Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 197

,

:
, ,
2- ,

2008

22

327.5
63.3(5)64
:




:

,
:

,


-.

22

, .
, .

- : , , / .., ... : , 2006 (1-


.), 2007 (2- .), 2008 (2- ., ) - 196 ., .

ISBN 978-5-8125-0935-4
, , , ,
,
, , .
1918-1920 .,
. ..

.. .., 2006
.. .., 2007
.. .., 2008

ISBN 978-5-8125-0935-4

-2-


,
.
, . - ,
, ,
, .

.. ..

-3-

... 6
. 8
I. . 10
1. .. 10
2. 11
3. 12
4. . 13
5. XIX .. 15
6. 18
7. 23
8. . 25
9.
(1918-1920) . 28
10.
.. 31
11. (1920-1991) 34
12. - ... 37
II. . 41
1. .. 41
2.
. 47
2.1.
47
2.1.1.
.. 48
2.1.2.
.. 51
2.2. . 54
2.2.1. () 54
2.2.2. ... 55
2.3.
70
2.4. ,
.. 76
2.4.1. ... 76
2.4.2. . 95
2.5. ... 104
-4-

2.5.1.
.. 104
2.5.2. 107
2.5.3.
111
2.5.4.
113
2.5.5. - . 118
III. . 123
129
132
1. XVI .. 132
2.
1801 ... 133
3.

14 1805 .... 134
4.
1918-1920 .,
.... 138
5. ,
, ,
.139
6. 140
7. .. 142
8. 143
9. 152
10. . 167
171

-5-

()


()

ECtHR



/




-















()




()



European Court of Human Rights/

-6-

GA
ICJ
ILC
PACE

SC
UN

General Assembly of the United Nations/



International Court of Justice/

International Law Commission/

Parliamentary Assembly of the Council
of Europe/

Security Council of the United Nations/

United Nations/

-7-


, -
XX XXI .

, , ,
, .

, , . , .

. .

, , , ,
.
, ,
, ,
, .
, , , , .
, ,
, .. ,

- -8-

, , .

, . ,
, ,
.
. , , ,

-
.
, ,
, , - .
, , ,
.

-9-

I:

1.


. . , XV
.., ,

. ,
.
, ,
, -.
-
, , , .
: .
, , - .
. ,
.
, .
.
, - .
, . ,
- 1.
IX .. ,
, .
VII ..
, .
(, )
I (522-484 .
..) ( ) .
1

Erich Feigl. A Myth of Terror. Armenian Extremism: Its Causes and Its Historical
Context (Freilassing Salzburg: Edition Zeitgeschichte, 1986), pp. 9-11 & 28.

- 10 -

,
- ,
. I
. ,
.
,
.

.
, .
, , , 2.
,
,
,
.
2.
.
3. ,
VI IV .. .
, [...] , .. , [...]

... [] , , ,
4.
. ,

. .
, VI
.. -. , - .
, 2
The Columbia Encyclopedia (New York: Columbia University Press, 5th ed., 1993),
p. 149.
3
, . : (: , 1996), . 13.
4
. , , . (: ,
1993), . 18.

- 11 -

, .
. , ,
, 5.
., ,
,

.
6.

, ,
, ,
. ,
. ., ,
: , ,
7.
, ,
. (
), ,
, ,
-.
3.
,
301 . ,
. , , ,
314 ,
313 8.
, 314 320
. V ,
, .
.
. , ,
5

Feigl, pp. 13 & 23.


Feigl, p. 26.
7
. 1915 , , . (:
, 1990), . 15-16.
8
Feigl, p. 40.
6

- 12 -

, , .
, , , 9. - ,
1441
, .
,
,
.
,

-. , .:
[],
,
10. . . . ,
, ,
11. .
: [] ,

, ,
12.
4.
,
, 95 ..13.
,
. 66 .. .
, ,
., ., . 14.
Samuel Weems. Armenia. Secrets of a Christian Terrorist State (Dallas: St.John
Press, 2002), p. 10.
11
Weems, p. 44.
12
Ibid., p. 46.
13
., ., . 13.
9

10

- 13 -

. .
, ,
.
, 30-, ,
, ,
. . , , .
14.
,
,
,
, (,
, ) ( ), ..
. , , .
IV ..
I .. VI , . 390

, .
, , ,
, ,
. VII-VIII , IX
. IX
, 1045
. .
, XI ,
- .
1080 - . 1375
. XX
, .

14

Weems, p. 2.

- 14 -

, ,
, ,
- .
5. XIX
Qaraba ( ; ),
, ,
- [...] , , , ,

15. , .
, IV ..
VIII ,
, . , . 313
.
, - ( ), . , , , , 16. VIII .
VIII
.
, , , ,
.
, ,
.
,

15

Tadeusz Swietochowski. Russia and Azerbaijan: A Borderland in Transition (New


York: Columbia University Press, 1995), p. 1.
16
. (: , 1986), . 104.

- 15 -

, ,
. IX-XIV
-
, , , , .
XII Qaraba. XII-XIII
, ,
., 17.
(1215-1261), , , , , .
. XV , . - ()
, , -
1836 . ,
, - : , , , , .
, , .
18.
XVI , ,
() ,
(. 1). XVI XIX
() . XVIII ,
. (. 2)
- -. 1810 , , 12 ,
9500 2500 19. 1823
17
. - , (,
1993), . 146.
18
. , 7-8 (2001), . 23-24.
19
, .
, IV.

- 16 -

,
- 600 ( 450
150 ), 90.000 ,
1048 474 - , - 12902 433120.
, .. - ,
. . , . : []
( ), - , [...]21. ., [], , , [...], , 22.
XVIII - XIX , . . .
, 14 1805
(. 3).

. 2 []
23.
,
. . .. (:
, 1870), 37, . 38-39.
20
, 1823 .
(, 1866).
21
. . (:
, 1990), . 154.
22
. : . : . . (:
, 1989), . 73-74.
23

, 14 1805 (: , 1992), . 15.

- 17 -

,
(, , , , ..).
, -- ,

.
6.

XIX
. , ,

.
, . . , ,
, (1827-1829).
.
, . - (18041813), 12 1813 ,

: , ; , , , , 24. - (1826-1828)
10 1828 ,
, 25. .: ,
. 202, . 1, . 25, . 281-283 ., 3.
25
, . 202,
. 1, . 71, . 317-321, 3.
24

- 18 -


.
,

.
, I 21
1828 ,
, . 1849
.
1828 26 .
, ,
, , .
., 1828
1830 40000
84000 : ( .) ,
, , . [...]
(
.) . [...]
. [...] 18771879 .
[...]
. [...]
1893 1894 27.
.,
[...]. [...] [...]. , , , 2 1829 .
(-: .., 1869), . 71-84.
27
. . , : 1911 (: , 1990), . 63-64.
26

- 19 -

, ,
, ,
, 28.
,
.: [] 1,3
1827 1878 . 1828, 1854 1877 []. , ,
,
, 29.
. , , . 1828-1920 ,
, 2-
, [...]. , 1828
1854 , [...]
, 100000
, . 1877-1878 , 70000 [...].
60000 1895-1896 [...].
400000 400000 . , 1828 1920 660000 30.
, ,
, . .

. . (, 1989), . 387.
Weems, p. 4.
30
Justin McCarthy. Armenian Terrorism: History as Poison and Antidote (Ankara: Ankara University Press, 1984), pp. 85-94. .: - . . , . (: , 1992),
. 204-205.
28
29

- 20 -

(1831-1916)31

1831/33
1886

1916

.
35.046
64,0%
119.818
52,5%

,
(
)
,
182.886

59,0%

19.805
36,0%
100.823
7493
44,2%
3,3%

119.176
38,4%

(1829-1916)

32

1829

1831/33

1865

1886

1916

81.749
49,7%
165.811
37,9%
251.057
37,4%
374.482
33,4%

.
25.131
82.357
50,1%
240.000
54,8%
375.700
56,0%
669.871
59,8%

8128
2,6%

344
0,2%
31.908
7,2%
43.648
6,5%
75.889
6,8%

: , I (
: , 1836), ;
, 1886.
(:
., 1893); 1917 . .. (.)
(: ... , 1916), . 190-197.
32
: . (-: , 1852), . 639-642;
, I, .. (.), I (: , 1869);
, 1886.

(: .,
1893); 1917 . .. (.) (: ... , 1916), . 214-221.
31

- 21 -

1, 1831
1916 6 ,
5 . .
, 2.
,
1829 1916 4,5 ,
8 . -
. . ,
, 33.
, ,
,
1836
, , ,
, ,
.
- , 34.

. , XIX - XX ,
. ,
- ,
35.
XIX
-
. ,
,
.
. - XVIII , 2, I
(, 1964), . 23.
34
.
, . 238-239.
35
. , . 29.
33

- 22 -

7.

, XIX . 50-
, . ,
, .
. .
.
,
. - ,
. -
.
, ,
.
.
12 1876
20 1877 , , ,
, . ,

.
36.
- 1877-1878 .
16,
, , 37.
.
36

Weems, p. 14.
- , 19 /3 1878 . . 1856-1917 (: , 1952), . 159-175.
37

- 23 -


,
. 1878 16 - 61 .
, ,
, - 38.
, ,
.
,
, .
, . . ,
,

. .

. 1887
().
,
- . 1890 - , .
, 39. .
, ,
38
, 1/13 1878 .
. 1856-1917, . 181-206.
39
Weems, p. 16.

- 24 -

. ,

.

.
90- XIX
,
. , ,
, , - -,
40. ,
,
, .
, -
XIX
, , .
. , , ,
.
.
8.
, XX , , .
. , , , , . ,

. [...]
[...] , , , ,
40

Weems, pp. 16 & 55-57.

- 25 -

, , .
41.
., , ,
. - ,
42.
. , . 6 1905 .
, () . . 3100
10000. , , 43.
,
,
.
, ,


.
1914 . II, , , , , . , , ,
44.
, , , 41
.
, - 11 (- 2002), . 90.
42
Audrey Altstadt. The Azerbaijani Turks: Power and Identity Under Russian Rule
(Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1992), p. 43.
43
Swietochowski, pp. 37-40.
44
Feigl, p. 71.

- 26 -

. ,
.
24
1915 , , , ,
. , ,
. ,
. 17 1915
,
. 30000
. , 1 1915

45.
,
.
1917 .
., 46.
.
, . .
,
, 1918
. 31 30000 47.
.: [...] [...]
45

Feigl, pp. 75-78.


.

, .
47
. , 4 2001 .
46

- 27 -

6 . 3-4 , .
[...]. . , 48.
, ,
, , , . -
1918 -
50000 49.
, XX . ,
1905-1907 1917 .
, . , , , .
9.
(1918-1920)

, 28 1918
. , 4 1918 50,
- .
, 30 1918 .
48
. , 2 (: , 1978),
. 246.
49
.
, 31 2001 .
50
, 4 1918 .
, . 277, . 2, . 9,
. 10-11 , 4.

- 28 -

, 51.
.
., ,
.
-, . 1919 52.
26 1919 , -
, , . ,
- ,
3 3 . -, .
. . . .

2/3
53. 29 1919

. 54.
, 1918 ,
,
: ,
30 1918 . .: , , II
(: ...., 1926), . 188-189, 11 15.
52
Swietochowski, pp. 75-76.
53
, 26 1919 . .: - . 1918-1925. (:
, 1989), . 23-25.
54
Tofiq Krli. Qaraba (Bak: Elm, 2002), s. 325-327.
51

- 29 -

() ,
, (. 4).
1918-1920 , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .
; . 12
1920
-.
, . 11
(7 - 4 - ), ,
() , (. 5). .
,
, 55.
( ): - 24, 34, 18,
12, 15, 21, 556.
- 19 1920 .
28 1920
XI .

, .
, , .
- , 1920 , 1918 ,
55
Cmil Hsnov. Azrbaycan beynlxalq mnasibtlr sistemind. 1918-1920-ci illr
(Bak: Azrnr, 1993), s. 229-230.
56
Proportions des populations musulmanes, grecques et armeniennes en AsieMineure dapres la statistique du Livre-Jaune. (Affairs Armeniennes 1893-1897). M955.05
Archive Editions 1998. .: Anita L.P.Burdett (ed.). Armenia: Political and Ethnic
Boundaries 1878-1948 (Wilts: Archive Edition Limited, 1998).

- 30 -

, , ,
, . , , , . . ,
, - , . - 27 1921 .
, -,
,
,
,
,
-
,
1923 .
.
10.


,
, ,
, , 57.

.
, .. 58.
3 ,
29 1918 .
, . 970, . 1, . 1, . 51.
58
Hsnov, s. 90.
57

- 31 -

, ,
- 59, 8000-9000, 10000 .. , .,
-, , , . . ,

, , , .
, , 28 1918 ,
60.
61, , , .
, , , ,
, , 62.
.- ,
63,
, , ,
.
64,
, .
, ,
, ,
. 1918

, 4 1918 .
1918 . (:
, 1970), . 154-161.
60
. :
(: - , 2006), . 99-100.
61
(: ,
1980), . 283.
62
, . 99-100.
63
-. , 3 (,
1926), . 437.
64
, . 99-100.
59

- 32 -

,
, .
,
1918 115 , ..
. ,
, 7729 , 50000 , . . 1897
, . ,

.
,
150000 - 65.
. , , ,
. 1921

9000 . .,
66. .
1922
(-
). 1929 67.
1945 .
() . () .

