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18.LIGHTING – LEDS

The new international standard used to test the performance of LEDS is: IEC/PAS 62612:2009(E): ‘Self- ballasted LED-lamps for general lighting services - Performance requirements’. As with other IEC lighting standards this was produced by TC34 – lamps and lighting equipment.

The IEC/PAS 62612:2009(E) standard specifies the performance requirements for self-ballasted LED lamps with a supply voltage up to 250 V, together with the test methods and conditions required, intended for domestic and similar general lighting purposes, having a rated wattage up to 60 W and a rated voltage of up to 250 V AC or DC.

Self-ballasted LED-lamps for general lighting services - Performance requirements’

LED lighting is an emerging technology which is not yet regulated for efficiency, but is subjected to several labelling and endorsement schemes, including ENERGY STAR. Due to the fact that this is a new area where the United States has been working to establish a technical lead, there are essentially a new body of testing standards that are being produced. In addition, the organizations involved in developing these standards including international standards groups, who are working to try and ensure the standards developed will be broadly applicable. The groups who are supporting the development of LED standards in the United States include:

American National Standards Institute

Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.

Canadian Standards Association, International

International Electrotechnical Committee

National Electrical Manufacturers Association (US)

Illuminating Engineering Society of North America

National Institute of Standards and Technology

Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage (International Commission on Lighting)

US Department of Energy / Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

The graphic below, presented at a DOE workshop held in August 2009, illustrates the structure of the standards-making bodies in the US.

the structure of the standards-making bodies in the US. Success and CO 2 Savings from Appliance

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Figure 4

Structure of US standards-making bodies

The primary testing standards that have been developed out of this work to date include:

ANSI/NEMA C78.377-2008: “Specifications for the Chromaticity of Solid State Lighting Products” - specifies the recommended chromaticity (color) ranges for white light LEDs with various correlated color temperatures (CCTs).

NEMA.SSL-1†: “Power Supply” - will specify operational characteristics and electrical safety of SSL power supplies and drivers.

IESNA LM-79-2008: “IESNA Approved Method for the Electrical and Photometric Measurements of Solid-State Lighting Products” - specifies procedures for measuring total luminous flux, electrical power, luminous efficacy, and chromaticity of SSL luminaires and replacement lamp products.

IESNA LM-80-2008: “IESNA Approved Method for Measuring Lumen Maintenance of LED Light Sources” - specifies procedures for determining lumen maintenance of LEDs and LED modules (but not luminaires) related to effective useful life of the product.

CIE 127:2007: “Measurements of LEDs” - addresses LED luminous intensity measurement; applies only to individual LEDs, not to arrays or luminaires.

IES RP-16: “Addendum a, Nomenclature and Definitions for Illuminating Engineering” - provides industry-standard definitions for terminology related to solid-state lighting.

There are other testing standards currently in development; a partial list is provided here:

NEMA SSL-1, Driver Performance Standard

NEMA LSD-49, Solid-State Lighting—Best Practices for Dimming

UL 8750, LED Safety

TM-21, Method for Estimation of LED Life

LM-XX1, Approved Method for the Measurements of High Power LEDs

Recommended directions

Conclusion: overall, there is no significant variation between the standards being developed internationally due to the fact that this is a new product and the standards development process is recent. LEDS therefore appear to present an excellent opportunity for globally harmonised test procedures providing efforts are made to ensure there is sufficient cohesion in the process.

Success and CO2 Savings from Appliance Energy Efficiency Harmonisation

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