Among 100 marriage license applications, chosen at random in 1971, there were 8 in which the women were at least one year older than the men, and among 30 marriage license applications, chosen at random in 1977, there were 6 in which the women were at least one year older than the men. Assume you are interested in a 80% confidence interval for the difference between the corresponding true proportions of marriage license applications in which the women were at least one year older than the men.

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Among 100 marriage license applications, chosen at random in 1971, there were 8 in which the women were at least one year older than the men, and among 30 marriage license applications, chosen at random in 1977, there were 6 in which the women were at least one year older than the men. Assume you are interested in a 80% confidence interval for the difference between the corresponding true proportions of marriage license applications in which the women were at least one year older than the men.

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Answers are on the last page at the bottom

I. USE THE INFORMATION BELOW TO ANSWER PROBLEMS 1 THROUGH 3.

Among 100 marriage license applications, chosen at random in 1971, there were 8 in which the

women were at least one year older than the men, and among 30 marriage license applications,

chosen at random in 1977, there were 6 in which the women were at least one year older than the

men. Assume you are interested in a 80% confidence interval for the difference between the

corresponding true proportions of marriage license applications in which the women were at least

one year older than the men.

1. Choose the best answer below concerning a confidence interval for the difference between the

corresponding true proportions of marriage license applications in which the women were at least

one year older than the men.

! s $

a) x z #

" n &%

c) (x1 x 2 ) z

b) p z

s12 s22

+

n1 n2

p q

n

d) ( p1 p 2 ) z

p1q1 p 2 q2

+

n1

n2

2. Choose from the following concerning the z-value or t-value that would be used in the 80%

confidence interval for the difference between the corresponding true proportions of marriage license

applications in which the women were at least one year older than the men.

a) z = 2.326

c) z = 1.282

e) None of the above are correct.

b) t = 2.617

d) t = 1.645

3. If we assign group 1 to be the sample from 1971 and group 2 to be the sample from 1977, you may

assume that the appropriate confidence interval for the above problem to be (-1.572, -0.020). Based on

this interval choose the most appropriate portion below from the conclusion for the confidence

interval.

a) We are 80% confident that there is no difference between the corresponding true proportions

of marriage license applications in which the women were at least one year older than the

men.

b) We are 80% confident that the true proportion of marriage licenses in which the women were

at least one year older than the men was greater in 1971 than in 1977.

c) We are 80% confident that the true proportion of marriage licenses in which the women were

at least one year older than the men was greater in 1977 than in 1971.

d) Cant answer this question based on the information given.

e) None of the above conclusions are correct.

In a study of heart surgery, one issue was the effect of drugs called beta-blockers on the pulse rate of

patients during surgery. The available subjects were divided at random into two groups of 21

patients each. One group received a beta-blocker; the other a placebo. The surgical team recorded

the pulse rate of each patient at a critical point during the operation. The treatment group had mean

65.2 beats per minute. For the control group, the mean was 70.3. Below is Minitab output for the

beta-blocker data. Assume equal population variances and assume the populations are independent

and normally distributed.

TWOSAMPLE CI FOR TREATMNT VS CONTROL

N

MEAN

TREATMNT 21

65.20

CONTROL

21

70.30

95 PCT CI FOR MU TREATMNT - MU CONTROL: (-1.3, 5.47)

4. Choose the best interpretation below for the confidence interval in the Minitab output.

a) We are 95% confident that the true mean number of beats per minute during surgery for

patients that receive a beta-blocker is greater than the true mean number of beats per minute

during surgery for patients that do not receive a beta-blocker.

b) We are 95% confident that there is no statistically significant difference between the true mean

beats per minute during surgery for the two groups.

c) We are 95% confident that the true mean number of beats per minute during surgery for

patients that receive a beta-blocker is less than the true mean number of beats per minute

during surgery for patients that do not receive a beta-blocker.

d) Cant answer this question based on the information given.

e) None of the above conclusions are correct.