. . .
. - .
1917-1929 . (: , 1990), . 50-51.
66
, . .
(, 1990), . 28.
67
. , . 33.
65

- 33 -

. ,
,
68. , .
23 1947 10
1948 150000 1948-1953
69.
1969

.
11.
(1920 1991)
-
. () 5 1921
, [...] ,
. [...] (. 6)70.
, . 88-89.
4083 23 1947 . ; 754 10 1948 . ; 26 1998

. : 19481953 .. E/CN.4/Sub.2/1998/27;
26 1998
. :
26 1998 . E/CN.4/Sub.2/1998/26.
70
() 5 1921 .
, . 1, . 2,
. 25, . 16 .
68
69

- 34 -

13 1921 , ,
,
, , .
5 , , [...] 71. 13 1922 72.
,
, .
(, )
73.
.
. , -
,
, .

7 1923
74. ,
500000
,
, , ,
.
,
, , ,
, 13 1921 . , IV (:
, 1960), . 423, 5.
72
( )
, 13 1922 . .: . . 1917-1922 ., II (: , 1960), . 483-491.
73
, 13
1922 . .: . . 1917-1922 ., II, . 482.
74
, 7 1923 . .: - . 1918-1925. , . 152-153.
71

- 35 -

,
, . , . , . , ,
.
-
4388 . .
120 ., 35-60 . ,
. . , [...]
,
75.
1989 ,
189085 , : 145450 76,9 %; 40688
21,5 %; 1922 1,0 %; 1025
0,6 %76.

,
, .
, 77. , - ,
, , ,
. ( ) . 78.

75

Levon Chorbajian, Patrick Donabedian, Claude Mutafian. The Caucasian knot: The
History and Geo-politics of Nagorno-Karabagh (London: Zed Book, 1994), p. 13.
76
.
1989 (: , 1991), . 120.
77
- ,
16 1981 (: , 1987).
78
, 9 .
CERD/C/350/Add.1, . 6.

- 36 -

,
. , ,
,
79. - , .

, ,

. . , ,

, , , 80.
12.
-
-
1987 , . , , , , , ,
, 220 1154
. ,
243682 81.
20 1988
82.
CERD/C/350/Add.1, . 6.
Chorbajian, Donabedian, Mutafian, p. 13.
81
The Statistical Information about Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons in
Azerbaijan (Baku, 2000), p. 2.
82
.: . : , I,
1988 . 1989 . (: , 1990), c. 38.
79
80

- 37 -

24 1988 , 16- 23- 83.


28 1988 . , , ,


. , ,
, , , . , ,
. , ,

,
,
84.
, , , , - ., ,
85. 2007
. , ,
, 86.
1 1989
87. ,
83
Herald International Tribune, 12-13 1988 . .: Ahmad
Tabrizli. Histoire du Dagliq (Haut)-Garabagh a la Lumiere de Documents Historiques
(Strasbourg: Dayeli, 1989), p. 52.
84
. . ?, 15, 26 2008 .
85

, 29-30 2005 . REGNUM:
<http://www.regnum.ru/news/437271.html>.
86
The Times, 30 2007 . .: <www.timesonline.co.uk/to/ comment/obituaries/article 2970324.ece>.
87
, 1 1989 . , 2 1989 .

- 38 -

, ,
, , (. 6)88.

,
2000 , 89.
. 1992-1993 , . 26
1992 , 613 ,
, .
, , , .
., -
, . : :
, ,
, . []. .
, , 90.

1992 ,
, (, 1977), . 13, 78.

9 1997
. : ,

. E/CN.4/1997/139.
90
: . . :
(: , 2005), . 235.
88
89

- 39 -

, - , . 1993
: , , , ,
.
890 , ,

. 20000 , 50000 , , 5000 .
, 60 .
(. 7).

- 40 -

II:
1.
, ,
.

. , . :
.
: , - - .
.
91.

.. ,
2001 , , :
, ,
1921 . , 1920 ,

, .
,
, (.. ), 40,000 . , . ,
91
. , 23 2004 .
- /: <http://www.coe.int/T/E/Com/Files/PA-Sessions/June2004/20040623_disc_kocharian.asp >.

- 41 -

,
, . ,
, , , . . 92.


. . :
, ,
. -,
. ,
, ,
,
- , , . [...], 1991 ,

, , ,
, . , ,
, , 1918-1920 ., , , 93.
92

, , .
, 31 -8 2001 . - / :
<www.un.org/WCAR/ statements/armeniaE.htm>.
93
: -

- 42 -

. 58-
,
, , ,
, 1920 , , . ,

.
., ,

,
94.
6-7 2002
10-
,
,
95.
, . 58-
96.
, 29-30 2005

.
. - , 27
2001 .
94
58-
. , 22 2002 . .
95
10- .
, 6-7 2002 . .
96
58- .
-, 25 2003 . - : <http://www.un.org/webcast/ga/58/
statements/armeeng 030925.htm>.

- 43 -

, ,
, 97.
- 1991 .
,
3 1990 , , .,

, (
).
, []

.
, .
, , , 1989 ,
1991 . ,
., 1991 , 1991
, -
, 1991
,
-
- . , .,
,
,

, 29-30 2005 .
97

- 44 -

3 1990
, - . , , 1991 , , , ,
. ,
.

21 1991 3 1990 .
( , ). ,
1 , , :
2. , , ,
1920 () 5 1921 . , -
, , ,

. , 95% , .
3. . 1920
.
4. - ()
- - . .
- 45 -

. , , , , [...].
8. []
1988
.
9. 1 1989

.
[...].
13. 30 1991 1918-1920 ,
.
14. 2 1991 , ,
,
.
15. / /
.
, ,
. , - ...
17. ,
) , , , - ;
) 1991 ,
98.
98
,
16 17 , .
/1990/5/Add.36, . 2-5; , -

- 46 -

, , , , () ( 1920 ,
, ); ()
1921 ; ()
, ,
()

; ()
, .
2.

2.1.


, 1920

, . ,
, , , ,
,
40 . CCPR/C/92/Add.2, 21-33; Shahen
Avakian. Nagorno-Karabakh: Legal Aspects (2005). - :
<www.armeniaforeignministry.com>; Note verbal dated 21 March 2005 from the Permanent Mission of Armenia to the United Nations Office at Geneva addressed to the Office
of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. Annex: Legal aspects
for the right to self-determination in the case of Nagorny Karabakh. UN Document
E/CN.4/2005/G/23.

- 47 -

, ,


. , , ,
.
2.1.1.

, 12 1920
-.
1 1920
,

. 24 1920 , , , , ,
(
.) [...] , ,
(1920 .)99.
, ,
(1 1920
) (24 1920 ) , ,
1920 .
,
.
, 1 100 :
99
League of Nations. Memorandum by the Secretary General on the Application
for the Admission of the Republic of Azerbaidjan to the League of Nations. Assembly
Document 20/48/108, p. 2.
100
The Covenant of the League of Nations (1919). .: Malcolm D. Evans (ed.).
Blackstones International Law Documents (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 6th ed.,
2003), pp. 1-7, at p. 1, Article 1.

- 48 -

, (32 , 1914-1918 .
.), , ,
(13 ,
.).
, [...]. , , , ,
[...]101.

,
, :
, , 1918
1920
, - 1 . , , , , , ,
.
,
, , - , ,

, , -
, 102.

,
,
1 1920 , , ,
, .
1 1920

. :
101
102

League of Nations. Assembly Document 20/48/108, p. 4.


Ibid., p. 4.

- 49 -

1. ,
;
2. -
.
, 103.
7 1920 , ,
, 28 1920
, , .
, , . ,
, . , , .
, , , ,
, ,
104.
, ,
,
,

.
, , ,
, 1
103
League of Nations. Letter from the President of the Peace Delegation of the
Republic of Azerbaijan. Assembly Document 20/48/206, p. 2.
104
Ibid., pp. 2-3.

- 50 -

, , ,
, ,
.
, , , , , ,
1
. , ,
.
2.1.2.


,
,
.
, , ,
, .
, , 11 1920 , , , , ,
,
. , , [...]
( .) [...]105.
, 12
1920 , ,
22
. ,
105
League of Nations. Annex 30 B. Future Status of Armenia. Memorandum agreed
to by the Council of the Leagues of Nations, meeting in Paris on 11 April 1920. League of
Nations Document 20/41/9, p. 27.

- 51 -

- . ,
, , .
, ,

106.
26 1920
,
. 31 1920 , 107.
.
,
10 1920 , , ,
. , ,

108.
, . , 1918 .
, . 28 1919 ,
[...]
[...] [...] 109.

, , , 106

League of Nations Document 20/41/9, p. 27.


League of Nations. Application by the Armenian Republic for Admission to the
League. Memorandum by the Secretary-General. Assembly Document 56, p. 3.
108
Ibid., p. 5.
109
Ibid., p. 8.
107

- 52 -

. ,
, ,
, , - 110. , ,
.
,
10 1920 , [...] ,
111.
, , [...]
112. , , ( - .)
[...]113.
- ,
.
16 1920 21 8 13 114.
., [] ,
,
115.
, , .
110

Eleventh meeting (public) of the Council of the League of Nations, 27 October


1920. I. Status of Armenia, 53; The future status of Armenia. Letter dated 10 November
1920 from Lloyd George. Council of the League of Nations Document 20/4/366; Armenia.
Memorandum by the Secretary-General. Council of the League of Nations Document
20/4/338.
111
League of Nations. Admission of new Members to the League of Nations. Armenia.
Assembly Document 209, p. 2.
112
Ibid.
113
Ibid., p. 3.
114
League of Nations. Assembly Document 251.
115
. , 1918-1921
.. (Paris: la Socit Anonyme Imprimerie de Navarre, 1924), . 306.

- 53 -


, ,
, ,
.
,
.
2.2.

2.2.1. ()
,
() 5
1921 .
(. 6)116.
, [] , - [...], , ,
.117 ,
1921 ()
. , , 61-
,

, 118.
() 5 1921 .
/1990/5/Add.36, . 2.
118
E/CN.4/2005/G/23, . 4. ( ,
() 4 1921 .

. , : , ,

. .: ()
116
117

- 54 -

, ,
. , ,
, , 1921 - ,
30 1922 , 6
1923 . ,
,
7 1923 .


. :
, , .
XX . , , .
1919
.
, ,
119
, , .

2.2.2.
,
,
- , 3 1990 120.
4 1921 . -
. 1918-1925. , . 90-91).
119

: .
E/CN.4/1999/79/Add.1, . 10.
120
,
, 3 1990 . , 1990,
15, . 303-308.

- 55 -

. , , , 3 1990
- . , , ,
.
1936 ,
(. 6)121.
86 1977
.

. , 87 . ,
(. 6)122.
,
- ,

16 1981 . , ,

, ,
123.
,
. , , , , .
(, 1936), . 14, 24.
(, 1977), . 13.
123
- ,
16 1981 , . 3, 3.
121
122

- 56 -

, [...] , , [...]124.
. ,
78 ,
.
,
(. 6)125. .
, , , ,
20 1988 ,
126,
.
, 13 17 1988
, 78 70

127, ,
.
12 1988 , , /1990/5/Add.36, . 2.
(, 1977), . 13.
126
.: , . 38.
127
-
,
13 1988 . , 14 1988 .
- , 17 1988 .
, 1988, 11-12, . 72.
124
125

- 57 -


128. , 42
- ,
,
. ,


129.
, 87 , 114
, 42 - ,
,

12 1988
130.
16 1989

.

,
.
,
.
,
. , 26 1989

, XX
-
, 12 1988 . .: , . 113-115.
129
- ,
. 38-39.
130

-
, 12 1988 . ,
1988, 13-14, . 14-15.
128

- 58 -

131.
.

,

1 1989 . ,

,
- .
,


(). 13 1990
() 5 1921 132,
. , , , .
,

,

. ,
.
131

, 26 1989 . , 1989, 15-16, . 21-22.
132

() 5 1921 , 13 1990 .
, 14 1990 .

- 59 -

- , , .
- -
.
, 23 1988
,
, , - , , , - - , 133.
18 1988
-
. , , ( 78), 134.
10
1990
,
1 1989 9 1990 , [] 78 135.
,
,
, 23 1988 .
, 1988, 13, . 27-28.
134

,
18 1988 . , 1988, 29, . 20-21.
135
, 133

- 60 -

, ,
20 1988 , ( 78) , , - .
,
. 2 1991
. ,
- , 3 1990 136. ,
1 1989 , ,
, , 2
1991 - ,
. ,
, ,
2 1991 ,
.
,
2 1991 .

, ,
3
1990 , , , -
.
,
72 ,
1 1989 9 1990 , 10 1990 .
, 1990, 3, . 38.
136
. -: <www.nkrusa.org/nk_conflict/declaration_independence.html>,
/1990/5/Add.36, . 4

- 61 -

137.

,

. , , , 138.
,
, , , , , .
, - . , ,
, , 139.
, . ,
, ,
140.
,141

,
, . 303, 1.
138
, 2.
139
, 3.
140
, . 304, 6.
141
. ( , , ,
,
).
137

- 62 -

.142 , ,
143. ,
, ,
,

, , , ,
, 144. , , ,
, , , 145.
,
, , - ..146.

, ,

,

, , , ,
, , 147. ,

148.


.
, , . ,
142
,
, 7.
143
.
144
, 8-9.
145
, . 304-305, 9.
146
, . 305-306, 11-12, 14.
147
, . 304, 307, 20.
148
, . 308, 20.

- 63 -

, 3 1990 .
, ,
., 149.
, 3 1990
, . , . ,
, 72 . , , ,
, . ,

3
1990 .
., ,
72
, ,
, 150.

