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Ultrasound

GE Inspection Technologies

Application Solutions

70022EH
Date: August 2004

Nondestructive measurement of
hardness penetration depth
Category

Other
Material
Steel

Application

Your solution

The task consists in measuring hardness


penetration depths in the nondestructive
mode in order to save costs for conventional destructive testing on the one
hand and, on the other hand, to enable
the performance of a higher number of
measurements.

To solve this test problem, the ultrasonic


backscattering method is recommended.
This method is based on the fact that
thermally hardened zones have a ner
grain structure than the unhardened base
material. If an ultrasonic wavelength,
slightly greater than the grain size in the
hardened area and slightly smaller than
the grain size in the unhardened area, is
now selected, scattered echoes are produced from the coarse-grained structure
in the transition zone.

What you need

Ultrasonic aw detector: USLT 2000


Software: USLT-EHT
Probe: the probe geometry is
matched to the components geometry
and its frequency is dependent on
the material microstructure

The signals scattered from the grain


boundaries can in principle be read and
evaluated by means of a normal ultrasonic
instrument, e.g. by means of the USM 25.
The USLT-EHT software is now also available for fast and easy evaluation. This program can be loaded as additional software
(plug-in) to the USLT2000 program.
The hardness penetration depth plug-in is
at rst used for smoothing the waveform
of the scattered echoes, after which the
hardness penetration depth is measured

on the basis of the variable threshold value. The value for the hardness
penetration depth is displayed either in
millimeters or in inches.
The setting of the threshold value can
easily be calibrated for a basic measurement using a conventional mechanical
measurement for hardness.
For different applications, the probe
must be adapted to the geometry, e.g.
of a crankshaft or a camshaft, and the
frequency to the microstructure of the
material under test.

How you benet


Ensure a high quality rating
Reduce eld failures and
potential liability
Save money by eliminating
destructive testing
Save money by improving
your process

Ultrasound

GE Inspection Technologies

Fig. 1: Principle of ultrasonic backscattering in the transition zone

Fig. 2: USLT 2000 with plugin for the measurement of


hardness penetration depth

Contact our global Application Centers for solutions to your inspection problems
North American Center
Lewistown, PA
Don Henry
don.henry@ae.ge.com
+1-717-242-0327

United Kingdom Center


Coventry, England
Dr. Sue Oaten
sue.oaten@ae.ge.com
+44-2476-47-2568

North American X-ray Center


Cincinnati, OH
Tammie Johnson
tammie.johnson@ae.ge.com
+1-513-552-4685

European Center
Cologne, Germany
Dr. Werner Roye
werner.roye@ae.ge.com
+49-2233-601-529

France Center
Limonest, France
Michel Hervier
michel.hervier@ae.ge.com
+33-47-217-9220

European X-ray Center


Ahrensburg, Germany
Dr. Matthias Purschke
Matthias.purschke@ae.ge.com
+49-4102-807-458

China Center
Shanghai, China
Robert Lee
robert.li@ae.ge.com
+86-21-5050-4666 ext. 1275

Oil/Petrochemical Center
Houston, TX
Opening Fall 2004

Worldwide Film Center


Bergen, Belgium
Kris Marstboom
kris.marstboom@ae.ge.com
+332-444-8263

2004 General Electric Company. All rights reserved GEITIT 70022EH (08/04)
ITWe reserve the right to technical modications without prior notice