Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 10

A.

RELATIVE CLAUSES
Combine the pair of sentences by using the relative pronouns or relative adverbs.
1 The policeman wasnt very friendly. He stopped our car.
.
2 I met a woman. She can speak six languages.
.
3
Most of the people couldnt come. I invited them to the party.
.
4 The officer wasnt very friendly. I spoke to him yesterday.
.
5
The tree should be cut down. Its branches are dead.
.
6
The man is a top businessman. His son is my classmate.
.
7
I have a lot of homework. I must do them.
.
8
The stories are usually very funny. Tom tells them.
.
9
She is the only person. She understands me.
.
10 This is the worst film. I have ever seen it.
.
11 Ngo Tat To is a Vietnamese writer. He wrote When the lights is out
.
12 The policeman wasnt very friendly. He stopped our car.
.
13 Mary and Margaret are twins. You met them yesterday.
.
14 These drugs are useful. They cure cancer diseases.
.
15
My grandmother is a writer. She works in local newspaper agent.
.
16
We can see people and cattle. They are going to the field.
.
17
We saw many soldiers and tanks. They were moving to the front.
.
18
I saw a girl and her dog. They were playing in the park.
.
19
I recently went back to Paris. I was born in Paris.
.
20
Jane works for a company. It makes shoes.
.
Combine each pair of sentences into one, using preposition + whom / which.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

I met the people. You told me about them.


.
This is the book. Im looking for it.
.
Alice likes the foreign family. She is living with them.
.
The movie was interesting. We went to it.
.
This is the result of our work. Im pleased with it.
.
My sister has two daughters. I often have to look after them.
.
Lung cancer is very dangerous. Million of people died of it.
.
The examination lasted two days. I was successful in this exam.
.
The music was gentle. We listened to it last night.
.
Heres the address. You should write to this address.
.
Julia has two sisters. Both of her sisters are teachers.
.
Mary has three brothers. All of her brothers are married.

Reduce the following relative clauses.


1
The next course which is coming is English.

2
Do you know the woman who is coming toward us?

3
The books which were written by To Hoai are interesting.

4
Yuri Gagarin became the first man who flew into space.

5
Those people who are taking photos over there come from Sweden.

6
The books which are on that shelf are mine.

7
Lan is the second student who entered the classroom this morning.

8
The chidren who attend that school receive a good education.

9
I havent got anything that I could open a bottle of wine with.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

13

I come from a city that is located in the southern part of the country.
The scientists who are researching the cause of cancer are making progress.
They live in the house that was built in 1980.
We stood on the bridge which connects the two halves of the building.
The vegetables which are sold in this supermarket are grown without chemicals.
The first man who traveled to outer space was Neil Armstrong.

14

This is the second person who was killed in that way.

15

Tam often helps those who lose their houses in storms.

Choose the best answer.


1.
Those ________ to be athletes have to train themselves a lot.
a. who want
b. which want
c. to want
d. wanted
2.
Anyone ________ as a referee in a sporting event must be honest.
a. that works
b. to work
c. works
d. worked
3.
The man ________a black suit is a football referee.
a. to wear
b. wearing
c. who wear
d. wears
3.
________ is consider to be the most popular, is also my favorite.
a. Football which
b. Football, that
c. Football, which d. Football
4.
The football season is the time ________ thousands of football fans crowd into
stadiums to watch their favorite teams.
a. where
b. which
c. at that
d. when
th
5.
Fencing was first introduced at the 13 Asian Games, ________ in Bangkok,
Thailand in 1988.
a. to be held
b. holding c. when was held
d. which was held
6.
The Olympic Games, ________ an important international sporting event, takes
place every four years.
a. is
b. to be
c. that is
d. which is
7.
Do you know the city ________ the next Asian Games will be held?
a. which
b. when
c. in that
d. in which
8.
Athletes do their best to win medals ________ to winners as awards.
a. which give
b. are given
c. to give
d. given
9.
He rang James, ________ a good friend as well as his trainer.
a. who was
b. that was
c. being
d. to be
10. ________ came from France were really more friendly than any others.
a. The athletes, that
b. The athletes whom
c. The athletes
who
d. The athletes which
11. That is Mr. Pike, a referee, ________ I told you about.
a. that
b. which
c. whom
d. whose
12. He took out a photo of Pl, ________ he adored.
a. whose
b. whom
c. that
d. which
13. This is a picture in the newspaper of a high jumper ________ leg was seriously

