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English-speaking countries.

Political systems.

Цели:

- активизация тематической лексики УМК 10 класса в устной речи учащихся в


диалогической и монологической форме в процессе развития иноязычной коммуникативной
компетенции школьников;

- углубление знаний учащихся о политическом устройстве англоязычных стран.


Формирование умений и навыков обучающихся обмениваться своими знаниями средствами
изучаемого языка;

- помочь учащимся осознать реалии англоязычной и родной культуры, научить их


воспринимать понятия «демократия» и «свобода» не как «вседозволенность», а как «свободу
действий в рамках закона».

Оснащение урока: Урок проводится в компьютерном классе или в кабинете с достаточным


количеством компьютеров для каждого ученика; проектор; экран.

Учебное пособие: УМК В.П. Кузовлева для 10-11 классов; Unit 2 ( М.: Просвещение, 2008).

Литература: Ю.И.Верисокин «Английский язык 8-11 классы. Конспекты уроков.» -


(Волгоград: Учитель, 2009)

Ход урока.

T : Well, boys and girls, we have spoken a lot about English-speaking countries. And today we
speak about their political systems. Today we shall try to remember and compare political systems
in Britain and in the USA. We shall discuss this political systems and this will also help you to
improve your English. So I want you all to take an active part in the discussion and try to acquire
the information needed. As usual our key words table will help you to sustain the conversation.

( Слайд 1.Презентация «Democraсy»)

English-speaking countries.

Political system
- parliament - president - to vote

- parliamentary - presidential republic - to appoint


democracy
- the Supreme Court - to rule
- monarchy
- the government (the - a bill
- constitutional Cabinet)
monarchy - a law
- the Prime Minister
- power - to delay
- the Congress
- branches of power - the Hous of Lords - to pass

- legislative - the House of Commons - to challenge

- executive - to elect - to apppove

- judicial

T.: First, however, let us practice pronouncing some of the terms needed in the right way.
( Фонетическая зарядка, которую учитель проводит в режимах [T→P1P2P3] (фронтальная
беседа) и [T→Ch] (хоровая работа с классом). Лексика для фонетической зарядки
отображена на Слайде 1.

T.: … Thank you, boys and girls. And now, I suppose, it`s time to speak about political systems.
First, I`d like to hear what you mean what meaning the word “democracy”. While answering this
question you may consult Table.( Слайд 2 Презентация «Democraсy»)

Слайд 2

Democracy or Permissiveness?
- To do what you - to elect one`s - to live in any place
want representatives to rule you choose
the country
- To rule the - to guarantee the
country - to elect the head of state rights of citizens
directly
- To do anything - to follow the
you want but - to say openly what you constitution
within the think
framework of
law.

T.: Join the conversation and ask each other if it is true that democracy states that all people are
allowed to do anything they want. (управляемый диалог в режиме [T→P1→P2] по теме урока)

P1: Does “democracy” state that all people have the right to do anything they want?

P2: No, I don’t think so. To my mind “democracy” means that people may do what they want but
within the framework of law.

T: Do you think it is the right way to avoid permissiveness?

P2: Why not?

T: Ask you classmates then what other principles democracy presupposes.

P2: What other principles does democracy presuppose?


P3: It seems to me that real democracy gives people the right to rule the country through their
elected representatives. Don`t you agree to that?

P4: Everybody agrees I`m sure but I`d like to add that real democracy also gives people their
constitutional right to elect the head of state, I mean President, directly.

T: I don`t think that is all so name more principles of a democratic state.

P5: In a democratic state it`s natural that people may openly say what they think.

P6: Besides people may live in any place they choose.

T: And what about some of the constitutional duties of the head of state and the other authorities?
Ask your classmates about them.

P1: Whose duty is it to guarantee the rights of citizens?

P7: Under the constitution it is the head of state who guarantees all the rights of citizens and all
people and authorities should follow the fundamental law of the country.

T: You are right. Everybody should remember not only his or her rights but their duties as well.
And now I want you remember about the duties or function in Britain. ( Презентация «The
Political System of UK»).

So, well, I want you to think over some of the statements concerning political system of UK and
find out if they are true or false. You must do test on your computers. (папка My test,

MyTestStudent.exe
, файл открыть) But, I want some pupils do other work. You must do the task
individually. Translate some sentences from Russian into English. ( 2-3 сильных ученика
выполняют задание по переводу)

T: OK, and now it`s time for a small pause. Let`s make a gymnastic for eyes.

