508
.632
.750

PR 315
SDR 13.5
.141
.176
.213
.259
.333
.491
-------

Notes:
1. These dimensions are for estimating purposes only. All dimension are in inches.
2. SDR = Standard Dimension Ratio
3. PR = Pressure Rating (psi).
4. * Dimension given for Approx. Bell Diameter (BD) is for highest pressure rating.
5. ** Consult our Customer Service or Sales Department for availability.
TDS-D2241-1 Rev: A00

ASTM D2241: IPS Gasketed Pipe


NOMINAL
PIPE SIZE

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER

3
4
5
6
8
10
12

3.50
4.50
5.56
6.63
8.63
10.75
12.75

1
2
2
3
4
5
6
8
10
12

1.90
2.38
2.88
3.50
4.50
5.56
6.63
8.63
10.75
12.75

1
2
2
3
4
5
6
8
10
12
16

1.90
2.38
2.88
3.50
4.50
5.56
6.63
8.63
10.75
12.75
16.00

JOINTS PER
BUNDLE

*FEET PER
BUNDLE

FEET PER
TRUCKLOAD

1,760
1,140
760
520
280
240
80/160

28,160
18,240
12,160
8,320
4,480
2,880
2,240

6,300
4,080
2,700
1,760
1,140
760
520
280
240
80/160

100,800
65,280
43,200
28,160
18,240
12,160
8,320
4,480
2,880
2,240

6,300
4,080
2,700
1,760
1,140
760
520
280
240
80/160
120

100,800
65,280
43,200
28,160
18,240
12,160
8,320
4,480
2,880
2,240
1,200

PR 100 / SDR 41
88
57
38
26
14
12
4/8

PR 125 / SDR 32.5


315
204
135
88
57
38
26
14
12
4/8

PR 165 / SDR 25
315
204
135
88
57
38
26
14
12
4/8
6

Note: These dimensions are for estimating purposes only * Dimension given for Approx. Bell Diameter (BD) is for highest pressure class
** Nominal depth, depth will vary by pressure class

Rev: 04/2012

ASTM D2241: IPS Gasketed Pipe


NOMINAL
PIPE SIZE

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER

1
2
2
3
4
5
6
8
10
12
16

1.90
2.38
2.88
3.50
4.50
5.56
6.63
8.63
10.75
12.75
16.00

1
2
2
3
4
5
6
8
10
12

1.90
2.38
2.88
3.50
4.50
5.56
6.63
8.63
10.75
12.75

1
2
2
3
4
5
6

1.90
2.38
2.88
3.50
4.50
5.56
6.63

JOINTS PER
BUNDLE

*FEET PER
BUNDLE

FEET PER
TRUCKLOAD

6,300
4,080
2,700
1,760
1,140
760
520
280
240
80/160
120

100,800
65,280
43,200
28,160
18,240
12,160
8,320
4,480
2,880
2,240
1,200

6,300
4,080
2,700
1,760
1,140
760
520
280
240
80/160

100,800
65,280
43,200
28,160
18,240
12,160
8,320
4,480
2,880
2,240

3,160
4,080
2,700
1,760
1,140
760
520

88,200
57,120
37,800
26,400
15,960
9,880
6,760

PR 200 / SDR 21
315
204
135
88
57
38
26
14
12
4/8
6

PR 250 / SDR 17
315
204
135
88
57
38
26
14
12
4/8

PR 315 / SDR 13.5


315
204
135
88
57
38
26

Note: These dimensions are for estimating purposes only * Dimension given for Approx. Bell Diameter (BD) is for highest pressure class
** Nominal depth, depth will vary by pressure class

Rev: 04/2012

ASTM D3034: Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pipe


Municipal
Gravity Sewer & Storm Water
North American Pipe Corporation's ASTM D3034
Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pipe product line is
manufactured to meet the needs of modern municipal
waste water systems, storm water drainage systems,
and other non-pressure applications. With top quality
raw materials and modern processing technology, our
ASTM D3034 pipe meets all industry standards in
addition to our own rigorous quality control
requirements.
Our D3034 pipe utilizes Rieber style gaskets throughout
the entire product offering to create a leak-free joint.
Whether specifying or installing our pipe, you can be
assured that North American Pipe will provide the pipe
Right, On Time, All the Time.
Pipe Standard:

ASTM D3034

Diameter Standard:

PSM

Nominal Sizes:

4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 15

Dimension Ratios &


Pipe Stiffness:

SDR 35 46 psi
SDR 26 115 psi
SDR 23.5 153 psi

Lay Length:

14 or 20

Color:

Green

Pipe Compound:

ASTM D1784 Cell Class 12454

Pipe Joint Std.:

ASTM D3212

Gasket Standard:

ASTM F477

Gasket Material
Offerings:

Styrene-Butadiene Rubber

Certifications:

IAPMO Uniform Plumbing Code*

Installation Std.:

ASTM D2321

* IAPMO Uniform Plumbing Code listed products must be


requested at time of order.

TDS-D3034-1 Rev: A00

ASTM D3034: Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pipe

NOMINAL PIPE
SIZE
4
6
8
10
12
15

NOMINAL PIPE
SIZE
4
6
8
10
12
15

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER
(OD)
4.215
6.275
8.400
10.500
12.500
15.300

*APPROX.
BELL DIAMETER
(BD)
5.000
7.375
9.625
12.250
14.375
17.500

APPROX.
BELL DEPTH
(C)
3.750
4.625
5.250
5.875
6.500
7.750

INSERTION
MARK
(L)
3.125
4.000
4.125
5.125
5.375
7.375

MINIMUM WALL THICKNESS (T)


PS 46
SDR 35

PS 115
SDR 26

PS 153
SDR 23.5

.120
.180
.240
.300
.360
.437

.162
.241
.323
.404
.481
.588

**
.265
---------

Notes:
1. These dimensions are for estimating purposes only. All dimension are in inches.
2. SDR = Standard Dimension Ratio
3. PS = Pipe Stiffness (psi). This is a property that defines the pipes ability to resist external loading.
4. * Dimension given for Approx. Bell Diameter (BD) is for highest pipe stiffness.
5. ** Consult our Customer Service or Sales Department for availability.

TDS-D3034-1 Rev: A00

ASTM D3034: Gasketed Gravity Sewer Pipe


NOMINAL
PIPE SIZE

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER

4
6
8
10
12
15

4.22
6.28
8.40
10.50
12.50
15.30

4
6
8
10
12
15

4.22
6.28
8.40
10.50
12.50
15.30

4
6
8
10
12
15

4.22
6.28
8.40
10.50
12.50
15.30

4
6
8
10
12
15

4.22
6.28
8.40
10.50
12.50
15.30

4
6

4.22
6.28

4
6

4.22
6.28

JOINTS PER
BUNDLE

*FEET PER
BUNDLE

FEET PER
TRUCKLOAD

924
462
420/504
168
224
84

22,176
8,316
5,544
3,024
2,688
1,512

1,320
660
600/720
240
320
120

21,120
7,920
5,280
2,880
2,560
1,440

924
462
420/504
168
224
84

22,176
8,316
5,544
3,024
2,688
1,512

1,320
660
600/720
240
320
120

21,120
7,920
5,280
2,880
2,560
1,440

924
462

22,176
8,316

1,320
660

21,120
7,920

SDR 35 14
66
33
30/36
12
16
6

SDR 35 20
66
33
30/36
12
16
6

SDR 26 14
66
33
30/36
12
16
6

SDR 26 20
66
33
30/36
12
16
6

SDR 23.5 14
66
33

SDR 23.5 20
66
33

Note: These dimensions are for estimating purposes only * Dimension given for Approx. Bell Diameter (BD) is for highest pressure class
** Nominal depth, depth will vary by pressure class

Rev: 04/2012

ASTM F679: Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pipe


Municipal

Gravity Sewer & Storm Water


North American Pipe Corporation's ASTM F679
Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pipe product line is
manufactured to meet the needs of modern municipal
waste water systems, storm water drainage systems,
and other non-pressure applications. With top quality
raw materials and modern processing technology, our
ASTM F679 pipe meets all industry standards in
addition to our own rigorous quality control
requirements.
Our F679 pipe utilizes Rieber style gaskets throughout
the entire product offering to create a leak-free joint.

Pipe Standard:

ASTM F679

Diameter Standard:

PSM

Nominal Sizes:

18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 36

Classes & Pipe


Stiffness:

PS46 46 psi
PS115 115 psi

Lay Length:

14 or 20

Color:

Green

Pipe Compound:

ASTM D1784 Cell Class 12454 or


12364

Pipe Joint Std.:

ASTM D3212

Gasket Standard:

ASTM F477

Gasket Material
Offerings:

Styrene-Butadiene Rubber

Certifications:

None

Installation Std.:

ASTM D2321

TDS-F679-1 Rev: A00

ASTM F679: Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pipe

NOMINAL PIPE
SIZE
18
21
24
27
30
36

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER
(OD)
18.701
22.047
24.803
27.953
32.000
38.300

*APPROX.
BELL DIAMETER
(BD)
21.000
24.500
27.500
31.000
36.000
42.625

NOMINAL PIPE
SIZE
18
21
24
27
30
36

APPROX.
BELL DEPTH
(C)
9.500
10.250
11.000
12.250
15.125
19.125

INSERTION
MARK
(L)
8.500
9.250
10.000
11.250
14.125
18.125

MINIMUM WALL THICKNESS (T)


PS 46

PS 115

.499
.588
.661
.745
.853
1.021

.671
.791
.889
1.002
1.148
1.373

Notes:
1. These dimensions are for estimating purposes only. All dimension are in inches.
2. PS = Pipe Stiffness (psi). This is a property that defines the pipes ability to resist external loading.
3. * Dimension given for Approx. Bell Diameter (BD) is for highest pipe stiffness.

TDS-F679-1 Rev: A00

ASTM F679: Gasketed Gravity Sewer Pipe


NOMINAL
PIPE SIZE

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER

18
21
24
27
30
36

18.70
22.05
24.80
27.95
32.00
38.30

18
21
24
27
30
36

18.70
22.05
24.80
27.95
32.00
38.30

18
21
24
27
30
36

18.70
22.05
24.80
27.95
32.00
38.30

18
21
24
27
30
36

18.70
22.05
24.80
27.95
32.00
38.30

JOINTS PER
BUNDLE

*FEET PER
BUNDLE

FEET PER
TRUCKLOAD

28/42/56/84
56
56
42
42
28

1,050
672
672
378
252
168

40/60/80/120
80
80
60
60
40

1,000
640
640
360
240
160

28/42/56/84
56
56
42
42
28

1,050
672
672
378
252
168

40/60/80/120
80
80
60
60
40

1,000
640
640
360
240
160

PS 46 14
2/3/4/6
4
4
3
3
2

PS 46 20
2/3/4/6
4
4
3
3
2

PS 115 14
2/3/4/6
4
4
3
3
2

PS 115 20
2/3/4/6
4
4
3
3
2

Note: These dimensions are for estimating purposes only * Dimension given for Approx. Bell Diameter (BD) is for highest pressure class
** Nominal depth, depth will vary by pressure class

Rev: 04/2012

ASTM D2241 & NRCS 430 PIP: Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pipe
Agriculture & Turf Irrigation
North American Pipe Corporation's Gasketed Integral
Bell Plastic Irrigation Pipe (PIP) product line is
manufactured to meet the needs of irrigation systems
in accordance with ASTM D2241 and NRCS 430. With
top quality raw materials and modern processing
technology, our PIP products meet all industry
standards in addition to our own rigorous quality
control requirements.
Our PIP pipe utilizes Rieber style gaskets throughout the
entire product offering to create a leak-free joint.
Whether specifying or installing our pipe, you can be
assured that North American Pipe will provide the pipe
Right, On Time, All the Time.

Pipe Standard:

ASTM D2241 & NRCS 430

Diameter Standard:

Plastic Irrigation Pipe

Nominal Sizes:

6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27

Dimension Ratios &


Pressure Ratings:

SDR 51 80 psi
SDR 41 100 psi

Lay Length:

20 or 22 All Sizes
40 6 and 8 Sizes

Color:

Blue or White

Pipe Compound:

ASTM D1784 Cell Class 12454

Pipe Joint Std.:

ASTM D3139

Gasket Standard:

ASTM F477

Gasket Material
Offerings:

Styrene-Butadiene Rubber [Std.]