,
.
.,
149
Antonio Cassese. Self-Determination of Peoples: Legal Reappraisal (Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 1995), p. 266.
150
Ibid., pp. 264-265.

- 64 -

, . ( , ) 151.
, ,
3 1990 , ,
, , ,
.
,
2 1991 152, . ,
1991 . , . , 8 1991 ,
,
10 153. , : ()
, -

154,
() , , , .
,
. ,
, , -
2 1991 - , 3 1990 , 30 1991
151
Rein Mullerson. International Law, Rights and Politics: Developments in Eastern
Europe and the CIS (London & New York: Routledge, 1994), p. 75.
152
., : /1990/5/Add.36, . 4.
153
.: -
-: <www.nkr.am/rus>; <www.nkrusa.org/nk_conflict/declaration_independence.html>.
154
, 8
1991 . , 1991, 1, . 6.

- 65 -

,

155. , ,
23 1989
18
1991 .
.
, ,
23 1989
,
,
,
156.
,
17 1991 ,
, ,
.
, , ,
3
1990 157. , ,
158,
, , .
/1990/5/Add.36, . 4.
, 23
1989 . , 1989, 18, . 31-34.
157
.: , 16 1991 . ,
1991, 4, . 49-50;
, 7 1991 .
, 12 1991 ;
17 1991 , 21 1991 . , 1991, 13, . 48-49.
158
. , 12 1991 .
155
156

- 66 -

30
1991 159 18 1991 160
3 1990 - . -,
, . 2
, 3 1990 , ,

,
,
, ,
, 161. , ,
,
. ,
. ,

, 162,

163,
159
, 30 1991 . , 1991, 15-16, . 95-96.
160

, 18 1991 . , 1991, 19-20, . 65-70.
161

, ,
3 1990 . , 1990, 15, . 308.
162
:
. , 9 1991 .
163

, 5 1991 . , 7 1991 .

- 67 -

, .

, . . , , . ,

. ,
, , ,
, , , , 164.

6 1991
, . ,
1990 ,
, 3 1990 , ,

165.
,
3 1990
,
, 5 1991
. , 7 1991 .
165
. .
: . . -: <www.svop.ru/live/materials.asp?m_id=6882&r_id=6901>.
164

- 68 -

, .
, , ,
, .
,
29 1991 ,
.
,
166.
, , 2 1991 -
,
3 1990 . 26 1991 ,
-
167. , ,
26 1991 ,
.
, 10 1991
,
-
, - .
166

, 15 1991 .
, 1991, 21-22, . 53-54.
167
-
, 26 1991 . , 1991, 24, . 77-78. ,
E/CN.4/2005/G/23 ( ), , 26 1991
12 1995 . . 8
, . 5.

- 69 -

,
. ,
, - .

21 1991
. , , , . , ( 23),
-
168, ,
( ). , ,
, , ,
.
2.3.


, , -
. - , , .
., [] ,
,
, uti possidetis juris, ,
,
169.
,
. -: <www.nkr.am/rus>.
Asbjorn Eide. Territorial integrity of States, minority protection and guarantees for
autonomy arrangements: approaches and roles of the United Nations. UniDem seminar
Local self-government, territorial integrity and protection of minorities, Lausanne,
25-27 April 1996 (Council of Europe Publishing: 1996), p. 282.
168
169

- 70 -

, 11 1992 2 3.
( 2), 20
1991
, , ,
:
-, , ?170.
, [...]

. , (uti possidetis
juris), ,
171.
3 , -
:
[] , , ,
( - .) ,
:

, , , ( 2625 (XXV)), ,
11 23 1978 .
, , , ,
.
170
Conference on Yugoslavia. Arbitration Commission. 92 International Law Reports
(1993), pp. 167-172, at p. 168.
171
Ibid., p. 168.

- 71 -

, ,
, . - , , uti possidetis. Uti
possidetis, , , 22
1986 - (Frontier Dispute,
(1986) ICJ, Reports 554 at 565):
, ,
.
,
. -
, ...

, 5 ,
.
. , , ,

( 2625 (XXV)), 172
[...] .

,
, , uti possidetis juris, , ,
., , 173.
,
uti possidetis
172

Conference on Yugoslavia. Arbitration Commission, pp. 171-172.


Alain Pellet. The Opinions of the Badinter Arbitration Committee A Second Breath
for the Self-Determination of Peoples, 3 European Journal of International Law (1992),
pp. 178-185, at p. 180.
173

- 72 -

,
174.
, uti possidetis juris ,
,
, , , .
,
,
, . , .
., uti possidetis
, .

, (, ), (, ). Uti possidetis
175.
-
,
,
. ,
5
8 1991 176.
- ,
21 1991 , 177.
174

Malcolm N. Shaw. Peoples, Territorialism and Boundaries, 8 European Journal of


International Law 3 (1997), pp. 478-507, at p. 497. . : Mullerson. The Continuity and Succession of States, by Reference to the Former USSR and Yugoslavia,
42 International and Comparative Law Quarterly (1993), pp. 473-493, at p. 486.
175
Thomas M. Frank. Postmodern Tribalism and the Right to Secession, .: Catherine
Brlmann, Ren Lefeber, Marjoleine Zieck (eds.). Peoples and Minorities in International
Law (Dordrecht, Boston, London: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1993), pp. 3-27, at p. 20.
176
, . 7.
177
- , 21 1991 . ,
1991, 1, . 15-16.

- 73 -

., - , , ,
uti possidetis
, , , 178.
, 16
1991 , ,
,
179.
, .,
, -
, ,
, , , , , , 180.
, , -
. ,

, , , - .
, 26 1991 , .

Shaw. Re: Order in Council P.C. 1996-1497 of 30 September 1996, .: Anne
Bayefsky, Self-determination in International Law: Quebec and Lessons Learned (The
Hague, London, Boston: Kluwer Law International, 2000), pp. 125-150, at p. 146; Shaw.
The Heritage of States: The Principle of Uti Possidetis Juris Today, 77 The British
Yearbook of International Law (1997), pp. 75-154, at p. 110-111; Shaw. Peoples, Territorialism and Boundaries, pp. 499-500.
179
Declaration on the Guidelines on the Recognition of New States in Eastern Europe
and in the Soviet Union, 16 December 1991. 31 International Legal Materials (1992),
pp. 1486-1487, at p. 1487.
180
Shaw. Re: Order in Council P.C. 1996-1497 of 30 September 1996, p. 148.
178

- 74 -

, 26 1991 , .
uti possidetis juris,
, , . - . .,
, 1991 , [] 181.
, ,
-
, , , ,
, , , .
, ,
1918-1920 , , 11
, [] : ) ,
182. ,
, , -
, , ,
, 183.
181
Report of the Political Affairs Committee of the Parliamentary Assembly of the
Council of Europe. PACE Document 10364, 29 November 2004. Explanatory Memorandum by the Rapporteur, para. 5.
182
Vienna Convention on Succession of States in Respect of Treaties, 22 August 1978.
.: Evans (ed.), pp. 185-199, at p. 188.
183
.: Shaw. The Heritage of States: The Principle of Uti Possidetis Juris Today, p. 90.

- 75 -

, ,
, , ,
, ,
184,
,

.
,
, ,
, - , ,

,
. , , , 1918-20- ,
.
, , - , ,
, ,
,
uti possidetis juris.
2.4. ,

2.4.1.

, - 185.
13 1992 . :
(: , 2000), . 73-74.
185
., : PACE Document 10364, para. 5.
184

- 76 -

,

186, 187.

,
.


- , , , ,
.
, , , ,
, :
() , ( , ); () ,
(
, /
, )188.

. , 2 1 , [] 189. 55
190. 186

Martin Dixon & Robert McCorquodale. Cases & Materials on International Law
(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 4th ed. 2003), p. 215.
187
Bayefsky (ed), p. 1.
188
.: Cassese. Political Self-Determination Old Concepts and New Developments,
Cassese (ed.), UN Law/Fundamental Rights: Two Topics in International Law (Alphen aan den
Rijn/The Netherlands: Sijthoff & Noordhoff, 1979), pp. 137-165, at p. 137.
189
Charter of the United Nations, 24 October 1945. .: Ian Brownlie (ed.). Basic
Documents in International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 5th ed., 2002),
pp. 2-26, at p. 3.
190
Ibid., pp. 14-15.

- 77 -

, 73 76 (b) ,
191.
192,
193. ,
, 194.
, , 195, 196 .
, , , . , : ()
, ( )
( ,
, - ), ()
( ) (
)197.
191

Charter of the United Nations, pp. 18-19.


. 1514 (XV) 14 1960 . .: , : , ST/HR/1/Rev.5,
I ( I) (- : , 1994), . 55-57.
193
Hurst Hannum. Rethinking Self-Determination, 34 Virginia Journal of International Law 1 (1994), pp. 1-69, at p. 12.
194
Bayefsky, p. 1. . : 1541 (XV) 15 December 1960
1654 (XVI) 27 November 1961.
195
, .
2200 (XXI) 16 1966 . .:
, : , . 8-19.
196
.
2200 (XXI) 16 1966 . .: ,
: , . 20-40.
197
Cassese. Political Self-Determination Old Concepts and New Developments,
pp. 138-141.
192

- 78 -

,
, ,
, ,

198.
, , ,
,
, .199
, , , 200.

I 1949 , ,
201.
,
,
,

.


, [] ,

, 202.
,
, 2625 (XXV) 24 1970
. , .
. 28 (/8028), . 154.
199
.
200
Cassese. Self-Determination of Peoples: A Legal Reappraisal, p. 99.
201
Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and Relating to
the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), 8 June 1977. .:
Adam Roberts & Richard Guelff (eds.). Documents on the Laws of War (Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 3rd ed., 2003) pp. 419-479, at p. 423, Article 1 (4).
202
2625 (XXV), . 154.
198

- 79 -


,
,
, ,
, , ,
, , 203.
, ,
, , 204.
,

,
,

.
, ,
205. ,

, ,
,
206. ,

207.
2625 (XXV), . 154.
Shaw. Peoples, Territorialism and Boundaries, pp. 482-483.
205
Karen Knop. Diversity and Self-Determination in International Law (Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 2002), p. 76.
206
Thomas Musgrave. Self-Determination and National Minorities (Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 1997), pp. 96-97.
207
Cassese. Self-Determination of Peoples: A Legal Reappraisal, pp. 76-77 & 46. .
: ,
. A/AL.125/L.32 12
1966 A/AL.125/L.44 19 1967 , .: Musgrave, p. 97; Statement of
the representative of the United Kingdom, acting on behalf of the member States of the
European Community, in the Third Committee, United Kingdom Materials on Interna203
204

- 80 -

, , 208.

209.
, , , 210,
211.
,
, 212. , , 213, .
, ,
,
,
214.
1993
, tional Law 1986, 57 British Yearbook of International Law (1988), pp. 487-659, at p.
516; Objections by France, Germany and the Netherlands to the reservation of India to Articles 1 of the International Covenant on Economic. Social and Cultural Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, <www.bayefsky.om/./html/ india_t2_ccpr.php>.
208
Hannum. Autonomy, Sovereignty and Self-Determination (Philadelphia: University
of Pennsylvania Press, 1990), p. 471.
209
Loizidou v. Turkey, ECtHR Judgment (Merits and just satisfaction), 18 December
1996, Concurring Opinion of Judge Wildhaber, joined by Judge Ryssdal, ECHR Portal,
HUDOC Collection.
210
Peter Juviler. Are Collective Rights Anti-Human? Theories on Self-Determination
and Practice in Soviet Successor States, 11 Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights
(1993), pp. 267-282, at pp. 281-282.
211
Bruno Simma (ed.). The Charter of the United Nations: A Commentary (Oxford:
Oxford University Press, 1994), p. 66.
212
Cassese. Political Self-Determination Old Concepts and New Developments, p. 145.
213
Musgrave, pp. 101, 188 & 192.
214
Donald Horowitz. A Right to Secede?, .: Stephen Macedo, Alen Buchanan
(eds.). Secession and Self-Determination (New York & London: New York University
Press, 2003), pp. 50-76.

- 81 -

, ,
1, , . ,

,

215.
,
.
, ,
, , () () ,

,
. ,
,

, , ,
, ,
- 216.
,
,
, 217.
, 25 1993 .
A/CONF.157/23, . 4.
216
.
217
Cassese. Political Self-Determination Old Concepts and New Developments, p. 144.
215

- 82 -

,
, ,

,
.

- ,
218.
, . , , []
, ,
219.
, , , , , ,
, ,
220.

Reference re Secession of Quebec, , , , - 221. , , , , - .
218

See Bangkok Declaration of 2 April 1993. UN Document A/CONF.157/ASRM/7,


p. 4, paras. 12-13; Note by the Secretary-General, 4th session of the Preparatory Committee, 19-30 April 1993. UN Document A/CONF.157/PC/82, p. 4, Principle 1; Report of the
Preparatory Committee, 4th session. UN Document A/CONF.157/PC/98, p. 21.
219
Shaw. Peoples, Territorialism and Boundaries, p. 483.
220
James Crawford. The Creation of States in International Law (Oxford: Clarendon
Press, 1979), p. 89.
221
Reference re Secession of Quebec, Supreme Court of Canada, 20 August 1988, .:
Bayefsky, pp. 455-505, at pp. 497-499.

- 83 -

, .,
, ,
222. .
70- . , , . , ,
, , , , , . ,

, . . 80- 90-
, , .
/. , 1975 :
-
,
, , .
, , ,
, ,
.
-
.
, . , . E/CN.4/Sub.2/1993/34, . 17-18.
222

- 84 -


, ;
223.

