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Q1 Q1 Q1 (a) (b) (c) Interpret : − ∑ x 233 x = =
Q1 Q1 Q1 (a) (b) (c) Interpret : − ∑ x 233 x = =

Q1

Q1 Q1 Q1 (a) (b) (c) Interpret : − ∑ x 233 x = = n

Q1

Q1

Q1 Q1 Q1 (a) (b) (c) Interpret : − ∑ x 233 x = = n
Q1 Q1 Q1 (a) (b) (c) Interpret : − ∑ x 233 x = = n

(a)

Q1 Q1 Q1 (a) (b) (c) Interpret : − ∑ x 233 x = = n

(b)

(c)

Q1 Q1 Q1 (a) (b) (c) Interpret : − ∑ x 233 x = = n
Q1 Q1 Q1 (a) (b) (c) Interpret : − ∑ x 233 x = = n
Q1 Q1 Q1 (a) (b) (c) Interpret : − ∑ x 233 x = = n
Q1 Q1 Q1 (a) (b) (c) Interpret : − ∑ x 233 x = = n

Interpret :

− ∑ x 233 x = = n 6 − ∑ y 2106.74 y =
x
233
x
=
=
n
6
y
2106.74
y
=
=
n
6
(
233
)
2
S
= −
10231
xx
6
S
= −
841161.928
yy
(
S
= 92765.08 −
xy

FINAL SCHEME BSM2922 SEM II 2008/2009

PART A (COMPULSORY)

The number of pounds od steam usage 600 500 400 300 200 100 20 30
The number of pounds od steam usage
600
500
400
300
200
100
20
30
40
50
60
TEMP
USAGE

F1 (for all x-axes)

and

F1 (for all y-axes)

(
(

10953.3433

)(

1182.8333 101436.3567

)

y-axes) ( 10953.3433 )( 1182.8333 101436.3567 ) A1 A1 Sample correlation coefficient : Strong positive
y-axes) ( 10953.3433 )( 1182.8333 101436.3567 ) A1 A1 Sample correlation coefficient : Strong positive
y-axes) ( 10953.3433 )( 1182.8333 101436.3567 ) A1 A1 Sample correlation coefficient : Strong positive
y-axes) ( 10953.3433 )( 1182.8333 101436.3567 ) A1 A1 Sample correlation coefficient : Strong positive

A1

A1

Sample correlation coefficient :

Strong positive linear relationship between temperature and steam used per month.

x 2 2 y x y xy 21 185.79 441 34517.9241 3901.59 24 214.47 576
x
2
2
y x
y
xy
21
185.79
441
34517.9241
3901.59
24
214.47
576
45997.3809
5147.28
32
288.03
1024
82961.2809
9216.96
47
424.84
2209
180489.0256
19967.48
50
454.58
2500
206642.9764
22729
59
539.03
3481
290553.3409
31802.77
∑ 2106.74
∑ 10231
∑ 841161.928
= 351.1183
= 1182.8333
A1
(
2
2106.74 )
= 101436.3567
A1
6
)(
)
= 10953.3433
A1
6