Nitrile, EPDM [Optional]

Installation Std.:

ASTM D2774

TDS-PIP-1 Rev: A00

ASTM D2241 & NRCS 430 PIP: Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pipe

NOMINAL PIPE
SIZE
6
8
10
12
15
18
21
24
27

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER
(OD)
6.140
8.160
10.200
12.240
15.300
18.701
22.047
24.803
27.953

NOMINAL PIPE
SIZE
6
8
10
12
15
18
21
24
27

*APPROX.
BELL DIAMETER
(BD)
7.250
9.250
11.750
14.000
17.000
20.750
24.250
27.250
30.750

APPROX.
BELL DEPTH
(C)
5.000
6.000
6.000
6.500
7.750
9.750
10.250
11.250
12.250

INSERTION
MARK
(L)
4.125
5.125
5.125
5.750
7.000
9.000
9.500
10.500
11.250

MINIMUM WALL THICKNESS (T)


PR 80
SDR51
.120
.160
.200
.240
.300
.366
.432
.486
**

PR 100
SDR41
.150
.199
.249
.299
.373
.456
.538
.605
.682

Notes:
1. These dimensions are for estimating purposes only. All dimension are in inches.
2. SDR = Standard Dimension Ratio
3. PR = Pressure Rating (psi).
4. * Dimension given for Approx. Bell Diameter (BD) is for highest pressure rating.
5. ** Consult our Customer Service or Sales Department for availability.
TDS-PIP-1 Rev: A00

ASTM D2241 & NRCS 430DD: P.I.P. Irrigation Pipe


NOMINAL
PIPE SIZE

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER

6
8
10
12
15
18
21

6.14
8.16
10.20
12.24
15.30
18.70
22.05

6
8

6.14
8.16

6
8

6.14
8.16

6
8
10
12
15
18
21
24

6.14
8.16
10.20
12.24
15.30
18.70
22.05
24.80

6
8

6.14
8.16

6
8

6.14
8.16

JOINTS PER
BUNDLE

*FEET PER
BUNDLE

FEET PER
TRUCKLOAD

726
308
264
352
132
44/66/88/132
88

8,712
4,928
3,168
2,816
1,584
1,100
704

1,320
560

7,920
4,480

1,452
616

8,712
4,928

726
308
264
352
132
44/66/88/132
88
88

8,712
4,928
3,168
2,816
1,584
1,100
704
704

1,320
560

7,920
4,480

1,452
616

8,712
4,928

SDR 51 (80 PSI) 22


33
14
12
16
6
2/3/4/6
4

SDR 51 (80 PSI) 40


33
14

SDR 51 (80 PSI) 44


33
14

SDR 41 (100 PSI) 22


33
14
12
16
6
2/3/4/6
4
4

SDR 41 (100 PSI) 40


33
14

SDR 41 (100 PSI) 44


33
14

Note: These dimensions are for estimating purposes only * Dimension given for Approx. Bell Diameter (BD) is for highest pressure class
** Nominal depth, depth will vary by pressure class

Rev: 05/2012

ASTM D1785/D2665 Sch40 & ASTM D1785 Sch80: Solvent Weld Pipe
Plumbing

Water & Wastewater


North American Pipe Corporation's ASTM
D1785 Solvent Weld PVC Pipe product line is
manufactured to meet the needs of residential,
commercial, & industrial plumbing systems, and
other pressure applications. With top quality
raw materials and modern processing
technology, our ASTM D1785 pipe meets all
industry standards in addition to our own
rigorous quality control standards.
Our ASTM D1785 Schedule 40 pipe is also dual
rated to ASTM D2665 for DWV applications.
This gives the designer, installer, and end user
the flexibility of one product for two distinct
applications. North American Pipe produces
ASTM D1785 Solvent Weld pipe in both solid
wall and various perforated styles.
*IAPMO Uniform Plumbing Code listed products must
be requested at time of order.

Pipe Standard:

Applications:

ASTM D1785 &


ASTM D2665
Sch. 40

ASTM D1785
Sch. 80

Water
DWV

Water

Diameter Std.:

Iron Pipe Size (IPS)

Nominal Sizes:

, , 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3,
4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16,
18, 20, 24

Pressure Ratings:

See Next Page

Lay Length:
Color:
Pipe Compound:

10 or 20
White

Gray

ASTM D1784 Cell Class 12454

Pipe Joint Std.:

ASTM D2672

Pipe Options:

Solid Wall Plain End (M x M)


Solid Wall Bell End (M x F)
2 Hole Perforated Bell End (M x F)
3 Hole Perforated Bell End (M x F)

Certifications:

NSF 14 & NSF 61


IAPMO Uniform Plumbing Code*

Installation Std.:

ASTM D2855

TDS-D1785-1 Rev: A00

ASTM D1785/D2665 Sch40 & ASTM D1785 Sch80: Solvent Weld Pipe

Notes:
1. These dimensions are for estimating
purposes only. All dimension are in
inches unless otherwise specified.

MINIMUM WALL
THICKNESS (T)

PRESSURE RATING
(psi)

NOMINAL
PIPE SIZE

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER
(OD)

Sch. 40

Sch. 80

Sch. 40

Sch. 80

1
1
1
2
2
3
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24

.840
1.050
1.315
1.660
1.900
2.375
2.875
3.500
4.500
5.563
6.625
8.625
10.750
12.750
14.000
16.000
18.000
20.000
24.000

.109
.113
.133
.140
.145
.154
.203
.216
.237
.258
.280
.322
.365
.406
.437
.500
.562
.593
.687

.147
.154
.179
.191
.200
.218
.276
.300
.337
.375
.432
.500
.593
.687

600
480
450
370
330
280
300
260
220
190
180
160
140
130
130
130
130
120
120

850
690
630
520
470
400
420
370
320
290
280
250
230
230

Perforated Bell End Pipe:

2 Hole Pattern

Number of Holes Per Row:

Perforation Hole Diameter:

Circumferential Hole Spacing:

120

60

Longitudinal Row Spacing:

APPROX.
BELL DEPTH
(C)
1.750
2.500
2.500
2.500
2.500
3.250
3.500
4.250
5.500
6.000
7.000
7.500
8.500
10.000
10.000
10.000
12.000
12.000
12.000

3 Hole Pattern

TDS-D1785-1 Rev: A00

ASTM D1785/D2665: Schedule 40/DWV Dual Rated Pipe


NOMINAL
PIPE SIZE

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER

1
1
1
2
2
3
4
6
8
10
12

.84
1.05
1.32
1.66
1.90
2.38
2.88
3.50
4.50
6.63
8.63
10.75
12.75

1
1
1
2
2
3
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24

.84
1.05
1.32
1.66
1.90
2.38
2.88
3.50
4.50
5.56
6.63
8.63
10.75
12.75
14.00
16.00
18.00
20.00
24.00

1.90

JOINTS PER
BUNDLE

*FEET PER
BUNDLE

FEET PER
TRUCKLOAD

4,050
2,400
1,500
1,960
3,150
2,100
1,350
920
570
240
140
120
40/80

259,200
211,200
132,000
109,760
100,800
67,200
43,200
29,440
18,240
7,680
4,480
2,880
2,240

8,100
4,800
3,000
3,920
6,320
4,200
2,700
1,840
1,140
760
480
280
240
80/160
120
120
40/60
40
40

259,200
211,200
132,000
109,760
100,800
67,200
43,200
29,440
18,240
12,160
7,680
4,480
2,880
2,240
1,440
1,440
1,000
640
480

3,160

88,480

Schedule 40/DWV - 10
405
240
150
196
315
210
135
92
57
24
14
12
4/8

Schedule 40/DWV - 20
405
240
150
196
315
210
135
92
57
38
24
14
12
4/8
6
6
2/3
2
2

Schedule 40/DWV - 20 Half Rack


158

Note: These dimensions are for estimating purposes only * Based on pipe length of 20 feet.

Rev: 04/2012

ASTM D1785: Schedule 80 Pipe


NOMINAL
PIPE SIZE

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER

JOINTS PER
BUNDLE

*FEET PER
BUNDLE

FEET PER
TRUCKLOAD

1
1
1
2
2
3
4
6
8
10
12

.84
1.05
1.32
1.66
1.90
2.38
2.88
3.50
4.50
6.63
8.63
10.75
12.75

405
240
150
196
315
210
135
92
57
24
14
12
4/8

4,050
2,400
1,500
1,960
3,150
2,100
1,350
920
570
240
140
120
40/80

259,200
211,200
132,000
109,760
100,800
67,200
43,200
29,440
18,240
7,680
4,480
2,880
2,240

Note: These dimensions are for estimating purposes only * Based on pipe length of 20 feet.

Rev: 04/2012

ASTM F891: Foam Core DWV Pipe


North American Pipe's ASTM F891 Schedule 40 Foam
Core (DWV Only) product line is manufactured to meet
the needs of a broad range of residential and
commercial drain waste and vent piping systems. With
top quality raw materials and modern processing
technology, North American Pipe's ASTM F891 Schedule
40 Foam Core pipe meets all industry standards in
addition to our own rigorous quality control standards.
Our ASTM F891 Schedule 40 Foam Core is the perfect
choice for interior non-pressure applications. Whether
specifying or installing our pipe, you can be assured that
North American Pipe will provide the pipe Right, On
Time, All the Time.

Short Form Specification


ASTM F891 Foam Core DWV Pipe
Pipe Standard:

ASTM F891

Pipe Compound:

ASTM D4396 Cell Class 11432

End Type:

Plain or Belled

Certifications:

ANSI/NSF Standard 14

Applications:

Residential & Commercial


Drain Waste & Vent
***not rated for pressure

Color:

White

Overall Length:

10 or 20

Installation:

North American Pipes Installation


Guide for Solvent Welded PVC
Pipe

Rev: 04/2013

ASTM F891: Foam Core DWV Pipe

PIPE SIZE

OUTSIDE DIA.
NOM.
(OD)

**APPROX.
BELL DEPTH
(C)

Sch 40
(T)

1.90

2.50

.145

2.38

3.38

.154

3.50

4.25

.216

4.50

5.50

.237

6.63

7.00

.280

Note: These dimensions are for estimating purposes only

Rev: 04/2013

ASTM F891: Foam Core DWV Pipe


NOMINAL
PIPE SIZE

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER

1
2
3
4
6

1.90
2.38
3.50
4.50
6.63

1
2
3
4
6

1.90
2.38
3.50
4.50
6.63

1.90

JOINTS PER
BUNDLE

*FEET PER
BUNDLE

FEET PER
TRUCKLOAD

3,150
2,100
920
570
240

100,800
67,200
29,440
18,240
7,680

6,320
4,200
1,840
1,140
480

100,800
67,200
29,440
18,240
7,680

3,160

88,480

Schedule 40/DWV - 10
315
210
92
57
24

Schedule 40/DWV - 20
315
210
92
57
24

Schedule 40/DWV - 20 Half Rack


158

Note: These dimensions are for estimating purposes only

Rev: 04/2012

ASTM D2241: Solvent Weld PVC Pipe


Plumbing & Irrigation
Water & Wastewater
North American Pipe Corporation's ASTM D2241
Solvent Weld PVC Pipe product line is manufactured to
meet the needs of residential & commercial plumbing,
and other pressure applications. With top quality raw
materials and modern processing technology, our ASTM
D2241 pipe meets all industry standards in addition to
our own rigorous quality control standards.
North American Pipe produces ASTM D2241 Solvent
Weld pipe in both bell end and plain end styles.
Whether specifying or installing our pipe, you can be
assured that North American Pipe will provide the pipe
Right, On Time, All the Time.