, 224,
.
, , , 225.
, ,
-

. ,
,
226.

227. , , , -
228,
223
. , , 1 1975 .
, -
. VIII.
224
Martti Koskenniemi. National Self-Determination Today: Problems of Legal Theory
and Practice, 43 International and Comparative Law Quarterly (1994), pp. 241-269, at p. 242.
225
Cassese. Political Self-Determination Old Concepts and New Developments,
pp. 148-153, at p. 158.
226
. 1986 - , , . , 15 1989 .
4 5; . . . , 19-21 1990 .
227
African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights, 17 June 1981. .: Ian Brownlie &
Guy S. Goodwin-Gil (eds.). Basic Documents on Human Rights (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 4th edition, 2002), pp. 728-740, at p. 732, Articles 19 & 20.
228
. ., : Western
Sahara, ICJ Advisory Opinion, 16 October 1975, ICJ Reports 1975, 12-176; Shaw. Title to
Territory in Africa: International Legal Issues (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986), pp. 93-98.

- 85 -

,
229. ,
, , , 230, , , 231.
, .
., , 1945 ,

. , , , , , 232.
Reference re Secession of Quebec , []
, , ,
, , ,
233.
, 4 - , , , ,
229
Michael Addo. Political Self-Determination within the Context of the African Charter
on Human and Peoples Rights, 32 Journal of African Law (1988), pp. 182-193, at p. 189.
230
., : Musgrave, p. 92; Hannum. Rethinking Self-Determination, p. 12.
231
Addo, at pp. 185-186.
.: Richard Kiwanuka. The Meaning of People in the African
Charter on Human and Peoples Rights, 82 American Journal of International Law
(1988), pp. 80-101, at pp. 100-101.
232
Crawford. State Practice and International Law in Relation to Secession, :
Bayefsky, pp. 114-115 & 117.
233
Reference re Secession of Quebec, p. 497-499. . : Thomas M. Franck,
Rosalyn Higgins, Alain Pellet, Malcolm N. Shaw, Christian Tomuschat. Expert opinion:
The Territorial Integrity of Quebec in the Event of the Attainment of Sovereignty,
.: Bayefsky, pp. 241-303, at p. 283.

- 86 -

234.
, , , , .
29 1 1992 .
, ,
-
235.
,
, , 236.

,
. ,
,
237.
-
- -
.
1993
(. 8)238 234

Conference on Yugoslavia. Arbitration Commission, p. 178.


Ibid. . : Jorri Duursma. Fragmentation and the International Relations of
Micro-States: Self-Determination and Statehood (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,
1996), p. 72.
236
Katangese Peoples Congress v. Zaire, 75/92 African Commission on Human and
Peoples Rights, .: Rachel Murray & Malcolm D. Evans (eds.). Documents of the African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights (Oxford & Portland Oregon: Hart Publishing, 2001), p. 389.
237
United Communist Party of Turkey and Others v. Turkey, ECtHR Judgment (Merits
and just satisfaction), 30 January 1998, Reports 1998-I 62, pp. 1-43, at pp. 26-27, para.
56; Geoff Gilbert. The Burgeoning Minority Rights Jurisprudence of the European Court
of Human Rights, 24 Human Rights Quarterly (2002), pp. 736-780, at p. 775.
238
822 30 1993 , 853 29 1993 ,
874 14 1993 884 11 1993 .
235

- 87 -

.
,
- , .
1996

, - . , ()
, () ,
, ,
, ()
,
, - , (. 9)239.
, .
19 2001 396 ,
.
11 2001 ,
-
- , , , , .

( - .), . . , 2-3 1996 . 1996 . 1: , 13.
239

- 88 -

,
, , , , .
, , , , , .
,
, , . ,
.
240.
, ,
,
,
. ,
.
, ,
,
- .
.241. , 25 2005 1416 (2005), , , ,
, 240
Council of Europe. Committee of Ministers. Reply to the Written Question 396
by Mrs Hajiyeva to the Committee of Ministers Recognition of the territorial integrity of
Azerbaijan by Armenia, 19 September 2001.
241
, 1 2004
, 14 .

- 89 -

, - (. 10)242.
,

. , , , , , 243. ,
, . ,
, , :
() 244, () .

.
-

, , , ,
. ,

,
, , , ,

, 242

PACE resolution 1416 The conflict over the Nagorno-Karabakh region dealt with
by the OSCE Minsk Conference, 25 January 2005, para. 2.
243
, 29-30 2005 .
244
, . 419.

- 90 -


.
: , ,
, , -
. ,
,
245.

,
,
,
, . ,
, []

, ,
246. ,
.
,
. , 1976
,
. [ ]/[ ]
- , 1994-1995.
.
246
. :
, 17 Accord (2005). . -:
<www.c-r.org/accord/nk/accord17russian/04._shtml>.
245

- 91 -

247. , ,
:
. ,
, ,
248.
, 20 2002 - /
, ,
.
,
249. , ,
, ()

.
, ,
. ,
, ,
, ,

.
, , , . ,
erga omnes250,
247

Case Concerning East Timor (Portugal v. Australia), ICJ Judgment, 30 June 1995,
ICJ Reports, pp. 90-277.
248
Musgrave, p. xiii.
249
. -: <www.sudanru.com/russian/machakos.htm>.
250
Case Concerning East Timor, p. 102, para. 29.

- 92 -

251.
, erga omnes, , ,
, ,
, , , ,
252.
, , , jus cogens 253,
- , ,
, ,
, , , 254.

,

, : () ,
, ,
251

Case Concerning the Barcelona Traction, Light and Power Company, Limited (Belgium v. Spain), ICJ Judgment, 5 February 1970, ICJ Reports 1970, pp. 3-357, at p. 32,
para. 33.
252
Draft Articles on State Responsibility, ILC Report 1980, ILC Yearbook 1980
(A/35/10), vol. II, part II, pp. 30-34, at p. 32, Article 19 (3)(b). . : Cassese. SelfDetermination of Peoples: A Legal Reappraisal, pp. 177-180.
253
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, 22 May 1969. .: Brownlie (ed.). Basic Documents in International Law, pp. 270-297, at p. 285.
254
.: Hector Gross Espieli. The Right to Self-Determination: Implementation of
United Nations Resolutions. UN Document E/CN.4/405/Rev.1, pp. 11-13, paras. 70-87;
Espieli. Self-Determination and Jus Cogens, .: Cassese (ed.). UN Law/Fundamental
Rights: Two Topics in International Law (Alphen aan den Rijn/The Netherlands: Sijthoff
& Noordhoff, 1979), pp. 167-173; Aureliu Cristesku. The Right to Self-Determination:
Historical and Current Development on the Basis of United Nations Instruments. UN
Document E/CN.4/Sub.2/404/Rev.1, pp. 23-24, para. 154; Brownlie. Principles of Public
International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 6th ed., 2003), p. 490; Cassese. SelfDetermination of Peoples: A Legal Reappraisal, pp. 133-140; Matthew Craven. The
European Community Arbitration Commission on Yugoslavia, 66 British Yearbook of
International Law (1995), pp. 333-413, at pp. 380-384; Duursma, pp. 102-103.

- 93 -

() , ,

, ,
255.
,
.256
, c
.257 ,
,
1 1 , 258.
, , , , , , , : () , () , () , 259.
- . .,
255

XXI (48). , 1996, . . 18 (A/51/18),
. 123-124, 9.
256
.
257
Eide. Territorial integrity of States, minority protection and guarantees for autonomy arrangements: approaches and roles of the United Nations, p. 281.
258
12 (21).
, 1984. . . 40 (/39/40), . 187, 4.
259
Cassese. International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), p. 106; Eide.
Territorial integrity of States, minority protection and guarantees for autonomy arrangements: approaches and roles of the United Nations, p. 281.

- 94 -

, ,

, , ,
,
. , , , , , , 260.


.
2.4.2.
,

.

, : () ,
, ,
, , ,
() , ,

, , ,
,
261.
, , ,

. (, 2000), . 142.
.
, . , . E/CN.4/Sub.2/1992/37, . 34.
260
261

- 95 -


. ,
,
.
: () ,
() , 262,
263.
, , , ,
,
.
,
, .
,
,
3 1990 264.
, , , 1994
23 (50) , . , , , [] , , , 262

Shaw. Title to Territory in Africa: International Legal Issues, p. 215.


Pellet. Report: Legal Opinion on Certain Questions of International Law Raised by
the Reference, .: Bayefsky, pp. 85-123, at p. 98.
264
, ,
.: Rupert Emerson. From Empire to Nation: The Rise to Self-Assertion of Asian
and African Peoples (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1962), p. 301; Duursma, p.
90; Hannum (ed.). Documents on Autonomy and Minority Rights (Dordrecht, Boston,
London: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1993), pp. 191-195, at p. 192, Article 4; Lee C.
Buchheit. Secession: The Legitimacy of Self-Determination (New Haven & London: Yale
University Press, 1978), pp. 100-102.
263

- 96 -

27, ,
1 265. , []
, 27. , ,
( I) .
, . 27,
, ,
, , III 266.
,
, ,
.
, 1992 ,
,
, []

,
, , 267. ,
268.
XXI (48) , ,
23 (50).
, 1994, I. .
. 40 (/49/40), . 110-112, 2, 3.1.
266
, 3.1.
267
, ,
. 47/135 18
1992 . .: , : , . 140-143, 161, 8.4.
268
.
,
, . E/CN.4/Sub.2/
AC.5/2001/2, . 29, 84.
265

- 97 -

269.
, ,
1994 1995
, ,
.
, , []
, ,
- ,
, , 270.
, []
,
, , 271. , ,
272,
, , , , ,
,
273.
, , .
,
, 269

XXI (48), . 124, 11.
270
, , 21 1994 . .
, 3 (16) (, 1994), . 74-80,
. 79, 12.
271
, 1 1995 .
Council of Europe Document H (95) 10 (Russian translation), . 6, 21.
272
, 20.
273
Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities and Explanatory
Report. Council of Europe Document H (95) 10, p. 24.

- 98 -

. ,
,
274.
, , ,
- 275.
,
,
.
, ,

.
, ., -

,
, ,
, 276.
,

277.
, , ,

278.

,
, 279.
274

Mullerson. International Law, Rights and Politics: Developments in Eastern Europe


and the CIS, p. 73.
275
Franck, Higgins, Pellet, Shaw, Tomuschat, p. 294, para. 4.01 (ii).
276
Crawford. Response to Experts Reports of the Amicus Curiae, 15 January 1998,
.: Bayefsky, pp. 153-171, at pp. 157-158, para. 6.
277
Ibid., p. 159, para. 9.
278
Ibid., pp. 160-163, paras. 13, 17 & 19. . : Duursma, p. 91.
279
Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States, 26 December 1933. .
-: <www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/intdip/interam/intam03.htm>. . :
Conference on Yugoslavia, Arbitration Commission, Opinion 1, 29 November 1991,

- 99 -

, , 280.
,
, .
, , []
281.
, ,
, ,
, , . ., ,
282.
, ,
, ,
.283
,
284. , ,
. , , pp. 162 & 165; Declaration on the Guidelines on the Recognition of New States in
Eastern Europe and in the Soviet Union.
280
Musgrave, p. 235.
281
Reference re Secession of Quebec, p. 501.
282
David Rai. Statehood and the Law of Self-Determination (The Hague, London,
New York: Kluwer Law International, 2002), p. 38.
283
., : Shaw. Title to Territory in Africa: International Legal Issues, p. 159;
Shaw. International Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 5th ed., 2003), p. 178.
284
Duursma, p. 130.

- 100 -



1514 (XV)
285. , 286.
,
287.
,
.
,
, , , - , 288.

. , .
,
,
, 289.
., , ,
, ,

,
. , 290.
., : 2024 (XX) 11 1965 ;
2115 (XXI) 17 1966 ; 2262 (XXII) 3 1967 ; 2379 (XXIII)
27 1968 ; 216 (1965) 12 1965 ;
217 (1965) 20 1965 ; 232 (1966) 16 1966 ; 277 (1970)
18 1970 ; 288 (1970) 17 1970 .
286
., : 2775E (XXVI) 29 1971 ;
2923E (XXVII) 15 1972 ; 3411D (XXX) 28 1975 .
287
Duursma, p. 131.
288
.: Buchheit, pp. 162-176; Musgrave,
pp. 195-199; Shaw. Title to Territory in Africa: International Legal Issues, pp. 208-210.
289
. ,
3 (, 2000), . 419.
290
Mohammed Ali Mahmoud. The Juridical Manifesto: manifesta scientica juridical
to the peace-loving nations, to the imperial powers, and to the UN. The manipulation of
statehood, the highest stage of imperialism, ch. 3 (The Hague, 1969), .: Nii Lante Wal285

- 101 -

, . , []
, .
,
, ,
. , , ,
, , ,
,
, , . : []
. ,

.

,
. , ,
, , - ,
- .
291.

- , ,
.
, , - ,
. , , , - .
, lace-Bruce. Claims to statehood in international law (New York: Carlton Press, Inc.,
1994), p. 69.
291
E/CN.4/Sub.2/1992/37, . 4, 9.

