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Non-sway frame - solution by moment distribution method

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Non-sway frame - solution by moment distribution method

http://civilengineer.webinfolist.com/str/prob82.htm

Solved example on Moment Distribution method for non-sway Frame Problem 8-2 Use Moment distribution method to find the resultant end moments for the non-sway frame shown in figure 8-2(a). Take EI as constant for all the members of the frame.

Step 2: Stiffness Coefficients

k AB = 4EI/L = 4EI/5 =0.8EI

Figure 8-2(a)

Solution:

Step 1: The given rigid frame is non-sway because of lateral support at D. Consider each span (AB, BC, CD and CE) with both ends fixed and calculate the fixed-end moments as follows;

M AB = 0

M BA = 0

M BC = wL 2 /12 = -6.67 kNm

M CB = -wL 2 /12 = +6.67 kNm

M CD = PL/8 = -10 kNm

M DC = -PL/8 = +10 kNm

M CE = 0

M EC = 0

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Non-sway frame - solution by moment distribution method

k BA = 4EI/L = 4EI/5 =0.8EI

k BC = 4EI/L = 4EI/4 = EI

k CB = 4EI/L = 4EI/4 = EI

k CD = 4EI/L = 4EI/4 = EI

k DC = 4EI/L = 4EI/4 = EI

k CE = 4EI/L = 4EI/4 = EI

k EC = 4EI/L = 4EI/4 = EI

Step 3: Distribution factors

D AB = 0

D BA = 0.8EI/(0.8EI+EI) = 0.44

D BC = EI/(0.8EI+EI) = 0.56

D CB = EI/(EI+EI+EI) =0.33

D CD = EI/(EI+EI+EI) = 0.33

D CE = EI/(EI+EI+EI) = 0.33

D DC = 0

D EC = 0

Calculation for moment distribution is shown in a systematic way in a tabular form. Each joint is balanced by distributing the unbalanced moment into the connected members in proportion of distribution factors. These calculation steps for balancing of joints are shown with grey colour. The carry-over moments (half of the balancing moment at near end) are applied on the far end, e.g. carry-over half of the balancing moment from BC to CB. Resultant bending moment diagram in figure 8-2(b) is plotted by superposing the span moment diagram and support moment diagram. Note: Please use our bending moment calculator to get the values of span moments

http://civilengineer.webinfolist.com/str/prob82.htm

(all values in kNm) (span moment in blue colour, support moment in red colour

Figure 8-2(b)

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 Table for Moment Distribution Joints A B C D E Members AB BA BC CB CE CD DC EC Distribution Factors 0 0.44 0.56 0.33 0.33 0.33 0 0 Initial Fixed-end Moments 0 0 -6.67 +6.67 0 -10 +10 0 6.67x0.44 6.67x0.56 +3.33x0.33 +3.33x0.33 +3.33x0.33 Balancing 2.94 3.74 1.11 1.11 1.11 Carry-over 1.47 0.555 1.87 0.555 0.555 -0.555x0.44 -0.555x0.56 -1.87x0.33 -1.87x0.33 -1.87x.33 Balancing -0.242 -0.312 -0.62 -0.62 -0.62 Carry-over -0.121 -0.31 -0.156 -0.31 -0.31 0.31x0.44 0.31x0.56 0.156x0.33 0.l56x0.33 0.156x0.33 Balancing 0.14 0.17 0.052 0.052 0.052 Carry-over 0.07 0.026 0.09 0.026 0.026 Balancing -0.026x0.44 -0.026x0.56 -0.09x0.33 -0.09x0.33 -0.09x0.33 -0.011 -0.015 -0.03 -0.03 -0.03 Carry-over -0.006 -0.015 -0.007 -0.015 -0.015 Final End-Moments 1.41 2.83 -2.83 8.98 0.51 -9.49 10.26 0.26 LikeLike Tweet +7 ShareShare 1K Problem 8-1 for solving indeterminate beam by moment distribution method For other problems please visit our Problem Solver New Recommend this on Google

Non-sway frame - solution by moment distribution method

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Last updated on Sunday December 02, 2012