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Non-sway frame - solution by moment distribution method

Non-sway frame - solution by moment distribution method http://civilengineer.webinfolist.com/str/prob82.htm Home
Non-sway frame - solution by moment distribution method http://civilengineer.webinfolist.com/str/prob82.htm Home
Non-sway frame - solution by moment distribution method http://civilengineer.webinfolist.com/str/prob82.htm Home

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Non-sway frame - solution by moment distribution method

http://civilengineer.webinfolist.com/str/prob82.htm

Solved example on Moment Distribution method for non-sway Frame Problem 8-2 Use Moment distribution method to find the resultant end moments for the non-sway frame shown in figure 8-2(a). Take EI as constant for all the members of the frame.

Step 2: Stiffness Coefficients

k AB = 4EI/L = 4EI/5 =0.8EI

2: Stiffness Coefficients k A B = 4EI/L = 4EI/5 =0.8EI Figure 8-2(a) Solution: Step 1

Figure 8-2(a)

Solution:

Step 1: The given rigid frame is non-sway because of lateral support at D. Consider each span (AB, BC, CD and CE) with both ends fixed and calculate the fixed-end moments as follows;

M AB = 0

M BA = 0

M BC = wL 2 /12 = -6.67 kNm

M CB = -wL 2 /12 = +6.67 kNm

M CD = PL/8 = -10 kNm

M DC = -PL/8 = +10 kNm

M CE = 0

M EC = 0

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Non-sway frame - solution by moment distribution method

k BA = 4EI/L = 4EI/5 =0.8EI

k BC = 4EI/L = 4EI/4 = EI

k CB = 4EI/L = 4EI/4 = EI

k CD = 4EI/L = 4EI/4 = EI

k DC = 4EI/L = 4EI/4 = EI

k CE = 4EI/L = 4EI/4 = EI

k EC = 4EI/L = 4EI/4 = EI

Step 3: Distribution factors

D AB = 0

D BA = 0.8EI/(0.8EI+EI) = 0.44

D BC = EI/(0.8EI+EI) = 0.56

D CB = EI/(EI+EI+EI) =0.33

D CD = EI/(EI+EI+EI) = 0.33

D CE = EI/(EI+EI+EI) = 0.33

D DC = 0

D EC = 0

Calculation for moment distribution is shown in a systematic way in a tabular form. Each joint is balanced by distributing the unbalanced moment into the connected members in proportion of distribution factors. These calculation steps for balancing of joints are shown with grey colour. The carry-over moments (half of the balancing moment at near end) are applied on the far end, e.g. carry-over half of the balancing moment from BC to CB. Resultant bending moment diagram in figure 8-2(b) is plotted by superposing the span moment diagram and support moment diagram. Note: Please use our bending moment calculator to get the values of span moments

http://civilengineer.webinfolist.com/str/prob82.htm

moments http://civilengineer.webinfolist.com/str/prob82.htm (all values in kNm) (span moment in blue colour , support

(all values in kNm) (span moment in blue colour, support moment in red colour

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Table for Moment Distribution

   

Joints

A

 

B

 

C

D

E

Members

 

AB

BA

BC

CB

CE

CD

DC

EC

Distribution

                 

Factors

0

0.44

0.56

0.33

0.33

0.33

0

0

Initial Fixed-end

               

Moments

 

0

0

-6.67

+6.67

0

-10

+10

0

   

6.67x0.44

6.67x0.56

+3.33x0.33

+3.33x0.33

+3.33x0.33

   

Balancing

 

2.94

3.74

1.11

1.11

1.11

Carry-over

 

1.47

 

0.555

1.87

   

0.555

0.555

   

-0.555x0.44

-0.555x0.56

-1.87x0.33

-1.87x0.33

-1.87x.33

   

Balancing

 

-0.242

-0.312

-0.62

-0.62

-0.62

Carry-over

 

-0.121

 

-0.31

-0.156

   

-0.31

-0.31

   

0.31x0.44

0.31x0.56

0.156x0.33

0.l56x0.33

0.156x0.33

   

Balancing

 

0.14

0.17

0.052

0.052

0.052

Carry-over

 

0.07

 

0.026

0.09

   

0.026

0.026

Balancing

   

-0.026x0.44

-0.026x0.56

-0.09x0.33

-0.09x0.33

-0.09x0.33

   
 

-0.011

-0.015

-0.03

-0.03

-0.03

Carry-over

 

-0.006

 

-0.015

-0.007

   

-0.015

-0.015

Final

               

End-Moments

 

1.41

2.83

-2.83

8.98

0.51

-9.49

10.26

0.26

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Last updated on Sunday December 02, 2012