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Index

An introductory note ..

............

Unit XXXIII. . . . . . . . . . . '. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..


. 33.A.1. Off to College
33.B.1. Givea hoot - don't Pollute
~
.'...
~ . . . . . ,'.'. ..
33.C.1. Sophomore no more' {Self-Test)
Answersto exercises
Unit XXXIV. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
34.A.1. Trick or treat
34.B.1. PiIgrim's Progress?
34:C.1. IlikeMike (Self-Test)
Answersto exercises

11
13
21

31
39

47
49
57
65
73

Unit XXXV. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 81
35.A.1. Egg nog
'
83
35. B.1. AuId lang Syne
91
35.C.1. The Rose parade (Self-Test)
.,
.. 101
Answers to exercises
109

Unit XXXVI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 117


36.A.1. Perfect English
119
36.B.1. It'sa Bargain!
127
36. C.1. Puppy love? (Self-Test)
135

Answersto exercises

r ..

nit .XXXVII
37.A.1. Spring fever
37. B.1. The Wrong Gift
37.C.1. The Brick yard (SeIf-Test)
Answers to exercises

'

143
151
153
161. '
169
177

Unit XXXVIII. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 187


38.A.1.A heavypresent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
189
38.8.1. Teacher.Iet the .~ullsOut. . .:~.
..'.. . . .. . . ... 197
38.C.1. The JUnior - Senlor-pr--orrriSeTf-Test)
. .. 205
'

Answers to exercises

213

Unit

XXXIX

221

39.A.1. Hot dogs and fireworks


39. B.1. A summer Job
39.C.1. The perfect vacation(Self-Test)
Answers to exercises

223
233
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241
251

Un it XL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..

40.A.1. Swim, walk,ea(

and Sleep!

40.B.1. Back to civilization?

40.C.1. It's a tal! story (Self-Test)


Answersto exercises

.>

261

263

'. . . . ... .. 271


"

279
287

ANINTRODUCT'ORV NOTE

This workbook is to accompany the text for units XXXIII-XL in the


'ITESM Open Preparatory English series. It cannot be used as a text due to
the 'absence of explanatory material which alone 'is fourid in the texto It
follows the same pattern given"in the' text-reading (in this case a dialogue), comprehension, vocabulary, structure and special difficulties exercises. There is one additiori, however. In the comprehensio.n .section an
exercise has been included that demands guided, creative writing on the
student's parto It is included at this time because>the pre-advanced student
mYSt begin to master writing if he or she is to be considered truly fluent
in the I~mguagein an academic or professional sense.
The conversations between the different members of the Simmons
family have been designed to give the student as r.tear as possible the real
English language as spoken by the typical English-speaking family in daily
conversation. Whil~ the setting is in the United States, there would be
little difference if the Simmons were British, Canadian, New Zealanders
or Australians except for speciHc word differences due to differing holidays and traditions. This is in contrast to the less conversational but more
universal language of the text readings-a more technical and scientific
language. Both are necessary, especially when travelling on business or
pleasure. The student will also find that all the language used in this workbook carries the contractions studied in previous and present units.

The .comprehension sections for units 33 through 40, sections A, B


and C are based entirely on the dialogues; the vocabulary sections are
based on the dialogue and the texto The structural and special difficulties
exercises are aimost entirely based on the texto Section C of every unit is a
self-test and should be graded accordingto the tollowingscheme:
C.1.1
C.1.2

=
=

6 points' (1 point tor each correct answer)


16 points (2 points for each correctly used guide word)
3 points for staying within the 90-word limit
9

C.2.1 ,
C.2.2
C.3.1-3
CA.1-3

=
=
=

5 points for correctly match.ingthe pairs


10 points (r pOiht for each correcthi chosen word)
30 points (2 points for each correctly done exe"rcise)
30 points (2 points for each correctly done exercise)
100 points

For a more detailed explanation of the m~thodology for using this


workbook
the in~roductory remarks to the text $hould be referred to.
,
,

It is hoped this workbook will be as much Qf a pleasure to use and


to. learn with as it .was in w.riting.

10

JUNIT

XXXIII

33.A.1.OFFTOCOLLEGE

Airport public address system: T ransAmerican anr:-t0unces the arrival


of ,its flight 713 from Houston,
Dalias and Kansas City. . .
Alice: Vour plane's landed, Ron!'
How long wi11 it be here at
Capital before it takes off?

Ronald: Just long enough to let passengers get off on.


Alice: Well, you'd better run and get
on!
Mrs. Simmons: Now, Ron, I want you
to buy some stationery and writ~
to us once a week. Do you understand?
Ronald: Ves, momo

-----

Airprt public address system: Wi11


all passen'gers on flight 713,
please board the plane through
Gate 3. . .
. Alice: When will Ron be back for
vacation, dad?
Mr. Simmons: Good Heavens, Ali! He
hasn't left yet!
A /ice: If he flunks out, he'lI be home
soon!

13

Mrs. Simmons: Alice!


Frank, do you think Ron has
chosen the right.major?
Mr. Simmons: 'Ron's good at math,
dear. He'!!,do well in engineeroo.',in~~. .' 10":

O"

"-0

Mrs. Simmons:
But "-will he have time
...
l'
to play, football? Look! Here
comes his planeo!

. ,-

Mr. Simrn,ons: . . .a university doesn't


give a scholarship if a boy's high
school grades are low, besides,
h is teachers and the principal had
to write an evaluation. They
took all that into consider-

--

~..

qtion.. .
Mrs. S/mml:J"ns: Ifs taking off now!
See you s6qni'son!
Mr. Simmons: There goes my boy!
Alice: Bye, Ron!
Aiorport
public
address system:
. . .TransAmerican announces the
departure 'of its fl ight 713 for Sto
o

~.

Louis and Indianapolis. . .

o'

14

33.A.1.1. COMPREHENSION
QUESTIONS

A~syv~rthe fol ~owingquestions with complete answers.


1.

How long does flight 713 stop'at Capital airport?

2.

What does Ronald's mother want him to do?

3.

What do we say ih English if a student doesn'f pass any of his exams?

4.

What will Ronald majorin at M-idtownUniversity?

5.

What did Ronald receive from Midtown University?

6.

Give the common English expressions for a plane's arrival and departure.

33.A.1.2..COMPREHENSION
THROUGH
WRITING

Using the vocabulary at the right, reconstruct, in your own words, the
dialogue in not more than 90 words
/I!nd
write
Christmas

15

engineering

scholarship

tootball

evaluaton
grades

16

-,

VOCABULARV
33.A.2.1. Matching. Choose the word at the rrght that best fits the expression at the left.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

seat of government
carry on
school directortalented
student aid

-7 a)
'-7

b)

c)
~)
~e)

scholarship
skill.ed
continue
capital
principal

33.A.2.2. Multiple Choice. Choose the closest word in meanrng by"placing a


circle around t.
1.
2,
3.
4.

headstone
farmland
feature
wide-

5. weak-minded
6. strength
7. grade
8. unmarked
9. built
10. principie

a) grass
a) agreement

b) grave
b) arable

e) genius
e) agrieulture

a) qua!ity
aLamele
a) indieate
a) popular
a) sehool ') y

b) quarter
b) animal

e) queen
e) abstract

b)
b)
b)
b).
b)

e) inerease
e). prefer;

...a-L.blaok..
a) cfosed
a) formation

indecisive
poor
seate
bite
eontraeted

b) feedom

e)
e)
e)
e)

securitY,
.between
eonstrueted
frequency

d) gauge
d) arid
d) quiet
d) apply
d) informative
AL PQ-d) spaee
d) bride
d) eonested
d) fOl:Jndation

17

STRUCTURES

33.A.3.1. Put the following sentences in the passive voice.


1.

Capital High School gave Ronald a scholarship.

2.

L'Enfant designed the capital.

3.

The British burned the President's mansion.

4.

Captain Phillips landed flight 713.

5.

The governmenthonored him.

33.A.3.2. Choose the correct form of the adjective.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

A lemon isn't {sweet/sweeter}


"'""----- than an orange.
He's (good/better) than we thought.
The (less.!leQst)expensive thing on the menu is too much!
The {more/most} I practice, the {good/better} I become.
She was (stricteris.~
with John than with Sue.

~-

33.A.3.3. Fill in the missing words in each of the following sentences.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

18

'N')

'\0 \ \....

Is there
I've got
Isn't there

was absent. Not one seat was empty.


in the refrigerator to eat?
for you.
is wearing blue jeans this year. It's the style.
here named John Smith?

SPECIAL DIFFICUL TIES

33.AA.1. Using these prepositions: for, down, up, out, away, complete the
following sentences.
J

lo
2.
3.

It used to be a nice hotel, but now its rUn <:.A


,Jl1, I

I'm sorry I'm late, but my car ran


Jim ran

,1/ 1)

of gasoline.

and saw the world when he was just 15 years

old.
Senator Dobbins is running -A-j
another termo
They ran
u
the hill on foot as fast as they could.
~

4.
5.

33.A.4.2. Using these words: after, over, down, into, back, complete the
following sentences.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

A new managerhas taken

33.AA.3. Using these prepositions:


'following sentences.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

operations at ASC Chemicat

Fight "foryour rights! Don'ttake things Iying


!
Little Bi!ly's really taking
his father, isn't he?
When you drive with him, you're taking your life
own hands
He used to be important. Sut now he's taking a
things.

'

your
sea} in

up, in, over, forward, complete the

Mr. Hopkins was put


to rep!ace Mr. Fineman.
I know they don't have any money. They're only putting
up a front.
Soy, did they put one
on USoThey robbed everyth inq.
Can you put
a good word for me? lid like to g8t promoted.
She put her best foot
wanting to impress her boy friendo

19

33.8.1.GIVEA HOOT
-DON'T POLLUTE

Mr. S;mmons: It's beautiful, but 1


hate it!
Mrs. S;mmons: What in Heavens are
you talking about, Frank?
Mr. S;mmons: Autumn. It's all those
leaves 1have to rake up.
Mrs. S;mmons: Then, buy a big vacuum cleaner!

Mr. S;mmons: 1have a better idea.


.

Mrs.S;mmons: What are you goingto


do?
Mr. S;mmons:
them.

I'm going to burn

Mrs. S;mmons: What about the city


ordinance?,.. .

Mr. S;mmons: Oh, I had'i thought of


that.

Alice: What are you doing up so early


this beautiful Saturday morning,
dad?
Mr. S;mmons: I was going to rake and .
burn the leaves Ali. . .
Atice: What? Pollute the air?
Mr. S;mmons: y~s, your mother has
just reminded me of the new law.
21

Alice: I have a better idea.


Mr. Simmons: That's just what I said
but it wasn't such a god idea.
Alice: Have you ever heard of compo~t, dad?
.
Mr. Sfmmons: Yo're ight! I haven't
heard of. compost since my
grahdfather dled.
'. . "

Mrs. Simrnons: What are VOU~wo tal k-

ing about?

Mr. Simmons: Ali has just reminded


me of the best way to take care
of leaves.
Mrs. Simmons: How's that?
Mrs. Simmons: First, I rake them al!
up; then I .dig a hole in the yard
and put them in. Next, I bury
them. And .vyhen
spring arrives,
.....
vye have the perfect fertilizer for
.
the garden.
Alice: Now you're giving a hoot!
Mrs. Simmons: That's. it. Be concerned-give a hoot, don't pollute~

'.'

22

33.8.1.1. .COMPREHENSION
QUESTIONS

Answer the following questions with complete answers.


1.

What does Frank hate?

2.

Whycan't Frank burn the leaves?

3.

Is the law, a new one or an old one?

4.

When was the last time Frank heard of compost?

5.

How is compost made?

6.

What is compost good for?

THROUGHWRITING
33.8.1.2. COMPREHENSION

Using the vocabulary at the rjght, reconstruct, in your own words, the
dialogue in not more than 90 words.

hate
rakeup
idea
remind
pollute
.

take care of

23

put in
spring

(DO.of words)

24

VOCABULARV

33.8.2.1. Matching. Choose the word at the right that best fits the ex-.
pression at the left:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

remind of
give a hoot
rake up
hate
pollute

a) contam inata
b) ;' dislike
.c) concerned
d) clean
e) remember

33.8.2.2. Multiplechoice. Choose the closest word in meaningby placinga


circlearound it.
1. scienee fietion

a) novels

b) news

e) nuts

d) nature

2. aceuracy
3. technique
4. amazed

a) exaet
a) memory
a) wonder

b) error
b) mateh
b) worth

e) energy
e) moton
e) worm

d) especially
d) method

d) wear

a)
a)
a)
a)

b)
b)
b)
b)

e)
e)
e)
e)

d)
d)
d)
d)

5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

oceasionally
energetie
output
break down
environment
law

infrequent
vietory
potent
failure

a) surviving
a) raee

ineonsistent
vgorous
powder
forest

b) 'surrounding
b) raw

inabilitv
voiee
produetion
fear

c) sounding
e) riee

informal
valor
plane
fire

d) smoothing
d) rute

25

STRUCTURES

33.8.3.11. Change

the followingsentences from the future conditional to the -

presentconditional (if/will to if/would).