233 2106.74

∑ 233 ∑ 92765.08
∑ 233
∑ 92765.08

= 38.8333

r =

r = = 0.9999

=

0.9999

^ S 10953.3433 xy β = = = 9.2603 A1 1 S 1182.8333 xx ^
^
S
10953.3433
xy
β
=
=
=
9.2603
A1
1
S
1182.8333
xx
^
β
=
(351.1183)
(9.2603)(38.8333)
= −
8.4897
A1
0
^
Regression line :
y =
9.2603
x −
8.4897
A1
Interpret :
One unit increase in temperature (x) will increase 9.2603 in usage steam (y).
A1
Q1
(d)
^
With x = 10 ,
y =
9.2603(10)
8.4897
=
84.1133
A1
Q1
(e)
Step 1 :
H
:
β =−
8.3
0
0
H
1 : β ≠ −
8.3
(
Claim ) B1
0
Step 2 :
Given : α = 0.01, α
2 = 0.01 2 = 0.005 , n = 6, v = 6 – 2 = 4
Use t-distribution,
t
=±t
=± 4.604
.
A1
α
0.005, 4
, v
2
Decision Rule :
Reject H 0 if test value, falls in rejection regions,
t
> 4.604
or
t
< −4.604
.
M1
C
C
Step 3 :
^
SSE
S
β
S
101436.3567
(9.2603)(10953.3433)
yy
1
xy
MSE =
=
=
= 1.277935
A1
n − 2
n −
2
6
2
ˆ
*
β
β
( 8.4897)
− −
(
8.3)
0
0
t
=
=
M1
T
2
2
_
(38.8333) 
1
x
1.277935
  1
+
MSE
+
6
1182.8333
n
S
xx
= −0.13976 A1
Step 4 :
The test value,
t
= −0.13976
is less than the critical value,
t
= −4.604
which is not falls in
T
C
the rejection region. We do not reject H .
A1
0
Step 5 :
We have not enough evidence to support the claim that the intercept is not equal to -8.3.
A1

Q2

Q2

Q2

(a)

(b)

(c)

Type I error, α is the probability of reject H 0 when it is true.

Type II error, β is the probability of do not reject H 0 when it is false.

A1

A1

Step 1 :

H

0

:

µ =

3500

:

µ >

3500

(Claim)

Step 2 :

 

Give n = 100 ,

x

= 3650

, σ = 470 , α = 5% .

Condition I : σ known, n 30 . We use standard normal distribution.

The right tail test. With α = 5% = 0.05 , then

Decision rule :

.

Step 3 :

Reject H

Z =Z

α

0.05 =

1.645 .

Z test

A1

> 1.645

0 if test value falls in the rejection region, which is

Z test

_

x

µ

3650

3500

=

=

 

σ

470

n 100
n
100

= 3.19148

A1

M1

M1

M1

Step 4 :

Since the test value is 3.19148 which are in the critical region, we reject the null hypothesis.

A1.

Step 5 :

There is enough evidence to say that the maintenance cost will be more than RM3500 per month. A1

Given :

   

Outlet A

Outlet B

Sample size

14

24

Sample mean

85

74

Sample standard deviation

12

9

Step 1 :

H

1

: µ

1

µ

2

(Claim)

B1

H

1

B1

H

0

: µ = µ

1

2

H 0 : µ = µ 1 2
H 0 : µ = µ 1 2
Q3 (a)(i) Step 2 : Condition F : 2 2 σ , σ unknown, but

Q3

Q3 (a)(i) Step 2 : Condition F : 2 2 σ , σ unknown, but not

(a)(i)

Step 2 : Condition F : 2 2 σ , σ unknown, but not equal
Step 2 :
Condition F :
2
2
σ ,
σ
unknown, but not equal and
n , n < 30 . We use t-distribution. M1
1
2
1
2
2
2
 12
9 2
14
24 
 
186.6151148 M1
+ 0.495244565
+
14
− 1
24
− 1
= 21.61550315 ≈ 22
A1
The two tailed test. Using α = 0.1 , α 2 = 0.05 , then
± t
= ±
1.717
.
A1
0.05,22
Decision rule :
Reject
H
if test value falls in the rejection region, which is
< −1.717
or
T
> 1.717
.
0
T test
test
M1
Step 3 :
(
X
X
)
(
µ
µ
)
(85
74)
(0)
1
2
1
2
=
=
M1
t T
2
2
2
2
s
s
12
9
1
2
+
+
n
n
14
24
1
2
= 2.97615
A1
Step 4 :
Since the test value is 2.97615, which is in the critical region, we reject the null hypothesis.
A1
Step 5 :
We can conclude that, the mean of delivery time between outlet 1 and outlet 2 is not
equal.
A1

PART B (CHOICE)

