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STYRENE PUMP FOUNDATION

(71P-200 & 71P-201)

Foundation data.
Length of foundation

Lx

3.700

Width of foundation

Ly

2.000

Lz

1.600

Wm

4.963

t.

2.980

t.

Depth of foundation
Machine data.
Total weight of machine
Rotor weight
C.G. of machine (load) in X direction
(from any one assumed edge // to Y-axis)

C.G. of machine (load) in Y direction


(from any one assumed edge // to X-axis)

C.G. of machine (load) in Z direction


(from top of foundation)

Operating frequency of machine

Xim

1685.0

mm

Yim

981.0

mm

Zim

620.0

mm

fm

1800.0

rpm

Fp

10.0

t/m2

Cz

12555.0

t/m3

2.5

t/m3

Soil data.
Permissible bearing capacity of soil
Coefficient of elastic uniform compression

Materials data
Unit weight of concrete

Characteristic strength of concrete

fcu

40.0

N/mm2

Characteristic strength of reinforcement

fy

414.0

N/mm2

Diameter of reinforcement provided

16

mm

150

mm

Spacing of reinforcement
Centre of gravity - Foundation
=

Xif

1850.0

mm

C.G. of foundation in Y - direction

Yif

1000.0

mm

C.G. of foundation in Z - direction

Zif

800.0

mm

C.G. of foundation in X - direction

Common centre of gravity


C.G. in X - direction

=
C.G. in Y - direction

=
=

C.G. in Z - direction from the base of foundation

(mm*Xim)+(mf*Xif)
(mm + mf)

1826.0

mm

(mm*Yim)+(mf*Yif)
(mm + mf)

997.2

mm

[mm*(Zim+LZ)]+(mf*Zif)
(mm + mf)

1006.7

mm

Eccentricity
Eccentricity along X - direction

ex

24.0

mm

Percentage of eccentricity along X - direction

% ex

0.65

Eccentricity along Y - direction

eY

2.8

mm

Percentage of eccentricity along Y - direction

% eY

0.14

< 5 % - Permissible limit.

< 5 % - Permissible limit.

OKAY

OKAY

Design parameters
Mass of Machine

mm

0.5

t.sec2/m

Area of foundation

Af

7.4

m2

Weight of foundation

Wf

29.1

Mass of foundation

mf

3.0

t.sec /m

Total mass of the system

mi

t.sec2/m

Circular frequency of machine

3.5
= Fm (2/60)
=

188.5
2 x Cz

rad./sec

t/m3

25110
0.5 x Cz

6277.5

t/m3

LyLx3/12

m4

8.4
L L /12

2.5

m4

Coefficient of elastic non-uniform compression

=
Coefficient of elastic uniform shear

=
=

Moment of Inertia
M.I. at axis // to width & passing through C.G
M.I. at axis // to length & passing through C.G
M.I. at axis // to depth & passing through C.G

=
=
=

My-y
Mx-x
Mz-z

3
x y

= My-y + Mx-x
=

Mass Moment of Inertia


Mass M.I. of whole system at Y-axis passing
through common C.G.

10.9

= 1/12[mi (Lx2 + Lz2)]+mi [x2oi + z2oi]


=

Mass M.I. of whole system at X-axis passing


through common C.G.

4.86

oy

2.0

ox

8.4

The ratio (About X-axis)

5.6

t.m.sec2

y /oy

=
=

t.m.sec2

x + mi Z2

=
The ratio (About Y-axis)

t.m.sec2

y + mi Z2

=
Mass M.I. of whole system at X- axis passing
through C.G. of base area

t.m.sec2

= 1/12[mi (Ly2 + Lz2)]+mi [y2ei + z2oi]


=

Mass M.I. of whole system at Y- axis passing


through C.G. of base area

m4

0.58
x /ox

0.37

Limiting frequencies
Limiting frequency (About Y-axis)

2y

= (CIy - WZ) / oy
=

Limiting frequency (About X-axis)

2x

sec-2
25298
= (CIx - WZ) / ox

2
x

2
y

=
=
=

11114
C Af / mi

sec-2

13368

sec-2

2
x

13368

sec-2

Coupled natural frequencies


Coupled natural frequency about Y-axis
4 n

2y

2x

2n

2y

2x
y

By solving the above equation


2n1

56355

sec-2

10353

sec-2

2
n2

The corresponding natural frequencies are


f1

= (1 / 22n1
=

Circular frequency of machine

f2

37.8
= (1 / 22n2

cps

16.2

cps

30.0

cps

Referring to SABIC standard B52-E02, frequency ratio shall be outside the range of 0.75 to 1.25
Frequency ratios