5. Pick the formula used to calculate the confidence interval above.

! s $

#1 1&

a) x z #

b) (x1 x2 ) t s 2p % + (

&

" n%

$ n1 n2 '

c) (x1 x 2 ) z

s12 s22

+

n1 n2

d) (p 1 p 2 ) z

p 1q 1 p 2q 2

+

n1

n2

6. Pick the appropriate z or t value used in the above interval.

a)

b)

c)

d)

e)

1.645

1.684

1.960

2.021

None of the above values are correct.

A researcher wants to test whether the proportion of Foothill students who transfer to a four-year

university is different than the proportion of DeAnza students who transfer to a four-year university.

7. Pick the most appropriate answer below concerning the formulation of the null and alternative

hypotheses to determine whether the data provide sufficient evidence to conclude that the proportion

of Foothill students who transfer to a four-year university is different than the proportion of DeAnza

students who transfer to a four-year university.

a)

b) H : = 0

c)

H o : 1 2 = 0

H o : p1 p2 = 0

o

1

2

H A : 1 2 0

d)

H A : p1 p2 0

HA : 1 2 < 0

e)

*

8. If the test statistic for the test is z = 1.48 , what would be the p-value for the test?

a) 0.0694

b) 0.1388

e) None of the above are correct.

c) 0.8612

*

9. If the test statistic for the test is z = 1.48 , then, at the 5% significance level, what would be your

conclusion for the test?

b) There is insuffient evidence to conclude HA is true.

c) None of the above are correct.

10. Choose the most appropriate portion below from the conclusion for the hypothesis test.

a) At the 5% significance level, there is sufficient evidence to conclude that the true proportion of

Foothill students who transfer to a four-year university is different than the true proportion of

DeAnza students who transfer to a four-year university.

b) At the 5% significance level, there is insufficient evidence to conclude that the true proportion

of Foothill students who transfer to a four-year university is different than the true proportion

of DeAnza students who transfer to a four-year university.

c) None of the above are correct.

11. Pick the most appropriate equation that should be used to calculate the test statistic for the test.

(You may assume that a z-value is appropriate).

a)

c)

e)

z* =

z* =

p1 p2

b)

z* =

d)

z* =

" 1

1%

p q $ + '

# n1 n2 &

p 1 p 2

"$ p1q 1 p 2 q 2 %

'

+

# n1

n2 &

x1 x2

s12 s22

+

n1 n 2

x1 x2

" 1

1%

s2p $ + '

# n1 n2 &

A major car manufacturer wants to test a new engine to see whether it meets new air pollution

standards. The emission of all engines of this type must be less than 20 parts per million(ppm) of

carbon. 21 engines are manufactured for testing purposes, and the mean and standard deviation of

the emissions for this sample of engines are determined to be 16.46 ppm and 9.49 ppm, respectively.

You are interested in whether the data supply sufficient evidence to allow the manufacturer to

conclude that this type of engine meets the pollution standard at a 10% level of significance. Below is

the appropriate Minitab output for the problem. Assume a normal distribution.

N

21

CARBON

MEAN

16.46

STDEV

9.49

SE MEAN

2.07

T

-1.71

P VALUE

0.051

12. Pick the most appropriate answer below concerning the formulation of the null and alternative

hypotheses to determine whether this type of engine meets the pollution standard.

Ho : p = 20

a)

b)

HA : p < 20

Ho : = 20

c)

d)

HA : < 20

e)

Ho : = 20

HA : > 20

Ho : p = 20

HA : p > 20

13. What is the smallest significance level that would allow us to conclude HA is true?

a) -1.71

b) 0.10

c) 0.06

d) 0.01

14. Choose the most appropriate portion below from the conclusion for the hypothesis test in

problem twelve.

a) At the 10% significance level, there is sufficient evidence to conclude that this type of engine

meets the pollution standard.

b) At the 10% significance level, there is insufficient evidence to conclude that this type of engine

meets the pollution standard.

c) Not enough information is given to make a conclusion.

d) None of the above are correct.