Look left, right


Look up, look down
Look around.
Look at your nose
Look at that rose
Close your eyes
Open, wink and smile.
Your eyes are happy again.

So, today we will speak about the political system of the USA as it has been planned. (
Презентация « The main functions of the powers in the USA» )

Well, please tell me, what political system does this country belong to? Why? Let`s compare the
Us and British political systems. Please, use the table. ( Cлайд 3. Презентация «Democraсy»)

Group work
Students compare the US and British governmental systems in small groups then they share their
ideas with the whole class. Students start with the ideas from the box and find the corresponding
facts. They can make notes in the table.

Слайд 3

The UK The USA

1)The Queen is the head of State. The Prime 1)The President is both the head of State
and of
Minister is the leader of the government and
government.
the leader of the party with the majority
seats 2) The Cabinet includes the ministers in
charge of
in the House of Commons.
major government departments or
2)The Cabinet includes the ministers in ministries.
charge
3)The Congress is composed of two
of major government departments or houses-
ministers.
the Senate and the House of
3)Parliament is made up of two chambers- Representatives.
The House of Commons and the House of 4) The Senate has 100 elected members.
Lords. The House
4)The House of Commons consists of 650 of Representatives has 435 members.
Elected MPs. The House of Lords consists
of

over 1100 permanent non-elected members.

P4: The United state of America is consider to be a presidential republic and it`s natural that the
head of the state here is the President.

P5: What political activities is the President of the USA involved in? Is the role of the head of state
of the USA ceremonial as in the UK?

P6: Certanly not. The President of the USA apoints Secretaries as heads of the most important
departments in the Administration. He has the power to sign bill or to veto laws passed by
Congress. Besides he appoints federal jadges too. And I think that is not all.
P5: The power of the monarch of the UK is inherited, isn`t it? And what can you say about the
power of the President of the USA?

P6: His power is known to be limited by law and unlike the British monarch the President of the
USA is elected by the population every four years.

T: Thank you. There is also the Cabinet of the Administration of the USA. And you are interested
to know how it works too, aren`t you? Do, please.

P7: What do you know about the work of the Cabinet of the Administration of the USA?

P8: The Cabinet of the Administration of the USA which consists of the most important
departments is responsible for their work.

T: As we have already said the legislative branch of power in the USA is represented by the
Congres. Ask your classmates what is meant by the Congress of the USA. Try to compare it with
the Britich Parliament.

P8: When we speak about the British Parliament we mean the House of Lords and The House of
Commons of course. And what is the Congress of the USA made up of?

P7: it is made up of the House of Representatives with its 435 members and the Senate with 100
members.

P8: The members of the House of Lords in the British Parliament are never elected by the
population. What would you say about the members of the US Congres?

P7: Unlike the Hous of Lords the members of the US Congress are elected by people and this I think
adds to the idea of democracy.

T: Thank you. I see you are aware of the main principles of the political systems of Britain and the
USA and it`s very good that you can explain them by means of the foreign language you are
mastering. All this I belive can`t but add to your intercultural awareness too. But today`s Englich
lesson is coming to an end. Your home task is to work with the text translating.

( Учащимся раздается материал( перевод предложений с русского на английский) для


работы дома. Материал направлен на закрепление знаний о политической системе США. )

Раздаточный материал на каждого ученика:

Translating (USA)

1) В США законодательная власть осуществляется конгрессом, состоящим из сената и


палаты представителей.

2) Палата представителей включает представителей от каждого штата, избираемых сроком


на два года.

3) Высший исполнительный орган состоит из президента, вице-президента и кабинета.

4) Президент- глава высшей исполнительной власти, избирается на 4 года и назначает членов


кабинета.
5) Конгресс может подвергнуть президента импичменту.

6) Президент подписывает законопроект и может наложить на него вето.

7)Судебная власть следит за соблюдением законов и представляет собой систему судов.

8) Верховный суд решает спорные вопросы между штатами и может наложить вето на закон,
если он противоречит конституции.

Answers

1) The legislative power in the USA is vested in the Congress, consisting of the Senate and the
House of Representatives.

2) The House of Representatives comprises representatives from each state, elected for a two-

year term.

3) The executive branch of the government consists of the President, the Vice- President and the
Cabinet.

4) The President, the head of the executive branch of the government, is elected for a four-year term
and appoints the members of the Cabinet.

5) The Congress can also impeach the President.

6) The President signs a bill and can veto it.

7) The job of the judicial branch of the government is to enforce laws, and it is a system of courts.

8) The Supreme Court settles disputes between the states and may veto any law if it contrasts

the Constitution.