- 102 -

: () 292, ()
.
,
, ,
.
, ,
,
. , , , - ,
,

5 , 293.
1 2005 12 ( )
294,
14 .295

, , ,
34 296, ,
,
. ,
12,
, , .
, . 419.
E/CN.4/Sub.2/1993/34, . 18, 83.
294
Protocol 12 to the Convention on the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, 4 November 2000. .: Brownlie & Goodwin-Gil (eds.), pp. 420-422.
295
( 11), 4 1950 . 5
(Strasbourg: Directorate General of Human Rights, Council of Europe, 2001), . 13, 14 .
296
, . 21-22, 34 .
292
293

- 103 -


, -
.
, ,
, , ,
, . , , ,
.
, , ( 1201
(1993)). 11 ,
[] , , , ,
.
11
( ), , , , , - ,
, ,
- 297.
2.5.
2.5.1.


297

Council of Europe. Venice Commission. Opinion on the interpretation of Article 11


of the Draft Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights appended to Recommendation 1201 of the Parliamentary Assembly, 1-2 March 1996. Annual Report of Venice Commission (1996), pp. 93-99, at p. 94.

- 104 -


, , , 298.
4 (2) ,
- , 299.
,

, 24
1970 , , []
, . , ,

, , 300.
, [] , , , , ,
301.

18 1987 , [] ,

302.
298

Charter of the United Nations, p. 3, Article 1 (1).


Ibid.
300
2625 (XXV), . 153.
301
.
302

, 18 1987 .
299

- 105 -

,
, .

303. ,
, (jus cogens),
53 304.

51 .
, , . , 51 305.
.

, 1993
. - ,
, 42/22. ,
. . 41 (/42/41), . 403.
303
Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua case (Nicaragua v.
United States of America) (Merits), ICJ Judgment of 27 June 1986, ICJ Reports 1986, paras.
188, 190; . : Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied
Palestinian Territory. ICJ Advisory Opinion of 9 July 2004, ICJ Reports 2004, para. 87.
304
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, p. 285. . Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua case (Nicaragua v. United States of America)
(Merits), para. 190; - . 56/83 12 2001 ,
41, . 2; Brownlie. Principles of Public International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 6th ed., 2003), pp. 488-489.
305
Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, para. 139.

- 106 -

.

, , ,
, . ,
,
.
2.5.2.
,

.
- .
,
, , ,
, ,

1907 306
1949 307.
,
308.
, , ,
306
Annex to the 1907 Hague Convention IV Respecting the Laws and Customs of War
on Land: Regulations Respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land, 18 October
1907. .: Roberts & Guelff (eds.), pp. 73-84.
307
Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War,
12 August 1949. .: Roberts & Guelff (eds.). Documents on the Laws of War, pp. 299-369.
308
Adam Roberts. Transformative Military Occupation: Applying the Laws of War and
Human Rights, . -: <http.ccw.politics.ox.ac.uk/publications/roberts militaryoccupation.pdf>.

- 107 -

. , 309.


.
.
,
. , - . ,
. , ,
,
310.
7 2007 311.
, , , , , .
, ,
. - .,
[] -
312.
, , ,

313. , 309
Jean Pictet (gen. ed.). International Committee of the Red Cross, Commentary on
the Geneva Convention (IV) Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War
(Geneva, 1958), p. 273.
310
Caucasus Context (2007), vol. 4, issue 1, pp. 43-44. .
1 2007 16- ,
- Hayinfo: <www.hayinfo.ru/page_rev.php?tb_id=18&sub_id=1&id=18956>.
311
7 2007 , III, . - : <www.mil.am/rus/?page=49>.
312
1 2007.
313
Roberts. Transformative Military Occupation: Applying the Laws of War and
Human Rights.

- 108 -


, .

, ,
.
., - , , . - , ,
314.
. ,
( ),
- ,
.
,
10 .
, -
,
, .
, .
.
,
315.

1998
,
314

PACE Document 10364, para. 6.


( ).
: . 166 ,
14 2005 , . 11.
315

- 109 -

, []316.
/
, 1994 , , , .
,

,
, , 317.
,
. ,
1993 67.3 % 2001 56,9 % 2004 .
. ,
[] , , , 318.
, 25 2005
1416
. , , - [...]319. , ,
320 (. 10).
316
9 1998 , . -
: <www.osce.org/ documents/odihr/1998 /04/1215_en.pdf>.
317
Human Rights Watch/Helsinki. Seven Years of Conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh
(1994), pp. 67-73.
318
( ).
: , . 14-15.
319
PACE resolution 1416, para. 2.
320
Ibid., para. 3.

- 110 -

,
, .
, . - , , , ,
,

, , , . ,
,
. , , , 321.
2.5.3.

, , , .
- , , 322,
,
, , ,
. ,
.
11 2004 321

Roberts. What is a Military Occupation?, 55 The British Yearbook of International Law (1985), pp. 249-305, at p. 255.
322
., : . -
: ,
17 Accord (2005), . 18-19.

- 111 -


, , ,
, fait accompli323.

, . 29 2004
, 324.
23 2004 59- 325.
30 5 2005
. , ,
, , 326.

.
2006
,

. , , 327.
11
2004 ,
11
2004 , , . /59/568.
324
46- , 29 2004. /59/PV46.
325
60- , 23 2004. A/59/PV.60.
326
18 2005
. II:
, . A/59/747-S/2005/187.
327
28 2006
, 28 2006 , 323

- 112 -

, 60-
.

, , 328.
2- 13 2006

,
. , []

329.
2.5.4.


, , . , , .
, , , 330, , , 331. , . /60/963.
328
A/RES/60/285 7 2006 .
329
20 2006
. : ,
. .
A/61/696.
330
Pictet (gen. ed.), p. 273.
331
Ibid.

- 113 -


, ,
. , , ,
, ,
.
jus in bello ,
jus contra bellum , 332.
( 43 ),
333.
,
334. [] (
43 ).
, , , 335.
, - . , , ,
.
, 300 . 2010 . , . 376-378; Pictet (gen. ed.), p. 275.
Pictet (gen. ed.), p. 273.
334
., : The Association of the Bar of the City of New York. Thawing a
Frozen Conflict: Legal Aspects of the Separatist Crisis in Moldova, p. 69.
335
, . 381.
332
333

- 114 -

,
, 336.
23
2000 -
, ,
,
337.
18 2003 - ,


338.
,
49 (6)
. ,
339. ,
, , , , ,
340.
1946 ,
341.
, , , ,

, . . : /59/568 A/59/720-S/205/132.
.: - 5 2000
6 2000 .
338
. -: <www.gov.am/ruversion/premier_2/print.html?=299&url> <www.
menq.am/pls/dbms/ np.show_npitem?pnp=12&pfile=359977&pnew=y&plgg=3>.
339
Jean-Marie Henckaerts & Loise Doswald-Beck. Customary International Humanitarian Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005), vol. I: Rules, p. 462.
340
Pictet (gen. ed.), p. 283.
341
Henckaerts & Doswald-Beck, p. 463.
336
337

- 115 -

342.

343, 344, 345
.

10 2000 , , []
, ,
-,
[]. , [] , ,
, .
,
, , . ,
fait accompli, 346.
342

Henckaerts & Doswald-Beck, p. 462.


., : 446 22 1979 , 452 20
1979 , 476 30 1980 , 465 1 1980 , 677 28 1990
, 752 15 1992 , 787 16 1992 .
344
., : 36/147 16 1981 ; 37/88
10 1982 ; 38/79 D 15 1983 , 39/95 D 14 1984
; 40/161 D 16 1985 ; 54/78 22 2000 .
345
., : 2001/7 18 2001 . .
. E/CN.4/Sub.2/1997/23, . 21, 65.
346
18 2005
. I:
343

- 116 -

,
, .
, ,
( 46, 52, 53,
55, 56)
( 53 147),
,
. 347.

( 6 b)348
( 8)349.
- ,
, ,
350.

.
,
. ,

. , ,
,
,
.
.
, . A/59/747-S/2005/187.
347
, p. 389.
348
Judgment (Extracts). The Charter Provisions. .: Roberts & Guelff (eds.), pp. 177-178,
at p. 177.
349
Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (Extract), 17 July 1998. .: Roberts & Guelff (eds.), pp. 667-697, at p. 676, Article 8 (2) (a) (iv).
350
., : Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied
Palestinian Territory, paras. 102-113.

- 117 -

, ,
, ,

351.
2.5.5. -

- , [] - . , - ,
, ()
() - 352. 1928
, , 353.
(pacta
sunt servanda). , ,
- . ,
-
,

,
- 354.
351
Loukis G. Loucaides. The Protection of the Right to Property in Occupied Territories, 53 International and Comparative Law Quarterly (2004), pp. 677-690, at p. 686.
352
- , 1 2. . : Ilacu and others v. Moldova and Russia, ECHR Judgment
of 8 July 2004, para. 314, ECHR Portal, HUDOC Collection.
353
Factory at Chorzw (Claim for Indemnity) Case (Germany v. Poland) (Merits), PCIJ
Ser A (1928) 1, Permanent Court of International Justice, .: Dixon & McCorquodale,
p. 404. . : .., . (:
Walters Kluwer, 3- ., 2007), . 376.
354
Ilacu and others v. Moldova and Russia, paras. 320-321. . : - , 14 (. 2) 15 (. 2).

- 118 -


,
. -
,
355.
, ,

.
,
, , ,

.
- , ,
. 356.
,
- , , ,
, , 357.
- , []

Ilacu and others v. Moldova and Russia, para. 319. . : Ireland v. United
Kingdom, ECHR Judgment of 18 January 1978, para. 159, ECHR Portal, HUDOC Collection; - , 7.
356
.: Loizidou v. Turkey, ECHR Judgment of 23 March 1995, para. 62; Loizidou v.
Turkey, ECHR Judgment of 18 December 1996, para. 52; Cyprus v. Turkey, ECHR Judgment of 10 May 2001, para. 77; Ilacu and others v. Moldova and Russia, paras. 314-319,
ECHR Portal, HUDOC Collection.
357
.: -
, 28, 30, 31, 34-37.
355

- 119 -

358.
. . , [] [ ] . ,
;
, erga omnes359. ,
,
,
, , .
,
, erga omnes
( ). ,
360.
, ,
, , , , 361.
- ,
, [,
],
362.
, ,

358
Draft Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts with
commentaries (2001), comment to Article 1, para. 4.
359
Case Concerning the Barcelona Traction, Light and Power Company, Limited (Belgium v. Spain), ICJ Judgment of 5 February 1970, ICJ Reports 1970, para. 33. . :
.., . 379-380.
360
.., . 379-380, 394-396;
- , 40-41. Draft Articles on Responsibility
of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts with commentaries (2001), commentary to Article 1, para. 4.
361
Draft Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts with
commentaries (2001), commentary to Article 40, para. 4.
362
.: -
, 41.

- 120 -



, .
, ,
.
,
. , . . ,
,

60-
.

. , , , , ,

363,
364, 365,
366 , . .
.
363
Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and Relating to
the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), 8 June 1977.
.: Roberts & Guelff (eds.), p. 471, Article 85 (4) ()); Rome Statute of the International
Criminal Court, p. 677, Article 8 (2) (b) (viii).
364
Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War,
p. 352, Article 147; Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, 17 July 1998,
p. 676-677, Article 8 (2) (a) (iv).
365
Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and Relating to
the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), p. 471, Article
85 (4) (d)); Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, p. 677, Article 8 (2) (b) (ix).
366
Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War,
12 August 1949, p. 352, Article 147; Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court,
17 July 1998, p. 677, Article & 8 (2) (b) (xiii).

- 121 -

,
. , , ,
. , 1992 , , , 367.
, , , . 1948
, , , , . ,
, 368.
,
- , - . , 369. ,
, , .
.
260 (III) 9 1948 . .:
, : , ST/HR/1/Rev.5, I
( II), (- : , 1994), . 780-785.
368
Universal Declaration of Human Rights, GA res. 217 A (III), 10 December 1948. For text
see UN Centre for Human Rights, Human Rights: A Compilation of International Instruments,
ST/HR/1/Rev.5, vol. 1 (First Part), New York & Geneva, UN 1994, pp. 1-7, at p. 1.
369
, : Cassese. International Criminal Law (Oxford: Oxford University
Press, 2003), p. 446.
367

- 122 -

III:
1992
-
. , 24
1992 ,


,
. , : , , , ,
, , , , , .
, ( )
370 (. 9).
:
1992-1993
-
1994
-
1995-1996
- ,
1997 - , ,
,
( , ).
: , , , , ,
, , , , , , ,
.
1992
/.
31 1992
. , 8 1992 , ( . , , 24 1992 .
, 3-11.
370

- 123 -

), 50- . 15 1992
( ,
, ).

.

, ,
.
( )
( ,
).
1992
- . 1 1993
. . , 26 1993 .
27 3 1993 , .
.
,
1992
-
,
. , 1993 .
1993 ,

1993
822, 853
874 , 1993
- 124 -

, . 1993
,
1993 , - .
, .
1993 .
.
- , , . - , ( ), . , , , .
1997 , . 1997
.
, .
, 1 1997
-
, 371.
, .
19-23 1997 , , , ,
, .

, 371
. - .
, 21 2001 .

- 125 -

372. 10 1997
,

373.
.- -
1998 .
1998 . ,
-
.- .
9 1998 ,
. ,

- 374. , . , . .
,
1999 2002 , . - .
18-19 1999
. -
, .
. - . ,
21 2001 .
373
,
10 1997 . .
24 1997
. A/52/564-S/1997/847.
374
.
- .
, 21 2001 .
372

- 126 -

,

. , ,
,
375.
, 3-4 2001 ,

.
, , 376.
2002
.
. 13-15 29-30 2002
15 2002 .
,
, 6-7 2002 , , .