1.26

OKAY

1.85

OKAY

Coupled natural frequency about X-axis


4 n

2x

2 y

2n

2x

2 y

2n1

59825

sec-2

6754

sec-2

By solving the above equation


2
n2

The corresponding natural frequencies are


f1

= (1 / 22n2
=

f2

Circular frequency of machine

38.9
= (1 / 2w2n2
=

cps

13.1

cps

30.0

cps

Referring to SABIC standard B52-E02, frequency ratio shall be outside the range of 0.75 to 1.25
Frequency ratios

1.30

OKAY

2.29

OKAY

Cz Af

92907

Kz/mi

160.65

sec-1

25.57

cps

1.17

Vertical natural frequency


Spring coefficient for vertical mode of vibration

Vertical natural frequency

Frequency ratio

Kz

f3

The above frequency ratio is within the range of 0.75 to 1.25. However referring to the vertical amplitude
calculated below, which is much less than the allowable value of 0.2mm, by engineering judgement
this value is considered okay.

Amplitude
Referring to SABIC standard B01-E01, pg 8 of 18
Exciting force in the vertical and horizontal direction

= (Rotor speed/6000)*Rotor wt
=

8.94

kN

Vertical amplitude
az

P
mi (f23-2)

0.026

mm

OKAY

Horizontal amplitude
The coefficient, about Y - axis

f(2m)

The coefficient, about X - axis

f( m)

= miy (2n1-2m) (2n2-2m)


=

8.8E+09
= mix (2n1-2m) (2n2-2m)
=

Horizontal amplitude,

5.0E+09

ax

[(C Iy - WS + C Af S - y )Px + (Cf AfS) My ] / f (2m)

ay

[(C Ix - WS + C Af S2 - x2m)Px + (Cf AfS) Mx ] / f (2m)

2
m

aqy =

Rotational amplitude

0.030

=
[C Af S Px + (C Af - mi ) My] / f (2m)

mm

0.05

mm

-0.02
= ax or y - Say

mm

2
m

=
Net amplitude at base level

mm
0.07
a
+
(H
S)a
=
x or y
y

Net horizontal amplitude at top of foundation

0.06

mm

<

0.20

mm

W f + Wm

34.1

7.4

m2

OKAY

Check for soil stress


Static weight of foundation + machine

Area of foundation

Referring to SABIC standard B52-E02 cl 9 for static design, Lateral forces representing
25% of the machine weight and Longitudinal forces representing 25% of the machine
weight shall be considered seperately as different load combination, to arrive at critical
value for the bearing capacity
Load combination 1
Lateral forces acting perpendicular to the shaft
Distance from the base of fdn to the point of force
F - Max.

W
A

(W ex)
MI Y / ((Lx/2)+ex)

Fx1

S1

= 25 % of machine weight
=

1.2

2.2

Fx1 * S1
MI Y / ((Lx/2)+ex)

Maximum soil stress

Fmax

5.40

N/mm2

Minimum soil stress


60 % Fp - Permissible bearing pressure

Fmin

3.81

N/mm2

FAll

6.00
> Fmax & Fmin

N/mm2
OKAY

Load combination 2
Longitudinal forces acting along the shaft

Fx2

Distance from the base of fdn to the point of force

S2

F - Max.

W
A

(W ey)
MI x / ((Ly/2)+ey)

= 25 % of machine weight
=

1.2

2.2

Fx2 * S2
MI x / ((Ly/2)+ey)

Maximum soil stress

Fmax

5.76

N/mm2

Minimum soil stress


60 % Fp - Permissible bearing pressure

Fmin

3.45

N/mm2

FAll

6.00
F
&
F
>
max
min

N/mm2
OKAY

Reinforcement
Volume of concrete

11.8

Quantity of steel required (@ 30 kg/m3)

355.2

kg

Weight of bar

1.58

kg/m

Number of bars // to length of foundation

14

Nos.

Number of bars // to width of foundation

25

Nos.

Number of bars // to length of foundation & act as strips

11

Nos.

Length of bar along length of foundation

12.4

Length of bar along length of foundation

9.0

Length of bar which act as strips


Total steel provided

=
13.8
=
869
> As - Required

m3

m
kg
OKAY