\

1.

If itrains, we'lJ get wet. ~.

2.

If flight 713 leaveson time, Ron'lI arrive at Midtown at 5:30.

3.

If Fran k bu rns the leaves, he'll get a fi neo

4.

If he buries the leaves,he'll have cdmpost by spring.

5.

If Ronald writes every week, his mother'll be happy.

33.8.3.2. Change the following sentences from the present contrary-t<;>-fact


to the future conditional (if/would to if/will).
1.

If I were rich, I'd buy you a mansion. .

2.

Werehe sick, his wife'd call uso

3.

If I came late, I'd still seehim.

4.

If they were leaving, t8ey'd surely notify uso

5.

Were it to snow, the kids would go wild with excitement.

33.8.3.3. Change the following sentences from the present contrary-to-fact


to t~e past contrary-to-fact conditiona~ (if/would to if/would have).

1.
26

If I did the job.correctly, they'd pay me double.

2.

I would earn a good salary, if I studied computer sciences.

3.

I would visit the Lincoln Memorial, if I were in Washington.

4.

You would learn a lot of English, if you listened to the radio.

5.

If I went to prison mistakenly, I would be very angry.

27

SPECIAL DIFFICUL TIES


f

33.8.4.1. Fill in the following sentences with these words: earn, win, gain,
beat in their correct forms.
1.'
2.
3.
4.
5.

How much money do you


a month?
Have you ever.
anything in the lottery?
My goodness you're fatI You've
a lot of weight!
Midtown
Ohio State University, 14-13.
She
lhe contest with little competition.

33.8.4.2. Fill in the following sentences with the correct form of ei'ther say
or tel!.
lo

2.
3.
4.
5.

me the time?
Excuse me, can you
When was the last time you
your prayers?
Have I
you the latest news?
Let me
you the joke I heard last night.
les is abad habit of mind.

33.8.4.3. In the following sentences use either out or of to complete the


sentences correctly.
lo

2.
3.
4.
5.

The apparatus is at the point


falling to pieces.
Can you point
the way, please?
Pointing
favorite tourist attractions is something I'd like to
do.
Make a point
calling me, will you?
They were within two points
winning the game.

29

33.C.1. S9PHOMORENOMORE* (SELF-TEST)

A /ice: Good morning!


Mr. and Mrs. Simmons: Good morning, Ali.
Alice: Boy, do I have a busy day
ahead of me!
Mr. Simmons: Why, Ali?
Alice: I was elected planning coordi n ator for the Junior-Senior
Prom and we have our first meeting today.

Alice: Well, I've got to go and catch


the b"us. 1'11be home a little late,
OK?
Mrs. S;mmons: Yes, dear. Have a good
day, Ali.
Alice: Bye, momo Bye; dad.

Mrs. Simmons: She surely has grown


up hasn't she?
Mr. Simmons: Yeso I was wondering
why Ali is working on the dance
now? School's just begun. The
prom is not until June!
Mrs. Simmons: You don't remember,
Frank? For a junior, it's the
biggest event of her life. Her first
"formal date! It's never too early
to begin planning for it.

Sophomore corresponds to the 10th grade or 1st year of senior high or first year of preparatory in
Mexico; Junior, 2nd year; Senior, 3rd year.
31

Mr. Simmons: Ves, I remember when


I was a junior.
Mrs. 'Simmons: Who did you ask to
.

the dance?

Mr. Simmons: No one. A girl asked


me.
Mrs~ SifY!mons: Oh" Clark Gable
,Simriions!' Vou were that popu:' 'lar?

'

Mr. Simmons: No. The girl went to


another school and wanted to
come to our prom.
Mrs. Simmons: And you made other
girls from your class stay at
home? . ,
Mr. S;mmoi1s:. No, they asked boys
from ot~er., schbols to escort
them!
'

Mrs. Simmons: And we'think times are


changing! Girls were just like
they are today!

32

,/'"
/

33.C.1.1.COMPREHENSION
QUESTIONS
(SELF-TESTl

Answer the following questions with complete answers.


1.

Why does Alice have a busy day ahead of her?

2.

When wi 11she be home?

3.

What is a Junior-Senior prom?

4.

Did Frank ask a girl to go to his prom?

5.

Have girls changed much since Frank was young?

6.

What grades do sophomore, junior and senior,correspond to in Mexico?

33.C.1.2.COMPREHENSION
THROUGH
WRITING
"

Using the vocabulary at the right, reconstruct,


dialogue in not more than 90 words.

in your own words, the

elected
late
grow up
dance
date

prom
escort

like
(no. of words)

34

VOCABULARV(SELF-TEST)

33.C.2.1. Matching. Choose the word at the right that best fits the expression at the left.
lo

2.
3.
4.
5.

a)
b)
e)
d)
)

to be grown up
to wonder about something
to have a date
tQ mean something
to be just like

same
say
appointment
think
matu re

33.C.2.2. Multiple Choice. Choose the closest word in meaning by placing a


circle around it.
.
1 prosecutor
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

compute
agree
perfected
consume
distribute

7. interpret
8. sh ipped
9. governed
10. astonish

b) checked
b) spend

c)
c)
c)
c)
c)

a) transport
a) sailed

b) displace
b) transfer
b) sat

c) disperse
c) transmit
c) sold

a) guided
a) surprise

b) gained
b) surmount

e) generated
c) sound

a)
a)
a)
a)
a)

lawyer
certify
consent
completed
send

a) dislocate

b) liar
b) clear
1; conclude

laborer
calculate
circle
certified
sand

d) leacler
d) continue
d) chase

d)
d)
d)
d)

corresponded
stand
divide
translate

d) sent
d) given
d) sin9

35

STRUCTURES
(SELF.TEST)

33.'C.3.1. Change from the past conditional to the future' (if/would have to
if/will)

1.
2.

I might havegone,irl had had the time.


'If the wind had blown harder, it would have destroyed the crops.

3.

Had I not bought ~asoline then, I would have run out.

4.

If a cancer vaccine had been discovered 'in the 1960s, mitlions of lives
would have been saved.

5.

Had I listened to my father,


business.

I would

have stdied music and not


"

'

33.C.3.2. - Fill in the following sentences with nobody, nothing or nowhere


to. correctly complete the sentence.
lo

for you in themail today.


I'm sorry there's
I feellike doing absolutely
!
"
.
to do! No wonder you're bored.
.

2.
3.
4.
5.

Are you going to the movies tonight? No, I'm going


deservesthat much punishment!

33.C.3.3. Circle the correct word in the following sentences.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

That remembers/reminds me of a joke I wanted to tell you.


She told/said us to be here early.
1'11be home? few/a little earlier today.
How 'many/ inuch money do you earn a week?
I was wondering/wandering what happened to our eat.

SPECIALDIFFICULTIES (SELF-TEST)

33.C.4.1. Pronunciation-. Circle the correct ponunciation


following words' ending.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

completed
used
marked
interested
laughed
stopped
painted
destroyed
worked
added
removed
settled
cleared
helped
populated

a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)

[d]
[d]
[d]
[d]
[d]
[d]
[d]
[d]
[d]
[d]
[d]
[d]
[d]
[d]
[d]

b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)

[t]
[t]
[t]
[t]
[t]

[t]
[t]
[t]
[t]
[t]
[t]
[t]
[t]
[t]
[t]

e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
e)

for each of the

[ Id]
[ Id]
[ Id]
[ Id]
[ Id]
[ Id]
[ Id]
[ Id]
[ Id]
[ Id]
[ Id]
[ Id]
[ Id]
[ Id]
[ Id]

37

.Answersto. exercises

33.A.1.1. .
1.. How long does fl ight 713 stop at Capital airport?
2.

3.
4.

5.
6.

/t stops just long enough for passengers to get off and on.
What does Ronald's mother want him to do?'
.
She wants him to buy soine stationery and to wrfte once a week.
What do we say in English if a student doesn't pass any of his exams?
We say he or she fIunks out.
What will Ronald major in at Midtown University?
.
He will major in engineering.

Whatdid Ronald receivefrom Midtown University?


He received a scholarship.
Give the common English expressionsfor a plane's arrival and departure..
An airplane lands and takes off.

33.A.1.2.
Ron's plane landedat Capitalairport.

Before leaving, his mother tells him to buy some stationery and write once a
week as he won't be home until Christmas.
Ron will study engineering at Midtown because he is good at math.
He has been given a scholarship to study and will play football.
His mother is worried that he will not have time for both but his father
explains that a school gives a scholarship only after an evaluation of a boy's
grades.
82 words.

33.A.2.1.

.1. seat governmentcapital


2.
3.
4.

5.

continue
school director principal

carry on

talented skilled
student taid scholarshipaid
I
39

33.A.2.2.
1. headstone grave.
2. farm. land arable or agrieulture.
3. feature quality.

4. wideample.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

weak-minded indeeisive.
strength power.
grade sehool or seale.
unmarked blank.
built eonstrueted.
principie foundation.

33.A.3.1 .
1. Capital High S~hool gave Ronald a scholarship.
Ronald was given a scholarship by Capital High School.
2.
L'Enfant designed the capital.
The capital was designed by L'Enfant.
3. The British burned the President's mansion.
The President's mansion was burned by the British.
4.. Captain Phillips landed flight 713.
Flight 713 was landed by Captain Phillips.
5. The government honored him.
He was honored by the government.
33. A.3.2.
1. A lemon isn't sweeter,than an orange.
2. He's better than we thought.
3. The least expensive thing on the menu is too much!
4. The more '1practice, the better I become.
5. She was strieter with John than with Sue.

33.A.3.3.
1. No one was absent. Not one seat was empty. '
2
Isthere anything in the refrigeratorto eat?
3. ,I've got something tor you.
4. Everyone/Everybody is wearingblue jeans this year. les the styl.
5. Isn't there anybody/anyone here named'John Smith?
40
....

33.AA.l. .
1. It used to be a nice hotel, but now it's.run down.
2.
3.
4.
5.

I'm sorry I'm late, but my car ran out of gasoline.


Jim ran away and saw the world when he was just 15 years old.
Senator Dobbins is running for another termo
They ran up the hill on foot as fast as they could.

33. AA. 2. Using these words: after,_Qver, down, into, back, complete the
foilowing sentences.
lo
2.
3.
4.

A new manager has taken.QJaU"operations at ABC Chemical.


Fight tor your rights! Don't take things lyin9-doJlllL
Little Bi-Ily'sreally taking.attec his father, isn't he?
When you drive with him, you're taking your lifftinto your own hands.
He used to be important. But now he's taking a back seat in things.

5.

33.AA.3. Using these prepositions: up, in, over, forward, complete the
following sentences.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Mr. Hopkins was put in to replace Mr. Finem"an.


I know they don't have any money. They're only putting up a tront.
Boy, did they put one over on usoThey robbed everything.
Can you put in a good word for me? I'd like to get promoted.
She put her best foot forward wanting to impress her boy friendo

33.B.1.1.
1. What does Fran k hate?
He hates to rake up all the leaves in autumn.
2. Why can't Frank burn the leaves?
There is a city ordinance against it.
3.
Is the law, a new one or an old one?
.

4.

It is a new one.

When was the last time Frank heard of compost?


. He hasn't heard of compost since his grandfather died.
41"

5.

How is compost made?


A ho/e is dug and the /eaves put in and then covered or buried.

6.

What is compost good for?

It is good for making fertilizer.

33. B.1.2.
Frank thinks autumn is beautiful but he hates to rakeup leaves.
He/en gave him an idea but he has a better idea.
He was going to burn them unti/ she reminded him of the new ordinance
against polluting the air.
Alice to/d he, father about compost.
Compost is the best way to take care 'of /eaves.
After digging a ho/e, theyare put in and buried.
When spring comes, the compost makes good ferti/izer.
75 words

33.B.2.1.
1. remind of rem.emb.e.r2. givea hoot ponceInec!.
3. rake up c/ean.
4. hate dis/ike.
5. poliute contaminate.
33.B.2.2.
1. science fiction _novg1sJl

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
42

accuracyexact.
technique method
amazed wonder.
occasionallyinfrequent.
energeticvigorous.
outputproduction.
break down fai/ure.
environmentsurrounding.
lawru/e.