hurted.
a. who
b. whom
c. whose
d. that
14. These are principles ________ we all believe.
a. in that
b. that
c. where
d. in which
15. The death of his son was an experience from ________ he never fully recovered.
a. when
b. why
c. that
d. which
16. There were lots of people ________ in the heavy rain to wait for a rescue team.
a. who stands
b. standing
c. stood
d. to stand
17. It is not a sport ________ a great deal of thought.
a. to which I devote
b. to that I devote c. I devote
d. devoting
18. We have to make a good preparation ________ an important part of Games.
a. to be
b. which are
c. been
d. are
19. The athlete ________ couldnt compete because of his injury.
a. about I told you b. about whom I told you c. whom I told you d. I told you
20. After the Games there were about 120 new records ________ by almost every
country.
a. set
b. setting
c. to set
d. that set
21. That beach is the place ________ the Asian Beach Games will be held.
a. that
b. which
c. when
d. where
22. They are talking about ________ they are looking at.
a. David Beckham is picture
b. David Beckhams picture
c. David Beckham, which picture
d. David Beckham, whose picture
23.
The official, ________ the drug was found, has been arrested.
a. in whose car
b. in which car
c. car in which
d. in that car
24.
We get the news of the Games ________ by communication satellite.
a. which send
b. sending
c. sent
d. to send
25.
Did you see the opening ceremony ________ on TV last night?
a. which showed
b. showed
c. showing
d. shown
26.
The boys are talking about the exciting match ________ on TV.
a. seeing
b. they saw
c. whom they saw d. to see
27.
I am sorry but that book doesnt have the information ________ .
a. I need
b. whom I need
c. needing
d. to need
28.
Do you remember the time _________ we first visited London?
a. which
b. when
c. that
d. on that
29.
Sunday is the day _________ few people go to work.
a. that
b. which
c. when
d. why
30.
The government sent money and food to the people ________ houses were
destroyed by the storm last week.
a. which
b. that
c. whom
d. whose
Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed for the sentence
to be correct.
1.
Coal provided the majority of our electricity and has been a principal source of
energy since the
industrial revolution.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Coal also produces the global warning issues facing we today.


Making full a use of alternative energy is a must.
Every fuel has their own particular temperature at which it begins to burn.
I went to a reunion for students educating in the physics department during the
1980s.

6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Natural resources provide the raw material are needed to produce finished good.
Her many friends, among who I like to be considered, gave her encouragement.
Liquids take the shape of any container which they are placed.
Because of habitat loss, there are less Asian elephants than African elephants.
Louisa, she best known for her books for children, served as a nurse during the
civil war.
11. All competitors must observed the rules of the Games in the true spirit of
sportsmanship.
12.
During his 22 years in football, Pl scored 1,281 goals and holding every
major record for the sport.
13.
To be a true sportsman, each athlete has to play with fairness and cheerful
whether he wins or loses.
14.
This year, that is for the first time, the event is open to all amateur athletes
along with the traditional professional athletes.
15. To prepare for the coming Games, all athletes are training hard and strict so
that they will get the highest achievements.
16. The number of participants have been increasing through time.
17. The 14th Asian Games, which held in Busan, Korea in 2002 , attracted 9,919
participants from 44 countries.
18. The athletes competed in 38 different sports and win 427 gold medals.
19. He never lost his enthusiastic for training athletes.
20. I will never forget the time in that we first met each other.
Change the sentences into cleft sentences in the passive.
The young boys and girls admired that film start years ago.
_______________________________________________________________________
We first heard the news from my sister last night.
_______________________________________________________________________
The students asked the teacher of his explanation for the problem.
_______________________________________________________________________
My sister has just bought the English book at the big bookshop.
_______________________________________________________________________
They enjoyed the farewell party at my house cheerfully.
_______________________________________________________________________
John took my book away last night.
_______________________________________________________________________
The old man caught a very big fish in the river.
_______________________________________________________________________
The teacher asks you to work more than you talk.
_______________________________________________________________________
My parents misunderstood my intension.
_______________________________________________________________________
The government should pay more attention to the environmental pollution.
_______________________________________________________________________
My son is learning French.
_______________________________________________________________________
She bought the car from Tom.