. , .
, . 377.
, 1-2 2003 ,
. . , 17-18 1999 . , 20.
376
. . , 3-4 2001 .
2. (5).
377
. . , 6-7 2002 . (4); 3. 3.
.
375

- 127 -

.


. 378.
2004
.. . , 6-7 2004 ,

,
.379
380, ,
,
. , , [ ] ,
, , ,
,
.
.
, []
381.
. . , 1-2 2003
. ; .
379
Statement by the Minsk Group Co-Chairs to the OSCE Permenent Council, Vienna,
22 June, 2006. OSCE Document CIO.GAL/117/06.
380
Statement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia on OSCE Minsk Group
Co-Chairs Statement at the Permanet Council, 26 June 2006. - :
<www.armeniaforeignministry.com/pr_06/060626 _statement_nkr.html>.
381
,
27 2006 . - : <www.mfa.gov.az/rus/mfa_statements/MFA_STATEMENT_270606-rus.pdf>.
378

- 128 -


, ,
, ,
, . ,
- ,
, ,
. ,
, ,
, ,
.
, - , , ( ) . -
XIX
, .
XIX
. ,
. ,
.
. , ,
. , , 80- XX
. , , ,

,

,
.
, ,

- 129 -

.
,

.
, - . , , .
,
- , ,
.
, , .
, ,
- -
.
, . ,
.
.,

.
,
,
.

- 130 -

, ,
382.
- , ,
, .
, ,
.
.

. - : .
382

- 131 -

1
XVI


- 132 -

2


1801

- 133 -




14 1805

, . . - .-.-, , . . .
, . . .*
. .** ,
-
, . .
, , :

, - , ,
, ,
,
, . . . . .
, ,
, - .

. . ., . .
, , . -
- 134 -

, ,
, . . . .
.

, . .
,
, , , ,
, ,
. , -
, .--. . .

, - , ,

, ,
,

, ,
.

. . ., -
- 135 -

, : 1) ,
. 2) . -
. 3)
, ,
. . 4)
. ,
500 -,
, ,
., .

, - , : 1) ,

, , ,
. 2)
, ,
. 3) . 4) , , , .

. . . . . -
,
,
, , - ,
.
- 136 -


., - , .
. . , . , ., , 8.000
, 2 , . . 1- , 1- , , . .
4.000 , . . .,
, , -- - .

. . .
, , .
. 10 . . .


.

. . .
, ,
6 ,
.

, ,
. , . X*** 1805- ( .
1220), () 14- .
. 11. 1868 . . 705.

* . . . - .
** . . - .
*** . X. - .

- 137 -

4


1918-1920 .,

- 138 -

, ,
,

- 139 -

6

(),
5 1921
: ; : . , , , , , ,
; :
:
1. . .
:

, , .... . , .
: 4, 3.
) .
)
.
) .

, . 1, . 2, . 25, . 16 .

- 140 -

1936
II

24.
- .
1977
III. -
9.
78. . , .
79. , , , - .
11.
87. : ,
-, , -, .

- .

- .
- .

- 141 -

- 142 -

8

822 (1993) 30 1993
,
, 29 [1] 6 [2] 1993 , -
,
14 1993 [3],

,

,
,
, ,

, ,

,

,
,
,
, ,
1.

,
;
2.
, ;
- 143 -

3. , , ,
, ,
;
4.
,
, , ;
5. .
3205- .
: ,
1993 .
[1] S/25199.
[2] S/25539.
[3] , ,
, 1993 , S/25600.

853 (1993) 29 1993


,
822 (1993) 30 1993
,

27 1993 (1),
,
822 (1993),
, , ,
, ,
,
- 144 -

,
,
1.
;
2. , ;
3. ,
;
4. ;
5. 3 4, ,
,
;
6.
,
822 (1993), ;
7.
,
,
;
8. , , , ;
9. - 822 (1993)
;
10.
,
- 145 -

;
11. , , , , ,
;
12.

;
13. ,
;
14. .
3259- .
: ,
1993 .
[1] ,
, ,
1993 ,
S/26184.

874 (1993) 14 1993


,
822 (1993) 30 1993
853 (1993) 29 1993 , 18
1993 [1],

1 1993 [2],

- 146 -

,
-
,
, 8 1993 , , ,
,

,

, , , ,
,
1.
, ,

;
2. ,
, ;
3.
822 (1993) 853
(1993) [3], 28 1993


, ;
4. ,
, ,
;
5.
, ,
;
6.
,
- 147 -

,
24 1992 ;
7.

;
8. ;
9. , 822 (1993) 853 (1993),
, ;
10.
, ;
11.

;
12. , ,
;
13. .
3292- .
: ,
1993 .
[1] S/26326.
[2] ,
,
, 1993 ,
S/26522.
[3] , S/26522, .
- 148 -

884 (1993) 12 1993


,
822 (1993) 30 1993
, 853 (1993) 29 1993 874 (1993) 14
1993 ,
, , ,

9 1993 [1],
,
-

,

,
,

,

,

,
1.
, ,
,
;
2. -
822 (1993), 853 (1993) 874 (1993)
- 149 -

, ;
3.
4 1993 [1]

;
4. ,

822 (1993) 853 (1993) [2]
, 28 1993 ;
5. , ,
, ;

28 1993 ;
6.
,
;
7.
, ,
;
8. ,

, - 150 -

,
;
9. .
3313- .
: ,
1993 .
[1] , ,
, 1993 ,
S/26718.
[2] , S/26522, .

- 151 -

9

,
, 24 1992

II.
3.

, .
, ,
. .
4.

.

.
5.
,
.
.
6. ,
, - , ,
, , .


.
- 152 -

,
.
, .
7.
-
, , ,
,
.
8. ,


, .
.
9. , , ,
, , , , , , , , , , ,
.
. .
10. - ,
, , , , .
11.

, ,
,

.

- 153 -


, 5-6 1994

II



1.
, , 12 1994
.
, , . ,
.
. ,

.
.
2. ,
,

. , , . .
- 154 -

3.

, ,
,

, .

,
.
,
, .
4. ,
. , ,
. ,
, , III
1992 .
,
;

, , , , ,
, - 155 -

.
.

.
5. III 1992

.

, 8 1995


- , ;
- , 12 1994 ;
- , ,
;
-
- .
.


, ;
- 156 -

-

;
-

.

, 2-3 1996
1996
1

,

. , , , .

, .
- . :
- ;
- , , ,
;
-
, .
, -
. -.

.
- 157 -

2

.
1. , 1994 .
, .
2. , 1992 ,
,
.
3. ,
, ,
, .
4. ,
,
, , .
.
,
, 18-19 1999
1999

20.

. - 158 -

,
.
, .
, ,
, , .
,
, 3-4 2001
2

(5)
1. , ,
. , , ,
.
2.
. ,
, .
3. .
, .
- 159 -

,
, 6-7 2002

(4)
1. - , ,
. ,

, ,
.
2.
.

, .
3. .
, ,
, .
, .

- 160 -

3

79 ( 6)
/
383
:

79 6
.


, :
- -.
,
, , -
, , ,
.
- , ,
,


. .
,
:
- ,
, ,
.
383

.
- 161 -

,
, :
- ,
;
- , ;
- ,
.
, ,
,
, ,
.
.
,
, 1-2 2003

-
.
, , , .


.
, .

. ,
- 162 -

,
.
,
.

- ,
.

.
.

, : - -. , , , - ,
, ,
. - ,
, ,


.
.
,

, : - ,
, , .
,

- 163 -

, : , ;
, ;
, .
, ,
,
, ,
.
822, 853,
874 884, ,
. , .
-
-
,
.
.
,
, 6-7 2004


, 2004 ,

. - 164 -

, . ,
,
.
.
, .
,
, 5-6 2005
,

, 2005
, . , ,
, .
,
,
.
,
, 4-5 2006

, 2006 ,
,
- 165 -

.

"",
-.

,
.


.

. .

, ,
.
, - , ,
.
,
, 29-30 2007

,

.


.
, .

- 166 -

10


1416(2004)[1]
- - ,
384
1. , - - . .
,
- .
2. ,

,
. ,
,
, ,
-
. ,
, , , .
3. 822 (1993), 853 (1993),
874 (1993) 884 (1993)
, -
.
, 384

.
- 167 -

853 (1993) , , , - ,
.
4. , ,
2001
, - .
,
.
, .
5. ,
()
1992 ,

. , , ,
, , , ,
, , .

.
ad hoc, ,
, .
6.
,
1994
.
,

. - 168 -


.
7. , , , 1 93 ipso facto . ,
, , ,
1 36 .
8.
, , . ,

.
9. - . , ,
.
10. 1570 (2002)
, ,
- -
,
.
11.
.
, ,
. ,
. .
12. , - 169 -

, .
13.

.
14.
,
, - ,
,
,
, .
15. , 2006 .
[1] 25 2005 (2- )
(. . 10364, ,
- ).
25 2005 (2- ).

- 170 -


I.

1. , 12
1813 .
, . 202, . 1, . 25, . 281-283 .
2. , 4 1918 . , . 277, . 2, . 9, . 10-11 .
3. ()
5 1921 . , . 1, . 2, . 25, . 16 .
4. 3
, 29 1918 .
, . 970, . 1, . 1, . 51.
5. , 10 1828 . , . 202, . 1, . 71, . 317-321.
II.

6. Admission of new Members to the League of Nations. Armenia.


Assembly Document 209.
7. Annex 30 B. Future Status of Armenia. Memorandum agreed to
by the Council of the Leagues of Nations, meeting in Paris on 11 April
1920. League of Nations Document 20/41/9.
8. Application by the Armenian Republic for Admission to the
League. Memorandum by the Secretary-General. Assembly Document 56.
9. Armenia. Memorandum by the Secretary-General. Council of the
League of Nations Document 20/4/338.
10. Assembly Document 251.
11. Eleventh meeting (public) of the Council of the League of Nations, 27 October 1920. I. Status of Armenia.
12. Letter from the President of the Peace Delegation of the Republic
of Azerbaijan. Assembly Document 20/48/206.
- 171 -

13. Memorandum by the Secretary General on the Application for


the Admission of the Republic of Azerbaidjan to the League of Nations.
Assembly Document 20/48/108.
14. The future status of Armenia. Letter dated 10 November 1920 from
Lloyd George. Council of the League of Nations Document 20/4/366.
III. , ,

15. , 30 1991 . , 1991, 15-16,


. 95-96.
16.
, 7 1923 . .:
- .
1918-1925. (: , 1989), . 152-153.
17. - , 26 1991 . , 1991, 24, . 77-78.
18. - , 16 1981 (: , 1987).
19. , 5 1991 . , 7 1991 .
20. , , 3 1990 . , 1990, 15, . 303-308.
21. .
, 4 2001 .
22. .
, 31 2001 .
23.
() 4 1921 . .: . 1918-1925.
(: , 1989), . 90-91.
24. ()
5 1921 . , . 1, . 2, . 25, . 16 .
- 172 -

25.
, 18 1991 . , 1991, 19-20, . 65-70.
26.
, 23 1989 . , 1989, 18, . 31-34.
27. ( ) , 13 1922 .
.: . . 1917-1922 ., II (:
, 1960), . 483-491.
28. 1936 (, 1936).
29. 1977 (, 1977).
30. , 7 1991 .
, 12 1991 .
31.
,
15 1991 . , 1991, 21-22, . 53-54.
32.
, 17 1988 . , 1988, 11-12, . 72.
33. , 1
1989 . , 2 1989 .
34. () 5 1921 , 13 1990 . , 14 1990 .
35. 17 1991 , 21 1991 .
, 1991, 13, . 48-49.
36.
- 173 -

, 16
1991 . , 1991, 4, . 49-50.
37.
,
, 3 1990 . , 1990, 15, . 308.
38. ,
13 1922 . .: . . 1917-1922 ., II (: , 1960), . 482.
39. , 12 1988 . , 1988, 13-14, . 14-15.
40. , 26
1989 . ,
1989, 15-16, . 21-22.
41.
-
, 13 1988 .
, 14 1988 .
42. ,
, , 23
1988 . , 1988, 13, . 27-28.
43.
,
1 1989
9 1990 , 10 1990 .
, 1990, 3, . 38.
44.

, 18 1988 . , 1988, 29, . 20-21.
45. 4083 23 1947 -
. .
- 174 -

46. 754 10
1948
-
. .
47. ,


, 5 1991 . ,
7 1991 .
48. .
, 12 1991 .
49. 3
, 29 1918 .
, . 970, . 1, . 1, . 51.
50.
XX - , 12 1988
. .: , : ,
I, 1988 . 1989 . (:
, 1990), . 113-115.
IV.

51. /59/PV46 46-

59- , 29 2004.
52. A/59/PV.60 60- 59- , 23 2004.
53.
28 2006 , 28 2006 , .
/60/963.
- 175 -

54.
18 2005 . I:

, ; II: ,
. A/59/747-S/2005/187.
55.
11 2004 ,
11 2004 , , . /59/568.
56.
20 2006 . : , .

. A/61/696.
57. A/59/L.32 .
58. 1541 (XV) 15 1960 ; 1654 (XVI)
27 1961 ; 2024 (XX) 11 1965 ; 2115 (XXI)
17 1966 ; 2262 (XXII) 3 1967 ; 2379 (XXIII)
27 1968 ; 2775E (XXVI) 29 1971 ; 2923E
(XXVII) 15 1972 ; 3411D (XXX) 28 1975 ;
36/147 16 1981 ; 37/88 10 1982 ; 38/79 D
15 1983 , 39/95 D 14 1984 ; 40/161 D
16 1985 ; 54/78 22 2000 ; A/RES/48/114
20 1993 ; A/RES/57/298 20 2002 ;
A/RES/60/285 7 2006 .
59. , 10 1997 . .
24 1997 .
A/52/564-S/1997/847.