33.8.3.1.
1. If it rains, we'lI get wet.
If it rained, we would get wet.
2.
If flight 713 leaves on time, Ron'lI arrive at Midtown at 5:30.
If fIight 713 were to leaveon time, Ron'l/ arriveat Midtown at 5:30.
3.
If Frank bu.rns the leaves, he'll get afine.
If Frank were to burn the leaves, he'd get afine.
4.
If he buries the leaves, he'lI have compost by spring..
If he were to bury the leaveshe'd have compost by spring.
5.
If Ronalq writes every week, his mother'lI be happy.
If Ronald were to write every week, his mother'd be happy.
33.8.3.2.
-",1
1. If I were rich, I'd buy you a mansion.
If /'m rich, /'11buy you a mansion.
2. Were he.sick, his wife'd call uso
If he is sick, his wife'lI call uso
3.
If I came late, I'd still see him.
If 1come late, 1'11still see him.
4.
If they were leaying, they'd surely notify uso
If they leave, they'l/ surely notify uso
5. Were it to snow, the kids would go wild with excitement,
If it snows, the kids'lI go wild with excitement.
33.B.3.3.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

If I did the job correctly, they'd pay me double.


If 1had done the job correctly, they would have paid me double.
I would earn a good salary, if I studied computer sciences.
Had 1studied computer sciences, 1 would have earned a good salary.
I would visit the Lincoln Memorial, if I were in Washington.
1 would have visitf]d the Lincloln Memorial, if 1had been in Washington.
You would learn a lot of English, if you listened to the radio.
You would have learn~ a lot of Engl/sh, if you lJadlistenedto theradio.
If I went to prison mistakenly, I would be very angry.
If I had gone to prison mistakenly, I would have been veryangry.

43

33.8.4.1.
1. How much money do you earn a month?
2. Have you ever won anything in the lottery?
3. My goodness you're fatI You've gained a lot of weight!
4. Midtown beat Ohio State University,.14-43
.
5. - She won the contest with little competition.
33.8.4.2.

'~(I"

1. Excuse me, can you tel/me th,e time?


.
2. When was the last tir11eyou said your prayers? ~
3. Have I told you the latest news?
4.
Let me tell you the joke I heard last night.
5. Tel/ing lies is abad habit of mind.
33.8.4.3.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

'--

The apparatus is at the point of falling to pieces.


Can you point out the way, please?
Pointing out favorite tourist attractions is something I'd like 10do.
Make a point of calling me, will you?
They were within two points ofwinning the game.

33. C.1.
1. Why does Alice have a busy day ahead of her?
Because she was elected pianning Coordinator of the Junior-Senior
Prom and her first meeting is today.
2. When will she be home?
She will be home a little late.
I

3.

What is a Junior-Senior Prom?


It is a dance organized by the juniors for the seniors at the end qf

the schoolyear or in June.


4.

Did Frank ask a girl togo to his prom?


,
,

No, a girl asked him.


5.

Have girls changed much since Frank was young?


No, girls were just like theyare today, according toHelen.

44 .

6.

What grades do sophomore,

junior and senior correspond

Mexico?

"

to in
'

Sophomore is ,the first year of preparatoly, junior the second year, and
senior'the third year.

33.C.l.2.

Alice has a busy d~y ahead of her because she was elected Planning Coordinator of the Junior-Senior Prom and will be home a little late.
Her mother says she has rea/ly grown up and the reason she is work ing on
the dance is that it is the biggest event in her life.
It wi/l be her first formal d~te.
Helen asks Frank who he escorted to his prom.
He says no one, a girl asked himl
Helen concludes tht gir/s were just like they are today.
87 words.
;.

~ '.

.. \

'1

33.C.2.1.
.
1. to be grown up mature.
2. to wonde,r about something thin!(.
3. to' have a dat3 appointment
4. to mean something sayo
5. to be just like same.

33.C.2.2.
1. prosecutor lawyer.
2. compute calculate.
3. agree consent
4. perfected completed.'
5. consumespend.
6. distribute divide.
7. interpret translate.
8. shipped sent
9. governedguided.
10. astonish surprise.

45

33. C.3.1.
1,.

I might have gone, if I,had had the time.


I might go if I have the time.

2.

If the wind had blown harder, it wou'ld have destroyed the crops.
If the winds blow harder, it will destroy the crops.
Had I not bought gasoline then, I would have run out.
If I buy gasoline now, I won't run out (later).
If a cancer vaccine had been discovered in the 1960s, millions of lives
would have been saved.

3.
4.

5.

If a cancer vaccine is discovered in the 1970s, millions of lives will be


saved.
Had I listened to my father, I would have studied music and not
bus i ness.

If I listen to my father, I

will study mqsic and not business.

33.C.3.2.
1.
2.
3.
4.

I'm sorry there's nothing for you in themail today.


I feel I ike doi ng absolutely nothing.
.
Nothing to do! No wonder you're bored.
Are you going to the movies tonight? No, I'm going nowhere.

5.

Noboay deservesthat much punishment!

33.C.3.3.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

4;6

That reminds me of a joke I wanted to tell you.


She told us to be here early.
1'11be home a little earlier today.
How much money do you earn a week?
I was wondering what happened to our cato

UNIT XXXIV

34.A.1. TRICK.ORTREAT

Alice: Mom, you haven't seen our


popcorn-maker, have you?
.
Mrs. Simmons: Ves, it's there in the
kitchen somewhere. Why?
Alice: lid like to make this evening,
bags of popcorn for Halloween.
May I?
Mrs. Simmons: Of course, dear. I was
going downtown t9 buy candy
but popcorn sounds good.
Mr. Simmons: Hm, hm! I smell
something cooking that I really
Iike. Popcorn!
Mr. Simmons: Now, don't eat any,
Frank, until we've had supper.
Mrs. Simmons: How many bags of
popcorn have you made?
Alice: Well, last year there were about
fifty children in the neighborhood that came and we ran out
of everything.
Mr. Simmons: Was that why some kids
wrote "stingy" on my car window with a bar of soap?

(Thereis a knock at the door)


Mr.

Simmons:
Is there someone
knocking at the door?
Mrs. Si'!lmons: Ves, the first trick-ortreaters are here. Have you got
any bags ready, Ali?
Alice: Ves, momo
49

Mrs. Simmons: Coming?


Children: Trick or treat!
Mrs. Simmons: No tricks, please. I've
got you r treats.
Mr. Simmons: Hey, this popcorn
tastes good!
Mrs. Simmons: Alice did a good job.
Mr. Simmons: And we made enough
for us-and to avoid any tricks
from the kids!
Mrs. Simmons: Now, where's my
treat?
Mr. Simmons: Er...1 didn't buy anything. . .
.Mrs.Simmons: 'Stiilgy!

'<

50

ITf

34.A.1.1. COMPREHENSIONQUESTIONS

Answer the following questions'with complete answers.


1.

What is Alice going to make for Halloween?

2.

What does Frank smell?

3.

Why was IIstingy" written on Frank's car?

4.

What are children called who knock at the door on Halloween?

5.

How much popcorn did Alice make this year?

6.

Why is father still"stingy"?

34.A.1.2. COMPREHENSION
THRO~GHWRITING

Using the vocabulary at the right, reconstruct, in your own words, the
dialogue in not more than 90 words.

smell
runout
stingy
knock
trick -or-treater

enough

.51

taste
buy

(no.ofwords)

I ~

52

VOCABULARV

34.A.2.1. Matching. Choose the word at the right that best fits the expression at the left.
lo

2.
3.
4.
5.

practical jok
used to wash with
doesn't want to give
something that gives pleasure
last meal of the day

a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

treat
trick
supper
soap
stingy

34.2.2. Multiple Choice. Choose the closest word in meaning by placing a


circle around it.
1.

load

2. gypsum
3. shale
4. seep
5. pile
6. huge
7. evenly
8. icicles

9. tiny
10. stalagtite

a) wait
a) plate

b) weight
b) plaster

a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)

b).
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)

rock
luck
miss
immense
lever
formad
smart
round

road
lock
mess
immune
lover
fortune
small
run

c)
c)
c)
c)
c)
c)
c)
c)
c)
c)

wave
plank
roar
leak
mass
immerge
liver
fraed
snai I
Tush

d)
d)
d)
d)
d)
d)
d)

won
plumber
ron
link
moss
immerse
level

d) frozen
d) short
d) roof

53

STRUCTURES

34.A~3J ~ ',FHI in' the missil19 'Mord with the' correct fbrm of the verb in
parenthesis.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

(creep) up the hill.


. (ring) when the war ended.

Ten soldiers were seen,Church bells were heard

(spill) hisglass.

If you notice, he, keeps

Can you imagine him ..:.


She jealously watched us

(play) at his age?


(dance) together.

34..A.3.2. Put the, verbs i.n parenthesis in their correct


following sentences.
1.

They us do all sorts 01,difficult things. (make)

2.

My mother neverme to date until I was16. (allowed)

3.
4.
5.

'

He them write a page a day. (had)


I them to clean up when I could. (helped)
Me be quiet, if you can! (make)

34.A.3.3.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

position in the

Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb in parenthesis.

She found her lost child


He met his wife while
I used to catch moths
Don 't you remember h im
He's helping his father

(play) in a park.
(serve) in the Army.
- (fly) near a light.
- (wear) glasses?
(harvest) the crop.

SPECIAL DIFFICUL TIES

34.A.4.1. Fill in the following sentences with the correct verb for the
idiomatic expression (go,take, right, keep, throw).

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Do what I tell you.

away!

Somethings are impossible to save. It's necessary to


away.
That chair is still wet.
away please.
You had better
away. I don't want to see you again.
He
away my toys and won't give them back.

34.A.4.2. Fill

them

in the following sentenceswith these words: seaward,upward,

forward, sideward, backward.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Most important rivers flow


Many UFOs are mistaken for weather balloons going
march! , shouted the sergeant to his men.
The table's too close to the heater. Move it
, will you?
If you step

you'll fall!

Be careful behind you!

34.A.4.3. By

using is or are, indicate which nouns are singular or plural in


the following sentences.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

delicious.
y our popcorn
PBCnewson the air now.
American poiitics
easy to understand.
Mathematics
too difficult for me.
Fish
plentiful this time of year.

55

34.8.1. PILGRIM'SPROGRESS?
Mrs. Simmons: Come and get it!
Everyone come into the dining
room and take a seat!
Mr. Simmons: Where are the kids
going to eat?
Mrs. Simmons: The small children are
going to eat in the TV room. The
children with uso
Grandmother Simmons: Who's going
to carve the turkey?
Mrs. Simmons: 1'11do it in the kitch- \
en.
Grandmother Simmons: Heavens no!
We'll make Frank carve it at the
table!
Mr. Simmons: Pass your plates one at
a time, please.
Grandmother Simmons: Could you
put a little more white meat on
. son.7
mme,
Mr. Simmons: Mother, you know I
hate carving the turkey. Oid you
tell Helen to make me carve it?
Grandmother Simmons: Ves, I did.
You men today, have become so
Iazy! You r father wasn't Iike
that.
Mr. Simmons: Ves, mother.
Grandmother Simmons: The first turkey eaten by the Pilgrims was
carved by Miles Standish not his
wife!
57

Mr. Simmons: Who knows? Maybe'


. the PiIgrims made thei r wives do
it, mother.
Grandmother Simmons: Well, it they
did, then we women have made
some progress!
Mr. Simmons: The Pi Igrims had to tind
,
. and shoot the bird, right? Well, I
had to work and buy this bird.
But worse, I had to go downtawn and fight the traffic to
bring it baok. I don't call that
any kind of progress!

58

l.l'.

34.8.1.1.COMPRE.HENSION
QUESTIO.NS

Answer the following questions with complete answers.

1.

Whereare the children goingto eat?

2.

What does grandmother Simmons want to do?

3.

According to grandmother, who carved the first turkey?

4.

Why does grandmother believe women have made some progress?

5.

What isworse than carvinga turkey, accordingto Frank?

6.

What is another name for the first Europeans to eat turkey?