∑ P(x) = 1 1 1 2 3 5 k+ = 1 6 5 k=
∑ P(x) = 1
1 1
2 3
5
k+ = 1
6
5
k= 1−
6

+

v=

12

2

v =  12    2 2   9   2 =

2

  9

2

=

2 8.138147567

v =  12    2 2   9   2 =

14

 

  

24

  14       24

k +

+

=

1 M1

1 k = A1 6 Q3 (a)(ii) F(0) =P(0) = 0 F(−3) =P(0) +P(1) =
1
k =
A1
6
Q3
(a)(ii)
F(0) =P(0) = 0
F(−3) =P(0) +P(1) = 0 +1 6 = 1 6
M1
F(6) =P(0) +P(1) +P(2) = 0 +1 6 +1 2 = 2 3
M1
F(9) =P(0) +P(1) +P(2) +P(3) = 0 +1 6 +1 2 +1 2 = 1
0
, x <− 3
1/6
,
− ≤
3
x
<
6
F
(
x
) =
A1
2/3
,
6
x
<
9
1
, x ≥ 9
Q3
(a)(iii)
 1 
 1 
 1 
E( X )
=−
3
+ 6
+ 9
M1
 
6
 
2
 
3
= 5.5
A1
 1 
 1 
 1 
2
2
)
= −
(
3
)
2
2
E
(
X
+ 6
+ 9
M1
 
6
 
2
 
3
= 46.5
A1
2
2
2
E
[(
X +
2)
]
= E X + X +
[(
4
4)]
= E X + E X + E
(
)
4
(
)
(4)
=
46.5
+
4(5.5)
+
4
M1
= 72.5
A1
Q3
(a)(iv)
2
Var X = E X − E X
(
)
(
)
[
)]
2
2
(
=
46.5
(5.5)
=
16.25
A1
Var X + = Var X + Var
(4
1)
2
4
(
)
(1)
M1
=
16(16.25) + 0
M1
=
260
A1
Q3
(b)(i)
+∞
f (x) dx = 1
−∞
0
1
x 5
(0)
dx
+
e
dx
=
1
M1
5
−∞
0
1
− x
5
e
dx
= 1
5
0
−x 5
1
e
=
1
M1
5
1
5
0
[ −x 5 ] ∞ − e = 1 0 − ∞ ( ) 5
[
−x
5
]
e
= 1
0
− ∞
(
) 5
]
[
0 5
]
[ − e
− −
e
= 1
(0) − (−1) = 1
1 = 1 (Prove)
A1
Q3
(b)(ii)
2
1
− x / 5
P
(
− 1 ≤
X
<
2)
=
e
dx
5
0
1
− x
5
=
e
dx
5
0
2
5
1
−x
e
=
5
1
5 
0
=[
− x 5
] 2
e
0
[
− (2) 5
]
[
0 5
]
= −e
− −e
M1
= (−0.67032) − (−1)
= 0.32968
A1
Q4
(a)(i)
Given that n = 10 and p = 0.08 , then X ~ B(10, 0.08)
B1
10
10
10
10
P X =
(
10)
=
C
0.08
0.92
M1
10
11
=
1.07374
×
10
A1
Q4
(a)(ii)
µ = np
= 10 × 0.08
M1
= 0.8
A1
Q4
(b)(i)
Given that,
X P
~
(2.2)
0
2
2
Then,
2.2 ⇒ 1 m
and
x ⇒ 10 m
M1
x
2.2
=
, then x = 2.2 ×10 = 22
10
1
X P
~
(22)
0
P( X < 20) = 1 − P( X ≥ 20) M1
= 1 − 0.6940
= 0.3060
A1
Q4 (b)(ii) 2 2 Then, 22 ⇒ 10 m and x ⇒ 100 m M1
Q4
(b)(ii)
2
2
Then,
22 ⇒ 10 m
and
x ⇒ 100 m
M1
x
22
=
, then x = 22 ×10 = 220
100
10
X P
~
(220)
0
µ = 220
A1
2
σ =
220
A1
Q4
(c)(i)
Given that : X ~ N (0, 1)
B1
1.32
0 
M1
P X
(
1.32
)
=
P Z
<
M1
1
=
P(Z < 1.32)
=
1 − P(Z > 1.32)
M1
=
1 − 0.0934
=
0.9066
A1
Q4
(c)(ii)
0.3
0
1.02
0 
M1
P
(
0.3
<
X
<
1.02
)
=
P
<
Z
<
M1
1
1
= P(− 0.3 < Z < 1.02)
= 1 − P(Z > 0.3) − P(Z > 1.02)
M1
= 1 − 0.3821 − 0.1539
= 0.4640
A1
Q5
(a)(i)
 2499
2500
2510
2500 
P
(2499
<
X
<
2510)
=
P
<
Z
<
M1
2
2
50
50
5
5
= P(−0.04 < Z < 0.45)
= 1 − P(Z > 0.04) − P(Z > 0.45)
M1
= 1− 0.4840 − 0.3264
M1
= 0.1896
A1
Q5
(a)(ii)
2550
2500 
P( X
<
2550)
=
P Z
<
M1
500
=
P(Z < 2.24)
=
1− P(Z > 2.24)
M1
=
1 − 0.01255
Q5 Q5 Q5 Q5 (a)(iii) (b)(i) (b)(ii) (b)(iii) = 0.9875 A1    

