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f (x) = f (x).

A function, f , is odd (or antisymmetric) when

f (x) = f (x).

Theorem 5.1 Any function can be written as a

sum of even and odd functions.

1

f (t) =

f (t) + |f (t) {z

f (t)} + f (t)

2

0

1

1

= [ f (t) + f (t)] + [ f (t) f (t)]

|2

{z

} |2

{z

}

fe

fe(t) = f (t) + f (t)

= f (t) + f (t)

= fe(t).

fo is odd because fo(t) = fo(t):

fo(t) = f (t) f (t)

= [ f (t) f (t)]

= fo(t).

fo

Theorem 5.2 The integral of the product of odd

and even functions is zero.

Z

fe(x) fo(x)dx =

fe(x) fo(x)dx +

fe(x) fo(x)dx.

0

term yields:

0

fe(x) fo(x)dx +

fe(x) fo(x)dx

0

fe(x) fo(x)dx

fe(x) fo(x)dx +

Z0

0

fo(x) yields:

Z

0

[|fe(x) fo(x) {z

fe(x) fo(x)]} dx.

0

The Fourier transform of f (t) is defined to be:

Z

F(s) =

Z

f (t) cos(2st)dt j

F(s) =

f (t) sin(2st)dt.

Z

F(s) =

fe(t) cos(2st)dt +

fe(t) sin(2st)dt j

fo(t) cos(2st)dt

fo(t) sin(2st)dt.

However, the second and third terms are zero

(Theorem 5.2):

Z

F(s) =

fe(t) cos(2st)dt j

fo(t) sin(2st)dt.

It follows that:

F(s) = Fe(s) + Fo(s).

Even Functions

Theorem 5.3 The Fourier transform of a real

even function is real.

Z

F(s) =

Z

f (t)e j2st dt

f (t) [cos(2st) j sin(2st)] dt

f (t) cos(2st)dt

which is real.

Odd Functions

Theorem 5.4 The Fourier transform of a real

odd function is imaginary.

Z

F(s) =

Z

f (t)e j2st dt

f (t) [cos(2st) j sin(2st)] dt

= j

f (t) sin(2st)dt

which is imaginary.

Theorem 5.5 The Fourier transform of an even

function is even.

Z

F(s) =

f (t)e j2st dt

Z

t=

F(s) =

t=

Z

u=

=

Zu=

f (u)e j2s(u)du

f (u)e j2(s)udu

= F(s).

Theorem 5.6 The Fourier transform of an odd

function is odd.

Z

F(s) =

f (t)e j2st dt

Z

t=

F(s) =

t=

Z

u=

f (u)e j2s(u)du

Zu=

f (u)e j2(s)udu

= F(s).

The Fourier transform of the even part (of a

real function) is real (Theorem 5.3):

The Fourier transform of the even part is even

(Theorem 5.5):

The Fourier transform of the odd part (of a

real function) is imaginary (Theorem 5.4):

The Fourier transform of the odd part is odd

(Theorem 5.6):

Hermitian Symmetry

We can summarize all four symmetries possessed

by the Fourier transform of a real function as

follows:

F(s) =

=

=

=

Fe(s) + Fo(s)

Fe(s) Fo(s)

Fe(s) + Fo(s)

F(s).

This symmetry matches the symmetry of the

functions which comprise the Fourier basis:

e j2st = e j2s(t).

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