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A VERB tells about a person or thing and the

V e r b s can be R E G U L A R

or

IRREGULAR

Regular verbs form their Past Tense


adding
-e d .
eg. walk

walked

TIME of action.

and Past Participle by

walked

Irregular verbs form their Past Tense and Past Participle in a


different way.*
eg. swim

swam

swum

LIST OF IRREGULAR VERBS.


[ Common irregular verbs are given below.]
Simple Form
Arise
Awake
be
bear
beat
become
begin
bend
bet
bite
bleed
blow
break
bring
build
burn
burst
buy
catch
choose
cling
come
cost
creep
cut
deal
dig
dive
do
draw
dream
drink
drive

Past
arose
awoke
was, were
bore
beat
became
began
bent
bet
bit
bled
blew
broke
brought
built
burned or burnt
burst
bought
caught
chose
clung
came
cost
crept
cut
dealt
dug
dived or dove
did
drew
dreamed or dreamt
drank
drove

Past Participle
Arisen
awoken
been
borne
beaten or beat
become
begun
bent
bet
bitten
bled
blown
broken
brought
built
burned or burnt
burst
bought
caught
chosen
clung
come
cost
crept
cut
dealt
dug
dived
done
drawn
dreamed or dreamt
drunk
driven

eat
fall
feed
feel
fight
find
fit
flee
fling
fly
forbid
forget
forgive
forgo
freeze
get
give
go
grind
grow
hang
have
hear
hide
hit
hold
hurt
keep
kneel
knit
know
lay
lead
leap
leave
lend
let
lie (down)
light
lose
make
mean
meet
pay
prove
put
quit
read
ride
ring
rise
run

ate
fell
fed
felt
fought
found
fit, fitted
fled
flung
flew
forbade or forbad
forgot
forgave
forwent
froze
got
gave
went
ground
grew
hung or hanged
had
heard
hid
hit
held
hurt
kept
knelt or kneeled
knitted or knit
knew
laid
led
leapt or leaped
left
lent
let
lay
lit or lighted
lost
made
meant
met
paid
proved
put
quit
read
rode
rang
rose
ran

eaten
fallen
fed
felt
fought
found
fit, fitted
fled
flung
flown,
forbidden or forbade
forgotten
forgiven
forgone
frozen
gotten or got
given
gone
ground
grown
hung or hanged
had
heard
hidden
hit
held
hurt
kept
knelt or kneeled
knitted or knit
known
laid
led
leapt or leaped
left
lent
let
lain
lit or lighted
lost
made
meant
met
paid
proved or proven
put
quit
read
ridden
rung
risen
run

Joseph Balaingham 0726375020

pg.

saw
say
see
seek
sell
send
set
sew
shake
shave
shear
shine
shoot
show
shrink
shut
sing
sink
sit
slay
sleep
slide
sneak
speak
speed
spend
spill
spin
spit
split
spread
spring
stand
steal
stick
sting
stink
strew
strike
strive
swear
sweep
swim
swing
take
teach
tear
tell
think
thrive
throw
undergo

sawed
said
saw
sought
sold
sent
set
sewed
shook
shaved
sheared
shone or shined
shot
showed
shrank or shrunk
shut
sang
sank
sat
slew
slept
slid
sneaked or snuck
spoke
sped
spent
spilled or spilt
spun
spat or spit
split
spread
sprang
stood
stole
stuck
stung
stank or stunk
strewed
struck
strove or strived
swore
swept
swam
swung
took
taught
tore
told
thought
thrived or throve
threw
underwent

sawed or sawn
said
seen
sought
sold
sent
set
sewn or sewed
shaken
shaved or shaven
sheared or shorn
shone or shined
shot
shown or showed
shrunk or shrunken
shut
sung
sunk
sat
slain
slept
slid
sneaked or snuck
spoken
sped
spent
spilled or spilt
spun
spat or spit
split
spread
sprung
stood
stolen
stuck
stung
stunk
strewn
struck or stricken
striven or strived
sworn
swept
swum
swung
taken
taught
torn
told
thought
thrived or thriven
thrown
undergone

Joseph Balaingham 0726375020

pg.

understand
upset
wake
wear
weave
weep
win
wind
withdraw
wring
write

understood
upset
woke or waked
wore
wove
wept
won
wound
withdrew
wrung
wrote

understood
upset
woken or waked
worn
woven
wept
won
wound
withdrawn
wrung
written

Fill in the blanks with suitable verbs.