_______________________________________________________________________
My uncle gave me the picture book.
_________________________________________________________________
He sent his friends the postcards.
_______________________________________________________________________
The child greeted his grandparents in a strange language
_______________________________________________________________________
Rewrite the following sentences using the structure It is / was that + passive
voice
1.It was Mr. Johnson that every student respected to.
It
2.It was in Brotol where they made the film.
It
3. It was the manager that we saw.
It
4. It was wine that we ordered. It
4. It is the English exam that the students most worry about.
It
6. It is pop music that my brother prefers.
It
7. It is Tet that Vietnamese celebrate, as the greatest occasion in a year.
It
8. It was the computer that my parents gave me as a birthday present.
It
9. It is Santa Clause who most children are waiting for on Christmas Eve.
It
10. It is English that people all over the world use.
It
IV.
Complete the sentences, using can, cant, could, couldnt or was / were
( not) able to.
1. My grandfather was a very clever man. He _______ speak five languages.
2. I looked everywhere for the book but I _________ find it.
3. They didnt want to come with us at first but we _____________ persuade them.
4. Laure had hurt her leg and __________ walk very well.
5. Sue wasnt at home when I phoned but I __________ contact her at her office.
6. I looked very carefully and I ___________ see a figure in the distance.
7. I wanted to buy some tomatoes. The first shop I went to didnt have any but I
_________ get some in the next shop.
8. My grandmother loved music. She _________ play the piano very well.
9. I had forgotten to bring my camera so I ____________ take any photographs.
10.Valuables ______ be left in the hotel safe. Please ask at the reception desk.
11. We _________ finish the football match before it started snowing too heavy.
12. .___ you understand Professor Larsens lecture? I found it really difficult.
13. Do you want a game ? Sorry, I _______ play chess.
14. Look at me, I ______ ride my bike without any help.
15. When the fire officers arrived they __________ put out the flames in a couple of
minutes.
16. The air was so polluted in the city centre, I ________ hardly breathe.
17. I knew John had been smoking. I _________ smell the cigarettes when I came into
the room.
18. _______ you drive without your glasses?

19. No chanses _______ be made to this rail ticket after purchase.


20. She looked all over the house, but ________ find her keys anywhere.
21. I was very busy at work, but I ___________ have a couple of days off last week.
22. She swam strongly and ________ cross the river easily, even though it was swollen
by the heavy rain.
23. Suddenly all the lights went out. We _______ see a thing.
24. The computer went wrong, but luckily Emma __________ put it right again.
25. There was a big party last night. You _________ hear the music half a mile away.
26. I learnt to read music as a child. I ________ read it when I was five.
27. People heard warnings about the flood, and they _________ move out in time.
28. The train was full. I ________ find a seat anywhere.
29. Mrs. Carter _________ put out the fire before the house burnt down.
30. I looked everywhere for the book, but I ________ find it.
31. The plane _________ take off at eleven oclock, after the fog had lifted.
32. It was foggy, so the plane _________ take off.
Choose the best answer.
1. Help me with housework, ________?
a. dont you
b. do you
c. will you
d. wont you
2. You have ever heard about Yuri Gagarin, ________?
a. do you
b. havent you
c. dont you
d. didnt you
3. They used to work as astronauts, ________?
a. dont they
b. werent they
c. did they
d. didnt they
4. John does not look well today, ________?
a. isnt he
b. does he
c. does him
d. will be
5. Lets have a drink, ________?
a. will you
b. shall we
c. do you
d. dont you
6. I think he will join us, ________?
a. doesnt he
b. wont he
c. will he
d. dont I
7. I am late, ________?
a. am not I
b. arent I
c. dont I
d. wont I
8. No one is better cook than his mother, ________?
a. is she
b. isnt she
c. are they
d. arent they
9. Do it right now, ________?
a. will you
b. shall you
c. do you
d. dont you
10.He seldom goes to the library, ________?
a. doesnt he
b. is he c. does he
d. isnt he
11.Somebody has left these socks on the bathroom, ________?
a. have they
b. havent they
c. has he
d. hasnt he
12.________ use your computer? Certainly, help yourself.
a. I could
b. Could I
c. Am I able to d. Was I able to
13.You ________ right, I suppose.
a. could be
b. was able to be
c. can be
d. was not able to be
14.Dont worry, they ________to phone.
a. could forget
b. were able to forget
c. could have just forgotten d. were not able to forget
15.Jenny ________ leave the hospital only four days after the operation.
a. was able to
b. could c. can
d. will be able to
16.At last, they ________ get through the mountain in such a heavy rain.
a. can b. could
c. are able to
d. were able to
17.________ your cell phone?
a. I can borrow
b. Could I borrow
c. Am I able to d. Was I able to

