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Name: Elijah Emvee E.

de Vera
1. SMTP - used in sending and receiving e-mail. However, since it is limited in its ability to queue
messages at the receiving end, it is usually used with one of two other protocols, POP3 or IMAP, that let
the user save messages in a server mailbox and download them periodically from the server. In other
words, users typically use a program that uses SMTP for sending e-mail and either POP3 or IMAP for
receiving e-mail. On Unix-based systems, sendmail is the most widely-used SMTP server for e-mail.
2. POP3 - is the most recent version of a standard protocol for receiving e-mail. POP3 is a client/server
protocol in which e-mail is received and held for you by your Internet server.
3. IMAP4 - is an email protocol which is sometimes used instead of the POP3 protocol. With IMAP4
email is stored on the mail server and can be accessed from any IMAP4 email client on the network. With
POP3 email is downloaded to the mail client where it is accessed.
4. TFTP - is a simple, lockstep, File Transfer Protocol which allows a client to get from or put a file onto a
remote host. One of its primary uses is in the early stages of nodes booting from a local area network.
TFTP has been used for this application because it is very simple to implement.
5. FTP - is a standard network protocol used to transfer computer files between a client and server on a
computer network.
6. NFS - is a client/server application that lets a computer user view and optionally store and update file
on a remote computer as though they were on the user's own computer. The user's system needs to have
an NFS client and the other computer needs the NFS server.
7. DNS - is a hierarchical decentralized naming system for computers, services, or any resource
connected to the Internet or a private network. It associates various information with domain names
assigned to each of the participating entities.
8. SNMP - is an applicationlayer protocol defined by the Internet Architecture Board (IAB) in RFC1157
for exchanging management information between network devices. It is a part of Transmission Control
ProtocolInternet Protocol (TCPIP) protocol suite.
9. TELNET - is a user command and an underlying TCP/IP protocol for accessing remote computers.
Through Telnet, an administrator or another user can access someone else's computer remotely.
10. Rlogin - is a software utility for Unix-like computer operating systems that allows users to log in on
another host via a network, communicating via TCP port 513. It was first distributed as part of the
4.2BSD release.
11. HTTP - is an application protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems.
HTTP is the foundation of data communication for the World Wide Web. Hypertext is structured text that
uses logical links (hyperlinks) between nodes containing text.
12. HTTPS - is a protocol for secure communication over a computer network which is widely used on
the Internet. HTTPS consists of communication over Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) within a
connection encrypted by Transport Layer Security or its predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer. The main
motivation for HTTPS is authentication of the visited website and protection of the privacy and integrity
of the exchanged data.