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# Lesson Plan in Science 4

I.

OBJECTIVE
Define and describe eclipse and its two kinds (Solar and Lunar)
Draw a portrait to illustrate the position of Sun, Moon, and Earth during
solar and lunar eclipse.
Promote the safety measures during a solar eclipse
II. SUBJECT MATTER
A. Topic: Eclipses
B. References: Science for daily use 4 pp. 246 - 249
C. Science Concept/s:
During a new moon, the moon blocks the light from the sun and
forms a shadow on earth. This is a solar eclipse
During a full moon, Earth blocks the light from the sun and forms a
shadow on the moon. This is a lunar eclipse.
D. Processes: Identifying, Describing, Communicating
E. Materials: Visual aids, Cut-outs, Video Clips, Activity Sheets, globe,
flashlights, ball, drawing materials.
F. Value Infusion: Safety Measures during a solar eclipse
III. PROCEDURES
A. Guided Inquiry
1. Review
Teacher
Pupils
Stand up class and let us pray

Amen.

## Good Morning Maam Rachel

Good Morning classmates
Good Morning!

## Lets recall what we had yesterday.

What is our topic yesterday?

## It is all about the motion of the

moon

Very good!
What do you call when the lighted side gets smaller
during the change of full moon to the new moon?

## It is called the waning phase

Very good!
How about when the lighted side gets smaller during
the change of new moon to the full moon?

## It is called the waxing phase

Very well!
2. Motivation
Before we proceed to our next lesson, we will play
a game first. I will divide you into two groups. This

(Pupils listen)

will be the group one and this will be the group two.
I will give both groups a puzzle that you are going
to solve. The first group that will finish the task will
win the game.
Is that clear?

Yes, it is

Very well!
I will now distribute to you the materials
(teacher distribute the materials)
At the count of 3 the game will start
1,2,3!
(Game Proper)

(Game Proper)

## Since group ___ solve the puzzle first,

They are the winners
Let us give them a Yes Clap

(Pupils Clap)

Very Good!
3. Science Vocabulary
What do you think is being portrayed by the
Illustration you formed in the game?

Alright!
Let us see if you are correct as we watch this
Video clip
Lets watch this video clip.
(Film viewing)

(Pupils watch)

eclipse.

## Based on the video clip, what is being portrayed by

the illustrations you formed in the game?

## What eclipse is when the moon blocks the light from

the sun and forms a shadow on earth?
Very good!
How about when the Earth blocks the light from the

It is a solar eclipse.

## It is called lunar eclipse.

Very well!
4. Presentation
a. Presentation of materials
I will group you into two. The first group will work the
activity for solar eclipse and the other group will work
for the lunar eclipse. You will have a flashlight,
globe, small ball as materials for the activity.
b. Statement of the problem
Our main problem in this activity is
What happens during the eclipse?
Again, What is our main problem in this activity?

## What happens during the

eclipse?

Very good!
c. Setting of standards
This will be the solar eclipse group and this will
be the lunar eclipse group.
This activity has time allotment of five minutes
You need to exercise coopertion within the
Group as you do the activity.
You may talk to your groupmates but not
too loud
Is that clear?
Alright!
d. Distribution of Activity Card
I am now going to distribute the activilty
sheet to you.
following questions completely.
B. Guided Exploration
1. Activity Proper

Yes Maam!

## (the pupils do the activity)

Okay times up! Each group will choose a leader
to present their work

## (pupils present their work)

Very good!
2. Analysis
Did Earth (globe) get lighted from the sun? why?

## No because the light from the sun

is blocked by the moon

What was formed when the light from the sun was
blocked?

## What is the eclipse called?

Solar Eclipse

Very good!
How about in lunar eclipse? What blocked the light
from the sun?

In the moon

## What is the eclipse called?

Lunar Eclipse

Very good!
C. Guided Discovery
1. Generalization
Therefore, what is an eclipse?

## An Eclipse is a shadow casts by

the moon or Earth in space.

## The two types of eclipse are solar

and lunar eclipse

## The moon blocks the light from

the sun and forms a shadow on
earth.

## The Earth blocks the light from

the sun and forms a shadow on
the moon.

## Very well said

2. Application
In our next activity, I will group you into two groups.

## We are going to use the same groupings we had done

in our later activity. I will give each group illustration
boards, marker, watercolor, ruler, and other drawing
materials. What you are going to do is to illustrate
what happens during solar and lunar eclipse. Solar
grou will draw about the Solar Eclipse and the other
group is the Lunar Eclipse.
Then, the leader will present their work.
Is that clear?

Yes, it is

## You have ten minutes to finish the task.

I will distirbute to you the materials now.
(teacher distribute the materials)
You may now start the activity.
(Activity Proper)

(Activity Proper)

Times up

Very Good!
3. Valuing
Is it safe to look at the sun directly during solar
Eclipse.

No.

## What will happen of you look directly to the sun

during solar eclipse?

## To avoid the harmful effect in looking directly to the

sun, we may wear an exposed photo film or a piece
of glass covered with soot.
Why should we practice the safety measures during
a solar eclipse?
Very Good!
IV.

EVALUATION

## A. Define what is being described.

____1. It is a shadow cast by a heavenly body
in space.
____2. It occurs during a full moon when Earth
is between the sun and moon
____3. A shadow is formed on it during a solar
eclipse
____4. It blocks the light coming from the sun
during a lunar eclipse.
____5. It occurs when the moon passes between
the sun and the Earth.
B. For numbers 6-9, draw the position of the Sun,
Moon, and Earth during Solar and Lunar Eclipse
6-7. Solar Eclipse

## C. For number 10, Discuss briefly the safety measure

during Solar Eclipse.

Yes, we are

## (pupils answers are 1.eclipse 2.

Lunar eclipse 3. Earth 4. Moon 5.
Solar Eclipse 6-7. {Sun Moon
Earth} 8-9. {Sun Earth Moon}
10. Use an exposed photo film or
a piece of glass covered with
soot during solar eclipse.)

Very Good!
Count the number of correct answers.
How many 10, 9, . . . . 0?

## (Pupils raise their hands)

Very Good!

V. ASSIGNMENT
(teacher posts the assignment)
Draw the model of solar and lunar eclipse and
describe the process.

Is that clear?

Yes, it is

Very good
Lets stand up and pray!

Amen

Goodbye class!

## Good bye Maam Rachel

Goodbye classmates
Good bye!

PREPARED BY:

Rachel B. Cerezo
Student Teacher

Activity Sheet
I.
II.
III.
a.

## Problem : What is a solar eclipse?

Materials: a globe, a plastic or rubber ball, a flashlight, string
Procedures
Tie the string around the ball so that you can hang it. put the flashlight,

## the ball, and the globe in a straight line

b. Darken the room. Then turn on the flashlight.

1.
2.
3.
4.

Did the Earth (globe) get lighted from the sun? Why?
What was formed when the light from the sun was blocked?
Where did this shadow fall or form?
What is this eclipse called?

Activity Sheet
I.
II.
III.
a.
b.

## Problem : What is a lunar eclipse?

Materials: a globe, a plastic or rubber ball, a flashlight, string
Procedures
Put the globe between the flashlight and the ball
Darken the room. Turn on the flashlight