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Code No: R059210501 Set No. 1


II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS
( Common to Computer Science & Engineering, Information Technology
and Computer Science & Systems Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

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1. (a) Of the three men, the chances that a politician, a businessman or an acad-
emician will be appointed as a Vice-Chancellor (V.C.) of a University are 0.5,
0.3, 0.2 respectively. Probability that research is promoted by these persons
if they are appointed as V.C. are 0.3, 0.7, 0.8 respectively.
i. Determine the probability that research is promoted
ii. If research is promoted, what is the probability that V.C. is an academi-
cian
(b) There are two boxes inbox I, 11 cards are there numbered 1 to 11 and in
box-II, 5 cards numbered 1 to 5. A box is chosen and a card is drawn. If the
card shows an even number then another card is drawn from the same box. If
card shows an odd number another card is drawn from the other box. Find
the probability that
i. both are even
ii. both are odd
iii. if both are even. What is the probability that they are from box-I. [8+8]

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2. (a) If 3 cars drawn from a lot of 6 cars containing 2 defective cars,
i. Find the probability distribution of the number of defective cars.
ii. For the discrete probability distribution.

x 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
f 0 k 2k 2k 3k k 2 2k 2 2
7k +k

Determine
A. k
B. mean
C. variance
iii. Expected no. of defective items.
(b) For the discrete probability distribution.

x 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
f 0 k 2k 2k 3k k 2 2k 2 7k 2 +k

Determine
i. k
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Code No: R059210501 Set No. 1


ii. mean
iii. variance. [8+8]

3. (a) If x is a Poisson variate such that 3p (x = 4) = 21 p (x = 2) + p (x = 0) find


i. the mean of x
ii. p(x≤2)
(b) Prove that the mean = mode = median for a normal distribution. [8+8]

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4. (a) What is the probability that X will be between 75 and 78 if a random sample
of size 100 taken from an infinite population has mean 76 and variance 256.
(b) Write about
i. Null hypothesis
ii. Type-I & type-II errors.

5. (a) The mean and the standard deviation of a population are 11,795 and 14,054
respectively. If n=50, find 95% confidence internal for the mean
(b) In a city 250 men out of 750 were found to be smokers. Does this information
[8+8]

support the conclusion that the majority of men in this city are smokers.[8+8]

6. A large electronic firm that hires many workers with disabilities wants to deter-
mine whether their disabilities affect such workers performance. Use the level of
significance of α = 0.05 to decide on the basis of the following data, whether it is
reasonable to maintain that the disabilities have no effect on the worker’s perfor-
mance. [16]
Above avaerage Average Below average

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Blind 21 64 17
Deaf 16 49 14
No disability 29 93 28

7. (a) The following data pertain to the demand for a product ( in thousands of
units) and its price ( in cents) charged in five different market areas:
Price (x) 20 16 10 11 14
Demand 22 41 120 89 56
Fit a straight line of the form y = ao + a1 x to the above data
(b) Fit the model y =axb to the following data: [8+8]
x: 1 2 3 4 5 6
y: 2.98 4.26 5.21 6.10 6.80 7.50
8. Find the least squares regression equation of X1 on X2 and X3 from the following
data. [16]

X1 3 5 6 8 12 14
X2 16 10 7 4 3 2
X3 90 72 54 42 30 14

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Code No: R059210501 Set No. 1


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Code No: R059210501 Set No. 2


II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS
( Common to Computer Science & Engineering, Information Technology
and Computer Science & Systems Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

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⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Prove that


i. P(Ac ) = 1 − P(A) ≤ 1.
ii. P(B) ≤ P (A) when B ⊂ A
(b) A class consists of 6 girls and 10 boys. If a committee of 3 is choosen at
random from the class, find the probability that
i. 3 boys are selected
ii. exactly 2 girls are selected [8+8]
2. (a) Probability density function of a random variable X = 1/2 sin x in 0 ≤ x ≤ π
= 0 else where.
Find the mean, mode and median for the distribution and also find the prob-
ability between 0 and π2
(b) Two dice are thrown 5 times. If getting a double is a success. Find the
probability that getting the success
i. atleast once