[*See the time of action and if it is temporary or
usual.]
1) He _________________________________________ football daily.(play)
2) They ______________________________________ football now.(play)
3) Peter and Mala _______________________________ tennis on Sundays.
(play)
4) I _____________________________________ to school by van.(go)
5) My father _____________________________________ to our school by car.
(go)
In what state are the above sentences ?
1) ________________________________________________
2) _______________________________________________
3) ________________________________________________
4) ________________________________________________
5) ________________________________________________
To change sentences in SIMPLE PRESENT
NEGATIVE FORM

to QUESTION FORM OR

1) Peter goes to market daily.


2) Peter and Mala go to market daily.
3) Peter is going to market now.
4) Peter and Mala were going to market yesterday.
Joseph Balaingham 0726375020

pg.

5) He has bought a beautiful car.


6) They will come to the party.

[-to change a sentence into question form or negative form ->


see if there is a auxiliary verb( a verb that gives grammatical
information) in the sentence. if no auxiliary verb (be / do / have
etc.,) For Present Simple sentences
- add does (he/she/it) or do
(for all except he/she/it)
-for simple past tense add 'did' ( + stem
verb) and
for all other states of tenses use the auxiliary verb ]

1) Peter goes to market daily.


Negative :
___________________________________________________________________________
Question :
___________________________________________________________________________

2) Peter and Mala go to market daily.


Negative :
___________________________________________________________________________
Question :
___________________________________________________________________________
3) Peter is going to market now.
Negative :
___________________________________________________________________________
Question :
___________________________________________________________________________
4) Peter and Mala were going to market yesterday.
Negative :
___________________________________________________________________________
Question :
___________________________________________________________________________
5) He has bought a beautiful car.
Joseph Balaingham 0726375020

pg.

Negative :
___________________________________________________________________________
Question :
___________________________________________________________________________
6) They will come to the party.
Negative :
___________________________________________________________________________
Question :
___________________________________________________________________________
7) They will be in Nuwara-Eliya by this time tomorrow.
Negative :
___________________________________________________________________________
Question :
___________________________________________________________________________
8) She spent all her salary to buy some jewellery.
Negative :
___________________________________________________________________________
Question :
___________________________________________________________________________
9) Peter and his brother have got some nice pairs of shoes.
Negative :
___________________________________________________________________________
Question :
___________________________________________________________________________
How to make question to a given answer.
[ For quantity How many (countable) How much (uncountable)
Place
Where
time

When
A particular thing

Which
price / age etc.,
How
reason

person

things

possession

Why
Who
What
Whose
Joseph Balaingham 0726375020

pg.

1) There are thirty students in the class.


___________________________________________________________________________
2) She has brought six mangoes from her garden.
___________________________________________________________________________
3) My friend is inviting ten teachers for his birthday party.
___________________________________________________________________________
4) Nilantha is riding his uncle's bicycle.
___________________________________________________________________________
5) Prem began his journey at 3.30 pm.
___________________________________________________________________________
6) Peter's father has gone to New Zealand.
___________________________________________________________________________
7) Mala went to the southern part of the valley.
__________________________________________________________________________
8) Prashanth didn't come to school as he was sick.
___________________________________________________________________________
9) His brother's name is Shaene.
___________________________________________________________________________
10) Peter has ten pens and six pencils.
___________________________________________________________________________
11) The blue bird that is sitting on the branch is john's.
___________________________________________________________________________
12) He entered the room through the back door.
___________________________________________________________________________
13) I brought seventy coconuts yesterday.
___________________________________________________________________________
14) My father sent his car at 3.00 pm.
___________________________________________________________________________

Joseph Balaingham 0726375020

pg.