Pipe Standard:

ASTM D2241

Diameter Standard:

Iron Pipe Size (IPS)

Nominal Sizes:

, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12

Dimension Ratios &


Pressure Ratings:

SDR 41 100 psi


SDR 32.5 125 psi
SDR 26 160 psi

Lay Length:*

20 All Sizes
10 & 40 Select Sizes

Color:

White

Pipe Compound:

ASTM D1784 Cell Class 12454

Pipe Joint Std.:

ASTM D2672

Pipe Options:*

Solid Wall Plain End (M x M)


Solid Wall Bell End (M x F)

Certifications:

NSF 14 & NSF 61


IAPMO Uniform Plumbing Code**

Installation Std.:

ASTM D2774 & ASTM D2855

SDR 21 200 psi


SDR 17 250 psi
SDR 13. 5 315 psi

* Standard option for ordering is 20 Bell End pipe. Consult our Customer Service or
Sales Department for Plan End pipe options and other lengths.
**IAPMO Uniform Plumbing Code listed products must be requested at time of order.

TDS-D2241-2 Rev: A00

ASTM D2241: Solvent Weld PVC Pipe

NOMINAL
PIPE SIZE

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER
(OD)

"
1
1
1
2
2
3
4
6
8
10
12

1.050
1.315
1.660
1.900
2.375
2.875
3.500
4.500
6.625
8.625
10.750
12.750

MINIMUM WALL THICKNESS (T)


PR 100
SDR 41
------------.085
.110
.162
.210
.262
.311

PR 125
SDR 32.5
----.060
.060
.073
.088
.108
.138
.204
.265
.331
.392

PR 160
SDR 26
--.060
.064
.073
.091
.110
.135
.173
.255
.332
.413
.490

PR 200
SDR 21
.060
.063
.079
.090
.113
.137
.167
.214
.316
.410
.511
.606

PR 250
SDR 17
.062
.077
.098
.112
.140
.169
.206
.265
.390
.508
.632
.750

PR 315
SDR 13.5
.078
.097
.123
.141
.176
.213
.259
.333
.491
-------

APPROX.
BELL DEPTH
(C)
2.500
2.500
2.500
2.500
3.250
3.500
4.250
5.500
7.000
7.500
8.500
10.000

Notes:
1. These dimensions are for estimating purposes only. All dimension are in inches.
2. SDR = Standard Dimension Ratio
3. PR = Pressure Rating (psi)

TDS-D2241-2 Rev: A00

ASTM D2241: IPS Solvent Weld Pipe


NOMINAL
PIPE SIZE

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER

3
4
5
6
8
10
12

3.50
4.50
5.56
6.63
8.63
10.75
12.75

2
2
3
4
5
6
8
10
12

2.38
2.88
3.50
4.50
5.56
6.63
8.63
10.75
12.75

1
1
2
2
3
4
6
8
10
12

1.66
1.90
2.33
2.88
3.50
4.50
6.63
8.63
10.75
12.75

JOINTS PER
BUNDLE

*FEET PER
BUNDLE

FEET PER
TRUCKLOAD

1,760
1,140
760
520
280
240
80/160

28,160
18,240
12,160
8,320
4,480
2,880
2,240

4,080
2,700
1,760
1,140
760
520
280
240
80/160

65,280
43,200
28,160
18,240
12,160
8,320
4,480
2,880
2,240

4,780
6,300
4,080
2,700
1,760
1,140
520
280
240
80/160

114,720
100,800
65,280
43,200
28,160
18,240
8,320
4,480
2,880
2,240

SDR 41
88
57
38
26
14
12
4/8

SDR 32.5
204
135
88
57
38
26
14
12
4/8

SDR 25
239
315
204
135
88
57
26
14
12
4/8

Note: These dimensions are for estimating purposes only * Based on pipe length of 20 feet.

Rev: 04/2012

ASTM D2241: IPS Solvent Weld Pipe


NOMINAL
PIPE SIZE

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER

1
1
1
2
2
3
4
6
8
10
12

1.05
1.32
1.66
1.90
2.38
2.88
3.50
4.50
6.63
8.63
10.75
12.75

1
1
1
2
2
3
4
6
8
10
12

1.05
1.32
1.66
1.90
2.38
2.88
3.50
4.50
6.63
8.63
10.75
12.75

1
1
1
2
2
3
4
6

.84
1.05
1.32
1.66
1.90
2.38
2.88
3.50
4.50
6.63

JOINTS PER
BUNDLE

*FEET PER
BUNDLE

FEET PER
TRUCKLOAD

4,800
3,000
4,780
6,300
4,080
2,700
1,760
1,140
520
280
240
80/160

211,200
132,000
114,720
100,800
65,280
43,200
28,160
18,240
8,320
4,480
2,880
2,240

4,800
3,000
4,780
6,300
4,080
2,700
1,760
1,140
520
280
240
80/160

211,200
132,000
114,720
100,800
65,280
43,200
28,160
18,240
8,320
4,480
2,880
2,240

8,100
4,800
3,000
4,780
3,160
4,080
2,700
1,760
1,140
520

259,200
211,200
132,000
114,720
88,200
57,120
37,800
26,400
15,960
7,280

SDR 21
240
150
239
315
204
135
88
57
26
14
12
4/8

SDR 17
240
150
239
315
204
135
88
57
26
14
12
4/8

SDR 13.5
405
240
150
239
315
204
135
88
57
26

Note: These dimensions are for estimating purposes only * Based on pipe length of 20 feet.

ASTM D3034: Solvent Weld PVC Pipe


Plumbing & Irrigation
Gravity Sewer & Storm Water
North American Pipe Corporation's ASTM D3034 Solvent
Weld PVC Pipe product line is manufactured to meet the
needs of residential waste water control; residential,
commercial, industrial, and agricultural rain and storm
runoff systems; and other non-pressure applications.
With top quality raw materials and modern processing
technology, our ASTM D3034 pipe meets all industry
standards in addition to our own rigorous quality control
standards.
North American Pipe produces ASTM D3034 Solvent Weld
PVC pipe in both solid wall and various perforated styles.
Whether specifying or installing our pipe, you can be
assured that North American Pipe will provide the pipe
Right, On Time, All the Time.
Pipe Standard:

ASTM D3034

Diameter Standard:

PSM

Nominal Sizes:

4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 15

Pipe Compound:

ASTM D1784 Cell Class 12454

Dimension Ratios &


Pipe Stiffness:

SDR 35 46 psi
SDR 26 115 psi
SDR 23.5 153 psi

Lay Length:*

10, 14, or 20

Color:

Green

Pipe Options:*

Solid Wall Plain End (M x M)


Solid Wall Bell End (M x F)
2 Hole Perforated Bell End (M x F)
3 Hole Perforated Bell End (M x F)

Certifications:

IAPMO Uniform Plumbing Code**

Installation Std.:

ASTM D2321 & ASTM D2855

* Consult our Customer Service or Sales Department for availability of lay length and
options for a given nominal size and dimension ratio.
** IAPMO Uniform Plumbing Code listed products must be requested at time of order.
TDS-D3034-2 Rev: A00

ASTM D3034: Solvent Weld PVC Pipe

NOMINAL
PIPE SIZE

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER
(OD)

4
6
8
10
12
15

4.215
6.275
8.400
10.500
12.500
15.300

MINIMUM WALL THICKNESS (T)


PS 46
SDR 35
.120
.180
.240
.300
.360
.437

PS 115
SDR 26
.162
.241
.323
.404
.481
.588

PS 153
SDR 23.5
.178
.265
---------

APPROX.
BELL DEPTH
(C)
3.750
5.000
---------

Notes:
1. These dimensions are for estimating purposes only. All dimension are in inches.
2. SDR = Standard Dimension Ratio
3. PS = Pipe Stiffness(psi). This is a property that defines the pipes ability to resist external loading.

Perforated Bell End Pipe:


Number of Holes Per Row:

Perforation Hole Diameter:

Circumferential Hole Spacing:

120

60

Longitudinal Row Spacing:

2 Hole
Pattern

3 Hole
Pattern

TDS-D3034-2 Rev: A00

ASTM D3034: Solvent Weld Gravity Sewer Pipe


NOMINAL
PIPE SIZE

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER

4
6
8
10
12

4.22
6.28
8.40
10.50
12.50

4
6

4.22
6.28

4
6

4.22
6.28

4
6

4.22
6.28

JOINTS PER
BUNDLE

*FEET PER
BUNDLE

FEET PER
TRUCKLOAD

660
330
300
120
160

21,120
7,920
4,800
2,880
2,560

660
330

21,120
7,920

660
330

21,120
7,920

660
330

21,120
7,920

SDR 35 Solid
66
33
30
12
16

SDR 35 Perforated
66
33

SDR 26
66
33

SDR 23.5
66
33

Note: These dimensions are for estimating purposes only * Based on pipe length of 10 feet.

Rev: 04/2012

ASTM D2729: Solvent Weld PVC Pipe


Plumbing & Irrigation
Gravity Sewer & Drain

North American Pipe Corporation's ASTM D2729 Solvent


Weld PVC Pipe product line is manufactured to meet the
needs of residential waste water control; residential,
commercial, industrial, and agricultural rain and storm
runoff systems; radon remediation; and other nonpressure applications. With top quality raw materials and
modern processing technology, our ASTM D2729 pipe
meets all industry standards in addition to our own
rigorous quality control standards.
North American Pipe produces ASTM D2729 Solvent Weld
PVC pipe in both solid wall and various perforated styles.

Pipe Standard:

ASTM D2729

Diameter Standard:

PSM

Nominal Sizes:

3, 4, 6

Pipe Stiffness:

3 19 psi
4 11 psi
6 8 psi

Lay Length:

10

Color:

White

Pipe Compound:

ASTM D1784 Cell Class 12454

Pipe Options:

Solid Wall Bell End (M x F)


2 Hole Perforated Bell End (M x F)
3 Hole Perforated Bell End (M x F)

Installation Std.:

ASTM D2321 & ASTM D2855

TDS-D2729-1 Rev: A00

ASTM D2729: Solvent Weld PVC Pipe

NOMINAL PIPE
SIZE

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER
(OD)

APPROX.
BELL DEPTH
(C)

MINIMUM
WALL
THICKNESS (T)

3.250

2.500

.070

4.215

3.750

.075

6.275

5.000

.100

Notes:
1. These dimensions are for estimating purposes only. All dimension are in inches.

Perforated Bell End Pipe:


Number of Holes Per Row:

Perforation Hole Diameter:

Circumferential Hole Spacing:

120

60

Longitudinal Row Spacing:

2 Hole
Pattern

3 Hole
Pattern

TDS-D2729-1 Rev: A00

ASTM D2729: Sewer & Drain Pipe


NOMINAL
PIPE SIZE

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER

JOINTS PER
BUNDLE

*FEET PER
BUNDLE

FEET PER
TRUCKLOAD

3
4
6

3.25
4.22
6.28

88
66
33

880
660
330

28,160
21,120
7,920

Note: These dimensions are for estimating purposes only * Based on pipe length of 10 feet.

Rev: 04/2012

ASTM D2949: Solvent Weld PVC Pipe


Plumbing & Irrigation

3.25 Schedule 30 Drain, Waste, & Vent (DWV)


North American Pipe Corporation's ASTM D2949 Solvent
Weld PVC Pipe product line is manufactured to meet the
needs of commercial and residential piping systems. With
top quality raw materials and modern processing
technology, our ASTM D2949 Thin Wall DWV pipe meets
all industry standards in addition to our own rigorous
quality control standards.

Pipe Standard:

ASTM D2949

Diameter Standard:

3.25 OD

Nominal Sizes:

3.25

Pipe Stiffness:

115 psi

Lay Length:

10

Color:

White

Pipe Compound:

ASTM D1784 Cell Class 12454

Pipe Options:

Solid Wall Plain End (M x M)

Certifications:

NSF 14

Installation Std.:

ASTM D2949 & ASTM D2855

TDS-D2949-1 Rev: A00

ASTM D2949: Solvent Weld PVC Pipe

NOMINAL PIPE
SIZE

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER
(OD)

MINIMUM
WALL
THICKNESS (T)

3.25

3.250

.125

Notes:
1. These dimensions are for estimating purposes only. All dimension are in inches.