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ii. Two times. [8+8]
3. (a) If x is a Poisson variate such that 3p (x = 4) = 12 p (x = 2) + p (x = 0) find
i. the mean of x
ii. p(x≤2)
(b) Prove that the mean = mode = median for a normal distribution. [8+8]
4. If the population is 3,6,9,15,27.
(a) List all possible samples of size 3 that can be taken without replacement from
the finite population.
(b) Calculate the mean of each of the sampling distribution of means.
(c) Find the standard deviation of sampling distribution of means. [5+5+6]
5. (a) A random sample of 400 flower stems has an average length of 15 cms. Can
this be regarded as a sample from a large population with mean 16 cms and
S.D 5 cms.
(b) 20 people were attacked by a disease and only 18 survived will you reject the
hypothesis that the survival rate if attached by this disease is 85% in favour
of the hypothesis that is more at 5% level. [8+8]
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Code No: R059210501 Set No. 2


6. The following are the average weekly losses of worker hours due to accidents in 10
industrial plants before and after a certain safety programme was put into opera-
tion:
Before: 45 73 46 124 33 57 83 34 26 17
After: 36 60 44 119 35 51 77 29 24 11
Test whether the safety programme is effective in reducing the number of accidents
at the level of significance of 0.05? [16]

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7. Fit an equation of the form Y=abx to the following data:
x: 2 3 4 5 6
y: 144 172.8 207.4 248.8 298.5

8. The following sample data were collected to determine the relationship between
two processing variables and the current gain of a certain kind of transistor.
Find regression line of X3 on X1 and X2 by the method of least sequences.

X1
X2
1.5 2.5 .5 1.2 2.6 .3 2.4 2.0 .7 1.6
66 87 69 141 93 105 111 78 66 123
[16]

[16]

X3 5.3 7.8 7.4 9.8 10.8 9.1 8.1 7.2 6.5 12.6

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Code No: R059210501 Set No. 3


II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS
( Common to Computer Science & Engineering, Information Technology
and Computer Science & Systems Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

www.andhracolleges.com
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) A class has 10 boys and 5 girls. Three students are selected at random one
after the other. Find the probability that
i. first two are boys and third is girl
ii. first and third of same sex and second is of opposite sex.
(b) A box contains n tickets marked 1 through n. Two tickets are drawn without
replacement. Determine the probability that the number on the tickets are
consecutive integers. [8+8]

2. (a) Two dice are thrown. Let X the random variable assign to each point (a,b) in
S the maximum of its numbers. Find the distribution, the mean and variance
of the distribution.
(b) Ten coins are tossed simultaneously. Find the probability of getting at
least 7 heads. [8+8]

3. (a) Define Poisson distribution and find its variance and the mean.
(b) Find the mean and standard deviation of a normal distribution in which 7%

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of items are under 35 and 89% are under 63. [8+8]

4. Sample of size 2 are taken from the population 1,2,3,4,5,6 without replacement Find

(a) The mean of the population.


(b) The standard deviation of the population.
(c) The mean of sampling distribution of means.
(d) The standard deviation of sampling distribution of means. [4×4]

5. (a) Experiences had shown that 20% of a manufactured product is of the top
quality. In one days production of 400 articles only 50 are of top quality. Test
the hypothesis at .05 level.
(b) If the mean breaking strength of copper wire is 505 lbs with a standard de-
viation of 15 lbs. The sample is 49 construct 95% confidence interval for the
mean.
(c) If the standard deviation of a sample is 20 and the maximum error with 99%
confidence is 1.72. How large the sample might be? [5+5+6]

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Code No: R059210501 Set No. 3


6. Four methods are under development for making discs of a super conducting mater-
ial. Fifty discs are made by each method and they are checked for super conductivity
when cooled with liquid.