34.8.1.2. COMPREHENSION
THROUGH
WRITING
Using the vocabulary at the right, reconstruct, in your own words, the
dialogue in not more than 90 words.

carve
make
lazy
Miles Standish

progress
shoot
work

59

traffic
(no. of words)

60

VOCABULARV

34.8.2.1. Matching. Choose from the list at the right the word that best fits

the word at the left.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

kids
eook
lazy
plates
earve

a)

b)
e)
d)
e)

sliee
.

dishes
unwilling
ehildren
prepare

34.8.2.2. Multiple Choice. Choose the closest word in meaning by placing a


cirde around it.
1. paees
2. dates baek
3. skill
4. stall ions
5. foal
6. wiped out

a)
a)
a)
a)
a)

7. ivory

a)
a)
a)
a)

8. breeding
9. armor
10. freight

gate
passed
tall
male
eolt

a) disturbed
tanks
rising
eat
shipment

b)
b)
b)
b)

gait
pasted
tank
masculine

b ) eolc
b) drew
b) toes
b) rowing
b) eoat
b) shift

e)
e)
e)
e)
,e)

great
past
telling
manner
eould

e) destroyed
e) tears
e) raising
e) ereate
e) sheep

d)
d)
d)
d)
d)
d)

gap
posted
talent
murder
eoal
desti ned

d) tusks
d) renting
d) eal!
d) sherbert

61

STRUCTURES

34. B.3.1. Rewrite the foHowing sentences with the correct form of the verb
in parenthesis.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
.

Oidn't I tell you (turn .off) the water!


Do you expect me (come) like I am?
They heard him (sing) in the bathroom.
Permit me '(open) the door, m'am.
They got her (sing) their favorite songo
.

34.B.3.2. Rewrite the following sentences with the corr~ct form of the verb
in parenthesis.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

I could tell she was happy-I saw her (smile).


He wasn't permi~ted to keep the money. They made him (return) it.
Jim's father taught him (ride) when he was very young.
I was urged (buy) that thing. And I did!
We.were invited (come) assoon aswe could.

34.B.~.3. Rewrite the following sentences with the correct form ot the. verb
in parenthesis.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

62

It's a real pleasure to feel the waves (splash) on your face.


We had a mechanic (change) the oil in the engine.
Why don't you let the kids (watch) TV tor an hour?
You could never persuade me (take) that horrible medicine.
She forced me (wear) these crazy clothes.

SPECIAL

DI F F ICULTI ES

34.8.4.1. Using the following words: agree, accept, attend, assist and except, fill in the sentences below.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

I'm sorry I'm late, but I had to


a meeting.
Do you
this man to be your husband, Mary?
Really, I don't
with you.
I'd like to
you, but I don't know what to do.
Eve~yone is here
Dimitri.

34.8.4.2.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

In the following, which sentence does not use ship as a suffix?

Companionship is what keeps friends together.


Salesmanship is the quality we're looking foro
I don't know why penmanship isn't taught anymore.
The spaceship was only possible by much scientific research.
If you want to see real horsemanship you'lI have to see the Spanish
Riding Academy.

34.8.4.3. Using the following prepositions: in, off and for, fi11in the
sentences below.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

How did you hurt yourself? I fell


my horse.
AII right you people! Fall
line!
How could you have fallen
his line?
Have you ever tried to explain falling
love?
Why did he turn out so badly? 8ecause he fell
crowd when he was young.

with the wrong

63

34.C.1. I LlKEMIKE(SELF-TEST)

Mr. Simmons: Dear, do you want me


to ta ke you to the polls to vote
before or after work?
Mis. Simmons: I'm going with Jane,
Fran k.
Mr. Simmons: 1'11see you this evening, then, dear.
.

Mrs. Simmons: Ready, Jane?


Jane: Ves, let's go early betore the
polls get crowded.
Jane: Who are you going to vote for,
.

Mrs.

Helen?
Simmons:
Every tour years
Frank and I have a big argument
about how we're going to vote.
Ah, here we are. Well, I'm tor
Governor "Mike" Allison.

Jane: Jim wants me to vote tor Senator Dobbins:


Mrs. Simmons: Frank told me to vote
for him also. But I like Mike, as
the campaign slogan goes.
Jane: Why, Helen?
Mrs. Simmons: Because he asked his
daughter not to change the date
of her wedding.
Jane: Exactly, there's going to be another wedding in the White
House! It's exciting, isn't it?
Mrs. Simmans: Frank says it's a silly
.

reason to vote tor a presidential


candidate.
Jane: Wait until you hear why Jim is
voting for Dobbins.
Mrs. Simmons: Why?
Jane: Because Dobbins was born in
the same year and on the same
day!
Mrs. Simmons: Or, maybe he is
hoping tor a government job like
Frank !

66

34.C.1.1. COMPREHENSION
QUESTIONS(SELF-TEST)

Answer the following questions with complete answers.


1.

With whom is Helen going to the polls?

2.

Why do Jane and Helen want to go early?

3.

Who does Jim want Jane to vote for?

4.

Why? Give the reason.

5.

Who is Helen going to vote for?

6.

Why? Give the reas~>n.

34.C.1.2. COMPREHENSION
THROUGHWRITING
Using the vocabulary at the right, reconstruct,
dialogue in not more than 90 words.

in your own words, the

polls

crowded

vote for
argument
slogan

67

weddlng

silly
born

68

(no. of words)

VOCABULARV (SELF-TEST)

34.C.2.1. Matching. Choose the expression at the right that best fits the
word at the left.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

34.C.2.2.

polls

a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

,campaign

'slogan
wedding
pretty

beautiful
phrase
voting place
marital ceremony
poiitical contest

Multiple Choice. Choose the closest word in meaning by placing a

circle around it.


1. riding
2. eultivated
3. Athenians
4. knights
5. invasion
6. steady
7. aim
8. mount
9. gallery
10. derive

a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)

traverse
developed
Greeks
poekets
worm
first

a)
a)
a)
a)

gone
get off
baleony
original

b) travel
b) delayed
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)

Gorgons
poems
win
firm
girl
get over
baloney
order

e) trap
e) damaged
e) Georgians
e)
e)
e)
e)

protectors
war
fur
goal

d) tower
d) dimmed
d) Gauls
d) pilgrims
d) warn

e) get in

d) foreign
d) gall
d) get on

"C) balance

d) ballet

e) ordinary

d) originate

69

STRUCTURES (SELF-TEST)

34.C.3.1. Change the following sentences from the present to the past contrary-to-fact conditional
1.

If I were rich, contrary to popular belief, I would be happy.

2.

If you had your choice, where would you live?

If we had the time, we would go to the movies.

A.

Were taxes not so high, I'd buy a new caro

5.

Would she come over, if you called her?

34.C.3.2. Fill in the following sentences with either should or must.


lo

2.
3.
4.
5.

have seen what I saw. Incredible!


you always do what I do?
One
brush his teeth at least three times a day.
When in Rome you
do as the Romans do.
You
be here at 2:00. It's important!
You

34.C.3.3. In which of the following sentences can we use was able to instead of could without changing the sentence?

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

70

I could have gone, had I had the time.


Could he get the joke?
When I was young I could lift 100 kilos.
If you wanted, you could give up smoking.
I couldn't see the mountains yesterday because of the smog.

SPECIAL DIFFICUL TIES (SELF-TEST)

34.C.4.1. Fill in the missing words in the following sentences.

1.
2.

4.

If you are good at selling, you have the quality of


A person's letters that are a pleasure to read because they are well
.
written by hand express
If you and your friend find many things in common, it's because you
two havea strong
.
During eq!Jestrianevents in the Olympic Games we can see excellent

5.

Apollo X I was the first

3.

to reach the Moon.

34.C.4.2. Fin-in the following sentences with appropriate adverbs.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Wewere caught in traffic. Wecouldn't move

'

an inch!

Leaving the port, the ship sailed


He was so fat, he had to 90 through the door
. Keep your eyes straight ahead.
Never look
AII businesses like to see their profits go

34.C.4.3. Fill in the missing verbs in the following sentences.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Don't you
it's the best cake you've ever eaten?
Will you
the phone call? They want to reverse the charges.
I'd like to
that concert, but I can't.
If you
me, we can finish up and leave early.
Al! her children had mumps,
Paul.

Answersto exercises

34.A.1.1.

1.

What is Alice going to make for Halloween?

2.

What does Frank smell?

3.

Whywas 'stingy' written on Frank's car?

She is going to make popcorn.


He smells something he really /ikes-popcorn!

4.
5.
6.

Because the Simmons didn't give some chi/dren a treat /ast year.
What are children calledwho knock at the door on Halloween?
We call them trick-or-treaters.
How much popcorn did Alice makethis year?
She made enough for the chi/dren and the fami/y.
Why is father sti 11IIstingy"?
Because he didn't buy mother a treat.
\

34.A.l.2.
A/ice is going to make popcorn for Halloween.
As father comes into the house he smells something he really /ikes.He tells
A/ice that /ast year they ran out of treats and some chi/dren in the neighborhood wrote 'stingy' on his car window with soap.
There is a knock at the door.
Th? first trick-or-treaters have arrived.
After trick-or-treating is over Frank tries Alice's popcorn and says it tastes
good.
Mother asked him if he has her treat.
He rep/ies that he didn't buy anything and she calls him 'stingy'.
90 words.
.

34.A.2.1.

2.

practical jo ke trick
used to wash with soap

3.
4.
5.

doesn't want to givestingy


something that gives pleasure treat
last meal of the day supper

1.

73

34.A.2.2.
1. load weight
2. gypsum plaster
3. shale rock
4. seep leak
5. pile mass
6. huge immense
7. evenly level
8. icicles frozen
9. tiny sma~1
10. stalagtite roof
34. A.3. 1.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Ten soldiers were seen creeping (creep) up the hill.


Church bells were heard ringing (ring) when the war ended.
If you notice, he keeps spilling (spi11)his glass.
Can you imagine him playing (play) at his age?
She jealously watched us dancing (dance) together.

34.A.3.2.

1.
2.

3.
4.
5.

They us do all sorts of diffic.ult things. (make)


They make us do all sorts of difficult things.
My mother never me to date until I was 16. (allowed)
My mother never allowed me to date untill was 16.
. He them write a page a day. (had)
He had them write a page a day.
1them to clean up when I could. (helped)
I helped them to clean up when I could.
Me be quiet, if you can! (make)
Make me be quiet, if you can!

34.A.4.1.
.

1.

Dowhat I tell you. Right away!

2.
3.

Somethings are impossible to save. H's necessary to throw them away.


That chair is still wet. Keep away, please.
You had better go away 1don't want to see you again.
He took away my toys and won't give them back.

4.
5.

74

34.AA.2.
1.
Most important

rivers flow seaward.

2.
3.

Many UFOsare mistaken for weather balloons going upward.


Forwardmarch! , shouted the sergeantto his men.

4.
5.

The table's too close to the heater. Move it sideward, will you?
If you step backward, you'll fal!! Be careful behind you!

34. AA.3.
1
Your popcorn is delicious.
2. ?BC news is on the air now.
3. American politics is easy to understand.
4. Mathematics is too difficult for me.
5. Fish are plentiful this time of year.
34. B.1.1.
1. Where 9re the children going to eat?
The big ones with the adu/ts and the small ones will eat in the TV
room.
2.
What does grandmother Simmons want to do?
She wants to make Frank carve the turkey.
3. According to grandmother, who carved the first turkey?
She says Captain Miles Standish did.
4. Why does grandmother believe women have made some progress?
Because Frank said maybe Pi/grim women were made to carve the
first turkeys.
5. What is worse than carving a turkey, according to Frank?
Fighting the traffic downtown is worse.

34.B.l.2.
He/en tells everyone to take a seat. Grandmother asks He/en who is going
to carve the turkey.
He/en answers she will.Grandmother says to make Frank do it.
She thinks men have become so /azy.
She believes Captain Miles Standish carved the first turkey but Frank
replies that maybe they made their wives do it.
If Frank is right, then women have made some progress.
Frank didn't have to shoot it but he had to work for it and worse he had
75

to fight the traffic downtown, he said.


, 89 words.
34.8.2.1.
1. kids children.
2. cook prepare.
3. lazy unwilling.
4. plates qishes.
5. carve slice.
34.8.2.2.
1. paces gait.
2. dates back pasto
3.

4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

ski 11 talent.

stallions male.
foal colt.
wiped out destroyed.
ivory tusks.
breeding raising.
arm or coat.
freight shipment.