TDS-D2949-1 Rev: A00

ASTM D2949: Schedule 30 Thin Wall Pipe


NOMINAL
PIPE SIZE

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER

JOINTS PER
BUNDLE

*FEET PER
BUNDLE

FEET PER
TRUCKLOAD

3.25

88

880

28,160

Note: These dimensions are for estimating purposes only

Rev: 04/2012

ASTM F758: Highway Underdrain Pipe


North American Pipe's Solvent Weld ASTM F758
Highway Underdrain PVC product line is manufactured
to meet the needs of highway and airport underdrain.
With top quality raw materials and modern processing
technology, North American Pipe's Solvent Weld ASTM
F758 Highway Underdrain pipe meets all industry
standards in addition to our own rigorous quality
control standards. North American Pipes Solvent Weld
ASTM F758 pipe utilizes deep socket bells throughout
the entire product offering. North American Pipe
produces Highway Underdrain pipe in perforated
configurations. Whether specifying or installing our
pipe, you can be assured that North American Pipe will
provide the pipe Right, On Time, All the Time.

Short Form Specification


ASTM F758 Highway Underdrain Pipe
Pipe Standard:

ASTM F758

Pipe Compound:

ASTM D1784 Cell Class 12454

End Type:

Belled

Applications:

Highway & Airport


Underdrain

Color:

Green

Lay Length:

10

Installation:

North American Pipes


Installation Guide for Solvent
Welded PVC Pipe

Rev:04/2013

ASTM F758: Highway Underdrain Pipe

PIPE SIZE
4
6
8

OUTSIDE DIA.
NOM.
(OD)
4.22
6.28
8.40

**APPROX.
BELL DEPTH
(C)
4.00
5.00
6.00

MINIMUM
WALL
THICKNESS (T)
.120
.180
.240

4, 6 & 8 perforated pipe is supplied with 4 rows of 1/4 to 3/8 diameter holes every
3 inches. Perforated pipe shall be perforated in accordance to ASTM F-758.
Note: These dimensions are for estimating purposes only

Rev: 04/2013

ASTM F758: Highway Underdrain Pipe


NOMINAL
PIPE SIZE

OUTSIDE
DIAMETER

JOINTS PER
BUNDLE

*FEET PER
BUNDLE

FEET PER
TRUCKLOAD

4
6
8

4.22
6.28
8.40

66
33
30

660
330
300

21,120
7,920
4,800

Note: These dimensions are for estimating purposes only * Based on pipe length of 10 feet.

Rev: 04/2012

Installation Guide for Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pressure Pipe


This installation guide has been developed by North
American Pipe Corporation for use as a field installation
guide. General information regarding the correct installation
of PVC pressure pipe and assembly of integral bell gasketed
joints is included.
For more detailed technical information, refer to American
Water Works Association C605, Underground Installation of
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Pressure Pipe and Fittings for
Water. This installation guide outlines design and
construction practices. The statements contained in this
installation guide are those of North American Pipe
Corporation and are not warranties, nor are they intended to
be warranties.

RECEIVING
When a load of pipe arrives at a job site, it is your
responsibility to check it thoroughly. If possible, inspect each
piece for damage. Check quantities against the shipping list.
Note missing or damaged items on bill of lading. Set aside
any damaged items and notify the shipper.

UNLOADING
It is also your responsibility to unload the shipment. DO IT
WITH REASONABLE CARE. Careless unloading can result in
damaged product or personal injury.

TRENCHING
Clean trenches save time and money. Dont let the
excavated material block sidewalks, drive or utility outlets.
Follow all safety rules and regulations. Protect workers with
sheeting and trench boxes in hazardous areas and slope walls
in dry soils. When sheeting or trench box is moved, make
sure the pipe is not moved and the side support material is
not disturbed.

WIDTH OF TRENCH
The width of the top of the trench will be determined by
local conditions. At the pipe zone, the trench width should
be kept to a practical minimum.
The minimum clear width of the trench measured at the
springline of the pipe is generally specified at least one foot
greater than the outside diameter of the pipe to enable
backfill material to be installed in the haunching area. Where
embedment compaction is required, the trench shall be wide
enough to accommodate the compaction equipment. If
minimum trench width is exceeded, and embedment
compaction is required, pipe zone haunching should be
compacted to a point at least one pipe diameter from the
pipe on both sides of the pipe.

DEPTH OF TRENCH

Use a fork-lift or front-end loader with fork attachment, if


available. Ensure the fork attachment is long enough to
support the bundles. When unloading by hand, remove one
piece at a time, and block the shipment to keep pipe from
rolling off the truck.

For water distribution and transmission lines, pipe should be


buried so that the top of the pipe is at least 6 inches (150
mm) below the deepest recorded penetration of frost.
Where surface loads will be encountered and where frost is
not a problem, the minimum height of cover over the crown
of the pipe is 12 inches (300 mm).

STORAGE

THE BOTTOM OF THE TRENCH

If you can unload the shipment in unit packages, the pipe will
be easier to store. Stack it on reasonably level ground. If you
unload one piece at a time, place the pipe bevel to bell.
Never stack over eight feet in height. Dont stack the pipe
next to heat sources such as boilers, steam lines, electrical
equipment or engine exhausts. Gaskets should also be
protected from heat, oil and grease.

The objective of bedding is to provide a continuous support


for the pipe at the required line and grade. Frozen material
should not be used to support or bed the pipe. At least 4
inches (100 mm) of bedding material should be placed under
the pipe if rocky conditions exist. The bedding may or may
not be compacted, but in any event, the projecting bells of
the pipe should be properly relieved in the trench bottom so
that the entire pipe is evenly supported by the bedding.
Where the trench bottom is unstable (organic material, or
quick sand or similar material), the trench bottom should
be over-excavated and brought back to grade with approved
material.

HANDLING
DO NOT DROP THE PIPE. String pipe close to the trench with
the bell ends pointing in the direction of work progress to
save extra effort. Be particularly careful in very cold
weather. The following table provides approximate weights
only and is provided for use as a guide in selection of
handling equipment.

Rev: 10/2014

Installation Guide for Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pressure Pipe


LOWERING THE PIPE INTO THE TRENCH
Place the pipe and fittings into the trench using ropes and
skids, slings on the backhoe bucket, or by hand. Do not
throw the pipe or fittings into the trench or allow any part of
the pipe to take an unrestrained fall onto the trench bottom.
At this point, the pipe and other accessories are in a good
position for final inspection. Ensure there are no damaged
materials before assembly begins.

FIELD CUTTING
PVC pipe can be easily cut with a hacksaw or power- driven
abrasive disc. Be sure you make a square cut. Bevel the end
with a beveling tool, wood rasp or power sander to the same
angle as provided on the factory-finished pipe. Remark the
insertion line on the spigot using a factory marked spigot as a
guide.

PRE-ASSEMBLY

Remove all dirt and other foreign material from the bell
interior and spigot exterior that could prevent an effective
seal between the bell and spigot. Carefully clean the gasket
and groove area behind the gasket. Check each gasket to
ensure that it is seated uniformly in the groove by running
your finger around the edge of the gasket. DO NOT REMOVE
THE GASKET FROM THE GROOVE FOR CLEANING. The gasket
is not removable and will be damaged by attempts to
remove it.

LUBRICATION

IF NECESSARY

The bar and block method is recommended as a worker is


able to feel the amount of force being used and whether
the joint goes together smoothly. Larger pipe will require
mechanical assistance to apply sufficient force to assemble
the joint. With mechanical devices, care must be taken to
insure that the spigot is NOT OVERINSERTED and that
previously assembled pipe joints are not disturbed. This is
accomplished by inserting only to the insertion line on the
spigot end. In all cases, good alignment of the pipe is
essential for proper assembly. If the pipe is misaligned,
overinserted or assembled with excessive force, the
following are possible consequences:

rolled gaskets

split bells
failure to pass acceptance testing (e.g. hydrostatic
pressure test)

damage to previously assembled joints

INSTALLING PIPE THROUGH CASINGS


When the pipeline intercepts a heavily traveled, protected or
landscaped area, it may be necessary to install the pipe
through a protective casing. There are five major
precautions to observe in the design of the casings and while
pushing the pipe through the casing. These are:

Lubricant should be applied to the bevel and exterior pipe


wall of the spigot approximately mid-way back to the
insertion line. Apply lubricant to the inside surface of the
gasket in the bell. Only use supplied or approved lubricants.

2. Install spacers and skids on the PVC pipe.

PROBLEMS

3. Minimize the friction force during the push.

If you have trouble assembling the joint, disassemble and


examine the gasket. Be sure the gasket is properly seated
and both pipe segments are in straight alignment. If the
gasket is damaged, cut off the bell, bevel the new edge, and
use a coupling to assemble the two pipe segments.
If the pipe is misaligned, over-inserted, or assembled with
excessive force, the following are possible consequences:
Rolled or torn gaskets,
Split bells,
Acceptance testing failure (e.g. hydrostatic pressure test),
Leaky joints after temperature changes or earth
movement,
Damage to previously assembled joints.

1. Select the appropriate casing size.

4. Avoid over-insertion.
5. Install a water-permeable seal at the casing ends.

CASING SIZE
The casing size should be large enough to readily
accommodate the maximum outside diameter at the pipe
bells and the projections of the supporting skids. The casing
should not be so large as to permit excessive whipping or
snaking of the PVC pipe when it is pressurized after
installation in the casing.

Rev: 10/2014

Installation Guide for Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pressure Pipe


JOINT ASSEMBLY

Prior to joint assembly, both pipe lengths must be in straight alignment to prevent gasket tearing or rollout during insertion.
Push the lubricated spigot end into the bell beyond the gasket. Pipe spigots are marked either with one or two insertion lines
that indicate how far the spigot is to be inserted in to the bell. DO NOT OVERINSERT THE JOINT. Correct assembly of the pipe
joint is shown below.
For single insertion line products, the spigot should be pushed into the adjoining bell until the insertion line is flush with the
edge of the bell.

For dual insertion line products, the spigot should be pushed into the adjoining bell until the edge of the bell is between the
two insertion lines. One line should be hidden by the bell, and one line should still be visible.

The bar and block method of assembly is recommend as a worker is able to the feel the amount of force being used and
whether the joint slides together smoothly.
Larger pipe will require mechanical assistance to apply sufficient force to assemble the joint. With mechanical devices, care
must be taken to ensure that the spigot is NOT OVERINSERTED and that previously assembled pipe joints are not disturbed.

Installation Guide for Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pressure Pipe


SKIDS
The pipe should not rest on the bells after installation in the
casing. Runners, or skids, should be attached to the barrel of
the pipe with steel straps for a sufficient distance along the
barrel to prevent any portion of the pipe contacting the
casing. Pipe sizes 12 inch (300 mm) and under should have
four skids arranged at 90 intervals around the pipe. Pipe
over 12 inch (300 mm) may need six skids at 60 around the
pipe at intervals adequate to ensure that no part of the barrel
or bell is in contact with the casing. To help prevent overbelling as the pipeline is pushed though the casing, place one
set of runners with their ends even with the assembly line on
the spigot end of the pipe. The wood used to make the skids
should not be creosote treated, because this material will
damage the pipe.

MECHANICAL CASING SPACERS


Mechanical pipe spacers are available to provide proper
separation between the carrier pipe and the casing. These
spacers are manufactured from polyethylene, stainless steel
or carbon steel and come complete with runners to provide
clearance for the bell spigot assemblies. The casing spacer
manufacturer should be contacted for information on the
location and number of casing spacers required.

EMBEDMENT
The use of proper embedment materials is very important to
trouble-free operation of the pipe system. Avoid using
angular rock larger than inch (20 mm) or rounded rock
larger than 1 inches (40 mm) for embedment.

BEDDING
Bedding may be used to bring the trench bottom up to grade
before the pipe is installed. Its purpose is to provide
continuous support. Where required, a maximum depth of 4
to 6 inches (100 to 150 mm) is normal.