18.Despite yesterdays snowfalls, we _________ arrive at school on time.


a. could
b. couldnt
c. were able to
d. werent able to
19.The girl _______ tell what had happened to her after she had been unconscious for
three days.
a. could
b. will be able to
c. can
d. was able to
20.I _______ play football now, but when I was young I __________ play very well.
a. am able to/ was not able to b. cannot/ could
c. am not able to/ was able to d. can/ was not able to
Writing sentences
1. People think that the company is planning a new advertising campaign.
The company
2. They say that apples are good for our health.
Apples
3. People believe that 13 is an unlucky number.
13
4. People think that he is the best player.
He
5. People believed that the earth stood still.
The earth..
6.People say that the president will come to Moscow.
The president
7. They think that he died last night.
He
8. People say that Nam is a good worker.
Nam
9. People say that prevention is better that cure.
Prevention
10.People say that the old man leaves all his money to an old peoples home when he died.
The old man
11.People say that American women are used to living independtly.
American women
12.People say that Mary is a good girl.
Mary
13.People thought that the building had been destroyed.
The building
14.They say that Mary was seriously ill.
Mary

4.

5.

6.

7.

Rewrite the following sentences, using Present participle phrase.


1. Do you know the teacher who is coming toward us?

2.
The boy who is playing the piano is Bend.

3.
That man, who is sitting next to Mary, is my uncle.

Students who play for this course have to pay the registration fee.
We have an apartment which overlooks the park.
Did you get the message which concerned the special meeting?

The psychologists who study the nature of sleep have made important discoveries.

1.

8.
The students who did not come to the class yesterday explain their absence to the teacher.

9.
Students who arrive late will not be permitted to enter the classroom.

10.
The people who are waiting for the bus in the rain are getting wet.

11.
Anyone who applies to that school must take an entrance examination.

12.
The boydrewpictures of people who were waiting for their planes at the airport.

The scientists who are searching the cause of cancer are making progress.

14.
The helicopter which was flying toward the lake made a low droning sound.

15.
Any student who does not want to go on the trip should inform the office.

VI.
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

VII.
1.

Rewrite the following sentences, using Past participle phrase.


John, who was taken by urprise, hardly knew what to say.
Most students who were punished last week are lazy.
The wild ox which is kept at Cat Tien National Park is of a special kind.
Be sure to follow the instructions that are given at the top of the page.
We study in aschool which was built in 1956.
I come from a village that is covered by paddy fields.
The man who was attacked by the crocodile still survived.
The people who were injured in the accident were taken to the hospital.
The boy who was awarded by the headmaster is one of the best students in this school.
We drove along the road that was still flooded after the heavy rain.
Our solar system is in a galaxy which is called the Milky Way.
Most of the goods which are made in this factory are exported.
I come from the city which is located in the southern part of the country.
Some of the guests who have been invited to the party cant come.
Only a few of the movies which are shown on Channel 15 are suitable for the children.
Rewrite the following sentences, using Infinitive or Infinitive phrase.
The last person who leaves the room must turn off the light.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

He is always the first who comes and the last who goes.
He was the first man who left the burning building.
Neil Armstrong was the first man who walked on the moon.
We have a lot of exercises that we have to do.
I have some homework that I must do tonight.
English is an important language which we have to master.
The first thingwhich you must do is to learn the new words in the reading.
I was the only person who saw the difficulty.
Am I the next person who joins the interview?

Оценить