15. Pick the most appropriate equation that should be used to calculate the test statistic for the test in

problem twelve.

a)

z* =

e)

x o

s n

b)

z* =

p po

p oq o

n

c)

t* =

x o

s n

d)

t* =

p p o

poqo

n

Suppose you record how long it takes you to get to school over many months and discover that the

one-way travel times, in minutes, are approximately normally distributed with a mean of 13.88

minutes and standard deviation of 4 minutes. If your first class is at 10:30 am, what is the latest time

you should leave everyday so that you are on time at least 93.7% of the time?

16. Pick the equation most appropriate to answer the question above.

x

n x

b) p(x) = ( nCx ) p x (1 p)

a) z =

c) x = + z

d) z =

x

n

17. Select the most appropriate item that pertains to the problem

a) z = 1.530

b) z = 1.645

c) z = 1.960

d) z = 2.576

e) None of these.

18. If your first class is at 10:30 am, what is the latest time you should leave everyday so that you are

on time at least 93.7% of the time?

a) 10:22 am

b) 10:00 am

c) 10:10 am

d) 10:20 am

e) None of these.

Based on data from the Statistical Abstract of the United States, the probability that a newborn baby

will be a boy is roughly 0.513. In the next three births, you are interested in the probability that at

least two are girls.

19. Pick the equation most appropriate to deal with the problem above.

x

n x

b) p(x) = ( nCx ) p x (1 p)

a) z =

c) x = + z

20. Select the most appropriate item that pertains to the problem

a) z = 1.539

b) z = 1.645

c) z = 1.960

d) z = 2.225

d) z =

x

n

e) None of these.

21. In the next three births, what is the probability that at least two are girls?

a) 0.6667

b) 0.3333

c) 0.4805

d) 0.5195

e) None of these.

VII.

With the recent growth in the number of U.S. households wired for cable television, major advertisers

are now beginning to show an increased interest in cable advertising. Since its inception, cable

television has offered advertisers relatively inexpensive rates and selective target audiences. For

purposes of comparison, A.J. Bush and J.H. Leigh conducted a content analysis of television

commercials on the three major networks, ABC, CBS, and NBC, and three of the more popular, wellestablished cable networks, CNN, ESPN, and TBS. One of the variables measured was the number of

advertisements shown during prime-time (7:00 - 10:00 P.M.) and late-night (10:00 P.M. - 12:00 A.M.)

viewing segments on two weekday evenings during November 1981. The results are summarized in

the table below.

Number of advertisements

Prime-time

Late-night

TOTALS

MAJOR

ABC

94

69

163

NETWORKS

CBS

90

84

174

NBC

86

94

180

CABLE

TBS

66

47

113

NETWORKS

CNN

95

60

155

ESPN

87

45

132

TOTALS

518

399

917

Suppose an advertisement is selected at random from advertisements shown on the two weekday

evenings during November 1981. What is the probability that the advertisement selected

22. was shown during a late-night segment?

a) 163/399

b) 518/917

c) 69/399

d) 399/917

a) 518/917

b) 66/917

c) 113/518

d) 113/917

c) 113/917

d) 163/917

a) 400/917

b) 517/917

25. was shown on ABC during a late-night segment, given that it was shown on a major network?

a) 69/917

b) 69/399

c) 69/517

d) 69/163

Electric power plants that use water for cooling their condensers sometimes discharge heated water

into rivers, lakes, or oceans. It is known that water heated above certain temperatures has a

detrimental effect on the plant and animal life in the water. Suppose it is known that the increased

temperature of the heated water discharged by a certain power plant in any given day has a normal

distribution with a mean of 2.8 degrees Celsius and a standard deviation of 0.6 degrees Celsius.

Suppose a sample of 35 days was collected. You are interested in the probability that the mean

increase in temperature of the discharged water for the sample exceeds 2.6 degrees Celsius.

26. Pick the equation most appropriate to deal with the problem above.

x

n x

b) p(x) = ( nCx ) p x (1 p)

a) z =

d) z =

c) x = + z

x

n

27. Select the most appropriate item that pertains to the problem

a) z = -2.58

b) z = -1.97

c) z = -0.056

d) z = -0.33

e) None of the above are pertinent to the problem.