HAUNCHING
Placement of the haunching material is the most important
factor affecting pipe performance and deflection. Proper
placement of material in the haunch reduces voids and
increases pipe support. Granular materials may be properly
placed using techniques such as shovel slicing. Place material
under the haunches and at least halfway up the pipe to
provide side support. Make sure the material is properly
compacted. CAREFUL: DONT MOVE THE PIPE. DONT
DISTURB SIDE SUPPORT WHEN MOVING SHEETING OR
TRENCH BOX.

The material placed to the sides of the pipe from the bedding
to about the springline (center line) is intended to help the
pipe support the vertical loads. The pipe stiffness and
anticipated loadings will dictate whether or not any
compaction of the haunch material is necessary.

INITIAL BACKFILL
The material placed over the crown of the pipe to a height of
6 to 12 inches (150 to 300 mm) is the initial backfill. Where it
is not otherwise specified, the initial backfill may consist of
the native material in the trench provided it is free from
large stones, not frozen, and free of debris or other organic
materials. The purpose of the initial backfill is to protect the
pipe from the final backfill.
Machine compaction of initial backfill directly over the pipe is
not desirable unless adequate cover has been provided to
protect the pipe. Adequate cover will depend on the type of
compaction equipment. For adequate cover to prevent pipe
damage or deflection, consult the project engineer.

FINAL BACKFILL
In the final backfill, avoid using rocks over 4 inches (100 mm),
clumps of frozen soil, rubble and other such material. In
most cases, the material that was originally excavated can be
used for final backfill.

COMPACTING THE BACKFILL


Compact the haunching, initial backfill and final backfill in
accordance with the job drawings. Observe the following
precautions:
1. When a self-compacting material is used, such as
crushed stone, ensure the material does not arch or
bridge beneath the haunch of the pipe. Remove such
voids by shovel slicing.
2. When compacting the material underneath and at either
side of the pipe, do not allow the tool or the machine to
strike the pipe.
3. When compaction in excess of 85% standard proctor
density is required in the haunching area, ensure that
the compacting effort does not dislodge the pipe from
the correct grade. If the compacting effort dislodges the
pipe, re-lay the pipe to the correct grade.
4. It is not necessary to compact the initial backfill directly
over the top of the pipe for the sake of the pipes
structural strength. However, it may be necessary for
the sake of roadway integrity.
Rev: 10/2014

Installation Guide for Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pressure Pipe


TYPICAL EMBEDMENT TYPES
Type 1
Flat-bottom trench. Loose embedment.
E = 50 psi (340 kPa), K = 0.110

Type 2
Flat-bottom trench. Embedment lightly consolidated to centerline of pipe.
E = 200 psi (1,380 kPa), K = 0.110

Type 3
Pipe bedded on 4 in. (100 mm) minimum of loose soil. Embedment lightly
consolidated to top of pipe.
E = 400 psi (2,760 kPa), K = 0.102

Type 4
Pipe bedded on sand, gravel, or crushed stone to depth of 1/8 pipe
diameter, 4 in. (100 mm) minimum. Embedment compacted to top of pipe.
(Approximately 80 percent Standard Proctor, AASHTO T-99 or ASTM
D698.)
E = 1,000 psi (6,900 kPa), K = 0.096

Type 5
Pipe embedded in compacted granular material to centerline of pipe.
Compacted granular or select material to top of pipe. (Approximately 90
percent Standard Proctor, AASHTO T-99 or ASTM D698.)
E = 2,000 psi (13,800 kPa), K = 0.083

immediately after the pipe has been laid, the testing may be
carried out after backfilling has been completed, but before
placement of permanent surface. In all cases, sufficient
backfill shall be placed to confine the pipe system during
testing.
The engineer shall assure that the pressure and leakage test
requirements do not exceed the design pressure of the pipe,
fittings or the specified thrust restraint capabilities at the
specified time of test.
Procedure: The following procedure is based on the
assumption that the pressure and leakage tests will be
performed at the same time. Separate tests may be made if
desired; however, if separate tests are made, the pressure
test shall be made first.
Each section of the pipeline shall be slowly filled with water
and all air expelled by means of taps at high points. The
specified test pressure shall be applied by means of a pump
connected to the pipe in a manner satisfactory to the
engineer. The test pressure shall be maintained by
additional pumping if necessary for the specified time during
which the system and all exposed pipe, fittings, valves and
hydrants shall be carefully examined for leakage. All
defective elements shall be repaired or removed and
replaced and the test repeated until all visible leakage has
been stopped and the allowable leakage requirements have
been met.
Test Method: The contractor may perform simultaneous
pressure and leakage tests, or he may perform separate
pressure and leakage tests on the installed system at test
durations and pressures specified below.
Duration
of Test

Procedure

Pressure

Simultaneous
Pressure and
Leakage Tests

Two Hours

At the end of each workday, be sure that all installed pipe


ends are covered to keep dirt, debris and animals
from entering the pipe. Backfill is needed to avoid
flotation.

150% of Working Pressure at Point of


Test, but not less than 125% of
Normal Working Pressure at Highest
Elevation

Separate
Pressure Test

150% of Working Pressure at Point of


Test, but not less than 125% of
Normal Working Pressure at Highest
Elevation

One Hour

ACCEPTANCE TESTING

Separate
Leakage Test

150% of Normal Average Working


Pressure of Segment Tested

Two Hours

OVERNIGHT PRECAUTIONS

General: Sufficient backfill (approximately 1 times the pipe


size) shall be placed over the pipe prior to filling with water
and testing to prevent lifting of the pipe. When local
conditions require that the trenches be backfilled

Rev: 04/2012

Installation Guide for Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pressure Pipe


Allowable Make-Up Water: After pressurizing the line for
testing in accordance with the above table, a measurement
of allowable make-up water must be made. Make-up water
is defined as the volume of water necessary to be added to
bring the line pressure back to its initial test value. The
maximum allowable pressure drop during the testing is 5 psi
(35 kPa). It is possible that no make-up water will be
required, that is, if the pressure remains unchanged during
the test period. The make-up water volume must then be
compared to an allowable water loss as determined by the
following formula:
L = NDP / 7400
L is the allowable water loss in gallons per hour; N is the
number of joints in the length of pipeline tested; D is the
nominal diameter of the pipe in inches; and P is the average
test pressure during the hydrostatic proof test in pounds per
square inch gauge. Water loss values determined by the
above formula can be found below.
Allowable Water Loss for Pressure Pipe Systems
(U.S. Gallons per hour)
Per 1000 Feet or 50 Joints
Nominal
Pipe Size
(In)
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24
30

Average Pressure in Line (p.s.i)


50
0.19
0.29
0.38
0.48
0.57
0.67
0.76
0.86
0.96
1.15
1.43

100
0.27
0.41
0.54
0.68
0.81
0.95
1.08
1.22
1.35
1.62
2.03

150
0.33
0.50
0.66
0.83
0.99
1.16
1.32
1.49
1.66
1.99
2.48

200
0.38
0.57
0.76
0.96
1.15
1.34
1.53
1.72
1.91
2.29
2.87

250
0.43
0.64
0.85
1.07
1.28
1.50
1.71
1.92
2.14
2.56
3.21

Should the make-up water volume exceed the allowable


water loss based on the formula, it is probably that the
system has a leak that must be located and repaired. The
test must be repeated after any repairs are made.

SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS
Allowable Bending: Some changes in direction may be
accomplished without the use of elbows, sweeps or other
fittings. Controlled bending within acceptable limits can be
accommodated by PVC pipe. A general rule of thumb for the
minimum bending radius (Rb) calculation is Rb = 300 O.D. In
most cases, if bending is required, it can and should be
accomplished manually. It is not recommended to attempt
bending pipes greater than 12 (300 mm) in diameter due to
the forces required.
Joint Deflection: Changes in direction may also be
accomplished through joint deflection. Either joint deflection
or longitudinal bending may be used for changes in direction,
BUT NOT BOTH, on the same length of pipe. Maximum joint
deflection for all sizes is 1.
Thermal Effects: PVC will display a variation in physical
properties with changes in temperature. Extremely cold
temperatures result in increases in pipe stiffness and tensile
strength and decreases in impact strength. The decrease in
impact strength requires care in handling during installation
in cold temperatures.
The actual rate of expansion/contraction for PVC is 3/8 inch
per 100 feet of pipe per 10 degrees F temperature change.
Stresses caused by thermal changes are rarely ever
generated in PVC pipe due to gasketed joints absorbing any
thermal movement.
Disinfection: For information on the procedures for
disinfecting water mains, refer to AWWA C651, Disinfecting
Water Mains.
Joint Restraint Devices: Mechanical thrust restraint devices
are available which clamp to the wall of the pipe and tie back
to a mating collar on the fitting or pipe bell. It is
recommended that such devices conform to the
requirements of ASTM F1674, which specifies restraint
devices for use with PVC pipe. Contact the joint restraint
manufacturer for installation recommendations.

Having a make-up water volume below the allowable leakage


indicates a successful proof test. Very low volumes of makeup water normally do not indicate a leak, but rather just a
small increase in interior pipe volume due to radical
expansion, air entrapment, or slight movement of the thrust
restraint devices.
Rev: 10/2014

Installation Guide for Gasketed Integral Bell PVC Pressure Pipe


CHECKLIST Dont Forget!
Take all sensible precautions necessary to protect
workers and materials.
Plan ahead for fittings.
Use trench boxes for shoring in unstable conditions.
Dont disturb pipe when moving trench boxes or shoring materials.

Bed the pipe to provide continuous support along the full


length.

Place embedment in the haunch area.


Properly lubricate the spigot and gasket.
Properly assemble joints by adhering to insertion mark
diagrams and ensuring straight alignment of adjoining
pipe segments during spigot insertion.
See American Water Works Association C605,
Underground Installation of Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)
Pressure Pipe and Fittings for Water for detailed design
installation recommendations.
Consult North American Pipe for specifics regarding
gaskets or lubricants.
Check with engineer regarding specifications and
procedures.

Rev: 10/2014

Installation Guide for PVC Solid Wall Sewer Pipe


This installation guide has been developed by North
American Pipe Corporation for use as a field installation
guide. General information regarding the correct installation
of PVC solid-wall sewer pipe and assembly of integral bell
gasketed joints is included.

When exposure in excess of two years to direct sunlight is


unavoidable, PVC pipe should be covered with an opaque
material while permitting adequate air circulation above and
around the pipe, as required to prevent excessive heat
accumulation.

For more detailed technical information, refer to ASTM


D2321 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of
Thermoplastic Pipe for Sewers and Other Gravity-Flow
Applications. This installation guide outlines design and
construction practices.

HANDLING

The statements contained in this installation guide are those


of North American Pipe Corporation and are not warranties,
nor are they intended to be warranties.

TRENCHING

RECEIVING
When a load of pipe arrives at a job site, it is your
responsibility to check it thoroughly. If possible, inspect each
piece for damage. Check quantities against the shipping list.
Note that once the pipe leaves the plant, it becomes the
property of the trucker. Any damaged or missing items must
be documented on the bill of lading. Set aside any damaged
items and notify the shipper.

UNLOADING
It is also your responsibility to unload the shipment. DO IT
WITH REASONABLE CARE. Careless unloading can result in
damaged product or personal injury. PVC pipe is tough, but
dont slam it around!

DO NOT DROP THE PIPE. String pipe close to the trench with
the bell ends pointing in the direction of work progress to
save extra effort. Be particularly careful in very cold
weather.

Clean trenches save time and money. Dont let the


excavated material block sidewalks, drive or utility outlets.
Follow all safety rules and regulations. Protect workers with
sheeting and trench boxes in hazardous areas and slope walls
in dry soils. When sheeting or trench box is moved, make
sure the pipe is not moved and the side support material is
not disturbed.

DE-WATERING
Keep the trench as dry as possible until the pipe has been
installed and enough backfill placed to prevent the pipe from
floating. PVC pipe will readily float if not filled with water or
weighted down. The height of loose backfill material
required to prevent flotation of empty pipe is conservatively
equal to 1.5 times the pipe diameter.

FIELD CUTTING

Use a fork-lift or front-end loader with fork attachment, if


available. Ensure the fork attachment is long enough to
support the bundles. When unloading by hand, remove one
piece at a time, and block the shipment to keep pipe from
rolling off the truck.