1st Method 2nd Method 3rd Method 4th Method


Super Conductors 31 42 22 25
Failures 19 8 28 25

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Test the significant difference between the proportions of Superconductors at .05
level. [16]

7. (a) The following are the measurements of the air velocity and evaporation coef-
ficient of burning fuel droplets in air impulse engine

Air velocity x 20 60 100 140 180 220 260 300 340 380
Evaporation
Coefficient y .18 .37 .35 .78 .56 .75 1.18 1.36 1.17 1.65

Fit a straight line to the above data.


(b) Fit a curve of the form y = a.(b)x by the method of least squares for the
following data. [8+8]

x 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
y 10 21 35 59 92 200 400 610

8. Observations on price x and supply y the following data was obtained.


X X X X X

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x = 130, y = 220, x2 = 2288, y 2 = 5506 and xy = 3467

Find

(a) coefficient of correlation


(b) The line of regression of y or x
(c) The standard error of estimate. [6+5+6]

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Code No: R059210501 Set No. 4


II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS
( Common to Computer Science & Engineering, Information Technology
and Computer Science & Systems Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

www.andhracolleges.com
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) If P(A) = 1/2, P(B) = 1/3, P(A ∩ B) = 1/5, then find


i. P(AUB)
ii. P(Ac ∩ B)
iii. P(A ∩ B c )
iv. P(Ac ∩ B c )
where (Ac = the compliment of A)
(b) Three machines produces 70%, 20% and 10% of the total number of a factory.
The percentage of defective output of these machines are 4%, 3% and 2%
respectively. An item is selected at random and found defective. Find the
probability that it is from
i. machine-I
ii. machine-II
iii. machine-III [8+8]

2. (a) Define random variable, discrete probability distribution, continuous proba-

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bility distribution and cumulative distribution. Give an example of each.
(b) The mean of Binomial distribution is 3 and the variance is 94 . Find
i. The value of n
ii. p(x ≥ 7)
iii. p(1 ≤ x < 6). [8+8]

3. (a) Define Poisson distribution and find its variance and the mean.
(b) Find the mean and standard deviation of a normal distribution in which 7%
of items are under 35 and 89% are under 63. [8+8]

4. There are 25 cards on four of them written 5, on six of them 10, on five of them
15, on three of them 20, on four of them 25 and three of them 30. One are each of
5,10,15,20,25,30 are selected without replacement. Find

(a) The mean of the population.


(b) Standard deviation of the population.
(c) Mean of means of sampling distribution.
(d) Standard deviation of means of sampling distribution. [4×4]
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Code No: R059210501 Set No. 4


5. (a) A random sample of 400 flower stems has an average length of 15 cms. Can
this be regarded as a sample from a large population with mean 16 cms and
S.D 5 cms.
(b) 20 people were attacked by a disease and only 18 survived will you reject the
hypothesis that the survival rate if attached by this disease is 85% in favour
of the hypothesis that is more at 5% level. [8+8]

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6. (a) The measurements of the output of two units have given the following results.
Assuming that both samples have been level whether the two populations have
the same varience.

Unit-A 14.1 10.1 14.7 13.7 14.0


Unit-B 14.0 14.5 13.7 12.7 14.1
(b) The following are the samples of skills. Test the significant difference between
the means at .05 level. [8+8]

Sample-I 74.1 77.7 74.4 74 73.8 -


Sample-II 70.8 74.9 74.2 70.4 69.2 72.2

7. Fit an equation of the form Y=abx to the following data: [16]


x: 2 3 4 5 6
y: 144 172.8 207.4 248.8 298.5

8. (a) Find the coefficient of correlation between x and y for the following data

X 10 12 18 24 23 27

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Y 13 18 12 25 30 10

σ2 −σ 2 −σ 2
(b) Show r = x+y2σx σx y y Where r = coefficient of correlation between x and y
σx2 , σy2 , σx+y
2
are the variances of x, y and x+y respectively. [8+8]

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