28. What is the probability that the sample mean increase in temperature of the discharged water for

the sample exceeds 2.6 degrees Celsius.

a) .9951

b) .6293

c) .9437

d) .9756

The Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican Americans (ARSMA) measures the extent to which

Mexican Americans have adopted Anglo/English culture. During the development of ARSMA, the

test was given to a group of 27, randomly chosen, Mexican Americans. Their scores (taken from a

normal population), from a possible range of 1.00 to 5.00, had a sample mean of 1.67 points and a

sample standard deviation of 0.25 points. Because low scores should indicate a Mexican cultural

orientation, these results helped to establish the validity of the test. You are interested in a 90%

confidence interval for the true mean ARSMA score of Mexican Americans.

29. Choose the best answer below concerning the 90% confidence interval for the true mean ARSMA

score of Mexican Americans.

p 1 p

! s $

! s $

z

a) x z #

b)

c)

x

t

#"

&

n

" n &%

n%

d) Cant answer this question based on the information given.

e) None of the above are correct.

30. Choose the appropriate interval from below for the 90% confidence interval for the true mean

ARSMA score of Mexican Americans.

a)

b)

c)

d)

e)

(1.576, 1.764)

(1.588, 1.752)

(1.591, 1.749)

Cant answer this question based on the information given.

None of the above are correct.

Acme Properties, Inc. specializes in custom home sales in the Evergreen Estates. A random sample of

nine currently listed custom homes provided information on size and price. The size data are in

hundreds of square feet, rounded to the nearest hundred; the price data are in thousands of dollars,

rounded to the nearest thousand. Use the output below to answer the following questions:

Correlation of SIZE and PRICE = 0.930

ROW

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

SIZE

26

27

33

29

29

34

30

40

22

PRICE

235

249

267

269

295

345

305

475

195

The regression equation is

PRICE = - 141 + 14.4 SIZE

Predictor

Constant

SIZE

Coef

-141

14.4

Stdev

65.71

2.162

s = 31.77

R-sq = 86.4%

t-ratio

-2.14

6.68

p

0.070

0.000

R-sq(adj) = 84.5%

31. Predict the price of a custom home in the Evergreen Estates that is 29 hundred square feet.

a) $269,000

b) $295,000

c) $276,600

d) $558,600

e) None of the above are correct.

32. Predict the price of a custom home in the Evergreen Estates that is 47 hundred square feet.

a) $475,000

b) $535,800

c) $817,800

d) $195,000

e) None of the above are correct.

33. State the value of slope of the regression line.

a) -141

b) 14.4

c) 0.930

d) 65.71

e) None of the above are correct.

34. Interpret the correlation coefficient.

a) There is a strong negative linear relationship between square footage and sale price.

b) There is a strong positive linear relationship between square footage and sale price.

c) There is a weak negative linear relationship between square footage and sale price.

d) There is a weak positive linear relationship between square footage and sale price.

e) None of the above are correct.

Problem 35 is a stand-alone problem and has nothing to do with the previous problem.

35. What can we say about the percentage of data that lies within 2 standard deviations of the mean?

a)

Approximately 95% b)

Approximately 75% c)

At least 75%

d) At most 25%

Suppose you record how long it takes you to get to school over many months and discover that the

one-way travel times, in minutes, are approximately normally distributed with a mean of 13.88

minutes and standard deviation of 4 minutes. You are interested in the probability that it will take

you at least 20 minutes to get to school

36. Pick the equation most appropriate to deal with the problem above.

x

a) z =

n x

b) p(x) = ( nCx ) p x (1 p)

c) x = + z

x

d) z =

n

37. What is the probability that it will take you at least 20 minutes to get to school? Round your final

answer to 2 decimal places.

a) 0.03

b) 0.06

c) 0.97

d) 0.94

e) None of the above are correct.

ANSWERS:

1. D

2. C

15. C

16. C

29. B

30. B

3. C

17. A

31. C

4. B

18. C

32. E

5. B

19. B

33. B

6. D

20. E

34. B

7. C

21. C

35. C

8. B

22. D

36. A

9. B

23. B

37. B

10. B

24. B

11. A

25. C

12. C

26. D

13. C

27. B

14. A

28. D

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