PVC pipe can be easily cut with a hacksaw or power- driven


abrasive disc. Be sure you make a square cut. Bevel the end
with a beveling tool, wood rasp or power sander to the same
angle as provided on the factory-finished pipe. Remark the
insertion line on the spigot using a factory marked spigot as a
guide.

STORAGE

ASSEMBLY

If you can unload the shipment in unit packages, the pipe will
be easier to store. Stack it on reasonably level ground. If you
unload one piece at a time, place the pipe bevel to bell.
Never stack over eight feet in height. Dont stack the pipe
next to heat sources such as boilers, steam lines, electrical
equipment or engine exhausts. Gaskets should also be
protected from heat, oil and grease.

Remove any mud, sand or other foreign material from the


bell interior and spigot exterior that could prevent an
effective seal between the bell and spigot. Carefully clean
the gasket area. Do not remove the gasket from the bell.
Make sure the gasket is seated uniformly in the groove by
running your finger around the edge of the gasket.

Rev: 04/2012

Installation Guide for PVC Solid Wall Sewer Pipe


LUBRICATION
Lubricant should be applied to the bevel of the spigot end
and approximately mid-way back to the insertion line, and to
the gasket surface which makes contact with the spigot end.
Only use supplied or approved lubricants.

JOINT ASSEMBLY
Push lubricated end past gasket into the bell until the
insertion line on the spigot is even with the edge of the bell.
DO NOT OVERINSERT.

PROBLEMS
If you have trouble assembling the joint, disassemble and
examine the gasket. Replace if damaged. Be sure the gasket
is properly seated and both pipe lengths are in straight
alignment. Repeat assembly steps. Correct assembly is
achieved when the insertion line on the spigot is lined up
with the edge of the bell.

FOUNDATION
A foundation is required when the trench bottom is unstable.
Any foundation that will support a rigid pipe without causing
loss of grade or structural breakage will be more than
adequate for PVC pipes.

IF NECESSARY

BEDDING

The bar and block method is recommended as a worker is


able to feel the amount of force being used and whether the
joint goes together smoothly. Larger pipe will require
mechanical assistance to apply sufficient force to assemble
the joint. Such mechanical devices are available if desired.
Care must be taken to insure that the spigot is NOT
OVERINSERTED and that previously assembled pipe joints are
not disturbed. This is accomplished by inserting only to the
insertion line on the spigot end. In all cases, good alignment
of the pipe is essential for proper assembly. If the pipe is
misaligned, overinserted or assembled with excessive force,
the following are possible consequences:

Bedding may be used to bring the trench bottom up to grade


before the pipe is installed. Its purpose is to provide
continuous and uniform support. Where required, a
maximum depth of 4 to 6 inches is normal.

rolled gaskets
split bells
failure to pass acceptance testing (e.g. low-pressure air
testing and mandrel testing)
or damage to previously assembled joints

EMBEDMENT
Terms used in pipe installation are illustrated in this cross
section. The use of proper embedment materials is very
important to trouble-free operation of the pipe system.
Avoid using rocks larger than 1 inches for embedment.

HAUNCHING
Placement of the haunching material is the most important
factor affecting pipe performance and deflection. Proper
placement of material in the haunch reduces voids and
increases pipe support. Granular materials may be properly
placed using techniques such as shovel slicing. Place material
under the haunches and at least halfway up the pipe to
provide side support. Make sure the material is properly
compacted. CAREFUL: DONT MOVE THE PIPE. DONT
DISTURB SIDE SUPPORT WHEN MOVING SHEETING OR
TRENCH BOX.

INITIAL BACKFILL
Initial backfill protects the pipe from damage during the final
backfill. Machine compaction
of initial backfill directly over the pipe is not desirable unless
adequate cover has been provided to protect the pipe.
Adequate cover will depend on the type of compaction
equipment. For adequate cover to prevent pipe damage or
deflection, consult the project engineer.

Rev: 04/2012

Installation Guide for PVC Solid Wall Sewer Pipe


For a pipe under a road surface at shallow depths between 1
and 3 feet, specific embedment materials and compaction
levels are recommended. The embedment material should
be Class I (crushed rock) or Class II (clean sand and gravel) as
described in ASTM D2321. This material should be installed
from the bottom of the trench up to the bottom of the
pavement and compacted to 95 percent of proctor density.

FINAL BACKFILL
In the final backfill, avoid using rocks over 4 inches, clumps of
frozen soil, rubble and other such material. In general, the
material which was originally excavated can be used, and it
must be compacted to suit the engineer.

OVERNIGHT PRECAUTIONS
At the end of each workday, be sure that all installed pipe
ends are covered to keep dirt, debris and animals from
entering the pipe.

SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS
Allowable Bending: Some changes in direction may be
accomplished without the use of elbows, sweeps or other
fittings. Controlled bending within acceptable limits can be
accommodated by PVC pipe. A general rule of thumb for the
minimum bending radius (Rb) calculation is Rb = 300 O.D.
Tighter bending radii may be achieved for certain products.
Block or brace pipe joints to ensure that bending of the pipe
does not result in axial deflection of the joint. Excessive axial
deflection may result in damaging stresses or leakage. In
most cases, if bending is required, it can and should be
accomplished manually.
Joint Deflection: Changes in direction may also be
accomplished through joint deflection. Either joint deflection
or longitudinal bending may be used for changes in direction,
BUT NOT BOTH, on the same length of pipe. Maximum joint
deflection for all sizes is 1
Manhole Connection: Proper manhole connections are
essential to good system performance. The following
precautions are recommended:
Insure stable foundation and bedding for the manhole
and connecting pipe to prevent shifting which could
damage connection.
Use a water stop gasket produced from elastomeric
material which prevents leakage while allowing
longitudinal pipe movement.
Use a nonshrinking or expansive type grout for making
connections of pipe and waterstop to manhole walls.

Acceptance Testing: Low pressure air testing has been an


acceptable method of insuring integrity of the installed
sewer system. Infiltration testing is an alternative method
which is accurate only when the pipe is completely under
water. Exfiltration testing can be complicated by entrapped
air. Uni-Bell PVC Pipe Association publication UNI-B-6,
Recommended Practice for Low-Pressure Air Testing of
Installed Sewer Pipe, describes testing procedures and is
available at http://www.uni-bell.org.
Thermal Effects: PVC will display a variation in physical
properties with changes in temperature. Extremely cold
temperatures result in increases in pipe stiffness and tensile
strength and decreases in impact strength. The decrease in
impact strength requires care in handling during installation
in cold temperatures.
Increases in temperature above 73.4 F result in decreases in
tensile strength and pipe stiffness and increased impact
strength. Decreases in pipe stiffness require that more care
be taken during installation to avoid excessive deflection.
Risers: Sewer risers or vertical stacks may be required in
deep sanitary sewers to minimize excavation for service
lines. Risers are generally permitted where the main sewer
line is deeper than 7 ft. (2 m).
The vertical riser pipe creates a load scenario not common in
other sewer installations. Any settlement of material
alongside the riser produces a drag-down load due to the
frictional forces at their interface. Additionally, settlement
of the lateral fitting assembly produces the same drag down
load. These loads must be mitigated or transferred
harmlessly off the stack to prevent such things as overinsertion, fittings fracture, main sewer line deflection or
misalignment, etc.
The following practices are considered appropriate for all
riser installations:
Transitions from horizontal to vertical should be smooth
and well supported. This may be accomplished with
fitting combinations, gradual bends and/or trench
geometry.
Service laterals from the main sewer should exit at an
angle no greater than 45 degrees from the horizontal.
A single joint of lateral pipe should be used for the riser
section whenever possible (up to 13 feet).
Rev: 04/2012

Installation Guide for PVC Solid Wall Sewer Pipe

In order to minimize or eliminate settlement and the


resulting loading, compaction is critical beneath the main
line sewer, elevation fitting and any horizontal portion of
the assembly (top and bottom).

Deep risers (13 ft. (4 m.) or greater) may require special


design.
Soil Migration: Where conditions are such that running or
standing water occurs in the trench, or substantial seasonal
water table changes are expected, consideration must be
given to preventing soil migration. Materials used for
underdrains, bedding or haunching should be of proper
gradation and thickness to prevent migration of material
between the underdrain, pipe embedment and native soils in
the trench below and at the sides of the pipe.
Overexcavation: Maintaining proper grade is essential to
good system performance. Where overexcavation does
occur, care must be taken that the elevation under the entire
length of the pipe is brought up, rather than at the bells only,
to insure proper support of the pipe and prevent sagging
between joints.

CHECKLIST Dont Forget!


Take all sensible precautions necessary to protect
workers and materials.
Plan ahead for fittings.
Use trench boxes for shoring in unstable conditions.
Dont disturb pipe when moving trench boxes or shoring
materials.
Properly assemble joints by inserting until the insertion
line is even with the lip of the bell.
Insure water tight seal at manhole connection.
Keep trench bottom as dry as possible.
See ASTM D2321 Standard Practice for Underground
Installation of Thermoplastic Pipe for Sewers and Other
Gravity-Flow Applications for detailed design installation
recommendations.
Consult North American Pipe for specifics regarding
gaskets or lubricants.
Check with engineer regarding specifications and
procedures.

Rev: 04/2012

Installation Guide for Solvent Welded PVC Pipe


This installation guide has been developed by North
American Pipe Corporation for use as a field installation
guide. General information regarding the correct installation
of solvent PVC pressure pipe is included.
For more detailed technical information, refer to ASTM
D2321 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of
Thermoplastic Pipe for Sewers and Other Gravity-Flow
Applications and ASTM F1668 Standard Guide for
Construction Procedures for Buried Plastic Pipe. This
installation guide outlines design and construction practices.
The statements contained in this installation guide are those
of North American Pipe Corporation and are not warranties,
nor are they intended to be warranties.

RECEIVING
When a load of pipe arrives at a job site, it is your
responsibility to check it thoroughly. If possible, inspect each
piece for damage. Check quantities against the shipping list.
Note missing or damaged items on bill of lading. Set aside
any damaged items and notify the shipper.

UNLOADING
It is also your responsibility to unload the shipment. DO IT
WITH REASONABLE CARE. Careless unloading can result in
damaged product or personal injury.
Use a fork-lift or front-end loader with fork attachment, if
available. Ensure the fork attachment is long enough to
support the bundles. When unloading by hand, remove one
piece at a time, and block the shipment to keep pipe from
rolling off the truck.

STORAGE
If you can unload the shipment in unit packages, the pipe will
be easier to store. Stack it on reasonably level ground. If you
unload one piece at a time, place the pipe bevel to bell.
Never stack over eight feet in height. Dont stack the pipe
next to heat sources such as boilers, steam lines, electrical
equipment or engine exhausts.

HANDLING
DO NOT DROP THE PIPE. String pipe close to the trench with
the bell ends pointing in the direction of work progress to
save extra effort. Be particularly careful in very cold
weather.

TRENCHING
Clean trenches save time and money. Dont let the
excavated material block sidewalks, drive or utility outlets.
Follow all safety rules and regulations. Protect workers with
sheeting and trench boxes in hazardous areas and slope walls
in dry soils. When sheeting or trench box is moved, make
sure the pipe is not moved and the side support material is
not disturbed.

WIDTH OF TRENCH
The width of the top of the trench will be determined by
local conditions. At the pipe zone, the trench width should
be kept to a practical minimum.
The minimum clear width of the trench measured at the
springline of the pipe is generally specified at least one foot
greater than the outside diameter of the pipe to enable
backfill material to be installed in the haunching area. Where
embedment compaction is required, the trench shall be wide
enough to accommodate the compaction equipment. If
minimum trench width is exceeded, and embedment
compaction is required, pipe zone haunching should be
compacted to a point at least one pipe diameter from the
pipe on both sides of the pipe.

DEPTH OF TRENCH
For water distribution and transmission lines, pipe should be
buried so that the top of the pipe is at least 6 inches (150
mm) below the deepest recorded penetration of frost.
Where surface loads will be encountered and where frost is
not a problem, the minimum height of cover over the crown
of the pipe is 12 inches (300 mm).