34.8.3.1.
1. Didn't I tef\ you to turn off the water!
2. Do you expect me to come Iike I am?
3. They heard him singing in the bathroom.
4. Permit me to open the door, m'am.
f).
They got her to sing their favorite songo
34.8.3.2.
1. I could tell she was happy-I saw her smiling.
2.
He wasn't permitted to keep the money. They made him return it.
3. Jim's father taught him to ride, when he was very young.
4. I was urged to buy that thing. And I"did!
5. We were invited to come as soon as we could.

76

34.B.3.3.
1. It's a real pleasure to teel the waves splashing on your tace.
2. We had a mechani<:change the oil in the engine.
3. Why don't you let the kids watch TV tor an hour?
4. You cO,uldnever persuade me to take that horrible medicine.
5. She torced me to wear these crazy clothes.
.
34.C.1.1.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

With whom is Helen going to the polls?


She is going to the polls with Jane.
Why do Jane and Helen want to go early?
They want to go early before the polls get crowded.
Who does Jim want Jane to vote tor?
He wants her to vote for Senator Dobbins.
Why? Give the reason.
Because he was born on the same day and in the same year.
Who is Helen going to vote tor?
She is going to vote for Governor UMike" Allison.
Why? Gve the reason.
Because his daughter's wedding will be in the White House.

34.C.1.2.
Frank asks Helen if she wants to go to the polls before or after he goes to
~~.
.
Helen answers she is going with Jane. They want to go early before the
polls get crowded.
Helen and Jane are going to vote for Governor uMike" Allison because his
daughter will have her wedding in the WhiteHouse.
Frank thinks it's a silly reason. But Jane says Jim is going to vote fqr
Senator Dobbins only because he was born in the same year and on the

~me~~

34.C.2.1.
1.
2.
3.
4.

polls voting place.


campaign poltical contesto
slogan phrase.
wedd ing marital ceremony.

77

5.

pretty beautiful.

34.C.2.2.
1. riding travel.
2. cultivated r;lev~/oped.
3. A1henians Greeks.
4. knights protectors.
5. invasion war.
6. steady firmo
7. aim goal.
8. mount get on.
9. gallery balcony
10. derive originate.
34.C.3.1.
1. If I were rich, contrary to popular belief, 1would be happy.
If 1 had been rich, contrary to popular belief, 1 would have been
happy.
2.
If you had your choice, where would you live?
If yoiJ had had your choice, where would you have lived.
3. If we had the time, we would go to the movies.
If we had had the time, we would have gone to the movies.
4. Were taxes not so high, I'd buy a new car.
Had taxes not been so high, 1 would have bought a new caro
5. Would she come over, if you called her?
Would she have come over, i( you had called her?
34.C.3.2.
1.
You should have seen what I saw. Incredible!
2.
Must you always do what 1do?
3.
4.
5.

One should brush his teeth at least three times a day.


When in Rome you should do as the Romans do.
You must be here at 2:00. It's important!

34.C.3.3.
1. no.
2. no.
78

3. yeso
4.
5.

no.
no.

34.C.4.1.
1. If you are good at selling, you have the quality of salesmanship.
2. A person's letters that are a pleasure to read because they are well
written by hand express penmanship.
3.
If you and your friend find many things in common, it's because you
two have a strong companionship/friendship.
4. During equestrian events in the Olympic Games we can see excellent
horsemanship.
5. Apollo XI was the first spaceship to reach the Moon.
34.C.4.2.
1. We were caught in traffic. We couldn't move forward an inch!
2.
Leaving the port, the ship sailed seaward.
3. He was so fat, he had to go through the door sideward.
4.
Never look backward. Keep your eyes straight ahead.
5. AII businesses like to see their profits go upward.
34. C.4.3.
1. Don't you agree it's the best cake you've ever eaten?
2. Will you accept the phone call? They want to reverse the charges.
3.
I'd like to attend that concert, but I can't.
4.
If you assist me, we can finish up and leave early.
5. AII her children had mumps, except Paul.

79

..

UNIT XXXV

35.A.1. EGGNOG.

Frank: What are you up to, Helen?


He/en: Making our Christmas egg nog.
Do you' want to make yourself
useful, dear?
Frank: Sure. What should Ido?

He/en: Seat these


will you?
Frank: When must
He/en: Don't rush
got to beat in
cup of sugar.

egg vol ks for me,


I add the brandy?
me! Now you've
gradually this half

He/en: Have you beaten in the sugar?


Frank: Right!
He/en: Now, add very slowly, one cup
of the brandy, 2 cups of cream
and 2 cups of milk.

Frank: What are you doing?


He/en: I have to whip these egg
wh iteso
Frank: Ought I to turn the bowl?
He/en: I don't think it's necessary.

He/en:. That's fine, dear. Now before I


fold in the egg whites get me
some nutmeg from the spice cab,inet, will you?
Frank: OK. Now let's try it.
83

Frank: We should have put in more


brandy! What did Mark Twain
say? "Too much of anything is
bad, but too much' brandy is just
enough" .
He/en: Mark Twain m'ust have been
like you-egg nog for brains!

84

35.A.1.1.COMPREHENSION
QUESTIONS
Answer the following questions with complete answers.

1.

What is Helen making?

2.

What must Frank do with the half cup of sugar?-

3.

How must the cup of brandy be added?

4.

What is Helen doing with the egg whites?

5.

What is Frank getting from the spice cabinet?

6.

What did the famous American writer Mark Twain say about brandy?

35.A.1.2. COMPREBENSION
THROUGHWRITING
Using the vocabulary at the right, reconstruct,
dialogue in not more than 90 words.

in your own words, the

beat

beat in

add

whip

fold in

85

spice cabinet

should

brains
(no.

86

of words)

VOCABULARV

35.A.2.1. Matching.Choose the word at the right that best fits the expression at the left.
1.
2.
.3.
4.
5.

beat
nutmeg
fold
yolk
whip

a)
b)
e)
d)
e)

yellow
ereamy
mix
twisting
spiee

35.A.2.2. Multiple Choice. Choose the closest word in meaning by placing a


circle around it.
1. dread
2. slight
3. mild
4. ill
5. drop
6. foes
7. risk
8. safe
9. doubt
10. danger

a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)

anxious
little
gentle
stay
deseent
elements
dam
seeure
unnatural
hazy

b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)

awful
less
gross
siek
deseend
elevate
danger
sell
under
hold

e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
e)

andent
level
g.ain
song
deeent
enemies
dril!
self
uneertain
hurry

d)
d)
d)
d)
d)
d)
d)
d)
d)
d)

answer
loss
grow
sour
deacon
eligible
debt
solid
unseen
hazard

87

STRUCTURES

35.A.3.1. . Change the following sentences with IIcould" or "woud" instead


of "used to."
1.

He used to go to town frequently when he had a caro

2.

I can't do the things I used to when I was younger.

3.

We used to go mountain climbing when we lived in Denver.

4.

My mother used to take us to the movies on Saturday.

5.

It used to be fun to 'camp out during the summer.

35.A.3.2.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5'.

88

Use "should" or "must" in the following sentences.

One
bathe daily, if at all possible.
You
come now! I cah't wait any longer!
You
do what you see if you are unfamiliar with the customs
in a strange place.
You
not tal k in the library. Can't you read!
This
be the place. The address is correcto

35.A.3.3.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Use "may" or IImight" in the following sentences.


I leave the room for a second?

I don't recommend that food. You


get sick.
You
have as much as you wish, Johnny.
He
have called while you were out, I'm not sure.
You
not go to the movies! You're punished!

SPECIALDIFFICUL TIES

35.A.4.1. Use "hard" or "hardly" in the following sentences.

1. Most people play golf nowadavs. There are


any who don't.
2. I almost missed seeing you. You werenoticeab,le.
3. Wow! It's been a
day.
4. He dro.vea
bargain. I had to pay a,lot for the rings.
5. If you practice
, you'lI be a star someday.
35.A.4.2. Use "drop" or "fall" in the following sentences in their correct
forms.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

by and see us when you can.


The food
on the floor. Why?
it. That's why.
Because the waiter Don't stand on that chair. You'll
off!
She thinks she's important. She just
names, that's all!

35:A.4.3. Use "late" or "Iately" in the following sentences.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Have I told you


that Ilove you?
Hurry up or we'll be
!
, things have been going well for me. And you?
No, I didn't see the
show last night.
How many times have you been
this week, MissJones?

89

35.8.1. AULD LANG SVNE*

Ronald: Mom, who's coming over tonight?


Mrs. Simmons: Oh, everyone will be
here, son, except your grandmother Simmons.
Ronald: I could have gone for grandmother if you'd told me.
Mrs. Simmons: She wanted to go to
bed early in order to get up early
and watch the Rose Parade on
TV.
Alice: Ronnie, are you going to bring
. Elizabeth to the party?
Ronald: Sure. I won't see her~ until
Easter vacation, skinny. . .
Alice: Don't you dare call me skinny!
Scrub!
Ronald: Ah, skinny!Scrub I am but I
didn't sit on bench during the
football season. I gained 400
yards for the freshman team.
Alice: 400 yards gained in carrying
water!
.

Mr. Simmons: Now, now! Do you


think you'll play on the firststring varsity squad, son?
Ronald: I should. But the competition
is going to betough. The scrubthe freshman-team has a lot of
good players.
* Scottish tor "old days gone by."

91

O.""-

(Later that night)


Mr. Simmons: What's the matter,
dear? Are you sad that Ronnie
has to go back to college?
Mrs. Simmons: 'No, it's not that
Ronnie
has to go back-it's
another year has gone by!
Mr. Simmons: Cheer up! It's 12
o'dock! It's a new year!
/

Everyone: Should auld acquaintance


be forgot and
and never brought to mind,
Should auld acquaintance be,
forgot
and days of auld lang syne,
For auld lang syne, my dear,
FO'rauld lang syne,
We'lI take a cup of kindness yet,
for auld lang syne!

92

35.8.1.1.COMPREHENSION
QUESTIONS

Answer the following questions with complete answers.


1.

Who is coming over '10the Simmons' house for New Year's Eve?

2.

Why isn't grandmother Simmons coming over?

3.

How many yards did Ronald gain during the football season?

4.'

Does Ronald think he'lI play on the first string team?

5.

Whyis Helenunhappy?

6.

When do English-speaking people sing QuId Lang Syne?

35.8.1.2. COMPREHENSION
THROpGHWRITING
Using the vocabulary at the right, reconstruct,
dialogue in not more than 90 words.

in your own words, the

come aver

bring

scrub

skinny

freshman

93

varsity

sad

Syne

94

(no. of words)

VOCABULARV

35.8.2.1. Matching. Choose the word at the right that best fits the expression at the left.
lo

skinny

2.'
3.
4.
5.'

scrub
varsity
stri ng
parade

a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

freshman
non-freshman
thin
march
sq uad -

35.8.2.2. Multiple Choice. Choose the closest word in meaning by placing a


circle around it
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

East
immune
conquest
disease
theory
inoculate
room
publish
inspire
results

a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)

Orient
propose
win
all
speci fy,
shut
please
prepare
create
effluent

b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)

Oregon
protect
wind
aid
speculate
shoot
palace
print
cream
efficient

c)
c)
c)
c)
c)
c)
c)
c)
c)
c)

October
project
wing
ale
spend
shot
place
proud
creed
effort

d)
d)
d)
d)
d)
d)
d)
d)
d)
d)

Odyssey
protract
wink
ail
sphere
'shed
polish
public
credit
effect

:95

STRUCTURES

35.8.3.1. Change the followiOg sentences from the future to the present
contrary-to-fact

conditional

1.

If the submarine is bombed, it will sink.

2.

If your report is prepared, I'm sure it'11be read.

3.

If SuperCola is advertised on TV, I'm positive it'll sell!

4.

If salt is separated, you'll get sodium and chloride.

5.

If you buy a ticket, you'lI get a seat for sure.

35.8.3.2. Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with "should,"


"may," or "must," correctly completing.the sentence.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

The fire
A wedding
AII visitors

have been put out, but it wasn't~


be held here tomorrow-I see flowers everywhere.
check their cameras before erering.

I sit here, please?

you use a fork or spoon with custard 'pie'?

35.8.3.3. Change the following sentences from the past conditional to the
future conditionaL
1.

If the war had been fought with atomic bombs we wouldn't have survived.

2.

If Fellini's film had been shot in a studio, i1:wouldn't have seemed real.

96

3.

If the children hadn't been woken up, they would have missed the
parade.

4.

If the thieves hadn/f been caught, they would have robbed my house
too.

5.

If we had thought of it, we could have seen Washington on our way to


New York.