- 176 -

60. Statement of the representative of the United Kingdom, acting


on behalf of the member States of the European Community, in the Third
Committee, United Kingdom Materials on International Law 1986,
57 British Yearbook of International Law (1988), pp. 487-659.

61.
4 1999 . :
. . S/1999/648.
62. 216 (1965) 12 1965 ; 217 (1965)
20 1965; 232 (1966) 16 1966 ; 277 (1970)
18 1970 ; 288 (1970) 17 1970 ; 446 22
1979 , 452 20 1979 , 476 30 1980 , 465
1 1980 , 677 28 1990 , 752 15 1992 ,
787 16 1992 ; 822 (1993) 30 1993 , 853
(1993) 29 1993 , 874 (1993) 14 1993 , 884
(1993) 11 1993 1244 (1999) 10 1999 .

63. . 56/83
12 2001 .
64. Draft Articles on State Responsibility, ILC Report 1980, ILC
Yearbook 1980 (A/35/10), vol. II, part II, pp. 30-34.
65. Draft Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally
Wrongful Acts with commentaries (2001). Adopted by the International
Law Commission at its fifty-third session, in 2001, and submitted to the
General Assembly as a part of the Commissions report covering the work
of that session (at para. 77) (United Nations, 2005).

66.
: . E/CN.4/1999/79/Add.1.
67. 9 1997
. :
- 177 -

, .
E/CN.4/1997/139.
68. 26 1998

. :
1948-1953 ..
E/CN.4/Sub.2/1998/27.
69. 26 1998

. : 26 1998 . E/CN.4/Sub.2/1998/26.
70. .
. ,
, , . E/CN.4/Sub.2/AC.5/2001/2.
71.
. , . , . E/CN.4/Sub.2/1992/37.
72.
. , . , .
E/CN.4/Sub.2/1993/34.
73. . . . E/CN.4/Sub.2/1997/23.
74. 2001/7
18 2001 .
75. Sub-Commission on the Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities. The Right to Self-Determination: Implementation
of United Nations Resolutions. Study prepared by Hector Gross Espieli,
UN Document E/CN.4/405/Rev.1, 1980.
- 178 -

76. Sub-Commission on the Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities. The Right to Self-Determination: Historical and Current
Development on the Basis of United Nations Instruments. Study prepared
by Aureliu Cristesku, UN Document E/CN.4/Sub.2/404/Rev.1, 1981.
77. Note verbal dated 21 March 2005 from the Permanent Mission of
Armenia to the United Nations Office at Geneva addressed to the Office
of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. Annex:
Legal aspects for the right to self-determination in the case of Nagorny
Karabakh. UN Document E/CN.4/2005/G/23.

78. Bangkok Declaration of 2 April 1993. UN Document A/CONF.
157/ASRM/7.
79. Note by the Secretary-General, 4th session of the Preparatory
Committee, 19-30 April 1993. UN Document A/CONF.157/PC/82.
80. Report of the Preparatory Committee, 4th session. UN Document
A/CONF.157/PC/98.

81. ,
9 . CERD/C/350/Add.1.
82. . XXI (48).
, 1996, .
. 18 (A/51/18).
83. . 12
(21). , 1984.
. . 40 (/39/40).
84. . 23
(50). , 1994, I.
. . 40 (/49/40).
85. , 40 . CCPR/C/92/Add.2.
86. , 16 17 ,
. /1990/5/Add.36.
- 179 -

87. Objections by France, Germany and the Netherlands to the reservation of India to Articles 1 of the International Covenant on Economic.
Social and Cultural Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and
Political Rights, <http://www.bayefsky.com/./html/india_t2_ccpr. php>.
V. /
88. . II. . .
. , 5-6 1994 .
89. . , - . , 1 1975 .
90. 9 1998 .
91. .
. , 6-7 2004 .
92. ;
. . .
, 1-2 2003 .
93. (4); 3.
3. . . , 6-7 2002 .
94. 1986 - , , .
, 15 1989 .
95. 1996 . 1: ; 2: . . , 2-3 1996 .
96. . , 21 2001 .
97. . . , 19-21 1990 .
98.
- . ,
21 2001 .
99. -
. , 21
2001 .
- 180 -

100. . .
, 24 1992 .
101. 2. (5).
. , 3-4 2001 .
102. . ,
, 17-18 1999 .
103. Statement by the Minsk Group Co-Chairs to the OSCE Permenent Council, Vienna, 22 June, 2006. OSCE Document CIO.GAL/117/06.
VI.

104. Declaration on the Guidelines on the Recognition of New


States in Eastern Europe and in the Soviet Union, 16 December 1991. 31
International Legal Materials (1992), pp. 1486-1487.
105. Arbitration Commission of the Conference on Yugoslavia: Opinion 1, 29 November 1991; Opinion 2, 11 January 1992; Opinion 3,
11 January 1992; Opinion 4, 11 January 1992; Opinion 8, 4 July
1992. 92 International Law Reports (1993), pp. 162-178 & 199-202.
VII.

106. Committee of Ministers. Declaration on Nagorno-Karabakh,


11 March 1992. .
107. Committee of Ministers. Declaration on the Escalation of the of
the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict, 15 March 1993.
108. Committee of Ministers. Reply to the Written Question 396
by Mrs Hajiyeva to the Committee of Ministers Recognition of the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan by Armenia, 19 September 2001.
109. Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities and Explanatory Report. Council of Europe Document H (95) 10.
110. PACE. Report of the Political Affairs Committee. Explanatory
Memorandum by the Rapporteur The conflict over the NagornoKarabakh region dealt with by the OSCE Minsk Conference. Document
10364, 29 November 2004.
111. PACE. Resolution 1119 (1997) on the conflicts in Transcaucasia, 22 April 1997.
112. PACE. Resolution 1416 (2005) The conflict over the NagornoKarabakh region dealt with by the OSCE Minsk Conference, 25 January
2005.
- 181 -

113. Venice Commission. Opinion on the interpretation of Article


11 of the Draft Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights
appended to Recommendation 1201 of the Parliamentary Assembly,
1-2 March 1996. Annual Report of Venice Commission (1996), pp. 93-99.
VIII.

114. - , 21 1991 . , 1991, 1, . 15-16.


115. [ ]/[
]
- , 1994-1995. .
116. , 8 1991 . , 1991, 1, . 6-8.
IX. , ,

117. , 1/13 1878 . . 1856-1917 (: , 1952), . 181-206.


118. , 25 1993
. A/CONF.157/23.
119. , 26 1919 . :
- . 1918-1925. (: ,
1989), . 23-25.
120. . 217
(III) 10 1948 . .: ,
: , ST/HR/1/Rev.5,
I ( I) (- : , 1994), . 1-8.
121. , 12 1813 . , . 202, . 1, . 25, . 281-283 .
122.
.
42/22 18 1987 . , - 182 -

.
. 41 (/42/41), . 403.
123. ,
, .
47/135 18 1992 . .: ,
: , ST/HR/1/Rev.5,
I ( I) (- : , 1994), . 140-143.
124. . 1514 (XV) 14 1960 . .: , :
, ST/HR/1/Rev.5, I ( I)
(- : , 1994), . 55-57.
125. ,
. 2625 (XXV) 24 1970 .
, . . 28 (/8028), . 152-154.
126. , 4 1918 . , . 277, . 2, . 9, . 10-11 .
127. , , , ,
, 13 1921 .
, IV (: , 1960), . 420-429.
128. , 4 1918 .
1918 . (: , 1970), . 154-161.
129. , , 21 1994 . .

, 3 (16) (, 1994), . 74-80.
130.
( 11), 4 1950 .
, 5 (Strasbourg: Directorate General of
Human Rights, Council of Europe, 2001).
- 183 -

131.
. 260 (III) 9 1948
. .: , :
, ST/HR/1/Rev.5, I ( II), ( : , 1994), . 780-785.
132.
- / , 20 2002
. . -: <www.sudanru.com/russian/machakos.htm>.
133. ,
. 2200 (XXI) 16
1966 . .: , : , ST/HR/1/Rev.5, I ( I) ( : , 1994), . 8-19.
134. . 2200 (XXI) 16 1966 . .:
, : , ST/HR/1/Rev.5, I ( I) (- : , 1994), . 20-40.
135. ,
30 1918 . .:
, , II (:
...., 1926), . 188-189.
136. ,
1 1995 . Council of Europe Document H (95) 10 (Russian
translation).
137. - , 19 /3 1878 . . 1856-1917 (: , 1952), . 159-175.
138. , , 2 1829 .
(-:
.., 1869), . 71-84.
139.
14 1805 (:
, 1992).
140. ,
10 1828 . , . 202, . 1, . 71, . 317-321.
- 184 -

141. African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights, 17 June 1981.


.: Ian Brownlie & Guy S.Goodwin-Gil (eds.). Basic Documents on Human Rights (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 4th edition, 2002), pp. 728-740.
142. Annex to the 1907 Hague Convention IV Respecting the Laws
and Customs of War on Land: Regulations Respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land, 18 October 1907. .: Adam Roberts & Richard
Guelff (eds.). Documents on the Laws of War (Oxford: Oxford University
Press, 3rd ed., 2003), pp. 73-84.
143. Charter of the United Nations, 24 October 1925. .: Ian
Brownlie (ed.). Basic Documents in International Law (Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 5th ed., 2002), pp. 2-26.
144. Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, 12 August 1949. .: Adam Roberts & Richard
Guelff (eds.). Documents on the Laws of War (Oxford: Oxford University
Press, 3rd ed., 2003), pp. 299-369.
145. Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States, 26
December 1933. . -: <www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/intdip/
interam/intam03.htm>.
146. Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August
1949, and Relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed
Conflicts (Protocol I), 8 June 1977. .: Adam Roberts & Richard Guelff
(eds.). Documents on the Laws of War (Oxford: Oxford University Press,
3rd ed., 2003), pp. 419-479.
147. Protocol 12 to the Convention on the Protection of Human
Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, 4 November 2000. .: Ian Brownlie
& Guy S.Goodwin-Gil (eds.). Basic Documents on Human Rights (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 4th edition, 2002), pp. 420-422.
148. Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (Extract),
17 July 1998. .: Adam Roberts & Richard Guelff (eds.). Documents on the
Laws of War (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 3rd ed., 2003), pp. 667-697.
149. The Covenant of the League of Nations (1919). .: Malcolm
D.Evans (ed.). Blackstones International Law Documents (Oxford:
Oxford University Press, 6th ed., 2003), pp. 1-7.
150. Vienna Convention on Succession of States in Respect of Treaties, 22 August 1978. .: Malcolm D.Evans (ed.). Blackstones International Law Documents (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 6th edition,
2003), pp. 185-199.
151. Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, 22 May 1969.
.: Ian Brownlie (ed.). Basic Documents in International Law (Oxford:
Oxford University Press, 5th ed., 2002), pp. 270-297.
- 185 -

X. /

152. Case Concerning East Timor (Portugal v. Australia), ICJ


Judgment of 30 June 1995, ICJ Reports, pp. 90-277.
153. Case Concerning the Barcelona Traction, Light and Power
Company, Limited (Belgium v. Spain), ICJ Judgment of 5 February 1970,
ICJ Reports 1970, pp. 3-357.
154. Cyprus v. Turkey, ECHR Judgment of 10 May 2001, ECHR
Portal, HUDOC Collection.
155. Factory at Chorzw (Claim for Indemnity) Case (Germany v.
Poland) (Merits), PCIJ Ser A (1928) 1, Permanent Court of International Justice. .: Martin Dixon & Robert McCorquodale. Cases &
Materials on International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 4th ed.
2003), p. 404.
156. Ilacu and others v. Moldova and Russia, ECHR Judgment of
8 July 2004, ECHR Portal, HUDOC Collection.
157. Ireland v. United Kingdom, ECHR Judgment of 18 January
1978, ECHR Portal, HUDOC Collection.
158. Judgment of the International Military Tribunal Tribunal at
Nuremberg, 1946 (Extracts), The Charter Provisions. .: Adam Roberts
& Richard Guelff (eds.). Documents on the Laws of War (Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 3rd ed., 2003), pp. 175-178.
159. Katangese Peoples Congress v. Zaire, 75/92 African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights. .: Rachel Murray & Malcolm D.
Evans (eds.). Documents of the African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights (Oxford & Portland Oregon: Hart Publishing, 2001), p. 389.
160. Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the
Occupied Palestinian Territory. ICJ Advisory Opinion of 9 July 2004, ICJ
Reports 2004.
161. Loizidou v. Turkey, ECHR Judgment of 23 March 1995, ECHR
Portal, HUDOC Collection.
162. Loizidou v. Turkey, ECHR Judgment (Merits and just satisfaction) of 18 December 1996, ECHR Portal, HUDOC Collection.
163. Loizidou v. Turkey, ECtHR Judgment (Merits and just satisfaction), 18 December 1996, Concurring Opinion of Judge Wildhaber, joined
by Judge Ryssdal, ECHR Portal, HUDOC Collection.
164. Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua
case (Nicaragua v. United States of America) (Merits), ICJ Judgment of
27 June 1986, ICJ Reports 1986.
- 186 -

165. Reference re Secession of Quebec, Supreme Court of Canada,


20 August 1998. .: Anne Bayefsky. Self-determination in International
Law: Quebec and Lessons Learned (The Hague, London, Boston: Kluwer
Law International, 2000), pp. 455-505.
166. United Communist Party of Turkey and Others v. Turkey,
ECtHR Judgment (Merits and just satisfaction), 30 January 1998, Reports
1998-I 62, pp. 1-43.
167. Western Sahara, ICJ Advisory Opinion, 16 October 1975, ICJ
Reports 1975, pp. 12-176.
XI. , ,

168. 10- -

. , 6-7 2002 . .
169. 58- .
-, 25 2003 . - : <http://www.un.org/
webcast/ga/58/statements/armeeng 030925.htm>.
170.
58- . , 22 2002 . .
171.
, ,
. , 31 -8 2001
. - / : <www.un.org/WCAR/
statements/ armeniaE.htm>.
172. . ,
23 2004 . - /: <http://www.coe.int/
T/E/Com/Files /PA-Sessions/June-2004/20040623_disc_koharian.asp>.
173.
, 29-30 2005 . - REGNUM: <http://www.regnum.ru/news/
437271.html>.
174.
, 27 2006 . - : <www.
mfa.gov.az/rus/mfa_statements/MFA_STATEMENT_270606-rus.pdf>.
175. 18 2003.
. -: <www.gov.am/ruversion/premier_2/print.html?=299&url>
<www.menq.am/pls/dbms/mnp.show_npitem?pnp=12&pfile=359977&pn
ew=y&plgg=3>.
- 187 -

176.
:
. - , 27 2001 .
177. . Caucasus Context
(2007), vol. 4, issue 1, pp. 43-44.
178. 1 2007
16- . - Hayinfo:
<www.hayinfo.ru/page_rev.php?tb_id=18 &sub_id=1&id=18956>.
179. Ct - 5 2000 .
180. 6 2000 .
181. Statement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia on
OSCE Minsk Group Co-Chairs Statement at the Permanet Council, 26 June
2006. - : <www.armeniaforeignministry.com/
pr_06/060626 _statement_nkr.html>.
XII.