THE BOTTOM OF THE TRENCH


The objective of bedding is to provide a continuous support
for the pipe at the required line and grade. Frozen material
should not be used to support or bed the pipe. At least 4
inches (100 mm) of bedding material should be placed under
the pipe if rocky conditions exist. The bedding may or may
not be compacted, the entire pipe should be evenly
supported by the bedding. Where the trench bottom is
unstable (organic material, or quick sand or similar
material), the trench bottom should be over-excavated and
brought back to grade with approved material.

Rev: 04/2012

Installation Guide for Solvent Welded PVC Pipe


ASSEMBLY

APPLICATION OF PRIMER AND CEMENT

Using a fine-tooth hand or power saw to cut the pipe square


with its axis. A rotary cutter specifically designed for use
with PVC pipe may be used if its use does not raise a burr or
ridge at the cut edge. Remove any burrs or ridges that might
have developed during the cutting process.

To apply the primer and cement use a natural or nylon brush


with a width that is approximately 1/2 the diameter of the
pipe. A dauber, again approximately the pipe diameter in
width may be used for pipe sizes 2 inch and smaller.

The solvent-cement joint is designed as interference fit joint.


Dry fit the joint by inserting the dry spigot into the bell.
Typically this interference develops when the spigot is
inserted to about 1/3 to 2/3 of the socket depth. If the pipe
is at the minimum tolerance and the socket is at the
maximum tolerance it is possible that the spigot will inset
fully into the socket the fit should be snug. Select a different
fitting or pipe if the fit is wobbly.
Make sure that the mating surfaces are clean by removing
any moisture, oil, dirt, or other foreign material.

BEFORE APPLICATION
Confirm that the available primer and solvent-cement are
compatible and intended for use with the material to be
joined. Keep the primer and cement containers closed when
not in use. The cement should be discarded if there is an
appreciable change in the viscosity.
Bonding of a typical solvent-cement joint develops in two
ways. The section with the interference fit the pipe and
socket fuses together. In the looser fit section the cement
bonds the surfaces. The cement softens the joint surfaces so
that fusion or bonding can take place. Primer is used to aid
in the softening process and improves the bonding and
fusion.

Apply the primer to the inside of the bell first. Use a


scrubbing motion to ensure penetration. Next apply primer
to the spigot. Be sure that both surfaces are well softened.
Without delay apply the solvent-cement to bell and to the
spigot while the surfaces are still wet with primer. At this
stage in the assembly time is very important. If the solventcement starts to harden quickly apply another light coat.
Forcefully insert the spigot into the bell until the spigot
bottoms out, turning the pipe or the fitting turn during the
process. Hold the spigot in place for approximately one
minute. This process should be performed in about 20
seconds. Take care not to disturb the joint and to allow the
joint to set for the period of time recommended by the
cement manufacturer.
A properly made joint will develop a bead of cement around
its entire perimeter. It is important to wipe away any excess
cement. In like manner do not apply cement in the bell to
pipe transition area of pipe bells, particularly with pipe wall
thicknesses of 1/8 inch or less.
Any gaps between the bell and the spigot generally indicate a
defective assembly that is due to insufficient cement or the
use of light bodied cements when standard or heavy bodied
cements should have been used. This is particularly true
with large diameter joints.

It is important to important consider the atmospheric


conditions when applying the primer and cement. With high
humidity it is important to apply the cement quickly to
minimize condensation of moisture on the cement surface.
Surface temperatures should be kept below 110 degrees F to
prevent the solvent-cement from drying before the joint can
be assembled.

COLD WEATHER NOTES

The assembly of sizes six inch and larger requires two people
to apply primer and solvent cement and assemble in a
prompt manner. A mechanical forcing device may also be
required to insert the spigot and hold it in place.

Do not warm the cement and primer with open flame or


electric heaters and attempt to prefabricate as much of the
system in a heated area. Remove all ice, snow, or other
moisture before applying the primer. It will take longer for
the solvents to evaporate in cold temperatures so allow for a
longer than normal cure time.

Primers and cements do not penetrate and soften the PVC as


quickly in cold weather (below freezing) as in warm weather.
Verify the softening by testing a scrap piece. Apply primer to
a scrap piece and wait for a few minutes. Scrape the primed
surface with a knife edge. A properly softened pipe surface
will be removed during scraping.

Rev: 04/2012

Installation Guide for Solvent Welded PVC Pipe


INSTALLATION
For pressurized systems, carefully place the pipe in the ditch
and snaking the pipe from side to side to allow for expansion
and contraction. The actual rate of expansion/contraction
for PVC is 3/8 inch per 100 feet of pipe per 10 degrees F
temperature change. The pipe should be brought to the
approximate operating temperature by shade backfilling or
filling with water and allowed to stand overnight to vent to
the atmosphere before pressure testing. Because of
variances in atmospheric and assembly conditions the
necessary time to cure can vary from minutes to days.
Consult the manufacturer of the primer and cement for
recommendations. Pressure tests should be limited to runs
of 5000 ft or less.

OVERNIGHT PRECAUTIONS
At the end of each workday, be sure that all installed pipe
ends are covered to keep dirt, debris and animals from
entering the pipe. Backfill is needed to avoid flotation.

CHECKLIST Dont Forget!


Take all sensible precautions necessary to protect
workers and materials.
Cut the pipe square and remove any burrs.
Dry fit the joint.
Use a primer to soften the bell and spigot.
Apply the cement to the bell and then to the spigot
before the primer has dried.
Twist the pipe a quarter turn as it you insert the spigot
completely into the bell.
Hold the joint together until the cement begins to set.
Allow the joint to cure completely before handling and
pressure testing.
Refer to ASTM D2855 Standard Practice for Making
Solvent-Cemented Joints with Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC)
Pipe and Fittings for detailed design installation
recommendations.
Large diameters require two people.
Keep primer and cement away from all sources of ignition
Warm temperatures and low humidity accelerate curing
times.
Cold weather and high humidity slow the curing process.

Rev: 04/2012

Installation Guide for PVC Foam Core Drain, Waste & Vent Pipe
This installation guide has been developed by North
American Pipe Corporation for use as a field installation
guide. General information regarding the correct installation
of PVC foam core drain, waste, and vent pipe is included.
For more detailed technical information, refer to ASTM F891
Standard Specification for Coextruded Poly(Vinyl Chloride)
(PVC) Plastic Pipe with a Cellular Core. This installation guide
outlines design and construction practices.
The statements contained in this installation guide are those
of North American Pipe Corporation and are not warranties,
nor are they intended to be warranties.

RECEIVING
When a load of pipe arrives at a job site, it is your
responsibility to check it thoroughly. If possible, inspect each
piece for damage. Check quantities against the shipping list.
Note missing or damaged items on bill of lading. Set aside
any damaged items and notify the shipper.

ASSEMBLY
Using a fine-tooth hand or power saw to cut the pipe square
with its axis. A miter box is recommended to make sure that
the cuts are square. A rotary cutter specifically designed for
use with plastic pipe may be used if its use does not raise a
burr or ridge at the cut edge. Remove any burrs or ridges
that might have developed during the cutting process.
The solvent-cement joint is designed as interference fit joint.
Dry fit the joint by inserting the dry spigot into the bell.
Typically this interference develops when the spigot is
inserted to about 1/3 to 2/3 of the socket depth. If the pipe
is at the minimum tolerance and the socket is at the
maximum tolerance it is possible that the spigot will inset
fully into the socket the fit should be snug. Select a different
fitting or pipe if the fit is wobbly.
Make sure that the mating surfaces are clean by removing
any moisture, oil, dirt, or other foreign material.

BEFORE APPLICATION
UNLOADING
It is also your responsibility to unload the shipment. DO IT
WITH REASONABLE CARE. Careless unloading can result in
damaged product or personal injury.
Use a fork-lift or front-end loader with fork attachment, if
available. Ensure the fork attachment is long enough to
support the bundles. When unloading by hand, remove one
piece at a time, and block the shipment to keep pipe from
rolling off the truck.

STORAGE
If you can unload the shipment in unit packages, the pipe will
be easier to store. Stack it on reasonably level ground. If you
unload one piece at a time, place the pipe bevel to bell.
Never stack over eight feet in height. Dont stack the pipe
next to heat sources such as boilers, steam lines, electrical
equipment or engine exhausts.

HANDLING
DO NOT DROP THE PIPE. String pipe close to the trench with
the bell ends pointing in the direction of work progress to
save extra effort. Be particularly careful in very cold
weather.

Confirm that the available primer and solvent-cement


are compatible and intended for use with the material to
be joined.
For PVC foam Core products use solvent cement that meets
the requirements of ASTM DD2564 Standard Specification for
Solvent Cements for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Piping
Systems. Also for foam core PVC products primers may be
used to clean, soften, and dissolve the joint surfaces prior to
application of the solvent cement. The primer for foam core
should meet the requirements of ASTM 656 Standard
Specification for Primers for Use in Solvent Cement Joints of
Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe and Fittings.
Keep the primer and cement containers closed when not in
use. The cement should be discarded if there is an
appreciable change in the viscosity.
Bonding of a typical solvent-cement joint develops in two
ways. The section with the interference fit the pipe and
socket fuses together. In the looser fit section the cement
bonds the surfaces. The cement softens the joint surfaces so
that fusion or bonding can take place. (PVC Primer is used to
aid in the softening process and improves the bonding and
fusion.)

Rev: 04/2012

Installation Guide for PVC Foam Core Drain, Waste & Vent Pipe
It is important to important consider the atmospheric
conditions when applying the cement. With high humidity it
is important to apply the cement quickly to minimize
condensation of moisture on the cement surface. Surface
temperatures should be kept below 110 degrees F to prevent
the solvent-cement from drying before the joint can be
assembled.
The assembly of sizes six inch and larger requires two people
to apply primer and solvent cement and assemble in a
prompt manner. A mechanical forcing device may also be
required to insert the spigot and hold it in place.

APPLICATION OF THE PRIMER AND CEMENT

UNDERGROUND INSTALLATION
For underground installations install the pipe in accordance
with the provisions of the Plumbing Code having jurisdiction.
Aggregate size should be kept to a maximum of inch for
angular and inch for rounded particles. Consult ASTM
Practice D2321 for more detailed information.

SUPPORTS AND SPACING


Support the pipe at intervals of at least four feet. Hangers or
support straps should not compress, cut, or distort the pipe
in any way. Use supports that allow free movement of the
pipe to accommodate changes in length due to temperature
variations. Support vertical piping at intervals or 10 feet or
less.

To apply the primer and cement use a natural or nylon brush


with a width that is approximately 1/2 the diameter of the
pipe. A dauber, again approximately the pipe diameter in
width may be used for pipe sizes 2 inch and smaller.

COLD WEATHER NOTES

Apply a moderate and even coating of cement to the inside


of the fitting socket. Excessive solvent cement may become
an obstruction in the pipe and prevent satisfactory joining.
Quickly apply a heavy coat of solvent cement to the outside
of the pipe. At this stage in the assembly time is very
important. If the solvent-cement starts to harden quickly
apply another light coat. Forcefully insert the spigot into the
bell until the spigot bottoms out, turning the pipe or the
fitting turn during the process. Hold the spigot in place for
approximately one minute. This process should be
performed in about 20 seconds. Take care not to disturb the
joint and to allow the joint to set for the period of time
recommended by the cement manufacturer. To avoid pushout hold the joint together until the cement starts to set.

Do not warm the cement and primer with open flame or


electric heaters and attempt to prefabricate as much of the
system in a heated area. Remove all ice, snow, or other
moisture before applying the primer. It will take longer for
the solvents to evaporate in cold temperatures so allow for a
longer than normal cure time.

Primers and cements do not penetrate and soften the PVC as


quickly in cold weather (below freezing) as in warm weather.
Verify the softening by testing a scrap piece. Apply primer to
a scrap piece and wait for a few minutes. Scrape the primed
surface with a knife edge. A properly softened pipe surface
will be removed during scraping.