97

SPECIAL DIF.FICUL TIES

35.8.4.1. Using the following words: "set," "cheer," "make," and "to be"
complete the sentencesbelow.
1.

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

up your mind, will you?


Can you
up this machine for us?
What
you up to?
I don't think they're fighting anymore. They've
up! The party's going to begin.
Before going higher up the mountains, we must
campo

up.
up our base

35.8.4.2. Explain the meaning of the italicized words by matching them


with the words at the right.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

What's the matter, dear?


a) importance
Matter and energy are, according to Einstein, equivalents. b) mass
We can send it to you in the matter of a few days.
c) wrong

It's of no matter really.

d) regardless .

No matter

e) course

what happens, 1'11write.

35.8.4.3. Explain by matching the meaning of the italicized words with the
words at the right.
l.
2.
3.
4.

Can I get you anything, dear?


She was a dear friend of mine.
My Dear Sir:
Cars are very dear today.

a)
b)

c)
d)

expensive
close
love
esteemed

99

35.C.1. THE ROSEPARADE(SELF-TEST)

GrandmotherSimmons: Everyone up
Helen?

Mrs.Simmons: Yes, Ruth.


GrandmotherSimmons: Well, turn on
your TV; the Rose Parade'sbegun.
Mrs. Simmons: OK, Ruth. We'll wateh
i.t Oh, Frank'll be over after the
parade to piek you up for dinner.
AII right? Bye.

Mr. Simmons: Look at all those peopie! There must be a million on


the sidewalks watehing it go by.
A /ice: Looks Ii ke they're awfully
eold!

Mr. Simmons:

l1's always eold in

Pasadena, California on January


1st.
Alice: How do you know, dad?

Mr. Simmons: Oh, I've been to the


Rose Parade several times. It's
the greatest parade in the world.

Ronald: Who's that?


Mrs. Simmons: That must be the Rose
Queen. Ves it is. Isn't she beautiful?
(Ronnie whistling at the girls on the
float)
101

Alice: Wait until I tell Elizabeth!


Ronald: Can't aman
little beauty?

appreciate a

Alice: When can we go, dad?


Mr. Simmons: If Midtown University
plays again next year in the Rose
Bowl game, we'll be there for
sure.
,Ronald: Hey, there's our university
team and band! Ves sir! They'lI
be there next year too! If we
win the conference title.
Mrs. Simmons: I'd sure like to see you
in the' Rose Bowl game next
year, son!
Ronald: Maybe, mom, maybe.
,

102

35.C.1.1. COMPREHENSION
QUESTIONS
(SELF.TEST)

Answer the following questions with complete answers.

1.

Whydid grandmother Simmonsphone Helen?

2.

Where are the million people watching the parade from?

3.

Whereis it alwayscold on January 1st?

4.

Why does Ronald whistle at the girls on TV?

5.

When might the Simmons go to Pasadena?

6.

What do they see while watching the parade?

35.C.1.2. COMPREHENSION
THROUGH
WRITING

Using the vocabulary at the right, reconstruct, in your own words, the dialogue in not more than 90 words.

turn on

dinner
sidewalks

whistle

103

appreciate

go

win

next year

104

(no. of words)

VOCABULARV

(SELF-TEST)

35.C.2.1. Matching. Choose the word at the right that best fits the expression at the left.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

whistle
awfully
sidewalks
beauty
appreciate

a)
b)
e)
d)
e)

really
pedestrian
attractive
enjoy
sound

35.C.2.2. Multiple Choice. Choose the closest word in meaning by placing a


circle around it.
1. set
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

all through
network
ground
deviee
path
through out
depth
sight
traek

a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)
a)

put
entire
ehild
edge
apply
wateh
even
bottom
visual
fellow

b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)
b)

pot
envelope
ehief
empty
apparatus
water'
everywhere
bond
vista
folk

e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
e)

part
enthuse
ehain .
earth
apple
way
eventful
bone
visor
fold

d)'
d)
d)
d)
d)
d)
d)
d)
d)
d)

pet
entertain
chef
energy
appear
wear
execute
born
vision
follow

105

STRUCTURES (SELF-TEST)

What words are being contracted in the following exercises?


35. C.3.1.
1. I'd surely like to see you in the Rose Bowl game.
2. She'd had the mumps when she was 10 years old.
3. They'd gone by the time he arrived.
4.
He'd rather not go tonight.
5. You'd better not come late!

35.C.3.2.
1. She's getting a cold.
2. He's got a leavenow.
3. Who'she playingwith?
4. Where'syour mother, son?
5. You're joking!
35.C.3.3.
1. There'd be lots of fun when we went to the fair.
2. They'l/ be there on time.
3. She's planning her wedding now.
4. How've you been, lately?
5. How'd you like to be in his place?

106

SPECIAL DIFFICUL TIES (SELF-TEST)

35.CA.l. Without looking at the dialogue, fill in the appropriate prepositions that are missing.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Everyone
, Helen?
Well, turn
your TV.
Oh, Frank'll be
after the parade.
He'll pick you
for dinner.
Look
all those people!
There must be a million people on the sidewalks watching it go
It's the greatest parade
the world.
Ron's whistling
the girls.
Wait
I tell Elizabeth!
If Midtown plays again next year
!he Rose Bowl, we'll be there.

35. CA.2. Match the expression at the right with the following sentences.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

What's the weather like?


I don't like cold weather.
You're likely to catch a cold if you don't wear a sweater.
Do you feellike going now?
She sings like an angel.

a) hate
b) will
c) beautifully

d) outside
e) want

107

Answersto exercises

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

What is Helen making?


She is making the fami/y's Christmas egg nog.
What must Frank do with the half cup of sugar?
He has got to beat it in gradual/y.
How must the cup of brandy be added?
/t must be added very s/ow/y.
What is Helen doing with the egg whites?
She is whipping them.
What is Frank getting from the spice cabinet?
He is getting some nutmeg.
What did the famous American writer Mark Twain say about bran- .
dy?
He said, 'Too much of anything is bad but too much brandy is just

enough.'
35.A.1.2.
He/en is making egg nog for Christmas and she asks Frank to he/p her by
beating the egg yo/ks.
Next he must beat in a ha/f cup of sugar then add very s/ow/y one cup of

brandy.

Meanwhi/e He/en is whipping the egg whites which she wil/ fo/d in.
Frank gets the nutmeg from the spice cabinet.
He tries the egg nog and thinks they shou/d have put more brandy in it.
He/en says he must have egg nog for brains! 81 words.
35.A.2.1 .
1. beat mix.
2. nutmeg spice.
3. fold twisting.
4. vol k yel/ow.
5. wh ip creamy.
109

35.A.2.2.
1. dread awful.
2. siight /ittle.
3. miId gentle.
4. illsiek.
5. drop deseend.
6. foes enemies.
7. risk danger.
8. safe seeure.
9. doubt uneertain.
10. danger hazard.
35.A.3.1.
1. He used to go to town frequently when he had a caro
He would go to town frequently when he had a ear.
2.
I can't do the things I used to when I was younger.
I ean't do the things I eould when I was younger.
3. We used to go mountain climbing when we lived in Denver.
We eould go mountain e/imbingwhen we lived in Denver.
4.
My mother used to take us to the movies on Saturday.
My mother would take us to the movies on Saturday.
5.
It used to be fun to camp out during the summer. .

It would be fun to eamp out during the summer.


35.A.3.2.
1. One should bathe daily, if at all possible.
2. You must come now! I can't wait any longer!
3. You should do what you see if you are unfamiliar with the customs
in a strange place.
4. You must not tal k in the library. Can't you read!
5. This must/should be the place. The address is correcto

35.A.3.3.
1. May I leave the room for a second?
2.
I don't recommend that food. You might get sick.
3. You may have as much as you wish, Johnny.
4.
He might have called while you were out, I'm not sure.
110

5.

You may not go to the movies! You're punished!

35.AA.l .
1. Most people play golf nowadays. There are hardly any who don't.
2.
I almost missed seeing you. You were hardly noticeable.
3. Wow! It's been a hard day.
4.' He drove a hard bargain. 1 had to paya lot for the rings.
5. If you practice hard, you'll be a star someday.
35.AA.2.
1. Drop by and see us when you can.
2. The food fell on the floor. W~y?
3. Because the waiter dropped it. That's why.
4. Don't stand on that chair. You'll fall off!
5. She thinks she's important. She just drops names, that's all!

35.AA.3.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Have I told you lately that I love you?


Hurry up or we'll be late!
Lately, things have been going well for me. And you?
No, I didn't see the late show last night.
How many times have you been late this week, Miss Jones?

35. B.1.1.
1. Who is coming over to the Simmons' house for new Year's Eve?
Everyone except grandmother Simmons.
2. Why isn't grandmother Simmons coming over?
Because she wants to get up early tomorrow morning and watch TV.
3. How many yards did Ronald gain during the football season?
He gained 400 yards.
4. Does Ronald thi nk he'lI play on the first string team?
He says he should but the competition will be tough.
5. Why is Helen unhappy?
Because another year has gone by.
6. When do English-speaking people sing Auld Lang Syne?
On New Year's Eve at 12:00 m;dnight ;t ;s sung.
111

35.8.1.2.
Ronald asks who is coming over this evening.
Helen answers everyone except grandmother.
Alice asks Ronald if he is going to bring over his girl friend Elizabeth.
She calls him 'scrub' and he replies with the word 'skinny.'
Ronald tells her he played on the freshman football team and gained 400
yards.
Father asks him if he'lI play varsity.
Ronald believes he should.
Helen is sad not because Ronald is returning to college but because the
year is overo
Father asks her to join the singing of Auld Lang Syne.
88 words.
35.8.2.1.
1. skinny thin.
2. scrub freshman.
3. varsity non-freshman.
4. string squad.
5. parade marcho
35.8.2.2.
1. East Oriento
2. immune protect.
3. conquest win.
4. d isease ail.
5. theory speculate.
6. inoculate shot.
7. room place.
8. publ ish print.
9. insp ire create.
10. results effect.
35.8.3.1.
1. If the submarine is bombed, it will sink.
If the submarine were bombed, it would sink.
2. If your report is preparer:l, 1'm sure it/ll be read.
112

If your report were prepared, I'm sure it'd be read.


If SuperCola is advertised on TV, I'm positive it'lI sell!
If SuperCola were advertised on TV, I'm positive it'd be sold.
If salt is separated,you'll get sodium and chloride.
If salt were separated, you'd get sodium and chloride.
If you buy a ticket, you'll get a seat for sure.
If you bought a ticket, you'd get a seat for sure.

3.
4.
5.

35.B.3.2.
'.

1.

The fire should have been put out, but it wasn't.

2.

A wedding may be heid here tomorrow-I see flowers everywhere.


Al! visitors must check their cameras before entering.
May I sit here, please7
Should you use a fork or spoon with custard pie 7-

3.

4.
5.

35.B.3.3.
1.
.

2.

3.

If the war had been fought with atomic bombs we wouldn't have
survived.
If the war is fought with atomic bombs, we won't survive.
If Fellini's film had been shot in a studio, it wouldn't have seemed
real.
If Fellini's film is shot in a studio, it won't seem real.
If the children hadn't been woken up, they would have missed the

pa rade.

4.

If the children aren't woken up, they will miss the parade.
If the thieves hadn't been caught, they would have robbed my house
toa.

5.

If the thieves aren~t caught, they will rob my house too.


If we had thought of t, we could have seen Washington on our way
to New York.
If we

think of it, we will see Washington on our way to New York.


...

35.B.4.1.
1. Make up your mind, will you7
2.
Can you set up this machine for us7

3.

Whatare you up t07

4.

I don't think they're fighting anymore. They've made up.

113

5.

Cheerup! The party's going to begin.

6.

Before going higher up'the mountains,

we must set u.p our base camp.,

35: 8.4.2.
1., What's the matter, dear? wrong'
2. Matter and energy are, according to Einstein, equivalents. mass
3. We can send it to you in the matter of 'a few days. course
4.
l1's of no matter really. importance
5. No matter what happens, 1'11write. regard/ess

35.8.4.3.
1. Can I get you anything, dear? love
2. She was a dear friend of mine. e/ose
3. My Dear Sir: esteemed
4. Cars are very dear today. expensive

35.C.1.1.
1. Why did grandmother Simmons phone Helen?
She tells her to turn on the Rose Parade.
2. Where are the million people watching the parade from?
Theyare watching it from the sidewa/ks.
3. Where is' it always cold on January 1st?
According to Frank, it's a/ways co/d in Pasadena, California.
4. Why does Ronald whistle at the girls on TV?
Because they are beautifu/ gir/s.
5. When might the Simmons go to Pasadena?
If Midtown University p/ays in the Rose Bow/ next year, they'lI go.
6. What do they see while watching the parade?
They see Midtown University's band and team.