182. Hsnov, Cmil. Azrbaycan beynlxalq mnasibtlr sistemind.


1918-1920-ci illr (Bak: Azrnr, 1993).
183. Krli, Tofiq. Qaraba (Bak: Elm, 2002).
184. , .
, 1918-1921 .. (Paris: la Socit Anonyme Imprimerie de
Navarre, 1924).
185. .
, IV,
. .. (: , 1870), 37.
186. , . : . .
(: , 1989).
187. - . . , . (: , 1992).
188. , . , -, 11
(- 2002).
189. , . - . 1917-1929 . (: , 1990).
- 188 -

190. , . . (: , 1990).
191. , . .
(, 1989).
192. -, . , 3 (, 1926).
193. , . , ,
. (: , 1993).
194. , .
(: , 2000).
195. , . . :
(: , 2005).
196. , . 1915 ,
, . (: , 1990).
197. , .
: (: -
, 2006).
198. , . - XVIII , 2, I (, 1964).
199. , . , .
. (, 1990).
200. (: , 1980).
201. 1917 , .. (.)
(: ... , 1916).
202. , . .
(: Walters Kluwer, 3- ., 2007).
203. , . : (: , 1996).
204. , . - :
, 17 Accord (2005), . 18-19.
205. , . .
, 7-8 (2001).
206. , .
(: , 1986).
207.
( ). : . 166 , 14 2005 . -
- 189 -

: <www.crisisgroup.org/library/documents/europe/ caucasus/ 166_nagorno_karabakh_rus.pdf >.


208. . 1989 . (: ,
1991).
209. 13 1992 . : (: , 2000), . 73-74.
210. . .
?. 15, 26 2008 .
211. , I (: , 1836).
212. , . - ,
(, 1993).
213. , 1823 .

(, 1866).
214. , . : ,
17 Accord (2005), . 20-21.
215. .
(: , 1923).
216. , .
, 3
(, 2000).
217. , I,
.. (.), I (: , 1869).
218.
, 1886.
(:
., 1893).
219. .
. : . . -:
<www.svop.ru/live/materials.asp?m_id=6882&r _id=6901>.
- 190 -

220. 7 2007 , III. . -


: <www.mil.am/rus/? page=49>.
221. , . . , : 1911 (:
, 1990).
222. , . , II (: , 1978).
223. , .
(: , 1852).
224. Addo, Michael. Political Self-Determination within the
Context of the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights, 32 Journal of African Law (1988), 182-193.
225. Altstadt, Audrey. The Azerbaijani Turks: Power and Identity
Under Russian Rule (Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1992).
226. Avakian, Shahen. Nagorno-Karabakh: Legal Aspects (2005).
- : <www.armeniaforeignministry.com>.
227. Bayefsky, Anne. Self-determination in International Law:
Quebec and Lessons Learned (The Hague, London, Boston: Kluwer Law
International, 2000).
228. Brownlie, Ian. Principles of Public International Law (Oxford:
Oxford University Press, 6th ed., 2003).
229. Buchheit, Lee C. Secession: The Legitimacy of SelfDetermination (New Haven & London: Yale University Press, 1978).
230. Cassese, Antonio. International Criminal Law (Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 2003).
231. Cassese, Antonio. International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).
232. Cassese, Antonio. Political Self-Determination Old Concepts and New Developments, .: Antonio Cassese (ed.). UN
Law/Fundamental Rights: Two Topics in International Law (Alphen aan
den Rijn/The Netherlands: Sijthoff & Noordhoff, 1979), pp. 137-165.
233. Cassese, Antonio. Self-Determination of Peoples: Legal Reappraisal (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).
234. Chorbajian, Levon, Donabedian, Patrick & Mutafian, Claude.
The Caucasian knot: The History and Geo-politics of Nagorno-Karabagh
(London: Zed Book, 1994).
235. Craven, Matthew. The European Community Arbitration
Commission on Yugoslavia, 66 British Yearbook of International Law
(1995), pp. 333-413.
- 191 -

236. Crawford, James. Response to Experts Reports of the Amicus


Curiae, 15 January 1998, .: Anne Bayefsky. Self-determination in
International Law: Quebec and Lessons Learned (The Hague, London,
Boston: Kluwer Law International, 2000), pp. 153-171.
237. Crawford, James. State Practice and International Law in
Relation to Secession, .: Anne Bayefsky, Self-determination in International Law: Quebec and Lessons Learned (The Hague, London, Boston:
Kluwer Law International, 2000), pp. 31-61.
238. Crawford, James. The Creation of States in International Law
(Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979).
239. Dixon, Martin & McCorquodale, Robert. Cases & Materials on
International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 4th ed. 2003).
240. Duursma, Jorri. Fragmentation and the International Relations
of Micro-States: Self-Determination and Statehood (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).
241. Eide, Asbjorn. Territorial integrity of States, minority protection and guarantees for autonomy arrangements: approaches and roles of
the United Nations. UniDem seminar Local self-government, territorial
integrity and protection of minorities, Lausanne, 25-27 April 1996
(Council of Europe Publishing: 1996).
242. Emerson, Rupert. From Empire to Nation: The Rise to SelfAssertion of Asian and African Peoples (Cambridge: Harvard University
Press, 1962).
243. Feigl, Erich. A Myth of Terror. Armenian Extremism: Its
Causes and Its Historical Context (Freilassing-Salzburg: Edition Zeitgeschichte, 1986).
244. Franck, Thomas. Higgins, Rosalyn. Pellet, Alain. Shaw, Malcolm.
Tomuschat, Christian. Expert opinion: The Territorial Integrity of Quebec in
the Event of the Attainment of Sovereignty, .: Anne Bayefsky. Selfdetermination in International Law: Quebec and Lessons Learned (The
Hague, London, Boston: Kluwer Law International, 2000), pp. 241-303.
245. Frank, Thomas. Postmodern Tribalism and the Right to Secession, .: Catherine Brlmann, Ren Lefeber & Marjoleine Zieck
(eds.). Peoples and Minorities in International Law (Dordrecht, Boston,
London: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1993), pp. 3-27.
246. Gilbert, Geoff. The Burgeoning Minority Rights Jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights, 24 Human Rights Quarterly (2002), pp. 736-780.
247. Gross Espieli, Hector. Self-Determination and Jus Cogens,
: Antonio Cassese (ed.). UN Law/Fundamental Rights: Two Topics in
- 192 -

International Law (Alphen aan den Rijn/The Netherlands: Sijthoff &


Noordhoff, 1979), pp. 167-173.
248. Hannum, Hurst. Autonomy, Sovereignty and Self-Determination (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1990).
249. Hannum, Hurst (ed.). Documents on Autonomy and Minority
Rights (Dordrecht, Boston, London: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1993).
250. Hannum, Hurst. Rethinking Self-Determination, 34 Virginia
Journal of International Law 1 (1994), pp. 1-69.
251. Henckaerts, Jean-Marie & Doswald-Beck, Loise. Customary
International Humanitarian Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press, 2005), vol. I..
252. Horowitz, Donald. A Right to Secede?, .: Stephen Macedo
& Alen Buchanan (eds.). Secession and Self-Determination (New York &
London: New York University Press, 2003), pp. 50-76.
253. Human Rights Watch/Helsinki. Seven Years of Conflict in
Nagorno-Karabakh (1994).
254. Juviler, Peter. Are Collective Rights Anti-Human? Theories
on Self-Determination and Practice in Soviet Successor States, 11 Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights (1993), pp. 267-282.
255. Kiwanuka, Richard. The Meaning of People in the African
Charter on Human and Peoples Rights, 82 American Journal of
International Law (1988), pp. 80-101.
256. Knop, Karen. Diversity and Self-Determination in International
Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
257. Koskenniemi, Martti. National Self-Determination Today:
Problems of Legal theory and Practice, 43 International and Comparative
Law Quarterly (1994), pp. 241-269.
258. Loucaides, Loukis The Protection of the Right to Property in
Occupied Territories, 53 International and Comparative Law Quarterly
(2004), pp. 677-690.
259. Mullerson, Rein. International Law, Rights and Politics: Developments in Eastern Europe and the CIS (London & New York: Routledge, 1994).
260. Mullerson, Rein. The Continuity and Succession of States, by
Reference to the Former USSR and Yugoslavia, 42 International and
Comparative Law Quarterly (1993), pp. 473-493.
261. Musgrave, Thomas. Self-Determination and National Minorities (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997).
262. Pellet, Alain. Report: Legal Opinion on Certain Questions of
International Law Raised by the Reference, .: Anne Bayefsky. Self- 193 -

determination in International Law: Quebec and Lessons Learned (The


Hague, London, Boston: Kluwer Law International, 2000), pp. 85-123.
263. Pellet, Alain. The Opinions of the Badinter Arbitration
Committee A Second Breath for the Self-Determination of Peoples,
3 European Journal of International Law (1992), pp. 178-185.
264. Pictet, Jean (gen. ed.). International Committee of the Red
Cross, Commentary on the Geneva Convention (IV) Relative to the
Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War (Geneva, 1958).
265. Proportions des populations musulmanes, grecques et armeniennes en Asie-Mineure dapres la statistique du Livre-Jaune. (Affairs
Armeniennes 1893-1897). M955.05 Archive Editions 1998, .: Anita
L.P. Burdett (ed.). Armenia: Political and Ethnic Boundaries 1878-1948
(Wilts: Archive Edition Limited, 1998).
266. Rai, David. Statehood and the Law of Self-Determination
(The Hague, London, New York: Kluwer Law International, 2002).
267. Roberts, Adam. Transformative Military Occupation: Applying the Laws of War and Human Rights. . -:
<http.ccw.politics.ox.ac.uk/publications/roberts_militaryoccupation.pdf>.
268. Roberts, Adam. What is a Military Occupation?, 55 The
British Yearbook of International Law (1985), pp. 249-305.
269. Shaw, Malcolm. International Law (Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 5th ed., 2003).
270. Shaw, Malcolm. Peoples, Territorialism and Boundaries,
8 European Journal of International Law 3 (1997), pp. 478-507.
271. Shaw, Malcolm. Re: Order in Council P.C. 1996-1497 of
30 September 1996, .: Bayefsky, Anne. Self-determination in International Law: Quebec and Lessons Learned (The Hague, London, Boston:
Kluwer Law International, 2000), pp. 125-150.
272. Shaw, Malcolm. The Heritage of States: The Principle of
Uti Possidetis Juris Today, 77 The British Yearbook of International
Law 1997, pp. 75-154.
273. Shaw, Malcolm. Title to Territory in Africa: International
Legal Issues (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986).
274. Simma, Bruno (ed.). The Charter of the United Nations:
A Commentary (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994).
275. Swietochowski, Tadeusz. Russia and Azerbaijan: A Borderland
in Transition (New York: Columbia University Press, 1995).
276. Tabrizli, Ahmad. Histoire Du Dagliq (Haut)-Garabagh a la
Lumiere de Documents Historiques (Strasbourg: Dayeli, 1989).
- 194 -

277. The Association of the Bar of the City of New York. Thawing
a Frozen Conflict: Legal Aspects of the Separatist Crisis in Moldova.
278. The Columbia Encyclopedia (New York: Columbia University
Press, 5th ed., 1993).
279. The Statistical Information about Refugees and Internally
Displaced Persons in Azerbaijan, (Baku, 2000).
280. Wallace-Bruce, Nii Lante. Claims to statehood in international
law (New York: Carlton Press, Inc., 1994).
281. Weems, Samuel. Armenia. Secrets of a Christian Terrorist
State (Dallas: St.John Press, 2002).

- 195 -

6090 1/16. . . 12,25.


. .
____. 800 .

- 196 -