A properly made joint will develop a bead of cement around


its entire perimeter. It is important to wipe away any excess
cement. In like manner do not apply cement in the bell to
pipe transition area of pipe bells, particularly with pipe wall
thicknesses of 1/8 inch or less.
Any gaps between the bell and the spigot generally indicate a
defective assembly that is due to insufficient cement or the
use of light bodied cements when standard or heavy bodied
cements should have been used. This is particularly true with
large diameter joints.

Rev: 04/2012

Installation Guide for PVC Foam Core Drain, Waste & Vent Pipe
CHECKLIST Dont Forget!
Take all sensible precautions necessary to protect
workers and materials.
Cut the pipe square and remove any burrs.
Dry fit the joint.
Apply the cement to the bell and then to the spigot
before the primer has dried.
Twist the pipe a quarter turn as it you insert the spigot
completely into the bell.
Hold the joint together until the cement begins to set.
Allow the joint to cure completely before handling and
pressure testing.
Refer to ASTM F891 Standard Specification for Coextruded
Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe with a Cellular Core
for detailed design installation recommendations.
Large diameters require two people.
Keep primer and cement away from all sources of ignition
Warm temperatures and low humidity accelerate curing
times.
Cold weather and high humidity slow the curing process.

Rev: 04/2012

Terms and Conditions of Sales Contract


These general items and conditions of sale apply to the sale by the Company
of pipe and related products to the original buyer (Buyer). The term
Company refers to the North American Pipe Corporation with offices at
2801 Post Oak Blvd., Houston, Texas 77056. IN NO EVENT SHALL SELLER OR
BUYER BE LIABLE FOR CONSEQUENTIAL, INCIDENTAL, EXEMPLARY OR
SPECIAL DAMAGES. This transaction shall be governed by the laws of the
state of Texas. Any and all disputes arising out of or relating to this
agreement are subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the state or federal
courts located in Harris County, Texas.

LIMITED WARRANTY
This warranty only extends to the original Buyer of the products for a period
of twelve (12) months from the original invoice date. Any claims must be
submitted in writing within thirty (30) days of the date of the circumstances
giving rise to the claim.
Warranty Coverage - These Company products are warranted against
defective materials or workmanship under normal use and service. This
warranty is void if: (1) the product has been damaged by accident or
unreasonable use, neglect, alteration, faulty or negligent installation, abuse,
misuse or other causes not arising out of defects in material workmanship;
(2) Damage or defects due to handling by carrier or Buyer or incurred during
shipment; or (3) the product labeling or Companys name has been altered
or defaced.
Buyers Sole Remedy At the sole option of the Company, the exclusive
remedy of Buyer shall be the replacement of the defective product and
return by Buyer of defective product, the return of defective product and
repayment of the purchase price, or the return by Buyer of the defective
product and the issuance of a credit which can be applied towards the
purchase of additional Company products.
WARRANTY DISCLAIMERS - THIS WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY IN LIEU OF ALL
OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, ON THE PART OF COMPANY
INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR USE,
AND COMPANY NEITHER ASSUMES NOR AUTHORIZES ANY OTHER PERSON,
FIRM OR CORPORATION TO ASSUME ANY LIABILITY OR OBLIGATION IN
CONNECTION WITH THIS SALE ON ITS BEHALF AND PURCHASER
ACKNOWLEDGES THAT NO REPRESENTATIONS EXCEPT THOSE MADE HEREIN
HAVE BEEN MADE TO BUYER. COMPANY FURTHER DISCLAIMS ANY
WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED OTHER THAN AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH
HEREIN.
Except in the case of Companys sole negligence or willful misconduct, Buyer
agrees to indemnify, defend and hold harmless the Company, its affiliates,
agents, employees and representatives from and against any liability, claim,
demand, loss, damage, cost, expense, including attorneys fees and
litigation costs, arising out of or in connection with the presence of Buyers
employees or agents on Companys premises or Companys employees or
agents on Buyers premises, the use of Companys services, or the purchase,
use or resale of products supplied by Company.

Pipe Contractor Jobs: Quotations by Company are to be interpreted as


solicitations for a bid. Company reserves the right to cancel or to revise the
quotation at any time prior to the acceptance of orders. A firm order,
accompanied by a firm shipping schedule, must be placed with Company
before the expiration date. Prices stated on Companys order
acknowledgment document are firm for delivery within thirty (30) days of
the date of receipt of an order, unless otherwise stated on Companys order
acceptance document.
In the event that the project is delayed by the Buyer or any other third party,
Company reserves the right to adjust the price for any products not yet
delivered. If, however, the delay is caused by Companys inability to make
the delivery as agreed, the acknowledged price will be honored. Shipments
made before the ship complete date will be at prices in the
acknowledgment unless otherwise agreed upon by Company in writing.
Shipments are subject to availability of inventory for shipment in full
truckload quantity, Company will do its best to provide the combined
shipping with other orders. It is the Buyers responsibility to fill out the
truckload and expedite the shipment.
Notwithstanding anything contained elsewhere on this contract, in the
event Company is unable to obtain from its normal sources on terms it
deems reasonable, any material, feedstock or other items for manufacturing
or delivering product, Company may, upon notice to Buyer, increase product
price, including adding surcharges, and/or suspending its performance
hereunder.

FORCE MAJEURE
Company shall not be liable for damage resulting from delay in performance
or for non-performance, directly or indirectly caused by circumstances
beyond the reasonable control of the party affected, including, but not
limited to, acts of God; fires; explosions; floods; war; acts of or authorized
by any government commission, agency or jurisdiction; accident; labor or
storage trouble; or inability to obtain material, equipment or transportation.
Quantities so affected may be eliminated from the agreement without
liability, but the agreement shall remain otherwise unaffected. Company
shall have no obligation to purchase supplies of the products specified
herein to enable it to perform this agreement.

TERMS OF PAYMENT
Terms are Net 30 days unless otherwise stated on the face of this document.
Any cash discounts allowed shall apply to net material value after deducting
transportation, but before additions or deductions for taxes, special
packaging, or other charges.
Company reserves the right to change these terms at any time. Any payment
received by Company after due date shall be subject to a late payment
charge not to exceed 1.5 % per month (18% per year) or less, if required by
applicable law, until outstanding balance, including accrued late payment
charge, is paid in full. The cash discount will be given only if payment to
Company is U. S. postmarked on or before the cash discount date shown on
the invoice.

PRICING
Stock Orders: Stock pricing is available for stock orders shipped to
distributors yard only. Stock orders must be in full units, with a minimum
quantity of one truckload. Stock orders will be shipped at prices in effect at
time of shipment unless otherwise agreed. Premiums may be added for less
than truckload (LTL) quantities or special packaging and handling.

CREDIT
All orders and shipments are subject to approval by Companys credit
Department. Buyer unconditionally assigns to Company all lien rights that it
may have, whether as a vendor or otherwise, to secure payment of moneys
owed to Buyer by reason of Buyers sale of the products to a third party.
Such assignment shall be limited in amount of the unpaid balance(s) owed
by Buyer to Company for such products and shall remain in effect only for so
long as such balance(s) shall remain unpaid. Buyer hereby appoints

Terms and Conditions of Sales Contract


Company as its attorney-in-fact to execute and record such documents as
are necessary to effect said assignment and/or to enforce said lien right.
Buyer agrees to pay all reasonable attorneys fees and all expenses
associates with the collection of moneys Buyer owes Company.
Buyer represents that it is not insolvent as that term is defined in the
Uniform Commercial Code. In the event Buyer becomes insolvent before
delivery of the products, it will so notify Company in writing. Buyers failure
to so notify Company shall be construed as a reaffirmation of Buyers
solvency at the time of delivery.
Buyer hereby grants Company a security interest in the product sold to
Buyer by Company and all proceeds thereof which will be deemed collateral
for Buyers debt to Company until Buyer has paid Company for such product
in full. In addition, Buyer authorizes Company to sign on behalf of Buyer
UCC-1 Financing Statements perfecting Companys security interest in the
above collateral.
NON-WARRANTY CLAIMS
Company shall be responsible for settlement of non-warranty claims only if
such claims have been submitted in writing to Company for prior
investigation and determination of settlement within ninety (90) days from
invoice date, or within thirty (30) days of the date of the circumstances
giving rise to the claim, whichever is later. Company shall have no obligation
to honor any settlement made by any distributor or other third party
without prior written consent of Company. Company will not honor any
claims that are the result of improper installation.

SHIPPING AND DELIVERY


Company will use reasonable efforts to meeting the requested shipment
schedule, but not guarantee a delivery time, and assumes no liability for
additional costs or damages resulting from late deliveries. Risk of loss or
damage shall rest on Buyer after products are loaded on to the truck or
railcar at Companys facility. Upon receipt of order, Buyer must inspect the
condition and quality of goods received. Any damage, loss, shortage, or
misidentification should be reported to the driver and noted on the Bill of
Lading. Company reserves the right to ship orders at the most economical
rate. Should the Buyer request special packaging or handling, the additional
cost will be billed to the Buyer.

RETURNED MATERIALS
Buyer must obtain written approval from Company Customer Service before
returning any products to Company. Unauthorized returns may be scrapped
at Buyers expense. Ownership of authorized returns will pass to Company
upon receipt at Companys factory. Company will determine acceptability of
return materials for restocking and resalability. Credit will be issued on
resalable materials only. A restocking charge of up to twenty-five (25 %)
percent and freight cost both ways for the returned materials may be
charged to the account of the customer.

FREIGHT

FAIR LABOR STANDARDS


Goods covered by this document were produced in accordance with
applicable provisions of the Fair Labors Standards Act of 1938, as amended.

Unless otherwise stated on the face of this document, truckload shipments


are F.O.B. shipping point with transportation prepaid by Company to job site
or Buyers stocking location, whichever applies, provided such job site is
legally and physically accessible to interstate freight carriers operating
under D.O.T. regulations. The Buyer may elect to ship a lesser quantity than
a full truckload via common or contracted carrier from shipping location if
Buyers pays any applicable freight penalty. All additional freight charges for
Stopover/Drop Shipments/Demurrage allowed by D.O.T. regulations shall be
charged to the Buyers account.

CANCELLATION

ORDER ACCEPTANCE OR REJECTION

Buyer may cancel orders prior to shipment. In the event of Buyer


cancellation, orders may be subject to liquidated damages in the amount of
the cost of labor storage, overhead and material used, plus ten percent
(10%) of sales price. Nonstandard or custom-produced products are not
subject to Buyers cancellation once production has begun.

ORDER AND SHIPPING CONFIRMATION


Upon receipt of order acknowledgment from Company, Buyer must verify
pricing, quantity, products, terms, shipping instructions and shipping
schedule on the order set. Should any changes become necessary, Buyer
must inform Companys Customer Service Representative in writing
immediately. If Buyer fails to timely notify Company and Company must
restock products, there will be a restocking charge of twenty-five (25%)
percent.
Orders requiring affidavits or certificates of compliance must so state when
orders are placed with Company.

NO ASSIGNMENTS
This agreement is not assignable or transferable by either party, in whole or
in part, except with the written consent of the other party, which shall not
be unreasonably withheld.

No order placed with Company shall be considered accepted until


acknowledged in writing by Company. Company reserves the right to accept
or reject any order. Possession of a price list does not constitute an offer to
sell. The terms and conditions stated herein constitute the entire terms and
conditions of sale between the parties. Any contrary or additional terms or
conditions shall be void and have no force or effect unless specifically
approved in writing by an authorized officer or general manager of
Company.

TAXES
Any taxes or other governmental charge upon production, sales,
transportation, storage, or shipment of Product imposed by federal, state ,
municipal or other authorities shall be added to the price and must be paid
by Buyer, regardless of whether said tax or charge is included on the initial
invoice to Buyer. Tax Exemption Certificates for states into which Product is
being shipped must be on file with Company. Otherwise, all applicable state
and local taxes will be charged. These taxes will be shown on the invoice.

Affiliations
NORTH AMERICAN PIPE IS A MEMBER OF:
www.uni-bell.org

www.awwa.org

www.ppfahome.org

INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS
www.nsf.org

www.ul.com

www.fmapprovals.com

www.astm.org

www.iapmo.org/iapmo

PARENT COMPANY
www.westlakechemical.com