35.C.l .2.
GrandmotherSimmons phqnes He/en and tells her to turn on the Rose
Parade.
He/en says she will and tells her that Frank will come' over to pick her up
far dlnner114

'

Frank says there must be a mil/ion people on the sidewalks.

Aliee eomments on the people looking awful/y eold.


Ronald, when he sees the Queen, whistles and asks 'Can't aman appreeiate a
little beauty?'
They'l/ al/ go to Pasadena if Midtown wins their eonferenee again next year.
83 words.

35.C.2.1.
1. whistle sound
2. awfully real/y
3. sidewalkspedestrian
4. beauty attractive
5. appreciate enjoy
35.C.2.2.
1. set put
2. all through entire
3. network ehain
4. ground earth
5. device apparatus
6. path way
7. through out everywhere
8. depth bottom
9. sight vision
10. track fol/ow
35.C.3.1.
1. I'd surely like to see you in the Rase Bowl game. would
2. She'd had the mumps when she was 10 years old. had
3. They'd gone by the time he arrived.had
4. He'd rather not go tonight. would
5. You'd better not come late! had
35.C.3.2.
1. is
2. has
3. is
115

4.
5.

is
are

35.C.3.3.
1. would
2. will
3. is
4. have
5. would
35.CA.1 .
1. Everyone up, Helen?
2. Well, turn on your TV.
3. Oh, Frank'll be over after the parade.
4. He'lI pick you up for din'ner.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Look at all those people!


There must be a million people on the sidewalks watching' it go by.
It's the greatest parade in the world.
Ron's whistling at the girls.
WfJituntill tell Elizabeth!
If Midtown plays again next year.in the Rose Bowl, we'll be there.

35.CA.2.
1. What's the weather like? outside.
2.
I don't like cold weather. hate.
3. y ou' re likely to catch a cold if you don't wear a sweater.. will.
4. Do you feellike going now? want.
5. She sings like an angel. beautifully.

116

36.A.1. PERFECTENGLlSH

Mr. Simmons: What's wrong, Ali?


Alice: I wish 1were smarter.
Mr. Simmons: Why, AIi?
Alice: Because 1ean't find anything for my projeet.

Mr. Simmons: What projeet is that?


Alice: Everyone in our class has to
take some aspeet of Lincoln's life
and tal k about it. For Monday!
1 was given the topie: "Li neol n
and the Civil War." It's unfair!

Mr. Simmons: Anything about the war?


.
Alice: Yeso
Mr. Simmons: Then you've 90t no problem.
Alice: Why do you say that, dad?

Mr. Simmons: Let.. .me. . .see. Ah,


ves. Here it is!
Alice: What's that?

Mr. Simmons: Let me read you

this.. .

119-

Mr. Simmons: It is considered by


scholars to be the' most perfect
of modern English..
Alice : Than ks, dad!

120

36.A.1.1.COMPREHENSION
QUESTIONS

Answer the following questions with complete answers.


1.'

What does Alice wish she were?

2.

What project has she been given?

3.

Has she got a problem?

4.

Where did father find help for Alice?

5.

Give another expression for IILet me read this.1I

6.

How s, w~at father has read, rega~ded?

'121

. --- - -- - - . -

36.A.1.2. COMPREHENSION
THROUGH
WRITING

Read Lincoln's letter to Mrs. Bixby, looking up any unfamiliar


words in your dictionary.
Executive Mansion
Washington, Nov. 21, 1864
To Mrs. Bixby
Boston, Mass.
Dear Madam
I have been shown in the files of the War Department a
statement of the Adjutant General of Massachusetts that you are
themothet of five sons who have died gloriously on the field of
battle. 1 feel" now weak and fruitless must be any word of mine
which should "attempt to beguile you from the grief of a loss so
overwhelming. But I cannot refrain "from tendering you the consolation that may be found in the thanks of the republic they died
to save. I pray that our Heavenly Father may assuage the anguish
of your bereavement, and leave you only the cherished memory of
the loved and lost, and the solemn pride that must be yours to
have laid so costly a sacrifice upon the altar of freedom.
Yours very sincerely and.
respectfu Ily,

A. Lincoln
"On the walls of Brasenose College, Oxford University, England, this letter
of President Lincoln hangs as a model of purest English, rarely, if ever,
surpassed," wrote the critic and publisher R.J. Cook in 1926.

122

VOCABULARV

36.A.2.1. Matching~ Choose the word at the right that best fits the'.expres'sion at the left.
1. aspeet
2. ' topie
3. seholars
4. eonsidered
5. find

a)
b)
e)
d)
e)

aeadem es
regarded
loeate
subjeet
point

36.A.2.2. Multiple Choice. Choose the closest word in meaning by placing a


circle around it.
1. versatile
2. sPaCecraft
3. mankind
4. approach
5. vision
6. emergency
7. eventually
8. shuttle
9. breathtaking
10. drawback

'

a)
a)
a)
' a)
a)
a)

a) inept
a) transfusion
a) soreness
a) party

c) adept
c) rackets
c) humans

d) absurd
d) reckless
.d) barried
d) apple

b) speechless

e)
e)
e)
e)
e)
c)

b) probe

c) problem

b)
b)
b)
b)

acfoPted
rockets
humus
approximate.
forward
travail

adaptable
rickets
hurried
apathy

b) foresight
b) trouble
b) incoherent
b) transfer
'.

appropriate
formu la
tremble
insidetranslate
sameness

d) foreign
d) throu.gh
d) invitable
d) transport
d) sourness
d) palm

123
I

STRUCTURES

36.A.3.1. Fill in the following sentences with the correct form of 'wish."

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

He,
They
You,
1She

he could become a computer scientist.


they could have visited the capital.
you could have done your work on time, don't you?
I could have gane to France with my friends.
she could have been wealthy.

36.A.3.2. Put the correct form of the verb in parenthesis in the blanks in the

followingsentences.
lo

I wish they had

2.
3.
4.
5.

She wishesshe had .


They wish they had
We wish w-ehadn't
y ou 'wish you had

'

(come) on time.
(see) her cous.in last night.
(lie) in the sun more to get tanned.
(make) that mistake.
(win) the game, don't you?

36.A.3.3. Follow the same pattern as above i.nthe following.


lo

2.
3.
4.
5.

124

He wishes he
(be) here now.
(have) more money.
She says she wishes she
(see) him.
They wish they
Iwishl(work) in the movies.
(go), don't you?
y ou wish you

SPEC.IALDIFFICULTIES

36.AA.l. Which word in parenthesis best completes the following sentences?

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

A bottle opener is a handy (devise/device).


We need to (boar/bore) a hole here.
He is the chief of (alien/foreign) operations for ASC Co.
Soap operas are dramatic (cereals/serials) on radio and TV.
He's (notorious/notoriety) for his Iying.

36.AA.2. Using these words: sleep, do, heard, seas, sight, complete the following sef1tences.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Don't over
the job. It's fine 1ike it s.
I'm going to tell you what I over
.
last night at the party.
They're sending me over
again. This time to England.
I'm sorry. It was just an over
on our parto
Don't over
. Eight hours is sufficient.

36.AA.3. Using the following in their correct form: make, drive, drop, go
and see, complete the sentences below.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

He
off with my jewels! Help!
May I
you off downtown?
Be careful that can
off and kill you.
We'lI take you to the airport to
you off.
Soy, was he angry! He just
off without saving
anyth ing!

125

-1

36.B.1.11'8A BARGAIN!

Frank: What in the world

are you

doing? What time is it?


He/en: It's five o'dock. It's necessary
that 1get downtown early.
Frank: Get downtown! What in heaven's sake for?
He/en: Today's Washington's birthday!
Frank: Ah, ves! You're going to
. stand out in the cold three or
four hours just to get something
at a store for a dollar. How silly!
He/en: Silly, my foot!
The radioalarm dock that wakes you up
every morning was bought last
year for a dollar at Fineman's
department store! . They normalIy cost forty.
Frank: Well, get something, with your
dollar, that's a little lessdisagreeable!
He/en: 1'11see you later, dear. Alice'll
fix your breakfast.
Frank: Good luck with the mob!
(Later, at nine o'c/ock)
Store manager: Please, ladies, please!
He/en: It's about time! What a wait!
Hey, don't pLsh! Stop that
pushing! You're stepping on my
feet!

Oh!

! !

127

Jane: Helen,what did you get7


He/en: A bottle of perfume-"Fire
and Water"- for a dollar!
Jane: That's a bargain!
He/en: Ves, but Frank doesn't like it.
It smells like gin he says!

128

36.8.1.1. COMPREHENSIONQUESTIONS.

Answer the following questions with complete answers.


1.

What is it necessary that Helen do?

2.

Why is Helen silly, according to Frank?

3.

What did Helen get for a dollar last year?

4.

Who will fix Frank's breakfast?

5.

Why does Helen complain?

6.

Why doesn't Frank like "Fire and Water? "

THROUGHWRITING
36.8.1.2. COMPREHENSION

Using the vocabulary at the right, reconstruct,


dialogue in not more than 90 words.

in your own words, the

early
heaven's sake

stand out
wake up
breakfast
mob
pushing
129

perfume
(no. of words)

130

VOCABULARV

36.8.2.1. Matching. Choose the eorreet word at the right that best fits the
word at the left.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

mob
silly
step on
bargain
gin

36.8.2.2.
.

a)
b)
e)
d)
e)

stupid
alcohol
erush
erowd
sale

Multiple Choice. Choose the closest word in meaning by placing a

circle around it.

1. efficieney

a) able

b) attitude

e) adapt

d) agree

2. patienee

a) wait

b) want

e) wet

d) won
d) ehosen

3. defianee

a) eherish

b) ehildish

e) ehallenge

4. vaeaney

a) rise

b) rare

e) room

d ) rose

5. belief

a) ereate

b) creed

e) ereat ion

d) eredulous

6. memorable

a) unforgivable

b) unforgettable

e) unfold

d) unfurl

7. eontemptible

a) d isregard

b) disengage

e) discharged

d) disrespect

8. sensible

a) rational

b) rotation

e) rarely

d) reasonable

9. advantage

a) handieraft

b) handiwork

e) handiness

d) handicap

a) endless

b) empty

e) ended

d ) energy

10. unlimited

131

STRUCTURES

36.B.3.1. Without looking at the di.alogue, fill in the missing prepositions.


'lo
2.
3.
4.
5.

I can't find anythin~ my project.


Everyone---:-.. our classhas to take some aspecto. .
Lincoln's life.
It is considered
~cholars.. .
. . . the most perfect modern English.

36. B.3.2. Choose the words that best complete the following sentences.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

I can't (easy/easily) do it.


It smells so (deliciously/delicious)!
My car used to drive (smooth/smoothly) until I had an accidente
How (qccurate/accurately) can you be?
I'm (near/nearly) done.

36. B.3.3-. From the following connecting words: besides, still, furthermore,
however, therefore, choose and correctly complete the following.
1.

2.
3.
4.
5.

132

, he's crazy believHe doesn't know what he's doing;


I
ing he'can do it.
-,
I enjoyed the popcorn.
I didn't like the movie;
, you can't drive veto
You're 15 years old, right?
You have to do it; , you have to do it the way I tell
you.
it's always necesWe.'ve done this a thousand times;
sary to double check.

SPECIALDIFFICULTIES

36.8.4.1. Choose from the troublesome pairs the correct word in the foIIowing sentences.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Why wasn't the (translucent/transparent) bikini very popular?


I always (n\larbel/marvel) at the way he dances.
The city's (major/mayor) was out of town on holiday.
How many plants did they (steal/steel) from you?
Don't touch me. My sunburn is very (sensitive/sensible).

36.8.4.2. Which prepositions follow the italicized words: of or about?

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

That's typ;cal

a teenager. Oon't worry.

He was the most worthy


To be enthus;ast;c
It is character;st;c
What are you so anx;ous

commendation.
a hobby at the beginning is common.
us, to be irresponsible at times.
?

36.8.4.3. Which prepositions follow the italicized words: to or for?

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

I'm very grateful you for all your help.


Now,be courteous your mother-in-Iaw!
I think it's necessary a change in policy.
You weremarried her for eighteen years, weren't you?

He's not elig;ble -

reelection, is he?