Q5

Q5

Q5

Q5

Q5 Q5 Q5 Q5 (a)(iii) (b)(i) (b)(ii) (b)(iii) = 0.9875 A1     

(a)(iii)

(b)(i)

(b)(ii)

(b)(iii)

= 0.9875

A1

     2450 − 2500  2 50    
 
2450
− 2500 
2
50
10
= P(Z > −3.16)
= 1 − P(Z > 3.16) M1
= 1 − 0.00069
= 0.9993
A1
Low Concentration High Concentration Sample mean 55 60 Sample standard deviation 4 4 Sample size
Low Concentration
High Concentration
Sample mean
55
60
Sample standard deviation
4
4
Sample size
16
16
58
60 
)
58
=
2
4
 
16
=
P(Z > −2)
=
1 −
P(Z > 2) M1
=
1 − 0.02275
=
0.97725
A1

 

  2 4      16
2
4
  
16

= P(Z < −1)

= P(Z

= 0.1587 A1

> 1)

M1

Step 1 :

Step 2 :

P ( X

2450)

=

P Z

>

M1

(

PX

H >

P Z

>

M1

(

PX

L <

54 )

=

P Z

<

54

55

M1

µ

H

µ

L

= 60 55 = 5

2 4 2 4 2 2 σ − σ = + = 2 H L
2
4 2
4
2
2
σ
σ
=
+
= 2
H
L
16
16
Step 3 :
X
X
~ N(5, 2)
H
L
Step 4 :
0
5 
P(X
X
>
0)
=
P Z
>
M1
H
L
2
= P(Z > −3.54)
= 1 − P(Z > 3.54) M1
= 1 − 0.0023
M1
= 0.9977
A1
Q6
(a)(i)
Given that : E = 20 and σ = 100 .
Level of confidence : (1 − α)100% = 99%
α
= 1 − 0.99 = 0.01
α 2 = 0.01 2 = 0.005
From standard normal table :
Z
=Z
=
2.58
α
2
0.005
2
Z
σ
α
2
Sample size,
n
=
E
2
 (2.58) (100) 
n
=
M1
20
n
= 166.41
n
≈ 167 A1
So we will need to sample at least 167 (rounded up) randomly. With this sample we will be
99% confident that the sample mean will be within 20 of the true population.
Q6
(a)(ii)
Step 1 :
Given, n = 27 and σ = 100 (sample)
Condition B : σ known, n < 30 , we use normal distribution. M1
Step 2 :
Level of significance : (1 − α)100% = 98%
α
= 1 − 0.98 = 0.02
α
2 = 0.02 2 = 0.01