133

36.C.1. PUPPYLOVE? (SELF-TEST)

Mrs. Simmons: Is that you, Ali?


Alice: Huh?
Mrs. Simmons: Will you kindly close
the door, young lady?
Alice: Huh?
Mrs. Simmons: What on earth
wrong with you?
Alice: Huh?
Mrs. Simmons: Alice!
Alice: Yes, mother?

is

Mrs. Simmons: What've you got in


yourhand?
Alice: Oh, just a cardo
Mrs. Simmons: For what occasion?
Alice: It's a Valentine's Day cardo
Mrs. Simmons: I see!
Mr. Simmons: Who was that, Ali?
Mrs. Simmons: Yeso She's "under a
spell. 11

Mr. Simmons: Some witch doctor put


a spell on her?
Mrs. Simmons: No, she received a Valenti ne's Day card from one of
the seniors at school.
Mr. Simmons: How serious is this
young man?
Mrs. Simmons: Like Ali was when she
read all those movie star magazines a few years ago-puppy
love-nothing more.

I
I
135

Mr. Simmons: Well, don't be so sure!


Ali is not 13 anymore, YOU
know. She's 16. That's how old
you were when you ,dated for the
first time!
'

136

36.C.1.1. COMPREHENSION
QUESTIONS(SELF.TEST)
- ,

Answer the following questions with complete answers.


1.

Who has just arrived home?

2.

Why didn't Alice close the door?

3.

What has Alice got in her hand?

4.

Who did she receive it from?

5.

What did Alice used to do?

6.

How old was Alice's mother when she dated for the first time?

THROUGHWRITING
36.C.1.2. COMPREHENSION

Using the vocabulary at the ri9ht, reconstruct, in your own words, the
dialogue in not more than 90 words.
kindly
wrong

card
occasion
spell
senior
serious

1-37

date
(no. of words)

138

VOCABULARY(SELF-TEST)

36.C.2.1. Matching. Choose the correct word at the right that best fit~ the
expression at the left.
1.

2.
3.
4.
5.

puppy love

a}

brujo

under a spell
Valentine's Day
star
witch doctor

b}
c)
d}
e}

lovers
infatuation
mesmerized
actor

36.C.2.2. Multiple Choice. Choose the closest word in meaning by placing a


circle around it.
1. development

a) statie

b) status

e) stagger

d) stage

2. funetional

a) worm

b) worn

e) work

d) word

3. performance

al shower

b) shove

e) shoal

dI show

4. endured

a) latest

b I lasted

e) last

dI latter

5. aehievement

al sueeess

b) suetion

e) superb

dI supper

6. available

al exoreise

b I exe rcise

e) extra

dI exist

7. eraving

a) deeease

b) desire

e) d isease

d) digest

8. theory

a) model

b) made

e) maid

d) mode

9. goal

a) envy

b) engine

el entire

dI end

1O. boast

al closet

b) claim

e) clean

d) clever

139

STRUCTURES(SELF-TEST)

36. C.3.1. Without looking at the dialogue, complete the sentences with the
appropriate preposition.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

What
earth is wrong with you?
What've you got
your hand?
what occasion?
She's 11
a spell.
her.
Some witch doctor put a spell
,

11

36.C.3.2. Choose the word that best completes the sentence.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Aren't you a 'Iittle (heavy/heavily) now?


When was the last time you heard music (sweet/sweetly) sung?
Don't be so (careless/carelessly)!
His work is (wide/widely) recognized.
(Sure/Surely) you've heard of him?

36.C.3.3. Complete the following sentences with these connecting words:


moreover, nevertheless, so, also, accordingly.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

140

She said she did it;


Get me some cigarettes;
We need help;My car's in the shop;
It's important;

I have to confess I did it.


some matches, will you?
you have been chosen.
-,
I don't have,money for a taxi.
, don't be late!

SPECIALDIFFICULTIES (SELF-TEST)

36.C.4.1. Choose the correct word of these troublesome pairs to correctly

complete the sentence.


lo

2.

3.
4.
5.

One usually wears a(n) (opaque/dark) suit to a funeral.


Coming from you, that's a (complement/compliment)!
It's very logical and (sensitive/sensible). Don't you agree?
It was a (major/mayor) task.
How many (inhabitants/habitations) live there?

36.C.4.2. Which preposition best completes the following: with or of?


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

How long have you been ill -

the flu?

Whyare you annoyed me?


But it's worthy your attention.
Are you familiarthis fellow?
It was most kind -

you to cal!.

36.C.4.3. Choose the correct verb to correctly complete the sentence.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

(Do/Make) the dishes!


(Do/Make) the bed!
Hey, (do/make) me a favor, will you?
I can't (do/make) this cross-word puzzle.
Why do you always (do/make) a mess?
.

141

Answersto exercises

36.A.1.1.
1. What does Alice wish she were?
Alice wishes she were smarter.
2. What projeet has she been given?

She wasgiven the topic ~Lincolnand the Civil War.~


3.
4.
5.
6.

Has she got a problem?


According to her father she hasn~tgot a problem.
Where did father find help for Aliee?
He found help for her in his library.
Give another expression for 'Let me read this.'
Permit me to read this. Allow me to read this.
How s, what father has read, regarded?
It is regarded as a model of purest English.

36.A.l.2.
To be answered by the students.
36.A.2.1.
1. aspeet point.
2. tapie subject.
3. scholars academics.
4. eonsidered regarded.
5. find locate.
36.A.2.2.
1. versatile adaptable.
2. spaeeeraft rockets.
3. mankind humans.
4. approach approximate
5." vision foresight.
6. emergeney trouble.
/

1.43

7.
8.
9.
10.

eventually inevitable. shuttle transporto


breathtaking speechless.
drawback problem.
\

36.A.3.1.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

He wishes he could become a computer scientist.


They wish they could have visited the capitol:
y ou wish you could have done your work on time, don't you?
I wish I could have gone to France with my friends.
She wishes she CQutdhave been wealthy:

36.A.3.2.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

I wish they had come (come) on time. '


She wishes she had seen (see) her cousin last night.
They wish they had lain (Iie) in the sun more to get tanned.
We wish we hadn't made (make) that mistake. .
You wish you had won (win) the game, don't you?

36.A.3.3.
1. He wishes he were (be) here now.
2. She says she wishes she had (have) more money.
3. They wish they saw (see) him.
4.
I wish I worked (work) in the movies.
5. You wish you went (go), don't you?
36.A.4,1.
1. A bottle opener is a handy device.
2. We need to bore a hole here.
3. He is the chief of foreign operations for ASC Co.
4. Soap operas are dramatic seraIs on radio and TV.
5. He's notorious for his Iying.
36.A.4.2.
1. Don't overdo the job. It's fine like it s.
2.
I'm going to tell you what I overheard last night at the party.
.3. They're sending me overseas again. This time to England.
144

4.
5.

I'm sorry. It was just an oversight on our parto


Don't oversleep. Eight hours is sufficient.

36.AA.3.
1. He made off with my jewels! Help!
2. May I drop you off downtown?
3. Be careful that can go off and kill you.
4. We'lI take you to the airport to drop you off.
5. Boy, was he angry! He jl!st drove off without saving anything!

36.B.l.1. .
1. What is it necessary that Helen do?
It is'necessary that she get downtown early.
2. Why is Helen silly, according' to Frank?
To stand 'out in the cold for three or four hours in order to get
something for a dollar is silly, he says.
3. What did Helen get for a dollar last year?
She got a radio-alarm dock.
4. Who will fix Frank's breakfast?
Alice will fix his breakfast.
5. Why does Helen complain?
Bhe complains because someone is pushing her and stepping on her feet.
6. Why doesn't Frank like "Fire and Water? 11
Because it smells like gin.
36. B.1.2.
Helen gets up early in order to get downtown early.
'What in heaven's sake for,' Frank asks.
She is going to stand out in the cold to get something for a dollar.
Frank wakes up every morning to the radio-alarm clock that He/en got /ast
year.
Because Helen will be gone, Alice will fix Frank's breakfast.
He wishes her luck with the mob.
145

The women push, entering the store.


When Helen comes out she has got a bottle of "Fire and Water" perfume for
a dollar.
84 words.
36~ 8.2.1 .

1. mob crowd.
2. '. silly stupid.
3. step on crush.
4. bargain sale.
5. 9in alcohol.
36.8.2.2.
1. efficiency able.
2. patience wait.
3. defiance challenge.
4. vacancy room.
5. belief creeds.
6. memorable unforgettable.
7. contemptible disrespect.
8. sensible reasonable.
9. advantage handicap.
10. unlimitedendless.
.

36.8.3.1.
1. I can't find anything for my project.
2. Everyone in our class has to take some aspecto . .
3.
Of Lincoln's life.
4.
It is considered by scholars. . .
5. .. . the most perfect of modern English.
36.8.3.2.
1. 1can't ~asily do t.
2.
It smells so deliciousl
3. My car used to drive smoothly until I had an accidente
4.
How accurate can you be?
5. l' m nearly d,one.
146

36.B.3.3.
1. He doesn't know what he's doing; besides/furthermore, he's crazy
believing he can do it.
2.
I didn't like the movie; however/still, I enjoyed the popcorn.
3.
y ou're 15 years old, right? Therefore, you can.'t drive veto . .
4. You have to do it, besides/furthermore, you have to do it the way I tell
you.
5. We've done this a thousand mes; still, it's' always necessary to double
check.
36. BA.l .
1. Why wasn't the transparent bikini very popular?
2.
I always marvel at the way he dances.
3. The city's mayor was out of town on holiday.
4.
How many plants did they steal from you?
5. Don't touch me. My sunburn is very sensitive.
36.B.4.2.
1. That's typical of a teenager. Don't worry.
2. He was the most worthy of commendatiQn.
3. To be enthusiastic about allObby at the beginning is common.
4.
It is character5tic of us, to be irresponsible at times.
5. What are you so anxious about?

36.C.l.1.
1. Who has just arrived home?
Alice has just arrived home from school.
2. Why didn't Alice close the door?
Her mother says she is "under a spell. "
3. What has Alice got in her hand?
She's got a Valentine's Day cardo
4. Who did she receive it from?
She received it from a senior at school.

147

5.

What did Alice used to do?

6.

She used to read movie star magazines.


How old was Alice's mother when she dated for the first time?
Alice's mother was 16 whenshedated for the first time. .

36.C.1.2.
Alice arrives home from school but does not close the door. Her mother asks
her to kindly close it.
Helen says, 'What's wrong with you?' The reason is, she's receiveda cardo
The occasion is Valentine's Day.
She seems to be under a spell.
Frank wants to know if the s.enioris serious.
Helen does not think. so; however, Frank reminds her she was 16 when she
dated for the first time.
72 words.

36.C.2.1.
1. puppy love infatuation.
2. . u.nder a spell mesmerized.
3.'

Valentine's

4.

sta r actQr.

Day lovers.

5.

witch doctor brujo.

36. C.2.2.

1. development stage.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

functional work.
performanceshow.
enduredlasted.
ach ievement success.
available exorcise.
cravingdesire. .
theory model.
9. goal end.
10. boast claim.
.

36.C.3.1.

1.
1.48

What on earth is wrong with you?

2.
3..
4.
5.

What've you got in your hand?


For what occasion?
She's "under a spell.lI
Some witch doctor put a spell on her.

36.C.3.2.
1. Aren't you a littleheavy now?
2. When was the last time you heard music sweetly sung?
3. Don't be so careless
4.
His work is widely recognized.
5. Surely you've heard of him?
36.C.3.3.
1.
2.
3.
4.

She said she did it; nevertheless, I have to confess I d id it.


Get me some cigarettes, also, some matches, will you?
We need help; accordingly, you have been chosen.
My car's in the shop; moreover/also, I don't have money for a taxi.

5.

l1'simportant: so/accordingly,don't be late!

36.C.4.1.
1. . One usually wears a(n) dark suit to a funeral.
2. Coming from you, that's a compliment!
3.
It's very logical and sensible. Don't you agree?
4.
It was a major task.
5.. How many inhabitants Iive there?
36.C.4.2.
1. How long have you been ill with the flu?
2. Why are you annoyed with me?
3. But it's worthy ofyour attention.
4. Are you familiar with this fellow?
5. - It was most kind ofyou to cal!.
36. C.4.3.
1. Do the dishes!
2. Makethe bed!
3. Hey, do me a favor, will YOLl?
149

4.
5.

150

I can't do this cross-wordpuzzle.


Whydo you always.makea mess?