Q6

(b)(i)

From standard normal table :

Step 3 :

 

The point estimate,

x

= 290

Step 4 :

 

290

Step 5 :

±Z

α

2

z

α

2

M1

 

_

 

σ

< 

 

σ

n
n

x

n
n

µ

z

α 2

 

_

 

<

x

+

2.33

µ

<

290

+

  100

<

27
27

2.33

100


27
27

245.1591 < µ < 334.8408 A1

M1

With 98% confidence level, we can conclude that based on 27 televisions, the true mean

value of all television is between 245.1591 and 334.8408. A1

Step 1 :

 

2

Case D :

σ

1 2 = σ

2

Step 2 :

Academic Staff

Administration Staff

n

1

=

14

n

2

=

17

x 1 = 9.2

x 2 = 7.9

s

1

=

1.3

s

2

=

1.5

unknown,

n 1

n and we use t-distribution.

2

Level of significance : (1 α)100% = 95%

Degree of freedom,

α = 1 0.95 = 0.05

α

v=n +n

1

2

2

=

α = 1 − 0.95 = 0.05 α v = n + n − 1 2

2 = 0.05 2 = 0.025

29

= 0.05 α v = n + n − 1 2 2 = 2 = 0.05

17

14

+

− =

2

2.045

A1

S

2

p

 

=

(

14

)

1 (1.3)

2

+

(

17

)

1 (1.5)

2

 

14

+

17

2

S

2

=

1.99896

A1

 

p

M1

Step 3 :

 

_

_

Point estimate :

x x =

1

2

9.2

7.9

=

1.3

t α

2,

v

=t

0.025, 29

Z

0.01

2.33

Step 4 : Confidence interval for difference means : _ _   _ _
Step 4 :
Confidence interval for difference means :
_
_
_
_
1
1
  
1
1
x
x
t
S
+
<
µ
µ
<
x
x
+
t
S
+
1
2
1
2
α
2,
v
p
1
2
α
2,
v
p
n
n
n
n
1
2
 
1
2
1
1
1
1
(
)(
)
)(
9.2
7.9
)
(
)
2.045
1.99896
+
<µ −µ <
(
9.2
7.9
)
+
(
2.045
1.99896
+
1
2
14
17
14
17
M1
0.25651
< µ − µ <
2.34348
A1
1
2
Step 5 :
The difference between means time of attendance record by academic staff to administration
staff is between 0.25651 and 2.34348. A1
Q6
(b)(ii)
Step 1 :
_
x
1599
+
1699
+
1799
+
1899
+
1999
+
2099
+
2299
+
2499
+
2699
x =
=
n
9
18591
=
9
= 2065.67
A1
2
2
n
(
)
x
x
2
s =
nn −
(
1)
9 39502809
(
)
2
(
18591
)
=
9(9
1)
= 137500
A1
We use chi-square distribution. M1
Step 2 :
Level of significance :
(1 − α)100% = 98%
α
= 1 − 0.98 = 0.02
α
2 = 0.02 2 = 0.01
Degree of freedom, v = n −1 = 9 −1 = 8
2
2
χ
v = χ
= 20.09
α
2,
0.01,8
A1
2
2
χ
= χ
= 1.646
1
−α
2,
v
0.99,8
Step 3 :
2
The point estimate,
s =
137500
Step 4 : ( 2 2 n − 1 ) ⋅ s ( n −
Step 4 :
(
2
2
n
1
)
s
(
n
1
)
s
2
<
σ
<
2
2
χ
χ
α
2,
v
1
α
2,
v
(
9
1 137500
)(
)
(
9
1 137500
)(
)
2
<
σ
<
M1
20.09
1.646
2
54753.608
< σ <
668286.755
A1
Step 5 :
With 98% of confidence level, we can say that the true variance of the population is between
RM54753.608 and RM668286.755. A1